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Code No: 410101 IV B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 COMPUTER AIDED ANALYSIS (Civil Engineering) Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---

1

Time: 3 hours

1. 2. 3. 4.

Explain various features of Computer Aided Design process. List out and explain various operator input devices. List out various transformations used in Computer Aided Design graphics. Analyse the bent shown in the figure by stiffness method and draw the BMD. EI for all the members are same. 2.0 kN/m 4.0 kN-m B C

3.0 m A

2.0 m 5. Explain fundamental concepts in finite difference method and explain how it can solve complicated engineering problems. The differential equation governing the bending of a simply supported beam with flexural rigidity EI is given by EI = d4y/ dx4 = q where q is the uniformly distributed load over its length L. Considering beam to be divided into 6 equal parts show that the maximum central deflection is given by (5.11/384) ql4 /EI.

6.

Contd…2

Code No: 410101

.2.

Set No.1

7.

A firm manufactures two products A & B on which the profits earned per unit are Rs 3/- and Rs 4/- respectively. Each product is processed on two machines M1 and M2. Product A requires one minute of processing time on M1 and two minutes on M2, while B requires one minute on M1 and one minute on M2. Machine M1 is available for not more than 7 hours 30 minutes, while machine M2 is available for 10 hours during any working day. Find the number of units of products A and B to be manufactured to get maximum profit. Formulate linear programming model and solve the problem graphically. A company manufacturing air coolers has two plants located at Bombay and Calcutta with a capacity of 200 units and 100 units per week respectively. The company supplies the air coolers to its four show rooms situated at Ranchi, Delhi, Lucknow and Kanpur which have a maximum demand of 75, 100, 100 and 30 units respectively. Due to the differences in raw material cost and transportation cost, the profit per unit (in rupees) differs which is shown in the table below. Bombay Culcutta Ranchi 90 50 Delhi 90 70 Lucknow 100 130 Kanpur 110 85

8.

Plan the production programme so as to maximize the profit. The company may have its production capacity at both plants partly or wholly unused. ###

Set No.

Code No: 410101 IV B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 COMPUTER AIDED ANALYSIS (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. Describe various design related tasks, which are performed by a modern Computer Aided Design system. 2. 3. 4. Explain various features of computer modelling. What is concatenation? Explain with a suitable example. Analyse the structure shown in the figure by matrix stiffness method and find the force in the linear spring. Draw the BMD for the beam AB. Assume EI=L=k=1. 20 kN C A L, EI 2L, EI Spring Constant, k 5. 6. Explain backward, central and forward difference in finite difference concepts. The differential equation governing the bending of a simply supported beam with flexural rigidity EI is given by EI = d4y/ dx4 = q where q is the uniformly distributed load over its length L. Considering beam to be divided into 6 equal parts show that the error in value of maximum central deflection is given by 2.2% State the standard form of a linear programming problem. A company has two grades of Inspectors, 1 and 2 to undertake quality control inspection. At least 1500 pieces must be inspected in an 8-hour day. Grade 1 Inspector can check 20 pieces in an hour with an accuracy of 96% Grade 2 Inspector checks 14 pieces in an hour with an accuracy of 92%. The daily wages of Grade–1 Inspector are Rs 5/- per hour while those of Grade–2 Inspector are Rs 4/- per hour. Any error made by an Inspector costs Rs 3/- to the company. If there are, in all, 10 Grade-1 Inspectors and 15 Grade-2 Inspectors in the company, find the optional assignment of inspectors that minimize the daily inspection cost. Contd…2 B

2

7.a) b)

Code No. 410101 8.

.2.

Set No. 2

Solve the following simple linear programming problem by revised simplex method. Maximize z = 2x1+x2 Subject to 3x1+4x2 ≤ 6 6x1+x2 ≤ 3, x1, x2 ≥ 0.

###

Set No.

Code No: 410101 IV B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 COMPUTER AIDED ANALYSIS (Civil Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. Explain concepts of engineering analysis in computer aided system. 2. 3. 4.a) What are the various hardware features of Computer Aided Design system? Explain contents of a data base system and its organization. Write the stiffness matrix of the beam shown in the figure. 3 2 L, 2EI L, EI 1

3

4

1,2,3 & 4 are force coordinates b) Explain the necessity for using local and global coordinate system for writing the stiffness matrix of an element and how you can transform the stiffness matrix in local coordinate system to stiffness matrix in global coordinate system. Explain with governing differential equations various applications those can be solved using finite difference method. The differential equation governing the bending of a beam fixed at one end and simply supported beam at another end with flexural rigidity EI is given by EI = d4y/ dx4 = q where q is the uniformly distributed load over its length L. Considering beam to be divided into 3 equal parts show that the maximum central deflection is given by 0.00657 ql4 /EI. Use Finite Difference method.

5. 6.

Contd…2

Code No. 410101

.2.

Set No. 3

7.a) b)

Show that any linear programming problem can be put in the standard form. Consider, the problem of maximizing f = 2x1-x2+5x3 subject to the constraints. x1 - 2x2 + x3 ≤ 8 3x1 - 2x2 ≥ -18 2x1 + x2 - 2x3 ≤ 4 x3 ≥ 0 State this linear programming problem in standard form.

8.

Solve by the revised simplex method. Maximize z = 6x1-2x2+3x3 Subject to 2x1-x2+2x3 ≤ 2 x1+4x3 ≤ 4, ###

x1, x2, x3 ≤ 0.

Set No.

Code No: 410101 IV B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 COMPUTER AIDED ANALYSIS (Civil Engineering) Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ---

4

Time: 3 hours

1. 2.

What are the various procedures involved in Computer aided design analysis and evaluation. Explain typical configuration of hardware components in stand alone Computer Aided Design system. Distinguish between wire frame modeling and solid modeling. Generate the stiffness matrix of the structure shown in Figure (a) using the coordinates indicated. Use this matrix to compute u1 and u2 for the loads shown in figure (b). 1 2 5m

3. 4.

Fig.(a)

Fig.(b) Contd…2

Code No. 410101 5. 6.

.2.

Set No. 4

Explain the effect of boundary conditions and their influence on the deflected shape of the beam. The differential equation governing the buckling of simply supported beam with both ends hinged with flexural rigidity EI is given by d4y/ dx4 + (P/EI) d2y/dx2 = 0 where P is the axial load over its length L. Considering beam to be divided into 2 equal parts show that the Pcr (Crippling load) is given by 8 EI/L2. Use finite difference method. Define the following terms (i) Convex set (ii) Vertex (iii) Optimal Solution A firm manufactures three products A, B and C. Time to manufacture product A is twice that for B and thrice that for C and they are to be produced in the ratio 3:4:5. The relevant data is given in the following table. If the whole labour is engaged in manufacturing product A, 1600 units of this product can be produced. There is demand for atleast 300, 250 and 200 units of products A, B and C and the profit earned per unit is Rs 50/-, Rs 40/- and Rs 70/- respectively. Raw Material P Q Requirement per unit of product (Kg) A B C 6 5 9 4 7 8 Total Availability (Kg) 5,000 6,000

7.a) b)

Formulate the problem as a linear programming problem. 8.a) b) What are the advantages of revised simplex method over the standard simplex method. Apply the principle of duality to solve the L.P. problem. Maximize z = 3x1-2x2 Subject to the constraints x1+x2 ≤ 5, x1 ≤ 4 1 ≤ x2 ≤ 6, x1, x2 ≥ 0 ###

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