- Conduction 1
- Enhancement of heat transfer on Engine Cylinder Block
- Heat Transfer
- heat transfer Project
- Industrial Instrumentation I Question Bank 1
- 6th Sem Mech Mid Sem Question Bank-1
- Heat Conduction Equation
- Syl of 6 sem
- A Thermal Model for PV Systems
- 4 Temperature Measurement
- rr320306-heat-transfer
- Finite Volume Method For Predicting Radiant heat transfer
- 28298579 Piping Steam Tracing Design Guide
- Chapter 1 - Heat Transfer
- 21797632-Student-Handout-Science-F1.ppt
- ISO 7243 (Heat Stress)
- mechsyll6.pdf
- Bondaire 13 Seer Spec Price Sheet
- OTC14118 downhole heat loss.pdf
- 12-ME9702
- Lecture - Convective Heat Transfer
- thermal-oil-technology-technical-investigation-report-sd-march-2010.pdf
- Radiation Fundamentals
- m243_ch13
- bulletin2005_03abs02
- HT+305.pdf
- ecp072719
- A Control Strategy for High Production Aluminum Furnaces
- GATE 2017 ME Syllabus
- Phy Toppersamplepaper 5 Solution0
- 41 Mca Nr Software Engineering
- r05320403 Microwave Engineering
- 43-Mca-Or-Design and Analysis of Algorithm
- r6 42 Mca Advanced Java Programming Set1
- 42 Mca Nr Programming in Java
- r6 43 Mca Data Warehousing and Mining Set1
- 41 Mca or Software Engineering
- r05320305 Design of Machine Members II
- r05320205 Switchgear and Protection
- r5 401 Mba Strategic Management Set1
- 41 Mca Nr Software Engineering
- r5 402 Mba Management of Technology Set1
- 43-Mca-Or-Design and Analysis of Algorithm
- r5 401 Mba Strategic Management Set1
- Rr322305 Immunology
- r6 43 Mca Data Warehousing and Mining Set1
- r6 34 Mca Management Information Systems Set1
- r6 48 Mca Mobile Computing Set1
- r6 33 Mca Unix Networks Programming Set1
- r5 305 Mba Retailing Management Set1
- r5 304 Mba Enterprise Resource Planning
- Or 32 Mcacomputer Communication Networks
- r6 47 Mca Distributed Operating Systems Set1
- Nr-35-Mca-Design and Analysis of Algorithm
- r5 410 Mba Management of Change Set1
- Nr 302 Mba Cost and Management Accounting Set1
- Nr 31 Mca Database Management Systems
- Or 34 Mca Management Information Systems
- r5 408 Mba Decision Support Systems Set1
- Nr 305 Mba Retailing Management Set1

FURNACE TECHNOLOGY AND PYROMETRY (Metallurgy and Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) c) 2.a)

Set No.

1

Define the steady state heat transfer. Explain the role of heat transfer by convection and radiation in metallurgical furnaces. Derive an equation for conduction through homogeneous plane wall. Derive the following equation for conduction under un-steady state ∂t ∂ 2t =α 2 ∂τ ∂x A furnace wall consists of fire brick (K=12x10-1 w/m/oC), insulating brick (K=1x10-1 w/m/oC) and red brick (K=18x10-1 w/m/oC) with thickness of 0.1 m of each. The inside and outside temperatures are 1200 and 200oC. Find heat loss through this composite wall and temperature of interfaces. Derive Newton-Rikman law for a fluid in contact with a solid boundary. Describe types of heat exchangers based on temperature distribution. A quantity of 20x103 kg/hr of water is to be heated in a counter flow heat exchanger from 30oC to 90oC. Hot gases used for heating water enter the exchanger at 300oC and leave 200oC. What is the overall heat transfer coefficient, if the total surface area is 3000 sq.m. What is a black body? Explain Planck’s law of monochromatic radiation of a black body. Two parallel infinitely large plates are temperatures of 1500 and 600oC with emissivities of 0.8 and 0.5. Calculate radiant interchange. Explain luminous flame. Describe characteristic features of open hearth furnace with a neat diagram. Explain electric resistance tube furnace.

