SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003

Social Security Administration Office of Policy Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics 500 E Street, SW, 8th Floor Washington, DC 20254 SSA Publication No. 13-11829 Released: February 2005

Preface
Since its implementation in 1974, the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program has included certain provisions to encourage blind and disabled recipients to work while allowing them to retain their eligibility and exclude a portion of their income from counting against their SSI payment. This report provides data on all SSI blind and disabled recipients who work; those who retain eligibility for special cash benefits when their earnings exceed the substantial gainful activity level; those who retain Medicaid eligibility when their earnings make them ineligible for any cash payments; and those who participate under work incentive provisions. This edition of the report has been substantially reorganized. Charts and tables on like topics have been placed together in sections. Some appear in a different order and have been renumbered. However, the data covered in these charts and tables remain the same as in previous editions of the report. Clark D. Pickett of the Division of SSI Statistics and Analysis programmed and compiled the data. Staff of the Division of Information Resources edited the report and prepared the print and electronic versions for publication. This and other reports on the SSI program are available on the Web at http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy. For questions pertaining to the data, please call Clark Pickett at 410-965-9016 or e-mail ssi.workers@ssa.gov. For additional copies, please call 202-358-6274 or e-mail op.publications@ssa.gov.

Edward J. DeMarco Associate Commissioner for Research, Evaluation, and Statistics February 2005

Introduction
This report provides information about Supplemental Security Income (SSI) disabled and blind recipients who work and receive earnings. The report presents data on all SSI disabled recipients who work, section 1619 participants, and recipients who benefit from other work incentive provisions. Unless specifically excluded or listed separately, all references to SSI disabled recipients and workers include persons whose eligibility is based on blindness. Since the beginning of the SSI program, a number of SSI disabled recipients have worked and received SSI payments. Initially, the program contained basic general and earned income exclusions that recognized the additional costs associated with employment. In computing the SSI payment, the first $20 of income is not counted. In addition, the first $65 of monthly earnings and one-half of the earnings in excess of $65 are also excluded. The law also contained a number of special income exclusions that were intended as work incentives: • Blind work expenses (BWE) permit the exclusion of any earned income of a blind person that is used to meet any expenses reasonably attributable to earning the income. Plans for achieving self-support (PASS) permit a recipient with an approved PASS to set aside earned or unearned income and resources for a work goal. The income or resources set aside are used to pay for goods or services needed to reach the goal, such as education, vocational training, starting a business, or purchasing work-related equipment. The income and resources that are set aside under a PASS are excluded from SSI income and resource tests, but they do not influence the determination of ability to engage in substantial gainful activity (SGA). Student child earned income exclusions allow for the exclusion of certain earnings of child recipients under age 22 who are students regularly attending school. The 1980 amendments to the Social Security Act established section 1619 and provided additional work incentive provisions to assist SSI recipients in entering the workforce. These provisions included income exclusions for impairment-related work expenses, a change in the treatment of sheltered workshop earnings, and the continuation of SSI payments for some individuals whose disability ceased because of a medical recovery. • Impairment-related work expenses (IRWE) exclude from earnings the costs of items and services needed to work because of the person’s disability and are paid for by the individual. These expenses are excluded from earned income used to compute ongoing SSI monthly payments. Beginning December 1990, the IRWE exclusions are also applied in the determination of income for purposes of initial SSI eligibility. IRWE may also be deducted from earned income when determining SGA. A change in the treatment of sheltered workshop earnings provides that remuneration for services performed in sheltered workshops or activity centers is treated as earned income. This change makes it possible to apply the earned income exclusion to earnings that previously were subject to the general income exclusion; that is, the first $20 and a dollar-for-dollar offset thereafter. The provision for continuation of payments allows for SSI (and also Social Security Disability Insurance) payments to disabled individuals to continue after the disability ceases because of a medical recovery, if they are participating in approved vocational rehabilitation plans and SSA determines that completion of the program will increase the chances of permanent removal from the disability rolls. The provision assists individuals whose medical improvement occurs before completion of vocational training. This provision was extended to SSI recipients whose eligibility is based on blindness effective April 1988.

Congress enacted these provisions because it concluded that additional incentives were required to help SSI disabled recipients to become self-supporting. They believed that individuals who could work outside of sheltered workshops might have been discouraged from doing so by the fear of losing their benefits before they had established for themselves the capability for continued self-support. Section 1619(a) provides special SSI cash benefits to disabled individuals who lose eligibility for SSI payments because they have earnings at the level that is ordinarily considered to represent SGA. Section 1619(b) provides special SSI recipient status for Medicaid purposes to working disabled or blind individuals when their earnings make them ineligible for cash payments. Under P.L. 99–643, which made section 1619 permanent, disabled individuals on the SSI rolls retain disability status until their medical condition improves. The distinction between a disabled person eligible for regular SSI benefits and a disabled person eligible for 1619(a) benefits is that the latter has several months with gross earnings above the SGA level. Under previous law, 1619(a) status did not begin until a trial work period had been completed and a determination had been made that subsequent work

was SGA. A number of cases were defined as 1619(a) after June 1987 as a result of this change in the definition, rather than from any change in their work activity. SSA regulations set the amount of earnings used to determine SGA. This amount is periodically adjusted to reflect increases in the national average wage index. When these increases occur, the status of a number of recipients changes from 1619(a) to regular eligibility status. The SGA level was increased from $300 to $500 in 1990. It was further increased to $700 in 1999, $740 in 2001, $780 in 2002, $800 in 2003, and $810 in 2004. Under section 1619(b), cash payments are not made. However, recipient status for Medicaid purposes continues until earnings reach a plateau that takes into account the person's ability to afford medical care as well as his or her normal living expenses. An individual may benefit from more than one of the work incentive provisions. For example, he or she may receive special cash payments under section 1619 and have income excluded under a PASS. Other combinations are also possible, but it is not possible to have both IRWE and BWE. The data in this report are based on the SSI caseload at the end of December 2003.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 2

