Faculty of Mechanical Engineering English for Professional Communication (EPC

)
Recommendation Report of an Ideal Operating System between Windows Seven and Mac OS X v10.5 Leopard for Personal Computers

By

Name Class

: Muhammad Ali Imran Bin Abd Hamid : 3BMCA/FKM

B041110355

Lecturer :

Pn. Noor Azlin Binti Bidin

Four criteria which take into consideration to determine the ideal operating system for personal computers are the internet security. software installation and software design.Title: To determine the ideal operating system between Windows Seven and Mac OS X v10. Internet security consists of open ports. Windows Seven is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft while Mac OS X version 10. Design and usability consists of file manager. 1.5 “Leopard” is developed by Apple.0 Executive summary The purpose of this report is to determine the ideal operating system for personal computer among two operating systems. 2 . design and usability. Windows Seven and Mac OS X v10.5 Leopard for personal computers. local security. Operating system is the software component of a computer system which acts as a host for application programs that is responsible for the management and coordination of activities and the sharing of the resources of the computer. Windows Seven is recommended as the ideal operating system for personal computers as it meets most of the criteria. internet browser and updates while local security consists of data encryption and back-up.5 Leopard. and availability and compatibility for hardware and software.

Development was completed on 22 July 2009. books and magazines. Users may interact with the operating system by typing commands or using a graphical user interface (GUI). new 3 . For large multiuser systems. Windows Vista.1 Introduction The purpose of this report is to determine the ideal operating system for personal computer among two operating systems. One of the purposes of an operating system is to handle the details of the operation of the hardware. The operating system acts as a host for application programs that are run on the machine. the application can request a service from the operating system.1. 1. and it was made available for purchase and downloading from Microsoft's web site and released worldwide to the general public on 22 October 2009. improved searching features.2 Background Windows Seven is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers. the GUI is generally considered part of the operating system. For hand-held and desktop computers. The information on both operating systems has been gathered from various sources such as internet. the GUI is generally implemented as an application program that runs outside the operating system. Windows Seven and Mac OS X v10. Applications access these services through application programming interfaces.5 Leopard. The release of Windows Seven take the shortest time span between successive releases of Microsoft Windows where it comes more than three years after the introduction of its predecessor. including an updated graphical user interface and visual style dubbed Windows Aero. Operating system is the software component of a computer system that is responsible for the management and coordination of activities and the sharing of the resources of the computer. This relieves application programs from having to manage these details and makes it easier to write applications. pass parameters. Windows Seven contains many changes and new features. By invoking these interfaces. and receive the results of the operation. Operating systems also offer a number of services to application programs and users.

Windows Seven includes version 3. Leopard was released on 26th October 2007. using peer-to-peer technology to simplify sharing files and digital media between computers and devices. 4 . a semitransparent menu bar. which were previously only included with some Mac models. According to Apple. Stacks. an automated backup utility called Time Machine. which aims to make it significantly easier for software developers to write applications. Criticism of Windows Seven has targeted high system requirements. print. Leopard contains over 300 changes and enhancements.NET Framework. is the sixth major release of the Mac OS X operating system for Apple’s Mac line of personal computers. support for Spotlight searches across multiple machines. Windows Seven has also been the target of much criticism and negative press although the new features and security improvements have garnered positive reviews. audio. Windows Seven also increases the level of communication between machines on a home network. and a server version.multimedia creation tools. the inclusion of a number of new digital rights management technologies aimed at restricting the copying of protected digital media. and the inclusion of Front Row and Photo Booth.0 of the . redesigned networking. Other notable features include support for writing 64-bit graphical user interface applications. Mac OS X Server. with a redesigned Dock. and the number of authorization prompts for User Account Control. and an updated Finder that incorporates the Cover Flow visual navigation interface first seen in iTunes. Leopard introduces a significantly revised desktop. and is available in two variants: a desktop version suitable for personal computers. the successor to Mac OS X v10. lack of compatibility with certain pre-Seven hardware and software. Mac OS X version 10.4 “Tiger”.5 “Leopard”. applications and developer tools. more restrictive licensing terms. and display sub-systems. covering the core operating system components.

