3.

E Poverty
Table 3.E1—Weighted average poverty thresholds for nonfarm families of specified size, 1959–2001
Families of 2 persons or more (dollars)

Unrelated individuals
(dollars)

2 persons

All ages

Under
age 65

Aged 65
or older

All
ages

Householder
under age 65

1959..................
1960..................
1961..................
1962..................
1963..................
1964..................

1,467
1,490
1,506
1,519
1,539
1,558

1,503
1,526
1,545
1,562
1,581
1,601

1,397
1,418
1,433
1,451
1,470
1,488

1,894
1,924
1,942
1,962
1,988
2,015

1,952
1,982
2,005
2,027
2,052
2,079

1,761
1,788
1,808
1,828
1,850
1,875

2,324
2,359
2,383
2,412
2,442
2,473

2,973
3,022
3,054
3,089
3,128
3,169

3,506
3,560
3,597
3,639
3,685
3,732

3,944
4,002
4,041
4,088
4,135
4,193

4,849
4,921
4,967
5,032
5,092
5,156

29.2
29.6
29.9
30.3
30.6
31.0

1965..................
1966..................
1967..................
1968..................
1969..................

1,582
1,628
1,675
1,748
1,840

1,626
1,674
1,722
1,797
1,893

1,512
1,556
1,600
1,667
1,757

2,048
2,107
2,168
2,262
2,383

2,114
2,175
2,238
2,333
2,458

1,906
1,961
2,017
2,102
2,215

2,514
2,588
2,661
2,774
2,924

3,223
3,317
3,410
3,553
3,743

3,797
3,908
4,019
4,188
4,415

4,264
4,388
4,516
4,706
4,958

5,248
5,395
5,550
5,789
6,101

31.5
32.5
33.4
34.8
36.7

1970..................
1971..................
1972..................
1973..................
1974..................

1,954
2,040
2,109
2,247
2,495

2,010
2,098
2,168
2,307
2,562

1,861
1,940
2,005
2,130
2,364

2,525
2,633
2,724
2,895
3,211

2,604
2,716
2,808
2,984
3,312

2,348
2,448
2,530
2,688
2,982

3,099
3,229
3,339
3,548
3,936

3,968
4,137
4,275
4,540
5,038

4,680
4,880
5,044
5,358
5,950

5,260
5,489
5,673
6,028
6,699

6,468
6,751
6,983
7,435
8,253

38.8
40.5
41.8
44.4
49.3

1975..................
1976..................
1977..................
1978..................
1979..................

2,724
2,884
3,075
3,311
3,689

2,797
2,959
3,152
3,392
3,778

2,581
2,730
2,906
3,127
3,479

3,506
3,711
3,951
4,249
4,725

3,617
3,826
4,072
4,383
4,878

3,257
3,445
3,666
3,944
4,390

4,293
4,540
4,833
5,201
5,784

5,500
5,815
6,191
6,662
7,412

6,499
6,876
7,320
7,880
8,775

7,316
7,760
8,261
8,891
9,914

9,022
9,588
10,216
11,002
12,280

53.8
56.9
60.6
65.2
72.6

1980..................
1981..................
1982..................
1983..................
1984..................

4,190
4,620
4,901
5,061
5,278

4,290
4,729
5,019
5,180
5,400

3,949
4,359
4,626
4,775
4,979

5,363
5,917
6,281
6,483
6,762

5,537
6,111
6,487
6,697
6,983

4,983
5,498
5,836
6,023
6,282

6,565
7,250
7,693
7,938
8,277

8,414
9,287
9,862
10,178
10,609

9,966
11,007
11,684
12,049
12,566

11,269
12,449
13,207
13,630
14,207

13,955
...
...
...
...

82.4
90.9
96.5
99.6
103.9

1985..................
1986..................
1987..................
1988..................
1989..................

