SSI Annual

Statistical Report,
2005

Social Security Administration
Office of Policy
Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics

Highlights 2005
Size and Scope of the Supplemental Security Income Program

About 7.1 million people received federally administered payments in
December 2005.

The average monthly payment in December 2005 was $439.

Total payments for the year were more than $36 billion, including about $4 billion
in federally administered state supplementation.

Profile of Recipients

The majority were female (57 percent).

Fifteen percent were under age 18, 57 percent were aged 18 to 64, and
28 percent were aged 65 or older.

Most (82 percent) were eligible on the basis of a disability.

Almost 6 out of 10 recipients under the age of 65 were diagnosed with a mental
disorder.

More than half (56 percent) had no income other than their SSI payment.

Thirty-five percent of SSI recipients also received Social Security benefits.

Of the people receiving SSI benefits, about 2 percent were residing in a Title XIX
institution where Medicaid was paying more than half of the cost.

Despite their disabilities, about 328,000 recipients (5.6 percent) were working in
December 2005.

Preface
Since 1974, the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program has guaranteed a minimum
level of income for needy aged, blind, or disabled individuals. Each year, we issue a report
that presents data on the SSI program and the people who receive benefits from it. The
report covers such topics as federal benefit rates and total annual payments, federally
administered payments, work incentives, applications, outcomes of applications, awards,
denials, and suspension of benefits.
The section on federally administered payments includes a table showing country of
origin of the nearly 1.5 million SSI recipients who were born in a foreign country. Finally, in
response to numerous inquiries for data at the state level, we have provided state distributions for applications, awards, recipient rates, and receipt of Social Security and SSI on
the basis of disability.
Alfreda M. Brooks compiled the data and prepared the report for publication. Staff of
the Division of Information Resources edited the report and prepared the print and electronic versions for publication.
General questions about the report should be directed to Alfreda Brooks at
410-965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov. For specific questions about the data, contact the
person listed on each table.
This and other reports on the SSI program are available on the Web at
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy. For additional copies, please e-mail
op.publications@ssa.gov or call 202-358-6274.

Susan Grad
Acting Associate Commissioner
for Research, Evaluation, and Statistics
May 2007

Notes
All payments are federally administered payments.
All years are calendar years unless otherwise specified.
In July 2001, the Social Security Administration made retroactive lump-sum payments to
correct an error in the cost-of-living adjustment for 2000 and 2001. The data in this report
reflect the federal benefit rate actually used for Supplemental Security Income payments
($512 for 2000; $530 for January through June 2001).
Numbers in the text and tables may not add to totals because of rounding.
Monthly data shown in tables are for the end of the given month.
With the 2005 report, we changed the calculation of the average monthly payment for
Table 23 and Table 27 to agree with calculation of the average monthly payment for
Table 4. The calculation excludes payments made in the current month for prior months of
eligibility so that large retroactive payments do not distort the averages.
The tables on Noninstitutionalized Recipients based on the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) have been removed from the SSI Annual Statistical Report,
2005. Because of increased attrition over time and increasingly low match rates to administrative data, we could no longer make reliable estimates based on the SIPP. The Office of
Research, Evaluation, and Statistics (ORES) contracted with the Census Bureau to conduct a special SIPP-based interview of SSI recipients and SSI beneficiaries. Estimates
based on the additional data were not available at the time of this publication. However,
ORES anticipates publishing these estimates in an alternate publication as well as highlighting the changes in the data and the reliability of the estimates. This decision reinforces
the inherent differences between the survey data used to produce the Noninstitutionalized
Recipient estimates and the administrative data used in this publication.
Because of variations across states in reported numbers of recipients and payment
amounts of SSI state-administered state supplements, information on state-administered
state supplements has been dropped from this publication.

Contents
Background. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
History of the SSI Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
The Basic Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Uniform Standards and Objective Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Assistance of Last Resort . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Incentives for Work and Opportunities for Rehabilitation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Administration of the SSI Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
State Supplementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Coordination with Other Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Tables
Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
1.

Monthly federal SSI benefit rates, 1974–2006. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

2.

Total payments, by eligibility category and source of payment,
selected years, 1974–2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

Federally Administered Payments
3.

Recipients, by age, December 1974–2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

4.

By type of payment, sex, eligibility category, and age, December 2005 . . . . . . . 22

5.

By selected characteristics, eligibility category, and age, December 2005 . . . . . 23

6.

Recipients, by type of representative payee, eligibility category, and age,
December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

7.

Recipients, by type of income, eligibility category, and age, December 2005 . . .25

8.

By receipt of Social Security, type of income, eligibility category, and age,
December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

9.

Recipients, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age,
December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

10.

Average monthly payment, by state or other area, eligibility category,
and age, December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

11.

Recipients and their average income, by type of income and marital status,
December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

12.

Recipients as a percentage of resident population, by state,
December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

13.

Foreign-born recipients, by region, country of origin, eligibility category,
and age, December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
14.

Persons receiving both Social Security and SSI, by type of Social Security
benefit and SSI eligibility category, December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

15.

Persons aged 18–64 receiving benefits on the basis of disability
and their total and average monthly payments, by type of beneficiary,
December 1996–2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39

16.

Persons aged 18–64 receiving both Social Security and SSI on the basis
of disability and their average monthly Social Security benefit and
SSI payment, by state or other area and type of beneficiary,
December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

Noncitizens
17.

By eligibility category, December 1982–2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

18.

Distribution of recipients, by selected characteristics and citizenship status,
December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

19.

By state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2005 . . . . . . . . . 47

20.

By region and country of origin, eligibility category, and age, December 2005 . . 49

21.

By number of months between date of U.S. residency and date of
SSI application, eligibility category, and age, December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

Recipients Under Age 65
22.

Recipients, by diagnostic group, 1997–2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

23.

By diagnostic group and age, December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

24.

By diagnostic group, age, and sex, December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

25.

Recipients with a representative payee, by diagnostic group
and age, December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

26.

Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

27.

Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62

Recipients Who Work
28.

By selected months, 1976–2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

29.

Recipients participating in section 1619(a) or section 1619(b),
selected months, 1982–2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

30.

By state or other area, December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

31.

Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area,
December 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

Applications
32.

All applications, by age of applicant, 1973–2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

33.

Applications for children under age 18, by selected characteristics,
1997–2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

34.

Applications for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics,
1997–2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

vi ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

35.

Applications for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics,
1997–2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

36.

All applications, by state or other area and age of applicant, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . 83

37.

All applicants, by year of first application and age, 1973–2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Awards
38.

All awards, by age of awardee, 1974–2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

39.

Awards for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1997–2005 . . . . 90

40.

Awards for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1997–2005 . . . . . . . 91

41.

Awards for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1997–2005 . . . 92

42.

All awards, by state or other area and age of awardee, 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

43.

All persons awarded SSI, by year of first award and age, 1974–2005 . . . . . . . . 95

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
44.

Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by age and year of application,
1992–2004. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

45.

Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

46.

Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

47.

Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

48.

Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by age, year of application,
and reason for allowance, 1992–2004. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

49.

Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by age, year of application,
and reason for denial, 1992–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

Suspensions
50.

Suspensions, by age of recipient and reason for suspension, 1997–2005 . . . . 113

51.

Recipients suspended, by age and reason for suspension, 1997–2005 . . . . . . 114

52.

Recipients suspended for at least 12 months, by age and reason
for suspension, 1997–2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

Appendix: Sampling Variability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ vii

Background
The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program is a
nationwide federal assistance program administered by
the Social Security Administration (SSA) that guarantees a minimum level of income for needy aged, blind,
or disabled individuals. In December 2005, 7.1 million
individuals received federally administered monthly SSI
benefits (including federally administered state supplementary payments) averaging $439.

reversed the historic federal and state roles with regard
to adult assistance. Under the new arrangement, SSI
would provide a uniform federal income floor, and
optional state programs would supplement that floor.
The new program was historic in that it shifted from the
states to the federal government the responsibility for
determining who would receive assistance and how
much assistance they would receive.

History of the SSI Program

The Basic Plan

Entitlement programs for the aged, blind, or disabled
have their roots in the original Social Security Act of
1935. That act established an old-age social insurance
program to be administered by the federal government
and an old-age means-tested assistance program to be
administered by the states. Similar programs for the
blind or disabled were added to the act in later years.
Means-tested assistance was intended to supplement
the incomes of individuals who were ineligible for
Social Security or whose benefits could not provide a
basic living.

The main objective of the SSI program is to provide the
basic cash support of needy aged, blind, or disabled
individuals. Congress designed the SSI program on the
basis of the following principles:

This means-tested assistance, also known as categorical adult assistance, actually comprised three separate programs—Old-Age Assistance (OAA), Aid to the
Blind (AB), and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled (APTD). Despite substantial federal financing,
those programs were essentially state programs; federal law established only broad guidelines and assistance. Federal financing was open-ended in the sense
that the federal government would provide matching
funds to support whatever payment levels the states
established. Federal law specified no maximum or minimum standards. Consequently, each state was
responsible for setting its own standards for determining who would receive assistance and how much they
would receive. As a result, eligibility requirements and
variations of payment levels differed from state to state.
Beginning in the early 1960s, this state-operated,
federally assisted welfare system drew criticism from
within and outside of government. Some of the criticism
was directed at the crazy-quilt eligibility requirements
and payment levels. Other criticism centered on specific requirements, such as lien laws and provisions
that required certain relatives to bear responsibility for
the maintenance of needy family members. The disparity in the degree of federal financial support provided to
states was also an acknowledged problem.

Eligibility requirements and benefit standards that
are nationally uniform and eligibility determinations
that are based on objective criteria

An assistance source of last resort for the aged,
blind, or disabled whose income and resources are
below specified levels

Incentives and opportunities for recipients who are
able to work or to be rehabilitated that would allow
them to reduce their dependency on public assistance

An efficient and economical method of administering the program to provide assistance

Inducements to encourage states to provide supplementation of the basic federal benefit and protection for former recipients of state adult
assistance programs who were converted to the
SSI program

Appropriate coordination of the SSI program with
the Food Stamp program, medical assistance programs, and other programs

Uniform Standards and Objective Criteria
Before the SSI program, eligibility of aged, blind, or disabled individuals for federally funded adult assistance
depended on the state in which they lived. Benefit
amounts also varied from state to state. The SSI program replaced the state-run programs of assistance
with a program having nationally uniform standards
and objective eligibility criteria, which include the following:

Responding to these concerns, Congress passed
and the president approved the SSI program (Public
Law 92-603, enacted October 30, 1972), which

A uniform limitation on the dollar amount or value
of income and resources that an individual can
have and still qualify for federal assistance. The
countable income limits for individuals and couples

1996, or a qualified alien in one of the following categories:3

are equal to their respective federal benefit rates
and hence are increased annually according to
changes in the cost of living. The resource limit is
$2,000 in countable resources for individuals and
$3,000 for couples.

Sixty-five as the minimum age requirement for
assistance based on age.

A uniform definition of disability and blindness. The
definitions for individuals 18 years of age or older
are the same as those used for the Social Security
Disability Insurance program. To be considered
disabled, an individual must have a medically
determinable physical or mental impairment that is
expected to last (or has lasted) at least 12 continuous months or to result in death and (1) if 18 or
older, prevents him or her from doing any substantial gainful activity, or (2) if under 18, results in
marked and severe functional limitations.1 However, individuals for whom addiction to drugs or
alcoholism is a contributing factor material to the
determination of their disabilities are not eligible for
benefits.2 To be considered blind, an individual
must have central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in
the better eye with the use of a correcting lens or
have tunnel vision of 20 degrees or less.

1.

– refugees (eligibility limited to the 7-year period
after their arrival in the United States);
– asylees (eligibility limited to the 7-year period
after the date they are granted asylum);
– noncitizens who have had their deportations
withheld under section 243(h) of the INA as in
effect before April 1, 1997, or who have had
their removals withheld under section 241(b)(3)
of the INA (eligibility limited to the 7-year period
after the date that deportation or removal is
withheld);
– Cuban and Haitian entrants under section
501(e) of the Refugee Education Assistance Act
of 1980 (eligibility limited to the 7-year period
after the date they are granted entrant status);
– Amerasian immigrants admitted pursuant to
section 584 of the Foreign Operations, Export
Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act of 1988 and subsequent amendments
(eligibility limited to the 7-year period after their
arrival in the United States);

Uniform standards for citizenship and residency. To
be eligible for SSI, an individual must be a citizen
(or national) of the United States, an American
Indian born in Canada who is under section 289 of
the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), an
American Indian born outside the United States
who is a member of a federally recognized Indian
tribe under section 4(e) of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, a noncitizen
who was receiving SSI benefits on August 22,
Substantial gainful activity (SGA) is used to describe a level of
work activity that is substantial (that is, involves the performance
of significant physical or mental duties that are productive) and
gainful (that is, performed for remuneration or profit). Generally,
earnings from work activity of more than $830 a month in 2005
were evidence of ability to engage in SGA. Applicants who
earned more than $830 a month would generally not be considered disabled. However, SSI recipients who earned more than
$830 a month could continue to be eligible for SSI. (See the
section Incentives for Work and Opportunities for Rehabilitation.) The SGA level of $830 was increased to $860 effective
January 1, 2006, according to the increase in the national average wage index.
The definition of disability for individuals under age 18 reflects
amendments made by Public Law 104-193, the Personal
Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996.
Prior law required a medically determinable physical or mental
impairment of comparable severity to that required for individuals aged 18 or older.

2.

– certain noncitizens who are blind or disabled
and were lawfully residing in the United States
on August 22, 1996;

The provision reflects amendments made by Title I of Public
Law 104-121, the Senior Citizens’ Right to Work Act of 1996,
enacted March 29, 1996.

2 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

– noncitizen active-duty armed forces personnel,
honorably discharged veterans, and their
spouses and dependent children; or
– lawful permanent residents who have earned or
can be credited (from their spouses or parents)
with 40 qualifying quarters of earnings.
Note that qualified alien status includes noncitizens
who have been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty in the United States by a spouse or parent (or a
member of the spouse's or parent's family) with whom
they live and who have an approved petition, or have a
petition pending, setting forth a prima facie case for
adjustment of their immigration status.
Finally, certain noncitizens may be eligible for SSI
regardless of their immigration status if they have been
determined to be victims of severe forms of trafficking

3.

These standards reflect amendments made by Public Law 104193, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, as amended by Public Law 104-208, Public
Law 105-33, and Public Law 105-306. Prior law permitted SSI
eligibility for individuals who were residents of the United States,
citizens or nationals of the United States, aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United States, or aliens permanently residing in the United States under color of law.

in persons in the United States.4 Such individuals are
treated for SSI purposes as refugees, that is, they are
eligible for SSI for 7 years after a determination is
made that they are trafficking victims.5
In addition to having to be a U.S. citizen (or
national) or in one of the potentially eligible noncitizen
categories, an individual must reside in the 50 states,
the District of Columbia, or the Northern Mariana
Islands—areas referred to here collectively as the
United States. An individual also must be physically
present in the United States for 30 consecutive days if
he or she had been outside the United States for 30 or
more consecutive days.
There are two exceptions to the residency and
physical presence requirements:

Blind or disabled children who are citizens of the
United States may continue to be eligible for payments if they are living outside the United States
with a parent who is on duty as a member of the
U.S. armed forces. This exception also applies to
blind and disabled children of military personnel
who are born overseas, become blind or disabled
overseas, or applied for SSI benefits while overseas.
Students studying abroad for not more than 1 year
may continue to be eligible for payments if the studies are sponsored by a U.S. educational institution
but cannot be conducted in the United States.

Assistance of Last Resort
As a means-tested program, SSI takes into account all
income and resources that an individual has or can
obtain. The amount of an individual's countable income
and resources are the measure of his or her need for
assistance.
Income
The amount of an individual's income is used to determine both eligibility for, and the amount of, his or her
SSI benefit. As countable income increases, an individual's SSI benefit amount decreases. Generally, ineligibility for SSI occurs when countable income equals the
federal benefit rate plus the amount of applicable feder-

4.

5.

Trafficking of persons is generally defined as the recruitment,
harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for
labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for
the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage,
debt bondage, or slavery.
Public Law 106-386, the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, enacted October 28, 2000.

ally administered state supplementary payment (state
supplementation is discussed later).
The monthly federal benefit rate is reduced dollar
for dollar by the amount of the individual's "countable"
income—that is, income minus all applicable exclusions. The result of this computation determines SSI
eligibility and the amount of the monthly benefit payable. The benefit rates are adjusted annually (in January) to reflect changes in the cost of living.
When an individual lives in the household of
another and receives support and maintenance in kind
(that is, generally, room and board) from the householder, the federal SSI benefit rate is reduced by onethird in lieu of counting the actual value of the support
and maintenance as unearned income. The value of
food or shelter-related items the individual receives in
kind from persons other than the householder (including in-kind assistance from outside the household in
which the individual lives) is counted as unearned
income, up to an amount equal to one-third of the applicable federal benefit rate plus $20.6
SSI law defines two kinds of income—earned and
unearned. Earned income is wages, net earnings from
self-employment, remuneration for work in a sheltered
workshop, royalties on published work, and honoraria
for services. All other income is unearned. The distinction between earned and unearned income is significant because different exclusions apply to each type of
income.
However, not everything an individual receives is
considered to be income. Generally, if the item received
cannot be used as, or to obtain, food, clothing, or shelter, it will not be considered as income. For example, if
someone pays an individual's medical bills or offers
free medical care, or if the individual receives money
from a social services agency that is a repayment of an
amount he or she previously spent, that value is not
considered income to the individual. In addition, some
items that are considered to be income are excluded
when determining the amount of an individual's benefit
(see Box 1).
Resources
The amount of an individual's resources is used to
determine whether he or she is eligible for SSI in a
given month. SSI law states that eligibility is restricted
to individuals who have countable resources, deter6.

SSA simplified the SSI program (70 FR 6340) by generally eliminating clothing from the definition of income and from the definition of in-kind support and maintenance, effective February 7,
2005.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 3

mined monthly, that do not exceed $2,000 ($3,000 for a
couple). The law does not define what resources are
but does stipulate what items are not considered
resources.
Regulations state that a resource is cash or other
liquid asset or any real or personal property that individuals (or their spouses) own and could convert to
cash to be used for their support and maintenance.
This definition is consistent with the general philosophy
of the SSI program that only items that can be used for
an individual's food, clothing, or shelter should be used
in determining his or her eligibility and benefit amount.
Not all resources an individual owns are counted. The
value of an item may be totally excluded or counted

only to the extent that its value exceeds specified limits
(see Box 1).
If an individual disposes of resources at less than
fair market value within the 36-month period before
applying for SSI or at any time thereafter, the individual
may be penalized. The penalty is a loss of benefits for a
number of months (up to a 36-month maximum)
obtained by dividing the uncompensated value of disposed-of resources by the federal benefit rate plus the
maximum state supplementary payment, if any, applicable to the individual's living arrangement. The penalty does not apply if, among other things, the
individual can show that the resources were disposed
of exclusively for a purpose other than establishing SSI
eligibility.

Box 1.
Income and Resource Exclusions
Income Exclusions
The principal earned income exclusions are

the first $65 per month plus one-half of the
remainder,

impairment-related work expenses of the disabled and work expenses of the blind,

income set aside or being used to pursue a plan
for achieving self-support by a disabled or blind
individual, and

infrequent or irregularly received income ($30 or
less a quarter).

life insurance policies whose total face value
does not exceed $1,500;

burial funds not in excess of $1,500 each for an
individual and spouse (plus accrued interest);

household goods and personal effects;b

an automobile if used for transportation for the
beneficiary or a member of the beneficiary’s
household;c

property essential to self-support;

resources set aside to fulfill a plan to achieve
self-support; and

amounts deposited into an individual development account, including matching funds and
interest earned on such amounts, under the
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program or the Assets for Independence Act.

a.

Any portion of the $20 amount not used to exclude unearned
income may be used to exclude earned income.

b.

The $2,000 value limit was removed effective February 7,
2005 (70 FR 6340).

c.

SSA also changed the evaluation of automobiles as an
excludable resource, effective February 7, 2005 (70 FR
6340). Under the old rules, one automobile could be excluded
(regardless of value) if necessary for employment, medical
treatment, or essential daily activities. If not excludable under
this criteria, the current market value of one automobile (up to
$4,500) could be excluded. The new exclusion, applicable to
any one automobile used for transportation, simplifies the
evaluation of this resource.

The principal unearned income exclusions are

the first $20 per month,a

income set aside or being used to pursue a plan
for achieving self-support by a disabled or blind
individual,

state- or locally funded assistance based on
need,

rent subsidies under programs administered by
the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the value of food stamps, and

infrequent or irregularly received income ($60 or
less a quarter).

Resource Exclusions
The principal resource exclusions are

the home and land appertaining to it, regardless
of value;

4 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Filing for Other Benefits
As the program of last resort, SSI benefits are provided
to eligible individuals only to the extent that their needs
are not met by other sources. After evaluating all other
income and resources, SSI pays what is necessary to
bring an individual to the statutorily prescribed income
"floor." In keeping with this principle, SSI law requires
that SSI applicants file for other payments for which
they may be entitled, such as annuities, pensions,
retirement or disability benefits, workers’ compensation, and unemployment insurance benefits.
SSA must provide an individual with written notice
of potential eligibility for other benefits and of the
requirement to take all appropriate steps to pursue
those benefits. The individual has 30 days from receipt
of the notice to file for the benefits involved.
Eligibility Issues for Residents of Public
Institutions or Medical Facilities and Personal
Needs Allowance
State and local governments—rather than the federal
government—traditionally have taken the financial
responsibility for residents of their public institutions.
The SSI program continues this long-standing public
assistance policy. People who are residents of public
institutions for a full calendar month are generally ineligible for SSI unless one of the following exceptions
applies:

The public institution is a medical treatment facility
and Medicaid pays more than 50 percent of the
cost of care or, in the case of a child under age 18,
Medicaid, private health insurance, or both pay
more than 50 percent of the cost of care.

The public institution is a publicly operated community residence serving no more than 16 residents.

The public institution is an emergency shelter for
the homeless (payments are limited to no more
than 6 months in any 9-month period).

The recipient was eligible under section 1619(a) or
section 1619(b) for the month preceding the first
full month in the public institution and is permitted
by the institution to retain any benefits (payable for
up to 2 months).

A physician certifies that the recipient's stay in a
medical facility is likely not to exceed 3 months and
that continued SSI eligibility is needed to maintain
and provide for the expenses of the home to which
the individual will return.

Medicaid program, their monthly federal payment standard is generally reduced to $30, beginning with the
first full calendar month they are in the facility. In the
case of an individual under age 18, the $30 payment
standard is also applicable if more than half of the bill is
paid by private insurance or a combination of Medicaid
and private insurance. In these cases, the SSI program
provides up to $30 a month, which is intended to take
care of small comfort items not provided by the institution.
Deeming
In certain situations, the income and resources of others are counted in determining whether an individual's
income and resources fall below the levels established
by law. This process is called deeming and is applied in
cases in which an eligible individual lives with an ineligible spouse, an eligible child lives with an ineligible
parent, or an eligible noncitizen has a sponsor.7 In concept, the practice takes into account the responsibility
of the ineligible spouse or parent or the sponsor to provide for the basic needs of the eligible individual.

Spouse-to-Spouse Deeming. When an eligible individual lives in the same household with a spouse who
is not eligible for SSI, the ineligible spouse's income
and resources are deemed to be available to the eligible individual. In determining the amount of income and
resources available to the eligible individual, all applicable exclusions are used. In addition, a living allowance
is provided for the ineligible spouse and for any ineligible children under age 18 living in the household. The
allowance reduces the amount of income to be
deemed. Spouse-to-spouse deeming is intended to
result in the same amount of income being available to
the couple as would be available if both members of
the couple were aged, blind, or disabled and eligible for
SSI.
Deeming does not apply when the eligible individual is not living in the same household as the ineligible
spouse. However, if the ineligible spouse's absence is
temporary or is due solely to an active-duty assignment
as a member of the U.S. armed forces, deeming continues to apply.

Parent-to-Child Deeming. A child under age 18 is
subject to deeming from an ineligible natural or adoptive parent (and that parent's spouse, if any) living in
the same household. Certain amounts of the parent's
income are excluded, living allowances are provided for
7.

When individuals enter medical treatment facilities
in which more than half of the bill is paid by the

Deeming also applies to an individual who lives with an essential person (a concept carried over from the former state assistance plans). However, there are fewer than 100 of these cases
remaining.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 5

the parent(s), and an allocation is set aside for each
ineligible child under age 18 (under age 21 if a student)
who is living in the household. Deeming from an eligible parent to a child continues if the parent is absent
from the household but the absence is temporary or is
due solely to active-duty assignment as a member of
the U.S. armed forces. A child living in a household in
which all members are receiving public assistance benefits is not considered to be receiving any support, and
deeming does not apply.

Sponsor-to-Alien Deeming. The income and
resources of noncitizens are deemed to include those
of their sponsors. The way the income and resources
are deemed and the length of the deeming period
depend on whether the sponsor signed a legally
enforceable affidavit of support, as required by Public
Law 104-208, or the previous version of the affidavit.
Generally, individuals who entered the country before
1998 did so under the old version of the affidavit.8
Under the old version of the affidavit, deeming of
the sponsor's income and resources lasts until the noncitizen has been in the United States for 3 years.9 Living allowances equal to the federal benefit rate are
provided for the sponsor, and allowances equal to onehalf of the federal benefit rate are provided for each of
the sponsor's dependents. Allowances are also provided for the sponsor and his or her family members in
determining deemed resources. These allowances
reduce the amount of the sponsor's income and
resources deemed to the noncitizen.
For noncitizens admitted into the United States
under a legally enforceable affidavit of support, deeming generally applies until the noncitizen becomes a
U.S. citizen. Deeming ends before citizenship if the
noncitizen has earned, or can be credited with, 40
qualifying quarters of earnings. Children and spouses
of workers may be credited with quarters earned by the
worker. A quarter otherwise earned after 1996 does not
count as one of the required 40 if the noncitizen or
worker received federal means-tested public benefits
during the relevant period.
Also for this group of noncitizens, deeming does
not apply for specified periods if the noncitizens or their
children or parents have been battered or subjected to
extreme cruelty while in the United States or if spon-

sors left the noncitizens indigent by not providing them
with sufficient support.

