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Code No: 310204

1

POWER ELECTRONICS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All question carry equal marks ---

III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003

Time: 3 Hours

1. a) b)

Explain the operation of SCR using the schematic diagram and explain the importance of junctions. Sketch the static V-I Characteristics of SCR and discuss the importance of (i) Holding current (ii) Latching current (iii) Reverse breakdown voltage. Describe the working of single phase fully controlled bridge converter in the following two modes: (i) rectifying mode (ii) inversion mode Sketch the following waveforms of single phase fully controlled converter for firing angles 450 and 1200. (i) Load voltage and current waveforms (ii) Thyristor voltage and current waveforms (iii) Supply voltage and current waveforms Draw the circuit diagram of a three phase Half controlled converter and obtain an expression for the average load voltage across a resistive load. A three phase full converter is operated from a three phase 400V, 50Hz supply. The load resistance is 10 ohms. Calculate the firing angle for an average output voltage of 60% of the maximum possible mean output voltage. Calculate also the RMS value of load current. Derive the expressions for the Power dissipated in the load, for a single phase AC voltage controller feeding Resistive-inductive load for discontinuous operation of current. Explain the operation of the above circuit for continuous current conditions. Discuss the working of single phase midpoint cyclo converter when feeding R and RL loads with neat circuit diagram and relevant output waveforms.

2.a) b)

3.a) b)

4. a) b) 5.

Contd…..2.

Code No: 310204 6.a) b) c)

:: 2 ::

Set No: 1

Distinguish clearly between voltage commutation and current commutation in thyristor circuits. Discuss how the voltage across the commutating capacitance is preserved in a commutating circuit? A circuit employing resonance pulse commutation has C=20µF and L=3µ H the initial capacitor voltage = source voltage, Vs=230V DC. Determine conduction time for auxiliary thyristor and circuit turnoff time for main thyristor in case constant load current is 300A. Explain the necessity of Inverters and list out the different applications of the same. Briefly explain the different types of Inverters with working principle. Write the SPICE model for D.C circuit representation of SCR and mention where it is used. A single-phase semi converter uses freewheeling diode. The load being R=1.5Ω, L=0.5mH & D.C battery of 18V. The source is 120V (RMS) at 50Hz.Draw the SPICE representation of the above circuit. Give statement to evaluate average & peak value of o/p current and thyristor current (RMS). @@@@@

7.a) b) 8.a) b)

Set No:

Code No: 310204

2

POWER ELECTRONICS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All question carry equal marks ---

III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003

Time: 3 Hours

1.a) b) 2.a) b)

Explain the operation of Power IGBT with the help of schematic diagram. Also give its characteristics. Compare the operating features of GTO-SCR and power IGBT. Derive the expressions for output voltage of single phase Half controlled converter in its various modes of operation when feeding to R-L load. In a single phase mid point converter, turns ratio is 1.25. The source voltage is 130V,50Hz. For a resistive load of R=2 ohms, determine (i) Maximum possible values of positive and negative voltages across SCRs (ii) Maximum output voltage and current and the corresponding firing and conduction angles. (iii) The value of firing angle for load voltage of 100V. For a 3-phase full converter, explain how output voltage wave, for a firing angle of 300, is obtained by using (i) phase voltages and (ii) line voltages. A resistive load of 10 ohm is connected to a 3-phase full converter. The load takes 5 kw for a firing angle delay of 70 0. Find the magnitude of per phase input supply voltage. Explain different modes of operation of TRIAC with neat schematic diagram. Give few applications of TRIAC. Explain the working of single phase bridge type cycloconverter with RL load for (a) Continuous conduction and for (b) discontinuous conduction with the help of neat circuit diagram and relavent output waveforms. Discuss with relevant waveforms of class A self commutation by resonating the load, employed for thyristor circuits. For the class C commutation circuit, the DC source voltage E dc=120V and current through R1 and R2 is 20A.The turnoff time of both the SCR is 60 µSec .Calculate the value of commutating capacitance for successful commutation.

3.a) b)

4.a) b) 5.

6.a) b)

Code No: 310204 7.a) b) 8.

