Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits

Table 43.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by age and year of application, 1992–2005
Medical decisions
Denials
Year

Pending
Total final decision

Technical
denials a

Allowances

Subsequent
Medical nonmedical d

Awards

Subsequent
denials e

Award
rate b
(percent)

All ages f
1992
1993
1994

1,828,951
2,048,945
2,014,499

0
0
0

134,438
141,214
123,175

741,839
937,757
1,041,432

1,556
1,600
1,681

860,875
878,932
770,905

90,243
89,442
77,306

47.1
42.9
38.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,845,212
1,786,770
1,505,145
1,520,538
1,528,217

0
0
0
0
2,297

103,335
113,027
97,320
95,990
105,819

995,185
938,407
738,863
701,449
686,835

1,344
1,886
2,074
3,831
4,003

683,850
671,900
606,169
656,447
664,858

61,498
61,550
60,719
62,821
64,405

37.1
37.6
40.3
43.2
43.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,612,826
1,749,572
1,959,039
2,112,577
2,247,178
2,298,723

3,413
5,673
14,210
56,360
181,230
252,015

156,525
203,387
278,291
342,201
433,290
564,039

687,445
724,598
805,381
845,048
838,357
817,108

3,823
3,501
3,558
3,401
2,853
2,153

692,721
736,448
774,948
772,626
709,249
598,668

68,899
75,965
82,651
92,941
82,199
64,740

43.0
42.2
39.8
37.6
34.3
29.3

1992
1993
1994

376,812
500,676
530,538

0
0
0

16,695
18,788
16,897

148,221
240,668
311,137

103
135
147

204,083
232,344
194,655

7,710
8,741
7,702

54.2
46.4
36.7

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

491,638
457,057
334,975
338,592
345,067

0
0
0
0
188

14,364
13,532
10,906
10,904
11,898

306,298
291,265
195,731
182,599
182,246

92
86
69
74
68

163,896
144,670
121,438
137,650
142,855

6,988
7,504
6,831
7,365
7,812

33.3
31.7
36.3
40.7
41.4

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

355,477
375,975
412,972
438,601
451,806
440,724

290
405
1,098
5,030
16,781
24,189

15,775
18,710
22,678
25,776
31,735
47,115

179,412
181,951
199,916
211,408
210,081
194,526

64
61
78
64
76
85

151,974
166,327
180,117
186,632
183,698
165,905

7,962
8,521
9,085
9,691
9,435
8,904

42.8
44.3
43.7
43.0
42.2
39.8

Under age 18

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

1,451,417
1,547,527
1,482,503

0
0
0

117,675
122,364
106,181

593,455
696,934
729,927

1,451
1,463
1,529

656,374
646,157
575,431

82,462
80,609
69,435

45.2
41.8
38.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,351,903
1,277,604
1,135,602
1,133,015
1,133,722

0
0
0
0
2,105

88,839
87,869
78,303
76,709
83,733

688,438
646,497
542,042
516,789
503,257

1,245
1,534
1,456
1,860
1,542

519,041
488,215
460,952
483,783
487,657

54,340
53,489
52,849
53,874
55,428

38.4
38.2
40.6
42.7
43.1

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,208,866
1,323,142
1,483,791
1,615,844
1,734,012
1,783,959

3,121
5,259
13,099
51,285
164,347
227,697

127,968
167,675
230,118
287,736
367,793
474,028

507,000
541,702
604,378
632,857
627,695
622,142

1,423
1,398
1,574
1,809
1,531
1,084

509,384
540,561
562,026
559,707
500,524
403,683

59,970
66,547
72,596
82,450
72,122
55,325

42.2
41.0
38.2
35.8
31.9
25.9

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2006. Data for the hearing level or above are current through
August 2006.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time. Cases can be
pending at the initial or appellate levels and can include either medical or technical issues.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security–only
applications.
a. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons so no decision was made on severity of impairment.
b. Rate determined by dividing awards by all applications minus pending claims for that year.
c. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
d. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that applicant did not meet the medical severity criteria for disability
benefits.
e. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that applicant met the medical severity criteria for disability benefits.
f.

