Recipients Who Work

Table 30.
By selected months, 1976–2002
Blind and disabled recipients who work

Total

Receiving
SSI b

Section
1619(b)
participants

Total as a percentage of
all blind and disabled
recipients

2,088,242
2,186,771
2,249,025
2,277,859

70,719
83,697
87,697
92,270

70,719
83,697
87,697
92,270

...
...
...
...

3.4
3.8
3.9
4.1

2,334,241
2,340,785
2,314,364
2,391,262
2,499,046

99,276
102,632
107,803
113,899

99,276
102,632
102,288
108,734

...
...
5,515
5,165

4.3
4.4
4.7
4.8

c

c

c

c

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

2,633,552
2,795,756
2,945,244
3,046,074
3,172,270

c
c

c
c

c
c

c
c

172,855
189,144
205,837

157,223
173,519
187,583

15,632
15,625
18,254

5.9
6.2
6.5

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

3,386,603
3,681,050
4,126,816
4,544,777
4,870,564

219,932
229,619
248,917
265,649
282,476

196,415
202,355
217,268
230,350
241,793

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

6.5
6.2
6.0
5.8
5.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

5,115,014
5,252,991
5,189,724
5,293,829
5,317,861

298,635
308,300
319,855
326,475
340,618

251,633
256,395
262,766
266,933
271,353

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

5.8
5.9
6.2
6.2
6.4

2000
2001
2002

5,395,935
5,500,481
5,618,506

360,427
346,110
340,910

276,855
269,655
258,733

83,572
76,455
82,177

6.7
6.3
6.1

2000
March
June
September
December

5,367,023
5,382,127
5,387,295
5,395,935

338,718
347,148
359,694
360,427

269,173
269,366
275,495
276,855

69,545
77,782
84,199
83,572

6.3
6.5
6.7
6.7

2001
March
June
September
December

5,423,974
5,448,865
5,493,302
5,500,481

352,940
353,336
353,207
346,110

274,283
275,435
274,664
269,655

78,657
77,901
78,543
76,455

6.5
6.5
6.4
6.3

2002
March
June
September
December

5,538,532
5,573,711
5,620,838
5,618,506

339,430
342,946
348,244
340,910

266,835
265,597
265,871
258,733

72,595
77,349
82,373
82,177

6.1
6.2
6.2
6.1

Month

All blind and
disabled recipients a

December
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSI Work Incentive file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
b. Includes section 1619(a) participants.
c. Not available.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 61

Recipients Who Work
Table 31.
Recipients participating in section 1619(a) or section 1619(b), selected months, 1982–2002
Section 1619(b) a

Section 1619(a)
Month
December
1982
1983
1984

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

287
392

...
36.6

5,515
5,165

...
-6.3

b

b

b

b

b
b

b
b
b

b
b

b
b
b

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

14,559
19,920
25,655

36.8
28.8

15,632
15,625
18,254

0
16.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

13,994
15,531
17,603
20,028
24,315

-45.5
11.0
13.3
13.8
21.4

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

28.8
15.9
16.1
11.5
15.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

28,060
31,085
34,673
37,271
25,528

15.4
10.8
11.5
7.5
-31.5

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

15.5
10.4
10.0
4.3
16.3

2000
2001
2002

27,542
22,100
17,271

7.9
-19.8
-21.9

83,572
76,455
82,177

20.7
-8.5
7.5

2000
March
June
September
December

25,055
25,837
26,180
27,542

-1.9
3.1
1.3
5.2

69,545
77,782
84,199
83,572

0.4
11.8
8.2
-0.7

2001
March
June
September
December

26,775
25,394
25,194
22,100

-2.8
-5.2
-0.8
-12.3

78,657
77,901
78,543
76,455

-5.9
-1.0
0.8
-2.7

2002
March
June
September
December

21,417
20,922
20,275
17,271

-22.2
-2.3
-3.1
-14.8

72,595
77,349
82,373
82,177

-13.1
6.5
6.5
-0.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSI Work Incentive file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: When the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level is periodically raised, SSI recipients with earnings below the increased SGA level become eligible for regular SSI
benefits rather than the special cash payments under section 1619(a). This change in status is reflected in the decreases in 1619(a) participants shown for 1990, June 2001,
December 2001, and December 2002.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Includes blind participants. Of the 82,177 participants in December 2002, 1,386 were blind.
b. Not available.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

62 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Recipients Who Work
Table 32.
By state or other area, December 2002
State or area
All areas

Total

Section 1619(a) participants

Section 1619(b) participants

Other blind and disabled
recipients who work

340,910

17,271

82,177

241,462

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

3,869
637
3,521
3,578
43,739

231
27
186
147
3,687

984
192
979
872
7,593

2,654
418
2,356
2,559
32,459

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

4,290
4,016
886
763
11,587

171
167
44
64
636

987
1,169
304
265
3,692

3,132
2,680
538
434
7,259

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

7,651
766
1,753
13,833
6,001

345
41
76
669
229

1,750
172
487
3,173
1,670

5,556
553
1,190
9,991
4,102

6,854
4,029
4,925
5,631
2,294

158
120
233
354
92

1,586
1,088
1,332
1,531
729

5,110
2,821
3,360
3,746
1,473

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

5,830
10,562
15,454
9,380
3,255

285
673
618
311
202

1,411
3,348
3,826
2,303
871

4,134
6,541
11,010
6,766
2,182

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

7,554
1,757
3,006
1,428
1,338

227
57
101
58
42

1,884
415
660
369
439

5,443
1,285
2,245
1,001
857

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

8,015
2,164
30,736
8,062
1,370

382
113
1,639
281
35

1,961
592
6,723
1,859
319

5,672
1,459
22,374
5,922
1,016

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

17,579
3,839
4,075
16,268
1,745

790
171
127
888
79

3,743
712
1,007
4,051
416

13,046
2,956
2,941
11,329
1,250

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

5,100
2,142
5,740
14,312
2,254

181
57
260
670
71

1,008
529
1,480
3,795
503

3,911
1,556
4,000
9,847
1,680

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,150
6,510
6,012
2,052
10,771
806

72
303
399
125
344
31

391
1,646
1,955
519
2,652
224

687
4,561
3,658
1,408
7,775
551

21

2

11

8

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSI Work Incentive file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 63

Recipients Who Work
Table 33.
Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area, December 2002
Plans for achieving
self-support
(PASS) a

Impairment-related
work expenses
(IRWE)

Blind
work expenses
(BWE)

1,721

8,047

3,386

24
4
19
15
421

158
5
102
98
736

37
1
25
30
490

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

13
11
0
1
82

33
146
40
3
390

45
38
11
4
117

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

26
5
5
16
5

310
11
12
279
135

71
15
11
91
47

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

20
20
37
6
27

47
339
116
168
42

78
24
47
57
22

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

15
70
68
65
10

220
232
239
126
47

40
269
104
83
55

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

26
29
10
8
8

176
14
43
25
38

61
11
24
19
9

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

26
4
159
138
4

207
79
651
350
12

53
17
258
109
4

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

36
7
26
16
11

126
89
46
437
11

136
19
46
165
19

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

8
9
13
29
4

89
14
172
364
72

54
4
56
205
16

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

19
17
30
8
89
2

12
534
115
34
297
6

5
86
67
24
104
2

0

0

1

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSI Work Incentive file, 100 percent data.
a. Includes 324 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

64 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002