3.

E Poverty
Table 3.E1.—Weighted average poverty thresholds for nonfarm families of specified size, 1959–2000
Families of 2 persons or more

2 persons

Unrelated individuals

Annual
average
CPI,
Householder
7 persons
all items
aged 65 or older 3 persons 4 persons 5 persons 6 persons
or more (1982–84 = 100) 1

Calendar
year

All ages

Under
age 65

Aged 65
or older

All
ages

Householder
under age 65

1959..................
1960..................
1961..................
1962..................
1963..................
1964..................

$1,467
1,490
1,506
1,519
1,539
1,558

$1,503
1,526
1,545
1,562
1,581
1,601

$1,397
1,418
1,433
1,451
1,470
1,488

$1,894
1,924
1,942
1,962
1,988
2,015

$1,952
1,982
2,005
2,027
2,052
2,079

$1,761
1,788
1,808
1,828
1,850
1,875

$2,324
2,359
2,383
2,412
2,442
2,473

$2,973
3,022
3,054
3,089
3,128
3,169

$3,506
3,560
3,597
3,639
3,685
3,732

$3,944
4,002
4,041
4,088
4,135
4,193

$4,849
4,921
4,967
5,032
5,092
5,156

29.2
29.6
29.9
30.3
30.6
31.0

1965..................
1966..................
1967..................
1968..................
1969..................

1,582
1,628
1,675
1,748
1,840

1,626
1,674
1,722
1,797
1,893

1,512
1,556
1,600
1,667
1,757

2,048
2,107
2,168
2,262
2,383

2,114
2,175
2,238
2,333
2,458

1,906
1,961
2,017
2,102
2,215

2,514
2,588
2,661
2,774
2,924

3,223
3,317
3,410
3,553
3,743

3,797
3,908
4,019
4,188
4,415

4,264
4,388
4,516
4,706
4,958

5,248
5,395
5,550
5,789
6,101

31.5
32.5
33.4
34.8
36.7

1970..................
1971..................
1972..................
1973..................
1974..................

1,954
2,040
2,109
2,247
2,495

2,010
2,098
2,168
2,307
2,562

1,861
1,940
2,005
2,130
2,364

2,525
2,633
2,724
2,895
3,211

2,604
2,716
2,808
2,984
3,312

2,348
2,448
2,530
2,688
2,982

3,099
3,229
3,339
3,548
3,936

3,968
4,137
4,275
4,540
5,038

4,680
4,880
5,044
5,358
5,950

5,260
5,489
5,673
6,028
6,699

6,468
6,751
6,983
7,435
8,253

38.8
40.5
41.8
44.4
49.3

1975..................
1976..................
1977..................
1978..................
1979..................

2,724
2,884
3,075
3,311
3,689

2,797
2,959
3,152
3,392
3,778

2,581
2,730
2,906
3,127
3,479

3,506
3,711
3,951
4,249
4,725

3,617
3,826
4,072
4,383
4,878

3,257
3,445
3,666
3,944
4,390

4,293
4,540
4,833
5,201
5,784

5,500
5,815
6,191
6,662
7,412

6,499
6,876
7,320
7,880
8,775

7,316
7,760
8,261
8,891
9,914

9,022
9,588
10,216
11,002
12,280

53.8
56.9
60.6
65.2
72.6

1980..................
1981..................
1982..................
1983..................
1984..................

4,190
4,620
4,901
5,061
5,278

4,290
4,729
5,019
5,180
5,400

3,949
4,359
4,626
4,775
4,979

5,363
5,917
6,281
6,483
6,762

5,537
6,111
6,487
6,697
6,983

4,983
5,498
5,836
6,023
6,282

6,565
7,250
7,693
7,938
8,277

8,414
9,287
9,862
10,178
10,609

9,966
11,007
11,684
12,049
12,566

11,269
12,449
13,207
13,630
14,207

13,955
...
...
...
...

82.4
90.9
96.5
99.6
103.9

1985..................
1986..................
1987..................
1988..................
1989..................

