Section 7

Elections

This section relates primarily to presidential, congressional, and gubernatorial
elections. Also presented are summary
tables on congressional legislation; state
legislatures; Black, Hispanic, and female
officeholders; population of voting age;
voter participation; and campaign
finances.
Official statistics on federal elections, collected by the Clerk of the House, are published biennially in Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election and
Statistics of the Congressional Election.
Federal and state elections data appear
also in America Votes, a biennial volume
published by Congressional Quarterly,
Inc., Washington, DC. Federal elections
data also appear in the U.S. Congress,
Congressional Directory, and in official
state documents. Data on reported registration and voting for social and economic groups are obtained by the U.S.
Census Bureau as part of the Current
Population Survey (CPS) and are published
in Current Population Reports, Series P20
(see text, Section 1).
Almost all federal, state, and local governmental units in the United States conduct
elections for political offices and other
purposes. The conduct of elections is
regulated by state laws or, in some cities
and counties, by local charter. An exception is that the U.S. Constitution prescribes the basis of representation in Congress and the manner of electing the
President and grants to Congress the
right to regulate the times, places, and
manner of electing federal officers.
Amendments to the Constitution have
prescribed national criteria for voting eligibility. The 15th Amendment, adopted in
1870, gave all citizens the right to vote
regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. The 19th Amendment,
adopted in 1919, further extended the
right to vote to all citizens regardless of
sex. The payment of poll taxes as a prerequisite to voting in federal elections
was banned by the 24th Amendment in

1964. In 1971, as a result of the 26th
Amendment, eligibility to vote in national
elections was extended to all citizens,
18 years old and over.
Presidential election—The Constitution
specifies how the President and Vice
President are selected. Each state elects,
by popular vote, a group of electors equal
in number to its total of members of Congress. The 23d Amendment, adopted in
1961, grants the District of Columbia
three presidential electors, a number
equal to that of the least populous state.
Subsequent to the election, the electors
meet in their respective states to vote for
President and Vice President. Usually,
each elector votes for the candidate
receiving the most popular votes in his or
her state. A majority vote of all electors is
necessary to elect the President and Vice
President. If no candidate receives a
majority, the House of Representatives,
with each state having one vote, is
empowered to elect the President and
Vice President, again, with a majority of
votes required.
The 22d Amendment to the Constitution,
adopted in 1951, limits presidential tenure to two elective terms of 4 years each
or to one elective term for any person
who, upon succession to the Presidency,
has held the office or acted as President
for more than 2 years.
Congressional election—The Constitution provides that Representatives be
apportioned among the states according
to their population, that a census of population be taken every 10 years as a basis
for apportionment, and that each state
have at least one Representative. At the
time of each apportionment, Congress
decides what the total number of Representatives will be. Since 1912, the total
has been 435, except during 1960 to
1962 when it increased to 437, adding
one Representative each for Alaska and
Hawaii. The total reverted to 435 after
Elections 249

U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003

reapportionment following the 1960 census. Members are elected for 2-year
terms, all terms covering the same
period. The District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, and the Virgin Islands
each elect one nonvoting Delegate, and
Puerto Rico elects a nonvoting Resident
Commissioner.
The Senate is composed of 100 members,
2 from each state, who are elected to
serve for a term of 6 years. One-third of
the Senate is elected every 2 years. Senators were originally chosen by the state
legislatures. The 17th Amendment to the
Constitution, adopted in 1913, prescribed
that Senators be elected by popular vote.
Voter eligibility and participation—
The Census Bureau publishes estimates
of the population of voting age and the

percent casting votes in each state for
Presidential and congressional election
years. These voting-age estimates include
a number of persons who meet the age
requirement but are not eligible to vote,
(e.g. aliens and some institutionalized
persons). In addition, since 1964, voter
participation and voter characteristics
data have been collected during November of election years as part of the CPS.
These survey data include noncitizens in
the voting age population estimates but
exclude members of the Armed Forces
and the institutional population.
Statistical reliability—For a discussion
of statistical collection and estimation,
sampling procedures, and measures of
statistical reliability applicable to Census
Bureau data, see Appendix III.

Figure 7.1

Vote Cast for President by Major Political Party:
1992 to 2000
Millions of votes

Democratic
Republican
Other major candidates1

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

1992
1

1996

2000

Candidates with 1 million or more votes: 1992 - Independent, Ross Perot; 1996 - Reform, Ross Perot;
2000 - Green, Ralph Nader.

Source: Chart prepared by U.S. Census Bureau. For data, see Tables 396 and 397.

250 Elections
U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003

.551 62. . . . . . unpledged electors. . Libertarian . . . Socialist Workers Socialist Labor . . . . Libertarian .991 33. . . . Eric Hass . . . . Socialist . .590 34. . .. 58 42 52 48 . . Kennedy . . . MI. . .170 39.000) Percent Electoral vote 49. . . . . . . .000) Number (1. . . . . . . F. . . . . .018 21. . John Anderson . . .719 81. . .S. .0 40. .176 140 111 48 45 9. . . . Carter . . . . . . . Independent . . . .275 29. 1972 . . . . . . Popular vote (1. . .1 55. Dewey . .8 45. . . H. Libertarian . . . .148 43. .556 86. . . . Eric Hass . . . . . . . . . . . . .653 91. . . . America at the Polls 2. . . . . . . 1984 . . . .402 50. . 1944 . . .6 45. . . . .umich. . Socialist . . T. .. . Socialist Labor .. . Independent . Goldwater. . .9 45. . .315 26. . . .085 2. Prohibition . . . D. . . . . . . . . . . independents. . . 75 54 25 46 61 50 39 50 1 Includes other characteristics. .900 represents 49. . for details. Eric Hass .5 38. John Schmitz.4 42. . . . . Republican Total popular vote 1 (1. . . . . . . .edu/nex/nesguide/gd-index. . . Ann Arbor. Female . . .4 37. . . . 2000 . . . . . . America at the Polls. . Reform . . . . .313 25. 1980 . excludes DC. . . . 1996 2000 Demo. . . . Source: Congressional Quarterly. . . . . 51 99 49 1 46 92 54 8 Education: Grade school . . .977 48.212 77. . . . . . . . .Repubcratic lican Race: White. . . . . .455 44. . .484 37.9 82 99 189 442 457 219 52 301 520 240 489 525 426 168 159 271 Popular vote Popular vote 1 Include votes for minor party candidates. . . . . . . . . 1948 . see source] Characteristic Total 1 . . . Rutherford Decker . .7 47. . Willkie . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . Eugene McCarthy . 1976 . States’ Rights.7 48. . . . . . . . . . 116 79 1. . . third-party or independent votes are not included as valid data. .883 Roger Babson . . . . . .397 27. . Washington. . . . . . Year of birth: 1975 or later . . . . . . .108 27. . . . . ‘‘The NES Guide to Public Opinion and Electoral Behavior’’. . .6 43. . New Alliance . . . . . . High school. . . . . .157 73 44 46 33 53 79 173 921 79 217 292 685 449 Source: Congressional Quarterly. . . . . 398. Libertarian . . .886 39.831 35. . . . Reagan . . . 1952 . American Independent . . Clinton . . . . . . . .794 61.720 228 432 19. . Lenora B. . . Table 396] Year 1940 1944 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 . . . . . . Green . 1956 . . .7 58. . . .No.023 34. . Inc. . . . . . . . .909 47. . . . .104 39. . . Black . . . . . . . 1996 . . . . . Libertarian . 397. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .900 47. . .. . .. . Strom Thurmond . . .7 37. Ed Clark . . . . . .Repubcratic lican Demo. . accessed 26 April 2003. . . . Dole . . . . 59 75 1. Humphrey . . . . . 396. . Candidate Party Popular vote (1. . States’ Rights.7 53. . .742 8. . . Ross Perot . . . . . Republican . . . . . . . Prohibition . . . .. .. Nixon. . . 1988 . . . . . . (copyright). . . . . . . . Reform Party . People’s . . . . .4 49. . . . . . . Pat Buchanan .130 31. . . . . Ron Paul . Vote cast for major party candidates include the votes of minor parties cast for those candidates] Candidates for President Vote cast for President Democratic Year 1940 . . and America Votes. Independent . . Henry Wallace . . . . . . . . . National Election Studies (NES). . . . . . . College . . . . . American.. . University of Michigan. Ross Perot . . . . . . Elections 251 U. . Mondale. . .4 49.170 40.425 96. . . Nixon. Reagan . . . . . . . . <http://www. 1895 to 1910 Sex: Male . . . . . . . . Johnson . . .7 61. . . . . . .027 68. . Socialist Labor . . .htm#9> (copyright). . . .0 49. LaRouche. . . David Bergland . . . . excludes Alaska and Hawaii. .1 57. .4 449 432 303 89 73 303 486 191 17 297 49 13 111 370 379 266 22. .5 50. Percentages for Democratic Presidential vote are computed by subtracting the percentage Republican vote from 100 percent. .. . . . Progressive . .1 42. . . . 1960 . . . . . . . . .000) Candidate Norman Thomas . Covers citizens of voting age living in private housing units in the contiguous United States. . . . Democratic and Republican Percentages of Two-Party Presidential Vote by Selected Characteristics of Voters: 1996 and 2000 [In percent. . . 1992 .000) Party Prohibition . . . Census Bureau. .0 50. . . . 88 64 49 12 36 51 74 54 50 26 46 50 Union household . . . . . . . . . . Characteristic 1996 2000 Demo. . . . Henning Blomen . . . . . . . Fulani . . . Ralph Nader . .4 60. . .000. . . . . . Prohibition . Lyndon H. .227 43. . . . Democratic . . . . .6 44. . . George Wallace . Nixon. .278 105.992 54. . . biennial (copyright). . Eisenhower. . No. Roger McBride. Ford . . . . . . .5 43. . . . . D. Bush . . . . Washington. Roosevelt Truman . . Bush . Bush . . Vincent Hallinan . . . . .904 54. Gore . .577 41. . . 1965. . . . . . . . . . . . .199 50. . Coleman Andrews . . Benjamin Spock . . . Vote Cast for Leading Minority Party Candidates for President: 1940 to 2000 [116 represents 116. . .. .595 104. . . . . . . . . . Eisenhower. . . .4 40. . .1 41. . . . .099 757 5.178 31. . . . .515 92. . . . . . . . . Claude Watson . . H. No. .Repubcratic lican Demo. . DC.613 24. Green . . . See headnote. Norman Thomas .838 70. 1968 . . . . . .Repubcratic lican . .000) Percent Electoral vote Number (1. .000. . . . Dewey . . . . . .. biennial. . Independent . . .906 1. 1964 . .2 48. . .936 35. . . Data are from the National Election Studies and are based on a sample and subject to sampling variability. . . . prior to 1964. . Carter . . Stevenson . .900. . . .785 47. 61 58 58 56 64 57 39 42 42 44 36 43 63 46 53 48 64 - 37 54 47 52 36 100 51 65 49 35 47 56 53 44 . . . . . . 1920-1996. . . Inc.179 27. . . . and scattered write-in votes. . . . . Andre Marrou .348 22. . . . . Prior to 1960. . .. .455 48. . . . . Nonunion household . . . . not shown separately. 1997. Dukakis . . . Socialist Labor . Roosevelt F. . . . Ralph Nader .0 49.. . 1959 to 1974 1943 to 1958 1927 to 1942 1911 to 1926. and America Votes. . McGovern . . Stevenson . . Source: Center for Political Studies. .Represents zero. . . . .645 73. DC. . . Clinton . Vote Cast for President by Major Political Party: 1940 to 2000 [49. Progressive . .8 53. . . Clifton DeBerry . . . . .. . .809 44. . . Stuart Hamblen . .

. . IL. . . . .No. . . . . . . 4 Excludes one electoral vote cast for Ronald Reagan in Washington. . . . . . . . . VA . . . . . . . . . . . . . ME.Represents zero. . . . . . WY . . . . . Republican . 303 219 486 52 191 301 17 520 297 240 49 489 13 525 111 426 370 168 379 159 266 271 Northeast: Democratic . D-9 D-16 D-20 D-11 (1) D-13 R-4 R-6 D-3 R-4 D-10 D-14 D-21 D-10 R-7 D-12 D-4 D-5 D-3 D-4 D-10 D-14 D-21 D-10 (2) R-12 R-4 R-5 R-3 R-4 R-10 D-14 R-21 R-10 R-7 R-12 R-4 R-5 R-3 R-4 D-10 D-14 R-21 D-10 D-7 D-12 R-4 R-5 R-3 R-4 D-10 R-14 R-21 D-10 R-7 R-12 R-4 R-5 R-3 R-4 R-10 R-13 R-20 D-10 R-7 R-11 R-4 R-5 R-4 R-4 R-10 D-13 R-20 D-10 R-7 R-11 R-4 R-5 R-4 R-4 D-10 D-12 D-18 D-10 R-7 D-11 D-3 R-5 D-4 D-4 D-10 D-12 D-18 D-10 R-7 D-11 R-3 R-5 D-4 D-4 D-10 D-12 D-18 D-10 R-7 R-11 R-3 R-5 R-4 R-4 NJ . . . Congressional Quarterly. . . . KY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CT . . . quadrennial. . Republican . . . . . . .. NM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-12 D-3 R-4 D-27 R-13 R-10 R-8 R-10 D-10 R-5 R-12 D-4 D-4 D-26 D-13 D-9 D-7 D-9 R-10 D-4 (2) D-4 R-4 R-26 R-13 R-9 R-7 R-9 (2) D-4 R-12 R-4 R-4 R-26 R-13 R-8 R-7 R-9 R-10 R-4 D-12 D-4 R-4 R-26 R-13 R-8 R-7 D-9 D-10 R-4 D-12 D-4 R-4 R-26 R-13 R-8 R-7 R-9 R-10 R-4 R-12 R-4 R-4 R-24 R-12 R-8 R-7 R-9 R-10 R-4 R-12 D-4 R-4 R-24 R-12 D-8 R-7 R-9 R-10 R-4 D-13 D-4 R-4 D-22 R-12 D-7 R-6 D-8 D-9 D-4 R-13 D-4 R-4 D-22 R-12 D-7 R-6 D-8 D-9 D-4 R-13 D-4 R-4 D-22 R-12 D-7 R-6 R-8 R-9 D-4 MD. . Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election. . NV . OK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DE . . . . . . . . . . Census Bureau. . . . . . . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . . . CA . . . . . . and NC 1. . . . D-8 R-4 R-11 D-24 R-4 R-3 R-12 R-9 D-8 R-12 R-3 R-8 D-4 D-11 D-25 D-4 D-3 D-12 D-9 D-7 D-12 D-3 R-8 R-4 R-11 D-25 R-4 R-3 R-12 D-9 D-7 R-12 R-3 R-8 R-4 R-10 R-26 R-4 R-3 3 R-11 R-9 R-6 R-11 R-3 D-8 R-4 D-10 D-26 R-4 R-3 R-12 4 R-8 D-6 D-11 R-3 R-8 R-4 R-10 R-26 R-4 R-3 R-12 R-9 D-6 R-11 R-3 R-8 R-3 R-11 R-29 R-5 R-3 R-12 R-10 R-6 R-11 R-3 R-8 R-3 R-11 R-29 R-5 R-3 R-12 D-10 5 D-5 D-11 R-3 R-8 R-3 D-11 R-32 R-5 D-3 R-13 D-11 D-5 D-11 R-3 R-8 R-3 D-11 R-32 R-5 D-3 R-13 D-11 D-5 D-11 R-3 R-8 R-3 R-11 R-32 R-5 D-3 R-13 D-11 R-5 D-11 R-3 . . . . . . . . . Clerk of the House. . . . . . . . . . . MA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NH . . . . . . . . . . Republican . . . . . . IN . . . . . SD . . . . . . . . . . . DC . . . . . . . . . Republican . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Byrd as follows: AL 6. . . . . . . . R=Republican. . . . . . . . . 121 12 126 - 102 24 14 108 86 36 4 118 113 53 60 106 - 106 - 102 4 Midwest: Democratic . . . 1976-2000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VT . . . . . . . . Congress. . . . MS. . . GA 12. . . . . . . . ID . . . . . see map. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S. LA 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AR 6. . . . 1 D-5 R-3 R-4 D-8 R-32 R-6 D-8 D-3 (X) R-10 R-10 D-3 R-5 D-6 D-40 D-6 D-8 D-3 D-3 D-14 (2) R-3 R-5 (2) R-40 R-6 D-8 R-3 D-3 R-14 R-9 R-3 R-6 R-6 R-45 R-7 R-8 R-3 D-3 R-17 D-9 R-3 R-6 D-6 R-45 R-7 R-8 D-3 D-3 D-17 R-9 R-3 R-6 R-6 R-45 R-7 R-8 R-3 D-3 R-17 R-9 R-3 R-7 R-6 R-47 R-8 R-8 R-3 D-3 R-21 R-9 R-3 R-7 R-6 R-47 R-8 R-8 R-3 D-3 R-21 R-9 R-3 R-8 D-6 D-54 D-8 D-8 D-3 D-3 R-25 R-9 R-3 D-8 D-6 D-54 R-8 D-8 D-3 D-3 D-25 R-9 R-3 R-8 R-6 D-54 R-8 D-8 D-3 6 D-2 R-25 GA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electoral Vote Cast for President by Major Political Party—States: 1960 to 2000 [D=Democratic. . . . . . America Votes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252 Elections U. . . . . . U. . . . . . biennial (copyright). . . . . . . . . . . . . . ND . . . . . . 2 Excludes 46 electoral votes cast for American Independent George C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399. . HI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-16 D-4 D-45 D-14 R-4 R-25 1 R-7 R-6 D-32 D-4 D-17 D-4 D-43 D-13 D-4 D-26 D-8 D-6 D-29 D-4 R-17 R-4 D-43 2 R-12 R-4 R-26 R-8 R-6 D-29 D-4 R-17 R-4 R-41 R-13 R-3 R-25 R-8 R-6 R-27 R-4 R-17 R-4 D-41 D-13 R-3 D-25 R-8 R-6 D-27 D-4 R-17 R-4 R-41 R-13 R-3 R-25 R-8 R-6 R-27 D-4 R-16 R-5 R-36 R-13 R-3 R-23 R-8 R-7 R-25 R-4 R-16 R-5 D-36 R-13 R-3 R-23 R-8 D-7 R-25 D-4 D-15 D-5 D-33 R-14 R-3 D-21 R-8 D-7 D-23 D-4 D-15 D-5 D-33 R-14 R-3 D-21 R-8 D-7 D-23 D-4 D-15 D-5 D-33 R-14 R-3 R-21 R-8 D-7 D-23 D-4 SC . . . . . . . . Washington DC. . . . . . . . . . OH. KS . . . . . . FL . . . . AR . . . 71 82 149 - 31 118 145 58 87 10 135 10 127 29 108 100 29 100 29 68 61 South: Democratic . TX . . . . . . UT . . . . MI . . . For composition of regions. . . . . . MS 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LA . . . . . . . . . . Republican .S. . AK . . . . . . . . . TN . MO MT . . Wallace as follows: AL 10. . . . . MS 8. . . . . X Not applicable. . . . . . NC . 1 Excludes 15 electoral votes cast for Harry F. . . . . . . . . MN. . . . . . . . . . . . WA WV WI . . . . . . . . . . and OK 1. . . . . . . . . . . . OR. . . . . . . . . . . . . Inc. . . . . . . . . . 3 Excludes one electoral vote cast for Libertarian John Hospers in Virginia. . 10 75 90 5 13 82 102 4 97 4 98 111 21 90 96 23 93 26 81 38 State 1960 1968 2 1972 3 1976 1988 2000 6 AL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RI . . . . . . . . . . . Source: 1960-72. . . . . . . . . . AZ . . . . . . . . . CO. . . . . . . . . . . . 101 50 121 47 45 77 3 165 149 20 31 138 3 174 8 168 68 116 80 104 15 168 West: Democratic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Excludes one electoral vote left blank by a Democratic elector in the District of Columbia. . . . . 5 Excludes one electoral vote cast for Lloyd Bentsen for President in West Virginia. . . . . inside front cover] 1 1964 4 1980 1984 5 1992 1996 Democratic .

