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Codes No.10802 I-B.Tech. Supplementary-Examination December 2002/January 2003 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Chemical Engineering) Time:3 hours Note:- 1. Answer any Five questions 2. All questions carry equal Marks 3. Assume missing data suitably --1.a) b) Derive relation between modulus of elasticity and rigidity modulus and bulk modulus. A steel bar of 32mm diameter was subjected to a tensile load of 10 x 10 4N. The extension in a length of 200mm was found to be 10mm. Find the young’s modulus and modulus of rigidity and also the reduction in diameter. Assume Poisson’s ratio as 0.30. Draw the shearing force and bending moment diagram s for the beam in figure and identify salient features. Max.Marks:80

1

2.

3.a) b)

State assumptions made in theory of simple bending and derive the relation M/I=E/R=f/Y. A beam 5m long is supported at one end and at point 1m from the other end. The beam carried a uniformly distributed load of 12kN/m run over the whole length and concentrated loads of 10kN at the extreme overhanging end at a section midway between the supports. Determine the deflection of the overhanging load below the supports. Take E=2 x 105 N/mm2 and I=12 x 10-6m4. Apply Macaulay’s method. State the assumption in theory of shear and derive the governing formula. A rolled steel joist 550mm by 190mm having flange and web thickness 15mm and 10mm respectively is used as a beam. If at a section, it is subjected to a shear force of 100kN find the greatest intensity of shear stress in beam taking i) Web vertically (ii) Web horizontally. (Contd…2)

4.a) b)

Code No.10802 5.a) b)

-2-

Set No.1

Derive Lames expressions governing radial and circumferential stresses in thick cylinders. The maximum stress permitted in a thick cylinder of internal and external radii 200mm and 300mm respectively is 20 N/mm2 if the external pressure is 5N/mm2 find the internal pressure that can be applied. Plot curve showing variation of hoop and radial stresses through the material. Derive expressions for principal stresses and maximum shear stress when a body is subjected to a simple stresses in two mutually perpendicular directions. At a point in a material, the resultant stress on a certain plane A is 75 N/mm2 having an obliquity of 15 degrees and another plane B, it is 50 N/mm2 having an obliquity of 30 degrees. Both stresses are tensile in nature. Determine the i) The angle between two planes A and B ii) Maximum obliquity the resultant stress can have on any plane at the point. Derive general equation governing the torsion in a circular shaft. A hollow shaft 500mm external diameter and 250mm internal diameter is subjected to twisting moment of 2000 kN-m. If N=0.8 x 105 N/mm2 find the maximum shear stress in the shaft. Determine the twist in a length 10 times the external diameter. Find also the shear stress at the inside edge of the shaft. Explain the following: a) Hardness and brittleness of material b) Point of Contraflexure in beams c) Wire wound thin cylinders d) Volumetric strain in thin cylinders. *** *** ***

6.a) b)

7.a) b)

8.

Set No.

Codes No.10802 I-B.Tech. Supplementary-Examination December 2002/January 2003 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Chemical Engineering) Time:3 hours Note:- 1. Answer any Five questions 2. All questions carry equal Marks 3. Assume missing data suitably --1.a) b) c) Max.Marks:80

2

Derive relation between Young’s modulus and bulk modulus. Explain simple and complimentary shear stresses with neat sketches. Two parallel walls 6m apart are stayed together by a steel rod of 30mm diameter and is connected at each ends by nuts. The nuts are tightened when the rod is at a temperature of 100oC. Determine the stresses in rod when the temperature falls down to 20oC and the ends do not yield. Take E = 2.0 x 105 N/mm2 and α=12 x 10-6 N/mm2. A beam of length L is simply supported on two intermediate supports movable along the length, with equal overhangs on either side. The supports are so adjusted that the maximum B.M. is the minimum possible. Determine the position of the supports and draw the B.M. and S.F. diagrams for the position. The beam carries a uniformly distributed load of w per unit length throughout the beam.

2.

3.a) b)

State the assumption in theory of shear and derive the governing formula. The section of the beam is an isosceles triangle with base of 230mm and side angles 30 degrees. It is used with the base horizontal and caries a shear force of 50kN at a section. Find the magnitude of the maximum shear intensity at the section and the shear intensity at neutral axis.

