SSI Annual

Statistical Report,
2006

Social Security Administration
Office of Policy
Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics
500 E Street, SW, 8th Floor
Washington, DC 20254
SSA Publication No. 13-11827
Released: September 2007

Highlights 2006
Size and Scope of the Supplemental Security Income Program

About 7.2 million people received federally administered payments in
December 2006.

The average monthly payment in December 2006 was $455.

Total payments for the year were more than $38 billion, including about $4 billion
in federally administered state supplementation.

Profile of Recipients

The majority were female (57 percent).

Fifteen percent were under age 18, 57 percent were aged 18 to 64, and
28 percent were aged 65 or older.

Most (82 percent) were eligible on the basis of a disability.

Almost 6 out of 10 recipients under the age of 65 were diagnosed with a mental
disorder.

More than half (55 percent) had no income other than their SSI payment.

Thirty-five percent of SSI recipients also received Social Security benefits.

Of the people receiving SSI benefits, about 2 percent were residing in a Title XIX
institution where Medicaid was paying more than half of the cost.

Despite their disabilities, about 349,000 recipients (5.7 percent) were working in
December 2006.

Preface
Since 1974, the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program has guaranteed a minimum
level of income for needy aged, blind, or disabled individuals. Each year, we issue a report
that presents data on the SSI program and the people who receive benefits from it. The
report covers such topics as federal benefit rates and total annual payments, federally
administered payments, work incentives, applications, outcomes of applications, awards,
denials, and suspension of benefits.
The section on federally administered payments includes a table showing country of
origin of the nearly 1.6 million SSI recipients who were born in a foreign country. Finally, in
response to numerous inquiries for data at the state level, we have provided state distributions for applications, awards, recipient rates, and receipt of Social Security and SSI on
the basis of disability.
Alfreda M. Brooks compiled the data and prepared the report for publication. Staff of
the Division of Information Resources edited the report and prepared the print and electronic versions for publication.
General questions about the report should be directed to Alfreda Brooks at
410-965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov. For specific questions about the data, contact the
person listed on each table.
This and other reports on the SSI program are available on the Web at
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy. For additional copies, please e-mail
op.publications@ssa.gov or call 202-358-6274.

Susan Grad
Acting Associate Commissioner
for Research, Evaluation, and Statistics
September 2007

Notes
All payments are federally administered payments.
All years are calendar years unless otherwise specified.
In July 2001, the Social Security Administration made retroactive lump-sum payments to
correct an error in the cost-of-living adjustment for 2000 and 2001. The data in this report
reflect the federal benefit rate actually used for Supplemental Security Income payments
($512 for 2000; $530 for January through June 2001).
Numbers in the text and tables may not add to totals because of rounding.
Monthly data shown in tables are for the end of the given month.
The tables on noninstitutionalized beneficiaries based on the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) have been removed from the SSI Annual Statistical Report.
Because of increased attrition of survey participants over time and increasingly low match
rates to administrative data, attempts were made to improve the reliability of estimates
based on the SIPP. The Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics (ORES) contracted
with the Census Bureau to conduct a special SIPP-based interview of Disability Insurance
and Supplemental Security Income beneficiaries. Estimates based on the additional data
were not available when this report was published. However, ORES anticipates publishing
these estimates in another publication as well as highlighting the changes in the data and
the reliability of the estimates. This decision reinforces the inherent differences between
the survey data used to produce the estimates of noninstitutionalized beneficiaries and the
administrative data used in this publication.
Because of variations across states in reported numbers of recipients and payment
amounts of SSI state-administered state supplements, information on state-administered
state supplements has been dropped from this publication.

Contents
Background. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
History of the SSI Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
The Basic Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Uniform Standards and Objective Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Assistance of Last Resort . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Incentives for Work and Opportunities for Rehabilitation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Administration of the SSI Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
State Supplementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Coordination with Other Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Tables
Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
1.

Monthly federal SSI benefit rates, 1974–2007. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

2.

Total payments, by eligibility category and source of payment,
selected years, 1974–2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

Federally Administered Payments
3.

Recipients, by age, December 1974–2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

4.

By type of payment, sex, eligibility category, and age, December 2006 . . . . . . . 22

5.

By selected characteristics, eligibility category, and age, December 2006 . . . . . 23

6.

Recipients, by type of representative payee, eligibility category, and age,
December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

7.

Recipients, by type of income, eligibility category, and age, December 2006 . . .25

8.

By receipt of Social Security, type of income, eligibility category, and age,
December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

9.

Recipients, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age,
December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

10.

Average monthly payment, by state or other area, eligibility category,
and age, December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

11.

Recipients and their average income, by type of income and marital status,
December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

12.

Recipients as a percentage of resident population, by state,
December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

13.

Foreign-born recipients, by region, country of origin, eligibility category,
and age, December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
14.

Persons aged 18–64 receiving benefits on the basis of disability
and their total and average monthly payments, by type of beneficiary,
December 1996–2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37

15.

Persons aged 18–64 receiving both Social Security and SSI on the basis
of disability and their average monthly Social Security benefit and
SSI payment, by state or other area and type of beneficiary,
December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

Noncitizens
16.

By eligibility category, December 1982–2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

17.

Distribution of recipients, by selected characteristics and citizenship status,
December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

18.

By state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2006 . . . . . . . . . 45

19.

By region and country of origin, eligibility category, and age, December 2006 . . 47

20.

By number of months between date of U.S. residency and date of
SSI application, eligibility category, and age, December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

Recipients Under Age 65
21.

Recipients, by diagnostic group, 1998–2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

22.

By diagnostic group and age, December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

23.

By diagnostic group, age, and sex, December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

24.

Recipients with a representative payee, by diagnostic group
and age, December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

25.

Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

26.

Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Recipients Who Work
27.

By selected months, 1976–2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

28.

Recipients participating in section 1619(a) or section 1619(b),
selected months, 1982–2006. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

29.

By state or other area, December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

30.

Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area,
December 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

Applications
31.

All applications, by age of applicant, 1973–2006. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

32.

Applications for children under age 18, by selected characteristics,
1998–2006. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

33.

Applications for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics,
1998–2006. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

34.

Applications for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics,
1998–2006. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

vi ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

35.

All applications, by state or other area and age of applicant, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . 81

36.

All applicants, by year of first application and age, 1973–2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

Awards
37.

All awards, by age of awardee, 1974–2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

38.

Awards for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1998–2006 . . . . 88

39.

Awards for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1998–2006 . . . . . . . 89

40.

Awards for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1998–2006 . . . 90

41.

All awards, by state or other area and age of awardee, 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

42.

All persons awarded SSI, by year of first award and age, 1974–2006 . . . . . . . . 93

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
43.

Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by age and year of application,
1992–2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

44.

Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

45.

Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

46.

Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

47.

Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by age, year of application,
and reason for allowance, 1992–2005. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

48.

Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by age, year of application,
and reason for denial, 1992–2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

Suspensions and Terminations
Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
49.

Suspensions, by age of recipient and reason for suspension, 1998–2006 . . . . 111

50.

Recipients suspended, by age and reason for suspension, 1998–2006 . . . . . . 112

51.

Recipients terminated, by age and reason for termination, 1998–2005 . . . . . . 113

Appendix: Sampling Variability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ vii

Background
The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program is a
nationwide federal assistance program administered by
the Social Security Administration (SSA) that guarantees a minimum level of income for needy aged, blind,
or disabled individuals. In December 2006, 7.2 million
individuals received federally administered monthly SSI
benefits (including federally administered state supplementary payments) averaging $455.

reversed the historic federal and state roles with regard
to adult assistance. Under the new arrangement, SSI
would provide a uniform federal income floor, and
optional state programs would supplement that floor.
The new program was historic in that it shifted from the
states to the federal government the responsibility for
determining who would receive assistance and how
much assistance they would receive.

History of the SSI Program

The Basic Plan

Entitlement programs for the aged, blind, or disabled
have their roots in the original Social Security Act of
1935. That act established an old-age social insurance
program to be administered by the federal government
and an old-age means-tested assistance program to be
administered by the states. Similar programs for the
blind or disabled were added to the act in later years.
Means-tested assistance was intended to supplement
the incomes of individuals who were ineligible for
Social Security or whose benefits could not provide a
basic living.

The main objective of the SSI program is to provide the
basic cash support of needy aged, blind, or disabled
individuals. Congress designed the SSI program on the
basis of the following principles:

This means-tested assistance, also known as categorical adult assistance, actually comprised three separate programs—Old-Age Assistance (OAA), Aid to the
Blind (AB), and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled (APTD). Despite substantial federal financing,
those programs were essentially state programs; federal law established only broad guidelines and assistance. Federal financing was open-ended in the sense
that the federal government would provide matching
funds to support whatever payment levels the states
established. Federal law specified no maximum or minimum standards. Consequently, each state was
responsible for setting its own standards for determining who would receive assistance and how much they
would receive. As a result, eligibility requirements and
variations of payment levels differed from state to state.
Beginning in the early 1960s, this state-operated,
federally assisted welfare system drew criticism from
within and outside of government. Some of the criticism
was directed at the crazy-quilt eligibility requirements
and payment levels. Other criticism centered on specific requirements, such as lien laws and provisions
that required certain relatives to bear responsibility for
the maintenance of needy family members. The disparity in the degree of federal financial support provided to
states was also an acknowledged problem.

Eligibility requirements and benefit standards that
are nationally uniform and eligibility determinations
that are based on objective criteria

An assistance source of last resort for the aged,
blind, or disabled whose income and resources are
below specified levels

Incentives and opportunities for recipients who are
able to work or to be rehabilitated that would allow
them to reduce their dependency on public assistance

An efficient and economical method of administering the program to provide assistance

Inducements to encourage states to provide supplementation of the basic federal benefit and protection for former recipients of state adult
assistance programs who were converted to the
SSI program

Appropriate coordination of the SSI program with
the Food Stamp program, medical assistance programs, and other programs

Uniform Standards and Objective Criteria
Before the SSI program, eligibility of aged, blind, or disabled individuals for federally funded adult assistance
depended on the state in which they lived. Benefit
amounts also varied from state to state. The SSI program replaced the state-run programs of assistance
with a program having nationally uniform standards
and objective eligibility criteria, which include the following:

Responding to these concerns, Congress passed
and the president approved the SSI program (Public
Law 92-603, enacted October 30, 1972), which

A uniform limitation on the dollar amount or value
of income and resources that an individual can
have and still qualify for federal assistance. The
countable income limits for individuals and couples

1996, or a qualified alien in one of the following categories:3

are equal to their respective federal benefit rates
and hence are increased annually according to
changes in the cost of living. The resource limit is
$2,000 in countable resources for individuals and
$3,000 for couples.

Sixty-five as the minimum age requirement for
assistance based on age.

A uniform definition of disability and blindness. The
definitions for individuals 18 years of age or older
are the same as those used for the Social Security
Disability Insurance program. To be considered
disabled, an individual must have a medically
determinable physical or mental impairment that is
expected to last (or has lasted) at least 12 continuous months or to result in death and (1) if 18 or
older, prevents him or her from doing any substantial gainful activity, or (2) if under 18, results in
marked and severe functional limitations.1 However, individuals for whom addiction to drugs or
alcoholism is a contributing factor material to the
determination of their disabilities are not eligible for
benefits.2 To be considered blind, an individual
must have central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in
the better eye with the use of a correcting lens or
have tunnel vision of 20 degrees or less.

1.

– refugees (eligibility limited to the 7-year period
after their arrival in the United States);
– asylees (eligibility limited to the 7-year period
after the date they are granted asylum);
– noncitizens who have had their deportations
withheld under section 243(h) of the INA as in
effect before April 1, 1997, or who have had
their removals withheld under section 241(b)(3)
of the INA (eligibility limited to the 7-year period
after the date that deportation or removal is
withheld);
– Cuban and Haitian entrants under section
501(e) of the Refugee Education Assistance Act
of 1980 (eligibility limited to the 7-year period
after the date they are granted entrant status);
– Amerasian immigrants admitted pursuant to
section 584 of the Foreign Operations, Export
Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act of 1988 and subsequent amendments
(eligibility limited to the 7-year period after their
arrival in the United States);

Uniform standards for citizenship and residency. To
be eligible for SSI, an individual must be a citizen
(or national) of the United States, an American
Indian born in Canada who is under section 289 of
the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), an
American Indian born outside the United States
who is a member of a federally recognized Indian
tribe under section 4(e) of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, a noncitizen
who was receiving SSI benefits on August 22,
Substantial gainful activity (SGA) is used to describe a level of
work activity that is substantial (that is, involves the performance
of significant physical or mental duties that are productive) and
gainful (that is, performed for remuneration or profit). Generally,
earnings from work activity of more than $860 a month in 2006
were evidence of ability to engage in SGA. Applicants who
earned more than $860 a month would generally not be considered disabled. However, SSI recipients who earned more than
$860 a month could continue to be eligible for SSI. (See the
section Incentives for Work and Opportunities for Rehabilitation.) The SGA level of $860 was increased to $900 effective
January 1, 2007, according to the increase in the national average wage index.
The definition of disability for individuals under age 18 reflects
amendments made by Public Law 104-193, the Personal
Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996.
Prior law required a medically determinable physical or mental
impairment of comparable severity to that required for individuals aged 18 or older.

2.

– certain noncitizens who are blind or disabled
and were lawfully residing in the United States
on August 22, 1996;

The provision reflects amendments made by Title I of Public
Law 104-121, the Senior Citizens’ Right to Work Act of 1996,
enacted March 29, 1996.

2 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

– noncitizen active-duty armed forces personnel,
honorably discharged veterans, and their
spouses and dependent children; or
– lawful permanent residents who have earned or
can be credited (from their spouses or parents)
with 40 qualifying quarters of earnings.
Note that qualified alien status includes noncitizens
who have been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty in the United States by a spouse or parent (or a
member of the spouse's or parent's family) with whom
they live and who have an approved petition, or have a
petition pending, setting forth a prima facie case for
adjustment of their immigration status.
Finally, certain noncitizens may be eligible for SSI
regardless of their immigration status if they have been
determined to be victims of severe forms of trafficking

3.

These standards reflect amendments made by Public Law 104193, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, as amended by Public Law 104-208, Public
Law 105-33, and Public Law 105-306. Prior law permitted SSI
eligibility for individuals who were residents of the United States,
citizens or nationals of the United States, aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United States, or aliens permanently residing in the United States under color of law.

in persons in the United States.4 Such individuals are
treated for SSI purposes as refugees, that is, they are
eligible for SSI for 7 years after a determination is
made that they are trafficking victims.5
In addition to having to be a U.S. citizen (or
national) or in one of the potentially eligible noncitizen
categories, an individual must reside in the 50 states,
the District of Columbia, or the Northern Mariana
Islands—areas referred to here collectively as the
United States. An individual also must be physically
present in the United States for 30 consecutive days if
he or she had been outside the United States for 30 or
more consecutive days.
There are two exceptions to the residency and
physical presence requirements:

Blind or disabled children who are citizens of the
United States may continue to be eligible for payments if they are living outside the United States
with a parent who is on duty as a member of the
U.S. armed forces. This exception also applies to
blind and disabled children of military personnel
who are born overseas, become blind or disabled
overseas, or applied for SSI benefits while overseas.
Students studying abroad for not more than 1 year
may continue to be eligible for payments if the studies are sponsored by a U.S. educational institution
but cannot be conducted in the United States.

Assistance of Last Resort
As a means-tested program, SSI takes into account all
income and resources that an individual has or can
obtain. The amount of an individual's countable income
and resources are the measure of his or her need for
assistance.
Income
The amount of an individual's income is used to determine both eligibility for, and the amount of, his or her
SSI benefit. As countable income increases, an individual's SSI benefit amount decreases. Generally, ineligibility for SSI occurs when countable income equals the
federal benefit rate plus the amount of applicable feder-

4.

5.

Trafficking of persons is generally defined as the recruitment,
harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for
labor or services through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for
the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage,
debt bondage, or slavery.
Public Law 106-386, the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, enacted October 28, 2000.

ally administered state supplementary payment (state
supplementation is discussed later).
The monthly federal benefit rate is reduced dollar
for dollar by the amount of the individual's "countable"
income—that is, income minus all applicable exclusions. The result of this computation determines SSI
eligibility and the amount of the monthly benefit payable. The benefit rates are adjusted annually (in January) to reflect changes in the cost of living.
When an individual lives in the household of
another and receives support and maintenance in kind
(that is, generally, room and board) from the householder, the federal SSI benefit rate is reduced by onethird in lieu of counting the actual value of the support
and maintenance as unearned income. The value of
food or shelter-related items the individual receives in
kind from persons other than the householder (including in-kind assistance from outside the household in
which the individual lives) is counted as unearned
income, up to an amount equal to one-third of the applicable federal benefit rate plus $20.6
SSI law defines two kinds of income—earned and
unearned. Earned income is wages, net earnings from
self-employment, remuneration for work in a sheltered
workshop, royalties on published work, and honoraria
for services. All other income is unearned. The distinction between earned and unearned income is significant because different exclusions apply to each type of
income.
However, not everything an individual receives is
considered to be income. Generally, if the item received
cannot be used as, or to obtain, food, clothing, or shelter, it will not be considered as income. For example, if
someone pays an individual's medical bills or offers
free medical care, or if the individual receives money
from a social services agency that is a repayment of an
amount he or she previously spent, that value is not
considered income to the individual. In addition, some
items that are considered to be income are excluded
when determining the amount of an individual's benefit
(see Box 1).
Resources
The amount of an individual's resources is used to
determine whether he or she is eligible for SSI in a
given month. SSI law states that eligibility is restricted
to individuals who have countable resources, deter6.

SSA simplified the SSI program (70 FR 6340) by generally eliminating clothing from the definition of income and from the definition of in-kind support and maintenance, effective February 7,
2005.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 3

mined monthly, that do not exceed $2,000 ($3,000 for a
couple). The law does not define what resources are
but does stipulate what items are not considered
resources.
Regulations state that a resource is cash or other
liquid asset or any real or personal property that individuals (or their spouses) own and could convert to
cash to be used for their support and maintenance.
This definition is consistent with the general philosophy
of the SSI program that only items that can be used for
an individual's food, clothing, or shelter should be used
in determining his or her eligibility and benefit amount.
Not all resources an individual owns are counted. The
value of an item may be totally excluded or counted

only to the extent that its value exceeds specified limits
(see Box 1).
If an individual disposes of resources at less than
fair market value within the 36-month period before
applying for SSI or at any time thereafter, the individual
may be penalized. The penalty is a loss of benefits for a
number of months (up to a 36-month maximum)
obtained by dividing the uncompensated value of disposed-of resources by the federal benefit rate plus the
maximum state supplementary payment, if any, applicable to the individual's living arrangement. The penalty does not apply if, among other things, the
individual can show that the resources were disposed
of exclusively for a purpose other than establishing SSI
eligibility.

Box 1.
Income and Resource Exclusions
Income Exclusions
The principal earned income exclusions are

the first $65 per month plus one-half of the
remainder,

impairment-related work expenses of the disabled and work expenses of the blind,

income set aside or being used to pursue a plan
for achieving self-support by a disabled or blind
individual, and

infrequent or irregularly received income ($30 or
less a quarter).

life insurance policies whose total face value
does not exceed $1,500;

burial funds not in excess of $1,500 each for an
individual and spouse (plus accrued interest);

household goods and personal effects;b

an automobile if used for transportation for the
beneficiary or a member of the beneficiary’s
household;c

property essential to self-support;

resources set aside to fulfill a plan to achieve
self-support; and

amounts deposited into an individual development account, including matching funds and
interest earned on such amounts, under the
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program or the Assets for Independence Act.

a.

Any portion of the $20 amount not used to exclude unearned
income may be used to exclude earned income.

b.

The $2,000 value limit was removed effective February 7,
2005 (70 FR 6340).

c.

SSA also changed the evaluation of automobiles as an
excludable resource, effective February 7, 2005 (70 FR
6340). Under the old rules, one automobile could be excluded
(regardless of value) if necessary for employment, medical
treatment, or essential daily activities. If not excludable under
this criteria, the current market value of one automobile (up to
$4,500) could be excluded. The new exclusion, applicable to
any one automobile used for transportation, simplifies the
evaluation of this resource.

The principal unearned income exclusions are

the first $20 per month,a

income set aside or being used to pursue a plan
for achieving self-support by a disabled or blind
individual,

state- or locally funded assistance based on
need,

rent subsidies under programs administered by
the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the value of food stamps, and

infrequent or irregularly received income ($60 or
less a quarter).

Resource Exclusions
The principal resource exclusions are

the home and land appertaining to it, regardless
of value;

4 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Filing for Other Benefits
As the "program of last resort," SSI benefits are provided to eligible individuals only to the extent that their
needs are not met by other sources. After evaluating all
other income and resources, SSI pays what is necessary to bring an individual to the statutorily prescribed
income "floor." In keeping with this principle, SSI law
requires that SSI applicants file for other payments for
which they may be entitled, such as annuities, pensions, retirement or disability benefits, workers’ compensation, and unemployment insurance benefits.
SSA must provide an individual with written notice
of potential eligibility for other benefits and of the
requirement to take all appropriate steps to pursue
those benefits. The individual has 30 days from receipt
of the notice to file for the benefits involved.
Eligibility Issues for Residents of Public
Institutions or Medical Facilities and Personal
Needs Allowance
State and local governments—rather than the federal
government—traditionally have taken the financial
responsibility for residents of their public institutions.
The SSI program continues this long-standing public
assistance policy. People who are residents of public
institutions for a full calendar month are generally ineligible for SSI unless one of the following exceptions
applies:

The public institution is a medical treatment facility
and Medicaid pays more than 50 percent of the
cost of care or, in the case of a child under age 18,
Medicaid, private health insurance, or both pay
more than 50 percent of the cost of care.

The public institution is a publicly operated community residence serving no more than 16 residents.

The public institution is an emergency shelter for
the homeless (payments are limited to no more
than 6 months in any 9-month period).

The recipient was eligible under section 1619(a) or
section 1619(b) for the month preceding the first
full month in the public institution and is permitted
by the institution to retain any benefits (payable for
up to 2 months).

A physician certifies that the recipient's stay in a
medical facility is likely not to exceed 3 months and
that continued SSI eligibility is needed to maintain
and provide for the expenses of the home to which
the individual will return.

Medicaid program, their monthly federal payment standard is generally reduced to $30, beginning with the
first full calendar month they are in the facility. In the
case of an individual under age 18, the $30 payment
standard is also applicable if more than half of the bill is
paid by private insurance or a combination of Medicaid
and private insurance. In these cases, the SSI program
provides up to $30 a month, which is intended to take
care of small comfort items not provided by the institution.
Deeming
In certain situations, the income and resources of others are counted in determining whether an individual's
income and resources fall below the levels established
by law. This process is called deeming and is applied in
cases in which an eligible individual lives with an ineligible spouse, an eligible child lives with an ineligible
parent, or an eligible noncitizen has a sponsor.7 In concept, the practice takes into account the responsibility
of the ineligible spouse or parent or the sponsor to provide for the basic needs of the eligible individual.

Spouse-to-Spouse Deeming. When an eligible individual lives in the same household with a spouse who
is not eligible for SSI, the ineligible spouse's income
and resources are deemed to be available to the eligible individual. In determining the amount of income and
resources available to the eligible individual, all applicable exclusions are used. In addition, a living allowance
is provided for the ineligible spouse and for any ineligible children under age 18 living in the household. The
allowance reduces the amount of income to be
deemed. Spouse-to-spouse deeming is intended to
result in the same amount of income being available to
the couple as would be available if both members of
the couple were aged, blind, or disabled and eligible for
SSI.
Deeming does not apply when the eligible individual is not living in the same household as the ineligible
spouse. However, if the ineligible spouse's absence is
temporary or is due solely to an active-duty assignment
as a member of the U.S. armed forces, deeming continues to apply.

Parent-to-Child Deeming. A child under age 18 is
subject to deeming from an ineligible natural or adoptive parent (and that parent's spouse, if any) living in
the same household. Certain amounts of the parent's
income are excluded, living allowances are provided for
7.

When individuals enter medical treatment facilities
in which more than half of the bill is paid by the

Deeming also applies to an individual who lives with an essential person (a concept carried over from the former state assistance plans). However, there are fewer than 100 of these cases
remaining.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 5

the parent(s), and an allocation is set aside for each
ineligible child under age 18 (under age 21 if a student)
who is living in the household. Deeming from an eligible parent to a child continues if the parent is absent
from the household but the absence is temporary or is
due solely to active-duty assignment as a member of
the U.S. armed forces. A child living in a household in
which all members are receiving public assistance benefits is not considered to be receiving any support, and
deeming does not apply.

Sponsor-to-Alien Deeming. The income and
resources of noncitizens are deemed to include those
of their sponsors. The way the income and resources
are deemed and the length of the deeming period
depend on whether the sponsor signed a legally
enforceable affidavit of support, as required by Public
Law 104-208, or the previous version of the affidavit.
Generally, individuals who entered the country before
1998 did so under the old version of the affidavit.8
Under the old version of the affidavit, deeming of
the sponsor's income and resources lasts until the noncitizen has been in the United States for 3 years.9 Living allowances equal to the federal benefit rate are
provided for the sponsor, and allowances equal to onehalf of the federal benefit rate are provided for each of
the sponsor's dependents. Allowances are also provided for the sponsor and his or her family members in
determining deemed resources. These allowances
reduce the amount of the sponsor's income and
resources deemed to the noncitizen.
For noncitizens admitted into the United States
under a legally enforceable affidavit of support, deeming generally applies until the noncitizen becomes a
U.S. citizen. Deeming ends before citizenship if the
noncitizen has earned, or can be credited with, 40
qualifying quarters of earnings. Children and spouses
of workers may be credited with quarters earned by the
worker. A quarter otherwise earned after 1996 does not
count as one of the required 40 if the noncitizen or
worker received federal means-tested public benefits
during the relevant period.
Also for this group of noncitizens, deeming does
not apply for specified periods if the noncitizens or their
children or parents have been battered or subjected to
extreme cruelty while in the United States or if spon-

sors left the noncitizens indigent by not providing them
with sufficient support.

