SSI Annual

Statistical Report, 2002

Social Security Administration
Office of Policy
Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics

Highlights 2002
Size and Scope of the Supplemental Security Income Program
· Almost 6.8 million people received federally administered payments
in December 2002.
· The average monthly payment in December 2002 was $407.
· Total payments for the year were more than $34 billion, including
about $4 billion in federally administered state supplementation.
Profile of Recipients
· The majority were female (58 percent).
· Fourteen percent were under age 18, 57 percent were aged
18–64, and 29 percent were aged 65 or older.
· Most (81 percent) were eligible on the basis of a disability.
· Almost 6 out of 10 were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
· More than half (55 percent) had no income other than their
SSI payment.
· For those who had other income, the most common source was
Social Security benefits (35 percent).
· About 27 percent lived alone.
Recipients Who Work
· Despite their disabilities, about 341,000 recipients (6 percent)
were working in December 2002.
· Among working recipients, 99,000 had earnings above the
substantial gainful activity level ($780 in 2002).

Preface
Since 1974, the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program has guaranteed a minimum level of income
for needy aged, blind, or disabled individuals. Each year, we issue a report that presents data on the SSI
program and the people who receive benefits from it. The report covers such topics as federal benefit
rates and total annual payments, federally administered payments, state-administered supplementation,
work incentives, applications, awards, denials, and suspension of benefits.
This edition has been expanded to include several topics of interest to policymakers. A new section on
the outcomes of applications follows applicant cohorts over time to see how many undergo a medical
review and what percentage of them are ultimately awarded benefits. The section on federally
administered payments now includes a table showing country of origin of the nearly 1.5 million SSI
recipients who were born in a foreign country. Finally, in response to numerous inquiries for data at the
state level, we have provided state distributions for applications, awards, recipient rates, and receipt of
Social Security and SSI on the basis of disability.
Alfreda M. Brooks compiled the data and prepared the report for publication. Emil Loomis designed
the cover, Laurie Brown and Celine Houget edited the report, Kathryn Winstead provided final production
assistance, and Laurie Brown prepared the electronic versions for the Web. For general questions about
the report, please call Alfreda Brooks at 410-965-9849 or e-mail ssi.asr@ssa.gov. For specific questions
about the data, contact the person listed on each table.
This report is available on our Web site at www.socialsecurity.gov/policy. For additional copies, please
call 202-358-6274 or e-mail op.publications@ssa.gov. Four other publications about the SSI program are
also available in print or on the Web. They are State Assistance Programs for SSI Recipients, Children
Receiving SSI, SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, and SSI Recipients by State and County.
Susan Grad
Acting Associate Commissioner
for Research, Evaluation, and Statistics
August 2003

Notes
Unless otherwise specified—

All payments are federally administered payments.

All years are calendar years.

In July 2001, the Social Security Administration made retroactive lump-sum payments to correct an error in
the cost-of-living adjustment for 2000 and 2001. The data in this report reflect the federal benefit rate
actually used for SSI payments ($512 for 2000; $530 for January through June 2001).
Numbers in the text and tables of this report may not add to totals because of rounding.
Monthly data shown in tables are for the end of the given month.

Contents
Background .................................................................................................................................................. 1
History of the SSI Program .................................................................................................................... 1
The Basic Plan .......................................................................................................................................1
Uniform Standards and Objective Criteria.............................................................................................. 2
Assistance of Last Resort ...................................................................................................................... 3
Incentives for Work and Opportunities for Rehabilitation ....................................................................... 6
Administration of the SSI Program......................................................................................................... 8
State Supplementation .........................................................................................................................10
Coordination with Other Programs....................................................................................................... 11

Tables
Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
1.
Monthly federal SSI benefit rates, 1974–2003 ..............................................................................15
2.
Total payments, by eligibility category and source of payment, selected
years 1974–2002...........................................................................................................................16
Federally Administered Payments
3.
Recipients, by age, December 1974–2002 ...................................................................................19
4.
By type of payment, sex, eligibility category, and age, December 2002 .......................................20
5.
By selected characteristics, eligibility category, and age, December 2002 ...................................21
6.
Recipients, by type of representative payee, eligibility category, and age, December 2002........22
7.
Recipients, by type of income, eligibility category, and age, December 2002...............................23
8.
Recipients, by receipt of Social Security, type of income, eligibility category, and age,
December 2002 .............................................................................................................................24
9.
Recipients, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2002.........................25
10.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age,
December 2002 .............................................................................................................................26
11.
Recipients and their average income, by type of income and marital status, December 2002 .....27
12.
Recipients as a percentage of resident population, by state, December 2002 .............................28
13.
Foreign-born recipients, by region, country of origin, and eligibility category, December 2002 ....29
State-Administered Supplementation
14.
By eligibility category, selected months 1974–2002......................................................................33
15.
By eligibility category and state, December 2002..........................................................................34
Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
16.
Persons receiving both Social Security and SSI, by type of Social Security benefit and
SSI eligibility category, December 2002 ........................................................................................ 37
17.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving benefits on the basis of disability and their total
and average monthly payments, December 1996–2002 ...............................................................38
18.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving both Social Security and SSI on the basis of disability
and their average monthly Social Security benefit, by state or other area and type of
beneficiary, December 2002..........................................................................................................39
Noncitizens
19.
By eligibility category, December 1982–2002 ...............................................................................43
20.
By selected characteristics and citizenship status, December 2002 .............................................44
21.
By state or other area and eligibility category, December 2002 ....................................................45
22.
By region and country of origin, December 2002 ..........................................................................46
23.
By number of months between date of U.S. residency and date of SSI application
and eligibility category, December 2002........................................................................................ 47

Recipients Under Age 65
24.
Recipients, by diagnostic group, 1994–2002.................................................................................51
25.
By diagnostic group and age, December 2002 .............................................................................52
26.
By diagnostic group, age, and sex, December 2002 .....................................................................53
27.
Percentage of recipients with a representative payee, by diagnostic group and age,
December 2002 .............................................................................................................................54
28.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002................55
29.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002...........57
Recipients Who Work
30.
By selected months, 1976–2002 ...................................................................................................61
31.
Recipients participating in section 1619(a) or section 1619(b), selected months, 1982–2002......62
32.
By state or other area, December 2002 ........................................................................................63
33.
Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area, December 2002 ....64
Noninstitutionalized Recipients: Survey of Income and Program Participation
Notes .............................................................................................................................................66
34.
Household and family characteristics, by age, December 1999....................................................67
35.
Personal characteristics, by age, December 1999 ........................................................................68
36.
SSI payment as a percentage of recipient’s personal income, by selected characteristics,
December 1999 .............................................................................................................................70
37.
Percentage distribution of family income, by selected characteristics and source,
December 1999 .............................................................................................................................71
38.
Poverty status, by selected characteristics, December 1999 ........................................................72
39.
Poverty status before and after SSI payments, by age, December 1999......................................73
40.
Poverty gap before and after SSI payments, by selected characteristics, December 1999 .........74
Applications
41.
All applications, by age of applicant, 1973–2002 ..........................................................................77
42.
Applications for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1994–2002 ..........................78
43.
Applications for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1994–2002 ...............................79
44.
Applications for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1994–2002 ........................80
45.
All applications, by state or other area and age of applicant, 2002 ...............................................81
46.
All applicants, by year of first application and age, 1973–2002.....................................................82
Awards
47.
All awards, by age of awardee, 1974–2002 ..................................................................................85
48.
Awards for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1994–2002 .................................86
49.
Awards for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1994–2002.......................................87
50.
Awards for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1994–2002 ...............................88
51.
All awards, by state or other area and age of awardee, 2002 .......................................................89
52.
All persons awarded SSI, by year of first award and age, 1974–2002 ..........................................90
Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Notes .............................................................................................................................................92
53.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by age and year of application, 1992–2001 .........................93
54.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by age, year of application, and program,
1992–2001.....................................................................................................................................94
55.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by age, year of application, and program,
1992–2001.....................................................................................................................................95
56.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by age, year of application, and
program, 1992–2001 .....................................................................................................................96

vi

57.
58.

Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by age, year of application, and
reason for allowance, 1992–2001 .................................................................................................97
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by age, year of application, and
reason for denial, 1992–2001........................................................................................................98

Suspensions
59.
Suspensions, by age of recipient and reason for suspension, 1994–2002 .................................101
60.
Recipients suspended, by age and reason for suspension, 1994–2002 .....................................102
61.
Recipients suspended for at least 12 months, by age and reason for suspension,
1994–2001...................................................................................................................................103
Appendix: Sampling Variability .................................................................................................................107
Glossary ...................................................................................................................................................109

vii

Background
The Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
program is a nationwide federal assistance
program administered by the Social Security
Administration (SSA) that guarantees a minimum
level of income for needy aged, blind, or disabled
individuals. In December 2002, 6.8 million
individuals received federally administered
monthly SSI benefits (including federally
administered state supplementary payments)
averaging $407.

History of the SSI Program
Entitlement programs for the aged, blind, or
disabled have their roots in the original Social
Security Act of 1935. That act established an
old-age social insurance program to be
administered by the federal government and an
old-age means-tested assistance program to be
administered by the states. Similar programs for
the blind or disabled were added to the act in
later years. Means-tested assistance was
intended to supplement the incomes of
individuals who were ineligible for Social Security
or whose benefits could not provide a basic
living.
This means-tested assistance, also known
as categorical adult assistance, actually
comprised three separate programs—Old-Age
Assistance (OAA), Aid to the Blind (AB), and Aid
to the Permanently and Totally Disabled (APTD).
Despite substantial federal financing, those
programs were essentially state programs;
federal law established only broad guidelines
and assistance. Federal financing was openended in the sense that the federal government
would provide matching funds to support
whatever payment levels the states established.
Federal law specified no maximum or minimum
standards. Consequently, each state was
responsible for setting its own standards for
determining who would receive assistance and
how much they would receive. As a result,
eligibility requirements and variations of payment
levels differed from state to state.
Beginning in the early 1960s, this stateoperated, federally assisted welfare system drew
criticism from within and outside of government.
Some of the criticism was directed at the "crazy
quilt" eligibility requirements and payment levels.
Other criticism centered on specific

requirements, such as lien laws and provisions
that required certain relatives to bear
responsibility for the maintenance of needy
family members. The disparity in the degree of
federal financial support provided to states was
also an acknowledged problem.
Responding to these concerns, Congress
passed and the President approved the SSI
program (Public Law 92-603, enacted October
30, 1972), which reversed the historic federal
and state roles with regard to adult assistance.
Under the new arrangement, SSI would provide
a uniform federal income floor and optional state
programs would supplement that floor. The new
program was historic in that it shifted from the
states to the federal government the
responsibility for determining who would receive
assistance and how much assistance they would
receive.

The Basic Plan
The main objective of the SSI program is to
provide the basic cash support of needy aged,
blind, or disabled individuals. Congress
designed the SSI program on the basis of the
following principles:

Eligibility requirements and benefit standards
that are nationally uniform and eligibility
determinations that are based on objective
criteria;

An assistance source of last resort for the
aged, blind, or disabled whose income and
resources are below specified levels;

Incentives and opportunities for recipients
who are able to work or to be rehabilitated
that would allow them to reduce their
dependency on public assistance;

An efficient and economical method of
administering the program to provide
assistance;

Inducements to encourage states to provide
supplementation of the basic federal benefit
and protection for former recipients of state
adult assistance programs who were
converted to the SSI program; and

Appropriate coordination of the SSI program
with the Food Stamp, medical assistance,
and other programs.

Uniform Standards and Objective
Criteria
Prior to the SSI program, eligibility of aged, blind,
or disabled individuals for federally funded adult
assistance depended on the state in which they
lived. Benefit amounts also varied from state to
state. The SSI program replaced the state-run
programs of assistance with a program having
nationally uniform standards and objective
eligibility criteria. Those standards include:

A uniform limitation on the dollar amount or
value of income and resources that an
individual can have and still qualify for
federal assistance. The countable income
limits for individuals and couples are equal to
their respective federal benefit rates and
hence are increased annually according to
changes in the cost of living. The resource
limit is $2,000 in countable resources for
individuals and $3,000 for couples.

Sixty-five as the minimum age requirement
for assistance based on age.

A uniform definition of disability and
blindness. The definitions for individuals 18
or older are the same as those used for the
Social Security Disability Insurance program.
In order to be considered disabled, an
individual must have a medically
determinable physical or mental impairment
that is expected to last (or has lasted) at
least 12 continuous months or to result in
death and (1) if 18 or older, prevents him or
her from doing any substantial gainful
activity, or (2) if under 18, results in marked
and severe functional limitations.1 However,
individuals for whom addiction to drugs or
alcoholism is a contributing factor material to
the determination of their disabilities are not
eligible for benefits.2 To be considered blind,
an individual must have central visual acuity
of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the
use of a correcting lens or have tunnel vision
of 20 degrees or less.

Uniform standards for citizenship and
residency. To be eligible for SSI, an
individual must be a citizen (or national) of
the United States, an American Indian born
in Canada who is under section 289 of the
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), an
American Indian born outside the United
States who is a member of a federally
recognized Indian tribe under section 4(e) of

2 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

the Indian Self-Determination and Education
Assistance Act, a noncitizen who was
receiving SSI benefits on August 22, 1996,
or a qualified alien in one of the following
categories:3
— Certain noncitizens who are blind or
disabled and were lawfully residing in the
United States on August 22, 1996;
— Refugees (eligibility limited to the 7-year
period after their arrival in the United
States);
— Asylees (eligibility limited to the 7-year
period after the date they are granted
asylum);
— Noncitizens who have had their
deportations withheld under section
243(h) of the INA as in effect prior to
April 1, 1997, or who have had their
removals withheld under section
241(b)(3) of the INA (eligibility limited to
the 7-year period after the date that
deportation or removal is withheld);
— Cuban and Haitian entrants under
section 501(e) of the Refugee Education
Assistance Act of 1980 (eligibility limited
to the 7-year period after the date they
are granted entrant status);
— Amerasian immigrants admitted
pursuant to section 584 of the Foreign
Operations, Export Financing, and
Related Programs Appropriations Act,
1988, and subsequent amendments
(eligibility limited to the 7-year period
after their arrival in the United States);
— Noncitizen active-duty armed forces
personnel, honorably discharged
veterans, and their spouses and
dependent children; or
— Lawful permanent residents who have
earned, or can be credited (from their
spouses or parents) with, 40 qualifying
quarters of earnings.
Note that qualified alien status includes
noncitizens who have been battered or subjected
to extreme cruelty in the United States by a
spouse or parent (or a member of the spouse's
or parent's family) with whom they live and who
have an approved petition, or have a petition
pending, setting forth a prima facie case for
adjustment of their immigration status.

Finally, certain noncitizens may be eligible
for SSI regardless of their immigration status if
they have been determined to be victims of
severe forms of trafficking in persons in the
United States.4 Such individuals are treated for
SSI purposes as refugees. That is, they are
eligible for SSI for 7 years after a determination
is made that they are trafficking victims.5

The monthly federal benefit rate is reduced
dollar for dollar by the amount of the individual's
"countable" income—that is, income minus all
applicable exclusions. The result of this
computation determines SSI eligibility and the
amount of the monthly benefit payable. The
benefit rates are adjusted annually (in January)
to reflect changes in the cost of living.

In addition to having to be a U.S. citizen (or
national) or in one of the potentially eligible
noncitizen categories, an individual must reside
in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, or the
Northern Mariana Islands—areas referred to
here collectively as the United States. An
individual also must be physically present in the
United States for 30 consecutive days if he or
she had been outside the United States for 30 or
more consecutive days.

When an individual lives in the household of
another and receives support and maintenance
in kind (that is, generally, room and board) from
the householder, the federal SSI benefit rate is
reduced by one-third in lieu of counting the
actual value of the support and maintenance as
unearned income. The value of food, clothing, or
shelter-related items the individual receives in
kind from persons other than the householder
(including in-kind assistance from outside the
household in which he or she lives) is counted as
unearned income, up to an amount equal to onethird of the applicable federal benefit rate plus
$20.

There are two exceptions to the residency
and physical presence requirements:

Blind or disabled children who are citizens of
the United States may continue to be eligible
for payments if they are living outside the
United States with a parent who is on duty as
a member of the U.S. armed forces.
Students studying abroad for not more than 1
year may continue to be eligible for
payments if the studies are sponsored by a
U.S. educational institution but cannot be
conducted in the United States.

Assistance of Last Resort
As a means-tested program, SSI takes into
account all income and resources that an
individual has or can obtain. The amount of an
individual's countable income and resources are
the measure of his or her need for assistance.
Income
The amount of an individual's income is used to
determine both eligibility for, and the amount of,
his or her SSI benefit. As countable income
increases, an individual's SSI benefit amount
decreases. Generally, ineligibility for SSI occurs
when countable income equals the federal
benefit rate plus the amount of applicable
federally administered state supplementary
payment (state supplementation is discussed
later).

SSI law defines two kinds of income—earned
and unearned. Earned income is wages, net
earnings from self-employment, remuneration for
work in a sheltered workshop, royalties on
published work, and honoraria for services. All
other income is unearned. The distinction
between earned and unearned income is
significant because different exclusions apply to
each type of income.
However, not everything an individual
receives is considered to be income. Generally,
if the item received cannot be used as, or to
obtain, food, clothing, or shelter, it will not be
considered as income. For example, if someone
pays an individual's medical bills or offers free
medical care, or if the individual receives money
from a social services agency that is a
repayment of an amount he or she previously
spent, that value is not considered income to the
individual. In addition, some items that are
considered to be income are excluded when
determining the amount of an individual's benefit
(see Box 1).
Resources
The amount of an individual's resources is used
to determine whether he or she is eligible for SSI
in a given month. SSI law states that eligibility is
restricted to individuals who have countable
resources, determined monthly, that do not
SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 3

exceed $2,000 ($3,000 for a couple). The law
does not define what resources are but does
stipulate what items are not considered
resources.
Regulations state that a resource is cash or
other liquid asset or any real or personal property
that individuals (or their spouses) own and could
convert to cash to be used for their support and
maintenance. This definition is consistent with
the general philosophy of the SSI program that
only items that can be used for an individual's
food, clothing, or shelter should be used in
determining his or her eligibility and benefit
amount. Not all resources an individual owns
are counted. The value of an item may be totally
excluded or counted only to the extent that its
value exceeds specified limits (see Box 1).
If an individual disposes of resources at less
than fair market value within the 36-month period
before he or she applies for SSI or at any time
thereafter, he or she may be penalized. The
penalty is a loss of benefits for a number of
months (up to a 36-month maximum) obtained
by dividing the uncompensated value of
disposed-of resources by the federal benefit rate
plus the maximum state supplementary payment,
if any, applicable to the individual's living
arrangement. The penalty does not apply if,
among other things, the individual can show that
the resources were disposed of exclusively for a
purpose other than establishing SSI eligibility.

Box 1.
Income and Resource Exclusions
Income Exclusions
The principal earned income exclusions are:


The principal unearned income exclusions are:


The principal resource exclusions are:

SSA must provide an individual with written
notice of potential eligibility for other benefits and
of the requirement to take all appropriate steps to
pursue those benefits. The individual has 30
days from receipt of the notice to file for the
benefits involved.

4 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

The first $20 per month,1
Income set aside or being used to pursue a
plan for achieving self-support by a disabled
or blind individual,
State or locally funded assistance based on
need,
Rent subsidies under programs administered
by the Department of Housing and Urban
Development and the value of food stamps,
and
Infrequent or irregularly received income
($20 or less a month).

Resource Exclusions

Filing for Other Benefits
As the program of last resort, SSI benefits are
provided to eligible individuals only to the extent
that their needs are not met by other sources.
That is, after evaluating all other income and
resources, SSI pays what is necessary to bring
an individual to the statutorily prescribed income
"floor." In keeping with this principle, SSI law
requires that SSI applicants file for other
payments for which they may be entitled, such as
annuities, pensions, retirement or disability
benefits, workers’ compensation, and
unemployment insurance benefits.

The first $65 per month plus one-half of the
remainder,
Impairment-related work expenses of the
disabled and work expenses of the blind,
Income set aside or being used to pursue a
plan for achieving self-support by a disabled
or blind individual, and
Infrequent or irregularly received income
($10 or less a month).




The home and land appertaining to it,
regardless of value;
Life insurance policies whose total face
value does not exceed $1,500;
Burial funds not in excess of $1,500 each for
an individual and spouse (plus accrued
interest);
Household goods and personal effects in
which one's equity does not exceed $2,000;
An automobile (depending upon its use),
otherwise the current market value not in
excess of $4,500;
Property essential to self-support; and
Resources set aside to fulfill a plan to
achieve self-support.

1. Any portion of the $20 amount not used to exclude
unearned income may be used to exclude earned
income.

Eligibility Issues for Residents of Public
Institutions or Medical Facilities and Personal
Needs Allowance
State and local governments—rather than the
federal government—traditionally have taken the
financial responsibility for residents of their public
institutions. The SSI program continues this
long-standing public assistance policy. People
who are residents of public institutions for a full
calendar month are generally ineligible for SSI
unless one of the following exceptions applies:

The public institution is a medical treatment
facility and Medicaid pays more than 50
percent of the cost of care, or in the case of a
child under age 18, Medicaid, private health
insurance, or both pay more than 50 percent
of the cost of care;

The public institution is a publicly operated
community residence serving no more than
16 residents;

The public institution is an emergency
shelter for the homeless (payments are
limited to no more than 6 months in any 9month period);

The recipient was eligible under section
1619(a) or (b) for the month preceding the
first full month in the public institution and is
permitted by the institution to retain any
benefits (payable for up to 2 months); or

A physician certifies that the recipient's stay
in a medical facility is likely not to exceed 3
months and continued SSI eligibility is
needed to maintain and provide for the
expenses of the home to which the individual
will return.

When individuals enter medical treatment
facilities in which more than half of the bill is paid
by the Medicaid program, their monthly federal
payment standard is generally reduced to $30,
beginning with the first full calendar month they
are in the facility. In the case of an individual
under age 18, the $30 payment standard is also
applicable if more than half of the bill is paid by
private insurance or a combination of Medicaid
and private insurance. In these cases, the SSI
program provides up to $30 a month, which is
intended to take care of small comfort items not
provided by the institution.
Deeming

individual's income and resources fall below the
levels established by law. This process is called
"deeming" and is applied in cases in which an
eligible individual lives with an ineligible spouse,
an eligible child lives with an ineligible parent, or
an eligible noncitizen has a sponsor.6 In
concept, the practice takes into account the
responsibility of the spouse, parent, or sponsor
to provide for the basic needs of the eligible
individual.
Spouse-to-Spouse Deeming. When an eligible
individual lives in the same household with a
spouse who is not eligible for SSI, the ineligible
spouse's income and resources are deemed to
be available to the eligible individual. In
determining the amount of income and resources
available to the eligible individual, all applicable
exclusions are used. In addition, a living
allowance is provided for the ineligible spouse
and for any ineligible children under age 18 living
in the household. The allowance reduces the
amount of income to be deemed. Spouse-tospouse deeming is intended to result in the same
amount of income being available to the couple
as would be available if both members of the
couple were aged, blind, or disabled and eligible
for SSI.
Deeming does not apply when the eligible
individual is not living in the same household as
the ineligible spouse. However, if the ineligible
spouse's absence is temporary or is due solely to
an active-duty assignment as a member of the
U.S. armed forces, deeming continues to apply.
Parent-to-Child Deeming. A child under age 18
is subject to deeming from an ineligible natural or
adoptive parent (and that parent's spouse, if any)
living in the same household. Certain amounts
of the parent's income are excluded, living
allowances are provided for the parent(s), and an
allocation is set aside for each ineligible child
under age 18 (under age 21 if a student) who is
living in the household. Deeming from an eligible
parent to a child continues if the parent is absent
from the household but the absence is temporary
or is due solely to active-duty assignment as a
member of the U.S. armed forces. A child living
in a household in which all members are
receiving public assistance benefits is not
considered to be receiving any support, and
deeming does not apply.

In certain situations, the income and resources of
others are counted in determining whether an
SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 5

Sponsor-to-Alien Deeming. The income and
resources of noncitizens are deemed to include
those of their sponsors. The way the income and
resources are deemed and the length of the
deeming period depend on whether the sponsor
signed a legally enforceable affidavit of support,
as required by Public Law 104-208, or the
previous version of the affidavit. Generally,
individuals who entered the country before 1998
did so under the old version of the affidavit.7

SSI program includes a number of work incentive
provisions that enable recipients who are blind or
disabled to work and retain benefits or to
increase their levels of work activity without the
loss of SSI disability status or Medicaid. These
incentives provide higher amounts of income or
resource exclusions as recognition of the
expenses associated with working or as
inducements to seek rehabilitation services and
support for work efforts.

Under the old version of the affidavit,
deeming of the sponsor's income and resources
lasts until the noncitizen has been in the United
States for 3 years.8 Living allowances equal to
the federal benefit rate are provided for the
sponsor, and allowances equal to one-half of the
federal benefit rate are provided for each of the
sponsor's dependents. Allowances are also
provided for the sponsor and his or her family
members in determining deemed resources.
These allowances reduce the amount of the
sponsor's income and resources deemed to the
noncitizen.

Earned Income Exclusion

For noncitizens admitted into the United
States under a legally enforceable affidavit of
support, deeming generally applies until the
noncitizen becomes a U.S. citizen. Deeming
ends before citizenship if the noncitizen has
earned, or can be credited with, 40 qualifying
quarters of earnings. Children and spouses of
workers may be credited with quarters earned by
the worker. A quarter otherwise earned after
1996 does not count as one of the required 40 if
the noncitizen or worker received federal meanstested public benefits during the relevant period.

The cost of certain impairment-related services
and items that a disabled (but not blind)
individual needs in order to work are excluded
from earned income in determining SSI eligibility
and benefit amounts.

Also for this group of noncitizens, deeming
does not apply for specified periods if the
noncitizens or their children or parents have
been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty
while in the United States or if sponsors left the
noncitizens indigent by not providing them with
sufficient support.

Incentives for Work and
Opportunities for Rehabilitation
SSI benefits provide a basic level of assistance
for individuals who are blind or disabled with
limited earnings ability due to their impairments.
Nonetheless, for recipients who want to work, the
SSI program is designed to encourage and
support their work attempts in order to help them
achieve greater degrees of independence. The
6 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

The first $65 ($85 if the individual has no income
other than earnings) of any monthly earned
income plus one-half of remaining earnings are
excluded for SSI benefit computation purposes.
This general earned income exclusion is
intended to help offset expenses incurred when
working. It assures that SSI recipients who are
working will be rewarded for their efforts by
having greater total income than those who do
not work.
Impairment-Related Work Expense Exclusion

In calculating these expenses, amounts
equal to the costs of certain attendant care
services, medical devices, equipment,
prostheses, vehicle modifications, residential
modifications to accommodate wheelchairs, and
similar items and services are deductible from
earnings. The costs of routine drugs and routine
medical services are not deductible unless they
are necessary to control the disabling condition.
Work Expenses of the Blind Exclusion
Any expenses relating to work that a blind
individual has are excluded from earned income
in determining SSI eligibility and benefit
amounts. Unlike an impairment-related work
expense, a deductible expense need not be
directly related to the worker's blindness; it need
only be an ordinary and necessary work expense
of the worker.
Some frequently excluded work expenses
include transportation to and from work, meals
consumed during work hours, job equipment,

licenses, income or FICA taxes, and costs of job
training.

In many states, being a recipient of the
special benefit permits the individual to be
eligible for Medicaid benefits.

Student Earned Income Exclusion
The student earned income exclusion is an
additional exclusion for an individual who is
under age 22, regularly attending school, and
neither married nor the head of a household. It is
intended to help defray the cost of educational
training. Under current regulations, up to $1,290
of earned income per month but no more than
$5,200 per year may be excluded.9
Plans for Achieving Self-Support
Plans for achieving self-support (PASS) allow a
disabled or blind individual to set aside income
and resources to get a specific type of job or to
start a business. The plans may involve setting
aside funds for education or vocational training,
to purchase work-related equipment, or to pay
for transportation related to the work goal. The
income and resources that are set aside are
excluded under the SSI income and resources
tests.
The individual must have a feasible work
goal and a specific savings or spending plan. He
or she also must provide for a clearly identifiable
accounting for the funds that are set aside. The
PASS is time limited and must be approved by
SSA. The individual must then follow the plan
and negotiate revisions as needed. SSA
monitors the approved plan by reviewing it
periodically to ensure the individual's progress
toward attaining the work goal.
Special Provisions for Disabled People Who
Work
These work incentives are generally referred to
by their section number in the Social Security
Act, section 1619. Under section 1619(a),
disabled individuals who would cease to be
eligible because they earn more than the
substantial gainful activity level can receive
special cash benefits as long as they:

Continue to have the disabling condition,

Have income under the amount that would
cause ineligibility for any payment under SSI
income counting rules, and

Meet all other nondisability requirements for
SSI payment.