Includes applicants aged 65 or older.

CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

File available from:
U.S. Social Security Administration, Office of Policy
SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_asr/2006/

s for Disability Benefits

Allowance
rate c
(percent)

56.1
50.8
44.8
42.8
43.8
47.4
50.5
51.4
52.4
52.7
51.5
50.5
48.5
44.7

58.8
50.0
39.4
35.8
34.3
39.6
44.3
45.2
47.1
49.0
48.6
48.1
47.9
47.3

55.4
51.0
46.9
45.4
45.5
48.6
50.9
51.8
52.8
52.8
51.2
50.3
47.6
42.4

above are current through

ge over time. Cases can be

cial Security–only

severity criteria for disability

riteria for disability benefits.

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 44.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2005
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

All ages b
1992
1993
1994

1,694,513
1,907,731
1,891,324

686,962
687,630
577,721

40.5
36.0
30.5

946,348
1,106,624
1,105,532

399,334
409,102
335,756

42.2
37.0
30.4

748,165
801,107
785,792

287,628
278,528
241,965

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,741,877
1,673,743
1,407,825
1,424,548
1,422,398

507,742
508,931
459,297
520,690
531,498

29.1
30.4
32.6
36.6
37.4

1,037,201
1,000,530
820,527
843,671
843,031

291,168
296,655
260,354
304,856
312,871

28.1
29.6
31.7
36.1
37.1

704,676
673,213
587,298
580,877
579,367

216,574
212,276
198,943
215,834
218,627

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,456,301
1,546,185
1,680,748
1,770,376
1,813,786
1,734,403

556,990
595,925
619,748
635,241
641,328
607,630

38.2
38.5
36.9
35.9
35.4
35.0

845,623
860,922
904,266
917,511
928,738
900,302

321,029
338,218
345,482
344,751
346,083
331,048

38.0
39.3
38.2
37.6
37.3
36.8

610,678
685,263
776,482
852,865
885,048
834,101

235,961
257,707
274,266
290,490
295,245
276,582

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

360,117
481,888
513,641

194,494
218,724
177,660

54.0
45.4
34.6

329,316
443,778
475,233

176,929
200,206
164,436

53.7
45.1
34.6

30,801
38,110
38,408

17,565
18,518
13,224

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

477,274
443,525
324,069
327,688
333,169

149,140
133,375
112,387
129,729
135,117

31.2
30.1
34.7
39.6
40.6

443,367
413,379
302,540
306,164
310,763

138,959
124,846
105,366
121,371
126,253

31.3
30.2
34.8
39.6
40.6

33,907
30,146
21,529
21,524
22,406

10,181
8,529
7,021
8,358
8,864

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

339,702
357,265
390,294
412,825
420,066
393,575

143,267
157,730
170,542
178,453
180,386
167,416

42.2
44.1
43.7
43.2
42.9
42.5

316,328
332,724
363,020
384,481
392,531
369,372

133,426
146,688
158,263
165,876
168,705
158,031

42.2
44.1
43.6
43.1
43.0
42.8

23,374
24,541
27,274
28,344
27,535
24,203

9,841
11,042
12,279
12,577
11,681
9,385

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

1,333,742
1,425,163
1,376,322

492,046
468,477
399,267

36.9
32.9
29.0

616,523
662,298
629,051

222,077
208,554
170,618

36.0
31.5
27.1

717,219
762,865
747,271

269,969
259,923
228,649

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,263,064
1,189,735
1,057,299
1,056,306
1,049,989

357,732
338,209
324,213
356,592
362,246

28.3
28.4
30.7
33.8
34.5

592,390
555,158
498,637
506,024
502,870

151,417
142,505
139,003
157,861
162,036

25.6
25.7
27.9
31.2
32.2

670,674
634,577
558,662
550,282
547,119

206,315
195,704
185,210
198,731
200,210

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,080,898
1,155,467
1,253,673
1,328,108
1,366,122
1,309,684