Incentives for Work and Opportunities for
Rehabilitation
SSI benefits provide a basic level of assistance for individuals who are blind or disabled with limited earnings
ability because of their impairments. Nonetheless, for
recipients who want to work, the SSI program is
designed to encourage and support their work attempts
to help them achieve greater degrees of independence.
The SSI program includes a number of work incentive
provisions that enable recipients who are blind or disabled to work and retain benefits or to increase their
levels of work activity without the loss of SSI disability
status or Medicaid. These incentives provide higher
amounts of income or resource exclusions as recognition of the expenses associated with working or as
inducements to seek rehabilitation services and support for work efforts.
Earned Income Exclusion
The first $65 ($85 if the individual has no income other
than earnings) of any monthly earned income plus onehalf of remaining earnings are excluded for SSI benefit
computation purposes. This general earned income
exclusion is intended to help offset expenses incurred
when working. It ensures that SSI recipients who are
working will be rewarded for their efforts by having
greater total income than those who do not work.
Impairment-Related Work Expense Exclusion
The cost of certain impairment-related services and
items that a disabled (but not blind) individual needs to
work are excluded from earned income in determining
SSI eligibility and benefit amounts.
In calculating these expenses, amounts equal to
the costs of certain attendant care services, medical
devices, equipment, prostheses, vehicle modifications,
residential modifications to accommodate wheelchairs,
and similar items and services are deductible from
earnings. The costs of routine drugs and routine medical services are not deductible, unless they are necessary to control the disabling condition.
Work Expenses of the Blind Exclusion

8.

9.

The Immigration and Naturalization Service began using the
new, legally enforceable affidavits on December 19, 1997. However, if a potential immigrant had a visa issued before that date,
the sponsor would sign an old affidavit even if the affidavit was
signed after December 19, 1997.
For a temporary period—January through September 1996—
the deeming period was 5 years.

6 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Any expenses relating to work that a blind individual
has are excluded from earned income in determining
SSI eligibility and benefit amounts. Unlike an impairment-related work expense, a deductible expense need
not be directly related to the worker's blindness; it need

only be an ordinary and necessary work expense of the
worker.
Some frequently excluded work expenses include
transportation to and from work, meals consumed during work hours, job equipment, licenses, income or
FICA taxes, and costs of job training.
Student Earned Income Exclusion
The student earned income exclusion is an additional
exclusion for an individual who is under the age of 22
and regularly attending school. It is intended to help
defray the cost of educational training. Under current
regulations, up to $1,510 of earned income per month
but no more than $6,100 per year may be excluded.10
Plan for Achieving Self-Support
A plan for achieving self-support (PASS) allows a disabled or blind individual to set aside income and
resources to get a specific type of job or to start a business. The plan may involve setting aside funds for education or vocational training, to purchase work-related
equipment, or to pay for transportation related to the
work goal. The income and resources that are set
aside are excluded under the SSI income and
resources tests.
The individual must have a feasible work goal and
a specific savings or spending plan. The individual also
must provide a clearly identifiable accounting for the
funds that are set aside. The PASS is time limited and
must be approved by SSA. The individual must then
follow the plan and negotiate revisions as needed. SSA
monitors the approved plan by reviewing it periodically
to ensure the individual's progress toward attaining the
work goal.
Special Provisions for Disabled People Who Work
These work incentives are generally referred to by their
section number in the Social Security Act, section
1619. Under section 1619(a), disabled individuals who
would cease to be eligible because they earn more
than the substantial gainful activity level can receive
special cash benefits as long as they

continue to have the disabling condition,

have income under the amount that would cause
ineligibility for any payment under SSI income
counting rules, and

meet all other nondisability requirements for SSI
payment.

10. Under current regulations, this exclusion will be increased in
subsequent years on the basis of changes in the cost of living.

In many states, being a recipient of the special
benefit permits the individual to be eligible for Medicaid
benefits.
Under section 1619(b), "SSI recipient" status for
Medicaid eligibility purposes also is provided to an
individual

whose earnings preclude any SSI payment but are
not sufficient to provide a reasonable equivalent of
the SSI, social services, and Medicaid benefits that
the individual would have in the absence of earnings and

whose ability to continue working would be seriously inhibited by the loss of social services and
Medicaid benefits.

To qualify for extended Medicaid coverage under
section 1619(b), an individual must

have a disabling condition,

need Medicaid to work,

not be able to afford equivalent medical coverage
and publicly funded personal or attendant care that
would be lost without assistance,

meet all nondisability requirements for SSI payment other than earnings, and

have received a regular SSI cash payment in a previous month within the current period of eligibility.
(In some states, the individual must have qualified
for Medicaid in the month preceding the first month
of eligibility under section 1619.)

In determining whether individuals' earnings are
not sufficient to provide them with the equivalent benefits they would be eligible for if they stopped working,
their earnings are compared with a threshold amount
for their state of residence. Section 1619(b) status continues if the earnings are below the threshold. If earnings exceed the state threshold, an individualized
assessment of the need for Medicaid is made, and
1619(b) status may continue.
Vocational Rehabilitation and the Ticket to Work
Program
Since the beginning of the SSI program, SSA has
made provision for blind or disabled individuals who are
receiving SSI benefits to be referred to state Vocational
Rehabilitation (VR) agencies. If the state VR agency
does not accept the referral, SSA can refer recipients to
an alternate provider to receive vocational rehabilitation
services. SSA reimburses the VR agency or alternate
provider for services that result in the individual's working at the level of substantial gainful activity for a conSSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 7

tinuous period of 9 months, and in certain other limited
situations.
The Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 established a Ticket to Work program
under which a disabled beneficiary is able to obtain
vocational rehabilitation, employment, and other support services from a qualified private or public provider.
Providers of such services in this new setting are
referred to as employment networks (ENs). In addition,
the Ticket legislation provided for a new procedure for
compensating the ENs under an outcome or outcomemilestone payment system. By expanding the pool of
providers and giving the providers incentives for
achieving success, this program seeks to expand a disabled beneficiary's access to these services for assistance in finding, entering, and retaining employment
and reducing his or her dependence on cash benefits.
Regulations issued by the commissioner of Social
Security became effective January 2002. Beginning in
2002, the Ticket to Work program was gradually
phased in, and it has been in operation nationwide
since November 2003.
Individuals receiving SSI benefits who improve
medically and are therefore no longer considered disabled or blind can continue to receive SSI benefits if
they are actively participating in the Ticket to Work program or another approved VR program and if continuing or completing the program would increase the
likelihood that they would be permanently removed
from the SSI rolls. SSI benefits and Medicaid generally
continue until the rehabilitation services are completed
or until the individual ceases to participate in the
program.
Expedited Reinstatement
A disabled or blind individual whose eligibility for SSI
payments was ended because of earnings can request
expedited reinstatement of his or her SSI benefits without filing a new application. To qualify for expedited
reinstatement, the individual must make the request
within 60 months after the eligibility ended and must
have a disabling medical condition that (1) is the same
as or related to the disabling medical condition that led
to the previous period of eligibility and (2) prevents him
or her from performing substantial gainful activity. In
determining whether the individual is disabled or blind,
the medical review standard is applied. Normal nonmedical requirements for SSI eligibility still apply.
An individual requesting expedited reinstatement
may receive up to 6 months of provisional benefits
while the request is pending. These benefits generally
are not considered an overpayment if the request is
denied. Provisional benefits may include Medicaid but
8 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

do not include any state supplementary payments. Provisional benefits may be received as well by the individual's spouse at a couple's rate if the spouse was
previously eligible for SSI as a spouse.

Administration of the SSI Program
The framers of Supplemental Security Income chose
the Social Security Administration to administer the
program because the basic system for paying monthly
benefits to a large number of individuals was already in
place in the form of the Social Security program.
Application Process
Individuals can make appointments to apply for SSI
benefits at any one of the approximately 1,300 SSA
field offices around the country or through SSA teleservice centers. The claims process includes the application interview, the obtaining of necessary evidence and
documentation, and the adjudication of the claim. Many
individuals file for benefits under the SSI and the OldAge, Survivors, and Disability Insurance programs at
the same time. Potential claimants initially contact SSA
by phone or mail or in person. Field office personnel
conduct an interview with the claimant, the claimant’s
representative, or both.
SSA corroborates information provided by applicants for SSI through independent or collateral
sources. Generally, the basic responsibility for obtaining evidence lies with the claimant, although SSA often
gives advice on ways to obtain the needed information.
Because of the special circumstances of the SSI population (for example, financial need, old age, or illness),
SSA makes special efforts to assist claimants in obtaining the necessary proofs.
With regard to disability and blindness claims, SSA
makes determinations of all of the nonmedical eligibility
factors, and each state's Disability Determination
Services (DDS) makes determinations of the medical
eligibility factors.
Applicants and recipients are required to report
events and changes of circumstances that may affect
their SSI eligibility and benefit amounts. Such reports
are required, for example, when an individual has a
change in the amount of income or resources, changes
living arrangements, or leaves the United States. Failure or delay in submitting a required report can result in
a penalty being assessed against the individual’s SSI
benefit.

Determinations of Eligibility
SSI applications have no retroactivity and become
effective in the month after the month of filing or the
month after all eligibility requirements are met, whichever is later. Eligibility for benefits is determined on a
current monthly basis. SSI recipients are required to
have their nonmedical eligibility factors redetermined
periodically, generally every 1 to 6 years depending on
their specific situation.
In addition to these nonmedical reviews, medical
reviews are conducted on disabled or blind recipients to
determine whether they continue to be disabled or
blind. For administrative efficiency the medical reviews
are done most often on disabled or blind recipients
whose medical conditions are considered likely to
improve. Medical reviews are required for disabled or
blind recipients, for example, under the following circumstances:

when earnings of recipients exceed the substantial
gainful activity level

at least once every 3 years for recipients under the
age of 18 whose medical conditions are considered likely to improve

within 12 months after birth for recipients whose
low birth weight is a contributing factor material to
the determination of their disability unless the commissioner determines that the impairment is not
expected to improve within 12 months of the child's
birth

within 1 year after attainment of the age of 18 and
using the adult eligibility criteria for recipients
whose eligibility for SSI benefits was established
under the disabled child eligibility criteria

Representative Payees
When SSI recipients are incapable of managing their
benefits, SSA appoints representative payees for them,
and their SSI benefits are sent to the representative
payees. In many cases the representative payee is a
spouse, parent, or other close relative who will act in
the recipient's best interest. In some cases, an SSAapproved organization may be appointed, and some
organizations have been authorized by SSA to collect a
fee from the benefit for acting as payee. The fee cannot
exceed the lesser of 10 percent of the benefit amount
or a specified amount ($32 a month in 2007, $66 a
month for disabled recipients who also have a drug
addiction or alcoholism condition).
Representative payees may use an SSI recipient's
benefit only for the use and benefit of the recipient and
must account for all benefits received. Representative

payees also are required to report any changes that
may affect SSI recipients' eligibility and payment
amount and may be held liable for certain overpayments that occur.
Appeal Rights
Recipients must be informed in writing in advance of
adverse actions that SSA plans to take and must be
given the opportunity to request that their benefits continue pending a decision at the first level of appeal.
Attorney Fees
At any time, an individual may appoint a representative
in any dealings with the Social Security Administration.
If such a representative is an attorney, he or she must
be in good standing, have the right to practice law
before a court, not be disqualified or suspended from
acting as a representative in dealings with Social Security, and not be prohibited by any law from acting as a
representative. If the individual is not an attorney, he or
she must meet qualifications specified by the commissioner (for example, be of good character and able to
provide valuable service to claimants).
A representative may charge and receive a fee for
his or her services, but the Social Security Administration generally decides how much the fee will be.
Although the Social Security Act does not establish a
maximum fee, most attorneys use an options process
that limits their maximum fee to the lesser of 25 percent
of the retroactive payment or $5,300.11
Advance Payments
The SSI program has provisions that help respond to
the immediate needs of new claimants. These procedures are in addition to state and local programs
designed to help those in need pending decisions on
their SSI status.

Emergency Advance Payments. A new claimant who
faces a financial emergency and who has a strong likelihood of being found eligible may receive up to
1 month of SSI benefits—the federal payment amount
plus any applicable state supplement. The amount paid
is recovered from later SSI payments (in full from the
first payment or in increments over no more than a
6-month period, depending on the circumstances).
However, if the claim is subsequently not allowed
because of not finding disability or blindness, repayment is waived. If the claim is disallowed for other rea-

11. Fee agreements before February 1, 2002, were limited to the
lesser of 25 percent of the retroactive payment or $4,000.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 9

sons, the amount paid is an overpayment and is
processed as such.

continue to receive mandatory state supplementary
payments.

Presumptive Disability or Blindness. Up to 6 months
of payments may be made to an individual applying for
benefits on the basis of disability or blindness when the
available evidence reflects a high degree of probability
that the impairment will meet the definition of disability
or blindness and the individual is otherwise eligible.
These payments are not considered overpayments if
the individual is later determined not to be disabled or
blind.

Administration of State Supplementary Payments

State Supplementation
In designing the SSI program, Congress recognized
that states, in many instances, would want to provide a
higher level of income maintenance than was available
under the federal program. At the same time, states
were given the option to either provide no supplementation to the federal assistance payments or supplement those payments on the basis of their views of the
needs of their citizens. They were mandated to ensure
that their citizens would not receive lower benefits
under the federal program than they had under the
former state program.

A state may administer its supplementary program or
enter into an agreement under which SSA will make eligibility determinations and payments on behalf of the
state. Under state administration, the state pays its own
program benefits and absorbs the full administrative
costs. Under federal administration, states are required
to pay SSA a fee of $9.69 for each supplementary payment issued in fiscal year 2007. Fees are scheduled to
rise in succeeding fiscal years.
States that administer their own supplementary
payment programs establish their own eligibility criteria.
States with federally administered programs must
adhere to SSI eligibility criteria in all aspects except
additional income exclusions.
Mandatory Passalong

State supplementation can be optional or mandatory.

It was originally the view of Congress that increases in
the federal SSI benefit rate would eventually replace
state supplementary payments. However, public reaction to states reducing their supplementary payment
amounts when SSI payments were increased led Congress to mandate that states pass along SSI benefit
increases resulting from cost-of-living adjustments.

Optional State Supplementary Payment Programs.
For individuals who first became eligible for SSI in 1974
or later, each state could supplement federal payments
to whatever extent it found appropriate with respect to
the needs of its citizens and the resources of the state.
In 2006, 46 states had optional state supplementary
payment programs.

To meet the passalong requirement, a state may
either maintain each state payment level from year to
year (the payment levels method), or it may spend the
same amount of money, in the aggregate, that it spent
for supplementary benefits in the 12-month period preceding the increase in the SSI benefit rate (the total
expenditures method).

Some states provide supplementary payments to
all individuals eligible for SSI benefits; others may limit
them to certain SSI recipients, such as the blind or residents of domiciliary care facilities, or may extend them
to persons ineligible for SSI because of excess income.
States' flexibility in setting supplementary payments,
however, has been significantly restricted by mandatory passalong provisions (described below).

Coordination with Other Programs

Types of State Supplementation

Mandatory State Supplementary Payment Programs. States are required to maintain the income
levels from December 1973 of individuals who were
transferred from the former state adult assistance programs to the SSI program in 1974, except for Texas,
which until 1999 had a constitutional bar against mandatory state supplementation.12 Because of the
increases in federal benefits, only a few individuals

10 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

SSI benefits are not the only form of assistance available to needy aged, blind, or disabled individuals. Medicaid, food stamps, and temporary state assistance are
also important in keeping individuals from sliding further into poverty. SSA plays a limited but important role
in helping states with regard to administration of the
Medicaid and Food Stamp programs, and provisions in
the SSI statute ensure that payments made by states
or under the Social Security program are not duplicated
by SSI benefits.

12. The requirement does not affect West Virginia, since SSI federal
benefit rates in 1973 exceeded the applicable income standards
under the state’s adult assistance programs.

Windfall Offset
If a person receives SSI payments and is later determined to be entitled to retroactive Social Security benefits, such retroactive benefits are reduced by the
amount of SSI payments the person would not have
been eligible for had the Social Security benefits been
paid in the month they were due. This process, called
the windfall offset, was enacted to prevent windfall payments to individuals when Social Security and SSI payments were paid for the same period.
Medicaid Determinations
Generally, SSI recipients are categorically eligible for
Medicaid. A state may use SSI eligibility criteria for
determining Medicaid eligibility, or it may use its own
criteria as long as the criteria are no more restrictive
than the state's January 1972 medical assistance standards. Forty states use SSI criteria, and 11 states use
eligibility criteria that are more restrictive than those of
the SSI program.
States also may enter into agreements with SSA
for SSA to make Medicaid eligibility determinations on
their behalf as long as the eligibility requirements of the
state's Medicaid plans are the same as those for the
SSI program. Under these agreements, SSA determines only when an individual is eligible for Medicaid;
SSA does not determine Medicaid ineligibility. SSA has
agreements with 33 states to determine eligibility for
Medicaid.

The law also provides for Social Security offices to
take food stamp applications from potentially eligible or
eligible SSI households that are not already receiving
food stamps and do not have a food stamp application
pending. Food stamp applications from SSI households may be taken in connection with initial SSI claims
or at the time of a redetermination. Food stamp applicants have the option of applying at Social Security
offices or at state food stamp offices if expedited service is required. Social Security offices forward the food
stamp application and any supporting documents to
the local food stamp offices within 1 day of taking the
application. Eligibility is determined by the food stamp
office.
Interim Assistance Reimbursement
SSA may enter into agreements under which states or
local governments are reimbursed for basic needs
assistance provided during the period that an eligible
individual's SSI application for benefits was pending or
the individual's SSI benefits were suspended and subsequently reinstated (the interim period). Thirty-nine
states have interim assistance agreements with SSA.

Continued Medicaid eligibility is provided for certain Social Security beneficiaries who lose SSI eligibility because of either an entitlement to Social Security
benefits or an increase in Social Security benefits
resulting from

cost-of-living adjustments

actuarial increases in widow(er)s benefits

changes in the definition of disability for widow(er)s
benefits

increases in disabled adult child benefits

Food Stamp Applications
SSI recipients in all states, except California, may be
eligible for food stamps. Under agreements entered
into by the secretary of Agriculture and SSA, Social
Security offices notify Social Security and SSI applicants and recipients of their potential benefits under
the Food Stamp program and make food stamp applications available to them.13

13. California “cashes out” food stamps, and SSI recipients receive
a cash payment in their state supplementary payment in lieu of
food stamps.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 11

Federal Benefit Rates
and Total Annual Payments

Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
Table 1.
Monthly federal SSI benefit rates, 1974–2007 (in dollars)
Individual

Couple

Own
household

Another's
household

Own
household

Another's
household

Medicaid
facility

Essential
person
increment

January 1974
July 1974

140.00
146.00

93.34
97.34

210.00
219.00

140.00
146.00

25.00
25.00

70.00
73.00

July
July
July
July
July

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

157.70
167.80
177.80
189.40
208.20

105.14
111.87
118.54
126.27
138.80

236.60
251.80
266.70
284.10
312.30

157.74
167.87
177.80
189.40
208.20

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

78.90
84.00
89.00
94.80
104.20

July 1980
July 1981
July 1982
July 1983
January 1984

238.00
264.70
284.30
304.30
314.00

158.67
176.47
189.54
202.87
209.34

357.00
397.00
426.40
456.40
472.00

238.00
264.67
284.27
304.27
314.67

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00

119.20
132.60
142.50
152.50
157.00

January
January
January
January
January

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

325.00
336.00
340.00
354.00
368.00

216.67
224.00
226.67
236.00
245.34

488.00
504.00
510.00
532.00
553.00

325.34
336.00
340.00
354.67
368.67

25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
30.00

163.00
168.00
170.00
177.00
184.00

January
January
January
January
January

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

386.00
407.00
422.00
434.00
446.00

257.34
271.34
281.34
289.34
297.34

579.00
610.00
633.00
652.00
669.00

386.00
406.67
422.00
434.67
446.00

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

193.00
204.00
211.00
217.00
223.00

January
January
January
January
January

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

458.00
470.00
484.00
494.00
500.00

305.34
313.34
322.67
329.34
333.34

687.00
705.00
726.00
741.00
751.00

458.00
470.00
484.00
494.00
500.67

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

229.00
235.00
242.00
247.00
250.00

January
January
January
January
January

2000 a
2001 a
2002
2003
2004

513.00
531.00
545.00
552.00
564.00

342.00
354.00
363.34
368.00
376.00

769.00
796.00
817.00
829.00
846.00

512.67
530.67
544.67
552.67
564.00

30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00
30.00

257.00
266.00
273.00
277.00
282.00

579.00
603.00
623.00

386.00
402.00
415.34

869.00
904.00
935.00

579.34
603.34
622.67

30.00
30.00
30.00

290.00
301.00
311.34

Starting date

January 2005
January 2006
January 2007

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Office of the Chief Actuary.
a. Data reflect the correction of an error in the consumer price index.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 15

Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
Table 2.
Total payments, by eligibility category and source of payment, selected years, 1974–2006
(in thousands of dollars)

Year

Total

Federal SSI

Federally administered
state supplementation

All recipients
1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

5,096,813
5,716,072
7,714,640
10,749,938
16,132,959

3,833,161
4,313,538
5,866,354
8,777,341
12,893,805

1,263,652
1,402,534
1,848,286
1,972,597
3,239,154

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

27,037,280
28,252,474
28,370,568
29,408,208
30,106,132

23,919,430
25,264,878
25,457,387
26,404,793
26,805,156

3,117,850
2,987,596
2,913,181
3,003,415
3,300,976

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

30,671,699
32,165,856
33,718,999
34,693,278
36,065,358

27,290,248
28,705,503
29,898,765
30,688,029
31,886,509

3,381,451
3,460,353
3,820,234
4,005,249
4,178,849

2005
2006

37,235,843
38,888,961

33,058,056
34,736,088

4,177,787
4,152,873

Aged
1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

2,414,034
2,516,515
2,617,023
2,896,671
3,559,388

1,782,742
1,842,980
1,860,194
2,202,557
2,521,382

631,292
673,535
756,829
694,114
1,038,006

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

4,239,222
4,282,498
4,303,529
4,166,231
4,445,687

3,374,772
3,449,407
3,479,948
3,327,856
3,524,355

864,450
833,091
823,581
838,375
921,332

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

4,540,046
4,664,076
4,802,792
4,856,875
4,907,225

3,597,516
3,708,527
3,751,491
3,758,070
3,773,901

942,530
955,549
1,051,301
1,098,805
1,133,324

2005
2006

4,964,627
5,115,911

3,836,625
3,953,106

1,128,002
1,162,804
(Continued)

16 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Federal Benefit Rates and Total Annual Payments
Table 2.
Total payments, by eligibility category and source of payment, selected years, 1974–2006
(in thousands of dollars)—Continued

Year

Total

Federal SSI

Federally administered
state supplementation

Blind
1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

125,791
127,240
185,827
259,840
328,949

91,308
92,427
131,506
195,183
238,415

34,483
34,813
54,321
64,657
90,534

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

367,441
364,791
367,845
358,187
382,323

298,238
298,897
302,656
291,050
309,295

69,203
65,894
65,189
67,137
73,028

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

385,926
398,624
416,454
409,293
412,810

312,238
323,895
335,405
325,878
327,446

73,688
74,729
81,049
83,415
85,364

2005
2006

414,147
409,287

330,591
326,230

83,556
83,057

Disabled
1974
1975
1980
1985
1990

2,556,988
3,072,317
4,911,792
7,593,427
12,244,622

1,959,112
2,378,131
3,874,655
6,379,601
10,134,007

597,876
694,186
1,037,137
1,213,826
2,110,615

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

22,430,612
23,605,189
23,709,831
24,883,782
25,278,121

20,246,415
21,516,579
21,685,421
22,785,879
22,971,506

2,184,197
2,088,610
2,024,410
2,097,903
2,306,615

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

25,745,710
27,125,707
28,531,939
29,453,803
30,745,406

23,380,477
24,695,630
25,844,055
26,630,775
27,785,246

2,365,233
2,430,077
2,687,884
2,823,028
2,960,160

2005
2006

31,857,069
33,363,762

28,890,840
30,456,751

2,966,229
2,907,011

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Office of Financial Management, Division of Finance.
NOTE: Totals for "Aged," "Blind," and "Disabled" are derived. The derivation creates slight discrepancies between the sum of the group
totals and the "All recipients" total.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 17

Federally Administered
Payments

Federally Administered Payments
Table 3.
Recipients, by age, December 1974–2006
Under age 18

Aged 18–64

Aged 65 or older

Year

Total

Number

Percentage
of total

Number

Percentage
of total

Number

Percentage
of total

1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

3,996,064
4,314,275
4,235,939
4,237,692
4,216,925
4,149,575

70,900
107,026
125,412
147,355
165,899
177,306

1.8
2.5
3.0
3.5
3.9
4.3

1,503,155
1,699,394
1,713,594
1,736,879
1,747,126
1,726,553

37.6
39.4
40.5
41.0
41.4
41.6

2,422,009
2,507,855
2,396,933
2,353,458
2,303,900
2,245,716

60.6
58.1
56.6
55.5
54.6
54.1

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

4,142,017
4,018,875
3,857,590
3,901,497
4,029,333

190,394
194,890
191,570
198,323
211,587

4.6
4.8
5.0
5.1
5.3

1,730,847
1,702,895
1,655,279
1,699,774
1,780,459

41.8
42.4
42.9
43.6
44.2

2,220,776
2,121,090
2,010,741
2,003,400
2,037,287

53.6
52.8
52.1
51.3
50.6

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

4,138,021
4,269,184
4,384,999
4,463,869
4,593,059

227,384
241,198
250,902
255,135
264,890

5.5
5.6
5.7
5.7
5.8

1,879,168
2,010,458
2,118,710
2,202,714
2,301,926

45.4
47.1
48.3
49.3
50.1

2,031,469
2,017,528
2,015,387
2,006,020
2,026,243

49.1
47.3
46.0
44.9
44.1

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

4,817,127
5,118,470
5,566,189
5,984,330
6,295,786

308,589
397,162
556,470
722,678
841,474

6.4
7.8
10.0
12.1
13.4

2,449,897
2,641,524
2,910,016
3,148,413
3,335,255

50.9
51.6
52.3
52.6
53.0

2,058,641
2,079,784
2,099,703
2,113,239
2,119,057

42.7
40.6
37.7
35.3
33.7

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

6,514,134
6,613,718
6,494,985
6,566,069
6,556,634

917,048
955,174
879,828
887,066
847,063

14.1
14.4
13.5
13.5
12.9

3,482,256
3,568,393
3,561,625
3,646,020
3,690,970

53.5
54.0
54.8
55.5
56.3

2,114,830
2,090,151
2,053,532
2,032,983
2,018,601

32.5
31.6
31.6
31.0
30.8

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

6,601,686
6,688,489
6,787,857
6,902,364
6,987,845

846,784
881,836
914,821
959,379
993,127

12.8
13.2
13.5
13.9
14.2

3,744,022
3,811,494
3,877,752
3,953,248
4,017,108

56.7
57.0
57.1
57.3
57.5

2,010,880
1,995,159
1,995,284
1,989,737
1,977,610

30.5
29.8
29.4
28.8
28.3

2005
2006

7,113,879
7,235,583

1,036,498
1,078,977

14.6
14.9

4,082,870
4,152,130

57.4
57.4

1,994,511
2,004,476

28.0
27.7

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 21

Federally Administered Payments
Table 4.
By type of payment, sex, eligibility category, and age, December 2006
Category
Type of payment and sex

