Section 1619

Participants

Section 1619 Participants
Chart 6.
Percentage distribution, by state, December 2006
The state distribution of section 1619 cases mirrors that for all working recipients in Chart 2. Proportions of
section 1619 cases were higher in the Midwest and lower in the South.

Under 2%

2–2.9%

3–3.9%

4% or more

SOURCE: Table 9.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 23

Section 1619 Participants
Chart 7.
Percentage distribution, by age, December 2006
Recipients who benefit from section 1619(a) are younger than those who benefit from 1619(b).

Percent
30
1619(a)
1619(b)

25

20

15

10

5

0
Under 22

22–29

30–39

40–49

50 or older

Age
SOURCE: Table 12.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 24

Section 1619 Participants
Chart 8.
Percentage distribution, by diagnostic group, December 2006
As with all working recipients, the majority of the section 1619 participants were diagnosed with a mental disorder.
Two-thirds of participants under section 1619(a) and three-fifths of participants under section 1619(b) had either
mental retardation or other mental disorders.

Percent
40
1619(a)
35
1619(b)
30

25

20

15

10

5

0
Mental
retardation

Other
mental
disorders

Nervous
system
and sense
organs

Musculoskeletal
system
and
connective
tissue

Endocrine,
nutritional,
and
metabolic
diseases

Other
physical
disorders

Unknown

SOURCE: Table 13.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 25

Section 1619 Participants
Table 8.
Number and percentage change from prior period, selected months, 1982–2006
Section 1619(b) participants a

Section 1619(a) participants
Number

Percentage change
from prior period

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

287
392
--

...
36.6
--

5,515
5,165
--

...
-6.3
--

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

--14,559
19,920
25,655

--...
36.8
28.8

--15,632
15,625
18,254

--...
0
16.8

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

13,994
15,531
17,603
20,028
24,315

-45.5
11.0
13.3
13.8
21.4

23,517
27,264
31,649
35,299
40,683

28.8
15.9
16.1
11.5
15.3

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

28,060
31,085
34,673
37,271
25,528

15.4
10.8
11.5
7.5
-31.5

47,002
51,905
57,089
59,542
69,265

15.5
10.4
10.0
4.3
16.3

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

27,542
22,100
17,271
17,130
17,115

7.9
-19.8
-21.9
-0.8
-0.1

83,572
76,455
82,177
71,097
73,681

20.7
-8.5
7.5
-13.5
3.6

2005
2006

17,621
17,394

3.0
-1.3

78,205
89,350

6.1
14.3

16,879
16,587
16,891
17,115

-1.5
-1.7
1.8
1.3

69,532
72,898
75,657
73,681

-2.2
4.8
3.8
-2.6

Month
December
1982
1983
1984

2004
March
June
September
December

(Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 26

Section 1619 Participants
Table 8.
Number and percentage change from prior period, selected months, 1982–2006—Continued
Section 1619(b) participants a

Section 1619(a) participants
Number

Percentage change
from prior period

Number

Percentage change
from prior period

2005
March
June
September
December

17,082
17,655
17,874
17,621

-0.2
3.4
1.2
-1.4

74,247
79,368
80,134
78,205

0.8
6.9
1.0
-2.4

2006
March
June
September
December

17,597
18,159
18,670
17,394

-0.1
3.2
2.8
-6.8

78,910
83,090
87,216
89,350

0.9
5.3
5.0
2.4

Month

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTES: When the substantial gainful activity (SGA) level is periodically raised, SSI recipients with earnings below the increased SGA
level become eligible for regular SSI benefits rather than the special cash payments under section 1619(a). This can lead to decreases in
the number of 1619(a) participants.
. . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a. Includes blind participants. Of the 89,350 participants in December 2006, 1,444 were blind.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 27

Section 1619 Participants
Table 9.
Ranking of state or other area, by section 1619 participants as a percentage of all blind and disabled
recipients in state aged 18–64, December 2006
Section 1619 participants
Number

