Highlights 2003

Size and Scope of the Supplemental Security Income Program
• About 6.9 million people received federally administered payments
in December 2003.
• The average monthly payment in December 2003 was $417.
• Total payments for the year were more than $35 billion, including
about $4 billion in federally administered state supplementation.
Profile of Recipients
• The majority were female (58 percent).
• Fourteen percent were under age 18, 57 percent were aged
18–64, and 29 percent were aged 65 or older.
• Most (82 percent) were eligible on the basis of a disability.
• Almost 6 out of 10 were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
• More than half (55 percent) had no income other than their
SSI payment.
• For those who had other income, the most common source was
Social Security benefits (29 percent).
• About 27 percent lived alone.
Recipients Who Work
• Despite their disabilities, about 324,000 recipients (5.6 percent)
were working in December 2003.
• Among working recipients, 57,000 had earnings above the
substantial gainful activity level ($800 in 2003).

Preface
Since 1974, the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program has guaranteed a minimum level of income for
needy aged, blind, or disabled individuals. Each year, we issue a report that presents data on the SSI program and
the people who receive benefits from it. The report covers such topics as federal benefit rates and total annual
payments, federally administered payments, state-administered supplementation, work incentives, applications,
outcomes of applications, awards, denials, and suspension of benefits.
The section on federally administered payments now includes a table showing country of origin of the nearly
1.5 million SSI recipients who were born in a foreign country. Finally, in response to numerous inquiries for data at
the state level, we have provided state distributions for applications, awards, recipient rates, and receipt of Social
Security and SSI on the basis of disability.
Alfreda M. Brooks compiled the data and prepared the report for publication. Emil Loomis designed the cover,
Laurie Brown and Anthony Nathe edited the report, Kathryn Winstead prepared the report for publication, and
Laurie Brown prepared the electronic versions for the Web. For general questions about the report, please call
Alfreda Brooks at 410-965-9849 or e-mail ssi.asr@ssa.gov. For specific questions about the data, contact the
person listed on each table.
This report is available on our Web site at http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy. For additional copies, please
call 202-358-6274 or e-mail op.publications@ssa.gov. Other publications about the SSI program are also available
in print or on the Web.
Edward J. DeMarco
Associate Commissioner
for Research, Evaluation, and Statistics
September 2004

Notes
Unless otherwise specified—

All payments are federally administered payments.

All years are calendar years.

In July 2001, the Social Security Administration made retroactive lump-sum payments to correct an error in the
cost-of-living adjustment for 2000 and 2001. The data in this report reflect the federal benefit rate actually used for
Supplemental Security Income payments ($512 for 2000; $530 for January through June 2001).
Numbers in the text and tables may not add to totals because of rounding.
Monthly data shown in tables are for the end of the given month.

Contents
Background .................................................................................................................................................. 1
History of the SSI Program .................................................................................................................... 1
The Basic Plan .......................................................................................................................................1
Uniform Standards and Objective Criteria.............................................................................................. 2
Assistance of Last Resort ...................................................................................................................... 3
Incentives for Work and Opportunities for Rehabilitation .......................................................................6
Administration of the SSI Program......................................................................................................... 8
State Supplementation ...........................................................................................................................9
Coordination with Other Programs.......................................................................................................10

Tables
Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
1.
Monthly federal SSI benefit rates, 1974–2004 ..............................................................................15
2.
Total payments, by eligibility category and source of payment, selected
years 1974–2003...........................................................................................................................16
Federally Administered Payments
3.
Recipients, by age, December 1974–2003 ...................................................................................21
4.
By type of payment, sex, eligibility category, and age, December 2003 .......................................22
5.
By selected characteristics, eligibility category, and age, December 2003 ...................................23
6.
Recipients, by type of representative payee, eligibility category, and age, December 2003........24
7.
Recipients, by type of income, eligibility category, and age, December 2003...............................25
8.
Recipients, by receipt of Social Security, type of income, eligibility category, and age,
December 2003 .............................................................................................................................26
9.
Recipients, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2003.........................27
10.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age,
December 2003 .............................................................................................................................29
11.
Recipients and their average income, by type of income and marital status,
December 2003 .............................................................................................................................31
12.
Recipients as a percentage of resident population, by state, December 2003 .............................32
13.
Foreign-born recipients, by region, country of origin, and eligibility category,
December 2003 .............................................................................................................................34
State-Administered Supplementation
14.
By eligibility category, selected months 1974–2003......................................................................37
15.
By eligibility category and state, December 2003..........................................................................38
Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
16.
Persons receiving both Social Security and SSI, by type of Social Security benefit and
SSI eligibility category, December 2003 ........................................................................................41
17.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving benefits on the basis of disability and their total
and average monthly payments, December 1996–2003 ...............................................................43
18.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving both Social Security and SSI on the basis of disability
and their average monthly Social Security benefit, by state or other area and type of
beneficiary, December 2003..........................................................................................................44
Noncitizens
19.
By eligibility category, December 1982–2003 ...............................................................................49
20.
Distribution of recipients, by selected characteristics and citizenship status,
December 2003 .............................................................................................................................50
21.
By state or other area and eligibility category, December 2003 ....................................................51
22.
By region and country of origin, December 2003 ..........................................................................53

23.

By number of months between date of U.S. residency and date of SSI application
and eligibility category, December 2003........................................................................................54

Recipients Under Age 65
24.
Recipients, by diagnostic group, 1995–2003.................................................................................57
25.
By diagnostic group and age, December 2003 .............................................................................58
26.
By diagnostic group, age, and sex, December 2003 .....................................................................60
27.
Percentage of recipients with a representative payee, by diagnostic group and age,
December 2003 .............................................................................................................................61
28.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003................62
29.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003...........66
Recipients Who Work
30.
By selected months, 1976–2003 ...................................................................................................73
31.
Recipients participating in section 1619(a) or section 1619(b), selected months,
1982–2003.....................................................................................................................................75
32.
By state or other area, December 2003 ........................................................................................76
33.
Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area,
December 2003 .............................................................................................................................78
Noninstitutionalized Recipients: Survey of Income and Program Participation
Notes .............................................................................................................................................82
34.
Household and family characteristics, by age, 2001 .....................................................................83
35.
Personal characteristics, by age, 2001..........................................................................................85
36.
SSI payments as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics, 2001 ................87
37.
Percentage distribution of family income, by selected characteristics and source, 2001 ..............88
38.
Percentage distribution, by poverty status and selected characteristics, 2001 .............................89
39.
Percentage distribution, by poverty status before and after SSI payments and age, 2001 ...........90
40.
Poverty gap before and after SSI payments, by selected characteristics, 2001 ...........................91
Applications
41.
All applications, by age of applicant, 1973–2003 ..........................................................................95
42.
Applications for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003 ..........................96
43.
Applications for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003 ...............................97
44.
Applications for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003 ........................98
45.
All applications, by state or other area and age of applicant, 2003 ...............................................99
46.
All applicants, by year of first application and age, 1973–2003...................................................101
Awards
47.
All awards, by age of awardee, 1974–2003 ................................................................................105
48.
Awards for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003 ...............................106
49.
Awards for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003.....................................107
50.
Awards for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003 .............................109
51.
All awards, by state or other area and age of awardee, 2003 .....................................................110
52.
All persons awarded SSI, by year of first award and age, 1974–2003 ........................................112
Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Notes ........................................................................................................................................... 114
53.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by age and year of application, 1992–2002 .......................115
54.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by age, year of application, and program,
1992–2002...................................................................................................................................117
55.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by age, year of application, and program,
1992–2002...................................................................................................................................119
56.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by age, year of application, and program,
1992–2002...................................................................................................................................121

vi

57.
58.

Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by age, year of application, and
reason for allowance, 1992–2002 ...............................................................................................123
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by age, year of application, and
reason for denial, 1992–2002......................................................................................................125

Suspensions
59.
Suspensions, by age of recipient and reason for suspension, 1995–2003 .................................129
60.
Recipients suspended, by age and reason for suspension, 1995–2003 .....................................130
61.
Recipients suspended for at least 12 months, by age and reason for suspension,
1995–2002...................................................................................................................................131
Appendix: Sampling Variability .................................................................................................................135
Glossary ...................................................................................................................................................137

vii

Background
The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program is a nationwide federal assistance program
administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA) that guarantees a minimum level of
income for needy aged, blind, or disabled individuals. In December 2003, 6.9 million individuals
received federally administered monthly SSI
benefits (including federally administered state
supplementary payments) averaging $417.

History of the SSI Program
Entitlement programs for the aged, blind, or disabled have their roots in the original Social Security Act of 1935. That act established an old-age
social insurance program to be administered by
the federal government and an old-age meanstested assistance program to be administered by
the states. Similar programs for the blind or disabled were added to the act in later years.
Means-tested assistance was intended to supplement the incomes of individuals who were
ineligible for Social Security or whose benefits
could not provide a basic living.
This means-tested assistance, also known
as categorical adult assistance, actually comprised three separate programs—Old-Age Assistance (OAA), Aid to the Blind (AB), and Aid to the
Permanently and Totally Disabled (APTD).
Despite substantial federal financing, those programs were essentially state programs; federal
law established only broad guidelines and assistance. Federal financing was open-ended in the
sense that the federal government would provide
matching funds to support whatever payment
levels the states established. Federal law specified no maximum or minimum standards. Consequently, each state was responsible for setting its
own standards for determining who would
receive assistance and how much they would
receive. As a result, eligibility requirements and
variations of payment levels differed from state to
state.
Beginning in the early 1960s, this state-operated, federally assisted welfare system drew criticism from within and outside of government.
Some of the criticism was directed at the crazyquilt eligibility requirements and payment levels.
Other criticism centered on specific requirements, such as lien laws and provisions that

required certain relatives to bear responsibility
for the maintenance of needy family members.
The disparity in the degree of federal financial
support provided to states was also an acknowledged problem.
Responding to these concerns, Congress
passed and the President approved the SSI program (Public Law 92-603, enacted October 30,
1972), which reversed the historic federal and
state roles with regard to adult assistance. Under
the new arrangement, SSI would provide a uniform federal income floor, and optional state programs would supplement that floor. The new
program was historic in that it shifted from the
states to the federal government the responsibility for determining who would receive assistance
and how much assistance they would receive.

The Basic Plan
The main objective of the SSI program is to provide the basic cash support of needy aged, blind,
or disabled individuals. Congress designed the
SSI program on the basis of the following
principles:

eligibility requirements and benefit standards
that are nationally uniform and eligibility
determinations that are based on objective
criteria;

an assistance source of last resort for the
aged, blind, or disabled whose income and
resources are below specified levels;

incentives and opportunities for recipients
who are able to work or to be rehabilitated
that would allow them to reduce their dependency on public assistance;

an efficient and economical method of
administering the program to provide assistance;

inducements to encourage states to provide
supplementation of the basic federal benefit
and protection for former recipients of state
adult assistance programs who were converted to the SSI program; and

appropriate coordination of the SSI program
with the Food Stamp, medical assistance,
and other programs.

Uniform Standards and Objective Criteria
Prior to the SSI program, eligibility of aged, blind, or
disabled individuals for federally funded adult assistance depended on the state in which they lived. Benefit amounts also varied from state to state. The SSI
program replaced the state-run programs of assistance
with a program having nationally uniform standards
and objective eligibility criteria, which include the following:

A uniform limitation on the dollar amount or value
of income and resources that an individual can
have and still qualify for federal assistance. The
countable income limits for individuals and couples
are equal to their respective federal benefit rates
and hence are increased annually according to
changes in the cost of living. The resource limit is
$2,000 in countable resources for individuals and
$3,000 for couples.

Sixty-five as the minimum age requirement for
assistance based on age.

A uniform definition of disability and blindness. The
definitions for individuals 18 years of age or older
are the same as those used for the Social Security
Disability Insurance program. To be considered
disabled, an individual must have a medically
determinable physical or mental impairment that is
expected to last (or has lasted) at least 12 continuous months or to result in death and (1) if 18 or
older, prevents him or her from doing any substantial gainful activity, or (2) if under 18, results in
marked and severe functional limitations.1 However, individuals for whom addiction to drugs or
alcoholism is a contributing factor material to the
determination of their disabilities are not eligible for
benefits.2 To be considered blind, an individual
must have central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in
the better eye with the use of a correcting lens or
have tunnel vision of 20 degrees or less.

Uniform standards for citizenship and residency. To
be eligible for SSI, an individual must be a citizen
(or national) of the United States, an American
Indian born in Canada who is under section 289 of
the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), an
American Indian born outside the United States
who is a member of a federally recognized Indian
tribe under section 4(e) of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, a noncitizen
who was receiving SSI benefits on August 22,
1996, or a qualified alien in one of the following categories:3
— certain noncitizens who are blind or disabled
and were lawfully residing in the United States
on August 22, 1996;

2 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

— refugees (eligibility limited to the 7-year period
after their arrival in the United States);
— asylees (eligibility limited to the 7-year period
after the date they are granted asylum);
— noncitizens who have had their deportations
withheld under section 243(h) of the INA as in
effect before April 1, 1997, or who have had
their removals withheld under section
241(b)(3) of the INA (eligibility limited to the
7-year period after the date that deportation or
removal is withheld);
— Cuban and Haitian entrants under section
501(e) of the Refugee Education Assistance
Act of 1980 (eligibility limited to the 7-year
period after the date they are granted entrant
status);
— Amerasian immigrants admitted pursuant to
section 584 of the Foreign Operations, Export
Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act of 1988 and subsequent amendments (eligibility limited to the 7-year period
after their arrival in the United States);
— noncitizen active-duty armed forces personnel,
honorably discharged veterans, and their
spouses and dependent children; or
— lawful permanent residents who have earned
or can be credited (from their spouses or parents) with 40 qualifying quarters of earnings.
Note that qualified alien status includes noncitizens
who have been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty in the United States by a spouse or parent (or a
member of the spouse's or parent's family) with whom
they live and who have an approved petition, or have a
petition pending, setting forth a prima facie case for
adjustment of their immigration status.
Finally, certain noncitizens may be eligible for SSI
regardless of their immigration status if they have been
determined to be victims of severe forms of trafficking
in persons in the United States.4 Such individuals are
treated for SSI purposes as refugees, that is, they are
eligible for SSI for 7 years after a determination is
made that they are trafficking victims.5
In addition to having to be a U.S. citizen (or
national) or in one of the potentially eligible noncitizen
categories, an individual must reside in the 50 states,
the District of Columbia, or the Northern Mariana
Islands—areas referred to here collectively as the
United States. An individual also must be physically
present in the United States for 30 consecutive days if
he or she had been outside the United States for 30 or
more consecutive days.

There are two exceptions to the residency and
physical presence requirements:

Blind or disabled children who are citizens of the
United States may continue to be eligible for payments if they are living outside the United States
with a parent who is on duty as a member of the
U.S. armed forces. This exception also applies to
blind and disabled children of military personnel
who are born overseas, become blind or disabled
overseas, or applied for SSI benefits while overseas.
Students studying abroad for not more than 1 year
may continue to be eligible for payments if the
studies are sponsored by a U.S. educational institution but cannot be conducted in the United
States.

Assistance of Last Resort
As a means-tested program, SSI takes into account all
income and resources that an individual has or can
obtain. The amount of an individual's countable income
and resources are the measure of his or her need for
assistance.
Income
The amount of an individual's income is used to determine both eligibility for, and the amount of, his or her
SSI benefit. As countable income increases, an individual's SSI benefit amount decreases. Generally, ineligibility for SSI occurs when countable income equals the
federal benefit rate plus the amount of applicable federally administered state supplementary payment (state
supplementation is discussed later).
The monthly federal benefit rate is reduced dollar
for dollar by the amount of the individual's "countable"
income—that is, income minus all applicable exclusions. The result of this computation determines SSI
eligibility and the amount of the monthly benefit payable. The benefit rates are adjusted annually (in January) to reflect changes in the cost of living.
When an individual lives in the household of
another and receives support and maintenance in kind
(that is, generally, room and board) from the householder, the federal SSI benefit rate is reduced by onethird in lieu of counting the actual value of the support
and maintenance as unearned income. The value of
food, clothing, or shelter-related items the individual
receives in kind from persons other than the householder (including in-kind assistance from outside the
household in which the individual lives) is counted as
unearned income, up to an amount equal to one-third
of the applicable federal benefit rate plus $20.

SSI law defines two kinds of income—earned and
unearned. Earned income is wages, net earnings from
self-employment, remuneration for work in a sheltered
workshop, royalties on published work, and honoraria
for services. All other income is unearned. The distinction between earned and unearned income is significant because different exclusions apply to each type of
income.
However, not everything an individual receives is
considered to be income. Generally, if the item
received cannot be used as, or to obtain, food, clothing,
or shelter, it will not be considered as income. For
example, if someone pays an individual's medical bills
or offers free medical care, or if the individual receives
money from a social services agency that is a repayment of an amount he or she previously spent, that
value is not considered income to the individual. In
addition, some items that are considered to be income
are excluded when determining the amount of an individual's benefit (see Box 1).
Resources
The amount of an individual's resources is used to
determine whether he or she is eligible for SSI in a
given month. SSI law states that eligibility is restricted
to individuals who have countable resources, determined monthly, that do not exceed $2,000 ($3,000 for a
couple). The law does not define what resources are
but does stipulate what items are not considered
resources.
Regulations state that a resource is cash or other
liquid asset or any real or personal property that individuals (or their spouses) own and could convert to
cash to be used for their support and maintenance.
This definition is consistent with the general philosophy
of the SSI program that only items that can be used for
an individual's food, clothing, or shelter should be used
in determining his or her eligibility and benefit amount.
Not all resources an individual owns are counted. The
value of an item may be totally excluded or counted
only to the extent that its value exceeds specified limits
(see Box 1).
If an individual disposes of resources at less than
fair market value within the 36-month period before
applying for SSI or at any time thereafter, the individual
may be penalized. The penalty is a loss of benefits for
a number of months (up to a 36-month maximum)
obtained by dividing the uncompensated value of disposed-of resources by the federal benefit rate plus the
maximum state supplementary payment, if any, applicable to the individual's living arrangement. The penalty does not apply if, among other things, the
individual can show that the resources were disposed
SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 3

of exclusively for a purpose other than establishing SSI
eligibility.
Filing for Other Benefits
As the program of last resort, SSI benefits are provided
to eligible individuals only to the extent that their needs
are not met by other sources. That is, after evaluating
all other income and resources, SSI pays what is necessary to bring an individual to the statutorily prescribed income "floor." In keeping with this principle,
SSI law requires that SSI applicants file for other payments for which they may be entitled, such as annuities, pensions, retirement or disability benefits,
workers’ compensation, and unemployment insurance
benefits.
SSA must provide an individual with written notice
of potential eligibility for other benefits and of the
requirement to take all appropriate steps to pursue
those benefits. The individual has 30 days from receipt
of the notice to file for the benefits involved.

Eligibility Issues for Residents of Public
Institutions or Medical Facilities and Personal
Needs Allowance
State and local governments—rather than the federal
government—traditionally have taken the financial
responsibility for residents of their public institutions.
The SSI program continues this long-standing public
assistance policy. People who are residents of public
institutions for a full calendar month are generally ineligible for SSI unless one of the following exceptions
applies:

The public institution is a medical treatment facility
and Medicaid pays more than 50 percent of the
cost of care, or in the case of a child under age 18,
Medicaid, private health insurance, or both pay
more than 50 percent of the cost of care;

The public institution is a publicly operated community residence serving no more than 16 residents;

The public institution is an emergency shelter for
the homeless (payments are limited to no more
than 6 months in any 9-month period);

Box 1.
Income and Resource Exclusions
Income Exclusions

Resource Exclusions

The principal earned income exclusions are

The principal resource exclusions are

the first $65 per month plus one-half of the
remainder,

impairment-related work expenses of the disabled
and work expenses of the blind,

income set aside or being used to pursue a plan for
achieving self-support by a disabled or blind
individual, and

infrequent or irregularly received income ($30 or
less a quarter).

The principal unearned income exclusions are
1

the first $20 per month,

income set aside or being used to pursue a plan for
achieving self-support by a disabled or blind
individual,

state- or locally funded assistance based on need,

rent subsidies under programs administered by the
Department of Housing and Urban Development
and the value of food stamps, and

infrequent or irregularly received income ($60 or
less a quarter).

the home and land appertaining to it, regardless of
value;

life insurance policies whose total face value does
not exceed $1,500;

burial funds not in excess of $1,500 each for an
individual and spouse (plus accrued interest);

household goods and personal effects in which
one's equity does not exceed $2,000;

an automobile (depending upon its use), otherwise
the current market value not in excess of $4,500;

property essential to self-support;

resources set aside to fulfill a plan to achieve selfsupport; and

amounts deposited into an individual development
account, including matching funds and interest
earned on such amounts, under the Temporary
Assistance for Needy Families program or the
Assets for Independence Act.

1. Any portion of the $20 amount not used to exclude unearned income may be used to exclude earned income

4 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

The recipient was eligible under section 1619(a) or
(b) for the month preceding the first full month in
the public institution and is permitted by the institution to retain any benefits (payable for up to
2 months); or
A physician certifies that the recipient's stay in a
medical facility is likely not to exceed 3 months and
continued SSI eligibility is needed to maintain and
provide for the expenses of the home to which the
individual will return.

When individuals enter medical treatment facilities
in which more than half of the bill is paid by the Medicaid program, their monthly federal payment standard is
generally reduced to $30, beginning with the first full
calendar month they are in the facility. In the case of an
individual under age 18, the $30 payment standard is
also applicable if more than half of the bill is paid by private insurance or a combination of Medicaid and private insurance. In these cases, the SSI program
provides up to $30 a month, which is intended to take
care of small comfort items not provided by the institution.
Deeming
In certain situations, the income and resources of others are counted in determining whether an individual's
income and resources fall below the levels established
by law. This process is called "deeming" and is applied
in cases in which an eligible individual lives with an
ineligible spouse, an eligible child lives with an ineligible parent, or an eligible noncitizen has a sponsor.6 In
concept, the practice takes into account the responsibility of the ineligible spouse or parent or the sponsor to
provide for the basic needs of the eligible individual.
Spouse-to-Spouse Deeming. When an eligible individual lives in the same household with a spouse who
is not eligible for SSI, the ineligible spouse's income
and resources are deemed to be available to the eligible individual. In determining the amount of income and
resources available to the eligible individual, all applicable exclusions are used. In addition, a living allowance is provided for the ineligible spouse and for any
ineligible children under age 18 living in the household.
The allowance reduces the amount of income to be
deemed. Spouse-to-spouse deeming is intended to
result in the same amount of income being available to
the couple as would be available if both members of
the couple were aged, blind, or disabled and eligible for
SSI.
Deeming does not apply when the eligible individual is not living in the same household as the ineligible
spouse. However, if the ineligible spouse's absence is
temporary or is due solely to an active-duty assignment

as a member of the U.S. armed forces, deeming continues to apply.
Parent-to-Child Deeming. A child under age 18 is
subject to deeming from an ineligible natural or adoptive parent (and that parent's spouse, if any) living in
the same household. Certain amounts of the parent's
income are excluded, living allowances are provided
for the parent(s), and an allocation is set aside for each
ineligible child under age 18 (under age 21 if a student)
who is living in the household. Deeming from an eligible parent to a child continues if the parent is absent
from the household but the absence is temporary or is
due solely to active-duty assignment as a member of
the U.S. armed forces. A child living in a household in
which all members are receiving public assistance benefits is not considered to be receiving any support, and
deeming does not apply.
Sponsor-to-Alien Deeming. The income and
resources of noncitizens are deemed to include those
of their sponsors. The way the income and resources
are deemed and the length of the deeming period
depend on whether the sponsor signed a legally
enforceable affidavit of support, as required by Public
Law 104-208, or the previous version of the affidavit.
Generally, individuals who entered the country before
1998 did so under the old version of the affidavit.7
Under the old version of the affidavit, deeming of
the sponsor's income and resources lasts until the noncitizen has been in the United States for 3 years.8 Living allowances equal to the federal benefit rate are
provided for the sponsor, and allowances equal to onehalf of the federal benefit rate are provided for each of
the sponsor's dependents. Allowances are also provided for the sponsor and his or her family members in
determining deemed resources. These allowances
reduce the amount of the sponsor's income and
resources deemed to the noncitizen.
For noncitizens admitted into the United States
under a legally enforceable affidavit of support, deeming generally applies until the noncitizen becomes a
U.S. citizen. Deeming ends before citizenship if the
noncitizen has earned, or can be credited with, 40
qualifying quarters of earnings. Children and spouses
of workers may be credited with quarters earned by the
worker. A quarter otherwise earned after 1996 does not
count as one of the required 40 if the noncitizen or
worker received federal means-tested public benefits
during the relevant period.
Also for this group of noncitizens, deeming does
not apply for specified periods if the noncitizens or their
children or parents have been battered or subjected to
extreme cruelty while in the United States or if sponSSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 5

sors left the noncitizens indigent by not providing them
with sufficient support.

Incentives for Work and Opportunities for
Rehabilitation
SSI benefits provide a basic level of assistance for individuals who are blind or disabled with limited earnings
ability because of their impairments. Nonetheless, for
recipients who want to work, the SSI program is
designed to encourage and support their work attempts
to help them achieve greater degrees of independence. The SSI program includes a number of work
incentive provisions that enable recipients who are
blind or disabled to work and retain benefits or to
increase their levels of work activity without the loss of
SSI disability status or Medicaid. These incentives provide higher amounts of income or resource exclusions
as recognition of the expenses associated with working
or as inducements to seek rehabilitation services and
support for work efforts.
Earned Income Exclusion
The first $65 ($85 if the individual has no income other
than earnings) of any monthly earned income plus onehalf of remaining earnings are excluded for SSI benefit
computation purposes. This general earned income
exclusion is intended to help offset expenses incurred
when working. It assures that SSI recipients who are
working will be rewarded for their efforts by having
greater total income than those who do not work.
Impairment-Related Work Expense Exclusion
The cost of certain impairment-related services and
items that a disabled (but not blind) individual needs in
order to work are excluded from earned income in
determining SSI eligibility and benefit amounts.
In calculating these expenses, amounts equal to
the costs of certain attendant care services, medical
devices, equipment, prostheses, vehicle modifications,
residential modifications to accommodate wheelchairs, and similar items and services are deductible
from earnings. The costs of routine drugs and routine
medical services are not deductible unless they are
necessary to control the disabling condition.
Work Expenses of the Blind Exclusion
Any expenses relating to work that a blind individual
has are excluded from earned income in determining
SSI eligibility and benefit amounts. Unlike an impairment-related work expense, a deductible expense
need not be directly related to the worker's blindness; it
need only be an ordinary and necessary work expense
of the worker.

6 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Some frequently excluded work expenses include
transportation to and from work, meals consumed during work hours, job equipment, licenses, income or
FICA taxes, and costs of job training.
Student Earned Income Exclusion
The student earned income exclusion is an additional
exclusion for an individual who is under age 22 and
regularly attending school. It is intended to help defray
the cost of educational training. Under current regulations, up to $1,370 of earned income per month but no
more than $5,520 per year may be excluded.9
Plans for Achieving Self-Support
Plans for achieving self-support (PASS) allow a disabled or blind individual to set aside income and
resources to get a specific type of job or to start a business. The plans may involve setting aside funds for
education or vocational training, to purchase workrelated equipment, or to pay for transportation related
to the work goal. The income and resources that are
set aside are excluded under the SSI income and
resources tests.
The individual must have a feasible work goal and
a specific savings or spending plan. The individual also
must provide a clearly identifiable accounting for the
funds that are set aside. The PASS is time limited and
must be approved by SSA. The individual must then
follow the plan and negotiate revisions as needed. SSA
monitors the approved plan by reviewing it periodically
to ensure the individual's progress toward attaining the
work goal.
Special Provisions for Disabled People Who Work
These work incentives are generally referred to by their
section number in the Social Security Act, section
1619. Under section 1619(a), disabled individuals who
would cease to be eligible because they earn more
than the substantial gainful activity level can receive
special cash benefits as long as they

continue to have the disabling condition,

have income under the amount that would cause
ineligibility for any payment under SSI income
counting rules, and

meet all other nondisability requirements for SSI
payment.

In many states, being a recipient of the special
benefit permits the individual to be eligible for Medicaid
benefits.

Under section 1619(b), "SSI recipient" status for
Medicaid eligibility purposes also is provided to an
individual

whose earnings preclude any SSI payment but are
not sufficient to provide a reasonable equivalent of
the SSI, social services, and Medicaid benefits that
the individual would have in the absence of earnings; and

whose ability to continue working would be seriously inhibited by the loss of social services and
Medicaid benefits.

To qualify for extended Medicaid coverage under
section 1619(b), an individual must

have a disabling condition,

need Medicaid to work,

not be able to afford equivalent medical coverage
and publicly funded personal or attendant care that
would be lost without assistance,

meet all nondisability requirements for SSI payment other than earnings, and

have received a regular SSI cash payment in a
previous month within the current period of eligibility. (In some states, the individual must have qualified for Medicaid in the month preceding the first
month of 1619 eligibility.)

