Section 1619

Participants

Section 1619 Participants
Chart 6.
Percentage distribution, by state, December 2005
The state distribution of section 1619 cases mirrors that for all working recipients in Chart 2. Proportions of
section 1619 cases were higher in the Midwest and lower in the South.

Under 2%

2–2.9%

3–3.9%

4% or more

SOURCE: Table 9.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 23

Section 1619 Participants
Chart 7.
Percentage distribution, by age, December 2005
Recipients who benefit from section 1619(a) are younger than those who benefit from 1619(b).

Percent
30
1619(a)
1619(b)

25

20

15

10

5

0
Under 22

22–29

30–39

40–49

50 or older

Age
SOURCE: Table 12.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 24

Section 1619 Participants
Chart 8.
Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group, December 2005
As with all working recipients, the majority of the section 1619 participants were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
Two-thirds of participants under section 1619(a) and three-fifths of participants under section 1619(b) had either
mental retardation or other mental disorders.

Percent
35
1619(a)
30

1619(b)

25

20

15

10

5

0
Mental
retardation

Other
mental
disorders

Nervous
system
and sense
organs

Musculoskeletal
system
and
connective
tissue

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Other
physical
disorders

Unknown

SOURCE: Table 13.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 25

Section 1619 Participants
Table 8.
Number and percentage change from prior period, selected months, 1982–2005
Section 1619(b) participants a

Section 1619(a) participants
Number

Percentage change
from prior period

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

287
392
--

...
36.6
--

5,515
5,165
--

...
-6.3
--

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

--14,559
19,920
25,655

--...
36.8
28.8

--15,632
15,625
18,254

--...
0
16.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

13,994
15,531
17,603
20,028
24,315

-45.5
11.0
13.3
13.8
21.4

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

28.8
15.9
16.1
11.5
15.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

28,060
31,085
34,673
37,271
25,528

15.4
10.8
11.5
7.5
-31.5

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

15.5
10.4
10.0
4.3
16.3

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

27,542
22,100
17,271
17,130
17,115
17,621

7.9
-19.8
-21.9
-0.8
-0.1
3.0

83,572
76,455
82,177
71,097
73,681
78,205

20.7
-8.5
7.5
-13.5
3.6
6.1

16,771
16,539
16,562
17,130

-2.9
-1.4
0.1
3.4

74,558
72,016
73,576
71,097

-9.3
-3.4
2.2
-3.4

Month
December
1982
1983
1984

2003
March
June
September
December

(Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 26

Section 1619 Participants
Table 8.
Number and percentage change from prior period, selected months, 1982–2005—Continued
Section 1619(b) participants a

Section 1619(a) participants
Number

Percentage change
from prior period

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

2004
March
June
September
December

16,879
16,587
16,891
17,115

-1.5
-1.7
1.8
1.3

69,532
72,898
75,657
73,681

-2.2
4.8
3.8
-2.6

2005
March
June
September
December

17,082
17,655
17,874
17,621

-0.2
3.4
1.2
-1.4

74,247
79,368
80,134
78,205

0.8
6.9
1.0
-2.4

Month

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTES: When the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level is periodically raised, SSI recipients with earnings below the increased SGA
level become eligible for regular SSI benefits rather than the special cash payments under section 1619(a). This can lead to decreases in
the number of 1619(a) participants.
. . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes blind participants. Of the 75,583 participants in December 2005, 1,228 were blind.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 27

Section 1619 Participants
Table 9.
Ranking of state or other area, by section 1619 participants as a percentage of all blind and disabled
recipients in state aged 18–64, December 2005
Section 1619 participants
Number

Percent

4,158,453

92,950

2.24

1
2
3
4
5

5,474
8,079
4,308
30,922
48,104

353
495
247
1,652
2,433

6.45
6.13
5.73
5.34
5.06

Vermont
Nebraska
Montana
Wisconsin
Kansas

6
7
8
9
10

9,379
15,594
10,816
61,877
26,583

431
671
443
2,469
1,043

4.60
4.30
4.10
3.99
3.92

Idaho
Utah
New Hampshire
Connecticut
Delaware

11
12
13
14
15

15,493
15,127
10,399
34,097
8,295

606
585
402
1,166
283

3.91
3.87
3.87
3.42
3.41

Massachusetts
Washington
Maine
Maryland
Alaska

16
17
18
19
20

108,545
76,381
23,886
56,490
7,033

3,444
2,319
718
1,694
204

3.17
3.04
3.01
3.00
2.90

Colorado
Nevada
Oregon
New Jersey
Hawaii

21
22
23
24
25

35,530
18,558
40,585
81,219
12,843

1,001
507
1,101
2,116
326

2.82
2.73
2.71
2.61
2.54

Indiana
Virginia
Missouri
Rhode Island
District of Columbia

26
27
28
29
30

66,968
81,394
79,844
19,273
12,821

1,661
2,017
1,974
465
304

2.48
2.48
2.47
2.41
2.37

New York
Arizona
Michigan
Illinois
New Mexico

31
32
33
34
35

342,309
58,328
151,213
159,328
31,416

8,081
1,341
3,473
3,657
708

2.36
2.30
2.30
2.30
2.25

Pennsylvania
Florida
Ohio
California
Oklahoma

36
37
38
39
40

202,597
204,821
174,435
598,454
51,138

4,485
4,530
3,619
11,678
921

2.21
2.21
2.07
1.95
1.80

State or area

Ranking

All blind and
disabled recipients a

All areas
North Dakota
South Dakota
Wyoming
Iowa
Minnesota

(Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 28

Section 1619 Participants
Table 9.
Ranking of state or other area, by section 1619 participants as a percentage of all blind and disabled
recipients in state aged 18–64, December 2005—Continued

