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The User

The Network

Request Service (Parameters, Payment)

Dimensioning

Send Data, Possibly Shaped

Reservations

Respond to Policing or...

Policing, or...

Respond to Congestion, by

congestion indications

adapting

Routing of Packets, respecting params.

Complete Session

Scheduling of Packet forwarding...

etc etc

Monitoring, and possibly charging
etc etc

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ö A2&2î’ý)ñ~ö@ð)ñ-ÿ

BDCFECG

HJI<K8I<LMN<OQP,RSUT.OVXWI KYN5S[Z]\^I L_.PS_

õPõ`øl÷-ïEöNóPñ-)
ð ï_ó`ý|ñ~öN÷Xý|ÿ`ñ-õPñ-ÿ Mö@ó`ï_øMòdù}öNð)ñ+öNóöÿPøMú)óPñ-ÿ ` õï_òló`ñ-ÿþoöN÷SñïQõ7
ö 4ïQóPñ-ÿ`,õ xñS÷ð)ñ-õ`÷Sÿ`ï_û 
ï_òBóPý)ñ xöN÷aMñSó`õqóPøý)ï_÷XýóPý)ñ|ÿ`ñ-õPñ-ÿMö@ó`ï_øMò"öQï_ñ-õqö4Qøeò)ï_ó`ýö@òñcbËñ-÷Só`ïMñ<_øõ]ñ-÷

d+øMó`ýcóPý)
ñ ï_ó`ñSÿ`õ ]ñ-÷ö@ò)ð&cñ bËñ-÷Só`ï Me
ñ <_ø õ ]ñ-÷8öNÿPñBøeû)ó>ö@ïQò ñ-ð’þZÿ`øeù öLùBñSÿ Mï_ò f)ÿ`øl÷-ñ-õPõ
ö _ïQñSð8ó`ø}õ`ñ QñS÷-ó`ñ-ðcëñ-,õ 8ùBñSõ`õ>4ö Mñ-õ2öNÿPÿ`ï lïQò BøMòŽó`ý ñaÿPøMú)óPñ-ÿ`õqï_òló`ñSÿTþoö@÷-ñ
3ý)ñ|ÿ`ú _ñ-õ þZøeÿ 

ùBñSÿ Mï_ò }öNÿPñdð)ñ ]ñ-ò)ð)ñ-òló|ú ]øMòŽó`ý)ñdÿPñ-õ`ñ-,ÿ MöNóPïQøeh
ò g>ìlóTü _ñ i}øNþñ~ö@÷>ý"ëñSõ ŽùBñ-õPõ>ö eñ©ö@õqð)añ 
õ`÷Sÿ`ï_ûxñSðdûxñ _ø "
< TòaöNð ð)ï_ó`ï_øMòqóPý)ñ+ÿ`øMú ó`ñ-ÿ÷Gö _÷-ú EöNóPñ-õó`ý)
ñ 4ïQóPñ-ÿ`,õ xñS÷öNò =
ð <Qø ,õ xñS÷øNþËë#ñ-õ 
ùBñSõ`õ>4ö Mñ-õ ó`ø{ûxñ|õ`ñ-òló2ó`ø{ó`ý)j
ñ )ÿ`ñ lï_øMú õý ø  k†õ lú )õ`óPÿ`ñ~ö@ùÑûlü8ö _ülï_ò dìlóTü Qcñ oð)ñ xñ-ò ð)ñ-òló
ùBñSÿ Mï_ò {øNþuõPó`øeÿ`ñ-ð’ÿ`ñ-õPñ-ÿ Mö@ó`ï_øMò"õPó>öNóPñ
 òüL÷>ý]öNò eñ-õqó`ø}õPó`øMÿPñ-ð&ÿPñ-õ`ñSÿ MöNóPï_øMò"õ`óXöNóPñdó`ýxö@ó
ÿ`ñSõ`ú _óï_ò8÷Xýxö@ò MñSõó`ødóPý)ñdëñ-,õ ù{ñ-õ`õXö eñ-õó`ø{ûxñqõPñ-òló2ú )õ`óPÿ`ñ~ö@]
ù ï /:÷GöNú)õPñ©ö@òú xðxö@ó`ñ-ð
ëñSõ Bù{ñ-õ`õXö eñóPødûxñ„õ`ñ-òlóú )õ`óPÿ`ñ~ö@ù£ïQù{ùBñ-ð ï¦ö@ó`ñ _ü
<@óPý)ñ-,ÿ ïQõPñ©ë#ñ-õ {ùBñ-õPõ>4ö Mñ-õö@ÿ`ñq÷-ÿPañ 
öNóPñ-ð}ûxöNõPñ-ð8øeòõPó`øeÿ`ñ-ð8ÿPñ-õ`ñSÿ MöNóPï_øMò}õ`óXöNó`ñ|öNò)ð}õ`ñSòóú )õ`óPÿ`ñ~ö@]
ù xñ-ÿPï_øð ïQ÷Gö _8ü
 õ+þZøe
ÿ xöNóPý 

