9.

G TANF/AFDC & Emergency Assistance
Table 9.G1.—Average monthly number of recipients, total amount of cash payments, and average monthly payment,
1936–1999
[Includes nonmedical vendor payments. Includes Alaska and Hawaii, beginning in 1943; Puerto Rico and the
Virgin Islands, beginning in October 1950, and Guam, beginning in July 1959]
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families/
Aid to Families with Dependent Children 1
Average monthly number (in thousands)

Emergency Assistance 2

Amount in payments 3

Total
assistance
payments
during year
(in thousands)

Average
monthly
payment
per family

Families

Total

Children

Total
(in thousands)

Family

Recipient

Average
monthly
number of
families (in
thousands)

1936......................
1940......................
1945......................
1950......................
1955......................

147
349
259
644
612

534
1,182
907
2,205
2,214

361
840
656
1,637
1,673

$49,678
133,770
149,667
551,653
617,841

$28.15
31.98
48.18
71.33
84.17

$7.75
9.43
13.75
17.64
23.26

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

1960......................
1961......................
1962......................
1963......................
1964......................
1965......................
1966......................
1967......................
1968......................
1969......................

787
869
931
947
992
1,039
1,088
1,217
1,410
1,698

3,005
3,354
3,676
3,876
4,118
4,329
4,513
5,014
5,705
6,706

2,314
2,587
2,818
2,909
3,091
3,256
3,411
3,771
4,275
4,985

1,000,784
1,156,769
1,298,774
1,365,851
1,510,352
1,660,186
1,863,925
2,266,400
2,849,298
3,563,427

105.75
110.97
116.30
120.19
126.88
133.20
142.83
155.19
168.41
174.89

27.75
28.74
29.44
29.36
30.57
31.96
34.42
37.67
41.62
44.28

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
7.5

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
$6,699

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
$117.23

1970......................
1971......................
1972......................
1973......................
1974......................
1975......................
1976......................
1977......................
1978......................
1979......................

2,208
2,762
3,049
3,148
3,230
3,498
3,579
3,588
3,522
3,509

8,466
10,241
10,947
10,949
10,864
11,346
11,304
11,050
10,570
10,312

6,214
7,434
7,905
7,902
7,822
8,095
8,001
7,773
7,402
7,179

4,852,964
6,203,528
6,909,260
7,212,035
7,916,563
9,210,995
10,140,543
10,603,820
10,730,415
11,068,864

183.13
187.16
188.87
190.91
204.27
219.44
236.10
246.27
253.89
262.86

47.77
50.48
52.60
54.89
60.72
67.65
74.75
79.97
84.60
89.45

7.5
11.1
19.9
18.8
31.3
38.3
27.5
32.8
34.5
35.7

11,396
19,843
44,180
39,265
64,031
77,516
55,673
66,132
80,919
84,043

126.14
148.54
184.91
174.05
170.38
168.85
168.43
168.05
195.24
195.92

1980......................
1981......................
1982......................
1983......................
1984......................

3,712
3,835
3,542
3,686
3,714

10,774
10,079
10,258
10,761
10,831

7,419
7,527
6,903
7,098
7,144

12,475,245
12,981,115
12,877,906
13,837,228
14,503,710

280.03
282.04
303.02
312.82
325.44

96.49
97.64
103.60
107.16
111.60

48.6
49.1
27.5
30.0
32.1

113,238
123,467
102,344
125,246
141,137

4
4
4

1985......................
1986......................
1987......................
1988......................
1989......................

3,701
3,763
3,776
3,749
3,799

10,855
11,038
11,027
10,915
10,993

7,198
7,334
7,366
7,329
7,420

15,195,835
16,033,074
16,372,535
16,826,794
17,465,943

342.15
355.04
361.37
374.07
383.14

116.65
121.05
123.73
128.47
132.40

32.6
34.8
42.4
48.8
48.7

157,304
178,824
213,903
278,906
296,841

4
4
4
4
4

1990......................
1991......................
1992......................
1993......................
1994......................