RI 4 CT 8 NJ 15 8 32 FL 25 4 MA 12 DE 3 MD 10 DC* 2 21 KY NH 23 NC AZ ME .S. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 Figure 7. Census Bureau.S. Census Bureau. for data see Table 399.2 Presidential Electoral Vote by State: 2000 AK 3 Democrat (total = 266) Republican (total = 271) WA 11 OR 7 VT MT ND 3 3 4 MN MI 3 NV 18 IA NE 5 CO 8 54 PA 7 5 UT CA 33 11 3 WY NY WI SD 4 4 3 10 ID KS MO 6 11 IL IN 22 12 OH WV 5 8 11 OK NM 8 VA 13 5 14 TN SC AR 8 6 MS TX LA 7 AL GA 9 13 9 Elections 253 HI 4 *Excludes one electoral vote left blank by a Democratic elector in the District of Columbia. Source: Chart prepared by U.U.

. . .534 1. . . .3 51. . . . . .019 47.120 39. .207 1.5 48. .4 41. . . . . . . . Arizona. . .148 488 650 2.258 95 1. .5 46. . . 400. .1 47.S.739 2. . .7 52. West Virginia .455 941 167 782 473 4. . Montana . . Indiana . Minnesota . .116 205 139 2. . . .085 92 26 112 70 698 105.248 295 1. . . . .408 771 566 119 982 2. . Washington. .378 4.020 2. .547 692 483 99 17 2. . . .007 146 27 63 346 224 2. . .076 556 6. .860 582 538 1. . .190 240 434 302 274 47.342 887 1.350 744 714 2. . . . . .756 1.894 5. . .072 78 80 1. . .9 South Carolina.6 Iowa . biennial (copyright).234 1. . Kansas.2 33.074 1. . . . . . .3 32.9 53.534 4.316 1. . .532 922 10. .9 55. . . .460 328 202 5.849 2.434 203 786 191 1. . . .4 58. . 3. . .1 33. . . .5 59.6 61. . . .736 362 64 31 106 379 66 1. . North Carolina .5 46.284 286 2. . .0 60. . . .703 4. . . . . . . . . .245 100 140 29 4 484 1. . . .9 9. .9 60. . .026 168 237 204 246 890 180 363 199 196 217 55 71 44 48 2.7 44. . .4 47.5 37.990 1. . Tennessee .3 47.612 666 506 139 909 2.511 1. .062 3. . . Connecticut . .8 35. .4 41. . . .652 273 3.2 56. .170 1. .0 60.912 884 561 137 18 2.393 271 186 5. . .487 648 2.2 42. .3 56. Alaska . . . .8 50. America Votes.572 1.789 287 4. . .953 1. . . . .8 51. . .589 902 1. Idaho . . Includes other parties. .2 41. . 254 Elections U. .404 884 10. . .234 1.587 1. .072 1. .6 44. . .2 58. Nevada . . . .226 125 262 32 503 168 33 3. Pennsylvania .9 49. . . . .0 54. .216 233 1.109 336 1.0 85. .123 328 1. . . . .7 45. . .397 1. Oklahoma .091 1.152 324 1. . . .741 1. . . . .7 Colorado.019 1. District of Columbia Florida . . . .8 Georgia Hawaii .4 38. .3 46. .110 573 56. 1. .7 40.9 47. . 96. . . . . . . .4 47.402 662 80 653 475 5.4 55. .486 250 2. . . . .389 1. . Inc.616 2.237 148 50. .1 45. .460 222 573 151 864 2.801 105 483 131 121 431 44 4. . . . .7 37.828 8. .5 52. Washington . . . .544 1. . Nebraska .141 1. Popular Vote Cast for President by Political Party—States: 1996 and 2000 [In thousands (96.4 50. New Hampshire . .2 45.6 27. . .3 38.254 636 2. . Oregon.233 2. 2.0 50. . .5 58.992 693 79 685 423 5.933 1.187 599 6. .9 37.6 47.0 46.278 1.246 43. . .136 1.138 841 234 845 105 31 160 201 72 227 26 294 2. .311 2. . 1. . . . 1. . . . .7 Ohio . . . . . . . . . Rhode Island .963 738 816 180 172 2.784 606 620 388 637 928 313 493 583 623 713 186 105 93 120 123 86 1. Source: Congressional Quarterly. .360 411 697 609 569 1.193 894 966 1. Wisconsin .1 48. .8 27. . .1 New Jersey .199 769 123 622 325 3.8 50.2 49. .5 44.120 394 682 718 1. . . . . . .800 515 40.184 474 720 2. . . New Mexico . . . . .6 51. . .103 233 1.966 50.6 Missouri . .6 47. . New York .6 44.8 27.666 286 1.3 46.196 212 138 1. Wyoming . .158 407 677 464 499 1. .420 138 337 2.0 56. .597 368 502 4. 4. . .5 67. . . . .0 51.0 Maryland . .6 51. . Arkansas . . 2. .557 3. . Utah .567 48.9 56. South Dakota . . except percent] 1996 2000 Percent of total vote State Total 1 Democratic Party Republican Party Perot (Reform Party) Total 1 Democratic Party Republican Party Democratic Party Republican Party United States. .000).6 67. . . .281 131 46.3 41. . . Texas . DC. Alabama . . . . . .766 652 639 399 639 792 320 634 622 872 928 287 48. . . . .506 390 2. . . . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . .437 1.417 2. . . Census Bureau. .2 43. .1 40. .481 766 440 116 227 337 258 52 2. . . . .3 47.6 56.8 38.243 60 120 1. . .4 44.0 50.383 316 2. . North Dakota . . . . .822 2. .6 54. . . . . . Michigan.4 33. . . . . .4 62. 1.7 40.403 1. .911 288 1.0 26. . . .742 2.0 55. 258 2. .304 671 736 140 158 2. .076 6.1 59.217 1. . . .534 242 1.631 175 56.168 405 814 879 1. .199 1. .3 66. . . . . . . . . .. .8 Vermont .9 40. .108 1. .702 1. .054 205 165 2. .516 266 1. .5 57. Virginia.0 48. .8 60. Delaware . . Massachusetts. . California . . .861 50.8 1 . . . . . . .913 409 2. . . . .278 represents 96.316 2. . . .439 994 1. .278. .108 107 1. .299 360 492 4. . . Mississippi . .781 2.2 48.6 41.081 114 257 1. . . . . Kentucky Louisiana Maine.4 31. .No.913 42. . Illinois .111 137 232 280 266 1. . . . . . . . .599 218 149 1.

0 R-55. Jeffords (I) 2009 2007 2009 2007 2007 Virginia. Indiana .7 D-49. . .000. . . . . . . .461 603 2.No.1 R-65. . . . . . North Carolina . Hatch (R) 3 James M. Ohio .4 R-56. .9 D-63.736 392 (X) (X) (X) R-52. . Snowe Paul S.8 1. Michigan. . . . . Rhode Island . . Maryland .2 D-60.. . . . . . Bennett Patrick J. Daschle Lamar Alexander Kay Bailey Hutchison Robert F.145 (X) D-72.5 2. Any candidate who receives a majority is elected. . . Allen Patty Murray Robert C.8 Edward M. New York .6 John Edwards (X) Byron L.8 D-53. .6 (X) D-63. 2000 and 2002. and year Name. . Akaka Larry E. Lieberman Thomas R. . .6 R-64.331 (X) (X) R-65.397 represents 1. Wisconsin . . . . 401. . . Census Bureau. .018 1. 412 692 600 (X) 3. . Mikulski (R) (R) (D) (R) (D) 2005 2005 2005 2009 2005 Pat Roberts Mitch McConnell Mary Landrieu Olympia J. . . . South Carolina.0 D-60. but subsequently switched to Independent status in June 2001. .6 R-78. (X) (X) 1. . . DC. Breaux Susan Collins Barbara A. .624 (X) (X) R-79. Dodd Joseph R.642 4. . . . .8 R-58. . .8 D-61. . . . Missouri . .397 (X) 10. .032 R-50. . Vote Cast for United States Senators. . . .4 R-54. and Incumbent Senators. . . Texas . .416 (X) 232 (X) 2.007 3. .8 (X) 1. .878 D-80. . .2 (X) R-52. .6 338 1. Utah . .489 (X) 436 (X) 183 R-82. .857 2. . . Minnesota . Illinois . Wyoming . Nebraska .1 327 480 (X) 447 2.0 D-58. Vermont 3 . .3 (X) D-54. Florida .255 630 1. .5 D-48. Nevada . North Dakota . .3 D-48. . . .000) 1 Alabama . .7 Ben N. . (X) 1.267 (X) 324 1. . .2 767 1. . . .168 2. Shelby Ted Stevens Jon Kyl Mark Pryor Dianne Feinstein (R) (R) (R) (D) (D) 2005 2009 2007 2009 2007 Colorado.9 Max Baucus Chuck Hagel Harry Reid Judd Gregg Frank Lautenberg (D) (R) (D) (R) (D) 2009 2009 2005 2005 2009 Conrad Burns Ben Nelson John Ensign John Sununu Jon Corzine (R) (D) (R) (R) (D) 2007 2007 2007 2009 2007 New Mexico .8 1. . .1 (X) R-73. .000) 1 . . .6 R-65.103 R-57.2 1. Schumer Elizabeth Dole Kent Conrad Mike DeWine (R) (D) (R) (D) (R) 2009 2005 2009 2007 2007 Oklahoma . . . . . . Georgia .540 214 R-52.S. .016 R-50.0 Jeff Bingaman (X) Hillary Rodham Clinton R-53.947 (X) (X) (X) R-68. . . .5 R-73. Bob Graham Saxby Chambliss (R) (D) (D) (D) (R) 2005 2005 2009 2005 2009 Wayne Allard Joseph I. . .397. New Jersey .362 D-72. Inc.6 R-49. . . . . Sarbanes (R) (R) (D) (R) (D) 2009 2009 2009 2007 2007 Massachusetts.7 (X) (X) R-66. . . .2 (X) D-78. Delaware .7 D-77. . .353 230 (X) 804 (X) R-58. Rockefeller IV 2007 Russell Feingold 2009 Craig Thomas (R) (D) (D) (D) (R) 2009 2007 2009 2005 2007 X Not applicable.3 R-56. . . .0 George F.4 R-59. Iowa .6 R-54. . Oregon. Mississippi . . . . . Campbell Christopher J. .429 (X) D-63. . Pennsylvania . 2002 Percent for leading Total party (1. Byrd Herb Kohl Mike Enzi (R) (D) (D) (D) (R) 2007 John W. . . . . . Crapo Richard J. . Washington . . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . 1 Includes vote cast for minor parties. Kennedy Carl Levin Norm Coleman Thad Cochran Christopher S. . Durbin Richard G. . . Bond (D) (D) (R) (R) (R) 2007 2009 2009 2009 2005 John F. . 2.2 D-55. Dorgan (X) George V. . (X) (X) 4. . . . . (X) 1.1 (X) D-50. .113 D-62. . America Votes. . . Leahy (D) (R) (R) (R) (D) 2005 2009 2007 2005 2005 Tim Johnson (D) Bill Frist (R) John Corny (R) Orrin G. .599 4. Alaska . 590 6. . Grassley (D) (R) (D) (R) (R) 2005 2005 2009 2007 2005 Kansas. . Lugar Charles E. Kerry Debbie Stabenow Mark Dayton Trent Lott James Talent (D) (D) (D) (R) (R) 2009 2007 2007 2007 2007 Montana . Hollings (R) (R) (R) (D) (D) 2009 2009 2007 2009 2005 Don Nickles Ron Wyden Arlen Specter Lincoln Chafee Lindsey Graham (R) (D) (R) (R) (R) 2005 2005 2005 2007 2009 South Dakota Tennessee . West Virginia . . . Domenici Charles E.9 D-50. .2 Daniel K. .7 (X) D-58. . . New Hampshire . . . . Connecticut . Carper Bill Nelson Zell Miller (R) (D) (D) (D) (D) 2009 2007 2007 2007 2005 Hawaii . . Source: Congressional Quarterly. . . Voinovich (D) (D) (D) (D) (R) 2007 2007 2005 2005 2005 Pete V. . . . .5 D-51. . Kentucky .718 2.129 2. Louisiana 2 Maine. .9 483 (X) 2. . Arizona. . D=Democrat.3 (X) D-55.3 (X) D-61. . . 2 Louisiana holds an open-primary election with candidates from all parties running on the same ballot. . . . . . . . . . (X) (X) (X) 635 1. Washington. . .4 James Inhofe Gordon Smith Rick Santorum Jack Reed Ernest F. . . . .9 (X) Jeff Sessions Lisa Murkowski John McCain Blanche Lincoln Barbara Boxer (R) (R) (R) (D) (D) 2009 2005 2005 2005 2005 Richard C. . Idaho . . . . Warner 2005 Maria Cantwell 2007 John D. . Arkansas California Incumbent senators and year term expires Percent for leading party Name.2 (X) D-53. .6 D-51.023 (X) R-65.3 (X) (X) Thomas A.8 (X) R-50. . . . .131 2. 2002—States [1.4 (X) Sam Brownback Jim Bunning John B.3 R-55. 346 (X) (X) 2. . . . .6 R-49.6 (X) (X) 409 3. . Biden Jr.929 6. . . .7 D-55. . 2. .487 (X) 1.5 R-84.449 D-61. .7 R-82. .311 327 5. R=Republican] 2000 State Total (1. party. . . .482 505 (X) R-83.420 994 2. biennial (copyright). Elections 255 U. and year .8 R-65. party.277 770 289 (X) R-65. 3 Jeffords was re-elected in Vermont in 2000 as a Republican. . . . Inouye Michael D. . .780 (X) 288 4.514 (X) (X) D-49. .7 D-49. Craig Peter Fitzgerald Evan Bayh Tom Harkin (D) (R) (R) (D) (D) 2007 2009 2005 2005 2009 Daniel K. .0 R-65.

. . ME.gov/population/www/censusdata/apportionment.S. . AZ . . . 14 (X) (X) (X) (X) 17 (X) (X) (X) (X) 20 (X) (X) 1 1 (X) 13 (X) (X) 1 1 12 1 1 (X) 2 2 10 3 (X) 4 5 11 4 1 2 5 7 10 6 2 5 9 11 9 3 6 13 12 11 5 7 14 13 12 7 7 15 14 12 9 8 16 16 13 10 8 16 15 17 9 7 13 14 17 9 7 13 14 18 9 6 11 12 19 8 5 10 12 19 8 5 10 11 18 8 5 9 10 16 8 5 9 10 15 8 4 9 MT . IN IA . MO . . 1 Assigned after apportionment. . . . OR. . . . . . . . . . . Census 2000 Brief. . . . . No reapportionment based on 1920 population census. the decennial population census. . 2 Included in apportionment in anticipation of statehood. 19 (X) (X) (X) (X) 22 (X) (X) (X) (X) 23 (X) (X) (X) (X) 22 (X) (X) (X) (X) 21 (X) (X) (X) (X) 15 (X) (X) 1 2 (X) 13 (X) (X) 3 (X) 11 (X) (X) 6 (X) 9 (X) 3 8 (X) 10 1 1 4 9 1 1 10 2 4 10 1 10 3 5 11 1 10 5 6 11 1 9 6 6 10 1 9 6 6 10 1 10 7 6 10 1 10 7 5 10 1 10 7 4 9 1 10 8 4 9 1 11 9 3 9 1 11 9 3 8 1 X Not applicable. VT . . . . issued July 2001. (X) 10 10 (X) (X) (X) 17 12 (X) 1 1 (X) 27 13 (X) 6 (X) 34 13 (X) 14 (X) 40 13 (X) 19 (X) 34 9 (X) 21 (X) 33 8 (X) 21 (X) 31 7 (X) 19 (X) 33 8 (X) 20 (X) 34 9 1 1 21 (X) 34 9 1 21 (X) 37 10 2 21 2 1 43 10 3 22 1 45 11 2 24 2 45 12 2 23 2 43 12 2 23 2 41 11 2 24 2 39 11 1 23 3 34 11 1 21 3 31 12 1 19 3 29 13 1 18 OK . NJ . . MI . (X) 7 1 (X) 2 (X) 7 1 (X) 4 (X) 7 2 (X) 6 (X) 6 1 (X) 7 (X) 6 1 (X) 9 (X) 4 1 1 1 8 (X) 4 1 1 8 (X) 4 1 1 7 1 1 4 1 2 9 1 4 1 2 10 2 4 1 2 11 3 5 1 3 11 4 5 1 4 12 4 6 1 5 10 4 6 1 6 10 4 6 1 8 10 4 6 1 12 10 5 6 1 15 10 6 6 1 19 10 6 6 1 23 11 7 5 1 25 13 HI ID IL. . . (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 1 1 (X) (X) (X) (X) 3 (X) (X) (X) (X) 5 (X) (X) 1 1 (X) 7 (X) (X) 1 1 2 7 (X) (X) 2 2 6 (X) (X) 3 3 8 (X) (X) 4 4 8 (X) (X) 5 6 9 (X) (X) 6 7 9 (X) (X) 7 8 10 (X) 2 1 7 11 9 (X) 1 7 20 9 (X) 2 7 23 9 1 1 2 6 30 8 1 3 4 38 7 1 4 4 43 7 1 5 4 45 7 1 6 4 52 7 1 8 4 53 CO. . 106 142 186 213 242 232 237 243 293 332 357 391 435 435 435 437 435 435 435 435 435 AL .. . . . . . FL . NY . . ND . GA . . TN . 402. . . Source: U. 256 Elections U. . DE . (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 1 1 1 1 (X) (X) (X) 1 3 (X) (X) (X) 3 7 (X) (X) (X) 7 10 1 2 (X) (X) 9 11 2 (X) (X) 14 11 6 (X) (X) 19 13 9 (X) 1 1 20 13 11 (X) 1 22 13 11 (X) 1 25 13 11 (X) 2 27 13 11 (X) 2 27 12 9 (X) 2 26 11 8 1 1 2 25 11 8 2 2 24 11 7 2 2 24 11 6 2 2 22 10 6 2 2 20 10 5 2 2 19 9 5 KS . (X) 1 1 (X) (X) 2 (X) 3 (X) (X) 4 (X) 6 (X) (X) 6 (X) 9 (X) (X) 5 (X) 13 (X) (X) 5 (X) 11 1 2 (X) 4 (X) 10 2 (X) 3 (X) 8 4 (X) 3 (X) 10 6 (X) 3 1 2 10 11 (X) 2 2 10 13 1 1 2 2 10 16 1 2 3 10 18 2 2 2 9 21 2 1 2 10 21 2 1 2 9 22 2 1 2 9 23 2 1 2 8 24 2 1 1 9 27 3 1 1 9 30 3 1 1 9 32 3 1 VA . (X) 2 (X) (X) 8 (X) 6 (X) (X) 9 (X) 10 1 1 (X) 9 (X) 12 3 7 9 (X) 13 3 8 8 (X) 10 4 7 6 (X) 10 4 6 6 1 9 5 5 5 3 10 6 5 6 7 11 6 4 6 8 11 6 4 6 8 11 7 4 6 8 11 8 4 6 7 9 8 3 6 6 9 8 3 6 6 8 8 3 7 5 7 8 2 8 5 7 8 2 8 5 7 8 2 8 4 6 7 2 8 4 6 7 2 8 MA. CT . . . . TX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . For method of calculating apportionment and a short history of apportionment. . KY . Census Bureau. NH . . . NE . . . 2d session.html>. MD. . . RI . . . . . . Population figures used for apportionment purposes are those determined for states by each decennial census. . . . . MS. . Apportionment of Membership in House of Representatives by State: 1790 to 2000 [Total membership includes Representatives assigned to newly admitted states after the apportionment acts. . . and see also <http://www. . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . . . . AK .census. Census Bureau. . and Congressional Apportionment] Membership based on census of— State 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 U. NC . 91st Congress. . . PA . . WY . . LA . . UT . . . . . WA WV WI . see House Report 91-1314. CA . SC . Congressional Apportionment. OH. . . Series C2KBR/01-7. . (X) (X) 13 2 6 (X) (X) 18 2 8 (X) (X) 23 2 9 (X) (X) 26 2 9 (X) (X) 28 2 9 (X) (X) 24 2 7 (X) 1 1 25 2 6 (X) 1 24 2 4 (X) 1 27 2 5 (X) 1 28 2 7 (X) 2 30 2 7 1 5 2 32 2 7 8 3 36 3 7 9 3 34 2 6 8 4 33 2 6 6 4 30 2 6 6 4 27 2 6 6 4 25 2 6 6 5 23 2 6 6 5 21 2 6 5 5 19 2 6 SD . NV . .S.No. . AR . . MN. .S. . . . . (X) (X) (X) 4 5 (X) (X) (X) 5 6 (X) (X) (X) 6 6 (X) (X) (X) 6 6 (X) (X) (X) 5 6 (X) (X) (X) 4 5 (X) (X) (X) 3 5 (X) 1 1 1 1 3 5 (X) 1 1 3 7 1 1 3 1 2 7 1 6 1 2 8 1 6 1 2 10 2 6 1 2 12 2 5 1 2 14 2 4 1 2 14 2 4 1 2 14 2 3 1 2 15 2 3 1 2 15 2 3 2 2 14 1 3 2 2 13 1 3 3 2 13 NM.