Incentives for Work and Opportunities for
Rehabilitation
SSI benefits provide a basic level of assistance for individuals who are blind or disabled with limited earnings
ability because of their impairments. Nonetheless, for
recipients who want to work, the SSI program is
designed to encourage and support their work attempts
to help them achieve greater degrees of independence.
The SSI program includes a number of work incentive
provisions that enable recipients who are blind or disabled to work and retain benefits or to increase their
levels of work activity without the loss of SSI disability
status or Medicaid. These incentives provide higher
amounts of income or resource exclusions as recognition of the expenses associated with working or as
inducements to seek rehabilitation services and support for work efforts.
Earned Income Exclusion
The first $65 ($85 if the individual has no income other
than earnings) of any monthly earned income plus onehalf of remaining earnings are excluded for SSI benefit
computation purposes. This general earned income
exclusion is intended to help offset expenses incurred
when working. It ensures that SSI recipients who are
working will be rewarded for their efforts by having
greater total income than those who do not work.
Impairment-Related Work Expense Exclusion
The cost of certain impairment-related services and
items that a disabled (but not blind) individual needs to
work are excluded from earned income in determining
SSI eligibility and benefit amounts.
In calculating these expenses, amounts equal to
the costs of certain attendant care services, medical
devices, equipment, prostheses, vehicle modifications,
residential modifications to accommodate wheelchairs,
and similar items and services are deductible from
earnings. The costs of routine drugs and routine medical services are not deductible, unless they are necessary to control the disabling condition.
Work Expenses of the Blind Exclusion

8.

9.

The Immigration and Naturalization Service began using the
new, legally enforceable affidavits on December 19, 1997. However, if a potential immigrant had a visa issued before that date,
the sponsor would sign an old affidavit even if the affidavit was
signed after December 19, 1997.
For a temporary period—January through September 1996—
the deeming period was 5 years.

6 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Any expenses relating to work that a blind individual
has are excluded from earned income in determining
SSI eligibility and benefit amounts. Unlike an impairment-related work expense, a deductible expense need
not be directly related to the worker's blindness; it need

only be an ordinary and necessary work expense of the
worker.
Some frequently excluded work expenses include
transportation to and from work, meals consumed during work hours, job equipment, licenses, income or
FICA taxes, and costs of job training.
Student Earned Income Exclusion
The student earned income exclusion is an additional
exclusion for an individual who is under the age of 22
and regularly attending school. It is intended to help
defray the cost of educational training. Under current
regulations, up to $1,460 of earned income per month
but no more than $5,910 per year may be excluded.10
Plan for Achieving Self-Support
A plan for achieving self-support (PASS) allows a disabled or blind individual to set aside income and
resources to get a specific type of job or to start a business. The plan may involve setting aside funds for education or vocational training, to purchase work-related
equipment, or to pay for transportation related to the
work goal. The income and resources that are set
aside are excluded under the SSI income and
resources tests.
The individual must have a feasible work goal and
a specific savings or spending plan. The individual also
must provide a clearly identifiable accounting for the
funds that are set aside. The PASS is time limited and
must be approved by SSA. The individual must then
follow the plan and negotiate revisions as needed. SSA
monitors the approved plan by reviewing it periodically
to ensure the individual's progress toward attaining the
work goal.
Special Provisions for Disabled People Who Work
These work incentives are generally referred to by their
section number in the Social Security Act, section
1619. Under section 1619(a), disabled individuals who
would cease to be eligible because they earn more
than the substantial gainful activity level can receive
special cash benefits as long as they

continue to have the disabling condition,

have income under the amount that would cause
ineligibility for any payment under SSI income
counting rules, and

meet all other nondisability requirements for SSI
payment.

10. Under current regulations, this exclusion will be increased in
subsequent years on the basis of changes in the cost of living.

In many states, being a recipient of the special
benefit permits the individual to be eligible for Medicaid
benefits.
Under section 1619(b), "SSI recipient" status for
Medicaid eligibility purposes also is provided to an
individual

whose earnings preclude any SSI payment but are
not sufficient to provide a reasonable equivalent of
the SSI, social services, and Medicaid benefits that
the individual would have in the absence of earnings and

whose ability to continue working would be seriously inhibited by the loss of social services and
Medicaid benefits.

To qualify for extended Medicaid coverage under
section 1619(b), an individual must

have a disabling condition,

need Medicaid to work,

not be able to afford equivalent medical coverage
and publicly funded personal or attendant care that
would be lost without assistance,

meet all nondisability requirements for SSI payment other than earnings, and

have received a regular SSI cash payment in a previous month within the current period of eligibility.
(In some states, the individual must have qualified
for Medicaid in the month preceding the first month
of eligibility under section 1619.)

In determining whether individuals' earnings are
not sufficient to provide them with the equivalent benefits they would be eligible for if they stopped working,
their earnings are compared with a threshold amount
for their state of residence. Section 1619(b) status continues if the earnings are below the threshold. If earnings exceed the state threshold, an individualized
assessment of the need for Medicaid is made, and
1619(b) status may continue.
Vocational Rehabilitation and the Ticket to Work
Program
Since the beginning of the SSI program, SSA has
made provision for blind or disabled individuals who are
receiving SSI benefits to be referred to state Vocational
Rehabilitation (VR) agencies. If the state VR agency
does not accept the referral, SSA can refer recipients to
an alternate provider to receive vocational rehabilitation
services. SSA reimburses the VR agency or alternate
provider for services that result in the individual's working at the level of substantial gainful activity for a conSSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 7

tinuous period of 9 months, and in certain other limited
situations.
The Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 established a Ticket to Work program
under which a disabled beneficiary is able to obtain
vocational rehabilitation, employment, and other support services from a qualified private or public provider.
Providers of such services in this new setting are
referred to as employment networks (ENs). In addition,
the Ticket legislation provided for a new procedure for
compensating the ENs under an outcome or outcomemilestone payment system. By expanding the pool of
providers and giving the providers incentives for
achieving success, this program seeks to expand a disabled beneficiary's access to these services for assistance in finding, entering, and retaining employment
and reducing his or her dependence on cash benefits.
Regulations issued by the commissioner of Social
Security became effective January 2002. Beginning in
2002, the Ticket to Work program was gradually
phased in, and it has been in operation nationwide
since November 2003.
Individuals receiving SSI benefits who improve
medically and are therefore no longer considered disabled or blind can continue to receive SSI benefits if
they are actively participating in the Ticket to Work program or another approved VR program and if continuing or completing the program would increase the
likelihood that they would be permanently removed
from the SSI rolls. SSI benefits and Medicaid generally
continue until the rehabilitation services are completed
or until the individual ceases to participate in the
program.
Expedited Reinstatement
A disabled or blind individual whose eligibility for SSI
payments was ended because of earnings can request
expedited reinstatement of his or her SSI benefits without filing a new application. To qualify for expedited
reinstatement, the individual must make the request
within 60 months after the eligibility ended and must
have a disabling medical condition that (1) is the same
as or related to the disabling medical condition that led
to the previous period of eligibility and (2) prevents him
or her from performing substantial gainful activity. In
determining whether the individual is disabled or blind,
the medical review standard is applied. Normal nonmedical requirements for SSI eligibility still apply.
An individual requesting expedited reinstatement
may receive up to 6 months of provisional benefits
while the request is pending. These benefits generally
are not considered an overpayment if the request is
denied. Provisional benefits may include Medicaid but
8 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

do not include any state supplementary payments. Provisional benefits may be received as well by the individual's spouse at a couple's rate if the spouse was
previously eligible for SSI as a spouse.

Administration of the SSI Program
The framers of Supplemental Security Income chose
the Social Security Administration to administer the
program because the basic system for paying monthly
benefits to a large number of individuals was already in
place in the form of the Social Security program.
Application Process
Individuals can make appointments to apply for SSI
benefits at any one of the approximately 1,300 SSA
field offices around the country or through SSA teleservice centers. The claims process includes the application interview, the obtaining of necessary evidence and
documentation, and the adjudication of the claim. Many
individuals file for benefits under the SSI and the OldAge, Survivors, and Disability Insurance programs at
the same time. Potential claimants initially contact SSA
by phone or mail or in person. Field office personnel
conduct an interview with the claimant, the claimant’s
representative, or both.
SSA corroborates information provided by applicants for SSI through independent or collateral
sources. Generally, the basic responsibility for obtaining evidence lies with the claimant, although SSA often
gives advice on ways to obtain the needed information.
Because of the special circumstances of the SSI population (for example, financial need, old age, or illness),
SSA makes special efforts to assist claimants in obtaining the necessary proofs.
With regard to disability and blindness claims, SSA
makes determinations of all of the nonmedical eligibility
factors, and each state's Disability Determination
Services (DDS) makes determinations of the medical
eligibility factors.
Applicants and recipients are required to report
events and changes of circumstances that may affect
their SSI eligibility and benefit amounts. Such reports
are required, for example, when an individual has a
change in the amount of income or resources, changes
living arrangements, or leaves the United States. Failure or delay in submitting a required report can result in
a penalty being assessed against the individual’s SSI
benefit.

Determinations of Eligibility
SSI applications have no retroactivity and become
effective in the month after the month of filing or the
month after all eligibility requirements are met, whichever is later. Eligibility for benefits is determined on a
current monthly basis. SSI recipients are required to
have their nonmedical eligibility factors redetermined
periodically, generally every 1 to 6 years depending on
their specific situation.
In addition to these nonmedical reviews, medical
reviews are conducted on disabled or blind recipients to
determine whether they continue to be disabled or
blind. For administrative efficiency the medical reviews
are done most often on disabled or blind recipients
whose medical conditions are considered likely to
improve. Medical reviews are required for disabled or
blind recipients, for example, under the following circumstances:

when earnings of recipients exceed the substantial
gainful activity level

at least once every 3 years for recipients under the
age of 18 whose medical conditions are considered likely to improve

within 12 months after birth for recipients whose
low birth weight is a contributing factor material to
the determination of their disability unless the commissioner determines that the impairment is not
expected to improve within 12 months of the child's
birth

within 1 year after attainment of the age of 18 and
using the adult eligibility criteria for recipients
whose eligibility for SSI benefits was established
under the disabled child eligibility criteria

Representative Payees
When SSI recipients are incapable of managing their
benefits, SSA appoints representative payees for them,
and their SSI benefits are sent to the representative
payees. In many cases the representative payee is a
spouse, parent, or other close relative who will act in
the recipient's best interest. In some cases, an SSAapproved organization may be appointed, and some
organizations have been authorized by SSA to collect a
fee from the benefit for acting as payee. The fee cannot
exceed the lesser of 10 percent of the benefit amount
or a specified amount ($33 a month in 2006, $64 a
month for disabled recipients who also have a drug
addiction or alcoholism condition).
Representative payees may use an SSI recipient's
benefit only for the use and benefit of the recipient and
must account for all benefits received. Representative

payees also are required to report any changes that
may affect SSI recipients' eligibility and payment
amount and may be held liable for certain overpayments that occur.
Appeal Rights
Recipients must be informed in writing in advance of
adverse actions that SSA plans to take and must be
given the opportunity to request that their benefits continue pending a decision at the first level of appeal.
Attorney Fees
At any time, an individual may appoint a representative
in any dealings with the Social Security Administration.
If such a representative is an attorney, he or she must
be in good standing, have the right to practice law
before a court, not be disqualified or suspended from
acting as a representative in dealings with Social Security, and not be prohibited by any law from acting as a
representative. If the individual is not an attorney, he or
she must meet qualifications specified by the commissioner (for example, be of good character and able to
provide valuable service to claimants).
A representative may charge and receive a fee for
his or her services, but the Social Security Administration generally decides how much the fee will be.
Although the Social Security Act does not establish a
maximum fee, most attorneys use an options process
that limits their maximum fee to the lesser of 25 percent
of the retroactive payment or $5,300.11
Advance Payments
The SSI program has provisions that help respond to
the immediate needs of new claimants. These procedures are in addition to state and local programs
designed to help those in need pending decisions on
their SSI status.

Emergency Advance Payments. A new claimant who
faces a financial emergency and who has a strong likelihood of being found eligible may receive up to
1 month of SSI benefits—the federal payment amount
plus any applicable state supplement. The amount paid
is recovered from later SSI payments (in full from the
first payment or in increments over no more than a
6-month period, depending on the circumstances).
However, if the claim is subsequently not allowed
because of not finding disability or blindness, repayment is waived. If the claim is disallowed for other rea-

11. Fee agreements before February 1, 2002, were limited to the
lesser of 25 percent of the retroactive payment or $4,000.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 9

sons, the amount paid is an overpayment and is
processed as such.

continue to receive mandatory state supplementary
payments.

Presumptive Disability or Blindness. Up to 6 months
of payments may be made to an individual applying for
benefits on the basis of disability or blindness when the
available evidence reflects a high degree of probability
that the impairment will meet the definition of disability
or blindness and the individual is otherwise eligible.
These payments are not considered overpayments if
the individual is later determined not to be disabled or
blind.

Administration of State Supplementary Payments

State Supplementation
In designing the SSI program, Congress recognized
that states, in many instances, would want to provide a
higher level of income maintenance than was available
under the federal program. At the same time, states
were given the option to either provide no supplementation to the federal assistance payments or supplement those payments on the basis of their views of the
needs of their citizens. They were mandated to ensure
that their citizens would not receive lower benefits
under the federal program than they had under the
former state program.

A state may administer its supplementary program or
enter into an agreement under which SSA will make eligibility determinations and payments on behalf of the
state. Under state administration, the state pays its own
program benefits and absorbs the full administrative
costs. Under federal administration, states are required
to pay SSA a fee of $9.29 for each supplementary payment issued in fiscal year 2006. Fees are scheduled to
rise in succeeding fiscal years.
States that administer their own supplementary
payment programs establish their own eligibility criteria.
States with federally administered programs must
adhere to SSI eligibility criteria in all aspects except
additional income exclusions.
Mandatory Passalong

State supplementation can be optional or mandatory.

It was originally the view of Congress that increases in
the federal SSI benefit rate would eventually replace
state supplementary payments. However, public reaction to states reducing their supplementary payment
amounts when SSI payments were increased led Congress to mandate that states pass along SSI benefit
increases resulting from cost-of-living adjustments.

Optional State Supplementary Payment Programs.
For individuals who first became eligible for SSI in 1974
or later, each state could supplement federal payments
to whatever extent it found appropriate with respect to
the needs of its citizens and the resources of the state.
In 2005, 45 states had optional state supplementary
payment programs.

To meet the passalong requirement, a state may
either maintain each state payment level from year to
year (the payment levels method), or it may spend the
same amount of money, in the aggregate, that it spent
for supplementary benefits in the 12-month period preceding the increase in the SSI benefit rate (the total
expenditures method).

Some states provide supplementary payments to
all individuals eligible for SSI benefits; others may limit
them to certain SSI recipients, such as the blind or residents of domiciliary care facilities, or may extend them
to persons ineligible for SSI because of excess income.
States' flexibility in setting supplementary payments,
however, has been significantly restricted by mandatory passalong provisions (described below).

Coordination with Other Programs

Types of State Supplementation

Mandatory State Supplementary Payment Programs. States are required to maintain the income
levels from December 1973 of individuals who were
transferred from the former state adult assistance programs to the SSI program in 1974, except for Texas,
which until 1999 had a constitutional bar against mandatory state supplementation.12 Because of the
increases in federal benefits, only a few individuals

10 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

SSI benefits are not the only form of assistance available to needy aged, blind, or disabled individuals. Medicaid, food stamps, and temporary state assistance are
also important in keeping individuals from sliding further into poverty. SSA plays a limited but important role
in helping states with regard to administration of the
Medicaid and Food Stamp programs, and provisions in
the SSI statute ensure that payments made by states
or under the Social Security program are not duplicated
by SSI benefits.

12. The requirement does not affect West Virginia, since SSI federal
benefit rates in 1973 exceeded the applicable income standards
under the state’s adult assistance programs.

Windfall Offset
If a person receives SSI payments and is later determined to be entitled to retroactive Social Security benefits, such retroactive benefits are reduced by the
amount of SSI payments the person would not have
been eligible for had the Social Security benefits been
paid in the month they were due. This process, called
the windfall offset, was enacted to prevent windfall payments to individuals when Social Security and SSI payments were paid for the same period.
Medicaid Determinations
Generally, SSI recipients are categorically eligible for
Medicaid. A state may use SSI eligibility criteria for
determining Medicaid eligibility, or it may use its own
criteria as long as the criteria are no more restrictive
than the state's January 1972 medical assistance standards. Forty states use SSI criteria, and 11 states use
eligibility criteria that are more restrictive than those of
the SSI program.
States also may enter into agreements with SSA
for SSA to make Medicaid eligibility determinations on
their behalf as long as the eligibility requirements of the
state's Medicaid plans are the same as those for the
SSI program. Under these agreements, SSA determines only when an individual is eligible for Medicaid;
SSA does not determine Medicaid ineligibility. SSA has
agreements with 33 states to determine eligibility for
Medicaid.

The law also provides for Social Security offices to
take food stamp applications from potentially eligible or
eligible SSI households that are not already receiving
food stamps and do not have a food stamp application
pending. Food stamp applications from SSI households may be taken in connection with initial SSI claims
or at the time of a redetermination. Food stamp applicants have the option of applying at Social Security
offices or at state food stamp offices if expedited service is required. Social Security offices forward the food
stamp application and any supporting documents to
the local food stamp offices within 1 day of taking the
application. Eligibility is determined by the food stamp
office.
Interim Assistance Reimbursement
SSA may enter into agreements under which states or
local governments are reimbursed for basic needs
assistance provided during the period that an eligible
individual's SSI application for benefits was pending or
the individual's SSI benefits were suspended and subsequently reinstated (the interim period). Thirty-nine
states have interim assistance agreements with SSA.

Continued Medicaid eligibility is provided in SSI law
for certain Social Security beneficiaries who lose SSI
eligibility because of either an entitlement to Social
Security benefits or an increase in Social Security benefits resulting from

cost-of-living adjustments

actuarial increases in widow(er)s benefits

changes in the definition of disability for widow(er)s
benefits

increases in disabled adult child benefits

Food Stamp Applications
SSI recipients in all states, except California, may be
eligible for food stamps. Under agreements entered
into by the secretary of Agriculture and SSA, Social
Security offices notify Social Security and SSI applicants and recipients of their potential benefits under
the Food Stamp program and make food stamp applications available to them.13

13. California “cashes out” food stamps, and SSI recipients receive
a cash payment in their state supplementary payment in lieu of
food stamps.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 11

Federal Benefit Rates
and Total Annual Payments

Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
Table 1.
Monthly federal SSI benefit rates, 1974–2006 (in dollars)
Individual

Couple

Own
household

Another's
household

Own
household

Another's
household

Medicaid
facility

Essential
person
increment

January 1974
July 1974

140.00
146.00

93.34
97.34

210.00
219.00

140.00
146.00

25.00
25.00

70.00
73.00

July
July
July
July
July

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

157.70
167.80
177.80
189.40
208.20

105.14
111.87
118.54
126.27
138.80

236.60
251.80
266.70
284.10
312.30

157.74
167.87
177.80
189.40
208.20

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

78.90
84.00
89.00
94.80
104.20

July 1980
July 1981
July 1982
July 1983
January 1984

238.00
264.70
284.30
304.30
314.00

158.67
176.47
189.54
202.87
209.34

357.00
397.00
426.40
456.40
472.00

238.00
264.67
284.27
304.27
314.67

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

119.20
132.60
142.50
152.50
157.00

January
January
January
January
January

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

325.00
336.00
340.00
354.00
368.00

216.67
224.00
226.67
236.00
245.34

488.00
504.00
510.00
532.00
553.00

325.34
336.00
340.00
354.67
368.67

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
30.00

163.00
168.00
170.00
177.00
184.00

January
January
January
January
January

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

386.00
407.00
422.00
434.00
446.00

257.34
271.34
281.34
289.34
297.34

579.00
610.00
633.00
652.00
669.00

386.00
406.67
422.00
434.67
446.00

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

193.00
204.00
211.00
217.00
223.00

January
January
January
January
January

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

458.00
470.00
484.00
494.00
500.00

305.34
313.34
322.67
329.34
333.34

687.00
705.00
726.00
741.00
751.00

458.00
470.00
484.00
494.00
500.67

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

229.00
235.00
242.00
247.00
250.00

January
January
January
January
January

2000 a
2001 a
2002
2003
2004

513.00
531.00
545.00
552.00
564.00

342.00
354.00
363.34
368.00
376.00

769.00
796.00
817.00
829.00
846.00

512.67
530.67
544.67
552.67
564.00

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

257.00
266.00
273.00
277.00
282.00

579.00
603.00

386.00
402.00

869.00
904.00

579.34
603.34

30.00
30.00

290.00
301.00

Starting date

January 2005
January 2006

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Office of the Chief Actuary.
a. Data reflect the correction of an error in the consumer price index.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 15

Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
Table 2.
Total payments, by eligibility category and source of payment, selected years, 1974–2005
(in thousands of dollars)

Year

Total

Federal SSI

Federally administered
state supplementation

All recipients
1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

5,096,813
5,716,072
7,714,640
10,749,938
16,132,959

3,833,161
4,313,538
5,866,354
8,777,341
12,893,805

1,263,652
1,402,534
1,848,286
1,972,597
3,239,154

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

27,037,280
28,252,474
28,370,568
29,408,208
30,106,132

23,919,430
25,264,878
25,457,387
26,404,793
26,805,156

3,117,850
2,987,596
2,913,181
3,003,415
3,300,976

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

30,671,699
32,165,856
33,718,999
34,693,278
36,065,358
37,235,843

27,290,248
28,705,503
29,898,765
30,688,029
31,886,509
33,058,056

3,381,451
3,460,353
3,820,234
4,005,249
4,178,849
4,177,787

Aged
1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

2,414,034
2,516,515
2,617,023
2,896,671
3,559,388

1,782,742
1,842,980
1,860,194
2,202,557
2,521,382

631,292
673,535
756,829
694,114
1,038,006

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

4,239,222
4,282,498
4,303,529
4,166,231
4,445,687

3,374,772
3,449,407
3,479,948
3,327,856
3,524,355

864,450
833,091
823,581
838,375
921,332

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

4,540,046
4,664,076
4,802,792
4,856,875
4,907,225
4,964,627

3,597,516
3,708,527
3,751,491
3,758,070
3,773,901
3,836,625

942,530
955,549
1,051,301
1,098,805
1,133,324
1,128,002
(Continued)

16 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
Table 2.
Total payments, by eligibility category and source of payment, selected years, 1974–2005
(in thousands of dollars)—Continued

Year

Total

Federal SSI

Federally administered
state supplementation

Blind
1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

125,791
127,240
185,827
259,840
328,949

91,308
92,427
131,506
195,183
238,415

34,483
34,813
54,321
64,657
90,534

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

367,441
364,791
367,845
358,187
382,323

298,238
298,897
302,656
291,050
309,295

69,203
65,894
65,189
67,137
73,028

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

385,926
398,624
416,454
409,293
412,810
414,147

312,238
323,895
335,405
325,878
327,446
330,591

73,688
74,729
81,049
83,415
85,364
83,556

Disabled
1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

2,556,988
3,072,317
4,911,792
7,593,427
12,244,622

1,959,112
2,378,131
3,874,655
6,379,601
10,134,007

597,876
694,186
1,037,137
1,213,826
2,110,615

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

22,430,612
23,605,189
23,709,831
24,883,782
25,278,121

20,246,415
21,516,579
21,685,421
22,785,879
22,971,506

2,184,197
2,088,610
2,024,410
2,097,903
2,306,615

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

25,745,710
27,125,707
28,531,939
29,453,803
30,745,406
31,857,069

23,380,477
24,695,630
25,844,055
26,630,775
27,785,246
28,890,840

2,365,233
2,430,077
2,687,884
2,823,028
2,960,160
2,966,229

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Office of Financial Management, Division of Finance.
NOTE: Totals for "Aged," "Blind," and "Disabled" are derived. The derivation creates slight discrepancies between the sum of the group
totals and the "All recipients" total.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 17

Federally Administered
Payments

Federally Administered Payments
Table 3.
Recipients, by age, December 1974–2005
Under age 18

Aged 65 or older

Aged 18–64

Year

Total

Number

Percentage
of total

Number

Percentage
of total

Number

Percentage
of total

1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

3,996,064
4,314,275
4,235,939
4,237,692
4,216,925
4,149,575

70,900
107,026
125,412
147,355
165,899
177,306

1.8
2.5
3.0
3.5
3.9
4.3

1,503,155
1,699,394
1,713,594
1,736,879
1,747,126
1,726,553

37.6
39.4
40.5
41.0
41.4
41.6

2,422,009
2,507,855
2,396,933
2,353,458
2,303,900
2,245,716

60.6
58.1
56.6
55.5
54.6
54.1

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

4,142,017
4,018,875
3,857,590
3,901,497
4,029,333

190,394
194,890
191,570
198,323
211,587

4.6
4.8
5.0
5.1
5.3

1,730,847
1,702,895
1,655,279
1,699,774
1,780,459

41.8
42.4
42.9
43.6
44.2

2,220,776
2,121,090
2,010,741
2,003,400
2,037,287

53.6
52.8
52.1
51.3
50.6

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

4,138,021
4,269,184
4,384,999
4,463,869
4,593,059

227,384
241,198
250,902
255,135
264,890

5.5
5.6
5.7
5.7
5.8

1,879,168
2,010,458
2,118,710
2,202,714
2,301,926

45.4
47.1
48.3
49.3
50.1

2,031,469
2,017,528
2,015,387
2,006,020
2,026,243

49.1
47.3
46.0
44.9
44.1

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

4,817,127
5,118,470
5,566,189
5,984,330
6,295,786

308,589
397,162
556,470
722,678
841,474

6.4
7.8
10.0
12.1
13.4

2,449,897
2,641,524
2,910,016
3,148,413
3,335,255

50.9
51.6
52.3
52.6
53.0

2,058,641
2,079,784
2,099,703
2,113,239
2,119,057

42.7
40.6
37.7
35.3
33.7

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

6,514,134
6,613,718
6,494,985
6,566,069
6,556,634

917,048
955,174
879,828
887,066
847,063

14.1
14.4
13.5
13.5
12.9

3,482,256
3,568,393
3,561,625
3,646,020
3,690,970

53.5
54.0
54.8
55.5
56.3

2,114,830
2,090,151
2,053,532
2,032,983
2,018,601

32.5
31.6
31.6
31.0
30.8

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

6,601,686
6,688,489
6,787,857
6,902,364
6,987,845
7,113,879

846,784
881,836
914,821
959,379
993,127
1,036,498

12.8
13.2
13.5
13.9
14.2
14.6

3,744,022
3,811,494
3,877,752
3,953,248
4,017,108
4,082,870

56.7
57.0
57.1
57.3
57.5
57.4

2,010,880
1,995,159
1,995,284
1,989,737
1,977,610
1,994,511

30.5
29.8
29.4
28.8
28.3
28.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 21

Federally Administered Payments
Table 4.
By type of payment, sex, eligibility category, and age, December 2005
Category
Type of payment and sex