5,469
5,572
5,778
6,022
6,310

5,593
5,701
5,909
6,155
6,451

5,156
5,255
5,447
5,674
5,947

6,998
7,138
7,397
7,704
8,076

7,231
7,372
7,641
7,958
8,343

6,503
6,630
6,872
7,157
7,501

8,573
8,737
9,056
9,435
9,885

10,989
11,203
11,611
12,092
12,674

13,007
13,259
13,737
14,304
14,990

14,696
14,986
15,509
16,146
16,921

...
...
...
...
...

107.6
109.6
113.6
118.3
124.0

1990..................
1991..................
1992..................
1993..................
1994..................

6,652
6,932
7,143
7,363
7,547

6,800
7,086
7,299
7,518
7,710

6,268
6,532
6,729
6,930
7,108

8,509
8,865
9,137
9,414
9,661

8,794
9,165
9,443
9,728
9,976

7,905
8,241
8,487
8,740
8,967

10,419
10,860
11,186
11,522
11,821

13,359
13,924
14,335
14,763
15,141

15,792
16,456
16,952
17,449
17,900

17,839
18,587
19,137
19,718
20,235

...
...
...
...
...

130.7
136.2
140.3
144.5
148.2

1995..................
1996..................
1997..................
1998..................
1999..................
2000 2 ...............

7,763
7,995
8,183
8,316
8,501
8,787

7,929
8,163
8,350
8,480
8,667
8,958

7,309
7,525
7,698
7,818
7,990
8,259

9,933
10,233
10,473
10,634
10,869
11,234

10,259
10,564
10,805
10,972
11,214
11,591

9,219
9,491
9,712
9,862
10,075
10,414

12,158
12,516
12,802
13,003
13,290
13,737

15,569
16,036
16,400
16,660
17,029
17,601

18,408
18,952
19,380
19,680
20,127
20,804

20,804
21,389
21,886
22,228
22,727
23,491

...
...
...
...
...
...

152.4
156.9
160.5
163.0
166.6
172.2

1 Beginning in January 1978, the Bureau of Labor Statistics introduced a new price index for all urban consumers (CPI-U) that forms a continuous series with the earlier
index for urban wage earners and for clerical workers as of December 1977.
2 Preliminary data; 1999 weighted average poverty levels raised to correspond with the 2000 increase from the 1999 Consumer Price Index (CPI-U) for all Urban
Consumers.
Note: Three technical changes in the definition of poverty are described in “Characteristics of the Population Below the Poverty Level, 1980,” U.S. Census Bureau,
Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 133: (1) Distinctions based on the sex of the family householder will no longer be made; (2) income thresholds for farm families
will be the same as for nonfarm families of the same size and composition, and (3) the increased sample size will now permit separate poverty income criteria for families of
7, 8, and 9 or more persons. Separate criteria for these family sizes by number of children have been developed by the Social Security Administration for the base year
1978 on the same basis as the original poverty matrix for smaller family sizes, and then updated by means of the all-items Consumer Price Index. The thresholds for larger
families beginning in 1980 are:

Year
1980 ............................................................
1981 ............................................................
1982 ............................................................
1983 ............................................................
1984 ............................................................
1985 ............................................................
1986 ............................................................
1987 ............................................................
1988 ............................................................
1989 ............................................................
1990 ............................................................
1991 ............................................................
1992 ............................................................
1993 ............................................................
1994 ............................................................
1995 ............................................................
1996 ............................................................
1997 ............................................................
1998 ............................................................
1999 ...........................................................
2000 (see footnote 2 above) .......................

7 persons
$12,761
14,110
15,036
15,500
16,096
16,656
17,049
17,649
18,232
19,162
20,241
21,058
21,594
22,383
22,923
23,552
24,268
24,802
25,257
25,912
26,783

8 persons 9 persons or more
$14,199
$16,896
15,655
18,572
16,719
19,698
17,170
20,310
17,961
21,247
18,512
22,083
18,791
22,497
19,515
23,105
20,253
24,129
21,328
25,480
22,582
26,848
23,605
27,942
24,053
28,745
24,838
29,529
25,427
30,300
26,237
31,280
27,091
31,971
27,593
32,566
28,166
33,339
28,967
34,417
29,941
35,574

CONTACT: Joe Dalaker (301) 457-3213 for further information.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2001

145

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E2.—Number and percent of poor persons, by age, at end of 1959–1999

1

[Civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia]
Age and family status 2

1959

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990 3

1998

1999

273.5

Total population 4 (in millions)
All ages ...............................................