Total

Aged

Blind

Age
Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Number
All payments
Male
Female

7,235,583
3,145,335
4,090,248

1,211,656
385,355
826,301

73,418
33,331
40,087

5,950,509
2,726,649
3,223,860

1,078,977
707,388
371,589

4,152,130
1,818,993
2,333,137

2,004,476
618,954
1,385,522

Federal SSI
Male
Female

6,938,690
3,011,817
3,926,873

1,108,925
346,643
762,282

68,165
30,747
37,418

5,761,600
2,634,427
3,127,173

1,076,354
705,676
370,678

4,004,390
1,742,068
2,262,322

1,857,946
564,073
1,293,873

State supplementation
Male
Female

2,268,579
977,761
1,290,818

590,575
208,166
382,409

30,657
13,934
16,723

1,647,347
755,661
891,686

220,060
144,907
75,153

1,163,085
531,823
631,262

885,434
301,031
584,403

Total payments (thousands of dollars)
All payments
Male
Female

3,499,569
1,577,757
1,921,812

453,529
148,446
305,083

36,297
16,380
19,917

3,009,743
1,412,931
1,596,812

610,874
401,187
209,687

2,134,335
941,405
1,192,930

754,360
235,166
519,194

Federal SSI
Male
Female

3,130,803
1,414,866
1,715,937

351,915
110,304
241,611

29,133
13,139
15,994

2,749,754
1,291,422
1,458,332

592,877
389,424
203,453

1,936,436
845,805
1,090,630

601,490
179,636
421,854

368,767
162,892
205,875

101,614
38,142
63,472

7,164
3,241
3,923

259,989
121,509
138,480

17,997
11,762
6,235

197,900
95,600
102,300

152,870
55,529
97,341

State supplementation
Male
Female

Average monthly payment

a

(dollars)

All payments
Male
Female

454.75
467.69
444.84

373.05
383.93
367.99

488.42
484.08
492.03

471.00
479.35
463.95

541.85
542.66
540.29

470.64
468.86
472.03

375.10
378.60
373.54

Federal SSI
Male
Female

423.05
436.68
412.63

316.48
317.24
316.14

423.15
422.03
424.07

443.61
452.62
436.04

527.42
528.29
525.76

441.60
438.22
444.18

322.87
317.48
325.21

State supplementation
Male
Female

156.24
159.12
154.06

170.64
181.83
164.56

228.97
227.22
230.42

149.71
151.59
148.12

77.04
76.39
78.30

159.79
168.19
152.73

171.26
182.99
165.23

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Averages are not obtained simply by dividing the total dollars by the number of recipients. Averages exclude payments made in the
current month for prior-month eligibility, such as back pay for new awards, so that large retroactive payments do not distort the
averages.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

22 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Federally Administered Payments
Table 5.
By selected characteristics, eligibility category, and age, December 2006
Age

Category
Characteristic

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Number
All recipients

7,235,583

1,211,656

73,418

5,950,509

1,078,977

4,152,130

2,004,476

Sex
Male
Female

3,145,335
4,090,248

385,355
826,301

33,331
40,087

2,726,649
3,223,860

707,388
371,589

1,818,993
2,333,137

618,954
1,385,522

Living arrangement
Own household
Another's household
Parent's household
Medicaid institution
Unknown

5,839,694
339,340
910,855
135,711
9,983

1,092,446
98,792
...
19,248
1,170

62,020
4,267
5,395
1,693
43

4,685,228
236,281
905,460
114,770
8,770

138,529
41,025
884,931
14,016
476

3,858,961
186,093
25,924
73,082
8,070

1,842,204
112,222
...
48,613
1,437

Average monthly payment (dollars)
All recipients

454.75

373.05

488.42

471.00

541.85

470.64

375.10

Sex
Male
Female

467.69
444.84

383.93
367.99

484.08
492.03

479.35
463.95

542.66
540.29

468.86
472.03

378.60
373.54

Living arrangement
Own household
Another's household
Parent's household
Medicaid institution
Unknown

452.08
407.59
549.63
34.02
232.67

374.32
417.41
...
36.60
25.00

492.60
471.47
593.23
35.91
...

469.70
402.27
549.37
33.59
336.50

587.21
396.40
549.43
35.47
...

481.27
405.37
556.69
33.25
...

380.95
415.30
...
34.79
232.67

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 23

Federally Administered Payments
Table 6.
Recipients, by type of representative payee, eligibility category, and age, December 2006
Category

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

7,235,583

1,211,656

73,418

5,950,509

1,078,977

4,152,130

2,004,476

Without payee

4,583,571

1,167,108

53,821

3,362,642

816

2,735,703

1,847,052

With payee
Natural or adoptive parents
Spouse
Natural, adoptive, or stepchild
Grandparent
Other relative
Nonmental institution
Mental institution
Financial organization
Social agency
Public official
Other

2,652,012
1,526,939
58,551
97,909
102,678
360,664
129,038
76,674
3,418
130,864
15,186
150,091

44,548
344
1,987
18,933
35
10,673
6,382
1,097
42
2,083
489
2,483

19,597
11,708
222
657
643
2,422
1,298
730
15
1,063
79
760

2,587,867
1,514,887
56,342
78,319
102,000
347,569
121,358
74,847
3,361
127,718
14,618
146,848

1,078,161
880,777
50
397
73,278
76,264
6,292
2,646
169
20,013
1,368
16,907

1,416,427
644,240
49,384
49,974
29,340
241,758
97,207
67,538
3,071
100,748
11,641
121,526

157,424
1,922
9,117
47,538
60
42,642
25,539
6,490
178
10,103
2,177
11,658

Type of payee
All recipients

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

24 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Federally Administered Payments
Table 7.
Recipients, by type of income, eligibility category, and age, December 2006
Category
Type of income
All recipients

a

No other income
Earned income
Unearned income
Social Security benefits
Veterans' benefits
Income based on need
Workers' compensation
Support from absent parents
Pensions
Support and maintenance
Asset income b
Other c

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

7,235,583

1,211,656

73,418

5,950,509

1,078,977

4,152,130

2,004,476

4,011,553

427,225

39,102

3,545,226

801,905

2,471,026

738,622

275,252

18,236

4,319

252,697

3,024

244,228

28,000

2,528,975
60,914
18,556
4,963
141,036
59,896
306,491
191,009
73,980

692,348
24,910
212
398
1
39,872
88,290
69,062
12,956

26,913
464
52
17
872
386
2,568
2,599
725

1,809,714
35,540
18,292
4,548
140,163
19,638
215,633
119,348
60,299

77,401
1,223
12,200
12
137,274
45
49,999
9,733
3,331

1,309,629
21,061
6,124
3,989
3,761
12,200
147,659
85,429
52,286

1,141,945
38,630
232
962
1
47,651
108,833
95,847
18,363

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of unearned income or
both earned and unearned income.
b. Includes income received as rent, interest, dividends, and royalties.
c. Does not include income deemed from a spouse or parent.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 25

Federally Administered Payments
Table 8.
By receipt of Social Security, type of income, eligibility category, and age, December 2006
Category
Type of income

Total

Aged

Blind

Age
Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Number
All recipients
With Social Security
No other income
Earned income only
Unearned income only a
Both earned and unearned
income a
Without Social Security
No other income
Earned income only
Unearned income only a
Both earned and unearned
income a

7,235,583

1,211,656

73,418

5,950,509

1,078,977

4,152,130

2,004,476

2,156,980
100,051
261,504

550,464
10,431
129,727

22,981
1,453
2,324

1,583,535
88,167
129,453

67,095
291
9,953

1,138,403
83,557
79,758

951,482
16,203
171,793

10,440

1,710

155

8,575

62

7,911

2,467

4,011,553
148,298
530,294

427,225
4,876
86,004

39,102
2,461
4,692

3,545,226
140,961
439,598

801,905
2,004
197,000

2,471,026
138,542
218,715

738,622
7,752
114,579

16,463

1,219

250

14,994

667

14,218

1,578

Average monthly payment (dollars)
All recipients
With Social Security
No other income
Earned income only
Unearned income only a
Both earned and unearned
income a
Without Social Security
No other income
Earned income only
Unearned income only a
Both earned and unearned
income a

454.75

373.05

488.42

471.00

541.85

470.64

375.10

224.83
228.99
196.30

219.14
213.06
180.95

259.75
250.79
232.27

226.30
230.58
211.53

403.22
354.47
352.82

217.51
230.71
209.74

221.04
218.16
181.43

220.56

197.08

251.99

224.88

297.03

224.60

206.47

595.33
480.95
495.76

603.88
437.47
531.35

640.42
495.30
552.29

593.80
482.20
488.20

573.50
486.51
471.07

601.06
482.63
499.93

599.88
449.56
530.21

426.96

372.63

480.47

430.49

398.73

433.08

383.27

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes recipients with in-kind unearned income.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

26 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Federally Administered Payments
Table 9.
Recipients, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2006
Age

Category
Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

7,235,583

1,211,656

73,418

5,950,509

1,078,977

4,152,130

2,004,476

164,764
11,340
99,196
92,960
1,226,697

16,659
2,114
13,415
9,157
360,316

929
102
877
775
21,273

147,176
9,124
84,904
83,028
845,108

28,672
1,155
17,804
19,501
99,711

102,236
7,127
57,781
54,978
595,736

33,856
3,058
23,611
18,481
531,250

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

56,830
53,276
14,038
21,713
427,902

8,648
6,700
1,300
1,974
100,597

528
467
106
151
2,770

47,654
46,109
12,632
19,588
324,535

7,161
6,898
3,334
4,441
80,608

35,557
33,733
8,271
13,048
203,177

14,112
12,645
2,433
4,224
144,117

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

205,793
22,924
23,053
261,052
101,058

26,753
6,452
1,825
30,448
5,756

1,974
198
206
2,382
934

177,066
16,274
21,022
228,222
94,368

35,046
1,557
4,296
45,096
21,545

119,885
12,812
15,469
157,824
67,180

50,862
8,555
3,288
58,132
12,333

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

43,896
39,501
181,857
157,299
32,536

3,568
3,225
13,374
16,794
2,356

769
356
1,381
1,608
223

39,559
35,920
167,102
138,897
29,957

7,124
7,302
27,797
29,343
3,504

29,745
25,773
120,584
94,024
23,723

7,027
6,426
33,476
33,932
5,309

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

96,248
174,509
225,160
75,793
123,679

15,294
44,807
16,680
10,266
14,157

647
3,729
1,697
724
969

80,307
125,973
206,783
64,803
108,553

15,275
19,129
38,719
11,212
22,853

56,186
107,365
149,999
47,595
71,275

24,787
48,015
36,442
16,986
29,551

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

119,795
15,208
22,621
34,468
14,470

9,219
1,087
2,046
8,823
869

975
131
244
670
157

109,601
13,990
20,331
24,975
13,444

20,269
2,091
3,533
6,193
1,953

79,800
10,673
15,167
18,883
10,680

19,726
2,444
3,921
9,392
1,837

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

154,482
55,182
641,870
202,613
8,035

33,722
8,457
135,790
24,302
954

960
476
2,992
1,771
74

119,800
46,249
503,088
176,540
7,007

22,704
7,762
73,422
38,294
989

80,463
31,650
337,376
116,889
5,241

51,315
15,770
231,072
47,430
1,805

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

254,012
82,386
62,280
325,822
30,720

15,242
7,717
7,949
28,797
3,923

1,835
780
647
2,144
193

236,935
73,889
53,684
294,881
26,604

43,565
14,592
8,321
60,991
4,232

173,497
52,329
40,642
204,071
19,224

36,950
15,465
13,317
60,760
7,264

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

105,411
12,748
162,574
524,458
23,532

11,760
1,630
16,042
109,073
2,320

1,381
92
1,524
6,539
259

92,270
11,026
145,008
408,846
20,953

18,731
2,020
23,411
95,709
4,219

62,382
7,683
104,432
265,476
15,268

24,298
3,045
34,731
163,273
4,045

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 27

Federally Administered Payments
Table 9.
Recipients, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2006—Continued
Category

Age

State or area

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

13,457
139,313
118,946
77,987
93,549
5,786

1,122
20,512
15,009
4,020
8,110
406

89
1,254
921
576
905
42

12,246
117,547
103,016
73,391
84,534
5,338

1,723
22,810
15,217
8,936
17,111
861

9,228
81,496
76,419
56,945
60,661
4,083

2,506
35,007
27,310
12,106
15,777
842

784

120

12

652

235

389

160

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

28 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Federally Administered Payments
Table 10.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2006
(in dollars)
Category

Age

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

454.75

373.05

488.42

471.00

541.85

470.64

375.10

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

403.24
413.52
433.79
395.90
581.12

189.00
288.44
311.97
173.49
522.47

381.25
401.22
434.11
371.92
641.04

427.62
442.87
453.05
420.67
604.61

534.74
486.76
531.86
532.03
644.49

423.81
446.95
448.63
410.99
615.33

229.78
308.86
323.64
207.43
530.67

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

408.15
429.95
423.68
463.04
421.19

323.62
346.11
277.72
286.13
342.83

422.94
432.24
414.20
418.03
412.67

423.34
442.13
438.68
481.17
445.58

500.85
523.83
513.06
534.35
524.44

425.76
442.92
426.59
484.11
434.58

317.01
344.36
291.10
322.86
344.60

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

401.76
459.79
411.82
454.04
428.32

232.67
384.54
225.43
360.66
245.23

417.98
452.01
410.26
447.04
400.20

427.15
489.65
428.26
466.58
439.81

525.81
501.84
505.42
538.40
531.55

429.03
495.46
420.73
464.03
425.80

252.07
398.71
250.36
361.77
262.67

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

397.90
412.33
420.44
417.32
392.73

225.62
262.24
199.41
208.64
184.83

382.28
414.81
420.61
409.78
425.68

413.77
425.86
438.10
442.62
408.81

509.66
520.98
539.63
539.94
515.20

407.43
416.36
440.41
441.06
412.83

245.45
274.22
249.68
245.39
222.66

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

437.10
464.61
452.32
430.77
398.64

342.79
398.06
316.71
350.63
181.44

419.01
500.18
442.89
434.47
369.14

455.19
487.40
463.33
443.46
427.20

515.05
564.13
541.14
518.73
535.38

457.67
477.50
460.11
435.16
425.74

342.48
396.28
326.02
360.53
227.31

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

413.96
405.34
393.16
423.98
406.30

238.69
202.12
237.55
335.79
272.40

414.37
426.36
420.23
486.04
403.53

428.71
421.12
408.48
453.60
415.00

532.42
521.42
511.17
511.52
492.58

422.07
421.35
400.97
439.65
413.71

259.64
236.62
257.64
334.80
271.63

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

440.31
406.06
484.20
390.07
365.92

376.42
258.78
396.47
203.67
224.78

421.69
428.00
462.31
391.95
410.33

458.37
432.76
508.01
415.72
384.71

534.16
536.31
559.81
514.70
486.25

455.12
435.26
514.73
409.77
386.27

375.43
283.50
415.64
240.78
241.17

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

445.84
412.98
423.93
453.62
455.90

291.86
221.12
314.86
302.08
331.79

415.55
410.66
427.95
426.72
427.47

455.97
433.11
440.10
468.61
474.44

540.09
529.49
521.71
531.64
581.48

452.26
430.02
438.10
466.90
469.24

304.75
245.84
320.43
331.10
347.30

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

397.35
382.40
404.51
394.66
419.11

204.77
213.83
202.11
264.32
345.86

395.46
404.68
424.65
418.60
422.08

421.91
407.29
426.75
429.13
427.25

520.15
499.36
529.72
525.41
490.71

420.32
405.74
429.97
423.09
420.41

243.68
247.46
243.84
272.09
340.11

State or area
All areas

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 29

Federally Administered Payments
Table 10.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2006
(in dollars)—Continued
Category

Age

State or area

Total

Aged

Blind

Disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

411.23
405.57
449.06
428.57
419.83
392.96

211.78
293.39
392.36
194.90
260.35
176.37

406.71
405.89
441.75
421.00
425.39
430.12

429.49
425.18
457.41
441.44
435.10
409.43

562.75
510.48
518.16
529.96
526.60
492.58

426.84
423.56
457.13
448.36
425.45
409.79

250.27
295.56
388.30
260.97
282.72
213.19

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

493.58

358.44

457.09

420.56

581.30

491.01

381.02

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

30 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Federally Administered Payments
Table 11.
Recipients and their average income, by type of income and marital status, December 2006
Eligible individual
with no spouse
Average
income
Number (dollars)

Type of income
Total a

Eligible individual with eligible spouse

Eligible individual with ineligible spouse

Spouse

Individual

Individual

Spouse

Average
income
Number (dollars)

Average
income
Number (dollars)

Average
income
Number (dollars)

Average
income
Number (dollars)

6,354,180

...

283,280

...

283,280

...

308,410

...

308,410

...

3,584,600

...

143,400

...

153,330

...

184,440

...

135,560

...

2,769,580
With income
Earned income only
140,870
Unearned income only
2,510,580
Both earned and unearned
income
118,130

430
365
423

139,880
1,840
135,770

426
608
416

129,950
2,700
124,200

370
636
352

123,970
4,280
117,590

441
609
427

172,850
98,340
64,500

873
1,141
430

654

2,270

890

3,050

878

2,100

870

10,010

1,096

a

259,000
240,910
19,450

309
316
201

4,110
2,920
1,210

531
641
258

5,750
4,420
1,410

554
643
248

6,380
4,290
2,150

563
721
233

108,350
84,940
24,780

1,116
1,221
696

2,628,710
2,151,230
51,520
19,570
3,640

423
468
210
249
374

138,040
117,370
710
130
270

416
458
244
127
347

127,250
110,400
610
440
250

353
380
206
132
861

119,690
97,130
6,850
900
480

427
478
154
127
468

74,510
36,420
7,800
24,060
1,050

403
508
423
132
784

139,700
46,170
253,540
156,440
66,660

206
172
146
6
194

...
7,300
17,380
13,370
1,880

...
147
110
5
168

...
4,980
15,810
8,900
1,720

...
125
110
4
130

...
1,970
16,650
6,720
3,130

...
150
129
11
227

...
2,510
770
4,320
6,810

...
304
138
23
476

No other income

With earned income
Wages
Self-employment income
With unearned income a
Social Security benefits
Veterans' benefits
Income based on need
Workers' compensation
Support from absent
parents
Pensions
Support and maintenance
Asset income b
Other c

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned
income or both earned and unearned income.
b. Includes income received as rent, interest, dividends, and royalties.
c. Does not include income deemed from a spouse or parent.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 31

Federally Administered Payments
Table 12.
Recipients as a percentage of resident population, by state, December 2006
Recipients
State
United States

Resident population a
299,398,484

b

Number

Percentage of
resident population

7,235,583

2.4

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

4,599,030
670,053
6,166,318
2,810,872
36,457,549

164,764
11,340
99,196
92,960
1,226,697

3.6
1.7
1.6
3.3
3.4

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

4,753,377
3,504,809
853,476
581,530
18,089,888

56,830
53,276
14,038
21,713
427,902

1.2
1.5
1.6
3.7
2.4

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

9,363,941
1,285,498
1,466,465
12,831,970
6,313,520

205,793
22,924
23,053
261,052
101,058

2.2
1.8
1.6
2.0
1.6

2,982,085
2,764,075
4,206,074
4,287,768
1,321,574

43,896
39,501
181,857
157,299
32,536

1.5
1.4
4.3
3.7
2.5

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

5,615,727
6,437,193
10,095,643
5,167,101
2,910,540

96,248
174,509
225,160
75,793
123,679

1.7
2.7
2.2
1.5
4.2

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

5,842,713
944,632
1,768,331
2,495,529
1,314,895

119,795
15,208
22,621
34,468
14,470

2.1
1.6
1.3
1.4
1.1

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

8,724,560
1,954,599
19,306,183
8,856,505
635,867

154,482
55,182
641,870
202,613
8,035

1.8
2.8
3.3
2.3
1.3

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

11,478,006
3,579,212
3,700,758
12,440,621
1,067,610

254,012
82,386
62,280
325,822
30,720

2.2
2.3
1.7
2.6
2.9

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

4,321,249
781,919
6,038,803
23,507,783
2,550,063

105,411
12,748
162,574
524,458
23,532

2.4
1.6
2.7
2.2
0.9

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

(Continued)

32 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Federally Administered Payments
Table 12.
Recipients as a percentage of resident population, by state, December 2006—Continued
Recipients
State

Resident population a

Number

Percentage of
resident population

623,908
7,642,884
6,395,798
1,818,470
5,556,506
515,004

13,457
139,313
118,946
77,987
93,549
5,786

2.2
1.8
1.9
4.3
1.7
1.1

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

SOURCES: U.S. Census Bureau and Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record
format), 100 percent data.
a. Population estimates for the United States as of July 1, 2006, as reported by the U.S. Census Bureau.
b. Excludes 782 recipients in the Northern Mariana Islands.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 33

Federally Administered Payments
Table 13.
Foreign-born recipients, by region, country of origin, eligibility category, and age, December 2006
Age

Category
Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

All areas

1,568,503

759,018

809,485

17,875

507,823

1,042,805

North America
U.S. territories
Puerto Rico
Other a
Other

189,357
181,062
175,869
5,193
8,295

27,112
24,866
24,223
643
2,246

162,245
156,196
151,646
4,550
6,049

10,942
10,701
10,066
635
241

116,345
111,691
108,384
3,307
4,654

62,070
58,670
57,419
1,251
3,400

Latin America
Mexico
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Other

595,258
263,435
98,345
68,981
164,497

302,909
131,899
54,412
25,013
91,585

292,349
131,536
43,933
43,968
72,912

2,585
807
396
568
814

186,332
83,132
24,415
29,923
48,862

406,341
179,496
73,534
38,490
114,821

Africa
Somalia
Cape Verde Islands
Ethiopia
Other

23,841
5,636
1,468
3,156
13,581

10,202
2,383
940
1,101
5,778

13,639
3,253
528
2,055
7,803

602
153
6
36
407

10,448
2,497
424
1,647
5,880

12,791
2,986
1,038
1,473
7,294

498,796
105,078
79,439
34,086
70,552
209,641

298,559
46,067
67,963
7,070
57,446
120,013

200,237
59,011
11,476
27,016
13,106
89,628

1,464
178
87
86
154
959

120,310
34,105
5,274
19,118
8,702
53,111

377,022
70,795
74,078
14,882
61,696
155,571

38,138
9,309
6,895
3,579
18,355

17,472
4,427
3,125
2,207
7,713

20,666
4,882
3,770
1,372
10,642

351
22
16
19
294

10,880
2,271
1,608
580
6,421

26,907
7,016
5,271
2,980
11,640

130,932

66,447

64,485

568

25,131

105,233

84,750
7,656
6,559
8,269
8,048
11,315
42,903

33,399
4,290
2,826
2,623
4,739
4,077
14,844

51,351
3,366
3,733
5,646
3,309
7,238
28,059

1,187
13
49
116
22
119
868

35,381
2,204
2,316
4,294
1,946
4,826
19,795

48,182
5,439
4,194
3,859
6,080
6,370
22,240

7,431

2,918

4,513

176

2,996

4,259

Region and country of origin

Asia
Vietnam
China
Laos
Philippines
Other
Middle East
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Other
Former Soviet Republics
Europe
Portugal
Italy
United Kingdom
Poland
Former Yugoslavia
Other
Other or unknown areas

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Foreign-born means born in an area not served by the Supplemental Security Income program.
a. Includes American Samoa, Guam, and Virgin Islands.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

34 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Recipients of Social
Security, SSI, or Both

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 14.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving benefits on the basis of disability and their total and average
monthly payments, by type of beneficiary, December 1996–2006
Social Security only
Year

Total

Total

Workers

Both Social Security and SSI

Widow(er)s

Adult
children

SSI only

Total

Workers

Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Number
1996
1997
1998
1999

7,689,664
7,811,748
8,086,259
8,399,309

4,122,152
4,250,155
4,440,264
4,703,774

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

2,559,750
2,550,105
2,618,615
2,650,586

1,007,762
1,011,488
1,027,380
1,044,949

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

a
a
a
a

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

8,599,465
8,791,338
9,106,014
9,445,573
9,773,201

4,850,835
4,979,844
5,228,262
5,492,325
5,756,093

-4,495,477
4,738,246
4,997,137
5,257,314

-87,833
87,900
87,203
89,874

-396,534
402,116
407,985
408,905

2,690,446
2,732,020
2,768,782
2,811,647
2,850,815

1,058,184
1,079,474
1,108,970
1,141,601
1,166,293

-772,562
801,351
833,269
858,850

-35,222
34,671
34,101
33,072

-271,690
272,948
274,231
274,371

2005
2006

10,081,625
10,362,419

5,998,755
6,210,289

5,491,980
5,698,494

86,422
85,259

420,353
426,536

2,880,931
2,928,034

1,201,939
1,224,096

893,437
915,832

32,302
31,443

276,200
276,821

Total payments (millions of dollars)
1996
1997
1998
1999

4,878
5,106
5,379
5,680

3,072
3,245
3,444
3,691

-----

-----

-----

1,222
1,257
1,313
1,346

584
604
622
643

-----

-----

-----

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

6,058
6,509
6,920
7,416
7,980

3,975
4,299
4,629
5,024
5,464

-3,976
4,294
4,674
5,096

-65
67
69
72

-258
268
281
296

1,408
1,491
1,544
1,603
1,686

675
719
747
790
829

-530
554
592
626

-22
22
22
22

-167
171
176
180

2005
2006

8,604
9,172

5,974
6,439

5,584
6,029

75
77

315
334

1,724
1,778

906
955

696
739

22
23

187
193

Average monthly payment

a

(dollars)

1996
1997
1998
1999

624.80
637.80
649.90
662.50

744.60
762.80
775.00
784.10

-----

-----

-----

456.00
458.10
467.90
477.60

546.90
557.10
564.30
576.70

-----

-----

-----

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

689.30
722.84
744.40
768.50
796.80

818.80
862.60
884.60
914.10
947.80

-883.70
905.40
934.80
967.80

-744.80
764.40
790.80
804.80

-650.00
666.00
687.30
722.50

489.00
506.80
522.50
533.50
545.90

594.90
615.20
625.20
638.20
655.20

-618.40
626.90
639.90
657.10

-595.10
608.30
620.90
639.10

-608.70
622.20
635.10
651.40

2005
2006

832.80
867.90

993.69
1,036.50

1,014.52
1,057.60

863.06
900.00

748.08
781.70

558.21
578.30

675.91
697.40

677.65
699.20

659.92
680.70

672.32
693.20

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and the Supplemental
Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTES: Social Security counts include disabled workers, disabled widow(er)s, and disabled adult children. SSI counts include recipients
of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or both.
-- = not available.
a. Averages are not obtained simply by dividing the total dollars by the number of recipients. Averages exclude payments made in the
current month for prior-month eligibility, such as back pay for new awards, so that large retroactive payments do not distort the
averages.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 37