.1 R-59. WI . . . . .0 R-69. .4 D-47.3 D-56. .815 147 105 79 124 902 176 393 275 190 858 R-53.1 2.2 R-56. . . . Elections 257 U.454 953 532 111 333 1.594 246 1. . .576 901 261 169 1. . ND .462 471 215 64 412 1.2 D-53. . . .088 1.295 557 225 154 708 1.202 678 1.381 204 370 538 402 1. .904 213 3. . .3 D-49. .8 D-69. .8 R-54. ..8 1.5 D-52. .429 1.9 R-63. . . . .7 R-74.5 R-54. . .1 R-51.2 D-50.6 R-58.2 R-51.2 R-67.274 954 181 1.194 688 7. biennial (copyright).161 1. . .276 221 142 2.4 R-53. . 2000 Percent for Demo. . NY . . .cq. . . .0 D-64.407 849 191 855 277 4.5 D-54. . .3 R-53. .132 998 109 1. . In all years there are numerous districts within the state where either the Republican or Democratic party had no candidate. . . . .030 214 387 301 255 934 R-64.6 R-57.4 R-53. PA .5 R-63. Census Bureau.061 658 825 747 203 856 R-63. .566 673 338 119 205 1.482 32.7 411 683 585 556 2.9 D-46. .4 R-56. .780 286 4. .038 1. .6 R-52. . .269 228 1.927 328 562 360 423 1.310 329 985 392 677 1. .841 3.203 D-51.149 1. . .002 1.0 D-68..7 VA .976 918 969 595 212 2.2 D-52.752 R-49.2 R-57. 403.9 R-66. MN . . .267 1. . . . .9 R-58. . LA . .4 R-57.244 231 3.5 .com/>. . 397 379 3. .0 R-74. . . . . . . .306 1. . . . . 1. . DC.1 R-60.822 2.5 D-53..572 1. . IL .6 R-81.382 580 2.625 862 552 D-65. D=Democrat.194 151 2. . . 259 914 3.986 759 283 78 819 2.349 225 346 547 529 1. DE . . .Repubcratic lican Percent for leading party 33. . 2 . . IN. .896 293 974 314 631 1.657 841 546 D-64. . . ..3 R-54. . . . . .213 1.8 438 3. . .202 638 1. RI. . . . .5 R-57. SC .397 989 228 3. .136 343 1. . MD . Washington. . FL 2 GA . .4 R-53. . .6 I-67. . . .0 D-49. R=Republican. .2 D-66.255 R-48. . . . . .854 1.067 274 2.3 331 474 500 443 2.498 R-59.521 46.5 X Not applicable. . .9 D-58.5 R-71. . .8 I-67.7 D-67.865 37.Repub. 1 Includes vote cast for minor parties. .040 R-56. . .246 421 1.771 971 121 1. .7 R-67. .5 1. .5 D-47. . .624 1. . .226 R-54. .787 304 71 R-75. . . .5 R-54.332 175 1. .313 313 5.527 1.2 D-68.4 R-59. . . 332 526 410 318 1. .1 R-57.845 Demo.157 1.438 486 45 558 355 5. . .leading cratic lican party Total1 2002 Percent for Demo. . In each state. . .258 507 39 472 392 3.632 533 496 57 581 592 716 442 120 558 1.6 R-57. .3 R-60. .515 127 2. .742 2. . . .518 300 3. .529 1. AL AK AZ AR CA . . NH . .919 589 509 61 1. .859 97 570 R-54. .178 1. Vote Cast for United States Representatives by Major Political Party—States: 1998 to 2002 [In thousands (65.907 1. MS . . .8 D-49. .6 R-56. . . . .. 2 State law does not require tabulation of votes for unopposed Source: Congressional Quarterly. . .2 D-51. .030 339 986 D-83. candidates. . . .4 R-57.6 R-52. . ID.9 D-52. . .056 2.787 993 468 1. totals represent the sum of votes cast in each Congressional District or votes cast for Representative at Large in states where only one member is elected.4 CO . .858 1.070 2. except percent. .8 D-80. .Repub.326 1. . . In some states the Republican and Democratic vote includes votes cast for the party candidate by endorsing parties] 1998 State Total1 U. .4 R-51.824 2.854 5.439 274 1.776 D-59.435 1. 1. .510 R-54. . .6 R-64.968 2.897 represents 65. .4 337 1.5 D-51.278 827 120 1.474 1.858 351 1. . . .932 427 52 R-73. . . . .229 89 730 R-64.466 633 10. . .364 986 2.985 2.7 D-53.9 D-50.3 R-66. . .662 260 351 448 290 904 536 694 794 206 753 R-64.417 496 699 96 1. ..7 D-57.8 D-53. . . . Inc.006 108 47 171 176 1. .9 R-62. .469 1. .2 1. . .0 D-54.3 340 493 4. .040 551 1. . OH .158 262 1.S. 498 4.1 315 1. OR . . .014 88 1.3 D-56.188 61 1. . .9 R-50.9 R-56.5 D-54.375 228 2. .9 R-50.9 588 5. . .008 779 136 889 110 R-66. . WV .5 D-52. . . . . . .1 D-57.384 R-51. . . .141 717 D-65. .0 R-67.472 77 580 R-62. . .leading cratic lican party Total1 65.6 R-56. .506 212 1. . . ..No.2 D-51. . IA . . .2 D-55. . .000).7 R-54. NV .799 305 15 231 992 2. .8 SD TN TX UT VT .0 D-49.0 R-50.0 R-54. .422 2. . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . See also <http://www. . .8 R-62. .004 525 7. . .240 3. .8 1.9 D-51. . .. .. . .731 695 170 682 284 3.0 KS . . . . . . .5 R-49.885 221 (X) 180 771 2.0 R-56.507 1. .0 R-53. . .9 97.290 R-50.7 R-61.673 174 514 980 283 762 67 542 819 29 880 101 R-47. . . . NJ . . . . . .5 D-52.2 360 405 3.6 R-63. . .7 D-53. WY . . 859 1. . 1. WA . . .8 R-55. . NE . .040 666 140 574 320 3.4 R-55. . .446 R-59.393 2.234 496 1.279 247 525 702 607 2. .897. . America Votes.6 R-60. . .347 4. .9 D-54.7 D-50. . . . .8 2.190 1.638 182 440 907 264 677 66 1.6 HI. .094 1. . . .532 211 487 331 303 1. .4 NM ..090 2. .5 R-59.8 1.060 1. .136 D-83. . .954 R-48. . . .. . .6 1. .099 310 415 1.9 R-48. 1.482 272 456 213 281 792 450 637 97 125 690 R-61.209 110 1. CT . .852 1. ME . . . .739 400 1. . . .8 R-52. . . .1 830 1.529 4.S. .4 R-50.537 814 753 466 165 2.988 190 178 225 239 1.090 263 788 413 1.215 223 1. . . . . . .5 D-55. . .215 1.897 31. .7 1. ..5 R-62.2 MT .2 OK .3 73.013 232 138 1. . .767 1.3 D-48. .440 4. . . . KY . . .5 R-72.466 1. .311 142 R-46. .291 322 73 R-53.3 D-50. . . . .6 1. MI .9 D-50.098 320 829 290 1. .325 495 1.554 384 1.321 337 790 2.4 MA .990 545 77 407 169 4. . .3 R-57.741 641 454 117 256 1. .1 D-66. and I=Independent..3 R-57.011 2. ..0 1.0 D-51.516 1. . . .7 D-52. .438 863 232 748 D-75.2 I-76. . . . . MO . .521 1. NC . .5 D-51.226 46. .531 127 (X) 194 470 1.. . . . 727 1. .3 D-72.105 R-53. .

. . Franks . .56 28. . . . . . . . . 34.03 31. .28 70. . . . . Mica . . . . . (X). . . .63 (X) 72. . . . . . . Cox . Betancourt . . . . . . . (1) .38 36. . German . Merkl . . . . Becerra .06 28. . .47 66. . . . . Belk . . . . . (X). . . . .11 54.83 (1) 74. . . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . . . Hieb. . 43d . . . . CT . . . . . . . . . 10th . . . Davis . 40th . 51st .15 78. 1st . . . . AK .65 (X) 72. Thurman.81 59. . .90 39. . . Doolittle . McNea . .28 (X) 45.01 29. . .01 72. . . . . . . Dreier. . . . . . . Stark . . Wexler . . . . . . . . . (X). . 21. (X). . . .40 66. 9th. Courtney . Norwood. Miller . 23d . Waxman . .34 57. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Schiff . . . .56 (X) 64. . . (X).68 24. . . . . . . .16 (1) (1) 38. 1st . . . . Kurpiewski . 4th. . . . . . . Cardoza . . 12th . . . .61 26. . . . 6th. 18th .77 65. . . . . . . . . . Mahmood . . Waters . . . . . .16 35. . .88 (1) 69. . . .85 56. . . 4th. . . Castle . . 50th . GA . .92 71. . . .33 72. . . . . . . 42d . . 23. Berlon . . Chote.42 29.77 22. . . . . Jacobs . . 2d . . . . . . . . .37 66. (X). . . . . Filner . .44 (X) 32.44 77. . Deal. . . 19th . . . Berman . . . .46 (1) (1) (1) 54. . Gallegly . 52d . . . . . (X). . . . 37th . . . 21st . Monteith . . . . . . . . . . . Ryan . . . . . . . . .43 54. .02 68. . . . . . . . .21 59. . . . 39th . . .64 55. . . . Diaz-Balart . . . .94 29. . .81 29. .10 40. . DeGette . . 3d . . . . . 28th . . . (X). . . .94 69. . . . 4th. . . . . . 9th. 3d . . (1) . . . . . . Bruderly . . . Percent of total Name . . . . . . Berry . . . . . . . . . Udinsky . .46 14. .98 66.06 68. . . 11th . . Woolsey . . . . . 2d . Weisberger . . .47 63. . . . .71 79.33 39. . . . . . . . .28 (1) 92. Irwin . 8th. . . . . 258 Elections U. . . . . . . 29th .16 26. . . Roybal-Allard. Musgrave . . . .04 77. . 62. . . 3d . . . 3d . . . Pastor . . . . . . . FL. . . . . HI . . 25th . . . . .38 67. . . Feeney. . .75 Hunter .47 29. . . . .59 39. Watson. . . . Otter .28 60. . . . . . Capps . Bilirakis . .19 VanDeWeghe. Camacho . . . . . . . . .. . Cordova . . 17th . . . 12th . Woods . . . . .30 86. . . . . . (1) . . 6th. . .63 28.51 61. . Johnson . . . . Miller . . 11th . . . . . . . . Fischbeck . . . . Hargrave . . Calvert . . . . . . . . . . (X). . . . . . . . .84 100. 24th . . . . (X) 60.73 Democratic candidate State and district 47th . . . . Ose .92 39. . Shadegg. . 18th . .76 31. . . . . . . . . . . 1st . . . . . . 5th. . . Burns . . .77 67. Carroll .75 50. . .18 See footnotes at end of table. . Brown . . .96 19.58 65. . . . . 13th . . .89 70. . . . . . Kingston . . . . . . . . . .10 33. . AR .69 70. Boyd . . Johnson . . . 5th. . . . .88 47. . CA . 36th . . . .84 64. Matsunaka . Levy . .16 33. . . . . . 27th . .00 33. . . . 3d . . Veen . . Linder . . . . . Tauscher . . .31 34. Scott . Farr . . . Engler . . . (1) . . 7th. . . . Rogers . Richardson . . Kinghorn. Moloney . 2d . . . Robinson .50 15. Simpson . 32d . .20 54. McDermott (X). . Thomas . . . . .13 71. . Brown-Waite . . 1st . . . Harris. 38th . Collins . .15 68. Sanchez . . .15 37. .80 30. (1) . . . 15th .35 (X). .72 24. 2d . . . . . Simmons . . . . 3d . .36 59. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 40.37 (X) 24.33 (X) 33. . .18 (1) 60. . . Avalos . . . . . . 5th. Engel .78 29. 5th. .16 (1) 98. Census Bureau. . .24 34. . . . . Elser . . . . . . .44 31. . 7th. 4th. . . . 5th. (X) 66. DeLauro . . . 2d . 19th . Napolitano . 9th. . . (1) . .42 34. 11th . .18 64. . . . . .09 31. . . . . Chlouber. .03 100. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X). . . . Meek . . Eshoo . Imrie . . . . . CO . . Diaz-Balart . Moen . Herger . . .16 31. . . . . Young . Sanchez . . . . 7th. . . . . . (X). . 46th . 5th. . . . .71 89.53 (1) (1) (1) 45. . . 48th . . Flake . . . . . . Greene. . Stearns . Norberg . .49 22. . .84 (1) (1) 60. . . . . . . .04 63. .55 30.44 12. 15th . .26 26. .69 68. . . Larson . .44 17. . .00 51. . Weldon. . . . .31 24.20 (1) 73. . . .92 67. 16th . Bonner . . . Matsui . . . .79 45. . .25 31. . . . . . . . . . 1st .09 29. . . . . . . . . . . Marshall . . Isakson . . . . .79 62. 2d . . . .27 40.58 35. . Feeley .54 Velasco .87 78. .76 22. . Corvera . (1) .78 (1) 63. . . . . . . . Grijalva.58 81. . . Shaw . .18 65. . . . AZ . . . Stewart. . . . . . 8th. . Shaw . . . . . Hayworth . . . . . (1) . . .35 77.98 (X) 58. . Snyder .59 33. . . . . . Escobar . . . . .50 68. . . . . . . . . . . . 404. . Issa . . Vote Cast for United States Representatives by Major Political Party—Congressional Districts: 2002 [In some states the Democratic and Republican vote includes votes cast for the party candidate by endorsing parties] Democratic candidate State and district AL .91 65. 33d . 2d . . . . . . . . . . . Miller . . 13th . . . . McKeon . . .24 (X) 66. .25 72. . . . .73 59. Sherman .S. . .51 (X) 49. . . . . . 3d . . . . . .07 (X) 74. . . . Smart.77 26. . . Deutsch . . . . 17th . .97 (1) 79. . .06 63.14 71. . 24th . . . . . . MillenderMcDonald . . . LaPere . . (X). . . . . . Honda . Name . Hefley . . .56 70. . 1st . .69 68. . . 1st . . . . . .13 21. . . . (X). Terry . 1st . . .64 67. . . . . Rudin . . . . Laurie . Radanovich . . .. . . Aderholt .40 62. . . .72 34. . . .03 47. . Cramer. . . . . Minuth . . . . . . .29 (1) 46.82 67. . Wright . . .11 27. . . .51 61. . Johnson . . . .37 67. .90 59.35 (X) 27. .64 36. . . Davis . . . . . . . (1) . .52 48. . . . .64 40.55 74. Scileppi . . 2d .21 (1) 36. . . . . . . 49th . . .93 Republican candidate Percent of total Name . 70. Vega . . . . .00 50. . . (X). . . Lofgren . . . Harman .57 43. . . . . . . Boozman . . Petrakopoulos . . . Diaz. . . 5th. McGurk . . . . . (X) 29. Turnham. 60. . Tso . .. . . (1) . ID . . Hogan . . 21st . . Rohrabacher . . . 22d . . . . . . . . .39 31. . .No. . 6th. . . 26th . . Miller .27 41. . 4th. . (1) . . . Dickey . . .33 25. . .54 64. . . . . . . . . . . . MooreKochlacs 53d . . . . .49 38. 30th . . . . . 6th. . 12th . . . Everett . 6th. . . . . . . .41 29. . .86 28. .07 29. . . . .59 (X) 66. . . Waldron . Kalogianis . 10th . . . . .33 38.57 68. .22 64. . . . . . Walker . . . Miller . . . 8th. . . Renzi . . . .16 (1) 48. Pombo .63 18. Thomas . . .02 43. . . . . .37 81. . . .32 27. . (1) . . . . Steele . . . . . 16th . Foley . .14 (1) 49. . . 4th.67 27. 2d . . . Udall . Bono . . . . . . . Young .66 65. . Bachus. . . . . . . . . . .77 38. 10th . . . . (X). Barnert . .68 30. . . . . 34th . . DE . . Kim . Neighbor. . (X). . (1) . . . . . . . Putnam . . . . 8th. .17 65. . . . Nixon . . Beauprez .92 (1) 60. Percent of total Republican candidate Percent of total Name (X) 37. .59 36.84 92. Kahn . . . . . . . . Abercrombie Mink . . . . . Hastings . .37 35. . . . . . . .70 47. . Hume. . . . Gingrey . Lee . Vandenberg. Oram . .92 78. . . . . . . Lewis . Davis .97 63. 22d . . 7th.31 (X) 33. . 41st .00 20.31 34. . 4th. . . . . . .90 65. .56 32. . . 7th. . . . .45 64. Burrola .41 75. . . . .57 59. . . .59 65. . . Lantos . . .79 82. .05 Chavez . . . . 2d .80 54. Cox .23 61. Kolbe . . . . . . . . . . . 7th. . Solis . 31st . . . . . Roberts . 1st .82 61. . . . . .96 71.04 23. .94 28. (1) . 44th . . . . Columbus . . 25th .36 44. . . 1st . (X). . . . Hill. Dooley . . McInnis . . . . . Goss . . . Ros-Lehtinen . . Clay. . Sanchez . . . . . . Pelosi. . . . . . Thompson . . .78 . . . . . .26 30. . Crenshaw . . . . . . . Ross . . . .85 (1) 99. Rogers .16 (X) 38. . . . . . Frankhuizen Erickson . .70 26. Conaway . . . . . 3d .51 77. . . Graham . . . .86 100. . . . . Wiesner . . . . . Baca .40 65. 45th . . . . . . .07 51. Hernandez . . . .. 4th. . Mikels . . . . . . 20th . . . . . . . .71 99.61 72. .49 73. . . . . Schneider . . . Beeman . . . . .08 . . Tancredo . Royce . 20th . 14th . . . . (1) . . 23d . . . . Bishop . .24 23. 13th . 6th. Shays . .94 37.85 27. . . . . Van Auken . . . . . 14th . (X). Schipske . . . . . Berckefeldt . . . . . . Johnson . .44 (1) 32. . . . Maloney . . . . Cunningham Garcia . . . . Goss . . . . . . Hermann . . . Majette . .71 (X) 25.10 25. . (1) . . . Keller . . . . (1) .29 67. . . Lewis . Nunes . . (1) . 35th . . (1) . . . . . .49 61.80 27.