Highlights, December 2003
In December 2003, there were 323,682 SSI disabled beneficiaries who were working—5.6 percent of the total SSI disabled caseload. Included in this count were 71,097 section 1619(b) participants who do not receive an SSI payment but have special SSI recipient status for Medicaid purposes. Over four-fifths (82.3 percent) of the workers had amounts of earned income below the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level of $810 per month; 25.0 percent earned $65 or less.

Section 1619
The greatest use of work incentive provisions was by participants under section 1619—27.3 percent of disabled workers. This included 5.3 percent under section 1619(a) and 22.0 percent under section 1619(b).

Other Work Incentives
Use of other work incentive provisions continued to have a smaller, but measurable, impact. In December 2003, 3.8 percent of the SSI disabled workers had some of their income excluded under one of these provisions—plans for achieving selfsupport (PASS), 0.5 percent; impairment-related work expenses, 2.3 percent; or blind work expenses, 0.9 percent. Plans for achieving self-support permit an SSI recipient to set aside income and resources to help obtain the training or education necessary for certain specified occupational goals. In December 2003, 438 PASS participants had earnings, which averaged $720 per month. However, exclusions under a PASS are not limited to earnings. Of the 1,705 disabled recipients with a PASS, 69.3 percent did not have any earnings reported for December 2003. For this group, the PASS excluded unearned income such as Social Security benefits. Out of all PASS participants, 448 had a PASS that excluded only resources.

Geographic Distribution
Among the states, the percentage of disabled workers varied from a low of 2.6 percent in Alabama to a high of 18.5 percent in South Dakota. In general, the percentage of disabled workers was higher in the northern states than in the southern states.

Demographic Characteristics
The majority of these disabled workers were male (53.1 percent). Half (50.2 percent) had unearned income; 43.6 percent were receiving Social Security benefits. Comparable figures for all disabled recipients in December 2003 were 45.0 percent male, 37.7 percent with unearned income, and 30.2 percent receiving Social Security benefits.

Diagnosis
Disabled workers are more likely to have certain impairments than other disabled recipients. Almost two-thirds (65.0 percent) of the workers had a mental disorder, including 42.5 percent who were diagnosed with mental retardation. By comparison, 56.3 percent of all disabled recipients were diagnosed with a mental disorder, including 22.0 percent with mental retardation.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 3

Blind and Disabled Recipients

Blind and Disabled Recipients Chart 1. Number who work, December 1987–2003 The number of blind and disabled recipients who work almost doubled between 1987 and 2003, from 173,000 to 324,000. Initially, the number of participants under sections 1619(a) and 1619(b) were approximately equal. However, participation under section 1619(b) gradually increased to five times the initial total, and it now exceeds participation under section 1619(a) by more than four to one. The number of working recipients not participating under either of these provisions has increased by almost 65 percent.

Thousands 300

250 Other 200

150

100 1619(b) 50 1619(a) 0 1987
SOURCE: Tables 1 and 9.

1989

1991

1993

1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 5

Blind and Disabled Recipients Chart 2. Percentage who work, by state, December 2003 In 14 states, mostly in the South and Southeast, less than 5 percent of blind and disabled recipients were working in December 2003. The highest employment rates, 15 percent or more, were in the upper Midwest: Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

Under 5%

5–9.9%

10–14.9%

15% or more

SOURCE: Table 2.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 6

Blind and Disabled Recipients Table 1. Number and percentage who work, selected months, 1976–2003
Recipients who work Total as a percentage of all blind and disabled recipients 3.4 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.7 4.8 ---5.9 6.2 6.5 6.5 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.9 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.7 6.3 6.1 5.6 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.1 (Continued)

Month December 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2001 March June September December 2002 March June September December

All blind and disabled recipients a 2,088,242 2,186,771 2,249,025 2,277,859 2,334,241 2,340,785 2,314,364 2,391,262 2,499,046 2,633,552 2,795,756 2,945,244 3,046,074 3,172,270 3,386,603 3,681,050 4,126,816 4,544,777 4,870,564 5,115,014 5,252,991 5,189,724 5,293,829 5,317,861 5,395,935 5,500,481 5,618,506 5,740,683 5,423,974 5,448,865 5,493,302 5,500,481 5,538,532 5,573,711 5,620,838 5,618,506

Total 70,719 83,697 87,697 92,270 99,276 102,632 107,803 113,899 ---172,855 189,144 205,837 219,932 229,619 248,917 265,649 282,476 298,635 308,300 319,855 326,475 340,618 360,427 346,110 340,910 323,682 352,940 353,336 353,207 346,110 339,430 342,946 348,244 340,910

Receiving SSI b 70,719 83,697 87,697 92,270 99,276 102,632 102,288 108,734 ---157,223 173,519 187,583 196,415 202,355 217,268 230,350 241,793 251,633 256,395 262,766 266,933 271,353 276,855 269,655 258,733 252,585 274,283 275,435 274,664 269,655 266,835 265,597 265,871 258,733