Total

Aged

Blind

Age
Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Number
All payments
Male
Female

7,113,879
3,066,275
4,047,604

1,214,296
380,848
833,448

75,039
33,912
41,127

5,824,544
2,651,515
3,173,029

1,036,498
677,634
358,864

4,082,870
1,780,339
2,302,531

1,994,511
608,302
1,386,209

Federal SSI
Male
Female

6,818,944
2,934,371
3,884,573

1,112,779
343,376
769,403

69,637
31,295
38,342

5,636,528
2,559,700
3,076,828

1,033,709
675,776
357,933

3,935,491
1,703,522
2,231,969

1,849,744
555,073
1,294,671

State supplementation
Male
Female

2,242,112
961,619
1,280,493

584,787
204,529
380,258

31,346
14,157
17,189

1,625,979
742,933
883,046

214,702
141,080
73,622

1,153,875
525,767
628,108

873,535
294,772
578,763

Total payments (thousands of dollars)
All payments
Male
Female

3,366,952
1,506,951
1,860,000

440,023
143,301
296,722

36,382
16,322
20,060

2,890,546
1,347,328
1,543,218

577,807
378,346
199,460

2,063,312
903,520
1,159,792

725,833
225,085
500,749

Federal SSI
Male
Female

3,001,392
1,346,497
1,654,895

339,507
105,799
233,708

28,993
12,996
15,997

2,632,891
1,227,702
1,405,189

559,938
366,734
193,204

1,866,225
808,986
1,057,239

575,228
170,776
404,452

365,560
160,455
205,105

100,516
37,502
63,014

7,389
3,327
4,063

257,655
119,626
138,029

17,868
11,612
6,256

197,087
94,534
102,553

150,605
54,308
96,296

State supplementation
Male
Female

Average monthly payment

a

(dollars)

All payments
Male
Female

439.09
452.76
428.81

360.25
374.41
353.80

474.62
471.94
476.81

455.13
463.83
447.91

522.80
523.54
521.41

455.64
454.67
456.38

361.99
368.34
359.22

Federal SSI
Male
Female

406.50
420.56
395.96

303.29
306.35
301.93

407.87
407.90
407.84

426.95
436.14
419.36

508.11
508.94
506.56

425.67
422.84
427.81

309.36
306.12
310.74

State supplementation
Male
Female

156.30
159.39
153.99

170.39
182.02
164.14

229.41
227.68
230.83

149.80
151.82
148.11

77.75
77.05
79.09

159.79
168.40
152.65

170.97
182.85
164.93

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Averages are not obtained simply by dividing the total dollars by the number of recipients. Averages exclude payments made in the
current month for prior-month eligibility, such as back pay for new awards, so that large retroactive payments do not distort the
averages.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

22 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Federally Administered Payments
Table 5.
By selected characteristics, eligibility category, and age, December 2005
Age

Category
Characteristic

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Number
All recipients

7,113,879

1,214,296

75,039

5,824,544

1,036,498

4,082,870

1,994,511

Sex
Male
Female

3,066,275
4,047,604

380,848
833,448

33,912
41,127

2,651,515
3,173,029

677,634
358,864

1,780,339
2,302,531

608,302
1,386,209

Living arrangement
Own household
Another's household
Parent's household
Medicaid institution
Unknown

5,785,944
308,915
870,603
135,652
12,765

1,099,274
93,544
...
19,249
2,229

63,445
4,190
5,582
1,746
76

4,623,225
211,181
865,021
114,657
10,460

135,322
35,930
850,451
13,884
911

3,813,938
166,611
20,152
73,041
9,128

1,836,684
106,374
...
48,727
2,726

Average monthly payment (dollars)
All recipients

439.09

360.25

474.62

455.13

522.80

455.64

361.99

Sex
Male
Female

452.76
428.81

374.41
353.80

471.94
476.81

463.83
447.91

523.54
521.41

454.67
456.38

368.34
359.22

Living arrangement
Own household
Another's household
Parent's household
Medicaid institution
Unknown

437.02
394.54
529.74
38.39
390.98

361.15
410.27
...
38.60
362.48

478.70
455.80
577.59
36.76
407.61

454.56
386.30
529.43
38.38
399.33

566.39
379.87
529.59
50.54
487.33

466.10
389.12
533.91
37.14
384.97

367.45
407.91
...
36.70
370.94

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 23

Federally Administered Payments
Table 6.
Recipients, by type of representative payee, eligibility category, and age, December 2005
Category

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

7,113,879

1,214,296

75,039

5,824,544

1,036,498

4,082,870

1,994,511

Without payee

4,542,542

1,169,863

55,371

3,317,308

847

2,702,400

1,839,295

With payee
Natural or adoptive parents
Spouse
Natural, adoptive, or stepchild
Grandparent
Other relative
Nonmental institution
Mental institution
Financial organization
Social agency
Public official
Other

2,571,337
1,465,358
59,402
96,347
97,600
353,560
126,917
76,673
2,633
127,726
14,655
150,466

44,433
337
1,920
18,448
29
10,781
6,544
1,147
37
2,062
507
2,621

19,668
11,774
229
654
641
2,421
1,313
725
12
1,007
77
815

2,507,236
1,453,247
57,253
77,245
96,930
340,358
119,060
74,801
2,584
124,657
14,071
147,030

1,035,651
846,562
45
351
70,784
71,613
5,993
2,596
120
20,234
1,292
16,061

1,380,470
616,991
50,444
49,852
26,767
239,557
95,366
67,608
2,367
97,837
11,218
122,463

155,216
1,805
8,913
46,144
49
42,390
25,558
6,469
146
9,655
2,145
11,942

Type of payee
All recipients

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

24 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Federally Administered Payments
Table 7.
Recipients, by type of income, eligibility category, and age, December 2005
Category
Type of income
All recipients

a

No other income
Earned income
Unearned income
Social Security benefits
Veterans' benefits
Income based on need
Workers' compensation
Support from absent parents
Pensions
Support and maintenance
Asset income b
Other c

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

7,113,879

1,214,296

75,039

5,824,544

1,036,498

4,082,870

1,994,511

3,934,300

426,669

39,983

3,467,648

771,472

2,431,631

731,197

272,881

17,470

4,512

250,899

3,101

242,748

27,032

2,500,705
65,334
14,705
4,938
136,742
60,012
290,862
206,796
81,607

695,428
27,140
203
379
...
39,860
85,422
74,774
13,107

27,358
514
45
20
914
400
2,610
2,895
838

1,777,919
37,680
14,457
4,539
135,828
19,752
202,830
129,127
67,662

74,231
1,308
9,636
18
133,410
30
45,715
11,169
3,181

1,286,950
22,031
4,852
4,007
3,332
12,352
140,264
92,996
59,373

1,139,524
41,995
217
913
...
47,630
104,883
102,631
19,053

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of unearned income or
both earned and unearned income.
b. Includes income received as rent, interest, dividends, and royalties.
c. Does not include income deemed from a spouse or parent.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 25

Federally Administered Payments
Table 8.
By receipt of Social Security, type of income, eligibility category, and age, December 2005
Category
Type of income

Total

Aged

Blind

Age
Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Number
All recipients
With Social Security
No other income
Earned income only
Unearned income only a
Both earned and unearned
income a
Without Social Security
No other income
Earned income only
Unearned income only a
Both earned and unearned
income a

7,113,879

1,214,296

75,039

5,824,544

1,036,498

4,082,870

1,994,511

2,113,462
99,919
275,929

550,200
10,040
133,442

23,068
1,524
2,588

1,540,194
88,355
139,899

64,371
283
9,517

1,104,839
83,963
89,347

944,252
15,673
177,065

11,395

1,746

178

9,471

60

8,801

2,534

3,934,300
144,833
517,307

426,669
4,499
86,515

39,983
2,522
4,888

3,467,648
137,812
425,904

771,472
2,052
188,037

2,431,631
135,500
214,305

731,197
7,281
114,965

16,734

1,185

288

15,261

706

14,484

1,544

Average monthly payment (dollars)
All recipients
With Social Security
No other income
Earned income only
Unearned income only a
Both earned and unearned
income a
Without Social Security
No other income
Earned income only
Unearned income only a
Both earned and unearned
income a

439.09

360.25

474.62

455.13

522.80

455.64

361.99

217.97
221.12
188.41

210.96
204.52
174.60

254.81
241.46
227.17

219.95
222.74
201.29

390.36
329.79
339.07

211.43
222.89
198.81

213.84
210.19
175.42

214.81

191.89

237.61

218.77

332.75

218.20

200.90

574.68
466.55
478.67

585.09
426.77
515.21

619.27
478.92
535.07

572.89
467.62
470.60

553.27
472.63
453.56

579.98
468.17
482.44

579.63
434.70
512.56

417.73

364.50

453.52

421.22

393.24

423.01

379.76

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes recipients with in-kind unearned income.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

26 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Federally Administered Payments
Table 9.
Recipients, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2005
Age

Category
Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

7,113,879

1,214,296

75,039

5,824,544

1,036,498

4,082,870

1,994,511

163,709
11,027
97,703
91,043
1,212,069

17,872
2,158
13,448
9,782
356,224

971
98
901
797
21,752

144,866
8,771
83,354
80,464
834,093

28,007
1,109
17,004
18,042
98,023

100,560
6,853
57,244
53,760
590,674

35,142
3,065
23,455
19,241
523,372

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

55,441
52,147
13,664
21,166
422,466

8,546
6,752
1,315
1,984
98,645

526
468
104
155
2,951

46,369
44,927
12,245
19,027
320,870

6,874
6,587
3,163
4,354
79,643

34,697
33,064
8,050
12,584
201,135

13,870
12,496
2,451
4,228
141,688

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

202,747
22,689
22,200
258,553
98,555

27,402
6,540
1,780
30,414
5,884

2,044
203
206
2,389
949

173,301
15,946
20,214
225,750
91,722

33,292
1,522
4,050
44,387
20,668

117,922
12,578
14,981
156,410
65,533

51,533
8,589
3,169
57,756
12,354

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

43,388
39,154
180,225
155,803
31,978

3,612
3,311
14,162
17,588
2,449

780
355
1,429
1,650
231

38,996
35,488
164,634
136,565
29,298

6,889
7,001
26,717
28,482
3,337

29,445
25,664
119,544
92,619
23,264

7,054
6,489
33,964
34,702
5,377

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

94,418
171,488
222,073
72,915
124,561

15,251
44,653
16,878
10,023
15,161

677
3,867
1,748
712
1,018

78,490
122,968
203,447
62,180
108,382

14,670
17,975
37,514
10,524
22,440

55,096
105,699
148,269
45,929
71,397

24,652
47,814
36,290
16,462
30,724

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

117,613
14,784
22,334
32,977
13,636

9,537
1,105
2,026
8,527
869

955
135
241
693
140

107,121
13,544
20,067
23,757
12,627

19,451
1,946
3,459
5,834
1,809

78,126
10,421
15,018
18,146
10,042

20,036
2,417
3,857
8,997
1,785

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

152,352
53,773
635,079
199,270
7,917

33,551
8,589
134,506
25,384
971

994
491
3,015
1,801
76

117,807
44,693
497,558
172,085
6,870

22,047
7,166
71,767
36,739
960

79,413
30,820
335,795
113,947
5,150

50,892
15,787
227,517
48,584
1,807

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

250,283
79,564
60,557
317,462
30,194

15,242
8,066
7,772
29,562
3,934

1,930
791
670
2,198
197

233,111
70,707
52,115
285,702
26,063

42,477
13,506
7,996
57,809
4,069

171,404
50,366
39,612
198,852
18,884

36,402
15,692
12,949
60,801
7,241

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

105,341
12,573
161,099
501,762
22,587

12,303
1,673
16,915
109,823
2,245

1,386
95
1,550
6,531
258

91,652
10,805
142,634
385,408
20,084

18,386
1,867
22,492
85,886
4,039

62,046
7,635
102,847
253,354
14,623

24,909
3,071
35,760
162,522
3,925

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 27

Federally Administered Payments
Table 9.
Recipients, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2005—Continued
Category

Age

State or area

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

13,138
137,340
115,563
76,728
92,225
5,797

1,136
20,830
14,697
4,258
8,375
441

89
1,293
960
576
936
44

11,913
115,217
99,906
71,894
82,914
5,312

1,616
22,199
14,577
8,559
16,534
831

9,009
79,734
74,537
55,922
59,723
4,092

2,513
35,407
26,449
12,247
15,968
874

749

125

13

611

203

381

165

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

28 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Federally Administered Payments
Table 10.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2005
(in dollars)
Age

Category
Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

439.09

360.25

474.62

455.13

522.80

455.64

361.99

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

385.73
397.16
416.47
377.16
570.55

182.53
279.98
298.41
166.04
514.68

372.57
392.03
418.16
363.82
631.06

410.93
426.45
435.61
403.09
592.88

516.11
461.26
513.91
511.43
625.64

407.18
431.63
431.42
396.31
605.02

220.69
298.53
309.97
198.25
521.51

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

391.00
414.43
404.79
443.02
405.29

308.67
336.09
263.52
274.61
328.63

401.87
421.20
383.66
394.44
397.09

406.11
426.18
419.10
461.00
429.01

482.17
506.77
492.99
512.36
506.52

408.29
426.85
409.37
464.64
417.84

302.98
333.30
275.40
307.84
330.83

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

383.69
444.02
394.64
437.63
411.12

219.40
370.31
214.16
348.49
233.32

404.68
443.08
405.80
429.54
389.57

409.42
474.37
410.56
449.72
422.79

506.50
482.92
487.36
517.76
510.65

411.75
479.95
402.89
448.05
410.28

240.25
384.87
239.18
347.99
250.08

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

382.89
396.69
403.57
399.42
375.20

216.09
250.32
192.17
198.83
173.13

368.07
424.62
405.55
389.85
391.55

398.90
410.17
421.80
425.41
392.01

488.09
500.72
520.32
518.55
495.43

394.17
403.07
424.59
424.79
396.21

234.55
260.75
238.58
233.67
210.49

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

420.15
447.61
435.65
411.54
381.05

328.76
381.41
303.03
330.66
176.63

414.57
481.78
431.19
415.98
360.92

437.98
470.72
446.70
424.57
410.02

495.92
546.95
519.01
500.14
513.92

440.96
461.45
444.93
417.01
409.63

328.71
379.77
311.82
339.99
218.37

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

397.98
388.51
378.64
408.11
387.34

227.63
193.52
226.94
321.93
255.25

396.42
396.46
397.15
471.60
380.68

413.33
404.43
393.87
437.34
396.60

513.45
499.03
490.90
494.93
470.15

407.57
405.78
387.82
422.86
395.91

249.04
226.88
243.56
321.98
255.96

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

424.36
388.61
468.67
371.97
349.64

362.38
247.73
386.30
194.57
207.71

411.96
411.41
445.58
376.34
401.18

442.11
415.51
491.12
398.15
369.41

514.23
516.48
540.86
495.79
469.32

439.52
419.41
498.35
392.60
370.40

361.91
271.03
402.30
230.32
227.95

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

429.73
394.76
406.66
435.03
440.35

277.87
210.72
299.04
285.65
319.60

403.50
395.54
416.44
409.71
412.71

439.93
415.86
422.67
450.72
458.74

518.83
509.31
502.82
512.40
557.88

437.41
414.43
420.86
449.41
455.43

290.34
233.56
304.63
315.00
334.67

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

380.18
364.66
387.18
377.04
406.21

194.63
198.29
192.19
253.28
330.40

377.87
387.59
406.90
402.19
414.50

405.19
390.63
410.18
412.04
414.65

501.08
481.87
511.77
505.66
479.18

403.98
389.38
413.72
408.40
407.02

232.26
233.63
233.06
260.51
328.62

State or area
All areas

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 29

Federally Administered Payments
Table 10.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2005
(in dollars)—Continued
Category

Age

State or area

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

395.99
387.94
433.41
412.45
400.56
376.84

202.06
279.26
376.93
187.38
245.01
177.32

401.01
382.76
423.80
405.13
408.07
399.71

414.49
407.69
441.89
425.93
416.27
393.29

545.84
492.16
502.11
511.81
506.81
489.13

412.29
406.06
441.58
432.62
407.08
391.93

241.68
282.24
373.20
251.69
267.07
200.66

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

468.02

355.15

460.23

491.71

546.33

467.18

372.31

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

30 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Federally Administered Payments
Table 11.
Recipients and their average income, by type of income and marital status, December 2005
Eligible individual
with no spouse
Average
income
Number (dollars)

Type of income
Total a

Eligible individual with eligible spouse
Individual

Eligible individual with ineligible spouse

Spouse

Individual

Spouse

Average
income
Number (dollars)

Average
income
Number (dollars)

Average
income
Number (dollars)

Average
income
Number (dollars)

6,232,310

...

283,440

...

283,440

...

307,630

...

307,630

...

3,502,640

...

144,730

...

155,640

...

185,040

...

134,570

...

2,729,670
With income
Earned income only
136,150
Unearned income only
2,474,450
Both earned and unearned
income
119,070

419
346
412

138,710
1,920
134,700

414
596
404

127,800
2,630
122,210

359
631
342

122,590
4,280
116,320

428
587
416

173,060
95,560
66,760

847
1,118
419

645

2,090

887

2,960

838

1,990

815

10,740

1,109

a

255,220
238,360
18,460

297
304
188

4,010
2,930
1,110

517
606
269

5,590
4,300
1,350

540
624
252

6,270
4,270
2,070

539
671
250

106,300
83,570
24,280

1,095
1,194
681

2,593,520
2,128,940
55,270
16,140
3,740

411
453
198
252
362

136,790
115,810
870
70
300

405
447
265
121
336

125,170
107,970
660
270
220

343
370
232
124
447

118,310
95,770
7,380
900
450

415
467
144
104
402

77,500
36,210
8,640
25,840
1,060

391
494
403
128
755

135,030
46,370
238,060
170,760
72,770

203
175
142
5
211

...
7,350
16,910
14,320
2,150

...
144
107
5
135

...
4,930
15,450
9,720
1,970

...
125
107
5
188

...
2,180
15,870
7,750
3,820

...
170
124
15
162

...
2,760
750
4,890
7,640

...
301
139
16
501

No other income

With earned income
Wages
Self-employment income
With unearned income a
Social Security benefits
Veterans' benefits
Income based on need
Workers' compensation
Support from absent
parents
Pensions
Support and maintenance
Asset income b
Other c

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned
income or both earned and unearned income.
b. Includes income received as rent, interest, dividends, and royalties.
c. Does not include income deemed from a spouse or parent.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 31

Federally Administered Payments
Table 12.
Recipients as a percentage of resident population, by state, December 2005
Recipients
State
United States

Resident population a
296,410,404

b

Number

Percentage of
resident population

7,113,130

2.4

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

4,557,808
663,661
5,939,292
2,779,154
36,132,147

163,709
11,027
97,703
91,043
1,212,069

3.6
1.7
1.6
3.3
3.4

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

4,665,177
3,510,297
843,524
550,521
17,789,864

55,441
52,147
13,664
21,166
422,466

1.2
1.5
1.6
3.8
2.4

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

9,072,576
1,275,194
1,429,096
12,763,371
6,271,973

202,747
22,689
22,200
258,553
98,555

2.2
1.8
1.6
2.0
1.6

2,966,334
2,744,687
4,173,405
4,523,628
1,321,505

43,388
39,154
180,225
155,803
31,978

1.5
1.4
4.3
3.4
2.4

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

5,600,388
6,398,743
10,120,860
5,132,799
2,921,088

94,418
171,488
222,073
72,915
124,561

1.7
2.7
2.2
1.4
4.3

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

5,800,310
935,670
1,758,787
2,414,807
1,309,940

117,613
14,784
22,334
32,977
13,636

2.0
1.6
1.3
1.4
1.0

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

8,717,925
1,928,384
19,254,630
8,683,242
636,677

152,352
53,773
635,079
199,270
7,917

1.7
2.8
3.3
2.3
1.2

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

11,464,042
3,547,884
3,641,056
12,429,616
1,076,189

250,283
79,564
60,557
317,462
30,194

2.2
2.2
1.7
2.6
2.8

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

4,255,083
775,933
5,962,959
22,859,968
2,469,585

105,341
12,573
161,099
501,762
22,587

2.5
1.6
2.7
2.2
0.9

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

(Continued)

32 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Federally Administered Payments
Table 12.
Recipients as a percentage of resident population, by state, December 2005—Continued
Recipients
State

Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

623,050
7,567,465
6,287,759
1,816,856
5,536,201
509,294

13,138
137,340
115,563
76,728
92,225
5,797

2.1
1.8
1.8
4.2
1.7
1.1

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

SOURCES: U.S. Census Bureau and Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record
format), 100 percent data.
a. Population estimates for the United States as of July 1, 2005, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.
b. Excludes 749 recipients in the Northern Mariana Islands.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 33

Federally Administered Payments
Table 13.
Foreign-born recipients, by region, country of origin, eligibility category, and age, December 2005
Age

Category
Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

All areas

1,535,404

740,697

794,707

17,454

505,028

1,012,922

North America
U.S. territories
Puerto Rico
Other a
Other

187,037
178,500
173,432
5,068
8,537

27,035
24,649
24,001
648
2,386

160,002
153,851
149,431
4,420
6,151

10,266
10,006
9,427
579
260

116,302
111,591
108,349
3,242
4,711

60,469
56,903
55,656
1,247
3,566

Latin America
Mexico
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Other

577,684
254,567
96,244
66,724
160,149

292,857
126,967
52,446
24,365
89,079

284,827
127,600
43,798
42,359
71,070

2,703
853
412
601
837

182,718
81,594
24,272
28,972
47,880

392,263
172,120
71,560
37,151
111,432

Africa
Somalia
Cape Verde Islands
Ethiopia
Other

21,898
4,768
1,400
3,012
12,718

9,221
2,026
888
1,016
5,291

12,677
2,742
512
1,996
7,427

567
139
7
34
387

9,763
2,112
402
1,615
5,634

11,568
2,517
991
1,363
6,697

488,108
103,133
76,530
33,761
70,720
203,964

291,062
44,677
65,489
7,117
57,709
116,070

197,046
58,456
11,041
26,644
13,011
87,894

1,549
226
83
84
164
992

120,686
35,043
5,016
19,043
8,650
52,934

365,873
67,864
71,431
14,634
61,906
150,038

37,207
9,095
6,717
3,693
17,702

17,021
4,307
3,020
2,318
7,376

20,186
4,788
3,697
1,375
10,326

348
17
13
20
298

10,780
2,323
1,643
561
6,253

26,079
6,755
5,061
3,112
11,151

130,665

66,801

63,864

569

26,093

104,003

85,411
7,894
6,737
8,398
7,983
11,465
42,934

33,782
4,438
2,917
2,722
4,671
4,111
14,923

51,629
3,456
3,820
5,676
3,312
7,354
28,011

1,281
13
44
137
20
148
919

35,716
2,286
2,369
4,345
1,948
5,034
19,734

48,414
5,595
4,324
3,916
6,015
6,283
22,281

7,394

2,918

4,476

171

2,970

4,253

Region and country of origin

Asia
Vietnam
China
Laos
Philippines
Other
Middle East
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Other
Former Soviet Republics
Europe
Portugal
Italy
United Kingdom
Poland
Former Yugoslavia
Other
Other or unknown areas

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Foreign-born means born in an area not served by the Supplemental Security Income program.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, and Virgin Islands.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

34 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients of Social
Security, SSI, or Both

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 14.
Persons receiving both Social Security and SSI, by type of Social Security benefit and SSI
eligibility category, December 2005
Percentage of all
Social Security beneficiaries

Number receiving SSI

All Social
Security
beneficiaries a

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

48,445,900

2,489,920

684,290

1,805,630

5.1

1.4

3.7

Retirement
Worker aged 65 or older
Men
Women
Worker aged 62–64
Men
Women
Wives and husbands
Aged 65 or older
Aged 62–64
Under age 62 with
children
Disabled adult children
Aged 65 or older
Aged 18–64
Children under age 18 and
students aged 18–19

33,488,350
27,651,170
14,224,360
13,426,810
2,823,760
1,429,990
1,393,770
2,523,910
2,229,000
254,310

1,055,190
783,390
314,410
468,980
42,410
26,740
15,670
131,320
119,600
10,840

563,970
503,050
196,000
307,050
0
0
0
60,910
60,910
0

491,220
280,340
118,410
161,930
42,410
26,740
15,670
70,410
58,690
10,840

3.2
2.8
2.2
3.5
1.5
1.9
1.1
5.2
5.4
4.3

1.7
1.8
1.4
2.3
0
0
0
2.4
2.7
0

1.5
1.0
0.8
1.2
1.5
1.9
1.1
2.8
2.6
4.3

40,600
193,040
900
192,140

880
93,720
340
93,380

0
b
b
0

880
b
b
93,380

2.2
48.5
37.8
48.6

0
b
b
0

2.2
b
b
48.6

296,470

4,350

0

4,350

1.5

0

1.5

Survivors
Nondisabled widow(er)s
Aged 65 or older
Aged 60–64
Disabled widow(er)s
Widowed mothers and
fathers
Parents
Disabled adult children
Aged 65 or older
Aged 18–64
Children under age 18 and
students aged 18–19

6,650,440
4,356,450
3,913,200
443,250
212,220

435,930
214,030
207,870
6,160
35,180

119,350
116,510
116,510
0
0

316,580
97,520
91,360
6,160
35,180

6.6
4.9
5.3
1.4
16.6

1.8
2.7
3.0
0
0

4.8
2.2
2.3
1.4
16.6

176,160
1,950
510,930
68,770
442,160

4,320
90
159,440
22,400
137,040

b
b
2,740
2,740
0

b
b
156,700
19,660
137,040

2.5
4.6
31.2
32.6
31.0

b
b
0.5
4.0
0

b
b
30.7
28.6
31.0

1,392,730

22,870

0

22,870

1.6

0

1.6

Type of Social Security benefit
Total

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 37

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 14.
Persons receiving both Social Security and SSI, by type of Social Security benefit and SSI
eligibility category, December 2005—Continued

Type of Social Security benefit
Disability
Worker under age 65
Men
Women
Wives and husbands
Aged 65 or older
Aged 62–64
Under age 62 with
children
Disabled adult children
aged 18–64
Children under age 18 and
students aged 18–19

Percentage of all
Social Security beneficiaries

Number receiving SSI

All Social
Security
beneficiaries a

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

8,307,110
6,510,420
3,517,130
2,993,290
157,550
29,210
40,270

998,800
889,590
384,830
504,760
10,790
3,600
2,240

970
0
0
0
970
970
0

997,830
889,590
384,830
504,760
9,820
2,630
2,240

12.0
13.7
10.9
16.9
6.8
12.3
5.6

0
0
0
0
0.6
3.3
0

12.0
13.7
10.9
16.9
6.2
9.0
5.6

88,070

4,950

0

4,950

5.6

0

5.6

69,880

48,100

0

48,100

68.8

0

68.8

1,569,260

50,320

0

50,320

3.2

0

3.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Beneficiary Record, 10 percent sample.
NOTE: Social Security is the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
a. Includes special age-72 beneficiaries.
b. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

