Blind and Disabled Recipients

Table 1.
Number and percentage who work, selected months, 1976–2004
Recipients who work

All blind
and disabled
recipients a

Total

Receiving SSI b

Section 1619(b)
participants

2,088,242
2,186,771
2,249,025
2,277,859

70,719
83,697
87,697
92,270

70,719
83,697
87,697
92,270

...
...
...
...

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

2,334,241
2,340,785
2,314,364
2,391,262
2,499,046

99,276
102,632
107,803
113,899
--

99,276
102,632
102,288
108,734
--

...
...
5,515
5,165
--

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

2,633,552
2,795,756
2,945,244
3,046,074
3,172,270

--172,855
189,144
205,837

--157,223
173,519
187,583

--15,632
15,625
18,254

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

3,386,603
3,681,050
4,126,816
4,544,777
4,870,564

219,932
229,619
248,917
265,649
282,476

196,415
202,355
217,268
230,350
241,793

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

5,115,014
5,252,991
5,189,724
5,293,829
5,317,861

298,635
308,300
319,855
326,475
340,618

251,633
256,395
262,766
266,933
271,353

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

5,395,935
5,500,481
5,618,506
5,740,683
5,850,359

360,427
346,110
340,910
323,682
328,204

276,855
269,655
258,733
252,585
254,523

83,572
76,455
82,177
71,097
73,681

2002
March
June
September
December

5,538,532
5,573,711
5,620,838
5,618,506

339,430
342,946
348,244
340,910

266,835
265,597
265,871
258,733

72,595
77,349
82,373
82,177

2003
March
June
September
December

5,657,353
5,705,871
5,749,384
5,740,683

334,378
329,740
329,195
323,682

259,820
257,724
255,619
252,585

74,558
72,016
73,576
71,097

2004
March
June
September
December

5,796,837
5,834,265
5,869,004
5,850,359

321,030
323,624
328,831
328,204

251,498
250,726
253,174
254,523

69,532
72,898
75,657
73,681

Month
December
1976
1977
1978
1979

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTES: . . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.

b. Includes section 1619(a) participants and SSI recipients earning less than the substantial gainful activity level ($830 effective January 2005).
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

File available from:
Social Security Administration, Office of Policy
SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_workers/2004/

Blind and Disabled Recipients

ork

Total as a percentage
of all blind
and disabled
recipients

rmat), 100 percent data.

3.4
3.8
3.9
4.1
4.3
4.4
4.7
4.8
---5.9
6.2
6.5
6.5
6.2
6.0
5.8
5.8
5.8
5.9
6.2
6.2
6.4
6.7
6.3
6.1
5.6
5.6
6.1
6.2
6.2
6.1
5.9
5.8
5.7
5.6
5.5
5.5
5.6
5.6

y level ($830 effective January 2005).

Blind and Disabled Recipients
Table 2.
Number and percentage who work, by state or other area, December 2004
Recipients who work
All blind and
disabled recipients

Number

5,850,359

328,204

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

144,687
8,789
82,175
78,316
841,885

3,850
601
3,555
3,611
43,491

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

46,569
45,825
12,405
19,047
321,530

3,875
3,828
834
653
11,435

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

173,247
15,944
19,740
227,977
91,519

7,010
799
1,715
13,370
5,721

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

40,343
36,013
165,707
151,409
29,714

6,614
4,017
4,681
5,505
2,210

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

78,638
127,912
205,330
63,030
109,624

5,689
9,610
13,992
9,679
3,081

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

107,842
13,768
20,589
24,362
12,465

7,157
1,738
2,981
1,498
1,257

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

118,456
43,619
501,231
170,726
7,237

7,594
2,110
30,114
7,772
1,358

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

233,052
69,345
52,222
288,759
26,055

16,741
3,731
3,885
15,083
1,623

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

93,201
11,200
144,217
366,570
19,970

4,734
2,096
5,216
13,583
2,137

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

12,074
114,810
99,341
72,026
83,813
5,428

1,183
6,451
5,721
2,069
10,167
763

State or area
All areas

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

606

16

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Includes section 1619(b) participants.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