Section 1619(b) participants ... ... ... ... ... ... 5,515 5,165 ---15,632 15,625 18,254 23,517 27,264 31,649 35,299 40,683 47,002 51,905 57,089 59,542 69,265 83,572 76,455 82,177 71,097 78,657 77,901 78,543 76,455 72,595 77,349 82,373 82,177

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 7

Blind and Disabled Recipients Table 1. Number and percentage who work, selected months, 1976–2003—Continued
Recipients who work Total as a percentage of all blind and disabled recipients 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.6

Month 2003 March June September December

All blind and disabled recipients a 5,657,353 5,705,871 5,749,384 5,740,683

Total 334,378 329,740 329,195 323,682

Receiving SSI b 259,820 257,724 255,619 252,585

Section 1619(b) participants 74,558 72,016 73,576 71,097

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. NOTES: . . . = not applicable; -- = not available. a. Includes section 1619(b) participants. b. Includes section 1619(a) participants and SSI recipients earning less than the substantial gainful activity level ($810 effective January 2004). CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 8

Blind and Disabled Recipients Table 2. Number and percentage who work, by state or other area, December 2003
Recipients who work State or area All areas Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah All blind and disabled recipients 5,740,683 143,652 8,563 79,323 76,104 823,311 46,258 45,272 11,868 18,468 317,008 171,498 15,371 18,965 227,261 89,079 39,519 35,265 164,292 148,516 29,300 76,649 126,234 202,241 61,211 109,546 106,172 13,520 20,276 23,234 12,113 117,604 42,045 496,449 167,763 7,234 230,708 66,830 50,785 281,345 25,409 92,588 11,272 143,580 346,934 19,648 Number 323,682 3,714 574 3,423 3,405 42,178 3,931 3,842 804 663 11,080 6,990 746 1,674 12,999 5,713 6,567 3,920 4,593 5,454 2,206 5,602 9,671 13,947 9,222 3,054 7,163 1,694 2,934 1,329 1,248 7,605 2,142 29,742 7,674 1,332 16,582 3,579 3,826 15,481 1,668 4,786 2,089 5,242 13,594 2,112 Percentage of all blind and disabled recipients 5.6 2.6 6.7 4.3 4.5 5.1 8.5 8.5 6.8 3.6 3.5 4.1 4.9 8.8 5.7 6.4 16.6 11.1 2.8 3.7 7.5 7.3 7.7 6.9 15.1 2.8 6.7 12.5 14.5 5.7 10.3 6.5 5.1 6.0 4.6 18.4 7.2 5.4 7.5 5.5 6.6 5.2 18.5 3.7 3.9 10.7 (Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 9

Blind and Disabled Recipients Table 2. Number and percentage who work, by state or other area, December 2003—Continued
Recipients who work State or area Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Outlying area Northern Mariana Islands All blind and disabled recipients 11,884 112,893 96,425 70,987 82,278 5,359 Number 1,071 6,260 5,594 1,976 10,211 760 Percentage of all blind and disabled recipients 9.0 5.5 5.8 2.8 12.4 14.2

574

16

2.8

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. NOTE: Includes section 1619(b) participants. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 10

Blind and Disabled Recipients Table 3. Percentage distribution of recipients and those who work aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2003
Diagnostic group Total Number Percent Congenital anomalies Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases Infectious and parasitic diseases Injuries Mental disorders Retardation Schizophrenia Other Neoplasms Diseases of the— Blood and blood-forming organs Circulatory system Digestive system Genitourinary system Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue Nervous system and sense organs b Respiratory system Skin and subcutaneous tissue Other Unknown All blind and disabled recipients 3,953,224 100.0 0.6 3.9 1.7 2.6 22.0 10.0 24.3 1.1 0.4 4.7 0.9 1.1 9.7 7.8 2.1 0.2 0.2 6.9 Recipients who work
a

308,347 100.0 1.2 1.3 0.9 1.3 42.5 7.3 15.2 0.6 0.3 1.2 0.3 0.6 3.0 8.6 0.7 0.1 0.3 14.6

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. NOTE: Effective with the December 2002 edition, all recipients in each recipient category are included when computing percentages for each diagnostic category. Previously, only recipients with identified diagnoses were included in this computation. a. Includes section 1619(b) participants. b. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than diseases of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment does not meet the definition of blindness. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 11

Blind and Disabled Recipients Table 4. Number and percentage of recipients, those who work, and section 1619(b) participants aged 18–64, by age, December 2003
Recipients who work All blind and disabled recipients Age Total 18–21 22–29 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–64 Number 4,021,956 259,361 489,209 717,099 1,042,586 1,035,216 478,485
a

Section 1619(b) participants Percentage of all blind and disabled recipients 1.7 1.1 3.5 2.8 1.7 0.8 0.5

Percent 100.0 6.4 12.2 17.8 25.9 25.7 11.9

Number 308,347 29,137 72,943 80,117 71,128 42,504 12,518

Percentage of all blind and disabled recipients 7.7 11.2 14.9 11.2 6.8 4.1 2.6

Number 68,708 2,842 17,222 20,243 17,261 8,702 2,438

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. a. Includes section 1619(b) participants. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 12

Blind and Disabled Recipients Table 5. Number in September 2003, by program status and earnings in December 2003
Not receiving payments in December 2003 Ineligible because of earned income Reasons no longer eligible Receiving payments in December 2003 Program status in September 2003 All blind and disabled recipients Receiving payments Section 1619(a) Have earnings No earnings Not receiving payments Section 1619(b) Total Section Have 1619(a) earnings No earnings Does Can not need pay for Section or use equivalent 1619(b) Medicaid coverage Other excess income