382,587
408,901
416,823
430,707
436,077
411,265

35.4
35.4
33.2
32.4
31.9
31.4

503,636
505,101
515,934
515,659
521,576
513,828

166,188
172,232
165,906
164,504
165,119
157,787

33.0
34.1
32.2
31.9
31.7
30.7

577,262
650,366
737,739
812,449
844,546
795,856

216,399
236,669
250,917
266,203
270,958
253,478

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2006.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

File available from:
U.S. Social Security Administration, Office of Policy
SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_asr/2006/

s for Disability Benefits

isions on applications
h Social Security and SSI
Allowance
rate a
(percent)

38.4
34.8
30.8
30.7
31.5
33.9
37.2
37.7
38.6
37.6
35.3
34.1
33.4
33.2

57.0
48.6
34.4
30.0
28.3
32.6
38.8
39.6
42.1
45.0
45.0
44.4
42.4
38.8

e over time.

edical reasons.

37.6
34.1
30.6
30.8
30.8
33.2
36.1
36.6
37.5
36.4
34.0
32.8
32.1
31.8

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 45.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2005
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

All ages b
1992
1993
1994

479,152
557,384
571,602

74,500
75,559
73,734

15.5
13.6
12.9

234,057
280,174
290,341

38,371
38,663
36,826

16.4
13.8
12.7

245,095
277,210
281,261

36,129
36,896
36,908

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

522,987
480,593
409,396
390,212
382,196

66,780
65,352
62,496
61,266
55,625

12.8
13.6
15.3
15.7
14.6

275,013
249,224
208,993
203,132
197,671

33,432
32,510
31,881
31,818
28,499

12.2
13.0
15.3
15.7
14.4

247,974
231,369
200,403
187,080
184,525

33,348
32,842
30,615
29,448
27,126

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

382,757
407,299
458,317
487,775
482,806
377,342

53,139
53,434
56,059
57,108
52,648
35,713

13.9
13.1
12.2
11.7
10.9
9.5

192,285
190,634
203,464
202,378
196,653
161,020

26,455
25,393
25,783
24,699
22,571
16,752

13.8
13.3
12.7
12.2
11.5
10.4

190,472
216,665
254,853
285,397
286,153
216,322

26,684
28,041
30,276
32,409
30,077
18,961

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

49,099
75,816
91,854

9,570
11,440
11,475

19.5
15.1
12.5

44,562
69,176
83,789

8,590
10,355
10,461

19.3
15.0
12.5

4,537
6,640
8,065

980
1,085
1,014

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

86,651
74,836
51,365
49,909
49,456

10,459
9,646
8,583
8,042
7,476

12.1
12.9
16.7
16.1
15.1

79,397
68,797
47,131
45,989
45,465

9,625
8,863
7,883
7,417
6,839

12.1
12.9
16.7
16.1
15.0

7,254
6,039
4,234
3,920
3,991

834
783
700
625
637

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

48,361
49,495
56,273
59,715
57,984
45,803

7,513
7,649
8,312
8,457
7,786
6,301

15.5
15.5
14.8
14.2
13.4
13.8

44,462
45,567
51,775
54,939
53,638
42,625

6,950
7,069
7,620
7,763
7,287
5,920

15.6
15.5
14.7
14.1
13.6
13.9

3,899
3,928
4,498
4,776
4,346
3,178

563
580
692
694
499
381

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

429,944
481,434
479,439

64,891
64,074
62,150

15.1
13.3
13.0

189,409
210,882
206,253

29,744
28,268
26,260

15.7
13.4
12.7

240,535
270,552
273,186

35,147
35,806
35,890

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

435,988
403,309
355,514
337,411
330,830

56,205
54,194
52,588
51,759
47,244

12.9
13.4
14.8
15.3
14.3

195,281
178,404
159,694
154,436
150,460

23,695
22,457
22,951
23,051
20,862

12.1
12.6
14.4
14.9
13.9

240,707
224,905
195,820
182,975
180,370

32,510
31,737
29,637
28,708
26,382

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

332,767
356,236
400,138
426,628
423,706
330,689

44,865
45,039
46,817
47,997
44,332
28,831

13.5
12.6
11.7
11.3
10.5
8.7

146,383
143,740
150,064
146,276
142,158
117,786

18,874
17,759
17,452
16,472
14,953
10,459

12.9
12.4
11.6
11.3
10.5
8.9

186,384
212,496
250,074
280,352
281,548
212,903

25,991
27,280
29,365
31,525
29,379
18,372

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2006.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing level
without a reconsideration.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

