Children Receiving SSI, December 2003

Social Security Administration Office of Policy Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics 500 E Street, SW, 8th Floor Washington, DC 20254 SSA Publication No. 13-11830 Released: March 2005

Preface
Since 1974, the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program has provided monthly payments for blind and disabled children under age 18. Certain provisions are used to determine a child’s eligibility and payment amount that differ from those applicable to adults. For children living in the same household with one or more parents, the parents’ income and resources must be considered, or “deemed,” in determining the child’s eligibility and payment amount. This report provides data on • • applications by and awards to blind and disabled children; SSI payments, income, demographic characteristics, geographic distribution, and disability diagnosis groups of SSI child recipients; and type, amounts, and deeming status of parental income.

Clark D. Pickett of the Division of SSI Statistics and Analysis programmed and compiled the data. Staff of the Division of Information Resources edited the report and prepared the print and electronic versions for publication. This and other reports on the SSI program are available on the Web at http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy. For questions pertaining to the data, please call Clark Pickett at 410-965-9016 or e-mail ssi.children@ssa.gov. For additional copies, please e-mail op.publications@ssa.gov or call 202-358-6274.

Edward J. DeMarco Associate Commissioner for Research, Evaluation, and Statistics March 2005

Contents
Summary and Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Tables
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Number and percentage distribution of SSI recipients, by age, selected months, 1974–2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Number and percentage distribution of SSI applications received, by age, 1973–2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Number and percentage distribution of SSI awards, by age, 1974–2003 . . . . . . . 6 Number and percentage distribution of SSI applications and awards for children, by selected characteristics, 2003. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Number of children receiving federally administered SSI payments and average monthly payment, by SSA administrative region and state or other area, December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Percentage distribution of children receiving federal SSI payments, by monthly payment, December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments, by selected characteristics, December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments, by diagnostic group and age, December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Number and percentage distribution of adult recipients who first became eligible for SSI before age 18, by year of first eligibility and age in December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments and average monthly amount of child's income, by type of income, December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments, by number of parents in the household, December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments with one parent in the household, by type and monthly amount of parental income, December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments with two parents in the household, by type and monthly amount of parental income, December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Number of children receiving federally administered SSI payments with one or more parents who have income and average monthly amount of parental income, by type of income, December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments subject to deeming, by factors affecting parental deemed income, December 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

6. 7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

Summary and Introduction
In this report, children are defined as Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients under age 18. All average SSI payment amounts are based on the amount received in the month of the report, rather than on the amount due in the following month. In December 2003, almost 960,000 blind and disabled children were receiving SSI payments. They made up 13.9 percent of the more than 6.9 million SSI recipients in December. The December data reflect an increase of almost 45,000 child recipients since June 2003. To be eligible for SSI payments as a child, an individual must be under age 18 and unmarried and must meet the applicable SSI disability, income, resource, and diagnostic criteria. The tables present a "snapshot" of selected program and demographic characteristics of children who receive SSI payments. Table 1 is based on 100 percent data. Tables 2–16 are based on 10 percent sample files. The source record for all of the files is the Supplemental Security Record (SSR). The states with the largest numbers of children receiving SSI were California, New York, Florida, Texas, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Michigan, and North Carolina. Together they accounted for 52 percent of all child recipients. Sixty-two percent of the children received an SSI payment of $552 in December—the maximum monthly amount of federal SSI payable in 2003 to persons with no countable income.

Demographic Characteristics
Age In December 2003, 16 percent of the children receiving SSI were younger than 5 years old. The remaining 84 percent were fairly evenly distributed by age. Sex Child recipients are more likely to be boys than girls, by about three to two. This is generally the same gender pattern found among adult disabled recipients. Living Arrangements