Both

Other non-pay

5,672,313 16,949 243,068 5,337,724 74,572

16,639 9,782 2,608 1,901 2,348

230,521 5,126,143 2,316 1,935 209,506 16,484 15,460 5,102,321 3,239 5,403

69,285 1,916 4,491 6,481 56,397

510 27 47 65 371

59 1 4 7 47

187 9 9 22 147

57,695 216 2,121 51,776 3,582

171,274 747 7,798 159,691 3,038

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 13

Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work

Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work Chart 3. Percentage distribution, by age, December 2003 One-third of the working recipients in December 2003 were under age 30, and 25 percent were aged 30–39. Only 21 percent were aged 50 or older.

50 or older 21%

Under 22 10%

22–29 23%

40–49 22%

30–39 25%
SOURCE: Table 7. NOTE: Data include section 1619(b) participants.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 15

Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work Chart 4. Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group, December 2003 A large majority of working SSI recipients aged 18–64 in December 2003 were disabled because of a mental impairment. Forty-two percent were diagnosed with mental retardation and 22 percent with other mental disorders. Nine percent had diseases of the nervous system and sense organs, mostly blindness.

Unknown 15% Other physical disorders 8% Mental retardation 42%

Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases 1%

Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 3% Nervous system and sense organs 9% Other mental disorders 22%

SOURCE: Table 3. NOTE: Data include section 1619(b) participants.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 16

Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work Chart 5. Percentage distribution, by monthly earnings, December 2003 Two out of three working recipients earned less than $500 in December 2003. This amount would not affect their status as disabled, since it is less than the substantial gainful activity level of $800 for 2003. One out of seven earned $1,000 or more. This proportion includes those receiving special cash benefits, or special Medicaid status, under section 1619.

$1,000 or more 14% $65 or less 25%

$500–999 20%

$66–199 17%

$200–499 24%
SOURCE: Table 7. NOTE: Data include section 1619(b) participants.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 17

Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work Table 6. Number participating in section 1619(a) or 1619(b) and others who work, by state or other area, December 2003
State or area All areas a Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Total 323,682 3,714 574 3,423 3,405 42,178 3,931 3,842 804 663 11,080 6,990 746 1,674 12,999 5,713 6,567 3,920 4,593 5,454 2,206 5,602 9,671 13,947 9,222 3,054 7,163 1,694 2,934 1,329 1,248 7,605 2,142 29,742 7,674 1,332 16,582 3,579 3,826 15,481 1,668 4,786 2,089 5,242 13,594 2,112 Section 1619(a) participants 17,130 219 29 209 149 3,568 143 166 36 57 690 319 41 69 738 244 197 142 210 375 100 274 618 598 278 203 263 50 98 66 50 327 105 1,665 284 26 722 139 123 914 85 162 54 255 713 81 Section 1619(b) participants 71,089 902 154 879 739 6,497 807 1,058 242 219 3,174 1,454 150 423 2,711 1,427 1,487 935 1,125 1,424 643 1,219 2,876 3,143 2,044 783 1,709 373 587 302 330 1,694 586 5,979 1,576 286 3,058 566 919 3,623 368 831 472 1,177 3,302 422 Other recipients who work 235,447 2,593 391 2,335 2,517 32,113 2,981 2,618 526 387 7,216 5,217 555 1,182 9,550 4,042 4,883 2,843 3,258 3,655 1,463 4,109 6,177 10,206 6,900 2,068 5,191 1,271 2,249 961 868 5,584 1,451 22,098 5,814 1,020 12,802 2,874 2,784 10,944 1,215 3,793 1,563 3,810 9,579 1,609 (Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 18

Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work Table 6. Number participating in section 1619(a) or 1619(b) and others who work, by state or other area, December 2003—Continued
State or area Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Outlying area Northern Mariana Islands Total 1,071 6,260 5,594 1,976 10,211 760 Section 1619(a) participants 52 315 407 124 349 29 Section 1619(b) participants 351 1,441 1,627 454 2,360 181 Other recipients who work 668 4,504 3,560 1,398 7,502 550

16

b

b

b

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. a. Includes data not distributed by category. b. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 19

Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work Table 7. Number and percentage who work and their average earnings, by selected characteristics, December 2003
Average earnings (dollars) 469 382 436 529 497 471 421 366 280 468 469 482 281 52 82 137 234 333 432 527 630 734 829 931 1,611 548 367 303 713 421 559 1,059 1,081 720 521 945

Characteristic Total Age Under 18 18–21 22–29 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–64 65 or older Sex Male Female Earned income a Wages Self-employment Earnings (dollars) 65 or less 66–99 100–199 200–299 300–399 400–499 500–599 600–699 700–799 800–899 900–999 1,000 or more Unearned income a None Social Security Other pensions Income based on need Asset income Other Work incentives a Section 1619(a) Section 1619(b) Plans for achieving self-support b Impairment-related work expenses Blind work expenses

Number 323,682 3,194 29,137 72,943 80,117 71,128 42,504 12,518 12,141 171,840 151,842 306,073 18,812 80,874 15,037 40,792 31,774 25,386 21,156 19,849 15,843 11,769 9,322 6,900 44,980 161,282 141,139 2,623 90 23,254 12,262 17,132 71,097 438 7,604 3,074