Under section 1619(b), "SSI recipient" status
for Medicaid eligibility purposes also is provided
to an individual:

Whose earnings preclude any SSI payment
but are not sufficient to provide a reasonable
equivalent of the SSI, social services, and
Medicaid benefits that the individual would
have in the absence of earnings; and

Whose ability to continue working would be
seriously inhibited by the loss of social
services and Medicaid benefits.

To qualify for extended Medicaid coverage
under section 1619(b), an individual must:

Have a disabling condition,

Need Medicaid in order to work,

Not be able to afford equivalent medical
coverage and publicly funded personal or
attendant care that would be lost without
assistance,

Meet all nondisability requirements for SSI
payment other than earnings, and

Have received a regular SSI cash payment
in a previous month within the current period
of eligibility. (In some states, the individual
must have qualified for Medicaid in the
month preceding the first month of 1619
eligibility.)

In determining whether individuals' earnings
are not sufficient to provide them with the
equivalent benefits they would be eligible for if
they stopped working, their earnings are
compared with a threshold amount for their state
of residence. Section 1619(b) status continues if
the earnings are below the threshold. If earnings
exceed the state threshold, an individualized
assessment of the need for Medicaid is made
and 1619(b) status may continue.
Vocational Rehabilitation and the Ticket to
Work Program
Since the beginning of the SSI program, SSA
has made provision for blind or disabled
individuals who are receiving SSI benefits to be
referred to state Vocational Rehabilitation (VR)
agencies. If the state VR agency does not
accept the referral, SSA can refer recipients to
SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 7

an alternate provider to receive vocational
rehabilitation services. SSA reimburses the VR
agency or alternate provider for services that
result in the individual's working at the
substantial gainful activity level for a continuous
period of 9 months, and in certain other limited
situations.
The Ticket to Work and Work Incentives
Improvement Act of 1999 established a Ticket to
Work program under which a disabled
beneficiary is able to obtain vocational
rehabilitation, employment, and other support
services from a qualified private or public
provider. Providers of such services in this new
setting are referred to as employment networks
(ENs). In addition, the Ticket legislation provided
for a new procedure for compensating the ENs
under an outcome or outcome-milestone
payment system. By expanding the pool of
providers and giving the providers incentives for
achieving success, this program seeks to expand
a disabled beneficiary's access to these services
for assistance in finding, entering, and retaining
employment and reducing his or her dependence
on cash benefits. Regulations issued by the
Commissioner of Social Security became
effective January 2002.
Individuals receiving SSI benefits who
improve medically and are therefore no longer
considered disabled or blind can continue to
receive SSI benefits if they are actively
participating in the Ticket to Work program, or
another approved VR program, and if continuing
or completing the program would increase the
likelihood that they would be permanently
removed from the SSI rolls. SSI benefits and
Medicaid generally continue until the
rehabilitation services are completed or until the
individual ceases to participate in the program.
Expedited Reinstatement
A disabled or blind individual whose eligibility for
SSI payments was ended because of earnings
can request expedited reinstatement of his or her
SSI benefits without filing a new application. To
qualify for expedited reinstatement, the individual
must make the request within 60 months after
the eligibility ended and must have a disabling
medical condition that (1) is the same as (or
related to) the disabling medical condition that
led to the previous period of eligibility and (2)
prevents him or her from performing substantial
gainful activity. In determining whether the
8 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

individual is disabled or blind, the medical review
standard is applied. Normal nonmedical
requirements for SSI eligibility still apply.
An individual requesting expedited
reinstatement may receive up to 6 months of
provisional benefits while the request is pending.
These benefits generally are not considered an
overpayment if the request is denied.
Provisional benefits may include Medicaid but do
not include any state supplementary payments.
Provisional benefits also may be received by the
individual's spouse at a couple's rate if the
spouse was previously eligible for SSI as a
spouse.

Administration of the SSI Program
The framers of Supplemental Security Income
chose the Social Security Administration to
administer the program because the basic
system for paying monthly benefits to a large
number of individuals was already in place in the
form of the Social Security program.
Application Process
Individuals can make appointments to apply for
SSI benefits at any one of the approximately
1,300 SSA field offices around the country or
through SSA teleservice centers. The claims
process includes the application interview, the
obtaining of necessary evidence and
documentation, and the adjudication of the claim.
Many individuals file for benefits under both the
SSI and the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability
Insurance programs at the same time. Potential
claimants initially contact SSA by phone, mail, or
in person. Field office personnel conduct an
interview with the claimant, his or her
representative, or both.
SSA corroborates information provided by
applicants for SSI through independent or
collateral sources. Generally, the basic
responsibility for obtaining evidence lies with the
claimant, although SSA often gives advice on
ways to obtain the needed information. Because
of the special circumstances of the SSI
population (for example, financial need, old age,
or illness), SSA makes special efforts to assist
claimants in obtaining the necessary proofs.
With regard to disability and blindness
claims, SSA makes determinations of all of the
nonmedical eligibility factors, and each state's

Disability Determination Services (DDS) makes
determinations of the medical eligibility factors.
Determinations of Eligibility
SSI applications have no retroactivity and
become effective in the month after the month of
filing or the month after all eligibility requirements
are met, whichever is later. Eligibility for benefits
is determined on a current monthly basis. SSI
recipients are required to have their nonmedical
eligibility factors redetermined periodically,
generally every 1 to 6 years depending on their
specific situation.
In addition to these nonmedical reviews,
medical reviews are conducted on disabled or
blind recipients in order to determine if they
continue to be disabled or blind. For
administrative efficiency the medical reviews are
done most often on disabled or blind recipients
whose medical conditions are considered likely
to improve. Medical reviews are required for
disabled or blind recipients, for example, under
the following circumstances:

When earnings of recipients exceed the
substantial gainful activity level,

At least once every 3 years for recipients
under age 18 whose medical conditions are
considered likely to improve,

Within 12 months after birth for recipients
whose low birth weight is a contributing
factor material to the determination of their
disability unless the Commissioner
determines that the impairment is not
expected to improve within 12 months of the
child's birth, and

Within 1 year after attainment of age 18 and
using the adult eligibility criteria for recipients
whose eligibility for SSI benefits was
established under the disabled child eligibility
criteria.

Representative Payees
When SSI recipients are incapable of managing
their benefits, SSA appoints representative
payees for them, and their SSI benefits are sent
to the representative payees. In many cases the
representative payee is a spouse, parent, or
other close relative who will act in the recipient's
best interest. In some cases, an SSA-approved
organization may be appointed, and some
organizations have been authorized by SSA to

collect a fee from the benefit for acting as payee.
The fee cannot exceed the lesser of 10 percent
of the benefit amount or a specified amount ($30
a month in 2002, $57 a month for disabled
recipients who also have a drug addiction or
alcoholism condition).
Representative payees may use an SSI
recipient's benefit only for the use and benefit of
the recipient and must account for all benefits
received. Representative payees also are
required to report any changes that may affect
SSI recipients' eligibility and payment amount
and may be held liable for certain overpayments
that occur.
Appeal Rights
Recipients must be informed in writing in
advance of adverse actions that SSA plans to
take and must be given the opportunity to
request that their benefits continue pending a
decision at the first level of appeal.
Attorney Fees
At any time, an individual may appoint a
representative in any dealings with the Social
Security Administration. If such a representative
is an attorney, he or she must be in good
standing, have the right to practice law before a
court, not be disqualified or suspended from
acting as a representative in dealings with Social
Security, and not be prohibited by any law from
acting as a representative. If the individual is not
an attorney, he or she must meet qualifications
specified by the Commissioner (for example, be
of good character and able to provide valuable
service to claimants).
A representative may charge and receive a
fee for his or her services, but the Social Security
Administration generally decides how much the
fee will be. Although the Social Security Act
does not establish a maximum fee, most
attorneys use an options process that limits their
maximum fee to the lesser of 25 percent of the
retroactive payment or $5,300.10
Advance Payments
The SSI program has provisions that help
respond to the immediate needs of new
claimants. These procedures are in addition to
state and local programs designed to help those
in need pending decisions on their SSI status.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 9

Emergency Advance Payments. A new
claimant who faces a financial emergency and
who has a strong likelihood of being found
eligible may receive up to 1 month's SSI
benefits—the federal payment amount plus any
applicable state supplement. The amount paid is
recovered from later SSI payments (in full from
the first payment or in increments over no more
than a 6-month period, depending on the
circumstances). However, if the claim is
subsequently not allowed because of not finding
disability or blindness, repayment is waived. If
the claim is disallowed for other reasons, the
amount paid is an overpayment and is processed
as such.
Presumptive Disability or Blindness. Up to 6
months' payments may be made to an individual
applying for benefits based on disability or
blindness when the available evidence reflects a
high degree of probability that the impairment will
meet the definition of disability or blindness and
he or she is otherwise eligible. These payments
are not considered overpayments if the individual
is later determined not to be disabled or blind.

State Supplementation
In designing the SSI program, Congress
recognized that states, in many instances, would
want to provide a higher level of income
maintenance than was available under the
federal program. At the same time, states were
given the option to either provide no
supplementation to the federal assistance
payments or supplement those payments based
on their views of the needs of their citizens.
They were mandated to ensure that their citizens
would not receive lower benefits under the
federal program than they had under the former
state program.
Types of State Supplementation
State supplementation can be optional or
mandatory.
Optional State Supplementary Payment Programs. For individuals who first became eligible
for SSI in 1974 or later, each state could
supplement federal payments to whatever extent
it found appropriate with respect to the needs of
its citizens and the resources of the state. In
2001, 45 states had optional state
supplementary payment programs.

10 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Some states provide supplementary
payments to all individuals eligible for SSI
benefits; others may limit them to certain SSI
recipients such as the blind or residents of
domiciliary care facilities or may extend them to
persons ineligible for SSI because of excess
income. States' flexibility in setting
supplementary payments, however, has been
significantly restricted by mandatory passalong
provisions (described below).
Mandatory State Supplementary Payment
Programs. States are required to maintain the
December 1973 income levels of individuals who
were transferred from the former state adult
assistance programs to the SSI program in 1974,
except for Texas, which until 1999 had a
constitutional bar against mandatory state
supplementation.11 Because of the increases in
federal benefits, only a few individuals continue
to receive mandatory state supplementary
payments.
Administration of State Supplementary
Payments
A state may administer its supplementary
program or enter into an agreement under which
SSA will make eligibility determinations and
payments on behalf of the state. Under state
administration, the state pays its own program
benefits and absorbs the full administrative
costs. Under federal administration, states are
required to pay SSA an $8.59 fee for each
supplementary payment issued in fiscal year
2003. Fees are scheduled to rise in succeeding
fiscal years.
States that administer their own
supplementary payment programs establish their
own eligibility criteria. States with federally
administered programs must adhere to SSI
eligibility criteria in all aspects except additional
income exclusions.
Mandatory Passalong
It was originally Congress's view that increases
in the federal SSI benefit rate would eventually
replace state supplementary payments.
However, public reaction to states reducing their
supplementary payment amounts when SSI
payments were increased led Congress to
mandate that states pass along SSI benefit
increases resulting from cost-of-living
adjustments.

To meet the passalong requirement, a state
may either maintain each state payment level
from year to year (the "payment levels" method),
or it may spend the same amount of money, in
the aggregate, that it spent for supplementary
benefits in the 12-month period preceding the
increase in the SSI benefit rate (the "total
expenditures" method).

Coordination with Other Programs
SSI benefits are not the only form of assistance
available to needy aged, blind, or disabled
individuals. Medicaid, food stamps, and
temporary state assistance are also important in
keeping individuals from sliding further into
poverty. SSA plays a limited but important role in
helping states with regard to administration of the
Medicaid and Food Stamp programs, and
provisions in the SSI statute ensure that
payments made by states or under the Social
Security program are not duplicated by SSI
benefits.
Windfall Offset
If a person receives SSI payments and is later
determined to be entitled to retroactive Social
Security benefits, such retroactive benefits are
reduced by the amount of SSI payments the
person would not have been eligible for had the
Social Security benefits been paid in the month
they were due. This process, called the windfall
offset, was enacted to prevent windfall payments
to individuals when Social Security and SSI
payments were paid for the same period.
Medicaid Determinations
Generally, SSI recipients are categorically
eligible for Medicaid. A state may use SSI
eligibility criteria for determining Medicaid
eligibility, or it may use its own criteria as long as
the criteria are no more restrictive than the
state's January 1972 medical assistance
standards. Forty states use SSI criteria, and 11
states use eligibility criteria that are more
restrictive than those of the SSI program.
States also may enter into agreements with
SSA for SSA to make Medicaid eligibility
determinations on their behalf as long as the
eligibility requirements of the state's Medicaid
plans are the same as those for the SSI program.
Under these agreements, SSA determines only
when an individual is eligible for Medicaid; SSA

does not determine Medicaid ineligibility. SSA
has Medicaid determination agreements with 33
states.
Continued Medicaid eligibility is provided in
SSI law for certain Social Security beneficiaries
who lose SSI eligibility because of either an
entitlement to Social Security benefits or an
increase in Social Security benefits resulting
from:

Cost-of-living adjustments,

Actuarial increases in widow(er)s benefits,

Changes in the definition of disability for
widow(er)s benefits, or

Increases in disabled adult child benefits.

Food Stamp Applications
SSI recipients in all states, except California,
may be eligible for food stamps. Under
agreements entered into by the Secretary of
Agriculture and SSA, Social Security offices
notify Social Security and SSI applicants and
recipients of their potential benefits under the
Food Stamp program and make food stamp
applications available to them.12
The law also provides for Social Security
offices to take food stamp applications from
potentially eligible or eligible SSI households that
are not already receiving food stamps and do not
have a food stamp application pending. Food
stamp applications from SSI households may be
taken in connection with initial SSI claims or at
the time of a redetermination. Food stamp
applicants have the option of applying at Social
Security offices or at state food stamp offices if
expedited service is required. Social Security
offices forward the food stamp applications and
any supporting documents to the local food
stamp offices within 1 day of taking the
application. Eligibility is determined by the food
stamp office.
Interim Assistance Reimbursement
SSA may enter into agreements under which
states or local governments are reimbursed for
basic needs assistance provided during the
period that an eligible individual's SSI application
for benefits was pending or the individual's SSI
benefits were suspended and subsequently
reinstated (the interim period).

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 11

Notes
1 Substantial

gainful activity (SGA) is used to
describe a level of work activity that is both substantial
(that is, involves the performance of significant
physical or mental duties that are productive) and
gainful (that is, performed for remuneration or profit).
Generally, earnings from work activity of over $780 a
month in 2002 were evidence of ability to engage in
SGA. Applicants who earned over $780 a month
would generally not be considered disabled. However,
SSI recipients who earned over $780 a month could
continue to be eligible for SSI. (See the section
Incentives for Work and Opportunities for
Rehabilitation.) The SGA level of $780 was increased
to $800 effective January 1, 2003. Increases in the
SGA level in subsequent years will be based on
increases in the national average wage index.
The definition of disability for individuals under age
18 reflects amendments made by Public Law 104-193,
the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity
Reconciliation Act of 1996. Prior law required a
medically determinable physical or mental impairment
of comparable severity to that required for individuals
18 or older.
2 The

provision reflects amendments made by title I
of Public Law 104-121, the Senior Citizens’ Right to
Work Act of 1996, enacted March 29, 1996.
3 These

standards reflect amendments made by
Public Law 104-193, the Personal Responsibility and
Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, as
amended by Public Law 104-208, Public Law 105-33,
and Public Law 105-306. Prior law permitted SSI
eligibility for individuals who were residents of the
United States, citizens or nationals of the United
States, aliens lawfully admitted for permanent
residence in the United States, or aliens permanently
residing in the United States under color of law.

12 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

4

Generally defined as the recruitment, harboring,
transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for
labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or
coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary
servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
5 Public

Law 106-386, the Victims of Trafficking and
Violence Protection Act of 2000, enacted October 28,
2000.
6

Deeming also applies to an individual who lives
with an essential person (a concept carried over from
the former state assistance plans). However, there
are fewer than 100 of these cases remaining.
7
The Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)
began using the new, legally enforceable affidavits on
December 19, 1997. However, if a potential
immigrant had a visa issued before that date, the
sponsor would sign an old affidavit even if the affidavit
was signed after December 19, 1997.
8 For

a temporary period—January through
September 1996—the deeming period was 5 years.
9 Under

current regulations, this exclusion will be
increased in subsequent years based on changes in
the cost of living.
10 Fee

agreements prior to February 1, 2002, were
limited to the lesser of 25 percent of the retroactive
payment or $4,000.
11 The

requirement does not affect West Virginia,
since SSI federal benefit rates in 1973 exceeded the
applicable income standards under the state’s adult
assistance programs.
12 California

“cashes out” food stamps, and SSI
recipients receive a cash payment in their state
supplementary payment in lieu of food stamps.

Federal Benefit Rates
and Total Annual Payments

Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
Table 1.
Monthly federal SSI benefit rates, 1974–2003 (in dollars)
Individual

Couple

Own
household

Another’s
household

Own
household

Another’s
household

Medicaid
facility

Essential
person
increment

January 1974
July 1974

140.00
146.00

93.34
97.34

210.00
219.00

140.00
146.00

25.00
25.00

70.00
73.00

July 1975
July 1976
July 1977
July 1978
July 1979

157.70
167.80
177.80
189.40
208.20

105.14
111.87
118.54
126.27
138.80

236.60
251.80
266.70
284.10
312.30

157.74
167.87
177.80
189.40
208.20

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

78.90
84.00
89.00
94.80
104.20

July 1980
July 1981
July 1982
July 1983
January 1984

238.00
264.70
284.30
304.30
314.00

158.67
176.47
189.54
202.87
209.34

357.00
397.00
426.40
456.40
472.00

238.00
264.67
284.27
304.27
314.67

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

119.20
132.60
142.50
152.50
157.00

January 1985
January 1986
January 1987
January 1988
January 1989

325.00
336.00
340.00
354.00
368.00

216.67
224.00
226.67
236.00
245.34

488.00
504.00
510.00
532.00
553.00

325.34
336.00
340.00
354.67
368.67

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
30.00

163.00
168.00
170.00
177.00
184.00

January 1990
January 1991
January 1992
January 1993
January 1994

386.00
407.00
422.00
434.00
446.00

257.34
271.34
281.34
289.34
297.34

579.00
610.00
633.00
652.00
669.00

386.00
406.67
422.00
434.67
446.00

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

193.00
204.00
211.00
217.00
223.00

January 1995
January 1996
January 1997
January 1998
January 1999

458.00
470.00
484.00
494.00
500.00

305.34
313.34
322.67
329.34
333.34

687.00
705.00
726.00
741.00
751.00

458.00
470.00
484.00
494.00
500.67

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

229.00
235.00
242.00
247.00
250.00

January 2000 a
January 2001 a
January 2002
January 2003

513.00
531.00
545.00
552.00

342.00
354.00
363.34
368.00

769.00
796.00
817.00
829.00

512.67
530.67
544.67
552.67

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

257.00
266.00
273.00
277.00

Starting date

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Office of Program Management.
a. These figures reflect the correction of an error in the consumer price index.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 15

Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
Table 2.
Total payments, by eligibility category and source of payment, selected years 1974–2002 (in thousands of dollars)
State supplementation
Year

Total

Federal
SSI

Federally
administered

State
administered

All recipients a
1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

5,245,719
5,878,224
7,940,734
11,060,476
16,598,680

3,833,161
4,313,538
5,866,354
8,777,341
12,893,805

1,263,652
1,402,534
1,848,286
1,972,597
3,239,154

148,906
162,152
226,094
310,538
465,721

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

27,627,658
28,791,924
29,052,089
30,216,345
30,922,953

23,919,430
25,264,878
25,457,387
26,404,793
26,805,156

3,117,850
2,987,596
2,913,181
3,003,415
3,300,976

590,378
539,450
681,521
808,137
816,821

2000
2001
2002

31,564,439
33,060,819
34,566,844

27,290,248
28,705,503
29,898,765

3,381,451
3,460,353
3,820,234

892,740
894,963
847,845

1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

2,503,407
2,604,792
2,734,270
3,034,596
3,736,104

1,782,742
1,842,980
1,860,194
2,202,557
2,521,382

631,292
673,535
756,829
694,114
1,038,006

89,373
88,277
117,247
137,925
176,716

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

4,467,146
4,507,202
4,531,973
4,424,877
4,712,333

3,374,772
3,449,407
3,479,948
3,327,856
3,524,355

864,450
833,091
823,581
838,375
921,332

227,924
224,705
228,444
258,646
266,646

2000
2001
2002

4,811,048
4,958,644
5,085,554

3,595,384
3,708,527
3,751,491

942,530
955,549
1,051,301

283,073
294,568
282,762

1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

130,195
130,936
190,075
264,162
334,120

91,308
92,427
131,506
195,183
238,415

34,483
34,813
54,321
64,657
90,534

4,404
3,696
4,248
4,322
5,171

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

375,512
371,869
374,857
366,452
390,877

298,238
298,897
302,656
291,050
309,295

69,203
65,894
65,189
67,137
73,028

8,071
7,077
7,012
8,265
8,554

2000
2001
2002

394,484
407,371
426,409

312,144
323,895
335,405

73,688
74,729
81,049

8,636
8,747
9,955

1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

2,601,936
3,142,476
5,013,948
7,754,588
12,520,568

1,959,112
2,378,131
3,874,655
6,379,601
10,134,007

597,876
694,186
1,037,137
1,213,826
2,110,615

44,948
70,159
102,156
161,161
275,946

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

22,778,547
23,905,578
24,006,254
25,304,721
25,719,050

20,246,415
21,516,579
21,685,421
22,785,879
22,971,506

2,184,197
2,088,610
2,024,410
2,097,903
2,306,615

347,935
300,389
296,423
420,939
440,929

2000
2001
2002

26,198,350
27,611,303
28,996,405

23,399,442
24,695,630
25,844,055

2,365,233
2,430,077
2,687,884

479,635
485,596
496,634

Aged

Blind

Disabled

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Office of Financial Management, Division of Finance.
a. Includes data on state-administered state supplementation not distributed by category.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov; Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

16 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Federally Administered
Payments

Federally Administered Payments
Table 3.
Recipients, by age, December 1974–2002
Under age 18

Aged 18–64

Aged 65 or older

Year

Total

Number

Percentage
of total

Number

Percentage
of total

Number

Percentage
of total

1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

3,996,064
4,314,275
4,235,939
4,237,692
4,216,925
4,149,575

70,900
107,026
125,412
147,355
165,899
177,306

1.8
2.5
3.0
3.5
3.9
4.3

1,503,155
1,699,394
1,713,594
1,736,879
1,747,126
1,726,553

37.6
39.4
40.5
41.0
41.4
41.6

2,422,009
2,507,855
2,396,933
2,353,458
2,303,900
2,245,716

60.6
58.1
56.6
55.5
54.6
54.1

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

4,142,017
4,018,875
3,857,590
3,901,497
4,029,333

190,394
194,890
191,570
198,323
211,587

4.6
4.8
5.0
5.1
5.3

1,730,847
1,702,895
1,655,279
1,699,774
1,780,459

41.8
42.4
42.9
43.6
44.2

2,220,776
2,121,090
2,010,741
2,003,400
2,037,287

53.6
52.8
52.1
51.3
50.6

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

4,138,021
4,269,184
4,384,999
4,463,869
4,593,059

227,384
241,198
250,902
255,135
264,890

5.5
5.6
5.7
5.7
5.8

1,879,168
2,010,458
2,118,710
2,202,714
2,301,926

45.4
47.1
48.3
49.3
50.1

2,031,469
2,017,528
2,015,387
2,006,020
2,026,243

49.1
47.3
46.0
44.9
44.1

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

4,817,127
5,118,470
5,566,189
5,984,330
6,295,786

308,589
397,162
556,470
722,678
841,474

6.4
7.8
10.0
12.1
13.4

2,449,897
2,641,524
2,910,016
3,148,413
3,335,255

50.9
51.6
52.3
52.6
53.0

2,058,641
2,079,784
2,099,703
2,113,239
2,119,057

42.7
40.6
37.7
35.3
33.7

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

6,514,134
6,613,718
6,494,985
6,566,069
6,556,634

917,048
955,174
879,828
887,066
847,063

14.1
14.4
13.5
13.5
12.9

3,482,256
3,568,393
3,561,625
3,646,020
3,690,970

53.5
54.0
54.8
55.5
56.3

2,114,830
2,090,151
2,053,532
2,032,983
2,018,601

32.5
31.6
31.6
31.0
30.8

2000
2001
2002

6,601,686
6,688,489
6,787,857

846,784
881,836
914,821

12.8
13.2
13.5

3,744,022
3,811,494
3,877,752

56.7
57.0
57.1

2,010,880
1,995,159
1,995,284

30.5
29.8
29.4

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 19

Federally Administered Payments
Table 4.
By type of payment, sex, eligibility category, and age, December 2002
Category
Type of payment and sex

Total

Aged

Blind

Age
Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Number
All payments
Male
Female

6,787,857
2,852,456
3,935,401

1,251,528
374,065
877,463

77,658
34,461
43,197

5,458,671
2,443,930
3,014,741

914,821
588,364
326,457

3,877,752
1,681,840
2,195,912

1,995,284
582,252
1,413,032

Federal SSI
Male
Female

6,505,227
2,729,824
3,775,403

1,151,652
339,879
811,773

72,189
31,984
40,205

5,281,386
2,357,961
2,923,425

912,191
586,661
325,530

3,739,656
1,609,340
2,130,316

1,853,380
533,823
1,319,557

State supplementation
Male
Female

2,461,652
1,041,882
1,419,770

611,395
204,646
406,749

34,596
15,238
19,358

1,815,661
821,998
993,663

246,604
160,137
86,467

1,307,747
589,080
718,667

907,301
292,665
614,636

All payments
Male
Female

2,951,425
1,291,568
1,659,857

415,574
131,831
283,743

35,144
15,598
19,546

2,500,707
1,144,140
1,356,567

475,974
306,913
169,060

1,808,645
783,393
1,025,253

666,806
201,263
465,544

Federal SSI
Male
Female

2,623,339
1,149,136
1,474,202

325,286
98,975
226,311

28,264
12,573
15,691

2,269,789
1,037,588
1,232,201

459,966
296,613
163,352

1,629,676
697,889
931,787

533,697
154,634
379,063

328,086
142,432
185,654

90,288
32,856
57,432

6,880
3,024
3,856

230,918
106,552
124,366

16,008
10,300
5,708

178,969
85,503
93,466

133,109
46,629
86,480

Total payments (thousands of dollars)

State supplementation
Male
Female

Average monthly payment (dollars) a
All payments
Male
Female

407.42
420.68
397.88

330.04
350.39
321.39

444.54
443.59
445.30

424.75
431.19
419.57

487.73
488.43
486.46

427.73
424.11
430.48

332.03
343.35
327.39

Federal SSI
Male
Female

376.76
389.73
367.44

280.86
289.63
277.20

384.79
385.73
384.05

397.71
404.34
392.40

472.67
473.38
471.39

398.82
393.55
402.78

286.20
287.79
285.56

State supplementation
Male
Female

127.53
130.27
125.53

146.17
158.91
139.78

194.32
192.99
195.36

119.94
121.93
118.31

60.72
60.19
61.70

127.71
135.54
121.32

145.22
157.70
139.30

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
a. Averages are not obtained simply by dividing the total dollars by the number of recipients. Averages exclude payments made in the current month for prior-month eligibility,
such as back pay for new awards, so that large retroactive payments do not distort the averages.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

20 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Federally Administered Payments
Table 5.
By selected characteristics, eligibility category, and age, December 2002
Category
Characteristic

Total

Aged

Blind

Age
Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Number
6,787,857

1,251,528

77,658

5,458,671

914,821

3,877,752

1,995,284

Sex
Male
Female

All recipients

2,852,456
3,935,401

374,065
877,463

34,461
43,197

2,443,930
3,014,741

588,364
326,457

1,681,840
2,195,912

582,252
1,413,032

Living arrangement
Own household
Another’s household
Parent’s household
Medicaid institution
Unknown

5,592,736
284,369
758,835
139,687
12,230

1,132,920
94,324
...
22,265
2,019

65,789
4,177
5,624
1,977
91

4,394,027
185,868
753,211
115,445
10,120

121,423
29,367
749,437
13,489
843

3,638,550
148,076
9,398
72,768
8,960

1,832,763
106,664
...
53,430
2,427

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

6,084,342
703,515

886,701
364,827

68,747
8,911

5,128,894
329,777

909,976
4,845

3,649,857
227,895

1,524,509
470,775

407.42

330.04

444.54

424.75

487.73

427.73

332.03

Sex
Male
Female

420.68
397.88

350.39
321.39

443.59
445.31

431.19
419.57

488.43
486.46

424.11
430.48

343.35
327.39

Living arrangement
Own household
Another’s household
Parent’s household
Medicaid institution
Unknown

406.74
373.17
493.21
33.99
545.00

330.30
390.11
...
35.96
...