Applications and Awards
In calendar year 2003, the most recent year for which complete data are available, SSA received more than 436,000 SSI applications for children. This represents 20 percent of the more than 2.2 million SSI applications received during that period. Almost 180,000 children were awarded SSI payments in calendar year 2003. This was nearly 22 percent of the 824,000 persons awarded SSI in that period. Historically, the percentages of both applications and awards for children have gradually increased. Both rates rose rapidly in the early to mid-1990s, after the Zebley v. Sullivan decision. They dropped off somewhat after welfare reform legislation was enacted in 1996, but they now appear to again be representing an increasing share of all applications and awards. More than 80 percent of the children lived with their parent(s). Of those with other living arrangements, 13 percent were identified as living in their own household for purposes of determining payments. For the most part, these children lived with other relatives; in hospitals, nursing homes, residential schools, and foster care; or independently. Less than 2 percent were patients in a medical facility where more than half of the cost of their care is covered by the Medicaid program. Citizenship Nearly all (99 percent) of the children were U.S. citizens, either by birth or naturalization. Diagnosis Almost 64 percent were disabled because of a mental disorder, and the largest proportion of this group (24 percent) were mentally retarded. The only other sizable diagnostic category was diseases of the nervous system and sense organs (10 percent), which included all of the nearly 6,800 blind children on SSI in December 2003.

Payments
The average SSI payment to children in December 2003 was $486. This amount includes federally administered state supplementation, where applicable, but does not include any retroactive payments.

The incidence of mental retardation as a primary diagnosis increased with age, from 2 percent of those under age 3 to 36 percent of those aged 13– 17. The same pattern appeared among those under age 18 with other mental disorders. The only diagnostic category with a significant difference between sexes was other mental disorders—46 percent of the males versus 29 percent of the females. There was no substantial variation between sexes in the other diagnostic categories.

For 44 percent of the children in a one-parent household, that parent had no reported income (the SSI payment is not considered as income in this analysis). Over one-third of the children (34 percent) lived with a parent who had earned income, and 25 percent lived with a parent who had unearned income. Mother-headed households showed about the same distribution, but father-headed homes were a little more likely to have some income and earnings and a little less likely to have unearned income. Even in households with income, the amounts were small. Twenty-three percent of the children were in homes with income under $200 in December 2003. Only 59 percent of them had income of $600 or more in that month. Children living with a father were more likely to have higher family income. Two-Parent Household The 23 percent of SSI children who lived with two parents were relatively better off economically than those living with only one parent. Sixteen percent of the former had parents with no reported income, compared with 44 percent of those living with one parent. Also, for 63 percent of children in two-parent households, the parents had income of $1,000 per month or more, compared with 22 percent of children in one-parent households. Mothers in two-parent households were less likely to have income than were single mothers. Sixty-four percent of mothers in two-parent households had no income, compared with 45 percent of single mothers. Parental Income Almost three-fifths of all SSI children (55 percent) lived in a household where the parent(s) received some type of income, which averaged $1,216 in December. About 37 percent of the children had one or both parents with earnings, averaging $1,582; 22 percent had some type of unearned income, averaging $342. The most common type of unearned income was public income-maintenance payments. Such payments include TANF payments, Department of Veterans Affairs payments based on need, and payments from other government programs. Parent-to-Child Deeming In households where the parent(s) of SSI children receive income, that income must be considered in determining the child's payment amount. This process is called deeming. Certain types of parental
Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 2

Adult Recipients Who First Became Eligible for SSI as Children
In addition to the almost 960,000 recipients who are currently considered as children for program purposes, the SSI rolls in December 2003 included 607,000 adult recipients who first became eligible for SSI payments before age 18. Twenty-six percent of these recipients first became eligible during the 1974–1980 period and thus have been receiving SSI for much of their lives.

Income
About 27 percent had income in December 2003, and most of them had only unearned income. The most frequent types of cash unearned income were Social Security benefits (7 percent) or support payments from an absent parent (12 percent). Another 1 percent were receiving income based on need (most commonly from the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program, formerly known as Aid to Families with Dependent Children, or AFDC), and 7 percent had some type of in-kind income that was considered for SSI purposes. About 73 percent of the children had no income reported on their record.

Parents in the Household
Almost two-thirds of the children (64 percent) were living with one parent, and 23 percent lived with two parents. Deeming of income from the parent(s) to the child recipient applies to these children. For the 13 percent with no parent in the household, parentto-child deeming does not apply, and information about parents is not part of the SSI record. One-Parent Household Of the 64 percent of SSI recipient children who lived with only one parent, nearly all (95 percent) lived with their mother. Only 5 percent lived with their father.

income are excluded from deeming (see 20 CFR 416.1161(a)). This includes public income-maintenance payments and any parental income used to determine the amount of those payments. In addition, allocations and exclusions reduce the amount used in the child's payment computation. About 63 percent of the children subject to deeming had one or more parents with reported

income in December. After all exclusions and allocations were applied, deemed income affected the payment of only 33 percent of these children. Children living with two parents (40 percent) were more likely to have their payment affected by deemed income than were children living with one parent (29 percent).