5,469
5,572
5,778
6,022
6,310

5,593
5,701
5,909
6,155
6,451

5,156
5,255
5,447
5,674
5,947

6,998
7,138
7,397
7,704
8,076

7,231
7,372
7,641
7,958
8,343

6,503
6,630
6,872
7,157
7,501

8,573
8,737
9,056
9,435
9,885

10,989
11,203
11,611
12,092
12,674

13,007
13,259
13,737
14,304
14,990

14,696
14,986
15,509
16,146
16,921

...
...
...
...
...

107.6
109.6
113.6
118.3
124.0

1990..................
1991..................
1992..................
1993..................
1994..................

6,652
6,932
7,143
7,363
7,547

6,800
7,086
7,299
7,518
7,710

6,268
6,532
6,729
6,930
7,108

8,509
8,865
9,137
9,414
9,661

8,794
9,165
9,443
9,728
9,976

7,905
8,241
8,487
8,740
8,967

10,419
10,860
11,186
11,522
11,821

13,359
13,924
14,335
14,763
15,141

15,792
16,456
16,952
17,449
17,900

17,839
18,587
19,137
19,718
20,235

...
...
...
...
...

130.7
136.2
140.3
144.5
148.2

1995..................
1996..................
1997..................
1998..................
1999..................

7,763
7,995
8,183
8,316
8,501

7,929
8,163
8,350
8,480
8,667

7,309
7,525
7,698
7,818
7,990

9,933
10,233
10,473
10,634
10,869

10,259
10,564
10,805
10,972
11,214

9,219
9,491
9,712
9,862
10,075

12,158
12,516
12,802
13,003
13,290

15,569
16,036
16,400
16,660
17,029

18,408
18,952
19,380
19,680
20,127

20,804
21,389
21,886
22,228
22,727

...
...
...
...
...

152.4
156.9
160.5
163.0
166.6

2000..................
2001..................

8,794
9,039

8,959
9,214

8,259
8,494

11,239
11,569

11,590
11,920

10,419
10,715

13,738
14,128

17,603
18,104

20,819
21,405

23,528
24,195

...
...

172.2
177.1

Year

Householder
7 persons
aged 65 or older 3 persons 4 persons 5 persons 6 persons
or more

Annual
average
CPI,
all items a
(1982–84 = 100)

a. Beginning in January 1978, the Bureau of Labor Statistics introduced a new price index for all urban consumers (CPI-U) that forms a continuous series with the earlier
index for urban wage earners and for clerical workers as of December 1977.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey.
NOTES: . . . = not applicable.
Three technical changes in the definition of poverty are described in “Characteristics of the Population Below the Poverty Level, 1980,” U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population
Reports, Series P-60, No. 133: (1) Distinctions based on the sex of the family householder will no longer be made; (2) income thresholds for farm families will be the same as for
nonfarm families of the same size and composition, and (3) the increased sample size will now permit separate poverty income criteria for families of 7, 8, and 9 or more persons. Separate criteria for these family sizes by number of children have been developed by the Social Security Administration for the base year 1978 on the same basis as the
original poverty matrix for smaller family sizes, and then updated by means of the all-items consumer price index. The dollar thresholds for larger families beginning in 1980 are:
Year
7 persons
1980....................................
12,761
1981....................................
14,110
1982....................................
15,036
1983....................................
15,500
1984....................................
16,096
1985....................................
16,656
1986....................................
17,049
1987....................................
17,649
1988....................................
18,232
1989....................................
19,162
1990....................................
20,241

8 persons
14,199
15,655
16,719
17,170
17,961
18,512
18,791
19,515
20,253
21,328
22,582

9 persons
or more
16,896
18,572
19,698
20,310
21,247
22,083
22,497
23,105
24,129
25,480
26,848

Year
1991 ....................................
1992 ....................................
1993 ....................................
1994 ....................................
1995 ....................................
1996 ....................................
1997 ....................................
1998 ....................................
1999 ....................................
2000 ....................................
2001 ....................................

