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Supplementary Examinations April/May, 2003 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours

Set No.

1

Max. Marks:80

1.a)

b)

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --A steel bolt of length ‘L’ passes through a copper tube of the same length and the nut at the end is turned up and just snug at room temperature. Subsequently, the nut is tightened up by a number of turns and the entire assembly is raised by a temperature ‘t’. Calculate the stress in the bolt and tube if L=500 mm, t=55 oC, n=1/4 turn pitch of nut = 2 mm, area of copper tube = 500 sq.mm and area of steel bolt = 400 sq.mm ES = 2 x 105 N/mm2, Ee = 1 x 105 N/mm2. αS = 12 x 10-6 per oC; αe = 17.5 x 10-6 per oC. A metal specimen is compressed in the direction of its axis and means are employed to reduce lateral expansion to one-third of what would be if free to expand. Calculate the modified value of the elastic constant. Prove that its value will be 9/8 E, if m=4. Tensile stresses f1 and f2 act at right angles to one another on an element of isotropic elastic material. The strain in the direction of f1 is twice that in the direction of f2. If E for the material is 120 kN/mm 2 and µ = 0.3, find the ratio of f1 to f2. A simply supported beam of 9m span is loaded as shown in the figure. Draw B.M.D and S.F.D. indicating principal values.

2.

3.

4.

A horizontal simply supported beam of span 6m carries a total load of 4000 N. The load distribution carries parabolically from zero at each end to a maximum at mid-span. Calculate the values of the bending moment and S.F. at every one metre and plot the B.M and S.F. diagram. Contd…….2

Code No:NR-10802 5.

-2-

Set No:1

A tube of uniform thickness 2.5 mm has section in the shape of a regular hexagon as shown in the figure. The outside hexagon having a side of 4 cm. Find the value of Ixx for the hollow hexagon. A length of the above tube, rests in a horizontal position on two supports 2m apart. The tube carries two loads each of 2 kN situated between the supports and at equal distance from the ends of the tube. Find the least distance between the loads if the stresses due to bending is not to exceed 10 N|mm2.

6.

A thin cylinder of 100 mm internal diameter and wall thickness 2 mm has its ends closed by rigid plates and is then filled with water. When an external pull of 20 kN is applied to the ends, the water pressure, read by the gauge is observed to fall by 0.075 N/mm2. Neglecting any end effects due to plates, determine the value of Poisson’s ratio for the metal. Take E for the metal = 21 x 105 N/mm2 and bulk modulus of water 2.17 x 103 N/mm2. At a point in a piece of elastic material, there are three mutually perpendicular planes on which the stresses are as follows: tensile stress 50 N/mm2 and shear stress 40 N/mm2 on plane; compressive stresses 35 N/mm2 and complimentary shear stress 40 N/mm2 on the second plane. Find (a) the principal stresses and the position of the planes on which they act, (b) the positions of the planes on which there is no normal stress. The cross section of a joist is a tee-section 150 mm x 100 mm x 13 mm with 150 mm side horizontal. Find the maximum intensity of shear stress and sketch the distribution of stress across the section of it has to resist a shear force of 80 kN. ---

7.

8.

FOR 2000 AND 2001 BATCH Code No:NR-10802 I-B.Tech. Supplementary Examinations April/May, 2003 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours

Set No.

2

1.

Max. Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --A steel bar 3.2 m long is acted upon by forces as shown in the figure. Determine the total elongation of the bar. Take E:205 kN/mm2.

2.

Determine the percentage change in volume of a steel bar 50 mm square in section and 1m long when subjected to an axial compressive load of 20 kN. What change in volume would a 100 mm cube of steel suffer at a depth of 5 km. in sea water? Take E = 2.05 x 105 N/mm2 and N = 0.82 x 105 N/mm2. A horizontal contilever 4m long carries a u.d.l. of 2 kN/m, which extends over the middle 1.5 m of the beam and act downwards. In addition to this, a concentrated load of 5 kN acts downward at the point 1m from the support and another concentrated load of 3 kN acts upward at the free end. Draw the B.M and S.F. diagrams. A horizontal beam is simply supported at the ends and carries a distributed load of 30 kN/m between the supports placed 10 m apart. Counter-clockwise moments of 300 kN-m and 200 kN-m are applied to the two ends of the beam at the supports. Draw the B.M. and S.F. diagrams showing the principle values. Find the position and values of maximum B.M. Compare the flexural strength of the following beams of equal weight: (a) I-section 30 cm x 15 cm, having 2 cm thick flanges and 1.25 cm thick web. (b) Rectangular section having depth equal to twice the width. (c) Solid circular section. Contd…….2

3.

4.

5.

Code No:NR-10802 6.

-2-

Set No:2

A 30 x 15 cm R.S.J. has flanges 2 cm thick and web 1.3 cm thick. At a certain cross-section it has to resist a bending moment of 100 kN-m and a shear force of 200 kN. Find the principal stresses (a) at the top, (b) in the flange at 13 cm from neutral axis, (c) in the web at 13 cm from neutral axis, (d) at the neutral axis. Plot the variation of principal stresses along the section. A thin cylinder of 100 mm internal diameter and wall thickness 2 mm has its ends closed by rigid plates and is then filled with water. When an external pull of 20 kN is applied to the ends, the water pressure, read by the gauge is observed to fall by 0.075 N/mm2. Neglecting any end effects due to plates, determine the value of Poisson’s ratio for the metal. Take E for the metal = 2.1 x 105 N/mm2 and bulk modulus of water = 2.17 x 103 N/mm2. A piece of material subjected to tensile stresses of p 1 and p2 at right angles to each other (p1>p2). Find the plane across which the resulatant stress is most inclined to the normal. Find the value of this inclination and the resultant stress when p1 = 70 N/mm2 and p2 = 50 N/mm2. (both tensile). ---

7.

