Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work

Chart 3.
Percentage distribution, by age, December 2004
One-third of the working recipients in December 2004 were under age 30, and 24 percent were aged 30–39. Only
21 percent were aged 50 or older.

50 or older
21%

Under 22
10%

22–29
23%

40–49
22%

30–39
24%
SOURCE: Table 7.
NOTE: Data include section 1619(b) participants.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 15

Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work
Chart 4.
Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group, December 2004
A large majority of working SSI recipients aged 18–64 in December 2004 were disabled because of a mental
impairment. Forty-two percent were diagnosed with mental retardation and 24 percent with other mental disorders.
Eight percent had diseases of the nervous system and sense organs, mostly blindness.

Unknown
13%

Endocrine,
nutritional, and
metabolic diseases
1%

Other
physical
disorders
8%
Mental
retardation
42%

Musculoskeletal system
and connective tissue
3%
Nervous system
and sense organs
9%

Other mental
disorders
24%
SOURCE: Table 3.
NOTE: Data include section 1619(b) participants.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 16

Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work
Chart 5.
Percentage distribution, by monthly earnings, December 2004
Two out of three working recipients earned less than $500 in December 2004. This amount would not affect their
status as disabled, since it is less than the substantial gainful activity level of $810 for 2004. One out of seven
earned $1,000 or more. This proportion includes those receiving special cash benefits, or special Medicaid status,
under section 1619.

$1,000 or more
14%
$65 or less
24%

$500–999
20%

$66–199
18%

$200–499
24%
SOURCE: Table 7.
NOTE: Data include section 1619(b) participants.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 17

Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work
Table 6.
Number participating in section 1619(a) or 1619(b) and others who work, by state or other area,
December 2004

Total

Section 1619(a)
participants

Section 1619(b)
participants

Other recipients
who work

328,204

17,115

73,681

237,408

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

3,850
601
3,555
3,611
43,491

250
32
206
152
3,788

903
178
944
778
7,216

2,697
391
2,405
2,681
32,487

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

3,875
3,828
834
653
11,435

163
144
42
60
697

809
1,056
246
239
3,248

2,903
2,628
546
354
7,490

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

7,010
799
1,715
13,370
5,721

338
62
91
701
253

1,558
203
470
2,875
1,434

5,114
534
1,154
9,794
4,034

6,614
4,017
4,681
5,505
2,210

185
152
238
335
96

1,419
930
1,141
1,464
662

5,010
2,935
3,302
3,706
1,452

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

5,689
9,610
13,992
9,679
3,081

310
582
606
262
194

1,241
2,979
3,124
2,150
785

4,138
6,049
10,262
7,267
2,102

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

7,157
1,738
2,981
1,498
1,257

257
49
79
78
63

1,717
383
579
392
339

5,183
1,306
2,323
1,028
855

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

7,594
2,110
30,114
7,772
1,358

321
100
1,617
292
37

1,752
568
6,242
1,629
319

5,521
1,442
22,255
5,851
1,002

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

16,741
3,731
3,885
15,083
1,623

677
143
125
775
85

3,072
676
945
3,587
367

12,992
2,912
2,815
10,721
1,171

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

4,734
2,096
5,216
13,583
2,137

136
60
256
643
79

858
458
1,178
3,342
471

3,740
1,578
3,782
9,598
1,587

State or area
All areas

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

(Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 18

Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work
Table 6.
Number participating in section 1619(a) or 1619(b) and others who work, by state or other area,
December 2004—Continued

State or area

Total

Section 1619(a)
participants

Section 1619(b)
participants

Other recipients
who work

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1,183
6,451
5,721
2,069
10,167
763

62
321
421
127
341
29

378
1,554
1,721
525
2,351
222

743
4,576
3,579
1,417
7,475
512

16

3

4

9

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 19

Blind and Disabled Recipients Who Work
Table 7.
Number and percentage who work and their average earnings, by selected characteristics,
December 2004

Number

Percent

Average
earnings
(dollars)

328,204

100.0

474

3,176
30,392
75,465
77,329
72,536
44,483
12,800
12,023

1.0
9.3
23.0
23.6
22.1
13.6
3.9
3.7

375
439
523
504
484
431
380
293

Sex
Male
Female

174,596
153,608

53.2
46.8

475
473

Earned income a
Wages
Self-employment

309,175
20,376

94.2
6.2

487
306

78,193
15,741
42,201
32,417
25,667
22,149
20,372
16,363
11,585
10,367
6,815
46,334

23.8
4.8
12.9
9.9
7.8
6.7
6.2
5.0
3.5
3.2
2.1
14.1

51
82
137
234
333
432
528
630
732
828
932
1,607

164,765
143,214
2,554
100
20,495
12,904

50.2
43.6
0.8
0
6.2
3.9

553
372
309
716
428
578

17,115
73,681
418
6,874
2,827

5.2
22.4
0.1
2.1
0.9

1,076
1,070
755
512
919

Characteristic
Total
Age
Under 18
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64
65 or older

Earnings (dollars)
65 or less
66–99
100–199
200–299
300–399
400–499
500–599
600–699
700–799
800–899
900–999
1,000 or more
Unearned income a
None
Social Security
Other pensions
Income based on need
Asset income
Other
Work incentives a
Section 1619(a)
Section 1619(b)
Plans for achieving self-support b
Impairment-related work expenses
Blind work expenses

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Includes section 1619(b) participants.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned
income, or both earned and unearned income, or benefit from more than one work incentive provision.
b. Number of working recipients with a plan for achieving self-support (PASS). See Tables 14–17 for data on all recipients with a PASS.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 20