b)

3.a) b) c)

4.a) b) c) 5.a) b)

Contd….2

Code No:NR211802 6.a) b) c) d)

-2-

Set No:1

What is Seebeck effect? What are the required properties of thermo-couples? Explain use of potentiometer for measuring emf of a thermo-couple. A milli-voltmeter with a resistance of 15 ohms is calibrated to read correctly when couple and lead resistance equal 3 ohms. If it increases to 4 ohms. Determine % error in readings of milli-voltmeter. What is Wein’s law of monochromatic radiation? Explain principle, construction and use of F&F optical pyrometer (Wedge type). What is the effect of reflection on optical pyrometer readings. Explain platinum temperatures. Describe principle and use of Fery metal spiral radiation pyrometer and mention the advantages of radiation pyrometers. An optical pyrometer sighted upon inside of a hallow metal wedge read as 1500oC. When focused upon outside, the apparent temperature was read as 1350oC. What is the emissivity of the metal. ---

7.a) b) c) 8.a) b) c)

Code No:NR211802 II B.Tech. I-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003. FURNACE TECHNOLOGY AND PYROMETRY (Metallurgy and Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) c) 2.a) Define steady state heat transfer. Compare natural convection with forced-convection. Derive an equation for conduction through composite cylindrical wall.

Set No.

2

b)

Derive the following equation under un-steady state conduction. ∂t ∂ 2t =α 2 ∂τ ∂x An annealing oven is constructed of brick (K=1.6x10-1 w/m/oC). The inside dimensions are 3x2x1m. Wall thickness is 0.1m. The inner and outer surface temperatures are 800 and 100oC. Determine heat loss per day. Why is convective heat transfer complicated? Describe types of heat exchangers based on temperature distribution. Two fluids in a heat exchanger are separated by a plane steel wall of 0.01m thick (K=400x10-1 w/m/oC). The film co-efficients are 6 and 3 kw/m2/oC. Determine rate of heat exchange for a mean temperature difference of 120oC. Define emissivity and explain economic thickness of insulation. Calculate net radiant interchange between very large parallel planes at temperatures 900 and 600oC. The emissivities of hot and cold planes are 0.9 and 0.7. Explain heat transfer through air spaces. Describe characteristic features of Blast furnace and explain its developments. Explain heat balance of a furnace. What is the principle involved in thermo-electric pyrometer? Explain thermo-pile and its use. Explain preparation and calibration of thermo-couples. A milli-voltmeter with a resistance of 25 ohms is calibrated to read correctly when couple and lead resistance equal 3 ohms. If it increases to 5 ohms. Determine % error in readings of milli-voltmeter. Contd…..2

3.a) b) c)

4.a) b) c) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) c) d)

Code No:NR211802 7.a) b) c) 8.a) b) c)

-2-

Set No:2

What is the principle involved in optical pyrometers? Explain principle, construction and use of pyro-optical pyrometer. What is the effect of absorption on optical pyrometer readings? What is callendar’s correction? Explain the principle and use of pyro-pyrometer and mention the draw backs of radiation pyrometers. A dis-appearing optical pyrometer requires currents of 349 and 456 mA for brightness match at 800 and 1200oC. What current should be required at 1000 and 1300oC assuming scale law of 1 A = 2/3 + B T I ---

Code No:NR211802 II B.Tech. I-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003. FURNACE TECHNOLOGY AND PYROMETRY (Metallurgy and Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) c)

Set No.