. . . .88 58. Lemen . .53 (1) 26. . Lucas . . . . Taylor . . McCrery . . . . . Gephardt . . 6th. . . . .89 57. McCotter . . Carden . . . . Emerson . Lykins .28 33. . .21 (X) 70. . 4th. . . .04 29. .31 38. NV . . . . .67 27. . Nolla . . . . . .18 37. . Kinnaman (1) . . 14th . . . . . . . . . . . . . Baker . . . 3d . .14 65. . . . . 2d . .98 (1) (X) 53. . . . . (1) . . . . Thompson . . Conway . . (1) . LeSueur .11 38. . . . . 17th .10 70. . . . . . . 3d . . Neal .24 99. . . . . Tiahrt . .76 62. . Sabo. 66. . . . . . . 2d .24 (X) 38. Smith . . . . . . . . Lipinski . . Hooper . . .38 (1) (1) . .82 30. . Mathias. Leach .49 (X) 32. . 2d . . .11 26. . . . . . Meehan . 1st . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 34. . Herrera . . . . . . . . . .89 57. Giguere . . . . . . Sullivan. . . . . . Biggert . . 3d . . Moore . . . (1) . 61. . . Porter . Rogers . . . 5th. 4th. . . IN . .21 17. . Bradley . . .72 78. . (1) . . .42 46. . .15 25. . . Hartke . .21 72. 5th.27 98. . Terry. Andreasen .58 21. McCarthy . . .36 71. . .81 52. . . . Miller . . . . 9th. . . . . .20 25. . . . Burton . . . . . Luther . . .22 27. . .61 30.79 44. . . . . . .52 39.64 65. p. . . .52 84. . . . . Norris . . Van Hollen . . Deichman . Hoekstra . . . . . . . MT . . . Fletcher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12th . . . Curtis . . . . . MI . .88 62. Wynn . . . . Osborne . . . . MS .02 50. . Noland . . . . King . . .61 37. . 5th. . . . . . .19 29. . . . . Peterson . . . McGovern . Hollenbeck . . . . . . . . Rigdon . . Kimble . . . . . . Joyce . 19. . 1st . . 1st . . . . 2d . . . Upton . .30 . . 2d . LoBiondo . . . . . Hartke . .71 (1) (X) (1) 63. . . (X) . Kennedy . (X) .20 55.59 30. (X) . . . 5th. . . . 9th. 8th. . .S. . Boswell .75 39. . . . . . . (1) . . . . . 8th. . Northup .17 82. . Kutsch .21 65. . Bereuter . . . . Kildee . 5th. . Cummings .31 46. . . . .32 30. . Davis . . . .21 (X) 66. . . . . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . Gilchrest . . 4th. . .09 67. . Morella . . . Milkovich . Johnson . . . . . . Nussle . Schwadron . . . . Garrett . Berkley . . . . .19 35. . Manzullo . Lynch . . 1st . Rogers . 8th. . . . 1st . . . . . .00 26. . . . 6th.89 60. . . Pickering . . . 7th. . . Gibbons . Wicker . (1) . Leyva . . . Tamlyn . . . . . . 1st . . Dingell. . 3d . . . . . Shimkus . . . . . .94 30. . . .15 59. Levin . .67 54. 3d . .42 (1) 45. . Rehberg . . . . . . 19th . .75 70. . 2d . . . . . .21 42. . . . . 7th. 1st . .40 53. . .17 59. .94 45.61 24. BoggsMcDonald . . . Clark. . (X) 81. .17 (X) 42. . . .27 31. . . . 5th. 4th. . . . Tierney . 11th . . . . Pallone . . Souder . . Allen . .28 66. . . .38 36. . . (X) . . Kilpatrick . 2d .50 53. .25 29. . . . NE . . 4th. . . . . . . . . . Emanuel .71 (X) 67. 8th.58 (X) 65. (1) . .76 68. (X) .14 51. . Conwell. Buyer . (X) . . Hostettler . . . . . . 15. . (X) .52 66. . . . 6th. . . . .03 35. . 7th.00 (X) 34. . . .81 71. . Delahunt . . . . 3d . . Geron . 11th . 7th. (1) . . . . . Kline. . 4th. Clay . . . .46 40. . Costello . . 1st . . 258] State and district Democratic candidate Republican candidate Percent of total Percent of total Name Name IL . 1st . . Akin .95 30. .66 32. . . . . . . . 9th. . .65 45. 10th . .31 57. John .83 Bentley . . Kaltenbach . .91 83. . . . Gutknecht . 2d . .91 25. Olver. . . Billington . Weathers . . . . . .88 35. . .80 73.86 65.03 74. 4th. . . . Andrews Farkas.08 (X) 58. . . Stanton . . (X) . . (X) .01 (X) 23. 7th. . 2d . .25 69. .54 78. IA . . . . .45 69.68 (1) 86. 9th. . MD . Graves . . . . 6th. . . . . Wardingly Nelson . . . Jefferson . 6th. . . . . .No. . .68 5th. . . . . .39 51. .23 (X) 71. .02 66. . .06 67. . . Gordon . . MA . . . . .92 32. . Fink . Schakowsky . .24 15. (X) . . . .20 64. . Thomas . . .09 15. . .56 99. . Blunt . 5th.32 93. MN . . . . 13th . Thompson . Hyde . . Phelps . . Jackson.45 26.40 69. Alexander . . . ME .58 100.17 See footnotes at end of table. . . .32 30.39 12th . . . . . . . . . . (1) . Mertz . . . . Stupak .03 31. KY . . . . Thompson .57 69. . . . . . . (X) . . . . (X) . . . . . .56 29. . .75 29.64 31. . . (1) . McCollum . . .43 42. Latham . . . .78 (X) (1) 37.02 33. . . . . (X) . . 3d . . . . .21 (X) 34. 2d . . 6th. Carr . . Chocola . . . . . . 2d . .39 62. .17 70. . . Pawar . . . . . . . . 2d .48 30. . 3d .19 47. . Wrisley . Enz .82 (X) 63. Swett . . .91 28. 1st . Davis . . . . . . . . . . . LA 2 3 .24 (X) 27. Bean. . . . . . . Raye . Silverman . . . . . . LopezCisneros . . . (1) . . . . . . Ryun . . . . . . . . . . .04 (1) (X) 36.42 70. . . . . . . .83 68. . (X) .74 25. .38 47. . .68 71. . .29 71. .02 51.55 72. . .11 56. . . . . . .00 54. Strada . . . . . . 18th . 9th. .52 50. . . . . . . . . . .07 37. . Hulshof . (X) 16. . . . . .72 2d . . . . . . . 45. .81 (X) (1) 69.57 34. . . .45 26. Medrow. . 2d .34 56. . . Calderone . Kirk . . . . Moran. . . .65 18. . 7th. . . 1st . . . . . . . 13th . . 3d . . . (X) . . . . (X) . . 15th . . . . .73 74. . . Berry. . . Ehlers.72 (X) 61. .97 63. . Simpson . . (X) . . .15 (X) 42. Tauzin .30 100. Shomshor . . (X) . . . . . . .04 78. . 4th.76 84. . 15th . .88 35.25 57. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Smith .76 75. . . .97 68. . . Simon . . . . Mason. Stevens .04 54. Dean . (1) . . . 26. .56 10th . Evans . .45 63.13 98. . .21 (1) 69. 6th. . . . . . 2d . . . . .19 45. . Hutchinson. . 10th . . . 3d . (X) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) . . .33 72. . . . . . .97 37. . . .68 69.79 (X) 31. . . . . . . . . Capuano . . . . (X) . . . 4th. . . (1) . Alexander . . . . . . . 5th. . . . . .92 66. 7th. . . . . . .95 (X) 81. . .15 (X) 91. . . . . . . . (X) . 5th. .63 (1) (1) (1) (1) (X) 31. . (X) . . . . . 1st .13 (X) 57. 1st . Quick . . 3d .66 67. . . . Lapham . Frelinghuysen . 4th. . . Carson . . . . . . .48 40.86 86. . . . Camp . . . .81 64. McAlpine . . . . . . Smith . 6th. .27 33. Pascrell . . Lewis . .06 65. . . Bartlett .86 31. 9th. . . Wirtz .17 48. Abbott . . . . 3d . . Robert. . . .83 69. . . . . . . . . .11 31. . . MO . . . . .15 68. . (X) . 8th. Holt . . . . . . .18 20. . Van Duyne . . . . .17 91.70 (1) . LaHood.81 34. .41 43. . . . Taff . . 6th. 8th. .65 (X) 24. Hill . .99 60. . Augusti . . Vitter . .70 28. 1st . . 2d . 13th . . . 3d . . Fox. . . . . 10th . . . Frank . Rothman Payne .99 (X) 76.74 28. Soaries . (X) .16 65. . 1st . .13 46. . .75 63. . . . . . . 14th . .27 68.74 53. . . . .12 28. .15 52. [See headnote. .34 34. . . Saxton . . . NJ .20 (X) 67.26 74. . . . . . . (1) . Sadler. . . . .86 (X) 92. . .77 34. Michaud . Marlinga . McVey . .78 (1) 15. . . Whitfield . . . . . 5th. . . Bass . . Glass .16 Duric . . (X) .66 68. Elections 259 U.53 51. . . . (X) . . . Cardin . Perritt . 8th. (X) . . . . (X) . . . . Bailey . . . . . . (1) . . Kelley . . . . . . . KS . . 2d . . .03 59. 1st . . . . Hogan . . . Ferguson . Brennan Sumers .64 51. .45 28. .62 (X) 85. . . 404. . . 3d . . . (X) . . . . . 3d . 1st . . . . Conyers. . . Tunney . Ruppersberger .67 (X) (1) 32. . . . .14 38. Ramstad . . . 8th. .14 71. . 7th. Crawford . . . . 16th . 12th . . . (X) . . Fletcher . (X) . . . Census Bureau. . Knollenberg . . . .18 23. . Williams. . . . .14 34. . Ward . 7th. . . . . . Lynnes . . .10 63.09 60. Oberstar . . Crane . Democratic candidate State and district Percent of total Name 4th. . Republican candidate Name (1) . . Vote Cast for United States Representatives by Major Political Party—Congressional Districts: 2002—Con. Weller. .00 79. .35 63. . . . . Hoyer . . . . .61 47. . . . . . . Markey . . . . Shows. (1) . . Souza . Hastert . . . . . Rinehart . . .55 32. . . . . Sodrel. . . . . .56 99. .47 10. . . Pence. . . Percent of total (1) 34. . (X) . (1) . . McCarthy . . .65 42. . 98. . . . . . . . .36 63. (1) . . . . . .22 67. Stone . Rush. . . . . . (X) . Skelton . . Menendez . . 6th.26 91. . 4th. Gutierrez . . 11th . . DeArmon . .11 21. . . . NH . . Visclosky . . . . . Kelly . . . .61 83. 4th.

(X) . . . . . Burr . . . 3d . . . . 7th. . . . . . . Duncan . .83 86. Walsh . . .17 32.77 (1) 35. .88 76. . 404. Jenkins . . Blumenauer . . . . 27th .64 (1) 51. . 3d . . .32 75. . . . . TN . 12th . . . 13th . . Brawley . . . .48 27. . . . Murphy .12 66. . Mattsson . Chabot . . . . Hoeffel . 4th. . . Cleary . . 10th . 21st . . Janklow . . . Adams . . . . . .46 92. . 8th. .87 33. . OK . 1st . . . 15th . . . . . . . . . . . . Pharaoh . Hart . 16th . . . . . .04 (1) .46 21. . . . . . . . .92 (1) 55. .30 55.49 62. . Turner . . 4th. . . .00 (X) 55. . .42 27. .28 29. . . Owens . . . Harris . Brady . . . Watt . . Shuster .23 58. . Meeks . .14 83. Ballance .17 74. . McGuire .46 71. Stoppenbach. . . . Nadler . Kanjorski . . 2d . . . . . .97 . 74. . .98 Kelly .08 63. . . Etheridge . (X) .55 (1) 69. .59 (X) 64. . .98 64. . 8th. . Dellavalle. 11th . . . . Reece . . . .63 24. . . . . Strickland . .18 Sweeney . . . . 2d . .14 91. 28th . .60 42. . 4th. . . . (X) . Israel .00 (1) 32. Aldersley . 16th . . . . Platts . . 13th . p.55 59. . . O’Grady. .06 Heben . .71 97. . Regula . . . . 260 Elections U. .93 42. . . . . . .81 26. . Davis . . . . . Finz . Brown.18 29. . . . 16th . . . . Barlow . . Brown. . . . (1) . ND .29 76.15 70.67 100. . . Dougherty English . (1) . . 1st . Towns. .25 92. . . . . . . Neill .59 60. . . . . .52 67. . . Coble . 54. . . McHugh. . . 15th . . 10th . (1) . (X) .48 27.95 99. . . 6th. 25th .52 67. . Fossella. Doyle . . . 14th . . . 9th. . . . Sullivan .29 (1) 12. . . . . Grant . . Donohue .22 32. . 34. . . . . . . . . . . . . Sanders . 10th . .52 47.56 95.58 71. . . . Lowey . . Hayes . Ryan . . . . .61 Name (X) . . . . . . . . . . . Drobac . . . . . . 5th. (1) . . 9th. Ashy . Grucci . . . .86 26. . . . . .77 67. . 15th . . 5th. . . . . .22 56. . Miller . (1) . (X) 44.06 37. . .56 . . 19th . . 19th . .45 12. . 1st .45 (X) 98. . 6th. . Toomey . . PA . . . 22d . (X) . . . . . . .31 22. . . Rice . . . . . . . .79 42. [See headnote.70 36. Wamp . .19 Boehner . .62 25. . .No. . . .71 18. . Portman . 3d . .24 (1) (1) 26. . Kennedy . . . . . Murtha . . . . . . . Serrano . . .55 87. . . . . . .13 51. .10 (X) 12.54 32. . . . .70 26. .85 65. (1) . . Wilson. . .01 23. . . (1) . . . .91 32. . . . . .20 25. 18th .67 64. . . . . . . 23.12 (1) 46. . . . . . . RI .32 96. OR . . 258] State and district NM . . . . .32 53. . . . . . . . Blanchard . SC . . . . (1) .81 (1) 71. . . . Reynolds . 3d . . . (1) . . . 70. . (1) . Bowling . . .24 51. .59 68.40 28. . Finley . . Clark .54 46. . . McNulty . . . (1) . . . . . . . . Istook . .73 65. . . Fattah. Quinn . . .34 (1) 57. . . . .36 66. . . . . . . . . . . Selendy . .54 7. . . . Sherwood Barletta . Spratt . . .82 33. . . . . . Ballenger . Barron .87 100.80 Democratic candidate State and district Percent of total Name 11th . . . . . . . .76 66. . . . .34 56. . . (1) . . (X) . 6th. . . . 5th. Wu. .88 75. . Census Bureau. . Greene . . Nguyen . . . . . (X) . . Brown . . .12 67. . . . . . . 37. Seale . . . . . . . Garrison . . . . 73. . . . . . .67 64. Carson . . .09 64. (X) . . . . Machek. . . . . 1st . . . . . . . Weiner . . . .41 (X) 62. . . (1) . . 1st . 6th.13 44. . .69 25. . Greenwood . SD . Engel .43 (1) 69. 4th. . . 5th. DeFazio . . . . . . . . .43 87. .33 70. Kish . . . . . . . 2d . . . 4th.82 52. . .27 (X) 89. Halleck . .61 68. . 1st . . . . Daugherty . . . . Srdanovic Fields . . . 14th . . . . Crawford . . . . . . . . .93 .44 (1) 48. .99 Emery . . . . Buckley. . Henry . Ellen . 20th . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 40. 2d . . . Langevin . . . . . . . 73.91 8th. . 12th .14 69. . 9th.82 5th.98 45.10 (X) 34. 10th . . (X) . .56 84. . .63 72. .27 90. .26 (X) 63. . Maloney . . . . . . . . NY . . . . . 17th .83 33. . Hobson . 4th. 18th . . . . . . 2d . . . . Crowley .00 (X) 50. . . . .75 (X) 86. Tanner . . (1) . . . . . . . . 1st . Ford . 2d . . . . . . .30 (1) See footnotes at end of table.08 40.62 (X) (1) 19. 17th . . . . . . (1) . . Democratic candidate Republican candidate Percent of total Percent of total Name . . . . 2d . 1st . . . Smith . . . Udall .81 28.62 25. . . . .88 43. . . . Republican candidate Percent of total Name Pappano . . . Valazquez . . . . . . 23. . . . Kaptur . . . . 3d . Dority . 1st . 2d . . .48 27. . Gillmor . Jones . . (1) . . . Roberts. .58 53. . . . Greenfield Walden . . . . Wojtaszek . .02 92. Slaughter . .S.86 (1) (X) 59. . . .99 71. . . 3d . . . . . . . 29th . 12th . . Oliveros. O’Brien . 7th. (X) . . . Wilson. . 7th. Rangel . . .29 (X) (1) (1) 31. Anastasio . . . . (X) . . Gordon . . . Dodd . 23d . . . . . . . . 5th. . . . . .25 88. . . . . . NC . 13th . . (1) . . . Boehlert .73 27.63 69. .85 42. . . . . . 8th. . . .72 52. (1) . . Clayburgh .05 58. . 3d .48 34. . Vote Cast for United States Representatives by Major Political Party—Congressional Districts: 2002—Con.81 . . . Pomeroy . . .87 66. 9th. . . .63 33. . Vanderhoef . . . . Rogers .49 33. 4th. . Choby . . . . . . . .51 73. . . Hinchey . . (X) . Anderson . 6th. Price . . McCarthy . . . . . .36 (1) 61. . Pitts . . . Peters . . Holden . Hardenbrook . 62. .09 . . 11th . VanLeeuwen . . . McIntyre . . . Taylor . Ney . . . . . . .83 62.92 26. . . Ackerman . 4th. . (X) . Carne . . . . . . . . . . . 8th. (1) .95 41. . . . Weldon . Kouri .48 50. 3d . . . Houghton. (X) . . . . King . . Delany . . . .03 53. . . Hall. . . . . . OH .75 63. Cooper . . . . DeMint . Wofford. . . 6th. .23 (1) (X) 48. . Bishop . .23 77. . . . (1) .54 73.80 74. . . . . 2d .48 70. . Blackburn McClain . . . Pearce . Jones . 14th . . . . . . .29 73. .64 22. . Kucinich . . . . . .39 47. (X) .74 65. LaTourette Pryce . . . .66 43. . . . . 2d . Romero.32 24. (X) . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . 11th . .41 39. (X) . . . . Boquist . . Benjamin . . . . . . . . 26th . . .83 37. . . . . . 13th . . (1) .33 35. . . . . . 76. 29. . . . .41 27. .07 65. Wolfe . McLeod . .19 (1) 70. . . . . . . . 5th. .67 85. . Tiberi . . Lucas . .34 54. . . Brown. . . . . Lennon . 34.60 73. . 1st .98 75.14 (1) (X) 42. .73 . Clyburn . . . . Oxley . . Matson . .25 32. . .36 45. . (X) . . . . . . 3d . . . . . . 7th. . . . .77 78. . . . . . . (X) 55.23 (X) 33.75 11. Rosenstein. . Crotty . . .41 31.19 90. .07 62. . . Brightharp . 5th. .45 48. . . . Hooley . . .36 88. . Duvall . . Herseth. . . 12th . . Gekas . . Cole .41 (X) 35. . . . . . . Farrin . . . . . Myrick . . Brown . . . . 25. . . .00 (1) 72.42 59. 17th . . . . . Nariman . 7th.39 31. .03 72. . . . . .91 33. . . . (1) . . . . . .43 26. . 9th. . (X) . . 24th . . Barrett. Gerlach . .06 (X) 37. .72 100. . . . 18th . .97 27. . Peterson . 92.

