Set No. Code No:320805 III B.Tech.

, II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 PETROCHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time:3 hours Max Marks:80 Answer any Five Questions All questions carry equal marks. ---List the important commercial products obtained from petroleum. Give the approximate boiling ranges of these commercial products. Write short notes on : (a) ASTM distillation (b) Flash and Fire point. Natural gas and naphtha are used for producing different petrochemicals. What steps do you take for the production of petrochemicals from these feed stocks? Compare the hot and cold sulfuric acid polymerization process. Explain the liquid phosphoric acid polymerization process with neat flow diagram. What is meant by dehydrogenation? How can you use pentane and hexane for petrochemicals production? Discuss the importance of propylene in polymeristiore industry. production of propylene tetramer. What are the catalysts used in dehydrogenation reactions? Discuss any one dehydrogenation reaction for a hydrocarbon? Explain the manufacturing process for the Styrene from Benzene, with the help of neat flow chart. !!!!! Discuss the

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1. a) b) 2.

3. 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6. 7.a) b) 8.

Set No. Code No:320805 III B.Tech., II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 PETROCHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time:3 hours Answer any Five Questions All questions carry equal marks. ---1.a) b) 2. Describe the progress of oil industry in India. Describe the progress of petrochemical industry in India. Write a short note on : (a) Adsorption (b) Extraction What are the sources of a petrochemical industry? F.C.C. gives some olefins – what are they? Explain the mechanism of polymerization Describe briefly the thermal polymerization process with a neat flow diagram Dehydrogenation of butane is better to get butylenes and butadiene rather than cracking. Explain. Explain the process of dehydrogenation and cracking. Iso propyl alcohol production is highly exothermic. How do you control the reaction heat? How do you produce n-propyl alcohol? How Butadiene can be converted to butylenes? Write down isoprene structure Discuss importance of thermal cracking for producing aromatics. Enlist various feed stocks and product patterns. !!!!! Max Marks:80

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3a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) 7.a) b) 8.

Set No. Code No:320805 III B.Tech., II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 PETROCHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time:3 hours Answer any Five Questions All questions carry equal marks. ---1.a) b) 2. Expand the terms ONGC, GAIL, IOC, OIL. Describe briefly about gas and oil fields in India. Write a short notes on: (a) Kerosene (b) Gasoline . Explain what are refinery gases. What are their applications in petrochemical industry? Explain the action of anhydrous aluminium chloride on the following hydrocarbons (a) Paraffinic hydrocarbons (b) Olefinic hydrocarbons For getting good alkylated gasoline what are the paraffins required? Alkylation is reverse of cracking Explain. How can you carry out the oxidation of n-pentane? What are the oxidation products of n-pentane? How do you produce isooctane? Give a process for conversion of i-octene to i-octane. Discuss the availability of feed stocks for petrochemical industry in India. !!!!! Max Marks:80

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3 4.

5.a) b) 6.a) b) 7.a) b) 8.

Set No. Code No:320805 III B.Tech., II Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003 PETROCHEMICAL ENGINEERING (Chemical Engineering) Time:3 hours Answer any Five Questions All questions carry equal marks. ---1. a) b) c) 2. What is natural gas? What is the composition of Natural gas? What are NGLs? Write short notes on: (a) Vacuum distillation (b) Asphalt. Give a picture of naphtha cracking reactions. What are the products of a gas cracker. Discuss briefly about the different process used in petroleum chemical manufacture when the feed stock is naphtha. Butane is available in plenty in the refinery operations- how do you separate it? Describe the process of dehydrogenation of butane. How is propylene obtained in a large scale? Name important derivatives of propylene? Name some higher olefins directly used in detergent industry. Describe the process of chlorination of olefins. What is the impact of petrochemical industry and down stream processes on Indian economy? !!!!! Max Marks:80

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3a) b) 4. 5.a) b) 6.a) b) 7.a) b) 8.