7 persons
21,058
21,594
22,383
22,923
23,552
24,268
24,802
25,257
25,912
26,754
27,517

8 persons
23,605
24,053
24,838
25,427
26,237
27,091
27,593
28,166
28,967
29,701
30,627

9 persons
or more
27,942
28,745
29,529
30,300
31,280
31,971
32,566
33,339
34,417
35,060
36,286

CONTACT: Joe Dalaker (301) 763-3213.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

141

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E2—Number and percentage of poor persons, by age, at end of selected years 1959–2000
Age and family status a

1959

1970

1975

1980
Total population

1985

1990 b

1999

2000

(millions) c

All ages ................................................

176.5

202.5

210.4

225.0

236.6

248.6

273.5

275.9

Children under 18 in families ..........................
With—
Male householder d .................................
Female householder................................
18–54 e ...........................................................
55–64 ..............................................................
65 or older.......................................................
In families ....................................................
Unrelated individuals...................................
Men..........................................................
Women ....................................................

64.0

69.9

64.8

62.2

62.0

64.9

70.5

70.6

58.3
5.7
81.0
15.5
15.6
11.9
3.7
1.2
2.5

60.8
9.0
94.9
18.4
19.3
13.4
5.8
1.4
4.4

54.1
10.6
104.7
19.8
21.7
14.8
6.9
1.5
5.4

50.6
11.5
116.3
21.7
24.7
16.7
8.0
1.7
6.3

49.5
12.5
125.2
22.1
27.3
18.4
8.9
2.0
7.0

49.5
15.4
132.3
21.3
30.1
20.1
10.0
2.3
7.7

54.0
16.4
146.0
23.4
32.6
22.0
10.6
2.8
7.8

54.5
16.1
147.4
23.8
33.0
22.3
10.7
2.9
7.8

Number poor c (millions)
All ages ................................................

39.5

25.3

25.9

29.3

33.1

33.6

32.3

31.1

Children under 18 in families ..........................
With—
Male householder d .................................
Female householder................................
18–54 e ...........................................................
55–64 ..............................................................
65 or older.......................................................
In families ....................................................
Unrelated individuals...................................
Men..........................................................
Women ....................................................

17.2

10.5

10.9

11.1

12.5

13.3

11.5

11.1

13.1
4.1
13.4
3.3
5.5
3.2
2.3
0.7
1.6

5.7
4.8
8.2
2.1
4.7
2.0
2.7
0.5
2.2

5.3
5.6
9.7
2.0
3.3
1.2
2.1
0.4
1.7

5.2
5.9
12.2
2.1
3.9
1.4
2.4
0.4
2.0

5.8
6.7
14.8
2.3
3.5
1.2
2.3
0.4
1.9

5.3
8.0
14.6
2.1
3.7
1.2
2.5
0.4
2.1

4.8
6.7
15.0
2.2
3.2
1.1
2.1
0.5
1.6

4.9
6.2
14.1
2.2
3.4
1.1
2.2
0.5
1.7

Percent poor c
All ages ................................................

22.4

12.6

12.3

13.0

14.0

13.5

11.8

11.3

Children under 18 in families ..........................
With—
Male householder d .................................
Female householder................................
18–54 e ...........................................................
55–64 ..............................................................
65 or older.......................................................
In families ....................................................
Unrelated individuals...................................
Men..........................................................
Women ....................................................

26.9

15.0

16.8

17.9

20.1

20.5

16.3

15.7

22.4
72.2
16.5
21.5
35.2
26.9
61.9
59.0
63.3

9.3
53.4
8.7
11.4
24.6
14.7
47.1
38.9
49.7

9.8
52.7
9.2
10.2
15.3
8.0
31.0
27.7
31.9

10.4
50.8
10.5
9.5
15.7
8.5
30.6
24.4
32.3

11.7
53.6
11.8
10.5
12.6
6.4
25.6
20.5
27.0

10.7
52.1
11.0
9.7
12.2
5.9
24.8
17.3
26.9

9.0
40.6
10.3
9.5
9.7
4.9
19.7
16.4
20.9

8.9
38.4
9.6
9.4
10.2
5.1
20.8
18.3
21.8

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Income and poverty status refer to the calendar year shown; family status is as of March of the succeeding year.
Based on revised methodology.
Includes armed forces in the United States living off post or with families on post. Excludes unrelated individuals under age 16.
Includes children in families with both spouses present and in families with male householder with no spouse present.
Includes persons under age 18 listed as unrelated individual, family householder, spouse of householder, or other family member.