. . .21 Dunn . . . Forbes . . . . . . . . . . took office in her place. . . Graves . . Paul . . No.35 (X) 36.86 (1) 24. . (Bush) . . Zarelli . . . . . .46 59. . . . . . Census Bureau. .92 . .48 (1) 30. . 9th. . . if no candidate receives 50 percent. . . . . . .00 100. . . . .32 (1) 59. (1) . . . . . . . . . . 86. . Greer . (1) . 404. . . (1) . . . . Hensarling . 3d . . . . . . . . . .39 21. Hall . . . .04 29. . . . . . Forbes. . . . . . . 1st . . . .17 51. . . .76 28. . . . 8th. . . . . . . 37. . . . . . . . . .22 (X) 30. . . . . . Gonzalez Courage . (Reagan) (Reagan) (Reagan) (Reagan) (Bush) . . . 2d . . . 27th . . WA . Bush .gov>. . . . . . .S. . . . . . . . WV . Reiser . (X) . . . . . .14 40. 104th 105th 106th 107th 108th . Ortega . 96th . . . . . . Party and President . . . . . . 6th. . 4th. . . . . . . annual.10 (5) 36. . (Carter) . . . . . . . . . WY . . . . . . . . . Meub . . 5 Lucas withdrew after the primary election. . .76 22. . . . . . . .91 83.No. an Independent. . . (1) . 29th . . . . .52 (X) 99. . . . (Carter) . . .35 89. Frost . . . Excludes vacancies at beginning of session] House Year 1973 1975 1977 1979 1981 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 1 2 3 . . 31st . .73 31. 4 Sanders. . . Kleczka. . (1) . . (1) 64. . . Majority party . . . . . . . .57 (X) (1) 60. . Barton . . . Sandlin .loc. Moran. . . . . 103d . . . . . . . (X) . . Swallow. . Lawrence. . . .26 27. . .98 (1) (X) . . . 5 5 5 6 5 6 7 8 . . .95 43. . Louisiana holds an open-primary election with candidates from all parties running on the same ballot. 4 . . . . . . . .27 68. . . .91 100. . . .90 48. . . . . . . . .71 39. . . Boucher . Combest . (Ford) . . .92 63. D-239 D-291 D-292 D-276 D-243 D-269 D-252 D-258 D-259 D-267 D-258 R-230 R-226 R-222 R-221 R-229 Senate Minority party Other R-192 R-144 R-143 R-157 R-192 R-165 R-182 R-177 R-174 R-167 R-176 D-204 D-207 D-212 D-211 D-205 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 Majority party D-56 D-60 D-61 D-58 R-53 R-54 R-53 D-55 D-55 D-56 D-57 R-52 R-55 R-55 D-50 R-51 Minority party Other R-42 R-37 R-38 R-41 D-46 D-46 D-47 R-45 R-45 R-44 R-43 D-48 D-45 D-45 R-50 D-48 2 2 1 1 1 1 . 2d . 2 According to state law. . . 5th. . . .69 67. . . . . . Goodlatte. . . . . . . . . . . . p. . . . . . .77 (X) 60. . . 6 House had one Independent-Socialist and one Independent. 2d . . . . . . . . . . 14th .90 (X) 41. (1) . . . it is not required to tabulate votes for unopposed candidates. . 8th. . . Cassady . . . . . 3 Source: Congressional Quarterly Inc. . LeBon . 5th. 2d . Humphreys Rahall. 10th . . was elected with 64. . . . .63 66. .21 23. . . 1st . . . . . . . . .35 21. Stevens . . 3d . . . . WI. . . 10th . . Any candidate who receives a majority is elected. . . . . . . . Richards . . . . . . .37 58. Capito . . .Represents zero. . . Republican candidate. Sensenbrenner . . . Ortiz . . VT4 . Katzen . Farley . . . Hinojosa . . . Davis . . .96 70. . . . . . . . Culberson . . . Joint Committee on Printing. 2d . . . . 99th . . . .90 62. 3d . . Johnson .95 40. .78 (X) 67. . . . Kind . . . 4th. . . . . (1) . .09 95. . except as noted. . . . . (Bush) . . . (X) 95. . . . . . . . . Matheson Woodside (1) . . . . . Baldwin. Scott . . 19th . . . . . . . Windham. . . . . (Clinton) . . . 3d . Beckham . (Clinton) .. 405.26 27. . . . . . . .55 (1) 20. .33 57. 7th. . . . . . . . Smith . . . . . 2 House had one IndependentDemocrat.06 69. (X) . . . 12th . . . Ryan. . . . . . . . Bonilla. .77 38. . Baird . . . . . .43 28.76 72. . . . . . . . . . . . 26th . . . . . . . . .82 86. . . . . Brady . . . Johnson . . . . .37 51. . . . . . . . . . beginning 1977. . . . . . . . . . . 5th.55 38. . 4th. . . . . . . . . 7th. Stenholm Lee . . . .64 (1) 72. . . . . Petri . 6th. . . . Chapman Alvarado . Haggin . . . . . Lucas . . . . . .53 33. 11th . R R D D R R R R R R D D D D R R (Nixon) . . . 1st . . . . Riley. . . Cannon .31 45. . UT . (X) . . . . .69 33. Jones .81 65. . . .19 73. . . . . . .66 31.76 61. . 23d . . . . . . . . . biennial. . 3 Senate had one Independent. . .00 25. . . . . . 1st . . .45 60. Larsen . . . . . . . . 32d . . . . .85 24. . 30th . . . Lampson . . . . . Source: U. . . . . . . . R=Republican. . .58 60.36 30. Casada . . . . . . . 4 Senate had one Independent. . Green . . .22 35. . there is a run off election in November between the top two finishers.31 (1) 47. . Inslee . . . . . . . . [See headnote. . . . . . Reyes. . . . . . .82 38. . . Cubin . 28th . . Cantor. 20th . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Schrock . . . 95th . . . . . Goode. . .19 69. . Nethercutt Lawrence. . . . . . . . . . . . DeLay . . .51 X Not applicable. . . . .29 Percent of total Name VA . . . . . . . . . 100th 101st 102d . . . 6th. . . . 1 No candidate. Wolf . . . 98th .31 35. . . . . . Vote Cast for United States Representatives by Major Political Party—Congressional Districts: 2002—Con. . . .15 (1) 97. . .20 74. .08 67. .09 74. Republican candidate Percent of total Name .89 36. Tate . Brookshire . . . . . . . . . . . . 7th. . Mollohan . .54 (1) . .31 66. Doggett. . . 8th. . . . 94th . . . . Granger. . . . . . . . .10 32. 11th . . . . . 2d . . 22d . (X) . Thornberry .09 (1) (1) 47. . . . .11 91. . . . . . . . 258] State and district Democratic candidate Republican candidate Percent of total Percent of total Name TX . . . . . . . Smith . . . . . . . . . .S. . . . . Congressional Directory. . . . . . Congress .66 54. . . . . . . . .82 40. Congress. . . . . . . 15th . . . . 1st . Name (X) 56. . Edwards . . (1) . . . Thomas . 4th.43 32. .83 33. (X) . . Chapman. . . . . 3d . . . .87 63. Reese . BehrensBenedict . . . . . 97th . . . . . (1) . . . Composition of Congress by Political Party: 1973 to 2003 [D=Democratic. . . . (1) . . . .19 93. and one undecided (New Hampshire).13 99. Also see <http://thomas. . . (Clinton) .16 74. 5 House had one Independent-Socialist. . 16th . . . . . .70 91.21 64. . . . . . (1) . . 18th . Obey . Williams. Data for beginning of first session of each Congress (as of January 3). . . . . . 8 As of August 1. . (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Clinton) . . . 1 Senate had one Independent and one Conservative-Republican. . . (X) . .19 33. 5th. . .68 (1) (1) 58. . . . . Ahumada . 4 . . . . . . 8th. . . . . . . . (X) . . . . . . (1) . . . . . 17th . . . . . . Perales . . Marine. . . . . . .81 36. . . .60 84. . . Bishop . . . . (1) . Burgess. . . McDermott. Thomas . . . . . . . . . . . Bell . . (Bush) . . 24th . . . .91 (1) 100. .13 (1) (X) 55.01 62. . . Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report (copyright). . Cuellar .22 71. . 4 .00 51. Rothbauer . . . . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . 1st . Turner . . . . . (1) . . . . .87 79. . 21st . . Davis . . . .02 47.34 58. . Smith . . . . . . (X) (1) (1) 96. . . . . . .21 70. .26 percent of the vote. . (X) . . . . . . .72 82. . . . . . . . . Bagley . . . . . (1) . .20 64. . . . . . . . . . . Sessions . . . . . .45 37. . .84 49. . . . . 3d . . . 9th. . . . . 7 House and Senate each had one Independent. . . . . . Carter . 25th . (1) . . . . . 13th . . Hastings . 2003. . .07 61. . . . . . (1) . . . . . . . . . . Molera . . . . .54 26. .07 (X) . 6th. . Dicks . Democratic candidate State and district (X) 43. . . . . . . . . . one Conservative-Republican. Mason . . . .47 97. . . . . Abbott . . . . . . . . . . . Dixon . .64 50. Rodriguez Green . . . (X) .32 34. . Arndt . . . Elections 261 U. Becker Akin . 9th.10 71. . . . . . 93d. . . . . . . . . .36 76. . . . . . . . 7th.

. . LA . . . .. VA . . .. . . 1997 Rep. . . . .. TX . . WY . . 2 5 Missouri had one Independent. . . . . . . 2 4 8 3 4 2 1 15 8 2 4 8 3 4 2 1 15 8 2 3 8 3 4 3 1 15 8 2 2 7 5 5 3 1 18 8 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 - 2 2 2 1 2 1 HI ID IL IN IA .. . . . . . . . . . . AR. .. . . . . Congressional Directory. AL . . . . . . .=Democratic. . 105th Cong. . . . NC ND OH . . . 262 Elections U.. . U. 3 As of beginning 6 California had one vacancy. . . NH NJ . . . . Senators 107th Cong. . . . Dem. . . GA . 4 of second session. . . . . . Rep. . . . .. AK. . . . 2 10 4 1 2 10 6 4 2 10 4 1 2 10 6 4 2 10 4 1 2 10 6 4 2 9 3 1 2 10 6 4 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 KS. . . . 6 1 3 2 2 7 1 7 1 3 1 2 6 1 7 1 3 1 2 6 1 7 1 3 2 2 6 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 - 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 - 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 - 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 - NM NY. 106th Cong.6 2003 Rep. . Dem. . . . .. . . . . 1 18 6 1 8 2 13 6 11 1 19 5 1 8 2 12 7 11 1 19 5 1 8 2 12 7 11 1 19 6 1 6 2 10 7 12 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 - 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 - 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 - 1 1 2 OK OR PA . .. . . . . . .. 4 17 6 3 3 5 - 1 5 13 3 5 6 4 1 4 17 6 5 3 5 - 1 5 13 3 5 4 4 1 4 17 1 4 6 2 5 - 1 5 13 2 6 3 1 4 1 5 17 1 3 6 2 4 - 1 4 15 2 8 3 1 4 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 - 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 - 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 - 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 - 2 2 2 2 2 . 10 10 6 2 5 6 2 3 3 10 10 6 3 5 6 2 2 4 10 9 5 3 4 7 3 2 5 10 6 4 2 4 9 4 2 5 2 1 1 - 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 - 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 - 1 2 2 MT NE. . SC.. Rep. .S. Virginia had one Independent Representative. . . . .. . KY.. . . .. . . Joint Committee on Printing. . .. .Represents zero. . . Rep. . . . . . .=Republican] Representatives 106th Cong.1 2003 Rep. . . . . .5 6 2001 Rep. and unpublished data. .. . . .1 3 4 2001 Rep. . 1999 Rep. .. Dem. . 207 2 1 2 29 226 5 1 5 2 23 212 2 1 2 28 222 5 1 5 2 24 211 2 1 3 31 221 5 1 5 1 20 205 2 2 3 33 229 5 1 6 1 20 45 1 2 55 2 2 2 1 - 45 1 2 55 2 2 2 1 - 50 1 2 50 2 2 2 1 - 48 2 2 51 2 2 2 - CO CT. . Congress. . . . . . . . ME MD . . 406. . . 108th Cong. . . 107th Cong. Dem. . . . . . . . . . . . .S. . . . . . 1 2 2 4 4 5 5 4 1 1 2 2 4 3 5 5 4 1 1 2 2 4 3 5 5 4 1 1 3 2 6 3 5 4 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 - 2 2 2 2 2 - 2 2 2 2 2 - 2 2 2 2 2 - MA MI . . . . . NV. ..1 2 1997 State Dem. . 4 11 2 2 6 1 10 4 4 11 2 2 6 1 10 4 1 4 10 2 2 5 1 11 4 1 4 7 2 2 4 1 12 4 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 SD. . . . . .. . . Census Bureau. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VT .1 1999 105th Cong. .S. . . . . . . RI . . . . . . . . Vermont had one Source: U. 108th Cong. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Independent Senator. WA WV WI . .No. . . except as noted. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . .. . . . . . MN MS MO . . . . . . . . .. . . . Dem. FL . Dem. . . . . . . . . . . AZ . Composition of Congress by Political Party Affiliation—States: 1997 to 2003 [Figures are for the beginning of the first session (as of January 3). . . . . . UT. DE. . Dem. . . . . . . 1 Vermont had one Independent Representative. . . . . .. . . . . . TN. . . . Dem. . . . . . . . . . CA. . biennial. . . . .

. .1 94. .0 55. . (January 3). . . . .6 96. . Elected Officials: Statistical Summary.7 90. Beginning 1995. . . 1993 8 . 1999.3 94. .. . 102d Cong. Figures for Representatives exclude vacancies] Age Members of congress and year FeMale male Black 1 API 2 His. .candiber dates Re-elected Defeated in— Percent of Num.2 89. . Washington. annual. . . . Source: Ornstein. 101st Cong. biennial. . Washington. . . 1989 .7 93. . . . Inc. . 5 6 20 30 to yrs. Vital Statistics on Congress. . Pri. DC. 104th Cong. . 1983 . . . . . 1993. . . 1987.8 93. . .4 74. .2 97. .0 93. ..0 96. . . . . . National Roster of Hispanic Elected 4 5 6 Some members do not provide date of birth. 1972 . . . America Votes. . . No. . . 1976 . . . . . 1985 .7 96. Some Officials. . 100th Cong. 1 2 Does not include persons who died or resigned before the election. . . 99th Cong. . 98 98 98 98 98 93 92 91 87 2 2 2 2 2 7 8 9 13 1 1 - 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 (NA) (NA) - 7 4 5 1 1 - 28 27 30 30 23 16 14 14 8 39 38 36 40 46 48 41 38 39 20 25 22 22 24 22 27 35 33 6 6 7 8 7 12 17 13 18 5 8 14 23 5 15 12 8 11 61 56 41 22 34 30 38 39 34 21 27 36 43 47 39 30 33 30 10 7 7 10 10 11 15 14 14 3 2 2 2 4 5 5 6 9 SENATORS 98th Cong. .7 3 1 2 3 - 1 6 2 7 2 7 1 2 3 PRESIDENTIALYEAR ELECTIONS 1964 . DC. Census Bureau. .8 90..2 82. . . .’’ Report 94-767 GOV. . . . 1985 . 103d Cong. . 107th Cong. . 29 or yrs. . . . . . . . Norman J. 1980 .Represents zero. Washington. . . . . . . .. .5 77. .4 98. . 107th Cong. . . . annual (copyright). . . .1 90. . . .S. . . Congressional Research Service. . .candiber dates Retirements 1 Total 33 23 40 47 34 22 23 65 50 32 397 409 390 384 398 411 409 368 384 403 344 396 365 368 361 392 402 325 361 394 86. 10 to 19 yrs. .. . Elections 263 U. . ‘‘Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress. Thomas E. . Source: Except as noted. . .5 87. . more REPRESENTATIVES 98th Cong. . 100th Cong. .3 89.5 79.1 90. . 3 Source: National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials. Members of Congress—Selected Characteristics: 1983 to 2001 [As of beginning of first session of each Congress. Malbin. . . 7 Includes District of Columbia delegate but not Virgin Islands delegate. . . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . ... 8 Includes 9 members elected to fill vacant seats through June 14. . .S... Census Bureau from data published in Congressional Directory. . . . 2001.3 88. . . . . 413 412 412 408 407 388 388 379 381 21 22 23 25 28 47 47 56 62 7 21 7 21 7 23 7 24 7 26 7 38 9 40 9 39 9 39 3 3 4 5 3 4 4 (NA) (NA) 8 10 11 10 11 17 17 19 19 86 71 63 41 39 47 53 23 14 145 154 153 163 152 151 155 116 97 132 131 137 133 134 128 135 173 167 57 59 56 74 86 89 79 87 117 14 19 26 22 24 15 13 35 35 83 49 51 39 55 118 92 41 44 224 237 221 207 178 141 188 236 155 88 104 114 139 147 132 110 104 158 28 34 37 35 44 32 36 46 63 11 10 12 13 11 12 9 7 14 .8 8 10 8 5 2 10 3 1 4 1 41 12 40 19 29 6 15 34 6 3 4 7 10 3 6 3 9 5 32 31 27 25 30 28 32 26 29 28 24 23 15 28 21 31 24 26 87. . . .7 95. 101st Cong. . 1995.3 75. 1991 . . . 408. . .. .Represents zero. . .1 64. . . . .9 92. Members of Congress—Incumbents Re-elected: 1964 to 2000 Representatives Senators Incumbent candidates Re-elected Year Incumbent candidates Defeated in— Percent of Num. . . compiled by U. Source: Library of Congress.. .. .Under panic 3 40 4 (in years) 40 to 49 50 to 59 Seniority Less 60 70 than to and 2 69 over yrs.. . . 1993 8 . 2001. 99th Cong. Represents consecutive years of service. . defeated in primaries by other incumbents due to redistricting: six in 1982 and four in 1992. . Mann. . 106th Cong. . . .4 85. 1 Source: Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies. . . . 1999. Black 2 Asian and Pacific Islanders. 3 Five incumbents defeated in general election by other incumbents due to redistricting. .1 97. . 1988 . 1987.8 71. 2000 . . . members do not provide years of service. . 1992 . . 407.2 60.. 2 to 9 yrs. 1968 .No. 106th Cong.. 1993-1994. . .8 8 4 12 3 6 3 1 2 19 2 3 45 9 13 13 31 16 6 3 24 21 6 2 6 6 8 5 4 6 7 13 5 33 28 27 25 29 29 27 28 21 29 28 20 20 16 16 26 23 23 19 23 84. . . . . . .General Retiremary election ments 1 Total Pri. NA Not available. Congressional Quarterly. .. . and Michael J. .General mary election MIDTERM ELECTIONS 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 . . 1991 . . . 1984 . 1983 . 102d Cong. . . 104th Cong. . Includes District of Columbia and Virgin Islands delegate..6 95. . .. . . Number of incumbents . . . biennial (copyright). 103d Cong. . . 1989 . . DC. . 1996 .. . . . .7 85. . .3 1 4 2 4 1 1 - 4 4 5 9 9 3 4 4 1 6 22 29 43 49 40 40 27 48 23 411 401 391 382 393 394 406 387 404 362 379 343 358 354 385 390 349 395 88.0 97. . 1995. . .

house. .S. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . See also <http://clerkweb. . . .S. 1989-93 . . . . . . Congressional Bills Vetoed: 1961 to 2003 Period 1961-63 . Source: U. . . . Joint resolutions . . . . .876 8. . . . Democratic Republican Independent/ other 17 17 17 21 21 24 32 31 31 27 27 26 1 2 2 2 2 - Reflects result of runoff election in Arizona in February 1991. . . . . . Directory of Governors of the American States. . . . . . .2 287 2.0 272 2.292 8.659 5. . 2001-2003 1 . . . . . .0 291 2. . Private. . . . Senate Library. . Number of Governors by Political Party Affiliation: 1975 to 2003 [Reflects figures after inaugurations for each year] Year 1975 1980 1985 1989 1990 1991 . . . .6 281 1. . . . .. . . . .0 280 1. . . Total vetoes Regular vetoes Pocket vetoes 21 30 43 66 31 78 44 38 - 12 16 26 48 13 39 29 37 - 9 14 17 18 18 39 15 1 - Vetoes Bills passed sustained over veto 21 30 36 54 29 69 43 36 - 7 12 2 9 1 2 - Through February 28.968 190 9. . . . . . . . . . . . Public .532 200 9. . .279 7. 409. . . . Washington. .794 6.6 274 2.4 265 1. . . . . . . . Reagan George Bush . Congressional Record and Daily Calendar. . Bush .1 307 2. . . . .S. .gov/home/resume>. Congress. . . . . . . 1993-2001 .gov/histrecs/househis/lists/vetoes>. . .6 343 2. 2001-02 Measures introduced . Ford . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .S. . U. . . . . . . . . . .688 6. . Ronald W. . . . . . . . . Also see <http://thomas. Cong. . Democratic Republican Independent/ other 36 31 34 28 29 29 13 19 16 22 21 19 1 2 . . . . . 1789-1968. . . . . . . . . . . Lyndon B.. .341 7. . No. . . . . . .212 563 8.130 8. . . . . . DC. . . . . .697 1. 1974-77 . No. . . .200 7. Cong. John F. George W. . Cong. . (copyright). . .. 9.588 8.445 8. . . . . . annual.545 263 7. . .. .1 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Number of days . . . . . . . .544 7. . . . . Cong. . . . . . . . . . . Presidential Vetoes . . . . . . .4 296 2. . .883 661 6. Census Bureau. . . .. . and 1988-90. . . 1969-74 . . . .977 687 6. . .775 6. . .188 7. Kennedy . . . . . 1 . . . . . . . President . . . . . . 1985-86 1987-88 1989-90 1991-92 1993-94 1995-96 1997-98 1999-00 Item 107th Cong. . . . . . .4 298 1.. . . . . Source: National Governors Association. . . Cong. 2003. . . Number of hours. . . . . 1977-81 . . . . . . . . 411. . . House of Representatives and History of Legislation.4 303 2. . Congress—Measures Introduced and Enacted and Time in Session: 1985 to 2002 [Excludes simple and concurrent resolutions] 99th 100th 101st 102d 103d 104th 105th 106th Cong. . . . . . .808 6. . . . . . Number of hours per day . . . . . . . . . . 483 466 17 761 713 48 666 650 16 609 589 20 473 465 8 337 333 4 404 394 10 604 580 24 337 331 6 281 1. . Commonwealths & Territories. . . . . . .885 8. . . Congress.0 265 1. . . . selected issues. . . . . . . .. . . Number of hours per day . . .664 5. Clinton . annual. . . . 1963-69 . . . Source: U. . . . . . . . . . . . . .No. Johnson Richard M. . 1 Year 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 . William J. .S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .732 7. . . Gerald R. . . .S.694 6. . . . . . . .Represents zero. . Bills . . . . . . . .796 6.4 251 2. . . . . . U.531 8. . 1981-89 . Cong. Democratic Republican Independent/ other 28 30 29 19 18 17 20 18 19 30 31 32 2 2 2 1 1 1 Year 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 . . Jimmy Carter . .514 8. . . . .179 8.1 290 2. 264 Elections U.3 322 2.. . . .887 7. . . . . . . . . Congress.158 8. . . . 410. . .515 1. .. . . Number of hours. .254 8. . . . Cong. Nixon .. . . .Represents zero. . 1970-87 and 1991-2003. . . 1 . annual. .953 177 Measures enacted . . . .001 8. . . . . . . SENATE Number of days . . .4 313 2.loc.073 6. . . . Calendars of the U. Directory of Governors.188 9. . .