450.02
426.65
535.43
35.18
...

425.91
363.30
492.89
33.62
545.00

534.03
361.40
493.29
34.88
...

437.92
365.09
485.05
33.41
545.00

336.93
387.56
...
34.60
...

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

398.54
462.27

273.74
448.56

427.72
545.62

419.89
476.33

487.54
510.78

422.95
480.64

288.33
453.63

Average monthly payment (dollars)
All recipients

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 21

Federally Administered Payments
Table 6.
Recipients, by type of representative payee, eligibility category, and age, December 2002
Category
Type of payee

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

6,787,857

1,251,528

77,658

5,458,671

914,821

3,877,752

1,995,284

Without payee

4,442,222

1,205,126

58,658

3,178,438

929

2,598,900

1,842,393

With payee
Natural or adoptive parents
Spouse
Natural, adoptive, or stepchild
Grandparent
Other relative
Nonmental institution
Mental institution
Financial organization
Social agency
Public official
Other

2,345,635
1,292,254
63,903
90,444
82,098
338,716
122,828
76,026
1,945
127,480
14,533
135,408

46,402
234
1,838
17,702
23
11,861
7,591
1,535
40
2,298
623
3,657

19,000
11,255
212
649
582
2,381
1,294
701
8
1,073
90
755

2,280,233
1,280,765
61,853
72,093
81,493
324,474
113,943
73,790
1,897
124,109
13,820
131,996

913,892
746,914
65
244
61,291
59,575
5,966
3,044
108
21,818
1,252
13,615

1,278,852
543,724
55,479
47,960
20,763
236,080
90,101
66,098
1,712
95,948
10,961
110,026

152,891
1,616
8,359
42,240
44
43,061
26,761
6,884
125
9,714
2,320
11,767

All recipients

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

22 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

65 or older

Federally Administered Payments
Table 7.
Recipients, by type of income, eligibility category, and age, December 2002
Category
Type of income
All recipients a
No other income
Earned income
Unearned income
Social Security benefits
Veterans’ benefits
Income based on need
Workers’ compensation
Support from absent parents
Pensions
Support and maintenance
Asset income b
Other c

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

6,787,857

1,251,528

77,658

5,458,671

914,821

3,877,752

1,995,284

3,738,410

435,011

42,320

3,261,079

689,035

2,331,383

717,992

278,007

18,452

5,148

254,407

3,468

245,984

28,555

2,406,327
80,087
12,426
5,053
112,018
59,721
241,488
247,855
74,113

723,022
35,131
122
354
...
39,561
74,743
90,264
13,905

26,600
689
40
26
879
455
2,491
3,690
821

1,656,705
44,267
12,264
4,673
111,139
19,705
164,254
153,901
59,387

64,644
1,390
7,961
19
108,937
46
34,041
15,818
3,010

1,189,238
25,418
4,329
4,221
3,081
12,605
115,919
111,806
51,583

1,152,445
53,279
136
813
...
47,070
91,528
120,231
19,520

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of unearned income or both earned and unearned income.
b. Includes income received as rent, interest, dividends, and royalties.
c. Does not include income deemed from a spouse or parent.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 23

Federally Administered Payments
Table 8.
Recipients, by receipt of Social Security, type of income, eligibility category, and age, December 2002
Category
Type of income

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

6,787,857

1,251,528

77,658

5,458,671

914,821

3,877,752

1,995,284

With Social Security
No other income
Earned income only
Unearned income only a
Both earned and unearned income a

2,406,327
2,011,665
97,707
283,137
13,818

723,022
566,899
10,808
143,198
2,117

26,600
22,114
1,479
2,795
212

1,656,705
1,422,652
85,420
137,144
11,489

64,644
56,610
303
7,954
77

1,189,238
1,011,582
80,940
86,039
10,677

1,152,445
943,773
16,464
189,144
3,064

Without Social Security
No other income
Earned income only
Unearned income only a
Both earned and unearned income a

4,381,530
3,738,410
147,063
476,638
19,419

528,506
435,011
4,319
87,968
1,208

51,058
42,320
3,017
5,281
440

3,801,966
3,261,079
139,727
383,389
17,771

850,177
689,035
2,289
158,054
799

2,688,514
2,331,383
137,411
202,764
16,956

842,839
717,992
7,363
115,820
1,664

All recipients

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
a. Includes recipients with in-kind unearned income.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

24 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Federally Administered Payments
Table 9.
Recipients, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2002
Category
State or area

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

6,787,857

1,251,528

77,658

5,458,671

914,821

3,877,752

1,995,284

163,740
9,658
88,054
85,107
1,135,834

22,729
1,568
13,248
12,108
342,142

1,073
114
933
926
21,995

139,938
7,976
73,873
72,073
771,697

26,695
1,015
14,344
14,273
89,118

96,396
6,303
51,332
48,870
553,364

40,649
2,340
22,378
21,964
493,352

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

53,689
50,368
12,565
20,221
396,976

8,663
6,960
1,327
2,281
95,691

550
494
113
190
3,237

44,476
42,914
11,125
17,750
298,048

6,578
6,058
2,828
3,650
72,031

33,368
31,967
7,324
11,965
189,010

13,743
12,343
2,413
4,606
135,935

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

198,599
21,566
19,394
252,200
90,893

30,900
6,597
1,782
31,450
6,596

2,192
190
200
2,418
1,031

165,507
14,779
17,412
218,332
83,266

29,542
1,358
3,302
40,913
17,792

113,647
11,710
13,036
153,833
60,252

55,410
8,498
3,056
57,454
12,849

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

41,596
37,063
176,768
166,884
30,935

4,058
3,566
16,635
21,945
2,987

812
383
1,374
1,832
230

36,726
33,114
158,759
143,107
27,718

6,015
6,406
24,022
28,471
3,088

28,191
23,941
116,828
97,757
22,001

7,390
6,716
35,918
40,656
5,846

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

89,705
167,027
213,568
67,011
127,123

15,542
45,024
18,173
9,903
19,134

725
4,059
1,835
719
1,159

73,438
117,944
193,560
56,389
106,830

13,759
16,215
34,435
9,050
20,282

51,250
102,400
142,590
42,476
71,305

24,696
48,412
36,543
15,485
35,536

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

114,127
14,220
21,659
29,154
12,316

11,271
1,206
2,265
7,569
958

973
134
241
698
129

101,883
12,826
19,153
20,887
11,229

17,612
1,832
3,416
4,781
1,708

74,774
9,903
14,207
16,419
8,762

21,741
2,485
4,036
7,954
1,846

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

148,115
48,790
625,234
192,595
8,090

33,957
8,761
136,363
30,031
1,203

1,040
536
3,194
2,009
83

113,118
39,493
485,677
160,555
6,804

20,349
5,860
67,760
31,431
943

77,348
27,594
335,400
107,233
5,088

50,418
15,336
222,074
53,931
2,059

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

241,476
73,630
56,218
301,981
28,747

16,383
9,520
7,580
34,156
4,349

2,142
812
633
2,374
204

222,951
63,298
48,005
265,451
24,194

40,752
10,842
7,271
47,272
3,539

164,415
45,474
36,684
190,459
17,718

36,309
17,314
12,263
64,250
7,490

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

105,888
12,666
161,673
435,844
21,003

14,860
1,852
20,160
112,708
2,124

1,535
105
1,660
6,044
261

89,493
10,709
139,853
317,092
18,618

17,341
1,933
21,514
56,450
3,660

60,494
7,497
100,326
217,750
13,609

28,053
3,236
39,833
161,644
3,734

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

12,711
132,176
105,520
74,022
87,128
5,663

1,416
22,984
14,074
4,952
9,089
525

109
1,396
937
593
965
53

11,186
107,796
90,509
68,477
77,074
5,085

1,358
19,587
12,446
7,937
15,001
836

8,502
74,974
68,746
53,375
55,662
3,898

2,851
37,615
24,328
12,710
16,465
929

667

149

14

504

150

325

192

All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 25

Federally Administered Payments
Table 10.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2002 (in dollars)
Category
State or area

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

407.42

330.04

444.54

424.75

487.73

427.73

332.03

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

354.47
372.52
385.48
335.52
529.10

172.92
254.07
276.71
254.58
480.59

349.89
383.14
406.96
363.96
583.43

384.32
396.01
404.84
365.93
549.11

481.82
444.78
477.74
472.88
578.44

382.55
401.79
402.31
365.37
563.63

206.47
264.92
288.41
183.49
481.69

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

365.51
386.89
371.53
406.87
376.81

283.01
312.35
235.28
251.13
305.44

390.88
406.74
365.27
398.71
378.82

381.30
398.81
388.03
426.97
399.85

453.95
472.27
456.07
478.90
473.33

383.97
400.52
380.34
433.30
389.27

278.96
310.62
247.79
281.46
309.16

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

349.78
421.71
361.98
411.21
378.02

198.49
356.42
201.42
326.76
211.18

378.52
435.34
378.11
404.05
360.47

377.88
450.63
378.49
423.50
391.54

469.21
460.89
454.07
486.23
469.87

382.64
455.75
373.89
423.64
383.87

220.62
368.61
215.07
325.52
226.33

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

347.52
363.69
373.37
369.97
342.19

195.68
230.19
181.53
191.37
156.10

340.59
399.80
379.75
371.86
361.71

364.57
377.78
393.69
397.90
362.08

442.98
463.16
483.04
484.91
456.46

362.89
372.04
397.43
400.53
367.24

212.64
241.31
225.08
220.64
188.10

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

389.13
420.70
407.98
377.94
348.30

300.06
351.71
277.17
290.01
169.35

395.95
458.72
398.87
384.84
348.51

407.93
445.93
420.44
393.33
380.55

464.77
512.48
482.90
459.32
480.57

410.66
439.63
421.44
389.45
381.95

302.68
350.24
287.26
299.33
207.22

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

367.24
359.20
349.13
377.29
360.29

203.04
181.59
208.45
296.27
226.46

372.92
365.14
377.15
447.76
357.36

385.50
376.58
365.51
404.48
371.81

479.32
462.15
457.11
462.86
442.44

382.76
379.88
360.98
391.38
371.41

225.00
203.32
218.66
297.11
231.92

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

397.58
359.33
444.57
336.08
321.04

340.95
231.80
374.49
180.77
191.38

393.52
388.46
422.80
354.75
360.90

414.70
387.51
464.47
364.98
343.51

478.56
477.26
502.84
457.25
434.13

414.67
393.88
472.91
362.15
344.78

339.42
253.42
384.46
214.56
211.53

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

401.15
360.98
379.50
418.68
413.97

254.22
194.89
277.00
275.19
306.27

387.74
379.54
394.27
409.05
374.99

412.21
385.77
395.56
437.26
433.61

478.89
478.72
468.44
497.88
537.28

412.04
387.93
394.24
438.55
429.31

266.61
217.21
283.51
302.23
319.83

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

348.73
338.04
356.22
338.88
378.92

182.38
183.41
178.15
235.76
309.54

361.16
374.94
385.05
375.25
403.52

376.35
364.65
381.84
375.12
386.55

464.02
449.15
478.00
466.62
444.19

377.07
362.82
386.59
378.42
381.97

218.02
215.71
216.22
242.07
304.74

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

363.86
355.15
404.33
383.65
368.03
353.70

186.46
251.08
354.70
177.42
223.29
162.68

376.43
364.31
402.27
383.95
382.43
388.00

386.23
377.37
412.10
398.66
385.17
373.13

506.91
459.85
469.20
477.19
465.46
460.57

388.75
376.72
412.73
405.28
380.99
370.89

222.07
258.67
348.05
235.32
239.69
187.20

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

434.16

355.08

411.43

457.90

523.22

431.17

368.88

All areas

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

26 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Federally Administered Payments
Table 11.
Recipients and their average income, by type of income and marital status, December 2002
Eligible individual with
no spouse

Type of income
a

Number

Average
income
(dollars)

Eligible individual with eligible spouse
Individual

Eligible individual with ineligible spouse

Spouse

Number

Average
income
(dollars)

Individual

Number

Average
income
(dollars)

Spouse

Number

Average
income
(dollars)

Number

Average
income
(dollars)

5,891,000

...

279,170

...

279,170

...

319,050

...

319,050

...

No other income

3,284,100

...

146,000

...

156,760

...

196,790

...

156,760

...

With income
Earned income only
Unearned income only
Both earned and unearned income

2,606,900
138,430
2,346,660
121,800

391
368
382
593

133,170
1,910
128,900
2,360

391
586
382
756

122,410
2,100
117,420
2,880

327
488
314
715

122,260
4,500
115,730
2,020

385
618
368
842

192,840
99,700
79,240
13,890

833
1,161
374
1,092

260,230
243,670
17,800

304
314
157

4,270
3,170
1,110

479
585
173

4,980
3,790
1,220

436
512
189

6,520
4,570
1,980

566
693
263

113,590
92,230
22,620

1,129
1,241
611

2,468,470
2,043,720
65,880
12,860
4,080
110,370
45,790
198,530
203,360
64,880

381
417
189
236
339
194
160
132
6
247

131,260
110,120
1,220
60
290
...
7,130
14,800
15,550
2,420

381
422
285
130
347
...
138
97
5
280

120,310
102,970
1,120
250
170
...
4,400
13,480
11,230
2,160

314
343
166
115
376
...
125
97
4
178

117,760
92,390
10,450
880
520
...
2,290
14,020
11,600
3,950

368
417
131
94
412
...
158
114
10
289

93,150
38,150
11,770
36,960
1,370
...
3,040
660
7,490
8,680

347
442
363
122
727
...
294
111
21
524

Total

With earned income a
Wages
Self-employment income
With unearned income a
Social Security benefits
Veterans’ benefits
Income based on need
Workers’ compensation
Support from absent parents
Pensions
Support and maintenance
Asset income b
Other c

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income, or both earned and unearned
income.
b. Includes income received as rent, interest, dividends, and royalties.
c. Does not include income deemed from a spouse or parent.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 27

Federally Administered Payments
Table 12.
Recipients as a percentage of resident population, by state, December 2002
Recipients
State
United States

Resident population a
288,368,698

Number
b

Percentage of resident population

6,787,857

2.4

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

4,486,508
643,786
5,456,453
2,710,079
35,116,033

163,740
9,658
88,054
85,107
1,135,834

3.6
1.5
1.6
3.1
3.2

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

4,506,542
3,460,503
807,385
570,898
16,713,149

53,689
50,368
12,565
20,221
396,976

1.2
1.5
1.6
3.5
2.4

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

8,560,310
1,244,898
1,341,131
12,600,620
6,159,068

198,599
21,566
19,394
252,200
90,893

2.3
1.7
1.4
2.0
1.5

2,936,760
2,715,884
4,092,891
4,482,646
1,294,464

41,596
37,063
176,768
166,884
30,935

1.4
1.4
4.3
3.7
2.4

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

5,458,137
6,427,801
10,050,446
5,019,720
2,871,782

89,705
167,027
213,568
67,011
127,123

1.6
2.6
2.1
1.3
4.4

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

5,672,579
909,453
1,729,180
2,173,491
1,275,056

114,127
14,220
21,659
29,154
12,316

2.0
1.6
1.3
1.3
1.0

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

8,590,300
1,855,059
19,157,532
8,320,146
634,110

148,115
48,790
625,234
192,595
8,090

1.7
2.6
3.3
2.3
1.3

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

11,421,267
3,493,714
3,521,515
12,335,091
1,069,725

241,476
73,630
56,218
301,981
28,747

2.1
2.1
1.6
2.4
2.7

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

4,107,183
761,063
5,797,289
21,779,893
2,316,256

105,888
12,666
161,673
435,844
21,033

2.6
1.7
2.8
2.0
0.9

616,592
7,293,542
6,068,996
1,801,873
5,441,196
498,703

12,711
132,176
105,520
74,022
87,128
5,663

2.1
1.8
1.7
4.1
1.6
1.1

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

SOURCES: U.S. Census Bureau and Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.
a. Population estimates for the United States as of July 1, 2002, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.
b. Includes 667 recipients in the Northern Mariana Islands.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

28 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Federally Administered Payments
Table 13.
Foreign-born recipients, by region, country of origin, and eligibility category, December 2002
Region and country of origin
All areas

Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

1,413,636

687,198

726,438

North America
U.S. territories
Puerto Rico
Other a
Other

173,788
160,656
4,441
8,691

25,463
22,139
644
2,670

148,335
138,517
3,797
6,021

Latin America
Mexico
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Other

518,084
221,768
92,494
59,417
144,405

263,844
111,586
49,385
21,739
81,134

254,240
110,182
43,109
37,678
63,271

Africa
Somalia
Cape Verde Islands
Ethiopia
Other

16,184
3,192
1,312
2,279
9,401

6,833
1,390
834
736
3,873

9,351
1,802
478
1,543
5,528

451,908
96,217
67,925
32,806
69,483
185,477

269,603
41,133
58,147
7,078
57,340
105,905

182,305
55,084
9,778
25,728
12,143
79,572

33,984
8,318
6,127
4,050
15,489

15,813
3,860
2,744
2,692
6,517

18,171
4,458
3,383
1,358
8,972

Asia
Vietnam
China
Laos
Philippines
Other
Middle East
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Other
Former Soviet Republics
Europe
Portugal
Italy
United Kingdom
Poland
Former Yugoslavia
Other
Other or unknown areas

129,556

68,383

61,173

82,900
8,323
7,293
8,051
7,384
11,316
40,533

34,128
4,882
3,251
2,765
4,222
4,369
14,639

48,772
3,441
4,042
5,286
3,162
6,947
25,894

7,232

3,141

4,091

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: Foreign born means born in an area not served by SSI.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, and Virgin Islands.
CONTACT: Charlie Scott (401) 965-9845 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 29

State-Administered
Supplementation

State-Administered Supplementation
Table 14.
By eligibility category, selected months 1974–2002
Number

Total payments (thousands of dollars)

All
recipients a

Aged

Blind

January 1974
December 1980

358,293
249,474

251,926
134,555

8,502
3,649

96,926
104,367

December 1985
December 1986
December 1987
December 1988
December 1989

254,656
279,297
271,656
270,084
274,537

114,721
123,291
111,116
112,742
111,053

3,032
3,123
3,114
3,094
3,081

December 1990
December 1991
December 1992
December 1993
December 1994

285,530
307,891
312,807
313,538
322,039

115,890
119,960
117,826
115,447
115,545

December 1995
December 1996
December 1997
December 1998
December 1999

299,603
310,211
656,970
660,685
674,837

December 2000
December 2001
December 2002

Month

All
Disabled recipients a

Average monthly payment (dollars)

All
Disabled recipients a

Aged

Blind

Aged

Blind

Disabled

14,884
19,920

9,237
10,435

517
356

5,102
8,995

41.54
79.85

36.66
77.55

60.86
97.45

52.64
86.18

128,683
143,981
146,598
152,915
159,149

24,971
29,586
30,112
33,382
35,937

10,314
12,584
11,860
13,294
13,770

358
374
392
399
428

13,777
16,017
17,253
19,172
21,211

98.06
105.93
110.85
123.60
130.90

89.90
102.07
106.74
117.91
124.00

117.95
119.69
125.92
128.83
138.84

107.06
111.24
117.69
125.37
133.28

3,042
3,595
3,552
3,602
3,506

166,598
182,990
190,045
193,056
201,245

39,274
46,324
46,652
47,455
49,644

13,770
13,770
18,103
18,411
19,501

451
610
627
658
666

23,274
27,544
27,358
27,837
28,922

137.50
150.46
149.14
151.35
154.15

118.82
114.79
153.64
159.48
168.71

148.20
169.97
176.86
182.69
189.49

139.70
150.52
143.95
144.19
143.35

114,451
114,587
130,652
138,225
139,420

3,577
3,414
4,543
4,635
4,647

179,542
186,955
281,274
310,000
322,879

43,011
47,248
65,580
68,035
73,350

17,619
19,326
19,218
21,951
23,302

673
586
562
710
739

24,138
26,720
24,721
35,433
39,041

143.36
152.31
99.82
102.97
108.70

154.26
168.65
147.09
158.80
167.14

188.05
171.65
123.70
153.18
159.15

134.44
142.92
87.88
114.30
120.92

682,867
689,163
552,567

144,644
143,654
138,851

4,645
4,564
4,527

325,916
333,294
332,044

75,767
75,142
70,241

24,226
23,490
23,361

719
725
742

40,443
40,760
41,110

110.95
109.03
127.12

167.49
163.52
168.24

154.79
158.85
163.91

124.09
122.29
123.81

2002
January
February
March

675,811
676,444
676,626

139,974
139,881
139,945

4,660
4,673
4,659

323,292
324,031
324,194

71,660
73,298
73,001

22,986
23,317
23,189

731
735
740

38,167
39,169
39,128

106.04
108.35
107.89

164.22
166.72
165.70

156.87
157.28
158.83

118.06
120.86
120.69

April
May
June

687,482
688,255
668,003

145,754
146,268
146,164

4,720
4,721
4,703

329,298
329,555
329,278

73,394
73,625
73,664

23,082
23,199
23,243

710
728
721

39,573
39,687
39,672

106.76
106.98
107.07

158.36
158.61
159.02

150.94
154.21
153.31

120.17
120.43
120.48

July
August
September

687,475
687,681
553,571

145,811
147,810
138,833

4,682
4,674
4,565

329,302
329,521
332,994

73,793
74,158
70,678

23,288
23,334
23,532

712
707
747

39,863
40,053
41,398

107.35
107.84
127.68

157.71
157.86
169.50

152.07
151.26
163.64

121.05
121.55
124.33

October
November
December

561,684
562,849
552,567

142,797
143,552
138,851

4,545
4,546
4,527

337,125
338,323
332,044

71,172
70,681
70,241

23,741
23,378
23,361

738
742
742

41,767
41,646
41,110

126.78
125.58
127.12

166.26
162.85
168.24

162.38
163.12
163.91

123.89
123.10
123.81

SOURCE: Data reported to the Social Security Administration by the 31 states that administer their own supplementary program.
NOTES: All data are subject to revision.
Excludes optional supplementation data for Missouri and North Dakota.
a. Includes data not distributed by category.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 33

State-Administered Supplementation
Table 15.
By eligibility category and state, December 2002
Number
State
All applicable states

Total payments (thousands of dollars)

All
recipients a

Aged

Blind

All
Disabled recipients a

Aged

Blind

Average monthly payment (dollars)

All
Disabled recipients a

Aged

Blind

Disabled

552,567

138,851

4,527

332,044

70,241

23,361

742

41,110

127.12

168.24

163.91

123.81

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Colorado
Connecticut

590
15,329
457
32,848
18,485

232
4,827
0
24,547
5,557

8
86
0
14
109

350
10,416
457
8,827
12,819

33
4,729
23
7,374
6,903

13
1,413
0
5,349
2,482

b

20
3,288
23
2,022
4,374

55.59
308.49
50.00
224.47
373.46

55.18
292.77
0
217.89
446.67

c

55.89
315.67
50.00
243.94
341.20

Florida
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa

15,224
11,184
32,986
1,140
4,458

6,619
2,083
7,369
525
1,097

6
26
146
6
0

8,599
9,075
25,471
609
3,361

794
635
2,383
297
1,467

303
96
647
107

52.14
56.67
72.24
260.53
329.00

45.81
45.88
87.77
203.81

d

b
d

490
537
1,722
189

d

c
d

Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Michigan

4,657
5,044
32,557
2,973
65,337

1,845

33

2,779

7

927

219.24

d

d

d

d

d

d

d

4,856

95

27,606

135

2

478

27.72

23.47

17.32

d
d

d
d

d
d

d
d

d
d

d
d

329.87
7.93
18.89
215.61
40.88

326.02

d

1,536
40
615
641
2,671

602

d

d
d

d
d

d
d

Minnesota
Missouri
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Mexico

38,579
8,969
5,574
16,784
177

7,935
3,041
1,327
8,174

167
877
47
339

30,477
5,051
4,200
8,271

801
745
113
146

23
307

101.00
245.15
85.25
17.82

170.57

203.53
227.63
96.36
80.90

d

d

d

d

d

182.15
245.53
93.16
51.99
101.69

135.95
349.91

58

6,203
1,150
405
669

d

7,027
2,202
519
873
18

d

d

d

North Carolina
North Dakota e
Oklahoma
Oregon e
South Carolina

24,025
355
72,771
16,972
3,276

12,958
151
20,527
4,710
1,666

107
1
489
706
13

10,960
203
51,755
11,556
1,597

11,508
160
3,092
1,681
975

5,750
69
756
1,480
473

63

5,695
90
2,214
171
498

478.96
449.43
42.49
99.03
297.77

443.73
455.03
36.84
314.16
283.62

584.33

519.59
444.33
44.71
14.84
312.12

South Dakota
Texas
Virginia
Washington
Wisconsin
Wyoming

3,614
5,160
6,252
20
104,001
2,769

d

d

d

d

d

d

d

2,512
3,376
14
89,568
2,675

77
653
0
1,150

3
4

30.00
228.08
32.40
86.37

30.00
285.71

120

b

b

75
868
10
8,838
54

52.85
30.00
243.96
513.00
97.19
20.00

d

87
14
1
1,118
32

191
155
1,525
10
10,108
56

d

2,561
2,862
5
13,315
62

c

c

30.00
257.25
719.00
98.67
20.00

28
0
3
47
b

2
14

b

b

22
30
5

b

d

SOURCE: Data reported to the Social Security Administration by the 31 states that administer their own supplementary program.
NOTES: All data are subject to revisions.
Excludes optional supplementation for Missouri and North Dakota.
a. Includes data not distributed by category.
b. Less than $500.
c. Not computed on base of less than $500.
d. Not available.
e. Estimated data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

34 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

321.90
0
241.00
435.15
c

65.15
97.02

c

c

44.38
41.84
348.15

c

107.33

56.99
59.12
67.60
310.34
d

333.74

Recipients of Social Security,
SSI, or Both

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 16.
Persons receiving both Social Security and SSI, by type of Social Security benefit and SSI eligibility category,
December 2002

Type of Social Security benefit
Total

Number receiving SSI

All Social
Security
beneficiaries a

Total

Percentage of all Social Security beneficiaries

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

46,452,540

2,410,290

713,740

1,696,550

5.2

1.5

3.7

Retirement
Worker aged 65 or older
Men
Women
Worker aged 62–64
Men
Women
Wives and husbands
Aged 65 or older
Aged 62–64
Under age 62 with children
Disabled adult children
Aged 65 or older
Aged 18–64
Children under age 18 and students aged 18–19

32,362,130
26,624,790
13,774,890
12,849,900
2,570,130
1,332,960
1,245,910
2,681,090
2,349,200
285,440
46,450
193,150
1,060
192,090
284,230

1,049,820
782,150
303,460
478,690
39,040
24,300
13,970
127,270
115,270
10,790
1,210
98,060
430
97,630
4,070

568,810
508,680
190,580
318,100
0
0
0
60,090
60,090
0
0
40
40
0
0

481,010
273,470
112,880
160,590
39,040
24,300
13,970
67,180
55,180
10,790
1,210
98,020
390
97,630
4,070

3.2
2.9
2.2
3.7
1.5
1.8
1.1
4.7
4.9
3.8
2.6
50.8
40.6
50.8
1.4

1.8
1.9
1.4
2.5
0
0
0
2.2
2.6
0
0
0
3.8
0
0

1.5
1.0
0.8
1.2
1.5
1.8
1.1
2.5
2.3
3.8
2.6
50.8
36.8
50.8
1.4

Survivors
Nondisabled widow(er)s
Aged 65 or older
Aged 60–64
Disabled widow(er)s
Widowed mothers and fathers
Parents
Disabled adult children
Aged 65 or older
Aged 18–64
Children under age 18 and students aged 18–19

6,870,200
4,563,660
4,110,180
453,480
205,870
193,270
2,350
494,750
64,550
430,200
1,410,300

467,580
245,830
238,420
7,410
37,540
5,220
130
157,920
21,690
136,230
20,940

143,980
140,930
140,930
0
0
50
120
2,880
2,880
0
0

323,600
104,900
97,490
7,410
37,540
5,170
10
155,040
18,810
136,230
20,940

6.8
5.4
5.8
1.6
18.2
2.7
5.5
31.9
33.6
31.7
1.5

2.1
3.1
3.4
0
0
0
5.1
0
4.5
0
0

4.7
2.3
2.4
1.6
18.2
2.7
0.4
31.3
29.1
31.7
1.5

Disability
Worker under age 65
Men
Women
Wives and husbands
Aged 65 or older
Aged 62–64
Under age 62 with children
Disabled adult children aged 18–64
Children under age 18 and students aged 18–19

