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Code No.NR-10106 FOR 2000 AND 2001 BATCH I-B.Tech.-Supplementary-Examinations April/May 2003 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS (Common to Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy & Material Technology, Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) What are the components of CPU and explain their roles briefly. b) What is cache memory? Where is it placed? What is its significance? 2.a) b) c) 3.a) b) c) What are the advantages of high level languages (HLL)? Distinguish between assembler, computer and interpreter. Write the 4-bit BCD code for the decimal number 840. What is initialization? What is its importance? List the arithmetic operators? Give their meaning. What is meant by operator precedence and associativity? Evaluate the following conditional statement using these rules. If (x = = 10 + 5 & & y < 10) Find the difference between the following pairs of statements (i) While and for (ii) break and continue. Write a program that receives a sorted array of integers and an integer value, and inserts the value in its correct place. What is the scope and life time of the variables of the four storage classes in Clanguage. Main is a user-defined function. How does it differ from other user defined functions. Distinguish between (*m) [5] and * m[5]. State the Newton-Raphson formula and explain how it is used to obtain a real root. Find the Newton-Raphson formula for the following functions. (i) f(x) = x2 – 2x – 1 (ii) f(x) = cos x. Contd…..2.

1

4.a) b) 5.a) b) c) 6.a) b)

Code No. NR-10106 7.a) b)

:: 2 ::

Set No.1

Explain the steps involved to implement the linear regression. Fit a second order polynomial to the data in the table below: x y 1.0 6.0 2.0 11.0 3.0 18.0 4.0 27.0

8.a)

Estimate the following integral, using n = 6, by Simpson’s 1/3 method.

∫ Cos

0

3

2

x dx

b)

Use the simple Euler’s method to solve the following equations for y(1) using h = 0.5 y1 = x2 + y2, y(0) = 2. @@@@@

Set No.

Code No.NR-10106 FOR 2000 AND 2001 BATCH I-B.Tech.-Supplementary-Examinations April/May 2003 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS (Common to Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy & Material Technology, Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) 2.a) b) c) 3.a) b) c) 4.a) b) 5.a) List different application areas of computers. Discuss the main features of RISC and CISC machines. What is the difference between address bus, data bus and control bus? List different kinds of memories. Place them, hierarchically based on their access times. Convert the hexadecimal number (9A80)16 into binary and octal representations. What are the storage classes supported in C? Give their respective meanings. What is meant by formatted input and out put? What are its advantages? Draw the flow-chart of if.. else control. Write a program to compute the sum of the digits of a given integer number. List and explain any four string handling functions. Write a recursive function to compute the Fibonacci numbers. The Fibonacci numbers are defined recursively as F1 = 1 F2 = 1 Fn = Fn-1 + Fn-2. Distinguish between the following functions (i) printf and f printf (ii) get c and getchar. Explain the principle of false position method. Use the false position method to obtain the roots of the following equation x3 – 4x2 + x + 6 = 0

2

b)

6.a) b)

Contd…..2.

Code No. NR-10106 7.a)

:: 2 ::

Set No.2

Estimate the value of sinθ at θ = 25 using the Newton- Gregory forward difference formula with the help of the following table. θ Sin θ 10 0.1736 20 0.3420 30 0.5000 40 0.6428 50 0.7660

b) c) 8.a)

Repeat the estimation (for the above table) of sin 25o using Newton’s backward difference formula. Give critical comment on the answers obtained using two methods. Evaluate the following integral using Simpson’s 1/3 rule.

π

∫

0

Sin x dx

b)

Describe the basic concept employed in Runge-Kutta method. @@@@@

Set No.

Code No.NR-10106 FOR 2000 AND 2001 BATCH I-B.Tech.-Supplementary-Examinations April/May 2003 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS (Common to Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy & Material Technology, Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3.a) b) List and explain with the help of truth tables, the basic logic gates used in ALU. Briefly explain the functioning of any two kinds of printers. Distinguish between primary storage and secondary storage? Represent the decimal -25 into all there binary representations of integers. What are different classes of data types supported in C. Write a program to determine and print the sum of the following series for a given value of n. 1+ 1/2 + 1/3 + …. + 1/n. The value of ‘n’ should be given interactively through the terminal. Find the difference between the following pairs of statements. (i) While and do…while (ii) break and continue Write a C-program to count the number of characters and number of words in the given input sentence. How does a structure different from an array? Explain the difference between call by value and call by reference. Give a suitable programming example. What is triangularisation of equations? How does it help obtain the solution. Solve the following system of equations using Gauss-Jordan method. 2x1 + 4x2 – 6x3 = -8 x1 + 3x2 + x3 = 10 2x1 – 4x2 – 2x3 = -12

3

4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b)

Contd…..2.

Code No. NR-10106 7.a) b) 8.a) b)

:: 2 ::

Set No.3

Given a set of n+1 points, state the general form of the n th degree Lagrange inter polation polynomial. What is the major pitfall using Lagrange polynomial. Use the trapezoidal rule with n = 4 to estimate

∫1+ x

0

1

dx

2

correct to five decimals.

State the formula of Euler’s method. Illustrate its concept graphically. @@@@@

Set No.

Code No.NR-10106 FOR 2000 AND 2001 BATCH I-B.Tech.-Supplementary-Examinations April/May 2003 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS (common to Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechatronics, Metallurgy & Material Technology, Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) 7.a) b) Name the three major components of CPU and briefly identify their responsibilities. List and explain briefly various registers used in CPU. Explain the construction of CRT device, with a cross-sectional diagram. Convert the octal number (325)8 into binary, hexadecimal and decimal systems. What are the basic data types? Give their size and range. Write a program in C, to find the factorial of a given integer number. What are the loop constructs supported by C for performing loop operations? Write a program which will read a text and count all occurrences of a particular word. Distinguish between the following: (i) Actual and formal arguments. (ii) Global and local variables. Write a C-program to copy the contents of one file into another. Explain the principle of bisection method with the help of an illustration. Explain the limitations of using Newton-Raphson method. Explain the steps involved in computing the coefficients of the regression polynomial. Given the table of data: x z y 1 0 12 2 1 18 3 2 24 4 3 30

4

Obtain a regression plane to fit the data. Contd…..2.

Code No. NR-10106 8.a) b)

:: 2 ::

Set No.4

Describe the trapezoidal method of computing integrals. Solve the following initial value problems for x=1 using the fourth order Milne’s method. dy = y − x 2 , y (0) = 1 dx Use a step size of 0.25 and fourth order Runge-kutta method to predict the starting values. @@@@@

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