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Code No: 220405 II B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003. CONTROL SYSTEMS (Common to Electronics and Communication Engineering, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics and Control Engineering, Electronics and Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) Explain the open loop control system with practical example b) Find the transfer function of a circuit given below

1

2.

Derive the transfer function for the field controlled d.c. servomotor and draw the block diagram. 36 . Determine the characteristic of the s ( s + 0.72) system. Hence calculate the undamped frequency of the oscillation, damped frequency of the oscillation, damping factor, peak over shoot, time required to reach the peak output and settling time. A unit step input is applied to the system. For a unit feedback system G ( s ) = A unity-feedback system is characterized by the open-loop transfer function 1 G (s) = . Determine the steady-state errors for unit-step, units(0.5s + 1)(0.2s + 1) ramp and unit-acceleration input. Also determine the damping ratio and natural frequency of the dominant roots. A unity feedback system has an open loop transfer function K G (s) h(s) = s ( s + 3) ( s 2 + 2 s + 2) Sketch the root locus as ‘K’ varied from 0 to ∞. Briefly explain the correlation between time and frequency response of a system. Sketch the Bode Plot for the following Transfer function 10(1 + 0.5s ) G(s) = s (1 + 0.1s )(1 + 0.2 s ) Calculate gain margin and phase margin.

3.

4.

5.

6.a) b)

Code No: 220405 7.

:: 2 ::

Contd….2. Set No: 1

A unity feedback control system has an open loop transfer function given by 100 G(s)H(s) = . Draw the Nyquist diagram and determine its stability. s ( s + 5)( s + 2) The state equations of a Linear system are as follows.

- 2 0 1 1 x = 1 - 3 0 x + 0 u 1 1 - 1 1

−

8.a)

y = [2 1 -1] x b) Determine the transfer function y(s)/u(s). Explain various methods of evaluation of state transition matrix.

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Set No.

Code No: 220405 II B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003. CONTROL SYSTEMS (Common to Electronics and Communication Engineering, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics and Control Engineering, Electronics and Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) Explain the concepts of control systems. b) Obtain the transfer function for the following electrical network.

2

2.

Derive the transfer function for the armature controlled d.c. servomotor and draw the block diagram. A unity feedback control system has G ( s ) = 100 . If it is subjected to unity s( s + 5)

3.

step input. Determine (i) Damped frequency of oscillation. (ii) Maximum peak overshoot (iii) Time to reach for first overshoot (iv) Settling time (v) Output response 4. a) b) Show that the Routh’s stability criterion and Hurwitz stability criterion are equivalent. Consider a unity-feedback control system whose open-loop transfer function is K G (s) = . Discuss the effects that varying the values of K and B has on the s(Js + B) steady-state error in unit-ramp response. Sketch the root locus plot of a unity feedback system with an open loop transfer K function G(s) = . Find the range of values of “K” for which the s ( s + 2) ( s + 4) system has damped oscillatory response. What is the greatest value of “K” which can be used before continuous oscillations. Determine the value of “K” so that the dominant pair of complex poles of the system has a damping ratio of 0.5. Contd….2.

5.

Code No: 220405 6.

:: 2 ::

Set No: 2 100(0.02 s + 1) . ( s + 1)(0.1s + 1)(0.01s + 1)

Draw the Bode plot for the system having G(s)H(s) = Find gain and phase cross over frequency.

7.a) b)

Draw the Nyquist plot for the open loop system G(s) =

K ( s + 3) s ( s − 1)

and find its

stability. Discuss the stability of the following system using Nyquist stability criterion K G ( s ) H ( s) = . (Ts + 1) s Derive the expression for the transfer function from the state model. x = Ax + Bu y = Cx + Du Obtain state variable representation of an armature controlled D.C. motor.

8.a) b)

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Set No.

Code No: 220405 II B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003. CONTROL SYSTEMS (Common to Electronics and Communication Engineering, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics and Control Engineering, Electronics and Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) For the mechanical system given below, derive an expression for the transfer function.

3

b) 2.a) b) 3.

Derive the transfer function of a closed loop system. Why a conventional induction motor is not suitable for servo applications. Derive the transfer function for the a.c. servomotor with neat diagram. 500 . Sketch the transient s( s + 5) response for unity step input, and calculate peak overshoot, settling time, peak time. A second order servo has unity feedback G ( s ) = i) Explain error constants Kp, Kv, Ka for type I system. ii) Given the open-loop transfer function of a unity feedback system as 10 G (s) = , Find Kp, Kv and Ka. s(0.1s + 1) K for all s ( s + 3) ( s 2 + 2 s + 3) positive values K. Hence obtain gain margin and phase margin. Plot the root locus for a system having G(s) H(s) = (1 + 100 s )(1 + s ) . Assume unity feed back. (1 + 10 s)(1 + 0.1s) Obtain gain margin and phase margin using semi log sheet. Sketch the Bode plot for G(s) =

4.

5.

6.

Code No: 220405 7.a) b)

:: 2 ::

Contd….2. Set No: 3

Explain clearly Nyquist criterion for stability of control systems. The open loop transfer function of a unity feedback control system is 10 G(s) = . Draw its polar plot and hence determine its phase margin s ( s + 1)( s + 5) and gain margin. Obtain state variable representation of a field controlled D. C. motor. Find the state transition matrix for a given system.

- 2 1 0 x = 0 -2 1 x 0 0 - 2

8.a) b)

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Set No.

Code No: 220405 II B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003. CONTROL SYSTEMS (Common to Electronics and Communication Engineering, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Electronics and Control Engineering, Electronics and Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) Explain the advantages of signal flow graph representation over block diagram representation for a system. Derive the transfer function of the following network given below.

4

2.

Explain the principle of operation of a.c. and d.c. tachometer. Hence derive the transfer functions for the same. A unity feedback system with G ( s ) = gives steady state error of 2s + 10s + 8 0.025 for unit step input. Find the peak overshoot, peak time rise, and number of cycles completed before output settled within 2% of the final value.

2

3.

64

4.

10 5 and H(s) = . s (0.4s + 1) (s + 4) Using generalized error series determine the steady state error of the system when the input applied is r(t)=(1+3t+4t2). For a negative feedback control system G (s) = K . s ( s + 8s + 32) Sketch a root locus and find the dominant closed loop poles with z = 0.5. Find K at this point. A unity feed back system has open loop transfer function G(S) =

2

5.

6.

Sketch the Bode plot for a unity feed back system characterized by the open loop K (1 + 0.2s )(1 + 0.025s ) transfer function G(s) = 2 . Show that the system is s (1 + 0.001s )(1 + 0.005s ) conditionally stable. Find the range of K for which the system is stable. Contd….2.

Code No: 220405 7.

:: 2 ::

Set No: 4

Comment on the stability of the system whose open loop transfer function 1 G ( s ) H ( s) = . Also find gain and phase margin (using Nyquist s (1 + 2 s )(1 + s) plot). A system described by

- 1 - 4 - 1 0 x = - 1 - 6 - 2 x + 1 u - 1 - 2 - 3 1

8.

y = [1 1 1] x Find the transfer function and construct the signal flow graph.

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