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Supplementary Examinations April/May, 2003

Set No.

ENGINEERING MECHANICS (Common to Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy and Material Technology and Aeronautical Engineering.) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five question All questions carry equal marks --1. a) What do you understand by a force and a force system. Classify the force systems. b) Two smooth cylinders, each of weight W=1000N and radius 15cm, are connected at their centres by a string AB of length 40cm; and rest up on a horizontal plane, supporting above them a third cylinder of weight 2000N and radius 15cm as shown in the figure below. Find the force in the string AB and the pressure produced on the floor at the points of contact D and E.

1

2. a) b)

What do you understand by Friction. Explain the laws of friction. Two blocks each weighing 200kg are to be pushed apart by a 30o wedge block. The angle of friction for all contacting surfaces is 15 o. What value of P is required to start and move the blocks apart? How would this answer be changed if the weight of one block is changed to 300kg.

Fig.2 Contd…2

Code No.: NR-10105 3. a) b)

.2.

Set No. 1

Differentiate between centre of gravity and centroid. Derive an equation to find the centroid of a arc of a circle. Locate the centre of gravity of the bent wire shown in the figure below. The wire is homogeneous and of uniform in cross section.

Fig.3 4. a) b) Determine the product of Inertia of a quarter circle with respect to given axes shown in fig. 4(a). Compute the value of Ix for the triangular area shown in the figure 4(b) below. Fig. 4(a) Fig. 4(b)

5. a) b)

Derive an expression for the Length of a flat belt in standard form. A belt embraces the shorter pulley by an angle of 165 o and runs at a speed of 1700 m/min. Dimensions of the belt are width 80cm and thickness 8mm. The mass density of belt is 1gm/cm3. Determine the maximum power that can be transmitted at the above speed if the maximum permissible stress in the belt is not to exceed 250N/cm2 and coefficient of friction is 0.25.

Contd…3

Code No.: NR-10105 6. a) b)

.3.

Set No.1

Explain the terms Normal component of acceleration and tangential component of acceleration coupled with Curvi linear translation. A two step pulley supports two weights P and Q as shown in the figure below. Find the downward acceleration of P. Assume P = 40N and Q = 60N. r 1 = 2r2. Neglect friction and Inertia of pulleys.

7. a) b)

Explain the principle of work energy for a Rigid body. A roller of mass 600kg and radius r = 0.25m is pushed with a constant force P=850N on a rough horizontal plane as shown in the figure below. If the roller starts from rest and rolls without slipping, find the distance required to be rolled if it is to acquire a velocity of 3m/sec.

8. a) b)

Explain the terms Mechanical vibrations, free vibrations and Forced vibrations. Derive the general expression for the time period of a simple pendulum. ###

FOR 2000 AND 2001 BATCH Code No. NR-10105 I-B.Tech. Supplementary Examinations April/May, 2003

Set No.

ENGINEERING MECHANICS (Common to Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy and Material Technology and Aeronautical Engineering.) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five question All questions carry equal marks --1.

2

Fig.1 . The forces on the gusset plate of a joint in a bridge truss act as shown in figure1. Determine the magnitudes of the two forces P and F to maintain equilibrium of the joint. 2.

Fig.2

Contd…2

Code No.: NR-10105 .2. Set No. 2 A vertical load of 1100N is supported by the three bars as shown in figure 2. Points O, C and D are on the horizontal plane (i.e., XZ plane) while point B is 5m above the XZ plane. Point A is along the Y axis, at a height of 20m from the XZ plane. 3.

Fig.3 Find the least value of P that will just start the system of blocks moving to the right. The coefficient of friction between each block and plane is 0.3. 4.

Fig.4 Determine the centroid of the plane area shown above. 5. Fig.5

Contd…3

Code No.: NR-10105

.3.

Set No. 2

Find the moment of inertia of the are as shown in the figure below about (a) the X-and Y-axes passing through O. (b) The centroidal X and Y axes. 6. A car of mass 2000kg is negotiating a curve of radius of curvature 200m. The road is banked at an angle of 30o with horizontal. The distance between the right and left tyres is 1.75m and the centre of gravity of the car is at a height of 0.9m from the ground. If the coefficient of friction between tyres and road is 0.6, find the maximum speed the car can have without skidding?

Fig.6 7. a) The angular acceleration of a flywheel increases from 3 rad per sec2 to 9 rad per sec2 in an interval of 6 sec. If its angular velocity was 12 rad per sec at the start of the interval, compute the number of revolutions made during the 6 sec.

Fig.7 b) The pulley assembly as shown in the figure.7 has a mass of 75kg and a centroidal radius of gyration of 90cm. The blocks are attached to the assembly by cords wrapped around the pulleys. Determine the acceleration of each body and the tension in each cord. A solid circular disc of mass 15kg and having a diameter 1m is suspended at its midpoint horizontally from the end of a vertical steel wire 1m long and 3mm in diameter. The shear modulus of elasticity for the wire is G=80MPa. Find the period of torsional vibration. Contd…4

8. a)

Code No.: NR-10105 b)

.4.

Set No. 2

Fig. The propeller shaft of a ship can be approximated to a solid shaft of constant diameter supporting two heavy discs at the two ends as shown above. Obtain the formula for the natural frequency of the above system in terms of the mass moments of inertia I1 and I2, shaft length L, polar areal moment of inertia of the cross section if the shaft J and rigidity modulus of the shaft material. ###

FOR 2000 AND 2001 BATCH Code No. NR-10105 I-B.Tech. Supplementary Examinations April/May, 2003

Set No.

