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Code No.410208 IV B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN OF ELECTRICAL MACHINES (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. Discuss in detail the mathematical formulation of the following optimization methods: (a) Geometric programming method (b) Integer programming method. 2.

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Calculate the main dimensions of the core, the number of turns and the cross section of the conductors for a 10 KVA, 11 kv/400v, 50 HZ single phase core type distribution transformer. The net copper area in the window is 0.7 times the net cross section of Iron in the core. Assume a square cross section for the core. Flux density 1 wb/m2, current density 1.5 A/mm2 and window space factor 0.2. The height of window is 3 times its width. Derive the output equation for a D.C machine. Discuss the various factors that influence the choice of specific electric and magnetic loading for a D.C machine. What do you understand by optimal design of a D.C machine? Indicate clearly variables employed and formulate the objective function and necessary constraint equations for optimal design of a D.C. machine. Explain with a flow chart, main steps involved in the optimal design of a synchronous generator in designing the field system for salient and non salient pole type of machines. Derive the output equation of a 3 phase induction motor and indicate the factors which influence the choice of specific loadings. Determine the main dimensions of a 50 HP 440 V, 3 phase, 960 rpm, 50 HZ, delta connected induction motor having an efficiency of 85% and power factor of 0.86. Assume specific loading as 0.46 wb/m2 and 25000 ac/m. Assume any other suitable data. What are the variables to be selected for the optimal design of a 3 phase induction motor. Clearly indicate the steps involved in formulating the objective function and constraint equations for optimal design of an induction motor. a) b) c) Write short notes on: Design of armature windings in a D.C machine. Choice of number of rotor slots in a squirrel cage induction motor. Design of cooling system for Turbo alternators. *** *** ***

3. 4. the 5.

6.a) b)

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Set No.

Code No.410208 IV B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN OF ELECTRICAL MACHINES (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. 2. 3.a) b) 4. 5. Discuss the linear and non linear programming problems and the solution techniques commonly employed for such optimization problems. Discuss in detail the various factors in the design of transformers for (a) minimum cost and (b) maximum efficiency. Discuss the various factors that influence the choice of number of armature slots in a D.C machine. What is its effect on the performance of the machine. Discuss the various factors that influence the optimal design of a D.C machine. Clearly discuss the various steps involved in formulating objective function and constraint equations for the optimal design of a D.C machine. Determine the main dimensions of a 25MVA, 11 KV, 50 HZ, 1500 rpm, 3 phase star connected alternator. Take Bav = 0.65wb/m2 Ampere conductor/m = 40000. peripheral speed : 80 m/sec. Find also the maximum flux, the number of stator slots if two conductors/slot is used and the number of turns per phase. Explain clearly how do you estimate the number load current of an induction motor from the design data. Discuss clearly the steps involved in the design of squirrel case rotor of a 3 phase induction motor and how the number of rotor slots are selected. A 10 kW, 400V, 3 phase, 50 HZ, 6 pole induction motor has a diameter of 25 cms and the length of the core 12 cms. The number of stator slots is 60 with 20 conductor/slot. The stator is delta connected. Calculate the magnetizing current per phase if the length of air gap is 0.4mm. The gap contraction factor is 1.2. Assume the mmf required for the iron parts is 30% of air gap mmf. Coil span = 4 slots. a) b) c) Write short notes on: Design of a commutator in a D.C machine Design of core in a power transformer Design of damper winding in a synchronous machine. *** *** ***

2

6.a) b) 7.

8.

Set No.

Code No.410208 IV B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN OF ELECTRICAL MACHINES (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. Discuss the various types of optimization problems and their mathematical formulations. 2.

3

What do you understand by optimal design of a Power Transformer? What are the variables selected for such an optimal design and why? Formulate the objective function and the necessary constraint equations for optimal design of Power Transformer. Discuss the various factors that influence the choice of number of poles and main dimensions for a D.C machine. Discuss how the armature winding of a D.C machine is designed. A shunt field coil has to develop an MMF of 10,000 AT. The voltage drop in the coil is 40V and the resistivity of the wire employed is 0.021 Ω/m and mm2. The depth of the winding is 3.6 cms and the length of mean turn is 150 cms. Design a field coil so that the power wasted is 700 w/m 2 of the total coil surface. Take the diameter of the insulated wire is 0.4mm greater than that of bare wire. Derive the necessary equations for objective function and constraint equations for the optimal design of a 3 phase alternator. What are the independent variables employed in the optimal design. Explain clearly the various steps involved in the design of a wound rotor of a 3 phase induction motor. Indicate how do you estimate the various losses in an induction motor from design data. Calculate the equivalent resistance of rotor per phase in terms of stator current in each bar and end ring and total rotor copper loss from the following design data: 4 pole, 3 phase, 50 HZ, 400V case motor has 48 slots in stator with 30 conductors/slot. Each conductor carries a current of 10 A. Assume full pitch coils. The rotor has 57 slots, each slot has a bar of 12 cms length and 60 mm2 area. The mean diameter of the ring is 20 cms and its area is 175 mm2. Resistivity is 0.02 Ω/m and mm2. Power factor is 0.8. Assume suitable data if necessary. Write short notes on: (a) Design of the rotor of a Turbo alternator (b) Design of field winding of a D.C machine (c) Optimal design of an induction motor. *** *** ***

3.a) b) 4.

5.

6.a) b) 7.

8.

Set No.

Code No.410208 IV B.Tech. I-Semester Regular Examinations, November-2003 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN OF ELECTRICAL MACHINES (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. 2.

4

Discuss briefly any two methods for solving unconstrained optimization problems with necessary flow charts. Explain how variables are selected for optimal design of a Transformer. Discuss any one algorithm employed for optimal design of a transformer with necessary flow chart. Determine the main dimensions, number of poles and the length of air gap of 500 kW, 500 V, 1000 rpm D.C generators. Take Bav = 0.6 wb/m2 and Ac/m as 36000. The ratio of pole arc to pole pitch is 0.67 and the efficiency is 90%. The peripheral speed showed not exceed 40 m/sec and armature MMF/pole should be below 7500 AT. The MMF required for air gap is 50% armature MMF and gap contraction factor is 1.15. Discuss the various factors to be considered in the design of shunt field winding of a D.C. machine. Indicate the various stages involved in the design of a commutator in a D.C. machine. Explain with flow chart, main steps involved in the optimal design of an alternator. In determining the main dimensions and In designing the stator winding. Determine the main dimensions, number of stator slots and number of Turns/ph of a 5 kW, 400 V, 3 phase, 4 pole, 50 HZ squirrel cage induction motor to be started by a star-delta starter. Assume Bav = 0.45 wb/m2 and Ac/m as 23000. Efficiency and para factor are 0.85 and 0.84 respectively. Explain clearly with necessary equations for the optimal design of a 3 phase induction motor. Derive the equations for objective function and the constraints. a) b) c) Write short notes on: Design of a cooling tank in a transformer. Estimation of no load current in an induction motor. Random search methods of optimization. *** *** ***

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4.a) b) 5. a) b) 6.

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