Percent

4,238,519

103,553

2.44

1
2
3
4
5

4,356
5,591
8,179
31,315
50,035

306
385
540
1,729
2,714

7.02
6.89
6.60
5.52
5.42

Vermont
Utah
Nebraska
Montana
Idaho

6
7
8
9
10

9,637
15,940
15,795
11,114
16,073

469
771
722
501
695

4.87
4.84
4.57
4.51
4.32

Kansas
Wisconsin
Delaware
New Hampshire
Connecticut

11
12
13
14
15

26,782
62,891
8,568
11,076
34,878

1,147
2,536
342
431
1,276

4.28
4.03
3.99
3.89
3.66

Massachusetts
Washington
Nevada
Maryland
Maine

16
17
18
19
20

110,553
78,555
19,419
57,804
24,384

3,730
2,611
639
1,900
752

3.37
3.32
3.29
3.29
3.08

Alaska
Hawaii
Colorado
New Jersey
Oregon

21
22
23
24
25

7,333
13,144
36,476
82,515
41,686

226
389
1,074
2,381
1,194

3.08
2.96
2.94
2.89
2.86

Missouri
Arizona
Virginia
Rhode Island
New York

26
27
28
29
30

81,828
59,147
83,462
19,677
344,700

2,278
1,642
2,292
516
8,910

2.78
2.78
2.75
2.62
2.58

Illinois
Indiana
Florida
District of Columbia
Pennsylvania

31
32
33
34
35

161,294
68,732
207,534
13,314
208,306

4,164
1,774
5,149
328
4,951

2.58
2.58
2.48
2.46
2.38

Michigan
New Mexico
Ohio
California
Oklahoma

36
37
38
39
40

153,051
32,265
176,942
605,127
53,324

3,550
739
4,011
13,393
1,125

2.32
2.29
2.27
2.21
2.11

State or area

Ranking

All blind and
disabled recipients a

All areas
Wyoming
North Dakota
South Dakota
Iowa
Minnesota

(Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 28

Section 1619 Participants
Table 9.
Ranking of state or other area, by section 1619 participants as a percentage of all blind and disabled
recipients in state aged 18–64, December 2006—Continued

Ranking

All blind and
disabled recipients a

Louisiana
North Carolina
Arkansas
Texas
South Carolina

41
42
43
44
45

Georgia
Northern Mariana Islands
Mississippi
Tennessee
Alabama
West Virginia
Kentucky

State or area

Section 1619 participants
Number

Percent

95,526
118,818
55,838
269,469
63,338

1,831
2,232
1,021
4,718
1,107

1.92
1.88
1.83
1.75
1.75

46
47
48
49
50

121,663
393
72,176
105,736
103,393

2,097
6
1,088
1,522
1,437

1.72
1.53
1.51
1.44
1.39

51
52

57,583
121,784

788
1,424

1.37
1.17

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Includes section 1619(b) participants.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 29

Section 1619 Participants
Table 10.
Section 1619(a) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months,
2005–2006
December 2005

September 2006

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

1,111

18,670

1,119

17,394

1,166

290
25
260
147
3,970

1,074
1,039
1,084
1,083
1,221

310
a
265
176
4,515

1,075
1,066
1,082
1,061
1,235

284
a
281
164
4,067

1,120
1,131
1,144
1,115
1,279

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

171
135
43
68
865

1,060
1,054
1,076
1,050
1,065

158
140
46
77
899

1,097
1,052
1,103
1,055
1,065

156
132
46
63
810

1,155
1,135
1,129
1,104
1,115

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

332
62
95
753
229

1,068
1,085
1,085
1,058
1,066

370
69
127
695
230

1,066
1,100
1,094
1,064
1,056

322
58
91
702
225

1,105
1,162
1,178
1,110
1,107

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

177
128
275
329
98

1,076
1,077
1,088
1,083
1,095

174
139
246
331
100

1,090
1,076
1,091
1,073
1,086

159
140
225
332
91

1,120
1,129
1,153
1,118
1,138

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

305
601
535
261
208

1,082
1,130
1,057
1,066
1,050

287
614
526
274
219

1,091
1,128
1,068
1,064
1,068

286
544
504
279
188

1,134
1,183
1,126
1,106
1,114

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

260
48
95
95
45

1,074
1,086
1,117
1,063
1,097

250
57
102
120
44

1,088
1,077
1,080
1,078
1,053

254
60
94
104
35

1,134
1,153
1,123
1,120
1,153

315
114
1,585
323
29

1,086
1,065
1,121
1,052
1,048

326
124
1,691
316
40

1,101
1,102
1,122
1,058
1,059

333
127
1,598
310
35

1,136
1,148
1,172
1,102
1,126

602
150
129
745
77

1,070
1,066
1,098
1,064
1,102

615
144
160
773
75

1,067
1,071
1,069
1,068
1,124

576
132
153
728
63

1,109
1,132
1,153
1,120
1,152

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

17,621

December 2006

(Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 30

Section 1619 Participants
Table 10.
Section 1619(a) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months,
2005–2006—Continued
December 2005

