Reliable management of wastewater solids

Metso Total Solids Transmitter

Dry Cake The objective is to seek efficient combustion of the wastewater solids while minimizing fossil fuel consumption. optimized total solids content in the sludge entering the digesters helps to achieve better process control and significant savings. Metso Total Solids Transmitter (Metso TS) represents the new microwave technology for the waste water industry. Excess sludge is usually removed from the sedimentation basins at fixed intervals. thus lowering their energy consumption and maintenance costs. the waste load burdening our environment has become greater than ever. and thus optimizing sludge quality early on in the process. Sludge pumping control based on reliable total solids measurement. better utilization rate in energy production Higher pumping capacity means higher water processing volumes and helps to postpone investments Better utilization of solids transportation capacity Lower polymer consumption Highly efficient use of dewatering centrifuges Less laboratory analysis Provides higher solids content in sludge more electric energy can be produced and transferred for the aeration of biological reactors. Better dewatering efficiency in turn reduces sludge transport csts and improves incineration efficiency if the sludge is eventually burned. It measures and controls total solids for optimum process performance. Lower energy consumption in dewatering. The combustion of the biosolids in the incinerator is achieved by preheating a chamber at the bottom of the incinerator with Natural Gas and feeding the biosolids (sludge) into a fluidized sand bed in the main reactor. dewatering equipment can be run for shorter times.Metso Total Solids Transmitter Effective management of sludge reduces capital and operating costs Over the past decades. As the entering sludge with optimized total solids content needs less heating energy. which means that from time to time only water is pumped to sludge handling. The measures applied to combat this trend include steadily tightening environmental protection regulations. The purpose of sludge thickening and pumping control is to increase the solids content high enough for either water removal or digestion. In order Digester feed Maintaining a high. While these are ultimately necessary and beneficial to us all. is vital for the whole sludge handling procedure. and a higher intake digester capacity means that new investments can be postponed. At the same time the quality of both the dewatered sludge and centrate water is stabilized. performed as efficiently and economically as possible. Dewatering Significant savings can be achieved through better dewatering control: a reliable total solids measurement helps to optimize polymer dosing and thus reduce polymer costs. Moreover. meeting the new targets is a challenge for wastewater treatment processes. even . Metso TS benefits: Metso TS Applications Sludge pumping from primary & secondary sedimentations / Feed to Thickening The principal goal of a sludge process is water removal. This will decrease electricity costs. Sludge digestion time can be increased to produce more biogas. Metso focuses on developing new measurement technologies which help to ensure a cleaner environment for us and for future generations.

fuel can also be injected into the reactor depending on the temperature of the fluidized sand bed. Influent Public Channel Network Screen Grease & Grit Removal Primary Clarifier Primary Clarifier Biological Treatment Aeration Secondary Clarifier Effluent Line Sand Filter Chlorination / Dechlorination UV Disinfection xxxxxxxxxxxx Fecal Station Primary Sludge (PS) Return Activated Sludge (RAS) Waste Activated Sludge (WAS) Gas Sludge Disposal Flocculant Preparation Sludge Thickening Sludge Digester Sludge Dewatering .Metso's environmental business includes products and services that reduce the environmental load. Also. Therefore. The Metso TS can be installed in the feed line to the incinerator. This window into this process will also bring significant energy cost savings. it is much too late to adjust the burning process. which is a long tedious process. ranging from a few weeks to a few months according to the size of the plant. the only effective way to measure this was by manual laboratory analysis. Lubrication water is added in order to minimize friction. one of the key parameters for optimizing the process is the percent dry solids of the sludge being pumped to the incinerator. Fewer laboratory analyses Metso TS measures total solids continuously and reliably in all applications. the operator can now proactively adjust the feed rate of both the natural gas and the fuel oil based on the incoming solids of the sludge. Until recently. Using the Metso TS. immediately after the sludge cake pump. and also helps to reduce the amount of laboratory work required. Notable savings in energy Microwave transmitters have given excellent results in the total solids measurement of wastewater plants. to maintain a preset temperature range in the main reactor. when the results of the analysis are obtained. The achieved energy savings alone are enough to ensure a short investment payback period.

Microwave-based transmitters are not affected by changes in process conditions. Its use. . In addition to its superior measurement technology. thus allowing reliable single-point calibration. Metso TS uses ceramic sensors that are resistant to dirt accumulation and give extremely good. microwave technology has many advantages over other types of total solids measurements: The start-up and calibration performed within a few minutes. Together with the conventional Operating Unit. production rate. combining cost-efficiency with the extreme accuracy of microwave technology. long-term stability. or contamination. the microwave-based transmitter is also practically maintenance free. PROFIBUS PA or Foundation Fieldbus and DTM-descriptions provide connectivity with FDT-based configuration and operation monitoring systems. The time of flight is dependent on the permittivity of the measured medium. you are able to see and do more for the optimum measurement. The new transmitter meets the needs of wastewater treatment plants – with no compromises in accuracy. Communication Interfacing with plant control systems is ensured with modern solutions: Metso TS is available for mA+HART. Now available for wastewater Metso TS has been developed from third generation microwave solids transmitters. whereas the permittivity of water is considerably different. No reaction to changes in the composition of solids. Measurement Principle Advantages In wastewater processes. such as raw material quality. The transmitter flow through design gives a representative measurement and eliminates effectively risk of the plugging. For organic substances it is practically constant. Modern communication technology provides a better interface to transmitters operations.Metso Total Solids Transmitter Robust in the most difficult applications History of the technology For more than ten years Metso's microwave-based solid content transmitters have been used in the process industry for highly demanding applications. due to representative method of measurement. The basic principle is that the transmitter measures the time of flight of a microwave signal in the process medium. specifications) The currently used transmitters are mostly optical and strong contamination – mainly limestone buildup – makes them drift out of range and increases maintenance costs. Impurities on the ceramic measurement antenna have minimal impact on results. Other selectable current output signal: either process temperature or process conductivity (ref. particularly in the pulp and paper industry has become almost synonymous with superior accuracy. therefore practically maintenance-free. Operating environments are much more benign outside the pulp and paper industry with its high temperatures and aggressive chemicals. No moving parts. and this provided a good opportunity to cut the cost of the measurement. thus the measured change in permittivity allows us to calculate the total solids content in the medium.