176.5

202.5

210.4

225.0

236.6

248.6

271.1

Children under 18 in families ..........................
With—
Male householder 5 .............................
Female householder ............................
18–54 6 ...........................................................
55–64 ..............................................................
65 or older.......................................................
In families ................................................
Unrelated individuals ...............................
Men......................................................
Women ................................................

64.0

69.9

64.8

62.2

62.0

64.9

70.2

70.5

58.3
5.7
81.0
15.5
15.6
11.9
3.7
1.2
2.5

60.8
9.0
94.9
18.4
19.3
13.4
5.8
1.4
4.4

54.1
10.6
104.7
19.8
21.7
14.8
6.9
1.5
5.4

50.6
11.5
116.3
21.7
24.7
16.7
8.0
1.7
6.3

49.5
12.5
125.2
22.1
27.3
18.4
8.9
2.0
7.0

49.5
15.4
132.3
21.3
30.1
20.1
10.0
2.3
7.7

52.9
17.2
144.6
22.9
32.4
21.8
10.6
2.7
7.9

54.0
16.4
146.0
23.4
32.6
22.0
10.6
2.8
7.8

Number poor (in millions) 4
All ages ...............................................

39.5

25.3

25.9

29.3

33.1

33.6

34.5

32.3

Children under 18 in families ..........................
With—
Male householder 5 ..............................
Female householder ............................
18–54 6 ...........................................................
55–64 ..............................................................
65 or older.......................................................
In families ................................................
Unrelated individuals ...............................
Men......................................................
Women ................................................

17.2

10.5

10.9

11.1

12.5

13.3

12.8

11.5

13.1
4.1
13.4
3.3
5.5
3.2
2.3
.7
1.6

5.7
4.8
8.2
2.1
4.7
2.0
2.7
.5
2.2

5.3
5.6
9.7
2.0
3.3
1.2
2.1
.4
1.7

5.2
5.9
12.2
2.1
3.9
1.4
2.4
.4
2.0

5.8
6.7
14.8
2.3
3.5
1.2
2.3
.4
1.9

5.3
8.0
14.6
2.1
3.7
1.2
2.5
.4
2.1

5.1
7.7
15.6
2.2
3.4
1.2
2.2
.4
1.7

4.8
6.7
15.0
2.2
3.2
1.1
2.1
.5
1.6

Percent poor 4
All ages ...............................................

22.4

12.6

12.3

13.0

14.0

13.5

12.7

11.8

Children under 18 in families ..........................
With—
Male householder 5 ..............................
Female householder ............................
18–54 6 ...........................................................
55–64 ..............................................................
65 or older.......................................................
In families ................................................
Unrelated individuals ...............................
Men......................................................
Women ................................................

26.9

15.0

16.8

17.9

20.1

20.5

18.3

16.3

22.4
72.2
16.5
21.5
35.2
26.9
61.9
59.0
63.3

9.3
53.4
8.7
11.4
24.6
14.7
47.1
38.9
49.7

9.8
52.7
9.2
10.2
15.3
8.0
31.0
27.7
31.9

10.4
50.8
10.5
9.5
15.7
8.5
30.6
24.4
32.3

11.7
53.6
11.8
10.5
12.6
6.4
25.6
20.5
27.0

10.7
52.1
11.0
9.7
12.2
5.9
24.8
17.3
26.9

9.6
44.8
10.8
9.6
10.5
5.7
20.4
16.3
21.7

9.0
40.6
10.3
9.5
9.7
4.9
19.7
16.4
20.9

1 Data for 1970 and 1975 are based on the 1970 Census of Population controls.
2 Income and poverty status refer to the calendar year shown; family status is as of March of the succeeding year.
3 Based on revised methodology.
4 Includes Armed Forces in the United States living off post or with families on post. Excludes unrelated individuals under age 16.
5 Includes children in families with both spouses present and in families with male householder with no spouse present.
6 Includes persons under age 18 listed as unrelated individual, family householder, spouse of householder, or other family member.

