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, II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS - I (Chemical Engineering) Time:3 hours Max Marks:80 Answer any Five Questions All questions carry equal marks. ----Define the term Thermodynamics. What are its applications? State the study of Thermodynamics with the view point of microscopic and macroscopic approach Show that the polytrophic specific heat C n is given by the expression Cn = Cv { (γ - n)/ n – 1}. 3.a) b) 4.a) b) Define specific heat, internal energy and enthalpy of an ideal gas. Obtain an expression for the entropy change of an ideal gas. Show that Cp – Cv = R for an ideal gas. An ideal gas undergoes a reversible adiabatic process. Show that the following relations are valid for this process: (i). pvν = c (ii). Tvν-1 = c (iii). Tp(1-ν)/ν = c State the second law of thermodynamics and explain how it is applied for development of heat engine. A reversible heat engine absorbs 252 kcal at 260°C, produces work, and discards heat at 38°C. What is the change in entropy of the heat source and the heat sink, and what is the total entropy change resulting from the process? Explain the Sensible Heat Effects with Homogeneous substance of constant composition. Evaluate the Sensible-Heat Integral. Derive the expression for it. Write short notes on the following, (a) Standard Heat of Reaction with suitable example. (b) Standard Heat of Formation with suitable example. !!!!!

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1.a) b) 2.

5.

6.

7.a) b) 8.

Set No. Code No: 220802 II B.Tech., II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS - I (Chemical Engineering) Time:3 hours Max Marks:80 Answer any Five Questions All questions carry equal marks. ----Compare the closed system with open system. Define the following: 1) State 2) Process 3) Property 4) Cycle. State the first law of thermodynamics and prove that for a non flow process, it leads to the energy equation Q = W + du. Consider an adiabatic vessel divided into 2 chambers. One chamber contains dry saturated steam of mass 4 kg at a pressure of 2.5 bar while the other chamber contains 8 kg of steam, 0.9 quality at 4 bar. Now the partition between the chambers is removed and the steam is mixed thoroughly and reaches thermal equilibrium. Calculate the entropy change, steam quality and final pressure. Generally we assume that steam can be modeled as an ideal gas. Find the range of pressure where this model holds good. In predicting pressures with an accuracy of 2%, a Van der Waals gas is treated as an ideal gas. Find the region of p-v-T surface in which the above approximation is valid. Write briefly about the limitations and real process of second law of thermodynamics. A metal block of specific heat 0.09Kcal/kg °C and mass of 10kg is initially at 50°C. (i) 2 kg of water at 35°C is used to quench the block, what is the total entropy change? (ii)Repeat if 2 kg of water at 15°C is used. Comment on the above process. If the heat capacity of a substance is correctly represented by an equation of the form, CP = A + BT + CT2 Show that the error resulting when < CP>H is assumed equal to CP evaluated at the arithmetic mean of the initial and final temperature is C(T2 – T1)2 / 12. Hydrocarbon fuel can be produced from methanol by reaction such as the following which yields 1 – Hexene; 6CH3OH(g) → C6H12(g) + 6H2O(g) Compare the standard heat of combustion at 25°C of 6CH3OH(g) with standard heat of combustion at 25°C of C6H12(g) for reaction products CO2(g) and H2O(g).

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1.a) b) 2. 3.

4.a) b)

5. 6.

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8.

Set No. !!!!! Code No: 220802 II B.Tech., II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS - I (Chemical Engineering) Time:3 hours Answer any Five Questions All questions carry equal marks. ----1.a) b) 2. 3. Define and explain the terms pressure and temperature. Define work and heat in thermodynamic sense and bring out the comparison with them. Prove that work done in a steady flow process is given by integral 2 to 1 v dp when volume changes from v1 to v2. A rigid vessel contains a mixture of saturated steam and water at 550 K. The volume of the vessel is 50 liters. If the liquid mass is 10 kg, determine the total mass, enthalpy, entropy and internal energy of the mixture. What are the Gibbs and Maxwell relations? Explain. Verify the validity of Maxwell relation for steam at 2 bar and 300°C. Enlist 04 statements of second law of thermodynamics. What aspects of Q and W are specially discussed in second law of thermodynamics but not discussed in first law. What is thermal reservoir? Show that the thermodynamic temperature scale is equivalent to the ideal gas temperature scale. If LiCl.2H2O(s) and H2O(l) are mixed isothermally at 25°C to form a solution containing 10 mol of water for each mole of LiCl, what is the heat effect per mole of solution? If a liquid solution of HCl in water, containing 1 mol of HCl and 4.5 mol of H2O, absorbs an additional 1 mol of HCl(g) at the constant temperature of 25°C, what is the heat effect? Ethylene gas and steam at 30°C and atmospheric pressure are fed to a reaction process as an equimolar mixture. The process produces ethanol by the reaction: C2H4(g) + H2O(g) → C2H5OH(l) The liquid ethanol exits the process at 25°C. What is the heat transfer association with this overall process per mole of ethanol produced? Max Marks:80

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4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) 7.a) b)

8.

Set No. !!!!! Code No: 220802 II B.Tech., II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS - I (Chemical Engineering) Time:3 hours Max Marks:80 Answer any Five Questions All questions carry equal marks. ----Explain the concept of Continuum. Explain the concept of pure substance. Differentiate between the flow work and non flow work by drawing a PV diagram What is reciprocity relation and cyclic relation? Explain. Show that the ideal gas equation of state satisfies the above two relations. What is corresponding states principle? Explain. Assuming an isothermal compression of Van der Waal gas between v1 and v2, derive an expression for the change of enthalpy and entropy. Calculate the minimum work required to manufacture 2.5 kg of ice cubes from water initially at 32(°F). Assume that the surroundings are at 26°C. The latent heat of fusion of water at O°C is 75 kcal/kg. A metal block of specific heat 0.09 kcal/kg °C and mass of 10kg is initially at 50°c in a room where the air temperature is 25°C. The pressure is constant at 1x105 N/m2. Compute (i) Entropy change of block A (ii) Entropy change of air T1 (iii) Total entropy change.

Pressur e Q=0 D T2 Volume B Q=0 C

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1.a) b) 2. 3.a) b) 4.a) b)

5.

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Pyrites are roasted in SO2 plant to produce SO2. The gases leaving are at 500°C, have molar composition of SO2 = 7.055%, O2 = 10.55%, SO3=0.785%, N2 =81.64%. Calculate the heat content of gas mixture (1 kmol) over 25°C. Cp,SO2 = 6.147 + 13.844 * 10-3T – 91.03 * 10-7T2 Cp, O2 = 6.732 + 1.505 * 10-3 T – 1.7913*10-7T+ Cp, SO3 = 6.077 + 23.53*10+T – 96.7 * 10-7T2 Cp,N2 = 6.529 + 1.488 * 10-3T – 2.27*10-7T2

(Contd…2) Code No: 220802 8. -2Set No: 4

A fuel consisting of 75 mol% methane and 25 mol% ethane enters a furnace with 80% excess air at 30°C. If 8x 105 kJ per kg mole of fuel is transferred as heat to boiler tubes, at what temperature does the fuel gas leave the furnace? Assume complete combustion of the fuel. !!!!!

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