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Code No: 311403 III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November, 2003 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS (Mechatronics) Time:3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --Compare FEA with other methods of analysis. Explain the difference between plane stress and plane strain problem and also derive the property matrices for them. Determine the displacements of nodes of the spring system shown in figure.

1

1.a) b) 2.

3.

Determine the displacement, stresses and support reactions for the structure shown in figure. The structure is subjected to an increase in temperature ∆T=800C.

Assume the following: A bronze=2400 mm2 A Aluminium=1200 mm2 A steel=600 mm2 E bronze=83 GPaE Aluminium = 70 GPa E steel = 200 GPa α bronze=18.9x10-6/0C α Aluminium = 23x10-6/0C α steel=11.7x10-6/0C

Contd..2

Code No:311403 4.

-2-

Set No.1

A load P=2500N and another load Q=2000N are applied on truss as shown in figure. Determine the temperature loads, stresses and support reactions in the truss.

5.

Solve the plane stress problem in figure.

6.a) b) 7.

Develop the shape functions for a 8-node quadrilateral element belonging to the serendipity family. Sketch the shape functions. Write a short note on Numerical Integration and its applications in FEM. Compare the Potential Energy approach and Galerkin’s approach for the finite element formulation of beams.

Contd..3

Code No:311403

-3-

Set No.1

8.

A composite wall consists of three materials as shown in figure. The outer temperature is 200C. Convective heat transfer takes place on the inner surface of the wall where T∞=8000C and h=25 W/m2 0C. Determine the temperature distribution in the wall.

&&&

Set No.

Code No: 311403 III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations November, 2003 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS (Mechatronics) Time:3hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) Derive the stiffness matrix for a 3-noded axial element from the basic principle. If displacement field is described by u = 3x2-4xy + 6y2 v = 2x2 +6xy-8y2. Determine Ex, Ey and χxy at a point x = -1, y=1 then find the stresses σx, σy, and τxy if E=2x105 and ν -=0.3 for plane stress conditions. Determine the maximum deflection in a simply supported beam subjected to a concentrated load at mid span using variational approach. What do you mean by essential and natural boundary conditions? Explain with suitable examples. For the truss shown in figure find the deflections and member E=2x1011N/m2, Area of cross section for each member is 0.01 m2 stresses. Take Max.Marks:80

2

2.a) b) 3.

4.

For the beam shown in figure determine the deflections and reaction forces.

Take E=2x1011 N/m2 Contd..2

Code No:311403 -2Set No.2 5. State whether the following statements are true or false and give the reasons. a) The shape functions are linear along an edge of a four node quadrilateral element. b) For isoparametric elements, the point z=0, η=0 in the master element corresponds to the centroid of the element in x, y coordinates. c) The maximum stresses with in an element occur at the Gauss points. d) The integral of a cubic polynomial can be performed exactly using two point Gauss quadrature. 6. What do you mean by lumped and consistant Mass Matrix. Derive the consistant Mass Matrix for (i) Axial element and (ii) 2D-beam element with 2 degrees of freedom (1 Translational and 1 rotation) at each node (for translational Mass only) Assuming one dimension flow, find the temperature distribution for the wall shown in figure. Take K=thermal conductivity is 0.7 w/m 0C.

7.a)

b) 8.

What do you mean by transient heat transfer problem? Explain the method in FEA. Answer any THREE of the following a) Application and limitations of FEA softwares. b) Automatic and semi automatic mesh generation method. c) Temperature effects on Trusses. d) One dimensional fluid flow problems. &&&

Set No.

Code No: 311403 III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November, 2003 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS (Mechatronics) Time:3hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) 2.a) Compare the finite element method of analysis with other methods of analysis. List any five finite element analysis software and explain their capabilities. In a solid body, the six components of the stress at a point are given by σx=40 Mpa, σy =20 Mpa, σz=30Mpa, τyz=-30Mpa, τxz=15Mpa, and τ xy=10Mpa. Determine the 1 normal stress at the point, on a plane for which the normal is (nx, ny, nz) = (½,½, ). 2 Determine the displacement of nodes of the spring system shown in figure Max.Marks:80

3

b)

3.a) b)

Derive the governing equation for bending of beams using variational approach. Derive the material matrix for three dimensional isotropic material.

Contd..2

Code No:311403

-2-

Set No.3

4.

Consider the four-bar truss shown in figure, it is given that E=300 GPa and Ae=250 mm2 for all elements. a) Determine the element stiffness matrix for each element. b) Assemble the structural stiffness matrix K for the entire truss c) Using the elimination approach, solve for the nodal displacement d) Recover the stresses in each element. e) Calculate the reaction forces.

5. 6.a) b) 7.

Derive the strain displacement matrix B, for the triangular element, also derive the body force and Traction force vector. Derive the shape functions for a general quadrilateral isoparametric elements. Explain advantages of isoparametric elements with suitable examples. Determine the eigen values and eigen vectors for the stepped bar shown in figure.

Contd..3

Code No:311403 8.

-3-

Set No.3

A long bar of rectangular cross section, having thermal conductivity of 1.5 w/m 0C is subjected to the boundary conditions shown in figure. Two opposite sides are maintained at a uniform temperature of 1800C; one side is insulated, and the remaining side is subjected to a convection process with Tα=250C and h=50 w/m2 0C. Determine the temperature distribution in the bar.

&&&

Set No.

Code No: 311403

4

III B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations November, 2003 FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS (Mechatronics) Time:3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --What is the structure of a finite element software? Explain the capabilities of any one package. Derive the ‘D’ (Material Matrix) Matrix for plain strain problem. Determine the displacement at a mid span of a simply supported beam subjected to a central concentrated load using Galerkin’s approach. Describe the assembly of element matrices using skyline approach. Determine the deflections and member forces for the truss shown in figure.

1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3.

E=2x1011N/m2 α=6.12x10-6 / 0C ∆T=Temperature Change=40 0C A=Area of C/s=0.1 m2=0.1 (for all members) 4. Find the deflections at the point B and C for the beam shown in Figure. Take E=2x1011 N/m2.

Contd..2 Code No:311403 -2Set No.4

5.a)

Determine the ‘B’ (strain-displacement) matrix for constant strain Triangle shown in figure.

b) 6.a) b) 7.a)

Differentiate between (i) free and mapped meshing and (ii) semi Automatic and Automatic Mesh generation methods. Sketch the isoparametric quadrilateral element and show 2x2 and 3x3 Gaussian points. What do you mean by axisymmetric problem? Derive the material matrix (D) from stress-strain relation ship. Find the natural frequencies and corresponding mode shapes for the stepped bar shown in figure. Take E=2x1011N/m2, S=7850 kg/m3.

b)

Differentiate between lumped and consistant mass matrix.

Contd..3

Code No:311403

-3-

Set No.4

8.

For the sketch shown in figure. Determine the temperature distribution.

K1 and K2 are thermal conductivities 40 W/mK and 80 W/mK respectively. Assume the thickness to be unity. &&&

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