# NSS Physics in Life (Wave Motion

)

Full Solution of Textbooks

Chapter 15
Checkpoint (p.50) 1.

Properties of Waves

For straight waves, the distance between two successive wavefronts is equal to one wavelength. The particles on the same wavefront are in phase (in phase / in antiphase). In a diagram, the ray is used to show the direction of travel of the waves. C The wavelength is
(a) crests (b)
displacement

2. 3. 4.
5.

14.5 − 12.5 = 1 cm. 2

A

distance B C

Exercise (p.51)
1. 2. 3. C A (a) Circular waves can be produced by a vibrating dipper which taps on a water surface repeatedly. (b) Light rays are bent when they cross the water-air boundary. The bright and dark fringes correspond to the crests and troughs respectively. (c)
displacement

0 0.2

t/s

4.

(a) The wavelength is 16 / 5 = 3.2 cm. The wave speed v = f = 10 × 3.2 / 100 = 0.32 m s−1.

1

If there is no energy lost. B reflected pulse 3. The reflected waves and incident waves travel at the same speed. A A Checkpoint (p.57) 1.NSS Physics in Life (Wave Motion) Full Solution of Textbooks (b) displacement A B distance (c) Checkpoint (p. frequency and travelling speeds of the reflected waves are the same as that of the incident waves.58) 1. B D A Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009 All rights reserved 2 . (c) Correct.55) 1. 2. the amplitude should be the same. 2. The phase of the wave remains unchanged after reflected at a free end. The wavelength. Exercise (p. 2. 3. (b) Incorrect. 3. (a) Incorrect.

2. Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009 All rights reserved 3 . The phase of the wave changes after it is reflected.2 cm. 3. the new wavelength is 1 / 5 = 0. Since the wave speed is higher in a deeper region. (a) plane reflector (b) source plane reflector image 5. (a) The direction of travel will bend away from the normal. (b) Checkpoint (p.62) 1.NSS Physics in Life (Wave Motion) Full Solution of Textbooks 4. implying that there is a decrease in the wave speed. 2. C Exercise (p. (a) It is a fixed end. A B Since the frequency remains unchanged. 3. 4. A Region A.62) 1. We can deduce that region A is deeper. The direction of travel of the wave bends towards the normal.

Since the frequency remains changed. the new wavelength is 0.5 = 1.NSS Physics in Life (Wave Motion) Full Solution of Textbooks (b) boundary shallow region deep region (c) The original wavelength is 1. 5.8 × 1. (a) The frequency remains unchanged.6 / 2 = 0.2 cm. (b) region A region B region C (c) region A region D Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009 All rights reserved 4 . Both the wavelength and travelling speed decrease.8 cm.

1 5 . the path difference is . 1½ . 5. the path difference is ½ .0 = 0. 4.8 − 5 . 2½ … Thus the largest wavelength is 5 . B B B D (a) The wavelength is 2.0 = 0. The second largest wavelength is 3. A B 2. (a) The distance between the antinodal lines (or nodal lines) increases. (a) If constructive interference occurs at P. 3.0 = 1.8 − 5 .8 cm.75) 1.67) 1. 5 Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009 All rights reserved . 2 The second largest wavelength is (b) If destructive interference occurs at P. 2.4 cm. 2. 2 .533 cm.8 cm.5 0. (a) no (b) no (c) yes Checkpoint (p. Exercise (p. 0 .NSS Physics in Life (Wave Motion) Full Solution of Textbooks Checkpoint (p.75) 1.8 − 5 . (b) The distance between the antinodal lines (or nodal lines) increases.0 1 .5 5 .4 / 3 = 0. 3 … Thus the largest wavelength is 5 .6 cm.8 − 5 .

7. (b) (i) interference Destructive interference occurs at P and the bead shows a slight up-and-down motion or even no motion at all. (b) (solid lines: antinodal lines. Destructive interference occurs.5 times the wavelength.5 = 3.4 − 6 = 2.5 = 1.5 = 5 cm. Path differences at points X: 4 − 2 = 2 = 2 × 2. (a) The wavelength of the waves is 10 / 4 = 2.83) 1.5 = 0.5 cm. A Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009 All rights reserved 6 .5 = 0.NSS Physics in Life (Wave Motion) Full Solution of Textbooks (b) diffraction 6. Z: 4 − 2. Destructive interference occurs.5 = 1. (c) The distance between the antinodal lines decreases. Y: 4 − 3. (a) The distance between the antinodal lines increases. Checkpoint (p. dotted lines: nodal lines) 8. (c) No. (iii) The bead vibrates up and down with an amplitude larger than that in (ii).5 = 1.5 × 2. (a) The bead moves up and down when the waves pass by. (d) The distance between the antinodal lines increases. The sources are not coherent and cannot produce a stable pattern.75 cm.25 cm. (b) The distance between the antinodal lines increases. 1.5 × 2. (ii) The path difference at P is 8. Constructive interference occurs.4 cm.

