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Code No. 220206

1

II Year II-Semester Supplementary Examinations November 2003 CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All question carry equal marks --1.a) Define signal flow graph and how do you construct signal flow graph from equations. b) Draw the signal flow graph for the system shown below and hence find gain from Mason’s gain formula.

2.a) b) 3.a) b)

Derive the transfer function of a field controlled d.c. Servomotor and develop the block diagram. Clearly state the assumptions made in the derivation. What are the effects of feedback on the performance of a system? Briefly explain. Derive the time response of second order under damped system due to unit step input. Derive the expressions for rise time, peak over shoot, settling time of 2nd order system of unit step input. K(s + 13) s(s + 3)(s + 7) Using R-H criterion, find the range of K for which the closed loop system is stable. The characteristic equation of a servo system is given by a0s4 + a1s2 + a3s + a4 = 0. Determine the conditions, which must be satisfied by the coefficients of the characteristic equation for the system to be stable. A unity feedback system has forward transfer function: G ( s) = Sketch the root locus diagram for a feedback system the characteristic equation of K which is given by, G(s)H(s)= . Show clearly the steps s ( s + 2)( s 2 + 2s + 2) involved. Contd…..2

4.a)

b)

5.

Code No. 220206 6.a) b)

::2::

Set.No.1

Explain the correction between time and frequency response of a system Sketch the Bode Plot for a unity feed back system characterized by the open loop transfer function G(s) =

K (1 + 0.2s )(1 + 0.025s )

s (1 + 0.001s )(1 + 0.005s ) 20( s 2 + s + 0.5) s ( s + 1) ( s + 10)

3

. Show that the system is

conditionally stable. Find the range of values of K for which the system is stable 7.a) b) 8.a) b) Plot the polar plot of G ( s )

Explain the concept of Nyquist stability criterion. Define the terms i) State variable ii) State transition matrin. Obtain the state equation and output equation of the electric network as shown. In Fig.

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Set No.

Code No. 220206

2

II Year II-Semester Supplementary Examinations November 2003 CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All question carry equal marks --1.a) What are the drawbacks of the block diagram reduction technique and what are the advantages of SFG. b) For the electrical system shown below draw the signal flow graph and hence find LH the gain by Mason’s 1uF formula.1 1 gain u R1 C1 R1 1k 0.2F 1k 1H 5Ω 2Ω I2 I3 I1 I4 Vi 3Ω

R 5Ω 1 1k

I5

R1 0.5F 1k

C1 1uF o V

2.a) b) 3.

Explain the effect of feedback on the stability of a closed loop system? Explain the effect of feedback on the sensitivity of a closed loop system? The open loop transfer function of a unity feedback control system is K G(S ) = S (1 + Ts ) i) By what factor should the amplifier gain “K’ be multiplied in order to increase the damping ratio from 0.2 to 0.8? ii) By what factor should ‘K’ be multiplied so that the maximum overshoot for a step input decreases from 60% to 10%? Find the error constants and steady state errors for a velocity input r(t) = 2t and 10 step input of 2 units. The system is described by G (s) H(s) = . s(s + 5) 20(s + 1) Find the values of Kp, Kv and Ka for the system with G (s) = s(s + 2)(2s + 1) The open-loop transfer function of a negative feedback system is given by, K G ( s ) H ( s) = . Following the rules of construction systematically, 2 s ( s + 2 s + 12) draw the root locus plot. Show that the branches of the root locus are straight lines. Contd…..2

4.a)

b) 5.

Code No. 220206 6.a) b)

::2::

Set.No.2

Explain the concept of phase margin and gain margin. Draw the Bode Plot for a system having G(s) =

100 , H(s) = 1. s (1 + 0.5s )(1 + 0.1s )

Determine: i) Gain cross over frequency and corresponding phase margin. ii) Phase cross over frequency and corresponding gain margin. iii) Stability of the closed loop system. 7.a) b) Explain how polar plots are useful in finding the stability of a system Sketch the Nyquist plot and find the stability of the following system.

G (s) H ( s) =

100 ( s + 2)( s + 4)( s + 8)

8.a) b)

Obtain the solution of a system whose state model is given by X = A X(t) + B U(t) ; X(0) =X0 and hence define state Transition matrix. Obtain the transfer function of a control system whose state model is

$$$

Set No.