In determining whether individuals' earnings are
not sufficient to provide them with the equivalent benefits they would be eligible for if they stopped working,
their earnings are compared with a threshold amount
for their state of residence. Section 1619(b) status continues if the earnings are below the threshold. If earnings exceed the state threshold, an individualized
assessment of the need for Medicaid is made, and
1619(b) status may continue.
Vocational Rehabilitation and the Ticket to Work
Program
Since the beginning of the SSI program, SSA has
made provision for blind or disabled individuals who
are receiving SSI benefits to be referred to state Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) agencies. If the state VR
agency does not accept the referral, SSA can refer
recipients to an alternate provider to receive vocational
rehabilitation services. SSA reimburses the VR agency
or alternate provider for services that result in the individual's working at the level of substantial gainful activity for a continuous period of 9 months, and in certain
other limited situations.
The Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 established a Ticket to Work program

under which a disabled beneficiary is able to obtain
vocational rehabilitation, employment, and other support services from a qualified private or public provider.
Providers of such services in this new setting are
referred to as employment networks (ENs). In addition,
the Ticket legislation provided for a new procedure for
compensating the ENs under an outcome or outcomemilestone payment system. By expanding the pool of
providers and giving the providers incentives for
achieving success, this program seeks to expand a disabled beneficiary's access to these services for assistance in finding, entering, and retaining employment
and reducing his or her dependence on cash benefits.
Regulations issued by the Commissioner of Social
Security became effective January 2002. Beginning in
2002, the Ticket to Work program was gradually
phased in, and it has been in operation nationwide
since November 2003.
Individuals receiving SSI benefits who improve
medically and are therefore no longer considered disabled or blind can continue to receive SSI benefits if
they are actively participating in the Ticket to Work program or another approved VR program and if continuing or completing the program would increase the
likelihood that they would be permanently removed
from the SSI rolls. SSI benefits and Medicaid generally
continue until the rehabilitation services are completed
or until the individual ceases to participate in the
program.
Expedited Reinstatement
A disabled or blind individual whose eligibility for SSI
payments was ended because of earnings can request
expedited reinstatement of his or her SSI benefits without filing a new application. To qualify for expedited
reinstatement, the individual must make the request
within 60 months after the eligibility ended and must
have a disabling medical condition that (1) is the same
as or related to the disabling medical condition that led
to the previous period of eligibility and (2) prevents him
or her from performing substantial gainful activity. In
determining whether the individual is disabled or blind,
the medical review standard is applied. Normal nonmedical requirements for SSI eligibility still apply.
An individual requesting expedited reinstatement
may receive up to 6 months of provisional benefits
while the request is pending. These benefits generally
are not considered an overpayment if the request is
denied. Provisional benefits may include Medicaid but
do not include any state supplementary payments. Provisional benefits may be received as well by the individual's spouse at a couple's rate if the spouse was
previously eligible for SSI as a spouse.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 7

Administration of the SSI Program
The framers of Supplemental Security Income chose
the Social Security Administration to administer the
program because the basic system for paying monthly
benefits to a large number of individuals was already in
place in the form of the Social Security program.
Application Process
Individuals can make appointments to apply for SSI
benefits at any one of the approximately 1,300 SSA
field offices around the country or through SSA teleservice centers. The claims process includes the application interview, the obtaining of necessary evidence and
documentation, and the adjudication of the claim. Many
individuals file for benefits under both the SSI and the
Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance programs
at the same time. Potential claimants initially contact
SSA by phone or mail or in person. Field office personnel conduct an interview with the claimant, the claimant’s representative, or both.
SSA corroborates information provided by applicants for SSI through independent or collateral
sources. Generally, the basic responsibility for obtaining evidence lies with the claimant, although SSA often
gives advice on ways to obtain the needed information.
Because of the special circumstances of the SSI population (for example, financial need, old age, or illness),
SSA makes special efforts to assist claimants in obtaining the necessary proofs.
With regard to disability and blindness claims, SSA
makes determinations of all of the nonmedical eligibility
factors, and each state's Disability Determination Services (DDS) makes determinations of the medical eligibility factors.
Applicants and recipients are required to report
events and changes of circumstances that may affect
their SSI eligibility and benefit amounts. Such reports
are required, for example, when an individual has a
change in the amount of income or resources, changes
living arrangements, or leaves the United States. Failure or delay in submitting a required report can result in
a penalty being assessed against the individual’s SSI
benefit.
Determinations of Eligibility
SSI applications have no retroactivity and become
effective in the month after the month of filing or the
month after all eligibility requirements are met, whichever is later. Eligibility for benefits is determined on a
current monthly basis. SSI recipients are required to
have their nonmedical eligibility factors redetermined

8 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

periodically, generally every 1 to 6 years depending on
their specific situation.
In addition to these nonmedical reviews, medical
reviews are conducted on disabled or blind recipients
to determine whether they continue to be disabled or
blind. For administrative efficiency the medical reviews
are done most often on disabled or blind recipients
whose medical conditions are considered likely to
improve. Medical reviews are required for disabled or
blind recipients, for example, under the following circumstances:

when earnings of recipients exceed the substantial
gainful activity level,

at least once every 3 years for recipients under age
18 whose medical conditions are considered likely
to improve,

within 12 months after birth for recipients whose
low birth weight is a contributing factor material to
the determination of their disability unless the
Commissioner determines that the impairment is
not expected to improve within 12 months of the
child's birth, and

within 1 year after attainment of age 18 and using
the adult eligibility criteria for recipients whose eligibility for SSI benefits was established under the
disabled child eligibility criteria.

Representative Payees
When SSI recipients are incapable of managing their
benefits, SSA appoints representative payees for them,
and their SSI benefits are sent to the representative
payees. In many cases the representative payee is a
spouse, parent, or other close relative who will act in
the recipient's best interest. In some cases, an SSAapproved organization may be appointed, and some
organizations have been authorized by SSA to collect a
fee from the benefit for acting as payee. The fee cannot
exceed the lesser of 10 percent of the benefit amount
or a specified amount ($31 a month in 2004, $59 a
month for disabled recipients who also have a drug
addiction or alcoholism condition).
Representative payees may use an SSI recipient's
benefit only for the use and benefit of the recipient and
must account for all benefits received. Representative
payees also are required to report any changes that
may affect SSI recipients' eligibility and payment
amount and may be held liable for certain overpayments that occur.
Appeal Rights
Recipients must be informed in writing in advance of
adverse actions that SSA plans to take and must be

given the opportunity to request that their benefits continue pending a decision at the first level of appeal.
Attorney Fees
At any time, an individual may appoint a representative
in any dealings with the Social Security Administration.
If such a representative is an attorney, he or she must
be in good standing, have the right to practice law
before a court, not be disqualified or suspended from
acting as a representative in dealings with Social Security, and not be prohibited by any law from acting as a
representative. If the individual is not an attorney, he or
she must meet qualifications specified by the Commissioner (for example, be of good character and able to
provide valuable service to claimants).
A representative may charge and receive a fee for
his or her services, but the Social Security Administration generally decides how much the fee will be.
Although the Social Security Act does not establish a
maximum fee, most attorneys use an options process
that limits their maximum fee to the lesser of 25 percent
of the retroactive payment or $5,300.10
Advance Payments
The SSI program has provisions that help respond to
the immediate needs of new claimants. These procedures are in addition to state and local programs
designed to help those in need pending decisions on
their SSI status.
Emergency Advance Payments. A new claimant who
faces a financial emergency and who has a strong likelihood of being found eligible may receive up to
1 month of SSI benefits—the federal payment amount
plus any applicable state supplement. The amount paid
is recovered from later SSI payments (in full from the
first payment or in increments over no more than a
6-month period, depending on the circumstances).
However, if the claim is subsequently not allowed
because of not finding disability or blindness, repayment is waived. If the claim is disallowed for other reasons, the amount paid is an overpayment and is
processed as such.
Presumptive Disability or Blindness. Up to 6 months
of payments may be made to an individual applying for
benefits on the basis of disability or blindness when the
available evidence reflects a high degree of probability
that the impairment will meet the definition of disability
or blindness and the individual is otherwise eligible.
These payments are not considered overpayments if
the individual is later determined not to be disabled or
blind.

State Supplementation
In designing the SSI program, Congress recognized
that states, in many instances, would want to provide a
higher level of income maintenance than was available
under the federal program. At the same time, states
were given the option to either provide no supplementation to the federal assistance payments or supplement those payments on the basis of their views of the
needs of their citizens. They were mandated to ensure
that their citizens would not receive lower benefits
under the federal program than they had under the
former state program.
Types of State Supplementation
State supplementation can be optional or mandatory.
Optional State Supplementary Payment Programs.
For individuals who first became eligible for SSI in
1974 or later, each state could supplement federal payments to whatever extent it found appropriate with
respect to the needs of its citizens and the resources of
the state. In 2004, 45 states had optional state supplementary payment programs.
Some states provide supplementary payments to
all individuals eligible for SSI benefits; others may limit
them to certain SSI recipients, such as the blind or residents of domiciliary care facilities, or may extend them
to persons ineligible for SSI because of excess income.
States' flexibility in setting supplementary payments,
however, has been significantly restricted by mandatory passalong provisions (described below).
Mandatory State Supplementary Payment Programs. States are required to maintain the December
1973 income levels of individuals who were transferred
from the former state adult assistance programs to the
SSI program in 1974, except for Texas, which until
1999 had a constitutional bar against mandatory state
supplementation.11 Because of the increases in federal
benefits, only a few individuals continue to receive
mandatory state supplementary payments.
Administration of State Supplementary Payments
A state may administer its supplementary program or
enter into an agreement under which SSA will make
eligibility determinations and payments on behalf of the
state. Under state administration, the state pays its own
program benefits and absorbs the full administrative
costs. Under federal administration, states are required
to pay SSA a fee of $8.77 for each supplementary payment issued in fiscal year 2004. Fees are scheduled to
rise in succeeding fiscal years.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 9

States that administer their own supplementary
payment programs establish their own eligibility criteria.
States with federally administered programs must
adhere to SSI eligibility criteria in all aspects except
additional income exclusions.
Mandatory Passalong
It was originally the view of Congress that increases in
the federal SSI benefit rate would eventually replace
state supplementary payments. However, public reaction to states reducing their supplementary payment
amounts when SSI payments were increased led Congress to mandate that states pass along SSI benefit
increases resulting from cost-of-living adjustments.
To meet the passalong requirement, a state may
either maintain each state payment level from year to
year (the "payment levels" method), or it may spend
the same amount of money, in the aggregate, that it
spent for supplementary benefits in the 12-month
period preceding the increase in the SSI benefit rate
(the "total expenditures" method).

Coordination with Other Programs
SSI benefits are not the only form of assistance available to needy aged, blind, or disabled individuals. Medicaid, food stamps, and temporary state assistance are
also important in keeping individuals from sliding further into poverty. SSA plays a limited but important role
in helping states with regard to administration of the
Medicaid and Food Stamp programs, and provisions in
the SSI statute ensure that payments made by states
or under the Social Security program are not duplicated
by SSI benefits.
Windfall Offset
If a person receives SSI payments and is later determined to be entitled to retroactive Social Security benefits, such retroactive benefits are reduced by the
amount of SSI payments the person would not have
been eligible for had the Social Security benefits been
paid in the month they were due. This process, called
the windfall offset, was enacted to prevent windfall payments to individuals when Social Security and SSI payments were paid for the same period.

States also may enter into agreements with SSA
for SSA to make Medicaid eligibility determinations on
their behalf as long as the eligibility requirements of the
state's Medicaid plans are the same as those for the
SSI program. Under these agreements, SSA determines only when an individual is eligible for Medicaid;
SSA does not determine Medicaid ineligibility. SSA has
Medicaid determination agreements with 33 states.
Continued Medicaid eligibility is provided in SSI
law for certain Social Security beneficiaries who lose
SSI eligibility because of either an entitlement to Social
Security benefits or an increase in Social Security benefits resulting from

cost-of-living adjustments,

actuarial increases in widow(er)s benefits,

changes in the definition of disability for widow(er)s
benefits, or

increases in disabled adult child benefits.

Food Stamp Applications
SSI recipients in all states, except California, may be
eligible for food stamps. Under agreements entered
into by the Secretary of Agriculture and SSA, Social
Security offices notify Social Security and SSI applicants and recipients of their potential benefits under the
Food Stamp program and make food stamp applications available to them.12
The law also provides for Social Security offices to
take food stamp applications from potentially eligible or
eligible SSI households that are not already receiving
food stamps and do not have a food stamp application
pending. Food stamp applications from SSI households may be taken in connection with initial SSI claims
or at the time of a redetermination. Food stamp applicants have the option of applying at Social Security
offices or at state food stamp offices if expedited service is required. Social Security offices forward the
food stamp applications and any supporting documents
to the local food stamp offices within 1 day of taking the
application. Eligibility is determined by the food stamp
office.
Interim Assistance Reimbursement

Medicaid Determinations
Generally, SSI recipients are categorically eligible for
Medicaid. A state may use SSI eligibility criteria for
determining Medicaid eligibility, or it may use its own
criteria as long as the criteria are no more restrictive
than the state's January 1972 medical assistance standards. Forty states use SSI criteria, and 11 states use
eligibility criteria that are more restrictive than those of
the SSI program.
10 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

SSA may enter into agreements under which states or
local governments are reimbursed for basic needs
assistance provided during the period that an eligible
individual's SSI application for benefits was pending or
the individual's SSI benefits were suspended and subsequently reinstated (the interim period). Thirty-nine
states have interim assistance agreements with SSA.

Notes
1

Substantial gainful activity (SGA) is used to
describe a level of work activity that is both substantial
(that is, involves the performance of significant physical
or mental duties that are productive) and gainful (that
is, performed for remuneration or profit). Generally,
earnings from work activity of more than $800 a month
in 2003 were evidence of ability to engage in SGA.
Applicants who earned more than $800 a month would
generally not be considered disabled. However, SSI
recipients who earned more than $800 a month could
continue to be eligible for SSI. (See the section Incentives for Work and Opportunities for Rehabilitation.)
The SGA level of $800 was increased to $810 effective
January 1, 2004. Increases in the SGA level in subsequent years will be based on increases in the national
average wage index.
The definition of disability for individuals under age
18 reflects amendments made by Public Law 104-193,
the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. Prior law required a medically
determinable physical or mental impairment of comparable severity to that required for individuals aged 18 or
older.
2

The provision reflects amendments made by Title I
of Public Law 104-121, the Senior Citizens’ Right to
Work Act of 1996, enacted March 29, 1996.
3

These standards reflect amendments made by
Public Law 104-193, the Personal Responsibility and
Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, as
amended by Public Law 104-208, Public Law 105-33,
and Public Law 105-306. Prior law permitted SSI eligibility for individuals who were residents of the United
States, citizens or nationals of the United States, aliens
lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United
States, or aliens permanently residing in the United
States under color of law.

4 Generally

defined as the recruitment, harboring,
transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for
labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or
coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary
servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
5 Public

Law 106-386, the Victims of Trafficking and
Violence Protection Act of 2000, enacted October 28,
2000.
6 Deeming

also applies to an individual who lives
with an essential person (a concept carried over from
the former state assistance plans). However, there are
fewer than 100 of these cases remaining.
7 The

Immigration and Naturalization Service began
using the new, legally enforceable affidavits on
December 19, 1997. However, if a potential immigrant
had a visa issued before that date, the sponsor would
sign an old affidavit even if the affidavit was signed
after December 19, 1997.
8

For a temporary period—January through
September 1996—the deeming period was 5 years.
9

Under current regulations, this exclusion will be
increased in subsequent years on the basis of changes
in the cost of living.
10

Fee agreements prior to February 1, 2002, were
limited to the lesser of 25 percent of the retroactive
payment or $4,000.
11

The requirement does not affect West Virginia,
since SSI federal benefit rates in 1973 exceeded the
applicable income standards under the state’s adult
assistance programs.
12

California “cashes out” food stamps, and SSI
recipients receive a cash payment in their state supplementary payment in lieu of food stamps.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 11

Federal Benefit Rates
and Total Annual Payments

Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
Table 1.
Monthly federal SSI benefit rates, 1974–2004 (in dollars)
Individual

Couple

Own
household

Another's
household

Own
household

Another's
household

Medicaid
facility

Essential
person
increment

January 1974
July 1974

140.00
146.00

93.34
97.34

210.00
219.00

140.00
146.00

25.00
25.00

70.00
73.00

July
July
July
July
July

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

157.70
167.80
177.80
189.40
208.20

105.14
111.87
118.54
126.27
138.80

236.60
251.80
266.70
284.10
312.30

157.74
167.87
177.80
189.40
208.20

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

78.90
84.00
89.00
94.80
104.20

July 1980
July 1981
July 1982
July 1983
January 1984

238.00
264.70
284.30
304.30
314.00

158.67
176.47
189.54
202.87
209.34

357.00
397.00
426.40
456.40
472.00

238.00
264.67
284.27
304.27
314.67

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

119.20
132.60
142.50
152.50
157.00

January
January
January
January
January

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

325.00
336.00
340.00
354.00
368.00

216.67
224.00
226.67
236.00
245.34

488.00
504.00
510.00
532.00
553.00

325.34
336.00
340.00
354.67
368.67

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
30.00

163.00
168.00
170.00
177.00
184.00

January
January
January
January
January

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

386.00
407.00
422.00
434.00
446.00

257.34
271.34
281.34
289.34
297.34

579.00
610.00
633.00
652.00
669.00

386.00
406.67
422.00
434.67
446.00

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

193.00
204.00
211.00
217.00
223.00

January
January
January
January
January

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

458.00
470.00
484.00
494.00
500.00

305.34
313.34
322.67
329.34
333.34

687.00
705.00
726.00
741.00
751.00

458.00
470.00
484.00
494.00
500.67

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

229.00
235.00
242.00
247.00
250.00

January
January
January
January
January

2000 a
2001 a
2002
2003
2004

513.00
531.00
545.00
552.00
564.00

342.00
354.00
363.34
368.00
376.00

769.00
796.00
817.00
829.00
846.00

512.67
530.67
544.67
552.67
564.00

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

257.00
266.00
273.00
277.00
282.00

Starting date

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Office of Program Management.
a. Data reflect the correction of an error in the consumer price index.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 15

Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
Table 2.
Total payments, by eligibility category and source of payment, selected years 1974–2003
(in thousands of dollars)
State supplementation
Year

Total

Federal
SSI
All recipients

Federally
administered

State
administered

a

1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

5,245,719
5,878,224
7,940,734
11,060,476
16,598,680

3,833,161
4,313,538
5,866,354
8,777,341
12,893,805

1,263,652
1,402,534
1,848,286
1,972,597
3,239,154

148,906
162,152
226,094
310,538
465,721

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

27,627,658
28,791,924
29,052,089
30,216,345
30,922,953

23,919,430
25,264,878
25,457,387
26,404,793
26,805,156

3,117,850
2,987,596
2,913,181
3,003,415
3,300,976

590,378
539,450
681,521
808,137
816,821

2000
2001
2002
2003

31,564,439
33,060,819
34,566,844
35,604,829

27,290,248
28,705,503
29,898,765
30,688,029

3,381,451
3,460,353
3,820,234
4,005,249

892,740
894,963
847,845
911,551

Aged
1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

2,503,407
2,604,792
2,734,270
3,034,596
3,736,104

1,782,742
1,842,980
1,860,194
2,202,557
2,521,382

631,292
673,535
756,829
694,114
1,038,006

89,373
88,277
117,247
137,925
176,716

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

4,467,146
4,507,202
4,531,973
4,424,877
4,712,333

3,374,772
3,449,407
3,479,948
3,327,856
3,524,355

864,450
833,091
823,581
838,375
921,332

227,924
224,705
228,444
258,646
266,646

2000
2001
2002
2003

4,811,048
4,958,644
5,085,554
5,147,380

3,595,384
3,708,527
3,751,491
3,758,070

942,530
955,549
1,051,301
1,098,805

283,073
294,568
282,762
290,505

Blind
1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

130,195
130,936
190,075
264,162
334,120

91,308
92,427
131,506
195,183
238,415

34,483
34,813
54,321
64,657
90,534

4,404
3,696
4,248
4,322
5,171

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

375,512
371,869
374,857
366,452
390,877

298,238
298,897
302,656
291,050
309,295

69,203
65,894
65,189
67,137
73,028

8,071
7,077
7,012
8,265
8,554

2000
2001
2002
2003

394,484
407,371
426,409
419,352

312,144
323,895
335,405
325,878

73,688
74,729
81,049
83,415

8,636
8,747
9,955
10,058
(Continued)

16 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
Table 2.
Total payments, by eligibility category and source of payment, selected years 1974–2003
(in thousands of dollars)—Continued
State supplementation
Year

Total

Federal
SSI

Federally
administered

State
administered

Disabled
1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

2,601,936
3,142,476
5,013,948
7,754,588
12,520,568

1,959,112
2,378,131
3,874,655
6,379,601
10,134,007

597,876
694,186
1,037,137
1,213,826
2,110,615

44,948
70,159
102,156
161,161
275,946

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

22,778,547
23,905,578
24,006,254
25,304,721
25,719,050

20,246,415
21,516,579
21,685,421
22,785,879
22,971,506

2,184,197
2,088,610
2,024,410
2,097,903
2,306,615

347,935
300,389
296,423
420,939
440,929

2000
2001
2002
2003

26,198,350
27,611,303
28,996,405
29,966,210

23,399,442
24,695,630
25,844,055
26,630,775

2,365,233
2,430,077
2,687,884
2,823,028

479,635
485,596
496,634
536,782

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Office of Financial Management, Division of Finance.
a. Includes data on state-administered state supplementation not distributed by category.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov; Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 17

Federally Administered
Payments

Federally Administered Payments
Table 3.
Recipients, by age, December 1974–2003
Under age 18

Aged 18–64

Aged 65 or older

Year

Total

Number

Percentage
of total

Number

Percentage
of total

Number

Percentage
of total

1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

3,996,064
4,314,275
4,235,939
4,237,692
4,216,925
4,149,575

70,900
107,026
125,412
147,355
165,899
177,306

1.8
2.5
3.0
3.5
3.9
4.3

1,503,155
1,699,394
1,713,594
1,736,879
1,747,126
1,726,553

37.6
39.4
40.5
41.0
41.4
41.6

2,422,009
2,507,855
2,396,933
2,353,458
2,303,900
2,245,716

60.6
58.1
56.6
55.5
54.6
54.1

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

4,142,017
4,018,875
3,857,590
3,901,497
4,029,333

190,394
194,890
191,570
198,323
211,587

4.6
4.8
5.0
5.1
5.3

1,730,847
1,702,895
1,655,279
1,699,774
1,780,459

41.8
42.4
42.9
43.6
44.2

2,220,776
2,121,090
2,010,741
2,003,400
2,037,287

53.6
52.8
52.1
51.3
50.6

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

4,138,021
4,269,184
4,384,999
4,463,869
4,593,059

227,384
241,198
250,902
255,135
264,890

5.5
5.6
5.7
5.7
5.8

1,879,168
2,010,458
2,118,710
2,202,714
2,301,926

45.4
47.1
48.3
49.3
50.1

2,031,469
2,017,528
2,015,387
2,006,020
2,026,243

49.1
47.3
46.0
44.9
44.1

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

4,817,127
5,118,470
5,566,189
5,984,330
6,295,786

308,589
397,162
556,470
722,678
841,474

6.4
7.8
10.0
12.1
13.4

2,449,897
2,641,524
2,910,016
3,148,413
3,335,255

50.9
51.6
52.3
52.6
53.0

2,058,641
2,079,784
2,099,703
2,113,239
2,119,057

42.7
40.6
37.7
35.3
33.7

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

6,514,134
6,613,718
6,494,985
6,566,069
6,556,634

917,048
955,174
879,828
887,066
847,063

14.1
14.4
13.5
13.5
12.9

3,482,256
3,568,393
3,561,625
3,646,020
3,690,970

53.5
54.0
54.8
55.5
56.3

2,114,830
2,090,151
2,053,532
2,032,983
2,018,601

32.5
31.6
31.6
31.0
30.8

2000
2001
2002
2003

6,601,686
6,688,489
6,787,857
6,902,364

846,784
881,836
914,821
959,379

12.8
13.2
13.5
13.9

3,744,022
3,811,494
3,877,752
3,953,248

56.7
57.0
57.1
57.3

2,010,880
1,995,159
1,995,284
1,989,737

30.5
29.8
29.4
28.8

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 21

Federally Administered Payments
Table 4.
By type of payment, sex, eligibility category, and age, December 2003
Age

Category
Type of payment and sex

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Number
All payments
Male
Female

6,902,364
2,926,827
3,975,537

1,232,778
374,002
858,776

77,082
34,393
42,689

5,592,504
2,518,432
3,074,072

959,379
620,279
339,100

3,953,248
1,717,487
2,235,761

1,989,737
589,061
1,400,676

Federal SSI
Male
Female

6,614,465
2,800,534
3,813,931

1,132,947
339,042
793,905

71,621
31,863
39,758

5,409,897
2,429,629
2,980,268

956,263
618,257
338,006

3,811,060
1,643,019
2,168,041

1,847,142
539,258
1,307,884

State supplementation
Male
Female

2,467,116
1,049,251
1,417,865

602,807
204,096
398,711

34,142
15,205
18,937

1,830,167
829,950
1,000,217

253,095
165,366
87,729

1,310,187
588,874
721,313

903,834
295,011
608,823

Total payments (thousands of dollars)
All payments
Male
Female

3,077,819
1,355,417
1,722,401

424,774
136,099
288,675

35,646
15,886
19,760

2,617,398
1,203,432
1,413,967

502,763
325,704
177,058

1,886,790
819,878
1,066,912

688,266
209,835
478,431

Federal SSI
Male
Female

2,721,097
1,199,903
1,521,193

327,311
100,399
226,912

28,316
12,620
15,696

2,365,469
1,086,884
1,278,585

484,581
313,949
170,632

1,692,999
727,201
965,798

543,517
158,754
384,763

356,722
155,514
201,208

97,463
35,700
61,763

7,330
3,266
4,064

251,929
116,548
135,382

18,182
11,756
6,426

193,791
92,677
101,114

144,749
51,082
93,668

State supplementation
Male
Female

Average monthly payment

a

(dollars)

All payments
Male
Female

417.16
429.87
407.83

342.28
361.80
333.81

454.84
452.76
456.51

433.16
439.69
427.84

490.63
491.19
489.59

436.37
433.72
438.39

343.77
354.20
339.40

Federal SSI
Male
Female

383.59
396.20
374.36

287.10
294.44
283.97

389.19
388.81
389.50

403.76
410.54
398.27

474.39
475.00
473.28

405.08
400.57
408.48

292.56
292.77
292.48

State supplementation
Male
Female

138.38
141.23
136.27

160.02
173.33
153.22

210.51
209.17
211.58

129.89
132.08
128.08

67.07
66.36
68.41

138.18
147.03
130.99

158.59
171.67
152.28

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Averages are not obtained simply by dividing the total dollars by the number of recipients. Averages exclude payments made in the
current month for prior-month eligibility, such as back pay for new awards, so that large retroactive payments do not distort the
averages.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

22 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Federally Administered Payments
Table 5.
By selected characteristics, eligibility category, and age, December 2003
Category
Characteristic

Total

Aged

Blind

Age
Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Number
All recipients

6,902,364

1,232,778

77,082

5,592,504

959,379

3,953,248

1,989,737

Sex
Male
Female

2,926,827
3,975,537

374,002
858,776

34,393
42,689

2,518,432
3,074,072

620,279
339,100

1,717,487
2,235,761

589,061
1,400,676

Living arrangement
Own household
Another’s household
Parent’s household
Medicaid institution
Unknown

5,672,584
281,140
798,101
138,381
12,158

1,119,294
90,329
...
21,161
1,994

65,362
4,093
5,663
1,891
73

4,487,928
186,718
792,438
115,329
10,091

127,144
30,103
787,627
13,650
855

3,712,277
148,438
10,474
73,221
8,838

1,833,163
102,599
...
51,510
2,465

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

6,205,592
696,772

876,480
356,298

68,340
8,742

5,260,772
331,732

955,086
4,293

3,727,713
225,535

1,522,793
466,944

Average monthly payment (dollars)
All recipients

417.16

342.28

454.84

433.16

490.63

436.37

343.77

Sex
Male
Female

429.87
407.83

361.80
333.81

452.76
456.51

439.69
427.84

491.19
489.59

433.72
438.39

354.20
339.40

Living arrangement
Own household
Another’s household
Parent’s household
Medicaid institution
Unknown

417.10
380.16
494.74
37.36
371.57

342.83
400.27
...
37.33
354.12

460.62
437.63
536.89
36.87
463.97

435.02
369.09
494.44
37.37
375.98

542.44
363.79
494.76
46.65
469.81

446.61
371.33
492.96
36.63
360.95

348.85
397.63
...
35.85
361.26

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

408.59
471.84

287.91
457.64

438.08
556.66

428.35
486.01

490.47
515.04

431.76
489.61

300.85
463.50

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 23

Federally Administered Payments
Table 6.
Recipients, by type of representative payee, eligibility category, and age, December 2003
Category
Type of payee

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

6,902,364

1,232,778

77,082

5,592,504

959,379

3,953,248

1,989,737

Without payee

4,476,912

1,186,797

57,796

3,232,319

897

2,640,210

1,835,805

With payee
Natural or adoptive parents
Spouse
Natural, adoptive, or stepchild
Grandparent
Other relative
Nonmental institution
Mental institution
Financial organization
Social agency
Public official
Other

2,425,452
1,352,958
62,595
92,950
87,726
343,742
124,903
77,056
2,248
126,099
14,566
140,609

45,981
280
1,839
18,222
27
11,577
7,151
1,373
35
2,187
576
2,714

19,286
11,451
227
653
614
2,394
1,316
715
14
1,033
91
778

2,360,185
1,341,227
60,529
74,075
87,085
329,771
116,436
74,968
2,199
122,879
13,899
137,117

958,482
783,897
54
265
64,999
63,487
5,867
3,019
119
20,852
1,294
14,629

1,313,038
567,338
54,029
48,851
22,676
237,345
92,723
67,332
2,002
95,624
11,008
114,110

153,932
1,723
8,512
43,834
51
42,910
26,313
6,705
127
9,623
2,264
11,870

All recipients

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

24 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Federally Administered Payments
Table 7.
Recipients, by type of income, eligibility category, and age, December 2003
Category
Type of income
All recipients

a

No other income
Earned income
Unearned income
Social Security benefits
Veterans’ benefits
Income based on need
Workers’ compensation
Support from absent parents
Pensions
Support and maintenance
Asset income b
Other c