7,220,210
5,535,860
3,069,140
2,466,720
151,260
22,200
29,600
99,460
60,760
1,472,330

892,890
798,740
354,730
444,010
10,880
3,110
1,890
5,880
41,830
41,440

950
0
0
0
950
950
0
0
0
0

891,940
798,740
354,730
444,010
9,930
2,160
1,890
5,880
41,830
41,440

12.4
14.4
11.6
18.0
7.2
14.0
6.4
5.9
68.8
2.8

0
0
0
0
0.6
4.3
0
0
0
0

12.4
14.4
11.6
18.0
6.6
9.7
6.4
5.9
68.8
2.8

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 10 percent sample.
NOTE: Social Security is the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
a. Excludes 10 special age-72 beneficiaries.
CONTACT: Lenna Kennedy (410) 965-9846 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 37

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 17.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving benefits on the basis of disability and their total and average monthly payments,
December 1996–2002
Total payments
(millions of dollars)

Number

Year

Social
Total Security only

Both Social
Security and
Social
SSI Security only
SSI only

Average monthly payment
(dollars) a

Both Social
Security and
Social
SSI only
SSI Security only

Both Social
Security and
SSI only
SSI

1996
1997
1998
1999

7,689,664
7,811,748
8,086,259
8,399,309

4,122,152
4,250,155
4,440,264
4,703,774

2,559,750
2,550,105
2,618,615
2,650,586

1,007,762
1,011,488
1,027,380
1,044,949

3,072
3,245
3,444
3,691

1,222
1,257
1,313
1,346

584
604
622
643

744.60
762.80
775.00
784.10

456.00
458.10
467.90
477.60

546.90
557.10
564.30
576.70

2000
2001
2002

8,599,465
8,791,338
9,106,014

4,850,835
4,979,844
5,228,262

2,690,446
2,732,020
2,768,782

1,058,184
1,079,474
1,108,970

3,975
4,299
4,629

1,408
1,491
1,544

675
719
747

818.80
862.60
884.60

489.00
506.80
522.50

594.90
615.20
625.20

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and the SORD file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: Social Security counts include disabled workers, disabled widow(er)s, and disabled adult children. SSI counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered
state supplementation, or both.
a. Averages are not obtained simply by dividing the total dollars by the number of recipients. Averages exclude payments made in the current month for prior-month eligibility,
such as back pay for new awards, so that large retroactive payments do not distort the averages.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

38 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 18.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving both Social Security and SSI on the basis of disability and their average monthly
Social Security benefit, by state or other area and type of beneficiary, December 2002
Number of SSI recipients with Social Security disability
State or area

Average monthly Social Security benefit (dollars)

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult children

1,108,970

801,351

34,671

272,948

434.54

450.22

422.82

390.00

31,289
1,671
13,635
16,940
169,242

21,812
1,343
10,400
12,157
128,859

1,264
41
334
666
3,622

8,213
287
2,901
4,117
36,761

418.91
406.84
413.99
418.62
510.81

443.09
421.86
430.67
441.82
520.36

414.67
390.74
406.41
423.40
495.68

355.33
338.88
355.09
349.33
478.83

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

10,511
8,441
2,321
2,141
55,970

8,213
6,048
1,699
1,626
42,401

208
278
47
81
1,491

2,090
2,115
575
434
12,078

415.12
408.46
423.66
420.11
412.74

429.20
429.64
426.00
439.98
428.30

383.93
399.06
419.70
418.82
412.42

362.87
349.13
417.08
345.90
358.16

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

34,535
2,935
4,359
30,591
18,243

23,893
1,873
3,404
21,976
14,074

1,446
76
72
1,074
446

9,196
986
883
7,541
3,723

422.46
457.04
412.53
400.17
404.83

445.77
462.01
422.37
415.70
414.60

412.47
395.04
426.40
406.32
423.04

363.47
452.37
373.48
354.04
365.70

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

10,173
8,205
31,320
24,462
8,185

7,578
6,244
22,322
15,270
6,128

205
175
1,530
1,339
183

2,390
1,786
7,468
7,853
1,874

410.71
408.50
408.61
401.64
417.05

420.73
420.08
432.72
431.91
434.14

419.41
413.68
397.94
414.78
427.24

378.17
367.51
338.70
340.55
360.17

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

12,471
31,712
38,329
12,696
22,533

8,933
24,314
25,278
9,451
15,433

350
776
1,029
182
1,071

3,188
6,622
12,022
3,063
6,029

416.82
461.80
421.20
403.40
413.49

433.20
484.41
418.11
417.59
443.98

421.23
438.26
414.97
381.76
409.78

370.41
381.53
428.22
360.87
336.09

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

24,305
3,348
5,359
4,500
3,008

17,899
2,430
3,965
3,744
2,262

770
86
81
80
52

5,636
832
1,313
676
694

404.48
417.62
410.18
441.93
418.57

419.52
425.75
423.80
454.88
433.91

407.17
403.73
410.77
416.93
426.40

356.36
395.33
369.01
373.22
367.98

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

21,738
7,753
84,141
37,537
2,018

15,650
5,528
57,858
26,962
1,340

576
263
2,653
1,322
49

5,512
1,962
23,630
9,253
629

439.90
407.07
473.45
415.33
400.40

453.55
431.34
477.53
434.94
415.92

425.14
406.01
435.65
411.17
419.72

402.69
338.83
467.71
358.79
365.83

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

39,040
12,936
11,576
48,258
6,130

28,454
9,254
9,127
33,603
4,713

1,330
508
199
1,601
116

9,256
3,174
2,250
13,054
1,301

394.65
402.44
414.10
433.82
456.75

406.33
418.27
423.74
447.62
473.88

405.31
406.95
407.82
429.10
441.58

357.22
355.56
375.55
398.88
396.05

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

18,877
2,809
30,754
60,329
4,015

12,478
1,913
21,519
42,980
3,028

861
76
1,336
2,383
76

5,538
820
7,899
14,966
911

411.97
396.50
412.32
411.04
401.22

435.52
407.75
434.00
433.06
413.42

407.35
368.82
404.99
410.44
402.29

359.61
372.83
354.50
347.90
360.56

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

3,608
23,605
17,726
12,952
18,339
1,313

2,553
16,433
14,075
8,344
13,419
1,038

89
879
322
614
338
23

966
6,293
3,329
3,994
4,582
252

449.51
412.92
415.28
402.05
410.01
412.36

461.79
433.94
424.39
430.86
419.13
422.70

443.72
419.23
404.21
409.59
411.67
406.90

417.58
357.14
377.83
340.72
383.16
370.30

84

52

2

30

315.88

365.47

348.00

227.78

All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and the SORD file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: SSI counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or both. They do not include beneficiaries whose own Social Security
number is not on the Master Beneficiary Record. Social Security beneficiaries who are entitled to both a primary and a secondary benefit are counted only once in this table.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 39

Noncitizens

Noncitizens
Table 19.
By eligibility category, December 1982–2002
Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

Year

Number

Percentage of all SSI
recipients

Number

Percentage of all SSI
recipients

Number

Percentage of all SSI
recipients

1982
1983
1984

127,900
151,200
181,100

3.3
3.9
4.5

91,900
106,600
127,600

5.9
7.0
8.3

36,000
44,600
53,500

1.6
1.9
2.1

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

210,800
244,300
282,500
320,300
370,300

5.1
5.7
6.4
7.2
8.1

146,500
165,300
188,000
213,900
245,700

9.7
11.2
12.9
14.9
17.1

64,300
79,000
94,500
106,400
124,600

2.4
2.8
3.2
3.5
4.0

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

435,600
519,660
601,430
683,150
738,140

9.0
10.2
10.8
11.4
11.7

282,400
329,690
372,930
416,420
440,000

19.4
22.5
25.4
28.2
30.0

153.200
189,970
228,500
266,730
298,140

4.6
5.2
5.6
5.9
6.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

785,410
724,990
650,830
669,630
684,930

12.1
11.0
10.0
10.2
10.4

459,220
417,360
367,200
364,980
368,330

31.8
29.5
27.0
27.4
28.2

326,190
307,630
283,630
304,650
316,600

6.3
5.9
5.5
5.8
6.0

2000
2001
2002

692,590
695,650
703,515

10.5
10.4
10.4

364,470
364,550
364,827

28.3
28.9
29.1

328,120
331,100
338,688

6.2
6.1
6.1

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 43

Noncitizens
Table 20.
By selected characteristics and citizenship status, December 2002
Citizens
Characteristic

Noncitizens

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

6,084,342

100.0

703,515

100.0

909,976
686,462
687,752
957,217
912,605
405,821
786,027
738,482

15.0
11.3
11.3
15.7
15.0
6.7
12.9
12.1

4,845
17,246
25,136
45,934
79,063
60,516
234,220
236,555

0.7
2.5
3.6
6.5
11.2
8.6
33.3
33.6

Sex
Male
Female

2,590,683
3,493,659

42.6
57.4

261,773
441,742

37.2
62.8

Living arrangement
Own household
Another’s household
Parent’s household
Medicaid institution

4,989,685
211,605
753,575
129,477

82.0
3.5
12.4
2.1

615,074
72,416
4,624
11,401

87.4
10.3
0.7
1.6

Income
Social Security
Worker beneficiary
Auxiliary beneficiary
Earnings

2,239,459
1,494,007
745,452
268,927

36.8
24.6
12.3
4.4

166,868
123,064
43,804
9,043

23.7
17.5
6.2
1.3

SSI payment
Federal SSI only
State supplementation only
Both federal SSI and state supplementation

4,060,285
252,754
1,771,303

66.7
4.2
29.1

265,920
29,876
407,719

37.8
4.2
58.0

Total
Age
Under 18
18–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64
65–74
75 or older

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Lenna Kennedy (410) 965-9846 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

44 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Noncitizens
Table 21.
By state or other area and eligibility category, December 2002
State or area

Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

703,515

364,827

338,688

700
862
9,246
475
261,857

381
356
4,343
237
133,818

319
506
4,903
238
128,039

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

5,112
4,422
362
737
68,389

2,654
2,379
239
356
38,344

2,458
2,043
123
381
30,045

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

6,022
3,147
766
21,487
1,231

3,695
2,102
357
11,275
705

2,327
1,045
409
10,212
526

1,249
1,452
1,182
2,314
565

499
670
567
1,182
152

750
782
615
1,132
413

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

6,729
23,405
9,841
8,825
431

4,739
13.321
4,306
3,018
212

1,990
10,084
5,535
5,807
219

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

2,531
151
949
3,331
437

1,234
56
388
2,217
197

1,297
95
561
1,114
240

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

21,455
4,206
109,430
3,376
196

12,999
1,897
53,913
1,817
74

8,456
2,309
55,517
1,559
122

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

4,878
1,434
5,113
12,106
3,670

2,765
839
2,523
5,532
1,467

2,113
595
2,590
6,574
2,203

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

747
209
1,588
58,247
1,595

411
87
866
31,975
747

336
122
722
26,272
848

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

211
6,840
15,166
143
4,622
55

70
4,452
6,573
86
1,687
29

141
2,388
8,593
57
2,935
26

21

19

2

All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Lenna Kennedy (410) 965-9846 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 45

Noncitizens
Table 22.
By region and country of origin, December 2002
Region and country of origin

Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

All areas

703,515

364,827

338,688

Latin America
Mexico
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Other

321,142
151,382
50,223
38,744
80,793

163,650
77,376
25,824
14,603
45,847

157,492
74,006
24,399
24,141
34,946

Africa
Somalia
Cape Verde Islands
Ethiopia
Other

10,834
2,990
933
16,72
5,239

4,710
1,301
614
589
2,206

6,124
1,689
319
1,083
3,033

229,985
51,151
31,623
24,254
21,109
101,848

123,729
20,762
26,581
5,198
16,402
54,786

106,256
30,389
5,042
19,056
4,707
47,062

13,663
3,476
2,599
1,709
5,879

6,868
1,750
1,254
1,206
2,658

6,795
1,726
1,345
503
3,221

Asia
Vietnam
China
Laos
Philippines
Other
Middle East
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Other
Former Soviet Republics

73,901

40,767

33,134

Europe
Portugal
Former Yugoslavia
Great Britain
Poland
Other

41,251
4,720
9,486
3,810
3,321
19,914

19,130
2,864
3,566
1,600
1,856
19,244

22,121
1,856
5.920
2,210
1,465
10,670

Other areas

6,588

2,487

4,101

Unknown

9,901

5,342

4,559

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Lenna Kennedy (401) 965-9846 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

46 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Noncitizens
Table 23.
By number of months between date of U.S. residency and date of SSI application and eligibility category,
December 2002
Months
All recipients
0–11 a
12–23
24–35
36–47
48–49
60–71
72–83
84–119
120 and over

Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

703,515

364,827

338,688

112,448
35,813
30,615
76,014
41,886
57,427
38,701
86,345
218,990

63,643
14,643
12,907
50,676
21,715
35,471
20,717
43,120
100,033

48,905
21,170
17,708
25,338
20,171
21,956
17,984
43,225
118,957

Converted cases

2,780

810

1,970

Unknown

2,496

1,192

1,304

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
a. Includes an estimated 3,937 persons whose record indicates that they applied in the same month that their residence began.
CONTACT: Lenna Kennedy (401) 965-9846 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 47

Recipients Under Age 65

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 24.
Recipients, by diagnostic group, 1994–2002
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders a
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown c

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

4,139,140

4,345,820

4,375,650

4,441,420

4,533,060

4,538,033

4,590,806

4,693,315

4,792,526

68,510
169,170
74,800
116,510

71,070
177,260
74,830
120,700

73,510
187,200
74,630
119,860

56,987
168,685
68,707
92,586

58,440
179,273
73,426
95,321

57,094
186,317
73,538
97,762

58,593
178,184
73,510
100,046

62,730
172,371
73,513
103,284

65,999
164,994
72,499
105,313

1,177,740
1,251,090
63,050

1,223,540
1,357,490
64,580

1,244,420
1,332,010
64,860

1,032,435
1,165,248
54,804

1,067,247
1,232,642
53,526

1,062,530
1,294,064
51,326

1,059,769
1,419,469
51,491

1,085,032
1,523,835
51,802

1,093,759
1,629,652
52,699
27,009
189,017
38,518
43,994
373,402
393,439
109,609
6,855
85,625
340,143

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

214,190
27,090

215,740
28,180

215,350
28,630

181,068
29,009

185,267
30,310

186,909
31,940

188,069
34,017

188,982
36,197

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

298,260
435,470
109,300

309,980
440,780
114,200

318,720
441,670
117,470

281,514
344,870
104,506

300,895
356,266
108,122

318,388
365,529
107,046

334,879
371,211
107,490

354,108
384,411
109,004

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

133,960
0

147,470
0

157,320
0

150,011
710,990

178,692
613,633

193,372
512,218

153,846
460,232

164,129
383,917

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
a. Beginning in 2000, approximately 60,000 persons previously shown under "Other diagnoses" are shown under “Other mental disorders.”
b. Before 2002, diagnosis was reported under “Other.”
c. Before 1997, diagnosis was imputed where missing.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 51

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 25.
By diagnostic group and age, December 2002
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under 5

5–12

13–17

18–21

22–29

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–64

712,888 1,003,144

991,663

466,302

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

4,792,526

147,709

445,998

321,114

243,689

460,019

65,999
164,994
72,499
105,313

19,015
1,555
281
1,092

20,568
2,931
1,679
2,328

6,610
1,968
830
1,597

6,549
1,576
533
3,758

5,600
5,202
2,676
11,576

3,995
16,853
17,189
20,145

2,037
41,039
28,428
26,762

1,169
62,720
16,454
25,046

456
31,150
4,429
13,009

1,093,759
1,629,652
52,699

8,659
27,991
2,176

106,157
189,140
4,926

127,675
122,389
2,281

111,647
66,953
1,926

195,936
139,450
2,887

227,898
256,877
4,582

184,351
409,813
10,799

101,122
313,456
15,255

30,314
103,583
7,867

27,009
189,017
38,518
43,994
373,402
393,439
109,609
6,855
85,625
340,143

2,091
1,777
2,513
523
1,211
15,628
9,402
227
46,348
7,220

6,531
1,880
1,365
1,190
3,495
49,233
12,120
462
25,876
16,117

3,963
853
649
969
3,167
29,401
4,375
273
6,114
8,000

2,646
1,289
600
1,460
3,024
33,371
1,393
164
2,375
4,425

3,835
3,755
1,500
4,563
8,059
54,711
2,419
524
1,580
15,746

3,273
9,832
3,886
8,711
28,269
64,217
5,448
1,058
964
39,691

2,560
30,324
11,376
12,074
77,344
64,749
15,456
1,799
999
83,234

1,493
78,391
11,989
10,819
146,594
56,646
35,119
1,655
948
112,787

617
60,916
4,640
3,685
102,239
25,483
23,877
693
421
52,923

Average monthly payment (dollars)
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

439.08

470.91

494.27

486.38

488.38

453.02

420.09

423.46

429.91

388.69

469.75
415.22
432.17
403.84

483.17
476.79
498.44
483.92

489.13
476.12
477.94
481.25

472.89
464.72
457.13
458.91

487.44
459.89
485.69
447.03

456.42
427.07
442.69
415.72

401.06
415.55
421.72
384.15

351.56
434.64
435.99
394.32

365.22
417.50
439.47
416.89

328.79
369.49
382.67
378.78

439.66
455.48
417.28

499.18
490.37
476.79

501.13
495.30
479.45

490.33
489.48
466.31

491.04
493.26
454.65

458.78
449.79
415.86

412.64
431.48
397.67

394.71
444.05
415.43

384.58
455.24
412.24

353.75
424.13
363.92

462.14
400.60
429.86
416.96
398.52
433.34
433.16
416.27
458.70
452.25

494.99
476.89
472.34
477.50
479.66
482.63
499.49
504.02
438.54
448.98

492.46
477.82
490.49
487.67
489.41
484.83
501.21
492.82
494.50
482.78

483.55
468.29
466.08
471.90
477.70
471.58
490.51
473.55
474.15
478.48

486.48
467.67
466.15
457.98
485.48
480.28
490.89
476.39
493.32
492.26

451.66
415.61
388.32
415.63
429.88
455.08
452.63
424.81
461.21
483.31

423.16
396.28
397.69
403.67
381.53
406.20
433.39
396.80
408.77
473.69

414.62
409.31
432.76
421.01
395.83
397.24
438.80
407.04
401.73
436.32

416.34
415.36
439.25
416.60
412.25
404.25
426.03
409.27
421.94
459.44

376.79
370.52
389.64
377.06
374.38
377.77
368.63
366.42
376.77
421.73

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

52 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 26.
By diagnostic group, age, and sex, December 2002
All ages

Under age 18

Percent
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

Number

Total

4,792,526

Aged 18–64

Percent

Male Female

Number

Total

100.0

47.4

52.6

914,821

100.0

65,999
164,994
72,499
105,313

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

51.6
23.3
57.3
61.3

48.4
76.7
42.7
38.7

46,193
6,454
2,790
5,017

1,093,759
1,629,652
52,699

100.0
100.0
100.0

52.0
48.8
42.3

48.0
51.2
57.7

27,009
189,017
38,518
43,994
373,402
393,439
109,609
6,855
85,625
340,143

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

48.8
45.4
47.6
47.7
34.4
47.7
40.9
34.5
55.7
45.5

51.2
54.6
52.4
52.3
65.6
52.3
59.1
65.5
44.3
54.5

Percent

Male Female

Number

Total

64.3

35.7 3,877,705

100.0

43.4

56.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

53.3
52.9
49.8
58.8

46.7
47.1
50.2
41.2

19,806
158,540
69,709
100,296

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

47.7
22.1
57.6
61.4

52.3
77.9
42.4
38.6

242,491
339,520
9,383

100.0
100.0
100.0

61.6
73.9
55.9

38.4
851,268
26.1 1,290,132
44.1
43,316

100.0
100.0
100.0

49.3
42.3
39.4

50.7
57.7
60.6

12,585
4,510
4,527
2,682
7,873
94,262
25,897
962
78,338
31,337

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

57.7
54.2
55.6
59.0
47.7
56.0
64.0
49.5
56.1
61.4

42.3
45.8
44.4
41.0
52.3
44.0
36.0
50.5
43.9
38.6

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

41.0
45.1
46.5
47.0
34.1
45.1
33.7
32.1
51.4
43.9

59.0
54.9
53.5
53.0
65.9
54.9
66.3
67.9
48.6
56.1

14,424
184,507
33,991
41,312
365,529
299,177
83,712
5,893
7,287
308,806

Male Female

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 53

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 27.
Percentage of recipients with a representative payee, by diagnostic group and age, December 2002
All ages
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

Number

Number

4,792,526

45.8

65,999
164,994
72,499
105,313

85.5
7.0
13.0
19.4

1,093,759
1,629,652
52,699
27,009
189,017
38,518
43,994
373,402
393,439
109,609
6,855
85,625
340,143

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

54 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Under age 18

Percentage with
payee

Aged 18–64

Percentage with
payee

Number

Percentage with
payee

914,821

99.9

3,877,705

33.0

46,193
6,454
2,790
5,017

100.0
99.9
99.9
99.9

19,806
158,540
69,709
100,296

51.7
3.2
9.5
15.4

73.0
48.5
23.1

242,491
339,520
9,383

99.9
99.9
99.9

851,268
1,290,132
43,316

65.3
35.0
6.4

54.2
10.0
18.5
10.1
5.0
42.9
26.8
17.8
95.1
43.7

12,585
4,510
4,527
2,682
7,873
94,262
25,897
962
78,338
31,337

99.9
99.7
99.9
99.7
99.6
99.9
99.9
99.6
100.0
99.9

14,424
184,507
33,991
41,312
365,529
299,177
83,712
5,893
7,287
308,806

14.2
7.8
7.7
4.3
2.9
25.0
4.2
4.5
42.9
38.0

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 28.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002
Total

Number

Percent

Congenital
anomalies

Endocrine,
nutritional, and
metabolic
disorders

Injuries

Total

Retardation

4,792,526

100.0

1.4

3.4

1.5

2.2

56.8

22.8

34.0

1.1

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

123,091
7,318
65,676
63,143
642,477

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.5
2.0
1.4
1.6

3.7
3.0
3.2
3.9
2.9

0.9
1.0
0.8
0.7
1.7

2.5
3.5
2.6
2.6
2.8

54.3
53.3
57.0
54.0
54.1

28.2
15.6
20.0
31.1
15.1

26.1
37.7
37.0
22.9
39.0

1.0
1.3
1.0
1.2
1.2

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

39,944
38,025
10,152
15,614
261,041

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.0
1.0
1.4
0.6
1.5

3.0
3.2
3.1
2.6
3.3

1.1
2.8
2.3
4.3
2.5

3.1
1.9
2.1
1.9
2.6

51.4
57.7
58.9
59.8
56.2

19.0
18.3
24.8
23.0
20.0

32.5
39.4
34.1
36.8
36.2

1.2
0.9
1.0
0.7
1.4

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

143,189
13,068
16,338
194,746
78,044

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
1.2
2.0
1.1
1.4

4.0
2.8
3.2
3.4
4.3

1.8
1.0
0.5
1.3
0.6

2.2
2.4
2.4
1.7
1.7

52.8
61.7
59.5
63.7
61.2

27.5
16.5
22.2
25.6
31.3

25.3
45.2
37.3
38.1
29.9

1.2
1.1
1.2
0.9
1.0

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

34,206
30,347
140,850
126,228
25,088

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.6
1.6
1.0
1.2
1.2

3.6
4.3
3.4
3.8
3.3

0.5
0.6
0.4
1.1
0.5

1.9
2.4
1.8
2.3
2.1

62.2
60.3
62.0
52.3
61.1

28.9
27.1
27.1
30.6
20.2

33.3
33.1
34.9
21.7
40.9

0.9
0.9
0.9
1.2
0.9

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

65,009
118,586
177,024
51,526
91,587

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
1.1
1.2
1.4
1.0

3.1
2.5
3.8
2.3
4.1

3.0
2.4
0.7
0.7
0.8

2.2
1.9
1.8
2.3
2.1

54.7
60.6
61.6
66.2
54.8

23.8
13.4
25.5
22.1
26.9

30.9
47.2
36.1
44.0
27.9

1.2
0.9
0.9
0.8
1.1

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

92,386
11,735
17,623
21,196
10,470

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
2.0
2.2
2.4
1.7

4.3
3.2
3.7
3.1
2.3

0.8
0.5
0.8
1.6
0.7

2.5
3.3
2.7
2.5
2.0

56.3
53.2
55.8
51.9
64.9

26.5
21.3
27.0
16.5
20.2

29.8
31.9
28.8
35.4
44.7

1.0
1.3
1.1
1.5
0.8

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

97,697
33,454
403,158
138,664
6,031

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
1.8
1.1
1.4
2.6

2.8
3.9
3.0
3.9
2.2

2.5
0.7
3.6
1.4
0.4

1.9
3.4
1.8
2.1
2.8

55.1
49.3
54.6
56.8
59.9

19.5
18.8
17.7
31.2
29.1

35.6
30.5
36.9
25.5
30.8

1.3
1.2
1.2
1.0
1.1

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

205,167
56,316
43,955
237,730
21,257

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.5
1.4
1.1
0.9

3.6
4.2
3.4
3.4
2.5

0.6
0.7
0.9
1.3
1.5

1.3
2.2
2.8
1.8
1.8

65.9
56.0
55.8
58.8
62.8

28.4
30.1
19.0
23.0
21.4

37.6
25.9
36.7
35.8
41.4

0.8
1.2
1.2
0.9
0.9

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

77,835
9,430
121,840
274,200
17,269

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
2.2
1.2
2.2
3.0

3.3
2.8
3.0
5.0
2.7

1.2
0.5
0.7
1.6
0.4

2.4
2.7
1.9
2.7
2.1

56.3
55.4
60.8
47.3
59.4

29.5
23.8
29.6
20.3
24.6

26.8
31.6
31.2
27.0
34.8

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.6
1.0

9,860
94,561
81,192
61,311
70,663
4,734

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.7
1.3
1.6
0.9
2.0
1.9

3.8
3.4
3.1
4.2
3.3
3.0

0.8
1.2
1.0
0.5
0.7
0.4

2.1
2.0
2.2
2.3
1.9
3.1

59.4
56.9
58.8
57.9
61.2
56.7

19.2
28.2
17.8
31.8
24.0
23.3

40.2
28.7
41.0
26.1
37.2
33.4

0.8
1.2
1.0
0.9
0.9
1.1

475

100.0

5.3

1.9

1.3

2.9

32.0

13.5

18.5

0.6

State or area
All areas

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Mental disorders

Other Neoplasms

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 55

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 28.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002—Continued
Diseases of the—
Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