38 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 15.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving benefits on the basis of disability and their total and average
monthly payments, by type of beneficiary, December 1996–2005
Both Social Security and SSI

Social Security only
Year

Total

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult
children

SSI only

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

7,689,664
7,811,748
8,086,259
8,399,309
8,599,465

4,122,152
4,250,155
4,440,264
4,703,774
4,850,835

------

------

------

2,559,750
2,550,105
2,618,615
2,650,586
2,690,446

1,007,762
1,011,488
1,027,380
1,044,949
1,058,184

------

------

------

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

8,791,338
9,106,014
9,445,573
9,773,201
10,081,625

4,979,844
5,228,262
5,492,325
5,756,093
5,998,755

4,495,477
4,738,246
4,997,137
5,257,314
5,491,980

87,833
87,900
87,203
89,874
86,422

396,534
402,116
407,985
408,905
420,353

2,732,020
2,768,782
2,811,647
2,850,815
2,880,931

1,079,474
1,108,970
1,141,601
1,166,293
1,201,939

772,562
801,351
833,269
858,850
893,437

35,222
34,671
34,101
33,072
32,302

271,690
272,948
274,231
274,371
276,200

Total payments (millions of dollars)
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

4,878
5,106
5,379
5,680
6,058

3,072
3,245
3,444
3,691
3,975

------

------

------

1,222
1,257
1,313
1,346
1,408

584
604
622
643
675

------

------

------

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

6,509
6,920
7,416
7,980
8,604

4,299
4,629
5,024
5,464
5,974

3,976
4,294
4,674
5,096
5,584

65
67
69
72
75

258
268
281
296
315

1,491
1,544
1,603
1,686
1,724

719
747
790
829
906

530
554
592
626
696

22
22
22
22
22

167
171
176
180
187

Average monthly payment

a

(dollars)

1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

624.80
637.80
649.90
662.50
689.30

744.60
762.80
775.00
784.10
818.80

------

------

------

456.00
458.10
467.90
477.60
489.00

546.90
557.10
564.30
576.70
594.90

------

------

------

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

722.84
744.40
768.50
796.80
832.80

862.60
884.60
914.10
947.80
993.69

883.70
905.40
934.80
967.80
1,014.52

744.80
764.40
790.80
804.80
863.06

650.00
666.00
687.30
722.50
748.08

506.80
522.50
533.50
545.90
558.21

615.20
625.20
638.20
655.20
675.91

618.40
626.90
639.90
657.10
677.65

595.10
608.30
620.90
639.10
659.92

608.70
622.20
635.10
651.40
672.32

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and the Supplemental
Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTES: Social Security counts include disabled workers, disabled widow(er)s, and disabled adult children. SSI counts include recipients
of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or both.
-- = not available.
a. Averages are not obtained simply by dividing the total dollars by the number of recipients. Averages exclude payments made in the
current month for prior-month eligibility, such as back pay for new awards, so that large retroactive payments do not distort the
averages.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 39

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 16.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving both Social Security and SSI on the basis of disability and their average
monthly Social Security benefit and SSI payment, by state or other area and type of beneficiary,
December 2005
Number of SSI recipients with
Social Security disability

Average monthly
Social Security benefit (dollars)

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Total

1,201,939

893,437

32,302

276,200

470.12

484.66

33,139
1,835
15,652
18,860
188,972

23,809
1,498
12,176
13,923
147,448

1,144
35
332
628
3,797

8,186
302
3,144
4,309
37,727

451.67
445.23
443.80
452.42
560.14

474.21
460.63
457.95
474.92
569.47

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

11,321
9,020
2,546
2,240
58,703

9,027
6,647
1,936
1,749
44,616

177
248
38
64
1,447

2,117
2,125
572
427
12,640

452.72
441.40
458.42
451.76
445.69

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

35,228
3,081
5,167
33,620
20,737

24,827
2,037
4,093
25,029
16,372

1,327
81
73
953
407

9,074
963
1,001
7,638
3,958

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

11,030
8,973
33,300
23,602
8,601

8,498
6,929
24,437
15,181
6,530

180
162
1,369
1,086
161

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

13,531
33,880
42,757
14,246
22,647

10,083
26,494
30,378
10,966
15,625

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

26,257
3,552
5,815
5,063
3,813

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

Average monthly
SSI payment (dollars)

Adult
children

Total

461.01

425.22

205.80

192.98

198.90

247.10

449.06
449.47
435.47
458.24
545.91

387.65
371.69
390.61
381.27
526.01

173.88
178.08
181.70
176.28
306.05

156.82
166.91
170.60
159.29
289.74

172.00
164.06
192.12
172.16
308.43

222.86
232.71
222.99
229.97
368.08

466.15
460.58
458.98
470.81
461.63

430.18
431.73
458.46
419.27
446.91

398.73
383.77
456.57
380.35
390.06

170.31
178.77
175.46
202.08
175.00

159.21
162.58
168.72
187.91
162.20

196.81
197.21
163.78
195.08
177.00

214.28
226.22
198.53
259.94
219.32

455.73
499.12
444.57
431.45
438.40

476.64
497.23
455.51
445.19
447.82

457.69
457.50
446.93
447.16
449.43

398.67
506.48
400.45
385.40
399.39

168.05
261.54
181.80
190.22
183.53

152.41
215.00
173.66
179.92
176.76

172.95
198.83
203.53
183.05
171.74

209.82
363.92
212.81
224.16
211.93

2,352
1,882
7,494
7,335
1,910

444.89
444.91
442.22
433.78
448.92

455.87
456.57
465.04
463.41
466.32

464.02
440.82
427.08
445.92
457.95

404.99
403.19
372.02
372.14
389.19

183.90
176.39
183.23
190.35
175.09

177.91
167.62
166.47
167.80
163.22

173.96
181.48
190.95
173.50
146.32

205.64
207.57
235.41
238.40
217.74

321
717
958
191
960

3,127
6,669
11,421
3,089
6,062

446.26
495.81
450.33
435.23
444.99

459.10
518.78
448.42
446.96
473.82

462.07
467.63
450.03
430.08
453.67

404.23
408.85
455.35
394.54
371.17

175.91
203.63
190.94
178.18
179.66

168.17
191.24
182.69
169.88
156.02

169.27
241.75
181.57
184.05
175.15

200.96
248.05
213.31
206.90
239.78

19,893
2,628
4,412
4,199
2,950

708
86
71
79
42

5,656
838
1,332
785
821

438.89
453.78
444.00
467.44
449.39

454.36
460.33
458.79
476.86
464.60

439.70
435.85
432.78
456.41
477.08

386.75
435.25
397.91
419.35
395.20

182.07
176.97
178.54
169.21
173.68

170.36
167.81
167.16
160.95
163.76

183.33
177.61
200.42
200.10
125.21

221.30
205.39
213.31
209.21
210.59

22,719
9,101
88,191
39,300
2,079

16,776
6,806
61,930
28,547
1,421

515
243
2,426
1,186
39

5,428
2,052
23,835
9,567
619

474.08
438.18
512.11
450.02
433.58

486.69
458.09
513.27
468.53
448.39

449.60
440.53
472.45
453.71
450.29

438.57
372.86
513.22
395.58
400.62

187.80
185.34
235.21
172.57
177.94

175.96
170.88
216.67
159.00
165.65

201.85
179.86
223.34
173.34
195.24

221.98
233.21
283.70
212.05
203.22

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

44,215
15,006
12,586
49,805
6,402

33,876
11,205
10,020
36,031
4,974

1,227
489
212
1,417
111

9,112
3,312
2,354
12,357
1,317

426.56
436.79
449.34
453.62
491.17

437.20
451.44
458.65
465.62
508.74

438.54
445.67
434.68
455.43
468.94

386.53
386.94
411.68
419.21
426.70

191.30
184.29
173.16
195.46
196.38

184.03
174.04
165.18
183.41
183.08

183.12
176.12
183.86
181.52
203.60

218.67
219.45
205.65
231.39
246.04

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

19,616
2,863
31,965
70,956
4,472

13,346
2,015
22,854
52,424
3,467

773
62
1,242
2,347
61

5,497
786
7,869
16,185
944

445.68
428.85
445.42
442.53
436.61

465.68
442.87
465.10
462.01
450.09

450.46
405.11
440.02
444.68
441.09

397.06
396.59
390.60
381.51
388.80

175.80
183.56
179.28
180.56
185.02

161.90
172.67
164.91
166.40
175.72

176.79
203.87
185.06
172.04
194.90

208.99
208.45
219.03
225.94
217.12

Total

State or area
All areas

a

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Workers Widow(er)s

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

(Continued)

40 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 16.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving both Social Security and SSI on the basis of disability and their average
monthly Social Security benefit and SSI payment, by state or other area and type of beneficiary,
December 2005—Continued
Number of SSI recipients with
Social Security disability
State or area

Total

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

3,775
25,088
20,146
14,091
20,606
1,456

2,778
17,996
16,191
9,575
15,427
1,176

84

b

Outlying area
Northern Mariana
Islands

Average monthly
Social Security benefit (dollars)
Adult
children

Total

75
780
334
576
308
19

922
6,312
3,621
3,940
4,871
261

485.55
446.54
449.56
437.91
440.50
442.17

496.88
465.75
459.39
463.15
449.85
451.20

b

b

352.30

b

Workers Widow(er)s

Average monthly
SSI payment (dollars)

Adult
children

Total

491.21
457.88
454.21
443.02
443.78
435.58

451.61
391.47
407.04
377.74
410.91
402.73

196.67
177.49
177.19
185.55
176.39
174.59

186.09
164.58
169.48
167.47
169.80
169.87

189.47
168.27
178.63
174.32
179.84
191.83

228.49
214.68
210.06
229.80
196.89
194.24

b

b

224.55

b

b

b

Workers Widow(er)s

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and the Supplemental Security Record
(Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: SSI counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or both. They do not include beneficiaries whose own Social
Security number is not on the Master Beneficiary Record. Social Security beneficiaries who are entitled to both a primary and a secondary benefit are counted only
once in this table.
a. Includes 229 persons not distributed by state or area.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 41

Noncitizens

Noncitizens
Table 17.
By eligibility category, December 1982–2005
Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

Year

Number

Percentage of all
SSI recipients

Number

Percentage of all
SSI recipients

Number

Percentage of all
SSI recipients

1982
1983
1984

127,900
151,200
181,100

3.3
3.9
4.5

91,900
106,600
127,600

5.9
7.0
8.3

36,000
44,600
53,500

1.6
1.9
2.1

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

210,800
244,300
282,500
320,300
370,300

5.1
5.7
6.4
7.2
8.1

146,500
165,300
188,000
213,900
245,700

9.7
11.2
12.9
14.9
17.1

64,300
79,000
94,500
106,400
124,600

2.4
2.8
3.2
3.5
4.0

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

435,600
519,660
601,430
683,150
738,140

9.0
10.2
10.8
11.4
11.7

282,400
329,690
372,930
416,420
440,000

19.4
22.5
25.4
28.2
30.0

153,200
189,970
228,500
266,730
298,140

4.6
5.2
5.6
5.9
6.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

785,410
724,990
650,830
669,630
684,930

12.1
11.0
10.0
10.2
10.4

459,220
417,360
367,200
364,980
368,330

31.8
29.5
27.0
27.4
28.2

326,190
307,630
283,630
304,650
316,600

6.3
5.9
5.5
5.8
6.0

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

692,590
695,650
703,515
696,772
676,979
680,397

10.5
10.4
10.4
10.1
9.7
9.6

364,470
364,550
364,827
356,298
342,220
344,166

28.3
28.9
29.1
28.9
28.3
28.3

328,120
331,100
338,688
340,474
334,759
336,231

6.2
6.1
6.1
6.0
5.8
5.7

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 45

Noncitizens
Table 18.
Distribution of recipients, by selected characteristics and citizenship status, December 2005
Citizens

Noncitizens

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

6,433,482

100.0

680,397

100.0

Age
Under 18
18–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64
65–74
75 or older

1,033,059
768,842
638,833
1,000,136
1,031,445
428,106
790,887
742,174

16.1
12.0
9.9
15.5
16.0
6.7
12.3
11.5

3,439
14,617
21,609
42,423
81,642
55,217
213,535
247,915

0.5
2.1
3.2
6.2
12.0
8.1
31.4
36.4

Sex
Male
Female

2,811,930
3,621,552

43.7
56.3

254,345
426,052

37.4
62.6

Living arrangement
Own household
Another's household
Parent's household
Medicaid institution

5,196,613
244,686
866,409
125,774

80.8
3.8
13.5
2.0

602,166
64,038
3,371
10,822

88.5
9.4
0.5
1.6

Income
Social Security
Worker beneficiary
Auxiliary beneficiary
Earnings

2,305,038
1,582,478
722,560
263,636

35.8
24.6
11.2
4.1

195,667
145,385
50,282
9,245

28.8
21.4
7.4
1.4

4,588,459
259,913

71.3
4.0

283,308
35,022

41.6
5.1

1,585,110

24.6

362,067

53.2

Characteristic
Total

SSI payment
Federal SSI only
State supplementation only
Both federal SSI and state
supplementation

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

46 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Noncitizens
Table 19.
By state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2005
Category

Age

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

680,397

344,166

336,231

3,439

215,508

461,450

771
863
9,885
635
250,924

417
352
4,514
304
124,480

354
511
5,371
331
126,444

6
10
55
4
682

226
355
3,549
233
79,335

539
498
6,281
398
170,907

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

4,797
4,178
373
702
72,421

2,475
2,123
247
313
40,427

2,322
2,055
126
389
31,994

30
17
0
6
604

1,468
1,249
80
274
21,283

3,299
2,912
293
422
50,534

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

6,158
3,066
858
18,691
1,206

3,701
2,039
367
9,759
666

2,457
1,027
491
8,932
540

54
10
12
73
9

1,439
655
340
5,242
345

4,665
2,401
506
13,376
852

1,130
1,385
1,215
1,843
599

435
626
596
937
149

695
759
619
906
450

12
3
28
4
10

440
469
432
576
311

678
913
755
1,263
278

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

6,386
20,733
8,867
8,558
360

4,308
12,002
3,711
3,110
176

2,078
8,731
5,156
5,448
184

37
80
112
160
0

1,167
8,134
3,153
3,868
113

5,182
12,519
5,602
4,530
247

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

2,319
135
921
3,835
448

1,044
38
369
2,678
192

1,275
97
552
1,157
256

40
0
17
12
a

825
65
374
1,029
a

1,454
70
530
2,794
272

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

20,518
4,841
99,559
3,452
169

11,903
2,141
47,397
1,789
54

8,615
2,700
52,162
1,663
115

119
19
464
30
5

5,243
1,721
33,182
991
89

15,156
3,101
65,913
2,431
75

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

4,467
1,449
4,620
11,624
3,683

2,335
845
2,232
4,864
1,347

2,132
604
2,388
6,760
2,336

46
17
42
92
27

1,281
370
1,398
4,282
1,567

3,140
1,062
3,180
7,250
2,089

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

799
192
1,632
63,113
1,457

417
61
850
33,296
698

382
131
782
29,817
759

4
5
23
203
19

239
85
482
18,969
461

556
102
1,127
43,941
977

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 47

Noncitizens
Table 19.
By state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2005—Continued
Category

Age

State or area

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

181
6,375
13,549
142
4,236
59

61
4,015
5,706
74
1,486
27

120
2,360
7,843
68
2,750
32

5
41
133
a
53
0

83
1,372
4,526
a
1,884
23

93
4,962
8,890
87
2,299
36

18

13

5

0

5

13

Outlying area
Northern Mariana
Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

48 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Noncitizens
Table 20.
By region and country of origin, eligibility category, and age, December 2005
Age

Category
Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

All areas

680,397

344,166

336,231

3,439

215,508

461,450

Latin America
Mexico
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Other

347,364
169,818
53,609
42,047
81,890

174,814
85,871
28,021
15,514
45,408

172,550
83,947
25,588
26,533
36,482

1,537
390
394
382
371

117,184
55,559
16,988
19,208
25,429

228,643
113,869
36,227
22,457
56,090

Africa
Somalia
Cape Verde Islands
Ethiopia
Other

13,073
3,797
893
2,029
6,354

5,622
1,641
572
718
2,691

7,451
2,156
321
1,311
3,663

415
130
3
29
253

5,666
1,637
259
1,040
2,730

6,992
2,030
631
960
3,371

206,562
43,456
29,310
22,008
18,559
93,229

108,562
17,203
24,507
4,715
14,029
48,108

98,000
26,253
4,803
17,293
4,530
45,121

770
124
20
72
40
514

60,263
16,027
2,120
12,359
3,011
26,746

145,529
27,305
27,170
9,577
15,508
65,969

Middle East
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Other

12,167
2,913
2,213
1,314
5,727

5,833
1,444
1,024
876
2,489

6,334
1,469
1,189
438
3,238

87
3
9
7
68

3,143
664
542
160
1,777

8,937
2,246
1,662
1,147
3,882

Former Soviet Republics

55,421

29,318

26,103

332

12,382

42,707

Europe
Portugal
Former Yugoslavia
Great Britain
Poland
Other

32,807
4,117
7,386
3,349
3,187
14,768

14,618
2,370
2,635
1,309
1,753
6,551

18,189
1,747
4,751
2,040
1,434
8,217

240
5
128
25
8
74

12,096
1,200
3,326
1,489
943
5,138

20,471
2,912
3,932
1,835
2,236
9,556

Other areas

6,433

2,346

4,087

26

2,917

3,490

Unknown

6,570

3,053

3,517

32

1,857

4,681

Region and country of origin

Asia
Vietnam
China
Laos
Philippines
Other

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 49

Noncitizens
Table 21.
By number of months between date of U.S. residency and date of SSI application, eligibility category,
and age, December 2005
Age

Category
Months
All recipients
0–11 a
12–23
24–35
36–47
48–59
60–71
72–83
84–119
120 and over
State conversions
Unknown

b

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

680,397

344,166

336,231

3,439

215,508

461,450

87,328
29,448
25,723
59,619
35,152
49,797
34,276
87,018
268,382

47,483
11,990
10,918
38,372
18,070
30,491
18,096
43,682
123,925

39,845
17,458
14,805
21,247
17,082
19,306
16,180
43,336
144,457

1,151
333
241
268
228
329
202
445
210

22,072
9,453
8,159
11,346
9,324
10,606
9,393
26,973
107,026

64,105
19,662
17,323
48,005
25,600
38,862
24,681
59,600
161,146

1,685

266

1,419

0

510

1,175

1,969

873

1,096

32

646

1,291

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes an estimated 3,070 persons whose records indicate that they applied in the same month that their residence began.
b. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Paul Davies (202) 358-6277 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

50 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients Under Age 65

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 22.
Recipients, by diagnostic group, 1997–2005
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders a
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary
system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system
and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other a
Unknown

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

4,441,420

4,533,060

4,538,033

4,590,806

4,693,315

4,792,526

4,912,627

5,010,235

5,119,368

56,987

58,440

57,094

58,593

62,730

65,999

70,084

73,146

77,052

168,685

179,273

186,317

178,184

172,371

164,994

160,047

155,513

151,141

68,707
92,586

73,426
95,321

73,538
97,762

73,510
100,046

73,513
103,284

72,499
105,313

71,676
107,051

70,236
108,670

69,595
110,314

1,032,435
1,165,248
54,804

1,067,247
1,232,642
53,526

1,062,530
1,294,064
51,326

1,059,769
1,419,469
51,491

1,085,032
1,523,835
51,802

1,093,759
1,629,652
52,699

1,099,557
1,743,224
53,376

1,096,223
1,846,743
54,687

1,094,164
1,949,904
56,388

b
181,068
29,009

b
185,267
30,310

b
186,909
31,940

b
188,069
34,017

b
188,982
36,197

27,009
189,017
38,518

27,475
188,745
40,400

27,631
187,274
42,165

28,189
186,787
43,908

b

b

b

b

b

43,994

44,694

44,908

45,405

281,514

300,895

318,388

334,879

354,108

373,402

390,646

407,042

422,333

344,870
104,506

356,266
108,122

365,529
107,046

371,211
107,490

384,411
109,004

393,439
109,609

400,302
110,694

405,239
110,871

411,093
111,481

b
150,011
710,990

b
178,692
613,633

b
193,372
512,218

b
153,846
460,232

b
164,129
383,917

6,855
85,625
340,143

7,082
94,310
303,264

7,245
97,398
275,244

7,459
98,812
255,343

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Beginning in 2000, approximately 60,000 persons previously shown under "Other diagnoses" are shown under "Other mental
disorders."
b. Before 2002, diagnosis was reported under "Other."
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 53

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 23.
By diagnostic group and age, December 2005
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under 5

5–12

13–17

18–21

22–29

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–64

660,442 1,042,559 1,113,087

483,323

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary
system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system
and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

5,119,368

160,881

490,148

385,469

282,464

500,995

77,052

20,458

22,023

8,826

8,368

8,420

4,438

2,667

1,358

494

151,141

1,604

2,947

2,236

1,706

4,395

12,869

33,384

60,617

31,383

69,595
110,314

210
1,139

1,063
2,392

1,164
1,934

539
3,832

2,248
11,378

11,796
18,219

28,034
28,605

19,741
29,565

4,800
13,250

1,094,164
1,949,904
56,388

7,609
38,592
2,331

79,989
259,049
5,175

118,814
185,515
2,601

117,479
94,904
2,172

201,428
171,807
3,160

211,392
256,947
4,261

206,051
442,174
11,247

117,341
383,338
17,504

34,061
117,578
7,937

28,189
186,787
43,908

1,963
2,077
3,142

6,235
1,894
1,912

4,323
1,099
799

2,921
1,252
705

4,253
3,885
1,694

3,312
8,878
3,622

2,762
30,438
11,615

1,798
80,606
15,417

622
56,658
5,002

45,405

581

1,215

1,126

1,515

4,381

8,046

12,213

12,259

4,069

422,333

1,260

3,218

3,233

3,169

8,796

27,534

88,794

176,519

109,810

411,093
111,481

15,590
8,668

45,149
13,197

31,216
5,281

35,484
1,711

60,916
2,281

60,527
4,857

71,225
16,114

64,333
36,062

26,653
23,310

7,459
98,812
255,343

274
49,200
6,183

601
31,876
12,213

290
8,325
8,687

226
2,690
3,791

519
2,548
8,886

1,019
1,114
21,611

1,856
1,317
54,063

1,892
1,290
93,447

782
452
46,462

(Continued)

54 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 23.
By diagnostic group and age, December 2005—Continued
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under 5

5–12

13–17

18–21

22–29

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–64

Average monthly payment (dollars)
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary
system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system
and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

469.27

506.12

529.51

521.20

523.18

481.91

448.53

446.75

456.85

415.00

506.94

521.02

529.72

515.74

519.92

496.48

438.36

376.31

388.63

360.94

439.64

515.27

514.21

499.97

503.28

443.03

437.20

450.37

447.50

395.16

461.97
433.39

529.37
510.01

514.77
510.66

491.54
494.98

517.62
484.73

467.83
443.39

455.03
420.15

459.54
418.90

474.05
443.63

412.88
406.70

467.07
486.60
445.00

538.90
526.73
512.21

534.75
529.34
519.42

525.24
522.64
503.76

525.11
529.07
482.78

491.23
475.62
440.32

443.62
458.14
424.48

419.90
468.75
433.89

407.35
481.55
439.98

381.15
449.03
385.95

493.94
430.21
459.98

534.92
513.41
510.32

528.85
526.61
530.88

517.46
507.89
505.88

522.39
492.30
495.63

478.99
444.45
417.39

450.00
427.59
416.77

443.77
435.58
455.73

450.97
444.93
468.23

399.74
396.89
419.21

444.66

515.00

528.64

504.65

502.02

442.84

427.86

442.85

449.30

397.71

427.98

520.92

525.83

513.93

521.38

451.27

413.24

421.46

443.86

400.47

461.27
464.61

521.94
534.01

521.90
540.19

509.84
526.93

512.62
527.06

485.52
475.17

435.74
455.06

418.83
462.87

425.58
454.12

399.26
395.66

450.45
495.57
480.28

532.71
470.38
464.68

531.85
532.71
520.61

517.16
517.58
511.88

516.14
526.72
516.82

447.17
500.12
516.66

424.14
454.09
517.55

437.19
430.89
460.55

440.37
446.11
485.31

408.38
403.47
451.60

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 55

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 24.
By diagnostic group, age, and sex, December 2005
All ages

Under age 18

Percent
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary
system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system
and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

Aged 18–64

Percent

Number

Total

Male Female

5,119,368

100.0

77,052

Percent

Number

Total

Male Female

Number

Total

Male Female

48.0

52.0 1,036,498

100.0

65.4

34.6 4,082,870

100.0

43.6

56.4

100.0

52.1

47.9

51,307

100.0

53.6

46.4

25,745

100.0

49.1

50.9

151,141

100.0

25.0

75.0

6,787

100.0

51.8

48.2

144,354

100.0

23.8

76.2

69,595
110,314

100.0
100.0

57.1
61.0

42.9
39.0

2,437
5,465

100.0
100.0

50.3
58.8

49.7
41.2

67,158
104,849

100.0
100.0

57.4
61.1

42.6
38.9

1,094,164
1,949,904
56,388

100.0
100.0
100.0

51.8
50.2
42.7

48.2
49.8
57.3

206,412
483,156
10,107

100.0
100.0
100.0

61.7
73.5
55.4

38.3
887,752
26.5 1,466,748
44.6
46,281

100.0
100.0
100.0

49.4
42.5
39.9

50.6
57.5
60.1

28,189
186,787
43,908

100.0
100.0
100.0

48.4
46.6
47.8

51.6
53.4
52.2

12,521
5,070
5,853

100.0
100.0
100.0

56.9
54.5
54.2

43.1
45.5
45.8

15,668
181,717
38,055

100.0
100.0
100.0

41.6
46.3
46.8

58.4
53.7
53.2

45,405

100.0

48.9

51.1

2,922

100.0

59.8

40.2

42,483

100.0

48.1

51.9

422,333

100.0

34.4

65.6

7,711

100.0

48.5

51.5

414,622

100.0

34.2

65.8

411,093
111,481

100.0
100.0

47.7
40.8

52.3
59.2

91,955
27,146

100.0
100.0

56.0
64.2

44.0
35.8

319,138
84,335

100.0
100.0

45.3
33.2

54.7
66.8

7,459
98,812
255,343

100.0
100.0
100.0

36.1
55.1
45.4

63.9
44.9
54.6

1,165
89,401
27,083

100.0
100.0
100.0

51.9
55.5
60.7

48.1
44.5
39.3

6,294
9,411
228,260

100.0
100.0
100.0

33.1
51.5
43.6

66.9
48.5
56.4

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

56 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 25.
Recipients with a representative payee, by diagnostic group and age, December 2005
All ages
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system
and connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous
tissue
Other
Unknown

