Set No. Code No:221802 II B.Tech.

, II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 BASIC ELECTRONICS (Production Engineering, Metallurgy and Material Technology) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3. 4.a) b) 5. Explain how the pn-junction diode acts as a switch. Also draw VI characteristics of a diode. Explain transition and diffusion capacitances of a diode. Explain the input and output characteristics of CC configuration of npm transistor. What are the various filters ? Explain the principle of e-filters? Explain the V-I characteristics of SCR. Also explain how an SCK can be used as a switch. State and explain the advantages of negative feedback in amplifiers. Explain the voltage shunt and current shunt configurations of negative feedback amplifier with block diagrams. Derive an expression for the frequency of oscillations of RC phase shift oscillator. Explain the working principle of this oscillator. What would be the value of h FE for sustaining oscillations. Explain the basic theory of induction heating. What are its applications. What are the various losses in dielectric heating. Mention various applications of dielectric heating. Classify various timers. Explain the principle of any one timer. Draw the block diagram of CRO and explain function of CRT. Explain the principle of capacitive and photo-electric transducers with the diagrams. Explain the various applications of ultrasonics.

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6.a) b) 7.a) b) 8.a) b)

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Set No. Code No:221802

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II B.Tech., II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 BASIC ELECTRONICS (Production Engineering, Metallurgy and Material Technology) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---1.a) Explain the VI characteristics of pn- junction diode and highlight the significance of reverse saturation current. b) Explain the operation of HWR with a circuit diagram and waveforms. Derive the expressions for average value of O/P voltage. 2.a) b) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) 7.a) b) 8. Compare and contrast CB,CE, and CC amplifiers. Explain the input and output characteristics of CB configuration with reference to waveform. Explain the concept of early effect. Derive an expression for the output current of an SCR with its two transistor representation. Draw its VI characteristics. Explain any two applications of SCR. What is the effect of negative feedback on input and output impedances, distortion and voltage gains. Explain clearly. Explain current series and voltage shunt configurations of negative feedback amplifier with the help of block diagrams. State and explain the Barkhausen criterion for sustaining oscillations. Explain the working principle of wien bridge oscillator. Explain the principle of RC timers with the circuits. Explain the working principle of resistance welding circuits. applications of resistance welding. What are the

What are the various applications of ultrasonics. Explain magnetostriction ultrasonic generator with its diagrams. What are the various modules of CRO. Explain various applications of CRO. What is a transducer ? Classify them. Explain the principle of LVDT transducer and what are the merits and demerits of LVDT. !!!!!

Set No. Code No:221802 II B.Tech., II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 BASIC ELECTRONICS (Production Engineering, Metallurgy and Material Technology) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) 7.a) b) 8.a) b) Distinguish between insulators, semiconductors and metals. Give examples of each. Explain the principle of pn-diode in forward and reverse biased conditions with their characteristics. Explain principle of FWR circuits and plot its input and output waveforms. What are the advantages and disadvantages of FWR over HWR. Classify various filter circuits and explain their principle. Explain how transistor can be used as amplifier. What are the characteristics of an SCR. Explain them with relevant circuit and waveforms. Distinguish between positive and negative feedback. What are their advantages and disadvantages. Explain current series and shunt configuration with the block diagrams. What is the type of feedback involved in oscillators. Explain the Barkhausen conditions for sustaining oscillations. Explain the principle of RC phase shift oscillator using transistor. What is range of frequencies of this oscillator. What are the basic timer circuits and mention their applications. Explain the principle of energy storage welding circuits. Explain the basic principle of dielectric heating. What are its applications? What are the various applications of CRO? Explain them. Explain the principle of Piezo-electric ultrasonic generator. Mention the applications of ultrasonic generator. Classify various transducers. Explain LVDT transducers. What are its merits and demerits? !!!!

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Set No. Code No:221802

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II B.Tech., II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 BASIC ELECTRONICS (Production Engineering, Metallurgy and Material Technology) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) 7.a) b) 8.a) Explain the working principle of pn-diode both in forward and reverse biased conditions together with VI-characteristics. Explain various applications of pn junction diode. Explain the input and output characteristics of npn transistor in CE configuration. Derive the relation between α and β of transistor amplifier. Explain the principle of 2 transistor model of SCR with its characteristics. Explain with necessary circuit diagrams any two applications of SCR. What are the advantages and disadvantages of negative feed back. Explain voltage series and current shunt configurations of negative feedback amplifier with the help of block diagrams. State and explain the conditions for sustaining oscillations. Explain the working principle of RC-phase shift oscillator and derive the expression for the frequency of oscillations. Classify various timers. Explain the principle of 555 IC timer. What are the various types of resistance welding and explain them. What are the various ways of generating ultrasonic waves ? Explain any one method. Explain various modules of CRT with block diagram. Classify various transducers. Explain the working of resistance thermometer and thermistor transduces with necessary diagrams. !!!!!