0.6

3.9

0.8

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

0.9
0.3
0.3
0.7
0.4

4.5
3.2
3.1
4.7
4.0

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

0.2
0.5
0.7
0.9
0.8

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue

Nervous
system and
sense organs

Other

Unknown

0.9

7.8

8.2

2.3

0.1

1.8

7.1

0.8
1.0
1.0
0.9
1.0

0.9
0.7
1.0
0.8
1.1

8.2
11.7
8.9
9.7
9.7

8.0
10.3
9.5
9.0
9.3

2.9
1.9
1.9
2.6
1.8

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1

3.0
1.8
2.5
2.3
1.3

7.3
5.3
5.0
5.2
7.1

2.8
3.4
3.2
3.6
4.4

1.2
0.7
0.8
0.4
0.9

0.8
0.8
0.9
2.0
0.9

10.7
7.3
7.2
6.2
6.0

11.5
8.5
8.0
7.1
7.0

2.1
2.2
2.7
1.8
2.4

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

2.2
1.4
2.0
1.3
1.8

6.4
7.6
5.4
6.4
8.1

1.1
0.2
0.2
0.7
0.5

4.6
4.1
2.5
3.3
3.2

0.8
0.8
0.9
0.5
0.7

1.2
1.3
0.5
0.9
0.7

7.1
7.3
7.6
5.0
5.6

7.9
8.2
9.8
7.3
8.7

2.7
2.2
1.6
2.2
2.3

0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1

2.2
1.1
1.7
1.8
1.8

8.8
4.4
6.4
6.1
6.2

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

0.3
0.4
0.2
1.0
0.1

2.6
2.7
3.8
5.6
3.1

0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7

0.7
0.7
0.5
1.1
0.4

7.8
7.1
8.5
8.4
10.5

9.2
9.4
6.5
8.1
7.0

2.0
2.1
3.0
2.4
1.9

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.2

1.7
1.8
1.6
2.2
1.0

4.2
4.8
5.6
8.2
5.8

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

0.8
0.3
0.5
0.3
1.1

4.2
2.9
3.5
2.2
5.1

0.6
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6

1.2
0.5
0.8
0.7
1.0

5.7
8.0
6.1
5.4
6.3

8.5
7.8
7.3
9.1
7.5

2.0
2.1
2.0
1.2
3.0

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2

2.2
1.1
1.7
2.4
3.1

9.2
7.0
7.3
4.3
8.2

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

0.6
0.2
0.4
0.5
0.1

3.6
2.7
2.9
4.1
2.6

0.8
1.1
0.9
1.3
0.8

0.8
0.9
0.8
1.0
0.4

8.1
11.5
8.7
9.3
6.8

7.9
11.3
10.5
10.2
8.9

2.4
2.5
1.9
2.4
1.6

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1

1.7
1.5
2.1
2.3
1.3

7.6
4.8
5.3
5.9
4.9

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

0.7
0.2
0.6
0.7
0.1

4.3
3.0
5.1
4.1
2.9

0.8
1.3
0.7
0.8
0.8

1.2
1.3
0.9
1.0
0.5

6.7
13.1
8.1
7.5
8.2

9.1
10.3
7.3
7.5
11.4

3.1
2.1
3.0
2.5
1.8

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0

3.1
1.9
1.1
1.8
1.4

5.9
6.3
8.0
7.5
3.9

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

0.4
0.4
0.2
0.4
0.4

2.6
4.1
2.8
3.6
3.1

0.6
0.9
1.0
0.7
0.7

0.7
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.5

4.5
9.0
9.2
7.8
8.0

6.4
9.7
10.0
6.8
6.6

1.9
2.6
1.8
2.3
2.2

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2

1.3
1.6
2.5
1.3
1.5

8.2
5.1
6.4
8.9
6.3

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

1.3
0.3
0.5
0.6
0.2

4.5
2.9
3.9
5.2
1.9

0.7
1.1
0.7
1.2
0.7

1.2
0.9
0.8
1.5
0.8

6.5
10.6
7.6
10.0
6.2

8.0
11.3
6.9
11.2
11.5

2.8
2.4
2.5
2.0
1.6

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1

2.3
1.8
1.8
2.5
2.7

7.0
4.0
6.8
5.5
5.8

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

0.1
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.6
0.1

2.3
3.9
2.7
3.8
2.4
3.0

0.8
0.8
0.9
0.8
0.7
1.0

0.4
1.1
0.6
0.5
0.7
0.5

9.6
7.7
8.5
8.5
5.8
8.9

8.2
7.7
8.7
6.6
9.1
11.8

2.0
2.3
1.8
3.0
1.7
2.6

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2

0.7
1.9
1.8
1.1
2.6
2.3

7.2
7.8
6.9
8.8
6.4
3.5

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

0.6

6.1

0.6

4.4

7.6

19.8

2.5

1.5

7.4

5.5

State or area
All areas

Digestive Genitourinary
system
system

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

56 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Skin and
Respiratory subcutaneous
system
tissue

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 29.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002 (in dollars)

Total

Congenital
anomalies

Endocrine,
nutritional, and
metabolic
disorders

Injuries

Total

Retardation

439.08

469.75

415.22

432.17

403.84

447.57

439.66

455.48

417.28

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

403.91
407.67
418.76
389.33
565.67

455.96
448.83
466.22
449.81
572.12

367.40
425.32
401.37
367.23
533.35

368.77
406.09
373.31
347.03
521.77

359.24
385.19
381.51
348.63
524.37

420.99
408.36
427.78
410.59
580.88

432.28
403.10
433.32
417.63
580.86

409.69
413.61
422.23
403.55
580.90

378.15
446.79
400.80
364.19
515.98

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

395.40
411.85
401.31
443.89
412.31

433.15
439.70
418.31
436.52
443.78

381.20
424.57
378.14
426.45
378.12

356.38
439.45
388.43
440.23
392.40

367.00
370.40
349.01
429.86
367.22

401.65
406.39
412.22
445.74
426.35

403.04
399.46
408.65
419.48
428.12

400.25
413.32
415.79
471.99
424.57

388.38
409.47
390.19
412.60
388.43

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

400.29
456.28
389.94
436.67
403.22

450.44
454.83
433.14
451.96
445.73

374.16
427.38
361.98
433.08
391.56

383.57
406.80
351.91
417.10
353.90

364.75
419.99
343.67
404.65
367.02

414.02
470.40
396.49
443.12
410.64

421.72
476.91
394.94
440.64
414.18

406.32
463.88
398.03
445.59
407.10

389.65
409.95
394.38
423.50
389.89

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

376.85
391.08
411.83
419.16
378.24

416.41
437.16
450.06
462.19
423.99

387.76
379.47
389.85
403.30
377.74

352.77
321.82
348.96
395.95
334.65

342.12
353.85
364.55
378.73
361.03

382.68
395.86
428.47
435.07
385.01

374.68
396.23
434.32
436.08
382.87

390.67
395.49
422.61
434.05
387.14

357.50
379.42
380.33
403.63
361.17

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

422.03
449.58
433.14
401.65
403.59

439.12
480.76
454.67
428.25
460.20

405.22
450.13
428.18
396.22
375.58

413.24
473.25
390.19
397.01
367.70

378.02
410.71
412.40
380.87
354.38

429.62
441.71
440.67
401.65
418.12

429.75
427.58
441.36
392.25
420.74

429.48
455.83
439.98
411.05
415.50

406.94
443.51
411.94
400.74
379.22

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

401.02
392.54
379.29
407.44
382.98

446.54
417.11
437.48
446.38
418.75

382.42
382.57
376.53
387.42
372.27

347.29
306.09
347.18
379.34
374.96

365.16
370.18
333.05
350.81
348.22

410.36
396.01
387.69
419.32
385.71

412.92
396.35
396.67
424.75
380.00

407.79
395.66
378.71
413.89
391.41

389.04
412.90
377.87
402.40
425.82

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

427.86
408.45
477.91
383.55
358.67

445.92
458.88
480.88
433.46
418.83

422.90
394.07
463.29
355.74
394.26

424.25
374.03
482.49
350.38
355.19

394.21
377.96
439.64
344.17
357.80

432.45
419.87
482.71
396.57
358.26

431.73
421.72
466.63
397.69
343.34

433.17
418.02
498.78
395.44
373.17

414.10
392.69
451.63
364.63
363.92

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

425.28
405.33
406.42
450.26
447.23

437.43
453.31
442.55
459.48
516.14

419.65
384.02
386.66
435.00
415.66

380.06
368.83
331.04
435.33
443.44

370.86
371.57
381.29
414.63
399.58

432.77
419.15
410.07
457.72
454.28

433.05
428.25
411.16
448.75
454.31

432.49
410.04
408.97
466.68
454.25

397.62
392.09
406.38
425.56
390.22

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

396.28
380.58
402.57
396.50
395.07

440.72
406.17
453.88
456.41
440.98

377.28
385.61
372.26
375.10
386.53

376.94
338.47
364.89
389.79
409.08

357.35
367.66
361.49
364.12
371.49

409.43
381.86
417.25
408.43
396.53

414.90
369.13
426.06
401.13
394.54

403.96
394.59
408.44
415.72
398.51

374.50
363.67
380.59
382.08
411.04

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

404.99
393.79
421.29
414.57
398.48
386.80

448.29
432.13
448.68
452.47
440.41
447.93

394.74
369.90
409.68
390.59
395.99
379.97

312.98
371.33
379.40
335.42
369.13
373.26

360.74
343.76
386.79
377.68
378.77
363.60

412.76
407.39
422.66
428.68
403.42
389.12

405.87
406.70
420.15
430.20
403.77
384.48

419.64
408.07
425.17
427.15
403.06
393.76

379.32
375.78
405.37
387.45
381.93
373.94

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

458.78

504.24

416.78

425.17

382.57

453.29

480.66

425.92

545.00

State or area
All areas

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Mental disorders

Other Neoplasms

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 57

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 29.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2002 (in dollars)—Continued
Diseases of the—
Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Circulatory
system

462.14

400.60

429.86

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

445.74
391.41
430.13
443.97
581.80

345.09
376.37
385.79
332.07
524.01

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

422.21
451.08
415.99
466.66
445.87

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue

Nervous
system and
sense organs

Respiratory
system

Skin and
subcutaneous
tissue

Other

Unknown

416.96

398.52

433.34

433.16

416.27

458.70

452.25

393.25
423.86
412.90
375.11
540.82

373.81
433.09
391.57
334.80
522.88

326.72
385.21
377.74
315.13
516.83

400.72
402.25
421.69
384.38
558.02

410.89
382.89
416.53
365.00
555.25

383.06
293.92
359.97
413.27
543.02

467.72
396.56
467.13
464.24
555.18

403.94
454.76
428.78
373.80
610.99

368.01
401.72
357.17
402.84
363.73

399.04
429.21
429.00
437.42
399.49

375.23
412.02
364.19
433.91
387.19

363.38
397.35
366.10
404.85
348.03

395.95
406.79
408.28
434.05
403.68

385.35
430.50
399.31
439.84
403.82

405.49
391.57
309.59
404.04
374.42

372.73
440.90
419.98
427.30
432.20

440.77
435.47
373.28
466.45
432.66

437.84
471.04
388.47
468.65
460.18

351.16
411.53
346.89
405.67
362.82

387.19
459.96
409.30
413.05
383.54

375.53
414.71
388.61
424.79
395.14

335.02
435.93
351.76
403.71
355.52

405.60
442.80
386.68
420.42
388.47

394.82
437.01
348.01
443.36
399.68

370.64
449.35
409.52
425.52
393.19

430.54
421.87
445.27
461.43
452.80

401.91
490.13
405.39
432.11
415.11

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

437.04
460.19
440.93
452.27
371.84

348.14
355.54
356.49
373.02
351.91

382.08
391.49
388.73
391.71
341.97

347.40
408.06
367.31
384.10
384.26

356.38
350.99
357.81
377.14
342.92

366.30
402.77
405.03
409.15
376.85

377.09
363.99
393.15
428.08
364.12

390.91
377.11
386.39
399.25
366.72

405.16
422.39
461.05
466.13
434.50

348.57
403.86
397.30
408.92
383.18

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

457.25
473.60
461.32
420.65
453.13

383.96
427.38
407.85
373.52
348.73

404.21
430.86
423.03
401.83
377.98

424.00
438.10
416.10
391.27
369.77

383.10
419.50
391.16
382.69
330.23

417.34
450.59
421.41
399.60
399.47

414.73
464.14
427.85
409.84
418.55

416.51
414.41
426.16
354.68
362.48

403.66
472.36
466.07
423.13
463.98

445.08
484.82
435.76
389.11
400.00

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

453.85
456.63
393.19
426.66
423.69

359.68
365.76
340.01
369.55
348.08

391.29
418.33
353.19
385.70
341.16

380.66
402.99
373.27
375.45
354.31

349.67
379.93
335.62
366.80
344.55

399.81
393.03
391.57
416.75
380.63

378.49
397.57
363.15
398.93
378.09

386.34
439.00
413.60
356.65
377.00

445.93
434.12
405.45
431.45
419.35

425.88
388.43
369.26
424.56
395.88

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

460.44
408.84
485.90
425.72
290.33

402.27
368.30
454.54
339.50
314.88

411.89
411.46
461.79
379.32
369.11

427.67
397.61
456.87
356.61
355.88

393.93
367.28
444.06
325.14
352.21

419.53
409.85
458.16
381.67
353.88

451.14
408.11
490.05
379.27
345.36

398.26
371.88
470.82
372.72
289.50

447.46
466.23
465.87
427.21
355.05

444.18
428.32
489.54
383.92
364.23

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

449.92
445.62
416.78
475.29
499.71

382.76
356.81
377.62
410.62
420.59

419.26
405.34
413.92
436.90
442.90

401.69
371.86
367.95
425.75
424.16

391.64
361.70
372.80
412.48
401.28

402.68
405.19
404.79
423.59
436.00

413.44
382.66
400.88
449.39
461.71

416.97
393.03
368.50
425.11
419.75

455.19
467.12
459.03
470.14
500.58

430.62
382.35
449.46
474.13
468.40

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

432.14
407.22
445.59
440.29
455.04

351.93
362.33
347.53
359.05
361.44

400.60
406.24
388.02
402.29
402.17

378.27
380.85
383.76
379.23
385.61

339.02
364.27
346.90
355.78
371.12

393.89
373.55
395.93
403.67
398.14

400.06
404.87
384.09
394.61
367.98

369.59
256.73
378.66
370.66
416.69

437.23
404.16
446.99
439.73
418.59

374.76
384.86
392.77
378.26
387.39

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

373.33
420.39
422.47
409.76
451.98
508.60

401.36
350.94
385.33
364.78
364.80
328.48

410.36
370.42
417.54
400.71
390.03
393.34

343.10
372.05
404.55
393.08
382.79
326.10

353.19
343.61
403.41
375.04
359.76
349.89

416.34
388.18
421.56
404.47
395.43
404.08

381.80
387.37
411.11
397.70
395.96
359.75

430.83
370.15
408.81
415.94
432.33
362.88

492.74
419.60
449.95
452.30
439.43
434.95

399.92
392.38
453.03
415.09
386.26
411.49

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

544.00

402.61

400.00

430.57

444.86

478.54

443.00

334.29

532.91

496.19

State or area
All areas

Digestive Genitourinary
system
system

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SORD file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

58 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Recipients Who Work

Recipients Who Work
Table 30.
By selected months, 1976–2002
Blind and disabled recipients who work

Total

Receiving
SSI b

Section
1619(b)
participants

Total as a percentage of
all blind and disabled
recipients

2,088,242
2,186,771
2,249,025
2,277,859

70,719
83,697
87,697
92,270

70,719
83,697
87,697
92,270

...
...
...
...

3.4
3.8
3.9
4.1

2,334,241
2,340,785
2,314,364
2,391,262
2,499,046

99,276
102,632
107,803
113,899

99,276
102,632
102,288
108,734

...
...
5,515
5,165

4.3
4.4
4.7
4.8

c

c

c

c

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

2,633,552
2,795,756
2,945,244
3,046,074
3,172,270

c
c

c
c

c
c

c
c

172,855
189,144
205,837

157,223
173,519
187,583

15,632
15,625
18,254

5.9
6.2
6.5

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

3,386,603
3,681,050
4,126,816
4,544,777
4,870,564

219,932
229,619
248,917
265,649
282,476

196,415
202,355
217,268
230,350
241,793

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

6.5
6.2
6.0
5.8
5.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

5,115,014
5,252,991
5,189,724
5,293,829
5,317,861

298,635
308,300
319,855
326,475
340,618

251,633
256,395
262,766
266,933
271,353

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

5.8
5.9
6.2
6.2
6.4

2000
2001
2002

5,395,935
5,500,481
5,618,506

360,427
346,110
340,910

276,855
269,655
258,733

83,572
76,455
82,177

6.7
6.3
6.1

2000
March
June
September
December

5,367,023
5,382,127
5,387,295
5,395,935

338,718
347,148
359,694
360,427

269,173
269,366
275,495
276,855

69,545
77,782
84,199
83,572

6.3
6.5
6.7
6.7

2001
March
June
September
December

5,423,974
5,448,865
5,493,302
5,500,481

352,940
353,336
353,207
346,110

274,283
275,435
274,664
269,655

78,657
77,901
78,543
76,455

6.5
6.5
6.4
6.3

2002
March
June
September
December

5,538,532
5,573,711
5,620,838
5,618,506

339,430
342,946
348,244
340,910

266,835
265,597
265,871
258,733

72,595
77,349
82,373
82,177

6.1
6.2
6.2
6.1

Month

All blind and
disabled recipients a

December
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSI Work Incentive file, 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
b. Includes section 1619(a) participants.
c. Not available.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 61

Recipients Who Work
Table 31.
Recipients participating in section 1619(a) or section 1619(b), selected months, 1982–2002
Section 1619(b) a

Section 1619(a)
Month
December
1982
1983
1984

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

287
392

...
36.6

5,515
5,165

...
-6.3

b

b

b

b

b
b

b
b
b

b
b

b
b
b

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

14,559
19,920
25,655

36.8
28.8

15,632
15,625
18,254

0
16.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

13,994
15,531
17,603
20,028
24,315

-45.5
11.0
13.3
13.8
21.4

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

28.8
15.9
16.1
11.5
15.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

28,060
31,085
34,673
37,271
25,528

15.4
10.8
11.5
7.5
-31.5

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

15.5
10.4
10.0
4.3
16.3

2000
2001
2002

27,542
22,100
17,271

7.9
-19.8
-21.9

83,572
76,455
82,177

20.7
-8.5
7.5

2000
March
June
September
December

25,055
25,837
26,180
27,542

-1.9
3.1
1.3
5.2

69,545
77,782
84,199
83,572

0.4
11.8
8.2
-0.7

2001
March
June
September
December

26,775
25,394
25,194
22,100

-2.8
-5.2
-0.8
-12.3

78,657
77,901
78,543
76,455

-5.9
-1.0
0.8
-2.7

2002
March
June
September
December

21,417
20,922
20,275
17,271

-22.2
-2.3
-3.1
-14.8

72,595
77,349
82,373
82,177

-13.1
6.5
6.5
-0.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSI Work Incentive file, 100 percent data.
NOTES: When the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level is periodically raised, SSI recipients with earnings below the increased SGA level become eligible for regular SSI
benefits rather than the special cash payments under section 1619(a). This change in status is reflected in the decreases in 1619(a) participants shown for 1990, June 2001,
December 2001, and December 2002.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Includes blind participants. Of the 82,177 participants in December 2002, 1,386 were blind.
b. Not available.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

62 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Recipients Who Work
Table 32.
By state or other area, December 2002
State or area
All areas

Total

Section 1619(a) participants

Section 1619(b) participants

Other blind and disabled
recipients who work

340,910

17,271

82,177

241,462

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

3,869
637
3,521
3,578
43,739

231
27
186
147
3,687

984
192
979
872
7,593

2,654
418
2,356
2,559
32,459

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

4,290
4,016
886
763
11,587

171
167
44
64
636

987
1,169
304
265
3,692

3,132
2,680
538
434
7,259

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

7,651
766
1,753
13,833
6,001

345
41
76
669
229

1,750
172
487
3,173
1,670

5,556
553
1,190
9,991
4,102

6,854
4,029
4,925
5,631
2,294

158
120
233
354
92

1,586
1,088
1,332
1,531
729

5,110
2,821
3,360
3,746
1,473

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

5,830
10,562
15,454
9,380
3,255

285
673
618
311
202

1,411
3,348
3,826
2,303
871

4,134
6,541
11,010
6,766
2,182

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

7,554
1,757
3,006
1,428
1,338

227
57
101
58
42

1,884
415
660
369
439

5,443
1,285
2,245
1,001
857

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

8,015
2,164
30,736
8,062
1,370

382
113
1,639
281
35

1,961
592
6,723
1,859
319

5,672
1,459
22,374
5,922
1,016

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

17,579
3,839
4,075
16,268
1,745

790
171
127
888
79

3,743
712
1,007
4,051
416

13,046
2,956
2,941
11,329
1,250

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

5,100
2,142
5,740
14,312
2,254

181
57
260
670
71

1,008
529
1,480
3,795
503

3,911
1,556
4,000
9,847
1,680

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,150
6,510
6,012
2,052
10,771
806

72
303
399
125
344
31

391
1,646
1,955
519
2,652
224

687
4,561
3,658
1,408
7,775
551

21

2

11

8

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSI Work Incentive file, 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 63

Recipients Who Work
Table 33.
Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area, December 2002
Plans for achieving
self-support
(PASS) a

Impairment-related
work expenses
(IRWE)

Blind
work expenses
(BWE)

1,721

8,047

3,386

24
4
19
15
421

158
5
102
98
736

37
1
25
30
490

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

13
11
0
1
82

33
146
40
3
390

45
38
11
4
117

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

26
5
5
16
5

310
11
12
279
135

71
15
11
91
47

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

20
20
37
6
27

47
339
116
168
42

78
24
47
57
22

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

15
70
68
65
10

220
232
239
126
47

40
269
104
83
55

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

26
29
10
8
8

176
14
43
25
38

61
11
24
19
9

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

26
4
159
138
4

207
79
651
350
12

53
17
258
109
4

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

36
7
26
16
11

126
89
46
437
11

136
19
46
165
19

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

8
9
13
29
4

89
14
172
364
72

54
4
56
205
16

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

19
17
30
8
89
2

12
534
115
34
297
6

5
86
67
24
104
2

0

0

1

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSI Work Incentive file, 100 percent data.
a. Includes 324 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

64 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Noninstitutionalized
Recipients: Survey of Income
and Program Participation

Notes
The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) is a household survey of the noninstitutionalized
resident population of the United States, conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. The survey was designed
to improve the measurement of the economic situation of persons, families, and households in the United
States and to provide a tool for managing and evaluating government transfer and service programs.
The 1996 SIPP panel consists of 12 interviews, or waves, each of which gathered 4 months of
retrospective data. The sample includes approximately 36,000 households, divided into four rotation
groups. The Social Security Administration (SSA) has matched SIPP data to its administrative records.
Receipt of Supplemental Security Income payments and the SSI payment amount are based on December
1999 SSA records, and all other characteristics and income amounts are taken from the SIPP. In
December 1999, only three of the four SIPP rotation groups were interviewed. However, since rotation
groups are assigned randomly, the sample is still nationally representative. SIPP sample weights are used
to produce population estimates. The weights have been adjusted to reflect the fact that only three of the
four rotation groups were used for the tabulations.
Poverty calculations based on the SIPP use survey-reported family income for 1999, with the surveyreported SSI payment amount replaced by the SSI benefit amount from SSA administrative records. The
poverty thresholds are provided in the SIPP and are adjusted for family size and composition. In 1999, the
poverty threshold for a one-person family under age 65 was $8,667. For a two-person family aged 65 or
older, the poverty threshold was $10,070. For a four-person family with two related children under the age
of 18, the poverty threshold was $16,895.
In tabulations of Medicaid coverage for SSI recipients, the SIPP Medicaid variable has been recoded to
reflect the fact that the SSI recipients in certain states, sometimes referred to as Section 1634 states, are
automatically covered by Medicaid. Thirty-two states and the District of Columbia provide automatic
Medicaid coverage for SSI recipients, accounting for approximately 78 percent of all SSI recipients.
SIPP and SSA counts of disabled recipients differ because the SIPP excludes people living in institutions
or outside the continental United States. In addition, the match rate between the SIPP and SSA records is
not perfect. Furthermore, the SIPP estimates are based on a sample and therefore are subject to
sampling error. Standard errors can be used to measure this sampling variability. Various sources of
nonsampling error also may be important.
Because the SIPP uses a complex sample design, it is inappropriate to calculate standard errors assuming
a simple random sample. Doing so will result in estimated standard errors that are biased downward.
Readers interested in information about SIPP variance estimates are referred to the Source and Accuracy
Statement for the 1996 Public Use Files from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, available
on the SIPP Internet site at www.sipp.census.gov/sipp/sourceac/s&a96_040501.pdf. The source and
accuracy statement provides information on direct calculation of standard errors for SIPP estimates. It
also provides detailed instructions for calculating standard errors using generalized variance parameters
and simplified tables.

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 34.
Household and family characteristics, by age, December 1999
Number
Characteristic
All recipients

Percentage of all recipients

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

6,824,567

909,015

4,064,001

1,851,552

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Household type
Family
Married couple present
No married couple, male householder
No married couple, female householder
Nonfamily
Male householder
Female householder
Group quarters

2,276,049
2,157,575
294,112

353,412
518,804
36,798

1,283,330
1,313,309
210,255

639,307
325,462
47,059

33.4
31.6
4.3

38.9
57.1
4.0

31.6
32.3
5.2

34.5
17.6
2.5

731,337
1,321,533
43,961

0
0
0

541,010
678,967
37,130

190,327
642,566
6,831

10.7
19.4
0.6

0
0
0

13.3
16.7
0.9

10.3
34.7
0.4

Ownership status of living quarters
Owned
Not owned

2,708,848
4,115,721

396,400
512,615

1,598,842
2,465,159

713,606
1,137,947

39.7
60.3

43.6
56.4

39.3
60.7

38.5
61.5

Residence in public housing

862,073

83,100

490,922

288,051

12.6

9.1

12.1

15.6

Household receipt of a —
Energy assistance
Housing assistance
Food stamps

793,057
724,427
3,008,849

88,780
133,591
345,127

514,462
431,281
1,965,402

189,815
159,555
698,320

11.6
10.6
44.1

9.8
14.7
38.0

12.7
10.6
48.4

10.3
8.6
37.7

Household size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

1,842,548
1,655,909
2,029,674
1,296,437

0
76,717
363,680
468,617

1,083,554
971,370
1,342,534
666,543

758,994
607,822
323,460
161,277

27.0
24.3
29.7
19.0

0
8.4
40.0
51.6

26.7
23.9
33.0
16.4

41.0
32.8
17.5
8.7

Family size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

2,214,321
1,564,472
1,859,925
1,185,851

24.037
89,366
343,404
452,208

1,346,844
903,446
1,220,252
593,459

843,440
571,660
296,269
140,184

32.4
22.9
27.3
17.4

2.6
9.8
37.8
49.7

33.1
22.2
30.0
14.6

45.6
30.9
16.0
7.6

Under age 18 in family
None
1 person
2–3 persons
4 persons
5 or more persons

4,531,424
734,248
657,273
758,239
143,382

24,037
163,595
231,593
391,241
98,548

2,857,197
458,790
383,020
320,160
44,834

1,650,190
111,863
42,660
46,838
0

66.4
10.8
9.6
11.1
2.1

2.6
18.0
25.5
43.0
10.8

70.3
11.3
9.4
7.9
1.1

89.1
6.0
2.3
2.5
0

Total household income in 1999 (dollars) b
Less than 5,000
5,000–9,999
10,000–14,999
15,000–19,999
20,000–24,999
25,000–29,999
30,000–34,999
35,000–39,999
40,000 or more

168,754
2,286,873
1,114,305
825,834
520,139
363,509
310,017
199,882
1,035,254

0
89,344
102,191
230,309
135,379
81,423
61,763
52,039
156,567

129,407
1,335,863
627,746
436,438
327,802
234,165
171,836
116,644
684,100

39,347
861,666
384,368
159,087
56,958
47,921
76,418
31,199
194,587

2.5
33.5
16.3
12.1
7.6
5.3
4.5
2.9
15.2

0
9.8
11.2
25.3
14.9
9.0
6.8
5.7
17.2

3.2
32.9
15.4
10.7
8.1
5.8
4.2
2.9
16.8

2.1
46.5
20.8
8.6
3.1
2.6
4.1
1.7
10.5

Total family income in 1999 (dollars) b
Less than 5,000
5,000–9,999
10,000–14,999
15,000–19,999
20,000–24,999
25,000–29,999
30,000–34,999
35,000–39,999
40,000 or more

144,758
2,319,904
1,190,774
681,561
616,150
401,864
282,251
242,872
944,435

8,242
33,435
70,351
98,187
223,767
157,444
116,778
48,719
152,092

90,897
1,378,388
735,454
426,174
355,843
231,387
115,178
147,302
583,378

45,619
908,081
384,969
157,200
36,540
13,033
50,295
46,851
208,965

2.1
34.0
17.4
10.0
9.0
5.9
4.1
3.6
13.8

0.9
3.7
7.7
10.8
24.6
17.3
12.8
5.4
16.7

2.2
33.9
18.1
10.5
8.8
5.7
2.8
3.6
14.4

2.5
49.0
20.8
8.5
2.0
0.7
2.7
2.5
11.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation.
NOTES: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in December 1999 are identified using the Social Security Administration’s administrative data. The unweighted total sample size
is 1,100 SSI recipients: 118 cases aged 17 and under, 604 cases aged 18 to 64, and 378 cases aged 65 or older.
A family is a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together. A household includes related family members and all the unrelated
persons, if any, such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share the housing unit. A person living alone in a housing unit or a group of unrelated persons
sharing a housing unit as partners is also counted as a household.
a. Individuals may be counted in more than one category.
b. Annual data.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 67

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 35.
Personal characteristics, by age, December 1999
Number
Characteristic

Percentage of all recipients

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

6,824,567

909,015

4,064,001

1,851,552

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Sex
Male
Female

3,014,038
3,810,529

588,407
320,607

1,811,860
2,252,141

613,771
1,237,781

44.2
55.8

64.7
35.3

44.6
55.4

33.1
66.9

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

4,222,698
2,033,979
181,198
386,692

537,068
354,785
17,161
0

2,605,996
1,202,192
126,733
129,080

1,079,634
477,002
37,304
257,612

61.9
29.8
2.7
5.7

59.1
39.0
1.9
0

64.1
29.6
3.1
3.2

58.3
25.8
2.0
13.9

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

1,247,806
5,576,762

200,161
708,854

573,826
3,490,175

473,819
1,377,733

18.3
81.7

22.0
78.0

14.1
85.9

25.6
74.4

Relationship to householder
Householder
Spouse
Child
Grandchild
Parent
Sibling
Other relative
Other nonrelative

