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II B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examination November 2003 SURVEYING - I ( Civil Engineering ) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. A steel tape is 30m long at a temperature of 600 F when lying horizontally on the ground. The sectional area of the tape is 0.084 cm2. The weight of the tape is 2kg and the co-efficient of expansion is 65× 10-7 per 10 F. The tape is stretched over three equal spans. Calculate the actual length between the end graduations under the following conditions. Temperature = 800 F; pull=18kg; E=2.1×106kg/cm2. 2. The following table gives the forward and backward bearings of the lines of a closed compass traverse. Which of the stations are affected by local attractions. Tabulate the corrected bearings of the lines. Line Fore bearing Back bearing. AB S 370 30′ E N 37030′W BC S 430 15′ W N 44015′ E CD N 730 00′W S 720 15′ E DE N 120 45′ E S 130 15′ W EA N 600 00′ E S 590 00′ E What do you understand by three point problem? Describe Bessel’s method of solving three point problem. The following table gives the values of the offsets taken from a chain line to an irregular boundary. Distance (m) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Offset (m) 3. 2. 3. 3. 2. 3. 3. 3. 3.1 1 8 2 3 9 0 1 0 Calculate the area included between the chain line, the irregular boundary, the first offset and the last offset by Simpson’s rule and trapezoidal rule. 5. ABCD is a rectangular plot from which soil is to be excavated for road work. E is the point of intersection of the diagonals. Calculate the volume of excavation in cubic meter form the following data. Point A Original Level (m) 4 0.2 Final level (m) 3 8.2 B 4 3.7 4 0.1 C 4 5.2 4 0.3 D 4 4.8 4 1.2 E 46.2 41.7

1

3. 4.

Length AB = 50m and BC = 45m. Code No:210104 6. Write short notes on the following: a) Pantagraph b) Line ranger. A chain line ABC crosses a river, B and C being on the near and distant bank respectively. The respective bearings of C and A taken at D, a point 55m measured at right angles to AB from B are 2800 and 1900 , AB being 32m. Find the width of the river. Explain how the capacity of a reservoir is determined. The areas within the contour line at the site of a reservoir and the face of the dam are as follows. Contour Area (m2) 91 1500 92 16000 93 98000 94 16000 95 92000 Assuming 91 as the bottom level of the reservoir and 95 as the top level. Calculate the capacity of the reservoir. -*-*-*:: 2 :: (Contd…2) Set No.1

7.

8.a) b)

Code No: 210104 II B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examination November 2003 SURVEYING - I ( Civil Engineering ) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. Classify the obstacles in chain survey. Explain how these obstacles are overcome. 2.a) b)

Set No:

2

What are the conventional signs used to denote the following: (i) Canal lock (ii) Bench mark (iii) Railway line (iv) Level Crossing (v) Dam Find the maximum length of an offset so that the displacement of a point on the paper should not exceed 0.25mm. The offset was laid out 20 from its true direction and the scale was 25m to 1cm. The following are the bearings taken on a closed compass traverse. Line F.B B.B 0 AB S 37 30′ E N 370 30′ W BC S 430 15′ W N 440 15′ E CD N 730 00′ W S 720 15′ E DE N 120 45′ E S 130 15′ W EA N 600 00′ E S 590 00′ W Compute the interior angles and correct them for observational errors. Assuming that the bearing of the line AB is correct, adjust the bearing of the remaining sides. Indicate the differences between prismatic compass and surveyors compass. What are the sources of error in compass survey? How do you eliminate them? What is two point problem? How it is solved? What is meant by zero circle? How the area of zero circle is measured? Calculate the volume of earth work in a railway embankment with the following data. Chainage along the centre line (m) 0 75 150 225 300 Ground levels (m) 102. 103. 103. 104. 106.3 7 6 8 9 Formation level at chainage 0 is 103.5m. The top width is 1.5m. Side slopes are 2H to 1V. The longitudinal gradient of the embankment is 1 in 150 rising. The ground shall be assumed to be level across the longitudinal section.

3.

4.a) b) 5. 6. 7.

8.

Write short notes on the following: (a) Cross staff (b) Ghat tracer. -*-*-*Code No: 210104

Set No:

II B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examination November 2003 SURVEYING - I ( Civil Engineering ) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. A line 1.5 km long is measured with a tape of length 30m. The tape has been standardized under no pull at 150 C. The tape is 30 mm wide and 1.25mm thick. The first 500m of the line is measured at a temperature of 180C and at a pull of 15kg and the remaining length is measured at a temperature of 250 and at a pull of 22 kg. Find the corrected length. Assume co-efficient of expansion as 12×10-6 per degree C. Weight of 1 Cm3 of steel is 7.8 gm. E = 2.1×106 kg /Cm2. 2. Explain how will you continue chaining when the following obstacles are encountered. (i) River (ii) Hill (iii) Tall Building (iv) Pond. The following bearings were taken in running a compass traverse. Line Fore bearing Back bearing 0 AB 124 30′ 304030′ BC 680 15′ 246000′ CD 310030′ 135015′ DA 200015′ 17045′ At what stations do you suspect local attraction? Find the correct bearings of the lines and also compute the included angles. What is closing error? How it is balanced graphically? What are the different sources of errors in plane table survey? How are they eliminated. What is three point problem? Describe with the help of sketches, Lehmann’s rules.

3

3.

4. 5. 6. 7.

An excavation is to be made for a reservoir 25m long and 15 m wide at the bottom. The side slope is 2H to 1V on all the four sides. Assuming the ground

surface to be level before excavation, determine the volume of excavation if the depth of the reservoir is 5m. 8. Explain in detail about Clinometer. -*-*-*Code No: 210104

Set No:

II B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examination November 2003 SURVEYING - I ( Civil Engineering ) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. What are the different types of errors in chain surveying? Briefly explain about every one of them. 2.

4

A survey line AB is obstructed by a tall building. To continue the line beyond the building, a perpendicular BC of 121.92 m long is set out at B. From C, two lines CD and CE are set out at an angle of 300 and 400 with CB respectively. Determine the length CD and CE so that D and E may be on the prolongation of AB. If the chainage of B is 95.10m, find the chainage of D. Draw a neat sketch showing all points. Explain the method of traversing with compass. Draw necessary diagrams to explain the procedure. What is local attraction? How it is detected and eliminated? What are the sources of error is compass survey and what precautions will you take to eliminate them? How three point problem is solved by Bessel’s method How three point problem is solved by Triangle of error method. What is simpson’s rule? Derive an expression for it. The following give the values of the offsets taken from a chainline to an irregular boundary. Distance (m) 0 20 40 60 80 10 120 0 Offset (m) 2. 2. 3. 3. 3. 2.2 1.8 1 5 2 6 4 Determine the area between chainline, boundary, first offset and last offset by simpson’s rule.

3. 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b)

7.

An embankment is 250m long and the width of the embankment is 8 m at the formation level. The side slope of the embankment is 2.5 H to 1 V. The ground levels along the centre line of the embankment are given below. Distance (m) 0 50 100 150 200 250 R.L (m) 105. 106. 107. 107. 108. 108.7 2 3 5 1 1 The formation level at zero chainage is 107.00 m. Assuming that the ground level is same across the centre line, calculate the volume of the earthwork if the embankment has a rising gradient of 1 in 100. (Contd…2) Code No:210104 :: 2 :: Set No:4 8. Write short notes on the following: a) Box sextant b) Prism square -*-*-*-

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