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 3

Table 1. Number and percentage distribution of SSI recipients, by age, selected months, 1974–2003
Under 18 Month December 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 June December All ages 3,996,064 4,314,275 4,235,939 4,237,692 4,216,925 4,149,575 4,142,017 4,018,875 3,857,590 3,901,497 4,029,333 4,138,021 4,269,184 4,384,999 4,463,869 4,593,059 4,817,127 5,118,470 5,566,189 5,984,330 6,295,786 6,514,134 6,613,718 6,494,985 6,566,069 6,556,634 6,601,686 6,688,489 6,787,857 6,877,549 6,902,364 Number
b

18–64 a Percentage of total 1.8 2.5 3.0 3.5 3.9 4.3 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.8 6.4 7.8 10.0 12.1 13.4 14.1 14.4 13.5 13.5 12.9 12.8 13.2 13.5 13.7 13.9 Number 1,503,155 1,699,394 1,713,594 1,736,879 1,747,126 1,726,553 1,730,847 1,702,895 1,655,279 1,699,774 1,780,459 1,879,168 2,010,458 2,118,710 2,202,714 2,301,926 2,449,897 2,641,524 2,910,016 3,148,413 3,335,255 3,482,256 3,568,393 3,561,625 3,646,020 3,690,994 3,744,038 3,811,494 3,877,752 3,940,003 3,953,248 Percentage of total 37.6 39.4 40.5 41.0 41.4 41.6 41.8 42.4 42.9 43.6 44.2 45.4 47.1 48.3 49.3 50.1 50.9 51.6 52.3 52.6 53.0 53.5 54.0 54.8 55.5 56.3 56.7 57.0 57.1 57.3 57.3

65 or older Number 2,422,009 2,507,855 2,396,933 2,353,458 2,303,900 2,245,716 2,220,776 2,121,090 2,010,741 2,003,400 2,037,287 2,031,469 2,017,528 2,015,387 2,006,020 2,026,243 2,058,641 2,079,784 2,099,703 2,113,239 2,119,057 2,114,830 2,090,151 2,053,532 2,032,983 2,018,577 2,010,864 1,995,159 1,995,284 1,995,660 1,989,737 Percentage of total 60.6 58.1 56.6 55.5 54.6 54.1 53.6 52.8 52.1 51.3 50.6 49.1 47.3 46.0 44.9 44.1 42.7 40.6 37.7 35.3 33.7 32.5 31.6 31.6 31.0 30.8 30.5 29.8 29.4 29.0 28.8

70,900 107,026 125,412 147,355 165,899 177,306 190,394 194,890 191,570 198,323 211,587 227,384 241,198 250,902 255,135 264,890

308,589 397,162 556,470 722,678 841,474 917,048 955,174 879,828 887,066 847,063 846,784 881,836 914,821 941,886 959,379

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. NOTE: Includes persons who received a federal or state payment. a. Includes students aged 18–21, who are considered children for program purposes. b. In December 1974, includes children aged 18–21. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 4

Table 2. Number and percentage distribution of SSI applications received, by age, 1973–2003
Under 18 Year Total State conversions
b

18–64 Percentage of total 13.7 0.1 1.8 6.0 6.8 7.0 7.5 7.8 8.1 8.0 8.3 9.3 9.0 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.7 9.2 9.5 10.5 13.7 18.2 21.8 24.0 24.4 24.2 20.9 20.7 21.1 20.6 20.2 19.8 19.6 Number 35,536,950 1,424,010 82,820 1,096,130 976,840 866,720 904,150 905,340 950,980 1,016,750 863,670 775,240 832,540 866,420 1,047,930 1,099,220 1,068,890 1,008,200 1,016,430 1,136,160 1,315,160 1,460,520 1,567,730 1,512,310 1,380,090 1,285,630 1,130,410 1,141,180 1,148,740 1,224,540 1,323,020 1,492,740 1,616,440 Percentage of total 68.2 41.8 29.1 53.2 66.5 71.5 71.1 71.4 71.8 72.1 75.1 76.3 73.5 68.5 74.8 75.0 74.6 74.1 73.0 73.3 72.7 70.0 67.9 67.0 66.9 67.1 70.9 70.2 69.3 70.3 71.1 71.6 72.5