(contd…2)

Code No.10802 4.a) b)

-2-

Set No.2

State the assumptions of the theory of simple bending and derive the governing formula. A test beam 30mm square in section is broken by a load of 1200N applied at the center of a span of 1 meter. Using the factor of safety of 8, calculate the safe uniformly distributed load for a beam 110mm wide and 300mm deep freely supported over a span of 4.5m. Explain in detail the various stresses and the corresponding strains in a thin cylindrical shell. A thin cylindrical shell 1000mm in diameter and 4m long is having 10mm metal thickness. If the shell is subjected to an internal pressure of 3 N/mm2. Determine i) Change in diameter (ii) Change in length and change in volume. 5 2 E=2.0 x 10 N/mm . Poisson’s ratio = ¼. Derive expressions for principal stresses and maximum shear stress when a body is subjected to a simple stresses in two mutually perpendicular directions. The normal and shear stresses at a point on a particular plane are 150 N/mm2 and 75 N/mm2. The shear stress on a plane making 30 degrees anticlockwise to the previous plane is 50 N/mm2. Determine by constructing Mohr’s circle of stresses i) The principal stresses and corresponding planes ii) The shears stress on a plane on which both the shear stress and normal stress are equal in magnitude. Explain maximum principal stress theory, maximum shear stress theories of failure that govern the design of a circular shaft subjected to bending as well as twisting moments. A bending moment of M applied to a solid round shaft causes a maximum direct stress f at elastic failure. Determine the numerical relation between bending moment and twisting moment T which acting alone on the shaft, will produce elastic failure according to each of the following theories of failure i) Maximum principal stress (ii) Maximum principal stress iii) Maximum shear stress theories. Poisson’s ratio=0.3. Explain the following: a) Ductility and malleability of a material b) Position of maximum shear force and bending moment in beams c) Mohr’s circle method of determination of principal stresses. d) Polar modulus of sections and its importance *** *** ***

5.a) b)

6.a) b)

7.a) b)

8.

Set No.

Codes No.10802 I-B.Tech. Supplementary-Examination December 2002/January 2003 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Chemical Engineering) Time:3 hours Note:- 1. Answer any Five questions 2. All questions carry equal Marks 3. Assume missing data suitably --1.a) b) Max.Marks:80

3

Sketch a typical load deflection curve obtained from tension test conducted on mild steel specimen and explain salient features. A steel bar of 24mm diameter was subjected to a tensile load of 8 x 104N. The extension in a length of 200mm was found to be 4mm. Find the Young’s modulus and modulus of rigidity and also the reduction in diameter. Assume Poissons ratio as 0.30. Draw the shearing force and bending moment diagram s for the beam in figure and identify salient features.

2.

3.a) b)

Derive the relation between curvature, slope and deflection of the beam. A beam 6m long is simply supported at both the end. The beam carried a uniformly distributed load of 5 kN/m run over the whole length and concentrated loads of 10 kN at 2m from both the ends. Find the ratio of the maximum deflection and deflection under one load. Take E=2 x 105 N/mm2 and I=12 x 10-6m4. State the assumption in theory of shear and derive the governing formula. A timber beam of depth 160mm and width 80mm is reinforced with steel plates of 8mm thick along the longer sides. If bending stresses in the composite beam are to be limited to 100 N/mm2 in steel and 8 N/mm2 in the timber, estimate the maximum permissible bending moment in the beam. Assume E for steel to be 20 times E for timber. (contd…2)

4.a) b)

Code No.10802 5.a) b)