Percent 100.0 1.0 9.0 22.5 24.8 22.0 13.1 3.9 3.8 53.1 46.9 94.6 5.8 25.0 4.6 12.6 9.8 7.8 6.5 6.1 4.9 3.6 2.9 2.1 13.9 49.8 43.6 0.8 0 7.2 3.8 5.3 22.0 0.1 2.3 0.9

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. NOTE: Includes section 1619(b) participants. a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income, or both earned and unearned income, or benefit from more than one work incentive provision. b. Number of working recipients with a plan for achieving self-support (PASS). See Tables 14–17 for data on all recipients with a PASS. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 20

Section 1619 Participants

Section 1619 Participants Chart 6. Percentage distribution, by state, December 2003 The state distribution of section 1619 cases mirrors that for all working recipients in Chart 2. Proportions of section 1619 cases were higher in the Midwest and lower in the South.

Under 2%

2–2.9%

3–3.9%

4% or more

SOURCE: Table 9.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 22

Section 1619 Participants Chart 7. Percentage distribution, by age, December 2003 Recipients who benefit from section 1619(a) are younger than those who benefit from 1619(b).

Percent 30 1619(a) 25 1619(b)

20

15

10

5

0 Under 22 22–29 30–39 Age
SOURCE: Table 12.

40–49

50 or older

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 23

Section 1619 Participants Chart 8. Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group, December 2003 As with all working recipients, the majority of the section 1619 participants were diagnosed with a mental disorder. Two-thirds of participants under section 1619(a) and three-fifths of participants under section 1619(b) had either mental retardation or other mental disorders.

Percent 40 1619(a) 35 1619(b) 30

25

20

15

10

5

0

Mental retardation

Other mental disorders

Nervous system and sense organs

Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue

Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases

Other physical disorders

Unknown

SOURCE: Table 13.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 24

Section 1619 Participants Table 8. Number and percentage change from prior period, selected months, 1982–2003
Section 1619(a) participants Month December 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2001 March June September December 2002 March June September December 2003 March June September December Number 287 392 ---14,559 19,920 25,655 13,994 15,531 17,603 20,028 24,315 28,060 31,085 34,673 37,271 25,528 27,542 22,100 17,271 17,132 26,775 25,394 25,194 22,100 21,417 20,922 20,275 17,271 16,771 16,539 16,562 17,132 Percentage change from prior period ... 36.6 ---... 36.8 28.8 -45.5 11.0 13.3 13.8 21.4 15.4 10.8 11.5 7.5 -31.5 7.9 -19.8 -21.9 -0.8 -2.8 -5.2 -0.8 -12.3 -3.1 -2.3 -3.1 -14.8 -2.9 -1.4 0.1 3.4 Section 1619(b) participants a Number 5,515 5,165 ---15,632 15,625 18,254 23,517 27,264 31,649 35,299 40,683 47,002 51,905 57,089 59,542 69,265 83,572 76,455 82,177 71,097 78,657 77,901 78,543 76,455 72,595 77,349 82,373 82,177 74,558 72,016 73,576 71,097 Percentage change from prior period ... -6.3 ---... 0 16.8 28.8 15.9 16.1 11.5 15.3 15.5 10.4 10.0 4.3 16.3 20.7 -8.5 7.5 -13.5 -5.9 -1.0 0.8 -2.7 -5.0 6.5 6.5 -0.2 -9.3 -3.4 2.2 -3.4

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. NOTES: When the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level is periodically raised, SSI recipients with earnings below the increased SGA level become eligible for regular SSI benefits rather than the special cash payments under section 1619(a). This change in status is reflected in decreases in 1619(a) participants in December 1990, June 2001, December 2001, and December 2002. . . . = not applicable; -- = not available. a. Includes blind participants. Of the 71,097 participants in December 2003, 1,183 were blind. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 25

Section 1619 Participants Table 9. Ranking of state or other area, by section 1619 participants as a percentage of all blind and disabled recipients in state aged 18–64, December 2003
All blind and disabled recipients a 4,021,956 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 7,956 5,442 29,835 4,102 45,750 59,393 15,093 8,991 25,482 10,441 9,485 33,493 7,783 14,225 14,128 106,130 23,185 367 53,301 72,529 34,556 6,693 38,450 63,718 77,499 147,818 79,997 18,459 29,030 199,325 77,967 339,521 168,891 158,048 12,247 17,559 54,291 198,462 100,311 231,657 51,019 573,533 110,686 61,845 12,018 Section 1619 participants Number 85,609 510 307 1,660 205 2,266 2,654 673 392 1,039 412 372 1,205 274 491 483 3,371 731 10 1,450 1,973 933 180 1,017 1,638 1,925 3,622 1,955 443 665 4,427 1,729 7,432 3,681 3,349 258 352 1,059 3,736 1,755 3,883 854 9,587 1,806 961 185 Percent 2.13 6.41 5.64 5.56 5.00 4.95 4.47 4.46 4.36 4.08 3.95 3.92 3.60 3.52 3.45 3.42 3.18 3.15 2.72 2.72 2.72 2.70 2.69 2.64 2.57 2.48 2.45 2.44 2.40 2.29 2.22 2.22 2.19 2.18 2.12 2.11 2.00 1.95 1.88 1.75 1.68 1.67 1.67 1.63 1.55 1.54 (Continued)