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 15.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving both Social Security and SSI on the basis of disability and their average
monthly Social Security benefit and SSI payment, by state or other area and type of beneficiary,
December 2006
Number of SSI recipients with
Social Security disability

Average monthly
Social Security benefit (dollars)

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

Total

1,224,096

915,832

31,443

276,821

485.29

500.10

33,264
1,892
15,620
19,186
192,834

23,911
1,538
12,097
14,207
151,326

1,117
39
330
604
3,801

8,236
315
3,193
4,375
37,707

466.92
461.35
458.13
466.85
577.91

489.61
477.69
472.60
488.93
587.54

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

11,572
9,198
2,607
2,379
58,342

9,249
6,838
1,994
1,867
44,303

181
250
47
68
1,371

2,142
2,110
566
444
12,668

467.07
457.70
474.95
470.61
459.86

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

35,382
3,058
5,268
34,551
21,304

25,083
2,048
4,213
25,939
16,852

1,257
72
80
905
422

9,042
938
975
7,707
4,030

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

11,134
9,132
33,700
24,635
8,805

8,647
7,123
24,945
16,012
6,674

175
143
1,296
1,086
162

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

13,766
34,617
43,943
14,762
22,318

10,375
27,267
31,738
11,488
15,401

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

26,742
3,627
5,829
5,139
4,034

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

Average monthly
SSI payment (dollars)

Adult
children

Total

476.07

437.87

212.09

199.14

204.61

255.33

465.40
461.28
448.72
475.44
559.06

401.76
382.41
404.60
395.13
541.45

180.74
183.23
186.36
181.24
308.15

163.55
171.81
174.89
164.07
292.03

178.58
208.00
190.47
165.39
311.97

230.54
235.34
229.16
238.28
371.98

480.80
477.47
479.72
488.68
476.33

454.78
441.99
472.84
451.54
463.31

409.36
396.20
458.52
397.93
402.30

179.14
185.59
187.63
214.41
182.85

168.83
170.15
180.02
202.59
169.93

188.97
209.43
173.59
213.22
184.54

222.39
232.26
215.22
264.08
227.56

470.79
515.67
460.00
445.60
452.55

491.22
512.15
470.45
459.60
462.69

471.80
460.74
465.41
458.41
469.22

414.63
527.50
415.04
397.37
408.93

174.82
260.77
188.38
198.97
190.10

159.81
214.68
180.47
188.81
182.50

173.66
223.88
197.93
184.69
174.96

216.15
363.17
221.27
234.56
223.02

2,312
1,866
7,459
7,537
1,969

464.28
459.84
458.37
446.57
462.84

475.28
472.17
481.12
474.26
480.86

478.59
457.31
447.22
466.96
481.56

421.98
413.79
385.03
385.32
400.38

189.23
183.96
189.31
196.99
183.40

184.60
174.67
172.71
175.31
169.99

172.91
188.52
192.60
178.26
166.52

207.86
218.43
243.69
245.35
230.13

317
694
909
174
920

3,074
6,656
11,296
3,100
5,997

460.93
508.92
466.84
451.65
459.77

474.14
532.26
467.52
464.63
488.68

476.64
480.54
466.27
445.60
468.02

415.40
417.49
464.98
404.52
384.50

182.64
210.73
197.46
188.22
186.50

174.45
197.73
188.46
179.97
162.79

179.53
248.82
192.50
195.49
177.40

210.18
259.29
223.01
217.97
248.57

20,384
2,721
4,418
4,264
3,152

689
85
71
88
45

5,669
821
1,340
787
837

453.47
466.08
459.87
482.13
462.82

468.55
474.31
475.15
492.00
477.55

454.81
424.32
439.30
476.86
496.42

399.74
443.46
411.17
430.04
406.92

189.23
186.52
182.95
177.05
180.82

177.24
177.54
171.45
169.67
169.92

193.04
201.62
231.22
189.38
144.57

231.36
214.27
217.82
215.13
222.79

22,826
9,436
89,926
39,707
2,107

16,947
7,158
63,650
28,997
1,479

484
240
2,346
1,103
38

5,395
2,038
23,930
9,607
590

488.45
451.68
526.34
464.12
449.10

501.65
471.16
526.87
483.11
463.07

466.07
461.61
486.50
464.84
442.97

449.55
382.94
528.86
407.39
415.81

194.89
189.33
242.12
179.78
184.66

182.66
174.35
223.43
165.83
174.09

204.94
182.00
228.85
177.72
189.50

231.86
242.18
292.91
221.67
209.85

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

45,299
15,643
12,788
51,416
6,523

35,058
11,810
10,199
37,633
5,117

1,182
458
208
1,384
100

9,059
3,375
2,381
12,399
1,306

443.39
451.73
463.91
467.16
505.58

454.80
466.33
474.13
480.06
524.35

447.95
458.50
454.19
471.00
481.78

399.04
400.28
421.63
428.26
434.31

197.50
192.92
179.61
204.73
200.51

189.46
183.01
171.14
191.88
186.71

193.15
179.76
183.50
194.41
208.31

228.91
229.01
215.03
244.20
253.65

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

19,699
2,843
32,194
73,626
4,610

13,467
2,007
23,186
54,758
3,602

748
63
1,214
2,395
61

5,484
773
7,794
16,473
947

458.30
447.67
460.47
456.95
451.34

477.36
461.66
479.78
476.40
464.98

464.62
436.09
456.86
457.96
470.87

411.33
413.11
404.68
393.27
399.76

180.85
189.59
185.71
186.94
192.04

167.54
179.62
171.44
172.50
182.38

177.64
211.97
188.51
182.58
195.27

213.49
213.00
226.91
234.74
227.40

Total

State or area
All areas

a

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Workers Widow(er)s

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

(Continued)

38 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Recipients of Social Security, SSI, or Both
Table 15.
Persons aged 18–64 receiving both Social Security and SSI on the basis of disability and their average
monthly Social Security benefit and SSI payment, by state or other area and type of beneficiary,
December 2006—Continued
Number of SSI recipients with
Social Security disability
State or area

Total

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

3,819
25,331
20,513
14,451
20,992
1,430

2,825
18,254
16,504
9,970
15,799
1,157

87

b

Outlying area
Northern Mariana
Islands

Average monthly
Social Security benefit (dollars)
Adult
children

Total

68
732
338
542
300
24

926
6,345
3,671
3,939
4,893
249

502.44
458.74
463.82
452.89
458.23
458.73

512.13
478.22
474.57
477.32
469.42
469.79

b

b

359.05

b

Workers Widow(er)s

Average monthly
SSI payment (dollars)

Adult
children

Total

512.35
468.21
472.34
458.13
450.19
459.61

472.38
402.52
415.25
390.89
422.83
408.13

200.72
184.86
182.13
192.89
185.31
181.31

191.50
171.49
173.61
175.53
177.70
172.87

165.93
166.70
177.22
183.38
187.34
206.57

231.22
224.80
220.47
237.74
209.60
217.54

b

b

271.04

b

b

b

Workers Widow(er)s

Workers Widow(er)s

Adult
children

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Disabled Beneficiaries and Dependents Master Beneficiary Record file and the Supplemental Security Record
(Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: SSI counts include recipients of federal SSI, federally administered state supplementation, or both. They do not include beneficiaries whose own Social
Security number is not on the Master Beneficiary Record. Social Security beneficiaries who are entitled to both a primary and a secondary benefit are counted only
once in this table.
a. Includes 190 persons not distributed by state or area.
b. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Art Kahn (410) 965-0186 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 39

Noncitizens

Noncitizens
Table 16.
By eligibility category, December 1982–2006
Total

Aged

Blind and disabled

Year

Number

Percentage of all
SSI recipients

Number

Percentage of all
SSI recipients

Number

Percentage of all
SSI recipients

1982
1983
1984

127,900
151,200
181,100

3.3
3.9
4.5

91,900
106,600
127,600

5.9
7.0
8.3

36,000
44,600
53,500

1.6
1.9
2.1

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

210,800
244,300
282,500
320,300
370,300

5.1
5.7
6.4
7.2
8.1

146,500
165,300
188,000
213,900
245,700

9.7
11.2
12.9
14.9
17.1

64,300
79,000
94,500
106,400
124,600

2.4
2.8
3.2
3.5
4.0

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

435,600
519,660
601,430
683,150
738,140

9.0
10.2
10.8
11.4
11.7

282,400
329,690
372,930
416,420
440,000

19.4
22.5
25.4
28.2
30.0

153,200
189,970
228,500
266,730
298,140

4.6
5.2
5.6
5.9
6.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

785,410
724,990
650,830
669,630
684,930

12.1
11.0
10.0
10.2
10.4

459,220
417,360
367,200
364,980
368,330

31.8
29.5
27.0
27.4
28.2

326,190
307,630
283,630
304,650
316,600

6.3
5.9
5.5
5.8
6.0

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

692,590
695,650
703,515
696,772
676,979

10.5
10.4
10.4
10.1
9.7

364,470
364,550
364,827
356,298
342,220

28.3
28.9
29.1
28.9
28.3

328,120
331,100
338,688
340,474
334,759

6.2
6.1
6.1
6.0
5.8

2005
2006

680,397
674,250

9.6
9.3

344,166
339,073

28.3
28.0

336,231
335,177

5.7
5.6

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 43

Noncitizens
Table 17.
Distribution of recipients, by selected characteristics and citizenship status, December 2006
Citizens

Noncitizens

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

6,561,333

100.0

674,250

100.0

Age
Under 18
18–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64
65–74
75 or older

1,075,906
804,148
627,895
994,196
1,074,398
439,430
801,067
744,293

16.4
12.3
9.6
15.2
16.4
6.7
12.2
11.3

3,071
13,897
20,359
40,905
81,300
55,602
209,109
250,007

0.5
2.1
3.0
6.1
12.1
8.2
31.0
37.1

Sex
Male
Female

2,892,037
3,669,296

44.1
55.9

253,298
420,952

37.6
62.4

Living arrangement
Own household
Another's household
Parent's household
Medicaid institution

5,254,703
273,883
907,774
124,973

80.1
4.2
13.8
1.9

594,974
65,457
3,081
10,738

88.2
9.7
0.5
1.6

Income
Social Security
Worker beneficiary
Auxiliary beneficiary
Earnings

2,322,626
1,607,321
715,305
265,789

35.4
24.5
10.9
4.1

206,349
153,572
52,777
9,463

30.6
22.8
7.8
1.4

4,684,235
260,338

71.4
4.0

282,769
36,555

41.9
5.4

1,616,760

24.6

354,926

52.6

Characteristic
Total

SSI payment
Federal SSI only
State supplementation only
Both federal SSI and state
supplementation

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

44 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Noncitizens
Table 18.
By state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2006
Category

Age

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

674,250

339,073

335,177

3,071

212,063

459,116

766
832
9,898
684
249,284

418
327
4,571
325
123,087

348
505
5,327
359
126,197

5
10
44
a
567

214
341
3,442
a
78,226

547
481
6,412
431
170,491

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

4,807
4,087
366
695
72,166

2,463
2,059
247
325
40,306

2,344
2,028
119
370
31,860

28
13
0
5
545

1,449
1,230
69
263
21,010

3,330
2,844
297
427
50,611

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

6,197
2,981
886
17,915
1,202

3,701
1,981
388
9,382
647

2,496
1,000
498
8,533
555

46
7
15
67
13

1,451
627
338
4,841
345

4,700
2,347
533
13,007
844

1,051
1,367
1,190
1,962
611

407
613
594
985
157

644
754
596
977
454

6
a
24
a
17

392
a
417
a
306

653
901
749
1,351
288

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

6,276
19,847
8,388
8,628
376

4,177
11,480
3,487
3,070
174

2,099
8,367
4,901
5,558
202

33
58
103
171
a

1,181
7,742
2,896
3,928
a

5,062
12,047
5,389
4,529
255

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

2,245
127
897
3,955
449

1,032
36
370
2,766
191

1,213
91
527
1,189
258

36
a
14
14
a

771
a
348
1,042
a

1,438
67
535
2,899
269

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

20,064
4,960
96,866
3,586
159

11,468
2,187
47,498
1,836
47

8,596
2,773
51,368
1,750
112

105
13
396
30
10

5,189
1,719
32,211
1,041
77

14,770
3,228
64,259
2,515
72

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

4,377
1,510
4,502
11,375
3,645

2,241
846
2,205
4,640
1,316

2,136
664
2,297
6,735
2,329

53
15
36
88
22

1,229
410
1,334
4,182
1,563

3,095
1,085
3,132
7,105
2,060

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

887
190
1,658
65,052
1,479

463
64
855
34,012
701

424
126
803
31,040
778

5
6
25
177
20

260
84
503
19,574
476

622
100
1,130
45,301
983

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 45

Noncitizens
Table 18.
By state or other area, eligibility category, and age, December 2006—Continued
Category

Age

State or area

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

165
6,216
13,007
143
4,211
52

59
3,868
5,426
71
1,474
21

106
2,348
7,581
72
2,737
31

a
36
122
a
49
0

a
1,362
4,288
a
1,873
19

92
4,818
8,597
87
2,289
33

11

9

a

0

a

a

Outlying area
Northern Mariana
Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Data not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

46 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Noncitizens
Table 19.
By region and country of origin, eligibility category, and age, December 2006
Category

Age

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

All areas

674,250

339,073

335,177

3,071

212,063

459,116

Latin America
Mexico
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Other

354,604
175,771
53,680
43,149
82,004

178,025
89,041
28,271
15,705
45,008

176,579
86,730
25,409
27,444
36,996

1,360
346
366
331
317

118,854
56,703
16,762
19,765
25,624

234,390
118,722
36,552
23,053
56,063

Africa
Somalia
Cape Verde Islands
Ethiopia
Other

13,430
4,128
891
1,937
6,474

5,758
1,779
568
698
2,713

7,672
2,349
323
1,239
3,761

423
139
3
24
257

5,797
1,787
261
968
2,781

7,210
2,202
627
945
3,436

201,149
41,661
28,792
21,796
18,012
90,888

104,933
16,384
23,998
4,598
13,449
46,504

96,216
25,277
4,794
17,198
4,563
44,384

691
84
16
75
40
476

57,901
14,860
2,074
12,171
3,037
25,759

142,557
26,717
26,702
9,550
14,935
64,653

Middle East
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Other

11,849
2,808
2,163
1,241
5,637

5,612
1,366
998
812
2,436

6,237
1,442
1,165
429
3,201

82
4
10
6
62

2,988
606
497
159
1,726

8,779
2,198
1,656
1,076
3,849

Former Soviet Republics

50,691

26,315

24,376

302

11,009

39,380

Europe
Portugal
Former Yugoslavia
Great Britain
Poland
Other

30,390
3,932
5,898
3,136
3,102
14,322

13,588
2,250
2,165
1,159
1,716
6,298

16,802
1,682
3,733
1,977
1,386
8,024

154
4
72
19
6
53

10,902
1,149
2,475
1,419
895
4,964

19,334
2,779
3,351
1,698
2,201
9,305

Other areas

6,281

2,257

4,024

24

2,855

3,402

Unknown

5,856

2,585

3,271

35

1,757

4,064

Region and country of origin

Asia
Vietnam
China
Laos
Philippines
Other

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 47

Noncitizens
Table 20.
By number of months between date of U.S. residency and date of SSI application, eligibility category,
and age, December 2006
Category
Months
All recipients
0–11 a
12–23
24–35
36–47
48–59
60–71
72–83
84–119
120 and over
State conversions
Unknown

b

Age

Total

Aged

Blind and
disabled

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

674,250

339,073

335,177

3,071

212,063

459,116

79,973
27,892
24,257
55,292
33,296
48,265
33,055
84,920
283,986

42,882
11,317
10,300
35,133
17,096
29,433
17,472
42,535
131,914

37,091
16,575
13,957
20,159
16,200
18,832
15,583
42,385
152,072

1,027
321
223
200
178
317
175
392
203

20,204
8,737
7,424
10,501
8,501
10,128
8,757
25,453
111,269

58,742
18,834
16,610
44,591
24,617
37,820
24,123
59,075
172,514

1,459

180

1,279

0

468

991

1,855

811

1,044

35

621

1,199

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes an estimated 2,842 persons whose records indicate that they applied in the same month that their residence began.
b. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

48 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Recipients Under Age 65

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 21.
Recipients, by diagnostic group, 1998–2006
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders a
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary
system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system
and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other a
Unknown

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

4,533,060

4,538,033

4,590,806

4,693,315

4,792,526

4,912,627

5,010,235

5,119,368

5,231,107

58,440

57,094

58,593

62,730

65,999

70,084

73,146

77,052

82,019

179,273

186,317

178,184

172,371

164,994

160,047

155,513

151,141

147,524

73,426
95,321

73,538
97,762

73,510
100,046

73,513
103,284

72,499
105,313

71,676
107,051

70,236
108,670

69,595
110,314

68,689
112,929

1,067,247
1,232,642
53,526

1,062,530
1,294,064
51,326

1,059,769
1,419,469
51,491

1,085,032
1,523,835
51,802

1,093,759
1,629,652
52,699

1,099,557
1,743,224
53,376

1,096,223
1,846,743
54,687

1,094,164
1,949,904
56,388

1,088,438
2,042,751
59,461

b
185,267
30,310

b
186,909
31,940

b
188,069
34,017

b
188,982
36,197

27,009
189,017
38,518

27,475
188,745
40,400

27,631
187,274
42,165

28,189
186,787
43,908

28,761
186,910
45,522

b

b

b

b

43,994

44,694

44,908

45,405

45,945

300,895

318,388

334,879

354,108

373,402

390,646

407,042

422,333

437,260

356,266
108,122

365,529
107,046

371,211
107,490

384,411
109,004

393,439
109,609

400,302
110,694

405,239
110,871

411,093
111,481

416,944
112,391

b
178,692
613,633

b
193,372
512,218

b
153,846
460,232

b
164,129
383,917

6,855
85,625
340,143

7,082
94,310
303,264

7,245
97,398
275,244

7,459
98,812
255,343

7,850
106,757
240,956

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Beginning in 2000, approximately 60,000 persons previously shown under "Other diagnoses" are shown under "Other mental
disorders."
b. Before 2002, diagnosis was reported under "Other."
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 51

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 22.
By diagnostic group and age, December 2006
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under 5

5–12

13–17

18–21

22–29

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–64

648,254 1,035,101 1,155,698

495,032

Number
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary
system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system
and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

5,231,107

165,250

511,940

401,787

301,164

516,881

82,019

21,646

23,201

9,614

8,731

9,559

4,536

2,794

1,437

501

147,524

1,650

3,080

2,309

1,784

4,362

11,872

31,214

59,780

31,473

68,689
112,929

182
1,194

912
2,455

1,197
2,052

646
3,962

2,135
11,488

10,346
17,802

27,159
28,737

21,025
31,568

5,087
13,671

1,088,438
2,042,751
59,461

6,586
39,251
2,349

73,425
280,678
5,760

112,901
204,418
2,880

120,421
107,923
2,228

203,732
182,595
3,410

205,665
256,415
4,370

207,034
441,062
11,446

123,216
406,445
18,833

35,458
123,964
8,185

28,761
186,910
45,522

2,007
2,155
3,548

6,242
2,019
2,232

4,399
1,183
843

3,138
1,234
705

4,314
3,917
1,831

3,318
8,795
3,467

2,739
30,148
11,259

1,974
81,344
16,342

630
56,115
5,295

45,945

586

1,289

1,120

1,597

4,351

7,903

12,216

12,686

4,197

437,260

1,326

3,273

3,227

3,304

8,987

27,058

90,064

186,427

113,594

416,944
112,391

15,602
8,194

45,164
14,457

31,950
5,614

36,152
1,968

62,584
2,251

59,850
4,737

71,232
15,937

67,068
36,432

27,342
22,801

7,850
106,757
240,956

331
52,228
6,415

682
35,129
11,942

299
9,092
8,689

240
3,047
4,084

569
2,852
7,944

1,004
1,211
19,905

1,906
1,351
48,803

2,005
1,378
87,738

814
469
45,436

(Continued)

52 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 22.
By diagnostic group and age, December 2006—Continued
Diagnostic group

All ages

Under 5

5–12

13–17

18–21

22–29

30–39

40–49

50–59

60–64

Average monthly payment (dollars)
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary
system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system
and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

485.35

522.27

549.07

540.66

542.11

500.67

462.59

459.38

471.07

429.05

525.14

538.24

548.98

535.20

536.77

515.51

457.15

384.12

409.23

385.71

454.94

531.71

539.05

521.01

527.04

462.22

450.80

463.67

462.47

411.53

475.45
447.46

551.67
530.17

535.78
527.22

508.79
514.22

527.02
500.24

481.14
460.51

465.11
432.20

472.69
431.94

488.43
457.35

427.14
419.43

483.15
503.21
459.32

560.01
545.54
522.58

554.71
548.60
534.26

544.75
542.35
523.32

543.40
548.35
504.40

510.88
494.50
454.34

460.69
470.07
438.07

432.59
481.53
447.07

422.81
496.42
452.70

396.23
463.83
397.75

510.89
443.58
474.80

549.00
533.65
527.71

549.35
539.33
551.59

537.60
522.11
526.67

538.67
523.31
523.10

498.72
462.30
428.73

467.22
436.94
429.71

452.85
446.31
467.53

460.08
459.58
481.63

409.24
408.52
431.96

455.94

526.96

550.95

525.03

516.48

457.20

438.48

452.90

456.76

413.51

440.29

541.41

544.00

530.30

540.30

467.81

424.09

430.98

457.02

412.34

477.01
481.25

537.84
555.19

541.98
560.68

529.10
543.46

531.01
554.80

503.84
492.66

451.49
467.25

430.49
475.06

438.59
469.04

412.68
408.01

468.41
513.39
498.55

558.33
484.56
484.65

553.57
553.71
541.70

548.00
538.68
529.03

521.61
547.84
534.04

459.12
522.85
534.61

442.80
465.71
536.35

447.05
440.26
484.60

457.82
457.15
499.72

428.87
399.20
470.11

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 53

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 23.
By diagnostic group, age, and sex, December 2006
Under age 18

All ages
Percent
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic
diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and bloodforming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary
system
Musculoskeletal
system and
connective tissue
Nervous system
and sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

Aged 18–64

Percent

Number

Total

Male Female

5,231,107

100.0

82,019

Percent

Number

Total

Male Female

Number

Total

Male Female

48.3

51.7 1,078,977

100.0

65.6

34.4 4,152,130

100.0

43.8

56.2

100.0

52.2

47.8

54,461

100.0

53.7

46.3

27,558

100.0

49.1

50.9

147,524

100.0

25.7

74.3

7,039

100.0

51.7

48.3

140,485

100.0

24.4

75.6

68,689
112,929

100.0
100.0

57.2
61.0

42.8
39.0

2,291
5,701

100.0
100.0

50.0
59.0

50.0
41.0

66,398
107,228

100.0
100.0

57.5
61.1

42.5
38.9

1,088,438
2,042,751
59,461

100.0
100.0
100.0

51.7
50.7
43.3

48.3
49.3
56.7

192,912
524,347
10,989

100.0
100.0
100.0

61.8
73.4
55.3

38.2
895,526
26.6 1,518,404
44.7
48,472

100.0
100.0
100.0

49.5
42.8
40.6

50.5
57.2
59.4

28,761
186,910
45,522

100.0
100.0
100.0

48.4
47.1
48.0

51.6
52.9
52.0

12,648
5,357
6,623

100.0
100.0
100.0

56.7
54.6
54.6

43.3
45.4
45.4

16,113
181,553
38,899

100.0
100.0
100.0

42.0
46.9
46.9

58.0
53.1
53.1

45,945

100.0

49.4

50.6

2,995

100.0

59.2

40.8

42,950

100.0

48.7

51.3

437,260

100.0

34.6

65.4

7,826

100.0

48.8

51.2

429,434

100.0

34.3

65.7

416,944
112,391

100.0
100.0

47.8
41.1

52.2
58.9

92,716
28,265

100.0
100.0

55.9
64.4

44.1
35.6

324,228
84,126

100.0
100.0

45.4
33.2

54.6
66.8

7,850
106,757
240,956

100.0
100.0
100.0

36.7
54.9
45.4

63.3
45.1
54.6

1,312
96,449
27,046

100.0
100.0
100.0

51.4
55.2
60.4

48.6
44.8
39.6

6,538
10,308
213,910

100.0
100.0
100.0

33.7
51.9
43.5

66.3
48.1
56.5

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

54 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 24.
Recipients with a representative payee, by diagnostic group and age, December 2006
All ages
Diagnostic group
Total
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system
and connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous
tissue
Other
Unknown

Under age 18

Total

Number
with payee

Percentage
with payee

5,231,107

2,494,592

82,019

Aged 18–64

Total

Number
with payee

Percentage
with payee

Total

Number
with payee

Percentage
with payee

47.7

1,078,977

1,078,161

99.9

4,152,130

1,416,431

34.1

71,416

87.1

54,461

54,432

99.9

27,558

16,984

61.6

147,524

12,664

8.6

7,039

7,032

99.9

140,485

5,632

4.0

68,689
112,929

8,406
22,742

12.2
20.1

2,291
5,701

2,288
5,689

99.9
99.8

66,398
107,228

6,118
17,053

9.2
15.9

1,088,438
2,042,751
59,461

789,172
1,076,935
14,383

72.5
52.7
24.2

192,912
524,347
10,989

192,746
523,920
10,976

99.9
99.9
99.9

895,526
1,518,404
48,472

596,426
553,015
3,407

66.6
36.4
7.0

28,761
186,910
45,522
45,945

15,639
20,803
9,573
5,172

54.4
11.1
21.0
11.3

12,648
5,357
6,623
2,995

12,639
5,354
6,621
2,991

99.9
99.9
100.0
99.9

16,113
181,553
38,899
42,950

3,000
15,449
2,952
2,181

18.6
8.5
7.6
5.1

437,260

21,892

5.0

7,826

7,816

99.9

429,434

14,076

3.3

416,944
112,391

183,814
32,604

44.1
29.0

92,716
28,265

92,646
28,254

99.9
100.0

324,228
84,126

91,168
4,350

28.1
5.2

7,850
106,757
240,956

1,668
101,596
106,113

21.2
95.2
44.0

1,312
96,449
27,046

1,312
96,417
27,028

100.0
100.0
99.9

6,538
10,308
213,910

356
5,179
79,085

5.4
50.2
37.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 55

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 25.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2006

State or area
All areas

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Total
Congenital metabolic parasitic
Number Percent anomalies diseases diseases