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

6,902,364

1,232,778

77,082

5,592,504

959,379

3,953,248

1,989,737

3,823,904

430,664

41,848

3,351,392

719,247

2,382,078

722,579

239,396

14,313

4,320

220,763

2,325

214,140

22,931

2,421,362
75,028
12,273
4,990
121,058
59,739
257,745
244,155
76,435

708,499
32,332
79
346
...
39,517
78,205
87,447
13,114

26,891
619
33
23
873
439
2,479
3,563
846

1,685,972
42,077
12,161
4,621
120,185
19,783
177,061
153,145
62,475

67,351
1,368
8,187
17
118,150
37
38,231
15,898
2,962

1,212,446
24,275
3,998
4,126
2,908
12,521
123,616
110,700
54,641

1,141,565
49,385
88
847
...
47,181
95,898
117,557
18,832

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of unearned income or
both earned and unearned income.
b. Includes income received as rent, interest, dividends, and royalties.
c. Does not include income deemed from a spouse or parent.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 25

Federally Administered Payments
Table 8.
Recipients, by receipt of Social Security, type of income, eligibility category, and age, December 2003
Category

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

6,902,364

1,232,778

77,082

5,592,504

959,379

3,953,248

1,989,737

With Social Security
No other income
Earned income only
Unearned income only a
Both earned and unearned
income a

2,421,362
2,029,154
96,820
282,033

708,499
556,451
10,164
139,896

26,891
22,426
1,530
2,733

1,685,972
1,450,277
85,126
139,404

67,351
58,549
291
8,457

1,212,446
1,033,147
80,707
88,181

1,141,565
937,458
15,822
185,395

13,355

1,988

202

11,165

54

10,411

2,890

Without Social Security
No other income
Earned income only
Unearned income only a
Both earned and unearned
income a

4,481,002
3,823,904
142,576
495,316

524,279
430,664
4,149
88,226

50,191
41,848
2,790
5,133

3,906,532
3,351,392
135,637
401,957

892,028
719,247
2,034
170,006

2,740,802
2,382,078
133,433
208,501

848,172
722,579
7,109
116,809

19,206

1,240

420

17,546

741

16,790

1,675

Type of income
All recipients

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes recipients with in-kind unearned income.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

26 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Federally Administered Payments
Table 9.
Recipients, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2003
Age

Category
Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

6,902,364

1,232,778

77,082

5,592,504

959,379

3,953,248

1,989,737

163,760
10,639
91,655
86,542
1,162,725

21,010
2,230
13,211
11,177
345,911

1,029
107
924
873
21,951

141,721
8,302
77,520
74,492
794,863

27,318
1,054
15,527
15,356
92,830

97,723
6,542
53,437
50,312
567,445

38,719
3,043
22,691
20,874
502,450

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

53,988
51,151
12,930
20,403
409,400

8,537
6,937
1,304
2,154
95,566

555
505
115
175
3,166

44,896
43,709
11,511
18,074
310,668

6,580
6,277
2,970
3,923
77,253

33,765
32,454
7,544
12,044
195,400

13,643
12,420
2,416
4,436
136,747

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

199,733
21,753
20,258
255,445
93,963

29,689
6,532
1,716
30,895
6,311

2,175
189
216
2,426
999

167,869
15,032
18,326
222,124
86,653

30,768
1,378
3,537
42,616
19,019

115,048
11,873
13,713
155,426
62,319

53,917
8,502
3,008
57,403
12,625

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

41,869
37,805
178,900
167,800
31,403

3,837
3,475
15,733
20,708
2,746

792
376
1,358
1,785
223

37,240
33,954
161,809
145,307
28,434

6,283
6,618
25,203
29,477
3,196

28,371
24,580
118,277
98,926
22,554

7,215
6,607
35,420
39,397
5,653

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

90,962
168,171
216,727
68,971
126,301

15,532
44,813
17,629
9,804
17,538

711
4,038
1,818
722
1,133

74,719
119,320
197,280
58,445
107,630

14,039
16,646
35,563
9,595
21,261

52,123
103,370
144,790
43,758
71,384

24,800
48,155
36,374
15,618
33,656

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

115,069
14,356
21,875
30,815
12,709

10,606
1,209
2,186
7,883
926

970
132
243
708
139

103,493
13,015
19,446
22,224
11,644

18,075
1,803
3,401
5,234
1,714

75,835
10,079
14,518
17,273
9,163

21,159
2,474
3,956
8,308
1,832

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

149,580
50,169
624,565
194,424
8,092

33,670
8,710
134,095
28,237
1,144

1,015
519
3,131
1,958
80

114,895
40,940
487,339
164,229
6,868

20,901
6,261
68,062
33,416
940

78,366
28,468
333,737
109,162
5,161

50,313
15,440
222,766
51,846
1,991

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

243,584
75,202
57,436
310,617
29,196

15,934
8,938
7,570
32,895
4,155

2,092
812
649
2,368
198

225,558
65,452
49,217
275,354
24,843

41,422
11,594
7,505
50,909
3,757

165,920
46,976
37,555
195,799
18,100

36,242
16,632
12,376
63,909
7,339

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 27

Federally Administered Payments
Table 9.
Recipients, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2003—Continued
Category
State or area

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

105,621
12,577
161,246
454,857
21,357

13,864
1,777
18,843
111,225
2,131

1,482
99
1,604
6,219
266

90,275
10,701
140,799
337,413
18,960

17,718
1,879
21,915
65,233
3,839

61,044
7,500
101,159
228,480
13,815

26,859
3,198
38,172
161,144
3,703

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

12,841
133,607
108,977
75,227
88,736
5,660

1,308
22,155
14,179
4,694
8,818
482

102
1,356
954
598
965
49

11,431
110,096
93,844
69,935
78,953
5,129

1,496
20,290
13,097
8,219
15,429
817

8,651
76,550
70,957
54,431
57,086
3,926

2,694
36,767
24,923
12,577
16,221
917

715

149

13

553

166

359

190

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

28 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Federally Administered Payments
Table 10.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2003
(in dollars)
Category
State or area

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

417.16

342.28

454.84

433.16

490.63

436.37

343.77

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

362.08
377.59
392.13
344.49
553.13

175.35
270.56
283.80
156.16
502.92

351.46
384.23
403.06
355.23
609.56

389.81
406.33
410.50
372.66
573.40

483.34
444.08
478.32
473.40
596.72

388.30
408.74
408.50
370.74
587.98

210.40
288.09
294.64
186.80
505.74

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

370.98
393.11
378.01
416.59
383.09

288.75
316.86
243.47
256.21
310.88

396.31
403.37
381.90
401.94
385.96

386.36
405.12
393.34
435.91
405.30

454.69
474.59
454.48
485.05
471.19

389.45
407.29
386.72
441.73
396.45

285.43
315.25
257.40
288.14
314.36

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

358.36
426.96
370.88
416.43
384.74

203.50
360.21
203.70
332.13
219.68

385.75
426.94
384.00
409.25
360.29

385.49
456.01
386.56
428.28
397.12

471.17
464.17
457.78
486.67
470.83

390.47
460.85
382.11
429.07
389.36

226.27
373.76
220.67
330.70
233.67

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

355.42
371.43
381.12
377.35
349.41

200.44
234.35
184.05
193.19
158.51

346.36
394.05
386.45
372.35
372.25

371.70
385.31
400.23
403.75
367.56

449.91
464.09
486.67
486.35
457.40

369.51
380.57
404.00
405.99
373.14

219.26
246.29
230.16
224.35
193.65

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

395.37
427.02
413.65
385.89
356.99

308.56
359.39
283.37
297.22
170.54

397.57
465.90
402.03
399.27
354.88

413.88
451.22
425.40
400.64
387.40

464.99
517.24
485.28
464.45
481.02

417.69
444.48
426.48
396.51
389.29

302.21
358.35
292.82
308.12
210.42

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

374.28
363.78
357.25
384.59
364.27

209.72
182.40
216.38
302.62
240.94

375.20
372.80
368.64
453.28
361.36

391.13
380.61
372.90
411.61
374.18

482.53
458.16
461.41
465.13
440.93

388.47
385.02
368.55
399.46
374.56

231.32
208.71
226.61
302.82
241.76

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

404.32
364.90
449.99
344.53
328.32

347.28
235.66
379.23
183.60
195.18

398.32
385.39
425.95
362.89
380.23

421.05
392.27
469.61
371.96
349.73

480.61
480.18
505.35
458.76
445.89

421.47
398.11
478.70
369.45
351.06

345.87
257.45
390.12
218.49
213.93

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

406.55
369.27
384.80
424.74
418.07

259.03
198.68
283.94
280.56
305.72

391.00
381.62
401.71
405.68
385.16

417.15
392.39
400.18
442.13
437.09

483.18
480.37
468.56
498.32
532.41

417.03
394.24
399.68
443.54
433.35

271.89
221.08
289.81
308.87
321.70

All areas

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 29

Federally Administered Payments
Table 10.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2003
(in dollars)—Continued
Category
State or area

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

355.81
342.68
364.01
348.17
383.38

185.21
186.74
182.14
240.49
313.52

362.86
386.28
392.17
379.49
388.81

381.95
368.35
388.07
383.16
391.18

464.58
449.23
479.28
469.56
440.88

383.55
366.98
393.50
385.24
387.17

221.49
223.51
220.49
246.83
309.99

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

371.00
362.93
411.44
390.14
374.26
358.17

187.03
259.81
360.99
179.11
226.68
166.90

379.54
368.95
404.75
385.39
383.85
405.58

391.94
383.63
419.13
404.34
391.71
375.84

506.25
460.42
474.32
477.72
467.43
459.49

393.48
383.88
419.62
412.01
385.91
376.32

223.69
265.77
355.48
238.37
245.67
192.61

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

428.49

339.92

446.85

453.65

498.85

434.71

354.19

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

30 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Federally Administered Payments
Table 11.
Recipients and their average income, by type of income and marital status, December 2003
Eligible individual
with no spouse

Type of income
Total a

Average
income
Number (dollars)

Eligible individual with eligible spouse

Eligible individual with ineligible spouse

Spouse

Individual

Individual

Spouse

Average
income
Number (dollars)

Average
income
Number (dollars)

Average
income
Number (dollars)

Average
income
Number (dollars)

6,000,980

...

283,160

...

283,160

...

320,450

...

320,450

...

3,374,160

...

148,120

...

159,280

...

197,110

...

131,530

...

With income
2,626,820
Earned income only
132,500
Unearned income only
2,374,410
Both earned and unearned
income
119,890

396
353
388

135,040
1,900
130,940

393
575
384

123,880
2,370
118,460

338
598
323

123,340
4,220
117,040

387
587
374

188,920
99,050
77,130

847
1,161
398

601

2,200

814

3,050

732

2,080

730

12,720

1,122

With earned income a
Wages
Self-employment income

252,390
235,910
17,790

294
302
166

4,100
2,950
1,170

498
602
229

5,420
4,100
1,410

480
571
191

6,300
4,360
1,970

531
654
252

111,770
90,270
22,820

1,134
1,246
627

2,494,320
2,051,690
61,910
13,040
3,960

387
425
190
244
333

133,140
111,470
1,100
40
260

383
428
253
80
345

121,510
103,910
990
380
190

323
353
164
122
340

119,120
94,100
9,550
580
600

373
424
134
90
424

89,890
37,810
10,790
33,080
1,410

369
467
389
124
762

119,180
45,830
211,270
201,520
67,080

201
164
134
7
239

...
7,200
15,790
15,770
2,270

...
133
99
5
153

...
4,740
14,530
10,910
1,890

...
134
99
6
122

...
2,220
14,940
11,180
3,930

...
154
113
8
205

...
2,920
690
7,200
9,430

...
289
114
27
536

No other income

With unearned income a
Social Security benefits
Veterans’ benefits
Income based on need
Workers’ compensation
Support from absent
parents
Pensions
Support and maintenance
Asset income b
Other c

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned
income, or both earned and unearned income.
b. Includes income received as rent, interest, dividends, and royalties.
c. Does not include income deemed from a spouse or parent.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 31

Federally Administered Payments
Table 12.
Recipients as a percentage of resident population, by state, December 2003
Recipients
State
United States

Resident population a
290,809,777

b

Number

Percentage of
resident population

6,902,364

2.4

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

4,500,752
648,818
5,580,811
2,725,714
35,484,453

163,760
10,639
91,655
86,542
1,162,725

3.6
1.6
1.6
3.2
3.3

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

4,550,688
3,483,372
817,491
563,384
17,019,068

53,988
51,151
12,930
20,403
409,400

1.2
1.5
1.6
3.6
2.4

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

8,684,715
1,257,608
1,366,332
12,653,544
6,195,643

199,733
21,753
20,258
255,445
93,963

2.3
1.7
1.5
2.0
1.5

2,944,062
2,723,507
4,117,827
4,496,334
1,305,728

41,869
37,805
178,900
167,800
31,403

1.4
1.4
4.3
3.7
2.4

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

5,508,909
6,433,422
10,079,985
5,059,375
2,881,281

90,962
168,171
216,727
68,971
126,301

1.7
2.6
2.2
1.4
4.4

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

5,704,484
917,621
1,739,291
2,241,154
1,287,687

115,069
14,356
21,875
30,815
12,709

2.0
1.6
1.3
1.4
1.0

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

8,638,396
1,874,614
19,190,115
8,407,248
633,837

149,580
50,169
624,565
194,424
8,092

1.7
2.7
3.3
2.3
1.3

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

11,435,798
3,511,532
3,559,596
12,365,455
1,076,164

243,584
75,202
57,436
310,617
29,196

2.1
2.1
1.6
2.5
2.7

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

(Continued)

32 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Federally Administered Payments
Table 12.
Recipients as a percentage of resident population, by state, December 2003—Continued
Recipients
State
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

4,147,152
764,309
5,841,748
22,118,509
2,351,467

105,621
12,577
161,246
454,857
21,357

2.5
1.6
2.8
2.1
0.9

619,107
7,386,330
6,131,445
1,810,354
5,472,299
501,242

12,841
133,607
108,977
75,227
88,736
5,660

2.1
1.8
1.8
4.2
1.6
1.1

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

SOURCES: U.S. Census Bureau and Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record
format), 100 percent data.
a. Population estimates for the United States as of July 1, 2003, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.
b. Includes 715 recipients in the Northern Mariana Islands.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 33

Federally Administered Payments
Table 13.
Foreign-born recipients, by region, country of origin, and eligibility category, December 2003
Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

All areas

1,460,557

702,472

758,085

North America
U.S. territories
Puerto Rico
Other a
Other

180,552
171,869
167,108
4,761
8,683

26,059
23,480
22,816
664
2,579

154,493
148,389
144,292
4,097
6,104

Latin America
Mexico
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Other

538,211
233,683
92,948
61,591
149,989

271,283
116,394
49,235
22,392
83,262

266,928
117,289
43,713
39,199
66,727

Africa
Somalia
Cape Verde Islands
Ethiopia
Other

18,161
3,442
1,345
2,502
10,872

7,452
1,462
856
827
4,307

10,709
1,980
489
1,675
6,565

464,876
98,928
70,941
32,916
69,885
192,206

276,087
42,166
60,641
6,887
57,401
108,992

188,789
56,762
10,300
26,029
12,484
83,214

35,360
8,647
6,396
3,957
16,360

16,220
4,026
2,862
2,568
6,764

19,140
4,621
3,534
1,389
9,596

130,633

68,137

62,496

85,288
8,212
7,199
8,403
7,606
11,800
42,068

34,190
4,735
3,128
2,800
4,371
4,398
14,758

51,098
3,477
4,071
5,603
3,235
7,402
27,310

7,476

3,044

4,432

Region and country of origin

Asia
Vietnam
China
Laos
Philippines
Other
Middle East
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Other
Former Soviet Republics
Europe
Portugal
Italy
United Kingdom
Poland
Former Yugoslavia
Other
Other or unknown areas

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Foreign-born means born in an area not served by the Supplemental Security Income program.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, and Virgin Islands.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (401) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

34 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

State-Administered
Supplementation

State-Administered Supplementation
Table 14.
By eligibility category, selected months 1974–2003
Total payments
(thousands of dollars)

Number
All
recipients a

Month

Aged

All
Blind Disabled recipients a

Aged

Average monthly payment
(dollars)

All
Blind Disabled recipients a

Aged

Blind Disabled

January 1974
December 1980

358,293 251,926
249,474 134,555

8,502 96,926
3,649 104,367

14,884
19,920

9,237
10,435

517
356

5,102
8,995

41.54
79.85

36.66
77.55

60.86
97.45

52.64
86.18

December
December
December
December
December

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

254,656
279,297
271,656
270,084
274,537

114,721
123,291
111,116
112,742
111,053

3,032
3,123
3,114
3,094
3,081

128,683
143,981
146,598
152,915
159,149

24,971
29,586
30,112
33,382
35,937

10,314
12,584
11,860
13,294
13,770

358
374
392
399
428

13,777
16,017
17,253
19,172
21,211

98.06
105.93
110.85
123.60
130.90

89.90
102.07
106.74
117.91
124.00

117.95
119.69
125.92
128.83
138.84

107.06
111.24
117.69
125.37
133.28

December
December
December
December
December

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

285,530
307,891
312,807
313,538
322,039

115,890
119,960
117,826
115,447
115,545

3,042
3,595
3,552
3,602
3,506

166,598
182,990
190,045
193,056
201,245

39,274
46,324
46,652
47,455
49,644

13,770
13,770
18,103
18,411
19,501

451
610
627
658
666

23,274
27,544
27,358
27,837
28,922

137.50
150.46
149.14
151.35
154.15

118.82
114.79
153.64
159.48
168.71

148.20
169.97
176.86
182.69
189.49

139.70
150.52
143.95
144.19
143.35

December
December
December
December
December

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

299,603
310,211
656,970
660,685
674,837

114,451
114,587
130,652
138,225
139,420

3,577
3,414
4,543
4,635
4,647

179,542
186,955
281,274
310,000
322,879

43,011
47,248
65,580
68,035
73,350

17,619
19,326
19,218
21,951
23,302

673
586
562
710
739

24,138
26,720
24,721
35,433
39,041

143.36
152.31
99.82
102.97
108.70

154.26
168.65
147.09
158.80
167.14

188.05
171.65
123.70
153.18
159.15

134.44
142.92
87.88
114.30
120.92

December
December
December
December

2000
2001
2002
2003

682,867
689,163
552,567
547,965

144,644
143,654
138,851
134,084

4,645
4,564
4,527
4,574

325,916
333,294
332,044
332,059

75,767
75,142
70,241
67,695

24,226
23,490
23,361
22,291

719
725
742
736

40,443
40,760
41,110
39,622

110.95
109.03
127.12
123.54

167.49
163.52
168.24
166.24

154.79
158.85
163.91
160.91

124.09
122.29
123.81
119.32

2003
January
February
March

559,123 138,159
559,856 137,750
554,581 134,108

4,304 337,984
4,330 340,036
4,322 337,704

68,234
68,134
67,932

21,411
21,380
21,298

712
722
720

40,986
41,054
41,041

122.04 154.97 165.43
121.70 155.21 166.74
122.49 158.81 166.59

121.27
120.74
121.53

April
May
June

569,523 138,758
551,227 135,470
551,494 135,355

4,380 347,311
4,490 332,316
4,484 332,970

68,505
68,819
69,306

21,400
22,667
22,856

719
730
745

41,281
40,350
40,647

120.28 154.22 164.16
124.85 167.32 162.58
125.67 168.86 166.14

118.86
121.42
12.07

July
August
September

566,886 137,452
551,541 134,945
551,469 133,854

4,340 345,957
4,476 333,163
4,488 334,156

68,039
68,776
68,589

21,382
22,611
22,623

724
748
751

40,937
40,457
40,186

120.02 155.60 166.82
124.70 167.56 167.11
124.38 169.01 167.34

118.33
121.43
120.26

October
November
December

567,990 137,171
551,885 134,621
547,965 134,084

4,337 347,299
4,467 333,761
4,574 332,059

67,515
68,799
67,695

21,168
22,546
22,291

716
739
736

40,546
40,532
39,622

118.87 154.32 165.09
124.66 167.48 165.44
123.54 166.24 160.91

116.74
121.44
119.32

SOURCE: Data reported to the Social Security Administration by the 31 states that administer their own supplementary program.
NOTES: All data are subject to revision.
Excludes optional supplementation data for Missouri and North Dakota.
a. Includes data not distributed by category.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 37

State-Administered Supplementation
Table 15.
By eligibility category and state, December 2003
Total payments
(thousands of dollars)

Number
State

All
recipients a

All applicable
states

Aged

547,965 134,084

All
Blind Disabled recipients a

4,574 332,059

Aged

Average monthly payment
(dollars)

All
Blind Disabled recipients a

Aged

Blind Disabled

67,695

22,291

736

39,622

123.54 166.24 160.91

119.32

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Colorado
Connecticut

508
187
15,817
4,998
457
...
31,836 24,572
17,257
5,224

8
86
...
12
101

313
10,733
457
7,252
11,932

28
4,749
23
6,563
6,718

10
1,371
...
5,410
2,402

...
27
...
3
42

18
3,351
23
1,150
4,274

56.02
55.99
...
300.24 274.34 312.65
50.00
...
...
206.17 220.18 240.83
389.26 459.86 412.08

56.08
312.68
50.00
158.62
358.16

Florida
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa

15,234
11,800
31,590
1,140
4,365

6,477
2,096
7,002
525
1,042

8
25
132
6
...

8,749
9,679
24,456
609
3,323

772
643
2,271
297
1,398

288
90
614
107
--

...
2
13
...
--

484
551
1,644
190
--

50.62
44.39
54.44
42.75
71.76
87.68
260.53 203.81
320.27
--

...
64.52
96.15
...
--

55.24
56.95
67.20
310.34
--

Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Michigan

4,638
5,071
32,557
2,973
65,337

1,829
-4,856
---

25
-95
---

2,784
-27,606
---

1,488
40
615
641
2,719

569
-135
---

5
-2
---

914
-478
---

320.85 311.34 189.72
7.84
-3.00
-3.00
18.89
27.72
23.47
215.61
-3.00
-3.00
41.61
-3.00
-3.00

328.27
-3.00
17.32
-3.00
-3.00

Minnesota
Missouri
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Mexico

38,579
8,981
5,574
16,784
177

7,935
2,909
1,327
8,174
--

167
877
47
339
--

30,477
5,195
4,200
8,271
--

7,027
2,229
519
873
18

801
719
113
146
--

23
331
...
58
--

6,203
1,179
406
669
--

182.15 101.00 135.95
248.10 247.04 376.92
93.16
85.25
...
51.99
17.82 170.57
100.00
---

203.53
226.96
96.36
80.90
--

North Carolina
North Dakota b
Oklahoma
Oregon b
South Carolina

23,715 12,452
355
c
74,633 19,849
16,972
4,710
3,040
1,443

101
c
490
706
10

11,162
203
54,294
11,556
1,587

10,673
160
3,115
1,681
949

5,142
c
715
1,480
438

57
c
21
30
3

5,474
91
2,379
171
508

450.04 412.94 563.02
449.43
c
c
41.74
36.01
43.49
99.03 314.16
41.84
312.15 303.23 347.50

490.40
444.33
43.82
14.84
320.04

South Dakota
Texas
Virginia
Washington
Wisconsin
Wyoming

3,690
-10,680
2,942
6,347
2,751
20
c
95,069 10,566
2,769
62

-135
12
c
1,158
32

-7,603
3,584
14
83,345
2,675

230
87
1,580
10
9,525
55

-43
647
c
981
d

-...
3
c
112
d

-44
930
10
8,432
54

62.34
-3.00
-3.00
8.14
14.60
...
249.05 235.24 278.42
513.00
c
c
100.19
92.84
96.72
20.00
e
e

-3.00
5.67
259.54
719.00
101.17
20.00

SOURCE: Data reported to the Social Security Administration by the 31 states that administer their own supplementary program.
NOTES: All data are subject to revision.
Excludes optional supplementation data for Missouri and North Dakota.
. . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes data not distributed by category.
b. Estimated data.
c. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
d. Less than $500.
e. Not computed on base of less than $500.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

38 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients of Social Security,
SSI, or Both

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 16.
Persons receiving both Social Security and SSI, by type of Social Security benefit and SSI
eligibility category, December 2003
Percentage of all
Social Security beneficiaries

Number receiving SSI

All Social
Security
beneficiaries a

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

47,053,140

2,427,370

700,520

1,726,850

5.2

1.5

3.7

Retirement
Worker aged 65 or older
Men
Women
Worker aged 62–64
Men
Women
Wives and husbands
Aged 65 or older
Aged 62–64
Under age 62 with
children
Disabled adult children
Aged 65 or older
Aged 18–64
Children under age 18 and
students aged 18–19

32,650,150
26,960,220
13,922,820
13,037,400
2,587,310
1,331,110
1,256,200
2,622,130
2,307,550
269,730

1,038,190
780,420
306,570
473,850
30,530
19,550
10,980
127,020
115,140
10,760

564,230
504,430
191,360
313,070
0
0
0
59,780
59,780
0

473,960
275,990
115,210
160,780
30,530
19,550
10,980
67,240
55,360
10,760

3.2
2.9
2.2
3.6
1.2
1.5
0.9
4.8
5.0
4.0

1.7
1.9
1.4
2.4
0
0
0
2.3
2.6
0

1.5
1.0
0.8
1.2
1.2
1.5
0.9
2.6
2.4
4.0

44,850
192,750
1,040
191,710

1,120
96,360
380
95,980

0
b
b
0

1,120
b
b
95,980

2.5
50.0
36.5
50.1

0
b
b
0

2.5
b
b
50.1

287,740

3,860

0

3,860

1.3

0

1.3

Survivors
Nondisabled widow(er)s
Aged 65 or older
Aged 60–64
Disabled widow(er)s
Widowed mothers and
fathers
Parents
Disabled adult children
Aged 65 or older
Aged 18–64
Children under age 18 and
students aged 18–19

6,804,720
4,499,900
4,047,720
452,180
207,630

457,780
235,300
228,260
7,040
36,860

135,340
132,360
132,360
0
0

322,440
102,940
95,900
7,040
36,860

6.7
5.2
5.6
1.6
17.8

2.0
2.9
3.3
0
0

4.7
2.3
2.4
1.6
17.8

188,320
2,190
500,970
66,000
434,970

4,910
120
158,950
22,050
136,900

b
b
2,860
2,860
0

b
b
156,090
19,190
136,900

2.6
5.5
31.7
33.4
31.5

b
b
0.6
4.3
0

b
b
31.2
29.1
31.5

1,405,710

21,640

0

21,640

1.5

0

1.5

Type of Social Security benefit
Total

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 41

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 16.
Persons receiving both Social Security and SSI, by type of Social Security benefit and SSI
eligibility category, December 2003—Continued

Type of Social Security benefit
Disability
Worker under age 65
Men
Women
Wives and husbands
Aged 65 or older
Aged 62–64
Under age 62 with
children
Disabled adult children
aged 18–64
Children under age 18 and
students aged 18–19

Percentage of all
Social Security beneficiaries

Number receiving SSI

All Social
Security
beneficiaries a

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

7,598,270
5,867,460
3,225,850
2,641,610
151,500
23,590
31,370

931,400
832,520
367,510
465,010
10,310
3,160
1,660

950
0
0
0
950
950
0

930,450
832,520
367,510
465,010
9,360
2,210
1,660

12.3
14.2
11.4
17.6
6.8
13.4
5.3

0
0
0
0
0.6
4.0
0

12.2
14.2
11.4
17.6
6.2
9.4
5.3

96,540

5,490

0

5,490

5.7

0

5.7

63,480

44,280

0

44,280

69.8

0

69.8

1,515,830

44,290

0

44,290

2.9

0

2.9

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 10 percent sample.
NOTE: Social Security is the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
a. Includes special age-72 beneficiaries.
b. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

42 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 17.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving benefits on the basis of disability and their total and average
monthly payments, December 1996–2003
Average monthly payment a
(dollars)

Total payments
(millions of dollars)

Number

Year

Total

Social
Security
only

Both Social
Security
SSI only
and SSI

Social
Security
only

Both Social
Security
SSI only
and SSI

Social
Security
only

Both Social
Security
SSI only
and SSI

1996
1997
1998
1999

7,689,664
7,811,748
8,086,259
8,399,309

4,122,152
4,250,155
4,440,264
4,703,774

2,559,750
2,550,105
2,618,615
2,650,586

1,007,762
1,011,488
1,027,380
1,044,949

3,072
3,245
3,444
3,691

1,222
1,257
1,313
1,346

584
604
622
643

744.60
762.80
775.00
784.10

456.00
458.10
467.90
477.60

546.90
557.10
564.30
576.70

2000
2001
2002
2003

8,599,465
8,791,338
9,106,014
9,445,573

4,850,835
4,979,844
5,228,262
5,492,325

2,690,446
2,732,020
2,768,782
2,811,647

1,058,184
1,079,474
1,108,970
1,141,601

3,975
4,299
4,629
5,024

1,408
1,491
1,544
1,603

675
719
747
790

818.80
862.60
884.60
914.10

489.00
506.80
522.50
533.50

594.90
615.20
625.20
638.20

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and the Supplemental
Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Social Security counts include disabled workers, disabled widow(er)s, and disabled adult children. SSI counts include recipients of
federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or both.
a. Averages are not obtained simply by dividing the total dollars by the number of recipients. Averages exclude payments made in the
current month for prior-month eligibility, such as back pay for new awards, so that large retroactive payments do not distort the
averages.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 43

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 18.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving both Social Security and SSI on the basis of disability and their average
monthly Social Security benefit, by state or other area and type of beneficiary, December 2003
Number of SSI recipients with
Social Security disability