Savings on heating costs/ a Needed heating energy (MWh) Saved gas m³ Produced energy (MWh) Savings / a (kEUR) 2.0 / 37.4 5. pe= 760. Ceramic gasket Viton.3 121 187 147 1358 1813 Metso TS is provided with HART® communication and it can be connected to a Metso FieldCare condition monitoring system.5 bar (22 psi). Simrit 483 IP 65 (NEMA 4) 90…260 VAC / 0.7 15 % 8 880 244 863 1 245 74. Process conditions pH-range Process temperature Operating pressure Vibration max. Pressure rating Metso TS enables optimum process controls and cost savings in many different applications. TCU Enclosure class Operating voltage Outputs: Current output Secondary output Inputs: binary inputs Communication Optimum polymer dosage can be defined only by a reliable solid content measurement. No entrained air.0 / 22. If more than 16 % TS. please consult Metso ±0. please consult Metso 20 m/s2. isolated 12 – 48 VDC PC-connection RS-232 PROFIBUS PA Foundation™ Fieldbus Support for Metso FieldCare 2. PN100 bar (1440 psi) option for FT100/150/200 (4”/6”/8”) sensors. Depending on process capacity. Savings on pumping costs Primary sludge pumping (MWh) Digested sludge pumping (MWh) Centrifugal pumping (MWh) Centrifugal running hours (MWh) Total energy consumption (MWh) Total savings on pumping (MWh) Savings / a (kEUR) 3. Savings on laboratory work Savings / a (kEUR) Total savings / a (kEUR) Energy price in this example: 0. the return of investment can be surprisingly short. .1 A Total solids 4 – 20 mA + HART® 18 to 35 VDC Process temperature/Conductivity 4 – 20 mA 18 – 35 VDC 2 inputs.5 24. If less than1.0 96. HART® is a registered trademark of Hart Communication Foundation.7 10.0 126.001 %Cs 1 to 99 s -20…+70°C (-4…+158°F). 10 – 200 Hz PN16 bar (232 psi) standard.0 29.5 0…+100°C (+32…+212 °F) Recommended minimum process pressure >1.On-site results Microwave technology provides excellent correlation to laboratory results. AISI 316L. Metso TS sensors Enclosure class Wetted materials Typical fluctuation of primary sludge solids. saving of 20% in polymer costs can be achieved.3 5.000 Primary sludge: Solids content increase 10 % 9 402 163 242 830 49.7 5. Operating Unit.01%Cs 0.5 / 54.9 115 178 140 1290 1723 90 5.7 97 150 118 1087 1452 361 21. it is important to measure and control solids independently of discharge sequences.06 EUR/kWh Conductivity maximum limits in different process temperatures and sensors weights: 30°C / 86°F (mS/cm) 20 % 8 358 326 484 1 662 99.0 FT 50 /2” FT 100 /4” FT 150 /6” FT 200 /8” FT 250 /10” FT 300 /12” 25 18 13 12 12 10 10447 9 925 81 621 415 24.0 50°C / 122°F (mS/cm) 25 15 12 11 11 9 weight (kg/lbs) 8. Energy consumption (MWh) 5% 1.0 13. protect from direct heat radiation IP 65 (NEMA 4) FT sensors AISI 316.0 35.8 109 169 132 1222 1632 181 10.5 bar (22 psi). Specifications Measuring range Repeatability Sensitivity Damping Ambient temperature 0 – 35 % TS. Especially in multiclarifier systems.4 Example: WWTP.9 5.7 103 159 125 1154 1541 272 16.5 / 18.0 65. Foundation™ Fieldbus is a trademark of Fieldbus Foundation.0 17. A reliable measurement reduces tremendously the need of laboratory analyses.5 – 11.0 / 64.5 / 30.

com/consistency B6303. Kehräämöntie 3.Metso TS references Scandinavia North America Finland Russia Central Europe Asia South America Metso TS content of delivery Metso TS sensor unit Transmitters central unit Sensor cable 10m Operating manual Metso Automation Inc. Subject to change without prior notice. .O. FI-87101 Kajaani.. fax +358 20 483 121 www. +358 20 483 120. tel. P.2-EN © Metso Automation 3/2011. Finland. Product names in this brochure are all trademarks of Metso Corporation.metso.Box 177.