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other Neoplasms

5,231,107

100.0

1.6

2.8

1.3

2.2

59.9

20.8

39.1

1.1

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

130,908
8,282
75,585
74,479
695,447

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.2
1.7
2.3
1.5
1.7

3.3
2.4
2.5
3.3
2.5

0.8
1.0
0.6
0.6
1.5

2.5
3.0
2.3
2.4
2.7

55.0
55.7
61.5
59.2
56.3

25.6
14.1
18.3
29.5
14.3

29.4
41.7
43.1
29.7
42.1

1.1
1.4
1.0
1.2
1.3

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

42,718
40,631
11,605
17,489
283,785

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.4
1.2
1.6
0.6
1.7

2.5
2.7
2.7
2.1
2.6

1.0
2.4
1.9
3.4
2.2

2.9
1.8
1.7
2.0
2.4

53.7
61.6
60.9
63.9
60.0

18.0
16.5
22.4
21.1
18.1

35.8
45.1
38.5
42.8
42.0

1.3
1.0
1.1
0.9
1.4

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

154,931
14,369
19,765
202,920
88,725

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.7
1.2
2.1
1.4
1.5

3.3
2.1
2.5
2.8
3.2

1.8
1.0
0.4
1.2
0.6

2.3
2.2
2.2
1.7
1.7

54.6
64.8
64.2
65.4
64.9

25.8
14.7
19.7
23.7
27.8

28.8
50.1
44.6
41.6
37.1

1.3
1.2
1.0
1.0
1.1

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

36,869
33,075
148,381
123,367
27,227

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.7
2.0
1.1
1.3
1.2

3.0
3.4
2.8
3.2
2.7

0.4
0.5
0.4
1.0
0.4

1.8
2.2
1.7
2.3
1.9

64.7
62.3
64.9
55.5
65.9

26.5
23.9
24.4
28.7
19.0

38.2
38.4
40.5
26.9
46.9

1.0
1.0
0.9
1.1
0.9

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

71,461
126,494
188,718
58,807
94,128

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.4
1.2
1.3
1.6
1.1

2.4
1.9
2.9
1.9
3.5

2.8
1.8
0.6
0.7
0.8

2.2
1.7
1.8
2.3
2.1

58.2
65.8
64.1
68.1
57.8

21.3
12.5
23.3
19.6
24.4

36.8
53.3
40.8
48.5
33.4

1.2
0.9
0.9
0.8
1.1

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

100,069
12,764
18,700
25,076
12,633

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.7
2.1
2.6
2.6
1.8

3.6
2.5
3.0
2.4
1.9

0.7
0.5
0.6
1.4
0.4

2.5
3.1
2.6
2.6
1.8

59.0
55.4
58.3
54.9
70.1

23.5
19.4
24.3
15.6
16.8

35.5
36.0
34.0
39.3
53.3

1.1
1.4
1.1
1.5
0.8

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

103,167
39,412
410,798
155,184
6,230

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
2.0
1.2
1.7
2.4

2.3
3.0
2.4
3.0
2.2

2.2
0.6
3.2
1.2
0.4

2.1
3.2
1.8
2.1
2.6

57.2
56.7
57.4
60.6
61.9

17.7
17.3
16.9
28.5
25.6

39.5
39.4
40.5
32.2
36.3

1.2
1.1
1.2
1.2
1.1

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

217,062
66,921
48,963
265,062
23,456

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
1.7
1.6
1.2
1.2

3.0
3.4
2.8
2.7
2.1

0.6
0.5
0.7
1.1
1.2

1.5
2.3
2.6
1.8
1.6

67.4
59.1
58.3
64.2
68.2

24.8
28.3
17.8
21.1
19.8

42.6
30.8
40.5
43.1
48.4

0.9
1.2
1.2
0.9
0.8

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

81,113
9,703
127,843
361,185
19,487

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
2.4
1.3
2.2
3.5

2.7
2.4
2.6
3.8
2.3

1.1
0.5
0.7
1.2
0.4

2.4
2.5
1.9
2.4
2.1

58.1
59.1
60.9
53.3
59.8

27.9
21.2
26.6
16.8
22.2

30.2
37.9
34.3
36.5
37.6

1.1
1.0
1.1
1.5
1.0
(Continued)

56 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 25.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2006—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area
All areas

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
skeletal
Skin and
system
Genito- system and
Circuand Respi- subcutalatory Digestive urinary connective
ratory
neous
sense
system system
system
tissue
organs system
tissue

Other Unknown

0.5

3.6

0.9

0.9

8.4

8.0

2.1

0.2

2.0

4.6

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

0.9
0.2
0.3
0.6
0.3

4.2
3.1
2.5
4.0
3.7

0.9
1.3
0.9
0.9
1.1

0.8
0.6
1.0
0.7
1.1

9.5
12.4
8.3
9.5
10.6

7.9
9.7
9.0
8.2
9.0

3.2
1.5
1.8
2.3
1.6

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1

3.8
2.0
2.7
2.2
1.6

4.7
3.9
3.3
3.1
4.8

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

0.2
0.5
0.7
0.9
0.8

2.5
3.1
2.7
3.2
3.8

1.2
0.7
0.9
0.6
1.0

1.0
0.8
1.0
1.7
0.9

10.5
7.4
8.4
6.4
6.6

11.8
7.6
7.5
6.4
7.2

2.1
2.0
2.5
1.8
2.3

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2

2.2
1.6
2.4
1.8
1.9

4.4
5.3
3.9
4.2
5.0

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

1.2
0.2
0.1
0.6
0.4

4.5
3.8
2.2
3.2
2.9

0.9
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.8

1.2
1.3
0.5
0.9
0.7

7.6
7.4
7.6
5.4
6.1

8.3
7.6
9.4
7.4
8.2

2.6
1.8
1.4
2.2
2.2

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

2.9
1.2
1.7
2.1
1.6

5.6
3.2
3.8
4.1
4.0

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

0.3
0.4
0.2
1.0
0.1

2.3
2.6
3.3
5.4
2.5

0.8
0.9
0.7
0.8
0.7

0.6
0.7
0.5
1.0
0.4

7.7
7.6
8.8
8.9
10.3

8.8
9.1
6.3
8.1
6.4

1.8
2.0
2.7
2.4
1.6

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.2

2.0
2.0
1.7
2.6
0.9

3.1
3.2
3.8
5.1
3.9

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

0.8
0.3
0.5
0.3
1.1

3.9
2.4
3.4
2.0
4.8

0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.6

1.2
0.5
0.8
0.6
1.0

6.2
7.8
7.0
5.7
6.5

8.2
7.2
7.4
8.5
7.3

2.0
1.9
2.0
1.1
2.8

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2

2.3
1.2
1.9
2.9
3.9

6.3
4.5
4.7
2.7
5.5

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

0.6
0.1
0.4
0.6
0.2

3.2
2.6
3.0
3.5
2.0

0.9
1.3
1.1
1.2
0.6

0.8
0.8
0.8
1.0
0.3

9.2
11.8
8.9
9.3
6.2

7.8
10.6
10.1
9.5
8.2

2.2
2.2
2.0
2.3
1.4

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1

1.9
1.9
1.9
2.7
1.4

4.6
3.4
3.5
4.4
2.8

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

0.7
0.2
0.6
0.7
0.1

4.0
2.6
4.3
3.7
3.0

0.8
1.3
0.7
0.9
0.8

1.0
1.1
0.8
0.9
0.7

8.0
11.8
9.3
7.5
8.6

8.7
9.2
7.2
7.3
10.7

2.9
1.8
2.7
2.4
1.4

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1

3.4
1.7
1.3
2.3
1.8

3.7
3.5
5.6
4.6
2.1

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

0.5
0.4
0.2
0.4
0.3

2.6
3.7
2.6
3.1
2.6

0.7
0.9
1.1
0.8
0.8

0.7
0.7
0.6
0.7
0.5

5.4
9.3
10.2
8.1
7.1

6.6
9.1
9.8
6.3
6.1

1.9
2.5
1.7
2.2
1.8

0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2

1.6
2.0
2.7
1.4
1.4

5.1
3.1
3.9
5.0
4.2

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

1.3
0.2
0.5
0.6
0.1

4.2
2.3
3.5
4.5
1.7

0.8
1.2
0.8
1.2
0.9

1.1
1.0
0.8
1.3
0.8

7.1
10.0
8.4
9.9
6.6

8.2
11.0
6.9
9.7
11.2

2.9
2.2
2.3
1.8
1.6

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

2.7
1.8
2.2
2.9
3.0

4.5
2.1
6.1
3.6
5.0

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 57

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 25.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2006—Continued

State or area

Endocrine,
nutritional, Infectious
and
and
Total
Congenital metabolic parasitic
Number Percent anomalies diseases diseases

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

10,951
104,306
91,636
65,881
77,773
4,944

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
1.5
1.7
0.9
2.3
2.2

2.5
2.7
2.5
3.6
2.7
2.2

0.5
1.0
0.8
0.4
0.6
0.4

1.9
1.9
2.1
2.2
2.0
2.9

66.5
60.8
62.2
61.7
64.0
58.7

17.2
25.8
15.9
29.8
22.5
21.5

49.3
35.1
46.3
31.9
41.5
37.3

622

100.0

4.2

1.6

1.0

2.3

41.2

12.9

28.3

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total Retardation

Other

(Continued)

58 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 25.
Percentage distribution, by state or other area and diagnostic group, December 2006—Continued
Diseases of the—
Musculo- Nervous
skeletal system
Skin and
CircuGenito- system and
and Respi- subcutalatory Digestive urinary connective
sense
ratory
neous
system system system
tissue
organs system
tissue

State or area

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

0.1
0.6
0.2
0.1
0.5
0.1

2.0
3.6
2.4
3.5
2.3
2.6

0.8
0.8
1.1
0.8
0.8
1.1

0.3
1.0
0.6
0.5
0.7
0.5

9.2
8.0
9.0
9.0
6.4
9.5

7.2
7.5
8.3
6.4
8.9
10.9

1.7
2.2
1.6
2.7
1.6
2.8

0.1
0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2

0.9
2.0
1.9
1.1
2.2
2.2

4.0
5.0
4.2
6.0
4.0
2.6

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

0.8

5.3

0.3

4.0

7.1

18.8

1.9

1.6

7.1

1.8

Other Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 59

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 26.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2006 (in dollars)

State or area
All areas

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
diseases
Total anomalies

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Mental disorders
Injuries

Total

Retardation

Other Neoplasms

485.35

525.14

454.94

475.45

447.46 496.23

483.15 503.21

459.32

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

448.12
452.47
468.28
442.80
619.69

505.12
493.59
522.78
499.80
642.23

408.14
462.89
442.30
402.18
576.92

410.26
469.37
419.60
390.68
565.73

401.96
421.68
429.44
395.18
574.22

465.70
453.49
475.54
465.39
638.64

473.40
435.05
478.81
464.92
640.99

458.98
459.71
474.15
465.85
637.84

422.39
458.79
453.35
420.05
557.77

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

438.36
456.70
451.39
496.92
460.15

495.50
489.04
487.20
490.31
494.70

427.74
461.26
418.07
451.44
421.14

391.88
478.66
413.30
489.23
435.51

399.18
418.43
401.56
463.75
406.61

445.74
456.22
463.09
506.18
475.49

444.49
440.77
456.59
467.01
470.08

446.36
461.89
466.88
525.44
477.82

424.82
434.06
442.13
461.57
429.04

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

450.97
496.15
439.02
480.55
451.47

503.31
492.95
503.95
512.19
494.82

420.02
467.69
400.22
473.30
427.84

425.44
439.83
416.67
465.65
405.50

406.19
465.40
407.42
449.77
407.12

464.85
505.71
445.12
488.03
460.67

468.09
502.42
439.09
484.24
461.53

461.94
506.67
447.78
490.20
460.04

430.19
443.45
452.61
462.48
434.62

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

427.11
439.39
459.02
464.64
426.00

478.66
495.91
501.20
508.06
472.31

427.74
418.38
436.03
446.26
419.29

375.10
385.96
389.30
428.78
402.25

391.04
383.71
406.19
426.89
381.94

434.22
446.60
474.61
481.82
431.58

420.30
437.57
477.40
476.21
420.00

443.87
452.24
472.93
487.81
436.26

421.22
428.86
417.38
440.25
425.96

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

469.95
490.65
476.73
451.12
452.38

490.52
523.87
517.62
488.14
503.15

452.41
488.50
460.47
447.01
414.92

456.71
511.73
435.12
441.60
394.60

427.30
457.17
447.61
431.31
403.11

478.65
491.90
486.40
452.53
466.81

473.96
463.97
487.91
436.24
459.31

481.37
498.44
485.54
459.11
472.28

459.50
488.41
452.93
446.86
433.04

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

444.46
437.79
421.67
457.40
425.97

496.69
504.78
495.63
502.40
477.86

419.48
409.69
421.80
417.10
399.32

390.16
366.98
393.25
425.51
402.13

410.55
428.79
367.28
410.05
396.54

454.51
441.27
425.98
469.96
427.07

451.70
437.81
430.52
472.17
408.47

456.37
443.13
422.73
469.08
432.95

446.15
416.29
427.05
438.79
456.16

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

472.54
455.19
522.80
435.73
402.24

501.43
516.66
539.68
488.90
452.24

461.00
438.71
503.67
404.65
429.62

462.12
423.33
534.57
399.99
415.14

428.81
412.92
480.35
393.79
405.81

479.51
467.38
534.37
447.57
398.29

467.66
461.25
508.56
441.91
373.00

484.81
470.07
545.14
452.59
416.12

444.08
461.18
482.50
422.18
404.09

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

469.90
451.74
452.27
481.77
489.57

496.65
512.44
495.92
498.35
535.97

457.79
415.35
427.68
456.93
480.90

424.44
416.41
398.34
469.36
481.65

413.48
413.25
425.50
447.26
430.20

478.56
464.90
457.17
492.53
495.84

476.03
470.12
454.92
475.64
493.68

480.03
460.10
458.15
500.80
496.72

451.93
429.91
463.04
441.69
457.60

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

443.40
425.25
448.28
450.27
435.65

496.43
469.82
501.16
511.07
494.44

417.75
440.20
414.97
412.24
415.14

410.76
379.55
410.18
431.02
434.27

410.13
410.84
399.76
409.31
400.47

454.54
425.63
461.74
467.36
436.55

454.62
400.90
468.32
446.55
433.89

454.46
439.48
456.65
476.95
438.13

425.75
407.63
434.20
431.04
425.03
(Continued)

60 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 26.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2006 (in dollars)—Continued
Diseases of the—

State or area
All areas

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Musculo- Nervous
Skin and
system
skeletal
and Respi- subcutaGenito- system and
Circuneous
sense
ratory
latory Digestive urinary connective
tissue
organs system
tissue
system system
system

Other Unknown

510.89

443.58

474.80

455.94

440.29

477.01

481.25

468.41

513.39

498.55

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

494.60
434.13
485.26
490.26
641.32

388.88
423.98
432.47
384.07
569.56

444.52
450.97
462.02
431.33
589.32

409.77
450.72
430.65
410.02
555.41

370.52
442.07
423.50
364.06
562.86

440.73
448.36
465.47
426.19
609.56

468.09
430.55
470.03
414.72
613.90

436.95
466.60
439.00
438.63
589.92

519.78
454.21
520.28
518.51
624.89

440.68
504.24
471.01
410.99
674.17

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

475.96
510.71
455.56
499.21
497.12

406.54
438.99
396.83
459.52
411.10

440.49
456.34
430.31
482.09
439.56

412.49
455.61
441.76
477.53
427.54

402.28
437.60
405.91
465.14
398.19

441.51
450.69
455.92
488.54
448.67

439.61
477.78
443.38
502.55
452.36

436.52
435.62
458.35
428.77
424.86

395.75
489.73
485.30
494.44
472.08

482.98
482.83
436.57
508.29
468.86

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

489.61
486.68
382.34
512.23
495.01

403.91
472.39
417.01
442.31
404.57

439.21
473.41
456.55
451.86
444.36

422.87
469.24
454.98
470.90
436.20

388.22
477.87
402.59
439.59
395.75

452.95
486.22
418.80
462.07
434.97

447.82
466.31
411.56
484.49
434.65

431.93
507.10
435.27
466.27
442.47

491.52
495.05
458.49
508.67
516.93

448.36
509.01
474.67
478.20
467.63

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

465.16
497.55
482.85
505.98
451.13

393.87
407.44
395.75
416.69
411.50

433.32
450.46
427.76
445.26
392.12

383.19
421.86
413.95
421.14
448.29

395.99
390.59
398.47
412.81
386.18

408.78
445.42
448.35
452.49
430.35

432.48
406.43
447.68
473.08
432.25

414.16
479.81
465.13
457.99
397.95

471.78
478.25
519.25
528.40
489.36

405.22
448.32
442.40
433.62
440.61

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

491.07
514.94
512.26
507.69
502.30

436.97
461.20
435.44
431.47
396.21

462.96
495.28
453.56
452.63
432.17

436.95
473.15
455.54
441.42
406.89

431.71
453.09
421.42
426.01
377.88

459.84
489.55
469.46
448.77
439.00

482.33
512.22
466.89
457.40
468.30

466.78
488.31
452.14
447.45
440.09

460.00
517.89
526.70
493.68
521.48

488.90
534.03
474.79
437.77
442.24

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

492.94
394.64
521.84
484.01
417.00

402.71
404.92
394.34
418.43
406.73

434.17
434.74
415.64
458.25
434.14

425.32
377.67
398.94
417.48
394.68

388.86
423.07
371.29
406.18
400.84

443.73
439.53
439.17
463.66
426.74

428.48
436.21
414.63
452.53
435.06

425.20
422.68
436.00
431.65
263.83

505.07
505.04
475.63
440.07
471.17

464.90
440.08
410.27
484.27
443.18

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

509.27
480.39
536.17
476.74
419.40

440.60
406.27
495.18
389.51
401.24

448.69
453.57
505.61
435.46
412.18

447.91
436.38
494.14
406.45
435.10

442.54
405.79
480.78
378.06
425.05

460.06
451.25
500.01
430.82
384.01

501.10
462.71
537.73
433.44
416.52

510.46
433.38
527.49
425.02
397.71

500.57
512.08
525.90
476.48
434.17

483.82
468.14
541.54
429.75
375.68

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

500.23
495.91
484.19
508.07
511.29

420.72
404.16
433.71
443.94
447.50

463.80
465.05
452.73
460.47
503.20

440.14
422.73
422.10
462.56
435.84

426.63
402.83
417.24
441.46
436.93

449.22
450.95
446.21
453.47
477.67

456.33
442.11
433.55
486.79
503.66

458.28
426.94
439.63
466.85
474.45

519.08
512.87
512.62
508.97
567.04

470.66
421.72
492.55
494.01
511.61

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

479.98
413.05
504.51
489.19
395.32

397.14
404.37
390.83
403.59
395.87

439.92
454.92
438.52
446.99
457.03

422.84
453.91
431.39
420.43
436.51

385.05
408.20
387.50
395.49
406.11

441.39
420.07
440.98
445.91
441.40

457.80
449.70
427.51
448.36
433.34

448.11
380.08
408.61
432.12
456.04

495.82
449.99
498.22
495.16
436.87

419.05
440.88
450.76
433.60
446.56

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 61

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 26.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2006 (in dollars)—Continued

State or area

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
Congenital metabolic
Total anomalies
diseases

Infectious
and
parasitic
diseases

Injuries

Mental disorders
Total Retardation

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

448.10
442.61
467.25
459.45
447.71
424.13

503.42
486.61
506.92
498.56
496.32
491.67

454.87
413.25
446.08
432.44
434.68
441.29

349.02
418.33
428.46
404.84
418.41
380.57

404.57
398.61
431.81
424.99
422.24
427.20

458.03
454.80
471.22
473.85
454.12
423.95

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

523.48

564.42

538.13

538.17

515.27 527.63

428.26
447.84
463.83
471.82
450.40
411.43

Other Neoplasms
468.40
459.91
473.77
475.76
456.13
431.16

452.75
426.93
451.50
411.42
432.64
487.93

530.29 526.43

552.43
(Continued)

62 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Recipients Under Age 65
Table 26.
Average monthly payment, by state or other area and diagnostic group,
December 2006 (in dollars)—Continued
Diseases of the—
Musculo- Nervous
Skin and
skeletal system
and Respi- subcutaGenito- system and
Circuneous
ratory
sense
latory Digestive urinary connective
tissue
organs system
tissue
system system system

State or area

Blood and
bloodforming
organs

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

409.73
479.80
476.30
481.47
501.96
558.67

404.69
407.73
440.22
415.33
406.99
400.46

475.10
426.90
474.22
439.90
432.80
402.80

412.06
412.45
433.23
419.69
417.21
411.26

390.85
393.04
446.10
412.40
393.23
373.43

437.92
435.25
462.94
446.77
444.61
444.61

423.99
441.02
464.64
448.34
441.73
433.86

540.21
436.39
459.13
431.02
450.46
344.20

530.12
464.89
483.92
493.13
491.87
437.13

449.47
433.00
498.35
458.71
442.37
449.55

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

497.40

430.64

603.00

549.75

532.86

512.99

535.75

359.60

572.82

535.73

Other Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Stella M. Coleman (410) 965-0157 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 63

Recipients Who Work

Recipients Who Work
Table 27.
By selected months, 1976–2006
Blind and disabled recipients who work

All blind
and disabled
recipients a

Total

Receiving
SSI b

Section 1619(b)
participants

Total as a
percentage
of all blind
and disabled
recipients

2,088,242
2,186,771
2,249,025
2,277,859

70,719
83,697
87,697
92,270

70,719
83,697
87,697
92,270

...
...
...
...

3.4
3.8
3.9
4.1

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

2,334,241
2,340,785
2,314,364
2,391,262
2,499,046

99,276
102,632
107,803
113,899
--

99,276
102,632
102,288
108,734
--

...
...
5,515
5,165
--

4.3
4.4
4.7
4.8
--

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

2,633,552
2,795,756
2,945,244
3,046,074
3,172,270

--172,855
189,144
205,837

--157,223
173,519
187,583

--15,632
15,625
18,254

--5.9
6.2
6.5

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

3,386,603
3,681,050
4,126,816
4,544,777
4,870,564

219,932
229,619
248,917
265,649
282,476

196,415
202,355
217,268
230,350
241,793

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

6.5
6.2
6.0
5.8
5.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

5,115,014
5,252,991
5,189,724
5,293,829
5,317,861

298,635
308,300
319,855
326,475
340,618

251,633
256,395
262,766
266,933
271,353

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

5.8
5.9
6.2
6.2
6.4

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

5,395,935
5,500,481
5,618,506
5,740,683
5,850,359

360,427
346,110
340,910
323,682
328,204

276,855
269,655
258,733
252,585
254,523

83,572
76,455
82,177
71,097
73,681

6.7
6.3
6.1
5.6
5.6

2005
2006

5,977,788
6,113,277

336,570
349,420

258,365
260,070

78,205
89,350

5.6
5.7

2004
March
June
September
December

5,796,837
5,834,265
5,869,004
5,850,359

321,030
323,624
328,831
328,204

251,498
250,726
253,174
254,523

69,532
72,898
75,657
73,681

5.5
5.5
5.6
5.6

2005
March
June
September
December

5,919,765
5,946,966
5,966,290
5,977,788

325,357
333,089
337,325
336,570

251,110
253,721
257,191
258,365

74,247
79,368
80,134
78,205

5.5
5.6
5.7
5.6

Month
December
1976
1977
1978
1979

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 67

Recipients Who Work
Table 27.
By selected months, 1976–2006—Continued
Blind and disabled recipients who work

Month
2006
March
June
September
December

All blind
and disabled
recipients a

Total

Receiving
SSI b

Section 1619(b)
participants

Total as a
percentage
of all blind
and disabled
recipients

6,014,109
6,045,960
6,098,112
6,113,277

336,446
341,450
346,309
349,420

257,536
258,360
259,093
260,070

78,910
83,090
87,216
89,350

5.6
5.6
5.7
5.7

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
b. Includes section 1619(a) participants.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

68 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Recipients Who Work
Table 28.
Recipients participating in section 1619(a) or section 1619(b), selected months, 1982–2006
Section 1619(a)

Section 1619(b)

a

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

287
392
--

...
36.6
--

5,515
5,165
--

...
-6.3
--

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

--14,559
19,920
25,655

--...
36.8
28.8

--15,632
15,625
18,254

--...
0
16.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

13,994
15,531
17,603
20,028
24,315

-45.5
11.0
13.3
13.8
21.4

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

28.8
15.9
16.1
11.5
15.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

28,060
31,085
34,673
37,271
25,528

15.4
10.8
11.5
7.5
-31.5

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

15.5
10.4
10.0
4.3
16.3

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

27,542
22,100
17,271
17,132
17,114

7.9
-19.8
-21.9
-0.8
-0.1

83,572
76,455
82,177
71,097
73,681

20.7
-8.5
7.5
-13.5
3.6

2005
2006

17,621
17,394

3.0
-1.3

78,205
89,350

6.1
14.3

2004
March
June
September
December

16,879
16,587
16,892
17,114

-1.5
-1.7
1.8
1.3

69,532
72,898
75,657
73,681

-2.2
4.8
3.8
-2.6

2005
March
June
September
December

17,082
17,655
17,874
17,621

-0.2
3.4
1.2
-1.4

74,247
79,368
80,134
78,205

0.8
6.9
1.0
-2.4

2006
March
June
September
December

17,597
18,159
18,670
17,394

-0.1
3.2
2.8
-6.8

78,910
83,090
87,216
89,350

0.9
5.3
5.0
2.4

Month
December
1982
1983
1984

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTES: When the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level is periodically raised, SSI recipients with earnings below the increased SGA
level become eligible for regular SSI benefits rather than the special cash payments under section 1619(a). This can lead to decreases in
the number of 1619(a) participants.
. . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes blind participants. Of the 89,350 participants in December 2006, 1,444 were blind.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 69

Recipients Who Work
Table 29.
By state or other area, December 2006

Total

Section 1619(a)
participants

349,420

17,394

89,350

242,676

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

4,268
621
4,263
3,858
46,849

284
a
281
164
4,067

1,195
a
1,424
897
9,945

2,789
388
2,558
2,797
32,837

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

4,102
3,941
969
795
13,435

156
132
46
63
810

938
1,171
303
282
4,530

3,008
2,638
620
450
8,095

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

7,213
926
2,007
14,242
5,911

322
58
91
702
225

1,839
338
613
3,603
1,589

5,052
530
1,303
9,937
4,097

6,985
4,282
4,843
5,428
2,193

159
140
225
332
91

1,592
1,037
1,249
1,539
677

5,234
3,105
3,369
3,557
1,425

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

6,277
9,812
13,664
10,430
3,164

286
544
504
279
188

1,658
3,295
3,159
2,493
938

4,333
5,973
10,001
7,658
2,038

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

7,635
1,904
3,133
1,814
1,313

254
60
94
104
35

2,100
456
639
561
402

5,281
1,388
2,400
1,149
876

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

7,869
2,316
31,382
8,353
1,396

333
127
1,598
310
35

2,124
645
7,568
1,974
357

5,412
1,544
22,216
6,069
1,004

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

17,170
4,242
4,227
16,180
1,641

576
132
153
728
63

3,546
1,019
1,079
4,361
468

13,048
3,091
2,995
11,091
1,110

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

4,859
2,114
5,352
15,027
2,517

153
44
223
737
100

992
508
1,360
4,131
690

3,714
1,562
3,769
10,159
1,727

State or area
All areas

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

Section 1619(b) Other blind and disabled
participants
recipients who work

(Continued)