Source: Public use file of the March 2000 Income Supplement, Current Population Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. For a discussion of standard errors of estimated
numbers and percentages, see U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P-60 series.

CONTACT: Curt Pauzenga (410) 965-7210 for further information.

146

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2001

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E3.—Shares of money income from earnings and other sources for aged and nonaged families, 1999
[Civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia]
Aged family units
Individuals aged 65 or
older living alone or
with nonrelatives only
Type of money income
received during year 1
Number of families and unrelated
individuals (in millions).............................

Total Nonpoor
10.6

8.5

Nonaged family units

Multiperson families with
householder
aged 65 or older

Poor 2
2.1

Total Nonpoor
11.6

11.0

Individuals under age 65
living alone or
with nonrelatives only

Poor 2
0.6

Total Nonpoor
32.9

26.4

Multiperson families with
householder
under age 65

Poor 2

Total Nonpoor

Poor 2

6.5

60.4

54.4

6.1

Percent receiving income of specified type 3
Earnings..........................................................
Public program payments:
Social Security 4 .........................................
Supplemental Security Income....................
Other public assistance...............................
Other programs 5 ........................................
Other sources:
Dividends, interest, rent ..............................
Employment-related pensions,
alimony, annuities, etc .............................

14

16

3

45

47

24

84

94

44

95

97

70

92
6
2
4

94
2
2
5

84
21
2
3

92
5
4
8

93
5
4
8

65
13
6
4

6
4
10
6

5
1
9
6

11
12
13
3

10
3
12
9

10
2
11
10

10
11
29
7

60

68

26

71

73

28

48

56

17

63

68

15

41

49

8

52

54

14

6

6

3

16

16

14

Percentage distribution of income, by type
Total percent................................................

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Earnings..........................................................
Public program payments:
Social Security 4 ..........................................
Supplemental Security Income....................
Other public assistance...............................
Other programs 5 ........................................
Other sources:
Dividends, interest, rent ..............................
Employment-related pensions,
alimony, annuities, etc .............................

13

14

(6)

33

33

13

87

88

50

89

89

66

44
1

41

83
10

30
1

30
1

2
1
2
1

1
2
1

18
15
9
2

6

6

3

20

21

3

17

17

7

2

2

3

3

3

4

Median income ..............................................

$13,809

$16,435

$5,572

$33,131

$34,719

$7,741

$23,365

$28,739

$3,779

$52,593

$56,149

$8,356

(6)

(6)
(6)

(6)

(6)

(6)

1

1

1

1

1

64
9
2
1

20

21

2

17

18

4

(6)

2

1

(6)

(6)

1
1

1
1

8
7
11
3

5

5

1

1 Household surveys tend to underestimate the number of income recipients with income sources such as interest, dividends, rents, veterans’ payments,
unemployment compensation, and workers’ compensation are more underreported than others. For more detail, see U.S. Census Bureau, The Value of Noncash
Benefits: 1979–1982, Technical Paper No. 52, Appendix F.
2 Poverty status based on money income of all family members after receipt of OASDI and any other cash transfer payments.
3 Received by individuals or any family member at any time during 1998. Most individuals or families received more than one type of income during the year.
4 Social Security may include more than one type of income during the year.
5 Unemployment insurance, workers’ compensation, or veterans’ payments.
6 Less than 0.05 percent.

Source: Public use file of the March 2000 Income Supplement, Current Population Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. For a discussion of standard errors of estimated
numbers and percentages, see U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P-60 series.

CONTACT: Curt Pauzenga (410) 965-7210 for further information.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2001

147

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E4.—Current living arrangements of persons aged 65 or older, March 2000

1

[Civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia]
Population (in thousands)
Living arrangement and sex

Total

Percentage distribution

Poor

Nonpoor

Total

Poor

Nonpoor

Percent
officially
poor

Total...........................................................