65 or older Number 9,410,490 1,978,940 197,080 840,160 391,090 261,730 272,600 263,370 266,290 280,130 190,610 146,160 198,120 293,200 232,830 241,480 239,540 227,390 244,150 251,220 246,070 245,950 237,240 203,180 179,560 167,180 131,280 147,730 159,590 159,290 160,800 178,660 177,870 Percentage of total 18.1 58.1 69.2 40.8 26.6 21.6 21.4 20.8 20.1 19.9 16.6 14.4 17.5 23.2 16.6 16.5 16.7 16.7 17.5 16.2 13.6 11.8 10.3 9.0 8.7 8.7 8.2 9.1 9.6 9.1 8.6 8.6 8.0

All ages a 52,112,230 3,406,600 284,930 2,060,590 1,467,960 1,212,810 1,272,360 1,268,170 1,325,270 1,410,080 1,149,290 1,016,080 1,132,220 1,264,480 1,401,400 1,465,970 1,433,340 1,360,870 1,392,660 1,550,990 1,808,690 2,086,820 2,308,770 2,256,640 2,062,590 1,915,520 1,594,630 1,626,210 1,658,400 1,742,630 1,859,990 2,084,730 2,230,540

Number 7,164,790 3,650 5,030 124,300 100,030 84,360 95,610 99,460 108,000 113,200 95,010 94,680 101,560 104,860 120,640 125,270 124,910 125,280 132,080 163,610 247,460 380,350 503,800 541,150 502,940 462,710 332,940 337,300 350,070 358,800 376,170 413,330 436,230

Federal applications 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. a. Totals include applications taken under the abbreviated application process, which was used from 1987 to 1999. Totals do not include reapplications as a result of the Sullivan v. Zebley decision. Those reapplications were received from 1991 to 1995. b. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled programs to the SSI program. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 5

Table 3. Number and percentage distribution of SSI awards, by age, 1974–2003
Under 18 Year Total State conversions a Federal applications 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 All ages 24,682,560 3,158,410 1,329,870 927,800 674,580 643,480 566,190 517,010 526,790 411,510 342,680 458,610 586,670 527,800 603,580 589,440 578,370 629,460 718,310 822,890 1,049,260 1,054,170 944,830 893,460 797,970 673,340 739,410 757,270 747,010 770,340 818,050 824,000 Number 3,001,250 2,620 66,880 62,880 45,030 50,970 47,050 45,810 46,260 39,050 35,670 42,110 45,740 46,590 51,020 48,480 47,560 51,520 76,070 126,190 221,080 236,220 203,190 177,550 144,270 116,280 135,600 139,400 144,540 156,900 169,130 179,590 Percentage of total 12.2 0.1 5.0 6.8 6.7 7.9 8.3 8.9 8.8 9.5 10.4 9.2 7.8 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.2 8.2 10.6 15.3 21.1 22.4 21.5 19.9 18.1 17.3 18.3 18.4 19.3 20.4 20.7 21.8 18–64 Number 14,265,430 1,305,060 491,170 508,950 403,350 375,950 323,170 292,380 293,740 248,340 202,590 262,660 322,390 324,070 391,600 373,320 361,070 388,120 446,940 504,860 636,300 630,030 580,640 571,080 526,690 461,260 489,240 493,960 483,020 502,590 533,470 537,420 Percentage of total 57.8 41.3 36.9 54.9 59.8 58.4 57.1 56.6 55.8 60.3 59.1 57.3 55.0 61.4 64.9 63.3 62.4 61.7 62.2 61.4 60.6 59.8 61.5 63.9 66.0 68.5 66.2 65.2 64.7 65.2 65.2 65.2 65 or older Number 7,415,880 1,850,730 771,820 355,970 226,200 216,560 195,970 178,820 186,790 124,120 104,420 153,840 218,540 157,140 160,960 167,640 169,740 189,820 195,300 191,840 191,880 187,920 161,000 144,830 127,010 95,800 114,570 123,910 119,450 110,850 115,450 106,990 Percentage of total 30.0 58.6 58.0 38.4 33.5 33.7 34.6 34.6 35.5 30.2 30.5 33.5 37.3 29.8 26.7 28.4 29.3 30.2 27.2 23.3 18.3 17.8 17.0 16.2 15.9 14.2 15.5 16.4 16.0 14.4 14.1 13.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. a. Persons who were converted in 1973 from the state Old-Age Assistance, Aid to the Blind, and Aid to the Permanently and Totally Disabled programs to the SSI program. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 6

