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You are on page 1of 30

Page 1 of 30

Design For Isolated Footing 1 Design For Isolated Footing 8 Design For Isolated Footing 9

Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry Width

Length

Thickness

1 8 9

Footing No. Bottom Reinforcement(Mz)

1 2 3

Footing Reinforcement Bottom Reinforcement(Mx)

Pedestal Reinforcement

Top Reinforcement(Mz)

Top Reinforcement(Mx)

Main Steel

Trans Steel

1 8 9

Isolated Footing 1

Input Values

Footing Geomtery

Design Type : Calculate Dimension Footing Thickness (Ft) : 305.000 mm Footing Length - X (Fl) : 1000.000 mm Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 1000.000 mm Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000 mm Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000 mm

Column Dimensions

Column Shape : Rectangular Column Length - X (Pl) : 0.300 m Column Width - Z (Pw) : 0.300 m

You created this PDF from an application that is not licensed to print to novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com) file:///C:/Staad.foundation%205.3/CalcXsl/footing.xml 12/19/2013

Page 2 of 30

Pedestal

Include Pedestal? No Pedestal Shape : N/A Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters

Concrete and Rebar Properties

Unit Weight of Concrete : 24.000 kN/m3 Strength of Concrete : 25.000 N/mm2 Yield Strength of Steel : 275.000 N/mm2 Minimum Bar Size : #12 Maximum Bar Size : #20 Minimum Bar Spacing : 50.000 mm Maximum Bar Spacing : 300.000 mm Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 50.000 mm Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 50.000 mm

Soil Properties

Soil Type : Drained Unit Weight : 17.000 kN/m3 Soil Bearing Capacity : 120.000 kN/m2 Soil Surcharge : 0.000 kN/m2 Depth of Soil above Footing : 2000.000 mm Cohesion : 18.000 kN/m2

Coefficient of Friction : 0.500 Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500 Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500 ------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Load Combination Number 4 Load Combination Title 1.4DL

Load Combination Number 4 Load Combination Title 1.4DL

LC 4 Axial (kN) 53.486 Shear X (kN) -8.893 Shear Z (kN) 0.000 Moment X (kNm) 0.000 Moment Z (kNm) 8.566

LC Axial (kN) Shear X (kN) Shear Z (kN) Moment X (kNm) Moment Z (kNm)

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Page 3 of 30

53.486

-8.893

0.000

0.000

8.566

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000 kN Effect due to adhesion = 0.000 kN Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 1.000 m2 o o Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q = 0.765 m2 max

Note: Amin is an initial estimation. P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil). q max = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Length (L2) = 1.200 m Width (W2) = 1.200 m Depth (D2) = 0.305 m Area (A2) = 1.440 m2 Governing Load Case : Governing Load Case : Governing Load Case : #4 #4 #4

Load Case

4 4 4 4

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Pressure at corner 1 (q1) Load Case 4 4 4 4 (kN/m2) 115.4989 115.4989 115.4989 115.4989 Pressure at corner 2 (q 2) (kN/m2) 37.1746 37.1746 37.1746 37.1746 Pressure at corner 3 (q3) (kN/m2) 37.1746 37.1746 37.1746 37.1746 Pressure at corner 4 (q 4) (kN/m2) 115.4989 115.4989 115.4989 115.4989

You created this PDF from an application that is not licensed to print to novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com) file:///C:/Staad.foundation%205.3/CalcXsl/footing.xml 12/19/2013

Page 4 of 30

Factor of safety against sliding Along XDirection 6.180 Along ZDirection N/A

Factor of safety against overturning About XDirection N/A About ZDirection 5.848

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction

Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 4 Governing Disturbing Force : -8.893 kN Governing Restoring Force : 54.962 kN Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 6.180 Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 4 Governing Overturning Moment : 0.000 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 65.954 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction

Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 4 Governing Disturbing Force : 0.000 kN Governing Restoring Force : 54.962 kN Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 4 Governing Overturning Moment : 11.278 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 65.954 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 5.848

Total Footing Depth, D = 0.305m Calculated Effective Depth, deff = For rectangular column, = D - Ccover - 1.0 = 0.230 m Bcol / Dcol = 1.000 Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc Punching Shear Force 1 inch is deducted from total depth to cater bar dia(US Convention).

Page 5 of 30

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 43.068 kN, Load Case # 4 From ACI Cl.11.12.2.1, bo for column= Equation 11-33, Vc1 = Equation 11-34, Vc2 = Equation 11-35, Vc3 = Punching shear strength, Vc = 0.75 X minimum of (V c1, Vc2, Vc3) = 2.118 m 1211.603 kN

228.777 kN 0.220 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the X axis.