32,621

3,167

29,454

100

100

100

9.7

Unrelated individuals................................................
Family members ......................................................
Householder or spouse ........................................
Other relative 2 ....................................................
Poor by own income.........................................
Not poor by own income...................................

10,641
21,980
19,978
2,002
863
1,139

2,095
1,072
961
112
101
11

8,546
20,908
19,017
1,890
762
1,129

32.6
67.4
61.2
6.1
2.6
3.5

66.1
33.9
30.3
3.5
3.2
.3

29.0
71.0
64.6
6.4
2.6
3.8

19.7
4.9
4.8
5.6
11.7
.9

Men...............................................................

13,886

960

12,926

42.6

30.3

43.9

6.9

Unrelated individuals................................................
Family members ......................................................
Householder.........................................................
Spouse of householder ........................................
Other relative 2 .....................................................
Poor by own income.........................................
Not poor by own income...................................

2,816
11,070
8,172
2,328
570
179
392

461
499
360
118
22
22

8.6
33.9
25.1
7.1
1.7
.5
1.2

14.6
15.8
11.4
3.7
.7
.7
(3)

8.0
35.9
26.5
7.5
1.9
.5
1.3

16.4
4.5
4.4
5.0
3.9
12.4

(3)

2,355
10,571
7,813
2,211
548
156
392

Women .........................................................

18,735

2,207

16,528

57.4

69.7

56.1

11.8

Unrelated individuals................................................
Family members ......................................................
Householder, no husband present .......................
Householder with husband present......................
Wife of householder .............................................
Other relative 2 .....................................................
Poor by own income.........................................
Not poor by own income...................................

7,826
10,910
1,735
1,797
5,947
1,432
684
748

1,634
573
184
69
231
89
79
11

6,192
10,337
1,551
1,727
5,716
1,343
606
737

24.0
33.4
5.3
5.5
18.2
4.4
2.1
2.3

51.6
18.1
5.8
2.2
7.3
2.8
2.5
.3

21.0
35.1
5.3
5.9
19.4
4.6
2.1
2.5

20.9
5.3
10.6
3.8
3.9
6.2
11.5
1.4

1 Living arrangements as of March 2000. Poverty status in 1999 as reflected by income of unrelated individual or family money income for year compared with official
poverty income criterion for families of appropriate size and composition.
2 Aged family members who are neither the family householder nor the spouse of the householder. Official poverty classification is based on combined income of all
related persons living together. Persons in this group are classified here on the basis of official poverty criteria for family income and on a comparison of their own income
with official poverty criteria for elderly persons maintaining their own households. The hidden poor are other relatives in nonpoor households whose own income is below
the official poverty line for unrelated individuals or married couples.
3 Less than 0.05 percent.

Source: Public use file of the March 2000 Income Supplement, Current Population Survey, U.S. Census Bureau. For a discussion of standard errors of estimated
numbers and percentages, see U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P-60 series.

CONTACT: Curt Pauzenga (410) 965-7210 for further information.

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Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2001

(3)

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E6.—Aged families receiving Social Security benefits, by share of income from benefits and race, 1999
[Civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia]
Individuals aged 65 or older living alone
or with nonrelatives only
Social Security share of money
income for year 1

Total

Nonpoor

Poor

Multiperson families with householder
aged 65 or older

Percent
poor

Total

Nonpoor

Poor

Percent
poor

...

11,773

11,117

656

...

All races 2
Total number (in thousands) ................................................

10,638

8,543

2,095

Total percent ........................................................................

100

100

100

20

100

100

100

6

No Social Security benefits .........................................................
Some Social Security benefits ....................................................
Less than one-fourth of income...............................................
One-fourth up to one-half of income .......................................
One-half up to three-fourths of income ...................................
Three-fourths or more of income.............................................

8
92
9
19
21
43

6
94
11
23
24
36

16
84
1
3
10
70

41
18
2
3
9
32

8
92
23
26
20
22

7
93
25
27
21
21

35
65
2
7
6
50

23
4

...