Table 4. Number and percentage distribution of SSI applications and awards for children, by selected characteristics, 2003
Applications Characteristic Total Age Under 5 5–12 13–17 Sex Male Female Citizenship status Citizen Noncitizen Living arrangements a Own household Another's household Parent's household Medicaid institution Diagnostic group a Congenital anomalies Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases Infectious and parasitic diseases Injuries Mental disorders Retardation Other Neoplasms Diseases of the— Blood and blood-forming organs Circulatory system Digestive system Genitourinary system Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue Nervous system and sense organs Respiratory system Skin and subcutaneous tissue Other Unknown 273,230 163,000 434,370 1,860 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 62.6 37.4 99.6 0.4 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 116,190 63,400 178,950 640 19,250 9,440 145,740 5,160 8,220 1,070 170 990 26,110 91,160 2,830 1,320 1,010 1,420 580 1,180 11,000 4,300 170 24,470 3,590 64.7 35.3 99.6 0.4 10.7 5.3 81.2 2.9 4.6 0.6 0.1 0.6 14.5 50.8 1.6 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.7 6.1 2.4 0.1 13.6 2.0 Number 436,230 145,730 208,490 82,010 Percentage of total 100.0 33.4 47.8 18.8 Awards Number 179,590 71,010 77,510 31,070 Percentage of total 100.0 39.5 43.2 17.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. NOTE: . . . = not applicable. a. Determined at award. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 7

Table 5. Number of children receiving federally administered SSI payments and average monthly payment, by SSA administrative region and state or other area, December 2003
Region and state or area All areas Boston Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont New York New Jersey New York Philadelphia Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia Atlanta Alabama Florida Georgia Kentucky Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee Chicago Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin Dallas Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas Kansas City Iowa Kansas Missouri Nebraska Denver Colorado Montana North Dakota South Dakota Utah Wyoming Number 959,310 33,020 6,350 3,200 16,420 1,710 3,730 1,610 88,150 20,310 67,840 102,140 3,080 4,140 14,160 51,310 20,910 8,540 257,240 26,630 78,200 30,660 25,450 21,310 34,960 17,530 22,500 162,470 43,010 18,930 35,170 9,530 40,720 15,110 127,520 15,170 29,180 6,570 11,400 65,200 33,950 6,090 6,440 17,990 3,430 16,110 6,780 1,740 880 1,890 3,930 890 Average monthly payment a (dollars) 485.64 497.03 464.65 454.06 513.86 434.42 542.10 500.66 495.64 480.45 500.19 478.50 454.60 483.67 459.91 493.19 461.78 468.17 468.09 482.60 466.62 464.97 482.62 473.80 451.07 459.96 471.23 473.68 483.49 464.41 479.95 453.14 473.26 456.90 472.80 467.04 486.14 478.27 482.69 465.89 466.85 440.68 457.92 478.91 466.79 443.17 436.07 463.65 457.34 448.29 440.19 445.46
(Continued)

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 8

Table 5. Number of children receiving federally administered SSI payments and average monthly payment, by SSA administrative region and state or other area, December 2003—Continued
Region and state or area San Francisco Arizona California Hawaii Nevada Northern Mariana Islands Seattle Alaska Idaho Oregon Washington Number 114,260 14,760 92,790 1,350 5,140 220 24,450 1,050 3,590 7,210 12,600 Average monthly payment a (dollars) 570.07 477.45 592.16 472.20 463.69 549.64 454.52 440.74 456.08 447.75 459.09

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format),10 percent sample. NOTE: The data in this table represent recipients who received SSI payments in December 2003. These numbers differ from those in Table 1, which is based on universe counts. a. Includes federally administered state supplementation payments. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 9

Table 6. Percentage distribution of children receiving federal SSI payments, by monthly payment, December 2003
Payment (dollars) Total Number Percent None a Under 50 50–99 100–199 200–299 300–399 400–499 500–551 552 SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. a. Persons receiving only a state supplementary payment on December 1, 2003. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov. Percentage of total 959,310 100.0 0.3 2.5 1.3 3.3 4.4 9.9 10.3 5.7 62.3