State or area All areas South Dakota North Dakota Iowa Wyoming Minnesota Wisconsin Nebraska Vermont Kansas Montana New Hampshire Connecticut Delaware Utah Idaho Massachusetts Maine Northern Mariana Islands Maryland Washington Colorado Alaska Oregon Indiana Missouri Michigan New Jersey Rhode Island New Mexico Pennsylvania Virginia New York Ohio Illinois District of Columbia Nevada Arizona Florida Louisiana Texas Arkansas California North Carolina South Carolina Hawaii

Ranking

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 26

Section 1619 Participants Table 9. Ranking of state or other area, by section 1619 participants as a percentage of all blind and disabled recipients in state aged 18–64, December 2003—Continued
All blind and disabled recipients a 116,454 47,519 102,287 72,141 98,596 119,370 54,878 Section 1619 participants Number 1,723 680 1,380 959 1,088 1,299 570 Percent 1.48 1.43 1.35 1.33 1.10 1.09 1.04

State or area Georgia Oklahoma Tennessee Mississippi Alabama Kentucky West Virginia

Ranking 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. a. Includes section 1619(b) participants. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 27

Section 1619 Participants Table 10. Section 1619(a) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months, 2002–2003
December 2002 Average earnings (dollars) 1,043 1,013 1,014 1,007 1,003 1,145 997 983 1,030 997 997 998 1,021 995 996 994 990 1,004 1,007 991 1,004 1,000 1,066 997 1,029 1,003 1,016 995 980 1,035 969 1,027 1,020 1,060 1,004 1,007 998 990 1,022 1,023 1,045 1,006 979 1,006 1,006 975 September 2003 Average earnings Number (dollars) 16,561 217 26 174 150 3,625 149 157 35 49 660 317 42 74 691 218 163 115 216 354 104 255 611 540 228 183 235 42 79 56 35 358 108 1,624 289 28 703 136 122 934 90 177 61 242 660 67 1,041 979 1,023 991 987 1,153 997 990 1,006 987 1,001 991 1,021 1,008 984 988 1,002 1,026 993 993 1,020 1,005 1,052 999 1,015 1,002 980 999 978 1,018 1,012 1,025 1,001 1,044 1,008 965 1,002 998 1,022 1,025 1,036 990 1,031 989 997 997 December 2003 Average earnings (dollars) 1,059 1,000 1,076 1,018 1,008 1,169 1,000 1,001 991 1,053 1,024 1,005 1,017 1,024 1,017 1,006 1,027 1,046 1,018 1,008 1,060 1,018 1,054 1,024 1,042 1,017 1,005 986 1,027 1,029 1,016 1,035 1,004 1,070 1,024 1,014 1,028 1,025 1,040 1,033 1,064 1,016 1,052 1,024 1,023 1,023 (Continued)

State or area All areas Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah

Number 17,269 231 27 186 147 3,687 171 167 44 64 636 345 41 76 669 229 158 120 233 354 92 285 673 618 311 202 227 57 101 58 42 382 113 1,639 281 35 790 171 127 888 79 181 57 260 670 71

Number 17,130 219 29 209 149 3,568 143 166 36 57 690 319 41 69 738 244 197 142 210 375 100 274 618 598 278 203 263 50 98 66 50 327 105 1,665 284 26 722 139 123 914 85 162 54 255 713 81

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 28

Section 1619 Participants Table 10. Section 1619(a) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months, 2002–2003—Continued
December 2002 Average earnings (dollars) 1,089 980 991 1,016 1,041 1,011 September 2003 Average earnings Number (dollars) 56 284 377 109 307 29 1,046 995 1,012 1,012 1,015 955 December 2003 Average earnings (dollars) 1,062 1,029 1,039 1,033 1,026 1,021

State or area Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Outlying area Northern Mariana Islands

Number 72 303 399 125 344 31

Number 52 315 407 124 349 29

a

a

a

a

a

a

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. a. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 29

Section 1619 Participants Table 11. Section 1619(b) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months, 2002–2003
December 2002 Average earnings (dollars) 1,094 1,202 1,103 1,135 1,029 1,348 1,046 959 1,113 1,366 1,100 1,087 1,007 936 1,056 1,008 798 973 1,180 1,014 1,017 1,206 1,194 1,050 933 1,172 906 874 937 1,154 995 1,244 1,127 1,305 1,053 755 1,002 890 855 1,072 1,101 1,008 887 1,155 1,016 950 September 2003 Average earnings Number (dollars) 73,576 896 194 913 739 6,349 836 1,102 249 232 3,339 1,515 155 458 2,773 1,492 1,558 971 1,124 1,451 706 1,303 2,908 3,434 2,225 828 1,719 384 653 337 359 1,711 596 6,084 1,594 310 3,248 586 959 3,704 348 897 493 1,248 3,485 469 1,085 1,154 1,218 1,173 1,071 1,402 1,099 947 1,098 1,475 1,121 1,072 1,041 979 1,076 948 814 904 1,159 1,063 989 1,189 1,174 1,036 917 1,128 921 854 917 1,163 954 1,222 1,088 1,262 1,032 770 976 857 844 1,049 1,111 1,018 808 1,119 1,026 935 December 2003 Average earnings (dollars) 1,081 1,204 1,175 1,165 1,027 1,390 1,074 954 1,159 1,432 1,099 1,070 1,065 987 1,051 957 794 927 1,106 1,040 988 1,164 1,171 1,028 914 1,138 914 846 885 1,172 911 1,230 1,084 1,270 1,010 797 960 853 855 1,044 1,064 994 827 1,108 1,024 946 (Continued)