3

What is the importance of heat transfer to Metallurgical tings? Compare heat transfer by radiation with conduction and convection. Derive an equation for conduction through a plane homogeneous wall whose K is given by K= α+βt. Explain graphical solution of un-steady state conduction. The temperature distribution across a wall of 1m thick at certain instant of time is given by t=900-300x-50x2 when t is in oC and x in m. Determine (i) the rate of heat entering, leaving and stored (ii) the rate of change of temperature at x=0.2 and 0.8m. Given that e=2250 kg/m3. Cp=2.5x10-1 WH/kg/oC K=0.8 W/moC. What is the significance of Grashaff number and Naisselt number in convection. What is the general basis of dimensional analysis used in connection? In a heat exchanger, water enters at 90oC and leaves at 50oC. Another fluid enters at 30oC and leaves at 60oC determine log mean temperature difference for (i) counter flow and (ii) parallel flow. What is emissivity? Derive Kirchhoff’s law of radiation. Determine net radiation between the floor and roof of a furnace each 3x3m located 2m apart. Emissivities of roof and floor are 0.7 and 0.9. The floor and roof temperatures are 1400 and 900oC. Explain non-luminous flame. Describe characteristic features of electric arc furnace with a neat diagram. Explain heat losses in furnaces.

2.a) b)

3.a) b) c)

4.a) b) c) 5.a) b)

Contd…..2

Code No:NR211802 6.a) b) c) d)

-2-

Set No:3

What is Thomson’s effect? Explain thermo-electric power of thermo-couples. Explain cold junction corrections of thermo-couples. The hot and cold junctions of a thermo-couple remain at constant temperatures. If the resistance of couple and leads changes from 2 to 3 ohms, the emf across millivoltmeter drops by 0.2%. Determine the resistance of the milli-volt meter. What is Planck’s law of monochromatic radiation? Explain the principle, construction and use of dis-appearing filament optical pyrometer (Morse type). What is the effect of distance on optical pyrometer readings? Explain resistance measurement by wheat stone bridge. Explain principle and use of fixed focus radiation pyrometer (Foster pyrometer). In F and F optical pyrometer, a temperature of 1000oC requires a setting of 41o and 1400oC is balanced at 72o. What position should be required for a temperature of 1200oC. ---

7.a) b) c) 8.a) b) c)

Code No:NR211802 II B.Tech. I-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003. FURNACE TECHNOLOGY AND PYROMETRY (Metallurgy and Material Technology) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) c) 2.a) b) What is the importance of heat transfer in Metallurgical furnaces? Compare conduction with convection. Derive an equation for conduction through homogeneous cylindrical wall.

Set No.

4

Explain graphical solution of un-steady state conduction. A furnace operating at 1400oC has wall of two layers 0.2m fire brick (K=21x10-1 w/m/oC) and insulation 0.1m thickness (K=2.5x10-1 w/m/oC). Outside wall temperature is 200oC. Estimate the rate of heat loss and maximum temperature in the insulation. What is the significance of Reynolds number and Prandl number in convection. What are the main advantages of dimensional analysis in convection? Calculate the overall heat transfer co-efficient based on outer area for a condenser tube (K=600x10-1 w/m/oC) having outside and inside diameters of 0.03 and 0.02m. Steam side and water side film co-efficients are 6 and 5 kw/m2/oC. What is white body? Explain Stefan-Boltzmann’s law of total radiation. Two equal parallel discs of 1m dia are located 0.5m apart directly opposite each other. The temperatures of the discs are 800 and 500oC. Determine net radiant heat transfer. F12=F21=0.38. What combined co-efficient of convection and radiation? Describe characteristic features of Cupola and explain its developments. Describe induction furnace. Mention its advantages and draw backs. What is Peltier effect? Compare noble metal thermo-couples with base metal thermo-couples. Explain use of milli-voltmeter for measuring emf of a thermocouple. The resistance of thermo-couple and its leads is 3 ohms. The hot junction remaining constant, the emf of the couple is read successively by a potentiometer and milli-voltmeter as 25 and 24.2 mV. Calculate the resistance of the milli-voltmeter. Contd…..2

3.a) b) c)

4.a) b) c) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) c) d)

Code No:NR211802 7.a) b) c) 8.a) b) c)