4,057
4,467
4,829
5,012
5,035

11,695
12,930
13,773
14,205
14,164

7,917
8,715
9,303
9,574
9,570

19,066,541
20,930,600
21,655,881
22,688,016
22,827,399

391.67
390.44
373.71
377.24
377.78

135.86
134.89
131.03
133.10
134.30

56.0
59.7
52.7
56.8
60.5

348,986
302,894
272,853
387,113
802,258

4
4
4
4

1995......................
1996......................
1997......................
1998......................
1999......................

4,791
4,434
3,740
3,050
2,555

13,418
12,321
10,376
8,347
6,835

9,135
8,469
7,042
6,034
5,130

21,608,686
20,614,437
22,031,399
19,328,429
22,759,897

375.31
386.68
490.01
528.04
742.45

134.21
139.44
176.95
192.96
277.48

84.1
69.8
81.8
...
...

3,447,361
2,708,401
403,138
...
...

Monthly average per—

Recipients
Year

1 Thirty-four states had converted to TANF as of Jan. 1, 1997; eight phased in over the next 5 months; the remaining 12 waited until July 1, 1997.
2 Reporting initiated July 1969. Number of states with program: 1969-70, 23; 1971, 24; 1972, 27; 1973-75, 29; 1976-78, 26; 1979, 24; 1980-84, 27;

1987, 29; 1988, 30; 1989, 31; 1990, 33; 1991, 34; 1992, 34; 1993, 35; 1994, 49; 1995, 50; 1996, 51; and 1997, 34. Program ended June 30, 1997.
3 TANF expenditures include services as well as cash payments.
4 Excludes family count and expenditures for states providing only partial data.

CONTACT: Evelyn Mills (202) 401-4055 for further information.

328

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2001

194.29
209.51
278.54
283.15
276.97
312.98
362.45
358.29
420.89
461.45

476.50
422.07
431.41
568.17
4 1,105.95
4 3,415.93
4 3,235.10
4 410.74
...
...

1985-86, 28;

9.G TANF/AFDC & Emergency Assistance
Table 9.G2.—Average monthly number of families and recipients of cash payments and total amount of payments, by state,
1999
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
Average monthly number of—

State

TANF
effective
date 1

Amount of payments

Recipients

Total ..............................

Monthly average per—

Families

Total

Children

Total
(in thousands)

Family

Recipient

2,554,603

6,835,260

5,130,247

$22,759,897

$742.45

$277.48

Alabama...................................
Alaska ......................................
Arizona.....................................
Arkansas ..................................
California..................................

11/15/96
7/1/97
10/1/96
7/1/97
11/26/96

19,817
8,128
33,895
11,979
591,812

49,470
25,221
89,097
29,023
1,661,769

38,257
16,640
49,030
21,913
1,294,329

91,038
85,343
240,416
84,210
6,615,099

$382.83
874.96
591.08
585.80
931.48

$153.36
281.99
224.86
241.79
331.73

Colorado ..................................
Connecticut ..............................
Delaware..................................
District of Columbia..................
Florida ......................................

7/1/97
10/1/96
3/10/97
3/1/97
10/1/96

13,263
32,028
6,385
18,744
77,274

35,207
77,955
16,613
50,153
184,486

28,165
57,404
12,448
39,029
150,196

123,404
363,044
62,372
121,847
430,761

775.37
944.60
814.09
541.70
464.54

292.09
388.09
312.87
202.46
194.58

Georgia ....................................
Guam .......................................
Hawaii ......................................
Idaho........................................
Illinois .......................................
Indiana .....................................
Iowa .........................................
Kansas .....................................
Kentucky ..................................
Louisiana..................................
Maine .......................................