Under age 18

Total

Number
with payee

Percentage
with payee

5,119,368

2,416,121

77,052

Aged 18–64

Total

Number
with payee

Percentage
with payee

Total

Number
with payee

Percentage
with payee

47.2

1,036,498

1,035,651

99.9

4,082,870

1,380,470

33.8

66,604

86.4

51,307

51,279

99.9

25,745

15,325

59.5

151,141

12,230

8.1

6,787

6,780

99.9

144,354

5,450

3.8

69,595
110,314

8,592
21,962

12.3
19.9

2,437
5,465

2,434
5,457

99.9
99.9

67,158
104,849

6,158
16,505

9.2
15.7

1,094,164
1,949,904
56,388

795,165
1,011,131
13,251

72.7
51.9
23.5

206,412
483,156
10,107

206,230
482,726
10,086

99.9
99.9
99.8

887,752
1,466,748
46,281

588,935
528,405
3,165

66.3
36.0
6.8

28,189
186,787
43,908
45,405

15,192
20,203
8,749
5,009

53.9
10.8
19.9
11.0

12,521
5,070
5,853
2,922

12,507
5,063
5,846
2,916

99.9
99.9
99.9
99.8

15,668
181,717
38,055
42,483

2,685
15,140
2,903
2,093

17.1
8.3
7.6
4.9

422,333

20,853

4.9

7,711

7,694

99.8

414,622

13,159

3.2

411,093
111,481

179,163
31,160

43.6
28.0

91,955
27,146

91,892
27,138

99.9
100.0

319,138
84,335

87,271
4,022

27.3
4.8

7,459
98,812
255,343

1,505
93,905
111,447

20.2
95.0
43.6

1,165
89,401
27,083

1,165
89,376
27,062

100.0
100.0
99.9

6,294
9,411
228,260

340
4,529
84,385

5.4
48.1
37.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 57

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 26.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2005

State or area
All areas

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Total
Congenital metabolic parasitic
Number Percent anomalies diseases diseases

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

5,119,368

100.0

1.5

3.0

1.4

2.2

59.5

21.4

38.1

1.1

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

128,567
7,962
74,248
71,802
688,697

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.8
2.2
1.5
1.7

3.4
2.4
2.7
3.4
2.6

0.8
1.1
0.7
0.6
1.6

2.5
3.1
2.3
2.5
2.7

55.2
55.1
60.9
58.0
56.1

26.4
14.7
18.6
30.0
14.4

28.8
40.4
42.4
27.9
41.7

1.0
1.3
1.0
1.2
1.2

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

41,571
39,651
11,213
16,938
280,778

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.3
1.2
1.4
0.6
1.6

2.6
2.9
2.8
2.2
2.7

1.0
2.4
2.0
3.5
2.3

2.9
1.8
1.9
1.9
2.4

53.5
60.7
60.3
63.6
59.8

18.5
16.8
22.9
21.6
18.7

35.0
43.9
37.4
41.9
41.1

1.2
1.0
1.0
0.8
1.4

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

151,214
14,100
19,031
200,797
86,201

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.6
1.2
2.1
1.3
1.5

3.4
2.3
2.5
2.9
3.4

1.8
0.9
0.5
1.2
0.6

2.2
2.3
2.2
1.7
1.7

54.6
64.3
63.7
65.4
64.6

26.5
15.3
20.1
24.4
28.7

28.2
49.0
43.6
41.1
35.9

1.3
1.2
1.0
0.9
1.0

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

36,334
32,665
146,261
121,101
26,601

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.7
1.8
1.0
1.3
1.2

3.2
3.6
2.9
3.4
2.8

0.4
0.5
0.4
1.0
0.4

1.8
2.2
1.7
2.2
1.9

64.4
61.9
64.4
55.0
65.2

27.1
24.7
25.1
29.4
19.4

37.3
37.3
39.3
25.6
45.8

1.0
1.0
0.9
1.1
0.9

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

69,766
123,674
185,783
56,453
93,837

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
1.2
1.2
1.5
1.1

2.5
2.0
3.1
2.0
3.6

2.8
2.0
0.6
0.7
0.8

2.1
1.8
1.8
2.3
2.1

57.6
65.0
63.9
67.8
57.5

22.1
12.9
23.9
20.3
25.1

35.5
52.1
39.9
47.5
32.4

1.1
0.9
0.9
0.8
1.1

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

97,577
12,367
18,477
23,980
11,851

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.6
2.0
2.4
2.6
1.8

3.8
2.8
3.3
2.6
2.1

0.7
0.5
0.7
1.4
0.5

2.5
3.0
2.6
2.6
1.7

58.7
55.7
58.0
54.6
68.8

24.3
20.1
25.0
16.0
17.5

34.3
35.6
32.9
38.6
51.3

1.1
1.3
1.2
1.4
0.8

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

101,460
37,986
407,562
150,686
6,110

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
1.9
1.2
1.6
2.5

2.4
3.2
2.6
3.2
2.4

2.3
0.6
3.3
1.3
0.3

2.1
3.4
1.8
2.1
2.6

56.9
54.9
56.9
60.0
61.6

18.2
17.7
17.2
29.3
26.5

38.7
37.2
39.7
30.7
35.2

1.2
1.1
1.2
1.1
0.9

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

213,881
63,872
47,608
256,661
22,953

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
1.6
1.5
1.2
1.1

3.1
3.6
2.8
2.8
2.2

0.6
0.6
0.7
1.2
1.2

1.4
2.2
2.6
1.8
1.6

67.6
58.3
57.8
63.5
67.5

25.7
28.9
18.0
21.8
20.0

41.9
29.5
39.9
41.7
47.5

0.9
1.2
1.1
0.9
0.8

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

80,432
9,502
125,339
339,240
18,662

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
2.3
1.3
2.1
3.4

2.8
2.6
2.7
4.1
2.4

1.1
0.5
0.7
1.3
0.4

2.4
2.5
2.0
2.5
2.1

58.1
58.7
61.3
52.2
59.7

28.4
22.3
27.5
17.7
23.0

29.7
36.5
33.8
34.5
36.8

1.1
1.0
1.1
1.5
1.0
(Continued)

58 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 26.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2005—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area
All areas

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
Skin and
system
skeletal
and Respi- subcutaGenito- system and
Circuratory
neous
sense
latory Digestive urinary connective
tissue
organs system
tissue
system system
system

Other Unknown

0.6

3.6

0.9

0.9

8.2

8.0

2.2

0.1

1.9

5.0

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

0.9
0.2
0.3
0.6
0.3

4.3
3.1
2.7
4.2
3.8

0.9
1.3
0.9
1.0
1.1

0.9
0.5
1.0
0.7
1.1

9.2
12.1
8.5
9.7
10.4

8.0
9.8
9.0
8.4
9.0

3.2
1.5
1.8
2.3
1.6

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1

3.5
2.1
2.6
2.2
1.5

5.0
4.4
3.4
3.5
5.2

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

0.2
0.5
0.7
0.9
0.8

2.6
3.2
2.9
3.2
3.9

1.2
0.8
0.8
0.6
1.0

0.9
0.8
1.0
1.7
0.9

10.6
7.4
8.3
6.0
6.4

11.7
7.8
7.8
6.5
7.2

2.1
2.1
2.5
1.7
2.3

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2

2.2
1.5
2.1
1.7
1.8

4.7
5.7
4.4
5.0
5.3

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

1.1
0.2
0.1
0.6
0.4

4.6
3.9
2.3
3.1
2.9

0.9
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.8

1.2
1.3
0.5
0.9
0.7

7.5
7.5
7.6
5.3
5.9

8.2
7.6
9.5
7.4
8.3

2.6
1.7
1.3
2.2
2.2

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

2.6
1.3
1.6
2.0
1.5

6.1
3.5
4.2
4.4
4.4

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

0.3
0.4
0.2
1.0
0.1

2.4
2.6
3.4
5.5
2.6

0.7
0.8
0.7
0.8
0.7

0.6
0.7
0.5
1.1
0.4

7.7
7.5
8.7
8.9
10.4

8.9
9.3
6.4
8.2
6.5

1.9
2.1
2.8
2.4
1.7

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.2

1.9
1.8
1.7
2.5
0.9

3.2
3.5
4.1
5.5
4.2

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

0.9
0.3
0.5
0.3
1.1

4.0
2.5
3.4
2.1
4.9

0.8
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6

1.2
0.5
0.8
0.7
0.9

6.1
7.8
6.8
5.6
6.4

8.2
7.4
7.4
8.7
7.4

2.0
2.0
2.0
1.1
2.8

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2

2.2
1.1
1.8
2.7
3.7

6.9
4.8
5.1
2.9
5.9

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

0.6
0.1
0.4
0.6
0.1

3.3
2.5
3.0
3.7
2.1

0.9
1.3
1.1
1.2
0.6

0.8
0.8
0.8
1.0
0.3

9.0
11.6
8.8
9.3
6.4

7.9
10.7
10.3
9.6
8.4

2.3
2.2
1.9
2.3
1.5

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0

1.8
1.9
1.8
2.4
1.3

5.0
3.5
3.7
4.7
3.3

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

0.7
0.2
0.6
0.7
0.1

4.1
2.8
4.5
3.8
3.3

0.8
1.3
0.7
0.9
0.9

1.1
1.1
0.8
0.9
0.7

7.8
12.2
9.1
7.5
8.1

8.8
9.4
7.2
7.3
10.9

3.0
1.9
2.8
2.4
1.4

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1

3.2
1.7
1.2
2.1
1.7

4.1
4.1
6.0
5.1
2.5

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

0.5
0.4
0.2
0.4
0.3

2.6
3.8
2.7
3.2
2.6

0.6
0.9
1.1
0.8
0.7

0.7
0.7
0.6
0.7
0.5

5.2
9.3
10.2
8.1
7.1

6.6
9.3
9.9
6.5
6.2

1.9
2.6
1.8
2.2
1.9

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2

1.5
1.9
2.7
1.3
1.4

5.6
3.5
4.1
5.5
4.5

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

1.3
0.2
0.5
0.6
0.1

4.3
2.5
3.5
4.7
1.7

0.8
1.2
0.8
1.2
0.9

1.1
1.0
0.8
1.3
0.9

7.0
10.1
8.1
10.0
6.5

8.1
11.1
6.8
10.0
11.4

2.9
2.3
2.3
1.8
1.6

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

2.5
1.6
2.1
2.8
2.7

4.8
2.3
6.1
3.9
5.0

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 59

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 26.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2005—Continued

State or area

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Total
Congenital metabolic parasitic
Number Percent anomalies diseases diseases

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

10,625
101,933
89,114
64,481
76,257
4,923

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
1.5
1.7
0.9
2.2
2.0

2.9
2.8
2.7
3.8
2.8
2.2

0.6
1.0
0.8
0.4
0.6
0.5

1.9
1.9
2.1
2.2
1.9
2.8

65.0
60.1
61.7
61.1
63.6
58.3

18.1
26.5
16.4
30.4
22.9
22.0

46.9
33.7
45.3
30.6
40.7
36.3

0.8
1.2
1.0
0.9
0.9
1.1

584

100.0

4.1

1.7

0.9

2.6

38.7

13.4

25.3

1.2

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

(Continued)

60 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 26.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2005—Continued
Diseases of the—
Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
system
Skin and
CircuGenito- system and
and Respi- subcutalatory Digestive urinary connective
ratory
sense
neous
system system
system
tissue
organs system
tissue

State or area

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

0.1
0.7
0.3
0.1
0.5
0.1

2.0
3.7
2.4
3.6
2.4
2.8

0.8
0.8
1.1
0.8
0.8
1.0

0.3
1.1
0.6
0.4
0.7
0.4

9.4
8.0
8.8
8.9
6.3
9.8

7.5
7.6
8.3
6.4
9.1
11.4

1.8
2.2
1.7
2.8
1.5
2.7

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2

0.8
1.9
1.9
1.1
2.2
1.9

4.3
5.4
4.7
6.4
4.3
2.8

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

0.9

4.6

0.2

4.3

7.5

19.7

2.6

1.5

7.4

2.2

Other Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 61

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 27.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2005 (in dollars)

State or area
All areas

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies
diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total

Retardation

Other Neoplasms

469.27

506.94

439.64

461.97

433.39 479.58

467.07 486.60

445.00

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

430.91
435.74
450.33
425.49
607.97

488.86
467.84
495.40
487.08
624.88

392.18
436.47
425.76
391.42
569.02

385.16
439.64
409.70
377.34
557.56

387.33
423.59
410.40
385.65
565.36

448.79
436.79
457.49
447.28
625.46

457.77
424.15
462.45
448.80
626.74

440.58
441.38
455.32
445.65
625.02

400.84
429.18
438.99
402.10
552.60

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

420.51
440.15
432.91
476.91
443.02

477.37
480.17
471.76
461.45
478.73

407.79
441.58
396.66
438.47
404.42

373.13
459.72
403.28
464.16
419.85

382.81
395.60
387.67
449.42
391.44

427.95
439.47
442.42
485.64
457.48

427.99
425.71
436.54
449.96
454.28

427.93
444.75
446.02
504.05
458.93

415.43
424.33
439.59
449.91
416.71

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

432.60
480.27
420.82
463.47
434.36

485.28
464.06
480.63
490.11
480.82

400.74
445.24
397.07
454.88
411.76

412.05
416.81
392.10
452.85
389.10

393.31
450.06
388.54
432.15
392.86

446.16
489.89
426.73
470.69
444.02

450.61
493.02
418.76
467.54
445.04

441.97
488.91
430.40
472.56
443.21

418.30
439.25
423.30
445.28
416.26

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

412.16
424.02
442.08
446.97
408.64

455.38
473.46
484.60
491.13
456.70

406.50
405.09
415.77
429.33
404.67

381.44
353.74
367.93
421.33
389.18

384.24
379.84
389.69
411.28
374.73

419.61
430.96
457.66
463.96
414.01

406.22
423.38
460.39
459.22
404.70

429.35
435.98
455.92
469.40
417.95

387.30
414.40
402.91
427.24
404.44

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

452.54
473.88
459.89
432.49
434.65

472.71
501.56
492.38
474.75
484.80

440.02
468.87
444.64
423.80
402.13

446.68
495.44
414.16
431.43
385.64

411.18
435.68
433.24
413.05
391.83

460.84
474.76
468.48
433.34
448.32

458.37
448.01
469.74
417.41
443.49

462.38
481.37
467.72
440.15
452.05

449.33
471.06
435.49
428.21
410.32

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

428.87
420.41
407.17
440.46
407.29

481.28
477.26
472.41
482.27
452.94

399.49
393.73
410.43
399.79
375.58

377.27
333.87
379.38
402.59
368.79

393.28
406.53
357.37
391.04
378.71

439.07
424.94
413.47
451.72
408.84

436.24
419.45
413.73
450.98
392.03

441.08
428.05
413.28
452.03
414.59

418.56
402.15
403.56
415.05
426.51

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

455.76
437.72
505.85
417.82
386.07

475.56
489.92
521.51
471.46
444.72

447.07
421.54
485.93
384.31
424.17

452.66
407.07
518.04
381.08
406.58

410.16
405.61
462.95
378.30
386.98

462.79
450.21
516.05
429.96
382.14

453.87
445.39
493.21
425.90
354.45

467.00
452.51
525.92
433.82
402.99

427.43
428.83
470.17
406.76
416.21

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

453.64
434.63
434.61
463.58
473.60

475.94
490.54
474.71
483.22
543.93

444.38
403.16
406.47
442.37
462.45

409.11
395.39
373.93
454.58
462.54

396.92
399.92
416.58
427.21
424.77

461.97
448.23
439.14
473.73
480.00

460.01
453.79
438.82
458.56
480.14

463.17
442.79
439.28
481.67
479.94

427.53
417.14
437.24
434.23
428.22

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

426.11
407.69
431.37
433.18
422.69

476.52
433.81
482.53
493.55
478.57

397.82
426.99
398.56
399.51
407.27

404.12
332.17
399.75
421.80
427.46

388.49
403.58
383.70
395.72
393.52

437.74
408.36
444.91
449.09
422.40

439.23
386.93
451.97
431.59
420.84

436.32
421.44
439.18
458.09
423.37

400.40
361.69
416.31
413.32
413.56
(Continued)

62 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 27.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2005 (in dollars)—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area
All areas

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
system
Skin and
CircuGenito- system and
and Respi- subcutalatory Digestive urinary connective
sense
ratory
neous
system
system system
tissue
organs system
tissue

Other Unknown

493.94

430.21

459.98

444.66

427.98

461.27

464.61

450.45

495.57

480.28

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

477.66
400.88
469.89
478.75
630.20

373.83
407.43
421.90
369.56
563.10

426.18
436.13
442.82
408.97
578.95

389.42
440.71
422.62
396.00
554.52

355.23
421.42
409.53
351.07
556.44

423.57
444.97
447.18
409.72
597.34

446.15
404.25
447.85
395.84
600.97

421.01
385.43
425.46
410.11
578.88

502.08
419.32
503.49
501.29
602.13

421.99
479.49
454.66
398.25
657.83

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

457.99
486.37
431.87
494.91
479.52

397.44
422.48
390.02
445.91
395.23

434.69
439.43
415.05
485.37
424.21

390.78
447.00
414.27
450.55
412.87

386.34
425.94
391.31
453.59
384.01

421.70
430.88
443.60
465.25
431.70

413.23
467.94
436.49
476.73
437.22

402.94
434.98
448.75
447.88
402.61

367.61
482.06
475.25
456.33
458.31

464.48
462.36
417.37
483.40
451.95

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

468.44
500.88
406.38
495.98
484.45

384.60
441.69
385.11
429.99
388.09

421.29
467.41
452.86
432.98
419.00

407.38
452.83
435.73
451.12
418.03

370.11
463.68
379.11
427.16
378.17

436.15
469.20
404.73
444.99
417.18

430.10
458.55
390.44
467.88
420.98

413.30
509.71
430.44
442.76
412.48

475.30
451.62
477.52
490.39
493.62

430.24
514.02
447.19
458.22
444.73

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

439.00
508.68
466.54
486.70
403.24

388.80
390.14
383.33
400.00
391.20

425.19
416.89
414.60
422.21
381.82

377.40
406.42
407.63
409.44
419.16

388.11
375.94
382.95
398.88
371.85

393.40
430.48
433.00
434.57
409.87

412.01
387.44
430.20
455.29
409.78

424.35
444.55
435.11
434.27
375.87

447.53
471.03
504.35
503.94
473.21

379.75
439.75
420.92
416.36
423.85

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

470.71
490.86
498.06
477.84
488.49

418.88
449.84
424.45
408.17
380.24

444.97
475.07
440.26
448.81
413.67

435.07
465.45
446.84
433.18
398.53

416.71
442.19
412.00
410.43
363.87

442.48
473.30
452.13
431.10
423.68

454.82
490.89
453.68
441.93
450.62

421.23
467.34
445.97
413.93
415.45

432.24
502.28
506.85
479.88
501.40

470.16
514.47
457.11
422.19
421.08

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

475.55
394.88
466.03
455.35
416.43

387.87
395.12
375.77
399.69
385.77

417.40
433.09
394.54
433.32
387.59

411.89
373.80
385.66
413.35
406.75

378.02
402.51
361.64
390.25
378.15

427.93
422.49
416.84
453.11
411.41

412.32
424.03
398.96
431.50
400.60

425.68
413.94
444.52
409.18
187.60

483.30
475.01
456.91
447.37
458.90

447.20
417.10
390.81
467.48
436.50

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

488.58
455.88
516.92
461.36
339.00

424.58
389.21
480.91
373.18
390.00

437.13
439.54
487.98
420.13
373.12

441.30
417.72
479.90
392.86
397.73

425.90
391.75
469.92
360.49
403.02

442.43
434.28
483.96
412.23
372.77

481.15
442.44
520.51
416.77
419.98

472.60
411.55
505.41
397.20
405.00

486.72
495.37
512.12
462.06
384.38

463.70
449.67
523.12
412.50
359.91

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

481.62
484.20
467.10
488.06
492.05

408.64
386.10
415.10
430.00
441.02

449.70
445.31
432.39
442.19
484.35

422.92
413.40
407.04
447.09
412.44

416.18
386.03
403.41
426.43
428.29

432.89
435.86
431.12
434.90
456.78

440.61
417.38
412.06
466.66
487.05

451.90
418.75
433.17
452.74
408.36

492.25
488.26
490.19
488.52
537.81

452.32
405.15
470.85
474.74
488.79

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

464.85
385.00
484.21
472.97
436.70

381.66
381.08
372.46
391.91
381.33

426.82
452.28
427.28
429.93
440.86

413.31
435.15
410.93
405.34
424.62

370.49
390.77
372.73
383.24
392.92

424.84
406.07
424.31
430.70
430.74

437.55
442.83
412.71
431.26
419.69

411.84
326.77
384.54
423.48
460.88

473.23
454.58
482.15
477.92
443.18

400.51
401.58
428.21
413.27
426.66

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 63

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 27.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2005 (in dollars)—Continued

State or area

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies
diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Injuries

Total

Retardation

443.09
436.66
455.17
457.83
433.95
409.24

415.53
430.41
447.33
456.21
431.22
393.03

Mental disorders

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

432.59
424.82
451.49
443.19
428.67
408.44

466.24
470.19
487.90
474.78
479.60
468.32

447.24
395.07
426.64
414.55
419.85
398.34

336.02
398.00
411.75
375.32
408.47
344.20

373.27
382.14
419.22
415.60
401.70
392.46

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

494.92

535.96

442.40

504.40

473.00 502.25

Other Neoplasms
453.73
441.58
458.01
459.43
435.48
419.08

469.53
410.44
437.70
394.98
425.52
429.85

511.35 497.46

494.71
(Continued)

64 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 27.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2005 (in dollars)—Continued
Diseases of the—
Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
system
Skin and
CircuGenito- system and
and Respi- subcutalatory Digestive urinary connective
ratory
sense
neous
system system
system
tissue
organs system
tissue

State or area

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

446.00
457.69
458.58
464.43
477.77
554.20

392.90
392.51
422.24
396.37
395.94
378.79

466.04
412.39
456.53
421.91
430.46
429.87

407.17
401.31
436.68
421.09
399.27
315.45

379.89
377.58
431.18
397.44
380.02
376.93

425.25
417.88
447.89
431.73
423.00
421.57

404.83
421.49
450.21
427.78
432.44
408.13

491.42
410.47
453.67
419.46
439.84
344.63

521.78
448.57
470.16
480.25
475.14
464.23

420.25
416.12
482.22
441.29
419.73
432.46

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

477.60

413.56

579.00

519.67

483.64

492.67

510.67

371.44

539.65

456.23

Other Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 65

Recipients Who Work

Recipients Who Work
Table 28.
By selected months, 1976–2005
Blind and disabled recipients who work

All blind
and disabled
recipients a

Total

Receiving
SSI b

Section 1619(b)
participants

Total as a
percentage
of all blind
and disabled
recipients

2,088,242
2,186,771
2,249,025
2,277,859

70,719
83,697
87,697
92,270

70,719
83,697
87,697
92,270

...
...
...
...