From above calculations, Critical load case for V ux is # 4 0.75 X Vc = 171.583 kN 9.828 kN

One-Way Shear Check Along Z Direction (Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

228.777 kN 0.220 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the Z axis.

Page 6 of 30

0.75 X Vc =

171.583 kN 18.279 kN

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 4 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

Design for flexure about Z axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, M n =

0.450

8.080 8.978

kNm kNm

Required

0.00052

OK 385.728 mm2

Selected bar Size = #12 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#12 @ 7620.000 mm o.c.

Page 7 of 30

Required development length for bars = Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size # 12

=0.305

0.400

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max

Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = N bar X (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = 452.386 mm2 0.249 m

Reinforcement ratio,

0.00151 300.000 mm

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 4 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = From ACI Cl.7.12.2, = From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m= 12.941 0.03378

0.850

0.04504

2616972926108009000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Design for flexure

Page 8 of 30

about X axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dz = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn = Required = Since Area of Steel Required, As =

0.450

4.519

5.021

0.00032

OK

6833440135612156700000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Selected Bar Size = #12 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#12 @ 7620.000 mm o.c.

Required development length for bars = Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size # 12

=0.305 m

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max

Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = N bar X (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = 452.386 mm2 0.233 m

Reinforcement ratio,

0.00162

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0, Min. 300.000 mm distance between bars, Cd = User Spacing) =

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading. As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Page 9 of 30

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

0.450 m

Required

0.00037

OK 358.848 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#16 @ 300 mm o.c.

Page 10 of 30

First load case to be in pure uplift # Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

0.450 m

Required

0.00032

OK 385.728 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#16 @ 300 mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 8

Page 11 of 30

Input Values

Footing Geomtery

Design Type : Calculate Dimension Footing Thickness (Ft) : 305.000 mm Footing Length - X (Fl) : 1000.000 mm Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 1000.000 mm Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000 mm Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000 mm

Column Dimensions

Column Shape : Rectangular Column Length - X (Pl) : 0.300 m Column Width - Z (Pw) : 0.300 m

Pedestal

Include Pedestal? No Pedestal Shape : N/A Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters

Concrete and Rebar Properties

Unit Weight of Concrete : 24.000 kN/m3 Strength of Concrete : 25.000 N/mm2 Yield Strength of Steel : 275.000 N/mm2 Minimum Bar Size : #12 Maximum Bar Size : #20

Page 12 of 30

Minimum Bar Spacing : 50.000 mm Maximum Bar Spacing : 300.000 mm Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 50.000 mm Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 50.000 mm

Soil Properties

Soil Type : Drained Unit Weight : 17.000 kN/m3 Soil Bearing Capacity : 120.000 kN/m2 Soil Surcharge : 0.000 kN/m2 Depth of Soil above Footing : 2000.000 mm Cohesion : 18.000 kN/m2

Coefficient of Friction : 0.500 Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500 Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500 ------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Load Combination Number 4 Load Combination Title 1.4DL

Load Combination Number 4 Load Combination Title 1.4DL

LC 4 Axial (kN) 106.625 Shear X (kN) 0.811 Shear Z (kN) 0.000 Moment X (kNm) 0.000 Moment Z (kNm) -0.920

LC 4 Axial (kN) 106.625 Shear X (kN) 0.811 Shear Z (kN) 0.000 Moment X (kNm) 0.000 Moment Z (kNm) -0.920

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000 kN Effect due to adhesion = 0.000 kN Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 1.000 m2 o o 2 Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q max = 1.207 m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation. P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil). q max = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Length (L2) = 1.200 m Width (W2) = 1.200 m Governing Load Case : Governing Load Case : #4 #4

Page 13 of 30

#4

Load Case

4 4 4 4

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Pressure at corner 1 (q1) Load Case 4 4 4 4 (kN/m2) 109.1840 109.1840 109.1840 109.1840 Pressure at corner 2 (q 2) (kN/m2) 117.2937 117.2937 117.2937 117.2937 Pressure at corner 3 (q3) (kN/m2) 117.2937 117.2937 117.2937 117.2937 Pressure at corner 4 (q 4) (kN/m2) 109.1840 109.1840 109.1840 109.1840

Factor of safety against sliding Along XDirection 100.555 Along ZDirection N/A

Factor of safety against overturning About XDirection N/A About ZDirection 83.780

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction

Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 4 Governing Disturbing Force : 0.811 kN

Page 14 of 30

Governing Restoring Force : 81.532 kN Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 100.555 Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 4 Governing Overturning Moment : 0.000 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 97.837 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction

Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 4 Governing Disturbing Force : 0.000 kN Governing Restoring Force : 81.532 kN Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 4 Governing Overturning Moment : -1.168 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 97.837 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 83.780

Total Footing Depth, D = 0.305m Calculated Effective Depth, deff = For rectangular column, = D - Ccover - 1.0 = 0.230 m Bcol / Dcol = 1.000 Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc Punching Shear Force 1 inch is deducted from total depth to cater bar dia(US Convention).

