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Code No. 322101 III B.tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November 2003 AERODYNAMICS-II (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All question carry equal marks --1. a) Describe Schrenk’s method to estimate wing characteristics from the aerofoil data. b) What is induced angle of attack, how does the aspect ratio of the wing affect it? 2.

1

The measured lift slope for the NACA 23012 airfoil is 0.1080 degee-1, and α o taper L=0 = -1.3 . Consider finite wing using this airfoil with AR=8 and ratio = 0.8. Assume that δ = τ. Calculate the life and induced drag coefficients for this wing at a geometrical angle of attack of 7o. Discuss the various types of the wind tunnel balances for measuring the various forces and moments. Describe the various devices and methods used for the measurement of pressure and Mach number in a wind tunnel. Write notes on the following: a) Conical flows b) Shock tube c) Hot wire anemometer. Derive the fundamental equation of Prandtl’s lifting line theory and explain its significance. What are the limitations of the Prandtl’s lifting line theory, explain the theory which is applicable for the delta wings. Under low speed in compressible flow conditions the coefficient of pressure at a given point on an airfoil is -0.54, calculate the coefficient of pressure at this point when critical Mach number is 0.58, using Prandt’1 Glauret’s rule.

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Set No.

Code No. 322101 III B.tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November 2003 AERODYNAMICS-II (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All question carry equal marks --1. a) b) 2.

2

Describe Schrenk’s method to estimate wing characteristics from the aerofoil data. What is lift dependent drag? Derive its expression in terms of coefficient of lift. A light single engine aircraft has a wing area of 17 m 2 and a wing span of 9.7 m. The maximum gross weight is 1200 Kg. The wing uses an NACA 64-615 airfoil, which has a lift slope of 0.1033 degee-1 and αL=0 = -3o. Assume τ=0.12. If the airplane is cruising at 400 Kmph at standard sea level at its maximum gross weight and is in straight and level flight, calculate the geometric angle of attack of the airplane. What is a wind tunnel, discuss the various types and describe the correction factors applied to the flow conditions. Describe the various methods for the measurement of flow velocity (subsonic and supersonic) in a wind tunnel. Write notes on the following: a) Conical Flows b) Winglets c) Shock tube Sketch the distribution of lift along the span of wing, show that it can be represented in terms of the horse-shoe vortices and derive the expression for the induced velocity. Describe the vortex lattice method for finding the lift on the wing. Explain Ackeret’s theory for supersonic flow. Use this theory to find the pressure distribution over flat plate, double wedge and biconvex airfoil. ###

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Set No.

Code No. 322101 III B.tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November 2003 AERODYNAMICS-II (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All question carry equal marks --1. a) Show the flow past a two dimensional wing and give the description of the stream lines of the flow. b) What is induced angle of attack? How does the aspect ratio of the wing affect it? 2.

3

A light single engine aircraft has a wing area of 17 m 2 and a wing span of 9.7 m. The maximum gross weight is 1200 kg. The wing uses an NACA 64-615 airfoil, which has a lift slop of 0.1033 degee-1 and αL=0 = - 3o. Assume τ=0.12. If the airplane is cruising at 400 Kmph at standard sea level at its maximum gross weight and is in straight and level flight, calculate the geometric angle of attack of the airplane. Describe the various types of wind tunnels and compare the characteristics of the subsonic and supersonic wind tunnel. Describe the various devices and methods used for the measurement of pressure and Mach number in a wind tunnel. Write notes on the following: a) Conical flows b) Winglets c) Shock tube. Derive the fundamental equation of Parndtl’s lifting line theory and explain its significance. Derive the perturbation velocity potential equation for the flow over an airfoil. Explain Ackeret’s theory for supersonic flow. Use this theory to find the pressure distribution over cambered plate and the lift coefficient for an airfoil.

3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8.

###

Set No.

Code No. 322101 III B.tech. II-Semester Supplementary Examinations, November 2003 AERODYNAMICS-II (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any Five questions All question carry equal marks --1. a) b) 2.

4

Show the flow past a two dimensional wing and give the description of the stream lines of the flow. What is induced drag, derive the expression for it. The measured lift slope for the NACA 23012 airfoil is 0.1080 degee-1, and αL=0 o = -1.3 . Consider finite wing using this airfoil with AR = 8 and taper ratio = 0.8. Assume that δ=τ. Calculate the lift and induced drag coefficients for this wing at a geometrical angle of attack of 7o. State the different types of low speed wind tunnels and describe the construction, working of a typical subsonic wind tunnel. Describe the various methods for the measurement of flow velocity (subsonic and supersonic) in a wind tunnel. Write notes on the following: a) Conical flows b) Shock tube c) Schrenk’s method. State fundamental equation of Parndtl’s lifting line theory and find the expression for the induced drag coefficient. Find the solution of the Prandtl’s lifting line theory by Fourier series method. State the Parndt’l Glauret’s rule and derive the expressions for the coefficients of pressure, lift and moment. In a low speed in compressible flow, the peak coefficient of pressure of an NACA 0012 airfoil is -0.41. Estimate the critical Mach number for this airfoil using Prandt’l Glauret’s rule.

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