Average monthly
Social Security benefit (dollars)

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Total

1,141,601

833,216

34,100

274,200

443.17

458.39

431.46

398.37

31,928
1,731
14,436
17,701
176,253

22,503
1,388
11,081
12,864
135,339

1,208
41
348
675
3,683

8,217
302
3,007
4,162
37,231

425.71
415.34
420.24
427.94
522.81

449.03
428.26
436.79
450.52
531.77

418.46
399.32
416.06
432.23
505.99

362.93
358.16
359.75
357.44
491.91

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

10,832
8,540
2,424
2,156
57,437

8,550
6,176
1,803
1,652
43,637

190
261
42
82
1,496

2,092
2,103
579
422
12,304

425.38
417.70
431.61
431.12
421.02

439.06
438.80
435.95
450.40
436.80

389.83
408.48
447.62
426.16
425.56

372.72
356.88
416.93
356.61
364.52

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

34,505
2,922
4,607
31,590
19,263

23,979
1,856
3,618
22,994
15,031

1,420
82
85
1,022
444

9,106
984
904
7,574
3,788

431.30
469.43
423.59
407.21
412.18

454.55
472.25
433.33
422.10
422.13

425.64
403.28
441.29
415.08
428.29

370.95
469.63
382.92
360.93
370.82

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

10,409
8,539
32,068
25,189
8,365

7,837
6,546
23,117
15,960
6,265

198
172
1,475
1,303
182

2,374
1,821
7,476
7,926
1,918

416.39
417.97
417.27
409.69
426.14

426.49
429.14
441.18
439.39
444.50

425.29
422.56
404.39
423.53
433.97

382.30
377.35
345.89
347.63
365.42

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

12,788
32,573
39,741
13,089
22,408

9,242
25,101
26,894
9,835
15,292

346
763
1,017
187
1,055

3,200
6,709
11,830
3,067
6,061

425.55
469.45
428.23
410.91
420.47

441.72
491.80
425.58
424.14
450.84

428.78
439.06
424.97
401.90
419.22

378.50
389.29
434.54
369.02
344.07

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

24,853
3,438
5,530
4,716
3,143

18,521
2,527
4,152
3,921
2,403

732
85
77
82
50

5,600
826
1,301
713
690

412.19
427.71
419.23
442.51
429.43

426.96
434.92
432.38
454.09
444.60

411.74
395.73
410.39
456.06
442.92

363.38
408.95
377.78
377.28
375.58

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

22,036
8,133
84,920
38,161
2,056

15,975
5,892
58,670
27,588
1,377

582
264
2,554
1,278
45

5,479
1,977
23,696
9,295
634

446.25
412.35
482.19
424.71
409.12

459.63
435.00
485.12
444.33
427.01

430.21
407.30
440.91
418.99
408.84

408.94
345.52
479.39
367.27
370.29

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

40,603
13,506
11,810
50,576
6,170

30,092
9,836
9,329
35,846
4,780

1,305
484
214
1,615
104

9,206
3,186
2,267
13,115
1,286

401.24
410.86
424.96
441.13
464.13

412.54
425.79
434.90
454.43
481.94

413.69
422.35
424.76
438.55
440.98

362.51
363.01
384.05
405.12
399.83

State or area
All areas

Total
a

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

(Continued)

44 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 18.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving both Social Security and SSI on the basis of disability and their average
monthly Social Security benefit, by state or other area and type of beneficiary, December 2003—Continued
Number of SSI recipients with
Social Security disability
State or area

Total

Workers Widow(er)s

Average monthly
Social Security benefit (dollars)
Adult
children

Total

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

19,022
2,844
30,991
63,320
4,127

12,778
1,970
21,822
45,763
3,136

838
70
1,276
2,382
73

5,406
804
7,893
15,175
918

420.50
405.32
421.77
418.50
412.67

443.01
417.47
443.79
439.29
425.08

410.60
378.90
412.09
418.32
420.82

368.84
377.86
362.47
355.83
369.63

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

3,591
24,102
18,460
13,387
19,193
1,334

2,570
16,954
14,736
8,809
14,151
1,058

85
850
312
610
337
19

936
6,298
3,412
3,968
4,705
257

456.93
421.16
421.73
408.71
417.51
420.10

467.92
441.98
431.03
435.17
427.17
432.44

458.25
424.14
419.09
418.26
426.00
397.00

426.63
364.71
381.84
348.49
387.85
371.02

85

b

b

b

336.60

b

b

b

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and the Supplemental
Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: SSI counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or both. They do not include
beneficiaries whose own Social Security number is not on the Master Beneficiary Record. Social Security beneficiaries who are entitled to
both a primary and a secondary benefit are counted only once in this table.
a. Includes data not distributed by category.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 45

Noncitizens

Noncitizens
Table 19.
By eligibility category, December 1982–2003
Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

Year

Number

Percentage of all
SSI recipients

Number

Percentage of all
SSI recipients

Number

Percentage of all
SSI recipients

1982
1983
1984

127,900
151,200
181,100

3.3
3.9
4.5

91,900
106,600
127,600

5.9
7.0
8.3

36,000
44,600
53,500

1.6
1.9
2.1

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

210,800
244,300
282,500
320,300
370,300

5.1
5.7
6.4
7.2
8.1

146,500
165,300
188,000
213,900
245,700

9.7
11.2
12.9
14.9
17.1

64,300
79,000
94,500
106,400
124,600

2.4
2.8
3.2
3.5
4.0

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

435,600
519,660
601,430
683,150
738,140

9.0
10.2
10.8
11.4
11.7

282,400
329,690
372,930
416,420
440,000

19.4
22.5
25.4
28.2
30.0

153,200
189,970
228,500
266,730
298,140

4.6
5.2
5.6
5.9
6.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

785,410
724,990
650,830
669,630
684,930

12.1
11.0
10.0
10.2
10.4

459,220
417,360
367,200
364,980
368,330

31.8
29.5
27.0
27.4
28.2

326,190
307,630
283,630
304,650
316,600

6.3
5.9
5.5
5.8
6.0

2000
2001
2002
2003

692,590
695,650
703,515
696,772

10.5
10.4
10.4
10.1

364,470
364,550
364,827
356,298

28.3
28.9
29.1
28.9

328,120
331,100
338,688
340,474

6.2
6.1
6.1
6.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 49

Noncitizens
Table 20.
Distribution of recipients, by selected characteristics and citizenship status, December 2003
Citizens
Characteristic

Noncitizens

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

6,205,592

100.0

696,772

100.0

955,086
711,949
672,712
979,708
945,807
417,537
785,091
737,702

15.4
11.5
10.8
15.8
15.2
6.7
12.7
11.9

4,293
16,557
24,144
45,617
80,707
58,510
227,149
239,795

0.6
2.4
3.5
6.5
11.6
8.4
32.6
34.4

Sex
Male
Female

2,667,470
3,538,122

43.0
57.0

259,357
437,415

37.2
62.8

Living arrangement
Own household
Another’s household
Parent’s household
Medicaid institution

5,070,054
213,954
793,360
128,224

81.7
3.4
12.8
2.1

614,560
66,881
4,102
11,229

88.2
9.6
0.6
1.6

Income
Social Security
Worker beneficiary
Auxiliary beneficiary
Earnings

2,247,446
1,511,689
735,757
263,084

36.2
24.4
11.9
4.2

173,916
128,480
45,436
8,873

25.0
18.4
6.5
1.3

4,163,734
256,595

67.1
4.1

271,514
31,304

39.0
4.5

1,785,263

28.8

393,954

56.5

Total
Age
Under 18
18–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64
65–74
75 or older

SSI payment
Federal SSI only
State supplementation only
Both federal SSI and state
supplementation

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

50 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Noncitizens
Table 21.
By state or other area and eligibility category, December 2003
State or area

Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

696,772

356,298

340,474

720
898
9,481
519
258,822

392
371
4,360
254
130,536

328
527
5,121
265
128,286

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

5,045
4,390
371
724
68,992

2,625
2,328
245
343
37,957

2,420
2,062
126
381
31,035

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

6,084
3,014
807
20,677
1,241

3,680
2,013
353
10,744
701

2,404
1,001
454
9,933
540

1,243
1,410
1,201
2,289
565

483
643
576
1,153
141

760
767
625
1,136
424

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

6,681
22,784
9,616
8,676
417

4,651
12,978
4,104
2,923
199

2,030
9,806
5,512
5,753
218

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

2,549
147
970
3,572
492

1,172
53
384
2,395
220

1,377
94
586
1,177
272

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

21,222
4,359
105,682
3,463
192

12,645
1,929
51,357
1,831
71

8,577
2,430
54,325
1,632
121

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

4,795
1,425
5,032
12,090
3,666

2,619
834
2,459
5,328
1,410

2,176
591
2,573
6,762
2,256

All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 51

Noncitizens
Table 21.
By state or other area and eligibility category, December 2003—Continued
State or area

Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

747
198
1,580
59,909
1,570

415
78
848
32,242
728

332
120
732
27,667
842

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

203
6,670
14,907
135
4,448
57

63
4,318
6,407
79
1,614
30

140
2,352
8,500
56
2,834
27

25

16

9

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

52 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Noncitizens
Table 22.
By region and country of origin, December 2003
Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

All areas

696,772

356,298

340,474

Latin America
Mexico
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Other

328,033
157,086
50,453
39,618
80,876

165,109
79,526
25,388
14,796
45,399

162,924
77,560
25,065
24,822
35,477

Africa
Somalia
Cape Verde Islands
Ethiopia
Other

11,434
3,121
926
1,771
5,616

4,942
1,323
609
634
2,376

6,492
1,798
317
1,137
3,240

223,245
48,912
31,161
23,227
20,293
99,652

118,875
19,597
26,131
4,844
15,625
52,678

104,370
29,315
5,030
18,383
4,668
46,974

Middle East
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Other

13,186
3,167
2,487
1,558
5,974

6,518
1,568
1,193
1,084
2,673

6,668
1,599
1,294
474
3,301

Former Soviet Republics

68,846

37,431

31,415

Europe
Portugal
Former Yugoslavia
Great Britain
Poland
Other

36,911
4,516
9,674
3,738
3,270
15,713

16,583
2,686
3,496
1,543
1,808
7,050

20,328
1,830
6,178
2,195
1,462
8,663

Other areas

6,541

2,439

4,102

Unknown

8,576

4,401

4,175

Region and country of origin

Asia
Vietnam
China
Laos
Philippines
Other

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 53

Noncitizens
Table 23.
By number of months between date of U.S. residency and date of SSI application and eligibility category,
December 2003
Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

696,772

356,298

340,474

104,861
34,005
29,147
69,758
39,060
54,297
37,924
88,095
234,968

58,147
13,747
12,296
45,792
19,975
33,239
20,220
44,212
107,034

46,714
20,258
16,851
23,966
19,085
21,058
17,704
43,883
127,934

Converted cases

2,358

565

1,793

Unknown

2,299

1,071

1,228

Months
All recipients
0–11 a
12–23
24–35
36–47
48–59
60–71
72–83
84–119
120 and over

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes an estimated 3,701 persons whose records indicate that they applied in the same month that their residence began.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

54 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients Under Age 65

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 24.
Recipients, by diagnostic group, 1995–2003
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders a
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary
system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system
and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown c

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

4,345,820

4,375,650

4,441,420

4,533,060

4,538,033

4,590,806

4,693,315

4,792,526

4,912,627

71,070

73,510

56,987

58,440

57,094

58,593

62,730

65,999

70,084

177,260

187,200

168,685

179,273

186,317

178,184

172,371

164,994

160,047

74,830
120,700

74,630
119,860

68,707
92,586

73,426
95,321

73,538
97,762

73,510
100,046

73,513
103,284

72,499
105,313

71,676
107,051

1,223,540
1,357,490
64,580

1,244,420
1,332,010
64,860

1,032,435
1,165,248
54,804

1,067,247
1,232,642
53,526

1,062,530
1,294,064
51,326

1,059,769
1,419,469
51,491

1,085,032
1,523,835
51,802

1,093,759
1,629,652
52,699

1,099,557
1,743,224
53,376

b
215,740
28,180

b
215,350
28,630

b
181,068
29,009

b
185,267
30,310

b
186,909
31,940

b
188,069
34,017

b
188,982
36,197

27,009
189,017
38,518

27,475
188,745
40,400

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

43,994

44,694

309,980

318,720

281,514

300,895

318,388

334,879

354,108

373,402

390,646

440,780
114,200

441,670
117,470

344,870
104,506

356,266
108,122

365,529
107,046

371,211
107,490

384,411
109,004

393,439
109,609

400,302
110,694

b
147,470
0

b
157,320
0

b
150,011
710,990

b
178,692
613,633

b
193,372
512,218

b
153,846
460,232

b
164,129
383,917

6,855
85,625
340,143

7,082
94,310
303,264

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Beginning in 2000, approximately 60,000 persons previously shown under Other Diagnoses are shown under Other Mental Disorders.
b. Before 2002, diagnosis was reported under Other.
c. Before 1997, diagnosis was imputed where missing.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 57

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 25.
By diagnostic group and age, December 2003
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under 5

5–12

13–17

18–21

22–29

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–64

696,856 1,025,325 1,026,514

476,047

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary
system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system
and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

4,912,627

155,150

462,417

341,812

256,519

471,987

70,084

19,729

21,112

7,233

7,561

6,253

4,186

2,292

1,243

475

160,047

1,547

2,965

2,049

1,642

4,879

15,192

38,201

62,085

31,487

71,676
107,051

249
1,088

1,489
2,334

943
1,736

533
3,759

2,450
11,441

15,417
19,555

28,519
27,792

17,519
26,110

4,557
13,236

1,099,557
1,743,224
53,376

8,019
31,542
2,233

96,681
214,139
4,985

125,832
141,854
2,356

113,273
75,952
2,067

197,704
150,254
2,936

225,734
257,249
4,385

194,376
426,769
10,850

106,438
336,015
15,645

31,500
109,450
7,919

27,475
188,745
40,400

2,065
1,926
2,766

6,412
1,879
1,528

4,141
934
697

2,720
1,276
626

4,003
3,830
1,605

3,274
9,434
3,836

2,677
30,826
11,576

1,579
78,471
13,028

604
60,169
4,738

44,694

527

1,174

1,029

1,458

4,522

8,598

12,323

11,222

3,841

390,646

1,206

3,400

3,196

3,066

8,343

28,354

82,472

155,066

105,543

400,302
110,694

15,532
9,227

47,543
12,546

30,066
4,639

34,322
1,466

56,640
2,283

63,982
5,236

66,869
16,094

58,982
35,004

26,366
24,199

7,082
94,310
303,264

232
50,802
6,460

466
28,654
15,110

281
6,722
8,104

194
2,545
4,059

534
1,858
12,452

1,042
1,020
30,362

1,859
1,186
70,644

1,727
1,045
105,335

747
478
50,738

(Continued)

58 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 25.
By diagnostic group and age, December 2003—Continued
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under 5

5–12

13–17

18–21

22–29

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–64

Average monthly payment (dollars)
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary
system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system
and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

445.61

475.59

500.79

492.66

493.06

456.44

424.20

426.83

437.17

402.24

476.15

486.42

492.51

484.02

501.23

466.04

412.88

361.67

362.47

343.71

421.98

486.04

480.83

468.40

466.12

422.33

418.44

434.65

426.72

384.82

435.72
408.63

519.84
487.11

490.30
484.90

466.43
457.77

482.61
457.89

442.33
414.96

421.93
388.57

436.52
394.86

447.03
421.58

396.28
396.02

447.05
462.24
403.79

513.83
503.51
476.96

509.41
503.28
476.69

498.78
494.51
458.26

498.33
491.40
443.54

467.17
448.26
397.17

420.88
434.25
383.18

402.81
449.09
391.23

392.57
464.79
392.11

366.61
436.91
365.09

467.01
406.75
428.90

507.46
476.83
479.64

498.49
480.86
487.64

486.83
469.16
464.84

487.56
460.56
455.19

455.68
417.61
383.33

428.48
392.32
389.36

418.65
409.26
424.46

422.56
419.29
437.94

384.04
384.05
405.39

418.56

468.68

491.60

473.95

459.30

414.11

402.82

420.19

423.11

381.25

405.72

488.56

494.83

480.26

487.31

423.90

383.23

397.28

419.76

387.88

439.79
438.62

489.25
508.94

492.28
497.83

478.96
486.45

492.65
472.35

461.69
447.44

411.58
432.95

401.45
439.54

409.45
429.17

389.43
383.37

426.14
460.50
458.89

519.06
439.07
443.04

505.01
496.07
482.38

473.06
483.71
477.67

503.32
494.53
477.56

411.19
467.35
485.71

403.07
419.64
482.71

414.10
404.32
436.42

424.53
423.89
469.34

387.68
375.55
438.13

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 59

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 26.
By diagnostic group, age, and sex, December 2003
Under age 18

All ages
Percent
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary
system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system
and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

Aged 18–64

Percent

Percent

Number

Total

Male Female

Number

Total

Male Female

Number

Total

Male Female

4,912,627

100.0

47.6

52.4

959,379

100.0

64.7

35.3 3,953,248

100.0

43.4

56.6

70,084

100.0

51.8

48.2

48,074

100.0

53.5

46.5

22,010

100.0

48.1

51.9

160,047

100.0

23.9

76.1

6,561

100.0

52.6

47.4

153,486

100.0

22.7

77.3

71,676
107,051

100.0
100.0

57.4
61.2

42.6
38.8

2,681
5,158

100.0
100.0

49.9
59.3

50.1
40.7

68,995
101,893

100.0
100.0

57.6
61.3

42.4
38.7

1,099,557
1,743,224
53,376

100.0
100.0
100.0

52.0
49.3
42.4

48.0
50.7
57.6

230,532
387,535
9,574

100.0
100.0
100.0

61.6
73.7
55.6

38.4
869,025
26.3 1,355,689
44.4
43,802

100.0
100.0
100.0

49.4
42.3
39.5

50.6
57.7
60.5

27,475
188,745
40,400

100.0
100.0
100.0

48.7
45.9
47.5

51.3
54.1
52.5

12,618
4,739
4,991

100.0
100.0
100.0

57.4
54.5
54.9

42.6
45.5
45.1

14,857
184,006
35,409

100.0
100.0
100.0

41.4
45.6
46.5

58.6
54.4
53.5

44,694

100.0

48.1

51.9

2,730

100.0

58.9

41.1

41,964

100.0

47.4

52.6

390,646

100.0

34.4

65.6

7,802

100.0

48.0

52.0

382,844

100.0

34.1

65.9

400,302
110,694

100.0
100.0

47.7
40.8

52.3
59.2

93,141
26,412

100.0
100.0

55.9
64.3

44.1
35.7

307,161
84,282

100.0
100.0

45.2
33.5

54.8
66.5

7,082
94,310
303,264

100.0
100.0
100.0

35.1
55.4
45.5

64.9
44.6
54.5

979
86,178
29,674

100.0
100.0
100.0

50.2
55.8
61.1

49.8
44.2
38.9

6,103
8,132
273,590

100.0
100.0
100.0

32.7
51.2
43.9

67.3
48.8
56.1

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

60 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 27.
Percentage of recipients with a representative payee, by diagnostic group and age, December 2003
All ages
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

Under age 18

Aged 18–64

Number

Percentage
with payee

Number

Percentage
with payee

Number

Percentage
with payee

4,912,627

46.2

959,379

99.9

3,953,248

33.2

70,084

85.7

48,074

100.0

22,010

54.6

160,047
71,676
107,051

7.4
12.7
19.6

6,561
2,681
5,158

99.9
99.8
99.9

153,486
68,995
101,893

3.4
9.3
15.6

1,099,557
1,743,224
53,376

72.8
49.6
23.4

230,532
387,535
9,574

99.9
99.9
99.9

869,025
1,355,689
43,802

65.6
35.3
6.6

27,475
188,745
40,400
44,694

54.0
10.3
19.0
10.3

12,618
4,739
4,991
2,730

99.9
99.9
99.9
99.8

14,857
184,006
35,409
41,964

15.0
8.0
7.6
4.5

390,646

5.0

7,802

99.8

382,844

3.0

400,302
110,694
7,082
94,310
303,264

43.1
27.1
18.0
95.2
43.5

93,141
26,412
979
86,178
29,674

99.9
100.0
100.0
100.0
99.9

307,161
84,282
6,103
8,132
273,590

25.8
4.3
4.9
44.2
37.4

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 61

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 28.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003

State or area
All areas

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Total
Congenital metabolic parasitic
Number Percent anomalies diseases diseases

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

4,912,627

100.0

1.4

3.3

1.5

2.2

57.9

22.4

35.5

1.1

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

125,041
7,596
68,964
65,668
660,275

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.8
2.0
1.4
1.6

3.6
2.9
3.0
3.7
2.8

0.8
1.1
0.7
0.7
1.7

2.4
3.3
2.5
2.5
2.7

54.7
54.0
58.6
55.6
54.9

27.5
15.0
19.4
30.9
14.9

27.1
39.0
39.2
24.7
40.1

1.0
1.3
1.0
1.2
1.2

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

40,345
38,731
10,514
15,967
272,653

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.1
1.1
1.4
0.6
1.5

2.8
3.1
2.9
2.4
3.0

1.1
2.7
2.2
4.2
2.4

3.0
1.8
2.0
1.9
2.5

52.1
58.9
59.0
60.9
57.7

18.8
17.9
24.4
22.6
19.5

33.2
41.0
34.6
38.3
38.2

1.2
0.9
1.0
0.7
1.3

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

145,816
13,251
17,250
198,042
81,338

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
1.1
2.0
1.2
1.4

3.8
2.8
3.0
3.2
4.0

1.8
0.9
0.5
1.3
0.6

2.2
2.4
2.2
1.7
1.8

53.5
62.8
61.2
64.6
62.4

27.1
16.3
21.5
25.2
30.4

26.4
46.5
39.7
39.4
32.0

1.2
1.0
1.0
0.9
1.0

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

34,654
31,198
143,480
128,403
25,750

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.6
1.7
1.0
1.2
1.2

3.4
4.1
3.2
3.6
3.1

0.4
0.6
0.4
1.2
0.5

1.8
2.3
1.7
2.3
1.9

63.2
61.0
63.1
53.1
62.6

28.6
26.4
26.4
30.1
19.9

34.6
34.6
36.6
22.9
42.7

1.0
1.0
0.9
1.1
0.9

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

66,162
120,016
180,353
53,353
92,645

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
1.2
1.2
1.5
1.0

2.9
2.2
3.5
2.1
3.9

2.9
2.2
0.7
0.7
0.8

2.2
1.9
1.8
2.3
2.1

55.8
62.4
62.7
67.0
56.0

23.3
13.3
25.1
21.6
26.2

32.5
49.1
37.6
45.5
29.8

1.1
0.9
0.9
0.8
1.0

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

93,910
11,882
17,919
22,507
10,877

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
2.0
2.3
2.4
1.8

4.1
3.0
3.5
2.9
2.2

0.8
0.5
0.8
1.5
0.6

2.5
3.2
2.8
2.4
2.0

57.4
54.0
56.3
52.9
66.4

25.8
20.9
26.5
16.4
19.8

31.7
33.1
29.9
36.5
46.6

1.0
1.3
1.1
1.4
0.8

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

99,267
34,729
401,799
142,578
6,101

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
1.9
1.1
1.4
2.6

2.6
3.6
2.9
3.6
2.3

2.5
0.7
3.5
1.4
0.4

2.0
3.4
1.8
2.1
2.6

56.0
50.8
55.4
58.1
60.6

19.2
18.7
17.6
30.7
28.3

36.8
32.1
37.8
27.4
32.3

1.3
1.2
1.2
1.0
1.0

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

207,342
58,570
45,060
246,708
21,857

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.5
1.4
1.1
1.0

3.4
4.0
3.2
3.2
2.4

0.6
0.6
0.8
1.3
1.4

1.4
2.2
2.7
1.8
1.7

66.6
56.5
56.5
60.6
64.7

27.6
29.7
18.6
22.7
21.1

39.1
26.8
38.0
37.9
43.6

0.8
1.2
1.1
0.9
1.0
(Continued)

62 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 28.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area
All areas

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
system
Skin and
and Respi- subcutaCircuGenito- system and
latory Digestive urinary connective
sense
ratory
neous
system
system system
tissue
organs system
tissue

Other Unknown

0.6

3.8

0.8

0.9

8.0

8.1

2.3

0.1

1.9

6.2

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

0.9
0.2
0.3
0.7
0.3

4.4
3.2
2.9
4.6
3.9

0.8
1.0
0.9
0.9
1.0

0.9
0.6
1.0
0.7
1.1

8.5
11.6
8.8
9.8
10.0

7.9
10.3
9.3
8.7
9.3

3.0
1.7
1.8
2.5
1.7

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1

3.3
2.1
2.7
2.4
1.4

6.5
4.8
4.4
4.4
6.3

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

0.2
0.5
0.7
0.9
0.8

2.8
3.4
3.1
3.7
4.2

1.2
0.7
0.8
0.5
0.9

0.9
0.8
0.9
1.8
0.9

10.7
7.3
7.7
6.2
6.1

11.6
8.3
8.1
6.9
7.0

2.1
2.2
2.8
1.7
2.4

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.2

2.4
1.5
2.4
1.5
2.0

5.6
6.8
4.8
5.8
6.9

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

1.1
0.2
0.2
0.6
0.4

4.6
4.0
2.4
3.2
3.1

0.9
0.8
0.9
0.5
0.8

1.2
1.3
0.5
0.9
0.7

7.3
7.3
7.7
5.0
5.7

8.0
7.9
9.7
7.3
8.5

2.6
2.1
1.5
2.2
2.3

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

2.5
1.2
1.7
1.9
1.9

7.7
4.1
5.3
5.5
5.3

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

0.3
0.4
0.2
1.1
0.1

2.5
2.7
3.7
5.6
3.0

0.7
0.8
0.6
0.7
0.7

0.7
0.7
0.5
1.1
0.4

7.6
7.1
8.6
8.5
10.6

9.2
9.3
6.5
8.1
6.7

1.9
2.0
3.0
2.4
1.9

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.2

1.8
1.9
1.7
2.6
1.0

3.8
4.4
4.9
7.2
5.1

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

0.8
0.3
0.5
0.3
1.1

4.1
2.8
3.5
2.1
5.0

0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6

1.2
0.5
0.8
0.7
1.0

5.8
7.9
6.4
5.4
6.3

8.4
7.7
7.2
9.0
7.4

2.0
2.1
2.0
1.1
2.9

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2

2.3
1.1
1.8
2.5
3.5

8.4
5.9
6.2
3.7
7.3

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

0.6
0.2
0.4
0.5
0.2

3.5
2.7
2.9
4.1
2.5

0.8
1.1
1.0
1.3
0.7

0.8
0.9
0.7
1.0
0.4

8.4
11.6
8.7
9.5
6.6

8.0
11.2
10.5
10.0
8.9

2.3
2.3
1.8
2.5
1.5

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1

1.8
1.8
2.0
2.4
1.2

6.3
4.1
4.8
5.2
4.3

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

0.7
0.2
0.6
0.7
0.1

4.2
3.0
4.9
3.9
3.0

0.8
1.2
0.7
0.9
1.0

1.2
1.2
0.9
0.9
0.8

7.2
12.9
8.4
7.5
8.2

9.1
10.2
7.3
7.4
11.2

3.0
2.0
2.9
2.4
1.5

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1

3.0
2.0
1.2
2.0
1.5

4.9
5.3
7.2
6.4
3.2

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

0.4
0.4
0.2
0.4
0.4

2.6
4.0
2.8
3.5
3.0

0.6
0.9
1.0
0.8
0.8

0.7
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.5

4.7
9.1
9.8
8.0
7.6

6.4
9.7
9.9
6.7
6.5

1.9
2.6
1.9
2.3
2.1

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

1.4
1.8
2.6
1.4
1.5

7.1
4.4
5.3
7.2
5.4

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 63

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 28.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003—Continued

State or area

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Total
Congenital metabolic parasitic
Number Percent anomalies diseases diseases

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

78,762
9,379
123,074
293,713
17,654

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
2.3
1.2
2.2
3.1

3.1
2.6
2.9
4.6
2.7

1.1
0.5
0.7
1.5
0.4

2.3
2.6
1.9
2.6
2.1

57.1
56.6
61.4
48.7
59.7

29.1
23.6
29.1
19.4
23.8

28.0
32.9
32.3
29.4
35.9

1.1
0.9
1.0
1.5
1.0

10,147
96,840
84,054
62,650
72,515
4,743

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
1.4
1.6
1.0
2.1
2.1

3.3
3.2
2.9
4.1
3.2
2.8

0.8
1.1
0.9
0.4
0.6
0.5

2.0
2.0
2.2
2.2
1.9
2.9

61.9
58.0
60.0
59.4
62.1
57.2

19.1
27.7
17.4
31.5
23.7
23.0

42.9
30.3
42.7
27.9
38.4
34.2

0.7
1.2
1.0
0.9
0.8
1.4

525

100.0

5.7

1.7

1.0

3.0

34.1

13.3

20.8

0.8

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Outlying area
Northern Mariana

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

(Continued)

64 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 28.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2003—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
system
Skin and
and Respi- subcutaCircuGenito- system and
latory Digestive urinary connective
sense
ratory
neous
system
system system
tissue
organs system
tissue