RCV1

RCV2

RCV3

1
m8n

o5p[q2rstuhvwYx2t1sXy{zu1|~}tu.5€ot9‚z„ƒ7t…<}

outgoing requests after merging

incoming reservation requests

†‡aˆ‡,‰XˆŠŠ‹,‰†‰‹,Œˆ‡,/Ž=†,‡ˆ4‡‰† †,‡Ž‹,‰)"‹Ž‘‡‰‹†‘†,’7†Ž“F‡(”(†‡ˆ4‡‰ˆ •Ž†‰–‘‰8‡,Š—"‹‰Š‰†
FF(S1{2B},
S2{3B},
Žj˜™‰‹,Ž8/•‹,‰a“š‹,‰†›‰†DŒœˆ‰†,Œ"ž‰††ˆ4’‰†5‡,Ž2˜‹‰reserve
Œ‰‡'†,‡ˆ4‡‰‡žŸ
‰Ž‘‡  ¢¡›‰
˜™‰‹ŽS4{5B})
•„1‰†Œ
FF(S1{4B},
S2{6B})
FF(S1{4B},
S2{2B})
S1{4B}
ž‰††ˆ4’‰[/†.‰•‰††aˆ‹—ˆ4†,‘£•‰‡‡Ž ˜‹‰Œ‰‡
‹‰†‰‹,Œˆ‡Ž¤†,‡ˆ4‡‰7‡ž‰Ž‘‡   ¥1“'•Ž‘‹†,‰¦
S2{3B} I
towards S1,
S2
§“Dˆ)
‹Ž‘‡‰‹"•‹ˆ4†›‰†¦ ˆŸ¨'ˆ4‡›©žI‰†,†ˆ4’‰"†X‰•‰†,†S4{5B}
ˆ‹,—ªˆ«“š‡‰‹2‹,‰¬¢Ž8Ž‡7†Ž‡,›™ˆ‡[‡›‰)‰†Œ•ˆ4
‹‰‰­ŒŽ‘†7®‡›Ÿ‡ 
FF{S4{4B})
reserve
¯ ˆFF(S3{2B},
/‡,Ž°a‘†‡.S4{5B})
ˆ†Dˆ"¨5ˆ4‡›¡5‰ˆ4‹ž‰†,†ˆ4’‰‰±S2{6B}
†‡,†D‡,Ž2‰±8˜Š/•FF(S2{6B},
‡,Š/—j‡‰ˆ4‹DŽS4{2B},S6{2B})
®)˜¢ˆ‡›)†,‡ˆ4‡‰¦
S4{4B}
ˆ)S4
‰†Œ¡5‰ˆ‹žŸ‰††aˆ’‰[‰±†‡†[‡Ž)I‰±˜Š•‡Š—)‡,‰ˆ‹
Ž®‹,‰I†‰‹,Œˆ‡,/Ž†‡ˆ4‡‰ 
towards S3,
² ‘‹‹,‰‡Š—‡›‹,‰‰ ‹‰†,‰‹Œˆ4‡Že³Q‡(—8Š‰†Xˆ4‹‰"˜¢‰‹,S6{2B}
ž††,/¬Š/‰7ˆ†[‰†•‹¬™‰e¬¢‰ŠŽ®´ˆ4Š/Š‘†µ”
n   m ‡Ž n  $·7®›‰‹‰"‡,›‰X•ŽŒ‰reserve
‡‹aˆ‡,‰/
<

/
 

’ 