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 10

Table 7. Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments, by selected characteristics, December 2003
Characteristic Total Age Under 1 year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Sex Male Female Citizenship status Citizen Noncitizen Living arrangements Own household Another's household Parent's household Medicaid institution 619,450 339,860 955,280 4,030 128,140 30,020 787,600 13,550 64.6 35.4 99.6 0.4 13.4 3.1 82.1 1.4 Number 959,310 18,080 27,740 31,210 37,350 40,280 45,720 47,240 49,140 54,000 60,660 64,770 68,440 72,690 73,100 72,440 70,670 65,390 60,390 Percentage of total 100.0 1.9 2.9 3.3 3.9 4.2 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.6 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.4 6.8 6.3

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 11

Table 8. Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments, by diagnostic group and age, December 2003
Diagnostic group All ages Under 3 Number All recipients under age 18 Congenital anomalies Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases Infectious and parasitic diseases Injuries Mental disorders Retardation Other Neoplasms Diseases of the— Blood and blood-forming organs Circulatory system Digestive system Genitourinary system Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue Nervous system and sense organs Respiratory system Skin and subcutaneous tissue Other Unknown 959,310 47,460 6,340 2,540 5,190 228,150 384,750 9,370 12,200 5,000 4,910 2,690 7,760 93,230 25,630 920 86,290 36,880 77,030 11,890 700 110 420 1,820 6,380 770 810 1,170 1,680 370 620 6,440 3,750 100 36,540 3,460 123,350 10,820 1,080 180 950 10,780 43,610 2,240 1,980 1,120 1,430 350 970 13,950 7,110 210 21,400 5,170 Percent All recipients under age 18 Congenital anomalies Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases Infectious and parasitic diseases Injuries Mental disorders Retardation Other Neoplasms Diseases of the— Blood and blood-forming organs Circulatory system Digestive system Genitourinary system Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue Nervous system and sense organs Respiratory system Skin and subcutaneous tissue Other Unknown 100.0 4.9 0.7 0.3 0.5 23.8 40.1 1.0 1.3 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.8 9.7 2.7 0.1 9.0 3.8 100.0 15.4 0.9 0.1 0.5 2.4 8.3 1.0 1.1 1.5 2.2 0.5 0.8 8.4 4.9 0.1 47.4 4.5 100.0 8.8 0.9 0.1 0.8 8.7 35.4 1.8 1.6 0.9 1.2 0.3 0.8 11.3 5.8 0.2 17.3 4.2 100.0 4.2 0.6 0.3 0.5 21.9 46.5 1.0 1.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.7 10.3 2.5 0.1 5.2 4.0 100.0 2.1 0.7 0.3 0.5 36.3 41.2 0.7 1.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 1.0 8.7 1.3 0.0 1.9 3.4 416,940 17,450 2,330 1,370 2,090 91,460 193,760 4,070 5,600 1,790 1,170 920 2,920 42,960 10,270 450 21,780 16,550 341,990 7,300 2,230 880 1,730 124,090 141,000 2,290 3,810 920 630 1,050 3,250 29,880 4,500 160 6,570 11,700 3–5 6–12 13–17

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 12

Table 9. Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments, by diagnostic group and sex, December 2003
Total Diagnostic group All recipients under age 18 Congenital anomalies Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases Infectious and parasitic diseases Injuries Mental disorders Retardation Other Neoplasms Diseases of the— Blood and blood-forming organs Circulatory system Digestive system Genitourinary system Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue Nervous system and sense organs Respiratory system Skin and subcutaneous tissue Other Unknown Number 959,310 47,460 6,340 2,540 5,190 228,150 384,750 9,370 12,200 5,000 4,910 2,690 7,760 93,230 25,630 920 86,290 36,880 Percent 100.0 4.9 0.7 0.3 0.5 23.8 40.1 1.0 1.3 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.8 9.7 2.7 0.1 9.0 3.8 Male Number 619,450 25,240 2,960 1,250 3,150 140,630 284,690 5,060 6,940 2,500 2,610 1,560 3,780 52,090 16,050 490 47,710 22,740 Percent 100.0 4.1 0.5 0.2 0.5 22.7 46.0 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.6 8.4 2.6 0.1 7.7 3.7 Female Number 339,860 22,220 3,380 1,290 2,040 87,520 100,060 4,310 5,260 2,500 2,300 1,130 3,980 41,140 9,580 430 38,580 14,140 Percent 100.0 6.5 1.0 0.4 0.6 25.8 29.4 1.3 1.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 1.2 12.1 2.8 0.1 11.4 4.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 13