3,593,927
609,380
1,719,871
135,468
147,008
113,320
224,537
281,056

0
0
742,288
114,904
0
0
25,046
26,777

2,271,830
370,895
977,583
20,564
42,924
84,243
99,466
196,495

1,322,097
238,485
0
0
104,084
29,077
100,025
57,784

52.7
8.9
25.2
2.0
2.2
1.7
3.3
4.1

0
0
81.7
12.6
0
0
2.8
2.9

55.9
9.1
24.1
0.5
1.1
2.1
2.4
4.8

71.4
12.9
0
0
5.6
1.6
5.4
3.1

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more
Unknown

2,293,601
1,407,910
1,688,769
585,646
172,381
676,259

72,366
150,037
10,352
0
0
676,259

1,134,726
972,168
1,385,458
463,909
107,739
0

1,086,509
285,705
292,959
121,737
64,642
0

33.6
20.6
24.7
8.6
2.5
9.9

8.0
16.5
1.1
0
0
74.4

27.9
23.9
34.1
11.4
2.7
0

58.7
15.4
15.8
6.6
3.5
0

Marital status
Married
Widow(ed)
Divorced or separated
Never married

1,447,570
926,653
1,422,417
3,027,928

0
0
0
909,015

864,059
241,347
1,038,344
1,920,251

583,511
685,306
384,073
198,662

21.2
13.6
20.8
44.4

0
0
0
100.0

21.3
5.9
25.5
47.3

31.5
37.0
20.7
10.7

Health insurance a
Medicaid
Medicare
Private health insurance
No health insurance

6,582,148
2,725,193
1,028,067
206,105

848,549
0
222,991
83,583

3,917,851
1,230,227
569,381
100,204

1,815,748
1,494,966
235,695
22,318

96.4
39.9
15.1
3.0

93.3
0
24.5
9.2

96.4
30.3
14.0
2.5

98.1
80.7
12.7
1.2

Source of income a
Earnings
Social Security
Other public assistance
Property income
Other sources

770,830
2,612,407
5,670,053
1,014,774
3,436,604

53,125
71,993
200,272
60,992
5,717

682,183
1,314,646
3,747,248
632,992
2,029,817

35,522
1,225,768
1,722,533
320,790
1,401,070

11.3
38.3
83.1
14.9
50.4

5.8
7.9
22.0
6.7
0.6

16.8
32.3
92.2
15.6
49.9

1.9
66.2
93.0
17.3
75.7

Total personal income in 1999 (dollars) b
Less than 2,500
2,500–4,999
5,000–7,499
7,500–9,999
10,000–12,499
12,500–14,999
15,000–17,499
17,500–19,999
20,000–22,499
22,500–24,499
25,000 or more

192,782
898,618
3,443,731
1,053,066
507,140
240,952
168,003
62,836
73,374
52,097
131,970

43,882
189,108
613,127
36,264
7,137
10,565
8,933
0
0
0
0

128,241
505,272
1,808,570
640,400
398,743
162,219
139,810
62,836
73,374
43,376
101,160

20,659
204,238
1,022,034
376,402
101,260
68,168
19,260
0
0
8,721
30,810

2.8
13.2
50.5
15.4
7.4
3.5
2.5
0.9
1.1
0.8
1.9

4.8
20.8
67.4
4.0
0.8
1.2
1.0
0
0
0
0

3.2
12.4
44.5
15.8
9.8
4.0
3.4
1.5
1.8
1.1
2.5

1.1
11.0
55.2
20.3
5.5
3.7
1.0
0
0
0.5
1.7

Type of child to mother
Natural
Stepchild
Adopted
Mother not present

1,596,616
162,796
15,557
5,049,599

716,263
78,846
0
113,906

880,353
83,950
15,557
3,084,141

0
0
0
1,851,552

23.4
2.4
0.2
79.0

78.8
8.7
0
12.5

21.7
2.1
0.4
75.9

0
0
0
100.0

All recipients

(Continued)

68 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 35.
Personal characteristics, by age, December 1999—Continued
Number
Characteristic
Type of child to father
Natural
Stepchild
Adopted
Father not present

Percentage of all recipients

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

724,233
102,956
14,874
5,982,505

269,838
65,971
0
573,206

454,395
36,985
14,874
3,557,747

0
0
0
1,851,552

10.6
1.5
0.2
87.7

29.7
7.3
0
63.1

11.2
0.9
0.4
87.5

0
0
0
100.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation.
NOTE: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in December 1999 are identified using the Social Security Administration’s administrative data. The unweighted total sample size is
1,100 SSI recipients: 118 cases aged 17 and under, 604 cases aged 18 to 64, and 378 cases aged 65 or older.
a. Individuals may be counted in more than one category.
b. Annual data.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 69

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 36.
SSI payment as a percentage of recipient’s personal income, by selected characteristics, December 1999
Percentage distribution
Characteristic
All recipients

Percentage of all
Number
recipients

Total

Under 25%
of income

25–49%
of income

50–74%
of income

75–99%
of income

100% of income

6,824,567

100.0

100.0

20.7

17.8

14.4

14.3

32.9

Age
Under 18
18–64
65 or older

909,015
4,064,001
1,851,552

13.3
59.5
27.1

100.0
100.0
100.0

0
21.0
30.1

0
17.6
27.0

3.5
15.8
16.7

6.4
17.7
10.6

90.2
28.0
15.5

Sex
Male
Female

3,014,038
3,810,529

44.2
55.8

100.0
100.0

22.5
19.2

12.6
21.9

11.1
17.0

14.5
14.1

39.3
27.8

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

4,222,698
2,033,978
181,198
386,692

61.9
29.8
2.7
5.7

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

22.3
19.7
27.2
5.3

19.8
15.6
9.5
11.3

13.3
14.5
20.1
22.5

12.6
15.9
11.0
25.7

31.9
34.4
32.2
35.3

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

1,247,806
5,576,762

18.3
81.7

100.0
100.0

21.0
19.1

17.7
18.1

13.4
18.6

14.6
12.8

33.2
31.4

Marital status
Married
Widow(ed)
Divorced or separated
Never married

1,447,570
926,652
1,422,417
3,027,927

21.2
13.6
20.8
44.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

22.0
34.1
26.3
13.3

19.4
24.5
21.8
13.1

15.2
12.5
16.8
13.5

15.0
11.5
12.5
15.6

28.4
17.5
22.7
44.5

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more
Unknown

2,293,601
1,407,910
1,688,770
585,647
172,381
676,259

33.6
20.6
24.7
8.6
2.5
9.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

24.1
20.3
22.8
27.1
17.8
0

23.2
15.4
19.5
16.6
22.3
0

16.3
16.1
13.2
19.4
25.2
0

10.6
18.7
17.1
25.3
17.6
0

25.8
29.4
27.4
11.7
17.1
100.0

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

1,842,547
4,595,169
386,851

27.0
67.3
5.7

100.0
100.0
100.0

30.6
16.1
28.0

25.1
15.0
15.6

12.1
15.5
12.1

12.2
14.4
22.4

20.0
38.9
21.9

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation.
NOTE: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in December 1999 are identified using the Social Security Administration’s administrative data. The unweighted total sample size is
1,100 SSI recipients: 118 cases aged 17 and under, 604 cases aged 18 to 64, and 378 cases aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

70 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 37.
Percentage distribution of family income, by selected characteristics and source, December 1999

Characteristic
All recipients

Total

Social Security

Supplemental
Security
Income

Earnings

Other public
assistance

Property income

Other

100.0

25.5

40.2

21.9

5.2

0.6

6.6

Sex
Male
Female

100.0
100.0

22.6
27.7

38.4
41.6

25.5
19.1

4.7
5.6

0.7
0.5

8.0
5.5

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.0
24.4
30.1
11.8

37.7
42.9
49.8
48.1

21.8
20.5
13.8
33.9

4.8
6.7
1.4
3.3

0.7
0.1
0.3
1.8

7.8
5.3
4.5
1.1

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

100.0
100.0

24.4
25.7

41.6
39.9

20.7
22.2

5.7
5.1

0.8
0.6

6.8
6.6

Age
Under 18
18–64
65 or older

100.0
100.0
100.0

8.1
22.6
40.3

28.8
42.4
41.0

40.8
22.4
11.6

16.7
4.6
1.2

0.3
0.8
0.3

5.3
7.3
5.6

Marital status
Married
Widow(ed)
Divorced or separated
Never married

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

26.4
41.3
29.1
18.5

40.6
39.8
47.7
36.6

21.8
11.2
10.7
30.5

3.5
2.2
5.1
7.0

0.3
0.3
0.8
0.8

7.5
5.2
6.6
6.6

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more
Unknown

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

33.9
22.2
24.0
24.6
25.2
8.5

40.1
44.2
42.4
37.8
40.9
28.4

16.7
19.9
23.6
26.5
15.1
37.6

2.8
5.7
3.1
4.8
0.6
19.3

0.4
0.3
0.9
1.1
2.6
0.3

6.1
7.8
5.9
5.3
15.8
5.9

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

100.0
100.0
100.0

36.0
21.1
27.2

53.0
33.4
58.9

5.7
29.6
7.6

0.2
7.6
1.0

0.3
0.1
0.1

4.8
8.1
5.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation.
NOTE: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in December 1999 are identified using the Social Security Administration’s administrative data. The unweighted total sample size is
1,100 SSI recipients: 118 cases aged 17 and under, 604 cases aged 18 to 64, and 378 cases aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 71

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 38.
Poverty status, by selected characteristics, December 1999
Income relative to poverty threshold
Characteristic

Total

Under 50%

50–99%

100–124%

125–149%

150–199%

6,824,567

254,914

2,612,973

991,623

689,109

794,318

823,985

657,645

Sex
Male
Female

3,014,039
3,810,529

116,607
138,307

994,933
1,618,041

464,237
527,386

291,037
398,072

423,499
370,820

412,170
411,814

311,556
346,089

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

4,222,697
2,033,978
181,198
386,693

122,096
121,769
11,049
0

1,562,441
884,235
78,162
88,135

606,254
300,232
17,192
67,944

427,304
194,503
15,132
52,170

507,174
240,769
38,159
8,216

517,415
220,345
17,756
68,469

480,013
72,125
3,748
101,759

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

1,247,807
5,576,762

75,268
179,646

433,609
2,179,365

192,415
799,208

139,283
549,826

178,637
615,682

120,027
703,958

108,568
549,077

Age
Under 18
18–64
65 or older

909,014
4,064,002
1,851,552

25,883
189,924
39,107

146,631
1,587,658
878,685

168,719
509,226
313,679

123,003
389,050
177,056

224,286
464,867
105,165

186,509
462,470
175,006

33,983
460,807
162,854

Marital status
Married
Widow(ed)
Divorced or separated
Never married

1,447,570
926,654
1,422,417
3,027,927

50,083
26,310
66,781
111,740

513,652
556,611
661,888
880,823

235,609
108,997
231,143
415,874

206,635
42,233
171,163
269,079

143,224
38,396
82,289
530,408

164,869
69,578
111,302
478,236

133,498
84,529
97,851
341,767

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more
Unknown

2,293,600
1,407,912
1,688,770
585,647
172,381
676,259

70,813
86,366
82,572
15,163
0
0

981,858
629,075
687,779
169,577
41,967
102,718

317,284
176,909
219,710
107,490
35,959
134,272

206,017
133,568
160,596
67,590
6,157
115,182

260,776
164,091
138,668
66,023
7,996
156,764

220,877
128,389
183,666
91,301
48,923
150,829

235,975
89,514
215,779
68,503
31,379
16,494

All recipients

200–299% 300% or more

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation.
NOTE: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in December 1999 are identified using the Social Security Administration’s administrative data. The unweighted total sample size is
1,100 SSI recipients: 118 cases aged 17 and under, 604 cases aged 18 to 64, and 378 cases aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

72 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 39.
Poverty status before and after SSI payments, by age, December 1999
Income relative to poverty
threshold before SSI payments

Total

Income relative to poverty threshold after SSI payments

Number

Percent

Under 50%

50–99%

100–124%

125–149%

150–199%

6,824,567

100.0

3.7

38.3

14.5

10.1

11.6

12.1

9.6

2,064,026
2,121,397
601,709
405,260
528,333
576,184
527,659

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.4
0
0
0
0
0
0

77.6
47.7
0
0
0
0
0

7.2
33.3
22.9
0
0
0
0

2.1
15.2
45.8
12.0
0
0
0

0.2
3.5
31.3
79.1
39.0
0
0

0.6
0
0
8.9
61.0
78.8
0

0
0.4
0
0
0
21.2
100.0

Under age 18
Under 50%
50–99%
100–124%
125–149%
150–199%
200–299%
300% or more

909,014
115,489
238,804
124,579
156,105
119,331
128,368
26,338

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.9
22.4
0
0
0
0
0
0

16.1
69.9
27.6
0
0
0
0
0

18.6
7.7
66.9
0
0
0
0
0

13.5
0
5.5
85.6
2.2
0
0
0

24.7
0
0
14.6
90.3
54.7
0
0

20.5
0
0
0
7.5
45.3
94.0
0

3.7
0
0
0
0
0
6.0
100.0

Aged 18–64
Under 50%
50–99%
100–124%
125–149%
150–199%
200–299%
300% or more

4,064,002
1,396,753
1,090,851
354,161
213,059
292,261
364,461
352,456

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

4.7
13.6
0
0
0
0
0
0

39.1
78.9
44.6
0
0
0
0
0

12.5
4.6
33.0
23.9
0
0
0
0

9.6
1.8
18.6
35.8
16.7
0
0
0

11.4
0.3
3.2
10.3
76.7
40.8
0
0

11.4
0.8
0
0
6.6
59.2
72.4
0

11.3
0
0
0
0
0
27.6
100.0

Aged 65 or older
Under 50%
50–99%
100–124%
125–149%
150–199%
200–299%
300% or more

1,851,552
551,784
791,743
122,969
36,095
116,741
83,355
148,865

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.1
7.1
0
0
0
0
0
0

47.5
76.0
58.0
0
0
0
0
0

16.9
13.5
23.5
42.9
0
0
0
0

9.6
3.4
13.4
34.6
26.6
0
0
0

5.7
0
5.0
22.5
44.7
18.4
0
0

9.5
0
0
0
28.7
81.6
83.2
0

8.8
0
0
0
0
0
16.8
100.0

All recipients
Under 50%
50–99%
100–124%
125–149%
150–199%
200–299%
300% or more

200–299% 300% or more

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation.
NOTE: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in December 1999 are identified using the Social Security Administration’s administrative data. The unweighted total sample size is
1,100 SSI recipients: 118 cases aged 17 and under, 604 cases aged 18 to 64, and 378 cases aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 73

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 40.
Poverty gap before and after SSI payments, by selected characteristics, December 1999
Aggregate poverty gap (thousands of dollars)
Characteristic

Before SSI

After SSI

Percentage reduction in poverty gap

25,724,456

8,962,051

65.2

Age
Under 18
18–64
65 or older

2,563,176
16,789,411
6,371,869

849,874
6,124,909
1,987,568

66.8
63.5
68.8

Sex
Male
Female

10,278,386
15,446,070

3,460,385
5,501,666

66.3
64.4

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

14,239,453
9,302,018
689,973
1,493,012

4,705,641
3,776,638
269,395
210,376

67.0
59.4
61.0
85.9

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

4,702,372
21,022,084

1,707,879
7,254,172

65.5
63.7

Total

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation.
NOTES: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in December 1999 are identified using the Social Security Administration’s administrative data. The unweighted total sample size
is 1,100 SSI recipients: 118 cases aged 17 and under, 604 cases aged 18 to 64, and 378 cases aged 65 or older.
When a beneficiary’s family income is below the poverty threshold, the difference between the poverty threshold and family income is referred to as the poverty gap. The
smallest individual poverty gap is zero if family income is equal to or greater than the poverty threshold. The largest poverty gap is equal to the poverty threshold, for those
with no family income at all. The aggregate poverty gap is the sum of the individual poverty gaps for all SSI beneficiaries.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

74 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Applications

Applications
Table 41.
All applications, by age of applicant, 1973–2002
All ages a

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Total

49,881,690

6,728,560

33,920,510

9,232,620

State conversions b

3,406,600

3,650

1,424,010

1,978,940

Federal applications
1973
1974

284,930
2,060,590

5,030
124,300

82,820
1,096,130

197,080
840,160

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

1,467,960
1,212,810
1,272,360
1,268,170
1,325,270

100,030
84,360
95,610
99,460
108,000

976,840
866,720
904,150
905,340
950,980

391,090
261,730
272,600
263,370
266,290

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

1,410,080
1,149,290
1,016,080
1,132,220
1,264,480

113,200
95,010
94,680
101,560
104,860

1,016,750
863,670
775,240
832,540
866,420

280,130
190,610
146,160
198,120
293,200

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

1,401,400
1,465,970
1,433,340
1,360,870
1,392,660

120,640
125,270
124,910
125,280
132,080

1,047,930
1,099,220
1,068,890
1,008,200
1,016,430

232,830
241,480
239,540
227,390
244,150

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,550,990
1,808,690
2,086,820
2,308,770
2,256,640

163,610
247,460
380,350
503,800
541,150

1,136,160
1,315,160
1,460,520
1,567,730
1,512,310

251,220
246,070
245,950
237,240
203,180

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,062,590
1,915,520
1,594,630
1,626,210
1,658,400

502,940
462,710
332,940
337,300
350,070

1,380,090
1,285,630
1,130,410
1,141,180
1,148,740

179,560
167,180
131,280
147,730
159,590

2000
2001
2002

1,742,630
1,859,990
2,084,730

358,800
376,170
413,330

1,224,540
1,323,020
1,492,740

159,290
160,800
178,660

Year

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
a. Totals for 1987–2002 include abbreviated applications but do not include reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision.
b. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 77

Applications
Table 42.
Applications for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1994–2002
Characteristic

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Total a

541,150

502,940

462,710

332,940

337,300

350,070

358,800

376,170

413,330

Age
Under 5
5–12
13–17

170,090
261,500
109,560

162,340
245,990
94,610

154,970
226,150
81,590

122,280
154,110
56,550

121,410
159,630
56,260

124,030
166,880
59,160

124,520
172,420
61,860

131,730
178,790
65,650

141,190
195,760
76,380

Sex
Male
Female

340,550
200,600

318,940
184,000

290,610
172,100

207,840
125,100

209,590
127,710

219,700
130,370

224,270
134,530

233,730
142,440

257,880
155,450

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

537,730
3,420

500,000
2,940

460,020
2,690

331,530
1,410

335,140
2,160

347,760
2,310

356,730
2,070

374,060
2,110

411,120
2,210

SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

16,330
59,840
45,670
138,510
107,840
82,570
27,090
10,370
40,360
11,400
1,170

17,030
56,230
46,190
130,060
96,280
72,930
23,920
9,710
38,960
11,060
570

14,820
51,120
45,080
117,260
88,910
65,240
21,680
9,110
38,730
10,140
620

11,450
35,500
33,140
85,550
62,870
46,030
15,000
6,660
29,950
6,540
250

11,800
35,110
33,830
86,950
63,310
44,500
14,890
5,980
33,050
7,650
230

11,630
33,640
35,560
91,330
64,880
48,470
16,040
5,950
34,120
8,300
150

12,510
33,270
34,860
98,260
67,130
48,950
14,280
6,110
34,270
9,040
120

11,810
33,980
37,720
105,210
69,550
50,900
15,570
6,190
35,720
9,380
140

13,010
35,430
41,100
115,970
76,090
58,660
16,930
6,660
39,140
10,260
80

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
a. Totals for 1994–2002 include abbreviated applications but do not include reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

78 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Applications
Table 43.
Applications for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1994–2002
Characteristic

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Total a

1,512,310

1,380,090

1,285,630

1,130,410

1,141,180

1,148,740

1,224,540

1,323,020

1,492,740

Age
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64

101,940
216,290
405,400
372,370
317,590
98,720

95,680
191,360
369,810
346,920
287,770
88,550

93,050
169,750
332,740
340,490
271,000
78,600

80,090
137,950
279,870
312,200
252,320
67,980

80,920
135,000
272,260
318,350
259,970
74,680

84,520
130,390
265,820
327,880
264,660
75,470

88,570
136,900
271,980
356,800
290,360
79,930

100,860
147,580
282,170
387,270
320,390
84,750

110,930
169,870
308,820
439,250
367,860
96,010

Sex
Men
Women

765,870
746,440

690,980
689,110

632,440
653,190

550,960
579,450

550,360
590,820

551,620
597,120

591,580
632,960

643,540
679,480

733,980
758,760

1,424,660
87,650

1,297,050
83,040

1,220,060
65,570

1,088,560
41,850

1,071,380
69,800

1,077,840
70,900

1,155,200
69,340

1,252,960
70,060

1,419,220
73,520

68,000
141,360
141,790
353,010
258,130
192,290
66,020
33,980
210,190
44,560
2,980

64,630
139,090
128,670
334,140
220,430
168,640
61,920
29,930
189,030
42,000
1,610

60,890
129,690
121,870
320,790
190,920
160,280
60,040
28,800
170,910
39,590
1,850

51,440
113,410
109,790
283,700
169,170
140,000
55,450
25,110
146,370
35,050
920

49,710
113,010
109,940
283,130
169,140
141,490
52,280
24,890
159,830
36,800
960

48,660
109,720
111,800
284,450
168,610
146,920
54,230
25,000
158,750
39,850
750

48,640
108,600
115,410
315,360
188,600
158,610
59,350
27,020
157,690
44,420
840

52,510
118,010
125,330
341,060
208,580
172,400
64,640
28,670
163,670
47,170
980

56,290
122,190
141,400
378,350
243,720
203,390
73,510
32,580
188,260
51,860
1,190

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
a. Totals for 1994–2002 include abbreviated applications but do not include reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 79

Applications
Table 44.
Applications for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1994–2002
Characteristic

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Total a

203,180

179,560

167,180

131,280

147,730

159,590

159,290

160,800

178,660

Age
65–69
70–74
75 or older

113,800
37,240
52,140

102,760
32,300
44,500

92,710
32,270
42,200

74,540
23,900
32,840

81,600
28,860
37,270

87,720
31,820
40,050

87,310
32,040
39,940

88,290
33,070
39,440

95,280
39,080
44,300

Sex
Men
Women

74,090
129,090

64,980
114,580

61,540
105,640

47,300
83,980

54,420
93,310

59,870
99,720

60,070
99,220

60,800
100,000

69,090
109,570

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

153,090
50,090

131,300
48,260

122,530
44,650

104,950
26,330

98,940
48,790

106,730
52,860

109,440
49,850

109,010
51,790

116,770
61,890

8,060
28,160
15,520
46,780
18,160
26,180
4,860
3,310
48,400
3,730
20

6,390
23,730
13,310
41,990
16,430
22,260
4,360
2,650
44,810
3,580
50

6,610
23,180
12,230
37,500
12,610
20,220
3,860
2,540
44,640
3,670
120

5,480
17,740
9,310
29,800
10,030
17,110
3,140
2,060
33,810
2,760
40

6,250
21,320
10,510
30,340
11,190
18,220
2,990
2,080
41,450
3,330
50

6,280
22,300
11,890
32,130
12,260
19,830
2,880
2,370
45,550
4,090
10

6,090
22,720
11,620
31,580
12,690
19,520
3,380
2,550
45,090
4,040
10

5,940
24,200
11,010
31,100
12,380
21,250
2,990
2,360
45,760
3,800
10

6,090
25,800
11,280
35,680
12,120
23,400
2,940
2,620
54,880
3,840
10

SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
a. Totals for 1994–2002 include abbreviated applications but do not include reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

80 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Applications
Table 45.
All applications, by state or other area and age of applicant, 2002
Total a

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

2,084,730

413,330

1,492,740

178,660

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

48,190
3,770
30,560
30,540
232,510

12,540
500
5,530
7,670
30,900

33,370
2,950
23,180
21,700
150,860

2,280
320
1,850
1,170
50,750

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

19,230
14,840
4,720
6,630
144,390

2,800
2,560
1,110
1,580
32,630

15,040
11,240
3,330
4,630
93,400

1,390
1,040
280
420
18,360

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

69,020
4,980
8,140
82,710
37,520

15,390
550
1,630
19,680
8,990

49,820
3,690
6,280
58,700
27,670

3,810
740
230
4,330
860

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

17,570
18,400
50,950
53,490
8,070

3,160
3,260
9,720
15,510
1,130

13,790
14,580
39,360
35,680
6,570

620
560
1,870
2,300
370

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

32,770
38,500
67,640
21,080
46,500

5,870
6,620
17,140
4,040
11,620

24,880
28,060
48,310
15,790
32,960

2,020
3,820
2,190
1,250
1,920

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

45,960
5,190
11,450
14,100
4,340

8,730
840
1,780
2,110
680

35,990
4,110
9,150
10,460
3,520

1,240
240
520
1,530
140

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

44,550
14,010
138,870
77,200
2,920

8,590
2,510
26,840
14,850
460

30,430
10,240
91,760
59,020
2,270

5,530
1,260
20,270
3,330
190

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

89,080
25,750
21,300
87,820
6,710

19,610
5,350
2,960
20,280
1,580

67,260
19,330
17,010
62,430
4,540

2,210
1,070
1,330
5,110
590

35,010
4,410
58,740
161,660
7,850

8,540
770
10,680
27,620
1,410

24,880
3,310
45,540
116,440
6,060

1,590
330
2,520
17,600
380

2,930
40,840
32,750
21,000
33,900
2,260

440
8,940
5,170
3,320
6,630
380

2,360
29,210
25,620
16,920
25,990
1,790

130
2,690
1,960
760
1,280
90

130

50

70

10

1,280

80

1,190

10

State or area
All areas

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
a. Totals include abbreviated applications but do not include reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 81

Applications
Table 46.
All applicants, by year of first application and age, 1973–2002
All ages a

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Total

34,572,510

5,375,120

22,152,960

7,044,430

State conversions b

3,406,600

3,650

1,424,010

1,978,940

Federal applications
1973
1974

282,270
1,997,130

4,970
122,170

81,850
1,061,670

195,450
813,290

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

1,300,670
973,420
941,300
896,610
914,350

93,480
75,950
82,180
84,360
90,170

859,400
684,750
658,930
629,240
639,040

347,790
212,720
200,190
183,010
185,140

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

936,350
722,170
604,290
643,870
735,850

91,700
75,390
72,760
78,830
81,580

654,580
528,580
449,350
465,190
485,400

190,070
118,200
82,180
99,850
168,870

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

859,290
930,260
891,320
835,650
855,140

92,560
98,590
96,940
95,380
100,470

627,390
687,520
652,920
603,060
606,990

139,340
144,150
141,460
137,210
147,680

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

981,590
1,199,860
1,455,720
1,620,200
1,568,700

127,430
207,940
339,210
439,860
460,050

696,700
835,810
954,900
1,027,300
979,480

157,460
156,110
161,610
153,040
129,170

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1.385,000
1,242,710
980,380
982,570
993,590

407,220
359,030
254,320
249,810
256,080

863,230
778,990
645,750
642,260
638,450

114,550
104,690
80,310
90,500
99,060

2000
2001
2002

1,034,360
1,125,740
1,275,550

258,000
273,350
301,690

677,230
751,380
861,610

99,130
101,010
112,250

Year

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
NOTE: Data include only the first application for each person.
a. Data for 1987–2002 include abbreviated applications but do not include reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision.
b. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

82 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Awards

Awards
Table 47.
All awards, by age of awardee, 1974–2002
Year

All ages

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Total

23,858,560

2,821,660

13,728,010

7,308,890

State conversions a

3,158,410

2,620

1,305,060

1,850,730

Federal applications
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

1,329,870
927,800
674,580
643,480
566,190
517,010

66,880
62,880
45,030
50,970
47,050
45,810

491,170
508,950
403,350
375,950
323,170
292,380

771,820
355,970
226,200
216,560
195,970
178,820

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

526,790
411,510
342,680
458,610
586,670

46,260
39,050
35,670
42,110
45,740

293,740
248,340
202,590
262,660
322,390

186,790
124,120
104,420
153,840
218,540

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

527,800
603,580
589,440
578,370
629,460

46,590
51,020
48,480
47,560
51,520

324,070
391,600
373,320
361,070
388,120

157,140
160,960
167,640
169,740
189,820

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

718,310
822,890
1,049,260
1,054,170
944,830

76,070
126,190
221,080
236,220
203,190

446,940
504,860
636,300
630,030
580,640

195,300
191,840
191,880
187,920
161,000

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

893,460
797,970
673,340
739,410
757,270

177,550
144,270
116,280
135,600
139,400

571,080
526,690
461,260
489,240
493,960

144,830
127,010
95,800
114,570
123,910

2000
2001
2002

747,010
770,340
818,050

144,540
156,900
169,130

483,020
502,590
533,470

119,450
110,850
115,450

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
a. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 85

