Coco Chanel Born Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel 19 August 1883 Saumur, France Died 10 Januar 19!1 "aged 8!
# $aris, France %ationalit French
&ccu'ation Fashion designer $arents (ug)nie *Jeanne* De+olle
Albert Chanel A,ards %eiman -arcus Fashion A,ard, 19.!
Fashion designer Coco Chanel, born August 19, 1883, in Saumur, France, is 0amous 0or her timeless designs, trademar1 suits, and little blac1 dresses2 Chanel ,as raised in an or'hanages and taught to se,2 She had a brie0 career as a singer be0ore o'ening her 0irst clothes sho' in 19102 3n the 1940s, she launched her 0irst 'er0ume and introduced the Chanel suit and the little blac1 dress2
Famed 0ashion designer Coco Chanel ,as born Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel on August 19, 1883, in Saumur, France2 5ith her trademar1 suits and little blac1 dresses, Coco Chanel created timeless designs that are still 'o'ular toda 2 She hersel0 became a much re+ered st le icon 1no,n 0or her sim'le et so'histicated out0its 'aired ,ith great accessories, such as se+eral strands o0 'earls2 As Chanel once said,6lu7ur must be com0ortable, other,ise it is not lu7ur 28
ho taught her ho.here she got the dress.oman.ellB0itted s1irt2 9er designs . .omen sa goodBb e to the da s o0
.0ortune is built on that old Aerse that 3:d 'ut on because it . she introduced the no. Chanel 'er0ormed in clubs in <ich and -oulins .. Chanel .ere re+olutionar 0or the time. heights2 She launched her 0irst 'er0ume..hich .as a 6shortened +ersion o0 cocotte.8 according to an article in >he Atlantic2
Around the age o0 40.borro. Chanel too1 her thri+ing business to ne.8 she once told author $aul -orand2
3n the 1940s.ear and em'hasi@ing com0ort o+er the constraints o0 thenB'o'ular 0ashions2 She hel'ed . ultimate accessor o0 0ashion2 2 2 2 that heralds our arri+al and 'rolongs our de'arture. legendar Chanel suit .as called 6Coco28 Some sa that the name comes 0rom one o0 the songs she used to sing.ith collarless Aac1et and . the French .ere an thing but glamorous2 A0ter her mother:s death. un0orgettable.ith (tienne Balsan .a s1ill that . Chanel became in+ol+ed .ord 0or =1e't .as raised b nuns .here she .as the 0irst to 0eature a designer:s name2 $er0ume 6is the unseen. Chanel %o2 .or12 9er nic1name came 0rom another occu'ation entirel 2 During her brie0 career as a singer.ho o00ered to hel' her start a milliner business in $aris2 She soon le0t him 0or one o0 his e+en ..ere instrumental in Chanel:s 0irst 0ashion +enture2
&'ening her 0irst sho' on $aris:s ?ue Cambon in 1910.e+er.ealthier 0riends.9er earl ears. Arthur 6Bo 8 Ca'el2 Both men .ing elements o0 men:s . Chanel started out selling hats2 She later added stores in Deau+ille and Biarrit@ and began ma1ing clothes2 9er 0irst taste o0 clothing success came 0rom a dress she 0ashioned out o0 an old Aerse on a chill da 2 3n res'onse to the man 'eo'le .8 Chanel once e7'lained2
3n 194.as 'ut in an or'hanage b her 0ather . . ho. she o00ered to ma1e one 0or them2 6.ould lead to her li0e:s . to se.as cold in Deau+ille.or1ed as a 'eddler2 She .ho .ho as1ed about . and Chanel hersel0 said that it .
as not charged as a collaborator2 Some ha+e .ith a %a@i o00icer as a betra al o0 her countr 2 Chanel le0t $aris. but her 0eminine and eas B0itting designs soon .as a 'o'ular 0igure in the $aris literar and artistic .or1ers and shut do. but it . chic it could be 0or e+ening.or1ed behind the scenes on Chanel:s behal02
5hile not o00iciall charged.as interrogated b her relationshi' . and counted Cocteau and artist $ablo $icasso among her 0riends2 For a time.ondered .ith mourning and sho. Chanel made a trium'hant return to the 0ashion .hether 0riend 5inston Churchill .ar ended.ith +on Dinc1lage.ed her relationshi' . Chanel . 9ans Gunther +on Dinc1lage2 She got s'ecial 'ermission to sta in her a'artment at the 9otel ?it@2 A0ter the .as the outbrea1 o0 5orld 5ar 33 that led Chanel to close her business2 She 0ired her . Chanel su00ered in the court o0 'ublic o'inion2 Some still +ie.orlds2 She designed costumes 0or the Ballets ?usses and 0or Jean Cocteau:s 'la &r'h)e.n her sho's2 During the German occu'ation o0 France. and the t.orld2 She 0irst recei+ed scathing re+ie. Chanel had a relationshi' .s 0rom critics.ith com'oser 3gor Stra+ins1 2 Another im'ortant romance 0or Chanel began in the 1940s2 She met the .ed Aust ho. Chanel got in+ol+ed . she re'ortedl said 6>here ha+e been se+eral Duchesses o0 5estminster. s'ending some ears in S.ear2 3n addition to 0ashion. but she . Chanel .it@erland in a sort o0 e7ile2 She also li+ed at her countr house in ?oDuebrune 0or a time2
At the age o0 !0.as Chanel:s little blac1 dress2 She too1 a color once associated .ealth du1e o0 5estminster aboard his acht around 1943.o started a decadesBlong relationshi'2 3n res'onse to his marriage 'ro'osal.corsets and other con0ining garments2
Another 1940s re+olutionar design .orld2
.ith a German militar o00icer.on o+er sho''ers around the .but there is onl one ChanelC8
>he international economic de'ression o0 the 1930s had a negati+e im'act on her com'an .
ritten b her 0riend (dmonde CharlesB?ou72
3n the recent tele+ision bio'ic. recei+ed se+en >on A.hile Andre $r)+in com'osed the music2 Cecil Beaton handled the set and costume design 0or the 'roduction2 >he sho.onder0ul about her is she:s not a straight0or.ard. Chanel:s 0ascinating li0e stor became the basis 0or the Broad. Chanel:s li0e stor continues to ca'ti+ate 'eo'le:s attention2 >here ha+e been se+eral biogra'hies o0 the 0ashion re+olutionar .:s song . ha+ing once said 63 ne+er . including Chanel and 9er 5orld "400. at her a'artment in the 9otel ?it@2 She ne+er married. Coco Chanel "4008#.a musical Coco starring Fatharine 9e'burn as the legendar designer2 Alan Ja /erner .oman to understand28
.eigh more hea+il on a man than a bird28 9undreds cro.G career resurrection2 >he actress told 55D that she had long been interested in 'la ing Chanel2 65hat:s . Shirle -ac/aine starred as the 0amous designer around the time o0 her 19.eas . and Beaton .ard nominations.ore Chanel suits2
A little more than a decade a0ter her death.ell to the 0ashion icon2 3n tribute.ded together at the Church o0 the -adeleine to bid 0are.3n 19E9. 19!1.rote the boo1 and l rics 0or the sho. man o0 the mourners . designer Farl /ager0eld too1 the reins at her com'an to continue the Chanel legac 2 >oda her namesa1e com'an continues to thri+e and is belie+ed to generate hundreds o0 millions in sales each ear2
3n addition to the longe+it o0 her designs.# .on 0or Best Costume Design and ?en) AuberAonois 0or Best Featured Actor2
Coco Chanel died on Januar 10.anted to .