70 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Recipients Who Work
Table 29.
By state or other area, December 2006—Continued

State or area

Total

Section 1619(a)
participants

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,255
7,198
6,415
2,254
10,488
875

60
331
482
150
308
33

418
2,018
2,197
654
2,284
278

777
4,849
3,736
1,450
7,896
564

13

a

a

7

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

Section 1619(b) Other blind and disabled
participants
recipients who work

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 71

Recipients Who Work
Table 30.
Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area, December 2006
Plans for achieving
self-support (PASS) a

Impairment-related
work expenses (IRWE)

Blind work
expenses (BWE)

1,583

5,650

2,370

23
4
7
16
371

143
b
59
48
366

28
b
27
20
391

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

13
9
0
b
39

27
108
27
0
306

24
32
9
3
82

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

26
5
23
43
30

194
7
8
191
94

48
8
4
57
38

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

53
25
64
b
46

50
286
81
96
27

47
30
34
34
10

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

18
100
43
52
7

161
147
95
113
36

34
211
78
44
22

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

34
17
17
b
12

104
9
19
19
19

29
9
8
13
6

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

3
0
86
73
b

201
56
477
293
7

44
15
185
93
3

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

26
6
31
13
10

106
65
36
242
10

80
21
20
88
8

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

20
7
20
22
b

60
12
101
284
36

31
6
36
156
13

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

(Continued)

72 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Recipients Who Work
Table 30.
Recipients benefiting from specified work incentives, by state or other area, December 2006—Continued

State or area

Plans for achieving
self-support (PASS) a

Impairment-related
work expenses (IRWE)

Blind work
expenses (BWE)

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

30
7
33
11
78
b

9
465
89
25
234
b

4
58
45
13
64
3

0

0

b

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes 435 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
b. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 73

Applications

Applications
Table 31.
All applications, by age of applicant, 1973–2006
a

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

59,723,740

8,548,333

41,089,040

10,086,367

3,402,474

3,939

1,419,041

1,979,494

282,472
2,069,452

5,007
125,028

82,993
1,098,373

194,472
846,051

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

1,468,610
1,207,448
1,268,462
1,265,436
1,323,113

99,996
83,960
95,314
99,610
106,828

977,209
865,790
903,618
902,756
949,087

391,405
257,698
269,530
263,070
267,198

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

1,408,034
1,148,844
1,015,848
1,131,890
1,264,820

114,508
94,246
93,872
101,087
104,748

1,013,221
864,481
775,491
834,190
868,375

280,305
190,117
146,485
196,613
291,697

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

1,399,869
1,467,326
1,435,024
1,365,117
1,388,545

119,021
124,938
126,575
125,953
130,307

1,049,758
1,098,832
1,069,285
1,013,316
1,015,483

231,090
243,556
239,164
225,848
242,755

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

1,547,230
1,807,821
2,087,788
2,310,005
2,260,271

166,416
248,325
378,808
503,486
540,124

1,133,564
1,315,918
1,465,039
1,571,203
1,517,140

247,250
243,578
243,941
235,316
203,007

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

2,055,907
1,922,472
1,601,970
1,629,223
1,661,448

500,333
465,685
336,074
339,243
350,382

1,375,696
1,289,985
1,133,623
1,139,825
1,153,450

179,878
166,802
132,273
150,155
157,616

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1,744,386
1,861,123
2,084,828
2,224,739
2,418,096

360,329
376,002
414,068
437,492
458,236

1,224,826
1,324,057
1,490,731
1,608,391
1,771,003

159,231
161,064
180,029
178,856
188,857

2005
2006

2,545,079
2,648,570

458,588
459,805

1,850,002
1,923,288

236,489
265,477

All ages

Year
Total
State conversions

b

Federal applications
1973
1974

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999. Totals do not include
reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision. These reapplications were received from 1991 to 1995.
b. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 77

Applications
Table 32.
Applications for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1998–2006
Characteristic

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Total a

339,243

350,382

360,329

376,002

414,068

437,492

458,236

458,588

459,805

Age
Under 5
5–12
13–17

122,635
159,945
56,663

124,374
167,169
58,839

125,428
172,275
62,626

131,613
177,909
66,480

140,610
197,425
76,033

145,506
208,354
83,632

150,283
217,010
90,943

154,450
210,763
93,375

156,241
209,901
93,663

Sex
Male
Female

212,619
126,624

219,807
130,575

225,626
134,703

235,121
140,881

258,940
155,128

274,605
162,887

287,629
170,607

287,157
171,431

286,975
172,830

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

337,041
2,202

348,131
2,251

358,265
2,064

373,855
2,147

411,812
2,256

435,385
2,107

456,020
2,216

456,326
2,262

457,610
2,195

11,706
34,727
33,738
87,320
64,057
45,380
15,318
6,061
33,186
7,524
226

11,668
33,222
35,743
92,440
65,659
47,999
15,371
6,042
33,523
8,531
184

11,764
33,667
35,528
99,280
66,177
49,626
15,038
6,123
34,104
8,870
152

11,824
33,691
37,162
105,465
70,370
50,551
15,530
6,339
35,647
9,276
147

12,984
35,414
41,441
115,207
77,096
58,794
16,440
6,725
39,724
10,130
113

13,651
35,721
43,289
120,265
82,158
67,139
16,695
7,188
41,385
9,925
76

14,300
38,223
45,582
122,287
84,100
74,880
17,332
7,542
43,201
10,721
68

15,902
37,451
47,489
119,201
83,524
74,199
17,620
7,601
44,392
11,134
75

16,282
37,052
48,628
118,180
83,619
76,527
17,560
7,869
43,015
11,009
64

SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

78 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Applications
Table 33.
Applications for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1998–2006
Characteristic
Total a

1998

1999

2000

1,139,825 1,153,450 1,224,826

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

1,324,057 1,490,731 1,608,391 1,771,003 1,850,002

1,923,288

Age
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64

81,197
132,985
272,066
320,162
259,156
74,259

85,488
131,204
266,978
328,615
265,262
75,903

90,994
135,688
271,472
355,328
291,945
79,399

99,251
147,194
283,462
387,448
320,975
85,727

110,690
169,969
306,718
438,578
367,740
97,036

116,569
181,987
314,586
472,602
412,175
110,472

124,284
198,991
330,160
519,999
470,120
127,449

123,561
202,177
323,024
533,307
519,426
148,507

126,991
207,438
322,096
541,692
559,756
165,315

Sex
Men
Women

548,880
590,945

554,630
598,820

590,330
634,496

644,606
679,451

732,740
757,991

793,711
814,680

869,693
901,310

911,021
938,981

946,356
976,932

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

1,071,153 1,082,600 1,156,008 1,254,051 1,416,935 1,534,995 1,694,842 1,774,054 1,847,683
68,672
70,850
68,818
70,006
73,796
73,396
76,161
75,948
75,605
50,245
112,139
110,332
284,814
168,713
140,562
52,576
24,865
158,123
36,592
864

48,893
109,161
112,712
288,111
167,056
147,855
54,723
25,789
158,421
40,050
679

49,006
108,853
117,143
316,528
186,104
159,477
58,842
27,252
156,846
44,021
754

50,967
117,352
124,290
344,111
208,019
172,406
64,749
29,760
163,422
48,201
780

55,580
120,711
140,586
381,188
241,983
203,521
71,632
33,584
188,348
52,661
937

64,098
121,097
154,770
396,605
269,757
227,721
75,766
35,896
206,089
55,533
1,059

70,315
128,341
170,232
426,469
300,502
256,360
84,259
43,112
226,244
63,950
1,219

84,732
128,653
179,519
442,705
314,824
259,523
85,892
44,970
238,936
69,081
1,167

89,743
135,340
188,425
456,661
336,938
263,222
88,517
45,813
245,983
71,511
1,135

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 79

Applications
Table 34.
Applications for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1998–2006
Characteristic

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Total a

150,155

157,616

159,231

161,064

180,029

178,856

188,857

236,489

265,477

Age
65–69
70–74
75 or older

82,165
29,607
38,383

86,379
31,225
40,012

87,055
32,288
39,888

88,070
33,179
39,815

96,288
38,941
44,800

96,301
38,142
44,413

100,905
40,849
47,103

123,000
50,805
62,684

143,383
54,000
68,094

Sex
Men
Women

54,668
95,487

58,001
99,615

59,877
99,354

60,772
100,292

69,067
110,962

69,664
109,192

74,377
114,480

92,907
143,582

107,695
157,782

101,319
48,836

107,201
50,415

110,197
49,034

110,164
50,900

117,383
62,646

119,793
59,063

126,554
62,303

161,489
75,000

192,123
73,354

6,104
20,877
11,022
30,907
11,648
17,628
3,213
2,181
43,016
3,523
36

6,226
21,620
11,830
31,633
11,877
19,413
3,189
2,289
45,480
4,041
18

6,120
22,302
11,372
31,330
12,469
20,067
3,420
2,744
45,402
3,991
14

5,869
23,917
10,900
31,555
12,097
21,392
2,971
2,553
45,712
4,086
12

6,053
26,697
11,102
35,529
12,414
22,864
2,919
2,701
55,706
4,037
7

6,764
24,676
11,029
33,119
12,855
22,919
2,854
2,831
56,935
4,867
7

7,083
26,164
11,137
34,616
13,932
24,108
2,976
3,088
61,107
4,641
5

12,694
46,708
11,876
41,269
17,491
26,000
3,439
3,556
67,661
5,780
15

18,979
44,841
12,288
44,856
23,408
27,266
5,077
3,961
77,219
7,569
13

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

80 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Applications
Table 35.
All applications, by state or other area and age of applicant, 2006
State or area

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

2,648,570

459,805

1,923,288

265,477

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

57,368
6,003
38,575
41,833
303,317

12,624
521
6,052
9,956
33,857

42,539
4,505
29,872
30,575
198,336

2,205
977
2,651
1,302
71,124

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

26,849
28,581
6,293
6,697
167,876

3,448
3,375
1,407
1,260
31,588

21,275
19,464
4,681
5,072
111,702

2,126
5,742
205
365
24,586

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

85,965
6,921
10,845
94,934
55,350

16,592
566
1,717
19,448
10,323

64,681
5,093
8,646
68,988
43,027

4,692
1,262
482
6,498
2,000

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

22,126
20,743
59,365
57,310
12,689

3,577
3,294
10,790
13,513
1,429

16,877
16,595
46,356
41,164
10,131

1,672
854
2,219
2,633
1,129

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

39,327
60,169
97,923
32,863
48,611

6,150
8,209
19,063
5,233
11,091

30,776
42,164
75,625
24,758
35,317

2,401
9,796
3,235
2,872
2,203

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

55,166
6,970
13,119
17,189
7,578

8,831
933
1,858
2,459
918

44,697
5,743
10,348
12,588
6,342

1,638
294
913
2,142
318

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

51,251
19,509
165,982
89,607
3,914

9,325
2,931
27,727
16,277
499

34,681
15,173
100,659
68,988
3,055

7,245
1,405
37,596
4,342
360

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

122,001
36,415
27,199
123,244
11,227

21,526
6,172
3,037
26,834
1,656

93,024
28,354
22,082
90,926
7,792

7,451
1,889
2,080
5,484
1,779

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

47,478
5,761
63,427
211,948
11,162

8,723
969
10,495
43,955
1,682

36,542
4,344
50,536
147,956
8,852

2,213
448
2,396
20,037
628

All areas

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 81

Applications
Table 35.
All applications, by state or other area and age of applicant, 2006—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

4,760
48,707
46,042
25,073
40,894
2,987

695
9,487
5,734
3,490
8,026
338

3,850
36,063
36,278
20,907
31,516
2,544

215
3,157
4,030
676
1,352
105

215

81

94

40

1,212

64

1,135

13

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

82 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Applications
Table 36.
All applicants, by year of first application and age, 1973–2006
a

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

40,627,469

6,706,066

26,336,527

7,584,876

3,402,447

3,939

1,419,029

1,979,479

279,923
2,007,786

4,921
122,958

81,976
1,064,223

193,026
820,605

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

1,303,896
971,621
943,084
899,731
912,850

93,684
75,158
81,750
84,845
89,054

859,790
686,086
661,112
629,784
637,521

350,422
210,377
200,222
185,102
186,275

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

936,442
721,999
604,008
645,244
736,509

93,059
74,306
72,480
78,616
81,634

652,690
529,231
448,905
467,151
486,922

190,693
118,462
82,623
99,477
167,953

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

857,757
933,045
892,945
839,066
852,453

91,242
97,656
98,174
96,325
98,931

628,241
689,437
653,728
608,131
605,939

138,274
145,952
141,043
134,610
147,583

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

978,993
1,198,677
1,451,391
1,624,332
1,571,525

129,266
208,822
336,632
440,585
459,531

695,281
835,058
955,060
1,030,912
982,275

154,446
154,797
159,699
152,835
129,719

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,381,111
1,246,066
981,841
984,062
996,186

406,498
361,211
256,888
251,074
256,120

860,162
780,058
644,982
640,585
641,973

114,451
104,797
79,971
92,403
98,093

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1,038,677
1,127,672
1,278,653
1,367,391
1,489,330

259,137
272,977
302,682
320,201
336,735

680,397
753,650
862,899
938,352
1,038,077

99,143
101,045
113,072
108,838
114,518

2005
2006

1,559,272
1,611,484

335,539
333,436

1,079,252
1,107,658

144,481
170,390

All ages

Year
Total
State conversions

b

Federal applications
1973
1974

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Data include only the first application for each person.
a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999. Totals do not include
reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision. These reapplications were received from 1991 to 1995.
b. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 83

Awards

Awards
Table 37.
All awards, by age of awardee, 1974–2006
Year

All ages

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

27,226,940

3,534,700

15,953,361

7,738,879

3,155,995

2,748

1,299,343

1,853,904

1,336,164
929,369
667,994
642,712
563,117
517,446

66,699
63,060
46,114
50,883
46,520
44,911

493,511
509,271
400,314
377,454
321,413
293,910

775,954
357,038
221,566
214,375
195,184
178,625

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

523,758
409,992
343,928
453,789
585,832

45,781
39,106
35,410
42,154
45,766

292,080
248,105
203,335
259,042
322,858

185,897
122,781
105,183
152,593
217,208

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

526,418
603,989
589,053
578,748
630,486

46,362
50,632
48,292
47,798
50,985

324,933
390,499
372,914
362,903
390,703

155,123
162,858
167,847
168,047
188,798

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

718,917
821,396
1,054,441
1,052,415
943,889

77,923
125,874
221,362
236,564
203,688

447,849
506,177
641,750
629,246
580,253

193,145
189,345
191,329
186,605
159,948

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

888,633
797,137
676,444
743,121
758,076

175,784
144,404
117,090
136,383
140,520

568,072
525,350
463,444
490,638
494,609

144,777
127,383
95,910
116,100
122,947

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

750,163
772,775
820,992
827,029
852,052

144,136
156,844
170,048
179,566
183,152

485,798
504,366
535,507
539,127
561,487

120,229
111,565
115,437
108,336
107,413

2005
2006

852,222
838,448

177,688
170,453

560,960
556,140

113,574
111,855

Total
State conversions

a

Federal applications
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 87

Awards
Table 38.
Awards for children under age 18, by selected characteristics, 1998–2006
Characteristic

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

136,383

140,520

144,136

156,844

170,048

179,566

183,152

177,688

170,453

Age
Under 5
5–12
13–17

58,862
56,084
21,437

60,992
58,053
21,475

62,391
59,546
22,199

64,841
66,582
25,421

68,329
72,720
28,999

70,101
77,896
31,569

72,068
77,903
33,181

72,214
73,648
31,826

71,202
69,746
29,505

Sex
Male
Female

85,056
51,327

88,786
51,734

91,225
52,911

100,034
56,810

109,265
60,783

116,130
63,436

118,679
64,473

115,274
62,414

109,800
60,653

135,171
1,212

139,433
1,087

143,166
970

155,959
885

169,243
805

178,905
661

182,514
638

177,011
677

169,881
572

6,484

6,612

6,887

7,137

7,505

7,730

8,045

7,891

8,065

1,000

1,013

1,019

1,061

1,052

1,113

1,162

1,150

1,144

364
989

306
992

230
1,079

223
966

222
1,091

179
1,048

152
1,146

150
1,138

143
1,061

32,003
45,882
2,616

29,163
53,064
2,683

27,341
58,608
2,733

27,553
70,837
2,665

28,406
82,292
2,987

27,158
93,414
2,861

24,209
97,908
2,979

21,127
95,721
2,841

18,123
91,640
2,820

1,404
816
808
500

1,448
820
864
514

1,361
843
943
535

1,362
808
1,031
551

1,475
938
1,221
587

1,433
1,013
1,368
560

1,473
1,063
1,393
641

1,330
1,013
1,341
603

1,293
943
1,492
548

1,307

1,329

1,378

1,483

1,405

1,262

1,219

1,199

1,235

Total

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen
Diagnostic group
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic disorders
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Mental retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system
and connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous
tissue
Other
Unknown

10,729
4,329

10,928
4,429

11,045
4,517

11,524
4,487

11,956
4,766

11,696
4,902

11,425
4,560

10,445
3,765

10,536
3,604

136
18,614
8,402

142
20,090
6,123

138
21,046
4,433

149
21,299
3,708

179
20,307
3,659

164
20,150
3,515

212
22,020
3,545

251
24,339
3,384

271
23,894
3,641

SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

5,124
11,046
14,448
36,502
25,324
16,211
5,135
2,791
16,102
3,696
4

5,632
12,378
14,863
38,350
22,978
16,607
5,984
2,717
16,918
4,090
3

5,713
12,548
15,072
39,423
23,527
17,204
5,871
2,668
17,471
4,637
2

5,770
12,943
17,712
42,069
26,272
19,472
6,174
3,086
18,552
4,791
3

5,829
13,795
18,071
43,229
29,047
24,808
6,748
3,274
20,048
5,199
0

6,375
14,198
19,455
45,719
29,896
28,346
6,571
3,208
20,504
5,294
0

6,467
15,302
20,534
43,032
29,784
31,126
7,093
3,230
21,015
5,568
1

6,517
15,140
20,662
40,206
28,871
31,123
6,627
3,340
19,700
5,499
3

6,766
14,145
19,485
38,025
27,149
30,603
6,626
3,560
18,559
5,534
1

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

88 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Awards
Table 39.
Awards for adults aged 18–64, by selected characteristics, 1998–2006
Characteristic

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

490,638

494,609

485,798

504,366

535,507

539,127

561,487

560,960

556,140

Age
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64

33,349
43,242
97,166
126,436
143,837
46,608

35,169
42,330
95,440
130,675
144,437
46,558

37,334
41,803
90,847
128,103
142,667
45,044

40,514
43,826
90,827
134,410
149,400
45,389

43,116
47,544
92,383
144,441
161,003
47,020

44,678
49,737
89,885
145,735
162,774
46,318

46,187
51,870
89,554
151,181
174,696
47,999

45,760
51,020
84,462
149,549
181,797
48,372

44,743
49,888
80,163
147,433
186,544
47,369

Sex
Men
Women

233,157
257,481

234,863
259,746

234,493
251,305

245,214
259,152

261,617
273,890

265,340
273,787

278,548
282,939

279,984
280,976

279,779
276,361

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

453,432
37,206

458,839
35,770

451,433
34,365

471,664
32,702

502,085
33,422

507,578
31,549

530,962
30,525

531,177
29,783

527,811
28,329

815

864

1,224

1,682

1,796

2,033

2,094

2,016

2,164

28,169

28,447

13,867

14,642

15,929

15,928

17,340

17,729

18,266

14,520
15,105

13,700
15,559

13,251
16,087

12,680
16,914

11,987
17,965

11,044
17,998

10,937
19,054

10,430
19,289

10,036
19,917

33,738
129,917
25,746

35,680
140,051
26,220

35,736
149,713
26,648

35,628
161,305
27,294

35,953
171,307
28,559

34,739
175,632
28,230

34,875
181,605
30,285

32,787
179,750
31,520

30,506
172,390
32,267

1,340
41,457
7,960
9,137

1,345
41,040
8,986
9,335

1,405
42,933
9,781
9,775

1,501
44,776
10,258
10,018

1,563
47,318
11,741
9,976

1,631
46,432
11,717
10,289

1,691
47,897
12,394
10,761

1,704
48,723
12,358
10,987

1,708
48,217
12,170
11,539

59,044

64,522

70,640

77,062

86,037

87,628

95,560

98,672

101,922

29,191
16,435

29,690
16,881

30,787
17,509

32,268
17,820

34,846
18,970

34,829
19,230

36,677
19,838

36,408
19,715

36,520
19,204

813
492
76,759

844
513
60,932

828
699
44,915

959
908
38,651

1,020
1,021
39,519

1,002
1,045
39,720

1,097
1,105
38,277

1,131
1,073
36,668

1,224
1,057
37,033

24,727
48,686
50,605
123,994
71,730
55,565
19,714
9,538
70,056
16,018
5

24,520
51,723
51,096
121,971
67,440
57,331
20,381
9,167
73,092
17,878
10

24,592
49,049
50,888
119,635
65,853
56,170
20,632
8,785
72,043
18,139
12

23,813
47,871
53,161
122,818
69,741
64,953
20,953
9,782
72,206
19,063
5

24,536
46,791
52,489
126,532
77,152
77,499
21,088
10,643
78,399
20,372
6

25,572
43,394
54,633
128,596
78,576
77,367
20,881
10,100
79,937
20,069
2

26,740
48,699
57,146
127,302
82,084
80,786
24,005
10,578
83,848
20,291
8

27,558
48,458
57,654
126,280
82,844
82,819
22,795
11,708
79,844
20,996
4

28,593
47,419
58,530
125,147
84,075
82,337
22,570
12,239
74,359
20,868
3

Total

Diagnostic group
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional,
and metabolic disorders
Infectious and parasitic
diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Mental retardation
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming
organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system
and connective tissue
Nervous system and
sense organs
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous
tissue
Other
Unknown
SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 89

Awards
Table 40.
Awards for adults aged 65 or older, by selected characteristics, 1998–2006
Characteristic

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

116,100

122,947

120,229

111,565

115,437

108,336

107,413

113,574

111,855

Age
65
66–69
70–74
75–79
80 or older

34,805
29,176
21,826
14,035
16,258

35,284
31,981
23,860
15,241
16,581

34,979
31,433
23,607
14,667
15,543

32,702
29,710
21,731
13,162
14,260

32,787
31,284
23,148
13,630
14,588

31,843
29,126
21,297
12,583
13,487

31,007
28,998
21,613
12,652
13,143

32,142
30,659
22,993
13,703
14,077

31,471
29,814
23,008
13,559
14,003

Sex
Men
Women

40,634
75,466

43,532
79,415

43,258
76,971

40,307
71,258

42,254
73,183

40,621
67,715

40,810
66,603

43,220
70,354

42,782
69,073

Citizenship status
Citizen
Noncitizen

81,686
34,414

85,686
37,261

85,801
34,428

80,375
31,190

82,032
33,405

80,397
27,939

81,053
26,360

83,704
29,870

85,241
26,614

SSA administrative region
Boston
New York
Philadelphia
Atlanta
Chicago
Dallas
Kansas City
Denver
San Francisco
Seattle
Unknown

4,921
16,407
8,714
22,529
9,405
13,276
2,328
1,675
33,900
2,944
1

4,980
17,367
9,513
22,462
9,613
14,862
2,385
1,673
36,818
3,271
3

4,917
17,460
9,129
22,191
9,291
14,428
2,497
1,914
35,175
3,223
4

4,370
16,374
8,303
20,686
8,514
13,844
2,062
1,654
32,766
2,989
3

4,126
15,638
7,898
22,941
8,188
14,240
1,991
1,670
35,816
2,928
1

4,134
14,321
7,474
19,664
8,050
13,238
1,868
1,726
34,429
3,430
2

4,033
14,379
7,365
18,353
8,429
12,871
1,917
1,653
35,393
3,020
0

4,225
18,060
6,941
21,873
8,544
12,149
1,920
1,745
35,086
3,029
2

4,228
17,072
6,877
20,354
8,868
12,064
1,961
1,761
35,676
2,993
1

Total

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

90 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Awards
Table 41.
All awards, by state or other area and age of awardee, 2006
Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

838,448

170,453

556,140

111,855

19,440
1,703
12,028
12,703
107,864

3,746
288
2,705
3,295
14,456

14,590
1,213
8,072
8,705
60,572

1,104
202
1,251
703
32,836

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

7,632
6,791
1,933
3,160
51,932

1,447
1,121
533
690
10,895

5,272
4,996
1,287
2,236
30,236

913
674
113
234
10,801

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

23,398
2,943
3,606
28,051
14,429

4,693
260
856
6,446
3,336

16,435
2,021
2,496
18,804
10,439

2,270
662
254
2,801
654

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

5,517
5,712
18,595
17,644
3,846

1,300
1,383
4,210
4,311
634

3,765
3,970
13,259
11,975
3,004

452
359
1,126
1,358
208

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

12,983
20,843
26,219
10,626
12,420

2,626
3,568
5,915
2,185
2,975

8,942
14,573
18,524
7,187
8,571

1,415
2,702
1,780
1,254
874

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

16,692
2,328
3,236
5,666
2,961

3,299
446
644
1,098
446

12,497
1,716
2,338
3,661
2,424

896
166
254
907
91

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

18,996
6,940
59,640
25,795
1,136

3,657
1,422
10,488
5,553
220

11,875
4,810
35,544
18,242
795

3,464
708
13,608
2,000
121

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

29,002
11,783
7,821
40,275
3,337

6,322
2,633
1,487
10,632
649

21,015
8,414
5,329
26,709
2,255

1,665
736
1,005
2,934
433

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

11,804
1,663
20,142
75,934
3,919

2,509
433
3,444
18,942
862

8,438
1,029
15,376
48,433
2,743

857
201
1,322
8,559
314

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 91

Awards
Table 41.
All awards, by state or other area and age of awardee, 2006—Continued
State or area