3.4
3.8
3.9
4.1

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

2,334,241
2,340,785
2,314,364
2,391,262
2,499,046

99,276
102,632
107,803
113,899
--

99,276
102,632
102,288
108,734
--

...
...
5,515
5,165
--

4.3
4.4
4.7
4.8
--

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

2,633,552
2,795,756
2,945,244
3,046,074
3,172,270

--172,855
189,144
205,837

--157,223
173,519
187,583

--15,632
15,625
18,254

--5.9
6.2
6.5

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

3,386,603
3,681,050
4,126,816
4,544,777
4,870,564

219,932
229,619
248,917
265,649
282,476

196,415
202,355
217,268
230,350
241,793

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

6.5
6.2
6.0
5.8
5.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

5,115,014
5,252,991
5,189,724
5,293,829
5,317,861

298,635
308,300
319,855
326,475
340,618

251,633
256,395
262,766
266,933
271,353

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

5.8
5.9
6.2
6.2
6.4

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

5,395,935
5,500,481
5,618,506
5,740,683
5,850,359
5,977,788

360,427
346,110
340,910
323,682
328,204
336,570

276,855
269,655
258,733
252,585
254,523
258,365

83,572
76,455
82,177
71,097
73,681
78,205

6.7
6.3
6.1
5.6
5.6
5.6

2003
March
June
September
December

5,657,353
5,705,871
5,749,384
5,740,683

334,378
329,740
329,195
323,682

259,820
257,724
255,619
252,585

74,558
72,016
73,576
71,097

5.9
5.8
5.7
5.6

2004
March
June
September
December

5,796,837
5,834,265
5,869,004
5,850,359

321,030
323,624
328,831
328,204

251,498
250,726
253,174
254,523

69,532
72,898
75,657
73,681

5.5
5.5
5.6
5.6

Month
December
1976
1977
1978
1979

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 69

Recipients Who Work
Table 28.
By selected months, 1976–2005—Continued
Blind and disabled recipients who work

Month
2005
March
June
September
December

All blind
and disabled
recipients a

Total

Receiving
SSI b

Section 1619(b)
participants

Total as a
percentage
of all blind
and disabled
recipients

5,919,765
5,946,966
5,966,290
5,977,788

325,357
333,089
337,325
336,570

251,110
253,721
257,191
258,365

74,247
79,368
80,134
78,205

5.5
5.6
5.7
5.6

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
b. Includes section 1619(a) participants.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

70 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients Who Work
Table 29.
Recipients participating in section 1619(a) or section 1619(b), selected months, 1982–2005
Section 1619(a)

Section 1619(b)

a

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

287
392
--

...
36.6
--

5,515
5,165
--

...
-6.3
--

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

--14,559
19,920
25,655

--...
36.8
28.8

--15,632
15,625
18,254

--...
0
16.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

13,994
15,531
17,603
20,028
24,315

-45.5
11.0
13.3
13.8
21.4

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

28.8
15.9
16.1
11.5
15.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

28,060
31,085
34,673
37,271
25,528

15.4
10.8
11.5
7.5
-31.5

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

15.5
10.4
10.0
4.3
16.3

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

27,542
22,100
17,271
17,132
17,114
17,621

7.9
-19.8
-21.9
-0.8
-0.1
3.0

83,572
76,455
82,177
71,097
73,681
78,205

20.7
-8.5
7.5
-13.5
3.6
6.1

2003
March
June
September
December

16,771
16,539
16,562
17,132

-2.9
-1.4
0.1
3.4

74,558
72,016
73,576
71,097

-9.3
-3.4
2.2
-3.4

2004
March
June
September
December

16,879
16,587
16,892
17,114

-1.5
-1.7
1.8
1.3

69,532
72,898
75,657
73,681

-2.2
4.8
3.8
-2.6

2005
March
June
September
December

17,082
17,655
17,874
17,621

-0.2
3.4
1.2
-1.4

74,247
79,368
80,134
78,205

0.8
6.9
1.0
-2.4

Month
December
1982
1983
1984

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTES: When the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level is periodically raised, SSI recipients with earnings below the increased SGA
level become eligible for regular SSI benefits rather than the special cash payments under section 1619(a). This can lead to decreases in
the number of 1619(a) participants.
. . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes blind participants. Of the 78,205 participants in December 2005, 1,228 were blind.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 71

Recipients Who Work
Table 30.
By state or other area, December 2005

Total

Section 1619(a)
participants

336,570

17,621

78,205

240,744

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

4,059
597
3,919
3,700
44,807

290
25
260
147
3,970

1,002
186
1,126
785
8,254

2,767
386
2,533
2,768
32,583

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

4,016
3,825
890
720
12,752

171
135
43
68
865

848
1,051
251
251
3,836

2,997
2,639
596
401
8,051

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

7,145
893
1,892
13,534
5,755

332
62
95
753
229

1,640
272
520
3,044
1,462

5,173
559
1,277
9,737
4,064

6,690
4,101
4,749
5,271
2,160

177
128
275
329
98

1,496
949
1,150
1,370
636

5,017
3,024
3,324
3,572
1,426

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

6,032
9,505
13,526
9,976
3,088

305
601
535
261
208

1,429
2,957
3,042
2,215
805

4,298
5,947
9,949
7,500
2,075

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

7,299
1,805
3,046
1,689
1,283

260
48
95
95
45

1,774
405
590
428
367

5,265
1,352
2,361
1,166
871

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

7,683
2,259
30,609
8,202
1,346

315
114
1,585
323
29

1,868
626
6,731
1,792
330

5,500
1,519
22,293
6,087
987

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

16,792
3,971
4,064
15,472
1,683

602
150
129
745
77

3,120
798
1,005
3,844
402

13,070
3,023
2,930
10,883
1,204

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

4,883
2,061
5,210
14,113
2,263

171
52
237
705
81

879
457
1,182
3,559
519

3,833
1,552
3,791
9,849
1,663

State or area
All areas

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

Section 1619(b) Other blind and disabled
participants
recipients who work

(Continued)

72 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients Who Work
Table 30.
By state or other area, December 2005—Continued

State or area

Total

Section 1619(a)
participants

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,157
6,852
6,042
2,166
10,171
836

64
362
481
141
319
31

379
1,700
1,902
549
2,199
220

714
4,790
3,659
1,476
7,653
585

11

3

3

5

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

Section 1619(b) Other blind and disabled
participants
recipients who work

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 73

Recipients Who Work
Table 31.
Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area, December 2005
Plans for achieving
self-support (PASS) a

Impairment-related
work expenses (IRWE)

Blind work
expenses (BWE)

1,582

6,310

2,552

25
7
15
27
414

159
4
72
58
475

26
b
29
20
397

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

17
9
0
0
35

27
130
29
b
352

30
23
9
4
99

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

27
9
28
31
16

206
10
10
210
105

50
10
b
55
44

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

33
20
63
b
38

51
329
89
110
30

58
28
38
34
12

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

26
80
41
35
8

181
168
113
106
30

38
212
87
49
32

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

20
24
20
6
10

134
8
22
24
22

38
9
10
14
8

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

3
4
80
69
3

198
61
479
329
8

47
13
202
111
3

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

35
7
27
19
8

110
79
36
289
11

89
20
30
103
9

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

16
12
19
24
3

66
13
121
306
46

30
5
36
177
13

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

(Continued)

74 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Recipients Who Work
Table 31.
Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area, December 2005—Continued

State or area

Plans for achieving
self-support (PASS) a

Impairment-related
work expenses (IRWE)

Blind work
expenses (BWE)

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

27
14
41
8
75
b

7
482
104
31
265
4

4
62
42
16
72
b

b

b

b

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes 400 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
b. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 75

Applications

Applications
Table 32.
All applications, by age of applicant, 1973–2005
a

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

57,066,760

8,079,720

39,150,830

9,836,210

3,406,600

3,650

1,424,010

1,978,940

284,930
2,060,590

5,030
124,300

82,820
1,096,130

197,080
840,160

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

1,467,960
1,212,810
1,272,360
1,268,170
1,325,270

100,030
84,360
95,610
99,460
108,000

976,840
866,720
904,150
905,340
950,980

391,090
261,730
272,600
263,370
266,290

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

1,410,080
1,149,290
1,016,080
1,132,220
1,264,480

113,200
95,010
94,680
101,560
104,860

1,016,750
863,670
775,240
832,540
866,420

280,130
190,610
146,160
198,120
293,200

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

1,401,400
1,465,970
1,433,340
1,360,870
1,392,660

120,640
125,270
124,910
125,280
132,080

1,047,930
1,099,220
1,068,890
1,008,200
1,016,430

232,830
241,480
239,540
227,390
244,150

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,550,990
1,808,690
2,086,820
2,308,770
2,256,640

163,610
247,460
380,350
503,800
541,150

1,136,160
1,315,160
1,460,520
1,567,730
1,512,310

251,220
246,070
245,950
237,240
203,180

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,062,590
1,915,520
1,594,630
1,626,210
1,658,400

502,940
462,710
332,940
337,300
350,070

1,380,090
1,285,630
1,130,410
1,141,180
1,148,740

179,560
167,180
131,280
147,730
159,590

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,742,630
1,859,990
2,084,730
2,230,540
2,414,720
2,539,810

358,800
376,170
413,330
436,230
455,080
459,850

1,224,540
1,323,020
1,492,740
1,616,440
1,769,740
1,844,140

159,290
160,800
178,660
177,870
189,900
235,820

All ages

Year
Total
State conversions

b

Federal applications
1973
1974

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999. Totals do not include
reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision. These reapplications were received from 1991 to 1995.
b. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 79

Applications
Table 33.
Applications for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1997–2005
Characteristic

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Total a

332,940

337,300

350,070

358,800

376,170

413,330

436,230

455,080

459,850

Age
Under 5
5–12
13–17

122,280
154,110
56,550

121,410
159,630
56,260

124,030
166,880
59,160

124,520
172,420
61,860

131,730
178,790
65,650

141,190
195,760
76,380

145,730
208,490
82,010

148,800
214,580
91,700

154,600
212,380
92,870

Sex
Male
Female

207,840
125,100

209,590
127,710

219,700
130,370

224,270
134,530

233,730
142,440

257,880
155,450

273,230
163,000

287,220
167,860

289,520
170,330

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

331,530
1,410

335,140
2,160

347,760
2,310

356,730
2,070

374,060
2,110

411,120
2,210

434,370
1,860

452,920
2,160

457,790
2,060

11,450
35,500
33,140
85,550
62,870
46,030
15,000
6,660
29,950
6,540
250

11,800
35,110
33,830
86,950
63,310
44,500
14,890
5,980
33,050
7,650
230

11,630
33,640
35,560
91,330
64,880
48,470
16,040
5,950
34,120
8,300
150

12,510
33,270
34,860
98,260
67,130
48,950
14,280
6,110
34,270
9,040
120

11,810
33,980
37,720
105,210
69,550
50,900
15,570
6,190
35,720
9,380
140

13,010
35,430
41,100
115,970
76,090
58,660
16,930
6,660
39,140
10,260
80

13,200
36,070
43,130
119,010
83,350
66,000
16,180
7,220
41,740
10,240
90

14,380
38,620
44,770
119,890
84,100
74,770
17,000
7,420
43,570
10,480
80

15,560
38,220
47,400
119,560
83,570
74,660
17,550
7,390
44,750
11,070
120

SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

80 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Applications
Table 34.
Applications for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1997–2005
Characteristic
Total a

1997

1998

1999

1,130,410 1,141,180 1,148,740

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

1,224,540 1,323,020 1,492,740 1,616,440 1,769,740

1,844,140

Age
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64

80,090
137,950
279,870
312,200
252,320
67,980

80,920
135,000
272,260
318,350
259,970
74,680

84,520
130,390
265,820
327,880
264,660
75,470

88,570
136,900
271,980
356,800
290,360
79,930

100,860
147,580
282,170
387,270
320,390
84,750

110,930
169,870
308,820
439,250
367,860
96,010

116,220
182,500
317,400
474,740
416,860
108,720

124,200
198,950
330,910
519,500
468,870
127,310

122,070
203,660
320,360
532,220
516,120
149,710

Sex
Men
Women

550,960
579,450

550,360
590,820

551,620
597,120

591,580
632,960

643,540
679,480

733,980
758,760

797,690
818,750

870,330
899,410

908,850
935,290

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

1,088,560 1,071,380 1,077,840
41,850
69,800
70,900
51,440
113,410
109,790
283,700
169,170
140,000
55,450
25,110
146,370
35,050
920

49,710
113,010
109,940
283,130
169,140
141,490
52,280
24,890
159,830
36,800
960

48,660
109,720
111,800
284,450
168,610
146,920
54,230
25,000
158,750
39,850
750

1,155,200 1,252,960 1,419,220 1,542,720 1,695,150 1,768,250
69,340
70,060
73,520
73,720
74,590
75,890
48,640
108,600
115,410
315,360
188,600
158,610
59,350
27,020
157,690
44,420
840

52,510
118,010
125,330
341,060
208,580
172,400
64,640
28,670
163,670
47,170
980

56,290
122,190
141,400
378,350
243,720
203,390
73,510
32,580
188,260
51,860
1,190

64,840
122,470
155,980
398,060
272,570
225,520
77,320
35,960
206,850
55,500
1,370

70,680
127,750
171,640
424,460
299,480
256,580
83,980
42,790
226,750
63,920
1,710

85,150
128,980
179,630
441,240
311,780
258,850
84,470
45,610
238,260
68,850
1,320

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 81

Applications
Table 35.
Applications for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1997–2005
Characteristic

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Total a

131,280

147,730

159,590

159,290

160,800

178,660

177,870

189,900

235,820

Age
65–69
70–74
75 or older

74,540
23,900
32,840

81,600
28,860
37,270

87,720
31,820
40,050

87,310
32,040
39,940

88,290
33,070
39,440

95,280
39,080
44,300

95,970
37,890
44,010

100,660
41,940
47,300

121,990
51,010
62,820

Sex
Men
Women

47,300
83,980

54,420
93,310

59,870
99,720

60,070
99,220

60,800
100,000

69,090
109,570

69,380
108,490

74,900
115,000

91,590
144,230

104,950
26,330

98,940
48,790

106,730
52,860

109,440
49,850

109,010
51,790

116,770
61,890

118,630
59,240

127,040
62,860

162,030
73,790

5,480
17,740
9,310
29,800
10,030
17,110
3,140
2,060
33,810
2,760
40

6,250
21,320
10,510
30,340
11,190
18,220
2,990
2,080
41,450
3,330
50

6,280
22,300
11,890
32,130
12,260
19,830
2,880
2,370
45,550
4,090
10

6,090
22,720
11,620
31,580
12,690
19,520
3,380
2,550
45,090
4,040
10

5,940
24,200
11,010
31,100
12,380
21,250
2,990
2,360
45,760
3,800
10

6,090
25,800
11,280
35,680
12,120
23,400
2,940
2,620
54,880
3,840
10

6,910
25,300
11,290
32,660
13,050
22,770
2,950
2,780
55,710
4,450
0

7,330
26,100
11,060
34,330
14,000
24,290
3,010
3,050
62,050
4,680
0

12,650
46,930
12,040
41,170
17,610
25,220
3,250
3,400
68,100
5,450
0

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

82 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Applications
Table 36.
All applications, by state or other area and age of applicant, 2005
State or area

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

2,539,810

459,850

1,844,140

235,820

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

53,770
5,470
37,890
40,360
289,720

12,980
460
6,330
9,190
35,290

38,720
4,350
29,410
29,940
191,580

2,070
660
2,150
1,230
62,850

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

24,670
24,540
6,110
7,230
160,020

3,060
3,140
1,340
1,620
32,630

19,620
18,640
4,470
5,270
105,420

1,990
2,760
300
340
21,970

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

83,060
6,500
10,630
92,230
50,310

16,450
700
1,800
21,010
10,200

62,030
4,780
8,470
65,460
38,890

4,580
1,020
360
5,760
1,220

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

20,070
20,160
58,920
56,420
12,860

3,320
3,360
10,630
13,880
1,540

15,920
16,350
46,110
40,140
10,630

830
450
2,180
2,400
690

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

41,220
55,470
88,870
28,260
46,250

6,010
7,810
18,050
4,950
11,030

33,010
39,730
67,590
21,780
33,660

2,200
7,930
3,230
1,530
1,560

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

53,020
6,960
12,020
16,750
6,840

9,120
950
1,750
2,340
860

42,550
5,840
9,650
12,390
5,780

1,350
170
620
2,020
200

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

48,740
19,150
165,390
88,430
3,980

9,600
2,930
28,620
15,900
420

32,400
14,890
96,580
68,430
3,370

6,740
1,330
40,190
4,100
190

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

112,910
34,960
25,930
113,260
9,410

21,000
6,590
2,770
25,550
1,540

87,160
27,330
21,400
82,140
6,930

4,750
1,040
1,760
5,570
940

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

47,100
5,770
64,420
207,840
12,050

9,520
930
10,420
42,070
1,760

35,670
4,420
51,200
146,550
9,810

1,910
420
2,800
19,220
480

All areas

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 83

Applications
Table 36.
All applications, by state or other area and age of applicant, 2005—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

4,240
47,190
43,340
24,060
40,380
2,970

670
9,430
6,040
3,450
8,360
270

3,440
34,760
34,630
19,980
30,900
2,550

130
3,000
2,670
630
1,120
150

250

90

100

60

1,440

120

1,320

0

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

84 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Applications
Table 37.
All applicants, by year of first application and age, 1973–2005
a

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

38,977,810

6,368,130

25,198,320

7,411,360

3,406,600

3,650

1,424,010

1,978,940

282,270
1,997,130

4,970
122,170

81,850
1,061,670

195,450
813,290

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

1,300,670
973,420
941,300
896,610
914,350

93,480
75,950
82,180
84,360
90,170

859,400
684,750
658,930
629,240
639,040

347,790
212,720
200,190
183,010
185,140

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

936,350
722,170
604,290
643,870
735,850

91,700
75,390
72,760
78,830
81,580

654,580
528,580
449,350
465,190
485,400

190,070
118,200
82,180
99,850
168,870

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

859,290
930,260
891,320
835,650
855,140

92,560
98,590
96,940
95,380
100,470

627,390
687,520
652,920
603,060
606,990

139,340
144,150
141,460
137,210
147,680

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

981,590
1,199,860
1,455,720
1,620,200
1,568,700

127,430
207,940
339,210
439,860
460,050

696,700
835,810
954,900
1,027,300
979,480

157,460
156,110
161,610
153,040
129,170

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,385,000
1,242,710
980,380
982,570
993,590

407,220
359,030
254,320
249,810
256,080

863,230
778,990
645,750
642,260
638,450

114,550
104,690
80,310
90,500
99,060

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,034,360
1,125,740
1,275,550
1,371,600
1,484,090
1,549,610

258,000
273,350
301,690
320,790
335,720
336,500

677,230
751,380
861,610
942,340
1,033,580
1,069,440

99,130
101,010
112,250
108,470
114,790
143,670

Year

All ages
Total

State conversions

b

Federal applications
1973
1974

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
NOTE: Data include only the first application for each person.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999. Totals do not include
reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision. These reapplications were received from 1991 to 1995.
b. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 85

Awards

Awards
Table 38.
All awards, by age of awardee, 1974–2005
Year

All ages

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

26,384,510

3,360,310

15,387,790

7,636,410

3,158,410

2,620

1,305,060

1,850,730

1,329,870
927,800
674,580
643,480
566,190
517,010

66,880
62,880
45,030
50,970
47,050
45,810

491,170
508,950
403,350
375,950
323,170
292,380

771,820
355,970
226,200
216,560
195,970
178,820

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

526,790
411,510
342,680
458,610
586,670

46,260
39,050
35,670
42,110
45,740

293,740
248,340
202,590
262,660
322,390

186,790
124,120
104,420
153,840
218,540

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

527,800
603,580
589,440
578,370
629,460

46,590
51,020
48,480
47,560
51,520

324,070
391,600
373,320
361,070
388,120

157,140
160,960
167,640
169,740
189,820

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

718,310
822,890
1,049,260
1,054,170
944,830

76,070
126,190
221,080
236,220
203,190

446,940
504,860
636,300
630,030
580,640

195,300
191,840
191,880
187,920
161,000

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

893,460
797,970
673,340
739,410
757,270

177,550
144,270
116,280
135,600
139,400

571,080
526,690
461,260
489,240
493,960

144,830
127,010
95,800
114,570
123,910

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

747,010
770,340
818,050
824,000
856,190
845,760

144,540
156,900
169,130
179,590
182,190
176,870

483,020
502,590
533,470
537,420
566,080
556,280

119,450
110,850
115,450
106,990
107,920
112,610

Total
State conversions

a

Federal applications
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
a. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 89

Awards
Table 39.
Awards for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1997–2005
Characteristic

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

116,280

135,600

139,400

144,540

156,900

169,130

179,590

182,190

176,870

Age
Under 5
5–12
13–17

54,490
44,290
17,500

58,770
55,960
20,870

60,070
57,500
21,830

62,500
60,170
21,870

64,860
66,980
25,060

68,020
71,910
29,200

71,010
77,510
31,070

71,150
77,800
33,240

72,090
73,340
31,440

Sex
Male
Female

71,780
44,500

85,140
50,460

87,830
51,570

90,960
53,580

98,910
57,990

108,540
60,590

116,190
63,400

119,120
63,070

114,290
62,580

115,480
800

134,530
1,070

138,240
1,160

143,650
890

155,940
960

168,350
780

178,950
640

181,510
680

176,290
580

5,970

6,580

6,230

7,050

7,010

7,400

8,220

7,420

7,990

830

980

940

1,070

910

900

1,070

970

1,090

380
1,100

280
1,000

360
1,080

250
980

280
1,090

340
1,010

170
990

210
1,070

170
1,060

29,680
32,800
2,500

31,280
44,480
2,720

29,110
52,790
2,650

26,940
57,640
2,610

26,470
68,940
3,000

27,150
80,280
2,850

26,110
91,160
2,830

23,830
96,720
3,010

21,650
94,460
3,050

1,220
830
680
480

1,590
800
810
510

1,340
840
720
520

1,290
950
960
530

1,470
770
1,340
550

1,260
960
1,090
510

1,320
1,010
1,420
580

1,420
1,050
1,260
590

1,380
1,010
1,310
520

1,250

1,390

1,200

1,430

1,650

1,470

1,180

1,230

1,220

Total

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen
Diagnostic group
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic disorders
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Mental retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system
and connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous
tissue
Other
Unknown

10,370
4,170

11,210
4,050

10,820
4,140

10,940
4,520

10,800
4,550

11,740
4,470

11,000
4,300

10,950
4,170

10,220
3,450

130
16,590
7,300

110
18,860
8,950

100
20,640
5,920

170
22,250
4,960

140
23,120
4,810

160
23,330
4,210

170
24,470
3,590

250
24,360
3,680

260
24,170
3,860

SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle

4,840
10,870
11,730
29,190
21,890
12,570
4,140
2,760
14,750
3,540

5,070
11,030
14,640
36,470
24,570
16,280
4,850
2,740
16,350
3,600

5,570
13,130
14,370
37,640
22,580
16,680
6,240
2,650
16,670
3,870

6,130
12,830
14,920
38,930
24,330
16,930
5,640
2,650
17,840
4,340

6,040
13,040
18,450
42,210
25,580
19,340
5,790
3,070
18,260
5,120

5,880
13,990
18,310
42,570
28,300
25,100
6,790
3,110
20,040
5,040

6,040
15,260
19,600
44,970
30,190
28,080
6,130
3,310
20,720
5,290

6,590
15,810
20,940
41,300
30,010
30,880
6,870
3,040
21,200
5,550

6,340
14,820
20,070
40,450
28,600
31,310
6,490
3,170
20,180
5,440

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

90 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Awards
Table 40.
Awards for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1997–2005
1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

461,260

489,240

493,960

483,020

502,590

533,470

537,420

566,080

556,280

Age
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64

30,080
42,440
96,000
118,050
134,340
40,350

33,470
44,030
97,280
125,560
142,900
46,000

34,680
42,520
95,550
131,170
143,850
46,190

36,640
39,890
90,260
128,240
142,660
45,330

41,210
44,200
90,780
133,130
149,120
44,150

43,410
47,540
91,950
144,500
158,610
47,460

44,360
49,490
91,240
144,340
162,420
45,570

46,510
53,090
90,200
152,450
176,080
47,750

45,200
50,620
82,810
147,860
180,830
48,960

Sex
Men
Women

221,440
239,820

232,670
256,570

234,380
259,580

234,920
248,100

244,570
258,020

262,830
270,640

264,010
273,410

281,810
284,270

278,340
277,940

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

441,840
19,420

450,100
39,140

457,690
36,270

447,620
35,400

469,470
33,120

499,440
34,030

506,610
30,810

534,930
31,150

526,030
30,250

880

640

900

1,160

1,700

1,790

2,060

2,040

1,810

26,460

27,040

28,070

14,000

15,030

15,320

15,700

17,030

17,350

16,630
13,470

14,790
14,780

14,000
15,390

13,440
16,030

12,560
16,680

11,950
18,930

11,360
17,120

10,810
19,470

9,820
19,190

34,840
115,400
25,230

34,320
127,700
25,370

34,820
138,020
25,820

35,030
146,930
26,500

35,530
157,590
26,950

35,290
168,970
27,660

34,250
171,650
28,520

34,620
181,200
30,250

32,460
178,880
30,740

1,140
39,980
7,030
9,050

1,240
40,200
7,610
8,970

1,430
40,090
9,020
8,970

1,310
42,110
9,180
9,650

1,670
45,110
10,140
9,490

1,590
47,240
11,080
9,820

1,570
46,440
11,720
10,480

1,670
48,400
12,850
10,280

1,420
47,850
11,750
10,780

53,640

58,530

63,370

69,980

75,190

84,140

86,570

96,200

97,000

25,780
15,530

29,100
16,540

29,990
16,580

30,000
17,080

32,510
17,450

34,530
18,520

35,120
18,710

36,840
20,100

36,590
19,910

970
460
74,770

820
430
81,160

860
590
66,040

840
530
49,250

1,090
740
43,160

1,000
1,010
44,630

940
990
44,220

1,000
1,110
42,210

1,190
1,110
38,430

24,790
44,250
47,690
120,370
68,530
54,430
17,590
9,180
58,700
15,730
0

24,430
49,590
50,520
122,820
72,100
54,800
19,310
9,370
70,370
15,930
0

24,330
52,730
50,730
119,640
68,290
57,210
20,080
8,820
74,470
17,660
0

24,040
49,010
50,400
117,890
64,910
55,200
21,340
8,900
72,520
18,810
0

24,190
48,710
52,420
121,830
70,040
63,770
20,510
9,310
72,940
18,870
0

24,750
47,260
52,760
123,340
77,110
76,950
22,110
10,230
79,080
19,880
0

26,110
43,750
54,380
127,330
78,750
75,430
21,270
9,940
80,840
19,610
10

28,000
49,990
58,260
127,400
81,600
81,550
24,450
10,210
83,820
20,800
0

26,660
48,170
59,130
124,360
82,270
81,450
22,460
11,870
79,770
20,140
0

Characteristic
Total

Diagnostic group
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic disorders
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Mental retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system
and connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous
tissue
Other
Unknown
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 91

Awards
Table 41.
Awards for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1997–2005
Characteristic

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

95,800

114,570

123,910

119,450

110,850

115,450

106,990

107,920

112,610

Age
65
66–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

34,820
22,110
15,120
9,850
13,900

34,590
29,270
20,870
13,830
16,010

35,610
32,310
24,650
15,420
15,920

34,470
31,360
23,120
14,250
16,250

32,840
29,530
21,570
12,680
14,230

32,460
31,370
23,280
13,740
14,600

31,260
28,760
21,160
12,580
13,230

29,980
29,130
22,560
12,580
13,670

31,860
30,570
22,680
13,810
13,690

Sex
Men
Women

32,980
62,820

40,860
73,710

44,500
79,410

43,120
76,330

40,000
70,850

42,530
72,920

40,020
66,970

40,630
67,290

42,480
70,130

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

80,340
15,460

79,860
34,710

84,460
39,450

84,080
35,370

78,670
32,180

81,030
34,420

78,840
28,150

80,780
27,140

83,710
28,900

SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle

4,020
13,120
7,750
20,920
7,890
12,840
2,150
1,680
23,340
2,090

5,090
17,130
8,300
22,040
9,160
13,470
2,100
1,530
32,900
2,850

5,010
18,100
9,330
22,280
9,780
15,600
2,110
1,740
36,650
3,310

4,980
17,200
9,130
22,640
9,500
13,720
2,450
1,820
34,990
3,020

4,220
16,380
8,570
20,300
8,580
13,780
2,130
1,510
32,390
2,990

3,970
15,520
7,960
22,820
8,170
14,770
1,980
1,790
35,480
2,990

4,450
14,800
7,660
19,130
8,000
13,170
1,880
1,590
33,270
3,040

3,960
14,900
7,250
18,410
8,600
12,610
1,850
1,590
35,940
2,810

3,950
18,850
7,040
21,410
8,530
11,720
1,810
1,650
35,050
2,600

Total

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

92 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Awards
Table 42.
All awards, by state or other area and age of awardee, 2005
State or area