Other Unknown

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

1.3
0.2
0.5
0.6
0.1

4.5
2.9
3.7
5.1
1.7

0.8
1.1
0.7
1.2
0.7

1.1
0.9
0.7
1.4
0.7

6.6
10.5
7.7
10.2
6.2

8.0
11.4
6.8
10.8
11.5

2.8
2.4
2.4
2.0
1.6

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1

2.4
1.9
2.0
2.7
2.8

6.2
3.2
6.4
4.7
5.5

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

0.1
0.7
0.3
0.1
0.5
0.1

2.3
3.9
2.6
3.7
2.4
2.9

0.9
0.7
1.0
0.7
0.7
0.9

0.4
1.1
0.6
0.5
0.8
0.5

9.3
7.9
8.6
8.6
6.0
9.0

8.1
7.7
8.6
6.6
9.1
11.5

1.9
2.3
1.7
2.9
1.6
2.8

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2

0.7
2.1
1.8
1.1
2.5
2.0

6.0
6.7
6.0
7.6
5.4
3.0

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

1.1

5.5

0.4

4.6

7.2

20.4

2.3

1.5

7.4

3.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 65

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 29.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2003 (in dollars)

State or area
All areas

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies
diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total

Retardation

Other Neoplasms

445.61

476.15

421.98

435.72

408.63 454.65

447.05 462.24

403.79

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

410.23
407.08
424.22
393.97
584.50

463.28
463.30
469.16
452.46
593.54

372.93
427.78
409.80
366.71
553.27

375.17
417.19
381.20
345.64
537.34

357.77
388.64
382.62
351.68
541.78

429.05
404.60
434.90
416.00
600.53

440.61
398.36
442.89
422.66
601.47

417.48
410.83
426.91
409.33
599.59

357.15
393.31
387.55
352.76
519.86

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

397.97
416.81
403.97
452.99
417.70

446.04
455.70
427.48
431.18
443.78

382.10
435.41
386.92
439.45
382.99

353.45
440.34
399.26
438.51
394.35

368.24
374.20
368.40
430.80
367.98

406.75
411.99
415.99
454.90
432.96

409.97
404.30
417.58
428.54
434.41

403.53
419.68
414.40
481.25
431.51

373.31
382.98
346.49
381.24
370.22

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

406.71
461.41
390.60
439.74
406.13

450.27
457.37
447.14
455.49
441.52

380.04
436.61
367.32
439.26
395.03

385.67
399.22
374.41
419.84
360.02

365.02
429.10
336.61
402.14
365.33

422.34
476.03
397.40
446.66
415.59

429.87
483.78
397.46
444.73
419.45

414.80
468.27
397.33
448.59
411.72

368.86
417.59
361.22
405.02
367.02

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

380.40
393.07
418.34
425.73
384.63

410.17
432.41
454.73
462.64
428.74

392.22
384.19
397.87
411.33
381.98

351.31
326.70
342.69
390.40
344.79

341.75
355.79
368.05
380.70
365.24

386.81
400.53
435.54
443.05
392.19

379.56
397.98
441.31
443.65
391.32

394.06
403.08
429.77
442.44
393.05

342.44
358.03
371.31
391.33
336.98

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

424.75
452.77
437.59
405.96
411.17

436.12
475.96
462.45
439.18
458.82

415.51
449.25
431.91
413.21
384.69

418.49
474.28
397.25
409.03
362.22

383.28
417.84
415.22
385.18
357.53

434.10
444.84
446.53
404.80
426.76

434.76
430.21
448.96
395.07
428.01

433.44
459.47
444.09
414.52
425.50

386.25
439.87
395.22
394.55
367.53

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

403.82
392.15
382.04
411.79
383.05

448.00
440.08
434.40
445.55
440.57

384.39
386.42
379.31
384.81
373.95

349.50
309.52
356.16
371.74
373.03

366.05
363.81
338.34
349.55
346.12

414.93
396.08
389.79
426.09
384.65

416.72
395.22
397.90
430.86
380.55

413.13
396.93
381.67
421.31
388.74

369.98
347.14
353.06
376.35
357.36

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

432.84
413.22
483.20
390.32
360.89

456.78
456.62
487.00
438.54
420.26

429.17
394.18
468.75
361.14
387.36

429.33
372.30
485.48
347.52
365.96

399.21
378.40
438.67
346.36
360.16

438.49
427.20
487.82
404.85
357.33

437.54
428.12
471.75
405.93
340.41

439.43
426.28
503.88
403.77
374.25

396.59
376.69
442.47
345.09
367.87

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

428.85
411.45
408.12
454.51
449.62

439.83
457.55
447.06
466.69
499.89

426.10
388.18
390.77
436.04
424.84

380.92
370.63
345.13
437.39
430.75

372.04
377.79
387.93
417.61
405.40

437.12
425.47
413.34
462.94
457.35

437.62
434.76
414.94
454.32
457.91

436.61
416.18
411.73
471.55
456.79

380.59
384.12
392.28
414.34
383.45
(Continued)

66 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 29.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2003 (in dollars)—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area
All areas

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
system
Skin and
and Respi- subcutaCircuGenito- system and
latory Digestive urinary connective
sense
ratory
neous
system
system system
tissue
organs system
tissue

Other Unknown

467.01

406.75

428.90

418.56

405.72

439.79

438.62

426.14

460.50

458.89

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

455.24
381.94
436.38
441.72
600.96

349.60
374.54
386.39
332.24
542.21

394.85
407.67
414.44
366.80
551.46

375.46
395.00
394.13
347.49
535.56

329.41
388.86
382.35
316.67
538.06

405.83
407.77
426.40
389.35
577.16

419.23
389.69
419.02
366.33
573.32

371.80
409.13
383.86
428.90
568.09

476.08
391.90
472.22
465.39
572.23

410.81
465.45
432.44
380.23
632.83

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

405.29
440.74
425.89
478.76
449.19

366.50
402.23
365.31
408.40
371.40

387.14
397.76
384.33
430.19
393.82

365.19
423.77
358.59
438.91
387.31

366.52
403.30
367.13
426.21
356.27

400.16
411.48
409.04
442.19
409.05

378.26
448.57
405.08
451.78
407.86

425.65
369.97
311.69
462.04
372.53

360.11
424.75
406.70
439.32
432.47

445.53
441.49
375.98
471.33
433.89

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

446.06
436.57
423.69
465.16
455.55

357.14
411.40
355.29
406.91
360.93

383.40
444.00
369.74
411.22
374.35

375.35
436.66
412.68
418.48
384.63

343.11
444.70
355.30
409.10
354.45

412.60
451.32
381.62
423.67
388.77

397.99
435.25
359.46
441.90
395.46

365.83
484.05
467.55
435.65
406.44

431.21
431.96
425.10
459.16
449.21

407.66
486.62
413.75
435.97
422.58

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

434.99
453.30
441.03
466.24
394.75

338.69
351.11
361.22
377.44
350.36

375.87
385.84
386.94
387.43
355.02

350.24
395.66
369.95
386.98
382.92

361.65
345.59
360.40
381.68
347.93

365.25
398.24
410.89
413.29
383.32

383.31
360.70
403.13
436.73
373.65

423.68
392.82
383.45
404.84
374.45

411.26
417.22
469.20
475.01
425.07

357.31
405.51
403.38
410.81
397.34

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

442.48
486.55
464.25
430.04
454.05

389.35
432.52
407.83
376.49
355.14

404.34
440.20
419.51
398.26
388.47

414.20
443.77
418.48
399.36
376.15

386.89
422.98
395.80
385.59
333.62

417.33
454.30
426.44
402.80
405.58

417.59
467.48
431.15
413.47
423.88

405.18
426.41
424.97
383.13
369.30

379.89
465.56
467.70
436.07
466.22

449.37
490.46
435.99
394.47
406.33

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

445.08
438.42
426.99
424.66
413.29

360.71
354.08
348.72
371.30
344.58

393.15
423.41
367.89
396.41
361.18

388.23
392.06
349.70
393.34
336.11

349.90
384.08
332.70
369.28
351.55

404.72
395.19
396.45
421.92
382.63

384.65
375.28
366.43
390.31
365.90

413.08
354.40
411.82
336.17
388.67

445.55
427.44
415.41
424.38
423.56

423.00
388.25
382.78
435.05
409.08

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

460.81
445.32
489.94
426.35
396.00

403.36
373.63
463.65
340.21
349.90

416.48
395.04
463.83
379.13
361.02

414.96
398.61
456.26
356.88
370.45

401.11
370.78
452.07
332.04
362.75

425.69
410.66
463.45
388.33
357.72

455.55
418.51
497.39
383.80
335.48

442.37
384.25
477.98
378.07
244.50

451.70
475.63
466.28
423.70
385.79

446.93
426.70
495.39
390.64
352.02

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

449.62
440.47
421.10
478.36
474.68

385.62
365.44
383.38
418.13
419.32

406.56
394.05
417.01
434.60
442.04

389.97
376.49
367.90
431.92
402.88

396.89
369.41
376.31
418.49
404.79

406.81
411.70
405.99
429.74
437.03

414.42
392.13
399.80
453.28
471.86

429.79
386.28
366.89
450.03
388.19

459.06
476.19
437.82
463.44
502.47

431.53
383.33
449.93
471.86
468.21

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 67

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 29.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2003 (in dollars)—Continued

State or area

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies
diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Injuries

Total

Retardation

Mental disorders
Other Neoplasms

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

402.58
378.08
407.15
404.17
395.15

447.95
397.22
455.07
467.03
444.55

379.80
399.72
378.65
381.09
394.89

380.58
335.52
360.75
388.79
388.96

372.52
377.45
359.40
370.35
357.08

417.04
379.76
422.68
417.79
399.85

422.68
367.40
433.35
409.88
402.09

411.39
392.11
412.00
425.69
397.61

353.06
349.79
369.07
367.23
374.23

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

408.63
399.83
425.58
422.11
400.96
385.10

465.36
435.82
450.63
448.73
445.13
452.84

408.05
369.57
409.54
399.12
397.66
386.56

322.14
374.28
380.53
349.54
369.43
344.60

361.19
346.30
395.44
388.25
380.75
359.62

415.02
413.90
427.50
436.99
407.30
389.27

407.47
412.71
423.83
438.37
407.16
385.16

422.57
415.08
431.16
435.60
407.44
393.37

387.07
368.15
375.66
368.25
368.14
335.06

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

469.30

526.37

380.56

491.40

443.19 471.51

499.67 443.35

422.00

(Continued)

68 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 29.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2003 (in dollars)—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
system
Skin and
and Respi- subcutaCircuGenito- system and
latory Digestive urinary connective
sense
ratory
neous
system
system system
tissue
organs system
tissue

Other Unknown

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

443.01
364.10
462.40
448.53
445.00

355.46
352.48
351.23
365.12
359.90

394.18
413.56
381.27
401.11
397.97

378.27
397.27
376.75
376.85
395.01

337.95
358.16
343.98
360.16
366.12

399.51
367.44
403.75
407.99
394.09

406.94
409.91
387.15
400.49
377.17

365.52
386.00
374.94
393.61
417.24

445.62
383.66
445.12
444.08
394.50

380.18
379.08
403.28
386.30
388.46

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

406.86
421.73
425.69
410.67
453.38
442.86

385.47
362.75
389.43
375.11
367.01
312.95

397.31
366.46
409.10
402.42
387.09
430.04

375.85
376.93
400.32
372.53
374.43
307.77

361.51
349.98
409.16
381.61
355.05
339.18

413.44
395.08
423.79
413.45
396.90
401.69

394.61
392.88
413.96
402.06
396.88
391.59

469.80
366.80
424.53
418.20
423.05
339.13

508.87
409.35
452.49
445.76
435.38
419.73

399.83
400.81
460.90
419.51
386.40
411.42

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

481.33

438.31

533.50

454.42

452.03

470.07

491.75

368.63

532.72

469.41

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 69

Recipients Who Work

Recipients Who Work
Table 30.
By selected months, 1976–2003
Blind and disabled recipients who work

All blind
and disabled
recipients a

Total

Receiving
SSI b

Section 1619(b)
participants

Total as a
percentage
of all blind
and disabled
recipients

2,088,242
2,186,771
2,249,025
2,277,859

70,719
83,697
87,697
92,270

70,719
83,697
87,697
92,270

...
...
...
...

3.4
3.8
3.9
4.1

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

2,334,241
2,340,785
2,314,364
2,391,262
2,499,046

99,276
102,632
107,803
113,899
--

99,276
102,632
102,288
108,734
--

...
...
5,515
5,165
--

4.3
4.4
4.7
4.8
--

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

2,633,552
2,795,756
2,945,244
3,046,074
3,172,270

--172,855
189,144
205,837

--157,223
173,519
187,583

--15,632
15,625
18,254

--5.9
6.2
6.5

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

3,386,603
3,681,050
4,126,816
4,544,777
4,870,564

219,932
229,619
248,917
265,649
282,476

196,415
202,355
217,268
230,350
241,793

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

6.5
6.2
6.0
5.8
5.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

5,115,014
5,252,991
5,189,724
5,293,829
5,317,861

298,635
308,300
319,855
326,475
340,618

251,633
256,395
262,766
266,933
271,353

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

5.8
5.9
6.2
6.2
6.4

2000
2001
2002
2003

5,395,935
5,500,481
5,618,506
5,740,683

360,427
346,110
340,910
323,682

276,855
269,655
258,733
252,585

83,572
76,455
82,177
71,097

6.7
6.3
6.1
5.6

2001
March
June
September
December

5,423,974
5,448,865
5,493,302
5,500,481

352,940
353,336
353,207
346,110

274,283
275,435
274,664
269,655

78,657
77,901
78,543
76,455

6.5
6.5
6.4
6.3

2002
March
June
September
December

5,538,532
5,573,711
5,620,838
5,618,506

339,430
342,946
348,244
340,910

266,835
265,597
265,871
258,733

72,595
77,349
82,373
82,177

6.1
6.2
6.2
6.1

Month
December
1976
1977
1978
1979

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 73

Recipients Who Work
Table 30.
By selected months, 1976–2003—Continued
Blind and disabled recipients who work

Month
2003
March
June
September
December

All blind
and disabled
recipients a

Total

Receiving
SSI b

Section 1619(b)
participants

Total as a
percentage
of all blind
and disabled
recipients

5,657,353
5,705,871
5,749,384
5,740,683

334,378
329,740
329,195
323,682

259,820
257,724
255,619
252,585

74,558
72,016
73,576
71,097

5.9
5.8
5.7
5.6

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
b. Includes section 1619(a) participants.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

74 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients Who Work
Table 31.
Recipients participating in section 1619(a) or section 1619(b), selected months, 1982–2003
Section 1619(a)

Section 1619(b)

a

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

287
392
--

...
36.6
--

5,515
5,165
--

...
-6.3
--

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

--14,559
19,920
25,655

--b
36.8
28.8

--15,632
15,625
18,254

--b
0
16.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

13,994
15,531
17,603
20,028
24,315

-45.5
11.0
13.3
13.8
21.4

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

28.8
15.9
16.1
11.5
15.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

28,060
31,085
34,673
37,271
25,528

15.4
10.8
11.5
7.5
-31.5

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

15.5
10.4
10.0
4.3
16.3

2000
2001
2002
2003

27,542
22,100
17,271
17,132

7.9
-19.8
-21.9
-0.8

83,572
76,455
82,177
71,097

20.7
-8.5
7.5
-13.5

2001
March
June
September
December

26,775
25,394
25,194
22,100

-2.8
-5.2
-0.8
-12.3

78,657
77,901
78,543
76,455

-5.9
-1.0
0.8
-2.7

2002
March
June
September
December

21,417
20,922
20,275
17,271

-3.1
-2.3
-3.1
-14.8

72,595
77,349
82,373
82,177

-5.0
6.5
6.5
-0.2

2003
March
June
September
December

16,771
16,539
16,562
17,132

-2.9
-1.4
0.1
3.4

74,558
72,016
73,576
71,097

-9.3
-3.4
2.2
-3.4

Month
December
1982
1983
1984

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTES: When the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level is periodically raised, SSI recipients with earnings below the increased SGA
level become eligible for regular SSI benefits rather than the special cash payments under section 1619(a). This change in status is
reflected in the decreases in 1619(a) participants in 1990, June 2001, December 2001, December 2002, and December 2003.
. . . = not applicable; -- = not available..
a. Includes blind participants. Of the 71,097 participants in December 2003, 1,183 were blind.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 75

Recipients Who Work
Table 32.
By state or other area, December 2003
Total

Section 1619(a)
participants

323,682

17,130

71,089

235,447

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

3,714
574
3,423
3,405
42,178

219
29
209
149
3,568

902
154
879
739
6,497

2,593
391
2,335
2,517
32,113

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

3,931
3,842
804
663
11,080

143
166
36
57
690

807
1,058
242
219
3,174

2,981
2,618
526
387
7,216

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

6,990
746
1,674
12,999
5,713

319
41
69
738
244

1,454
150
423
2,711
1,427

5,217
555
1,182
9,550
4,042

6,567
3,920
4,593
5,454
2,206

197
142
210
375
100

1,487
935
1,125
1,424
643

4,883
2,843
3,258
3,655
1,463

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

5,602
9,671
13,947
9,222
3,054

274
618
598
278
203

1,219
2,876
3,143
2,044
783

4,109
6,177
10,206
6,900
2,068

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

7,163
1,694
2,934
1,329
1,248

263
50
98
66
50

1,709
373
587
302
330

5,191
1,271
2,249
961
868

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

7,605
2,142
29,742
7,674
1,332

327
105
1,665
284
26

1,694
586
5,979
1,576
286

5,584
1,451
22,098
5,814
1,020

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

16,582
3,579
3,826
15,481
1,668

722
139
123
914
85

3,058
566
919
3,623
368

12,802
2,874
2,784
10,944
1,215

State or area
All areas

a

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

Section 1619(b) Other blind and disabled
participants
recipients who work

(Continued)

76 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients Who Work
Table 32.
By state or other area, December 2003—Continued
Total

Section 1619(a)
participants

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

4,786
2,089
5,242
13,594
2,112

162
54
255
713
81

831
472
1,177
3,302
422

3,793
1,563
3,810
9,579
1,609

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,071
6,260
5,594
1,976
10,211
760

52
315
407
124
349
29

351
1,441
1,627
454
2,360
181

668
4,504
3,560
1,398
7,502
550

16

b

b

b

State or area

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

Section 1619(b) Other blind and disabled
participants
recipients who work

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes data not distributed by category.
b. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 77

Recipients Who Work
Table 33.
Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area, December 2003
Plans for achieving
self-support (PASS) a

Impairment-related
work expenses (IRWE)

Blind work
expenses (BWE)

1,705

7,604

3,074

26
4
19
19
511

167
6
92
84
719

29
3
32
31
447

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

11
9
0
b
61

35
171
41
b
357

36
23
9
4
99

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

28
9
17
21
6

256
7
20
283
134

60
9
9
71
42

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

26
23
49
3
34

49
308
108
136
38

73
34
48
53
16

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

16
86
57
40
7

200
210
191
162
40

49
260
90
66
50

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

17
32
12
9
7

157
10
31
19
30

57
10
22
13
11

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

16
b
111
110
7

205
80
609
361
11

42
19
227
117
3

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

38
5
24
18
8

131
80
42
370
9

110
23
35
145
17

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

(Continued)

78 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Recipients Who Work
Table 33.
Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area, December 2003—Continued
Plans for achieving
self-support (PASS) a

Impairment-related
work expenses (IRWE)

Blind work
expenses (BWE)

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

11
14
15
31
4

80
16
158
333
59

38
6
54
200
21

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

18
15
36
6
54
b

7
555
109
33
288
5

6
78
58
22
93
b

0

b

b

State or area

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes 324 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
b. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 79

Noninstitutionalized
Recipients: Survey of Income
and Program Participation

Notes
The Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) is a household survey of the noninstitutionalized resident
population of the United States conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. The survey was designed to improve the
measurement of the economic situation of persons, families, and households in the United States and to provide a
tool for managing and evaluating government transfer and service programs.
The 2001 SIPP panel consists of 9 interviews, or waves, each of which gathered 4 months of retrospective data.
The initial sample includes approximately 36,700 households, divided into 4 rotation groups. The SIPP has been
matched to Social Security Administration’s (SSA) administrative records for respondents who provided their
Social Security number. The administrative records provide data on the receipt and amount of Supplemental
Security Income (SSI) and Social Security benefits for all months covered by the SIPP panel. For SIPP
respondents who did not provide their Social Security number, benefit receipt and amounts are taken from the
SIPP. All other characteristics and income amounts are taken from the SIPP.
The tables in this section use data from wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. SSI recipients are identified as of reference
month 4 of the wave 2 interviews, which corresponds to May, June, July, or August 2001 depending on the rotation
group. Sample cases are weighted using SIPP person weights. In this year’s tables, the weights are adjusted by
age group so that the weighted total number of SSI recipients matches the estimated number of
noninstitutionalized SSI recipients in SSA administrative records. Recipient characteristics, such as age, sex, race,
education, marital status, living arrangements, and health insurance, reflect reference month 4. Income and
poverty data are based on all 4 months included in the wave 2 interviews, and thus cover a 4-month period
between February 2001 and August 2001 depending on the rotation group. The poverty thresholds are provided in
the SIPP for the 4 months covered in wave 2 and are adjusted for family size and composition.
The use of a single wave, or 4 months, of data for income and poverty estimates is a significant change from
previous years, in which annual income and poverty data were reported. The single wave approach, and
particularly the use of wave 2, was followed for several reasons: Social Security numbers for matching to SSA
administrative records were collected in wave 2; the sample in the 2001 SIPP panel was cut between waves 1 and
2; and sample attrition is less of a concern early in a panel.
In tabulations of Medicaid coverage for SSI recipients, the SIPP Medicaid variable has been recoded to reflect the
fact that SSI recipients in certain states, sometimes referred to as Section 1634 states, are automatically covered
by Medicaid. Thirty-two states and the District of Columbia provide automatic Medicaid coverage for SSI recipients,
accounting for approximately 78 percent of all SSI recipients.
SIPP and SSA counts of disabled and aged beneficiaries differ because the SIPP excludes people living in
institutions or outside the continental United States. In addition, the match rate between the SIPP and SSA records
is not perfect; thus, self-reported benefit information must be used for individuals who could not be matched to SSA
records. Furthermore, the SIPP estimates are based on a sample and therefore are subject to sampling error.
Standard errors can be used to measure this sampling variability and to determine the statistical significance of the
estimates. Various sources of nonsampling error also may be important.
Because the SIPP uses a complex sample design, it is inappropriate to calculate standard errors assuming a
simple random sample. Doing so will result in estimated standard errors that are biased downward. Readers
interested in information about SIPP variance estimates are referred to the Survey of Income and Program
Participation Users’ Guide, available on the SIPP Internet site at http://www.sipp.census.gov/sipp/usrguide/
sipp2001.pdf. The Users’ Guide provides information on direct calculation of standard errors for SIPP estimates. It
also provides detailed instructions for calculating standard errors using generalized variance parameters.
Because of concerns about sampling variability and statistical reliability, distributions for which the base is fewer
than 150,000 weighted cases are not shown. In addition, individual cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of a
distribution are rounded to zero. Therefore, some distributions will not sum to the total.

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 34.
Household and family characteristics, by age, 2001
Number
Characteristic

Percentage of all recipients

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Total

Under 18

6,312,331

846,010

3,566,871

1,899,450

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

2,050,836

324,892

1,130,394

595,550

32.5

38.4

31.7

31.4

336,529

73,461

169,056

94,012

5.3

8.7

4.7

5.0

1,788,543

442,526

1,015,678

330,339

28.3

52.3

28.5

17.4

733,761
1,343,660
0

0
0
0

541,849
679,711
0

186,781
663,950
0

11.6
21.3
0

0
0
0

15.2
19.1
0

9.8
35.0
0

2,560,789
3,751,542

320,969
525,041

1,448,204
2,118,667

791,616
1,107,834

40.6
59.4

37.9
62.1

40.6
59.4

41.7
58.3

886,810

85,098

466,911

334,801

14.1

10.1

13.1

17.6

Household receipt of a —
Energy assistance
Housing assistance
Food stamps

689,114
618,388
2,517,307

114,386
98,819
276,567

395,148
366,094
1,515,509

179,580
153,475
725,231

10.9
9.8
39.9

13.5
11.7
32.7

11.1
10.3
42.5

9.5
8.1
38.2

Household size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

1,747,279
1,577,400
1,907,309
1,080,343

0
69,789
443,327
332,895

912,499
983,215
1,119,103
552,055

834,780
524,397
344,880
195,393

27.7
25.0
30.2
17.1

0
8.3
52.4
39.4

25.6
27.6
31.4
15.5

44.0
27.6
18.2
10.3

Family size
1 person
2 persons
3–4 persons
5 or more persons

2,217,882
1,386,177
1,733,093
975,179

24,731
80,707
439,204
301,369

1,307,373
795,559
981,220
482,720

885,779
509,910
312,670
191,091

35.1
22.0
27.5
15.5

2.9
9.5
51.9
35.6

36.7
22.3
27.5
13.5

46.6
26.9
16.5
10.1

Under age 18 in family
None
1 person
2–3 persons
4 persons
5 or more persons

4,160,923
868,077
616,413
597,337
69,582

0
206,313
306,848
299,848
33,002

2,556,855
503,154
247,177
226,714
0

1,604,068
158,610
62,389
70,774
0

65.9
13.8
9.8
9.5
1.1

0
24.4
36.3
35.4
3.9

71.7
14.1
6.9
6.4
0

84.5
8.4
3.3
3.7
0

Total household income
in wave 2 b (dollars)
Less than 2,500
2,500–4,999
5,000–7,499
7,500–9,999
10,000–14,999
15,000–19,999
20,000 or more

1,438,812
1,537,968
924,569
609,524
781,942
419,743
599,773

42,062
176,836
130,921
165,653
178,878
66,822
84,839

789,988
799,026
568,301
354,630
485,317
227,310
342,300

606,762
562,107
225,348
89,241
117,746
125,611
172,635

22.8
24.4
14.7
9.7
12.4
6.7
9.5

5.0
20.9
15.5
19.6
21.1
7.9
10.0

22.2
22.4
15.9
9.9
13.6
6.4
9.6

31.9
29.6
11.9
4.7
6.2
6.6
9.1

All recipients
Household type
Family
Married couple present
No married couple, male
householder
No married couple, female
householder
Nonfamily
Male householder
Female householder
Group quarters
Ownership status of living
quarters
Owned
Not owned
Residence in public housing

18–64 65 or older

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 83

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 34.
Household and family characteristics, by age, 2001—Continued
Number
Characteristic
Total family income
in wave 2 b (dollars)
Less than 2,500
2,500–4,999
5,000–7,499
7,500–9,999
10,000–14,999
15,000–19,999
20,000 or more

Percentage of all recipients

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Total

Under 18

1,705,177
1,648,954
893,280
502,946
674,492
392,367
495,115

74,383
203,925
125,414
137,580
169,630
71,723
63,356

1,006,698
868,823
545,581
284,200
391,633
195,166
274,770

624,096
576,207
222,284
81,166
113,229
125,478
156,990

27.0
26.1
14.2
8.0
10.7
6.2
7.8

8.8
24.1
14.8
16.3
20.1
8.5
7.5

18–64 65 or older

28.2
24.4
15.3
8.0
11.0
5.5
7.7

32.9
30.3
11.7
4.3
6.0
6.6
8.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and
Program Participation (SIPP), wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data
for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number.
The unweighted sample size is 1,729 cases for all SSI recipients: 209 cases aged 17 or younger, 1,061 cases aged 18 to 64, and 459
cases aged 65 or older.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
A family is a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together. A household includes related
family members and all the unrelated persons, if any, such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share the housing unit.
A person living alone in a housing unit or a group of unrelated persons sharing a housing unit as partners is also counted as a household.
a. Individuals may be counted in more than one category.
b. Data are based on the sum of the 4 months included in wave 2. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which
annual income data were reported.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

84 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 35.
Personal characteristics, by age, 2001
Number
Characteristic

Percentage of all recipients

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Total

Under 18

6,312,331

846,010

3,566,871

1,899,450

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Sex
Male
Female

2,602,535
3,709,797

570,699
275,311

1,521,334
2,045,537

510,501
1,388,949

41.2
58.8

67.5
32.5

42.7
57.4

26.9
73.1

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

3,777,325
1,985,433
136,997
412,576

462,956
362,501
0
13,970

2,256,509
1,094,838
101,933
113,591

1,057,860
528,093
28,482
285,015

59.8
31.5
2.2
6.5

54.7
42.9
0
1.7

63.3
30.7
2.9
3.2

55.7
27.8
1.5
15.0

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

1,130,540
5,181,791

163,063
682,948

505,272
3,061,599

462,205
1,437,245

17.9
82.1

19.3
80.7

14.2
85.8

24.3
75.7

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

1,229,275
1,101,608
1,466,350
2,515,098

0
0
0
842,966

725,869
267,004
1,067,215
1,506,784

500,362
834,604
399,135
165,349

19.5
17.5
23.2
39.8

0
0
0
99.6

20.4
7.5
29.9
42.2

26.3
43.9
21.0
8.7

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more
Unknown

1,822,723
1,317,979
1,658,740
638,113
235,901
638,875

63,992
134,339
8,804
0
0
638,875

732,636
873,871
1,298,073
506,594
155,697
0

1,026,095
309,769
351,863
131,519
80,204
0

28.9
20.9
26.3
10.1
3.7
10.1

7.6
15.9
1.0
0
0
75.5

20.5
24.5
36.4
14.2
4.4
0

54.0
16.3
18.5
6.9
4.2
0

Relationship to householder
Householder
Spouse
Child
Grandchild
Parent
Sibling
Other relative
Other nonrelative