(3)

1
2
12

White
Total number (in thousands) ................................................

9,463

7,835

1,627

...

10,299

9,881

418

Total percent ........................................................................

100

100

100

17

100

100

100

4

No Social Security benefits .........................................................
Some Social Security benefits ....................................................
Less than one-fourth of income...............................................
One-fourth up to one-half of income .......................................
One-half up to three-fourths of income ...................................
Three-fourths or more of income.............................................

7
93
9
20
22
42

5
95
11
23
24
36

16
84
1
3
9
70

39
15
2
3
7
29

7
93
23
26
21
22

6
94
24
27
22
21

37
63
1
8
6
48

20
3

...

(3)

1
1
9

Black
Total number (in thousands) ................................................

989.6

574.7

414.9

...

972

835

137

Total percent ........................................................................

100

100

100

42

100

100

100

14

No Social Security benefits .........................................................
Some Social Security benefits ....................................................
Less than one-fourth of income...............................................
One-fourth up to one-half of income .......................................
One-half up to three-fourths of income ...................................
Three-fourths or more of income.............................................

11
89
7
13
17
51

9
91
12
20
21
38

14
86

52
41

10
90
25
24
14
26

8
92
29
27
16
21

25
75
5
8
6
56

35
12
3
5
6
30

(3)

(3)

3
13
70

10
30
57

1 Payments under Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance program any time in 1999 to any family member as reported in the March 2000 Current Population
Survey.
2 Includes other races.
3 Less than 0.05 percent.

Source: Public use file of the March 2000 Income Supplement, Current Population Survey, U.S. Census. For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers
and percentages, see Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, P-60 series.

CONTACT: Curt Pauzenga (410) 965-7210 for further information.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2001

149

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E8.—Poverty guidelines for families of specified size, 1965–20011,2
Date of issuance 3

5 persons

6 persons

7 persons

8 persons

Increment 4

$3,130
3,200
3,300
3,600

$3,685
3,800
3,900
4,200

$4,135
4,200
4,400
4,800

$4,635
4,700
4,900
5,400

$5,135
5,300
5,400
6,000

$500
500
500
600

3,100
3,300
3,450
3,600
3,810

3,800
4,000
4,200
4,300
4,550

4,400
4,700
4,925
5,000
5,290

5,000
5,300
5,550
5,700
6,030

5,600
5,900
6,200
6,400
6,770

6,200
6,500
6,850
7,100
7,510

600
600
650
700
740

3,410
3,700
3,930
4,160
4,500

4,230
4,600
4,890
5,180
5,600

5,050
5,500
5,850
6,200
6,700

5,870
6,400
6,810
7,220
7,800

6,690
7,300
7,770
8,240
8,900

7,510
8,200
8,730
9,260
10,000

8,330
9,100
9,690
10,280
11,100

820
900
960
1,020
1,100

3,790
4,310
4,680
4,860
4,980

5,010
5,690
6,220
6,540
6,720

6,230
7,070
7,760
8,220
8,460

7,450
8,450
9,300
9,900
10,200

8,670
9,830
10,840
11,580
11,940

9,890
11,210
12,380
13,260
13,680

11,110
12,590
13,920
14,940
15,420

12,330
13,970
15,460
16,620
17,160

1,220
1,380
1,540
1,680
1,740

March 1985...................................
February 1986...............................
February 1987...............................
February 1988...............................
February 1989...............................

5,250
5,360
5,500
5,770
5,980

7,050
7,240
7,400
7,730
8,020

8,850
9,120
9,300
9,690
10,060

10,650
11,000
11,200
11,650
12,100

12,450
12,880
13,100
13,610
14,140

14,250
14,760
15,000
15,570
16,180

16,050
16,640
16,900
17,530
18,220

17,850
18,520
18,800
19,490
20,260

1,800
1,880
1,900
1,960
2,040

February 1990...............................
February 1991...............................
February 1992...............................
February 1993...............................
February 1994...............................