MS 2 MO . Bush Michael O. . . . . . . .2 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 2000 Total vote 1 Percent leading party Total vote 1 Percent leading party (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 1.2 (X) (X) 545 434 319 2.321 1. . . . . . RI .0 R-51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 D-53.318 220 1.7 R-62. . . . . . . CA. Almond Jim Hodges SD. .3 R-60. and 2001. . . . . . . . .0 R-68. . . .359 (X) 956 D-50. . GA . . .5 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 874 1. WI . . .4 D-45.9 R-52.5 William J. . . . . . .531 1. . . . . . . 783 (X) (X) 522 1.4 (X) (X) R-18.7 D-59. . .7 R-55. . . . . .0 (X) (X) D-48. . FL .2 D-65. . .6 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 819 2. . X Not applicable. MN . MI .254 (X) D-49. . . .9 I-40. .179 (X) (X) (X) (X) D-56. .347 (X) (X) (X) D-49.0 D-53.6 (X) (X) R-46. . . . . . . . .7 D-56.566 264 (X) (X) (X) D-56. . .9 D-60. . . . R=Republican.735 (X) (X) 3.5 (X) (X) 743 (X) (X) 421 1.237 629 (X) (X) (X) D-58. . . .0 R-55. . .9 R-63. . . 411 4.9 (X) (X) 271 (X) (X) (X) (X) D-69. . . . . . . .6 (X) Benjamin J.789 (X) (X) 1. . .S. . . . UT. .893 (X) 211 R-58. . . SC.0 (X) Gary E. . . 1 2 Includes minor party and scattered votes.9 410 (X) (X) 565 2. . . NE. . . . . . . .110 (X) (X) (X) (X) D-51.1 R-67.. . .5 (X) (X) 324 (X) (X) (X) (X) D-59. Glendening MA .216 195 2 941 696 7. . .7 (X) R-60. NH .5 R-54. .0 R-66. .6 (X) (X) 1. DE. .7 D-74. . . .113 3.354 R-54. . .113 3.5 (X) 408 381 3. . .385 D-57. . .216 represents 1. .7 D-51. . WY . .2 R-34. . . Elections 265 U. . . 2. . . . . .5 D-52.887 2.6 1. . .450 D-61. . . .4 (X) 2. .018 706 8. . .053 357 761 D-57. NC ND OH . . . America Votes. .7 (X) (X) 2. . . . . . WV . . . . . . . . . .470 648 (X) (X) D-52. . .1 I-38. 1. . . . AR.3 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 764 2. . . 340 321 3.1 R-62. DC. . . .8 D-49. . . .9 (X) R-55. Thompson Jim Geringer .091 (X) (X) R-50. . . . . . . .No. . .478 D-54.1 R-46.227 R-51. I=Independent] 1990 State Total vote 1 1996 Percent leading party 1998 Total vote 1 Percent leading party R-52. . . . . . . .2 (X) 499 4.418 (X) R-53.7 R-51. Washington.8 R-62. .8 R-49. . .8 (X) 984 1. . Source: Congressional Quarterly Inc. . . . . . . . . .2 (X) (X) R-55. . . .736 (X) (X) 1. . . . (X) 587 321 295 2. . . . .380 160 D-50. .9 D-64. . . 257 790 3.793 R-49. . .5 (X) (X) 1. .8 (X) (X) (X) 672 255 (X) (X) (X) R-75.3 D-61.2 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) Frank Keating John Kitzhaber Tom Ridge Lincoln C. . . . . . .699 CO CT. . . .536 R-73.4 (X) D-56. . .8 (X) (X) R-59. .000).5 260 976 3. . . .3 D-52. . 1. .6 D-49. . Patton Mike Foster Angus King Parris N. . .5 (X) R-51.756 175 R-55. .216.0 (X) (X) 2.025 306 1. . . . .9 R-51. .4 R-57. .9 R-59. . . .000 (X) 3. 3 Donald Siegelman Tony Knowles Jane Dee Hull Mike Huckabee Gray Davis Voting years 1993. .011 1. . . O’Bannon Tom Vilsack KS. . Rowland Ruth Ann Minner Jeb Bush Roy Barnes HI ID IL IN IA . . . biennial. . . .550 (X) (X) (X) D-50. . .2 (X) D-55. TN. . Pataki Mike Easley John Hoeven Bob Taft OK OR PA . .2 405 (X) (X) 497 (X) R-79. . NJ 3 . Leavitt Howard Dean VA 3 . . . .2 (X) (X) Bill Owens John G.9 D-55. 1997. .8 R-60. . . .295 (X) (X) (X) D-60. . . .0 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) Candidate elected at most recent election AL . . . . .0 D-70.2 R-49. . . . . . AZ .8 D-50. . except percent. . . .964 1. .141 (X) 3.1 (X) (X) Mark Warner Gary Locke Bob Wise Tommy G.565 1. . . . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . .942 289 (X) (X) (X) D-52.7 (X) (X) (X) 762 293 (X) (X) (X) R-55. . .057 (X) (X) 3. . . . 412.111 D-48. . . . . . TX . . . . . . . .6 R-68. . . .8 D-58. AK.4 D-57. .6 (X) (X) (X) 2.143 (X) (X) (X) R-55.1 (X) 580 1. . . . Census Bureau. .0 (X) D-52. .2 D-58. . . . . . . . . . . D=Democratic. . Janklow Don Sundquist George W.1 Argeo Paul Cellucci John Engler Jesse Ventura Ronnie Musgrove Bob Holden MT . . . . KY 2 LA . .6 D-57.1 R-69. . .4 D-50. . .8 D-68. . . . . . . . . . .2 (X) (X) D-57. . .1 (X) (X) R-58.5 R-49. .4 R-51. . . . . . . . . .257 (X) 976 D-59.6 D-66. . . .807 (X) (X) R-50. . . . . . . . . . . . . VT . 911 1. .2 R-50. . . 1. . .4 Judy Martz Mike Johanns Kenny Guinn Jeanne Shaheen James E.2 1.3 (X) (X) (X) 2. MD . Johnson George E. NV. . . . .2 (X) (X) Bill Graves Paul E. .343 2. .027 2.071 R-57. . and unpublished data (copyright). Cayetano Dirk Kempthorne George Ryan Frank L. .9 D-64. . . . . . ME . . . .3 (X) (X) R-50. . . . . . . . WA . . . . .738 (X) 218 R-64.903 3. Vote Cast for and Governor Elected by State: 1990 to 2001 [In thousands (1. . . . . 2 Voting years 1995 and 1999. McGreevey NM NY. .7 D-67. . . . . . . .

Dem. . . . 4 Illinois—4. of state Senators] Lower House State 2001 Dem. 413. . . . . . 67 13 24 70 50 28 100 15 43 105 38 27 36 30 30 37 51 26 77 74 - - 64 13 21 72 48 28 94 12 39 107 41 27 39 28 32 37 57 29 81 72 1 - 24 6 15 27 26 18 21 13 15 32 11 14 15 8 14 17 15 8 25 24 - - 25 8 13 27 25 17 21 13 14 26 10 12 17 8 15 18 15 8 25 30 - 1 - HI 2 . . . . .809 2. . . . . . . . . . . . Census Bureau. . 2002 Rep. .S.694 2. . . . .604 Upper House 2002 14 Vac. . . . 266 Elections U. . KY. . AK 2 AZ 3. 22 8 990 932 2 11 939 974 51 7 AL 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2. . . . MN 2 MS 1 MO 2 MT 2 NE 5 NV 2 NH 3 NJ 2 . 5 Nebraska—4-year term and only state to have a nonpartisan legislative since 1972. . . . .=Republican. . . . . . . Other . . . . . . . . . . . 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .687 Vac. . . GA 3 . IL 4 . . AR 2 CA 2 CO 2 CT 3 DE 2 FL 2 . . . . .S. . UT 2 VT 3 . . . . . . Lower House refers to body consisting of state Representatives. . . . . . . . .and 2-year term depending on district. . . . . . . . 3 Members of both houses serve 2-year terms. . . RI 3 . . . . . . . . . . In general. . . . . . IA 2 . . Composition of State Legislatures by Political Party Affiliation: 2001 and 2002 [Data reflect election results in year shown for most states. KS 2 KY 2 LA 1 . . . . . . . . . Rep. . . . . Rep. . Figures reflect immediate results of elections. . Other U. . . . members of both houses serve 4-year terms. . . Other Vac. . . 136 52 64 86 87 42 (5) 27 142 44 22 57 70 33 76 58 (5) 15 255 36 3 (5) 1 - (5) - 135 62 53 81 73 47 (5) 23 117 43 23 47 80 38 90 53 (5) 19 282 35 1 3 (5) 1 1 1 1 (5) 1 1 32 15 37 34 14 19 (5) 9 11 20 6 23 27 18 18 31 (5) 12 13 20 2 (5) - 2 2 2 (5) - 34 16 35 31 14 21 (5) 8 6 20 6 22 31 21 20 29 (5) 13 18 20 1 49 - - NM 2 NY 3 NC 3 ND 6 OH 2 OK 2 OR 2 PA 2 . . . . . . . biennial (copyright). . Rep. ID 3 . Upper House. . . and except as noted. . 32 9 62 52 44 46 66 70 81 106 19 61 56 46 56 79 34 34 69 35 3 - - 36 16 66 51 45 45 65 70 80 98 15 54 52 49 54 80 35 34 67 43 1 4 - 1 - 22 3 27 18 20 10 18 25 17 33 3 31 32 32 30 30 20 14 16 14 - 1 1 - 20 7 26 18 21 10 16 23 18 33 5 28 32 32 29 30 22 15 17 14 1 - 1 - MA 3 MI 2 . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . . . . including holdover members in state houses which do not have all of their members running for re-election. . 6 North Dakota— Starting in 2001. . . The Book of States 2003. . . . Lexington. . .No. Vac. Other Vac. . . . . . . . . . . .Represents zero. . . . 2001 Rep. . . . . . . 20 57 78 24 62 34 50 75 43 14 50 41 71 51 82 64 48 25 56 46 5 2 - - 21 54 62 19 69 34 52 68 40 15 49 45 88 56 74 64 46 32 58 45 7 2 1 - - 11 18 15 9 16 18 25 28 18 10 24 15 15 20 13 22 24 6 15 20 - 1 1 - 9 18 12 7 19 17 24 24 13 10 26 15 19 22 11 23 25 10 18 20 - 2 - .=Vacancies. ME 3 MD 1 . . . . . WY 2 . . . . . WA 2 WV 2 WI 2 . . . . Dem. IN 2 . . Dem. . results in previous year for other states. 2 Upper House members serve 4-year terms and Lower House members serve 2-year terms. . . . . Source: The Council of State Governments. . . . . . . 1 Members of both houses serve 4-year terms. Dem. . . . . . . . . . . SC 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . .=Democrat. . VA 2 . . 42 99 62 29 39 52 28 98 87 53 28 51 58 69 59 48 32 104 13 71 - - 42 103 60 28 38 53 25 94 63 50 28 47 60 66 61 48 35 108 11 73 1 - 1 1 24 25 35 17 11 30 14 21 43 21 18 36 15 32 21 18 16 29 7 25 - 1 - 24 25 28 16 11 27 15 21 32 21 18 37 22 31 22 20 15 28 6 24 - 1 1 1 SD 3 TN 2 TX 2.

. . . giving the Republicans control of both chambers. . Local government . . 2000. Media (e. New Brunswick.7 58. . . . . . . . . .6 27. . . women appointed to state cabinet-level positions. . . . . State-wide elective executive office 1 State legislature 2 1 2 2 4 1 2 2 3 3 1 2 1 4 15 22 55 59 51 33 59 22 46 36 10 22 124 19 34 47 34 . Arizona . .6 2. . Tennessee . . Michigan . . . . Legislatures under— Split Recontrol publican or tie control 29 29 25 24 18 16 11 14 16 17 12 15 9 6 8 8 19 18 Democratic control Year 1997. . . . . . Until 1972 there were two nonpartisan legislatures in Minnesota and Nebraska. Chris. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oregon .4 2. . Minnesota . . . . . . . . Virginia . . . . . . . . . State-wide elective executive office 1 State legislature 2 2 4 1 1 3 2 1 2 2 2 2 25 29 15 31 36 34 18 17 21 35 24 51 22 57 25 31 14 . . . . .2 58. . . . . 416. . . .0 58. . . . . . New Hampshire. . Rutgers University. . . . . Washington . . .1 49. . Iowa . . . Maryland . . . . . . . .. . . . . Public Confidence Levels in Selected Public and Private Institutions: 2001 [Based on a sample survey of 4. . 414. . . . . . . . .3 41. . . . . . . . . . . . periodic. . . . Giving and Volunteering in the United States: 2001 Edition. . Illinois . Source: National Conference of State Legislatures. . . State-wide elective executive office 1 State legislature 88 3 1 4 2 2 1 4 3 3 1 1 2 3 2 2 1. . Nebraska . Wisconsin. . . 2003. 2001. . Major corporations . . . Hawaii . . . . For data on women in U. . . Maine . . . . Montana . 1989 2 .g. . . . . Pennsylvania . . . parties . . . . see source] Level of confidence Institution Organized labor. . . . . . . . . . .7 44. . Mississippi . . .3 Source: Toppe. 415. . Wyoming . . 1994. . . (Copyright and published by INDEPENDENT SECTOR. . . . . . . . . . Massachusetts . . 1987. . . . State North Dakota . . State government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . California . . . . . . . . . . Alaska . . . . . . . . . . . . . Congress . . . . . therefore. . . . see Table 408] State United States Alabama . Utah . . Split Recontrol publican or tie control 20 20 16 16 17 16 11 12 15 15 15 12 18 17 18 18 17 21 1 Two 1984 midterm recall elections resulted in a change in control of the Michigan State Senate. .9 5. . . . . TV. . No. . 2 A party change during the year by a Democratic representative broke the tie in the Indiana House of Representatives. . . . Arthur Kirsch. . . CO. . Political Party Control of State Legislatures by Party: 1979 to 2003 [As of beginning of year. No. . . Idaho. .682 11 11 32 19 34 34 57 16 38 50 19 29 47 26 33 53 State Kentucky . . 1981. . . . . . . . . . . . 30 28 34 27 28 28 Legislatures under— Split Recontrol publican or tie control 7 6 4 11 12 13 Democratic control Year 12 15 11 11 9 8 1990. Colorado . . . Political organizations. . . . New Mexico . . . . 2002. Kansas . . Arkansas . . . .6 4. information releases. . . . . . . At the time of the 1984 election. Since then only Nebraska has had a nonpartisan legislature] Legislatures under— Democratic control Year 1979.2 2. . South Carolina South Dakota . . . . . . . . and elected members of university Board of Trustees or Board of Education. . .) Elections 267 U. . . . Texas . . . Delaware .2 49. 1996. . . . 1999. . . Florida . . . . .2 1. . . . . . Census Bureau. . and Westat. . Washington. A lot Some None Don’t know 9. . Source: Center for the American Woman and Politics. . Georgia . newspapers. . . . 2002. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1993. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Missouri . . Nevada . . . Louisiana . . Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . . . . . .0 46. . . . . . Women Holding State Public Offices by Office and State: 2002 [As of January. . Vermont . NJ. . .S. . . . . . . . . . . 1 Excludes women elected to the judiciary. . Connecticut . . .6 45. . Oklahoma . . . . . . radio) . State Legislatures. . . .7 1. .2 9. . .S. . . Congress. . . Democrats controlled 33 legislatures. . . . . . .8 12.0 36. . . . . . West Virginia . .0 39. . . . Ohio . . . . . . Eagleton Institute of Politics. . .9 1. . . . Denver. . . 1992. . . . . . . Rhode Island . . . . .9 31. . New York . . . Inc.No. . . . .216 persons 21 years old and over conducted during the spring and subject to sampling variability. women elected to executive posts by the legislature. . . . 1995.7 4. . .8 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 6. . .3 48. . . . North Carolina. . . . . . . .Represents zero. . copyright. . . New Jersey . . . . . . . 1983 1 1985. Indiana . . . .