Code No. 220206

3

II Year II-Semester Supplementary Examinations November 2003 CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All question carry equal marks --1.a) Explain about Mason’s gain formula. b) Draw the signal flow graph for the network shown below and determine gain C1 C1 1uF from Masons’ gain formula. 1uF R1 1k 1k R1 C1 C3 R2 R4 V1 R1 C2 R 1 R 1 k 1uF 3

C1

R1 1k

V2

2.a) b) 3.

Derive the Transfer Function for potential divider. Derive the Transfer Function for a.c. servomotor. K . s ( s + 2) It is specified that the response of the system of a unit step input should have a maximum overshoot of 10 percent and the settling time should be less than 1 sec. Is it possible to satisfy both the specifications simultaneously? If not determine the value of ‘K’ that will satisfy the first satisfaction. What will be the settling time and the time to reach the first peak for this case? The open-loop transfer function of unity feedback system is The open loop transfer function of a servo system with unity feedback is given by 500 G (s) = . Evaluate the error constants Kp, Kv and Ka. Determine the s(1 + 0.1s) steady state error when the input is r(t) = 1+2t+t2. Explain the concepts of stability of a control system (not the methods). Using R.H. criterion determine the stability of the system if its characteristic equation is s6 + 3s5 + 5s4 + 9s3 + 8s2 + 6s + 4 = 0 K ( s + 1)( s + 3) . Sketch the root locus and s3 determine the range of K for which the system is stable. Plot the root locus for G(s)H(s) =. Contd…..2

a) b) 4.a)

b)

5.

Code No. 220206 6.a) b)

::2::

Set.No.3

Discuss the use of gain margin and phase margin in frequency response specification of open loop systems. Sketch the polar (Nyquist) plot on a plain paper for the following transfer function G(s)=

10 . s (1 + s )(1 + 0.05s )

7.a) b)

State & explain Nyquist Criteria. Check stability of system by Nyquist Criteria

G (s) =

8.a)

10 s 2 (1 + 0.2 s ) (1 + 0.5s )

Write the state equations for the block diagram given.

b)

For the given plant transfer function construct the signal flow diagram and determine the state space model.

$$$

Set No.

Code No. 220206

4

II Year II-Semester Supplementary Examinations November 2003 CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All question carry equal marks --1. The block diagram of a closed loop, speed control system is shown below. The W (s) KK = a m . Where T1 is the open loop Transfer Function of the system is R (s ) ST1 + 1 time constant of the system. The constant of the tachometer is Kt. Determine and compare the responses of the system i) Without tachometer and ii) With tachometer. Amplifier R(s) Vc (s) + Ka Vt (s) Kt

Motor Km ( 1 ? 1) ST W(s) Speed

R(s)

2.a) b) 3.a) b)

Define sensitivity and explain mathematically. What is a PID controller and derive its transfer function. Derive the expressions for time domain specifications of a second order system for a step input. The open loop transfer function of unity feedback system is given by K G(S ) = Where T and K are constants having positive values. By what s(1 + Ts ) factor the amplifier gain be reduced so that (i) The peak overshoot of unit step response of the system is reduced from 75% to 25% (ii) The damping ratio increases from 0.1 to 0.6. Show that the Routh’s stability criterion and Hurwitz stability criterion are equivalent. Consider a unity-feedback control system whose open-loop transfer function is K G (s) = . Discuss the effects that varying the values of K and B has on the s(Js + B) steady-state error in unit-ramp response.

4.a) b)

Code No. 220206 5.

::2::

Contd…..2 Set.No.4 K ( s + 1) . Determine the s ( s − 1)( s + 4)

A unity feedback system has a plant gain G(s) = range of K for which the system is stable.

6.a) b)

Derive expression of peak resonance and bandwidth. Define the following frequency response specifications . i) Peak Resonance ii) Bandwidth iii) Phase Margin iv) Gain Margin What is Nyquist path. Explain in detail with various cases. Plot Nyquist stability Plot G ( s ) H ( s ) =

7.a) b) 8.a)

20 . s (1 + 0.1s ) (1 + 0.5s )

Obtain state space mode for given mechanical system.

b) Obtain the state equations in canonical form for transfer function given Y ( s) = (3s2 + 5s + 13) / (s+2) (s2 + 4s + 8). U (s)

$$$

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