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Code No. 220403

1

II B.Tech II- Semester-Supplementary- Examinations January – 2003 E M WAVES AND TRANSIMISSION LINES ( Common to Electronics and Communications Engineering and Electronics and Telematics) Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All questions carry equal marks --1. a) What do you understand by the term ‘Polarization’ in dielectrics? Explain. b) A charged wire with linear charge density of λ c/m is in the form of a semi circle. Find an expression for the electric field at the center of the circle. 2. a) b) 3. a) b) 4. a) b) 5. a) b) Define the term ‘Electric Potential’ in an electro static field. What do you understand by ‘Absolute Potential’? Show that the potential difference between any two points is independent of the path of integration? Prove that the electric field intensity in the negative gradient of potential. What is Bist Savart Law? Using it find magnetic field on the axis of a circular loop carrying a current ‘I’. Explain the concepts of scalar and vector magnetic potentials. Derive Poisson’s equation for the vector magnetic potential of steady current. Explain the terms ‘self inductance’ and ‘mutual inductance’. __ __ __ Show that the vector product P = E x H represents the rate of energy flow per unit area at a point. A copper wire carries a conduction current of 1 ampere. Determine the displacement current in the wire at 100 MHz. Take ∈ = ∈0 ad conductivity 5.8x 107mho/m. Two infinitely parallel perfect conducting planes are separated by ‘a’ cm apart. Justfy the existence of TMno node in this guide. Derive expression for its filed components and justify their nature. Deduce the two conditions for which a wave traveling from one meduim to the other will be total internal reflected. Derive the expression for input impedance of an uniform transmission line terminated in load ZL. Hence discuss the properties of a quarter wave legth and half wavelength lines assuming the line to be loss less. Describe the consternation of Smith chart and give its application. Write short notes on the following: a) Energy stored in electrostatic field. b) Boundary condition of a EM field c) Circular wave guide. d) Stub matching. ###

6. a) b) 7. a) b) 8.

Set No.

Code No. 220403

2

Max. Marks: 80

II B.Tech II- Semester-Supplementary- Examinations January – 2003 E M WAVES AND TRANSIMISSION LINES (Electronics and Communications Engineering and Electronics and Telematics) Time: 3 Hours Answer any Five questions All questions carry equal marks --Derive an expression for energy density on a static electric field. What is an electric dipole? Obtain the far field expression form the gradient of potential. Define polarization in dielectrics. Explain Ampere’s circuital Law. Derive an expression for vector magnetic potential and explain its use. A current strip of 2 cm wide carries a current of 15A in x direction. Find the force on the strip per unit length if the uniform field is B= 0.21 in y direction. Find the magnetic potential and flux density due to a log current carrying conductors. Derive the boundary conditions at the interface of two materials that of a static magnetic field. Derive Laplaces equation and state its use in solving electronic field problem. Explain clearly why the expression J x H = J is to be modified for magnetic fields which vary with time. Obtain the modified equation. What is continuity equation? Derive. State Maxwell’s equations in Integral form. Derive them for harmonically varying fields. What is uniform plane wave? Show that uniform plane wave progressing in x direction has no component of E in x direction. Why is a TEM wave propagation impossible in rectangular wave guide? Explain. Derive expression for cut off frequency of a rectangular wave guide with a xb dimension propagating in TE mn mode. Obtain relation between λg, λc and λo in case of rectangular wave guide. Explain the principle of stub matching. A telephone line has R=10 Ω/km, L = 0.0037 H/km, C = 0.0083 µF/km and G= 0.4 x 10-6 ν/km. Determine Zo, ∝, and β at 1 kHz. Derive the equations involved. Write short notes on the following: a) Coulomb’s Law and its applications. b) Reflection and refraction of EM waves at an dielectric interface. c) Poynting Vector d) Phase and group velocities in a transmission line. ###

1. a) b) 2. a) b) c) 3. a) b) 4. a) b) c) 5. a) b) 6. a) b) c) 7. a) b)

8.

Set No.

Code No. 220403

3

II B.Tech II- Semester-Supplementary- Examinations January – 2003 E M WAVES AND TRANSIMISSION LINES (Electronics and Communications Engineering and Electronics and Telematics) Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All questions carry equal marks --State and prove Gauss’s law. Determine the potential distribution about a long parallel pair of wires of negligible cross section when the wires have equal and opposite charges distributed along their length. Write Laplace’s equation in rectangular coordinates for two parallel planes of infinite extent in the X and Y directions and separated by a distance d in the z direction. Determine the potential distribution and electric field strength in the region between the planes. Verify that the expression for the potential due to an electric dipole satisfies Laplace’s equation. State and explain Maxwell’s equations in integral form. State and prove Ampere’s law for a current element. Derive the expression for the magnetic field about two long straight parallel wires carrying equal and oppositely directed currents. Derive continuity equation for time varying field. State and explain the condition at a boundary surface. Starting from field equation, derive plane wave equation. Obtain wave equations for a conducting medium. A copper wire carries a conduction current of 1 amp. Determine the displacement current in the wire at 100 MHz. For copper σ = 5.8 x 107 mhos/m and permittivity is same as that of free space. Derive an expression for the alternation factor for the TM10 wave between parallel conducting planes. For a wave guide derive the relation between λ, free space wave length, λg guide wave length and λc cut off wave length. Derive the expression for the input impedance of a transmission line of length l. Explain the applications of smith’s chart. ###

1. a) b)

2. a)

b) 3. a) b) 4. a) b) 5. a) b) 6. a) b)

7. a) b) 8. a) b)

Set No.

Code No. 220403

4

II B.Tech II- Semester-Supplementary- Examinations January – 2003 E M WAVES AND TRANSIMISSION LINES (Common to Electronics and Communications Engineering and Electronics and Telematics) Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All questions carry equal marks --1. a) Show that the displacement current through the capacitor is equal to the conduction current.

I

V = Vm sinwt

∼

C

b)

A copper wire carries a conduction current of 1 amp at 60 Hz. What is the displacement current in the wire? For copper assume ∈=∈o, µ=µo, σ =5.8 x 107. State and explain Faraday’s law. For a very long straight wire, show that the magnetic field intensity around the wire is given by ∧ I H = φ 2πr Where ‘I’ is the current through the conductor. For a uniform plane wave traveling along x-direction, show that intrinsic impedance is given by √ µ . ∈ For a plane wave reflecting at perfect dielectric, with normal incidence show that Er Ei = η2 – η1 η2 + η1

2. a) b)

3.

4. a)

b)

Er = 2η2 Ei η2 + η1 What is Brewster angle. For vertical polarization show that Brewster angle is

θ Code No. 220403

=

tan-1

∈2 ∈1 Contd…2 ..2.. Set No. 4

5. 6.

For a TE wave traveling along z-axis show that only electric field exists along ydirection. Plot electric and magnetic fields between parallel planes for TE10 mode. Derive the equation for wave guide wavelength 2π λg mπ nπ ω 2 µ ∈ − − a b starting from propagation constant. Show that wave impedance of TM wave is given by Z (TM) = η 1 − ( ω c / W ) 2 =

2 2

b)

7. a)

Show that for distortionless transmission line L= R b) For a loss less line show that β = w √Lc.

C G

8. a)

b)

A dipole antenna is fed by a transmission line having Zo = 50Ω. The source impedance is 600Ω. If the length of the line is 10λ, determine antenna impedance. Describe how matching is achieved using single stub matching. What are the advantages and disadvantages compared to double-stub matching. ###

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