Total

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,809
18,573
16,265
7,968
11,765
882

348
3,568
2,903
1,436
2,945
152

1,341
13,165
11,830
6,191
8,106
684

120
1,840
1,532
341
714
46

93

40

33

20

5

1

3

1

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

92 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Awards
Table 42.
All persons awarded SSI, by year of first award and age, 1974–2006
All ages

Under 18

18–64

65 or older

24,586,221

3,330,281

14,311,402

6,944,538

3,155,607

2,738

1,299,165

1,853,704

1,324,931
916,824
638,206
580,829
494,509
448,824

66,062
62,545
45,118
47,675
43,348
41,464

488,386
503,780
385,832
347,409
287,797
259,149

770,483
350,499
207,256
185,745
163,364
148,211

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

449,437
348,666
285,142
357,797
481,215

42,142
35,365
31,495
37,757
41,506

253,629
214,339
172,443
214,397
272,933

153,666
98,962
81,204
105,643
166,776

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

445,951
520,771
508,760
501,869
549,240

41,950
45,864
43,918
43,596
46,472

279,275
342,655
327,890
319,120
344,526

124,726
132,252
136,952
139,153
158,242

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

634,462
737,339
966,873
968,268
862,977

72,072
118,676
214,273
229,701
197,343

398,648
455,676
586,317
576,355
528,799

163,742
162,987
166,283
162,212
136,835

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

810,367
723,977
602,946
660,324
667,305

169,897
138,753
111,728
129,876
132,280

516,967
476,698
411,199
431,784
430,624

123,503
108,526
80,019
98,664
104,401

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

653,066
670,146
711,763
713,787
734,909

133,967
144,852
157,313
166,188
169,985

417,225
430,838
456,779
457,638
476,287

101,874
94,456
97,671
89,961
88,637

2005
2006

735,530
723,604

165,380
158,982

475,538
471,305

94,612
93,317

Year
Total
State conversions

a

Federal applications
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Data include only the first award for each person.
a. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally
Disabled programs to the SSI program.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 93

Outcomes of Applications
for Disability Benefits

Notes
The tables in this section provide data on the outcomes of applications for SSI benefits based on blindness or disability. The data on applications are derived from the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) Disability Research
File (DRF) maintained by the Office of Disability Programs. Each year the DRF is updated with information about
applications for disability benefits that is then used to determine the outcome of those applications. The outcome
data in these tables are reported by year of filing and include decisions made through the administrative appeals
process.
Table 43 shows the total number of applications filed in a year, the number that are pending a final decision, the
number denied for nonmedical reasons before a medical decision is made (technical denials), the outcome of
applications for which a medical allowance or denial was made, and award and allowance rates. Applications for
which a medical allowance or denial decision was made but which were subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons are shown under the medical decision header as subsequent denials. The most common nonmedical reason
for denying a claim is excess income.
The allowance rate is calculated by dividing the number of medical allowances (including subsequent technical
denials) by the total number of medical decisions made for a 1-year cohort. The award rate is a broader program
measure that is calculated as the number of allowances minus subsequent denials divided by total applications
(minus pending claims) filed for a given year.
Claims that remain pending after 6 years are probably the result of imperfect data rather than excessive delays
in the decisionmaking process. It is highly probable that decisions have been rendered on most of the older claims.
For more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change as decisions are made on pending claims.
Tables 44–46 show the allowance rate for SSI only and the SSI portion of concurrent (a claim for both Social
Security and SSI disability benefits) applications, one for each level in the administrative decisionmaking process,
that is, initial, reconsideration, and hearing or higher level.
Beginning with fiscal year 2000, the proportion of claims awarded at each level of the process changed as a
result of the Prototype Process being tested in 10 states. Under this test, the reconsideration step of the appeals
process was eliminated for applications filed October 1, 1999, or later. Elimination of the reconsideration level in
these states results in a decrease in the aggregate proportion of claims awarded at this step.
This section also includes one table that shows the reason for medical allowance and one that shows reason
for medical denial (Tables 47 and 48). The reasons are derived from the sequential evaluation process used by
decisionmakers. SSA maintains a list of impairments that are considered disabling under its regulations. An applicant can be found to be disabled if he or she

has a listed impairment,

has a severe impairment that is equal to a listed impairment,

has a severe impairment when medical and vocational factors are considered, or

had previously established entitlement to a disability benefit.
An applicant can be denied benefits if he or she

has an impairment that is not expected to last 12 months;

has an impairment that is not considered severe;

is able to perform his or her usual type of work;

is able to perform another type of work; or

provides insufficient medical evidence, fails to cooperate, fails to follow prescribed treatment, does not want to
continue development of the claim, or returns to substantial work before disability can be established.

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 43.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by age and year of application, 1992–2005
Medical decisions
Denials
Year

Pending
Total final decision

Technical
denials a

Allowances

Subsequent
Medical nonmedical d

All ages

Subsequent
Awards
denials e

Award
rate b
(percent)

Allowance
rate c
(percent)

f

1992
1993
1994

1,828,951
2,048,945
2,014,499

0
0
0

134,438
141,214
123,175

741,839
937,757
1,041,432

1,556
1,600
1,681

860,875
878,932
770,905

90,243
89,442
77,306

47.1
42.9
38.3

56.1
50.8
44.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,845,212
1,786,770
1,505,145
1,520,538
1,528,217

0
0
0
0
2,297

103,335
113,027
97,320
95,990
105,819

995,185
938,407
738,863
701,449
686,835

1,344
1,886
2,074
3,831
4,003

683,850
671,900
606,169
656,447
664,858

61,498
61,550
60,719
62,821
64,405

37.1
37.6
40.3
43.2
43.6

42.8
43.8
47.4
50.5
51.4

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,612,826
1,749,572
1,959,039
2,112,577
2,247,178
2,298,723

3,413
5,673
14,210
56,360
181,230
252,015

156,525
203,387
278,291
342,201
433,290
564,039

687,445
724,598
805,381
845,048
838,357
817,108

3,823
3,501
3,558
3,401
2,853
2,153

692,721
736,448
774,948
772,626
709,249
598,668

68,899
75,965
82,651
92,941
82,199
64,740

43.0
42.2
39.8
37.6
34.3
29.3

52.4
52.7
51.5
50.5
48.5
44.7

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

376,812
500,676
530,538

0
0
0

16,695
18,788
16,897

148,221
240,668
311,137

103
135
147

204,083
232,344
194,655

7,710
8,741
7,702

54.2
46.4
36.7

58.8
50.0
39.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

491,638
457,057
334,975
338,592
345,067

0
0
0
0
188

14,364
13,532
10,906
10,904
11,898

306,298
291,265
195,731
182,599
182,246

92
86
69
74
68

163,896
144,670
121,438
137,650
142,855

6,988
7,504
6,831
7,365
7,812

33.3
31.7
36.3
40.7
41.4

35.8
34.3
39.6
44.3
45.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

355,477
375,975
412,972
438,601
451,806
440,724

290
405
1,098
5,030
16,781
24,189

15,775
18,710
22,678
25,776
31,735
47,115

179,412
181,951
199,916
211,408
210,081
194,526

64
61
78
64
76
85

151,974
166,327
180,117
186,632
183,698
165,905

7,962
8,521
9,085
9,691
9,435
8,904

42.8
44.3
43.7
43.0
42.2
39.8

47.1
49.0
48.6
48.1
47.9
47.3
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 97

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 43.
Outcomes at all adjudicative levels, by age and year of application, 1992–2005—Continued
Medical decisions
Denials
Year

Pending
Total final decision

Technical
denials a

Allowances

Subsequent
Medical nonmedical d

Subsequent
Awards
denials e

Award
rate b
(percent)

Allowance
rate c
(percent)

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

1,451,417
1,547,527
1,482,503

0
0
0

117,675
122,364
106,181

593,455
696,934
729,927

1,451
1,463
1,529

656,374
646,157
575,431

82,462
80,609
69,435

45.2
41.8
38.8

55.4
51.0
46.9

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,351,903
1,277,604
1,135,602
1,133,015
1,133,722

0
0
0
0
2,105

88,839
87,869
78,303
76,709
83,733

688,438
646,497
542,042
516,789
503,257

1,245
1,534
1,456
1,860
1,542

519,041
488,215
460,952
483,783
487,657

54,340
53,489
52,849
53,874
55,428

38.4
38.2
40.6
42.7
43.1

45.4
45.5
48.6
50.9
51.8

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,208,866
1,323,142
1,483,791
1,615,844
1,734,012
1,783,959

3,121
5,259
13,099
51,285
164,347
227,697

127,968
167,675
230,118
287,736
367,793
474,028

507,000
541,702
604,378
632,857
627,695
622,142

1,423
1,398
1,574
1,809
1,531
1,084

509,384
540,561
562,026
559,707
500,524
403,683

59,970
66,547
72,596
82,450
72,122
55,325

42.2
41.0
38.2
35.8
31.9
25.9

52.8
52.8
51.2
50.3
47.6
42.4

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2006. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through August 2006.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time. Cases
can be pending at the initial or appellate levels and can include either medical or technical issues.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security–only
applications.
a. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons so no decision was made on severity of impairment.
b. Rate determined by dividing awards by all applications minus pending claims for that year.
c. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
d. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that applicant did not meet the medical severity criteria for
disability benefits.
e. Applications denied for nonmedical reasons after a decision was made that applicant met the medical severity criteria for disability
benefits.
f. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

98 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 44.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2005
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

All ages

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

b

1992
1993
1994

1,694,513
1,907,731
1,891,324

686,962
687,630
577,721

40.5
36.0
30.5

946,348
1,106,624
1,105,532

399,334
409,102
335,756

42.2
37.0
30.4

748,165
801,107
785,792

287,628
278,528
241,965

38.4
34.8
30.8

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,741,877
1,673,743
1,407,825
1,424,548
1,422,398

507,742
508,931
459,297
520,690
531,498

29.1
30.4
32.6
36.6
37.4

1,037,201
1,000,530
820,527
843,671
843,031

291,168
296,655
260,354
304,856
312,871

28.1
29.6
31.7
36.1
37.1

704,676
673,213
587,298
580,877
579,367

216,574
212,276
198,943
215,834
218,627

30.7
31.5
33.9
37.2
37.7

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,456,301
1,546,185
1,680,748
1,770,376
1,813,786
1,734,403

556,990
595,925
619,748
635,241
641,328
607,630

38.2
38.5
36.9
35.9
35.4
35.0

845,623
860,922
904,266
917,511
928,738
900,302

321,029
338,218
345,482
344,751
346,083
331,048

38.0
39.3
38.2
37.6
37.3
36.8

610,678
685,263
776,482
852,865
885,048
834,101

235,961
257,707
274,266
290,490
295,245
276,582

38.6
37.6
35.3
34.1
33.4
33.2

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

360,117
481,888
513,641

194,494
218,724
177,660

54.0
45.4
34.6

329,316
443,778
475,233

176,929
200,206
164,436

53.7
45.1
34.6

30,801
38,110
38,408

17,565
18,518
13,224

57.0
48.6
34.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

477,274
443,525
324,069
327,688
333,169

149,140
133,375
112,387
129,729
135,117

31.2
30.1
34.7
39.6
40.6

443,367
413,379
302,540
306,164
310,763

138,959
124,846
105,366
121,371
126,253

31.3
30.2
34.8
39.6
40.6

33,907
30,146
21,529
21,524
22,406

10,181
8,529
7,021
8,358
8,864

30.0
28.3
32.6
38.8
39.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

339,702
357,265
390,294
412,825
420,066
393,575

143,267
157,730
170,542
178,453
180,386
167,416

42.2
44.1
43.7
43.2
42.9
42.5

316,328
332,724
363,020
384,481
392,531
369,372

133,426
146,688
158,263
165,876
168,705
158,031

42.2
44.1
43.6
43.1
43.0
42.8

23,374
24,541
27,274
28,344
27,535
24,203

9,841
11,042
12,279
12,577
11,681
9,385

42.1
45.0
45.0
44.4
42.4
38.8
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 99

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 44.
Medical decisions at the initial adjudicative level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2005—Continued
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

1,333,742
1,425,163
1,376,322

492,046
468,477
399,267

36.9
32.9
29.0

616,523
662,298
629,051

222,077
208,554
170,618

36.0
31.5
27.1

717,219
762,865
747,271

269,969
259,923
228,649

37.6
34.1
30.6

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

1,263,064
1,189,735
1,057,299
1,056,306
1,049,989

357,732
338,209
324,213
356,592
362,246

28.3
28.4
30.7
33.8
34.5

592,390
555,158
498,637
506,024
502,870

151,417
142,505
139,003
157,861
162,036

25.6
25.7
27.9
31.2
32.2

670,674
634,577
558,662
550,282
547,119

206,315
195,704
185,210
198,731
200,210

30.8
30.8
33.2
36.1
36.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1,080,898
1,155,467
1,253,673
1,328,108
1,366,122
1,309,684

382,587
408,901
416,823
430,707
436,077
411,265

35.4
35.4
33.2
32.4
31.9
31.4

503,636
505,101
515,934
515,659
521,576
513,828

166,188
172,232
165,906
164,504
165,119
157,787

33.0
34.1
32.2
31.9
31.7
30.7

577,262
650,366
737,739
812,449
844,546
795,856

216,399
236,669
250,917
266,203
270,958
253,478

37.5
36.4
34.0
32.8
32.1
31.8

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2006.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

100 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 45.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2005
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

All ages

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

b

1992
1993
1994

479,152
557,384
571,602

74,500
75,559
73,734

15.5
13.6
12.9

234,057
280,174
290,341

38,371
38,663
36,826

16.4
13.8
12.7

245,095
277,210
281,261

36,129
36,896
36,908

14.7
13.3
13.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

522,987
480,593
409,396
390,212
382,196

66,780
65,352
62,496
61,266
55,625

12.8
13.6
15.3
15.7
14.6

275,013
249,224
208,993
203,132
197,671

33,432
32,510
31,881
31,818
28,499

12.2
13.0
15.3
15.7
14.4

247,974
231,369
200,403
187,080
184,525

33,348
32,842
30,615
29,448
27,126

13.4
14.2
15.3
15.7
14.7

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

382,757
407,299
458,317
487,775
482,806
377,342

53,139
53,434
56,059
57,108
52,648
35,713

13.9
13.1
12.2
11.7
10.9
9.5

192,285
190,634
203,464
202,378
196,653
161,020

26,455
25,393
25,783
24,699
22,571
16,752

13.8
13.3
12.7
12.2
11.5
10.4

190,472
216,665
254,853
285,397
286,153
216,322

26,684
28,041
30,276
32,409
30,077
18,961

14.0
12.9
11.9
11.4
10.5
8.8

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

49,099
75,816
91,854

9,570
11,440
11,475

19.5
15.1
12.5

44,562
69,176
83,789

8,590
10,355
10,461

19.3
15.0
12.5

4,537
6,640
8,065

980
1,085
1,014

21.6
16.3
12.6

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

86,651
74,836
51,365
49,909
49,456

10,459
9,646
8,583
8,042
7,476

12.1
12.9
16.7
16.1
15.1

79,397
68,797
47,131
45,989
45,465

9,625
8,863
7,883
7,417
6,839

12.1
12.9
16.7
16.1
15.0

7,254
6,039
4,234
3,920
3,991

834
783
700
625
637

11.5
13.0
16.5
15.9
16.0

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

48,361
49,495
56,273
59,715
57,984
45,803

7,513
7,649
8,312
8,457
7,786
6,301

15.5
15.5
14.8
14.2
13.4
13.8

44,462
45,567
51,775
54,939
53,638
42,625

6,950
7,069
7,620
7,763
7,287
5,920

15.6
15.5
14.7
14.1
13.6
13.9

3,899
3,928
4,498
4,776
4,346
3,178

563
580
692
694
499
381

14.4
14.8
15.4
14.5
11.5
12.0
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 101

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 45.
Medical decisions at the reconsideration level, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2005—Continued
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

429,944
481,434
479,439

64,891
64,074
62,150

15.1
13.3
13.0

189,409
210,882
206,253

29,744
28,268
26,260

15.7
13.4
12.7

240,535
270,552
273,186

35,147
35,806
35,890

14.6
13.2
13.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

435,988
403,309
355,514
337,411
330,830

56,205
54,194
52,588
51,759
47,244

12.9
13.4
14.8
15.3
14.3

195,281
178,404
159,694
154,436
150,460

23,695
22,457
22,951
23,051
20,862

12.1
12.6
14.4
14.9
13.9

240,707
224,905
195,820
182,975
180,370

32,510
31,737
29,637
28,708
26,382

13.5
14.1
15.1
15.7
14.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

332,767
356,236
400,138
426,628
423,706
330,689

44,865
45,039
46,817
47,997
44,332
28,831

13.5
12.6
11.7
11.3
10.5
8.7

146,383
143,740
150,064
146,276
142,158
117,786

18,874
17,759
17,452
16,472
14,953
10,459

12.9
12.4
11.6
11.3
10.5
8.9

186,384
212,496
250,074
280,352
281,548
212,903

25,991
27,280
29,365
31,525
29,379
18,372

13.9
12.8
11.7
11.2
10.4
8.6

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through June 2006.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing
level without a reconsideration.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

102 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 46.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2005
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

All ages

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

b

1992
1993
1994

280,751
327,271
333,329

189,656
205,185
196,756

67.6
62.7
59.0

128,789
153,126
156,584

79,307
85,195
80,594

61.6
55.6
51.5

151,962
174,145
176,745

110,349
119,990
116,162

72.6
68.9
65.7

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

300,958
271,977
238,744
224,759
229,227

170,826
159,167
145,095
137,312
142,140

56.8
58.5
60.8
61.1
62.0

145,570
128,712
112,201
107,693
110,192

70,445
64,430
59,737
57,970
59,799

48.4
50.1
53.2
53.8
54.3

155,388
143,265
126,543
117,066
119,035

100,381
94,737
85,358
79,342
82,341

64.6
66.1
67.5
67.8
69.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

247,904
268,813
298,063
275,372
148,293
29,072

151,491
163,054
181,792
173,218
97,472
20,065

61.1
60.7
61.0
62.9
65.7
69.0

118,077
119,948
124,856
105,746
55,178
12,136

62,359
62,406
64,828
55,477
29,637
6,423

52.8
52.0
51.9
52.5
53.7
52.9

129,827
148,865
173,207
169,626
93,115
16,936

89,132
100,648
116,964
117,741
67,835
13,642

68.7
67.6
67.5
69.4
72.9
80.6

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

19,988
31,658
38,751

7,729
10,921
13,222

38.7
34.5
34.1

17,979
28,625
34,869

6,890
9,784
11,860

38.3
34.2
34.0

2,009
3,033
3,882

839
1,137
1,362

41.8
37.5
35.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

35,856
28,105
19,549
18,904
20,715

11,285
9,153
7,299
7,244
8,074

31.5
32.6
37.3
38.3
39.0

32,428
25,589
17,723
17,199
18,816

10,131
8,295
6,593
6,546
7,285

31.2
32.4
37.2
38.1
38.7

3,428
2,516
1,826
1,705
1,899

1,154
858
706
698
789

33.7
34.1
38.7
40.9
41.5

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

24,289
25,752
28,621
25,853
13,075
2,272

9,156
9,469
10,348
9,413
4,961
1,092

37.7
36.8
36.2
36.4
37.9
48.1

22,096
23,524
26,180
23,626
12,077
2,113

8,242
8,573
9,396
8,513
4,533
1,014

37.3
36.4
35.9
36.0
37.5
48.0

2,193
2,228
2,441
2,227
998
159

914
896
952
900
428
78

41.7
40.2
39.0
40.4
42.9
49.1
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 103

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 46.
Medical decisions at the hearing level or above, by age, year of application,
and program, 1992–2005—Continued
Decisions on applications
for SSI only

All decisions

Year

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Decisions on applications
for both Social Security and SSI

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Total

Allowances

Allowance
rate a
(percent)

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

260,727
295,551
294,441

181,899
194,215
183,449

69.8
65.7
62.3

110,785
124,445
121,584

72,398
75,368
68,654

65.4
60.6
56.5

149,942
171,106
172,857

109,501
118,847
114,795

73.0
69.5
66.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

264,954
243,064
218,234
204,892
207,909

159,444
149,301
137,000
129,306
133,595

60.2
61.4
62.8
63.1
64.3

113,002
102,414
93,582
89,580
90,819

60,224
55,516
52,402
50,706
52,083

53.3
54.2
56.0
56.6
57.3

151,952
140,650
124,652
115,312
117,090

99,220
93,785
84,598
78,600
81,512

65.3
66.7
67.9
68.2
69.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

223,028
242,502
268,771
249,014
134,887
26,727

141,902
153,168
170,982
163,453
92,237
18,912

63.6
63.2
63.6
65.6
68.4
70.8

95,444
95,910
98,051
81,676
42,804
9,965

53,725
53,448
55,003
46,662
24,858
5,363

56.3
55.7
56.1
57.1
58.1
53.8

127,584
146,592
170,720
167,338
92,083
16,762

88,177
99,720
115,979
116,791
67,379
13,549

69.1
68.0
67.9
69.8
73.2
80.8

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data are current through August 2006.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the award and allowance rates will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
A revised process was introduced on October 1, 1999, in 10 states, under which initial denials could be appealed directly to the hearing
level without a reconsideration.
a. Rate determined by dividing medical allowances by all medical decisions for that year.
b. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

104 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 47.
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by age, year of application,
and reason for allowance, 1992–2005
Under age 18 only

Total
Year

Number

Percent

Meets level
of severity
of listings a

Medically
equals level
of severity
of listings

Aged 18 or older only

Functionally
equals level
of severity
of listings

All ages

Equals level
of severity
of listings

Medical and
vocational
factors
considered

Other

a,b

c

1992
1993
1994

951,118
968,374
848,211

100.0
100.0
100.0

36.6
36.5
36.8

1.5
1.5
1.5

1.3
1.6
2.1

7.5
5.5
4.4

18.6
17.4
18.1

34.4
37.6
37.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

745,348
733,450
666,888
719,268
729,263

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

35.8
35.9
37.6
38.2
36.6

1.6
1.8
1.8
1.9
2.0

2.5
3.3
4.3
4.8
5.3

4.3
4.4
4.7
4.2
4.0

18.6
17.4
18.4
20.1
20.8

37.2
37.2
33.3
30.8
31.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

761,620
812,413
857,599
865,567
791,448
663,408

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

35.1
34.8
33.3
33.1
35.1
37.5

1.9
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.8

6.1
7.0
7.9
9.0
10.6
12.1

4.2
4.2
3.7
3.7
4.0
4.1

21.4
22.2
21.8
22.6
25.1
26.7

31.3
30.0
31.6
29.9
23.6
17.8

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

211,793
241,085
202,357

100.0
100.0
100.0

48.3
44.9
45.6

6.9
5.9
6.5

5.9
6.4
8.6

...
...
...

...
...
...

38.9
42.7
39.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

170,884
152,174
128,269
145,015
150,667

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

44.8
52.7
55.8
55.6
53.2

7.0
8.7
9.2
9.6
9.8

11.0
16.0
22.1
23.6
25.8

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

37.2
22.6
12.9
11.2
11.3

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

159,936
174,848
189,202
196,323
193,133
174,809

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

50.2
48.3
45.3
43.9
42.8
41.0

9.2
8.2
7.7
7.5
6.8
6.7

28.9
32.4
35.9
39.7
43.4
46.1

...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...

11.7
11.1
11.1
9.0
7.0
6.2
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 105

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 47.
Percentage distribution of final medical allowances, by age, year of application,
and reason for allowance, 1992–2005—Continued
Under age 18 only

Total
Year

Number

Percent

Meets level
of severity
of listings a

Medically
equals level
of severity
of listings

Aged 18 or older only

Functionally
equals level
of severity
of listings

Equals level
of severity
of listings

Medical and
vocational
factors
considered

Other

a,b

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

738,836
726,766
644,866

100.0
100.0
100.0

33.3
33.7
34.0

...
...
...

...
...
...

9.7
7.3
5.8

23.9
23.1
23.8

33.2
35.9
36.4

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

573,381
541,704
513,801
537,657
543,085

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

33.2
33.7
34.5
35.6
34.0

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

5.6
5.9
6.1
5.5
5.3

24.0
23.3
22.6
23.9
25.1

37.2
37.1
36.9
35.1
35.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

569,354
607,108
634,622
642,157
572,646
459,008

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

32.6
32.5
31.3
31.1
33.9
38.5

...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...

5.6
5.6
5.0
5.0
5.5
5.9

26.4
27.8
27.6
29.1
33.6
37.4

35.5
34.2
36.1
34.8
27.0
18.1

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2006. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through August 2006.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security–only
applications.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Includes all age groups.
b. Includes applications for which the disability was previously established and those for which the basis for the determination is not
available. For final determinations made in or before August 1996 for applicants under age 18, also includes applications allowed
because individual functional assessment showed impairment of comparable severity.
c. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

106 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 48.
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by age, year of application,
and reason for denial, 1992–2005

Total
Year

Number

Impairment
Impairment did
does not
not or is not
cause severe
expected to Impairment is
functional
Percent last 12 months
not severe
limitations a

All ages

Able to do
usual past
work b

Able to do
other type of
work b

Other

c

d

1992
1993
1994

743,395
939,357
1,043,113

100.0
100.0
100.0

7.3
6.6
6.2

22.1
21.2
20.7

...
...
...

17.5
15.4
13.6

26.3
24.8
23.3

26.9
31.9
36.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

996,529
940,293
740,937
705,280
690,838

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.2
6.4
6.8
6.9
6.7

19.7
20.6
16.7
15.0
14.0

...
5.8
16.2
18.3
19.1

12.4
12.1
13.0
14.7
15.5

22.4
22.9
25.1
25.4
24.5

39.2
32.2
22.1
19.9
20.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

691,268
728,099
808,939
848,449
841,210
819,261

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

6.4
6.1
5.7
5.1
4.8
4.7

13.3
13.2
13.0
12.2
11.3
10.8

18.7
18.3
18.3
18.9
18.9
17.7

15.8
16.6
16.9
16.9
16.2
15.8

24.2
26.1
26.5
26.9
26.4
26.6

21.5
19.8
19.7
20.0
22.4
24.3

Under age 18
1992
1993
1994

148,324
240,803
311,284

100.0
100.0
100.0

1.5
1.3
1.4

22.7
21.8
22.4

...
...
...

...
...
...

...
...
...

75.8
76.9
76.2

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

306,390
291,351
195,800
182,673
182,314

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.3
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.1

21.8
26.9
19.1
14.4
13.3

...
18.7
61.4
70.6
72.4

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

76.9
53.0
18.0
13.7
13.2

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

179,476
182,012
199,994
211,472
210,157
194,611

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

1.1
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.9

13.2
14.0
13.4
12.3
11.1
11.0

72.1
73.0
73.9
75.7
75.7
74.4

...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...

