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Isolated Footing Design

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Isolated Footing Design(ACI 318-05)


Design For Isolated Footing 1 Design For Isolated Footing 8 Design For Isolated Footing 9
Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry Width

Length

Thickness

1 8 9
Footing No. Bottom Reinforcement(Mz)

1 2 3
Footing Reinforcement Bottom Reinforcement(Mx)

1.200 m 1.200 m 1.150 m

1.200 m 1.200 m 1.150 m

0.305 m 0.305 m 0.305 m


Pedestal Reinforcement

Top Reinforcement(Mz)

Top Reinforcement(Mx)

Main Steel

Trans Steel

1 8 9

#12 @ 300 mm c/c #12 @ 300 mm c/c #12 @ 300 mm c/c

#12 @ 300 mm c/c #12 @ 300 mm c/c #12 @ 300 mm c/c

#16 @ 300 mm c/c #16 @ 300 mm c/c #16 @ 300 mm c/c

#16 @ 300 mm c/c #16 @ 300 mm c/c #16 @ 300 mm c/c

N/A N/A N/A

N/A N/A N/A

Isolated Footing 1

Input Values
Footing Geomtery
Design Type : Calculate Dimension Footing Thickness (Ft) : 305.000 mm Footing Length - X (Fl) : 1000.000 mm Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 1000.000 mm Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000 mm Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000 mm

Column Dimensions
Column Shape : Rectangular Column Length - X (Pl) : 0.300 m Column Width - Z (Pw) : 0.300 m

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Isolated Footing Design

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Pedestal
Include Pedestal? No Pedestal Shape : N/A Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters
Concrete and Rebar Properties
Unit Weight of Concrete : 24.000 kN/m3 Strength of Concrete : 25.000 N/mm2 Yield Strength of Steel : 275.000 N/mm2 Minimum Bar Size : #12 Maximum Bar Size : #20 Minimum Bar Spacing : 50.000 mm Maximum Bar Spacing : 300.000 mm Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 50.000 mm Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 50.000 mm

Soil Properties
Soil Type : Drained Unit Weight : 17.000 kN/m3 Soil Bearing Capacity : 120.000 kN/m2 Soil Surcharge : 0.000 kN/m2 Depth of Soil above Footing : 2000.000 mm Cohesion : 18.000 kN/m2

Sliding and Overturning


Coefficient of Friction : 0.500 Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500 Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500 ------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations
Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.000 m Initial Width (Wo) = 1.000 m

Load Combination/s- Service Stress Level


Load Combination Number 4 Load Combination Title 1.4DL

Load Combination/s- Strength Level


Load Combination Number 4 Load Combination Title 1.4DL

Applied Loads - Service Stress Level


LC 4 Axial (kN) 53.486 Shear X (kN) -8.893 Shear Z (kN) 0.000 Moment X (kNm) 0.000 Moment Z (kNm) 8.566

Applied Loads - Strength Level


LC Axial (kN) Shear X (kN) Shear Z (kN) Moment X (kNm) Moment Z (kNm)

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Isolated Footing Design

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53.486

-8.893

0.000

0.000

8.566

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000 kN Effect due to adhesion = 0.000 kN Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 1.000 m2 o o Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q = 0.765 m2 max

Note: Amin is an initial estimation. P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil). q max = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size


Length (L2) = 1.200 m Width (W2) = 1.200 m Depth (D2) = 0.305 m Area (A2) = 1.440 m2 Governing Load Case : Governing Load Case : Governing Load Case : #4 #4 #4

Pressures at Four Corners

Load Case

Pressure at corner 1 (q1) (kN/m2) 115.4989 115.4989 115.4989 115.4989

Pressure at corner 2 (q2) (kN/m2) 37.1746 37.1746 37.1746 37.1746

Pressure at corner 3 (q3) (kN/m2) 37.1746 37.1746 37.1746 37.1746

Pressure at corner 4 (q4) (kN/m2) 115.4989 115.4989 115.4989 115.4989

Area of footing in uplift (Au) (m2) 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

4 4 4 4

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Summary of Adjusted Pressures at 4 corners Four Corners


Pressure at corner 1 (q1) Load Case 4 4 4 4 (kN/m2) 115.4989 115.4989 115.4989 115.4989 Pressure at corner 2 (q 2) (kN/m2) 37.1746 37.1746 37.1746 37.1746 Pressure at corner 3 (q3) (kN/m2) 37.1746 37.1746 37.1746 37.1746 Pressure at corner 4 (q 4) (kN/m2) 115.4989 115.4989 115.4989 115.4989