-2-

Set No.3

Explain wire wound thin cylinders. A copper tube 50mm external diameter and 12mm thick is closely wound with steel wire 6mm diameter. Estimate the tension at which the wire must have been wound if an internal pressure of 3 N/mm 2 produces a tensile hoop stress of 8N/mm2 in the tube. Ew =1.6Ec, 1/m=0.3. Derive expressions for principal stresses and maximum shear stress when a body is subjected to a simple stresses in two mutually perpendicular directions. At a point in a material, the resultant stress on a certain plane A is 60 N/mm2 (tensile) having an obliquity of 30 degrees and another plane B, it is 40 N/mm2 (Compressive) having an obliquity of 35 degrees. Determine the i) The angle between two planes A and B ii) Maximum obliquity the resultant stress can have on any plane at the point. Derive general equation governing the torsion in a circular shaft. A hollow shaft 450mm external diameter and 300mm internal diameter is subjected to twisting moment of 2500 kN-m. If N=0.8 x 105 N/mm2 find the maximum shear stress in the shaft. Determine the twist in a length 10 times the external diameter. Find also the shear stress at the inside edge of the shaft. Explain the following: a) Elasticity and Plasticity of material b) Explain the significance of neutral axis in a beam c) Lames equations for thick cylinders d) Power transmitted by circular shafts. *** *** ***

6.a) b)

7.a) b)

8.

Set No.

Codes No.10802 I-B.Tech. Supplementary-Examination December 2002/January 2003 STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Chemical Engineering) Time:3 hours Note:- 1. Answer any Five questions 2. All questions carry equal Marks 3. Assume missing data suitably --1.a) b) Max.Marks:80

4

Derive relation between Young’s modulus and Bulk modulus. Three bars made of Copper, Zinc and Aluminum are equal length and have cross sectional areas of 400, 800 and 1200 mm2 respectively. They are rigidly connected at their ends. If compound member is subjected to a longitudinal pull of 350 kN, estimate the proportion of load carried by each bar and induced stresses. Take elastic moduli of Copper, Zinc and Aluminum to be 1.2 x 105 N/mm2 1.0 x 105 N/mm2 and 0.89 x 105 N/mm2 respectively. A beam with overhanging ends rests freely on two supports A and B is loaded as shown below. What must be the intensity of loading in KN/m on the beam between C and B if the shearing force is to be zero at a cross section 1.5m to the left of support B. Draw S.F and B.M diagram and find out the point of contra flexure?

2.

3.a) b)

State the assumption in theory of shear and derive the governing formula. A timber beam of depth 350mm and width 100mm is reinforced with steel plates of 8mm thick along the longer sides. If bending stresses in the composite beam are to be limited to 100 N/mm2 in steel and 8 N/mm2 in the timber, estimate the maximum permissible bending moment in the beam. Assume E for steel to be 15 times E for timber.

(contd…2) Code No.10802 -2Set No.4

4.a) b)

State the assumptions of the theory of simple bending and derive the governing formula. A test beam 30mm square in section is broken by a load of 1200N applied at the center of a span of 1 meter. Using the factor of safety of 8, calculate the safe uniformly distributed load for a beam 110mm wide and 300mm deep freely supported over a span of 4.5m. Derive Lames expressions governing radial and circumferential stresses in Thick cylinders. Calculate the minimum wall thickness of a thin cylindrical shell 1000mm in diameter if it has to withstand an internal pressure of 2 N/mm2 and longitudinal stress not to exceed 30 N/mm2 and hoop stress not to exceed 40 N/mm2 i) Change in diameter ii) Change in length and change in volume. E=2.0 x 10 5 N/mm2. Poisson’s ratio=1/4. Explain the development of Principal stresses and stains in an elastic system. How would these influence the design of a member? A piece of elastic material is subjected to a tension on a horizontal plane of 150 N/mm2 and on a vertical plane to a compressive stress of 50 N/mm2. On the plane just specified there are also shearing stresses of 75 N/mm2. Deduce from first principles i) The principal stresses ii) The direct and shearing stress on plane inclined at 45 degrees to the vertical. Explain Maximum principal strain theory, Maximum strain energy theory of failure that govern the design of a stressed system. A bending moment of M applied to a solid round shaft causes a maximum direct stress f at elastic failure. Determine the numerical relation between Bending moment and twisting moment T which acting along on the shaft, will produce elastic failure according to each of the following theories of failure i) Maximum principal stress (ii) Maximum principal strain iii) Maximum strain energy theories. Poisson’s ratio=0.3. Explain the following: a) Temperature stresses in compound sections b) Complimentary shear stresses and their development c) Stresses in thin cylinders d) Theory of pure torsion in circular shafts. *** *** ***

5.a) b)

6.a) b)

7.a) b)

8.

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