September 2006

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

171
52
237
705
81

Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

State or area

Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

December 2006

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

1,071
1,052
1,079
1,062
1,105

167
63
247
797
103

1,083
1,069
1,086
1,062
1,071

153
44
223
737
100

1,119
1,130
1,119
1,115
1,119

64
362
481
141
319
31

1,097
1,069
1,081
1,093
1,080
1,053

60
349
530
138
328
41

1,130
1,075
1,089
1,087
1,079
1,069

60
331
482
150
308
33

1,150
1,128
1,138
1,130
1,117
1,079

3

1,018

a

964

a

964

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 31

Section 1619 Participants
Table 11.
Section 1619(b) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months,
2005–2006
December 2005

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska a
Arizona
Arkansas
California

September 2006

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

78,205

December 2006

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

1,118

87,216

1,173

89,350

1,193

1,002
186
1,126
785
8,254

1,121
1,222
1,171
1,052
1,420

1,170
229
1,405
900
9,345

1,185
1,358
1,252
1,109
1,527

1,195
b
1,424
897
9,945

1,224
1,304
1,280
1,147
1,549

848

1,148

903

1,166

938

1,177

Connecticut a
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

1,051
251
251
3,836

1,043
1,224
1,429
1,161

1,188
286
267
4,481

1,114
1,258
1,431
1,198

1,171
303
282
4,530

1,130
1,244
1,443
1,233

Georgia

1,640

1,110

1,828

1,146

1,839

1,153

Hawaii a
Idaho a
Illinois a

272
520
3,044

1,246
980
1,095

338
610
3,496

1,248
1,019
1,175

338
613
3,603

1,311
1,078
1,182

Indiana a

1,462

973

1,532

1,035

1,589

1,057

Iowa
Kansas a
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

1,496
949
1,150
1,370
636

843
951
1,155
1,071
1,000

1,605
1,002
1,243
1,424
702

860
998
1,249
1,159
1,037

1,592
1,037
1,249
1,539
677

891
1,015
1,280
1,187
1,056

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota a
Mississippi

1,429
2,957
3,042
2,215
805

1,189
1,240
1,024
935
1,125

1,637
3,235
3,176
2,469
917

1,225
1,278
1,059
975
1,157

1,658
3,295
3,159
2,493
938

1,257
1,288
1,064
973
1,202

Missouri a
Montana
Nebraska a

1,774
405
590

917
906
919

2,079
475
633

961
926
961

2,100
456
639

986
928
979

428
367

1,278
1,023

511
395

1,371
1,055

561
402

1,377
1,064

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota a

1,868
626
6,731
1,792
330

1,182
1,089
1,270
1,054
879

2,029
649
7,341
1,949
345

1,211
1,131
1,301
1,082
872

2,124
645
7,568
1,974
357

1,249
1,124
1,325
1,073
867

Ohio a
Oklahoma a
Oregon a
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

3,120
798
1,005
3,844
402

965
900
916
1,082
1,112

3,490
1,000
1,060
4,234
427

1,002
987
1,017
1,125
1,224

3,546
1,019
1,079
4,361
468

1,027
1,002
1,026
1,136
1,216

Colorado

Nevada a
New Hampshire a

(Continued)

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 32

Section 1619 Participants
Table 11.
Section 1619(b) participants and their average earnings, by state or other area, selected months,
2005–2006—Continued
December 2005

State or area
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah a
Vermont
Virginia a
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Outlying area
Northern Mariana Islands