State or area All areas Alabama Alaska a Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut a Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii a Idaho a Illinois a Indiana a Iowa Kansas a Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota a Mississippi Missouri a Montana Nebraska a Nevada a New Hampshire a New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota a Ohio a Oklahoma a Oregon a Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah a

Number 82,177 984 192 979 872 7,593 987 1,169 304 265 3,692 1,750 172 487 3,173 1,670 1,586 1,088 1,332 1,531 729 1,411 3,348 3,826 2,303 871 1,884 415 660 369 439 1,961 592 6,723 1,859 319 3,743 712 1,007 4,051 416 1,008 529 1,480 3,795 503

Number 71,097 902 154 879 739 6,497 807 1,058 242 219 3,174 1,454 150 423 2,711 1,427 1,487 935 1,125 1,424 643 1,219 2,876 3,143 2,044 783 1,709 373 587 302 330 1,694 586 5,979 1,576 286 3,058 566 919 3,623 368 831 472 1,177 3,302 422

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 30

Section 1619 Participants Table 11. Section 1619(b) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months, 2002–2003—Continued
December 2002 Average earnings (dollars) 923 1,014 1,110 1,177 929 814 September 2003 Average earnings Number (dollars) 355 1,483 1,720 467 2,407 201 931 1,010 1,124 1,096 910 825 December 2003 Average earnings (dollars) 919 1,021 1,117 1,112 899 812

State or area Vermont Virginia a Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Outlying area Northern Mariana Islands

Number 391 1,646 1,955 519 2,652 224

Number 351 1,441 1,627 454 2,360 181

11

1,113

9

1,313

8

1,220

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. a. The Social Security Administration identifies persons as potential participants; final Medicaid determinations are made by the state. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 31

Section 1619 Participants Table 12. Number and average earnings, by selected characteristics, December 2003
Section 1619(a) participants Average earnings (dollars) 1,059 1,027 1,036 1,046 1,067 1,072 1,075 1,047 1,098 1,071 1,045 1,062 987 ... ... ... ... 852 1,018 1,346 1,061 1,001 1,041 993 1,067 1,039 1,356 1,130 2,386 Section 1619(b) participants Average earnings (dollars) 1,081 -1,133 1,145 1,076 1,055 1,068 975 900 1,090 1,070 1,087 940 268 435 528 630 774 1,014 1,857 1,704 738 924 1,465 984 1,204 0 1,003 1,503

Characteristic All participants Age Under 18 18–21 22–29 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–64 65 or older Sex Male Female Earned income a Wages Self-employment Earnings (dollars) Less than 400 400–499 500–599 600–699 700–899 900–1,199 1,200 or more Unearned income a None Social Security Other pensions Income based on need Asset income Other Work incentives a Plans for achieving self-support b Impairment-related work expenses Blind work expenses

Number 17,132 114 1,825 4,585 4,635 3,695 1,805 356 117 9,237 7,895 16,702 517 ... ... ... ... 2,934 10,536 3,662 15,118 571 28 3 1,068 442 153 601 3

Number 71,097 157 2,842 17,222 20,243 17,261 8,702 2,438 2,232 37,133 33,964 69,310 2,300 9,573 5,504 6,742 6,217 8,868 7,062 27,131 22,363 45,540 483 18 4,755 3,061 0 1,752 659

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. NOTE: -- = not available; . . . = not applicable. a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income, or both earned and unearned income, or benefit from more than one work incentive provision. b. Includes 23 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 32

Section 1619 Participants Table 13. Percentage distribution of participants aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2003
Diagnostic group Total Number Percent Congenital anomalies Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases Infectious and parasitic diseases Injuries Mental disorders Retardation Schizophrenia Other Neoplasms Diseases of the— Blood and blood-forming organs Circulatory system Digestive system Genitourinary system Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue Nervous system and sense organs a Respiratory system Skin and subcutaneous tissue Other Unknown All blind and disabled recipients 3,953,224 100.0 0.6 3.9 1.7 2.6 22.0 10.0 24.3 1.1 0.4 4.7 0.9 1.1 9.7 7.8 2.1 0.2 0.2 6.9 Section 1619(a) participants 16,901 100.0 0.9 2.0 1.4 1.9 35.7 8.4 21.4 0.9 0.7 1.4 0.4 1.0 3.8 10.4 0.9 0.1 0.3 8.4 Section 1619(b) participants 68,708 100.0 0.7 2.1 1.8 2.3 32.9 8.7 20.2 1.0 0.6 1.7 0.5 1.3 4.7 10.0 1.0 0.1 0.2 10.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. NOTE: Effective with the December 2002 edition, all recipients in each recipient category are included when computing percentages for each diagnostic category. Previously, only recipients with identified diagnoses were included in this computation. a. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than diseases of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment does not meet the definition of blindness. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 33

Other Work Incentive Participants

Other Work Incentive Participants Chart 9. Percentage distribution, by age and provision, December 2003 Recipients with income excluded under plans for achieving self-support (PASS), impairment-related work expenses (IRWE), or blind work expenses (BWE) were similar in age to all working recipients (Chart 3). PASS participants were somewhat older—52 percent were aged 40 or older, compared with 32 percent of those with IRWE and 40 percent of those with BWE.