Ranking

All blind and
disabled recipients a

North Carolina
Louisiana
Arkansas
South Carolina
Texas

41
42
43
44
45

Georgia
Northern Mariana Islands
Mississippi
Tennessee
Alabama
West Virginia
Kentucky

State or area

Section 1619 participants
Number

Percent

115,687
93,942
54,505
62,895
256,784

2,061
1,650
890
1,017
4,128

1.78
1.76
1.63
1.62
1.61

46
47
48
49
50

119,503
384
72,173
103,983
101,533

1,911
6
981
1,368
1,259

1.60
1.56
1.36
1.32
1.24

51
52

56,459
120,649

677
1,379

1.20
1.14

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 29

Section 1619 Participants
Table 10.
Section 1619(a) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months,
2004–2005
December 2004

September 2005

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

1,076

17,874

1,081

17,621

1,111

250
32
206
152
3,788

1,037
1,133
1,044
1,013
1,181

284
30
240
150
4,117

1,029
1,006
1,059
1,028
1,194

290
25
260
147
3,970

1,074
1,039
1,084
1,083
1,221

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

163
144
42
60
697

1,044
1,042
1,032
1,040
1,030

175
135
47
61
823

1,029
1,022
1,044
1,038
1,034

171
135
43
68
865

1,060
1,054
1,076
1,050
1,065

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

338
62
91
701
253

1,014
1,033
1,062
1,024
1,040

332
65
84
736
236

1,033
1,052
1,038
1,035
1,037

332
62
95
753
229

1,068
1,085
1,085
1,058
1,066

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

185
152
238
335
96

1,051
1,068
1,031
1,032
1,080

171
121
260
347
98

1,055
1,061
1,056
1,034
1,060

177
128
275
329
98

1,076
1,077
1,088
1,083
1,095

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

310
582
606
262
194

1,041
1,082
1,033
1,059
1,017

301
595
562
264
199

1,050
1,086
1,041
1,038
1,023

305
601
535
261
208

1,082
1,130
1,057
1,066
1,050

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

257
49
79
78
63

1,043
1,034
1,045
1,065
1,057

272
53
96
90
48

1,041
1,045
1,050
1,040
1,041

260
48
95
95
45

1,074
1,086
1,117
1,063
1,097

321
100
1,617
292
37

1,037
1,024
1,086
1,019
1,032

352
120
1,643
333
26

1,047
1,019
1,087
1,026
1,024

315
114
1,585
323
29

1,086
1,065
1,121
1,052
1,048

677
143
125
775
85

1,041
1,022
1,038
1,041
1,099

660
154
133
738
87

1,038
1,038
1,053
1,040
1,067

602
150
129
745
77

1,070
1,066
1,098
1,064
1,102

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

17,115

December 2005

(Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 30

Section 1619 Participants
Table 10.
Section 1619(a) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months,
2004–2005—Continued
December 2004

September 2005

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

136
60
256
643
79

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

State or area

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

December 2005

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

1,030
1,063
1,047
1,024
1,023

158
50
250
714
75

1,037
1,014
1,042
1,031
1,036

171
52
237
705
81

1,071
1,052
1,079
1,062
1,105

62
321
421
127
341
29

1,097
1,043
1,056
1,039
1,050
1,034

56
359
476
152
316
27

1,081
1,036
1,055
1,072
1,049
1,001

64
362
481
141
319
31

1,097
1,069
1,081
1,093
1,080
1,053

3

945

3

1,018

3

1,018

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 31

Section 1619 Participants
Table 11.
Section 1619(b) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months,
2004–2005
December 2004

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska a
Arizona
Arkansas
California

September 2005

December 2005

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

1,070

80,134

1,107

78,205

1,118

903
178
944
778
7,216

1,110
1,183
1,104
1,004
1,399

1,040
187
1,134
827
7,961

1,096
1,249
1,164
1,029
1,439

1,002
186
1,126
785
8,254

1,121
1,222
1,171
1,052
1,420

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

73,681

809

1,021

879

1,138

848

1,148

Connecticut a
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

1,056
246
239
3,248

979
1,123
1,441
1,094

1,131
265
242
3,861

1,034
1,201
1,438
1,121

1,051
251
251
3,836

1,043
1,224
1,429
1,161

Georgia

1,558

1,055

1,688

1,100

1,640

1,110

Hawaii a
Idaho a
Illinois a

203
470
2,875

1,148
957
1,078

270
539
3,187

1,210
1,008
1,107

272
520
3,044

1,246
980
1,095

Indiana a

1,434

944

1,522

966

1,462

973

Iowa
Kansas a
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,419
930
1,141
1,464
662