September 2006

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

879
457
1,182
3,559

December 2006

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

984
849
1,101
1,054

963
480
1,330
4,040

1,008
839
1,143
1,128

992
508
1,360
4,131

1,013
863
1,160
1,139

519

980

652

982

690

1,038

379
1,700
1,902
549
2,199
220

1,083
1,113
1,163
1,197
925
887

416
1,936
2,197
655
2,271
267

1,130
1,174
1,219
1,301
951
979

418
2,018
2,197
654
2,284
278

1,090
1,192
1,242
1,332
962
999

3

808

4

859

b

1,103

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. The Social Security Administration identifies persons as potential participants; the state makes final Medicaid determinations.
b. Data are not shown to avoid disclosure of information for particular individuals.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 33

Section 1619 Participants
Table 12.
Number and average earnings, by selected characteristics, December 2006
Section 1619(a) participants

Section 1619(b) participants

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

Number

Average
earnings
(dollars)

17,394

1,166

89,350

1,193

Age
Under 18
18–21
22–29
30–39
40–49
50–59
60–64
65 or older

119
2,162
4,877
3,952
3,681
2,091
401
111

1,083
1,134
1,155
1,173
1,180
1,183
1,193
1,225

235
3,784
22,558
23,155
21,331
12,265
3,296
2,726

-1,363
1,253
1,196
1,161
1,164
1,051
955

Sex
Male
Female

9,582
7,812

1,176
1,154

46,968
42,382

1,227
1,156

16,948
542

1,168
1,111

86,788
3,376

1,201
1,079

...
...
...
...
...
9,952
7,442

...
...
...
...
...
1,033
1,343

10,523
6,288
7,582
7,547
10,901
8,830
37,679

268
436
530
631
777
1,012
1,987

15,776
484
32
10
610
535

1,168
1,119
1,137
1,040
1,166
1,138

30,470
54,688
540
64
3,752
4,328

1,877
771
1,128
1,401
1,095
1,363

141
359
2

1,513
1,229
2,047

0
1,461
588

0
1,023
1,646

Characteristic
All participants

Earned income a
Wages
Self-employment
Earnings (dollars)
Less than 400
400–499
500–599
600–699
700–899
900–1,199
1,200 or more
Unearned income a
None
Social Security
Other pensions
Income based on need
Asset income
Other
Work incentives a
Plans to achieve self-support b
Impairment-related work expenses
Blind work expenses

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
NOTE: -- = not available; . . . = not applicable.
a. The sum of the entries may be greater than the total because some recipients may receive more than one type of earned or unearned
income or both earned and unearned income, or they may benefit from more than one work incentive provision.
b. Includes 22 persons with a PASS that excludes only resources.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 34

Section 1619 Participants
Table 13.
Percentage distribution of participants aged 18–64, by diagnostic group, December 2006

Diagnostic group

All blind and
disabled recipients

Section 1619(a)
participants

Section 1619(b)
participants

4,152,130
100.0

17,164
100.0

86,389
100.0

0.7
3.4
1.6
2.6

0.8
1.7
1.6
1.9

0.8
1.8
1.7
2.3

21.6
9.7
26.8
1.2

30.8
8.1
27.1
1.0

29.4
8.4
24.2
1.2

0.4
4.4
0.9
1.0

0.7
1.4
0.5
1.0

0.7
1.7
0.6
1.2

Total
Number
Percent
Congenital anomalies
Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases
Infectious and parasitic diseases
Injuries
Mental disorders
Retardation
Schizophrenia
Other
Neoplasms
Diseases of the—
Blood and blood-forming organs
Circulatory system
Digestive system
Genitourinary system
Musculoskeletal system and
connective tissue
Nervous system and sense organs a
Respiratory system
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
Other
Unknown

10.3

4.3

5.5

7.8
2.0
0.2
0.2
5.2

10.8
1.0
0.1
0.4
6.6

10.5
0.9
0.1
0.3
8.5

SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Supplemental Security Record (Characteristic Extract Record format), 100 percent data.
a. Most disabled recipients classified as blind are included in this category. A few blind recipients with a primary impairment other than
diseases of the eye are coded in other categories. Also, a few recipients are classified with diseases of the eye, but their impairment
does not meet the definition of blindness.
CONTACT: Clark Pickett (410) 965-9016 or ssi.workers@ssa.gov.

SSI Disabled Recipients Who Work, 2006 ♦ 35