ENGINEERING MECHANICS (Common to Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy and Material Technology and Aeronautical Engineering.) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five question All questions carry equal marks --1. Three bars, pinned together at B and C and supported by hinges at A and D as shown in the figure below, form a four-link mechanism. Determine the value of P that will prevent motion.

3

Fig.1 2. The plate as shown in the figure below carries a load of 4000N applied at point E(which is located 4m from D), and is supported in a horizontal position by three cables A'A, B'B and C'C. Find the tension in each cable. Note that CD is perpendicular to AB.

Fig.2 3. Block A as shown in the figure 3 below weighs 500N, Block B weighs 800N and the cord is parallel to the incline. If the coefficient of friction for all contact is 0.25, determine the angle θ of the incline for which motion of B impends. Contd…2

Code No. NR-10105

.2.

Set No. 3

Fig.3 4. Locate the centroid of the shaded area as shown in the figure below

Fig.4 5. Determine the moment of inertia of the shaded area as shown in the figure below about the y-axis.

Fig.5 Contd…3

Code No. NR-10105

.2.

Set No. 3

6. Determine the tension in the cord supporting body C as shown in the figure below. The pulleys are frictionless and of negligible weight.

Fig.6 7. For the system of connected bodies as shown in the figure 7, the initial angular velocity of the compound pulley B is 6 rad per sec counter clockwise and weight D is decelerating at the constant rate of 1m/s2. What distance will A travel before coming to rest?

Fig.7 8. An 80-kg mass is suspended vertically from the end of a spring whose modulus is 40N/cm. The weight is pulled down 15cm below the equilibrium position and then released. Find the velocity of the mass as it passes through the equilibrium position and also its frequency of vibration (b) Check the velocity using the work energy principle. ###

FOR 2000 AND 2001 BATCH Code No. NR-10105 I-B.Tech. Supplementary Examinations April/May, 2003

Set No.

ENGINEERING MECHANICS (Common to Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy and Material Technology and Aeronautical Engineering.) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five question All questions carry equal marks --1.a) Explain various force systems with neat sketches. b) A roller of radius r = 0.3 m. and weight Q = 2000N is to be pulled over a curb of height h = 0.15 m, by a horizontal force P applied to the end of a string wound around the circumference of the roller . Find the magnitude of P required to start the roller over the curb.

4

2.a)

A screw jack has a pitch of 6 mm. The mean radius of the threads is 60 mm. The mean diameter of the bearing surface under the cap is 80 mm. The coefficient of friction for all surfaces is 0.06. What turning moment is necessary to raise 680 kg. b) Determine the magnitude and direction of the friction force acting on the 1000N block shown in the figure below. If, first P = 500 N and second P = 100 N. The coefficient of static friction is 0.2, and the coefficient of kinetic friction is 0.17. The forces are applied with the block initially at rest.

Contd…..2

Code No:NR-10105 3.a) b)

-2-

Set No:4

Define the terms pertaining to belt drives : Creep, Slip and initial tension. A shaft which rotates at a constant speed of 150 r.p.m is connected by belt to a parallel shaft 720mm apart which has to run at 60,80 and 100 r.p.m. The smallest pulley on the driver shafts is 40mm in radius. Determine the remaining radii of the two stepped pulleys for i) A crossed belt and ii) An open belt. State and prove parallel axis theorem Find the moment of inertia about the horizontal centroidal axis of shaded portion.

4.a) b)

5. a)

Show that the moment of inertia of a homogenous triangular plate of weight W with respect to its base of width b is Wb2/6g where g is the acceleration due to gravity. b) A right circular cone has the radius of base as 200mm and height 500mm. The mass density of the cone is 7800 kg/m3. Find out the mass moment of inertia of this cone about a line which passes through the vertex of the cone and which is parallel to the base of the cone. With respect to the plane motion of rigid bodies, explain: (i) Instantaneous centre of Rotation (ii) Centroid (iii)Absolute and relative velocity A bomber flies along a horizontal line at an altitude of 1500m with a velocity of 400 km per hour (i) Find at what horizontal distance before passing over a target on the ground, a bomb should be dropped so as to hit the target on the ground. (ii) calculate the magnitude and direction of the velocity with which the bomb will hit the target. (iii) Where will be the bomber when the bomb strikes the target? Take g = 9.81 m/sec2.

6.a)

b)

Contd…..3

Code No:NR-10105 7.a)

-3-

Set No:4

b)

A body weighing 20N is projected up a 200 inclined plane with a velocity of 12m/s, coefficient of friction is 0.15. Find (i) the maximum distance S, that the body will move up the inclined plane (ii) velocity of the body when it returns to its original position. Find the acceleration of the moving loads as shown in the figure below. Take mass of P=120kg and that of Q=80Kg and coefficient of friction between surfaces of contact is 0.3 .Also find the tension in the connecting string.

P

Q

8.a) b)

Explain how a simple pendulum differ from a compound pendulum, briefly explain with the help of differential mathematical equations. Determine the stiffness in N/cm of a vertical spring to which a weight of 50N is attached and is set vibrating vertically. The weight makes 4 oscillations per second. ---

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