File available from:
U.S. Social Security Administration, Office of Policy
SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_asr/2006/

s for Disability Benefits

isions on applications
h Social Security and SSI
Allowance
rate a
(percent)

14.7
13.3
13.1
13.4
14.2
15.3
15.7
14.7
14.0
12.9
11.9
11.4
10.5
8.8

21.6
16.3
12.6
11.5
13.0
16.5
15.9
16.0
14.4
14.8
15.4
14.5
11.5
12.0

e over time.

edical reasons.

directly to the hearing level

14.6
13.2
13.1
13.5
14.1
15.1
15.7
14.6
13.9
12.8
11.7
11.2
10.4
8.6

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 46.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2005
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

All ages b
1992
1993
1994

280,751
327,271
333,329

189,656
205,185
196,756

67.6
62.7
59.0

128,789
153,126
156,584

79,307
85,195
80,594

61.6
55.6
51.5

151,962
174,145
176,745

110,349
119,990
116,162

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

300,958
271,977
238,744
224,759
229,227

170,826
159,167
145,095
137,312
142,140

56.8
58.5
60.8
61.1
62.0

145,570
128,712
112,201
107,693
110,192

70,445
64,430
59,737
57,970
59,799

48.4
50.1
53.2
53.8
54.3

155,388
143,265
126,543
117,066
119,035

100,381
94,737
85,358
79,342
82,341

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

247,904
268,813
298,063
275,372
148,293
29,072

151,491
163,054
181,792
173,218
97,472
20,065

61.1
60.7
61.0
62.9
65.7
69.0

118,077
119,948
124,856
105,746
55,178
12,136

62,359
62,406
64,828
55,477
29,637
6,423

52.8
52.0
51.9
52.5
53.7
52.9

129,827
148,865
173,207
169,626
93,115
16,936

89,132
100,648
116,964
117,741
67,835
13,642

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

19,988
31,658
38,751

7,729
10,921
13,222

38.7
34.5
34.1

17,979
28,625
34,869

6,890
9,784
11,860

38.3
34.2
34.0

2,009
3,033
3,882

839
1,137
1,362

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

35,856
28,105
19,549
18,904
20,715

11,285
9,153
7,299
7,244
8,074

31.5
32.6
37.3
38.3
39.0

32,428
25,589
17,723
17,199
18,816

10,131
8,295
6,593
6,546
7,285

31.2
32.4
37.2
38.1
38.7

3,428
2,516
1,826
1,705
1,899

1,154
858
706
698
789

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

24,289
25,752
28,621
25,853
13,075
2,272

9,156
9,469
10,348
9,413
4,961
1,092

37.7
36.8
36.2
36.4
37.9
48.1

22,096
23,524
26,180
23,626
12,077
2,113

8,242
8,573
9,396
8,513
4,533
1,014

37.3
36.4
35.9
36.0
37.5
48.0

2,193
2,228
2,441
2,227
998
159

914
896
952
900
428
78

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

260,727
295,551
294,441

181,899
194,215
183,449

69.8
65.7
62.3

110,785
124,445
121,584

72,398
75,368
68,654

65.4
60.6
56.5

149,942
171,106
172,857

109,501
118,847
114,795

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

264,954
243,064
218,234
204,892
207,909

159,444
149,301
137,000
129,306
133,595

60.2
61.4
62.8
63.1
64.3

113,002
102,414
93,582
89,580
90,819

60,224
55,516
52,402
50,706
52,083

53.3
54.2
56.0
56.6
57.3

151,952
140,650
124,652
115,312
117,090

99,220
93,785
84,598
78,600
81,512

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

223,028
242,502
268,771
249,014
134,887
26,727

141,902
153,168
170,982
163,453
92,237
18,912

63.6
63.2
63.6
65.6
68.4
70.8

95,444
95,910
98,051
81,676
42,804
9,965

53,725
53,448
55,003
46,662
24,858
5,363

56.3
55.7
56.1
57.1
58.1
53.8

127,584
146,592
170,720
167,338
92,083
16,762

88,177
99,720
115,979
116,791
67,379
13,549

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through August 2006.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing level
without a reconsideration.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

