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Code No. 412106 IV B.Tech I-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November 2003 SPACE TECHNOLOGY (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All question carry equal marks --1. a) What is meant by non-air breathing engines? And explain any one type with a neat sketch? b) What are the properties required for good propellant? 2. a) b) 3. a) b) 4. a) b) 5. a) b) 6. Explain the principle of working of solid propellant rocket with a neat sketch? Derive the rocket’s thrust equation, stating the assumptions of ideal rocket theory? What is burn out velocity? Derive the simple equation to burn out velocity? Define range, trajectory and altitude? And explain how to determine them? What is Drag? Explain the various types of drags? How to estimate wave drag and base drag? Explain various Kepler’s law of planetary motion with their significance? What is meant by least energy liberation point? Explain how it is useful to space technology? A stationary rocket is discharging gases at a temperature of 2000K at a velocity of 2.2 km/s. The mass flow rate of gases is 800 kg/sec, and the diameter of the exit cross section is 600cm. If the nozzle exit pressure (P e) is 1,30,000 N/m2 and the atmospheric pressure (Pa) is 1,00,000 KN/m2, determine the thrust of the rocket? Define orbital velocity and escape velocity? Explain their importance? Explain the significance of Geo Synchronous Orbits?

1

7. a) b)

8. Write short note on the following: a) Liquid rocket motor b) Multi stage rocket c) Solar system

###

Set No.

Code No. 412106 IV B.Tech I-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November 2003 SPACE TECHNOLOGY (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All question carry equal marks --1. a) b) 2. a) b) 3. a) b) 4. a) b) 5.

2

State the fundamental differences between the jet propulsion? And write some applications of rockets? Classify the rockets and explain about liquid propellant rocket with a neat sketch? What are the desirable properties of an ideal rocket propellant? Derive the thrust equation of the rocket motor? And hence discuss the importance of the molecular weight of the propellants? Explain the significance of law of mass ratios? Explain the principle of operation of multi-stage rocket? Obtain relation for final velocity? Discuss about wave, skin friction, and base pressure drags? How do estimate the above drags? Briefly explain about free flight dispersion? Consider a rocket in vertical ascent with initial weight of 250 Mg of which 70% is fuel. Assume that the fuel consumption is at a constant rate, g is constant at 9.81 m/s 2 and the air resistance is negligible. If the gas discharge velocity ve=3m/s, find a) the burning time for the rocket b) the speed of the rocket when the fuel is completely consumed, and its height is above the sea level. The discharge pressure is assumed equal to the atmospheric pressure. Explain the factors to be considered for estimation of surface potential of Orbital size and shape? Briefly discuss the solar system? What is least energy liberation point? Explain its importance? Write short note on the following: a) Cryogenic propellant of rocket engines b) Performance of rocket nozzles c) Geo Synchronous Orbits ###

6. 7. a) b) 8.

Set No.

Code No. 412106 IV B.Tech I-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November 2003 SPACE TECHNOLOGY (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All question carry equal marks --1. a) b) 2. a) b) 3. a) b) 4.

3

Draw a schematic diagram of liquid propellant rocket? What are the different systems of injecting liquid propellants in to the combustion chamber? What are the desirable properties of liquid propellant for rockets? What are the advantages and disadvantages of rocket engines? Briefly explain the principle of operation of rocket motor with a neat sketch? What is law of mass ratios? How do you find the optimal mass ratios for threestage rocket? Derive the burn out velocity equation? And explain the burning mechanism of solid propellants? A stationary rocket is discharging gases at a temperature of 25000K at a velocity of 2 km/s. The mass flow rate of gases is 800 kg/sec, and the diameter of the exit cross section is 0.6m. If the nozzle exit pressure(Pe) is 130 KN/m2 and the atmospheric pressure (Pa) is 100 KN/m2, determine the thrust of the rocket? Discuss the Kepler’s law of planetary motion in connection with space technology? Briefly explain the Two body problem? How do you estimate the Orbital size, shape and areal velocities? Discuss the free flight dispersion? Explain the significance of Newton’s law of gravitation for solar system? What is meant by least energy liberation point? Explain how it is useful to space technology? Write short note on the following: a) Aerodynamic choking of nozzles b) Solid oxidizers c) Multi-stage rocket. ###

5. a) b) 6. a) b) 7. a) b) 8.

Set No.

Code No. 412106 IV B.Tech I-Semester Supplementary Examinations November 2003 SPACE TECHNOLOGY (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All question carry equal marks --1. a) b) 2. a) b) 3. a) b) 4. a) b) 5.

4

Derive a general expression for the thrust produced by a rocket and hence discuss the importance of the molecular weight of the propellants? What are the desirable properties of liquid propellant for rockets? What is specific impulse? How do you determine the optimum specific impulse? Briefly discuss about Aerodynamic choking of nozzles? Discuss the mechanism of burning of various types of liquid propellants? How do determine the optimal mass ratios for multi-staged rockets? Derive the commonly used method of drag estimation, Dc = What is meant by free flight dispersion? Explain? A stationary rocket is discharging gases at a temperature of 2000K at a velocity of 2.2 km/s. The mass flow rate of gases is 800 kg/sec, and the diameter of the exit cross section is 600cm. If the nozzle exit pressure (Pe) is 1,30,000 N/m2 and the atmospheric pressure (Pa) is 1,00,000 KN/m2, determine the thrust of the rocket? Explain the factors to be considered for estimation of surface potential of Orbital size and shape? Discuss in detail the Geo Synchronous Orbits? What is least energy liberation point? Explain its importance? Write short note on the following: a) Wave, Skin friction and base pressure drags b) Two body problem c) Law of mass ratios. ### p ∞U 2 C f S w 2

6. 7. a) b) 8.

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