3,222,949
483,091
1,432,897
110,373
299,272
152,473
303,450
307,827

0
0
680,730
80,595
0
0
44,583
32,892

1,951,121
277,424
752,167
0
85,170
127,647
92,833
250,732

1,268,298
205,667
0
0
214,102
21,146
166,033
24,203

51.1
7.7
22.7
1.8
4.7
2.4
4.8
4.9

0
0
80.5
9.5
0
0
5.3
3.9

54.7
7.8
21.1
0
2.4
3.6
2.6
7.0

66.8
10.8
0
0
11.3
1.1
8.7
1.3

Health insurance a
Medicaid
Medicare
Private
None

6,034,853
2,149,989
917,150
143,675

785,914
0
295,644
37,026

3,392,202
840,439
404,832
99,713

1,856,737
1,309,551
216,674
6,937

95.6
34.1
14.5
2.3

92.9
0
35.0
4.4

95.1
23.6
11.4
2.8

97.8
68.9
11.4
0.4

Type of child to mother
Natural
Stepchild
Adopted
Mother not present

1,445,272
0
0
4,804,157

680,675
17,218
0
142,883

759,282
0
36,351
2,767,138

0
0
0
1,894,135

22.9
0
0
76.1

80.5
2.0
0
16.9

21.3
0
1.0
77.6

0
0
0
99.7

All recipients

18–64 65 or older

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 85

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 35.
Personal characteristics, by age, 2001—Continued
Number
Characteristic
Type of child to father
Natural
Stepchild
Adopted
Father not present
Source of income a
Social Security
Public assistance other than
SSI
Earnings
Property income
Other
Total personal income in
wave 2 b (dollars)
Less than 500
500–999
1,000–1,499
1,500–1,999
2,000–2,499
2,500–2,999
3,000–3,499
3,500–3,999
4,000–4,499
4,500–4,999
5,000 or more

Percentage of all recipients

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Total

Under 18

18–64 65 or older

672,373
101,441
0
5,487,046

275,737
54,297
11,287
504,689

396,635
47,144
40,184
3,082,907

0
0
0
1,899,450

10.7
1.6
0
86.9

32.6
6.4
1.3
59.7

11.1
1.3
1.1
86.4

0
0
0
100.0

2,360,000

70,923

1,066,337

1,222,740

37.4

8.4

29.9

64.4

5,112,543
448,762
611,559
551,520

191,560
37,692
23,214
12,049

3,246,761
375,112
347,456
329,164

1,674,223
35,958
240,889
210,307

81.0
7.1
9.7
8.7

22.6
4.5
2.7
1.4

91.0
10.5
9.7
9.2

88.1
1.9
12.7
11.1

121,057
165,356
314,177
555,995
3,060,380
853,097
327,554
144,939
202,451
97,237
470,088

51,629
76,295
75,100
153,351
403,358
20,063
24,292
8,861
11,406
0
14,130

58,815
79,365
157,142
237,747
1,714,716
429,732
230,194
106,654
142,622
53,408
356,476

0
0
81,936
164,896
942,305
403,303
73,068
29,424
48,422
36,304
99,482

1.9
2.6
5.0
8.8
48.5
13.5
5.2
2.3
3.2
1.5
7.5

6.1
9.0
8.9
18.1
47.7
2.4
2.9
1.1
1.4
0
1.7

1.7
2.2
4.4
6.7
48.1
12.1
6.5
3.0
4.0
1.5
10.0

0
0
4.3
8.7
49.6
21.2
3.9
1.6
2.6
1.9
5.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and
Program Participation (SIPP), wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data
for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number.
The unweighted sample size is 1,729 cases for all SSI recipients: 209 cases aged 17 or younger, 1,061 cases aged 18 to 64, and 459
cases aged 65 or older.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
a. Individuals may be counted in more than one category.
b. Data are based on the sum of the 4 months included in wave 2. This represents a change from tables for previous years, in which
annual income data were reported.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

86 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 36.
SSI payments as a percentage of personal income, by selected characteristics, 2001
Percentage distribution
25–49%
50–74%
75–99%
100%
Under 25%
of income of income of income of income of income

Number

Percentage of
all recipients

Total

6,312,331

100.0

100.0

19.3

15.5

9.7

9.0

46.5

Sex
Male
Female

2,602,535
3,709,797

41.2
58.8

100.0
100.0

18.3
20.0

11.8
18.1

7.9
11.0

9.7
8.5

52.2
42.4

Age
Under 18
18–64
65 or older

846,010
3,566,871
1,899,450

13.4
56.5
30.1

100.0
100.0
100.0

0
16.6
32.8

1.4
14.7
23.3

7.1
10.8
8.8

5.5
10.8
7.0

85.4
47.1
28.1

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska
Asian, Pacific Islander

3,777,325
1,985,433
136,997
412,576

59.8
31.5
2.2
6.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

20.4
18.4
a
11.3

15.2
16.6
a
12.8

10.2
9.7
a
5.3

9.5
8.4
a
9.5

44.8
46.8
a
61.1

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

1,130,540
5,181,791

17.9
82.1

100.0
100.0

14.6
20.3

15.4
15.6

11.0
9.4

7.6
9.3

51.4
45.4

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

1,229,275
1,101,608
1,466,350
2,515,098

19.5
17.5
23.2
39.8

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

19.1
35.3
22.3
10.7

16.8
20.9
16.9
11.8

7.3
10.0
10.1
10.5

10.5
7.6
9.9
8.4

46.3
26.3
40.9
58.7

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more
Unknown

1,822,723
1,317,979
1,658,740
638,113
235,901
638,875

28.9
20.9
26.3
10.1
3.7
10.1

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

23.4
18.3
19.3
27.7
21.0
0

18.5
14.4
17.7
19.3
14.2
0

10.2
11.2
10.4
10.3
7.0
3.9

8.0
9.8
10.0
13.7
10.2
2.5

39.9
46.4
42.7
29.0
47.7
92.3

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

1,747,279
4,281,752
283,301

27.7
67.8
4.5

100.0
100.0
100.0

28.4
15.3
23.3

21.0
12.8
23.4

9.1
10.3
5.8

10.0
8.5
9.5

31.5
53.1
38.2

Characteristic
All recipients

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and
Program Participation (SIPP), wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data
for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number.
The unweighted sample size is 1,729 cases for all SSI recipients: 209 cases aged 17 or younger, 1,061 cases aged 18 to 64, and 459
cases aged 65 or older.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
Personal income data are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change from tables for previous
years, in which annual income data were reported.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted
cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 87

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 37.
Percentage distribution of family income, by selected characteristics and source, 2001
Public assistance
Characteristic
All recipients

Total

Social
Supplemental
Security Security Income

Other

Earnings

Other

a

100.0

23.2

44.4

2.1

24.3

5.9

Sex
Male
Female

100.0
100.0

20.3
25.2

44.0
44.7

2.0
2.2

27.1
22.4

6.5
5.5

Age
Under 18
18–64
65 or older

100.0
100.0
100.0

5.6
19.7
37.5

40.5
48.7
38.2

3.0
2.4
1.1

44.7
22.5
18.8

6.2
6.7
4.3

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

24.6
22.7
b
11.7

42.2
48.1
b
46.2

1.8
2.7
b
1.7

25.2
20.7
b
35.1

6.1
5.9
b
5.3

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

100.0
100.0

20.8
23.7

40.6
45.3

1.2
2.3

32.7
22.5

4.7
6.2

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

20.5
37.8
25.8
16.5

42.6
35.8
53.6
43.8

2.3
1.7
2.1
2.3

29.3
19.7
12.7
30.8

5.3
5.0
5.9
6.7

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more
Unknown

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

30.1
21.9
21.5
28.6
21.3
5.5

44.2
50.0
42.7
45.7
36.4
39.8

1.3
2.8
2.0
3.3
0
2.9

20.2
19.4
26.8
15.0
31.7
46.5

4.2
5.8
7.0
7.4
10.0
5.3

Living arrangement
Lives alone
Lives with relatives
Lives only with nonrelatives

100.0
100.0
100.0

36.4
18.0
19.1

56.7
38.4
60.9

1.3
2.5
1.8

1.7
34.4
12.9

3.9
6.8
5.4

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and
Program Participation (SIPP), wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data
for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number.
The unweighted sample size is 1,729 cases for all SSI recipients: 209 cases aged 17 or younger, 1,061 cases aged 18 to 64, and 459
cases aged 65 or older.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
Family income data are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change from tables for previous
years, in which annual income data were reported.
a. Very few SSI recipients have property income. Because of concerns about the statistical reliability of the estimates, the property
income data have been collapsed into Other.
b. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted
cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

88 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 38.
Percentage distribution, by poverty status and selected characteristics, 2001
Family income relative to poverty threshold
Under 100%
Characteristic
All recipients

Total

Subtotal Under 50%

50–99% 100–124% 125–149% 150–199% 200–299%

300%
or more

6,312,331

46.3

4.7

41.5

11.9

8.2

10.4

11.5

11.7

Sex
Male
Female

2,602,535
3,709,797

40.9
50.0

5.8
4.0

35.1
46.0

10.9
12.6

9.3
7.5

11.4
9.8

12.8
10.5

14.6
9.7

Age
Under 18
18–64
65 or older

846,010
3,566,871
1,899,450

35.6
48.0
47.8

13.1
4.8
0

22.5
43.2
46.8

14.4
8.9
16.4

8.5
8.7
7.2

13.6
10.7
8.6

18.0
12.4
6.8

9.9
11.3
13.3

3,777,325
1,985,433

44.5
52.1

3.2
7.9

41.3
44.2

11.3
13.7

7.4
8.9

11.2
9.6

13.4
7.4

12.2
8.4

136,997
412,576

a
25.0

a
2.1

a
23.0

a
11.6

a
14.5

a
9.3

a
14.5

a
25.2

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

1,130,540
5,181,791

36.5
48.4

2.7
5.2

33.8
43.2

15.7
11.1

9.7
7.9

10.5
10.4

13.3
11.0

14.2
11.2

Marital status
Married
Widowed
Divorced or separated
Never married

1,229,275
1,101,608
1,466,350
2,515,098

38.6
51.9
61.8
38.5

4.1
2.4
2.7
7.3

34.5
49.5
59.1
31.2

9.5
16.6
10.6
11.9

11.0
5.5
6.4
9.1

13.5
6.7
7.7
12.2

13.4
6.1
6.6
15.7

14.1
13.1
6.9
12.7

Years of education
0–8
9–11
12
13–15
16 or more
Unknown

1,822,723
1,317,979
1,658,740
638,113
235,901
638,875

51.4
52.3
38.3
52.0
37.1
37.4

3.2
7.6
2.2
3.4
0
13.0

48.2
44.7
36.1
48.5
37.1
24.4

14.1
12.2
10.6
6.7
8.1
15.2

7.7
7.9
9.0
10.6
2.2
8.3

6.8
8.6
14.4
10.8
12.9
13.0

10.9
10.6
11.4
11.2
7.6
16.8

9.2
8.3
16.2
8.8
32.0
9.4

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska
Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and
Program Participation (SIPP), wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data
for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number.
The unweighted sample size is 1,729 cases for all SSI recipients: 209 cases aged 17 or younger, 1,061 cases aged 18 to 64, and 459
cases aged 65 or older.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
Family income data and poverty thresholds are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change
from tables for previous years, in which annual income and poverty data were reported.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted
cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 89

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 39.
Percentage distribution, by poverty status before and after SSI payments and age, 2001
Family income relative to
poverty threshold before
SSI payments

Family income relative to poverty threshold after SSI payments
Total

300%
or more

Number

Percent

Under
50%

6,312,331

100.0

4.7

41.5

11.9

8.2

10.4

11.5

11.7

2,500,450
1,610,763
323,190
342,495
454,042
516,824
564,568

39.6
25.5
5.1
5.4
7.2
8.2
8.9

12.0
0
0
0
0
0
0

69.5
54.9
0
0
0
0
0

12.4
24.3
16.0
0
0
0
0

3.9
14.9
34.1
20.8
0
0
0

2.0
5.3
47.2
61.9
35.1
0
0

0
0
2.1
12.5
62.2
72.2
0

0
0
0.6
4.7
2.8
27.8
100.0

Under age 18
Under 50%
50–99%
100–124%
125–149%
150–199%
200–299%
300% or more

846,010
295,561
183,259
59,230
58,403
109,982
86,198
53,378

100.0
34.9
21.7
7.0
6.9
13.0
10.2
6.3

13.1
37.6
0
a
a
a
a
a

22.5
46.8
28.2
a
a
a
a
a

14.4
7.7
53.9
a
a
a
a
a

8.5
6.9
14.6
a
a
a
a
a

13.6
0
1.6
a
a
a
a
a

18.0
1.0
1.7
a
a
a
a
a

9.9
0
0
a
a
a
a
a

Aged 18–64
Under 50%
50–99%
100–124%
125–149%
150–199%
200–299%
300% or more

3,566,871
1,568,142
729,627
194,178
211,415
260,466
300,040
303,004

100.0
44.0
20.5
5.4
5.9
7.3
8.4
8.5

4.8
10.9
0
0
0
0
0
0

43.2
73.9
52.5
0
0
0
0
0

9.0
10.2
19.0
10.3
0
0
0
0

8.7
3.1
21.1
33.8
20.1
0
0
0

10.7
1.7
6.4
53.0
57.2
32.3
0
0

12.4
0
1.1
1.9
17.1
62.9
75.5
0

11.3
0
0
1.1
5.6
4.8
24.6
100.0

Aged 65 or older
Under 50%
50–99%
100–124%
125–149%
150–199%
200–299%
300% or more

1,899,450
636,747
697,877
69,782
72,677
83,594
130,586
208,186

100.0
33.5
36.7
3.7
3.8
4.4
6.9
11.0

0
2.8
0
a
a
a
a
0

46.8
69.2
64.4
a
a
a
a
0

16.4
20.0
22.0
a
a
a
a
0

7.2
4.4
8.5
a
a
a
a
0

8.6
3.6
5.2
a
a
a
a
0

6.8
0
0
a
a
a
a
0

13.3
0
0
a
a
a
a
100.0

All recipients
Under 50%
50–99%
100–124%
125–149%
150–199%
200–299%
300% or more

50–99% 100–124% 125–149% 150–199% 200–299%

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and
Program Participation (SIPP), wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: Individuals receiving SSI benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data
for those who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number.
The unweighted sample size is 1,729 cases for all SSI recipients: 209 cases aged 17 or younger, 1,061 cases aged 18 to 64, and 459
cases aged 65 or older.
Cells that contain less than 1.0 percent of all beneficiaries are rounded to zero because of concerns about sampling variability. Therefore,
some distributions will not add to the total.
Family income data and poverty thresholds are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change
from tables for previous years, in which annual income and poverty data were reported.
a. Sample size is too small to support statistically reliable estimates. Distributions for which the base is fewer than 150,000 weighted
cases are not shown.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

90 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Noninstitutionalized Recipients: SIPP
Table 40.
Poverty gap before and after SSI payments, by selected characteristics, 2001
Aggregate poverty gap (thousands of dollars)
Before SSI

After SSI

Percentage reduction
in poverty gap

10,423,016

3,367,341

67.7

Sex
Male
Female

4,211,772
6,211,244

1,352,452
2,014,889

67.9
67.6

Age
Under 18
18–64
65 or older

1,667,352
6,392,095
2,363,570

670,326
2,083,051
613,963

59.8
67.4
74.0

Race
White
Black
American Indian, Alaska Native
Asian, Pacific Islander

5,504,834
3,945,563
329,572
643,048

1,686,697
1,408,965
137,258
134,421

69.4
64.3
58.4
79.1

Ethnicity
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic

1,621,332
8,801,684

432,816
2,934,525

73.3
66.7

Characteristic
Total

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, SSA administrative records, matched to U.S. Census Bureau, 2001 Survey of Income and
Program Participation (SIPP), wave 2, reference month 4.
NOTES: When a beneficiary’s family income is below the poverty threshold, the difference between the poverty threshold and family
income is referred to as the poverty gap. The smallest individual poverty gap is zero if family income is equal to or greater than the
poverty threshold. The largest poverty gap is equal to the poverty threshold for those with no family income at all. The aggregate poverty
gap is the sum of the individual poverty gaps for all SSI beneficiaries.
Individuals receiving SSI benefits in reference month 4 of wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP are identified using SSA administrative data for those
who provided a valid Social Security number and using self-reported SIPP data for those who did not provide a valid number. The
unweighted sample size is 1,729 cases for all SSI recipients: 209 cases aged 17 or younger, 1,061 cases aged 18 to 64, and 459 cases
aged 65 or older.
Family income data and poverty thresholds are based on the 4 months included in wave 2 of the 2001 SIPP. This represents a change
from tables for previous years, in which annual income and poverty data were reported.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (410) 966-0299 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 91

Applications

Applications
Table 41.
All applications, by age of applicant, 1973–2003
a

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

52,112,230

7,164,790

35,536,950

9,410,490

3,406,600

3,650

1,424,010

1,978,940

284,930
2,060,590

5,030
124,300

82,820
1,096,130

197,080
840,160

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

1,467,960
1,212,810
1,272,360
1,268,170
1,325,270

100,030
84,360
95,610
99,460
108,000

976,840
866,720
904,150
905,340
950,980

391,090
261,730
272,600
263,370
266,290

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

1,410,080
1,149,290
1,016,080
1,132,220
1,264,480

113,200
95,010
94,680
101,560
104,860

1,016,750
863,670
775,240
832,540
866,420

280,130
190,610
146,160
198,120
293,200

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

1,401,400
1,465,970
1,433,340
1,360,870
1,392,660

120,640
125,270
124,910
125,280
132,080

1,047,930
1,099,220
1,068,890
1,008,200
1,016,430

232,830
241,480
239,540
227,390
244,150

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,550,990
1,808,690
2,086,820
2,308,770
2,256,640

163,610
247,460
380,350
503,800
541,150

1,136,160
1,315,160
1,460,520
1,567,730
1,512,310

251,220
246,070
245,950
237,240
203,180

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,062,590
1,915,520
1,594,630
1,626,210
1,658,400

502,940
462,710
332,940
337,300
350,070

1,380,090
1,285,630
1,130,410
1,141,180
1,148,740

179,560
167,180
131,280
147,730
159,590

2000
2001
2002
2003

1,742,630
1,859,990
2,084,730
2,230,540

358,800
376,170
413,330
436,230

1,224,540
1,323,020
1,492,740
1,616,440

159,290
160,800
178,660
177,870

All ages

Year
Total
State conversions

b

Federal applications
1973
1974

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999. Totals do not include
reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision. These reapplications were received from 1991 to 1995.
b. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 95

Applications
Table 42.
Applications for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003
Characteristic

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

Total a

502,940

462,710

332,940

337,300

350,070

358,800

376,170

413,330

436,230

Age
Under 5
5–12
13–17

162,340
245,990
94,610

154,970
226,150
81,590

122,280
154,110
56,550

121,410
159,630
56,260

124,030
166,880
59,160

124,520
172,420
61,860

131,730
178,790
65,650

141,190
195,760
76,380

145,730
208,490
82,010

Sex
Male
Female

318,940
184,000

290,610
172,100

207,840
125,100

209,590
127,710

219,700
130,370

224,270
134,530

233,730
142,440

257,880
155,450

273,230
163,000

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

500,000
2,940

460,020
2,690

331,530
1,410

335,140
2,160

347,760
2,310

356,730
2,070

374,060
2,110

411,120
2,210

434,370
1,860

SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

17,030
56,230
46,190
130,060
96,280
72,930
23,920
9,710
38,960
11,060
570

14,820
51,120
45,080
117,260
88,910
65,240
21,680
9,110
38,730
10,140
620

11,450
35,500
33,140
85,550
62,870
46,030
15,000
6,660
29,950
6,540
250

11,800
35,110
33,830
86,950
63,310
44,500
14,890
5,980
33,050
7,650
230

11,630
33,640
35,560
91,330
64,880
48,470
16,040
5,950
34,120
8,300
150

12,510
33,270
34,860
98,260
67,130
48,950
14,280
6,110
34,270
9,040
120

11,810
33,980
37,720
105,210
69,550
50,900
15,570
6,190
35,720
9,380
140

13,010
35,430
41,100
115,970
76,090
58,660
16,930
6,660
39,140
10,260
80

13,200
36,070
43,130
119,010
83,350
66,000
16,180
7,220
41,740
10,240
90

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999. Totals do not include
reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision. These reapplications were received from 1991 to 1995.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

96 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Applications
Table 43.
Applications for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003
Characteristic
Total a

1995

1996

1997

1,380,090 1,285,630 1,130,410

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

1,141,180 1,148,740 1,224,540 1,323,020 1,492,740

1,616,440

Age
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64

95,680
191,360
369,810
346,920
287,770
88,550

93,050
169,750
332,740
340,490
271,000
78,600

80,090
137,950
279,870
312,200
252,320
67,980

80,920
135,000
272,260
318,350
259,970
74,680

84,520
130,390
265,820
327,880
264,660
75,470

88,570
136,900
271,980
356,800
290,360
79,930

100,860
147,580
282,170
387,270
320,390
84,750

110,930
169,870
308,820
439,250
367,860
96,010

116,220
182,500
317,400
474,740
416,860
108,720

Sex
Men
Women

690,980
689,110

632,440
653,190

550,960
579,450

550,360
590,820

551,620
597,120

591,580
632,960

643,540
679,480

733,980
758,760

797,690
818,750

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

1,297,050 1,220,060 1,088,560
83,040
65,570
41,850

64,630
139,090
128,670
334,140
220,430
168,640
61,920
29,930
189,030
42,000
1,610

60,890
129,690
121,870
320,790
190,920
160,280
60,040
28,800
170,910
39,590
1,850

51,440
113,410
109,790
283,700
169,170
140,000
55,450
25,110
146,370
35,050
920

1,071,380 1,077,840 1,155,200 1,252,960 1,419,220 1,542,720
69,800
70,900
69,340
70,060
73,520
73,720

49,710
113,010
109,940
283,130
169,140
141,490
52,280
24,890
159,830
36,800
960

48,660
109,720
111,800
284,450
168,610
146,920
54,230
25,000
158,750
39,850
750

48,640
108,600
115,410
315,360
188,600
158,610
59,350
27,020
157,690
44,420
840

52,510
118,010
125,330
341,060
208,580
172,400
64,640
28,670
163,670
47,170
980

56,290
122,190
141,400
378,350
243,720
203,390
73,510
32,580
188,260
51,860
1,190

64,840
122,470
155,980
398,060
272,570
225,520
77,320
35,960
206,850
55,500
1,370

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999. Totals do not include
reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision. These reapplications were received from 1991 to 1995.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 97

Applications
Table 44.
Applications for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003
Characteristic

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

Total a

179,560

167,180

131,280

147,730

159,590

159,290

160,800

178,660

177,870

Age
65–69
70–74
75 or older

102,760
32,300
44,500

92,710
32,270
42,200

74,540
23,900
32,840

81,600
28,860
37,270

87,720
31,820
40,050

87,310
32,040
39,940

88,290
33,070
39,440

95,280
39,080
44,300

95,970
37,890
44,010

Sex
Men
Women

64,980
114,580

61,540
105,640

47,300
83,980

54,420
93,310

59,870
99,720

60,070
99,220

60,800
100,000

69,090
109,570

69,380
108,490

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

131,300
48,260

122,530
44,650

104,950
26,330

98,940
48,790

106,730
52,860

109,440
49,850

109,010
51,790

116,770
61,890

118,630
59,240

6,390
23,730
13,310
41,990
16,430
22,260
4,360
2,650
44,810
3,580
50

6,610
23,180
12,230
37,500
12,610
20,220
3,860
2,540
44,640
3,670
120

5,480
17,740
9,310
29,800
10,030
17,110
3,140
2,060
33,810
2,760
40

6,250
21,320
10,510
30,340
11,190
18,220
2,990
2,080
41,450
3,330
50

6,280
22,300
11,890
32,130
12,260
19,830
2,880
2,370
45,550
4,090
10

6,090
22,720
11,620
31,580
12,690
19,520
3,380
2,550
45,090
4,040
10

5,940
24,200
11,010
31,100
12,380
21,250
2,990
2,360
45,760
3,800
10

6,090
25,800
11,280
35,680
12,120
23,400
2,940
2,620
54,880
3,840
10

6,910
25,300
11,290
32,660
13,050
22,770
2,950
2,780
55,710
4,450
0

SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999. Totals do not include
reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision. These reapplications were received from 1991 to 1995.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

98 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Applications
Table 45.
All applications, by state or other area and age of applicant, 2003
Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

2,230,540

436,230

1,616,440

177,870

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

51,210
5,130
33,470
33,230
250,590

13,240
470
5,530
8,060
33,390

36,280
3,640
26,190
24,150
166,170

1,690
1,020
1,750
1,020
51,030

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

21,050
16,790
5,100
5,810
146,140

3,040
2,570
1,240
1,260
32,740

16,440
13,150
3,640
4,240
97,190

1,570
1,070
220
310
16,210

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

73,250
5,040
8,750
88,820
46,380

15,970
590
1,690
21,200
10,280

53,590
3,540
6,780
62,900
35,210

3,690
910
280
4,720
890

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

18,300
18,780
53,390
58,190
8,870

2,780
3,110
10,180
15,760
1,260

14,890
15,040
41,420
40,230
7,230

630
630
1,790
2,200
380

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

37,090
43,090
72,280
24,330
46,760

5,970
6,460
17,300
4,560
11,830

29,110
32,140
52,750
18,360
33,350

2,010
4,490
2,230
1,410
1,580

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

47,580
5,570
11,790
15,040
5,090

8,430
990
1,860
2,170
650

37,970
4,390
9,420
10,900
4,330

1,180
190
510
1,970
110

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

46,150
14,540
137,690
80,040
3,080

9,050
2,480
27,020
15,880
380

31,310
11,040
91,160
60,400
2,540

5,790
1,020
19,510
3,760
160

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

99,530
28,680
21,010
96,320
7,700

21,650
5,690
2,560
22,430
1,680

75,300
21,900
17,390
68,270
5,290

2,580
1,090
1,060
5,620
730

State or area
All areas

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 99

Applications
Table 45.
All applications, by state or other area and age of applicant, 2003—Continued
State or area
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands
Unknown

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

37,900
4,540
61,040
179,650
9,110

8,570
740
10,600
34,010
1,710

27,830
3,450
48,000
128,200
7,000

1,500
350
2,440
17,440
400

3,410
43,830
35,300
22,250
37,630
2,610

580
8,690
5,520
3,540
8,360
360

2,700
32,640
27,690
18,080
28,050
2,140

130
2,500
2,090
630
1,220
110

160

60

50

50

1,460

90

1,370

0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

100 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Applications
Table 46.
All applicants, by year of first application and age, 1973–2003
a

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

35,944,110

5,695,910

23,095,300

7,152,900

3,406,600

3,650

1,424,010

1,978,940

282,270
1,997,130

4,970
122,170

81,850
1,061,670

195,450
813,290

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

1,300,670
973,420
941,300
896,610
914,350

93,480
75,950
82,180
84,360
90,170

859,400
684,750
658,930
629,240
639,040

347,790
212,720
200,190
183,010
185,140

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

936,350
722,170
604,290
643,870
735,850

91,700
75,390
72,760
78,830
81,580

654,580
528,580
449,350
465,190
485,400

190,070
118,200
82,180
99,850
168,870

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

859,290
930,260
891,320
835,650
855,140

92,560
98,590
96,940
95,380
100,470

627,390
687,520
652,920
603,060
606,990

139,340
144,150
141,460
137,210
147,680

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

981,590
1,199,860
1,455,720
1,620,200
1,568,700

127,430
207,940
339,210
439,860
460,050

696,700
835,810
954,900
1,027,300
979,480

157,460
156,110
161,610
153,040
129,170

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,385,000
1,242,710
980,380
982,570
993,590

407,220
359,030
254,320
249,810
256,080

863,230
778,990
645,750
642,260
638,450

114,550
104,690
80,310
90,500
99,060

2000
2001
2002
2003

1,034,360
1,125,740
1,275,550
1,371,600

258,000
273,350
301,690
320,790

677,230
751,380
861,610
942,340

99,130
101,010
112,250
108,470

Year

All ages
Total

State conversions

b

Federal applications
1973
1974

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
NOTE: Data include only the first application for each person.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999. Totals do not include
reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision. These reapplications were received from 1991 to 1995.
b. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 101

Awards

Awards
Table 47.
All awards, by age of awardee, 1974–2003
All ages

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

24,682,560

3,001,250

14,265,430

7,415,880

3,158,410

2,620

1,305,060

1,850,730

1,329,870
927,800
674,580
643,480
566,190
517,010

66,880
62,880
45,030
50,970
47,050
45,810

491,170
508,950
403,350
375,950
323,170
292,380

771,820
355,970
226,200
216,560
195,970
178,820

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

526,790
411,510
342,680
458,610
586,670

46,260
39,050
35,670
42,110
45,740

293,740
248,340
202,590
262,660
322,390

186,790
124,120
104,420
153,840
218,540

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

527,800
603,580
589,440
578,370
629,460

46,590
51,020
48,480
47,560
51,520

324,070
391,600
373,320
361,070
388,120

157,140
160,960
167,640
169,740
189,820

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

718,310
822,890
1,049,260
1,054,170
944,830

76,070
126,190
221,080
236,220
203,190

446,940
504,860
636,300
630,030
580,640

195,300
191,840
191,880
187,920
161,000

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

893,460
797,970
673,340
739,410
757,270

177,550
144,270
116,280
135,600
139,400

571,080
526,690
461,260
489,240
493,960

144,830
127,010
95,800
114,570
123,910

2000
2001
2002
2003

747,010
770,340
818,050
824,000

144,540
156,900
169,130
179,590

483,020
502,590
533,470
537,420

119,450
110,850
115,450
106,990

Year
Total
State conversions

a

Federal applications
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
a. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 105

Awards
Table 48.
Awards for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003
Characteristic