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

845,760

176,870

556,280

112,610

19,520
1,530
14,010
13,520
112,830

3,840
260
2,840
3,570
16,030

14,610
1,050
9,960
9,400
64,730

1,070
220
1,210
550
32,070

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

7,170
6,350
2,210
3,110
54,580

1,290
1,060
530
810
11,650

4,930
4,740
1,500
2,100
31,120

950
550
180
200
11,810

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

23,570
2,860
3,520
29,250
14,450

5,160
340
940
7,550
3,400

16,270
1,770
2,380
18,800
10,420

2,140
750
200
2,900
630

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

5,940
5,780
18,280
18,580
3,380

1,470
1,190
4,630
4,730
620

3,960
4,380
12,530
12,530
2,560

510
210
1,120
1,320
200

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

13,370
19,940
25,000
9,030
13,460

2,340
3,300
6,090
2,010
3,470

9,540
14,050
17,180
6,140
9,140

1,490
2,590
1,730
880
850

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

15,580
2,060
3,460
5,170
2,340

3,170
390
660
910
360

11,590
1,570
2,530
3,270
1,900

820
100
270
990
80

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

19,200
7,320
62,640
25,950
860

3,780
1,690
11,040
5,970
150

11,990
5,030
36,180
18,090
660

3,430
600
15,420
1,890
50

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

30,040
10,870
7,650
41,150
3,510

6,540
2,500
1,330
11,090
770

21,710
7,730
5,400
26,880
2,280

1,790
640
920
3,180
460

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

12,290
1,680
18,570
74,190
3,800

2,680
450
3,050
18,820
740

8,650
1,050
13,950
46,760
2,770

960
180
1,570
8,610
290

All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 93

Awards
Table 42.
All awards, by state or other area and age of awardee, 2005—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,430
18,940
15,480
7,460
11,630
1,120

230
3,930
2,910
1,370
3,010
150

1,130
13,350
11,310
5,760
8,020
890

70
1,660
1,260
330
600
80

130

60

40

30

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

94 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Awards
Table 43.
All persons awarded SSI, by year of first award and age, 1974–2005
Year

All ages

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

23,840,250

3,168,820

13,828,110

6,843,320

3,158,410

2,620

1,305,060

1,850,730

1,317,640
913,620
640,570
578,270
494,740
446,420

66,250
62,340
44,090
47,830
43,830
42,270

485,860
502,830
386,940
344,910
288,420
257,080

765,530
348,450
209,540
185,530
162,490
147,070

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

451,240
348,250
283,240
361,060
480,420

42,450
35,480
31,750
37,970
41,480

254,810
213,610
171,680
217,450
272,030

153,980
99,160
79,810
105,640
166,910

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

444,310
521,270
508,530
501,740
546,650

41,680
46,340
43,750
43,540
46,830

277,490
343,800
327,910
317,210
341,480

125,140
131,130
136,870
140,990
158,340

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

634,480
739,810
960,900
969,060
863,940

70,640
119,340
214,160
229,610
196,810

398,330
454,580
580,580
577,260
529,790

165,510
165,890
166,160
162,190
137,340

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

812,760
725,020
601,260
656,600
666,430

171,110
138,550
111,210
128,640
131,190

518,090
478,070
409,700
430,960
430,370

123,560
108,400
80,350
97,000
104,870

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

651,560
668,710
710,640
713,390
738,870
730,440

134,380
145,040
156,590
166,710
169,510
164,830

416,290
429,400
456,050
457,560
480,530
471,980

100,890
94,270
98,000
89,120
88,830
93,630

Total
State conversions

a

Federal applications
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
NOTE: Data include only the first award for each person.
a. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 95

Outcomes of Applications
for Disability Benefits

Notes
The tables in this section provide data on the outcomes of applications for SSI benefits based on blindness or disability. The data on applications are derived from the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) Disability Research
File (DRF) maintained by the Office of Disability Programs. Each year the DRF is updated with information about
applications for disability benefits that is then used to determine the outcome of those applications. The outcome
data in these tables are reported by year of filing and include decisions made through the administrative appeals
process.
Table 44 shows the total number of applications filed in a year, the number that are pending a final decision, the
number denied for nonmedical reasons before a medical decision is made (technical denials), the outcome of
applications for which a medical allowance or denial was made, and award and allowance rates. Applications for
which a medical allowance or denial decision was made but which were subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons are shown under the medical decision header as subsequent denials. The most common nonmedical reason
for denying a claim is excess income.
The allowance rate is calculated by dividing the number of medical allowances (including subsequent technical
denials) by the total number of medical decisions made for a 1-year cohort. The award rate is a broader program
measure that is calculated as the number of allowances minus subsequent denials divided by total applications
(minus pending claims) filed for a given year.
Claims that remain pending after 6 years are probably the result of imperfect data rather than excessive delays
in the decisionmaking process. It is highly probable that decisions have been rendered on most of the older claims.
For more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change as decisions are made on pending claims.
Tables 45–47 show the allowance rate for SSI only and the SSI portion of concurrent (a claim for both Social
Security and SSI disability benefits) applications, one for each level in the administrative decisionmaking process,
that is, initial, reconsideration, and hearing or higher level.
Beginning with fiscal year 2000, the proportion of claims awarded at each level of the process changed as a
result of the Prototype Process being tested in 10 states. Under this test, the reconsideration step of the appeals
process was eliminated for applications filed October 1, 1999, or later. Elimination of the reconsideration level in
these states results in a decrease in the aggregate proportion of claims awarded at this step.
This section also includes one table that shows the reason for medical allowance and one that shows reason
for medical denial (Tables 48 and 49). The reasons are derived from the sequential evaluation process used by
decisionmakers. SSA maintains a list of impairments that are considered disabling under its regulations. An applicant can be found to be disabled if he or she

has a listed impairment,

has a severe impairment that is equal to a listed impairment,

has a severe impairment when medical and vocational factors are considered, or

had previously established entitlement to a disability benefit.
An applicant can be denied benefits if he or she

has an impairment that is not expected to last 12 months;

has an impairment that is not considered severe;

is able to perform his or her usual type of work;

is able to perform another type of work; or

provides insufficient medical evidence, fails to cooperate, fails to follow prescribed treatment, does not want to
continue development of the claim, or returns to substantial work before disability can be established.

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 44.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by age and year of application, 1992–2004
Medical decisions
Denials
Year

Pending
Total final decision

Technical
denials a

Allowances

Subsequent
Medical nonmedical d

All ages

Subsequent
Awards
denials e

Award
rate b
(percent)

Allowance
rate c
(percent)

f

1992
1993
1994

1,828,951
2,048,945
2,014,499

0
0
0

134,438
141,214
123,175

741,839
937,757
1,041,432

1,556
1,600
1,681

860,875
878,932
770,905

90,243
89,442
77,306

47.1
42.9
38.3

56.1
50.8
44.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,845,212
1,786,770
1,505,145
1,520,538
1,528,217

0
0
0
2,198
2,976

103,335
113,027
97,320
95,990
105,819

995,185
938,464
738,969
699,409
686,485

1,344
1,886
2,074
3,830
4,003

683,850
671,843
606,062
656,289
664,525

61,498
61,550
60,720
62,822
64,409

37.1
37.6
40.3
43.2
43.6

42.8
43.8
47.4
50.6
51.4

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1,612,826
1,749,572
1,959,039
2,113,075
2,220,308

5,241
11,864
43,587
160,188
270,992

156,525
203,387
278,291
343,619
432,600

686,473
721,093
789,981
809,717
821,370

3,823
3,499
3,527
2,998
2,298

691,858
733,743
760,967
715,701
625,809

68,906
75,986
82,686
80,852
67,239

43.0
42.2
39.7
36.6
32.1

52.4
52.8
51.5
49.5
45.7

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

376,812
500,676
530,538

0
0
0

16,695
18,788
16,897

148,221
240,668
311,137

103
135
147

204,083
232,344
194,655

7,710
8,741
7,702

54.2
46.4
36.7

58.8
50.0
39.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

491,638
457,057
334,975
338,592
345,067

0
0
0
169
243

14,364
13,532
10,906
10,904
11,898

306,298
291,268
195,733
182,437
182,211

92
86
69
74
68

163,896
144,667
121,436
137,643
142,835

6,988
7,504
6,831
7,365
7,812

33.3
31.7
36.3
40.7
41.4

35.8
34.3
39.6
44.3
45.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

355,477
375,975
412,972
438,632
446,841

420
907
4,033
15,274
26,790

15,775
18,710
22,678
25,929
31,688

179,324
181,599
197,871
205,119
202,042

64
61
77
59
71

151,932
166,177
179,228
183,085
177,313

7,962
8,521
9,085
9,166
8,937

42.8
44.3
43.8
43.2
42.2

47.1
49.0
48.8
48.4
48.0
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 99

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 44.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by age and year of application, 1992–2004—Continued
Medical decisions
Denials
Year

Pending
Total final decision

Technical
denials a

Allowances

Subsequent
Medical nonmedical d

Subsequent
Awards
denials e

Award
rate b
(percent)

Allowance
rate c
(percent)

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

1,451,417
1,547,527
1,482,503

0
0
0

117,675
122,364
106,181

593,455
696,934
729,927

1,451
1,463
1,529

656,374
646,157
575,431

82,462
80,609
69,435

45.2
41.8
38.8

55.4
51.0
46.9

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,351,903
1,277,604
1,135,602
1,133,015
1,133,722

0
0
0
2,026
2,727

88,839
87,869
78,303
76,709
83,733

688,438
646,551
542,146
514,914
502,944

1,245
1,534
1,456
1,859
1,542

519,041
488,161
460,847
483,632
487,344

54,340
53,489
52,850
53,875
55,432

38.4
38.2
40.6
42.8
43.1

45.4
45.5
48.6
51.0
51.8

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1,208,866
1,323,142
1,483,791
1,616,207
1,712,073

4,817
10,942
39,510
144,790
243,992

127,968
167,675
230,118
288,775
366,883

506,117
538,552
591,037
603,859
618,788

1,423
1,396
1,544
1,482
1,003

508,564
538,009
548,951
506,359
423,736

59,977
66,568
72,631
70,942
57,671

42.2
41.0
38.0
34.4
28.9

52.8
52.8
51.2
48.8
43.7

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2005. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through July 2005.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time. Cases
can be pending at the initial or appellate levels and can include either medical or technical issues.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security–only
applications.
a. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons so no decision was made on severity of impairment.
b. Rate determined by dividing awards by all applications minus pending claims for that year.
c. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
d. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that applicant did not meet the medical severity criteria for
disability benefits.
e. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that applicant met the medical severity criteria for disability
benefits.
f. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

100 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 45.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2004
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

All ages

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

b

1992
1993
1994

1,694,513
1,907,731
1,891,324

686,962
687,630
577,721

40.5
36.0
30.5

946,348
1,106,624
1,105,532

399,334
409,102
335,756

42.2
37.0
30.4

748,165
801,107
785,792

287,628
278,528
241,965

38.4
34.8
30.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,741,877
1,673,743
1,407,825
1,424,548
1,422,398

507,742
508,931
459,297
520,690
531,498

29.1
30.4
32.6
36.6
37.4

1,037,201
1,000,530
820,527
843,671
843,031

291,168
296,655
260,354
304,856
312,871

28.1
29.6
31.7
36.1
37.1

704,676
673,213
587,298
580,877
579,367

216,574
212,276
198,943
215,834
218,627

30.7
31.5
33.9
37.2
37.7

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1,456,301
1,546,185
1,680,748
1,769,338
1,787,323

556,990
595,925
619,748
633,354
631,845

38.2
38.5
36.9
35.8
35.4

845,623
860,922
904,266
926,968
927,118

321,029
338,218
345,482
347,421
345,118

38.0
39.3
38.2
37.5
37.2

610,678
685,263
776,482
842,370
860,205

235,961
257,707
274,266
285,933
286,727

38.6
37.6
35.3
33.9
33.3

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

360,117
481,888
513,641

194,494
218,724
177,660

54.0
45.4
34.6

329,316
443,778
475,233

176,929
200,206
164,436

53.7
45.1
34.6

30,801
38,110
38,408

17,565
18,518
13,224

57.0
48.6
34.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

477,274
443,525
324,069
327,688
333,169

149,140
133,375
112,387
129,729
135,117

31.2
30.1
34.7
39.6
40.6

443,367
413,379
302,540
306,164
310,763

138,959
124,846
105,366
121,371
126,253

31.3
30.2
34.8
39.6
40.6

33,907
30,146
21,529
21,524
22,406

10,181
8,529
7,021
8,358
8,864

30.0
28.3
32.6
38.8
39.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

339,702
357,265
390,294
412,690
415,111

143,267
157,730
170,542
178,249
178,662

42.2
44.1
43.7
43.2
43.0

316,328
332,724
363,020
385,946
390,274

133,426
146,688
158,263
166,958
168,586

42.2
44.1
43.6
43.3
43.2

23,374
24,541
27,274
26,744
24,837

9,841
11,042
12,279
11,291
10,076

42.1
45.0
45.0
42.2
40.6
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 101

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 45.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2004—Continued
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

1,333,742
1,425,163
1,376,322

492,046
468,477
399,267

36.9
32.9
29.0

616,523
662,298
629,051

222,077
208,554
170,618

36.0
31.5
27.1

717,219
762,865
747,271

269,969
259,923
228,649

37.6
34.1
30.6

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,263,064
1,189,735
1,057,299
1,056,306
1,049,989

357,732
338,209
324,213
356,592
362,246

28.3
28.4
30.7
33.8
34.5

592,390
555,158
498,637
506,024
502,870

151,417
142,505
139,003
157,861
162,036

25.6
25.7
27.9
31.2
32.2

670,674
634,577
558,662
550,282
547,119

206,315
195,704
185,210
198,731
200,210

30.8
30.8
33.2
36.1
36.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1,080,898
1,155,467
1,253,673
1,327,329
1,344,847

382,587
408,901
416,823
429,012
428,371

35.4
35.4
33.2
32.3
31.9

503,636
505,101
515,934
523,909
522,582

166,188
172,232
165,906
166,234
164,485

33.0
34.1
32.2
31.7
31.5

577,262
650,366
737,739
803,420
822,265

216,399
236,669
250,917
262,778
263,886

37.5
36.4
34.0
32.7
32.1

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2005.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

102 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 46.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2004
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

All ages

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

b

1992
1993
1994

479,152
557,384
571,602

74,500
75,559
73,734

15.5
13.6
12.9

234,057
280,174
290,341

38,371
38,663
36,826

16.4
13.8
12.7

245,095
277,210
281,261

36,129
36,896
36,908

14.7
13.3
13.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

522,987
480,593
409,396
390,212
382,196

66,780
65,353
62,498
61,267
55,630

12.8
13.6
15.3
15.7
14.6

275,013
249,224
208,993
203,132
197,671

33,432
32,510
31,881
31,818
28,500

12.2
13.0
15.3
15.7
14.4

247,974
231,369
200,403
187,080
184,525

33,348
32,843
30,617
29,449
27,130

13.4
14.2
15.3
15.7
14.7

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

382,757
407,299
458,317
483,020
397,718

53,149
53,460
56,098
55,830
38,715

13.9
13.1
12.2
11.6
9.7

192,285
190,634
203,464
204,770
167,846

26,456
25,396
25,786
24,487
17,572

13.8
13.3
12.7
12.0
10.5

190,472
216,665
254,853
278,250
229,872

26,693
28,064
30,312
31,343
21,143

14.0
13.0
11.9
11.3
9.2

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

49,099
75,816
91,854

9,570
11,440
11,475

19.5
15.1
12.5

44,562
69,176
83,789

8,590
10,355
10,461

19.3
15.0
12.5

4,537
6,640
8,065

980
1,085
1,014

21.6
16.3
12.6

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

86,651
74,836
51,365
49,909
49,456

10,459
9,646
8,583
8,042
7,476

12.1
12.9
16.7
16.1
15.1

79,397
68,797
47,131
45,989
45,465

9,625
8,863
7,883
7,417
6,839

12.1
12.9
16.7
16.1
15.0

7,254
6,039
4,234
3,920
3,991

834
783
700
625
637

11.5
13.0
16.5
15.9
16.0

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

48,361
49,495
56,273
59,279
49,018

7,514
7,649
8,312
8,337
6,293

15.5
15.5
14.8
14.1
12.8

44,462
45,567
51,775
54,842
45,751

6,951
7,069
7,620
7,734
5,946

15.6
15.5
14.7
14.1
13.0

3,899
3,928
4,498
4,437
3,267

563
580
692
603
347

14.4
14.8
15.4
13.6
10.6
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 103

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 46.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2004—Continued
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

429,944
481,434
479,439

64,891
64,074
62,150

15.1
13.3
13.0

189,409
210,882
206,253

29,744
28,268
26,260

15.7
13.4
12.7

240,535
270,552
273,186

35,147
35,806
35,890

14.6
13.2
13.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

435,988
403,309
355,514
337,411
330,830

56,205
54,195
52,590
51,760
47,249

12.9
13.4
14.8
15.3
14.3

195,281
178,404
159,694
154,436
150,460

23,695
22,457
22,951
23,051
20,863

12.1
12.6
14.4
14.9
13.9

240,707
224,905
195,820
182,975
180,370

32,510
31,738
29,639
28,709
26,386

13.5
14.1
15.1
15.7
14.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

332,767
356,236
400,138
422,369
347,794

44,874
45,065
46,856
46,848
31,973

13.5
12.7
11.7
11.1
9.2

146,383
143,740
150,064
148,810
121,433

18,874
17,762
17,455
16,296
11,363

12.9
12.4
11.6
11.0
9.4

186,384
212,496
250,074
273,559
226,361

26,000
27,303
29,401
30,552
20,610

13.9
12.8
11.8
11.2
9.1

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2005.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing
level without a reconsideration.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

104 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 47.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2004
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

All ages

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

b

1992
1993
1994

280,751
327,271
333,329

189,656
205,185
196,756

67.6
62.7
59.0

128,789
153,126
156,584

79,307
85,195
80,594

61.6
55.6
51.5

151,962
174,145
176,745

110,349
119,990
116,162

72.6
68.9
65.7

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

300,958
271,976
238,742
222,560
228,543

170,826
159,109
144,987
137,154
141,806

56.8
58.5
60.7
61.6
62.0

145,570
128,712
112,201
106,678
109,837

70,445
64,405
59,693
57,889
59,636

48.4
50.0
53.2
54.3
54.3

155,388
143,264
126,541
115,882
118,706

100,381
94,704
85,294
79,265
82,170

64.6
66.1
67.4
68.4
69.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

246,066
262,596
268,640
166,920
32,489

150,625
160,344
167,807
107,369
22,488

61.2
61.1
62.5
64.3
69.2

117,141
117,030
111,943
65,697
13,068

61,968
61,232
59,188
34,884
7,145

52.9
52.3
52.9
53.1
54.7

128,925
145,566
156,697
101,223
19,421

88,657
99,112
108,619
72,485
15,343

68.8
68.1
69.3
71.6
79.0

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

19,988
31,658
38,751

7,729
10,921
13,222

38.7
34.5
34.1

17,979
28,625
34,869

6,890
9,784
11,860

38.3
34.2
34.0

2,009
3,033
3,882

839
1,137
1,362

41.8
37.5
35.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

35,856
28,105
19,549
18,735
20,660

11,285
9,150
7,297
7,237
8,054

31.5
32.6
37.3
38.6
39.0

32,428
25,589
17,723
17,049
18,767

10,131
8,292
6,591
6,541
7,268

31.2
32.4
37.2
38.4
38.7

3,428
2,516
1,826
1,686
1,893

1,154
858
706
696
786

33.7
34.1
38.7
41.3
41.5

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

24,158
25,250
25,685
15,338
2,826

9,113
9,319
9,459
5,665
1,295

37.7
36.9
36.8
36.9
45.8

21,975
23,062
23,464
14,122
2,635

8,204
8,436
8,570
5,193
1,205

37.3
36.6
36.5
36.8
45.7

2,183
2,188
2,221
1,216
191

909
883
889
472
90

41.6
40.4
40.0
38.8
47.1
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 105

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 47.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2004—Continued
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

260,727
295,551
294,441

181,899
194,215
183,449

69.8
65.7
62.3

110,785
124,445
121,584

72,398
75,368
68,654

65.4
60.6
56.5

149,942
171,106
172,857

109,501
118,847
114,795

73.0
69.5
66.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

264,954
243,063
218,232
202,865
207,282

159,444
149,246
136,894
129,155
133,281

60.2
61.4
62.7
63.7
64.3

113,002
102,414
93,582
88,718
90,515

60,224
55,494
52,360
50,630
51,937

53.3
54.2
56.0
57.1
57.4

151,952
140,649
124,650
114,147
116,767

99,220
93,752
84,534
78,525
81,344

65.3
66.7
67.8
68.8
69.7

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

221,323
236,793
242,315
151,200
29,521

141,080
150,611
157,903
101,441
21,063

63.7
63.6
65.2
67.1
71.3

94,631
93,460
87,882
51,232
10,309

53,373
52,414
50,205
29,462
5,827

56.4
56.1
57.1
57.5
56.5

126,692
143,333
154,433
99,968
19,212

87,707
98,197
107,698
71,979
15,236

69.2
68.5
69.7
72.0
79.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through July 2005.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing
level without a reconsideration.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

106 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 48.
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by age, year of application,
and reason for allowance, 1992–2004
Under age 18 only

Total
Year

Number

Percent

Meets level
of severity
of listings a

Medically
equals level
of severity
of listings

Aged 18 or older only

Functionally
equals level
of severity
of listings

All ages

Equals level
of severity
of listings

Medical and
vocational
factors
considered

Other

a,b

c

1992
1993
1994

951,118
968,374
848,211

100.0
100.0
100.0

36.6
36.5
36.8

1.5
1.5
1.5

1.3
1.6
2.1

7.5
5.5
4.4

18.6
17.4
18.1

34.4
37.6
37.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

745,348
733,393
666,782
719,111
728,934

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

35.8
35.9
37.6
38.2
36.6

1.6
1.8
1.8
1.9
2.0

2.5
3.3
4.3
4.8
5.3

4.3
4.4
4.7
4.2
4.0

18.6
17.4
18.4
20.1
20.8

37.2
37.2
33.3
30.8
31.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

760,764
809,729
843,653
796,553
693,048

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

35.1
34.9
33.9
35.5
38.7

1.9
1.8
1.7
1.8
1.8

6.1
7.0
8.1
9.7
11.9

4.2
4.2
3.8
4.0
4.3

21.4
22.3
22.1
24.1
26.9

31.2
29.8
30.5
24.8
16.4

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

211,793
241,085
202,357

100.0
100.0
100.0

48.3
44.9
45.6

6.9
5.9
6.5

5.9
6.4
8.6

...
...
...

...
...
...

38.9
42.7
39.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

170,884
152,171
128,267
145,008
150,647

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.8
52.7
55.8
55.6
53.2

7.0
8.7
9.2
9.6
9.8

11.0
16.0
22.1
23.6
25.8

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

37.2
22.6
12.9
11.2
11.3

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

159,894
174,698
188,313
192,251
186,250

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

50.2
48.3
45.5
44.4
43.3

9.2
8.2
7.7
7.6
6.8

28.9
32.4
36.1
40.3
44.1

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

11.7
11.0
10.7
7.7
5.7
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 107

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 48.
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by age, year of application,
and reason for allowance, 1992–2004—Continued
Under age 18 only

Total
Year

Number

Percent

Meets level
of severity
of listings a

Medically
equals level
of severity
of listings

Aged 18 or older only

Functionally
equals level
of severity
of listings

Equals level
of severity
of listings

Medical and
vocational
factors
considered

Other

a,b

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

738,836
726,766
644,866

100.0
100.0
100.0

33.3
33.7
34.0

...
...
...

...
...
...

9.7
7.3
5.8

23.9
23.1
23.8

33.2
35.9
36.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

573,381
541,650
513,697
537,507
542,776

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

33.2
33.7
34.5
35.6
34.0

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

5.6
5.9
6.1
5.5
5.3

24.0
23.3
22.6
23.9
25.1

37.2
37.1
36.9
35.1
35.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

568,541
604,577
621,582
577,301
481,407

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

32.6
32.6
32.0
34.1
38.8

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

5.6
5.6
5.1
5.5
6.2

26.4
27.9
28.1
31.9
37.6

35.4
33.9
34.8
28.5
17.4

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2005. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through July 2005.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security–only
applications.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Includes all age groups.
b. Includes applications for which the disability was previously established and those for which the basis for the determination is not
available. For final determinations made in or before August 1996 for applicants under age 18, also includes applications allowed
because individual functional assessment showed impairment of comparable severity.
c. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

108 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 49.
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by age, year of application,
and reason for denial, 1992–2004

Total
Year

Number

Impairment
Impairment did
does not
not or is not
cause severe
expected to Impairment is
functional
not severe
limitations a
Percent last 12 months

All ages

Able to do
usual past
work b

Able to do
other type of
work b

Other

c

d

1992
1993
1994

743,395
939,357
1,043,113

100.0
100.0
100.0

7.3
6.6
6.2

22.1
21.2
20.7

...
...
...

17.5
15.4
13.6

26.3
24.8
23.3

26.9
31.9
36.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

996,529
940,350
741,043
703,239
690,488

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.2
6.4
6.8
6.9
6.7

19.7
20.6
16.7
15.0
14.0

...
5.8
16.2
18.3
19.1

12.4
12.1
13.0
14.6
15.5

22.4
22.9
25.1
25.3
24.5

39.2
32.2
22.1
19.9
20.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

690,296
724,592
793,508
812,715
823,668

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
6.1
5.7
5.2
5.0

13.3
13.2
13.0
12.2
11.2

18.7
18.3
18.4
19.0
18.5

15.8
16.6
16.8
16.5
16.2

24.2
26.0
26.2
26.1
26.2

21.5
19.9
19.9
21.1
22.9

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

148,324
240,803
311,284

100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
1.3
1.4

22.7
21.8
22.4

...
...
...

...
...
...

...
...
...

75.8
76.9
76.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

306,390
291,354
195,802
182,511
182,279

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.1

21.8
26.9
19.1
14.5
13.3

...
18.7
61.4
70.6
72.4

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

76.9
53.0
18.0
13.7
13.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

179,388
181,660
197,948
205,178
202,113

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.9

13.2
14.0
13.5
12.4
11.1

72.1
73.0
73.7
75.1
75.5

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

13.6
11.9
11.8
11.5
12.6
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 109

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 49.
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by age, year of application,
and reason for denial, 1992–2004—Continued

Total
Year

Number

Impairment
Impairment did
does not
not or is not
cause severe
expected to Impairment is
functional
Percent last 12 months
not severe
limitations a

Able to do
usual past
work b

Able to do
other type of
work b

Other

c

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

594,906
698,397
731,456

100.0
100.0
100.0

8.8
8.4
8.3

21.9
21.0
20.0

...
...
...

21.8
20.7
19.4

32.8
33.4
33.2

14.7
16.4
19.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

689,683
648,085
543,602
516,773
504,486

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.4
8.6
8.8
8.9
8.7

18.8
17.8
15.8
14.9
14.1

...
...
...
...
...