.) (Sept. .) (Sept. . . .. .school tors 1 cials ment boards 3.County Educatives and Judicial tion and and munici.485 4.. . . . . . . . . . . .. Washington. . . . sheriffs. MN . . . NC . . .and law legisla. GA . WV .425 1.908 2. .023 2. .682 2. .958 133 362 91 16 1 57 2 2 42 7 1 5 517 574 575 583 596 628 633 651 454 454 549 37 36 6 9 1 5 1 - 1.) . . (Jan.. . . IN .008 1. 1. . . . HI . GA ID . . IN . . NE . RI . DC. . (Jan. . . . . IL . .pal offi. VA . .. . . For states not shown. .. NJ. . . . 3 Judges. UT .341 1. .Represents zero.. . . . . . . . . .. .469 4. . . and other.197 1. . . KS . . . MI . . . . . . 1970 to 2001. . . ..846 1. .037 1. . marshals.335 8.867 1. .147 3. WI. (Jan. WY .. . .. .205 4. . . NE . . . . . .) (Sept. . .385 8.360 3..456 213 526 769 987 998 997 1. . . . . . . (Jan. and state legislatures 1 State City and Law county enforceoffices 2 ment 3 Education 4 1970 1980 1990 1995 1998 1999 2000 2001 (Feb. . . . . . . .890 7..) . annual. . TX . . . . .210 5. . NY . . . . . PA . . . . . . . . . . . . Source: National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials. . . . . . .. KS KY LA ME . . . . .205 5. .001 9. . OR . .. .. . .412 2. Washington. . . . 2002 [As of September.. .923 1. . . . . .. TN .. North Dakota. . NH . 1985 to 2002. . . . NV . . . . 417. .. . . . magistrates.830 8. .S. . .004 4. . .. .832 4. . . .645 1. . . . . .) (July) . . 418. 2 County commissioners and councilmen. . . VT . .420 5. . Members of state education agencies. MI .pdf> (accessed 17 April 2003). .S.458 1.S. . .. . . .) (Sept. . .) . . . . . college boards. . . UT .. . . .. . MD . IL . . . IA . . and State.913 2 2 8 13 3 State execu.316 1. . constables. . . . and State. . . . . . . . .. (Jan. . .840 2. . . . . . . . school boards. vice . PA .044 362 1..994 5. . . Source: Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies.332 2. . . State execu. . . . Black Elected Officials: A Statistical Summary. . mayors. . .202 4. VA . .. . . . . MS . .. . . .061 179 326 436 604 614 618 621 633 715 2. . . . . . . . MO . . .No. or South Dakota] Total U.jointcenter. . .. . .) (Sept. . . MA . FL.927 1. .. . . . . . .County Educatives and Judicial tion and and munici. . . . . justices of the peace. . . . .. SC . . . . . . ..) (Sept..954 5. . NJ. OK . . NY . regional officials. . . . . . 268 Elections U. . . . . No. . . . . . Black Elected Officials by Office. MA .432 346 936 135 25 2 87 6 1 3 65 10 1 8 . 129 135 143 144 151 150 182 199 223 223 230 15 28 9 5 1 16 3 1 1 11 1 3 1 1. .170 5. . . . . .. . . .. . . ID .) . . . and 4 5 other. .. mayors. .308 2. . WA . . .. .588 2. .. and state legislatures 1 175 60 346 20 892 201 8 14 5 249 4 325 491 313 105 6 185 8 534 180 460 5 1 246 26 19 33 1 40 6 25 2 46 19 1 5 5 16 1 34 28 20 6 3 19 7 32 18 19 1 1 16 2 2 8 - State MD . . . .org/databank/graphs/99beo. . . . . . . DE . no Black elected officials had been identified in Hawaii. .682 1.459 5. .206 1. .185 1. . . City and Law county enforceoffices 2 ment 3 93 44 147 4 607 142 4 5 139 83 349 217 75 1 74 1 335 108 302 3 130 12 13 15 1 33 2 55 9 109 16 2 1 2 83 29 28 3 2 65 9 27 44 1 15 11 3 5 - Education 4 9 8 119 5 130 24 3 2 93 1 125 85 48 21 27 158 27 95 85 1 1 5 - 1 Includes elected state administrators.. . . . DC.Represents zero. . . WI. .. . .226 1. .. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . Census Bureau. .) (Sept. .. . . . . . . . . .724 1.. .. . . . . .enforce. . . . .) (Sept. . .928 AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE DC FL. . . . NH . . . . . .354 5. . . . . WY . . . . . . Montana. . . Includes one shadow representative. . . . . . .S. . . . MN . . . . . . . (Sept. ...enforce. . . . . .and law legisla. . . . CO . . . 3 4 17 16 4 1 1 3 8 2 74 602 85 4 8 13 14 5 1. Hispanic Public Elected Officials by Office. . National Roster of Hispanic Elected Officials. . (Jan. . . NM . . MT . . . . .. . . . . NV . . . . . .) . . .694 161 510 29 4 5 7 1 - State Total LA . . Total U. TX . . . . . . . . . . WA .. 2001 [As of January 2001. . .783 4.. . . . . . CT . . . . . . . . . . . Representatives. . NM . . . . . . .) (Sept. OH .. . .. . . NC .pal offi. . . no Hispanic public officials had been identified] State Total 1985 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 2000 2001 2002 AZ . . .. and other. IA . . OH .) .. . . . 756 3 12 502 224 18 72 24 176 243 611 2 624 86 13 17 60 705 1 36 1 1 15 10 4 14 4 5 2 25 53 28 13 1 7 5 32 - 569 2 1 298 70 4 47 16 171 163 395 2 318 52 8 4 44 388 - 57 5 67 67 9 3 1 39 43 55 13 1 3 5 122 - 94 5 122 77 1 8 3 3 16 120 223 8 3 3 6 163 1 . .school tors 1 cials ment boards 4 4 1 1 1 3 1 7 49 15 2 1 1 3 38 3 1 1 1 9 6 1 1 2 2 45 309 24 2 6 6 9 2 801 2 1 3 4 2 2 3 1 1 1 86 8 2 5 3 338 4 - 4 6 1 2 1 22 158 38 1 1 736 1 2 4 - Includes U. .846 1. . . . . .. . . . . OR .896 9. . . . . not shown separately.819 1. .) . . RI . aldermen. . CA . . MO . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . annual (copyright) and <http://www. .

8 48.7 14. . .7 27. .3 78..7 45.S.4 62.9 60.0 65.2 38. and earlier reports. ..6 63.2 75.1 49.0 60.2 58. Current Population Reports. Region: 3 Northeast . Black . .6 57. .8 74. .0 65.8 42.1 33.5 49.2 37.2 28. . .6 63.7 38.8 58. .9 50..8 55.6 55. . 7 Beginning 1992. .6 70. .8 60.8 64. .1 43. . years old and over Hispanic 2 .3 75.9 41. South .3 71.1 56.4 44.6 63.4 14.5 33. . .4 45.6 62.9 53. . ..9 60.6 54.2 35.2 54.6 58.7 10.7 53.7 70.5 45.2 21.000.2 57. . . . 419.0 40.2 62. .8 63.9 42. .7 36.9 42.0 60. .1 43.8 13. . 4 years 5 .5 66.2 27.1 13.5 62.3 38.3 62.8 71. . .1 32.0 97.1 63. .2 42.9 37.4 71.2 103.1 38.0 70.1 66.0 37. .0 34.2 64.4 50.3 72. .4 41.3 54. . .8 64.7 59. .5 65.0 95.5 165.0 52.0 40.2 46. Unemployed .4 60. 5 Beginning 1992. bachelor’s or advanced degree. . . .4 4.9 68. .0 64.4 41. .1 75.1 10. 22.1 63.4 59.4 67. . Section 1. . .5 64.3 30.2 60.0 56. .8 67. .6 11. .7 23.7 14. 22.4 46.9 62. . Census Bureau.8 41. . . to 24 years old . .1 105.9 41.9 80.5 77.0 70..6 64.7 63.4 20.1 41.4 67. . .4 42. West .0 65. .7 58. .4 62.6 59. College: 1 to 3 years 6 .2 46.4 White .1 68.7 55.6 130. ..5 25. inside cover.3 21.1 178.0 74.8 63.5 61.3 35. . .2 45. .1 28.3 41.0 42.9 68. . . . .5 133..6 66.2 61.2 59.2 11.6 65.2 48.9 Elections 269 1 Includes other races not shown separately.3 68. some college or associate degree. . .8 55.2 47.3 45.7 29. .7 63.) Percent reporting they registered Characteristic Presidential election years Percent reporting they voted Congressional election years Presidential election years Congressional election years 1980 1988 1990 1994 1996 1998 2000 1980 1992 1996 2000 1986 1990 1994 1998 1980 1992 1996 2000 1986 1990 1994 1998 .7 37.8 72. .3 70.2 67.8 32..1 50. . . 26.4 32.0 75. 137. .1 55. and Voted: 1980 to 2000 [157.8 17.4 49.5 50.2 79. .6 24.1 64.1 83. .0 71.6 42.6 49. . .2 60.9 43.9 47.7 53. Not in labor force .7 63.9 47. . .5 51.0 60.9 19.8 23. . .5 45. .0 68.5 47. .9 46.5 65.0 62. . . . .7 66.8 45..8 61.5 91.2 113.5 37.9 62.0 77.9 28.6 29.5 54..8 22.9 67. Figures are based on Current Population Survey (see text. .1 52.1 26. 157.8 14. . . . .4 152.5 59.1 54.2 56.7 34. . .2 21.2 68.3 45.7 16. .6 67.S.7 41.4 55. high school graduate.2 68.1 38.4 35.4 50.9 45.1 represents 157.9 66. 4 Beginning 1992.0 63..1 193.2 21.6 65.0 35. .2 24. .3 35.0 38.8 76.5 49.3 39. . .5 73.3 15.3 35.3 53.9 46. Census Bureau..7 24. .5 56. .9 62.9 32.5 43.9 35. .0 60.9 26.0 74.2 61. . represents those who completed 9th to 12th grade.4 84.7 71. .7 58.2 45.2 45.3 65.1 17.5 61.3 21.0 43.5 45. .5 6.7 46. .5 66.4 76.4 57. .5 63.5 44.4 62.5 41.8 182. .4 64.9 62.0 33. 6 Beginning 1992. .3 33..3 168.9 70.6 69.5 93.0 61.0 65.3 57.3 14.0 63.100.4 37.5 19.0 33.3 12.7 60. .5 18.1 27. .3 64.6 48.4 32.6 35.6 36.6 86. .0 58. .0 43. Voting-Age Population.6 20. .7 28. .9 60.3 65..9 13.1 59. . .8 55.0 77.8 64. . .1 60.7 27.7 31.0 18.7 60. . .0 48.9 62.4 22. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 No. .6 101.7 35.7 52.6 95.0 84.3 55.2 65. .4 69.7 77.U.9 64.9 43. .2 57. 74.9 44.9 55.4 160.2 28. .0 . . . . 4 years or more 7 . .9 122.2 35. . .1 35. . .5 62.5 35. . . Midwest .0 18.8 49.0 56. . . .4 50.6 56.2 63.2 76. .4 70.6 44.4 44.0 63. . see map. to 34 years old .2 45..9 40.3 52. . .4 58.9 53. .8 5.3 32.6 24.4 44.2 35.2 63. .. . .5 115. .5 59.2 Employed .4 55.5 73.6 20. . .2 31. . .6 68.1 54.9 29.7 19. . .6 42. . .0 44.1 46.8 46. .5 52.9 198.9 74.0 70.0 40.0 52.1 54. .0 49. .1 40.5 53..5 63.1 .1 67.5 71. .1 61. .9 41. . .6 67.1 70..2 48.7 50. School years completed: 8 years or less .3 52.2 28.3 92.7 36.9 50. . .4 60.9 53. 2 Hispanic persons may be of any race. .6 75.7 5 21. .2 63.2 62.0 37. Percent Reporting Registered.2 48. to 64 years old .0 21.7 62.5 65.3 10. . . .6 51. High school: 1 to 3 years 4 .9 62. ..2 62.4 43. Covers civilian noninstitutional population 18 years old and over.6 .3 54. .2 46.. to 44 years old .9 45. .9 13. .3 63. .8 67.4 76.. .2 51.5 24.2 33.2 48. . . .3 64.7 31..6 65.8 58.6 43.7 155.6 8. . .9 46. .1 63.1 64.8 69.5 22. . Female .1 43. 95.3 60.5 64. .6 45.7 55.2 60.5 46. . to 20 years old .3 44.4 33.0 43. .0 45. .5 4 20. .8 68. .0 54.8 68.4 61.3 75.6 6. . .0 70.2 125.4 84.0 6.9 190.2 12.8 66.0 58.4 53.7 24.8 63.0 50. . . . .9 40. . 3 For composition of regions.9 14.2 58. .3 68.9 35. .8 44. .4 43. . .7 60.4 45. As of November.1 66.5 61.1 60.6 36.1 10. . . .1 20.3 58.3 52.5 50.2 45.9 64. ..6 64.4 61.1 67. .. .1 42.6 45.9 40.9 31.3 48..9 46.7 39. Includes aliens.9 60. . . but have no high school diploma. .8 40. . .4 43.5 49. .7 25.9 45. . . .7 14.7 81.8 73.1 61.5 5.9 69. P20-542. .6 44. .7 38.6 63.6 6.9 28. .1 44.3 18 21 25 35 45 65 Total 1 .4 71.3 202. .8 162.. 35.7 43.0 99. . ..9 37. .4 7 39. . .3 60.8 46.2 57.6 6 50.3 67. .1 54.6 16.3 38.4 62. Source: U.1 30.1 12.7 56.4 44.0 19. . and Appendix III) and differ from those in Table 421 based on population estimates and official vote counts] Voting-age population (mil.. . . .9 44.6 46.4 65.3 44. . .5 Male . .

. .614 7.789 201.515 8. . . . . . . .886 36.2 56. . . GA .3 (X) 50. .6 55. . . .495 74.6 70. . . . . .7 37.5 67. . . . .. . Estimated resident population 21 years old and over. biennial. . .029 63.. aliens) of voting age 1 (1.267 65.S.2 62.945 169. .4 46. ..515 (X) 92.3 65.908 2. . . KY ...173 14. DE . .4 32. .9 (X) 58.1 58.580 58.No.653 (X) 91. . .7 45.619 81. .794 (X) 61. NY . . .2 58. .447 109. ..8 59. .226 55.812 189.8 33.9 33. .4 57.8 64. . . .. . . . WY . .134 99. IA . 19 and over in Alaska and 20 and over in Hawaii. 420. .645 (X) 52. CO.5 52. .. .. .1 47.0 58.. 75. ID . . 1944-70.5 44.6 49.859 4.0 68.5 53. . . ..8 62. .950 729 2.7 68.278 (X) 105. .956 185.1 62. .4 62.3 57. .643 173. . . MN.. .9 58. . . NV . . .S. . Current Population Reports. ME. MA. OR.S. .3 70. . . Participation in Elections for President and U.5 64. . except as noted. .000) Percent of votingage population 37. . . LA . . .1 41.. . . .6 69.3 69. . . . .S.5 58. . . .786 61. . . .212 (X) 77. . .. . . SC .9 (X) 55.. . . UT .897 97. KS . .0 55.205 1.513 96. .609 represents 202.6 65. . . .2 54. 1956-70. .377 902 6. . .. . .7 55.2 59.6 51. IL.498 140. . Current Population Reports. .7 47..556 (X) 86. .1 91. . . . .9 (X) 51.9 47. Table 419] State AL . .. . State MO MT . . . . . . . ..256 42.1 61. 2000).285 124. . 2 Source: 1932-58.074 45.txt> (released July 31. . TN .. ND .. . .288 54. . See headnote. . .777 146. .5 50. Census Bureau. .. . . VA .9 34.629 449 8. . . .1 60. 1932-70.2 (X) 53.1 60. . .863 65. . 421. . . . MS. .7 32.7 53.html>.. .0 61.314 1. 1960-70.380 2. TX . . AR . ..995 177. .6 72. .595 (X) 104.7 69.1 50. . . . . . .9 (X) For U.6 (X) 59. . ... . .. .7 52. .5 63. . .332 77. . . .231 59. . annual (copyright).425 (X) 96.301 2. . . . . . . .2 69. .922 181. . .900 (X) 47.votingsentaage tives popu(1.. . .103 34. CT .524 1.2 X Not applicable. . .2 65. .. . .4 53. . . . . . DC .1 57.5 46. . .049 2. Washington. IN .3 69. ..000) lation 39. . . .8 . OH. U. Also see <http://www. includes Armed Forces. .261 13. . . America Votes. FL .. . .354 84. . .415 567 407 11. . . P25-1085. . . . NJ . .1 66. U.0 39.775 855 927 8. .177 4.4 64.995 64.000) lation 73. . . . . .000) lation 66.781 89. . . . .3 (X) 62.2 PerFor U.5 68.1 43. . Congressional Quarterly Inc. .. .7 60. NE . . . . . . . . .110 1.000) Registered Voted 202.8 (X) 53.472 458 5. . . .838 (X) 70. .895 52. . .. . . . ...514 83. .8 58. . . 1 Population 18 and over in Georgia. . .. .236 46.1 76.5 . . . . District of Columbia is included in votes cast for President beginning 1964 and in votes cast for Representative from 1972 to 1994] Resident population (incl. ..3 68. .2 65.4 52.7 72. .0 64. Percent of voting-age population Voting-age population (1.. .000. .9 73.. .430 52. . . .9 64. . . Census Bureau.5 45. .6 52.3 48. AK .075 104. . Prior to 1960.3 55. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . ..405 3. .426 45.231 3. .010 196.174 82.893 24. . . WA WV WI . .977 (X) 48. .672 112. .8 55. CA . . . . .5 (X) 56... No.654 (X) 49.8 36. . . . Percent of voting-age population Voting-age population (1.3 63. .997 80. 120.515 106. .8 52.1 (X) 48. . . . Congress.812 4.. . . . VT . excludes Alaska and Hawaii. .308 158. .S. Clerk of the House.6 63. .7 75.. MD.369 163.9 56.2 58.571 42. .933 40. . . .996 3.9 48. . Source: Except as noted.725 5.. .2 54. P20-466.. . .090 116.397 60. . .609.4 Resident population (incl.1 67.1 48. . ..000.768 77. .3 69. . . . . . .S.3 60. . Representatives (1. .638 Votes cast Percent of For votingPresiage dent 2 popu(1.657 32. ..3 (X) 55.1 76. .3 59.7 49.000) Year 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1942 1944 1946 1948 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 .. Representatives: 1932 to 2000 [75.. RI . .0 (X) 51..143 979 3.7 72.. ..S.533 1.908 49.2 57. Persons Reported Registered and Voted by State: 2000 [202. Source: U.8 58.. . . MI .6 66. . . .. .4 80. . . . . . . . . .gov/population/www /socdemo/voting.6 65. .7 35. . .9 43. . and in Kentucky. .278 412 3.. . . .749 3.728 86. . . . and 18 years old and over thereafter. . . . . 3 .551 (X) 62. . ..719 (X) 81.457 2.1 63.493 193. .929 530 4. .8 45.239 70. Source: U. . .768. .7 68. Census Bureau.9 62. . . . .1 60.0 47. aliens) of voting age 1 (1. . . . NH . OK ..census. AZ . . . .4 66.3 51.7 41. . . .338 152. . . . . . . . .654 92.609 3..066 658 1..gov/population/socdemo/voting/proj00/tab03. . PA . . .465 85. . cent of Repre. . .. . .. ..5 72.9 46. .758 (X) 45. .884 350 74. . . . . . . . 3 Projection. . . . SD .000) Registered Voted 4. NM. . . .342 57.4 53. .5 (X) 52.027 (X) 68.2 67. 270 Elections U.952 114. .109 1. . . .. . .506 2. also see <http://www .659 95.270 205.173 71.. . .. . .. .929 102.9 72. .951 28. .6 38.4 60. ..1 67.8 (X) 61. . . .6 41.768 represents 75. .133 51. . .0 71. . . .573 98. As of November.. . . .7 59.. Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election.5 61. DC..0 53... . NC . .000) Year 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 . . .5 44. . .9 (X) 56..1 58.422 55.1 (X) 61. ..818 64.. . .S.633 5.0 70. . . HI . .census.813 Votes cast Percent of For votingPresiage dent 2 popu(1.. . .2 51. .1 67.398 45.

