Set No.

Code No: 321102 III B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003. ADVANCED BIO-MEDICAL EQUIPMENT (Bio-Medical Engineering) Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---

1

Time: 3 hours

1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) 7. 8.

Explain the features of the CT generations. Discuss the properties of any two isotopes used in nuclear medicine. Explain the block diagram of a pure tone audiometer. Discuss the working principle and applications of an opthalmoscope. Discuss the amplifiers required for designing a hearing aid. Explain the counterpulsation technique of I A B P. Classify the prosthetic heart valves. Compare mechanical and tissue valves. Explain the testing procedure of an artificial heart valve. Explain the qualitative requirements for a dialyser. Discuss the different types of dialysers. Explain the circuit for air bubble detector in a hemodialysis machine. Discuss the possible reactions which occur when an artificial organ is placed in the human body. Explain the features of the electronic larynx. Write short notes on: a) Masking in audiometers b) Gamma camera. @@@@@

Set No.
Code No: 321102 III B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003. ADVANCED BIO-MEDICAL EQUIPMENT (Bio-Medical Engineering) Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---

2

Time: 3 hours

1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3. 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) 7.a) b) 8.

Describe the principle involved in positron emission tomography. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of ultrasound and computed tomography. Compare the microphones and receivers used in hearing aids. Write about retinoscope. Discuss the instrumentation used in Intra Aortic Balloon Pump technique. Explain the functional block diagram of a pure tone audiometer. Differentiate between air conduction and bone conduction. Describe the importance of biocompatibility in organ replacement. Discuss the qualitative features for materials used in artificial organs. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of tissue valves. Compare the performance features of natural and artificial heart valves. Explain the basic principle involved in the process of dialysis. Explain the features of a parallel plate dialyser. Write short notes on: a) Rectilinear scanner. b) Speech with artificial larynx. @@@@@

Set No.
Code No: 321102 III B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003. ADVANCED BIO-MEDICAL EQUIPMENT (Bio-Medical Engineering) Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---

3

Time: 3 hours

1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3. 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6. 7.a) b) 8.

Describe the constructional features of a Gamma Camera with the help of a neat sketch. Explain the applications of radio isotopes in medicine. Explain the block diagram of a CT imaging system. Explain the features of an ultrasound transducer. Explain the working of any two ophthalmic instruments. What is the significance of masking in audiometry? Classify hearing aids and give their operating principles. Explain the principle of I A B P. What are the indications and contra-indications for organ replacement? Discuss the construction and performance of any two mechanical valves. Explain the simplified block diagram of a hemodialyser. Write short notes on portable dialyser. Discuss the different types of artificial larynx. @@@@@

Set No.
Code No: 321102 III B.Tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November-2003. ADVANCED BIO-MEDICAL EQUIPMENT (Bio-Medical Engineering) Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---

4

Time: 3 hours

1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3.a) b) 4.a) b) 5.a) b) 6.a) b) 7.a) b) 8.

Explain the principles of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Explain the features of different types of ultrasonic transducers. Discuss the role of photomultiplier tube in nuclear medicine. What is the principle of operation of a Gamma Camera? Explain the various blocks of an evoked response audiometer. Explain the processes of air conduction and bone conduction. Classify the hearing aids. Give the working principle of each type. Explain the working and applications of Retinoscope. Discuss biocompatibility aspects of artificial organs. List any four biomaterials and give their applications. Discuss the qualitative requirements for a prosthetic heart valve. Explain in detail the construction and working of a Bjork – Shiley valve. What is dialysis? List any four indications for dialysis. How are the dialysate concentration and temperature monitored in a hemodialysis machine. Write short notes on: a) Generations of CT. b) Microphones for hearing aids. c) I A B P. d) Artificial larynx. @@@@@

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