17.9
17.5
17.7
19.7
21.0

32.4
33.3
34.2
34.4
33.5

22.5
22.8
23.6
22.0
22.7

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

507,540
539,948
592,581
605,341
619,791

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.4
7.8
7.3
6.6
6.3

13.2
12.8
12.8
12.0
11.1

...
...
...
...
...

21.2
22.1
22.3
22.0
21.5

32.8
34.9
35.0
35.1
34.9

24.3
22.5
22.5
24.3
26.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2005. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through July 2005.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security–only
applications.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Used only for applicants under age 18. Category effective for final determinations made August 1996 or later.
b. Used only for applicants aged 18 or older.
c. Applicant provided insufficient evidence, failed to cooperate, failed to follow prescribed treatment, did not want to continue development
of the claim, or returned to substantial work before disability could be established. For final determinations made August 1996 or before
for applicants under age 18, also includes claims denied because individual functional assessment showed impairment not of
comparable severity.
d. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

110 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Suspensions

Suspensions
Table 50.
Suspensions, by age of recipient and reason for suspension, 1997–2005
Presump- No repreWhereIn
abouts
Excess tive dis- sentative In public
Medicaid
payee institution
ability
facility unknown resources
Death

Failed to
furnish
report

Outside
United
States

In
transi- No longer
tion disabled

Year

Total

Excess
income

1997
1998
1999
2000

1,259,500
1,140,100
1,203,600
1,220,200

525,700
524,200
552,100
562,200

194,700
201,100
195,300
203,400

45,300
49,500
46,300
49,400

87,000
90,900
88,600
94,000

35,500
37,000
43,700
39,000

2,000
2,200
2,200
2,000

37,500
34,400
37,300
37,200

54,800
50,000
59,000
59,100

21,000
28,200
37,700
50,200

19,800
18,800
21,100
22,700

18,500
15,300
3,300
0

193,800
81,500
108,800
90,600

23,900
7,000
8,200
10,400

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,238,800
1,295,200
1,257,900
1,303,100
1,289,210

575,900
596,400
579,700
614,700
608,410

193,500
202,700
194,500
195,600
199,670

50,000
50,000
45,100
44,300
44,400

106,600
105,200
119,900
122,600
130,030

48,400
46,800
47,000
45,700
39,320

2,700
2,800
2,500
2,000
2,450

37,100
33,200
32,700
34,600
35,610

64,300
64,900
64,700
69,200
75,560

51,900
53,600
45,600
47,700
31,700

19,600
21,600
22,100
26,100
24,710

7,400
6,600
7,500
6,500
8,380

67,500
90,600
74,800
70,200
65,900

13,900
20,800
21,800
23,900
23,070

1997
1998
1999
2000

336,500
198,700
231,500
224,100

104,000
98,200
106,300
112,700

4,600
5,400
5,000
6,400

900
1,000
900
1,000

15,800
13,800
16,700
18,300

7,300
7,200
7,300
6,600

700
700
1,000
400

17,400
14,100
14,300
15,800

6,100
4,200
4,600
3,300

8,200
10,000
15,200
19,400

900
600
800
700

3,900
3,000
300
0

160,600
39,100
57,800
38,200

6,100
1,400
1,300
1,300

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

203,200
233,800
218,300
225,600
205,760

107,400
116,100
115,500
110,900
108,750

5,100
5,700
4,000
5,500
5,210

900
900
800
1,100
800

17,500
22,000
23,900
30,400
27,650

9,100
9,800
9,300
9,000
8,150

700
700
500
700
460

14,800
13,300
13,700
13,000
12,870

3,300
4,500
4,300
3,800
3,740

17,800
22,200
19,600
20,000
12,930

400
600
300
1,000
740

500
0
500
200
280

24,700
36,900
24,900
28,400
23,020

1,000
1,100
1,000
1,600
1,160

Other

All ages

Under age 18

Aged 18–64
1997
1998
1999
2000

652,100
662,200
697,700
719,500

355,300
358,000
375,200
385,100

79,300
77,200
78,600
84,500

12,800
14,700
10,400
12,600

48,200
53,600
52,800
53,700

17,100
18,600
22,400
19,600

1,300
1,500
1,200
1,500

18,000
18,500
21,100
19,400

47,600
44,800
53,300
54,500

9,900
14,500
17,500
24,400

5,400
5,900
6,000
4,200

10,600
8,100
2,100
0

33,200
42,400
51,000
52,400

13,400
4,400
6,100
7,600

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

760,200
793,100
772,700
804,100
823,790

403,000
421,800
403,900
433,400
437,240

81,900
88,200
87,200
87,100
90,210

14,700
14,200
12,800
14,000
15,980

64,300
59,900
69,100
66,900
75,350

24,200
22,900
23,000
22,800
21,260

2,000
2,100
2,000
1,300
1,980

20,600
18,800
17,000
20,300
20,600

60,100
59,100
59,400
64,700
70,410

26,300
25,500
19,500
20,700
14,770

4,200
4,200
4,800
5,900
6,310

4,900
4,100
5,100
4,600
6,420

42,800
53,700
49,800
41,800
42,870

11,200
18,600
19,100
20,600
20,390

Aged 65 or older
1997
1998
1999
2000

270,900
279,200
274,400
276,600

66,400
68,000
70,600
64,400

110,800
118,500
111,700
112,500

31,600
33,800
35,000
35,800

23,000
23,500
19,100
22,000

11,100
11,200
14,000
12,800

0
0
0
100

2,100
1,800
1,900
2,000

1,100
1,000
1,100
1,300

2,900
3,700
5,000
6,400

13,500
12,300
14,300
17,800

4,000
4,200
900
0

0
0
0
0

4,400
1,200
800
1,500

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

275,400
268,300
266,900
273,400
259,660

65,500
58,500
60,300
70,400
62,420

106,500
108,800
103,300
103,000
104,250

34,400
34,900
31,500
29,200
27,620

24,800
23,300
26,900
25,300
27,030

15,100
14,100
14,700
13,900
9,910

0
0
0
0
10

1,700
1,100
2,000
1,300
2,140

900
1,300
1,000
700
1,410

7,800
5,900
6,500
7,000
4,000

15,000
16,800
17,000
19,200
17,660

2,000
2,500
1,900
1,700
1,680

0
0
100
0
10

1,700
1,100
1,700
1,700
1,520

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format). Data through 2004 are based on a 1 percent
sample; data for 2005 are based on a 10 percent sample.
NOTE: Includes multiple suspensions per person.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 113

Suspensions
Table 51.
Recipients suspended, by age and reason for suspension, 1997–2005
In
WherePresump- No repreMedicaid
abouts
Excess tive dis- sentative
In public
Death
facility unknown resources
ability
payee institution

Failed to
furnish
report

Outside
United
States

In
transi- No longer
tion disabled

Year

Total

Excess
income

1997
1998
1999
2000

1,157,000
1,052,700
1,092,700
1,109,900

449,400
457,300
461,300
472,900

194,700
201,100
195,300
203,400

42,100
47,900
44,600
46,900

80,300
83,900
82,800
87,000

34,300
35,800
42,900
38,000

1,900
1,900
1,900
2,000

32,300
30,900
34,600
35,000

51,200
47,600
55,000
56,100

18,100
26,100
35,600
47,300

19,200
18,100
20,800
22,000

17,700
14,300
3,300
0

193,200
80,900
107,200
89,500

22,600
6,900
7,400
9,800

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,123,300
1,175,500
1,148,900
1,192,900
1,177,350

485,500
509,100
499,600
533,200
526,050

193,500
202,700
194,500
195,600
199,670

47,500
48,100
43,500
43,100
42,430

97,000
96,000
110,500
113,900
119,630

47,500
45,500
45,800
44,600
38,040

2,500
2,600
2,300
1,900
2,350

33,900
27,700
30,500
30,600
32,650

59,600
59,000
59,800
64,200
69,870

49,500
47,500
41,200
43,800
29,430

19,100
20,800
21,400
25,000
23,930

7,300
6,300
7,500
6,500
8,200

66,900
90,100
72,200
68,200
63,790

13,500
20,100
20,100
22,300
21,310

1997
1998
1999
2000

299,500
169,900
197,200
183,800

75,100
73,300
77,000
76,500

4,600
5,400
5,000
6,400

900
900
900
1,000

14,200
12,800
15,400
16,900

6,800
6,600
7,000
6,300

700
600
800
500

14,200
13,000
13,800
15,100

5,800
4,000
3,900
3,200

6,900
9,400
14,200
18,100

800
600
600
600

3,500
2,900
300
0

160,300
39,000
57,100
38,000

5,700
1,400
1,200
1,200

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

167,000
191,400
177,700
183,800
169,060

75,200
81,200
79,900
76,100
77,340

5,100
5,700
4,000
5,500
5,210

800
800
800
900
720

15,700
20,700
22,300
28,500
25,540

9,000
9,400
8,700
8,800
7,840

700
700
400
700
460

13,800
10,900
13,300
11,900
12,020

3,000
4,200
4,300
3,400
3,580

17,300
19,300
18,000
17,700
11,860

300
600
300
900
730

400
0
500
200
260

24,700
36,900
24,300
27,600
22,400

1,000
1,000
900
1,600
1,100

1997
1998
1999
2000

599,200
614,800
633,200
662,600

317,100
324,100
323,800
340,600

79,300
77,200
78,600
84,500

10,700
13,600
9,300
11,100

44,100
49,300
49,200
49,400

16,800
18,400
22,000
19,300

1,200
1,300
1,100
1,500

16,200
16,300
19,000
18,100

44,300
42,600
50,000
51,600

8,500
13,000
16,500
23,500

5,200
5,400
6,000
4,200

10,200
7,400
2,100
0

32,900
41,900
50,100
51,500

12,700
4,300
5,500
7,300

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

693,000
726,100
712,800
744,900
758,910

353,300
375,100
363,700
392,800
392,840

81,900
88,200
87,200
87,100
90,210

13,000
13,200
11,500
13,200
14,660

58,200
54,000
63,100
61,300
68,710

23,700
22,500
22,700
22,300
20,600

1,800
1,900
1,900
1,200
1,880

18,400
15,700
15,200
17,500
18,690

55,700
53,700
54,500
60,100
64,950

24,800
22,500
17,600
19,300
13,720

4,200
4,200
4,800
5,800
6,120

4,900
3,900
5,100
4,600
6,320

42,200
53,200
47,800
40,600
41,380

10,900
18,000
17,700
19,100
18,830

Other

All ages

Under age 18

Aged 18–64

Aged 65 or older
1997
1998
1999
2000

258,300
268,000
262,300
263,500

57,200
59,900
60,500
55,800

110,800
118,500
111,700
112,500

30,500
33,400
34,400
34,800

22,000
21,800
18,200
20,700

10,700
10,800
13,900
12,400

0
0
0
0

1,900
1,600
1,800
1,800

1,100
1,000
1,100
1,300

2,700
3,700
4,900
5,700

13,200
12,100
14,200
17,200

4,000
4,000
900
0

0
0
0
0

4,200
1,200
700
1,300

2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

263,300
258,000
258,400
264,200
249,380

57,000
52,800
56,000
64,300
55,870

106,500
108,800
103,300
103,000
104,250

33,700
34,100
31,200
29,000
27,050

23,100
21,300
25,100
24,100
25,380

14,800
13,600
14,400
13,500
9,600

0
0
0
0
10

1,700
1,100
2,000
1,200
1,940

900
1,100
100
700
1,340

7,400
5,700
5,600
6,800
3,850

14,600
16,000
16,300
18,300
17,080

2,000
2,400
1,900
1,700
1,620

0
0
100
0
10

1,600
1,100
1,500
1,600
1,380

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format). Data through 2004 are based on a 1 percent
sample; data for 2005 are based on a 10 percent sample.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

114 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Suspensions
Table 52.
Recipients suspended for at least 12 months, by age and reason for suspension, 1997–2004
In
WherePresump- No repreMedicaid
abouts
Excess tive dis- sentative In public
Death
facility unknown resources
ability
payee institution

Failed to
furnish
report

Outside
United
States

In
transi- No longer
tion disabled

Other

Year

Total

Excess
income

1997
1998
1999
2000

770,000
681,500
699,000
695,500

282,100
285,500
282,800
284,900

194,700
201,100
195,300
203,400

31,300
38,900
36,100
35,500

27,400
22,900
22,800
23,800

19,200
18,600
24,200
20,200

700
700
700
1,000

5,600
5,000
4,800
5,400

25,300
19,700
20,600
20,500

9,400
9,000
13,500
15,100

12,700
10,100
11,700
10,300

4,800
2,400
2,000
2,700

152,100
63,300
80,000
66,500

4,700
4,300
4,500
6,200

2001
2002
2003
2004

674,000
722,500
684,800
718,820

284,300
311,900
311,200
333,150

193,500
202,700
194,500
195,600

37,000
36,600
32,000
32,360

21,600
22,200
24,200
25,250

25,700
24,500
22,700
22,340

1,100
1,100
1,500
1,330

4,800
3,900
3,700
4,080

20,500
20,700
19,700
21,120

15,500
14,200
12,600
12,080

9,700
10,400
9,800
13,060

5,400
4,900
4,700
4,300

47,800
60,300
39,200
44,620

7,100
9,100
9,000
9,530

All ages

Under age 18
1997
1998
1999
2000

157,900
82,200
95,500
80,200

31,500
28,700
25,100
24,100

4,600
5,400
5,000
6,400

100
500
100
200

5,100
3,700
3,700
4,100

3,600
2,900
5,000
3,700

0
200
400
200

1,800
2,500
2,200
3,000

1,900
2,100
2,100
1,600

3,000
3,200
5,300
6,600

600
500
400
200

200
300
300
300

104,400
31,200
45,000
28,800

1,100
1,000
900
1,000

2001
2002
2003
2004

68,400
83,100
63,700
67,680

23,400
27,900
25,600
23,290

5,100
5,700
4,000
5,500

400
400
100
210

4,200
4,800
3,900
4,720

5,900
5,700
5,000
4,980

300
0
200
260

2,000
2,300
2,500
1,980

1,500
1,400
1,500
1,810

5,900
6,500
5,200
4,850

100
200
200
570

200
0
800
170

18,700
27,500
14,100
18,550

700
700
800
790

Aged 18–64
1997
1998
1999
2000

408,300
388,500
397,900
414,900

212,000
220,100
221,300
228,200

79,300
77,200
78,600
84,500

5,800
8,800
6,100
5,700

12,500
10,000
10,800
12,600

9,700
9,200
11,700
9,900

700
500
300
800

3,100
1,900
2,200
1,800

22,900
17,000
17,700
18,200

5,100
4,300
6,100
7,100

3,700
3,500
3,800
2,300

3,300
1,100
1,000
1,500

47,700
32,100
35,000
37,700

2,500
2,800
3,300
4,600

2001
2002
2003
2004

409,200
446,400
431,400
463,000

229,300
254,800
253,100
278,050

81,900
88,200
87,200
87,100

7,900
8,200
7,400
8,390

9,600
9,900
11,900
11,980

11,800
11,800
10,400
10,430

800
1,100
1,300
1,060

2,100
1,300
800
1,700

18,700
18,900
17,400
18,740

7,400
6,700
4,600
5,210

2,200
2,100
2,000
3,310

3,100
2,900
2,800
3,020

29,100
32,800
25,100
26,070

5,300
7,700
7,200
7,940

Aged 65 or older
1997
1998
1999
2000

203,800
210,800
205,600
200,400

38,600
36,700
36,400
32,600

110,800
118,500
111,700
112,500

25,400
29,600
29,900
29,600

9,800
9,200
8,300
7,100

5,900
6,500
7,500
6,600

0
0
0
0

700
600
400
600

500
600
800
700

1,300
1,500
2,100
1,400

8,400
6,100
7,500
7,800

1,300
1,000
700
900

0
0
0
0

1,100
500
300
600

2001
2002
2003
2004

196,400
193,000
189,700
188,140

31,600
29,200
32,500
31,810

106,500
108,800
103,300
103,000

28,700
28,000
24,500
23,760

7,800
7,500
8,400
8,550

8,000
7,000
7,300
6,930

0
0
0
10

700
300
600
400

300
400
800
570

2,200
1,000
2,800
2,020

7,400
8,100
7,600
9,180

2,100
2,000
900
1,110

0
0
0
0

1,100
700
1,000
800

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format). Data through 2003 are based on a 1 percent
sample; data for 2004 are based on a 10 percent sample.
NOTE: Data are obtained by following recipients in Table 51 for 12 months.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 115

Appendix and Glossary

Appendix:
Sampling Variability
Estimates based on sample data may differ from the
figures that would have been obtained had all, rather
than specified samples, of the records been used.
These differences are termed sampling variability. The
standard error is a measure of the sampling variability.
About 68 percent of all possible probability samples
selected with the same specifications will give estimates within one standard error of the figure obtained
from a compilation of all records. Similarly, approximately 90 percent will give estimates within 1.645 standard errors, about 95 percent will give estimates within
two standard errors, and about 99 percent will give estimates within two and one-half standard errors. The
standard error of an estimate depends on the design
elements such as the method of sampling, sample
size, and the estimation process.
Because of the large number of data cells tabulated from the sample files, it is not practical to calculate the standard error for every possible cell. However,
standard errors for a large number of cells were estimated. These estimates were used to fit regression
curves to provide estimates of approximate standard
errors associated with tabulated counts and proportions.
The tables showing the sampling variability provide
a general order of magnitude for similar estimates from
the various sample files. Table A-1 presents approximate standard errors for the estimated number of persons from the 1 percent and the 10 percent files. The
reliability of an estimated percentage depends on both
the size of the percentage and on the size of the total
on which the percentage is based. Data in Table A-2
provide approximations of the standard errors of the
estimated percentage of persons in the 1 percent and
10 percent files. The standard errors are expressed in
percentage points, and the bases shown are in terms
of inflated data.

Table A-1.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
number of persons
Size of estimate (inflated)

Standard error

1 percent file
500

250

1,000

300

2,500

500

5,000

800

7,500

900

10,000

1,100

25,000

1,700

50,000

2,400

75,000

3,000

100,000

3,400

250,000

5,400

500,000

7,800

750,000

9,600

1,000,000

11,100

5,000,000

25,800

10,000,000

36,900

25,000,000

57,700

50,000,000

76,100

75,000,000

82,900

10 percent file
100
500

30
70

1,000

100

5,000

225

10,000

300

50,000

700

100,000

1,000

500,000

2,200

1,000,000

3,200

2,000,000

4,300

3,000,000

5,300

5,000,000

6,500

10,000,000

8,500

20,000,000

9,300

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 119

Table A-2.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
percentage of persons
Size of base
(inflated)

2 or 98 5 or 95

10 or
90

25 or
75

50

1 percent file
1,000

4.7

7.3

10.1

14.5

16.8

10,000

1.5

2.3

3.2

4.6

5.3

50,000

0.7

1.0

1.4

2.1

2.4

100,000

0.5

0.7

1.0

1.5

1.7

500,000

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.7

0.8

1,000,000

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.5

5,000,000

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

10,000,000

a

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

50,000,000

a

a

a

0.1

0.1

100,000,000

a

a

a

a

a

10 percent file
500

1.9

3.0

4.1

5.9

6.8

1,000

1.3

2.1

2.9

4.1

4.8

2,500

0.8

1.3

1.8

2.6

3.0

10,000

0.4

0.6

0.9

1.3

1.5

50,000

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.7

100,000

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

500,000

a

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

1,000,000

a

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

5,000,000

a

a

a

a

0.1

10,000,000

a

a

a

a

a

50,000,000

a

a

a

a

a

a. Less than 0.05 percent.

120 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

Glossary
abbreviated applications. An SSI application in which all nondisability factors of eligibility are verified before the
case is sent for a disability determination.
adult. A person who is older than age 21, is aged 18–21 but is not a student, is under 21 and married, or is the
head of a household.
aged person. A person aged 65 or older.
allowance. A determination by the Disability Determination Services, an administrative law judge, or the Appeals
Council that an applicant meets the medical definition of disability under the law.
auxiliary benefit (OASDI). Monthly benefit payable to a spouse or a child of a retired or disabled worker or to a
survivor of a deceased worker.
award. An administrative determination that an individual is entitled to receive monthly benefits.
blind. "Blindness," for Social Security purposes, means either central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better
eye with the use of a correcting lens or a limitation in the fields of vision so that the widest diameter of the visual
field subtends an angle of 20 degrees or less (tunnel vision).
blind work expenses (BWE). Permits the exclusion of any earned income of a blind person that is used to meet
expenses reasonably attributable to earning the income.
child. An unmarried blind or disabled person who is not the head of a household and who is either under age 18 or
aged 18–21 and a student.
concurrent application. An application for both Title II (Social Security) and Title XVI (Supplemental Security
Income) benefits at the same time.
deeming (SSI). Counting part of the income and resources of certain persons who live with an SSI recipient when
determining the amount of the payment. These persons include the ineligible spouses of adult recipients, the
ineligible parents of child recipients under age 18, and the immigration sponsor for certain noncitizens.
diagnostic group. Classification of impairments, by body system, that identifies the medical condition(s) on which
disability-related benefits are based. Before 1985, the coding of the primary and secondary diagnoses for
Social Security and Supplemental Security Income applicants was in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases: 9th revision, Clinical Modification, 4th ed., using 4–digit ICD-9 codes. In 1985, the Social
Security Administration (SSA) implemented a revised method to determine and enter impairment codes in
administrative records. This revised approach provides for a modified impairment coding system, generally
using 3 digits (followed by zero), loosely based on the ICD-9 codes. For research purposes, the ICD-9 codes
and SSA impairment codes are, typically, identical. However, the diagnostic groupings shown in the statistical
tables closely parallel the major ICD-9 disease classifications.
disability. The inability to engage in substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason of any medically determinable
physical or mental impairment that can be expected to result in death or to last for a continuous period of not
less than 12 months. (Special rules apply for workers aged 55 or older whose disability is based on blindness.
The 12-month requirement does not apply to SSI beneficiaries who are blind.)
Individuals are considered to be disabled only if their physical or mental impairment(s) is of such severity that
they are not only unable to do their previous work but cannot—because of their age, education, or work experience—engage in any other kind of substantial gainful activity that exists in the national economy, regardless of
whether such work exists in the immediate area in which they live, or whether a specific job vacancy exists for
them, or whether they would be hired if they applied for work.
The SGA criterion does not apply to children under age 18 in the Supplemental Security Income program. The
standard for them is a medically determinable physical or mental impairment that results in marked and severe
functional limitations.
Disability Determination Services (DDS). The state agency responsible for developing medical evidence and
rendering the initial determination and reconsideration on whether a claimant is disabled or a beneficiary continues to be disabled within the meaning of the law.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 121

federal benefit rates (FBR). The basic benefit standards used in computing the amount of federal SSI payments.
Benefit levels differ for individuals and couples living in households and for persons in Medicaid institutions.
Individuals or couples living in their own household receive the full federal benefit. The federal benefit is
reduced by one-third if an individual or couple is living in another person’s household and receiving support
and maintenance there. The federal benefit rates are increased annually to reflect increases in the cost of living.
impairment-related work expenses (IRWE). The costs of items or services that a disabled person needs to work.
The expenses, when paid by the beneficiary, are deducted from his or her gross earnings when determining if
the work is considered substantial gainful activity.
Medicaid institution. Living arrangement for persons in public or private institutions when more than 50 percent of
the cost of care is met by the Medicaid program. In these situations, the monthly federal SSI payment is limited
to no more than $30.
own household. Used to determine the federal benefit rate. Applies to adults who own their living quarters, are liable for the rent, pay their pro rata shares of household expenses, are living in households composed only of
recipients of public income–maintenance payments, and are placed by agencies in private households. Also
applies to children living in their parent's household. See federal benefit rates.
plans for achieving self-support (PASS). Permits a recipient with an approved PASS to set aside earned or
unearned income and resources for a work goal. The income or resources set aside are used to pay for goods
or services needed to reach the goal, such as education, vocational training, starting a business, or purchasing
work-related equipment. The income and resources that are set aside under a PASS are excluded from SSI
income and resource tests, but they do not influence the determination of ability to engage in substantial gainful activity.
poverty thresholds. The poverty thresholds are a series of income levels, with different values for family units of
different sizes, below which the family units are considered poor. The thresholds are used mainly for statistical
purposes in calculating official poverty population figures. They are issued annually by the U.S. Census Bureau
in the Current Population Reports series. The thresholds are adjusted annually for price changes using the
annual average consumer price index for all urban consumers (CPI-U).
presumptive disability or blindness. For certain diagnoses, where there is high probability of a favorable medical
determination of disability or blindness, payments may be made for up to 6 months before the formal determination, if the applicant meets the nonmedical eligibility requirements.
representative payee. A person designated by the Social Security Administration to receive monthly benefit
checks on behalf of an adult beneficiary who is unable to manage his or her own funds. A beneficiary under
age 18 is generally considered incapable of managing benefit payments, and a representative payee will be
selected to receive benefits on the beneficiary’s behalf.
Section 1619(a). Continuing cash benefits for disabled individuals whose gross earned income is at the amount
designated as the substantial gainful activity level. The person must continue to be disabled and meet all other
eligibility rules. Also known as special cash payment.
Section 1619(b). For Medicaid purposes, provides special status to working disabled or blind individuals when
their earnings make them ineligible for cash payments. Also known as special recipient status.
SSA administrative regions

Boston: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont
New York: New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands
Philadelphia: Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia
Atlanta: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee
Chicago: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin
Dallas: Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas
Kansas City: Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska
Denver : Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming
San Francisco: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, American Samoa, Guam, and Northern Mariana Islands
Seattle: Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington
NOTE: The SSI program does not cover American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands.
122 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005

state conversions. Persons who were eligible for payments under the federal and state adult assistance programs
in December 1973 were automatically eligible for SSI payments beginning January 1974.
state supplementation. Payments to eligible persons made under state provisions. These payments may vary by
the recipient's living situation and by geographic area within the state. The payments may be administered by
the Social Security Administration or the state.
substantial gainful activity (SGA). Describes a level of work activity that is productive and yields or usually yields
remuneration or profit. The Social Security Administration’s regulations establish a dollar amount to indicate
whether a person’s work is substantial.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI). A federal program for low-income aged, blind, and disabled individuals who
meet income and resource requirements. Beginning in 1974, SSI replaced the former federal and state programs of Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled. SSI is funded
by general tax revenues, not Social Security taxes.
Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The SIPP is a household survey of the noninstitutionalized
resident population of the United States, conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. It was designed to improve the
measurement of the economic situation of persons, families, and households in the United States and to provide a tool for managing and evaluating government transfer and service programs.
suspended benefit. A payment that has been temporarily stopped until the condition or conditions causing the
suspension are known to have ended. The suspension does not affect eligibility for Medicare benefits.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 ♦ 123