Awards
Table 48.
Awards for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1994–2002
Characteristic

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

203,190

177,550

144,270

116,280

135,600

139,400

144,540

156,900

169,130

Age
Under 5
5–12
13–17

69,190
92,010
41,990

69,210
74,600
33,740

63,440
56,670
24,160

54,490
44,290
17,500

58,770
55,960
20,870

60,070
57,500
21,830

62,500
60,170
21,870

64,860
66,980
25,060

68,020
71,910
29,200

Sex
Male
Female

130,070
73,120

113,160
64,390

90,110
54,160

71,780
44,500

85,140
50,460

87,830
51,570

90,960
53,580

98,910
57,990

108,540
60,590

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

201,420
1,770

176,150
1,400

143,180
1,090

115,480
800

134,530
1,070

138,240
1,160

143,650
890

155,940
960

168,350
780

6,780
1,320
640
1,170
135,480
70,440
65,040
3,390

7,320
1,310
670
960
112,620
54,570
58,050
3,100

6,970
990
470
1,050
84,880
42,260
42,620
2,900

5,970
830
380
1,100
62,480
29,680
32,800
2,500

6,580
980
280
1,000
75,760
31,280
44,480
2,720

6,230
940
360
1,080
81,900
29,110
52,790
2,650

7,050
1,070
250
980
84,580
26,940
57,640
2,610

7,010
910
280
1,090
95,410
26,470
68,940
3,000

7,400
900
340
1,010
107,430
27,150
80,280
2,850

1,830
910
610
730

1,650
1,070
600
620

1,520
940
500
490

1,220
830
680
480

1,590
800
810
510

1,340
840
720
520

1,290
950
960
530

1,470
770
1,340
550

1,260
960
1,090
510

1,430
15,620
5,010
120
15,270
12,880

1,510
14,070
4,830
190
16,930
10,100

1,310
12,250
4,460
50
17,420
8,070

1,250
10,370
4,170
130
16,590
7,300

1,390
11,210
4,050
110
18,860
8,950

1,200
10,820
4,140
100
20,640
5,920

1,430
10,940
4,520
170
22,250
4,960

1,650
10,800
4,550
140
23,120
4,810

1,470
11,740
4,470
160
23,330
4,210

6,710
19,440
21,560
48,910
43,810
24,020
9,250
4,770
19,380
5,330
10

7,250
17,450
18,970
44,110
36,240
19,710
7,690
4,580
16,920
4,620
10

5,060
14,750
15,250
35,130
28,290
14,930
6,390
3,480
16,470
4,520
0

4,840
10,870
11,730
29,190
21,890
12,570
4,140
2,760
14,750
3,540
0

5,070
11,030
14,640
36,470
24,570
16,280
4,850
2,740
16,350
3,600
0

5,570
13,130
14,370
37,640
22,580
16,680
6,240
2,650
16,670
3,870
0

6,130
12,830
14,920
38,930
24,330
16,930
5,640
2,650
17,840
4,340
0

6,040
13,040
18,450
42,210
25,580
19,340
5,790
3,070
18,260
5,120
0

5,880
13,990
18,310
42,570
28,300
25,100
6,790
3,110
20,040
5,040
0

Total

Diagnostic group
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic disorders
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Mental retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and connective
tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

86 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Awards
Table 49.
Awards for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1994–2002
Characteristic

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

580,640

571,080

526,690

461,260

489,240

493,960

483,020

502,590

533,470

Age
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64

37,740
64,670
133,910
133,240
155,190
55,890

34,530
57,510
127,640
136,670
158,620
56,110

33,340
50,890
115,150
129,900
149,550
47,860

30,080
42,440
96,000
118,050
134,340
40,350

33,470
44,030
97,280
125,560
142,900
46,000

34,680
42,520
95,550
131,170
143,850
46,190

36,640
39,890
90,260
128,240
142,660
45,330

41,210
44,200
90,780
133,130
149,120
44,150

43,410
47,540
91,950
144,500
158,610
47,460

Sex
Men
Women

291,450
289,190

282,690
288,390

260,010
266,680

221,440
239,820

232,670
256,570

234,380
259,580

234,920
248,100

244,570
258,020

262,830
270,640

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

542,070
38,570

533,190
37,890

494,700
31,990

441,840
19,420

450,100
39,140

457,690
36,270

447,620
35,400

469,470
33,120

499,440
34,030

990
30,220
26,900
16,260
218,650
57,710
160,940
26,180

850
29,950
25,740
15,760
206,300
47,790
158,510
27,220

940
28,650
23,210
15,850
177,110
40,630
136,480
26,490

880
26,460
16,630
13,470
150,240
34,840
115,400
25,230

640
27,040
14,790
14,780
162,020
34,320
127,700
25,370

900
28,070
14,000
15,390
172,840
34,820
138,020
25,820

1,160
14,000
13,440
16,030
181,960
35,030
146,930
26,500

1,700
15,030
12,560
16,680
193,120
35,530
157,590
26,950

1,790
15,320
11,950
18,930
204,260
35,290
168,970
27,660

1,440
47,660
7,340
8,840

1,070
47,260
7,590
9,140

1,330
44,320
7,300
8,640

1,140
39,980
7,030
9,050

1,240
40,200
7,610
8,970

1,430
40,090
9,020
8,970

1,310
42,110
9,180
9,650

1,670
45,110
10,140
9,490

1,590
47,240
11,080
9,820

59,990
32,480
18,940
790
470
83,490

63,670
32,070
18,650
1,040
490
84,280

61,160
30,620
18,760
910
420
80,980

53,640
25,780
15,530
970
460
74,770

58,530
29,100
16,540
820
430
81,160

63,370
29,990
16,580
860
590
66,040

69,980
30,000
17,080
840
530
49,250

75,190
32,510
17,450
1,090
740
43,160

84,140
34,530
18,520
1,000
1,010
44,630

30,230
56,590
55,230
139,270
99,270
67,590
22,530
13,370
77,760
18,770
30

31,930
59,330
57,250
142,770
87,770
66,680
23,360
11,930
71,460
18,580
20

29,020
55,340
49,990
134,410
77,550
60,690
21,440
11,040
69,180
18,020
10

24,790
44,250
47,690
120,370
68,530
54,430
17,590
9,180
58,700
15,730
0

24,430
49,590
50,520
122,820
72,100
54,800
19,310
9,370
70,370
15,930
0

24,330
52,730
50,730
119,640
68,290
57,210
20,080
8,820
74,470
17,660
0

24,040
49,010
50,400
117,890
64,910
55,200
21,340
8,900
72,520
18,810
0

24,190
48,710
52,420
121,830
70,040
63,770
20,510
9,310
72,940
18,870
0

24,750
47,260
52,760
123,340
77,110
76,950
22,110
10,230
79,080
19,880
0

Total

Diagnostic group
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic disorders
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Mental retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and connective
tissue
Nervous system and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 87

Awards
Table 50.
Awards for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1994–2002
Characteristic

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

161,000

144,830

127,010

95,800

114,570

123,910

119,450

110,850

115,450

54,000
39,380
27,910
15,680
24,030

52,250
33,440
24,420
14,410
20,310

41,390
30,730
23,740
13,020
18,130

34,820
22,110
15,120
9,850
13,900

34,590
29,270
20,870
13,830
16,010

35,610
32,310
24,650
15,420
15,920

34,470
31,360
23,120
14,250
16,250

32,840
29,530
21,570
12,680
14,230

32,460
31,370
23,280
13,740
14,600

Sex
Men
Women

56,550
104,450

50,820
94,010

44,590
82,420

32,980
62,820

40,860
73,710

44,500
79,410

43,120
76,330

40,000
70,850

42,530
72,920

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

119,430
41,570

105,120
39,710

90,350
36,660

80,340
15,460

79,860
34,710

84,460
39,450

84,080
35,370

78,670
32,180

81,030
34,420

6,550
23,140
12,640
34,130
14,150
21,040
3,330
2,670
40,260
3,090

5,360
19,710
11,100
31,550
13,670
18,230
3,280
1,980
36,840
3,110

5,110
17,820
9,750
26,340
10,260
15,320
2,680
2,060
34,620
3,050

4,020
13,120
7,750
20,920
7,890
12,840
2,150
1,680
23,340
2,090

5,090
17,130
8,300
22,040
9,160
13,470
2,100
1,530
32,900
2,850

5,010
18,100
9,330
22,280
9,780
15,600
2,110
1,740
36,650
3,310

4,980
17,200
9,130
22,640
9,500
13,720
2,450
1,820
34,990
3,020

4,220
16,380
8,570
20,300
8,580
13,780
2,130
1,510
32,390
2,990

3,970
15,520
7,960
22,820
8,170
14,770
1,980
1,790
35,480
2,990

Total
Age
65
66–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

88 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Awards
Table 51.
All awards, by state or other area and age of awardee, 2002
State or area

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

818,050

169,130

533,470

115,450

21,680
1,730
13,050
12,200
112,570

4,570
390
2,530
2,870
16,360

15,360
1,140
9,240
8,370
63,550

1,750
200
1,280
960
32,660

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

6,700
5,950
2,230
2,930
55,560

1,490
1,150
640
750
13,940

4,360
4,110
1,360
1,890
30,060

850
690
230
290
11,560

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

23,940
3,140
3,140
30,430
13,220

4,900
320
700
8,190
3,180

16,620
2,130
2,220
19,490
9,410

2,420
690
220
2,750
630

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

5,970
5,650
17,590
20,180
3,780

1,330
1,430
3,720
5,220
540

4,150
3,840
12,650
13,380
3,010

490
380
1,220
1,580
230

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

11,260
17,980
25,830
8,660
13,960

2,360
3,040
6,420
1,930
3,450

7,430
12,510
17,800
5,930
9,390

1,470
2,430
1,610
800
1,120

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

15,690
2,060
3,570
5,790
2,380

3,250
350
780
820
310

11,610
1,580
2,510
4,120
1,950

830
130
280
850
120

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

17,910
6,590
58,860
25,290
1,060

3,540
1,070
10,450
5,530
140

11,120
4,580
36,140
17,640
770

3,250
940
12,270
2,120
150

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

24,270
10,030
8,610
39,000
3,010

5,730
2,230
1,320
9,790
560

17,070
6,810
6,110
25,420
2,090

1,470
990
1,180
3,790
360

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

11,960
1,480
18,750
67,820
3,170

2,830
320
3,630
13,710
670

8,160
920
13,460
43,810
2,150

970
240
1,660
10,300
350

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,500
15,400
14,430
8,210
11,170
660

280
3,350
2,630
1,420
2,850
140

1,080
10,420
10,410
6,240
7,410
450

140
1,630
1,390
550
910
70

50

10

40

0

All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 89

Awards
Table 52.
All persons awarded SSI, by year of first award and age, 1974–2002
Year

All ages

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Total

21,657,550

2,667,770

12,418,040

6,571,740

State conversions a

3,158,410

2,620

1,305,060

1,850,730

Federal applications
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

1,317,640
913,620
640,570
578,270
494,740
446,420

66,250
62,340
44,090
47,830
43,830
42,270

485,860
502,830
386,940
344,910
288,420
257,080

765,530
348,450
209,540
185,530
162,490
147,070

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

451,240
348,250
283,240
361,060
480,420

42,450
35,480
31,750
37,970
41,480

254,810
213,610
171,680
217,450
272,030

153,980
99,160
79,810
105,640
166,910

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

444,310
521,270
508,530
501,740
546,650

41,680
46,340
43,750
43,540
46,830

277,490
343,800
327,910
317,210
341,480

125,140
131,130
136,870
140,990
158,340

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

634,480
739,810
960,900
969,060
863,940

70,640
119,340
214,160
229,610
196,810

398,330
454,580
580,580
577,260
529,790

165,510
165,890
166,160
162,190
137,340

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

812,760
725,020
601,260
656,600
666,430

171,110
138,550
111,210
128,640
131,190

518,090
478,070
409,700
430,960
430,370

123,560
108,400
80,350
97,000
104,870

2000
2001
2002

651,560
668,710
710,640

134,380
145,040
156,590

416,290
429,400
456,050

100,890
94,270
98,000

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 10 percent sample.
NOTE: Data include only the first award for each person.
a. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

90 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Outcomes of Applications
for Disability Benefits

Notes
The tables in this section provide data on the outcomes of applications for SSI benefits based on blindness
or disability. The data on applications are derived from the Social Security Administration's (SSA's)
Disability Research File (DRF) maintained by the Office of Disability Programs. Each year the DRF is
updated with information about applications for disability benefits that is then used to determine the
outcome of those applications. The outcome data in these tables are reported by year of filing and include
decisions made through the administrative appeals process.
Table 53 shows the total number of applications filed in a year, the number that are pending a final
decision, the number denied for nonmedical reasons before a medical decision is made (technical
denials), the outcome of applications for which a medical allowance or denial was made, and award and
allowance rates. Applications for which a medical allowance or denial decision was made but that were
subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons are shown under the medical decision header as subsequent
denials. The most common nonmedical reason for denying a claim is excess income.
The allowance rate is calculated by dividing the number of medical allowances (including subsequent
technical denials) by the total number of medical decisions made for a 1-year cohort. The award rate is a
broader program measure that is calculated as the number of allowances minus subsequent denials
divided by total applications (minus pending claims) filed for a given year.
Claims that remain pending after 6 years are probably the result of imperfect data rather than excessive
delays in the decisionmaking process. It is highly probable that decisions have been rendered on most of
the older claims. For more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change as decisions are made
on pending claims.
Tables 54–56 show the allowance rate for SSI only and the SSI portion of concurrent (a claim for both
Social Security and SSI disability benefits) applications, one for each level in the administrative
decisionmaking process, that is, initial, reconsideration, and hearing or higher level.
Beginning with fiscal year 2000, the proportion of claims awarded at each level of the process changed as
a result of the Prototype Process being tested in 10 states. Under this test, the reconsideration step of the
appeals process was eliminated for applications filed October 1, 1999, or later. Elimination of the
reconsideration level in these states results in a decrease in the aggregate proportion of claims awarded at
this step.
This section also includes one table that shows the reason for medical allowance and one that shows
reason for medical denial (Tables 57 and 58). The reasons are derived from the sequential evaluation
process used by decisionmakers. SSA maintains a list of impairments that are considered disabling under
its regulations. An applicant can be found to be disabled if he or she:



Has a listed impairment,
Has a severe impairment that is equal to a listed impairment,
Has a severe impairment when medical and vocational factors are considered, or
Had previously established entitlement to a disability benefit.

An applicant can be denied benefits if he or she:




Has an impairment that is not expected to last 12 months,
Has an impairment that is not considered severe,
Is able to perform his or her usual type of work,
Is able to perform another type of work, or
Provides insufficient medical evidence, fails to cooperate, fails to follow prescribed treatment, does not
want to continue development of the claim, or returns to substantial work before disability can be
established.

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 53.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by age and year of application, 1992–2001
Medical decisions
Denials
Year

Total

Pending
final decision

Technical
denials a

Medical

Allowances

Subsequent
nonmedical d

Awards

Subsequent
denials e

Award rate b
(percent)

Allowance
rate c
(percent)

All ages f
1992
1993
1994

1,828,951
2,048,945
2,014,499

0
0
0

134,438
141,214
123,175

741,839
937,890
1,041,697

1,556
1,600
1,680

860,875
878,798
770,639

90,243
89,443
77,308

47.1
42.9
38.3

56.1
50.8
44.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,845,212
1,786,770
1,505,145
1,520,538
1,528,217

3,041
3,891
5,539
10,185
22,194

103,335
113,027
97,320
95,990
105,819

992,633
935,566
735,227
694,917
675,264

1,342
1,884
2,071
3,825
3,995

683,362
670,849
604,249
652,774
656,481

61,499
61,553
60,739
62,847
64,464

37.1
37.6
40.3
43.2
43.6

42.8
43.9
47.4
50.6
51.5

2000
2001

1,611,657
1,723,546

77,954
211,951

157,501
204,932

658,186
656,622

3,457
2,729

651,929
593,023

62,630
54,289

42.5
39.2

51.9
49.5

1992
1993
1994

376,812
500,676
530,538

0
0
0

16,695
18,788
16,897

148,221
240,672
311,156

103
135
147

204,083
232,340
194,636

7,710
8,741
7,702

54.2
46.4
36.7

58.8
50.0
39.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

491,638
457,057
334,975
338,592
345,067

244
294
333
696
1,776

14,364
13,532
10,906
10,904
11,898

306,082
291,029
195,487
182,076
181,155

92
86
69
74
68

163,868
144,612
121,349
137,477
142,356

6,988
7,504
6,831
7,365
7,814

33.3
31.7
36.3
40.7
41.5

35.8
34.3
39.6
44.3
45.3

2000
2001

355,401
370,789

7,803
21,754

15,895
18,909

174,763
167,041

59
52

149,204
155,363

7,677
7,670

42.9
44.5

47.3
49.4

1992
1993
1994

1,451,417
1,547,527
1,482,503

0
0
0

117,675
122,364
106,181

593,455
697,063
730,173

1,451
1,463
1,528

656,374
646,027
575,184

82,462
80,610
69,437

45.2
41.7
38.8

55.4
51.0
46.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,351,903
1,277,604
1,135,602
1,133,015
1,133,722

2,793
3,593
5,192
9,478
20,394

88,839
87,869
78,303
76,709
83,733

686,106
643,896
538,659
510,788
492,792

1,243
1,532
1,453
1,855
1,534

518,581
487,222
459,126
480,285
479,784

54,341
53,492
52,869
53,900
55,485

38.4
38.2
40.6
42.7
43.1

45.5
45.6
48.7
51.0
52.0

2000
2001

1,207,614
1,302,200

70,062
189,871

128,651
168,685

482,435
488,795

1,137
750

471,304
408,307

54,025
45,792

41.4
36.7

52.1
48.1

Under age 18

Aged 18–64

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2002. Data for the hearing level or above are current through July 2002.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time. Cases can be pending at the initial or appellate
levels and can include either medical or technical issues.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security-only applications.
a. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons so no decision was made on severity of impairment.
b. Rate determined by dividing awards by all applications minus pending claims for that year.
c. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
d. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that applicant did not meet the medical severity criteria for disability benefits.
e. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that applicant met the medical severity criteria for disability benefits.
f.

Includes applicants aged 65 or older.

CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 93

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 54.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by age, year of application, and program, 1992–2001
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

1992
1993
1994

1,694,513
1,907,731
1,891,324

686,962
687,630
577,721

40.5
36.0
30.5

946,348
1,106,624
1,105,532

399,334
409,102
335,756

42.2
37.0
30.4

748,165
801,107
785,792

287,628
278,528
241,965

38.4
34.8
30.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,741,877
1,673,743
1,407,825
1,424,548
1,422,398

507,742
508,931
459,297
520,690
531,498

29.1
30.4
32.6
36.6
37.4

1,037,201
1,000,530
820,527
843,671
843,031

291,168
296,655
260,354
304,856
312,871

28.1
29.6
31.7
36.1
37.1

704,676
673,213
587,298
580,877
579,367

216,574
212,276
198,943
215,834
218,627

30.7
31.5
33.9
37.2
37.7

2000
2001

1,453,993
1,518,287

555,858
584,117

38.2
38.5

854,135
874,430

324,295
341,312

38.0
39.0

599,858
643,857

231,563
242,805

38.6
37.7

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

All ages b

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

360,117
481,888
513,641

194,494
218,724
177,660

54.0
45.4
34.6

329,316
443,778
475,233

176,929
200,206
164,436

53.7
45.1
34.6

30,801
38,110
38,408

17,565
18,518
13,224

57.0
48.6
34.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

477,274
443,525
324,069
327,688
333,169

149,140
133,375
112,387
129,729
135,117

31.2
30.1
34.7
39.6
40.6

443,367
413,379
302,540
306,164
310,763

138,959
124,846
105,366
121,371
126,253

31.3
30.2
34.8
39.6
40.6

33,907
30,146
21,529
21,524
22,406

10,181
8,529
7,021
8,358
8,864

30.0
28.3
32.6
38.8
39.6

2000
2001

339,459
351,824

143,073
155,588

42.1
44.2

317,396
331,094

134,288
147,090

42.3
44.4

22,063
20,730

8,785
8,498

39.8
41.0

1992
1993
1994

1,333,742
1,425,163
1,376,322

492,046
468,477
399,267

36.9
32.9
29.0

616,523
662,298
629,051

222,077
208,554
170,618

36.0
31.5
27.1

717,219
762,865
747,271

269,969
259,923
228,649

37.6
34.1
30.6

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,263,064
1,189,735
1,057,299
1,056,306
1,049,989

357,732
338,209
324,213
356,592
362,246

28.3
28.4
30.7
33.8
34.5

592,390
555,158
498,637
506,024
502,870

151,417
142,505
139,003
157,861
162,036

25.6
25.7
27.9
31.2
32.2

670,674
634,577
558,662
550,282
547,119

206,315
195,704
185,210
198,731
200,210

30.8
30.8
33.2
36.1
36.6

2000
2001

1,078,850
1,133,247

381,507
399,150

35.4
35.2

511,213
520,658

168,588
175,066

33.0
33.6

567,637
612,589

212,919
224,084

37.5
36.6

Aged 18–64

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial level are current through June 2002.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

94 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 55.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by age, year of application, and program, 1992–2001
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

1992
1993
1994

479,152
557,384
571,602

74,500
75,560
73,736

15.5
13.6
12.9

234,057
280,174
290,341

38,371
38,663
36,826

16.4
13.8
12.7

245,095
277,210
281,261

36,129
36,897
36,910

14.7
13.3
13.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

522,987
480,593
409,396
390,212
382,196

66,781
65,361
62,522
61,296
55,696

12.8
13.6
15.3
15.7
14.6

275,013
249,224
208,993
203,132
197,671

33,432
32,511
31,884
31,821
28,510

12.2
13.0
15.3
15.7
14.4

247,974
231,369
200,403
187,080
184,525

33,349
32,850
30,638
29,475
27,186

13.4
14.2
15.3
15.8
14.7

2000
2001

377,938
326,118

51,887
36,131

13.7
11.1

194,184
164,309

26,151
18,556

13.5
11.3

183,754
161,809

25,736
17,575

14.0
10.9

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

All ages b

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

49,099
75,816
91,854

9,570
11,440
11,475

19.5
15.1
12.5

44,562
69,176
83,789

8,590
10,355
10,461

19.3
15.0
12.5

4,537
6,640
8,065

980
1,085
1,014

21.6
16.3
12.6

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

86,651
74,836
51,365
49,909
49,456

10,459
9,646
8,583
8,042
7,479

12.1
12.9
16.7
16.1
15.1

79,397
68,797
47,131
45,989
45,465

9,625
8,863
7,883
7,417
6,841

12.1
12.9
16.7
16.1
15.0

7,254
6,039
4,234
3,920
3,991

834
783
700
625
638

11.5
13.0
16.5
15.9
16.0

2000
2001

47,932
40,885

7,414
5,787

15.5
14.2

44,257
38,149

6,889
5,472

15.6
14.3

3,675
2,736

525
315

14.3
11.5

1992
1993
1994

429,944
481,434
479,439

64,891
64,075
62,152

15.1
13.3
13.0

189,409
210,882
206,253

29,744
28,268
26,260

15.7
13.4
12.7

240,535
270,552
273,186

35,147
35,807
35,892

14.6
13.2
13.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

435,988
403,309
355,514
337,411
330,830

56,206
54,203
52,614
51,789
47,312

12.9
13.4
14.8
15.3
14.3

195,281
178,404
159,694
154,436
150,460

23,695
22,458
22,954
23,054
20,871

12.1
12.6
14.4
14.9
13.9

240,707
224,905
195,820
182,975
180,370

32,511
31,745
29,660
28,735
26,441

13.5
14.1
15.1
15.7
14.7

2000
2001

328,468
283,961

43,743
29,725

13.3
10.5

148,561
125,092

18,651
12,624

12.6
10.1

179,907
158,869

25,092
17,101

13.9
10.8

Aged 18–64

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the reconsideration level are current through June 2002.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing level without a reconsideration.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 95

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 56.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by age, year of application, and program, 1992–2001
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

1992
1993
1994

280,751
327,269
333,324

189,656
205,051
196,490

67.6
62.7
58.9

128,789
153,125
156,581

79,307
85,140
80,483

61.6
55.6
51.4

151,962
174,144
176,743

110,349
119,911
116,007

72.6
68.9
65.6

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

297,915
268,077
233,179
214,543
209,254

170,338
158,110
143,169
133,635
133,751

57.2
59.0
61.4
62.3
63.9

144,200
126,932
109,580
102,619
99,853

70,238
63,932
58,869
56,228
55,705

48.7
50.4
53.7
54.8
55.8

153,715
141,145
123,599
111,924
109,401

100,100
94,178
84,300
77,407
78,046

65.1
66.7
68.2
69.2
71.3

2000
2001

169,321
42,293

106,814
27,064

63.1
64.0

80,935
20,747

43,812
11,110

54.1
53.5

88,386
21,546

63,002
15,954

71.3
74.0

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

All ages b

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

19,988
31,658
38,751

7,729
10,917
13,203

38.7
34.5
34.1

17,979
28,625
34,869

6,890
9,780
11,843

38.3
34.2
34.0

2,009
3,033
3,882

839
1,137
1,360

41.8
37.5
35.0

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

35,612
27,811
19,216
18,208
19,123

11,257
9,095
7,210
7,071
7,574

31.6
32.7
37.5
38.8
39.6

32,214
25,322
17,415
16,569
17,371

10,109
8,240
6,510
6,390
6,830

31.4
32.5
37.4
38.6
39.3

3,398
2,489
1,801
1,639
1,752

1,148
855
700
681
744

33.8
34.4
38.9
41.5
42.5

2000
2001

16,563
3,984

6,394
1,658

38.6
41.6

15,186
3,723

5,845
1,537

38.5
41.3

1,377
261

549
121

39.9
46.4

1992
1993
1994

260,727
295,549
294,436

181,899
194,085
183,202

69.8
65.7
62.2

110,785
124,444
121,581

72,398
75,317
68,560

65.4
60.5
56.4

149,942
171,105
172,855

109,501
118,768
114,642

73.0
69.4
66.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

262,159
239,462
213,016
195,383
189,548

158,984
148,302
135,168
125,804
125,711

60.6
61.9
63.5
64.4
66.3

111,850
100,904
91,283
85,146
81,944

60,039
55,073
51,622
49,122
48,449

53.7
54.6
56.6
57.7
59.1

150,309
138,558
121,733
110,237
107,604

98,945
93,229
83,546
76,682
77,262

65.8
67.3
68.6
69.6
71.8

2000
2001

152,292
38,086

100,079
25,224

65.7
66.2

65,321
16,821

37,657
9,408

57.6
55.9

86,971
21,265

62,422
15,816

71.8
74.4

Aged 18–64

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the hearing level or above are current through July 2002.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing level without a reconsideration.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

96 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 57.
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by age, year of application, and reason for allowance,
1992–2001
Total

Under age 18 only
Meets level of Medically equals
severity of level of severity
of listings
listings a

Aged 18 or older only

Functionally
equals level of
severity of
listings

Equals level of
severity of
listings

Medical and
vocational
factors
considered

Other a, b

Year

Number

Percent

1992
1993
1994

951,118
968,241
847,947

100.0
100.0
100.0

36.6
36.5
36.8

1.5
1.5
1.5

1.3
1.6
2.1

7.5
5.5
4.4

18.6
17.4
18.1

34.4
37.6
37.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

744,861
732,402
664,988
715,621
720,945

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

35.9
35.9
37.7
38.4
37.1

1.6
1.8
1.8
2.0
2.0

2.5
3.3
4.3
4.8
5.4

4.3
4.4
4.7
4.2
4.0

18.6
17.5
18.4
20.2
21.1

37.1
37.1
33.1
30.5
30.5

2000
2001

714,559
647,312

100.0
100.0

36.7
40.7

2.0
2.1

6.4
8.3

4.4
4.8

22.2
25.0

28.3
19.0

All ages c

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

211,793
241,081
202,338

100.0
100.0
100.0

48.3
44.9
45.6

6.9
5.9
6.5

5.9
6.4
8.6

...
...
...

...
...
...

38.9
42.7
39.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

170,856
152,116
128,180
144,842
150,170

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.8
52.7
55.9
55.7
53.4

7.0
8.7
9.2
9.7
9.8

11.0
16.0
22.2
23.6
25.9

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

37.2
22.6
12.8
11.0
11.0

2000
2001

156,881
163,033

100.0
100.0

50.4
49.3

9.3
8.4

29.2
33.1

...
...

