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Code No:410306 IV-B.Tech. I-Semester Supplementary Examinations, May 2003. FINITE ELEMENT METHODS (common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering.) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. Using the finite element principles, calculate the area of a circle of diameter ‘d’ with lower bound approximation. 2. 3. 4. With the help of a suitable example, derive the finite element equations of an elastic bar using direct stiffness method. Derive the element stiffness matrix and stress in a 2 – noded plane truss element from the first principles? Determine the stiffness matrix, stresses and reactions in the truss structure shown below:E=200GPa A=1000mm2 50kN

1

500mm 750mm 5.a) b) What is a constant strain triangular element? State its properties and applications. The nodal coordinates of the triangular element are shown in Fig.1. At the interior Point P the x coordinate is 3.3 and the shape function at node 1 is N1 is 0.3. Determine the shape functions at nodes 2 and 3 and also the y coordinate of the point P. Y 3 (4, 6) .P 1 (1,2) X Contd……2 2 (5, 3)

Code No:410306 6. into

-2-

Set No.1

**Estimate the temperature distribution in 1-D fin as shown in figure by making two elements?
**

5 X 10-4 W/m2K, 200C 0.01 m radius 1400C k=70X10-2W/mK 0.05m

7. 8.

Discuss the finite element methodology to solve the torsion problems from the first principles? Discuss about the following mesh generation methods: (i) Mesh topology first. (ii) Nodes first. (iii) Adaptive mesh template. (iv) Nodes and elements simultaneously. ---

Code No:410306 IV-B.Tech. I-Semester Supplementary Examinations, May 2003.

Set No

2

FINITE ELEMENT METHODS (common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering.) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. With a suitable example, explain the physical interpretation of finite element method for one dimensional analysis. 2. 3. Derive the various equations for static equilibrium of an elastic body. Estimate the stiffness matrix and the deflection at the center of the simply supported beam of length 3 m. A 50 kN of load is acting at the center of the beam. Take EI = 800 X 103 N-m2. Explain the methodology to formulate finite element analysis for solid truss element and write the elemental stiffness matrix. The nodal temperature values for the simplex element shown in the figure given below are Ti = 130 0C, Tj = 100 0C and Tk = 120 0C. Determine where the 125 0C isotherm intersects the boundaries of the element. Y 3 (0.5, 1)

4. 5.

2 (1, 0.25) X 1 (0, 0) 6. Derive the elemental mass matrix for 1-D bar element and 1-D plane truss element?

Contd……2

Code No:410306 7.

-2-

Set No.2

Consider axial vibrations of the steel stepped bar as shown in figure: (a) develop global stiffness matrix and mass matrix, (b) natural frequencies and (c) mode shapes.

600 mm2 0.275 m 8.a) b)

10 kN 350 mm2 0.275 m

Distinguish between linear static analysis and non-linear static analysis. Define structural analysis and explain the types of structural analysis. ---

Set No

Code No:410306 IV-B.Tech. I-Semester Supplementary Examinations, May 2003. FINITE ELEMENT METHODS (common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering.) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. Explain the mathematical interpretation of finite element method for one dimensional field problems. 2. 3.

3

Derive the finite element equations from the one dimensional second order equation by variational approach. Estimate the displacement vector, stresses and reactions for the truss structure as shown below: 30o 500N 300mm 2000 N 400mm Define and derive the Hermite shape functions for a two nodded beam element? Show that the shape function at node i (Ni ), for the simplex triangle is zero when evaluated at nodes j and k. The nodal displacements for the simplex two-dimensional element shown in the figure given below are u1 = 2 mm, u2 = 6 mm, u3 = -1 mm, v1 = 4 mm , v2 = 5 mm and v3 = 8 mm. Determine the displacement components at an interior point B (10,10). The nodal coordinates (in mm) are given in parenthesis. Y 3 (8, 20)

4. 5.a) b)

3 (0, 0)

X 2 (20, -5) Contd……2

Code No:410306 6. 7.

-2-

Set No.3

Discuss the methodology to solve the Eigen value problem for the estimation of natural frequencies of a stepped bar? Determine the natural frequencies and mode shapes of a stepped bar as shown in figure using the characteristic polynomial technique. Assume E = 25 Gpa and density is 7850 kg/m3.

400 mm2 0.3 m 8.a) b)

300 mm2 0.3 m

10 kN

Explain about adaptive meshing technique. Define static analysis and what are the different loads that are applied in static analysis. ---

Code No:410306 IV-B.Tech. I-Semester Supplementary Examinations, May 2003.

Set No

4

FINITE ELEMENT METHODS (common to Mechanical Engineering and Production Engineering.) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. With a help of a neat block diagram, explain the model based simulation process of finite element method. 2. 3. With a suitable example explain the formulation of finite element equations by direct approach. Assume suitable data for your example. Determine the displacements at nodes and the stresses in elements shown in figure:

12kN

300mm

E=70GPa A=200mm2 4. 5.a) b)

500mm

400mm

Derive the methodology to develop a stiffness matrix and load vector for a 2noded beam element with 2 degree of freedom? Prove that a three nodded triangle element has a constant strain or stress state. For the triangular element shown in the figure given below, find the consistent nodal load. p / unit length 3 ( 3,4)

1 (0, 0)

2 (3, 0)

Code No:410306 6. a 1-D heat transfer element? 7.

-2-

Contd…..2 Set No:4

Explain the methodology for the treatment of all three boundary conditions in

Consider the axial vibrations of a steel bar shown in the figure: (a) Develop global stiffness and mass matrices, (b) determine the natural frequencies? E = 2e11 N/mm2 Density 7200 kg/m3

1200 mm2 0.3 m

900 mm2 0.4 m

8.a) b)

Explain the automatic mesh generation technique. Explain coupled field analysis and give some examples. ---

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