13.6
11.9
11.8
11.0
12.4
13.6
(Continued)

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 107

Outcomes of Applications for Disability Benefits
Table 48.
Percentage distribution of final medical denials, by age, year of application,
and reason for denial, 1992–2005—Continued

Total
Year

Number

Impairment
Impairment did
does not
not or is not
cause severe
expected to Impairment is
functional
Percent last 12 months
not severe
limitations a

Able to do
usual past
work b

Able to do
other type of
work b

Other

c

Aged 18–64
1992
1993
1994

594,906
698,397
731,456

100.0
100.0
100.0

8.8
8.4
8.3

21.9
21.0
20.0

...
...
...

21.8
20.7
19.4

32.8
33.4
33.2

14.7
16.4
19.1

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

689,683
648,031
543,498
518,649
504,799

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.4
8.6
8.8
8.9
8.7

18.8
17.8
15.8
14.9
14.1

...
...
...
...
...

17.9
17.5
17.7
19.7
21.0

32.4
33.3
34.2
34.4
33.5

22.5
22.8
23.6
22.0
22.7

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

508,423
543,100
605,952
634,666
629,226
623,226

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

8.4
7.8
7.3
6.6
6.2
5.9

13.2
12.8
12.7
12.0
11.4
10.7

...
...
...
...
...
...

21.2
22.1
22.5
22.5
21.5
20.8

32.9
34.9
35.3
36.0
35.2
35.0

24.3
22.4
22.2
22.9
25.7
27.6

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Disability Research File, 100 percent data.
NOTES: Data for the initial and reconsideration levels are current through June 2006. Data for the hearing level or above are current
through August 2006.
Because a number of applications remain pending for more recent years, the numbers and percentages will change over time.
Applications with a medical decision may be pending a final nonmedical decision or subsequently denied for nonmedical reasons.
Includes decisions for SSI-only applications and applications for both Social Security and SSI. Does not include Social Security–only
applications.
. . . = not applicable.
a. Used only for applicants under age 18. Category effective for final determinations made August 1996 or later.
b. Used only for applicants aged 18 or older.
c. Applicant provided insufficient evidence, failed to cooperate, failed to follow prescribed treatment, did not want to continue development
of the claim, or returned to substantial work before disability could be established. For final determinations made August 1996 or before
for applicants under age 18, also includes claims denied because individual functional assessment showed impairment not of
comparable severity.
d. Includes applicants aged 65 or older.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

108 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Suspensions and Terminations

Notes
The 2006 report includes several changes to this section:

The name of the section has been changed from “Suspensions” to “Suspensions and Terminations.”

Deaths are no longer reported as suspensions in Tables 49 and 50.

The title of Table 51 has been changed from “Recipients suspended for at least 12 months, by age and reason
for suspension” to “Recipients terminated, by age and reason for termination.” Table 51 shows information concerning people whose SSI business relationship was terminated automatically because their benefits had been
suspended for 12 consecutive months. The table no longer provides information concerning suspensions that
do not result in an automatic termination after 12 consecutive months.

Suspensions and Terminations
Table 49.
Suspensions, by age of recipient and reason for suspension, 1998–2006
In
Medicaid
facility

WherePresump- No repreabouts
Excess
tive dis- sentative In public
unknown resources
ability
payee institution

Failed to
furnish
report

Outside
United
States

Year

Total

Excess
income

In No longer
transition disabled

1998
1999

939,000
1,008,300

524,200
552,100

49,500
46,300

90,900
88,600

37,000
43,700

2,200
2,200

34,400
37,300

50,000
59,000

28,200
37,700

18,800
21,100

15,300
3,300

81,500
108,800

7,000
8,200

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

1,016,800
1,045,300
1,092,500
1,063,400
1,107,500

562,200
575,900
596,400
579,700
614,700

49,400
50,000
50,000
45,100
44,300

94,000
106,600
105,200
119,900
122,600

39,000
48,400
46,800
47,000
45,700

2,000
2,700
2,800
2,500
2,000

37,200
37,100
33,200
32,700
34,600

59,100
64,300
64,900
64,700
69,200

50,200
51,900
53,600
45,600
47,700

22,700
19,600
21,600
22,100
26,100

-7,400
6,600
7,500
6,500

90,600
67,500
90,600
74,800
70,200

10,400
13,900
20,800
21,800
23,900

2005
2006

1,089,540
1,045,373

608,410
593,810

44,400
42,763

130,030
133,626

39,320
38,075

2,450
3,205

35,610
31,620

75,560
79,127

31,700
17,464

24,710
23,909

8,380
9,474

65,900
45,023

23,070
27,277

1998
1999

193,300
226,500

98,200
106,300

1,000
900

13,800
16,700

7,200
7,300

700
1,000

14,100
14,300

4,200
4,600

10,000
15,200

600
800

3,000
300

39,100
57,800

1,400
1,300

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

217,700
198,100
228,100
214,300
220,100

112,700
107,400
116,100
115,500
110,900

1,000
900
900
800
1,100

18,300
17,500
22,000
23,900
30,400

6,600
9,100
9,800
9,300
9,000

400
700
700
500
700

15,800
14,800
13,300
13,700
13,000

3,300
3,300
4,500
4,300
3,800

19,400
17,800
22,200
19,600
20,000

700
400
600
300
1,000

-500
0
500
200

38,200
24,700
36,900
24,900
28,400

1,300
1,000
1,100
1,000
1,600

2005
2006

200,550
177,273

108,750
101,982

800
948

27,650
27,420

8,150
7,854

460
802

12,870
11,920

3,740
4,336

12,930
6,307

740
867

280
388

23,020
12,118

1,160
1,331

Other

All ages

Under age 18

Aged 18–64
1998
1999

585,000
619,100

358,000
375,200

14,700
10,400

53,600
52,800

18,600
22,400

1,500
1,200

18,500
21,100

44,800
53,300

14,500
17,500

5,900
6,000

8,100
2,100

42,400
51,000

4,400
6,100

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

635,000
678,300
704,900
685,500
717,000

385,100
403,000
421,800
403,900
433,400

12,600
14,700
14,200
12,800
14,000

53,700
64,300
59,900
69,100
66,900

19,600
24,200
22,900
23,000
22,800

1,500
2,000
2,100
2,000
1,300

19,400
20,600
18,800
17,000
20,300

54,500
60,100
59,100
59,400
64,700

24,400
26,300
25,500
19,500
20,700

4,200
4,200
4,200
4,800
5,900

-4,900
4,100
5,100
4,600

52,400
42,800
53,700
49,800
41,800

7,600
11,200
18,600
19,100
20,600

2005
2006

733,580
722,577

437,240
435,160

15,980
15,047

75,350
79,018

21,260
20,671

1,980
2,383

20,600
18,030

70,410
73,258

14,770
8,811

6,310
5,854

6,420
7,122

42,870
32,896

20,390
24,327

1998
1999

160,700
162,700

68,000
70,600

33,800
35,000

23,500
19,100

11,200
14,000

0
0

1,800
1,900

1,000
1,100

3,700
5,000

12,300
14,300

4,200
900

0
0

1,200
800

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

164,100
168,900
159,500
163,600
170,400

64,400
65,500
58,500
60,300
70,400

35,800
34,400
34,900
31,500
29,200

22,000
24,800
23,300
26,900
25,300

12,800
15,100
14,100
14,700
13,900

100
0
0
0
0

2,000
1,700
1,100
2,000
1,300

1,300
900
1,300
1,000
700

6,400
7,800
5,900
6,500
7,000

17,800
15,000
16,800
17,000
19,200

-2,000
2,500
1,900
1,700

0
0
0
100
0

1,500
1,700
1,100
1,700
1,700

2005
2006

155,410
145,523

62,420
56,668

27,620
26,768

27,030
26,188

9,910
9,550

10
20

2,140
1,670

1,410
1,533

4,000
2,346

17,660
17,188

1,680
1,964

10
9

1,520
1,619

Aged 65 or older

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format). Data through 2004 are based on a 1 percent
sample; data for 2005 are based on a 10 percent sample; and data for 2006 are 100 percent data.
NOTES: Includes multiple suspensions per person.
-- = not available.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 111

Suspensions and Terminations
Table 50.
Recipients suspended, by age and reason for suspension, 1998–2006
In
Medicaid
facility

WherePresump- No repreabouts
Excess
tive dis- sentative In public
unknown resources
ability
payee institution

Failed to
furnish
report

Outside
United
States

Year

Total

Excess
income

In No longer
transition disabled

1998
1999

851,600
897,400

457,300
461,300

47,900
44,600

83,900
82,800

35,800
42,900

1,900
1,900

30,900
34,600

47,600
55,000

26,100
35,600

18,100
20,800

14,300
3,300

80,900
107,200

6,900
7,400

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

906,500
929,800
972,800
954,400
997,300

472,900
485,500
509,100
499,600
533,200

46,900
47,500
48,100
43,500
43,100

87,000
97,000
96,000
110,500
113,900

38,000
47,500
45,500
45,800
44,600

2,000
2,500
2,600
2,300
1,900

35,000
33,900
27,700
30,500
30,600

56,100
59,600
59,000
59,800
64,200

47,300
49,500
47,500
41,200
43,800

22,000
19,100
20,800
21,400
25,000

-7,300
6,300
7,500
6,500

89,500
66,900
90,100
72,200
68,200

9,800
13,500
20,100
20,100
22,300

2005
2006

977,680
942,421

526,050
517,552

42,430
70,996

119,630
124,100

38,040
37,020

2,350
3,040

32,650
28,843

69,870
73,109

29,430
16,411

23,930
23,243

8,200
9,279

63,790
43,563

21,310
25,265

1998
1999

164,500
192,200

73,300
77,000

900
900

12,800
15,400

6,600
7,000

600
800

13,000
13,800

4,000
3,900

9,400
14,200

600
600

2,900
300

39,000
57,100

1,400
1,200

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

177,400
161,900
185,700
173,700
178,300

76,500
75,200
81,200
79,900
76,100

1,000
800
800
800
900

16,900
15,700
20,700
22,300
28,500

6,300
9,000
9,400
8,700
8,800

500
700
700
400
700

15,100
13,800
10,900
13,300
11,900

3,200
3,000
4,200
4,300
3,400

18,100
17,300
19,300
18,000
17,700

600
300
600
300
900

-400
0
500
200

38,000
24,700
36,900
24,300
27,600

1,200
1,000
1,000
900
1,600

2005
2006

163,850
145,724

77,340
74,485

720
881

25,540
26,582

7,840
7,577

460
775

12,020
11,066

3,580
4,116

11,860
5,913

730
844

260
377

22,400
11,845

1,100
1,263

Other

All ages

Under age 18

Aged 18–64
1998
1999

537,600
554,600

324,100
323,800

13,600
9,300

49,300
49,200

18,400
22,000

1,300
1,100

16,300
19,000

42,600
50,000

13,000
16,500

5,400
6,000

7,400
2,100

41,900
50,100

4,300
5,500

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

578,100
611,100
637,900
625,600
657,800

340,600
353,300
375,100
363,700
392,800

11,100
13,000
13,200
11,500
13,200

49,400
58,200
54,000
63,100
61,300

19,300
23,700
22,500
22,700
22,300

1,500
1,800
1,900
1,900
1,200

18,100
18,400
15,700
15,200
17,500

51,600
55,700
53,700
54,500
60,100

23,500
24,800
22,500
17,600
19,300

4,200
4,200
4,200
4,800
5,800

-4,900
3,900
5,100
4,600

51,500
42,200
53,200
47,800
40,600

7,300
10,900
18,000
17,700
19,100

2005
2006

668,700
659,401

392,840
391,737

14,660
13,864

68,710
72,612

20,600
20,114

1,880
2,245

18,690
16,204

64,950
67,542

13,720
8,227

6,120
5,672

6,320
6,972

41,380
31,711

18,830
22,501

1998
1999

149,500
150,600

59,900
60,500

33,400
34,400

21,800
18,200

10,800
13,900

0
0

1,600
1,800

1,000
1,100

3,700
4,900

12,100
14,200

4,000
900

0
0

1,200
700

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

151,000
156,800
149,200
155,100
161,200

55,800
57,000
52,800
56,000
64,300

34,800
33,700
34,100
31,200
29,000

20,700
23,100
21,300
25,100
24,100

12,400
14,800
13,600
14,400
13,500

0
0
0
0
0

1,800
1,700
1,100
2,000
1,200

1,300
900
1,100
100
700

5,700
7,400
5,700
5,600
6,800

17,200
14,600
16,000
16,300
18,300

-2,000
2,400
1,900
1,700

0
0
0
100
0

1,300
1,600
1,100
1,500
1,600

2005
2006

145,130
137,296

55,870
51,330

27,050
26,251

25,380
24,906

9,600
9,329

10
20

1,940
1,529

1,340
1,451

3,850
2,271

17,080
16,727

1,620
1,930

10
7

1,380
1,501

Aged 65 or older

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format). Data through 2004 are based on a 1 percent
sample; data for 2005 are based on a 10 percent sample; and data for 2006 are 100 percent data.
NOTE: -- = not available.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

112 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Suspensions and Terminations
Table 51.
Recipients terminated, by age and reason for termination, 1998–2005

Death

In
Medicaid
facility

Whereabouts
unknown

In public
institution

Failed to
furnish
report

Outside
United
States

No longer
disabled

Other

Year

Total

Excess
income

1998
1999

673,400
691,500

285,500
282,800

201,100
195,300

38,900
36,100

22,900
22,800

18,600
24,200

19,700
20,600

9,000
13,500

10,100
11,700

63,300
80,000

4,300
4,500

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

686,400
662,700
712,600
674,900
709,110
716,458

284,900
284,300
311,900
311,200
333,150
347,285

203,400
193,500
202,700
194,500
195,600
192,842

35,500
37,000
36,600
32,000
32,360
31,531

23,800
21,600
22,200
24,200
25,250
26,575

20,200
25,700
24,500
22,700
22,340
21,426

20,500
20,500
20,700
19,700
21,120
22,935

15,100
15,500
14,200
12,600
12,080
8,466

10,300
9,700
10,400
9,800
13,060
12,272

66,500
47,800
60,300
39,200
44,620
44,412

6,200
7,100
9,100
9,000
9,530
8,714

1998
1999

79,200
92,600

28,700
25,100

5,400
5,000

500
100

3,700
3,700

2,900
5,000

2,100
2,100

3,200
5,300

500
400

31,200
45,000

1,000
900

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

76,700
65,900
80,800
60,400
65,270
62,676

24,100
23,400
27,900
25,600
23,290
24,551

6,400
5,100
5,700
4,000
5,500
5,051

200
400
400
100
210
304

4,100
4,200
4,800
3,900
4,720
4,992

3,700
5,900
5,700
5,000
4,980
4,796

1,600
1,500
1,400
1,500
1,810
1,651

6,600
5,900
6,500
5,200
4,850
3,380

200
100
200
200
570
496

28,800
18,700
27,500
14,100
18,550
16,747

1,000
700
700
800
790
708

Excess
resources

All ages

Under age 18

Aged 18–64
1998
1999

385,000
394,400

220,100
221,300

77,200
78,600

8,800
6,100

10,000
10,800

9,200
11,700

17,000
17,700

4,300
6,100

3,500
3,800

32,100
35,000

2,800
3,300

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

410,800
403,200
441,100
426,600
457,220
470,025

228,200
229,300
254,800
253,100
278,050
290,006

84,500
81,900
88,200
87,200
87,100
85,428

5,700
7,900
8,200
7,400
8,390
8,560

12,600
9,600
9,900
11,900
11,980
12,623

9,900
11,800
11,800
10,400
10,430
10,804

18,200
18,700
18,900
17,400
18,740
20,660

7,100
7,400
6,700
4,600
5,210
3,764

2,300
2,200
2,100
2,000
3,310
3,227

37,700
29,100
32,800
25,100
26,070
27,663

4,600
5,300
7,700
7,200
7,940
7,290

Aged 65 or older
1998
1999

209,200
204,500

36,700
36,400

118,500
111,700

29,600
29,900

9,200
8,300

6,500
7,500

600
800

1,500
2,100

6,100
7,500

0
0

500
300

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

198,900
193,600
190,700
188,200
186,620
183,757

32,600
31,600
29,200
32,500
31,810
32,728

112,500
106,500
108,800
103,300
103,000
102,363

29,600
28,700
28,000
24,500
23,760
22,667

7,100
7,800
7,500
8,400
8,550
8,960

6,600
8,000
7,000
7,300
6,930
5,826

700
300
400
800
570
624

1,400
2,200
1,000
2,800
2,020
1,322

7,800
7,400
8,100
7,600
9,180
8,549

0
0
0
0
0
2

600
1,100
700
1,000
800
716

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format). Data through 2003 are based on a 1 percent
sample; data for 2004 are based on a 10 percent sample; and data for 2005 are 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Alfreda Brooks (410) 965-9849 or ssi.asr@ssa.gov.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 113

Appendix and Glossary

Appendix:
Sampling Variability
Estimates based on sample data may differ from the
figures that would have been obtained had all, rather
than specified samples, of the records been used.
These differences are termed sampling variability. The
standard error is a measure of the sampling variability.
About 68 percent of all possible probability samples
selected with the same specifications will give estimates within one standard error of the figure obtained
from a compilation of all records. Similarly, approximately 90 percent will give estimates within 1.645 standard errors, about 95 percent will give estimates within
two standard errors, and about 99 percent will give estimates within two and one-half standard errors. The
standard error of an estimate depends on the design
elements such as the method of sampling, sample
size, and the estimation process.
Because of the large number of data cells tabulated from the sample files, it is not practical to calculate the standard error for every possible cell. However,
standard errors for a large number of cells were estimated. These estimates were used to fit regression
curves to provide estimates of approximate standard
errors associated with tabulated counts and proportions.
The tables showing the sampling variability provide
a general order of magnitude for similar estimates from
the various sample files. Table A-1 presents approximate standard errors for the estimated number of persons from the 1 percent and the 10 percent files. The
reliability of an estimated percentage depends on both
the size of the percentage and on the size of the total
on which the percentage is based. Data in Table A-2
provide approximations of the standard errors of the
estimated percentage of persons in the 1 percent and
10 percent files. The standard errors are expressed in
percentage points, and the bases shown are in terms
of inflated data.

Table A-1.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
number of persons
Size of estimate (inflated)

Standard error

1 percent file
500

250

1,000

300

2,500

500

5,000

800

7,500

900

10,000

1,100

25,000

1,700

50,000

2,400

75,000

3,000

100,000

3,400

250,000

5,400

500,000

7,800

750,000

9,600

1,000,000

11,100

5,000,000

25,800

10,000,000

36,900

25,000,000

57,700

50,000,000

76,100

75,000,000

82,900

10 percent file
100
500

30
70

1,000

100

5,000

225

10,000

300

50,000

700

100,000

1,000

500,000

2,200

1,000,000

3,200

2,000,000

4,300

3,000,000

5,300

5,000,000

6,500

10,000,000

8,500

20,000,000

9,300

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 117

Table A-2.
Approximations of standard errors of estimated
percentage of persons
Size of base
(inflated)

2 or 98 5 or 95

10 or
90

25 or
75

50

1 percent file
1,000

4.7

7.3

10.1

14.5

16.8

10,000

1.5

2.3

3.2

4.6

5.3

50,000

0.7

1.0

1.4

2.1

2.4

100,000

0.5

0.7

1.0

1.5

1.7

500,000

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.7

0.8

1,000,000

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.5

0.5

5,000,000

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

10,000,000

a

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

50,000,000

a

a

a

0.1

0.1

100,000,000

a

a

a

a

a

10 percent file
500

1.9

3.0

4.1

5.9

6.8

1,000

1.3

2.1

2.9

4.1

4.8

2,500

0.8

1.3

1.8

2.6

3.0

10,000

0.4

0.6

0.9

1.3

1.5

50,000

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.6

0.7

100,000

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

500,000

a

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

1,000,000

a

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

5,000,000

a

a

a

a

0.1

10,000,000

a

a

a

a

a

50,000,000

a

a

a

a

a

a. Less than 0.05 percent.

118 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

Glossary
abbreviated application. An SSI application that is formally denied for nonmedical reasons when the applicant
alleges information that clearly results in ineligibility.
adult. A person who is older than age 21, is aged 18–21 but is not a student, is under 21 and married, or is the
head of a household.
aged person. A person aged 65 or older.
allowance. A determination by the Disability Determination Services, an administrative law judge, or the Appeals
Council that an applicant meets the medical definition of disability under the law.
auxiliary benefit (OASDI). Monthly benefit payable to a spouse or a child of a retired or disabled worker or to a
survivor of a deceased worker.
award. An administrative determination that an individual is entitled to receive monthly benefits.
blind. "Blindness," for Social Security purposes, means either central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better
eye with the use of a correcting lens or a limitation in the fields of vision so that the widest diameter of the visual
field subtends an angle of 20 degrees or less (tunnel vision).
blind work expenses (BWE). Permits the exclusion of any earned income of a blind person that is used to meet
expenses reasonably attributable to earning the income.
child. An unmarried blind or disabled person who is not the head of a household and who is either under age 18 or
aged 18–21 and a student.
concurrent application. An application for both Title II (Social Security) and Title XVI (Supplemental Security
Income) benefits at the same time.
deeming (SSI). Counting part of the income and resources of certain persons who live with an SSI recipient when
determining the amount of the payment. These persons include the ineligible spouses of adult recipients, the
ineligible parents of child recipients under age 18, and the immigration sponsor for certain noncitizens.
diagnostic group. Classification of impairments, by body system, that identifies the medical condition(s) on which
disability-related benefits are based. Before 1985, the coding of the primary and secondary diagnoses for
Social Security and Supplemental Security Income applicants was in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases: 9th revision, Clinical Modification, 4th ed., using 4–digit ICD-9 codes. In 1985, the Social
Security Administration (SSA) implemented a revised method to determine and enter impairment codes in
administrative records. This revised approach provides for a modified impairment coding system, generally
using 3 digits (followed by zero), loosely based on the ICD-9 codes. For research purposes, the ICD-9 codes
and SSA impairment codes are, typically, identical. However, the diagnostic groupings shown in the statistical
tables closely parallel the major ICD-9 disease classifications.
disability. The inability to engage in substantial gainful activity (SGA) by reason of any medically determinable
physical or mental impairment that can be expected to result in death or to last for a continuous period of not
less than 12 months. (Special rules apply for workers aged 55 or older whose disability is based on blindness.
The 12-month requirement does not apply to SSI beneficiaries who are blind.)
Individuals are considered to be disabled only if their physical or mental impairment(s) is of such severity that
they are not only unable to do their previous work but cannot—because of their age, education, or work experience—engage in any other kind of substantial gainful activity that exists in the national economy, regardless of
whether such work exists in the immediate area in which they live, or whether a specific job vacancy exists for
them, or whether they would be hired if they applied for work.
The SGA criterion does not apply to children under age 18 in the Supplemental Security Income program. The
standard for them is a medically determinable physical or mental impairment that results in marked and severe
functional limitations.
Disability Determination Services (DDS). The state agency responsible for developing medical evidence and
rendering the initial determination and reconsideration on whether a claimant is disabled or a beneficiary continues to be disabled within the meaning of the law.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 119

federal benefit rates (FBR). The basic benefit standards used in computing the amount of federal SSI payments.
Benefit levels differ for individuals and couples living in households and for persons in Medicaid institutions.
Individuals or couples living in their own household receive the full federal benefit. The federal benefit is
reduced by one-third if an individual or couple is living in another person’s household and receiving support
and maintenance there. The federal benefit rates are increased annually to reflect increases in the cost of living.
impairment-related work expenses (IRWE). The costs of items or services that a disabled person needs to work.
The expenses, when paid by the beneficiary, are deducted from his or her gross earnings when determining if
the work is considered substantial gainful activity.
Medicaid institution. Living arrangement for persons in public or private institutions when more than 50 percent of
the cost of care is met by the Medicaid program. In these situations, the monthly federal SSI payment is limited
to no more than $30.
own household. Used to determine the federal benefit rate. Applies to adults who own their living quarters, are liable for the rent, pay their pro rata shares of household expenses, are living in households composed only of
recipients of public income–maintenance payments, and are placed by agencies in private households. Also
applies to children living in their parent's household. See federal benefit rates.
plans for achieving self-support (PASS). Permits a recipient with an approved PASS to set aside earned or
unearned income and resources for a work goal. The income or resources set aside are used to pay for goods
or services needed to reach the goal, such as education, vocational training, starting a business, or purchasing
work-related equipment. The income and resources that are set aside under a PASS are excluded from SSI
income and resource tests, but they do not influence the determination of ability to engage in substantial gainful activity.
presumptive disability or blindness. For certain diagnoses, where there is high probability of a favorable medical
determination of disability or blindness, payments may be made for up to 6 months before the formal determination, if the applicant meets the nonmedical eligibility requirements.
representative payee. A person designated by the Social Security Administration to receive monthly benefit
checks on behalf of an adult beneficiary who is unable to manage his or her own funds. A beneficiary under
age 18 is generally considered incapable of managing benefit payments, and a representative payee will be
selected to receive benefits on the beneficiary’s behalf.
Section 1619(a). Continuing cash benefits for disabled individuals whose gross earned income is at the amount
designated as the substantial gainful activity level. The person must continue to be disabled and meet all other
eligibility rules. Also known as special cash payment.
Section 1619(b). For Medicaid purposes, provides special status to working disabled or blind individuals when
their earnings make them ineligible for cash payments. Also known as special recipient status.
SSA administrative regions

Boston: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont
New York: New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands
Philadelphia: Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia
Atlanta: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee
Chicago: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin
Dallas: Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas
Kansas City: Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska
Denver : Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming
San Francisco: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, American Samoa, Guam, and Northern Mariana Islands
Seattle: Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington
NOTE: The SSI program does not cover American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands.
state conversions. Persons who were eligible for payments under the federal and state adult assistance programs
in December 1973 were automatically eligible for SSI payments beginning January 1974.

120 ♦ SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006

state supplementation. Payments to eligible persons made under state provisions. These payments may vary by
the recipient's living situation and by geographic area within the state. The payments may be administered by
the Social Security Administration or the state.
substantial gainful activity (SGA). Describes a level of work activity that is productive and yields or usually yields
remuneration or profit. The Social Security Administration’s regulations establish a dollar amount to indicate
whether a person’s work is substantial.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI). A federal program for low-income aged, blind, and disabled individuals who
meet income and resource requirements. Beginning in 1974, SSI replaced the former federal and state programs of Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled. SSI is funded
by general tax revenues, not Social Security taxes.
suspended benefit. A payment that has been temporarily stopped until the condition or conditions causing the
suspension are known to have ended. The suspension does not affect eligibility for Medicaid benefits.

SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2006 ♦ 121