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Code No: 311004 III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 PROCESS CONTROL INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) c) 2.a) b) c) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) Mercury thermometer is a first order system – Say “True” or “False”. Prove your answer by deriving the transfer function of this system. How will this system behave with a linearly varying input? Explain the dynamics. Differentiate between a non-interacting system and an interacting system. Give one example each for non-interacting system and interacting system. Derive the transfer functions for the above two systems and discuss how they differ. Explain the principle of different types of discontinuous controller modes with examples. Mention them applications. Distinguish between multi position controller mode and floating control mode with neat sketches. Briefly explain the principle of operation of a displacement type pneumatic PD controller. How the derivative time can be adjusted in this controller. Outline the design steps involved in developing an electronic PI controller. Max. Marks: 80

1

Describe the following types of disturbances with relevant sketches. (i) Transient (ii) Set point changes (iii) Load changes. b) Write a short note on the following errors. (i) IAE (ii) ISE (iii) ITAE Explain different types of electrical actuators and give their applications. Give the schematic of single seated and double seated valves. What are the advantages and disadvantages of single seated and double seated valves? Explain the nature of multivariable system. Explain “Notation“ and “Interaction” used in multivariable system. ^^^

6. 7.a) b) 8.a) b)

Set No.

Code No: 311004 III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 PROCESS CONTROL INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. A process of unknown transfer function is subjected to a unit impulse input. The output of the process is measured accurately and is found to be represented by the function y(t) = t e-t. Determine unit step response of this process. Give one example for non-interacting first order elements in series. Write the differential equation for this combination and determine the transfer function. Comment on the transfer function. Explain with neat sketches, the characteristics of two position and three position controller modes. What is cycling? Suggest a suitable modification to overcome cycling. Explain the method of realizing an electronic PI controller employing delayed positive feedback. Derive the expression for proportional gain and integral time. Explain with a neat sketch, the working principle of a moving vane type two position controller. What Parameters are required to be evaluated in a control loop of a process control system for the assessment of its quality. What are the stability methods adopted to PID controller for optimum settings. Explain how a DC motor can be used as an actuator for a final control operation. What force is generated by 90 kPa acting on a 30cm2 area diaphragms? Distinguish different types of butterfly valves. Mention which are the rotating shaft valves. Discuss the control of overhead composition of a distillation column with neat diagram. Explain flow control of vapor in stripping section of a distillation column. ^^^ Max. Marks: 80

2

2.a) b) c) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) 7.a) b) 8.a) b)

Set No.

Code No: 311004 III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 PROCESS CONTROL INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. 2.a) b) c) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) b) Name five flow laws relating to fluids, heat and electricity and state these laws. Differentiate between a “Servo operation” and “Regulator operation”. Give a typical example for servo operation and explain. Explain the regulator operation with an example. With an example, explain how offset error can be eliminated with an integral controller. With an illustration, explain the response of an integral controller to a constant error. Show the effect of integral time on the response. With a neat circuit diagram, explain the realization of an electronic two position controller with adjustable neutral zone. Design an electronic proportional controllers for (0-12v) error input, 10% proportional band and 50% zero error controller output. Illustrate open loop transient response method for optimum settings of PID parameters. A transient disturbance test is run on a process loop. The results of 9% controlling variable change give a process reaction graph with CP = 3.9%; T = 4.8 min; L=2.4 min. Find settings for three-mode action. A 4-20mA control signal is loaded by a 100-Ω resistor and must produce a 20-40 volt motor drive signal. Find an equation relating the input current to the output voltage. Explain with an example the need of signal conditioning system in the final control operation. Write short notes on. (a) Globe Valves Max. Marks: 80

3

6.a)

b)

7. 8.a) b)

(b)

Ball valves

(c)

Louvers

Explain the process of controlling reflux in distillation column. Explain the control of indirect bottom product in a distillation column.

^^^

Set No.

Code No: 311004 III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 PROCESS CONTROL INSTRUMENTATION (Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) Differentiate between a controlled variable and a manipulated variable. b) Explain one process control loop with neat diagram. c) List all the variables involved in this loop. d) Name the controlled variable and the manipulated variable in this loop. 2.a) b) 3.a) b) Define self regulation ? Explain how self and non self regulated systems operate for step input with examples. Describe with necessary equations, the concept of a single controller mode which is sluggish in nature. The reset action of an integral controller is 2.8minutes. Express the integral controller constant in sec-1. What is the output of the controller to a constant error of 3.5%. Develop an electronic two position controller with 0-5 volts input and a 0.0 or 10.0 volt output. The set point is 2.5v and the neutral zone is to be 1v about this setpoint. A proportional pneumatic controller has equal area bellows. If 3-15 psi signals are used on input and output, find the ratio of pivot distances that provides a 25% proportional band. Explain continuous – cycling method to determine typical response for proportional control. Discuss the merits and demerits of optimum settings by trial and error method for P I D controlles. What is the importance of ac motor and briefly explain its principle. Differentiate between ac motor and dc motor. A stepper motor has 7.50 per step. Find the rpm produced by a pulse rate of 2000 pps on the input. Write about the rotating shaft valves? Discuss the principles of single element control for the overall boiler operation. Explain the principles of boiler drum level control using three-element system.

4

4.a) b)

5.a) b) 6.a) b) c)

7. 8.a) b)

^^^

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