Section 1619 Participants

Chart 6.
Percentage distribution, by state, December 2004
The state distribution of section 1619 cases mirrors that for all working recipients in Chart 2. Proportions of
section 1619 cases were higher in the Midwest and lower in the South.

Under 2%

2–2.9%

3–3.9%

4% or more

SOURCE: Table 9.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 22

Section 1619 Participants
Chart 7.
Percentage distribution, by age, December 2004
Recipients who benefit from section 1619(a) are younger than those who benefit from 1619(b).

Percent
30
1619(a)
1619(b)

25

20

15

10

5

0
Under 22

22–29

30–39

40–49

50 or older

Age
SOURCE: Table 12.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 23

Section 1619 Participants
Chart 8.
Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group, December 2004
As with all working recipients, the majority of the section 1619 participants were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
Two-thirds of participants under section 1619(a) and three-fifths of participants under section 1619(b) had either
mental retardation or other mental disorders.

Percent
35
1619(a)
30

1619(b)

25

20

15

10

5

0
Mental
retardation

Other
mental
disorders

Nervous
system
and sense
organs

Musculoskeletal
system
and
connective
tissue

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Other
physical
disorders

Unknown

SOURCE: Table 13.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 24

Section 1619 Participants
Table 8.
Number and percentage change from prior period, selected months 1982–2004
Section 1619(a) participants

Section 1619(b) participants

a

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

287
392
--

...
36.6
--

5,515
5,165
--

...
-6.3
--

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

--14,559
19,920
25,655

--...
36.8
28.8

--15,632
15,625
18,254

--...
0
16.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

13,994
15,531
17,603
20,028
24,315

-45.5
11.0
13.3
13.8
21.4

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

28.8
15.9
16.1
11.5
15.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

28,060
31,085
34,673
37,271
25,528

15.4
10.8
11.5
7.5
-31.5

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

15.5
10.4
10.0
4.3
16.3

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

27,542
22,100
17,271
17,130
17,115

7.9
-19.8
-21.9
-0.8
-0.1

83,572
76,455
82,177
71,097
73,681

20.7
-8.5
7.5
-13.5
3.6

2002
March
June
September
December

21,417
20,922
20,275
17,271

-3.1
-2.3
-3.1
-14.8

72,595
77,349
82,373
82,177

-5.0
6.5
6.5
-0.2

2003
March
June
September
December

16,771
16,539
16,562
17,130

-2.9
-1.4
0.1
3.4

74,558
72,016
73,576
71,097

-9.3
-3.4
2.2
-3.4

2004
March
June
September
December

16,879
16,587
16,891
17,115

-1.5
-1.7
1.8
1.3

69,532
72,898
75,657
73,681

-2.2
4.8
3.8
-2.6

Month
December
1982
1983
1984

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTES: When the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level is periodically raised, SSI recipients with earnings below the increased SGA
level become eligible for regular SSI benefits rather than the special cash payments under section 1619(a). This can lead to decreases in
the number of 1619(a) participants.
. . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes blind participants. Of the 73,681 participants in December 2004, 1,178 were blind.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 25

Section 1619 Participants
Table 9.
Ranking of state or other area, by section 1619 participants as a percentage of all blind
and disabled recipients in state aged 18–64, December 2004
Section 1619 participants
Number

Percent

4,088,303

88,077

2.15

1
2
3
4
5

5,450
7,938
4,158
30,377
46,892

352
503
241
1,582
2,358

6.46
6.34
5.80
5.21
5.03

Vermont
Wisconsin
Nebraska
Kansas
New Hampshire

6
7
8
9
10

9,196
60,431
15,433
26,024
9,833

426
2,639
648
1,043
393

4.63
4.37
4.20
4.01
4.00

Montana
Idaho
Utah
Connecticut
Delaware

11
12
13
14
15

10,595
14,653
14,456
33,782
8,189

420
552
536
1,177
284

3.96
3.77
3.71
3.48
3.47

Massachusetts
Maine
Alaska
Washington
Maryland

16
17
18
19
20

107,148
23,537
6,860
74,331
54,993

3,424
748
209
2,084
1,517

3.20
3.18
3.05
2.80
2.76

Colorado
Oregon
Indiana
New Jersey
Nevada

21
22
23
24
25

34,773
39,370
65,266
80,358
18,289

953
1,048
1,655
2,010
455

2.74
2.66
2.54
2.50
2.49

Missouri
Michigan
Rhode Island
Virginia
New York

26
27
28
29
30

78,643
149,621
18,906
79,226
340,928

1,925
3,619
440
1,832
7,655

2.45
2.42
2.33
2.31
2.25

District of Columbia
Illinois
Ohio
New Mexico
Pennsylvania

31
32
33
34
35

12,523
157,798
170,915
30,000
203,092

277
3,466
3,650
638
4,258

2.21
2.20
2.14
2.13
2.10

Hawaii
Arizona
Florida
Northern Mariana Islands
California

36
37
38
39
40

12,487
56,199
200,953
385
585,721

254
1,107
3,826
7
10,495

2.03
1.97
1.90
1.82
1.79

Louisiana
Arkansas
North Carolina
Oklahoma
Texas

41
42
43
44
45

101,941
52,408
112,521
49,330
241,756

1,752
883
1,872
797
3,849

1.72
1.68
1.66
1.62
1.59

State or area

Ranking

All blind and
disabled recipients a

All areas
North Dakota
South Dakota
Wyoming
Iowa
Minnesota

(Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 26

Section 1619 Participants
Table 9.
Ranking of state or other area, by section 1619 participants as a percentage of all blind
and disabled recipients in state aged 18–64, December 2004—Continued