SOURCES: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, public use file of the March 2001 Income Supplement.
Data for 1970 and 1975 are based on the 1970 Census of Population controls.
NOTES: Table includes civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers and percentages, see U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60.
CONTACT: Curt Pauzenga (410) 965-7210.

142

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E3—Shares of money income from earnings and other sources for aged and nonaged families, 2000
Aged family units
Individuals aged 65 or
older living alone or
with nonrelatives only
Type of money income
received during year
Number of families and unrelated
individuals (millions) ................................

Total Nonpoor
10.7

8.4

Nonaged family units

Multiperson families with
householder
aged 65 or older

Poor a
2.2

Total Nonpoor
11.6

11

Individuals under age 65
living alone or
with nonrelatives only

Poor a

Total Nonpoor

0.6

34.7

28

Multiperson families with
householder
under age 65

Poor a

Total Nonpoor

Poor a

6.7

60.8

55.2

5.6

Percent receiving income of specified type b
Earnings..........................................................
Public program payments
Social Security c .........................................
Supplemental Security Income....................
Other public assistance...............................
Other programs d ........................................
Other sources
Dividends, interest, rent ..............................
Employment-related pensions,
alimony, annuities ....................................

13

16

3

45

46

22

84

94

40

95

97

69

93
5
2
4

95
3
3
4

84
16
2
2

92
5
4
8

93
4
3
8

64
16
8
7

6
4
10
5

5
1
9
6

12
14
12
4

10
3
12
9

10
2
10
9

10
10
25
7

58

66

27

67

69

30

46

53

16

61

66

15

39

47

9

51

53

9

6

6

3

15

15

15

Percentage distribution of income, by type
Total percent................................................

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Earnings..........................................................
Public program payments
Social Security c ..........................................
Supplemental Security Income....................
Other public assistance...............................
Other programs d ........................................
Other sources
Dividends, interest, rent ..............................
Employment-related pensions,
alimony, annuities ....................................

14

15

1

34

34

12

88

89

46

90

91

68

44
1

42
1

85
8

32
1

32
e
e

1

1

1

2
1

20
17
7
3

1

1

2
1
2
1

2

1

64
9
3
2

1

e

1
1

1
1

7
6
10
2

20

21

3

15

15

5

5

5

3

4

4

1

Median income (dollars)..................................
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

e

e

e

e

e

e

19

20

3

17

18

4

2

2

3

3

2

5

13,767

16,716

5,747

32,858

34,641

8,440

24,185

29,318

3,791

55,145

56,310

8,790

Poverty status based on money income of all family members after receipt of Social Security and any other cash transfer payments.
Received by individuals or any family member at any time during 1999. Most individuals or families received more than one type of income during the year.
Social Security may include more than one type of income during the year.
Unemployment insurance, workers’ compensation, or veterans’ payments.
Less than 0.05 percent.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Public use file of the March 2001 Income Supplement.
NOTES: Table includes civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers and percentages, see U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60.
CONTACT: Curt Pauzenga (410) 965-7210.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

143

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E4—Current living arrangements of persons aged 65 or older, March 2001
Population (thousands)
Total

Poor

Nonpoor

Total

Poor

Nonpoor

Percent
officially
poor

All ..............................................................

32,979

3,360

29,619

100.0

100.0

100.0

10.2

Unrelated individuals................................................
Family members ......................................................
Householder or spouse ........................................
Other relative a ....................................................
Poor by own income.........................................
Not poor by own income...................................