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

177,550

144,270

116,280

135,600

139,400

144,540

156,900

169,130

179,590

Age
Under 5
5–12
13–17

69,210
74,600
33,740

63,440
56,670
24,160

54,490
44,290
17,500

58,770
55,960
20,870

60,070
57,500
21,830

62,500
60,170
21,870

64,860
66,980
25,060

68,020
71,910
29,200

71,010
77,510
31,070

Sex
Male
Female

113,160
64,390

90,110
54,160

71,780
44,500

85,140
50,460

87,830
51,570

90,960
53,580

98,910
57,990

108,540
60,590

116,190
63,400

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

176,150
1,400

143,180
1,090

115,480
800

134,530
1,070

138,240
1,160

143,650
890

155,940
960

168,350
780

178,950
640

7,320

6,970

5,970

6,580

6,230

7,050

7,010

7,400

8,220

1,310

990

830

980

940

1,070

910

900

1,070

670
960
112,620
54,570
58,050
3,100

470
1,050
84,880
42,260
42,620
2,900

380
1,100
62,480
29,680
32,800
2,500

280
1,000
75,760
31,280
44,480
2,720

360
1,080
81,900
29,110
52,790
2,650

250
980
84,580
26,940
57,640
2,610

280
1,090
95,410
26,470
68,940
3,000

340
1,010
107,430
27,150
80,280
2,850

170
990
26,110
91,160
2,830

1,650
1,070
600
620

1,520
940
500
490

1,220
830
680
480

1,590
800
810
510

1,340
840
720
520

1,290
950
960
530

1,470
770
1,340
550

1,260
960
1,090
510

1,320
1,010
1,420
580

1,510

1,310

1,250

1,390

1,200

1,430

1,650

1,470

1,180

14,070
4,830

12,250
4,460

10,370
4,170

11,210
4,050

10,820
4,140

10,940
4,520

10,800
4,550

11,740
4,470

11,000
4,300

190
16,930
10,100

50
17,420
8,070

130
16,590
7,300

110
18,860
8,950

100
20,640
5,920

170
22,250
4,960

140
23,120
4,810

160
23,330
4,210

170
24,470
3,590

7,250
17,450
18,970
44,110
36,240
19,710
7,690
4,580
16,920
4,620
10

5,060
14,750
15,250
35,130
28,290
14,930
6,390
3,480
16,470
4,520
0

4,840
10,870
11,730
29,190
21,890
12,570
4,140
2,760
14,750
3,540
0

5,070
11,030
14,640
36,470
24,570
16,280
4,850
2,740
16,350
3,600
0

5,570
13,130
14,370
37,640
22,580
16,680
6,240
2,650
16,670
3,870
0

6,130
12,830
14,920
38,930
24,330
16,930
5,640
2,650
17,840
4,340
0

6,040
13,040
18,450
42,210
25,580
19,340
5,790
3,070
18,260
5,120
0

5,880
13,990
18,310
42,570
28,300
25,100
6,790
3,110
20,040
5,040
0

6,040
15,260
19,600
44,970
30,190
28,080
6,130
3,310
20,720
5,290
0

Total

Diagnostic group
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic disorders
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Mental retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system
and connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous
tissue
Other
Unknown
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

106 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Awards
Table 49.
Awards for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003
1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

571,080

526,690

461,260

489,240

493,960

483,020

502,590

533,470

537,420

Age
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64

34,530
57,510
127,640
136,670
158,620
56,110

33,340
50,890
115,150
129,900
149,550
47,860

30,080
42,440
96,000
118,050
134,340
40,350

33,470
44,030
97,280
125,560
142,900
46,000

34,680
42,520
95,550
131,170
143,850
46,190

36,640
39,890
90,260
128,240
142,660
45,330

41,210
44,200
90,780
133,130
149,120
44,150

43,410
47,540
91,950
144,500
158,610
47,460

44,360
49,490
91,240
144,340
162,420
45,570

Sex
Men
Women

282,690
288,390

260,010
266,680

221,440
239,820

232,670
256,570

234,380
259,580

234,920
248,100

244,570
258,020

262,830
270,640

264,010
273,410

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

533,190
37,890

494,700
31,990

441,840
19,420

450,100
39,140

457,690
36,270

447,620
35,400

469,470
33,120

499,440
34,030

506,610
30,810

850

940

880

640

900

1,160

1,700

1,790

2,060

29,950

28,650

26,460

27,040

28,070

14,000

15,030

15,320

15,700

25,740
15,760
206,300
47,790
158,510
27,220

23,210
15,850
177,110
40,630
136,480
26,490

16,630
13,470
150,240
34,840
115,400
25,230

14,790
14,780
162,020
34,320
127,700
25,370

14,000
15,390
172,840
34,820
138,020
25,820

13,440
16,030
181,960
35,030
146,930
26,500

12,560
16,680
193,120
35,530
157,590
26,950

11,950
18,930
204,260
35,290
168,970
27,660

11,360
17,120
34,250
171,650
28,520

1,070
47,260
7,590
9,140

1,330
44,320
7,300
8,640

1,140
39,980
7,030
9,050

1,240
40,200
7,610
8,970

1,430
40,090
9,020
8,970

1,310
42,110
9,180
9,650

1,670
45,110
10,140
9,490

1,590
47,240
11,080
9,820

1,570
46,440
11,720
10,480

63,670

61,160

53,640

58,530

63,370

69,980

75,190

84,140

86,570

32,070
18,650

30,620
18,760

25,780
15,530

29,100
16,540

29,990
16,580

30,000
17,080

32,510
17,450

34,530
18,520

35,120
18,710

1,040
490
84,280

910
420
80,980

970
460
74,770

820
430
81,160

860
590
66,040

840
530
49,250

1,090
740
43,160

1,000
1,010
44,630

940
990
44,220

Characteristic
Total

Diagnostic group
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic disorders
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Mental retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system
and connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous
tissue
Other
Unknown

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 107

Awards
Table 49.
Awards for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003—Continued
Characteristic
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

31,930
59,330
57,250
142,770
87,770
66,680
23,360
11,930
71,460
18,580
20

29,020
55,340
49,990
134,410
77,550
60,690
21,440
11,040
69,180
18,020
10

24,790
44,250
47,690
120,370
68,530
54,430
17,590
9,180
58,700
15,730
0

24,430
49,590
50,520
122,820
72,100
54,800
19,310
9,370
70,370
15,930
0

24,330
52,730
50,730
119,640
68,290
57,210
20,080
8,820
74,470
17,660
0

24,040
49,010
50,400
117,890
64,910
55,200
21,340
8,900
72,520
18,810
0

24,190
48,710
52,420
121,830
70,040
63,770
20,510
9,310
72,940
18,870
0

24,750
47,260
52,760
123,340
77,110
76,950
22,110
10,230
79,080
19,880
0

26,110
43,750
54,380
127,330
78,750
75,430
21,270
9,940
80,840
19,610
10

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

108 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Awards
Table 50.
Awards for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1995–2003
Characteristic

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

144,830

127,010

95,800

114,570

123,910

119,450

110,850

115,450

106,990

Age
65
66–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

52,250
33,440
24,420
14,410
20,310

41,390
30,730
23,740
13,020
18,130

34,820
22,110
15,120
9,850
13,900

34,590
29,270
20,870
13,830
16,010

35,610
32,310
24,650
15,420
15,920

34,470
31,360
23,120
14,250
16,250

32,840
29,530
21,570
12,680
14,230

32,460
31,370
23,280
13,740
14,600

31,260
28,760
21,160
12,580
13,230

Sex
Men
Women

50,820
94,010

44,590
82,420

32,980
62,820

40,860
73,710

44,500
79,410

43,120
76,330

40,000
70,850

42,530
72,920

40,020
66,970

105,120
39,710

90,350
36,660

80,340
15,460

79,860
34,710

84,460
39,450

84,080
35,370

78,670
32,180

81,030
34,420

78,840
28,150

5,360
19,710
11,100
31,550
13,670
18,230
3,280
1,980
36,840
3,110

5,110
17,820
9,750
26,340
10,260
15,320
2,680
2,060
34,620
3,050

4,020
13,120
7,750
20,920
7,890
12,840
2,150
1,680
23,340
2,090

5,090
17,130
8,300
22,040
9,160
13,470
2,100
1,530
32,900
2,850

5,010
18,100
9,330
22,280
9,780
15,600
2,110
1,740
36,650
3,310

4,980
17,200
9,130
22,640
9,500
13,720
2,450
1,820
34,990
3,020

4,220
16,380
8,570
20,300
8,580
13,780
2,130
1,510
32,390
2,990

3,970
15,520
7,960
22,820
8,170
14,770
1,980
1,790
35,480
2,990

4,450
14,800
7,660
19,130
8,000
13,170
1,880
1,590
33,270
3,040

Total

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 109

Awards
Table 51.
All awards, by state or other area and age of awardee, 2003
State or area

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

824,000

179,590

537,420

106,990

18,970
2,050
13,600
12,180
112,560

4,190
200
2,790
3,120
16,590

13,620
1,040
9,700
8,500
65,520

1,160
810
1,110
560
30,450

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

7,000
6,490
2,130
2,620
54,740

1,350
1,000
380
690
14,330

4,760
4,660
1,570
1,690
31,650

890
830
180
240
8,760

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

24,610
2,630
3,360
29,790
14,810

5,120
200
1,080
8,250
4,030

17,150
1,690
2,120
19,020
10,200

2,340
740
160
2,520
580

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

5,100
5,680
20,390
19,420
4,090

1,150
1,310
4,870
5,440
650

3,520
4,000
14,260
12,520
3,160

430
370
1,260
1,460
280

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

11,960
18,780
24,760
9,380
13,200

2,350
2,970
5,960
2,370
3,450

8,300
13,140
17,200
6,150
8,850

1,310
2,670
1,600
860
900

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

15,140
1,810
3,360
5,910
2,300

3,030
370
640
1,110
300

11,270
1,290
2,480
3,870
1,910

840
150
240
930
90

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

19,400
5,890
54,410
27,540
970

4,470
1,270
10,790
6,400
150

11,570
4,010
32,180
18,760
750

3,360
610
11,440
2,380
70

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

27,390
9,910
7,600
39,580
3,380

7,060
2,210
1,320
10,760
780

18,680
6,910
5,600
25,100
2,120

1,650
790
680
3,720
480

All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

(Continued)

110 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Awards
Table 51.
All awards, by state or other area and age of awardee, 2003—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

12,990
1,310
18,990
69,280
2,930

3,100
290
3,510
16,040
940

8,980
820
14,060
43,490
1,770

910
200
1,420
9,750
220

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,560
17,190
14,930
8,160
10,820
820

340
3,770
2,690
1,650
2,520
210

1,120
11,650
10,850
6,070
7,510
550

100
1,770
1,390
440
790
60

130

30

60

40

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 111

Awards
Table 52.
All persons awarded SSI, by year of first award and age, 1974–2003
Year

All ages

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

22,370,940

2,834,480

12,875,600

6,660,860

3,158,410

2,620

1,305,060

1,850,730

1,317,640
913,620
640,570
578,270
494,740
446,420

66,250
62,340
44,090
47,830
43,830
42,270

485,860
502,830
386,940
344,910
288,420
257,080

765,530
348,450
209,540
185,530
162,490
147,070

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

451,240
348,250
283,240
361,060
480,420

42,450
35,480
31,750
37,970
41,480

254,810
213,610
171,680
217,450
272,030

153,980
99,160
79,810
105,640
166,910

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

444,310
521,270
508,530
501,740
546,650

41,680
46,340
43,750
43,540
46,830

277,490
343,800
327,910
317,210
341,480

125,140
131,130
136,870
140,990
158,340

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

634,480
739,810
960,900
969,060
863,940

70,640
119,340
214,160
229,610
196,810

398,330
454,580
580,580
577,260
529,790

165,510
165,890
166,160
162,190
137,340

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

812,760
725,020
601,260
656,600
666,430

171,110
138,550
111,210
128,640
131,190

518,090
478,070
409,700
430,960
430,370

123,560
108,400
80,350
97,000
104,870

2000
2001
2002
2003

651,560
668,710
710,640
713,390

134,380
145,040
156,590
166,710

416,290
429,400
456,050
457,560

100,890
94,270
98,000
89,120

Total
State conversions

a

Federal applications
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
NOTE: Data include only the first award for each person.
a. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

112 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Outcomes of Applications
for Disability Benefits

Notes
The tables in this section provide data on the outcomes of applications for SSI benefits based on blindness or
disability. The data on applications are derived from the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) Disability
Research File (DRF) maintained by the Office of Disability Programs. Each year the DRF is updated with
information about applications for disability benefits that is then used to determine the outcome of those
applications. The outcome data in these tables are reported by year of filing and include decisions made through
the administrative appeals process.
Table 53 shows the total number of applications filed in a year, the number that are pending a final decision, the
number denied for nonmedical reasons before a medical decision is made (technical denials), the outcome of
applications for which a medical allowance or denial was made, and award and allowance rates. Applications for
which a medical allowance or denial decision was made but which were subsequently denied for nonmedical
reasons are shown under the medical decision header as subsequent denials. The most common nonmedical
reason for denying a claim is excess income.
The allowance rate is calculated by dividing the number of medical allowances (including subsequent technical
denials) by the total number of medical decisions made for a 1-year cohort. The award rate is a broader program
measure that is calculated as the number of allowances minus subsequent denials divided by total applications
(minus pending claims) filed for a given year.
Claims that remain pending after 6 years are probably the result of imperfect data rather than excessive delays in
the decisionmaking process. It is highly probable that decisions have been rendered on most of the older claims.
For more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change as decisions are made on pending claims.
Tables 54–56 show the allowance rate for SSI only and the SSI portion of concurrent (a claim for both Social
Security and SSI disability benefits) applications, one for each level in the administrative decisionmaking process,
that is, initial, reconsideration, and hearing or higher level.
Beginning with fiscal year 2000, the proportion of claims awarded at each level of the process changed as a result
of the Prototype Process being tested in 10 states. Under this test, the reconsideration step of the appeals process
was eliminated for applications filed October 1, 1999, or later. Elimination of the reconsideration level in these
states results in a decrease in the aggregate proportion of claims awarded at this step.
This section also includes one table that shows the reason for medical allowance and one that shows reason for
medical denial (Tables 57 and 58). The reasons are derived from the sequential evaluation process used by
decisionmakers. SSA maintains a list of impairments that are considered disabling under its regulations. An
applicant can be found to be disabled if he or she



has a listed impairment,
has a severe impairment that is equal to a listed impairment,
has a severe impairment when medical and vocational factors are considered, or
had previously established entitlement to a disability benefit.

An applicant can be denied benefits if he or she




has an impairment that is not expected to last 12 months;
has an impairment that is not considered severe;
is able to perform his or her usual type of work;
is able to perform another type of work; or
provides insufficient medical evidence, fails to cooperate, fails to follow prescribed treatment, does not want to
continue development of the claim, or returns to substantial work before disability can be established.

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 53.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by age and year of application, 1992–2002
Medical decisions
Denials
Year

Pending
Total final decision

Technical
denials a

Allowances

Subsequent
Medical nonmedical d

All ages

Subsequent
Awards
denials e

Award
rate b
(percent)

Allowance
rate c
(percent)

f

1992
1993
1994

1,828,951
2,048,945
2,014,499

0
0
0

134,438
141,214
123,175

741,839
937,757
1,041,522

1,556
1,600
1,681

860,875
878,932
770,815

90,243
89,442
77,306

47.1
42.9
38.3

56.1
50.8
44.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,845,212
1,786,770
1,505,145
1,520,538
1,528,217

0
2,645
3,015
4,602
8,079

103,335
113,027
97,320
95,990
105,819

995,374
936,140
736,519
698,134
683,597

1,343
1,886
2,072
3,828
4,001

683,662
671,521
605,492
655,151
662,302

61,498
61,551
60,727
62,833
64,419

37.1
37.6
40.3
43.2
43.6

42.8
43.9
47.4
50.6
51.4

2000
2001
2002

1,612,826
1,748,974
1,935,631

23,155
85,113
237,788

156,525
205,290
279,693

676,141
692,196
728,841

3,816
3,134
2,609

684,244
695,069
629,193

68,945
68,172
57,507

43.0
41.8
37.1

52.6
52.3
48.4

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

376,812
500,676
530,538

0
0
0

16,695
18,788
16,897

148,221
240,668
311,142

103
135
147

204,083
232,344
194,650

7,710
8,741
7,702

54.2
46.4
36.7

58.8
50.0
39.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

491,638
457,057
334,975
338,592
345,067

0
197
188
314
567

14,364
13,532
10,906
10,904
11,898

306,307
291,085
195,570
182,345
181,998

92
86
69
74
68

163,887
144,653
121,411
137,590
142,724

6,988
7,504
6,831
7,365
7,812

33.3
31.7
36.3
40.7
41.4

35.8
34.3
39.6
44.3
45.3

2000
2001
2002

355,477
375,944
408,260

1,984
8,419
24,395

15,775
18,917
22,893

178,217
176,863
183,769

64
59
52

151,475
163,666
169,152

7,962
8,020
7,999

42.9
44.5
44.1

47.2
49.2
49.1
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 115

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 53.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by age and year of application, 1992–2002—Continued
Medical decisions
Denials
Year

Pending
Total final decision

Technical
denials a

Allowances

Subsequent
Medical nonmedical d

Subsequent
Awards
denials e

Award
rate b
(percent)

Allowance
rate c
(percent)

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

1,451,417
1,547,527
1,482,503

0
0
0

117,675
122,364
106,181

593,455
696,934
730,012

1,451
1,463
1,529

656,374
646,157
575,346

82,462
80,609
69,435

45.2
41.8
38.8

55.4
51.0
46.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,351,903
1,277,604
1,135,602
1,133,015
1,133,722

0
2,444
2,821
4,282
7,501

88,839
87,869
78,303
76,709
83,733

688,618
644,414
539,865
513,732
500,272

1,244
1,534
1,454
1,858
1,540

518,862
487,853
460,302
482,548
485,234

54,340
53,490
52,857
53,886
55,442

38.4
38.3
40.6
42.8
43.1

45.4
45.6
48.7
51.0
51.9

2000
2001
2002

1,208,866
1,322,450
1,464,892

21,151
76,613
213,043

127,968
169,179
230,840

496,900
514,444
544,165

1,417
1,144
782

501,414
501,774
427,429

60,016
59,296
48,633

42.2
40.3
34.1

53.0
52.1
46.6

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2003. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through September 2003.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time. Cases
can be pending at the initial or appellate levels and can include either medical or technical issues.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security–only
applications.
a. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons so no decision was made on severity of impairment.
b. Rate determined by dividing awards by all applications minus pending claims for that year.
c. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
d. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that applicant did not meet the medical severity criteria for
disability benefits.
e. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that applicant met the medical severity criteria for disability
benefits.
f. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

116 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 54.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2002

Year

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions
Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

All ages

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

b

1992
1993
1994

1,694,513
1,907,731
1,891,324

686,962
687,630
577,721

40.5
36.0
30.5

946,348
1,106,624
1,105,532

399,334
409,102
335,756

42.2
37.0
30.4

748,165
801,107
785,792

287,628
278,528
241,965

38.4
34.8
30.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,741,877
1,673,743
1,407,825
1,424,548
1,422,398

507,742
508,931
459,297
520,690
531,498

29.1
30.4
32.6
36.6
37.4

1,037,201
1,000,530
820,527
843,671
843,031

291,168
296,655
260,354
304,856
312,871

28.1
29.6
31.7
36.1
37.1

704,676
673,213
587,298
580,877
579,367

216,574
212,276
198,943
215,834
218,627

30.7
31.5
33.9
37.2
37.7

2000
2001
2002

1,456,301
1,543,548
1,655,618

556,990
593,569
607,015

38.2
38.5
36.7

845,623
878,572
922,985

321,029
341,520
349,447

38.0
38.9
37.9

610,678
664,976
732,633

235,961
252,049
257,568

38.6
37.9
35.2

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

360,117
481,888
513,641

194,494
218,724
177,660

54.0
45.4
34.6

329,316
443,778
475,233

176,929
200,206
164,436

53.7
45.1
34.6

30,801
38,110
38,408

17,565
18,518
13,224

57.0
48.6
34.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

477,274
443,525
324,069
327,688
333,169

149,140
133,375
112,387
129,729
135,117

31.2
30.1
34.7
39.6
40.6

443,367
413,379
302,540
306,164
310,763

138,959
124,846
105,366
121,371
126,253

31.3
30.2
34.8
39.6
40.6

33,907
30,146
21,529
21,524
22,406

10,181
8,529
7,021
8,358
8,864

30.0
28.3
32.6
38.8
39.6

2000
2001
2002

339,702
357,010
385,325

143,267
157,464
168,406

42.2
44.1
43.7

316,328
333,824
362,305

133,426
147,551
159,017

42.2
44.2
43.9

23,374
23,186
23,020

9,841
9,913
9,389

42.1
42.8
40.8
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 117

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 54.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2002—Continued
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

1,333,742
1,425,163
1,376,322

492,046
468,477
399,267

36.9
32.9
29.0

616,523
662,298
629,051

222,077
208,554
170,618

36.0
31.5
27.1

717,219
762,865
747,271

269,969
259,923
228,649

37.6
34.1
30.6

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,263,064
1,189,735
1,057,299
1,056,306
1,049,989

357,732
338,209
324,213
356,592
362,246

28.3
28.4
30.7
33.8
34.5

592,390
555,158
498,637
506,024
502,870

151,417
142,505
139,003
157,861
162,036

25.6
25.7
27.9
31.2
32.2

670,674
634,577
558,662
550,282
547,119

206,315
195,704
185,210
198,731
200,210

30.8
30.8
33.2
36.1
36.6

2000
2001
2002

1,080,898
1,153,153
1,233,774

382,587
406,698
406,125

35.4
35.3
32.9

503,636
521,841
535,876

166,188
174,697
169,333

33.0
33.5
31.6

577,262
631,312
697,898

216,399
232,001
236,792

37.5
36.7
33.9

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2003.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

118 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 55.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2002
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances
All ages

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

b

1992
1993
1994

479,152
557,384
571,602

74,500
75,559
73,734

15.5
13.6
12.9

234,057
280,174
290,341

38,371
38,663
36,826

16.4
13.8
12.7

245,095
277,210
281,261

36,129
36,896
36,908

14.7
13.3
13.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

522,987
480,593
409,396
390,212
382,196

66,780
65,357
62,509
61,279
55,646

12.8
13.6
15.3
15.7
14.6

275,013
249,224
208,993
203,132
197,671

33,432
32,511
31,881
31,819
28,503

12.2
13.0
15.3
15.7
14.4

247,974
231,369
200,403
187,080
184,525

33,348
32,846
30,628
29,460
27,143

13.4
14.2
15.3
15.7
14.7

2000
2001
2002

382,757
403,402
393,638

53,194
52,041
39,937

13.9
12.9
10.1

192,285
197,161
187,438

26,459
25,075
20,025

13.8
12.7
10.7

190,472
206,241
206,200

26,735
26,966
19,912

14.0
13.1
9.7

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

49,099
75,816
91,854

9,570
11,440
11,475

19.5
15.1
12.5

44,562
69,176
83,789

8,590
10,355
10,461

19.3
15.0
12.5

4,537
6,640
8,065

980
1,085
1,014

21.6
16.3
12.6

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

86,651
74,836
51,365
49,909
49,456

10,459
9,646
8,583
8,042
7,476

12.1
12.9
16.7
16.1
15.1

79,397
68,797
47,131
45,989
45,465

9,625
8,863
7,883
7,417
6,839

12.1
12.9
16.7
16.1
15.0

7,254
6,039
4,234
3,920
3,991

834
783
700
625
637

11.5
13.0
16.5
15.9
16.0

2000
2001
2002

48,361
49,211
48,697

7,514
7,475
6,512

15.5
15.2
13.4

44,462
45,507
45,412

6,951
6,973
6,100

15.6
15.3
13.4

3,899
3,704
3,285

563
502
412

14.4
13.6
12.5
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 119

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 55.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2002—Continued
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Aged 18–64

1992
1993
1994

429,944
481,434
479,439

64,891
64,074
62,150

15.1
13.3
13.0

189,409
210,882
206,253

29,744
28,268
26,260

15.7
13.4
12.7

240,535
270,552
273,186

35,147
35,806
35,890

14.6
13.2
13.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

435,988
403,309
355,514
337,411
330,830

56,205
54,199
52,601
51,772
47,265

12.9
13.4
14.8
15.3
14.3

195,281
178,404
159,694
154,436
150,460

23,695
22,458
22,951
23,052
20,866

12.1
12.6
14.4
14.9
13.9

240,707
224,905
195,820
182,975
180,370

32,510
31,741
29,650
28,720
26,399

13.5
14.1
15.1
15.7
14.6

2000
2001
2002

332,767
352,675
343,338

44,919
43,843
32,647

13.5
12.4
9.5

146,383
150,368
140,650

18,877
17,551
13,329

12.9
11.7
9.5

186,384
202,307
202,688

26,042
26,292
19,318

14.0
13.0
9.5

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2003.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing
level without a reconsideration.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

120 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 56.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2002
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances
All ages

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

b

1992
1993
1994

280,751
327,271
333,326

189,656
205,185
196,666

67.6
62.7
59.0

128,789
153,126
156,581

79,307
85,195
80,556

61.6
55.6
51.4

151,962
174,145
176,745

110,349
119,990
116,110

72.6
68.9
65.7

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

300,958
269,327
235,716
220,143
223,424

170,638
158,784
144,413
136,015
139,577

56.7
59.0
61.3
61.8
62.5

145,570
127,583
110,852
105,430
107,237

70,360
64,262
59,444
57,333
58,587

48.3
50.4
53.6
54.4
54.6

155,388
141,744
124,864
114,713
116,187

100,278
94,522
84,969
78,682
80,990

64.5
66.7
68.0
68.6
69.7

2000
2001
2002

228,103
186,360
62,024

143,005
117,631
39,748

62.7
63.1
64.1

107,900
86,124
28,918

58,249
46,075
15,447

54.0
53.5
53.4

120,203
100,236
33,106

84,756
71,556
24,301

70.5
71.4
73.4

Under age 18

1992
1993
1994

19,988
31,658
38,751

7,729
10,921
13,217

38.7
34.5
34.1

17,979
28,625
34,869

6,890
9,784
11,855

38.3
34.2
34.0

2,009
3,033
3,882

839
1,137
1,362

41.8
37.5
35.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

35,856
27,908
19,361
18,590
20,336

11,276
9,136
7,272
7,184
7,943

31.4
32.7
37.6
38.6
39.1

32,428
25,411
17,547
16,915
18,476

10,123
8,279
6,568
6,491
7,169

31.2
32.6
37.4
38.4
38.8

3,428
2,497
1,814
1,675
1,860

1,153
857
704
693
774

33.6
34.3
38.8
41.4
41.6

2000
2001
2002

22,594
17,685
5,670

8,656
6,747
2,233

38.3
38.2
39.4

20,557
16,251
5,256

7,789
6,164
2,060

37.9
37.9
39.2

2,037
1,434
414

867
583
173

42.6
40.7
41.8
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 121

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 56.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2002—Continued
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Aged 18–64

1992
1993
1994

260,727
295,551
294,438

181,899
194,215
183,364

69.8
65.7
62.3

110,785
124,445
121,581

72,398
75,368
68,621

65.4
60.6
56.4

149,942
171,106
172,857

109,501
118,847
114,743

73.0
69.5
66.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

264,954
240,615
215,400
200,596
202,492

159,265
148,935
136,345
128,070
131,165

60.1
61.9
63.3
63.8
64.8

113,002
101,466
92,415
87,607
88,210

60,147
55,364
52,134
50,125
50,989

53.2
54.6
56.4
57.2
57.8

151,952
139,149
122,985
112,989
114,282

99,118
93,571
84,211
77,945
80,176

65.2
67.2
68.5
69.0
70.2

2000
2001
2002

204,940
168,208
56,072

133,924
110,529
37,290

65.3
65.7
66.5

86,822
69,447
23,401

50,075
39,586
13,179

57.7
57.0
56.3

118,118
98,761
32,671

83,849
70,943
24,111

71.0
71.8
73.8

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through September 2003.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing
level without a reconsideration.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

122 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 57.
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by age, year of application,
and reason for allowance, 1992–2002
Under age 18 only

Total
Year

Number

Percent

Meets level
of severity
of listings a

Medically
equals level
of severity
of listings

Aged 18 or older only

Functionally
equals level
of severity
of listings

All ages

Equals level
of severity
of listings

Medical and
vocational
factors
considered

Other

a,b

c

1992
1993
1994

951,118
968,374
848,121

100.0
100.0
100.0

36.6
36.5
36.8

1.5
1.5
1.5

1.3
1.6
2.1

7.5
5.5
4.4

18.6
17.4
18.1

34.4
37.6
37.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

745,160
733,072
666,219
717,984
726,721

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

35.8
35.9
37.6
38.3
36.8

1.6
1.8
1.8
1.9
2.0

2.5
3.3
4.3
4.8
5.3

4.3
4.4
4.7
4.2
4.0

18.6
17.4
18.4
20.1
20.9

37.2
37.1
33.3
30.7
31.0

2000
2001
2002

753,189
763,241
686,700

100.0
100.0
100.0

35.5
35.7
38.8

2.0
1.8
2.0

6.1
7.2
9.4

4.2
4.3
4.3

21.7
22.5
24.4

30.5
28.4
21.0

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

211,793
241,085
202,352

100.0
100.0
100.0

48.3
44.9
45.6

6.9
5.9
6.5

5.9
6.4
8.6

...
...
...

...
...
...

38.9
42.7
39.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

170,875
152,157
128,242
144,955
150,536

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.8
52.7
55.8
55.6
53.2

7.0
8.7
9.2
9.6
9.8

11.0
16.0
22.2
23.6
25.8

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

37.2
22.6
12.8
11.1
11.2

2000
2001
2002

159,437
171,686
177,151

100.0
100.0
100.0

50.3
47.8
45.9

9.2
8.2
7.8

29.0
32.2
36.6

...
...
...

...
...
...