-2-

Set No:4

What are the reasons for using red filters in optical pyrometers over others? Compare Leeds and Northrup optical pyrometer with Fisher and Fery optical pyrometer. What is the effect of emissivity on optical pyrometer readings? Explain resistance measurement by potentiometer. Describe principle and use of Fery radiation pyrometer. A certain furnace has an apparent temperature of 1100oC. When measured by an optical pyrometer sighted upon the furnace through a glass window. If an additional window similar to the first is interposed, the apparent temperature is found to be 1060oC. What is the true temperature of the furnace? ---

- Conduction 1Uploaded bySabDiazSameem
- Enhancement of heat transfer on Engine Cylinder BlockUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Heat TransferUploaded byAhndy Ybanez
- heat transfer ProjectUploaded bysubratoraj
- Industrial Instrumentation I Question Bank 1Uploaded byFeroz Ahamed
- 6th Sem Mech Mid Sem Question Bank-1Uploaded bydharmesh
- Heat Conduction EquationUploaded byMayur PK
- Syl of 6 semUploaded bymrigank2014
- A Thermal Model for PV SystemsUploaded bySyamimi Saadon
- 4 Temperature MeasurementUploaded byAhmed Mohamed Eldyasty
- rr320306-heat-transferUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Finite Volume Method For Predicting Radiant heat transferUploaded byRajibulAlam
- 28298579 Piping Steam Tracing Design GuideUploaded byJames Butes
- Chapter 1 - Heat TransferUploaded byPoonam Nekitsing
- 21797632-Student-Handout-Science-F1.pptUploaded byLalitha Pramaswaran
- ISO 7243 (Heat Stress)Uploaded bych_ahmedfouad3431
- mechsyll6.pdfUploaded byDeva Raj
- Bondaire 13 Seer Spec Price SheetUploaded bybondsupply
- OTC14118 downhole heat loss.pdfUploaded by1mmahoney
- 12-ME9702Uploaded byankit007est
- Lecture - Convective Heat TransferUploaded byPaul Bryan Ocampo
- thermal-oil-technology-technical-investigation-report-sd-march-2010.pdfUploaded bySandy Kasananta
- Radiation FundamentalsUploaded byJay
- m243_ch13Uploaded byDima Tiberiu
- bulletin2005_03abs02Uploaded bySeindahNya
- HT+305.pdfUploaded byHarsha
- ecp072719Uploaded byHanaa Karawia
- A Control Strategy for High Production Aluminum FurnacesUploaded bycabiesessac
- GATE 2017 ME SyllabusUploaded byjnanesh
- Phy Toppersamplepaper 5 Solution0Uploaded byGurvinder Singh

- 41 Mca Nr Software EngineeringUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r05320403 Microwave EngineeringUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- 43-Mca-Or-Design and Analysis of AlgorithmUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r6 42 Mca Advanced Java Programming Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- 42 Mca Nr Programming in JavaUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r6 43 Mca Data Warehousing and Mining Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- 41 Mca or Software EngineeringUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r05320305 Design of Machine Members IIUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r05320205 Switchgear and ProtectionUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r5 401 Mba Strategic Management Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- 41 Mca Nr Software EngineeringUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r5 402 Mba Management of Technology Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- 43-Mca-Or-Design and Analysis of AlgorithmUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r5 401 Mba Strategic Management Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Rr322305 ImmunologyUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r6 43 Mca Data Warehousing and Mining Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r6 34 Mca Management Information Systems Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r6 48 Mca Mobile Computing Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r6 33 Mca Unix Networks Programming Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r5 305 Mba Retailing Management Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r5 304 Mba Enterprise Resource PlanningUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Or 32 Mcacomputer Communication NetworksUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r6 47 Mca Distributed Operating Systems Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Nr-35-Mca-Design and Analysis of AlgorithmUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r5 410 Mba Management of Change Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Nr 302 Mba Cost and Management Accounting Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Nr 31 Mca Database Management SystemsUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Or 34 Mca Management Information SystemsUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- r5 408 Mba Decision Support Systems Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Nr 305 Mba Retailing Management Set1Uploaded bySrinivasa Rao G