10,659
22,320
20,196
2,124
854
1,271

2,220
1,140
1,020
120
102
18

8,439
21,180
19,176
2,004
751
1,253

32.3
67.7
61.2
6.4
2.6
3.9

66.1
33.9
30.3
3.6
3.0
0.5

28.5
71.5
64.7
6.8
2.5
4.2

20.8
5.1
5.0
5.7
12.0
1.4

Living arrangement and sex

Percentage distribution

Men...............................................................

14,179

1,063

13,116

43.0

31.7

44.3

7.5

Unrelated individuals................................................
Family members ......................................................
Householder.........................................................
Spouse of householder ........................................
Other relative a .....................................................
Poor by own income.........................................
Not poor by own income...................................

2,882
11,298
7,974
2,692
632
158
474

528
536
354
151
31
27
5

2,354
10,762
7,620
2,542
600
131
469

8.7
34.3
24.2
8.2
1.9
0.5
1.4

15.7
15.9
10.5
4.5
0.9
0.8
0.1

7.9
36.3
25.7
8.6
2.0
0.4
1.6

18.3
4.7
4.4
5.6
5.0
16.8
1.0

Women .........................................................

18,799

2,296

16,503

57.0

68.3

55.7

12.2

Unrelated individuals................................................
Family members ......................................................
Householder, no husband present .......................
Householder with husband present......................
Wife of householder .............................................
Other relative a .....................................................
Poor by own income.........................................
Not poor by own income...................................

7,777
11,022
1,727
2,039
5,764
1,493
696
797

1,692
604
175
104
236
89
76
13

6,085
10,418
1,552
1,935
5,527
1,404
620
783

23.6
33.4
5.2
6.2
17.5
4.5
2.1
2.4

50.4
18.0
5.2
3.1
7.0
2.6
2.3
0.4

20.5
35.2
5.2
6.5
18.7
4.7
2.1
2.6

21.8
5.5
10.1
5.1
4.1
6.0
10.9
1.7

a. Aged family members who are neither the family householder nor the spouse of the householder. Official poverty classification is based on combined income of all
related persons living together. Persons in this group are classified here on the basis of official poverty criteria for family income and on a comparison of their own
income with official poverty criteria for elderly persons maintaining their own households. The hidden poor are other relatives in nonpoor households whose own
income is below the official poverty line for unrelated individuals or married couples.
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Public use file of the March 2001 Income Supplement.
NOTES: Living arrangements as of March 2001.
Poverty status in 2000 as reflected by income of unrelated individual or family money income for year compared with official poverty income criterion for families of
appropriate size and composition.
Table includes civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers and percentages, see U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60.
CONTACT: Curt Pauzenga (410) 965-7210.

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3.E Poverty
Table 3.E6—Aged families receiving Social Security benefits, by share of income from benefits and race, 2000
Individuals aged 65 or older living alone
or with nonrelatives only
Social Security share of money
income for year a

Total

Nonpoor

Poor

Multiperson families with householder
aged 65 or older

Percent
poor

Total

Nonpoor

Poor

Percent
poor

...

All races b
Total number (thousands)....................................................

10,653

8,435

2,218

...

11,822

11,134

688

Total percent ........................................................................

100

100

100

21

100

100

100

6

No Social Security benefits .........................................................
Some Social Security benefits ....................................................
Less than one-fourth of income...............................................
One-fourth up to one-half of income .......................................
One-half up to three-fourths of income ...................................
Three-fourths or more of income.............................................

7
93
10
19
20
44

5
95
12
23
23
37

16
84
1
2
11
70

46
19
2
2
11
33

8
92
22
26
20
24

7
93
23
27
21
23

36
64

25
4

4
12
48

1
4
11

...

c

c

White
Total number (thousands)....................................................

9,452

7,711

1,742

...

10,299

9,840

459

Total percent ........................................................................