Table 10. Number and percentage distribution of adult recipients who first became eligible for SSI before age 18, by year of first eligibility and age in December 2003
Age in December 2003 Year of first eligibility Total Number Percent 1974–1976 1977–1980 1981–1984 1985–1989 1990–1994 1995–1999 2000–2003 All ages 606,620 100.0 12.6 13.6 12.5 16.8 30.5 11.1 2.9 18–21 188,180 100.0 ... ... 4.8 20.2 42.0 23.7 9.4 22–29 232,860 100.0 1.1 10.3 16.4 18.2 44.2 9.7 ... 30–39 133,330 100.0 27.8 32.5 21.2 16.3 2.2 ... ... 40 or older a 52,250 100.0 70.6 28.3 1.1 ... ... ... ...

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. NOTE: . . . = not applicable. a. Those under age 18 in 1974 would be no older than 47 in 2003. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 14

Table 11. Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments and average monthly amount of child's income, by type of income, December 2003
Type of income Total No earned or unearned income a With income b Earned income only Unearned income only Both earned and unearned income With unearned income c Social Security Veterans’ Income based on need Support from absent parents Asset income Other In-kind income Number 959,310 698,840 260,470 1,760 257,640 1,070 258,710 67,400 1,510 7,760 116,530 16,330 4,960 68,350 Percent 100.0 72.8 27.2 0.2 26.9 0.1 27.0 7.0 0.2 0.8 12.1 1.7 0.5 7.1 Average monthly amount (dollars) ... ... 202 337 199 522 199 191 79 245 200 1 664 148

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. NOTE: . . . = not applicable. a. The percentage of children receiving the full federal benefit rate, as shown in Table 6, is smaller than the percentage of those with no income, as shown here, because of the effect of parental deemed income in the payment computation. b. Does not include income deemed from parents in the household. c. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of unearned income. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 15

Table 12. Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments, by number of parents in the household, December 2003
Parents in household Total No parents One parent Two parents
a

Number 959,310 121,090 618,030 220,190

Percentage of total 100.0 12.6 64.4 23.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. NOTE: The total of children with one or two parents in the household differs slightly from the number of children living in a parent’s household in Table 7. This is because the data in Table 7 represent only households in which a parent is the head of the household, whereas the data in this table include children living with parents who are not the head of the household. a. Children with no parents in the household reside independently, with other relatives or nonrelatives, or in institutions or foster care. Deeming does not apply in these situations. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 16

Table 13. Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments with one parent in the household, by type and monthly amount of parental income, December 2003
All children living with one parent Parental income Total No parental income Parental income Earned income Unearned income Total income (dollars) None Under 200 200–399 400–599 600–999 1,000 or more Earned income (dollars) None Under 200 200–399 400–599 600–999 1,000 or more Unearned income (dollars) None Under 200 200–399 400–599 600–999 1,000 or more
a

Children living with— Mother only Percent 100.0 44.4 55.6 33.9 25.3 44.4 12.9 4.4 5.3 10.1 22.9 66.1 0.7 1.4 2.6 7.4 21.8 74.7 15.0 3.6 3.2 2.9 0.7 Number 585,370 262,580 322,790 195,410 148,540 262,580 77,310 25,910 31,170 58,850 129,550 389,960 3,900 8,090 15,510 43,780 124,130 436,830 89,930 21,200 18,160 15,780 3,470 Percent 100.0 44.9 55.1 33.4 25.4 44.9 13.2 4.4 5.3 10.1 22.1 66.6 0.7 1.4 2.6 7.5 21.2 74.6 15.4 3.6 3.1 2.7 0.6 Father only Number 32,660 11,950 20,710 14,140 7,810 11,950 2,190 1,240 1,800 3,740 11,740 18,520 300 430 600 1,940 10,870 24,850 2,650 1,030 1,420 2,020 690 Percent 100.0 36.6 63.4 43.3 23.9 36.6 6.7 3.8 5.5 11.5 35.9 56.7 0.9 1.3 1.8 5.9 33.3 76.1 8.1 3.2 4.3 6.2 2.1

Number 618,030 274,530 343,500 209,550 156,350 274,530 79,500 27,150 32,970 62,590 141,290 408,480 4,200 8,520 16,110 45,720 135,000 461,680 92,580 22,230 19,580 17,800 4,160