819
867
1,069
1,001
988

1,519
986
1,189
1,421
706

847
929
1,164
1,052
985

1,496
949
1,150
1,370
636

843
951
1,155
1,071
1,000

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota a
Mississippi

1,241
2,979
3,124
2,150
785

1,131
1,200
989
863
1,123

1,459
3,046
3,212
2,338
862

1,181
1,210
1,026
922
1,104

1,429
2,957
3,042
2,215
805

1,189
1,240
1,024
935
1,125

Missouri a
Montana
Nebraska a

1,717
383
579

879
876
933

1,841
424
581

900
880
951

1,774
405
590

917
906
919

392
339

1,211
985

426
375

1,244
984

428
367

1,278
1,023

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota a

1,752
568
6,242
1,629
319

1,166
1,080
1,221
1,009
815

1,906
647
6,791
1,814
335

1,185
1,109
1,247
1,036
881

1,868
626
6,731
1,792
330

1,182
1,089
1,270
1,054
879

Ohio a
Oklahoma a
Oregon a
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

3,072
676
945
3,587
367

950
840
900
1,025
1,105

3,256
789
1,036
4,003
410

974
898
939
1,074
1,136

3,120
798
1,005
3,844
402

965
900
916
1,082
1,112

Colorado

Nevada a
New Hampshire a

(Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 32

Section 1619 Participants
Table 11.
Section 1619(b) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months,
2004–2005—Continued
December 2004

State or area
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah a
Vermont
Virginia a
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

September 2005

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

858
458
1,178
3,342

December 2005

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

945
776
1,085
1,008

903
453
1,303
3,675

981
798
1,107
1,042

879
457
1,182
3,559

984
849
1,101
1,054

471

889

525

965

519

980

378
1,554
1,721
525
2,351
222

946
1,043
1,116
1,140
884
827

365
1,767
1,895
563
2,338
238

964
1,118
1,143
1,184
907
894

379
1,700
1,902
549
2,199
220

1,083
1,113
1,163
1,197
925
887

4

1,080

4

906

3

808

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. The Social Security Administration identifies persons as potential participants; the state makes final Medicaid determinations.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 33

Section 1619 Participants
Table 12.
Number and average earnings, by selected characteristics, December 2005
Section 1619(a) participants

Section 1619(b) participants

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

17,621

1,111

78,205

1,118

Age
Under 18
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64
65 or older

135
2,139
4,752
4,358
3,774
1,982
362
119

1,059
1,072
1,104
1,119
1,127
1,120
1,137
1,132

185
3,176
19,252
20,653
19,234
10,379
2,889
2,437

-1,255
1,167
1,112
1,095
1,107
1,003
926

Sex
Male
Female

9,750
7,871

1,122
1,098

40,782
37,423

1,144
1,089

Earned income a
Wages
Self-employment

17,148
586

1,113
1,065

75,876
2,997

1,125
1,036

Earnings (dollars)
Less than 400
400–499
500–599
600–699
700–899
900–1,199
1,200 or more

...
...
...
...
1,062
10,849
5,710

...
...
...
...
879
1,017
1,334

9,954
6,106
7,205
6,791
9,947
7,757
30,445

268
436
529
630
775
1,011
1,920

Unearned income a
None
Social Security
Other pensions
Income based on need
Asset income
Other

15,809
545
27
7
736
563

1,113
1,074
1,100
1,043
1,133
1,077

24,970
49,837
488
41
3,693
3,765

1,784
747
994
1,312
1,030
1,259

176
446
3

1,439
1,197
1,869

0
1,486
545

0
989
1,503

Characteristic
All participants

Work incentives a
Plans for achieving self-support b
Impairment-related work expenses
Blind work expenses

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: -- = not available; . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned
income or both earned and unearned income, or they may benefit from more than one work incentive provision.
b. Includes 18 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 34

Section 1619 Participants
Table 13.
Percentage distribution of participants aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2005

Diagnostic group

All blind and
disabled recipients

Section 1619(a)
participants

Section 1619(b)
participants

4,082,870
100.0

17,367
100.0

75,583
100.0

0.6
3.5
1.6
2.6

0.7
1.8
1.6
1.8

0.8
1.9
1.8
2.3

21.7
9.9
26.1
1.1

32.3
8.4
25.7
1.1

30.6
8.6
22.6
1.1

0.4
4.5
0.9
1.0

0.6
1.5
0.5
1.0

0.7
1.7
0.6
1.2

Total
Number
Percent
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Schizophrenia
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs a
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

10.2

3.9

5.3

7.8
2.1
0.2
0.2
5.6

10.8
1.0
0.1
0.4
6.8

10.4
1.0
0.1
0.3
9.0

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than
diseases of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment
does not meet the definition of blindness.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2005 ♦ 35