(a) The wavelength of the wave is 60 / 2. the frequency of the sound is 510 = f × 1 f = 510 Hz (b) Hazel should increase the tension of the string. (a) The wavelength is 25 × 2 = 50 cm. Also. 6. 5. They are at the nodes. b.NSS Physics in Life (Wave Motion) Full Solution of Textbooks 2. 2.83) 1. e and f. (b) Particles c and g are always at rest. h and i are in phase.5 × 2 = 1 m. (a) The wavelength of the wave is 0. 4. (b) The wavelength is 25 cm. Applying v = f .5 = 24 cm. (a) (b) A (c) B 3. h and i are in antiphase with particles d. Exercise (p. b. 3. (b) (i) particle B (ii) particle C (iii) particles A and D (iv) particles A and D (v) particle B (c) A C B D Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009 All rights reserved 7 . Particles a. e and f are in phase. particles d. (c) The wavelength is 25 / 2 = 12.5 cm. D D A (a) Particles a.

(a) (1A for the direction of the reflected pulse. D 12. 1A for the shape of the wavefront) vibrating dipper 14. 4. 2.88) 1.NSS Physics in Life (Wave Motion) Full Solution of Textbooks (d) (i) s 0 t T (ii) s 0 t T Chapter Exercise (p. 8. Its wavelength and travelling speed Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009 All rights reserved 8 . 9. 6. A D D B D C D C A 10. 3. (a) Its frequency remains unchanged (1A). 5. 7. D 11. D 13. 1A for the shape of the wavefront) (b) (1A for the direction of the reflected pulse.

The bright and dark fringes correspond to the crests and troughs respectively (1A). (b) (1A for decrease wavelength. (a) diffraction (1A) (b) Decrease the slit width (1A) or decrease the frequency of vibration of the straight bar (1A). The degree of diffraction becomes smaller (1A).NSS Physics in Life (Wave Motion) Full Solution of Textbooks decrease (1A). (1A for a correct diagram) 16. 1A for direction of travel) shallow region vibrating straight bar 15. so that the wave pattern in the ripple tank will not be interfered (1A). 17. (a) Light rays are bent when they cross the water-air boundary (1A). (c) Water waves can spread to the ships behind the shelter (1A). (b) (1A for using 3 barriers. (1A for a correct diagram) bright dark bright screen light source (b) reflection (1A) and diffraction (1A) (c) There is no change in the direction of travel of the reflected waves (1A). (a) The design is to reduce any reflection of water waves (1A). 1A for correct wavefronts) Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009 All rights reserved 9 .

19.01 m. 18. B and C are at rest.e.02 = 0.02 m. Decrease the frequency of vibration of the dipper. The frequency is 5 / 2 = 2. are vibrating up and down (1A).NSS Physics in Life (Wave Motion) Full Solution of Textbooks dipper (c) Decrease the distance between the slits. (c) (1A for correct shape. Particle B is moving upwards. the travelling speed is 2.5 Hz. They do not always stay at the crests. the new wavelength is only half of the original. 1A for correct positions of the particles) Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009 All rights reserved 10 .05 m s . 0. Therefore. constructive interference occurs at Q (1A). The water particles.1 − 0.01 m (1M) which is equal to the path difference (1M).09 = 0. (a) The wavelength is 0.5 × 0. When the frequency is doubles. (a) (i) (1A for correct shape) −1 (1A) (1A) (1A) (1A) (1M+1A) (1A) (1A) (1M) displacement fixed end A B C 0 distance (ii) (1A for correct shape) displacement B 0 A C fixed end distance (b) (i) Particles A. though having the largest amplitude.1 / 5 = 0. (b) constructive interference: P and R destructive interference: Q (c) The path difference at Q is 0. Applying v = f . (d) No (1A). (2A) (1A) (1A) (ii) Particles A and C are at rest. i.

it is probable that the standard frequency produced by the A string is lower in the past.NSS Physics in Life (Wave Motion) Full Solution of Textbooks A B C fixed end (1A) 20. (HKCEE 2004 P1 Q5) (HKCEE 2005 P1 Q5) 23. The tsunami waves are slowed down in this region. implying that the water depth is smaller (1A). (f) Wilson is not correct (1A). (b) (1A for correct shape) direction of travel of the reflected pulse free end (c) (i) (1A for correct shape) free end (ii) (1A for correct shape) free end 21. 22. In this sense. they can spread to the region due to diffraction and refraction. The displacement of water is perpendicular to the direction of travel of the wave (1A). (a) The speed is higher for a lighter string. 1500 × 10 3 Thus the travelling speed is 208 m s−1. (d) The time needed to travel from the epicentre to the Sri Lanka is 2 hours or 2 × 60 × 60 = 7200 s. (b) Its wavelength and travelling speed decrease. (1A) (2A) (2A) (c) Region A is a ridge (1A). 24. (a) Tsunami wave is a transverse wave (1A). (1M+1A) 7200 (e) Though tsunami waves do not travel directly to the coastal areas. a huge amount of energy (1A) from the epicentre to the South India. The waves do not carry matter (water) but carries Pearson Education Asia Limited 2009 All rights reserved 11 . (a) transverse stationary wave (b) mass per unit length of the string (1A) and the tension in the string (1A) (c) Materials in the past can only withstand a relatively low tension (1A) and it may not be easy to produce sounds of high frequencies (1A).