‘ 

‹ 

‰
†
,
‡
/Ž¤³‡(—Š‰¸F¶ Š‡‰‹†˜¢‰•¶<ŠŽ®†˜¢‰•¹[†.‘†‰
FF(S5{4B}, S6{2B})
S2{3B}
FF(S2{3B}, S3{2B}, S5{4B})
‡Žj†‘žŸž¤ˆ‹,†‰.‡›‰[‹‰–‘‰†,‡†žˆ‰¬— ‡›‰7‰†,Œ)S3{2B}
ž‰†,†ˆ’‰†  ¯ ‡†›Ž‘Š¬¢‰XŽ‡‰Ÿ‡›™ˆ4‡‡›‰
I
I
towards S5,
S6
ž‰‹’’ ˜‹,Ž8•‰††,‰†"‰†,•‹¬¢‰Y¬¢‰ŠŽ®´ˆ4˜˜Š—ŽŠS5{4B}
—‡Ž)˜¢ˆ•aº‰‡,†XŽ4“»‡,›‰ †ˆžŸ‰2³‰††Ž ¸œ¡›†
†D‡,‹‘‰7Ž4“»ˆ—[³¼2¨‚˜‹Ž•‰†,†¹ D½[Š†Ž ž‰‹,’’7•ˆŽŠ—=Ž••‘‹¬™‰‡(®.‰‰fž‰†,†ˆ’‰†.®/‡,›
‡›‰†ˆ4ž‰)‹,‰†‰‹,Œˆ‡,/Ž{†,‡(—8Š‰ Y¾[‰‡aˆŠ†"Ž“X‡,›‰‹,‰†‰‹,Œˆ‡,/ŽJ†‡(—Š‰†;ˆ4‹‰ˆ†j“šŽŠŠŽ®†7®›‰‹‰
‡7/†7ˆ†,†‘žŸ‰e‡,›™ˆ‡7‰ˆ4•a›e‡‰‹µ“+ˆ•‰ ¯ e¶<’‘‹,‰† n   m ‡,Ž n  $¿)†7‹Ž‘‡ˆ¬Š/‰ ‡Ž‰ˆ4•a›eŽ4“D‡›‰
‹Ž‘‡‰‹À †XŽ‡›‰‹‡‰‹(“+ˆ4•‰† 
Á.ÂFÃÅÄQÆJÁ.ÂFÇšÈ ÄÉÊaÁÁ[Ë

¸Ì†‡•‡X‹‰†‰‹,Œˆ‡ŽÍˆ4‰±˜Š•‡D†,‰‰‹7†,‰Š‰•‡Ž™¹

¡›‰¶</Š‡,‰‹†,˜™‰•ŸŽ“‰ˆ•a›J¶'¶Î‹‰†,‰‹Œˆ4‡ŽÏ/†‡ˆ4ŠŠ/‰ªˆ4‡=ˆ©8‡,‰‹(“(ˆ•‰)•Ž††,‡† Ž“Xˆ
†’Š‰"†,‰‰‹=ŽŠ—8 7¡›‰ ‰aÐʼn•‡,/Œ‰¶<Š/Ž®†,˜™‰•)Ž“D‡,›‰)‹‰†,‰‹Œˆ4‡Ž©†‡aˆŠŠ‰©/†[‡›‰
ž¤ˆ±ž ‘žÑŽ4“2ˆŠŠ¶'¶Ò‹,‰†‰‹Œˆ‡,Ž{‹,‰–‘‰†,‡†‹,‰•‰Œ‰JŽY‡›¢ˆ‡ /‡,‰‹(“+ˆ4•‰Ÿ“šŽ‹j‡›™ˆ4‡
˜™ˆ‹,‡•‘Šœˆ‹†,‰‰‹  ¯ •ˆ†,‰†"®›‰‹‰ ‡›‰"‡‰‹(“+ˆ4•‰"•Ž‰•‡,†"‡Žˆ †›™ˆ4‹‰©ž‰‘ž
Ó ½XÔ՝1‰†ŒŸž‰†,†ˆ4’‰†.“š‹,ŽžÖž)‘Š/‡,˜Š‰‰±‡›Ž˜†ž¤ˆ — ¬™‰"‹,‰•‰Œ‰  
¡›‰=¶<ŠŽ®†˜¢‰•=Ž4“‡›‰)¶5¶×1‰†Œfž‰†,†ˆ’‰7‘•ˆ†,‡7‡Ž‡,›‰ ˜‹‰ŒŽ‘†X›Ž˜Ž“Dˆ)˜¢ˆ‹(”
‡•‘Šœˆ‹.†‰‰‹[/†’Œ‰Ÿ¬8—)‡,›‰"žˆ±ž=‘žÕ¶<ŠŽ®†˜¢‰•7Ž“Dˆ4Š/Š¢‹‰†‰‹,Œˆ‡Ž†X†,‡ˆŠŠ‰
/Ÿ‡›‰j‹Ž‘‡‰‹.“šŽ‹‡›™ˆ4‡˜™ˆ‹,‡•‘Šœˆ4‹†‰‰‹ 

