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Code No: 320203 III B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 MODELING OF POWER SYSTEM COMPONENTS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. For the system shown in figure below, form the bus incidence matrix A and Branch path incidence matrix K and also predetermine the basic cut set incidence matrix B and the basic loop incidence matrix C and hence show that (i) Abkt = U, (ii) Bl = Alkt. Take 1, 5, 4 as tree

1

2. a)

Deduce an expression for the formation of Y Bus using singular transformation y YBus=AtyA where y is the primitive admittance matrix.

b) Derive the expression for Bus admittance and impedance matrices by singular transformation. 3 Describe the procedure of modification of existing Zbus by adding branch from new bus (p) to ref node, from new bus (p) to existing bus (k) , form existing bus (k) to ref node and between existing buses (j) and (k). Write a detail note on tap-changing and regulating transformer. Explain the necessity of transformer modeling for power system studies.

4. a) b)

Contd….2

Code No. 320203 5. a) b) c)

.2.

Set No. 1

Explain the primitive network three phase representation of a component in impedance form. Show that for a stationary element, the phase impedances matrix of a component is diagonalised using symmetrical component transformation. Define the bus incidence matrix of a Power system network whose graph is shown in fig.

6. a) b)

Derive the Swing Equation of a single machine connected to infinite bus system. State the assumptions made. A 2 pole, 50 Hz Turbo generator has a rating of 60 MW, power factor 0.8 lagging. The Rotor has a moment of inertia 8800 Kg-m2. Calculate its inertia constant in MJ/MVA and its momentum in MJ-sec/elec. degree. Explain the functions of various blocks of automatic load frequency control problems. Explain the turbine model and hence discuss transfer functions of reheat and nonreheat models. Describe the various blocks of IEEE Type-1 excitation system and develop the mathematical model of the system. ###

7. a) b) 8.

Set No.

Code No: 320203 III B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 MODELING OF POWER SYSTEM COMPONENTS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. For the sample network shown in figure below, form (a) The incidence matrices A^, A, K, B, B^, C and C^ and verify the following (i) AbKt = U (ii) Bl = Al Kt (iii) C^ Bt = U

2

Retain node 1 as the references, and take 1,2,5 as tree 2. a) b) Derive the expression for the loop impedance Zloop using singular transformation in terms of primitive impedance matrix Z and the basic loop incidence matrix C. Derive an expression for Zloop for the oriented graph shown below

3. 4.

How bus impedance matrix is developed by step by step method? Describe the method with algorithm. Describe the method of Ybus formation by direct inspection and by singular transformation. Bring out the advantages of Ybus over Zbus with suitable examples.

Contd….2

Code No. 320203 5.

.2.

Set No. 2

Form the matrices A, B, C and K as three phase representation for the following power system network:

6.a) b)

Derive the swing equation of a single machine connected to an infinite bus system. State the assumptions made. A 2 pole-50 Hz Turbo alternator has a rating of 50 MVA. Its rotor has a moment of inertia 9000 Kg-m2. Calculate its inertia constant in MJ/MVA and its momentum in MJ sec/elec. degree and in MJ sec/elec. radian. Explain the turbine speed governing mechanism and hence derive the transfer function of speed governing system. Explain what is meant by Cross-coupling between control loops. Explain the characteristics of an excitation system and develop a transfer function of first order for the same. ###

7. a) b) 8.

Set No.

Code No: 320203 III B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 MODELING OF POWER SYSTEM COMPONENTS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. For the graph shown in figure below selecting tree T (2,4,5,6) (i) Write the fundamental loop matrix C and the fundamental cut set matrix B. Verify the relation BCT = 0 and Cb = -B1t. (ii) Write the augmented incidence matrix and incidence matrix A, by choosing (4) as reference node. Arranging matrix A as [Ab! A1] corresponding to the tree T(2,4,5,6) and verify B1 = - Ab-1A1.

3

2. a)

b)

For the network shown below, draw its graph and mark also a tree. Give the total number of edges (i.e. elements), nodes, buses and branches for this graph. Write also its nodal equations and determine the elements of Y Bus matrix directly by inspection. For the same network, write the loop equations and hence determine the elements of Zloop matrix directly by inspection. Values shown are currents & admittances.

3. 4.

Describe the procedure of modification of Zbus by adding mutually coupled branch from existing buses (p) and (k). Describe the method for formation of Ybus by singular transformation using suitable example. Contd….2

Code No. 320203 5. a) b)

.2.

Set No. 3

Derive the performance equations of a three phase network element in impedance and admittance forms. Find the sequence impedance matrix of an element whose phase component matrix is

[ ]

z abc pq

6.

j 0.6 = j 0.1 j 0.2

j 0.2 j 0.1 j 0.7 j 0.4 j 0.3 j 0.8

A synchronous generator is connected to an infinite bus through a transmission line. Neglecting the resistances draw the phasor diagram and derive the (i) Relation between active power and power angle. (ii) Relation between reactive power and power angle. Develop the mathematical model of hydraulic value actuator in load frequency control problems. Two generators rated 200Mw and 400Mw are operating in parallel. The droop characteristics of their governors are 4% and 6% respectively from no-load to full-load. Assuming that the generator are operating at 50Hz, how a load of 500Mw be shared between them. Explain the functional blocks of Automatic voltage regulator. ###

7. a) b)

8.

Set No.

Code No: 320203 III B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 MODELING OF POWER SYSTEM COMPONENTS (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. Consider the system shown in figure below. It shows a transmission network with series reactances of lines shown in fig. The line charging and shunt admittances are neglected (i) By choosing appropriate tree for the graph write for B and C matrices. Write the incidence matrix A with (6) as reference nodes (ii) Very BCT = 0 and deduce the fundamental cut set matrix form the matrix A. (iii) Compute Y Bus matrix with ground as reference

4

2.

The positive sequence reactances for the network shown in figure below is given in table. Designate the elements A- B, and D - F as inks and node G as the references bus Form (a) the impedance matrices A^, A, K, B, B^, C and C^ (b) The network matrices YBus, YBr and Zloop by singular transformations

Code No. 320203

.2.

Contd….2 Set No. 4

Positive sequence reactances of sample network. Element G –A G–B A–B B–C A–D C–F D-F 3. Reactance 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.07 0.10

Impedances connected between various buses are as follows: X10 = j1.25, X30 =j1.25, X12= j0.25, X23 = j0.4, X24 = j0.125, X43 = j0.2, where ‘0’ is reference node. All impedances are in pu. Determine bus impedance matrix for the network connecting above impedances. Preserve all buses. Discuss the method of modeling a phase shifting transformer in load flow studies. Derive relevant equations that are necessary to modify the elements of YBus. For the power system network shown obtain bus incidence matrix in three phase representation.

4. 5. a)

b)

Find the sequence impedance matrix of ms element whose phase component impedance matrix is:

[z ]

abc pq

Derive the formula used.

j 0. j 0.2 j.01 = j 0.1 j 0.7 j 0.4 j 0.2 j 0.3 j 0.8

Code No. 320203 6.

.3.

Contd….3 Set No. 4

Develop a circuit model for a salient pole synchronous generator connected to infinite bus and obtain the power angle equation. Explain the effect of saliency on the power angle curve. Why we need to maintain frequency and voltage of power system at rated values? If not, explain the consequences? What are all the feed back control systems that are provided for a synchronous Generator? Explain their importance and how they are independent from each other. Explain the functions of an excitation and develop the block diagram for voltage regulator scheme. Develop the transfer function model of each block. ###

7. a) b)

8.

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