Check for stability against overturning and sliding

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Load Case No. 4

Factor of safety against sliding Along XDirection 6.180 Along ZDirection N/A

Factor of safety against overturning About XDirection N/A About ZDirection 5.848

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 4 Governing Disturbing Force : -8.893 kN Governing Restoring Force : 54.962 kN Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 6.180 Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 4 Governing Overturning Moment : 0.000 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 65.954 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 4 Governing Disturbing Force : 0.000 kN Governing Restoring Force : 54.962 kN Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 4 Governing Overturning Moment : 11.278 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 65.954 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 5.848

Shear Calculation Punching Shear Check

Total Footing Depth, D = 0.305m Calculated Effective Depth, deff = For rectangular column, = D - Ccover - 1.0 = 0.230 m Bcol / Dcol = 1.000 Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc Punching Shear Force 1 inch is deducted from total depth to cater bar dia(US Convention).

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Punching Shear Force, Vu = 43.068 kN, Load Case # 4 From ACI Cl.11.12.2.1, bo for column= Equation 11-33, Vc1 = Equation 11-34, Vc2 = Equation 11-35, Vc3 = Punching shear strength, Vc = 0.75 X minimum of (V c1, Vc2, Vc3) = 2.118 m 1211.603 kN

1279.322 kN 807.735 kN 605.801 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vu hence, OK

Along X Direction (Shear Plane Parallel to Global X Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.3.1.1, Vc = Distance along X to design for shear, Dx =

228.777 kN 0.220 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the X axis.
From above calculations, Critical load case for V ux is # 4 0.75 X Vc = 171.583 kN 9.828 kN

0.75 X V c > Vux hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check Along Z Direction (Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.3.1.1, Vc = Distance along X to design for shear, Dz =

228.777 kN 0.220 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the Z axis.

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From above calculations, Critical load case for Vuz is # 4

0.75 X Vc =

171.583 kN 18.279 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vuz hence, OK

Design for Flexure about Z Axis (For Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 4 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about Z axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, M n =

for critical load case

0.450

8.080 8.978

kNm kNm

Required

0.00052

Since Area of Steel Required, As =

OK 385.728 mm2

Selected bar Size = #12 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#12 @ 7620.000 mm o.c.

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Required development length for bars = Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size # 12

=0.305

0.400

Area of one bar = 113.097 mm2 4

Number of bars required, Nbar =

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = N bar X (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = 452.386 mm2 0.249 m

Reinforcement ratio,

= max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0, Min. User Spacing) =

0.00151 300.000 mm

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars, Cd =

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Design for Flexure about X axis (For Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 4 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = From ACI Cl.7.12.2, = From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m= 12.941 0.03378

0.850

0.04504

2616972926108009000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure

for critical load case

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about X axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dz = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn = Required = Since Area of Steel Required, As =

0.450

4.519

5.021

0.00032

OK

6833440135612156700000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Selected Bar Size = #12 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#12 @ 7620.000 mm o.c.

Required development length for bars = Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size # 12

=0.305 m

0.400 m Area of one bar = 113.097 mm2 4

Number of bars required, Nbar =

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = N bar X (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = 452.386 mm2 0.233 m

Reinforcement ratio,

0.00162

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0, Min. 300.000 mm distance between bars, Cd = User Spacing) =

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading. As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

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Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

for critical load case

0.450 m

5.020 kNm 5.578 kNm

Required

0.00037

Since Area of Steel Required, A s =

OK 358.848 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 300 mm o.c.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis

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First load case to be in pure uplift # Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

for critical load case

0.450 m

5.020 kNm 5.578 kNm

Required

0.00032

Since Area of Steel Required, A s =

OK 385.728 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 300 mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 8

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Input Values
Footing Geomtery
Design Type : Calculate Dimension Footing Thickness (Ft) : 305.000 mm Footing Length - X (Fl) : 1000.000 mm Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 1000.000 mm Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000 mm Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000 mm

Column Dimensions
Column Shape : Rectangular Column Length - X (Pl) : 0.300 m Column Width - Z (Pw) : 0.300 m

Pedestal
Include Pedestal? No Pedestal Shape : N/A Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters
Concrete and Rebar Properties
Unit Weight of Concrete : 24.000 kN/m3 Strength of Concrete : 25.000 N/mm2 Yield Strength of Steel : 275.000 N/mm2 Minimum Bar Size : #12 Maximum Bar Size : #20