File available from:
U.S. Social Security Administration, Office of Policy
SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_asr/2006/

s for Disability Benefits

isions on applications
h Social Security and SSI
Allowance
rate a
(percent)

72.6
68.9
65.7
64.6
66.1
67.5
67.8
69.2
68.7
67.6
67.5
69.4
72.9
80.6

41.8
37.5
35.1
33.7
34.1
38.7
40.9
41.5
41.7
40.2
39.0
40.4
42.9
49.1

e over time.

edical reasons.

directly to the hearing level

73.0
69.5
66.4
65.3
66.7
67.9
68.2
69.6
69.1
68.0
67.9
69.8
73.2
80.8

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 47.
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by age, year of application,
and reason for allowance, 1992–2005
Under age 18 only

Total
Year

Number

Percent

Meets level
of severity
of listings a

Medically
equals level
of severity
of listings

Aged 18 or older only

Functionally
equals level
of severity
of listings

Equals level
of severity
of listings

Medical and
vocational
factors
considered

All ages c
1992
1993
1994

951,118
968,374
848,211

100.0
100.0
100.0

36.6
36.5
36.8

1.5
1.5
1.5

1.3
1.6
2.1

7.5
5.5
4.4

18.6
17.4
18.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

745,348
733,450
666,888
719,268
729,263

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

35.8
35.9
37.6
38.2
36.6

1.6
1.8
1.8
1.9
2.0

2.5
3.3
4.3
4.8
5.3

4.3
4.4
4.7
4.2
4.0

18.6
17.4
18.4
20.1
20.8

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

761,620
812,413
857,599
865,567
791,448
663,408

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

35.1
34.8
33.3
33.1
35.1
37.5

1.9
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.8

6.1
7.0
7.9
9.0
10.6
12.1

4.2
4.2
3.7
3.7
4.0
4.1

21.4
22.2
21.8
22.6
25.1
26.7

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

211,793
241,085
202,357

100.0
100.0
100.0

48.3
44.9
45.6

6.9
5.9
6.5

5.9
6.4
8.6

...
...
...

...
...
...

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

170,884
152,174
128,269
145,015
150,667

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.8
52.7
55.8
55.6
53.2

7.0
8.7
9.2
9.6
9.8

11.0
16.0
22.1
23.6
25.8

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

159,936
174,848
189,202
196,323
193,133
174,809

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

50.2
48.3
45.3
43.9
42.8
41.0

9.2
8.2
7.7
7.5
6.8
6.7

28.9
32.4
35.9
39.7
43.4
46.1

...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

738,836
726,766
644,866

100.0
100.0
100.0

33.3
33.7
34.0

...
...
...

...
...
...

9.7
7.3
5.8

23.9
23.1
23.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

573,381
541,704
513,801
537,657
543,085

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

33.2
33.7
34.5
35.6
34.0

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

5.6
5.9
6.1
5.5
5.3

24.0
23.3
22.6
23.9
25.1

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

569,354
607,108
634,622
642,157
572,646
459,008

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

32.6
32.5
31.3
31.1
33.9
38.5

...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...

5.6
5.6
5.0
5.0
5.5
5.9

26.4
27.8
27.6
29.1
33.6
37.4

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2006. Data for the hearing level or above are current through
August 2006.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security–only
applications.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Includes all age groups.
b. Includes applications for which the disability was previously established and those for which the basis for the determination is not available.
For final determinations made in or before August 1996 for applicants under age 18, also includes applications allowed because individual
functional assessment showed impairment of comparable severity.
c. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

