Set No.

Code No: 10803 I-B.Tech Supplementary Examination December2002/January 2003 INTRODUCTION TO CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 80

1

1. a) b) 2. a) b) c) 3. a) b) c) 4. a) b) c)

Answer any Five questions All questions carry equal marks --What is the meaning of equilibrium state? Explain. State and explain Gibb’s Phase Rule. Discuss about the applications of phase rule by giving at least four examples. What are Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids? Give examples for each. Draw the profiles of shear stress versus shear rate for Newtonian and different types of non-Newtonian fluids and explain. What do you understand by rheopectic and thiscotropic fluids? Give examples for each. Write the Bernoulli’s equation and explain the terms involved. Define skin frictions and form drag. What is the relation between friction factor and Reynolds number for laminar flow and turbulent flow through circular pipes? Write the equations. What is a flow field? Explain. Define Fanning friction factor, equivalent diameter and hydraulic radius. Discuss about the velocity profile for the flow of a Newtonian fluid through a circular pipe and draw the velocity profiles for laminar and turbulent flow conditions in a circular pipe. List the common type of evaporators. Describe the construction and working of a forced circulations type evaporator with a neat diagram. What are its uses? Describe fractional distillation with a neat diagram Write about reflux and plate efficiency Discuss briefly about the following with a neat diagram: a) Mixer-settlers b) spray columns With a neat diagram explain the construction, working advantages, disadvantages and uses of the following: a) Rotary dryer b) Spray dryer. ###

5. a) b) 6. a) b) 7. 8.

Set No.
Code No: 10803 I-B.Tech Supplementary Examination December2002/January 2003 INTRODUCTION TO CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer any Five questions All questions carry equal marks --1. a) b) c) 2. a) b) 3. a) b) Define an ideal solution and an ideal gas. State Henry’s law and Raoults law. Under what condition are they valid? Write the clausius-clapeyron equation. What are the assumptions made in its development? What is the use of an energy balance? Write the steps to be followed in energy balance calculations across a piece of equipment. Write the energy balance equations for a flow process and a non-flow process. Explain the terms involved. Differentiate between (i) streamline and streakline (ii) steady and unsteady flow. Explain laminar flow and turbulent flow with the help of the experiment conducted by Osborne Reynolds. Thereby define Reynolds number and given the value of Reynolds number when flow is laminar. Write about the following equipment for pumping fluids: (i) Reciprocating pumps (ii) Rotary pumps What do you understand by priming and cavitation? How can they be overcome? How are heat transfer equipment generally classified? Explain. Write about shell and tube exchangers. Define absorption and stripping. Give examples. Explain the boiling point diagram with a neat figure. Discuss about flash distillation. Briefly explain the process of liquid-liquid extraction and the different extraction schemes. Explain the triangular diagram and its use. Discuss about the drying characteristics of wet solids. How are drying equipment classified? Explain. ### Max. Marks: 80

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4. a) b) 5. a) b) 6. a) b) c) 7. a) b) 8. a) b)

Set No.
Code No: 10803 I-B.Tech Supplementary Examination December2002/January 2003 INTRODUCTION TO CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer any Five questions All questions carry equal marks --1. 2. a) b) c) 3. a) b) 4. Discuss in detail about the various mechanical separation processes. What is a material balance? What are its uses? Write the basic steps to be followed in material balance calculations Differentiate between qualitative and quantitative flow diagrams. Describe the formation of a boundary layer when a fluid flows parallel to a thin plate. Explain how the boundary layer thickness varies with the distance from the leading edge. With the help of a graph between bed height and pressure drop versus fluid velocity, describe the process of fluidization. What are the advantages, disadvantages and applications of fluidization? Explain the mechanism of heat transfer by conduction, convection and radiation. Give examples for each. What is a block body? Write about Fery’s black body. Write about extended surface exchangers. Discuss about diffusion in different phases. State Fick’s first law of diffusion and explain the terms involved. Write a brief note on interphase mass transfer. How are the equipment for gas-liquid operations classified? Explain Describe the construction and working of a packed column. Also, discuss about different types of packing and packing materials. Mention the advantages of packed columns. What do you understand by humidification and dehumidification? Give examples. Explain the use of a humidity chart of air-water veper mixtures, with a neat figure. ### Max. Marks: 80

3

5. a) b) c) 6. a) b) c) 7. a) b)

8. a) b)

Set No.
Code No: 10803 I-B.Tech Supplementary Examination December2002/January 2003 INTRODUCTION TO CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 80

4

1. a) b) 2. a) b) 3. a) b) 4. a) b) c) 5. a) b) 6.

Answer any Five questions All questions carry equal marks --What is dimensional analysis? What are its drawbacks and uses? Name any two dimensionless numbers and give their physical significance. Describe the Ray leigh method and Buckingham method used in dimensional analysis. Write a brief note on the nature of a fluid. Define viscosity. Explain shear and shear rate by means of the sliding plate experiment. Discuss about the conservation of mass for the steady one dimensional flow of fluid in a pipe of varying cross-section. Write about the several components of the total energy content of a fluid element in motion. Write the total energy balance equation. Write about bases in pipe fittings. Write about centrifugal pumps for pumping fluids. Draw the characteristic curves of a centrifugal pump and explain. How are evaporators classified? Describe the construction and working of a long tube vertical evaporator with a neat diagram. What are its uses? Discuss briefly about: a) Simple batch distillation b) Steam distillation c) Azeotropic and extractive distillation. Write about single stage equilibrium extraction and multistage extraction processes. Explain the construction, working, advantages, disadvantages and uses of the following: a) Tray dryer’s b) Rotary dryer’s ###

7. 8.