...
...

11.1
9.1

1992
1993
1994

738,836
726,637
644,621

100.0
100.0
100.0

33.3
33.7
34.0

...
...
...

...
...
...

9.7
7.3
5.8

23.9
23.1
23.8

33.2
35.9
36.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

572,922
540,714
511,995
534,185
535,269

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

33.2
33.7
34.6
35.8
34.5

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

5.6
5.9
6.1
5.5
5.3

24.1
23.3
22.6
24.0
25.5

37.2
37.0
36.6
34.7
34.7

2000
2001

525,329
454,099

100.0
100.0

34.6
40.1

...
...

...
...

5.9
6.9

27.8
33.2

31.7
19.9

Aged 18–64

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2002. Data for the hearing level or above are current through July 2002.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security-only applications.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Includes all age groups.
b. Includes applications for which the disability was previously established and those for which the basis for the determination is not available. For final determinations made
in or before August 1996 for applicants under age 18, also includes applications allowed because individual functional assessment showed impairment of comparable
severity.
c. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 97

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 58.
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by age, year of application, and reason for denial, 1992–2001
Total

Year

Number

Percent

Impairment did
not or is not
expected to last
12 months

Impairment does
not cause severe
Impairment
functional
is not severe
limitations a

1992
1993
1994

743,395
939,490
1,043,377

100.0
100.0
100.0

7.3
6.6
6.2

22.1
21.2
20.7

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

993,975
937,450
737,298
698,742
679,259

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.2
6.4
6.9
6.9
6.7

2000
2001

661,643
659,351

100.0
100.0

6.5
6.3

1992
1993
1994

148,324
240,807
311,303

100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
1.3
1.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

306,174
291,115
195,556
182,150
181,223

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2000
2001

174,822
167,093

1992
1993
1994

Able to do usual
past work b

Able to do other
type of work b

Other c

...
...
...

17.5
15.4
13.6

26.3
24.8
23.3

26.9
31.9
36.1

19.7
20.6
16.7
15.0
14.0

...
5.8
16.3
18.4
19.3

12.4
12.1
13.0
14.6
15.4

22.4
22.9
25.1
25.2
24.2

39.2
32.2
22.1
19.9
20.4

13.3
12.7

18.8
17.8

15.3
15.5

23.2
23.7

22.9
24.0

22.7
21.8
22.4

...
...
...

...
...
...

...
...
...

75.8
76.9
76.2

1.3
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.1

21.8
26.9
19.1
14.5
13.3

...
18.7
61.3
70.6
72.3

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

76.9
53.0
18.0
13.7
13.2

100.0
100.0

1.1
1.1

13.3
14.0

71.3
70.3

...
...

...
...

14.3
14.6

594,906
698,526
731,701

100.0
100.0
100.0

8.8
8.4
8.3

21.9
21.0
20.0

...
...
...

21.8
20.7
19.4

32.8
33.4
33.2

14.7
16.4
19.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

687,349
645,428
540,112
512,643
494,326

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.4
8.7
8.8
8.9
8.7

18.8
17.8
15.8
15.0
14.1

...
...
...
...
...

17.9
17.5
17.7
19.7
20.9

32.4
33.2
34.2
34.3
33.3

22.5
22.8
23.5
22.1
23.0

2000
2001

483,572
489,545

100.0
100.0

8.5
8.1

13.1
12.2

...
...

20.7
20.7

31.7
31.9

25.9
27.2

All ages d

Under age 18

Aged 18–64

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2002. Data for the hearing level or above are current through July 2002.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security-only applications.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Used only for applicants under age 18. Category effective for final determinations made August 1996 or later.
b. Used only for applicants aged 18 or older.
c. Applicant provided insufficient evidence, failed to cooperate, failed to follow prescribed treatment, did not want to continue development of the claim, or returned to
substantial work before disability could be established. For final determinations made August 1996 or before for applicants under age 18, also includes claims denied
because individual functional assessment showed impairment not of comparable severity.
d. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

98 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Suspensions

Suspensions
Table 59.
Suspensions, by age of recipient and reason for suspension, 1994–2002

Year

Total

Excess
income

Death

In
Medicaid
facility

WherePresump- No repreabouts
Excess
tive sentative In public
unknown resources disability
payee institution

Failed to
furnish
report

Outside
United
In No longer
States transition disabled

Other

All ages
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,029,400
1,108,600
1,243,200
1,259,500
1,140,100
1,203,600

510,500
582,500
570,200
525,700
524,200
552,100

204,800
203,300
211,300
194,700
201,100
195,300

54,400
49,500
47,100
45,300
49,500
46,300

70,000
65,300
72,700
87,000
90,900
88,600

46,600
37,400
37,600
35,500
37,000
43,700

8,300
4,300
2,900
2,000
2,200
2,200

33,200
42,800
41,600
37,500
34,400
37,300

36,300
38,800
61,500
54,800
50,000
59,000

9,500
11,000
14,000
21,000
28,200
37,700

19,500
19,300
23,200
19,800
18,800
21,100

11,500
10,300
11,300
18,500
15,300
3,300

6,600
17,300
117,000
193,800
81,500
108,800

18,200
26,800
32,800
23,900
7,000
8,200

2000
2001
2002

1,220,200
1,238,800
1,295,200

562,200
575,900
596,400

203,400
193,500
202,700

49,400
50,000
50,000

94,000
106,600
105,200

39,000
48,400
46,800

2,000
2,700
2,800

37,200
37,100
33,200

59,100
64,300
64,900

50,200
51,900
53,600

22,700
19,600
21,600

...
7,400
6,600

90,600
67,500
90,600

10,400
13,900
20,800

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

141,700
173,600
198,000
336,500
198,700
231,500

86,100
106,700
124,100
104,000
98,200
106,300

5,000
6,900
6,600
4,600
5,400
5,000

2,000
1,000
1,100
900
1,000
900

11,500
10,400
10,800
15,800
13,800
16,700

9,800
7,900
9,200
7,300
7,200
7,300

2,600
1,900
1,200
700
700
1,000

12,100
17,300
17,900
17,400
14,100
14,300

3,600
4,100
6,600
6,100
4,200
4,600

3,400
4,300
5,600
8,200
10,000
15,200

700
400
1,100
900
600
800

900
1,600
2,000
3,900
3,000
300

900
5,900
6,800
160,600
39,100
57,800

3,100
5,200
5,000
6,100
1,400
1,300

2000
2001
2002

224,100
203,200
233,800

112,700
107,400
116,100

6,400
5,100
5,700

1,000
900
900

18,300
17,500
22,000

6,600
9,100
9,800

500
700
700

15,800
14,800
13,300

3,300
3,300
4,500

19,400
17,800
22,200

600
400
600

...
500
...

38,200
24,700
36,900

1,300
1,000
1,100

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

580,600
636,600
756,900
652,100
662,200
697,700

344,200
382,400
371,400
355,300
358,000
375,200

77,000
81,000
87,100
79,300
77,200
78,600

14,300
14,500
13,000
12,800
14,700
10,400

34,000
36,400
40,100
48,200
53,600
52,800

22,100
17,400
16,900
17,100
18,600
22,400

5,700
2,400
1,700
1,300
1,500
1,200

19,600
23,800
20,900
18,000
18,500
21,100

31,600
34,000
53,400
47,600
44,800
53,300

4,600
5,100
6,600
9,900
14,500
17,500

3,500
4,500
4,500
5,400
5,900
6,000

6,900
5,900
6,500
10,600
8,100
2,100

5,700
11,400
110,200
33,200
42,400
51,000

11,400
17,800
24,600
13,400
4,400
6,100

2000
2001
2002

719,600
760,200
793,100

385,100
403,000
421,800

84,500
81,900
88,200

12,600
14,700
14,200

53,700
64,300
59,900

19,600
24,200
22,900

1,500
2,000
2,100

19,400
20,600
18,800

54,500
60,100
59,100

24,400
26,300
25,500

4,300
4,200
4,200

...
4,900
4,100

52,400
42,800
53,700

7,600
11,200
18,600

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

307,100
298,400
288,300
270,900
279,200
274,400

80,200
93,400
74,700
66,400
68,000
70,600

122,800
115,400
117,600
110,800
118,500
111,700

38,100
34,000
33,000
31,600
33,800
35,000

24,500
18,500
21,800
23,000
23,500
19,100

14,700
12,100
11,500
11,100
11,200
14,000

...
...
...
...
...
...

1,500
1,700
2,800
2,100
1,800
1,900

1,100
700
1,500
1,100
1,000
1,100

1,500
1,600
1,800
2,900
3,700
5,000

15,300
14,400
17,600
13,500
12,300
14,300

3,700
2,800
2,800
4,000
4,200
900

...
...
...
...
...
...

3,700
3,800
3,200
4,400
1,200
800

2000
2001
2002

276,500
275,400
268,300

64,400
65,500
58,500

112,500
106,500
108,800

35,800
34,400
34,900

22,000
24,800
23,300

12,800
15,100
14,100

...
...
...

2,000
1,700
1,100

1,300
900
1,300

6,400
7,800
5,900

17,800
15,000
16,800

...
2,000
2,500

...
...
...

1,500
1,700
1,100

Under age 18

Aged 18–64

Aged 65 or older

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Includes multiple suspensions per person.
. . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 101

Suspensions
Table 60.
Recipients suspended, by age and reason for suspension, 1994–2002

Year

Excess
income

Total

Death

In
Medicaid
facility

WherePresump- No repreabouts
Excess
tive sentative In public
unknown resources disability
payee institution

Failed to
furnish
report

Outside
United
In No longer
States transition disabled

Other

All ages
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

952,900
1,017,100
1,125,400
1,157,000
1,052,700
1,092,700

450,100
509,100
484,100
449,400
457,300
461,300

204,800
203,300
211,300
194,700
201,100
195,300

51,900
46,900
44,800
42,100
47,900
44,600

64,900
60,200
66,700
80,300
83,900
82,800

45,000
35,600
36,000
34,300
35,800
42,900

8,100
4,100
2,500
1,900
1,900
1,900

30,300
39,700
34,500
32,300
30,900
34,600

34,900
36,400
55,800
51,200
47,600
55,000

9,200
10,700
13,400
18,100
26,100
35,600

19,300
19,100
22,900
19,200
18,100
20,800

11,000
10,000
10,900
17,700
14,300
3,300

6,600
17,100
116,100
193,200
80,900
107,200

16,800
24,900
26,400
22,600
6,900
7,400

2000
2001
2002

1,109,900
1,123,300
1,175,500

472,900
485,500
509,100

203,400
193,500
202,700

46,900
47,500
48,100

87,000
97,000
96,000

38,000
47,500
45,500

2,000
2,500
2,600

35,000
33,900
27,700

56,100
59,600
59,000

47,300
49,500
47,500

22,000
19,100
20,800

...
7,300
6,300

89,500
66,900
90,100

9,800
13,500
20,100

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

118,900
140,700
160,500
299,500
169,900
197,200

65,800
76,900
90,300
75,100
73,300
77,000

5,000
6,900
6,600
4,600
5,400
5,000

2,000
900
1,100
900
900
900

10,800
10,000
9,800
14,200
12,800
15,400

9,500
7,500
8,700
6,800
6,600
7,000

2,600
1,700
1,000
700
600
800

10,900
16,000
16,700
14,200
13,000
13,800

3,400
3,600
6,500
5,800
4,000
3,900

3,300
4,200
5,400
6,900
9,400
14,200

700
400
1,100
800
600
600

900
1,600
1,900
3,500
2,900
300

900
5,900
6,800
160,300
39,000
57,100

3,100
5,100
4,600
5,700
1,400
1,200

2000
2001
2002

183,800
167,000
191,400

76,500
75,200
81,200

6,400
5,100
5,700

1,000
800
800

16,900
15,700
20,700

6,300
9,000
9,400

500
700
700

15,100
13,800
10,900

3,200
3,000
4,200

18,100
17,300
19,300

600
300
600

...
400
...

38,000
24,700
36,900

1,200
1,000
1,000

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

540,200
590,000
688,400
599,200
614,800
633,200

313,600
348,300
327,600
317,100
324,100
323,800

77,000
81,000
87,100
79,300
77,200
78,600

12,800
12,700
11,300
10,700
13,600
9,300

31,100
32,400
36,600
44,100
49,300
49,200

21,200
16,500
16,100
16,800
18,400
22,000

5,500
2,400
1,500
1,200
1,300
1,100

18,000
22,100
15,200
16,200
16,300
19,000

30,400
32,200
47,900
44,300
42,600
50,000

4,600
4,900
6,300
8,500
13,000
16,500

3,500
4,500
4,400
5,200
5,400
6,000

6,400
5,600
6,400
10,200
7,400
2,100

5,700
11,200
109,300
32,900
41,900
50,100

10,400
16,200
18,700
12,700
4,300
5,500

2000
2001
2002

662,600
693,000
726,100

340,600
353,300
375,100

84,500
81,900
88,200

11,100
13,000
13,200

49,400
58,200
54,000

19,300
23,700
22,500

1,500
1,800
1,900

18,100
18,400
15,700

51,600
55,700
53,700

23,500
24,800
22,500

4,200
4,200
4,200

...
4,900
3,900

51,500
42,200
53,200

7,300
10,900
18,000

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

293,800
286,400
276,500
258,300
268,000
262,300

70,700
83,900
66,200
57,200
59,900
60,500

122,800
115,400
117,600
110,800
118,500
111,700

37,100
33,300
32,400
30,500
33,400
34,400

23,000
17,800
20,300
22,000
21,800
18,200

14,300
11,600
11,200
10,700
10,800
13,900

...
...
...
...
...
...

1,400
1,600
2,600
1,900
1,600
1,800

1,100
600
1,400
1,100
1,000
1,100

1,300
1,600
1,700
2,700
3,700
4,900

15,100
14,200
17,400
13,200
12,100
14,200

3,700
2,800
2,600
4,000
4,000
900

...
...
...
...
...
...

3,300
3,600
3,100
4,200
1,200
700

2000
2001
2002

263,500
263,300
258,000

55,800
57,000
52,800

112,500
106,500
108,800

34,800
33,700
34,100

20,700
23,100
21,300

12,400
14,800
13,600

...
...
...

1,800
1,700
1,100

1,300
900
1,100

5,700
7,400
5,700

17,200
14,600
16,000

...
2,000
2,400

...
...
...

1,300
1,600
1,100

Under age 18

Aged 18–64

Aged 65 or older

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 1 percent sample.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

102 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

Suspensions
Table 61.
Recipients suspended for at least 12 months, by age and reason for suspension, 1994–2001

Year

Total

Excess
income

Death

In
Medicaid
facility

WherePresump- No repreabouts
Excess
tive sentative In public
unknown resources disability
payee institution

Failed to
furnish
report

Outside
United
In No longer
States transition disabled

Other

All ages
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

649,300
682,600
759,900
770,000
681,500
699,000

292,300
329,600
302,500
282,100
285,500
282,800

204,800
203,300
211,300
194,700
201,100
195,300

42,400
38,100
36,400
31,300
38,900
36,100

25,000
24,600
22,800
27,400
22,900
22,800

27,300
20,300
21,400
19,200
18,600
24,200

2,500
1,400
1,100
700
700
700

4,300
5,500
6,100
5,600
5,000
4,800

17,900
17,000
28,200
25,300
19,700
20,600

3,900
4,200
5,400
9,400
9,000
13,500

10,700
10,700
15,900
12,700
10,100
11,700

4,300
3,100
3,800
4,800
2,400
2,000

6,200
14,300
90,700
152,100
63,300
80,000

7,700
10,500
14,300
4,700
4,300
4,500

2000
2001

695,500
674,000

284,900
284,300

203,400
193,500

35,500
37,000

23,800
21,600

20,200
25,700

1,000
1,100

5,400
4,800

20,500
20,500

15,100
15,500

10,300
9,700

2,700
5,400

66,500
47,800

6,200
7,100

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

46,800
57,600
70,300
157,900
82,200
95,500

22,700
27,700
35,800
31,500
28,700
25,100

5,000
6,900
6,600
4,600
5,400
5,000

800
200
500
100
500
100

3,100
3,300
2,700
5,100
3,700
3,700

6,200
4,200
5,400
3,600
2,900
5,000

500
500
200
...
200
400

2,300
2,700
2,700
1,800
2,500
2,200

1,700
1,600
4,000
1,900
2,100
2,100

1,400
1,400
2,500
3,000
3,200
5,300

400
300
700
600
500
400

200
300
300
200
300
300

900
5,400
6,300
104,400
31,200
45,000

1,600
3,100
2,600
1,100
1,000
900

2000
2001

80,200
68,400

24,100
23,400

6,400
5,100

200
400

4,100
4,200

3,700
5,900

200
300

3,000
2,000

1,600
1,500

6,600
5,900

200
100

300
200

28,800
18,700

1,000
700

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

367,100
391,300
466,900
408,300
388,500
397,900

224,100
244,300
222,600
212,000
220,100
221,300

77,000
81,000
87,100
79,300
77,200
78,600

8,200
8,200
7,000
5,800
8,800
6,100

10,400
10,900
11,300
12,500
10,000
10,800

12,400
8,600
9,500
9,700
9,200
11,700

2,000
900
900
700
500
300

1,800
2,200
2,600
3,100
1,900
2,200

15,400
15,100
23,400
22,900
17,000
17,700

1,800
2,100
2,300
5,100
4,300
6,100

2,200
2,500
3,100
3,700
3,500
3,800

2,000
1,200
2,700
3,300
1,100
1,000

5,300
8,900
84,400
47,700
32,100
35,000

4,500
5,400
10,000
2,500
2,800
3,300

2000
2001

414,900
409,200

228,200
229,300

84,500
81,900

5,700
7,900

12,600
9,600

9,900
11,800

800
800

1,800
2,100

18,200
18,700

7,100
7,400

2,300
2,200

1,500
3,100

37,700
29,100

4,600
5,300

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

235,400
233,700
222,700
203,800
210,800
205,600

45,500
57,600
44,100
38,600
36,700
36,400

122,800
115,400
117,600
110,800
118,500
111,700

33,400
29,700
28,900
25,400
29,600
29,900

11,500
10,400
8,800
9,800
9,200
8,300

8,700
7,500
6,500
5,900
6,500
7,500

...
...
...
...
...
...

200
600
800
700
600
400

800
300
800
500
600
800

700
700
600
1,300
1,500
2,100

8,100
7,900
12,100
8,400
6,100
7,500

2,100
1,600
800
1,300
1,000
700

...
...
...
...
...
...

1,600
2,000
1,700
1,100
500
300

2000
2001

200,400
196,400

32,600
31,600

112,500
106,500

29,600
28,700

7,100
7,800

6,600
8,000

...
...

600
700

700
300

1,400
2,200

7,800
7,400

900
2,100

...
...

600
1,100

Under age 18

Aged 18–64

Aged 65 or older

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record, SSI 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Data are obtained by following recipients in Table 60 for 12 months.
. . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 103

Appendix and Glossary

Appendix:
Sampling Variability
Estimates based on sample data differ from the figures that would have been obtained had all, rather than
a sample, of the records been used. These differences are termed sampling variability. The standard
error is a measure of the sampling variability; that is, the variation that occurs by chance because a sample
is used. The standard error is used to describe confidence intervals. The confidence interval represents
the extent to which the sample results can be relied upon to describe the results that would have occurred
if the entire population (universe) had been used for data compilation rather than the sample.
In about 68 percent of all probability samples with the same selection criteria, the universe value will
be included in the interval from one standard error below to one standard error above the sample estimate.
Similarly, about 95 percent of all possible samples will give estimates within two standard errors, and about
99 percent will give estimates within two and one-half standard errors.
Tables A-1 and A-2 provide approximations of standard errors of estimates shown in this report. Table
A-1 presents approximation of standard errors for the estimated number of recipients from the 1 percent
and the 10 percent sample files. Table A-2 represents approximation of standard errors for the estimated
percentage of persons from the 1 percent and 10 percent files. Linear interpolation may be used to obtain
values not specifically shown.
Table A-1.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
number of persons
Size of estimate (inflated)

Standard error
1 percent file

500
1,000
2,500
5,000
7,500
10,000
25,000
50,000
75,000
100,000
250,000
500,000
750,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
25,000,000
50,000,000
75,000,000

250
300
500
800
900
1,100
1,700
2,400
3,000
3,400
5,400
7,800
9,600
11,100
25,800
36,900
57,700
76,100
82,900
10 percent file

100
500
1,000
5,000
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
20,000,000

30
70
100
225
300
700
1,000
2,200
3,200
4,300
5,300
6,500
8,500
9,300

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002 ♦ 107

Table A-2.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
percentage of persons from 1 percent and 10 percent
files
Estimated percentage
Size of base
(inflated)

2 or 98

5 or 95

1,000
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
50,000,000
100,000,000

4.7
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.1
a
a
a

7.3
2.3
1.0
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
a
a

500
1,000
2,500
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
50,000,000

1.9
1.3
0.8
0.4
0.2
0.1
a
a
a
a
a

3.0
2.1
1.3
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
a
a
a

10 or 90

25 or 75

50

14.5
4.6
2.1
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
a

16.8
5.3
2.4
1.7
0.8
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
a

5.9
4.1
2.6
1.3
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.1
a
a
a

6.8
4.8
3.0
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
a
a

1 percent file
10.1
3.2
1.4
1.0
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1
a
a

10 percent file

a. Less than 0.05 percent.

108 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2002

4.1
2.9
1.8
0.9
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1
a
a
a

Glossary
abbreviated applications. An SSI application in which all nondisability factors of eligibility are verified
before the case is sent for a disability determination.
adult. A person who is older than age 21, is aged 18–21 but is not a student, is under 21 and married, or
is the head of a household.
aged person. A person aged 65 or older.
allowance. A determination by the Disability Determination Services, an administrative law judge, or the
Appeals Council that an applicant meets the medical definition of disability under the law.
auxiliary benefit (OASDI). Monthly benefit payable to a spouse or a child of a retired or disabled worker,
or to a survivor of a deceased worker.
award. An administrative determination that an individual is entitled to receive monthly benefits.
blind. "Blindness," for Social Security purposes, means either central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the
better eye with the use of a correcting lens or a limitation in the fields of vision so that the widest diameter
of the visual field subtends an angle of 20 degrees or less (tunnel vision).
blind work expenses (BWE). Permits the exclusion of any earned income of a blind person that is used
to meet expenses reasonably attributable to earning the income.
child. An unmarried blind or disabled person who is not the head of a household and who is either under
age 18 or aged 18–21 and a student.
concurrent application. An application for both Title II (Social Security) and Title XVI (Supplemental
Security Income) benefits at the same time.
deeming (SSI). Counting part of the income and resources of certain persons who live with an SSI
recipient when determining the amount of the payment. These persons include the ineligible spouses of
adult recipients, the ineligible parents of child recipients under age 18, and the immigration sponsor for
certain noncitizens.
diagnostic group. Classification of impairments, by body system, that identifies the medical condition(s)
on which disability-related benefits are based. Before 1985, the coding of the primary and secondary
diagnoses for Social Security and Supplemental Security Income applicants was in accordance with the
International Classification of Diseases: Clinical Modification 4th ed., 9th rev., using 4–digit ICD-9 codes. In
1985, the Social Security Administration (SSA) implemented a revised method to determine and enter
impairment codes in administrative records. This revised approach provides for a modified impairment
coding system, generally using 3 digits (followed by zero), loosely based on the ICD-9 codes. For
research purposes, the ICD-9 codes and SSA impairment codes may not be identical. However, the
diagnostic groupings shown in the statistical tables closely parallel the major ICD-9 disease classifications.
disability. The inability to engage in substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason of any medically
determinable physical or mental impairment that can be expected to result in death or to last for a
continuous period of not less than 12 months. (Special rules apply for workers aged 55 or older whose
disability is based on blindness. The 12-month requirement does not apply to SSI beneficiaries who are
blind.)
Individuals are considered to be disabled only if their physical or mental impairment(s) are of such severity
that they are not only unable to do their previous work but cannot—because of their age, education, or
work experience—engage in any other kind of substantial gainful activity that exists in the national
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economy, regardless of whether such work exists in the immediate area in which they live, or whether a
specific job vacancy exists for them, or whether they would be hired if they applied for work.
The SGA criterion does not apply to children under age 18 in the Supplemental Security Income program.
The standard for them is a medically determinable physical or mental impairment that results in marked
and severe functional limitations.
Disability Determination Services (DDS). The state agency responsible for developing medical
evidence and rendering the initial determination and reconsideration on whether a claimant is disabled or a
beneficiary continues to be disabled within the meaning of the law.
federal benefit rates (FBR). The basic benefit standards used in computing the amount of federal SSI
payments. Benefit levels differ for individuals and couples living in households and for persons in Medicaid
institutions. Individuals or couples living in their own household receive the full federal benefit. The federal
benefit is reduced by one-third if an individual or couple is living in another person’s household and
receiving support and maintenance there. The federal benefit rates are increased annually to reflect
increases in the cost of living.
impairment-related work expenses (IRWE). The costs of items or services that a disabled person needs
to work. The expenses, when paid by the beneficiary, are deducted from his or her gross earnings when
determining if the work is considered substantial gainful activity.
Medicaid institution. Living arrangement for persons in public or private institutions when more than 50
percent of the cost of care is met by the Medicaid program. In these situations, the monthly federal SSI
payment is limited to no more than $30.
own household. Used to determine the federal benefit rate. Applies to adults who own their living
quarters, are liable for the rent, pay their pro rata shares of household expenses, are living in households
composed only of recipients of public income–maintenance payments, and are placed by agencies in
private households. Also applies to children living in their parent's household. See federal benefit rates.
plans for achieving self-support (PASS). Permits a recipient with an approved PASS to set aside
earned or unearned income and resources for a work goal. The income or resources set aside are used to
pay for goods or services needed to reach the goal, such as education, vocational training, starting a
business, or purchasing work-related equipment. The income and resources that are set aside under a
PASS are excluded from SSI income and resource tests, but they do not influence the determination of
ability to engage in substantial gainful activity.
poverty thresholds. The poverty thresholds are a series of income levels, with different values for family
units of different sizes, below which the family units are considered poor. The thresholds are used mainly
for statistical purposes in calculating official poverty population figures. They are issued annually by the
U.S. Census Bureau in the Current Population Reports series. The thresholds are adjusted annually for
price changes using the annual average consumer price index for all urban consumers (CPI-U).
presumptive disability or blindness. For certain diagnoses, where there is high probability of a
favorable medical determination of disability or blindness, payments may be made for up to 6 months
before the formal determination if the applicant meets the nonmedical eligibility requirements.
representative payee. A person designated by the Social Security Administration to receive monthly
benefit checks on behalf of an adult beneficiary who is unable to manage his or her own funds. A
beneficiary under age 18 is generally considered incapable of managing benefit payments, and a
representative payee will be selected to receive benefits on the beneficiary’s behalf.

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Section 1619(a). Continuing cash benefits for disabled individuals whose gross earned income is at the
amount designated as the substantial gainful activity level. The person must continue to be disabled and
meet all other eligibility rules. Also known as special cash payment.
Section 1619(b). For Medicaid purposes, provides special status to working disabled or blind individuals
when their earnings make them ineligible for cash payments. Also known as special recipient status.
Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The SIPP is a household survey of the
noninstitutionalized resident population of the United States, conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. It was
designed to improve the measurement of the economic situation of persons, families, and households in
the United States and to provide a tool for managing and evaluating government transfer and service
programs.
SSA administrative regions
Boston - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont
New York - New Jersey and New York
Philadelphia - Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia
Atlanta - Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and
Tennessee
Chicago - Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin
Dallas - Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas
Kansas City - Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska
Denver - Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming
San Francisco - Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, and Northern Mariana Islands
Seattle - Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington
state conversions. Persons who were eligible for payments under the federal/state adult assistance
programs in December 1973 were automatically eligible for SSI payments beginning January 1974.
state supplementation. Payments to eligible persons made under state provisions. These payments
may vary by the recipient's living situation and by geographic area within the state. The payments may be
administered by Social Security Administration or by the state.
substantial gainful activity. Describes a level of work activity that is productive and yields or usually
yields remuneration or profit. The Social Security Administration’s regulations establish a dollar amount to
indicate whether a person’s work is substantial.
Supplemental Security Income. A federal program for low-income aged, blind, and disabled individuals
who meet income and resource requirements. Beginning in 1974, SSI replaced the former federal/state
programs of Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled. SSI is
funded by general tax revenues, not Social Security taxes.
suspended benefit. A payment that has been temporarily stopped until the condition(s) causing the
suspension are known to have ended. The suspension does not affect eligibility for Medicare benefits.

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