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 85.857 kN, Load Case # 4 From ACI Cl.11.12.2.1, bo for column= Equation 11-33, Vc1 = Equation 11-34, Vc2 = Equation 11-35, Vc3 = Punching shear strength, Vc = 0.75 X minimum of (V c1, Vc2, Vc3) = 2.118 m 1211.603 kN

Page 15 of 30

228.777 kN 0.980 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the X axis.

From above calculations, Critical load case for V ux is # 4 0.75 X Vc = 171.583 kN 19.584 kN

One-Way Shear Check Along Z Direction (Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

228.777 kN 0.980 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the Z axis.

From above calculations, Critical load case for Vuz is # 4 0.75 X Vc = 171.583 kN 20.459 kN

Page 16 of 30

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 4 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

Design for flexure about Z axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, M n =

0.450

9.366 10.407

kNm kNm

Required

0.00060

OK 385.728 mm2

Selected bar Size = #12 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#12 @ 7620.000 mm o.c.

Required development length for bars = Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size # 12

=0.305

0.400

Page 17 of 30

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max

Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = N bar X (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = 452.386 mm2 0.249 m

Reinforcement ratio,

0.00151 300.000 mm

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 4 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = From ACI Cl.7.12.2, = From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m= 12.941 0.03378

0.850

0.04504

2616972926108009000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Design for flexure about X axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance,

0.450

Page 18 of 30

Dz = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn = Required = Since Area of Steel Required, As = 8.996

9.996

0.00064

OK

6833440135612154500000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Selected Bar Size = #12 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#12 @ 7620.000 mm o.c.

Required development length for bars = Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size # 12

=0.305 m

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max

Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = N bar X (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = Reinforcement ratio, = 0.00162 452.386 mm2 0.233 m

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0, Min. 300.000 mm distance between bars, Cd = User Spacing) =

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading. As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Page 19 of 30

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

0.450 m

Required

0.00037

OK 358.848 mm2

Selected bar Size = #16 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#16 @ 300 mm o.c.

Page 20 of 30

First load case to be in pure uplift # Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

0.450 m

Required

0.00032

OK 385.728 mm2

#16 @ 300 mm o.c.

Isolated Footing 9

Page 21 of 30

Input Values

Footing Geomtery

Design Type : Calculate Dimension Footing Thickness (Ft) : 305.000 mm Footing Length - X (Fl) : 1000.000 mm Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 1000.000 mm Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000 mm Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000 mm

Column Dimensions

Column Shape : Rectangular Column Length - X (Pl) : 0.300 m Column Width - Z (Pw) : 0.300 m

Pedestal

Include Pedestal? No Pedestal Shape : N/A Pedestal Height (Ph) : N/A Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : N/A Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : N/A

Design Parameters

Concrete and Rebar Properties

Unit Weight of Concrete : 24.000 kN/m3 Strength of Concrete : 25.000 N/mm2 Yield Strength of Steel : 275.000 N/mm2 Minimum Bar Size : #12 Maximum Bar Size : #20

Page 22 of 30

Minimum Bar Spacing : 50.000 mm Maximum Bar Spacing : 300.000 mm Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 50.000 mm Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 50.000 mm

Soil Properties

Soil Type : Drained Unit Weight : 17.000 kN/m3 Soil Bearing Capacity : 120.000 kN/m2 Soil Surcharge : 0.000 kN/m2 Depth of Soil above Footing : 2000.000 mm Cohesion : 18.000 kN/m2

Coefficient of Friction : 0.500 Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500 Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500 ------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Load Combination Number 4 Load Combination Title 1.4DL

Load Combination Number 4 Load Combination Title 1.4DL

LC 4 Axial (kN) 47.609 Shear X (kN) 8.082 Shear Z (kN) 0.000 Moment X (kNm) 0.000 Moment Z (kNm) -8.019

LC 4 Axial (kN) 47.609 Shear X (kN) 8.082 Shear Z (kN) 0.000 Moment X (kNm) 0.000 Moment Z (kNm) -8.019