File available from:
U.S. Social Security Administration, Office of Policy
SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_asr/2006/

ns for Disability Benefits

Other a,b

34.4
37.6
37.1
37.2
37.2
33.3
30.8
31.2
31.3
30.0
31.6
29.9
23.6
17.8

38.9
42.7
39.3
37.2
22.6
12.9
11.2
11.3
11.7
11.1
11.1
9.0
7.0
6.2

33.2
35.9
36.4
37.2
37.1
36.9
35.1
35.6
35.5
34.2
36.1
34.8
27.0
18.1

r above are current through

ge over time.

medical reasons.

ocial Security–only

determination is not available.
s allowed because individual

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 48.
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by age, year of application,
and reason for denial, 1992–2005

Total
Year

Number

Impairment did
not or is not
expected to last
Percent
12 months

Impairment
does not cause
severe
Able to do
Impairment is
functional usual past work
b
not severe
limitations a

Able to do
other type of
work b

All ages d
1992
1993
1994

743,395
939,357
1,043,113

100.0
100.0
100.0

7.3
6.6
6.2

22.1
21.2
20.7

...
...
...

17.5
15.4
13.6

26.3
24.8
23.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

996,529
940,293
740,937
705,280
690,838

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.2
6.4
6.8
6.9
6.7

19.7
20.6
16.7
15.0
14.0

...
5.8
16.2
18.3
19.1

12.4
12.1
13.0
14.7
15.5

22.4
22.9
25.1
25.4
24.5

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

691,268
728,099
808,939
848,449
841,210
819,261

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
6.1
5.7
5.1
4.8
4.7

13.3
13.2
13.0
12.2
11.3
10.8

18.7
18.3
18.3
18.9
18.9
17.7

15.8
16.6
16.9
16.9
16.2
15.8

24.2
26.1
26.5
26.9
26.4
26.6

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

148,324
240,803
311,284

100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
1.3
1.4

22.7
21.8
22.4

...
...
...

...
...
...

...
...
...

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

306,390
291,351
195,800
182,673
182,314

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.1

21.8
26.9
19.1
14.4
13.3

...
18.7
61.4
70.6
72.4

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

179,476
182,012
199,994
211,472
210,157
194,611

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.9

13.2
14.0
13.4
12.3
11.1
11.0

72.1
73.0
73.9
75.7
75.7
74.4

...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

594,906
698,397
731,456

100.0
100.0
100.0

8.8
8.4
8.3

21.9
21.0
20.0

...
...
...

21.8
20.7
19.4

32.8
33.4
33.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

689,683
648,031
543,498
518,649
504,799

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.4
8.6
8.8
8.9
8.7

18.8
17.8
15.8
14.9
14.1

...
...
...
...
...

17.9
17.5
17.7
19.7
21.0

32.4
33.3
34.2
34.4
33.5

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

508,423
543,100
605,952
634,666
629,226
623,226

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.4
7.8
7.3
6.6
6.2
5.9

13.2
12.8
12.7
12.0
11.4
10.7

...
...
...
...
...
...

21.2
22.1
22.5
22.5
21.5
20.8

32.9
34.9
35.3
36.0
35.2
35.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2006. Data for the hearing level or above are current through
August 2006.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security–only
applications.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Used only for applicants under age 18. Category effective for final determinations made August 1996 or later.
b. Used only for applicants aged 18 or older.
c. Applicant provided insufficient evidence, failed to cooperate, failed to follow prescribed treatment, did not want to continue development of
the claim, or returned to substantial work before disability could be established. For final determinations made August 1996 or before for
applicants under age 18, also includes claims denied because individual functional assessment showed impairment not of comparable
severity.
d. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

File available from:
U.S. Social Security Administration, Office of Policy
SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_asr/2006/

ns for Disability Benefits

Other c

26.9
31.9
36.1
39.2
32.2
22.1
19.9
20.2
21.5
19.8
19.7
20.0
22.4
24.3

75.8
76.9
76.2
76.9
53.0
18.0
13.7
13.2
13.6
11.9
11.8
11.0
12.4
13.6

r above are current through

ge over time.

medical reasons.

ocial Security–only

to continue development of
August 1996 or before for
rment not of comparable

14.7
16.4
19.1
22.5
22.8
23.6
22.0
22.7
24.3
22.4
22.2
22.9
25.7
27.6