Percent 35 PASS 30 IRWE BWE 25

20

15

10

5

0 Under 22 22–29 30–39 Age
SOURCE: Table 15.

40–49

50 or older

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 35

Other Work Incentive Participants Chart 10. Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group and provision, December 2003 The most frequently identified diagnosis varied among recipients who had income excluded under plans for achieving self-support (PASS), impairment-related work expenses (IRWE), or blind work expenses (BWE). Over half of the recipients who had some income excluded under IRWE were mentally retarded, and 40 percent of those with a PASS had other mental disorders. Four-fifths of those with BWE had a nervous system disorder.

Percent 90 PASS 80 IRWE 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 BWE

Mental retardation

Schizophrenia and other mental disorders

Nervous system and sense organs

Other physical disorders

Unknown

SOURCE: Table 16.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 36

Other Work Incentive Participants Table 14. Number, by state or other area and provision, December 2003
Plans for achieving self-support (PASS) a 1,705 26 4 19 19 511 11 9 0 b 61 28 9 17 21 6 26 23 49 3 34 16 86 57 40 7 17 32 12 9 7 16 b 111 110 7 38 5 24 18 8 11 14 15 31 4 Impairment-related work expenses (IRWE) 7,604 167 6 92 84 719 35 171 41 b 357 256 7 20 283 134 49 308 108 136 38 200 210 191 162 40 157 10 31 19 30 205 80 609 361 11 131 80 42 370 9 80 16 158 333 59 Blind work expenses (BWE) 3,074 29 3 32 31 447 36 23 9 4 99 60 9 9 71 42 73 34 48 53 16 49 260 90 66 50 57 10 22 13 11 42 19 227 117 3 110 23 35 145 17 38 6 54 200 21 (Continued)

State or area All areas Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 37

Other Work Incentive Participants Table 14. Number, by state or other area and provision, December 2003—Continued
Plans for achieving self-support (PASS) a 18 15 36 6 54 b 0 Impairment-related work expenses (IRWE) 7 555 109 33 288 5 b Blind work expenses (BWE) 6 78 58 22 93 b b

State or area Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Outlying area Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. a. Includes 448 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources. b. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 38

Other Work Incentive Participants Table 15. Number, by selected characteristics and provision, December 2003
Plans for achieving self-support (PASS) a 1,705 7 66 284 455 535 296 45 17 720 985 444 86 1,181 29 11 35 59 37 52 42 51 29 35 21 123 309 1,333 19 0 121 81 Impairment-related work expenses (IRWE) 7,604 4 392 2,357 2,399 1,477 688 163 124 4,130 3,474 7,539 82 0 638 311 1,126 1,024 874 726 635 463 391 252 208 956 3,210 3,930 59 1 684 217 Blind work expenses (BWE) 3,074 3 143 761 953 633 436 90 55 1,665 1,409 2,973 124 0 213 106 285 212 202 174 182 162 116 120 117 1,185 1,570 1,251 9 0 286 128

Characteristic Total Age Under 18 18–21 22–29 30–39 40–49 50–59 60–64 65 or older Sex Male Female Earned income b Wages Self-employment Earnings (dollars) None 65 or less 66–99 100–199 200–299 300–399 400–499 500–599 600–699 700–799 800–899 900–999 1,000 or more Unearned income b None Social Security Other pensions Income based on need Asset income Other

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. a. Includes 448 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources. b. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned income or both earned and unearned income. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 39

Other Work Incentive Participants Table 16. Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group and provision, December 2003
Plans for achieving self-support (PASS) a 1,705 100.0 0.8 2.6 2.4 7.7 4.2 10.0 29.6 0.9 0.3 1.3 0.8 1.0 7.6 12.1 1.2 0.2 0.1 17.4 Impairmentrelated work expenses (IRWE) 7,604 100.0 1.7 0.4 0.6 2.2 55.1 3.9 8.5 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.2 1.0 11.4 0.2 0 0.2 13.4

Diagnostic group Total Number Percent Congenital anomalies Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases Infectious and parasitic diseases Injuries Mental disorders Retardation Schizophrenia Other Neoplasms Diseases of the— Blood and blood-forming organs Circulatory system Digestive system Genitourinary system Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue Nervous system and sense organs b Respiratory system Skin and subcutaneous tissue Other Unknown

All blind and disabled recipients 3,953,224 100.0 0.6 3.9 1.7 2.6 22.0 10.0 24.3 1.1 0.4 4.7 0.9 1.1 9.7 7.8 2.1 0.2 0.2 6.9

Blind work expenses (BWE) 3,074 100.0 1.1 0.4 0.1 0.1 2.0 0 0.3 0.1 0 1.2 0 0.1 0.1 80.3 0 0 0.2 14.1

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. NOTE: Effective with the December 2002 edition, all recipients in each recipient category are included when computing percentages for each diagnostic category. Previously, only recipients with identified diagnoses were included in this computation. a. Includes 448 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources. b. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than diseases of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment does not meet the definition of blindness. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 40

Other Work Incentive Participants Table 17. Percentage distribution of persons with income excluded, by amount excluded and provision, December 2003
Plans for achieving self-support (PASS) a 1,257 100.0 2.7 1.0 2.3 5.6 9.6 23.5 47.7 7.6 Impairment-related work expenses (IRWE) 7,604 100.0 18.9 25.4 32.2 15.6 3.9 2.5 1.2 0.3 Blind work expenses (BWE) 3,074 100.0 17.9 10.2 14.3 18.4 11.8 14.1 10.1 3.2

Amount excluded (dollars) Total Number Percent Under 25 25–49 50–99 100–199 200–299 300–499 500–999 1,000 or more

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data. a. Data do not include plans for achieving self-support that exclude only resources. CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, December 2003 ♦ 41