1: Ferrannini E, Mingrone G.

Impact of different bariatric surgical procedures o n insulin action and beta-cell function in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2009 Mar;32(3):514-20. Review. PubMed PMID: 19246589; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2646039. 2: Schernthaner G, Morton JM. Bariatric surgery in patients with morbid obesity and type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2008 Feb;31 Suppl 2:S297-302. Review. PubMed PMID: 18227500. 3: Rubino F. Is type 2 diabetes an operable intestinal disease? A provocative ye t reasonable hypothesis. Diabetes Care. 2008 Feb;31 Suppl 2:S290-6. PubMed PMID: 18227499. 4: Anvari M. Is type 2 diabetes a surgical disease? Can J Surg. 2007 Aug;50(4):249-50. Review. PubMed PMID: 17897511; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2386163. 5: Laferrère B, Heshka S, Wang K, Khan Y, McGinty J, Teixeira J, Hart AB, Olivan B. Incretin levels and effect are markedly enhanced 1 month after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery in obese patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2007 Jul;30(7):1709-16. Epub 2007 Apr 6. PubMed PMID: 17416796; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2743330. 6: Croce MA, Eagon JC, LaRiviere LL, Korenblat KM, Klein S, Finck BN. Hepatic lipin 1beta expression is diminished in insulin-resistant obese subjects and is reactivated by marked weight loss. Diabetes. 2007 Sep;56(9):2395-9. Epub 2007 Ju n 11. PubMed PMID: 17563064. 7: Camastra S, Manco M, Mari A, Greco AV, Frascerra S, Mingrone G, Ferrannini E. Beta-cell function in severely obese type 2 diabetic patients: long-term effects of bariatric surgery. Diabetes Care. 2007 Apr;30(4):1002-4. PubMed PMID: 17392562. 8: Cummings DE, Overduin J, Foster-Schubert KE, Carlson MJ. Role of the bypassed proximal intestine in the anti-diabetic effects of bariatric surgery. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2007 Mar-Apr;3(2):109-15. Review. PubMed PMID: 17386391; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2702249. 9: Guidone C, Manco M, Valera-Mora E, Iaconelli A, Gniuli D, Mari A, Nanni G, Castagneto M, Calvani M, Mingrone G. Mechanisms of recovery from type 2 diabetes after malabsorptive bariatric surgery. Diabetes. 2006 Jul;55(7):2025-31. PubMed PMID: 16804072. 10: Rubino F, Forgione A, Cummings DE, Vix M, Gnuli D, Mingrone G, Castagneto M, Marescaux J. The mechanism of diabetes control after gastrointestinal bypass surgery reveals a role of the proximal small intestine in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. Ann Surg. 2006 Nov;244(5):741-9. PubMed PMID: 17060767; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1856597. 11: Patriti A, Facchiano E, Donini A. Effect of duodenal-jejunal exclusion in a

Overduin J. PubMed PMID: 12409659. deRamon RA. 2004 Jan.227(5):637-43. 1998 May. Israel RG. Review. Long SB. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1356186. discussion 643-4. Dolezal JM. MacDonald KG Jr. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1191337. 2004 Jun. . Barakat HA. Brown BM. Cory KA. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1234815. Gagner M. Ann Surg. 2004 Jan.239(1):12-3. 1995 Sep. Morris PG.non-obese animal model of type 2 diabetes: a new perspective for an old disease. Houmard JA. Potential of surgery for curing type 2 diabetes mellitus . Diabetes: the evolution of a new paradigm. Marescaux J. Swanson MS. 2002 Nov.89(6):2608-15. Ann Surg. Ann Surg. Ann Surg. Review. discussion 350-2. PubMed PMID: 7677463.239(1):1-11. Caro JF. Effect of duodenal-jejunal exclusion in a non-obese animal model of type 2 diabetes: a new perspective for an old disease. Gastric bypass for obesity: mechanisms of weight loss and diabetes resolution. A new paradigm for type 2 diabetes mellitus: could it be a disease of the foregut? Ann Surg. Swanson MS. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 16: Pories WJ. 14: Rubino F. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1356185. Dohm GL. PubMed PMID: 14685094. et al. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1356425. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1422611. PubMed PMID: 9605655. Foster-Schubert KE. author reply 389-91. Barakat HA.236(5):554-9. 12: Cummings DE. Israel G.240(2):388-9. PubMed PMID: 15181031. Considine RV. 13: Pories WJ. PubMed PMID: 14685093. MacDonald KG. 2004 Aug. PubMed PMID: 15273570.222(3):339-50. 15: Rubino F. Who would have thought it? An operation proves to be the most effective therapy for adult-onset diabetes mellitus. 17: Hickey MS. Ann Surg. Pories WJ.