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 0.000 kN Effect due to adhesion = 0.000 kN Area from initial length and width, Ao = L X W = 1.000 m2 o o 2 Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin = P / q max = 0.716 m

Note: Amin is an initial estimation. P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil). q max = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Length (L2) = 1.150 m Width (W2) = 1.150 m Governing Load Case : Governing Load Case : #4 #4

Page 23 of 30

#4

Load Case

4 4 4 4

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative pressure will be set to zero and the pressure will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Pressure at corner 1 (q1) Load Case 4 4 4 4 (kN/m2) 33.6434 33.6434 33.6434 33.6434 Pressure at corner 2 (q 2) (kN/m2) 116.3647 116.3647 116.3647 116.3647 Pressure at corner 3 (q3) (kN/m2) 116.3647 116.3647 116.3647 116.3647 Pressure at corner 4 (q 4) (kN/m2) 33.6434 33.6434 33.6434 33.6434

Factor of safety against sliding Along XDirection 6.137 Along ZDirection N/A

Factor of safety against overturning About XDirection N/A About ZDirection 5.440

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction

Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 4 Governing Disturbing Force : 8.082 kN

Page 24 of 30

Governing Restoring Force : 49.596 kN Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 6.137 Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 4 Governing Overturning Moment : 0.000 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 57.035 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction

Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 4 Governing Disturbing Force : 0.000 kN Governing Restoring Force : 49.596 kN Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : N/A Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 4 Governing Overturning Moment : -10.484 kNm Governing Resisting Moment : 57.035 kNm Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 5.440

Total Footing Depth, D = 0.305m Calculated Effective Depth, deff = For rectangular column, = D - Ccover - 1.0 = 0.230 m Bcol / Dcol = 1.000 Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc Punching Shear Force 1 inch is deducted from total depth to cater bar dia(US Convention).

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 37.512 kN, Load Case # 4 From ACI Cl.11.12.2.1, bo for column= Equation 11-33, Vc1 = Equation 11-34, Vc2 = Equation 11-35, Vc3 = Punching shear strength, Vc = 0.75 X minimum of (V c1, Vc2, Vc3) = 2.118 m 1211.603 kN

Page 25 of 30

219.245 kN 0.195 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the X axis.

From above calculations, Critical load case for V ux is # 4 0.75 X Vc = 164.434 kN 8.126 kN

One-Way Shear Check Along Z Direction (Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

219.245 kN 0.955 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the Z axis.

From above calculations, Critical load case for Vuz is # 4 0.75 X Vc = 164.434 kN 15.575 kN

Page 26 of 30

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 4 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

Design for flexure about Z axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, M n =

0.425

7.137 7.929

kNm kNm

Required

0.00048

OK 369.656 mm2

Selected bar Size = #12 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#12 @ 7620.000 mm o.c.

Required development length for bars = Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size # 12

=0.305

0.375

Page 27 of 30

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max

Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = N bar X (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = 452.386 mm2 0.249 m

Reinforcement ratio,

0.00158 300.000 mm

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1) Critical Load Case # 4 The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = From ACI Cl.7.12.2, = From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m= 12.941 0.03378

0.850

0.04504

2616972926108009000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Design for flexure about X axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance,

0.425

Page 28 of 30

Dz = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn = Required = Since Area of Steel Required, As = 3.788

4.209

0.00028

OK

6548713463294982000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000

Selected Bar Size = #12 Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000 mm Selected spacing (S) = 300.000 mm Smin <= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size... The reinforcement is accepted. According to ACI 318-05 Clause No- 10.6.4 Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 448.142 mm Safe for Cracking Aspect. Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#12 @ 7620.000 mm o.c.

Required development length for bars = Available development length for bars, DL = Try bar size # 12

=0.305 m

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < max

Total reinforcement area, As_total = deff = N bar X (Area of one bar) = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = Reinforcement ratio, = 0.00169 452.386 mm2 0.233 m

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0, Min. 300.000 mm distance between bars, Cd = User Spacing) =

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading. As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Page 29 of 30

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl. 7.12.2,

Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

0.425 m

Required

0.00033

OK 343.896 mm2

#16 @ 300 mm o.c.

Page 30 of 30

First load case to be in pure uplift # Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = = = = 0.850 0.04504 0.03378 0.00140 12.941

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, From ACI Cl.7.12.2,

Design for flexure about A axis is performed at the face of the column at a distance, Dx = Ultimate moment, Nominal moment capacity, Mn =

0.425 m

Required

0.00029

OK 369.656 mm2

#16 @ 300 mm o.c.

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