8.

FOR 2000 AND 2001 BATCH Code No:NR-10802 I-B.Tech. Supplementary Examinations April/May, 2003 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours

Set No.

3

Max. Marks:80

1.a) b)

Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --Define stress, strain and elasticity. Derive a relation between stress and strain of an elastic body. An aluminum tube of 40 mm external diameter and 20 mm internal diameter is snugly fitted on to a solid steel rod of 20 mm diameter. The composite bar is loaded in compression by an axial load P. Find the stress in aluminum, when the stress in steel is 70 N/mm2. Also find the value of P. Take E for steel as 200 KN/mm2 and E for aluminum as 70 KN/mm2. Derive a relation between modulus of elasticity and modulus of rigidity. Distinguish clearly the difference between (i) Overhanging and continuous beam. (ii) Simply supported and rigidly fixed beam (iii) Uniformly distributed and uniformly varying load. Explain the procedure for finding out the stresses developed in a body due to change of temperature. A simply supported beam AB, 6m long is loaded as shown in the figure.

2.a) b) c) 3.

Construct the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam and find the position and value of maximum bending moment. 4.a) b) Define the term bending stress and explain clearly the theory of simple bending. A timber beam 100 mm wide and 200 mm deep is strengthened by a steel plate 100 mm wide and 10 mm thick, screwed at the bottom surface of the timber beam. Calculate the moment of resistance of the beam, if the safe stresses in timber and steel are 100 N/mm2 and 150 N/mm2 respectively. Take ES = 20 Et. Contd…….2

Code No:NR-10802 5.a) b)

-2-

Set No:3

Write the assumptions for solving the problems on thick cylindrical shells. A steel tube 240 mm external diameter is to be shrunk on another steel tube of 80 mm internal diameter. After shrinking, the diameter at the junction is 160 mm. Before shrinking on, the difference of diameters at the junction was 0.08 mm. Calculate the radial pressure at the junction and hoop stresses developed in the two tubes after shrinking on. Take E as 200 kN/mm2. Define principal planes and principal stresses and explain their uses. At a point in a bracket, there are two mutually perpendicular tensile stresses of 400 N/mm2 and 300 N/mm2. There is also a shear stress of 200 N/mm2. Determine by Mohr’s circle the values of principal stresses. What are the advantages of a hollow shaft over a solid shaft in torsion. Justify properly any statement, you make. A solid steel shaft of 150 mm diameter is to be replaced by a hollow steel shaft of the same material with internal diameter equal to half of the external diameter. Design the hollow shaft and find out the saving in material, if the maximum allowable shear stress is same for both shafts. Write short notes on the following: a) Hooks law b) Shear stress distribution over a cross section. c) Polar modulus. ---

6.a) b)

7.a) b)

8.

FOR 2000 AND 2001 BATCH Code No:NR-10802 I-B.Tech. Supplementary Examinations April/May, 2003 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) c)

Set No.

4

Max. Marks:80

Define the terms stress, strain and modulus of elasticity of a material. What is ductility? Is ductility a desirable property of a material. A steel rod ABCD is loaded as shown in figure. Estimate the total deformation and stresses at various sections. E = 200 kN/mm2.

2.a) b)

Define the terms ‘Shear Modulus’ and ‘Bulk Modulus’. A steel rod of 25mm diameter passes centrally through a brass tube of 50mm external diameter and 40mm internal diameter. The tube is closed at each end by rigid plates of negligible thickness. The nuts are tightened lightly home on the projected ports of the rod. If the temperature of the assembly is raised by 89 oC, calculate the stresses developed in brass and steel. Take Esteel = 212 GPa, Ebrass -6 o -6 o = 100 GPa, αsteel = 11.7 x 10 per C, αbrass = 18 x 10 per C. Define the terms shear force and bending moment. Draw shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in figure.

3.a) b)

(Contd…2)

Code No:NR-10802 4.a) b)

-2-

Set No.4

State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending. A cast iron beam is of I-section shown in figure. The beam is simply supported on an effective span of 6.5m. If the tensile stress is not to exceed 17MPa, find the safe u.d.l. which the beam can carry. Also find the maximum compressive stress. Draw the sketch showing the stress across the section. A rolled steel joint of T-section shown in figure is used as a beam and in simply th 1 supported one a span of 7.2m. Draw shear stress distribution at span from 4 the left support. Plot the shear stress distribution over the depth of the section.

5.

6.

A thin cylindrical shell of diameter 325mm is closely wound around its circumference by a 2mm diameter steel wire under an initial tention of 75 MPa. This cylinder is further subjected to an internal pressure of 2.5 MPa. Determine the wall thickness of the cylinder if the resultant hoop stress in the cylinder walls 14MPa (tensile) and the cylinder is made of copper. Esteel = 210 GPa, Ecopper = 105 GPa and Poission ratio for Copper = 0.32. A thick cylinder of 125mm internal diameter is subjected to an internal fluid pressure of 75 MPa, find the thickness of the cylinder. What will be minimum and maximum value of shear stress in this cylinder? At a point in a strained body plane BC and AC are perpendicular to each other. On plane BC, the normal stress is 45MPa (tensile) and shear stress 25MPa. On plane AC, the normal stress is 30MPa (compressive) and shear stress 25MPa. Plane AB is inclined at an angle of 32o to the plane BC. Determine the normal and shear stresses on the plane AB. *** *** ***

7.

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