PowerPC G5. or PowerPC G4 (867MHz or faster) processor 512 MB of system memory DVD-ROM drive 9GB of available disk space Some features require a compatible internet service provider (fees may apply) Some features require Apple’s Mac service (fees may apply) 5 .5 Leopard       Mac computer with an Intel.5 Leopard Mac OS X v10.0 in hardware o 32 bits per pixel DVD-ROM drive Audio Output Internet access (fees may apply) Table 2: General requirement for Mac OS X v10.Table 1: General requirements for Windows Seven Windows Seven Home Basic            Windows Vista Home Premium/Business/Ultimate 1 GHz 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor 512 MB of system memory 20 GB hard drive with at least 15 GB of available space Support for DirectX 9 graphics and 32 MB of graphics memory DVD-ROM drive Audio Output Internet access (fees may apply)    1 GHz 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor 1 GB of system memory 40 GB hard drive with at least 15 GB of available space Support for DirectX 9 graphics with: o WDDM Driver o 128MB of graphics memory (minimum) o Pixel Shader 2.

5 has not loaded a single internet service from the beginning and thus does not provide any loopholes for hackers. For Windows Seven.5. it categorically safe as it automatically activates an integrated firewall although it will diverse internet services after installation. An attack usually takes place when an ignorant user visiting a website that is designed to exploit the inevitable security loopholes of Internet Explorer and its plug-ins. 2. the attentions of hackers shift to unsecured applications. Internet Explorer. Mac OS X v10. It is always easier and logical to take aim at the biggest target.0 Discussion 2. Although loopholes also exist in Safari. there are no any open ports to the internet found. Although a firewall does not run.2.2 Open ports Open port is a TCP/IP port number that is configured to accept packets.1 Internet security The main concern of the operating systems is their internet security. the hackers do not target them as over 85% to 90% of users surf with Internet explorer. the internet browser which comes together with the operating systems. This proven with the number and size of the security loopholes found 6 . As a result. The operating systems should be protected on the internet immediately after the installation. undoubtedly Windows Internet Explorer 7 for Windows Seven and Safari 3 for Mac OS X v10. These ease with which hackers or malicious software find access to the system depends on the number of open ports and how secured the software protecting the ‘point-of-entry’. Windows Seven is unlikely to be vulnerable to outsider attacks from hackers.3 Internet browser Since operating systems hardly provide security externally. 2.

Its popularity is rather limited for hackers to have serious interest in hacking it 2.5 Local security Professional hackers intent on destroying or stealing data would not be concerned about Firewalls or ports. 2. According to the test done by HWM Malaysia. The operating system needs to have other ways to stop the hackers from hacking any sensitive data belonging of the personal computer’s owner. If a malicious code enters the system through the browser. the operating system is protected. some of the people may use the weaknesses of Microsoft’s product including Internet Explorer to launch attacks on other people’s platform. The operating system needs to fulfill this requirement without incurring any additional expenses. According to the users for both operating systems. 7 .5 does not mean that the operating system is often unsecured. So.4 Updates The frequency of updates released to protect the operating systems is taken into the consideration. This is because as long as the update function brings about patches automatically. The longer duration required to research the update for Mac OS X v10. It is secure due to its lack of popularity. while an average of 43 days for Apple to do so on Mac OS X v10. Besides. accounts or credit card numbers have to be encrypted.on the browser. Due to Internet Explorer running with restricted authorization. Windows Seven probably refuses permit for it. Microsoft’s products have buffer overflow problems due to its poor memory management technique. Sensitive information such as company presentations. Microsoft needs only an average of 18 days to close a loophole on Windows Seven. so the potential to do damage is reduced. A password protection would probably not secure enough and it can be cracked easily with some downloadable applications from the Internet.5. the attacks weren’t successful when they allow the latest proof-of-concept-virus to run on both of the operating systems. the viruses are distinguished accordingly. Protection should definitely be more extensive than just password-protection.