Ranking

All blind and
disabled recipients a

Georgia
South Carolina
Tennessee
Mississippi
West Virginia

46
47
48
49
50

Alabama
Kentucky

51
52

State or area

Section 1619 participants
Number

Percent

117,699
62,345
102,986
72,009
55,821

1,831
960
1,374
949
644

1.56
1.54
1.33
1.32
1.15

99,709
120,049

1,120
1,340

1.12
1.12

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 27

Section 1619 Participants
Table 10.
Section 1619(a) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months,
2003–2004
December 2003

September 2004
Average
earnings
Number
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

17,130

1,059

16,891

219
29
209
149
3,568

1,000
1,076
1,018
1,008
1,169

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

143
166
36
57
690

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

December 2004

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

1,060

17,115

1,076

248
29
205
133
3,686

1,018
1,013
1,028
1,008
1,166

250
32
206
152
3,788

1,037
1,133
1,044
1,013
1,181

1,000
1,001
991
1,053
1,024

161
159
39
56
720

1,015
1,041
1,013
1,014
1,016

163
144
42
60
697

1,044
1,042
1,032
1,040
1,030

319
41
69
738
244

1,005
1,017
1,024
1,017
1,006

314
54
89
657
212

1,005
1,012
1,052
1,020
1,031

338
62
91
701
253

1,014
1,033
1,062
1,024
1,040

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

197
142
210
375
100

1,027
1,046
1,018
1,008
1,060

183
135
249
323
99

1,024
1,043
1,023
1,014
1,078

185
152
238
335
96

1,051
1,068
1,031
1,032
1,080

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

274
618
598
278
203

1,018
1,054
1,024
1,042
1,017

279
569
600
236
197

1,028
1,055
1,032
1,027
1,020

310
582
606
262
194

1,041
1,082
1,033
1,059
1,017

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

263
50
98
66
50

1,005
986
1,027
1,029
1,016

263
49
71
66
51

1,029
1,013
1,055
1,028
1,036

257
49
79
78
63

1,043
1,034
1,045
1,065
1,057

327
105
1,665
284
26

1,035
1,004
1,070
1,024
1,014

332
105
1,536
337
35

1,026
1,021
1,065
1,009
1,018

321
100
1,617
292
37

1,037
1,024
1,086
1,019
1,032

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

722
139
123
914
85

1,028
1,025
1,040
1,033
1,064

676
121
144
852
72

1,018
1,009
1,028
1,040
1,052

677
143
125
775
85

1,041
1,022
1,038
1,041
1,099

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

162
54
255
713
81

1,016
1,052
1,024
1,023
1,023

148
55
247
740
83

1,026
1,012
1,025
1,008
1,004

136
60
256
643
79

1,030
1,063
1,047
1,024
1,023

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

(Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 28

Section 1619 Participants
Table 10.
Section 1619(a) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months,
2003–2004—Continued
December 2003

September 2004
Average
earnings
Number
(dollars)

State or area

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

52
315
407
124
349
29

1,062
1,029
1,039
1,033
1,026
1,021

58
307
425
134
327
25

a

a

a

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

December 2004

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

1,064
1,013
1,035
1,034
1,035
997

62
321
421
127
341
29

1,097
1,043
1,056
1,039
1,050
1,034

a

3

945

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 29

Section 1619 Participants
Table 11.
Section 1619(b) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months,
2003–2004
December 2003

September 2004
Average
earnings
Number
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

71,097

1,081

75,657

Alabama
Alaska a
Arizona
Arkansas
California

902
154
879
739
6,497

1,204
1,175
1,165
1,027
1,390

Colorado
Connecticut a
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

807
1,058
242
219
3,174

Georgia
Hawaii a
Idaho a
Illinois a
Indiana a

December 2004

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

1,097

73,681

1,070

956
193
960
764
7,225

1,180
1,163
1,165
1,058
1,420

903
178
944
778
7,216

1,110
1,183
1,104
1,004
1,399

1,074
954
1,159
1,432
1,099

857
1,057
266
241
3,403

1,080
992
1,189
1,444
1,134

809
1,056
246
239
3,248

1,021
979
1,123
1,441
1,094

1,454
150
423
2,711
1,427

1,070
1,065
987
1,051
957

1,629
190
480
2,852
1,495

1,089
1,134
951
1,075
985

1,558
203
470
2,875
1,434

1,055
1,148
957
1,078
944

Iowa
Kansas a
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,487
935
1,125
1,424
643