100

100

100

18

100

100

100

4

No Social Security benefits .........................................................
Some Social Security benefits ....................................................
Less than one-fourth of income...............................................
One-fourth up to one-half of income .......................................
One-half up to three-fourths of income ...................................
Three-fourths or more of income.............................................

7
93
10
19
21
43

5
95
12
23
24
36

15
85
1
2
10
71

44
17
2
2
9
31

8
92
22
26
20
24

6
94
23
28
21
23

40
60

23
3

4
8
48

1
2
9

Total number (thousands)....................................................

985

568

417

...

991

866

126

...

Total percent ........................................................................

100

100

100

42

100

100

100

13

No Social Security benefits .........................................................
Some Social Security benefits ....................................................
Less than one-fourth of income...............................................
One-fourth up to one-half of income .......................................
One-half up to three-fourths of income ...................................
Three-fourths or more of income.............................................

11
89
6
15
15
53

8
92
11
24
17
40

16
84

60
40

24
11

7
33
56

9
91
28
24
19
20

19
81

2
12
70

10
90
24
22
20
24

6
23
52

3
15
28

c

c

Black

c

c

c

c

a. Payments under Social Security program any time in 2000 to any family member as reported in the March 2001 Current Population Survey.
b. Includes other races.
c. Less than 0.05 percent.
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Public use file of the March 2001 Income Supplement.
NOTES: Civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers and percentages, see Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-60.
. . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Curt Pauzenga (410) 965-7210.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

145

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E8—Poverty guidelines for families of specified size, 1965–2002 (dollars)
Date of issuance a

Increment

b

1 person

2 persons

3 persons

4 persons

5 persons

6 persons

7 persons

8 persons

December 1965 ............................
August 1967..................................
September 1968 ...........................
September 1969 ...........................

1,540
1,600
1,600
1,800

1,990
2,000
2,100
2,400

2,440
2,500
2,600
3,000

3,130
3,200
3,300
3,600

3,685
3,800
3,900
4,200

4,135
4,200
4,400
4,800

4,635
4,700
4,900
5,400

5,135
5,300
5,400
6,000

500
500
500
600

December 1970 ............................
November 1971 ............................
October 1972 ................................
March 1973...................................
May 1974 ......................................

1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,330

2,500
2,600
2,725
2,900
3,070

3,100
3,300
3,450
3,600
3,810

3,800
4,000
4,200
4,300
4,550

4,400
4,700
4,925
5,000
5,290

5,000
5,300
5,550
5,700
6,030

5,600
5,900
6,200
6,400
6,770

6,200
6,500
6,850
7,100
7,510

600
600
650
700
740

March 1975...................................
April 1976......................................
April 1977......................................
April 1978......................................
May 1979 ......................................

2,590
2,800
2,970
3,140
3,400

3,410
3,700
3,930
4,160
4,500

4,230
4,600
4,890
5,180
5,600

5,050
5,500
5,850
6,200
6,700

5,870
6,400
6,810
7,220
7,800

6,690
7,300
7,770
8,240
8,900

7,510
8,200
8,730
9,260
10,000

8,330
9,100
9,690
10,280
11,100

820
900
960
1,020
1,100

April 1980......................................
March 1981...................................
April 1982......................................
February 1983...............................
February 1984...............................

3,790
4,310
4,680
4,860
4,980

5,010
5,690
6,220
6,540
6,720

6,230
7,070
7,760
8,220
8,460

7,450
8,450
9,300
9,900
10,200

8,670
9,830
10,840
11,580
11,940

9,890
11,210
12,380
13,260
13,680

11,110
12,590
13,920
14,940
15,420

12,330
13,970
15,460
16,620
17,160

1,220
1,380
1,540
1,680
1,740

March 1985...................................
February 1986...............................
February 1987...............................
February 1988...............................
February 1989...............................