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Minimum Bar Spacing : 50.000 mm Maximum Bar Spacing : 300.000 mm Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 50.000 mm Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 50.000 mm

Soil Properties
Soil Type : Drained Unit Weight : 17.000 kN/m3 Soil Bearing Capacity : 120.000 kN/m2 Soil Surcharge : 0.000 kN/m2 Depth of Soil above Footing : 2000.000 mm Cohesion : 18.000 kN/m2

Sliding and Overturning


Coefficient of Friction : 0.500 Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500 Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500 ------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations
Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.000 m Initial Width (Wo) = 1.000 m

Load Combination/s- Service Stress Level


Load Combination Number 4 Load Combination Title 1.4DL

Load Combination/s- Strength Level


Load Combination Number 4 Load Combination Title 1.4DL

Applied Loads - Service Stress Level


LC 4 Axial (kN) 106.625 Shear X (kN) 0.811 Shear Z (kN) 0.000 Moment X (kNm) 0.000 Moment Z (kNm) -0.920

Applied Loads - Strength Level


LC 4 Axial (kN) 106.625 Shear X (kN) 0.811 Shear Z (kN) 0.000 Moment X (kNm) 0.000 Moment Z (kNm) -0.920

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000 kN Effect due to adhesion = 0.000 kN Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 1.000 m2 o o 2 Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q max = 1.207 m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation. P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil). q max = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size


Length (L2) = 1.200 m Width (W2) = 1.200 m Governing Load Case : Governing Load Case : #4 #4

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Depth (D2) = 0.305 m Area (A2) = 1.440 m2

Governing Load Case :

#4

Pressures at Four Corners

Load Case

Pressure at corner 1 (q1) (kN/m2) 109.1840 109.1840 109.1840 109.1840

Pressure at corner 2 (q2) (kN/m2) 117.2937 117.2937 117.2937 117.2937

Pressure at corner 3 (q 3) (kN/m2) 117.2937 117.2937 117.2937 117.2937

Pressure at corner 4 (q4) (kN/m2) 109.1840 109.1840 109.1840 109.1840

Area of footing in uplift (Au) (m2) 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

4 4 4 4

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Summary of Adjusted Pressures at 4 corners Four Corners


Pressure at corner 1 (q1) Load Case 4 4 4 4 (kN/m2) 109.1840 109.1840 109.1840 109.1840 Pressure at corner 2 (q 2) (kN/m2) 117.2937 117.2937 117.2937 117.2937 Pressure at corner 3 (q3) (kN/m2) 117.2937 117.2937 117.2937 117.2937 Pressure at corner 4 (q 4) (kN/m2) 109.1840 109.1840 109.1840 109.1840

Check for stability against overturning and sliding

Load Case No. 4

Factor of safety against sliding Along XDirection 100.555 Along ZDirection N/A

Factor of safety against overturning About XDirection N/A About ZDirection 83.780

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 4 Governing Disturbing Force : 0.811 kN

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Governing Restoring Force : 81.532 kN Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 100.555 Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 4 Governing Overturning Moment : 0.000 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 97.837 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 4 Governing Disturbing Force : 0.000 kN Governing Restoring Force : 81.532 kN Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 4 Governing Overturning Moment : -1.168 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 97.837 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 83.780

Shear Calculation Punching Shear Check

Total Footing Depth, D = 0.305m Calculated Effective Depth, deff = For rectangular column, = D - Ccover - 1.0 = 0.230 m Bcol / Dcol = 1.000 Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc Punching Shear Force 1 inch is deducted from total depth to cater bar dia(US Convention).

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 85.857 kN, Load Case # 4 From ACI Cl.11.12.2.1, bo for column= Equation 11-33, Vc1 = Equation 11-34, Vc2 = Equation 11-35, Vc3 = Punching shear strength, Vc = 0.75 X minimum of (V c1, Vc2, Vc3) = 2.118 m 1211.603 kN

1279.322 kN 807.735 kN 605.801 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vu hence, OK

Along X Direction (Shear Plane Parallel to Global X Axis)

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From ACI Cl.11.3.1.1, Vc = Distance along X to design for shear, Dx =

228.777 kN 0.980 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the X axis.
From above calculations, Critical load case for V ux is # 4 0.75 X Vc = 171.583 kN 19.584 kN

0.75 X V c > Vux hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check Along Z Direction (Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.3.1.1, Vc = Distance along X to design for shear, Dz =

228.777 kN 0.980 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the Z axis.
From above calculations, Critical load case for Vuz is # 4 0.75 X Vc = 171.583 kN 20.459 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vuz hence, OK

Design for Flexure about Z Axis (For Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis)

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Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 4 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about Z axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, M n =

for critical load case

0.450

9.366 10.407

kNm kNm

Required

0.00060

Since Area of Steel Required, As =

OK 385.728 mm2

Selected bar Size = #12 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#12 @ 7620.000 mm o.c.