File available from:
Social Security Administration, Office of Policy
SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_workers/2004/

Blind and Disabled Recipients

004
Recipients who work
Percentage of all blind
and disabled recipients
5.6
2.7
6.8
4.3
4.6
5.2
8.3
8.4
6.7
3.4
3.6
4.0
5.0
8.7
5.9
6.3
16.4
11.2
2.8
3.6
7.4
7.2
7.5
6.8
15.4
2.8
6.6
12.6
14.5
6.1
10.1
6.4
4.8
6.0
4.6
18.8
7.2
5.4
7.4
5.2
6.2
5.1
18.7
3.6
3.7
10.7
9.8
5.6
5.8
2.9
12.1
14.1

ct Record format), 100 percent data.

2.6

Blind and Disabled Recipients
Table 3.
Percentage distribution of recipients and those who work aged 18–64, by diagnostic group,
December 2004
Diagnostic group
Total
Number
Percent
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Schizophrenia
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs b
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

All blind and disabled recipients
4,017,108
100.0
0.6
3.7
1.7
2.6
21.9
9.9
25.3
1.1
0.4
4.5
0.9
1.0
9.9
7.8
2.1
0.2
0.2
6.2

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Effective with the December 2002 edition, all recipients in each recipient category are included when computing percentages for each
diagnostic category. Previously, only recipients with identified diagnoses were included in this computation.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
b. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than diseases
of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment does not meet the
definition of blindness.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

File available from:
Social Security Administration, Office of Policy
SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_workers/2004/

Blind and Disabled Recipients

, by diagnostic group,
Recipients who work

a

313,004
100.0
1.3
1.3
1.0
1.4
42.0
7.2
16.3
0.6
0.3
1.2
0.3
0.6
3.3
8.8
0.7
0.1
0.3
13.4

act Record format), 100 percent data.

e included when computing percentages for each
s computation.

ients with a primary impairment other than diseases
s of the eye, but their impairment does not meet the

Blind and Disabled Recipients
Table 4.
Number and percentage of recipients, those who work, and section 1619(b) participants aged 18–64,
by age, December 2004
Recipients who work
All blind and
disabled recipients
Age
Total
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64

Section 1619(b) participants

Number

Percent

Number

Percentage
of all blind and
disabled recipients

4,088,304

100.0

313,005

7.7

71,195

272,114
504,572
696,602
1,056,428
1,074,642
483,946

6.7
12.3
17.0
25.8
26.3
11.8

30,392
75,465
77,329
72,536
44,483
12,800

11.2
15.0
11.1
6.9
4.1
2.6

2,867
17,801
20,246
18,175
9,431
2,675

a

Number

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

File available from:
Social Security Administration, Office of Policy
SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_workers/2004/

ind and Disabled Recipients

cipants aged 18–64,
Section 1619(b) participants
Percentage
of all blind and
disabled recipients

mat), 100 percent data.

1.7
1.1
3.5
2.9
1.7
0.9
0.6

Blind and Disabled Recipients
Table 5.
Number in December 2003, by program status and earnings in December 2004
Not receiving payments
in December 2004
Ineligible because of earned income
Reasons no longer eligible
Receiving payments
in December 2004
Program status
in December 2003

Section
1619(b)

Can
pay for
equivalent
coverage

Both

Other
excess
income

Total

Section
1619(a)

All blind and
disabled
recipients

5,676,848

16,242

223,887

4,909,518

69,256

683

161

340

119,846

Receiving payments
Section 1619(a)
Have earnings
No earnings

17,643
237,204
5,350,729

6,216
2,694
5,294

3,017
171,618
44,669

3,842
38,214
4,856,578

2,260
7,787
17,591

40
74
198

10
5
32

13
25
92

626
6,224
107,121

71,272

2,038

4,583

10,884

41,618

371

114

210

5,875

Not receiving payments
Section 1619(b)

Have
earnings No earnings

Does
not need
or use
Medicaid

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

File available from:
Social Security Administration, Office of Policy
SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004
http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/statcomps/ssi_workers/2004/

Disabled Recipients

ments
04

percent data.

Other
non-pay

336,915
1,619
10,563
319,154
5,579