11.4
11.8
9.7
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 123

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 57.
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by age, year of application,
and reason for allowance, 1992–2002—Continued
Under age 18 only

Total
Year

Number

Percent

Meets level
of severity
of listings a

Medically
equals level
of severity
of listings

Aged 18 or older only

Functionally
equals level
of severity
of listings

Equals level
of severity
of listings

Medical and
vocational
factors
considered

Other

a,b

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

738,836
726,766
644,781

100.0
100.0
100.0

33.3
33.7
34.0

...
...
...

...
...
...

9.7
7.3
5.8

23.9
23.1
23.8

33.2
35.9
36.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

573,202
541,343
513,159
536,434
540,676

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

33.2
33.7
34.5
35.6
34.1

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

5.6
5.9
6.1
5.5
5.3

24.1
23.3
22.6
23.9
25.2

37.2
37.1
36.8
34.9
35.4

2000
2001
2002

561,430
561,070
476,062

100.0
100.0
100.0

33.0
33.7
38.7

...
...
...

...
...
...

5.6
5.8
6.1

26.7
28.6
33.0

34.6
31.8
22.1

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2003. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through September 2003.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security–only
applications.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Includes all age groups.
b. Includes applications for which the disability was previously established and those for which the basis for the determination is not
available. For final determinations made in or before August 1996 for applicants under age 18, also includes applications allowed
because individual functional assessment showed impairment of comparable severity.
c. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

124 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 58.
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by age, year of application,
and reason for denial, 1992–2002

Total
Year

Number

Impairment
Impairment did
does not
not or is not
cause severe
expected to Impairment is
functional
Percent last 12 months
not severe
limitations a

All ages

Able to do
usual past
work b

Able to do
other type of
work b

Other

c

d

1992
1993
1994

743,395
939,357
1,043,203

100.0
100.0
100.0

7.3
6.6
6.2

22.1
21.2
20.7

...
...
...

17.5
15.4
13.6

26.3
24.8
23.3

26.9
31.9
36.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

996,717
938,026
738,591
701,962
687,598

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.2
6.4
6.9
6.9
6.7

19.7
20.6
16.7
15.0
14.0

...
5.8
16.3
18.3
19.2

12.4
12.1
13.0
14.6
15.5

22.4
22.9
25.1
25.3
24.4

39.2
32.2
22.1
19.9
20.2

2000
2001
2002

679,957
695,330
731,450

100.0
100.0
100.0

6.5
6.1
5.8

13.4
12.8
12.6

18.9
17.9
17.8

15.6
15.5
15.7

23.9
24.1
24.2

21.7
23.7
23.9

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

148,324
240,803
311,289

100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
1.3
1.4

22.7
21.8
22.4

...
...
...

...
...
...

...
...
...

75.8
76.9
76.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

306,399
291,171
195,639
182,419
182,066

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.1

21.8
26.9
19.1
14.5
13.3

...
18.7
61.3
70.6
72.4

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

76.9
53.0
18.0
13.7
13.2

2000
2001
2002

178,281
176,922
183,821

100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.1
1.0

13.3
13.8
13.4

72.0
70.2
70.8

...
...
...

...
...
...

13.6
14.9
14.8
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 125

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 58.
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by age, year of application,
and reason for denial, 1992–2002—Continued

Total
Year

Number

Impairment
Impairment did
does not
not or is not
cause severe
expected to Impairment is
functional
Percent last 12 months
not severe
limitations a

Able to do
usual past
work b

Able to do
other type of
work b

Other

c

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

594,906
698,397
731,541

100.0
100.0
100.0

8.8
8.4
8.3

21.9
21.0
20.0

...
...
...

21.8
20.7
19.4

32.8
33.4
33.2

14.7
16.4
19.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

689,862
645,948
541,319
515,590
501,812

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.4
8.7
8.8
8.9
8.7

18.8
17.8
15.8
15.0
14.1

...
...
...
...
...

17.9
17.5
17.7
19.7
21.0

32.4
33.2
34.2
34.4
33.5

22.5
22.8
23.5
22.0
22.8

2000
2001
2002

498,317
515,588
544,947

100.0
100.0
100.0

8.4
7.8
7.5

13.3
12.4
12.2

...
...
...

21.1
20.8
20.9

32.6
32.4
32.4

24.6
26.6
26.9

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2003. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through September 2003.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security–only
applications.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Used only for applicants under age 18. Category effective for final determinations made August 1996 or later.
b. Used only for applicants aged 18 or older.
c. Applicant provided insufficient evidence, failed to cooperate, failed to follow prescribed treatment, did not want to continue development
of the claim, or returned to substantial work before disability could be established. For final determinations made August 1996 or before
for applicants under age 18, also includes claims denied because individual functional assessment showed impairment not of
comparable severity.
d. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

126 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Suspensions

Suspensions
Table 59.
Suspensions, by age of recipient and reason for suspension, 1995–2003

Year

Total

Excess
income

WherePresump- No repreIn
Medicaid
abouts
Excess tive dis- sentative In public
Death
facility unknown resources
ability
payee institution

Failed to
furnish
report

Outside
United
States

In
transi- No longer
tion disabled

Other

All ages
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,108,600
1,243,200
1,259,500
1,140,100
1,203,600

582,500
570,200
525,700
524,200
552,100

203,300
211,300
194,700
201,100
195,300

49,500
47,100
45,300
49,500
46,300

65,300
72,700
87,000
90,900
88,600

37,400
37,600
35,500
37,000
43,700

4,300
2,900
2,000
2,200
2,200

42,800
41,600
37,500
34,400
37,300

38,800
61,500
54,800
50,000
59,000

11,000
14,000
21,000
28,200
37,700

19,300
23,200
19,800
18,800
21,100

10,300
11,300
18,500
15,300
3,300

17,300
117,000
193,800
81,500
108,800

26,800
32,800
23,900
7,000
8,200

2000
2001
2002
2003

1,220,200
1,238,800
1,295,200
1,257,900

562,200
575,900
596,400
579,700

203,400
193,500
202,700
194,500

49,400
50,000
50,000
45,100

94,000
106,600
105,200
119,900

39,000
48,400
46,800
47,000

2,000
2,700
2,800
2,500

37,200
37,100
33,200
32,700

59,100
64,300
64,900
64,700

50,200
51,900
53,600
45,600

22,700
19,600
21,600
22,100

...
7,400
6,600
7,500

90,600
67,500
90,600
74,800

10,400
13,900
20,800
21,800

Under age 18
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

173,600
198,000
336,500
198,700
231,500

106,700
124,100
104,000
98,200
106,300

6,900
6,600
4,600
5,400
5,000

a
1,100
900
1,000
900

10,400
10,800
15,800
13,800
16,700

7,900
9,200
7,300
7,200
7,300

1,900
1,200
700
700
1,000

17,300
17,900
17,400
14,100
14,300

4,100
6,600
6,100
4,200
4,600

4,300
5,600
8,200
10,000
15,200

a
1,100
900
600
a

1,600
2,000
3,900
3,000
a

5,900
6,800
160,600
39,100
57,800

5,200
5,000
6,100
1,400
1,300

2000
2001
2002
2003

224,100
203,200
233,800
218,300

112,700
107,400
116,100
115,500

6,400
5,100
5,700
4,000

1,000
900
900
800

18,300
17,500
22,000
23,900

6,600
9,100
9,800
9,300

a
700
700
a

15,800
14,800
13,300
13,700

3,300
3,300
4,500
4,300

19,400
17,800
22,200
19,600

a
a
600
a

...
a
...
a

38,200
24,700
36,900
24,900

1,300
1,000
1,100
1,000

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

636,600
756,900
652,100
662,200
697,700

382,400
371,400
355,300
358,000
375,200

81,000
87,100
79,300
77,200
78,600

14,500
13,000
12,800
14,700
10,400

36,400
40,100
48,200
53,600
52,800

17,400
16,900
17,100
18,600
22,400

2,400
1,700
1,300
1,500
1,200

23,800
20,900
18,000
18,500
21,100

34,000
53,400
47,600
44,800
53,300

5,100
6,600
9,900
14,500
17,500

4,500
4,500
5,400
5,900
6,000

5,900
6,500
10,600
8,100
2,100

11,400
110,200
33,200
42,400
51,000

17,800
24,600
13,400
4,400
6,100

2000
2001
2002
2003

719,600
760,200
793,100
772,700

385,100
403,000
421,800
403,900

84,500
81,900
88,200
87,200

12,600
14,700
14,200
12,800

53,700
64,300
59,900
69,100

19,600
24,200
22,900
23,000

1,500
2,000
2,100
2,000

19,400
20,600
18,800
17,000

54,500
60,100
59,100
59,400

24,400
26,300
25,500
19,500

4,300
4,200
4,200
4,800

...
4,900
4,100
5,100

52,400
42,800
53,700
49,800

7,600
11,200
18,600
19,100

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

298,400
288,300
270,900
279,200
274,400

93,400
74,700
66,400
68,000
70,600

115,400
117,600
110,800
118,500
111,700

34,000
33,000
31,600
33,800
35,000

18,500
21,800
23,000
23,500
19,100

12,100
11,500
11,100
11,200
14,000

...
...
...
...
...

1,700
2,800
2,100
1,800
1,900

700
1,500
1,100
1,000
1,100

1,600
1,800
2,900
3,700
5,000

14,400
17,600
13,500
12,300
14,300

2,800
2,800
4,000
4,200
900

...
...
...
...
...

3,800
3,200
4,400
1,200
800

2000
2001
2002
2003

276,500
275,400
268,300
266,900

64,400
65,500
58,500
60,300

112,500
106,500
108,800
103,300

35,800
34,400
34,900
31,500

22,000
24,800
23,300
26,900

12,800
15,100
14,100
14,700

...
...
...
...

2,000
1,700
1,100
2,000

1,300
900
1,300
a

6,400
7,800
5,900
6,500

17,800
15,000
16,800
17,000

...
2,000
2,500
1,900

...
...
...
a

1,500
1,700
1,100
1,700

Aged 18–64

Aged 65 or older

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Includes multiple suspensions per person.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 129

Suspensions
Table 60.
Recipients suspended, by age and reason for suspension, 1995–2003

Year

Total

Excess
income

WherePresump- No repreIn
Medicaid
abouts
Excess tive dis- sentative In public
Death
facility unknown resources
ability
payee institution

Failed to
furnish
report

Outside
United
States

In
transi- No longer
tion disabled

Other

All ages
1995
1996
1997
1998

1,017,100
1,125,400
1,157,000
1,052,700

509,100
484,100
449,400
457,300

203,300
211,300
194,700
201,100

46,900
44,800
42,100
47,900

60,200
66,700
80,300
83,900

35,600
36,000
34,300
35,800

4,100
2,500
1,900
1,900

39,700
34,500
32,300
30,900

36,400
55,800
51,200
47,600

10,700
13,400
18,100
26,100

19,100
22,900
19,200
18,100

10,000
10,900
17,700
14,300

17,100
116,100
193,200
80,900

24,900
26,400
22,600
6,900

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

1,092,700
1,109,900
1,123,300
1,175,500
1,148,900

461,300
472,900
485,500
509,100
499,600

195,300
203,400
193,500
202,700
194,500

44,600
46,900
47,500
48,100
43,500

82,800
87,000
97,000
96,000
110,500

42,900
38,000
47,500
45,500
45,800

1,900
2,000
2,500
2,600
2,300

34,600
35,000
33,900
27,700
30,500

55,000
56,100
59,600
59,000
59,800

35,600
47,300
49,500
47,500
41,200

20,800
22,000
19,100
20,800
21,400

3,300
...
7,300
6,300
7,500

107,200
89,500
66,900
90,100
72,200

7,400
9,800
13,500
20,100
20,100

Under age 18
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

140,700
160,500
299,500
169,900
197,200

76,900
90,300
75,100
73,300
77,000

6,900
6,600
4,600
5,400
5,000

a
1,100
900
900
900

10,000
9,800
14,200
12,800
15,400

7,500
8,700
6,800
6,600
7,000

1,700
1,000
700
600
800

16,000
16,700
14,200
13,000
13,800

3,600
6,500
5,800
4,000
3,900

4,200
5,400
6,900
9,400
14,200

a
1,100
800
600
a

1,600
1,900
3,500
2,900
a

5,900
6,800
160,300
39,000
57,100

5,100
4,600
5,700
1,400
1,200

2000
2001
2002
2003

183,800
167,000
191,400
177,700

76,500
75,200
81,200
79,900

6,400
5,100
5,700
4,000

1,000
800
800
800

16,900
15,700
20,700
22,300

6,300
9,000
9,400
8,700

a
700
700
a

15,100
13,800
10,900
13,300

3,200
3,000
4,200
4,300

18,100
17,300
19,300
18,000

a
a
600
a

...
a
...
a

38,000
24,700
36,900
24,300

1,200
1,000
1,000
900

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

590,000
688,400
599,200
614,800
633,200

348,300
327,600
317,100
324,100
323,800

81,000
87,100
79,300
77,200
78,600

12,700
11,300
10,700
13,600
9,300

32,400
36,600
44,100
49,300
49,200

16,500
16,100
16,800
18,400
22,000

2,400
1,500
1,200
1,300
1,100

22,100
15,200
16,200
16,300
19,000

32,200
47,900
44,300
42,600
50,000

4,900
6,300
8,500
13,000
16,500

4,500
4,400
5,200
5,400
6,000

5,600
6,400
10,200
7,400
2,100

11,200
109,300
32,900
41,900
50,100

16,200
18,700
12,700
4,300
5,500

2000
2001
2002
2003

662,600
693,000
726,100
712,800

340,600
353,300
375,100
363,700

84,500
81,900
88,200
87,200

11,100
13,000
13,200
11,500

49,400
58,200
54,000
63,100

19,300
23,700
22,500
22,700

1,500
1,800
1,900
1,900

18,100
18,400
15,700
15,200

51,600
55,700
53,700
54,500

23,500
24,800
22,500
17,600

4,200
4,200
4,200
4,800

...
4,900
3,900
5,100

51,500
42,200
53,200
47,800

7,300
10,900
18,000
17,700

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

286,400
276,500
258,300
268,000
262,300

83,900
66,200
57,200
59,900
60,500

115,400
117,600
110,800
118,500
111,700

33,300
32,400
30,500
33,400
34,400

17,800
20,300
22,000
21,800
18,200

11,600
11,200
10,700
10,800
13,900

...
...
...
...
...

1,600
2,600
1,900
1,600
1,800

600
1,400
1,100
1,000
1,100

1,600
1,700
2,700
3,700
4,900

14,200
17,400
13,200
12,100
14,200

2,800
2,600
4,000
4,000
900

...
...
...
...
...

3,600
3,100
4,200
1,200
700

2000
2001
2002
2003

263,500
263,300
258,000
258,400

55,800
57,000
52,800
56,000

112,500
106,500
108,800
103,300

34,800
33,700
34,100
31,200

20,700
23,100
21,300
25,100

12,400
14,800
13,600
14,400

...
...
...
...

1,800
1,700
1,100
2,000

1,300
900
1,100
a

5,700
7,400
5,700
5,600

17,200
14,600
16,000
16,300

...
2,000
2,400
1,900

...
...
...
a

1,300
1,600
1,100
1,500

Aged 18–64

Aged 65 or older

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 1 percent sample.
NOTE:

. . . = not applicable.

a. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

130 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Suspensions
Table 61.
Recipients suspended for at least 12 months, by age and reason for suspension, 1995–2002

Year

Total

Excess
income

WherePresump- No repreIn
Medicaid
abouts
Excess tive dis- sentative In public
ability
Death
facility unknown resources
payee institution

Failed to
furnish
report

Outside
United
States

In
transi- No longer
tion disabled

Other

All ages
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

682,600
759,900
770,000
681,500
699,000

329,600
302,500
282,100
285,500
282,800

203,300
211,300
194,700
201,100
195,300

38,100
36,400
31,300
38,900
36,100

24,600
22,800
27,400
22,900
22,800

20,300
21,400
19,200
18,600
24,200

1,400
1,100
700
700
700

5,500
6,100
5,600
5,000
4,800

17,000
28,200
25,300
19,700
20,600

4,200
5,400
9,400
9,000
13,500

10,700
15,900
12,700
10,100
11,700

3,100
3,800
4,800
2,400
2,000

14,300
90,700
152,100
63,300
80,000

10,500
14,300
4,700
4,300
4,500

2000
2001
2002

695,500
674,000
722,500

284,900
284,300
311,900

203,400
193,500
202,700

35,500
37,000
36,600

23,800
21,600
22,200

20,200
25,700
24,500

1,000
1,100
1,100

5,400
4,800
3,900

20,500
20,500
20,700

15,100
15,500
14,200

10,300
9,700
10,400

2,700
5,400
4,900

66,500
47,800
60,300

6,200
7,100
9,100

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

57,600
70,300
157,900
82,200
95,500

27,700
35,800
31,500
28,700
25,100

6,900
6,600
4,600
5,400
5,000

a
a
a
a
a

3,300
2,700
5,100
3,700
3,700

4,200
5,400
3,600
2,900
5,000

a
a
...
a
a

2,700
2,700
1,800
2,500
2,200

1,600
4,000
1,900
2,100
2,100

1,400
2,500
3,000
3,200
5,300

a
700
600
500
a

a
a
a
a
a

5,400
6,300
104,400
31,200
45,000

3,100
2,600
1,100
1,000
900

2000
2001
2002

80,200
68,400
83,100

24,100
23,400
27,900

6,400
5,100
5,700

a
a
a

4,100
4,200
4,800

3,700
5,900
5,700

a
a
...

3,000
2,000
2,300

1,600
1,500
1,400

6,600
5,900
6,500

a
a
a

a
a
...

28,800
18,700
27,500

1,000
700
700

Under age 18

Aged 18–64
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

391,300
466,900
408,300
388,500
397,900

244,300
222,600
212,000
220,100
221,300

81,000
87,100
79,300
77,200
78,600

8,200
7,000
5,800
8,800
6,100

10,900
11,300
12,500
10,000
10,800

8,600
9,500
9,700
9,200
11,700

900
900
700
a
a

2,200
2,600
3,100
1,900
2,200

15,100
23,400
22,900
17,000
17,700

2,100
2,300
5,100
4,300
6,100

2,500
3,100
3,700
3,500
3,800

1,200
2,700
3,300
a
a

8,900
84,400
47,700
32,100
35,000

5,400
10,000
2,500
2,800
3,300

2000
2001
2002

414,900
409,200
446,400

228,200
229,300
254,800

84,500
81,900
88,200

5,700
7,900
8,200

12,600
9,600
9,900

9,900
11,800
11,800

800
800
1,100

1,800
2,100
1,300

18,200
18,700
18,900

7,100
7,400
6,700

2,300
2,200
2,100

1,500
3,100
2,900

37,700
29,100
32,800

4,600
5,300
7,700

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

233,700
222,700
203,800
210,800
205,600

57,600
44,100
38,600
36,700
36,400

115,400
117,600
110,800
118,500
111,700

29,700
28,900
25,400
29,600
29,900

10,400
8,800
9,800
9,200
8,300

7,500
6,500
5,900
6,500
7,500

...
...
...
...
...

a
800
a
a
a

a
800
a
600
800

700
600
1,300
1,500
2,100

7,900
12,100
8,400
6,100
7,500

1,600
800
1,300
1,000
700

...
...
...
...
...

2,000
1,700
1,100
a
a

2000
2001
2002

200,400
196,400
193,000

32,600
31,600
29,200

112,500
106,500
108,800

29,600
28,700
28,000

7,100
7,800
7,500

6,600
8,000
7,000

...
...
...

600
a
a

700
a
a

1,400
2,200
1,000

7,800
7,400
8,100

900
2,100
2,000

...
...
...

600
1,100
700

Aged 65 or older

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Data are obtained by following recipients in Table 60 for 12 months.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 131

Appendix and Glossary

Appendix:
Sampling Variability
Estimates based on sample data may differ
from the figures that would have been
obtained had all, rather than specified samples, of the records been used. These differences are termed sampling variability. The
standard error is a measure of the sampling
variability. About 68 percent of all possible
probability samples selected with the same
specifications will give estimates within one
standard error of the figure obtained from a
compilation of all records. Similarly, approximately 90 percent will give estimates within
1.645 standard errors, about 95 percent will
give estimates within two standard errors, and
about 99 percent will give estimates within two
and one-half standard errors. The standard
error of an estimate depends on the design
elements such as the method of sampling,
sample size, and the estimation process.
Because of the large number of data
cells tabulated from the sample files, it is not
practical to calculate the standard error for
every possible cell. However, standard errors
for a large number of cells were estimated.
These estimates were used to fit regression
curves to provide estimates of approximate
standard errors associated with tabulated
counts and proportions.
The tables showing the sampling variability provide a general order of magnitude
for similar estimates from the various sample
files. Table A-1 presents approximate standard
errors for the estimated number of persons
from the 1 percent and the 10 percent files.
The reliability of an estimated percentage
depends on both the size of the percentage
and on the size of the total on which the percentage is based. Data in Table A-2 provide
approximations of the standard errors of the
estimated percentage of persons in the 1 percent and 10 percent files. The standard errors
are expressed in percentage points, and the
bases shown are in terms of inflated data.

Table A-1.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
number of persons
Size of estimate (inflated)

Standard error

1 percent file

500
1,000
2,500
5,000
7,500
10,000
25,000
50,000
75,000
100,000
250,000
500,000
750,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
25,000,000
50,000,000
75,000,000

250
300
500
800
900
1,100
1,700
2,400
3,000
3,400
5,400
7,800
9,600
11,100
25,800
36,900
57,700
76,100
82,900
10 percent file

100
500
1,000
5,000
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
20,000,000

30
70
100
225
300
700
1,000
2,200
3,200
4,300
5,300
6,500
8,500
9,300

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 135

Table A-2.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
percentage of persons
Size of base
(inflated)

2 or 98

5 or 95 10 or 90 25 or 75

50

1 percent file

1,000
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
50,000,000
100,000,000

4.7
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.1
a
a
a

7.3
2.3
1.0
0.7
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
a
a

10.1
3.2
1.4
1.0
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1
a
a

14.5
4.6
2.1
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
a

16.8
5.3
2.4
1.7
0.8
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
a

5.9
4.1
2.6
1.3
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.1
a
a
a

6.8
4.8
3.0
1.5
0.7
0.5
0.2
0.2
0.1
a
a

10 percent file

500
1,000
2,500
10,000
50,000
100,000
500,000
1,000,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
50,000,000

1.9
1.3
0.8
0.4
0.2
0.1
a
a
a
a
a

3.0
2.1
1.3
0.6
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
a
a
a

4.1
2.9
1.8
0.9
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.1
a
a
a

a. Less than 0.05 percent.

136 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

Glossary
abbreviated applications. An SSI application in which all nondisability factors of eligibility are verified before the
case is sent for a disability determination.
adult. A person who is older than age 21, is aged 18–21 but is not a student, is under 21 and married, or is the
head of a household.
aged person. A person aged 65 or older.
allowance. A determination by the Disability Determination Services, an administrative law judge, or the Appeals
Council that an applicant meets the medical definition of disability under the law.
auxiliary benefit (OASDI). Monthly benefit payable to a spouse or a child of a retired or disabled worker, or to a
survivor of a deceased worker.
award. An administrative determination that an individual is entitled to receive monthly benefits.
blind. "Blindness," for Social Security purposes, means either central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better
eye with the use of a correcting lens or a limitation in the fields of vision so that the widest diameter of the visual
field subtends an angle of 20 degrees or less (tunnel vision).
blind work expenses (BWE). Permits the exclusion of any earned income of a blind person that is used to meet
expenses reasonably attributable to earning the income.
child. An unmarried blind or disabled person who is not the head of a household and who is either under age 18 or
aged 18–21 and a student.
concurrent application. An application for both Title II (Social Security) and Title XVI (Supplemental Security
Income) benefits at the same time.
deeming (SSI). Counting part of the income and resources of certain persons who live with an SSI recipient when
determining the amount of the payment. These persons include the ineligible spouses of adult recipients, the ineligible parents of child recipients under age 18, and the immigration sponsor for certain noncitizens.
diagnostic group. Classification of impairments, by body system, that identifies the medical condition(s) on which
disability-related benefits are based. Before 1985, the coding of the primary and secondary diagnoses for Social
Security and Supplemental Security Income applicants was in accordance with the International Classification of
Diseases: 9th revision, Clinical Modification, 4th ed., using 4–digit ICD-9 codes. In 1985, the Social Security Administration (SSA) implemented a revised method to determine and enter impairment codes in administrative records.
This revised approach provides for a modified impairment coding system, generally using 3 digits (followed by
zero), loosely based on the ICD-9 codes. For research purposes, the ICD-9 codes and SSA impairment codes are,
typically, identical. However, the diagnostic groupings shown in the statistical tables closely parallel the major
ICD-9 disease classifications.
disability. The inability to engage in substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason of any medically determinable
physical or mental impairment that can be expected to result in death or to last for a continuous period of not less
than 12 months. (Special rules apply for workers aged 55 or older whose disability is based on blindness. The
12-month requirement does not apply to SSI beneficiaries who are blind.)
Individuals are considered to be disabled only if their physical or mental impairment(s) are of such severity that
they are not only unable to do their previous work but cannot—because of their age, education, or work experience—engage in any other kind of substantial gainful activity that exists in the national economy, regardless of
whether such work exists in the immediate area in which they live, or whether a specific job vacancy exists for
them, or whether they would be hired if they applied for work.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 137

The SGA criterion does not apply to children under age 18 in the Supplemental Security Income program. The
standard for them is a medically determinable physical or mental impairment that results in marked and severe
functional limitations.
Disability Determination Services (DDS). The state agency responsible for developing medical evidence and
rendering the initial determination and reconsideration on whether a claimant is disabled or a beneficiary continues
to be disabled within the meaning of the law.
federal benefit rates (FBR). The basic benefit standards used in computing the amount of federal SSI payments.
Benefit levels differ for individuals and couples living in households and for persons in Medicaid institutions. Individuals or couples living in their own household receive the full federal benefit. The federal benefit is reduced by onethird if an individual or couple is living in another person’s household and receiving support and maintenance there.
The federal benefit rates are increased annually to reflect increases in the cost of living.
impairment-related work expenses (IRWE). The costs of items or services that a disabled person needs to work.
The expenses, when paid by the beneficiary, are deducted from his or her gross earnings when determining if the
work is considered substantial gainful activity.
Medicaid institution. Living arrangement for persons in public or private institutions when more than 50 percent of
the cost of care is met by the Medicaid program. In these situations, the monthly federal SSI payment is limited to
no more than $30.
own household. Used to determine the federal benefit rate. Applies to adults who own their living quarters, are liable for the rent, pay their pro rata shares of household expenses, are living in households composed only of recipients of public income–maintenance payments, and are placed by agencies in private households. Also applies to
children living in their parent's household. See federal benefit rates.
plans for achieving self-support (PASS). Permits a recipient with an approved PASS to set aside earned or
unearned income and resources for a work goal. The income or resources set aside are used to pay for goods or
services needed to reach the goal, such as education, vocational training, starting a business, or purchasing workrelated equipment. The income and resources that are set aside under a PASS are excluded from SSI income and
resource tests, but they do not influence the determination of ability to engage in substantial gainful activity.
poverty thresholds. The poverty thresholds are a series of income levels, with different values for family units of
different sizes, below which the family units are considered poor. The thresholds are used mainly for statistical purposes in calculating official poverty population figures. They are issued annually by the U.S. Census Bureau in the
Current Population Reports series. The thresholds are adjusted annually for price changes using the annual average consumer price index for all urban consumers (CPI-U).
presumptive disability or blindness. For certain diagnoses, where there is high probability of a favorable medical
determination of disability or blindness, payments may be made for up to 6 months before the formal determination
if the applicant meets the nonmedical eligibility requirements.
representative payee. A person designated by the Social Security Administration to receive monthly benefit
checks on behalf of an adult beneficiary who is unable to manage his or her own funds. A beneficiary under age 18
is generally considered incapable of managing benefit payments, and a representative payee will be selected to
receive benefits on the beneficiary’s behalf.
Section 1619(a). Continuing cash benefits for disabled individuals whose gross earned income is at the amount
designated as the substantial gainful activity level. The person must continue to be disabled and meet all other eligibility rules. Also known as special cash payment.
Section 1619(b). For Medicaid purposes, provides special status to working disabled or blind individuals when
their earnings make them ineligible for cash payments. Also known as special recipient status.

138 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003

SSA administrative regions
Boston: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont
New York: New Jersey and New York
Philadelphia: Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia
Atlanta: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee
Chicago: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin
Dallas: Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas
Kansas City: Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska
Denver: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming
San Francisco: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, and Northern Mariana Islands
Seattle: Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington
state conversions. Persons who were eligible for payments under the federal/state adult assistance programs in
December 1973 were automatically eligible for SSI payments beginning January 1974.
state supplementation. Payments to eligible persons made under state provisions. These payments may vary by
the recipient's living situation and by geographic area within the state. The payments may be administered by the
Social Security Administration or the state.
substantial gainful activity (SGA). Describes a level of work activity that is productive and yields or usually yields
remuneration or profit. The Social Security Administration’s regulations establish a dollar amount to indicate
whether a person’s work is substantial.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI). A federal program for low-income aged, blind, and disabled individuals
who meet income and resource requirements. Beginning in 1974, SSI replaced the former federal and state programs of Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled. SSI is funded by
general tax revenues, not Social Security taxes.
Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The SIPP is a household survey of the noninstitutionalized
resident population of the United States, conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. It was designed to improve the
measurement of the economic situation of persons, families, and households in the United States and to provide a
tool for managing and evaluating government transfer and service programs.
suspended benefit. A payment that has been temporarily stopped until the condition or conditions causing the
suspension are known to have ended. The suspension does not affect eligibility for Medicare benefits.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2003 ♦ 139