794
927
1,106
1,040
988

1,541
940
1,128
1,512
677

834
928
1,104
1,031
990

1,419
930
1,141
1,464
662

819
867
1,069
1,001
988

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota a
Mississippi

1,219
2,876
3,143
2,044
783

1,164
1,171
1,028
914
1,138

1,318
3,026
3,233
2,203
838

1,176
1,206
1,027
885
1,184

1,241
2,979
3,124
2,150
785

1,131
1,200
989
863
1,123

Missouri a
Montana
Nebraska a
Nevada a
New Hampshire a

1,709
373
587
302
330

914
846
885
1,172
911

1,754
406
595
398
352

902
865
942
1,212
967

1,717
383
579
392
339

879
876
933
1,211
985

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota a

1,694
586
5,979
1,576
286

1,230
1,084
1,270
1,010
797

1,795
578
6,336
1,677
322

1,189
1,080
1,250
1,021
805

1,752
568
6,242
1,629
319

1,166
1,080
1,221
1,009
815

Ohio a
Oklahoma a
Oregon a
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

3,058
566
919
3,623
368

960
853
855
1,044
1,064

3,217
687
971
3,940
388

970
855
909
1,071
1,127

3,072
676
945
3,587
367

950
840
900
1,025
1,105

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah a

831
472
1,177
3,302
422

994
827
1,108
1,024
946

877
466
1,217
3,354
489

991
839
1,143
1,036
1,019

858
458
1,178
3,342
471

945
776
1,085
1,008
889

State or area
All areas

(Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 30

Section 1619 Participants
Table 11.
Section 1619(b) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months,
2003–2004—Continued
December 2003

September 2004
Average
earnings
Number
(dollars)

State or area

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Vermont
Virginia a
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

351
1,441
1,627
454
2,360
181

919
1,021
1,117
1,112
899
812

380
1,560
1,785
509
2,393
220

8

1,220

7

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

December 2004

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

973
1,066
1,119
1,156
916
900

378
1,554
1,721
525
2,351
222

946
1,043
1,116
1,140
884
827

1,194

4

1,080

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. The Social Security Administration identifies persons as potential participants; final Medicaid determinations are made by the state.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 31

Section 1619 Participants
Table 12.
Number and average earnings, by selected characteristics, December 2004
Section 1619(a) participants

Section 1619(b) participants

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

17,115

1,076

73,681

1,070

Age
Under 18
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64
65 or older

112
1,875
4,537
4,516
3,760
1,832
362
121

1,008
1,048
1,067
1,081
1,089
1,085
1,102
1,062

148
2,867
17,801
20,246
18,175
9,431
2,675
2,338

-1,193
1,120
1,058
1,050
1,062
972
905

Sex
Male
Female

9,374
7,741

1,088
1,061

38,415
35,266

1,089
1,050

Earned income a
Wages
Self-employment

16,589
629

1,078
1,017

71,570
2,694

1,077
953

Earnings (dollars)
Less than 400
400–499
500–599
600–699
700–899
900–1,199
1,200 or more

...
...
...
...
2,391
10,290
4,434

...
...
...
...
860
1,017
1,328

10,030
6,012
7,162
6,591
9,211
7,177
27,498

268
435
529
630
775
1,012
1,862

Unearned income a
None
Social Security
Other pensions
Income based on need
Asset income
Other

15,196
573
33
2
893
507

1,077
1,031
1,077
1,124
1,101
1,045

22,714
47,722
470
22
4,336
3,335

1,709
728
940
1,712
989
1,230

163
511
4

1,339
1,126
1,752

0
1,583
581

0
969
1,409

Characteristic
All participants

Work incentives a
Plans for achieving self-support b
Impairment-related work expenses
Blind work expenses

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: -- = not available; . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned
income, or both earned and unearned income, or benefit from more than one work incentive provision.
b. Includes 16 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 32

Section 1619 Participants
Table 13.
Percentage distribution of participants aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2004

Diagnostic group

All blind and
disabled recipients

Section 1619(a)
participants

Section 1619(b)
participants

4,017,108
100.0

16,882
100.0

71,195
100.0

0.6
3.7
1.7
2.6

0.8
1.8
1.5
1.8

0.8
2.0
1.8
2.2

21.9
9.9
25.3
1.1

34.0
8.6
23.4
1.0

31.4
8.8
21.5
1.1

0.4
4.5
0.9
1.0
9.9
7.8
2.1
0.2
0.2
6.2

0.8
1.4
0.4
1.0
3.8
10.5
1.1
0.1
0.4
7.6

0.6
1.7
0.6
1.2
5.2
10.1
1.0
0.1
0.2
9.8

Total
Number
Percent
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Schizophrenia
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs a
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: Effective with the December 2002 edition, all recipients in each recipient category are included when computing percentages for
each diagnostic category. Previously, only recipients with identified diagnoses were included in this computation.
a. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than
diseases of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment
does not meet the definition of blindness.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2004 ♦ 33