Set No.

Code No.220804 II B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 ORGANIC CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY (Chemical Engineering) Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---

1

Time: 3 hours

1.a) b) 2. a) b) c) d) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6. 7. 8.

How are plastics classified based on their application? Discuss the manufacture of phenol by Cumene process with a neat flow chart. Write short notes on: White pigments Red oxide of iron Yellow pigments Green Pigments Name two synthetic rubbers? Describe the manufacture process of Styrene Butadiene rubber with a flow sheet. What are the main properties of fibers? Describe with a neat flow sheet the production of Nylon fibers. How do you remove the dark colour of sugar in sugar industry. Describe the sugar production from cane juice. Discuss the various unit operations and chemical reactions involved in pencillin production by Fermentation process. Draw the diagram for the Hollander beater and name its parts? Explain and Draw the Flow sheet for splitting fat and explain the High pressure fat splitting “TPG – SA” process. *** *** ***

Set No.
Code No.220804 II B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 ORGANIC CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY (Chemical Engineering) Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---

2

Time: 3 hours

1.a) b) 2. a) b) c) d) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) c) 7. 8.

Mention the major engineering problems in the manufacture of phenol from chlorobenzene. With a neat flowchart explain the manufacture of phenol by using chlorobenzene. Write short notes on: Paints Varnishes Pigments Volatile solvents Compare natural and synthetic rubber. How is natural rubber prepared? What are its important properties? What are the advantages of synthetic fibers over cellulosic? Explain the manufacturing process of Orlon? Write about energy requirements in sugar production. Briefly describe various sugars. What are the various raw materials required for the manufacture of pencillin? Explain. Discuss the major engineering problems involved in pencillin production. Write briefly about properties of pencillin. Draw the essential parts of a fourdrinier machine and name its parts? Write down the preparation reaction and process of sodium alkane Sulphonate with neat flow chart. *** *** ***

Set No.
Code No.220804 II B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 ORGANIC CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY (Chemical Engineering) Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---

3

Time: 3 hours

1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5. 6. 7. 8.a) b)

Illustrate the benzene sulphonate process of manufacture of phenol emphasizing the reactions. Define “Degree of polymerization” and give examples. Discuss the manufacture of white lead. What are the constitutions of varnish? Name two synthetic rubbers. What is the most important component of a synthetic rubber? Write down the structures of these two. What are polyamides? Explain in detail the manufacturing process of Nylon 6. Write short notes on (a) Bagasse (b) Beet sugar (c) Molasses (d) Press mud Discuss the various unit operations involved in the production of ethanol from molasses. What are specialty papers? Discuss certain examples? What is a surfactant? Draw a flow sheet and explain the production of a detergent. *** *** ***

Set No.
Code No.220804 II B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 ORGANIC CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY (Chemical Engineering) Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---

4

Time: 3 hours

1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6. 7. 8.

What is an atactic polymer? Give an example. Explain how the properties of a polymer dependent up on its structural arrangement. What are the characteristics of pigmented varnish? Write a note on Driers and Oils used in the paint industry. What are the ways in which polymerization takes place? Explain with a flow chart the manufacture of Polyester fires. Explain with a neat sketch for the manufacture of polyester fibers. What is Modacrylic Fibers? Give details about Dynel. Explain various stages in sugar reefing Describe the economics sugar production. Discuss the unit operations and chemical reactions involved in ethanol production from molasses. What is rag pulp? Discuss the process? Write short notes on: a) Synthetic Laundry Bars (SLB) b) Soap Synthetic Bars c) Reaction mechanism of Saponification d) Anionic Surfactants. *** *** ***