it automatically encrypts a preset file folder and its documents. If an older file version is required. the user can go through all the different saved versions like a flip book. Besides. the operating systems must have the back-up function where it must not slow and complicated. Enterprise and Ultimate. the back-up still can be done even as home users. 8 .5 fulfils this requirement precisely. it immediately secures all files.5 Data encryption Both Windows Seven and Mac OS X v10.7 Back-up Most of the users dislike performing back-ups. The Mac OS X v10. The system queries if it should be used as a back-up device if an external hard disk is connected through its ingenious service application called “Time Machine”. Therefore. it will automatically create a mirror copy if a file is modified.2. The only problem here is that an external hard disk must be connected to perform back-up. 2. the users can conveniently encode the entire hard disk by a few simple steps. But this function is available only on Seven Home Business. If you click on Yes. and not for Home Basic and Premium. EFS (Encrypted File System) is used to handle data security for Windows Seven.5. This certainly a disadvantage as we believe that even home users need to protect and back-up their data. For Windows Vista. Under Mac OS X v10. the File Vault is used to handle this task. Even thought there are Mac OS packages there. The users simply need to choose which folders they wish to encode and protect. the users are not able to recover the data.5 come with an encoding system for personal folders that is easy to use. But the Mac OS earns additional points because after File Vault is activated. This way. an accidentally deleted filed can be recovered with a simple right-click. But if the hard disk corrupts.

the uninstallation is not required and any traces of the program hiding in the registry database will not be found if a program being removed from the system. The installation process includes inverting entries in the start menu and usually saves an uninstallation routine. The same goes to Mac OS X v10.2. it should allow easy access to its functions. almost every file type has a preview.5 users find themselves having to trudge through few more extra steps. For Windows Seven. Most of the programs come as ZIP-like folders which the users need to extract and then add to Docks first before using them.10 Software installation Major differences exist between operating systems in the aspect of administrating programs. Therefore. But. 9 .5 can even display it in the familiar iTunes interface complete with Cover Flow-a kind of flip book that can be browsed-through impressively fast.8 Design and usability The design of operating systems should be user friendly. Most importantly. The users just need to delete the program from the folder.9 File manager It is hardly sufficient to determine the content of a file or folder by just looking at its name. a preview for this purpose is available nowadays and it is not limited to picture preview only.5. Windows Seven users may individually purchase or download an application and run the setup program. Mac OS X v10. Mac OS X v10. 2. attractive and not look dodgy. 2.

or revert back to Windows Vista.000 to get a simple personal computer with all software.5 users often find themselves facing compatibility problems when looking for hardware. 10 . So it is more fast and secure. it will cost around RM10. Windows Seven users have flexibility in choosing the software they would like to use without the limitation from the operating system and the hardware where Windows Seven try to custom meet all of the features.000. even the Internet Explorer can be use to surf the internet and file browser. Mac OS X v10. users can easily download the drivers from web and install them manually.000 drivers. The software is built into the hardware. upgrading hardware may not be a bit frustrating at times. the software would run slower. Windows Vista offers about 20.11 Software design Both Windows Seven and Mac OS X v10.5. Even so.5 users find out that Mac OS X v10. In the issue of multimedia. Mac OS X v10.5 are using graphical user interface (GUI). One of the Windows Seven strength is the compatibility. the coding needs to detect different environments and hardware. They usually have to use devices that are marked as Apple-compatible to function properly under Mac OS X v10. So.5 support almost all of the multimedia.000. The main disadvantages of Windows Seven are that sometimes the Plug-and-play function in Windows Seven does not work smoothly and the older hardware such as graphics or sound cards may not be recognized and thus forces the users to either purchase a newer model.12 Availability and compatibility for hardware and software Good programs and dependable drivers turn the personal computer into a personal indispensable work-and-fun device. But in order to have compatibility. certain hardware is required to make sure the multimedia run in really nice and clear condition. but both have introduce different ideas in terms of graphical interface. If a desired driver is not already pre-loaded into Windows Seven. it only cost around RM2. But to get a good Mac machine. 2. Even a good platform just cost around RM5. it has its own graphic processor and memory.2.