1/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97
10/1/96
1/1/97
10/1/96
10/18/96
1/1/97
11/1/96

59,123
1,952
15,610
1,303
112,469
36,910
21,434
12,775
41,200
35,636
12,748

150,324
6,648
45,606
2,499
335,395
107,688
57,618
32,356
95,488
101,299
33,436

115,378
4,958
32,508
2,055
261,860
76,201
39,305
23,709
70,527
95,018
23,303

343,899
12,165
118,227
33,248
785,688
199,491
163,020
187,284
215,659
121,722
89,180

484.73
519.28
631.16
2,126.40
582.15
450.40
633.80
1,221.71
436.20
284.64
582.98

190.64
152.49
216.03
1,108.87
195.21
154.37
235.78
482.35
188.21
100.13
222.27

Maryland ..................................
Massachusetts .........................
Michigan...................................
Minnesota ................................
Mississippi................................
Missouri....................................
Montana ...................................
Nebraska..................................
Nevada.....................................
New Hampshire .......................

12/9/96
9/30/96
9/30/96
7/1/97
10/1/96
12/1/96
12/16/96
12/1/96
12/3/96
10/1/96

32,299
51,169
89,102
41,441
15,770
49,130
4,620
10,797
7,318
6,255

81,736
121,784
243,818
120,788
36,191
128,485
13,618
30,900
18,359
15,274

62,219
92,024
191,119
87,209
31,809
99,089
9,057
21,789
14,485
10,509

280,507
628,883
1,083,499
363,334
84,483
295,717
38,357
81,375
58,689
57,819

723.72
1,024.20
1,013.35
730.62
446.42
501.59
691.84
628.06
668.31
770.31

285.99
430.33
370.32
250.67
194.53
191.80
234.72
219.46
266.40
315.47

New Jersey ..............................
New Mexico .............................
New York..................................
North Carolina..........................
North Dakota............................
Ohio .........................................
Oklahoma.................................
Oregon .....................................
Pennsylvania............................
Puerto Rico ..............................

2/1/97
7/1/97
12/2/96
1/1/97
7/1/97
10/1/96
10/1/96
10/1/96
3/3/97
7/1/97

59,256
25,325
309,800
55,034
3,061
104,215
18,194
16,922
100,622
34,946

155,067
79,183
793,366
123,748
8,409
262,806
49,152
43,891
280,084
102,806

119,490
53,311
556,264
96,815
6,135
203,846
34,922
30,530
204,790
75,736

423,058
116,092
3,367,194
394,949
31,847
792,541
156,684
264,048
1,285,821
42,390

594.96
382.01
905.74
598.04
867.04
633.74
717.66
1,300.29
1,064.89
101.08

227.35
122.18
353.68
265.96
315.60
251.31
265.65
501.33
382.57
34.36

Rhode Island............................
South Carolina .........................
South Dakota ...........................
Tennessee................................
Texas........................................
Utah .........................................
Vermont....................................
Virgin Islands ...........................
Virginia .....................................
Washington ..............................

5/1/97
10/12/96
12/1/96
10/1/96
11/5/96
10/1/96
9/20/96
7/1/97
2/1/97
1/10/97

17,613
17,440
3,070
57,287
115,313
9,430
6,492
992
35,977
60,805

48,891
41,029
7,667
153,286
310,698
27,435
17,585
3,529
85,933
166,085

29,557
32,837
6,094
110,581
228,161
18,112
11,500
2,653
62,861
117,607

154,027
118,565
21,601
242,553
599,296
78,034
62,417
3,040
243,055
503,048

728.74
566.54
586.38
352.84
433.10
689.61
801.26
255.26
562.99
689.43

262.54
240.82
234.77
131.86
160.74
237.03
295.78
71.77
235.70
252.41

West Virginia............................
Wisconsin.................................
Wyoming ..................................

1/11/97
9/30/96
1/1/97

11,322
18,347
756

30,961
43,777
1,576

20,780
34,880
1,247

69,790
316,422
13,645

513.69
1,437.20
1,503.72

187.84
602.34
721.45

1 Transition

from AFDC to TANF reporting systems occurred July 1, 1997 or 6 months after TANF effective date, whichever was later.

CONTACT: Evelyn Mills (202) 401-4055 for further information.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2001

329