5,250
5,360
5,500
5,770
5,980

7,050
7,240
7,400
7,730
8,020

8,850
9,120
9,300
9,690
10,060

10,650
11,000
11,200
11,650
12,100

12,450
12,880
13,100
13,610
14,140

14,250
14,760
15,000
15,570
16,180

16,050
16,640
16,900
17,530
18,220

17,850
18,520
18,800
19,490
20,260

1,800
1,880
1,900
1,960
2,040

February 1990...............................
February 1991...............................
February 1992...............................
February 1993...............................
February 1994...............................

6,280
6,620
6,810
6,970
7,360

8,420
8,880
9,190
9,430
9,840

10,560
11,140
11,570
11,890
12,320

12,700
13,400
13,950
14,350
14,800

14,840
15,660
16,330
16,810
17,280

16,980
17,920
18,710
19,270
19,760

18,120
20,180
21,090
21,730
22,240

21,260
22,440
23,470
24,190
24,720

2,140
2,260
2,380
2,460
2,480

February 1995...............................
March 1996...................................
March 1997...................................
February 1998...............................
March 1999...................................

7,470
7,740
7,890
8,050
8,240

10,030
10,360
10,610
10,850
11,060

12,590
12,980
13,330
13,650
13,880

15,150
15,600
16,050
16,450
16,700

17,710
18,220
18,770
19,250
19,520

20,270
20,840
21,490
22,050
22,340

22,830
23,460
24,210
24,850
25,160

25,390
26,080
26,960
27,650
27,980

2,560
2,620
2,720
2,800
2,820

February 2000...............................
February 2001...............................
February 2002...............................

8,350
8,590
8,860

11,250
11,610
11,940

14,150
14,630
15,020

17,050
17,650
18,100

19,950
20,670
21,180

22,850
23,690
24,260

25,750
26,710
27,340

28,650
29,730
30,420

2,900
3,020
3,080

a. The guidelines are effective from the date of issuance (unless otherwise specified by a particular program using them).
b. Add this amount for each additional family member. Before 1973, increments between some of the smaller family sizes differed from the increment shown in the table.
Beginning in 1973, the increment has been the same for all family sizes in each year’s set of guidelines.
SOURCE: Department of Health and Human Services, Federal Register, vol. 67, no. 31, February 14, 2002, pp. 6931–6933.

NOTES: Except for Alaska and Hawaii. Guidelines for Alaska and Hawaii since 1980 are:
Alaska
Year
1980................................
1981................................
1982................................
1983................................
1984................................
1985................................
1986................................
1987................................
1988................................
1989................................
1990................................
1991................................
1992................................
1993................................
1994................................
1995................................
1996................................
1997................................
1998................................
1999................................
2000................................
2001................................
2002................................

1 person
4,760
5,410
5,870
6,080
6,240
6,560
6,700
6,860
7,210
7,480
7,840
8,290
8,500
8,700
9,200
9,340
9,660
9,870
10,070
10,320
10,430
10,730
11,080

Hawaii
Increment
1,520
1,720
1,920
2,100
2,170
2,250
2,350
2,380
2,450
2,550
2,680
2,820
2,980
3,080
3,100
3,200
3,280
3,400
3,500
3,520
3,630
3,780
3,850

1 person
4,370
4,980
5,390
5,600
5,730
6,040
6,170
6,310
6,650
6,870
7,230
7,610
7,830
8,040
8,470
8,610
8,910
9,070
9,260
9,490
9,590
9,890
10,200

Increment
1,400
1,580
1,770
1,930
2,000
2,070
2,160
2,190
2,250
2,350
2,460
2,600
2,740
2,820
2,850
2,940
3,010
3,130
3,220
3,240
3,340
3,470
3,540

Separate figures for Alaska and Hawaii reflect Office of Economic Opportunity administrative practice beginning in the 1966–1970 period. The U.S.Census Bureau, producer of the primary version of the poverty measure (the poverty thresholds), does not produce separate figures for Alaska and Hawaii.
Before 1983, the guidelines shown are for nonfarm families only.
CONTACT: Gordon Fisher (202) 690-5880.

146

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002