But due to lack of memory management and the compatibility issue.5 Leopard for personal computers. For Mac OS X v10. the personal computers are secure enough. Besides. authorization of rights and encryption must be available to reject at least simple attacks. Windows Seven is running slower and unable to custom fit into some special features. causing the multimedia to run more nice and clear. But an external hard disk is required to do the back-up. Besides. Both operating systems have their own strengths and weaknesses.5. design and usability. a platform based on Windows Seven also cheaper and has wide range of flexibility and compatibility where the users have various choice on selecting the hardware and software. password protection. local security. Users of Windows Seven also find themselves easier in installing the software. Mac OS X v10. Security comes to focus where internet protection. How difficult is the software installation.0 Conclusion In determine the ideal operating system between Windows Seven and Mac OS X v10. Windows Seven earns additional point where it automatically creates a mirror copy and an external hard disk does not required. With EFS. and the support of hardware and software are taking into consideration. how many programs are offered on the web and how well is hardware support carried out are taking into consideration too. Mac OS X v10. Windows Vista. the automatic back-ups are mandatory.3. the design is trendy and the system is secure. The systems should also support the users in their day-to-day tasks.5 has advantages in data encryption with File Vault.5 mostly target the multimedia industry users because the operating system is custom fit into the hardware which has separate graphic processor and memory. For Windows Seven. the software installation are more complex and it is quite pricy for a Mac machine. four features which are the internet security. the system is protected from attacks whether from inside or outside and it is more secure than its predecessor. It also does not offer much of a choice in hardware and software. 11 .

The most important criteria is the price of the personal computers where most of the users have limited budget. The users will use the personal computers in a different environment and Windows Seven is better than Mac OS X v10.4. Windows Seven users also find that they are easier in installing the software into their personal computers by simply run the setup. is recommended as the ideal operating system for personal computers. In terms of security. so Windows Seven is a better deal.5 in term of flexibility.5 have same strength. This cause the Windows Seven is more ease of use compare to Mac OS X v10. Besides. both Windows Seven and Mac OS X v10. 12 .5 which has limited driver and hardware compatibility. But Windows Seven earn additional point where it does not require any external hard disk in doing the back-up and this will cut the cost of getting a personal computer. Windows Seven comes with more drivers which are pre-loaded into the Windows or can be download from the website. the back-up system of Windows Seven will automatically create the mirror copy and an accidentally deleted file can be recovered with a few simple steps.0 Recommendation Windows Seven. just how the users use and configure the environment. which meets most of the criteria. Finally.

Chip Malaysia Group Editor. December 22). Websites 1. (February 2008).com/windows/products/windowsvista/editions/systemrequirements. Microsoft. (January 2008).com/macosx/techspecs/ 3.com Malaysia Group Editor. December 22).apple. PC. Retrieved from Technical Specs: http:/www. PC. Bhd. H.microsoft. Bhd. C. Retrieved from itcomparison: http://www.ms px?wt_svl=10042VHa1&mg_id=10042VHb1 13 .htm 2. HWM Malaysia: Writeon Media Sdn. (2013. (2013. HWM Malaysia Group Editor.com/OS/MacvsVista/macvsvista. (January 2008). 2.Henry.References Magazines/Books 1. J. December 22). 3. Mac vs Seven. Chip Malaysia: Online Dynamic (M) Sdn. Retrieved from products: http://www. apple. (2013.com Malaysia: Reach Publishing Sdn. Junior.itcomparison. Lee. Bhd.