265 2.1 31. UT.3 27.6 37.7 46. .358 3.186 1. Washington. .9 45.1 45. .902 3.4 49.109 1. .8 60.8 41. . . .1 NJ . . .569 279 2. .0 37. .091 3.2 44.148 755 8.2 43.9 37.9 55.6 GA HI . <http://www.153 1.0 CO CT.1 51.4 45.415 1.222 1. .633 5. . . .234 1.853 34 16 700 38 6.3 46. .046 659 1. .749 7. . . .8 42. .7 22. .436 1.5 55. . .647 902 883 8.6 58.5 IA .1 61.7 61.305 48.7 54.307 303 222 6. . .0 MD MA MI . .983 2.350 2. . . .026 180 4 1.3 38.8 59.3 62. . .814 22.889 540 4. SD. .2 35.5 68.294 3. Source: Compiled by U.047 2. . WA WV WI .1 40. Resident Population of Voting Age and Percent Casting Votes— States: 1994 to 2000 [193.3 49.8 37.0 51.066 4. VA .4 58. . . .0 47.3 47.873 1.956 3. .600 391 182 19 29 1. .3 49. . .0 SC.8 58.207 3.1 33. .4 49. Representatives Total Female Black Hispanic 1 1996 2000 1996 1998 U.8 48.280 425 3.4 37. .3 56.245 1.1 51. . AR.9 49.0 56. .8 62. .9 52.340 5.8 47. .1 63.864 3.839 398 895 185 51 820 36 130 91 138 221 46 54. . .8 54. CA.3 31.2 48.S. . . . .2 24. . .421 1.7 56.4 44. . .837 2.085 930 2.223 1.3 33.8 40.6 47.862 4.8 41.9 39. . .8 66.010 represents 193.0 66.466 9. MN MS .734 2. ME .390 911 2.962 1.8 VT . 193. Elections 271 U.420 886 845 8. . DC.448 3. . .168 4. .917 3. .5 41.7 56.9 OH OK OR PA .208 1. .6 57.036 242 856 37 2. .5 52. .946 2.7 43.480 2.1 49.2 37.3 49.5 47. WY . .171 13. .333 430 3.8 46. .058 270 977 106 675 150 255 187 62 18 46.9 35.805 5.501 476 6. . P25-1132. .4 58.195 955 2. .6 57.263 13. .839 1. . . . . . .155 132 221 108 230 1. .465 1.768 203 1. .4 32. . .gov/population/socdemo/voting/proj00/>. . . (copyright).285 2.1 9.000) State 1994 (1.4 48.5 56. .606 5. . . .5 53. .6 39.309 1.2 31. DC FL . 2.787 4.4 55. .1 52.2 45.5 52. . . . .392 3. .0 54.237 1.270 205.0 52. . . . .075 460 467 4.577 27 7 1. .852 23.0 57. . . KS.4 42. . . .059 1. 3.129 941 2.799 4.022 1.6 51.1 60.7 51.5 42.9 (NA) 10. .701 7.172 413 3.3 41. .0 64.416 3.1 38. .224 7. .263 4.198 875 802 8.4 64.6 46.500 3. .3 43. .427 2. .8 56. votes cast from Elections Research Center.321 1. .1 42.3 47.5 55. .4 56. IN . .4 58.010 196.8 (NA) 42.932 625 1. .475 552 428 11.199 869 4. . . .0 52. .564 1. .4 47. .979 1. AK.249 353 168 67 58 837 110 42.343 1.7 43.625 1.9 51. (copyright). . .9 24. . ID . TX . . .5 47.1 40. . .6 43.2 42.1 49. .4 42.4 46.653 3. . . . .530 9.838 347 451 5. .5 37. . . .9 52.9 45.5 29. . . Includes Armed Forces stationed in each state. .721 2. .4 39.067 2.8 49. .census. . . Chevy Chase. . . . 2. LA .2 67.3 56.635 21.993 3.9 40.7 57.3 49. .433 2. .929 24.214 13. . 18 years old and over. .9 50.109 1.774 1.800 16 41 6 51 4.568 1. . . .5 47.715 2.5 49. aliens. . MD.4 57.165 1. KY.5 47. . annual. NV.5 28.675 2.005 154 45 193 4 4 197 242 9 96 19 58.489 566 421 11.399 5.5 57.940 2.630 748 816 5 635 1.1 56.959 3.5 53.2 62.6 48.332 2. . .5 47.9 57. .5 43. . .007 13.5 56.002 3.9 56. .411 3. . . . . .005 3.9 43.6 52. .865 24.7 48.813 106. .960 3. .833 121 4 50.0 56. . . .925 4. .0 53.995 47.2 60.4 44.0 64. Census Bureau. DE.0 55. .3 52.000) 1996 (1.1 61. . TN.241 13. . .823 1.S.2 63.645 477 6.877 2.3 66.5 56. .000..295 4. . . .1 50.723 503 45 112 207 956 7 42 97 25 91 7 58. .155 340 641 685 468 425 4 49 105 9 68 11 52 214 14 54.9 45.8 33. .017 12.0 63.477 2. . .3 56. As of November.766 340 442 5. .331 470 6. .050 2.6 53.221 746 2.S.8 48.1 38. .3 29.616 7. .042 1. . .4 60.4 49. .476 536 447 10.315 9.6 55.0 60. .5 61.173 4 750 473 1. .221 14.276 5. .8 41.652 7.3 NA Not available. NM NY.5 47.127 1. . . . .105 668 1. .9 36.384 2. .0 49. .221 419 3.6 50. . . .2 52.885 13.888 354 460 5.853 1.078 2.6 55.894 4. .9 46. .6 54. 3.797 477 3. . . .4 52. and Congressional Quarterly Inc. . .2 33. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . IL .5 38.1 43.891 23. NC ND . . . .737 4. NH . 3.7 44.285 889 4.918 3.6 41.No. 5. 433 4.8 45. . .368 1.9 40.404 9.0 31. .2 34.2 MO MT NE.3 48. .5 54. .012 99 41.2 43. .7 43.1 49.9 66.7 43.400 3.294 3. Estimated population.7 55.4 50.983 4. . 8. .7 47. . . .126 1.6 53. . . .0 36. and institutional population] Voting-age population Percent casting votes for— 2000 (1. .114 14. . . . . .7 44. Census Bureau.0 59. . . . .5 38.9 22.8 51. . .784 53. .000) Presidential electors U.984 648 1. . .9 58. .566 800 17 137 276 1.1 43. . . .3 2000 AL .850 1.4 40. 2. RI .398 3. .6 43. . . . . Census Bureau.155 753 4.010. . . . .789 201.S. Population data from U. .717 4. .977 542 4. .9 48.3 54.1 40. 1 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. .144 1. Current Population Reports.9 44.153 751 8.643 1.8 44.245 1.163 752 8. . .930 358 237 2. .547 2.8 32.148 1. . .6 51.097 846 3. .8 46.531 2. America Votes. . .6 27.0 48. . .893 909 921 8.4 43.8 58.7 60. .5 48. . 422.2 61.802 535 4.499 582 411 11. .902 2. .316 1. .4 21.733 525 3.255 968 1. . . .2 49. .7 45.4 (NA) 42. . . . .0 53.000) 1998 (1. AZ .9 37. .1 62. . . .3 51.394 2. . . . . 5. . .7 54.411 2.S. . .2 45. . .721 5.7 57. . .2 61. . .272 652 7. .4 43.089 1.2 47.5 40.

673 16. .332. .8 125.6 18.7 212. such as building funds and state and local election spending.0 465. . . . .706 113.565 163. .283. . . . both major parties raised record amounts of nonfederal or ‘‘soft money. . . .2 40. .927 56.7 2. . . . . . . .2 257. .199.4 50. .924 101. .7 1. . . 2001.653 28. .521. . . . .866. Congressional . . . . .023 244.186 14. . . . .879 . . State and local . . . . .0 5.207. . . . . . . .824 121.785. . . . . .730. .6 4.092. .1 2. .6 187. . . . . . . .8 214. . .6 National committee .fec. . .519 136. 2000 .1 221. 1989-90 .822.9 180. . net 1 Disbursements. . . Covers financial activity during 2-year calendar period indicated. .3 22.563. . . total . . .1 14. . Congressional committee.2 22. . .9 8.105 63.0 9. . . . . .6 0.925. . . . . . . .176. .790 138. total 1997-98. .295.2 1.000). . . since some of those funds never passed through the committees’ accounts] Democratic Receipts. . . .652. .392 12.879 25. .811. .7 2. . . . Census Bureau.9 3.658. .3 254. Some political party financial activities. Congressional . .S. .2 2 . .0 17. . . 245.4 65. . . .2 2.4 149. . . . .7 0. . . During the 2000 election cycle.805.8 258. . . . Total .0 300.8 51.220 249. .395. . . .5 13.7 3.905. .3 176. biennial. .702. . .4 416.2 1. .5 149. . National . .0 297. 1983-84 . .340. . . .117 52. .5 151. Source: U. .3 155.273 11. It may also be transferred from national committees to state and local party committees as well as being used to support construction and maintenance of party headquarters] Democratic Year and type of committee Republican Receipts Disbursements Receipts Disbursements 1996 Total .8 187. . . . . . 123.329 18. . . .7 33. .9 251.9 427.300. . .746. In addition.4 2. . 272 Elections U. Total . . net 1 Contributions to candidates Monies spent on behalf of party’s nominees 2 .8 1. .099 114.410 92.6 90. press release of May 31.6 160.7 29. . .3 20. as well as other shared expenses that benefit both federal and nonfederal elections. . . . . . . . .061. . . . .0 215.3 represents $39. .7 408.533 131.483. . . . . . 124.6 4.411.353 25. .877. . Federal Election Commission.6 21. . .5 256. are not reported to the source.9 2. . .997.848. . . .9 255. .7 10. . . . .116 74.4 0. . . . Senatorial . . . .202.7 85. Party and Non-Party Political Committees. 1987-88 . . Source: U. . . . . it is used for issue advocacy. Federal Election Commission. Monies spent in the general election. . .103 24. total 1995-96. .127.0 0.4 0. . .6 31. .4 3. . .Represents zero. . . Congressional .530. . .966. . . . . . . .0 15.7 95. . .5 1.325. .3 9.S. 424.615.3 140. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . .843 44.1 243.880. Final Report.6 1. . 1 Total receipts and disbursements do not include monies transferred among the listed committees. Also excludes contributions earmarked to federal candidates through the party organizations. .419 63. . . .838 135.1 21.3 265. .861. .538 16. . . .914. . . .’’ Soft money is used to pay a portion of the overhead expenses of party organizations.977 14. . . net 1 Contributions to candidates Year and type of committee 1981-82 .9 119. . 1993-94. . 1985-86 . 92. . . . . . . . .581 1998 . . . .362. . . . . . . .8 23. . . . . . . . .No.9 214. .7 2. .401.982 56. . . 39. . . .0 3.059 127. Senatorial . net 1 Disbursements. . . . . .973 29.5 97. . .722 37. . National . .633. .gov/press/051501partyfund/tables/>. . .645 166. 3 Excludes ‘‘Other national’’ activity.709 47.717.8 1. 423.0 40. . . .562 100. .5 206. . National Party Nonfederal Activity: 1996 to 2000 [In dollars. No.415 57. .S. . .826. . .286 37. .9 0. .0 3.5 48. . . . . . .0 41.744 74. Senatorial .4 3. .711 57. . . .7 28. National . . .865. . . . .300.3 14. . .3 98. . . .3 122. . Republican Monies spent on behalf of party’s nominees 2 .3 0.858. .617. . . . also see <http://fecweb1.9 20. . . 3 . .9 3. .736 252.4 213. . . . . . and unpublished data. . .5 49. . . 1991-92 . . .5 275. . . . . . as well as generic party advertising.5 285.5 0.987.993 . . . . . . .4 165. Political Party Financial Activity by Major Political Party: 1981 to 2000 [In millions of dollars (39. FEC Reports on Financial Activity. . Senatorial committee . . .5 64.845 26. . . . .0 275. .6 2. . total 1999-00. . .1 97.010 29. . .3 267.510 44. . Receipts. . . . . .773 149.

3 191. . . Anderson 1 Carter . Bush .062 59 136 4. . biennial.9 78. . . .0 44. . Source: U. not shown separately.6 98. Buchanan . . . . . Disbursements 1 Contributions to candidates 1997-98 1999-00 2001-02 1997-98 1999-00 2001-02 1997-98 1999-00 2001-02 502. .026 41 118 4. . Amount .4 107. . . . . .3 282. .020 44 129 3. . Total receipts for the Anderson campaign. . .Represents zero.6 71. . Corporation without stock . .7 67. . . . .7 167. Clinton Perot .5 70. . . . . . .3 12.6 61. 1980 1985 1990 1995 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2. .172 1. and total expenditures were $15. . Based on FEC certifications. . . not shown separately. . Cooperative .992 1. . Final Report.206 297 576 374 42 56 3. . . . . . .3 8. .5 178. .8 91. .0 93. as the candidate of a new party. . . . .5 51. . . . . Source: U. . . . Clinton Dole . . .7 29.548 318 844 972 38 115 3.8 166.0 99. . .600. . . . .1 236. . . 2000 Amount 152. .S. .9 144.3 28. . .798 1. FED Reports on Financial Activity. . . . . . Labor . Corporate . audit reports. . .8 96. . Nonconnected .4 46. . Amount . . . . . Labor . Final Report. . Corporation without stock 1 .2 1996 Candidate Total. . .7 9.706 1. 428. . .3 14.3 128. . . . . Gore .2 656. . . . Covers campaign finance activity during 2-year calendar period indicated. . . Presidential Pre-Nomination Campaigns.2 114. . Political Action Committees—Number by Committee Type: 1980 to 2002 [As of December 31] Committee type Total .0 48. Elections 273 U.000).016 1.S. . . .7 243. . .4 64.2 - Candidate Total. .6 9. . . 1992 Amount . .6 12. No. . Census Bureau. . . . .8 29. and other disbursements. . .6 114. . . . . 62.8 61. .3 2. . . . .3 119. . . . .7 24. . .6 .0 Candidate Total. . . . 110. . .6 182. . 2 Includes other types of receipts. . . press release of January 2003.3 75.6 343. . .5 233. . Federal Election Commission. . . .7 13. . Comprises contributions to candidates. Trade/membership/health Nonconnected . . .5 579.4 29. . Federal Election Commission. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . .2 2.4 56. . . . .3 92. . . . . . independent expenditures. was permitted to raise funds privately. . .S. .700. . Federal matching funds Disbursements.7 represents $62. . . . No.9 164.6 represents $502.5 8. .2 31. Bush . Source: U. . . .674 334 815 1. .4 15. of Treasury reports] 1980 Candidate Total .9 46. . . . .0 142. . .1 2.8 3.6 238. . .8 37.6 62.4 259. . . FEC Reports on Financial Activity.795 346 774 1.000). . . . .6 144.3 158.1 111. . Presidential Campaign Finances—Federal Funds for General Election: 1980 to 2000 [In millions of dollars (62. . . Federal Election Commission. . . . 1 . .2 139.4 158.6 53. Individual contributions . 147. were $17.7 34. 1 John Anderson. .3 3. . . . . . .000).2 55. . Party and Nonparty Political Committees. and Dept. .551 1. . .003 54 142 4.6 685. . . . No.523 316 812 902 39 114 3. . .7 145.0 41. .6 66.0 234.S.1 41. . . periodic press releases.2 61. .7 141.567 321 821 935 39 115 3. . . . Cooperative . . total 2 . . . .907 1. .S. quadrennial.0 44.2 Includes other parties. Corporate . 426. . . Political Action Committees—Financial Activity Summary by Committee Type: 1997 to 2002 [In millions of dollars (502. . Reagan . . . . . . . . 427. . .8 4. . .6 67.5 136. .5 118. . . .7 137. Covers candidates who received federal matching funds or who had significant financial activity] Total Item Receipts. .4 4.835 1. 425. .8 604. .4 5.027 1.2 29.1 351.3 4.0 165. including federal funds. 1 Democratic Republican 1991-92 1995-96 1999-00 1991-92 1995-96 1999-00 1991-92 1995-96 1999-00 125.No. .7 159. . . . .3 3. . . .6 million. . . .7 3. . .4 41.2 82. . .2 represents $125.1 26. .710 388 695 1.6 219.8 187.7 4. . .528 320 975 1. . .7 4. . . . . Trade/membership/health . . Federal Election Commission.9 126.545 317 860 1. . Perot . . Covers financial activity during 2-year calendar period indicated] Receipts Committee type Total . .4 55.200. . .4 .7 470.2 49. Presidential Campaign Finances—Primary Campaign Receipts and Disbursements: 1991 to 2000 [In millions of dollars (125.055 39 110 Source: U.8 137. .6 million.

7 1. . . not shown separately.6 7.4 14. . . .8 32. . . Open seats 2 . . . Contributions to Congressional Campaigns by Political Action Committees (PAC) by Type of Committee: 1993 to 2002 [In millions of dollars (132.8 23. . . Census Bureau.7 100. . .3 7. .S. . 429. . . . . . .9 6. .2 11. as amended] House of representatives Amount (mil. . .5 18.9 14.8 1 Includes other parties.7 6. dol. . . .4 287. .S. . .8 33. . .4 226. . .3 0. .No. . . .1 2. . . . . . .4 166.3 19. .3 55 31 8 1 52 32 10 1 52 32 10 1 166. . . .9 0.9 6.2 1. . . . . . .1 161.5 157. . . . . . .7 29 28 44 47 40 13 30 23 47 Individual contributions. .4 32.4 113.5 48. general. .7 8.7 44 50 1 47 52 1 47 52 1 127. . . . .7 0.5 286.4 1.2 43.9 77. . . . . . . . . . Congressional Campaign Finances—Receipts and Disbursements: 1995 to 2000 [505.9 155.7 47. . . . . 274 Elections U. .0 89.7 51 24 20 57 21 22 57 22 21 85. . . . . . .3 33. . . Nonconnected 5 . . . . . .6 23. types of political action committees not shown separately. . .083 House of Representatives candidates and 333 Senate candidates. . . . .9 7. . . .5 38. . . . .0 7. .3 7. .6 37.8 1. . . . . . . .7 44 55 (Z) 47 53 (Z) 52 47 1 Incumbents .4 34. .0 7. . . .3 315. . . . .1 0. . .0 125. . . . . .1 287. Trade association 4 .3 205. Challengers . . . . . . .5 4. . . . .2 124.1 101. . . . .5 6. .7 6. .2 257. . . . .0 2001-02. .6 2.4 88. 221.5 5. . . . . U. . . . Source: U. .2 57. . .9 45. .0 42.3 3. . . . . 132. 206.9 124.7 361. FEC Reports on Financial Activity.5 572.7 101.3 252. . Corporate .0 253. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2003 . . .4 4. . biennial.1 119. 233. .5 113. .7 130. . .0 4. . . . Challengers . . . . 59.2 23.6 40. dol. 3 Includes other 4 Includes membership organizations and health organizations.7 2.5 12. . . .1 51.6 327. .4 78.3 211. . .8 127. . .6 193. .3 205.3 95 100 100 287. . .6 99. . Candidate loans . . 430. .8 16. . . .6 100. . . .2 45.4 9. . . . . . .3 77. . .2 29. . . . . . . . . . 258. . see Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971. .0 27. . . .6 98.5 percent. .6 152. .6 119. . Data have been adjusted to eliminate transfers between all committees within a campaign. . . . . .2 94. . Other committees .9 134. .3 20. .9 434. see Table 425] Type of committee Total 1 Democrats Republicans Incumbents Challengers Open seats 2 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 1993-94 1995-96 1997-98 1999-00 . . .8 158. .2 44.7 59 16 14 6 58 17 18 (Z) 58 12 20 4 Democrats . . . .1 31.2 4.8 102.5 12.2 44. . . . .5 46. .5 437. .1 56 24 14 60 19 21 59 21 20 81. . . . .0 46 53 1 47 52 1 47 52 1 126. . . . . For number of political action committees. . . . . . .0 150. . . . . . . . . .0 18. . . . . .0 104. . . . . .000 or 0.1 293. . . Corporate . . . .2 4.3 112. 477. . .7 100 100 100 Democrats . . . . . . . . . and special elections. . No. .S. For further information on legal limits of contributions. not shown separately.2 158. . 272. . Republicans . Trade association 4 . .4 represents 132. . . . .0 0. .4 14.9 8. .4 5. .9 68. . . .2 26.5 19. . Final Report. . FEC Reports on Financial Activity. . . . . .000. .1 3. . Others .2 102.9 19. Republicans . . Labor .2 99. . Senate and House Campaigns.2 4. . Open seats 2 . .3 2001-02.9 37.4 159.9 94. .9 134.9 123.4 233.1 130. .6 14.8 2. . . Federal Election Commission. . run-off. Labor .) 199596 199798 Percent distribution 199900 199596 199798 199900 505. . . .7 18.1 6. .6 34. . . 279. .8 79. .1 19. .8 9. . . .4 100 100 100 285. .7 193. . . . Nonconnected 5 . . .1 52. for 1999-2000 relates to 2. . .400. .1 266. . . 47. . .3 33.8 44 55 (Z) 47 53 (Z) 53 47 1 Incumbents . . .3 18. . . . Covers amounts given to candidates in primary. .) Item Total receipts 1 . .5 13. . . . . . Covers all campaign finance activity during 2-year calendar period indicated for primary.1 5. . .7 23. .1 1. run-off.5 25. .7 5. . . . . . .0 15.000).6 48. . Others .6 23.8 4. .7 80. . .4 493. .9 5. .1 30 27 43 48 39 13 30 23 47 Z Less than $50. . . . Final Report.1 153.7 21.1 8. . . . . .4 203. .9 24.8 452. . total 3 . .400. .0 100 100 100 . . .4 61. . . 2 Elections in which an Source: U. . Federal Election Commission.7 317.6 92. .0 5. . . . . . . Senate Percent distribution 199596 199798 199900 199596 199798 199900 Amount (mil.4 represents 505.1 251. . . .S. . . .1 137.4 230. .0 59. . . .8 5. . 5 Represents ‘‘ideological’’ groups as well as other issue groups not necessarily ideological in nature. . .1 135.4 155. . . . .4 255. Candidate contributions . . . . .6 20. 2 Elections in which an incumbent did not seek re-election. . . . . .9 SENATE 1993-94 1995-96 1997-98 1999-00 . .1 6. . . . . .4 7.1 15. .3 16.6 206. biennial.1 52. . total 3 . .8 119.9 18. . . . . .2 266.1 237. .7 610. and special elections during the 2-year calendar period indicated. . . . . . . . .2 4. 1 Includes other types of receipts. Party and Non-Party Political Committees. . . . . . .2 77.8 299. .0 39. .4 121.0 16. Total disbursements . . . general. incumbent did not seek re-election. .