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive both earned and unearned income. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 17

Table 14. Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments with two parents in the household, by type and monthly amount of parental income, December 2003
All children living with two parents Parental income Total No parental income Parental income a Earned income Unearned income Total income (dollars) None Under 200 200–399 400–599 600–999 1,000 or more Earned income (dollars) None Under 200 200–399 400–599 600–999 1,000 or more Unearned income (dollars) None Under 200 200–399 400–599 600–999 1,000 or more Number 220,190 36,150 184,040 149,440 58,540 36,150 8,820 6,620 8,540 22,500 137,560 70,750 1,570 2,500 4,290 14,130 126,950 161,650 17,610 8,850 9,100 14,690 8,290 Percent 100.0 16.4 83.6 67.9 26.6 16.4 4.0 3.0 3.9 10.2 62.5 32.1 0.7 1.1 1.9 6.4 57.7 73.4 8.0 4.0 4.1 6.7 3.8 Mother Number 220,190 139,790 80,400 51,500 33,470 139,790 20,450 7,180 8,700 14,600 29,470 168,690 2,510 3,690 4,940 11,870 28,490 186,720 21,800 3,970 4,050 3,020 630 Percent 100.0 63.5 36.5 23.4 15.2 63.5 9.3 3.3 4.0 6.6 13.4 76.6 1.1 1.7 2.2 5.4 12.9 84.8 9.9 1.8 1.8 1.4 0.3 Father Number 220,190 61,880 158,310 124,560 44,650 61,880 9,500 5,220 9,260 22,750 111,580 95,630 1,650 2,180 3,740 11,410 105,580 175,540 14,960 4,900 6,730 12,450 5,610 Percent 100.0 28.1 71.9 56.6 20.3 28.1 4.3 2.4 4.2 10.3 50.7 43.4 0.7 1.0 1.7 5.2 47.9 79.7 6.8 2.2 3.1 5.7 2.5

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive both earned and unearned income. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 18

Table 15. Number of children receiving federally administered SSI payments with one or more parents who have income and average monthly amount of parental income, by type of income, December 2003
All children with parental income Average monthly amount (dollars) 1,216 1,582 342 539 455 133 35 676 Children with parental income from— Mother Average monthly amount (dollars) 886 1,257 258 419 416 122 26 583 Father Average monthly amount (dollars) 1,588 1,858 505 619 421 146 40 832

Type of income Total
a

Number 527,540 358,990
b

Number 403,190 246,910 182,010 44,670 2,020 102,240 15,730 25,070

Number 179,020 138,700 52,460 20,240 2,310 12,460 7,800 13,060

Earned income Unearned income Social Security Other pensions Public income-maintenance Asset income Other

214,890 57,970 3,990 107,090 20,800 37,670

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income or both earned and unearned income. b. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some parents may receive more than one type of unearned income. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 19

Table 16. Number and percentage distribution of children receiving federally administered SSI payments subject to deeming, by factors affecting parental deemed income, December 2003
All children living with parent(s) Deeming factors Total Number 838,220 Percent 100.0 Children living with— One parent Number 618,030 Percent 73.7 Two parents Number 220,190 Percent 26.3

No deemed income used in child's payment computation Subtotal No parental income Parent(s) receive public income-maintenance payments Income less than deeming allocations a Income less than exclusions b 666,100 310,680 107,090 20,930 227,400 100.0 46.6 16.1 3.1 34.1 519,990 274,530 90,980 14,760 139,720 100.0 52.8 17.5 2.8 26.9 146,110 36,150 16,110 6,170 87,680 100.0 24.7 11.0 4.2 60.0

Deemed income used in child's payment computation Subtotal Parent(s) with— Earned income only Unearned income only Both earned and unearned income Manually computed deemed income 172,120 131,440 19,210 17,690 3,780 100.0 76.4 11.2 10.3 2.2 98,040 75,930 14,020 5,950 2,140 100.0 77.4 14.3 6.1 2.2 74,080 55,510 5,190 11,740 1,640 100.0 74.9 7.0 15.8 2.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 10 percent sample. a. Includes allocations for ineligible children and SSI-eligible aliens sponsored by parents. b. Includes $65 and one-half of the remaining earned income exclusion, $20 general income exclusion, and parental living allowance. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.children@ssa.gov.

Children Receiving SSI, December 2003 ♦ 20