:: 2 ::

Contd…..2. Set No: 2

Give the difference between principle of operation of series and parallel Inverter circuits. Distinguish between different methods commonly used for forced commutation in Inverters A single-phase full wave A.C voltage controller controls power to an R-L load. The source being 230V, angle of retard is 300. Obtain SPICE model statement for the same to compute o/p voltage, current and power. @@@@@

Set No:

Code No: 310204

3

POWER ELECTRONICS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All question carry equal marks ---

III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003

Time: 3 Hours

1. a) b) 2.a) b)

Explain the various firing methods with the help of neat circuit diagrams for SCR when used in both AC and DC circuits. Discuss the various voltage Ratings of SCR. Distinguish between a half controlled and Fully controlled rectifiers with regard to their input and output performance. Calculate the average current through a load resistance of 100 ohm when it is connected in series with a large inductance across the terminals of a : (i) fully controlled single phase bridge circuit (ii) half controlled single phase bridge circuit Describe the effect of source inductance on the performance of a 3-phase full converter with the help of phase voltage waveforms. Indicate the sequence of conduction of various thyristors and sketch load current waveforms for both positive and negative group of thyristors. For the purpose of delivering energy from dc source to 3-phase system, the firing angle of the 3-phase converter has been increased to 1500. For the same value of DC source current of 10A, compute the output ac line voltage. A 1-φ 230V, 50 HZ source connected to an anti parallel connected thyrister circuit; controlling power to the following loads, when α = 30o. Calculate output voltage and output current and load power factor for (a) R = 10 OHMS; L = 0 H (b) R = 10 OHMS; L = 20mH. What is cycloconverter? What are its limitations? Compare the operational features of single phase midpoint and bridge type cycloconverter for R-L loads with neat circuit diagrams and waveforms. What is complementary impulse commutation? Describe this type of commutation with a circuit diagram and appropriate waveforms .Derive expressions for current through and voltage across commutating capacitor. Find also the circuit turnoff times for the complementary Thyristors. Contd…..2.

3.a)

b)

4.

5. a) b) 6.

Code No: 310204 7.a) b) 8.

:: 2 ::

Set No: 3

Explain the operation of a parallel inverter and mention its merits. Mention the purpose of feedback diodes in Inverter and condition under which those are not required. Using SPICE, give the model statement for single phase full bridge Inverter employing single pulse width modulation in each half of the o/p voltage cycle. @@@@@

Set No:

Code No: 310204

4

POWER ELECTRONICS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All question carry equal marks ---

III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003

Time: 3 Hours

1. a) b) 2.a)

Explain the turn-on and turn-off methods for SCR, BJT and Power MOSFET with neat waveforms. Discuss the various current ratings of SCR.

Show that the effect of source inductance on the performance of single phase fully controlled converter is to present an equivalent resistance of ωLs/π ohms in series with the internal rectifier voltage. b) A single phase fully controlled converter is supplied at 220V,50Hz. Determine the average load voltage for the following cases when the firing angle is 45 0 for purely resistive load. Describe in detail the operation of dual converter in non- circulating current mode. Two three phase full converters are connected in anti parallel to form a three phase dual converter of the circulating current type. The input to the dual converter is 3 phase, 400V, 50Hz. If the peak value of the circulating current is to be limited to 20A, find the value of inductance needed for the reactor for firing angle of 60°. A 1φ 230V, 50HZ source connected to a anti parallel connected thyrister circuit; controlling power to the following loads, when α=90o. Calculate output voltage and output current and load power factor for (a) R=10 OHMS; L=0 H (b) R=10 OHMS; L=60mH. Explain single phase step down cycloconverter with output frequency of ¼ of input frequency with the help of Bridge type for RL load continuous conduction with neat waveforms. Describe class B self commutation by an LC circuit employed for a thyristor circuits. A two thyristor class C turn off circuit is required to be designed for use as a blinker to turn on and off a lamp of constant resistance of 10 Ω from a DC supply of 100V. If the SCR used are converter grade with turnoff time 50µsec find the value of commutation capacitor so that the commutation failure may not occur. Contd…..2.

3.a) b)

4.

5.

6.a) b)

Code No: 310204 7.a) b) 8.

:: 2 ::

Set No: 4

Explain why output voltage control is required in Inverters. Briefly list out the merits and demerits of any three types of voltage control technique used at the input of Inverter. A three phase fully controlled converter has R-L load of 1.5Ω & 4.5mH respectively and back Emf of 12V, the input voltage is 150V (rms)at 60Hz. Give the SPICE representation of the model circuit to calculate average and RMS thyristor current and instantaneous o/p current at ωt = α = 300. @@@@@

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