¶<’‘‹,‰ n   m™Ø ¶ ±‰¶<Š/‡,‰‹‰†,‰‹Œˆ4‡ŽÙ5±ˆžŸ˜Š‰ 
ÚUšÇ(Æ5ÛÜÉÆÏÁ.šÇFÈÄÉÊ,Ú]Á[Ë

¸œ†›¢ˆ‹‰‹‰†,‰‹Œˆ4‡Žˆ4®/Š• ˆ‹Ÿ†‰‰‹7†‰Š‰•‡Ž™¹

¡›‰¤¶<Š‡‰‹,†˜¢‰•Ž“2‰ ˆ•a›{Ý޶ߋ‰†‰‹,Œˆ‡Ž×†,‡ˆ4Š/Š‰{ˆ4‡;ˆ4Y8‡,‰‹(“(ˆ•‰†"®Š•ˆ‹,
ˆžˆ‡,•›‰†XŽÍˆ4—¤†,‰‰‹7“š‹ŽžÑ‘˜†‡,‹‰ˆ4že [¡›‰"‰aÐʼn•‡,/Œ‰¶<Š/Ž®†,˜™‰•=†,‡ˆŠŠ‰
/†.‡›‰2žˆ±ž=‘žÒ“š‹Žžàˆ4ŠŠ™ÝÞ¶©‹,‰†‰‹Œˆ‡,Ž‹‰–‘‰†‡†[‹‰•‰Œ‰Ž‡,›™ˆ‡.˜™ˆ‹,‡•‘Šœˆ4‹
/‡,‰‹(“+ˆ4•‰ ¡›‰"¶ ŠŽ®†,˜™‰•jŽ“'‰ ˆ•a›ÝÞ¶{1‰†ŒŸž‰†,†ˆ’‰7‘•ˆ†,‡‡Žˆ ˜‹,‰ŒŽ‘†›Ž˜
‘˜†‡,‹‰ˆ4žÑ†.’Œ‰)¬8—)‡,›‰7ž¤ˆ4±8ž ‘žÕ¶<ŠŽ®†˜¢‰•7Ž“»ˆ4ŠŠ™ÝÞ¶f‹‰†‰‹,Œˆ‡Ž†X†,‡ˆŠŠ‰
/©‡›‰)‹Ž‘‡‰‹  ¤áŽ‹‰)†,‡‹•‡,Š—†˜¢‰ˆº’¢¦ ŽŠ—ÝÞ¶J‹,‰†‰‹,Œˆ‡,/Ž†"®›Ž†‰ÏⳕŽ˜™‰ã
ˆ˜˜Š‰†Å‡,ŽX‡›‰D‡‰‹µ“+ˆ•‰Ž‘‡<Ž“®›•a›"‡›‰D‰†,Œ"ž‰††ˆ4’‰5† †,‰‡»ˆ4‹‰•Ž†,/‰‹‰j“šŽ‹
‡›†X†,‰•ŽYž‰‹,’’ ˜‹Ž•‰†† )³•Ž˜¢‰=‰‡ˆŠ†2ˆ4‹‰ ‹‰–‘‹,‰“FŽ‹XÝÒ¶{‹,‰†‰‹Œˆ‡,Ž†
Ž)Ž”+†,›™ˆ‹,‰‡‹,‰‰†‡Ž ˜‹,‰Œ‰‡ŠŽŽ˜’¢  ¶‘‹‡,›‰‹.‰‡ˆ4Š/†.•ˆ4¬¢‰“šŽ‘äåæ·ç 

1
èéêé{ëXìíïî=ð5ë7ñìJëXìíìëDòó[ô5õîDöÕ÷ë7î2ôî7ñîø9ùœë[í ò÷'ú

incoming
incoming reservation
reservation requests
requests

outgoing
outgoing requests
requests after
after merging
merging

towards
towards S1,
S1, S2
S2

towards S3,
S3, S4
S4
towards
towards
towards S5,
S5, S6
S6

SE((S1,
S2){5B})
WF(*
{5B})

SE((S3,
S4){5B})
WF(*
{5B})

SE((S5,
S6){4B})
WF(*
{5B})

reserve
reserve
II

(S1, S2, (*
S4){5B}
{5B}) II

reserve
reserve
II

(S4, (*
S6){3B}
{3B}) II

reserve
reserve
II

ûü

(S2, S3, (*
S5){4B}
{4B}) II

SE((S2,
S4){5B})
WF(* {5B})
SE((S1,
S2){2B})
WF(* {2B})
SE(S4{3B})
WF(* {3B})
SE(S4,
S6){2B})
WF(* {2B})

SE(S2,
S3, S5){4B})
WF(* {4B})

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Domain A
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Sender S
Domain D
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