Required development length for bars = Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size # 12

=0.305

0.400

Area of one bar = 113.097 mm2 4

Number of bars required, Nbar =

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Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = N bar X (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = 452.386 mm2 0.249 m

Reinforcement ratio,

= max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0, Min. User Spacing) =

0.00151 300.000 mm

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars, Cd =

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Design for Flexure about X axis (For Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 4 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = From ACI Cl.7.12.2, = From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m= 12.941 0.03378

0.850

0.04504

2616972926108009000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance,

0.450

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Dz = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn = Required = Since Area of Steel Required, As = 8.996

9.996

0.00064

OK

6833440135612154500000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Selected Bar Size = #12 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#12 @ 7620.000 mm o.c.

Required development length for bars = Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size # 12

=0.305 m

0.400 m Area of one bar = 113.097 mm2 4

Number of bars required, Nbar =

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = N bar X (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = Reinforcement ratio, = 0.00162 452.386 mm2 0.233 m

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0, Min. 300.000 mm distance between bars, Cd = User Spacing) =

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading. As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

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Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

for critical load case

0.450 m

5.020 kNm 5.578 kNm

Required

0.00037

Since Area of Steel Required, A s =

OK 358.848 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 300 mm o.c.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis

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First load case to be in pure uplift # Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

for critical load case

0.450 m

5.020 kNm 5.578 kNm

Required

0.00032

Since Area of Steel Required, A s =

OK 385.728 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 300 mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 9

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Input Values
Footing Geomtery
Design Type : Calculate Dimension Footing Thickness (Ft) : 305.000 mm Footing Length - X (Fl) : 1000.000 mm Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 1000.000 mm Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000 mm Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000 mm

Column Dimensions
Column Shape : Rectangular Column Length - X (Pl) : 0.300 m Column Width - Z (Pw) : 0.300 m

Pedestal
Include Pedestal? No Pedestal Shape : N/A Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters
Concrete and Rebar Properties
Unit Weight of Concrete : 24.000 kN/m3 Strength of Concrete : 25.000 N/mm2 Yield Strength of Steel : 275.000 N/mm2 Minimum Bar Size : #12 Maximum Bar Size : #20

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Minimum Bar Spacing : 50.000 mm Maximum Bar Spacing : 300.000 mm Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 50.000 mm Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 50.000 mm

Soil Properties
Soil Type : Drained Unit Weight : 17.000 kN/m3 Soil Bearing Capacity : 120.000 kN/m2 Soil Surcharge : 0.000 kN/m2 Depth of Soil above Footing : 2000.000 mm Cohesion : 18.000 kN/m2

Sliding and Overturning


Coefficient of Friction : 0.500 Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500 Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500 ------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations
Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 1.000 m Initial Width (Wo) = 1.000 m

Load Combination/s- Service Stress Level


Load Combination Number 4 Load Combination Title 1.4DL

Load Combination/s- Strength Level


Load Combination Number 4 Load Combination Title 1.4DL

Applied Loads - Service Stress Level


LC 4 Axial (kN) 47.609 Shear X (kN) 8.082 Shear Z (kN) 0.000 Moment X (kNm) 0.000 Moment Z (kNm) -8.019

Applied Loads - Strength Level


LC 4 Axial (kN) 47.609 Shear X (kN) 8.082 Shear Z (kN) 0.000 Moment X (kNm) 0.000 Moment Z (kNm) -8.019

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000 kN Effect due to adhesion = 0.000 kN Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 1.000 m2 o o 2 Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q max = 0.716 m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation. P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil). q max = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size


Length (L2) = 1.150 m Width (W2) = 1.150 m Governing Load Case : Governing Load Case : #4 #4

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Depth (D2) = 0.305 m Area (A2) = 1.323 m2

Governing Load Case :

#4

Pressures at Four Corners

Load Case

Pressure at corner 1 (q1) (kN/m2) 33.6434 33.6434 33.6434 33.6434

Pressure at corner 2 (q 2) (kN/m2) 116.3647 116.3647 116.3647 116.3647

Pressure at corner 3 (q 3) (kN/m2) 116.3647 116.3647 116.3647 116.3647

Pressure at corner 4 (q4) (kN/m2) 33.6434 33.6434 33.6434 33.6434

Area of footing in uplift (Au) (m2) 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