6,280
6,620
6,810
6,970
7,360

8,420
8,880
9,190
9,430
9,840

10,560
11,140
11,570
11,890
12,320

12,700
13,400
13,950
14,350
14,800

14,840
15,660
16,330
16,810
17,280

16,980
17,920
18,710
19,270
19,760

18,120
20,180
21,090
21,730
22,240

21,260
22,440
23,470
24,190
24,720

2,140
2,260
2,380
2,460
2,480

February 1995...............................
March 1996...................................
March 1997...................................
February 1998...............................
March 1999...................................
February 2000...............................
February 2001...............................

7,470
7,740
7,890
8,050
8,240
8,350
8,590

10,030
10,360
10,610
10,850
11,060
11,250
11,610

12,590
12,980
13,330
13,650
13,880
14,150
14,630

15,150
15,600
16,050
16,450
16,700
17,050
17,650

17,710
18,220
18,770
19,250
19,520
19,950
20,670

20,270
20,840
21,490
22,050
22,340
22,850
23,690

22,830
23,460
24,210
24,850
25,160
25,750
26,710

25,390
26,080
26,960
27,650
27,980
28,650
29,730

2,560
2,620
2,720
2,800
2,820
2,900
3,020

1 person

2 persons

3 persons

December 1965 ............................
August 1967..................................
September 1968 ...........................
September 1969 ...........................

$1,540
1,600
1,600
1,800

$1,990
2,000
2,100
2,400

$2,440
2,500
2,600
3,000

December 1970 ............................
November 1971 ............................
October 1972 ................................
March 1973...................................
May 1974 ......................................

1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,330

2,500
2,600
2,725
2,900
3,070

March 1975...................................
April 1976......................................
April 1977......................................
April 1978......................................
May 1979 ......................................

2,590
2,800
2,970
3,140
3,400

April 1980......................................
March 1981...................................
April 1982......................................
February 1983...............................
February 1984...............................

1 Except

4 persons

for Alaska and Hawaii. Guidelines for Alaska and Hawaii since 1980 are:

Alaska
Year
1980.........................
1981.........................
1982.........................
1983.........................
1984.........................
1985.........................
1986.........................
1987.........................
1988.........................
1989.........................
1990.........................
1991.........................
1992.........................
1993.........................
1994.........................
1995.........................
1996.........................
1997.........................
1998.........................
1999.........................
2000.........................
2001.........................

1 person
$4,760
5,410
5,870
6,080
6,240
6,560
6,700
6,860
7,210
7,480
7,840
8,290
8,500
8,700
9,200
9,340
9,660
9,870
10,070
10,320
10,430
10,730

Hawaii
Increment
$1,520
1,720
1,920
2,100
2,170
2,250
2,350
2,380
2,450
2,550
2,680
2,820
2,980
3,080
3,100
3,200
3,280
3,400
3,500
3,520
3,630
3,780

1 person
$4,370
4,980
5,390
5,600
5,730
6,040
6,170
6,310
6,650
6,870
7,230
7,610
7,830
8,040
8,470
8,610
8,910
9,070
9,260
9,490
9,590
9,890

Increment
$1,400
1,580
1,770
1,930
2,000
2,070
2,160
2,190
2,250
2,350
2,460
2,600
2,740
2,820
2,850
2,940
3,010
3,130
3,220
3,240
3,340
3,470

Separate figures for Alaska and Hawaii reflect Office of Economic Opportunity administrative practice beginning in the 1966–70 period. The U.S.Census Bureau, producer of
the primary version of the poverty measure (the poverty thresholds), does not produce separate figures for Alaska and Hawaii.
2 Before 1983, the guidelines shown are for nonfarm families only.
3 The guidelines are effective from the date of issuance (unless otherwise specified by a particular program using them).
4 Add this amount for each additional family member. Before 1973, increments between some of the smaller family sizes differed from the increment shown in the table.
Beginning in 1973, the increment has been the same between all family sizes in each year’s set of guidelines.

CONTACT: Gordon Fisher (202) 690-5880 for further information.

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Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2001