4 4 4 4

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Summary of Adjusted Pressures at 4 corners Four Corners


Pressure at corner 1 (q1) Load Case 4 4 4 4 (kN/m2) 33.6434 33.6434 33.6434 33.6434 Pressure at corner 2 (q 2) (kN/m2) 116.3647 116.3647 116.3647 116.3647 Pressure at corner 3 (q3) (kN/m2) 116.3647 116.3647 116.3647 116.3647 Pressure at corner 4 (q 4) (kN/m2) 33.6434 33.6434 33.6434 33.6434

Check for stability against overturning and sliding

Load Case No. 4

Factor of safety against sliding Along XDirection 6.137 Along ZDirection N/A

Factor of safety against overturning About XDirection N/A About ZDirection 5.440

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 4 Governing Disturbing Force : 8.082 kN

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Governing Restoring Force : 49.596 kN Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 6.137 Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 4 Governing Overturning Moment : 0.000 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 57.035 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 4 Governing Disturbing Force : 0.000 kN Governing Restoring Force : 49.596 kN Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 4 Governing Overturning Moment : -10.484 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 57.035 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 5.440

Shear Calculation Punching Shear Check

Total Footing Depth, D = 0.305m Calculated Effective Depth, deff = For rectangular column, = D - Ccover - 1.0 = 0.230 m Bcol / Dcol = 1.000 Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc Punching Shear Force 1 inch is deducted from total depth to cater bar dia(US Convention).

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 37.512 kN, Load Case # 4 From ACI Cl.11.12.2.1, bo for column= Equation 11-33, Vc1 = Equation 11-34, Vc2 = Equation 11-35, Vc3 = Punching shear strength, Vc = 0.75 X minimum of (V c1, Vc2, Vc3) = 2.118 m 1211.603 kN

1279.322 kN 807.735 kN 605.801 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vu hence, OK

Along X Direction (Shear Plane Parallel to Global X Axis)

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From ACI Cl.11.3.1.1, Vc = Distance along X to design for shear, Dx =

219.245 kN 0.195 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the X axis.
From above calculations, Critical load case for V ux is # 4 0.75 X Vc = 164.434 kN 8.126 kN

0.75 X V c > Vux hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check Along Z Direction (Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.3.1.1, Vc = Distance along X to design for shear, Dz =

219.245 kN 0.955 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the Z axis.
From above calculations, Critical load case for Vuz is # 4 0.75 X Vc = 164.434 kN 15.575 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vuz hence, OK

Design for Flexure about Z Axis (For Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis)

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Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 4 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about Z axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, M n =

for critical load case

0.425

7.137 7.929

kNm kNm

Required

0.00048

Since Area of Steel Required, As =

OK 369.656 mm2

Selected bar Size = #12 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#12 @ 7620.000 mm o.c.

Required development length for bars = Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size # 12

=0.305

0.375

Area of one bar = 113.097 mm2 4

Number of bars required, Nbar =

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Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = N bar X (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = 452.386 mm2 0.249 m

Reinforcement ratio,

= max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0, Min. User Spacing) =

0.00158 300.000 mm

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars, Cd =

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Design for Flexure about X axis (For Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis)

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 4 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = From ACI Cl.7.12.2, = From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m= 12.941 0.03378

0.850

0.04504

2616972926108009000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Calculate reinforcement ratio

for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance,

0.425

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Dz = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn = Required = Since Area of Steel Required, As = 3.788

4.209

0.00028

OK

6548713463294982000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Selected Bar Size = #12 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#12 @ 7620.000 mm o.c.

Required development length for bars = Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size # 12

=0.305 m

0.375 m Area of one bar = 113.097 mm2 4

Number of bars required, Nbar =

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max
Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = N bar X (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = Reinforcement ratio, = 0.00169 452.386 mm2 0.233 m

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0, Min. 300.000 mm distance between bars, Cd = User Spacing) =

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading. As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

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Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

for critical load case

0.425 m

4.291 kNm 4.768 kNm

Required

0.00033

Since Area of Steel Required, A s =

OK 343.896 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 300 mm o.c.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis

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Isolated Footing Design

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First load case to be in pure uplift # Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi
Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m =

Calculate reinforcement ratio


Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

for critical load case

0.425 m

4.291 kNm 4.768 kNm

Required

0.00029

Since Area of Steel Required, A s =

OK 369.656 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is
#16 @ 300 mm o.c.

Print Calculation Sheet

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