4.

B OASDI: Covered Workers
Table 4.B1—Workers, earnings, and Social Security numbers issued, selected years 1937–2001
Number of workers reported
with taxable earnings a (thousands)

Earnings

Total

With
maximum
earnings

New
entrants
into
covered
employment c

Total in
covered
employment d
(millions of
dollars)

Amount
(millions of
dollars)

Percentage
of total

Total
earnings d

Reported
taxable

Social
Security
numbers
issued b
(thousands)

1937.........................
1940.........................
1945.........................

32,900
35,390
46,390

1,031
1,196
6,361

32,900
4,430
3,480

32,200
35,700
71,600

29,620
32,970
62,950

92.0
92.4
87.9

979
1,009
1,543

900
932
1,357

37,139
5,227
3,321

1950.........................
1951.........................
1952.........................
1953.........................
1954.........................

48,280
58,120
59,580
60,840
59,610

13,936
14,270
16,606
19,013
18,866

2,520
6,000
3,500
3,090
2,360

109,800
148,900
159,900
173,000
171,900

87,500
120,770
128,640
135,870
133,520

79.7
81.1
80.5
78.5
77.7

2,274
2,562
2,684
2,844
2,884

1,812
2,078
2,159
2,233
2,240

2,891
4,927
4,363
3,464
2,743

1955.........................
1956.........................
1957.........................
1958.........................
1959.........................

65,200
67,610
70,590
69,770
71,700

16,704
19,236
21,095
21,328
19,112

4,760
3,660
3,380
2,450
3,180

196,100
216,800
233,900
236,500
255,000

157,540
170,720
181,380
180,720
202,310

80.3
78.8
77.5
76.4
79.3

3,008
3,207
3,314
3,390
3,556

2,416
2,525
2,569
2,590
2,822

4,323
4,376
3,639
2,290
3,388

1960.........................
1961.........................
1962.........................
1963.........................
1964.........................

72,530
72,820
74,280
75,540
77,430

20,310
21,265
23,154
24,570
26,717

3,130
2,990
3,360
3,520
3,890

265,200
270,700
289,000
302,300
324,500

207,000
209,640
219,050
225,550
236,390

78.1
77.4
75.8
74.6
72.8

3,656
3,717
3,891
4,002
4,191

2,854
2,879
2,949
2,986
3,053

3,415
3,370
4,519
8,617
5,623

1965.........................
1966.........................
1967.........................
1968.........................
1969.........................

80,680
84,600
87,040
89,380
92,060

29,136
20,498
22,948
19,120
22,577

4,620
5,080
4,530
4,830
5,160

351,700
390,700
422,300
460,000
502,800

250,730
312,540
329,960
375,840
402,550

71.3
80.0
78.1
81.7
80.1

4,359
4,618
4,852
5,147
5,462

3,108
3,694
3,791
4,205
4,373

6,131
6,506
5,920
5,862
6,289

1970.........................
1971.........................
1972.........................
1973.........................
1974.........................

93,090
93,340
96,240
99,830
101,330

24,224
26,404
24,074
20,250
15,310

4,440
4,470
5,150
5,670
4,940

531,600
559,700
617,900
686,700
746,700

415,600
426,960
484,110
561,850
636,760

78.2
76.3
78.3
81.8
85.3

5,711
5,996
6,420
6,879
7,369

4,464
4,574
5,030
5,628
6,284

6,132
6,401
9,564
10,038
7,998

1975.........................
1976.........................
1977.........................
1978.........................
1979.........................

100,200
102,600
105,800
110,600
112,700

15,070
15,330
15,700
17,050
11,236

4,120
4,700
5,070
5,460
4,883

787,600
874,700
960,100
1,092,600
1,222,200

664,660
737,700
816,550
915,600
1,067,000

84.4
84.3
85.0
83.8
87.3

7,860
8,525
9,075
9,879
10,845

6,633
7,190
7,718
8,278
9,468

8,164
9,043
7,724
5,260
5,213

1980.........................
1981.........................
1982.........................
1983.........................
1984.........................

113,000
113,000
111,800
112,100
116,300

9,903
8,594
7,929
7,044
7,421

4,243
4,090
3,408
3,914
4,743

1,328,800
1,450,900
1,516,600
1,615,200
1,800,800

1,180,700
1,294,100
1,365,300
1,454,100
1,608,800

88.9
89.2
90.0
90.0
89.3

11,759
12,840
13,565
14,409
15,484

10,449
11,452
12,212
12,971
13,833

5,984
5,581
5,362
6,699
5,980

1985.........................
1986.........................
1987.........................
1988.........................
1989.........................

119,800
122,900
125,600
129,600
131,700

7,766
7,624
7,735
8,483
8,110

4,756
4,641
4,956
5,489
4,856

1,936,800
2,081,800
2,237,000
2,432,800
2,578,700

1,722,600
1,844,400
1,960,000
2,088,400
2,239,500

88.9
88.6
87.6
85.8
86.8

16,167
16,939
17,811
18,772
19,580

14,379
15,007
15,605
16,114
17,005

5,720
5,711
11,621
11,370
8,049

1990.........................
1991.........................
1992.........................
1993.........................
1994.........................

133,600
133,000
134,000
136,100
138,200

7,575
7,483
7,667
7,617
7,518

4,012
3,541
3,918
4,204
4,591

2,703,800
2,760,500
2,917,800
3,022,900
3,197,000

2,358,000
2,422,500
2,532,900
2,636,100
2,785,200

87.2
87.8
86.8
87.2
87.1

20,238
20,756
21,775
22,211
23,133

17,650
18,214
18,902
19,369
20,153

9,054
7,509
6,819
5,893
5,816

1995.........................
1996.........................
1997 e ......................
1998 e ......................
1999 e ......................

141,000
143,400
146,100
148,900
151,400

8,191
8,682
9,022
9,371
9,099

4,621
4,620
4,700
4,893
4,898

3,401,800
3,587,600
3,860,200
4,167,200
4,451,100

2,919,100
3,073,500
3,285,300
3,521,500
3,744,600

85.8
85.7
85.1
84.5
84.1

24,126
25,018
26,422
27,987
29,400

20,703
21,433
22,487
23,650
24,733

5,465
5,533
5,413
5,288
5,306

2000 f .......................
2001 h ......................

153,700
153,500

g
g

g
g

4,794,500
5,056,100

3,991,100
4,198,300

83.2
83.0

31,194
32,939

25,967
27,350

5,476
5,883

Year

Reported taxable a

Average per worker (dollars)

a. Relates to wage and salary workers for 1937–1950. Beginning in 1951, includes self-employment. See Table 2.A3 for annual maximum taxable earnings.
b. Excludes railroad account numbers. Since program began, 408 million Social Security numbers have been issued. Some individuals have been issued more than one
number.
c. Workers reported with first taxable earnings under program in specified year. During 1937–1999, 300 million different persons reported with taxable earnings.
d. Total wages, including estimated amounts above taxable limit, for 1937–1950. Beginning in 1951, also includes reported total net earnings of self-employed persons.
e. Preliminary data.
f. Taxable earnings are preliminary estimates based on Social Security data.
g. Data not available.
h. Preliminary estimates based on data from Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample; Bureau of Labor Statistics; and Bureau of Economic Analysis.
CONTACT: Greg Diez (410) 965-0153 or William Kearns (410) 965-6750.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

153

4.B OASDI: Covered Workers
Table 4.B2—Number and amount of earnings for wage and salary and self-employed workers, 1951–2001
Number of workers
reported with
taxable earnings a
(thousands)

Year

Wage and
salary
Selfemployment employment

Wage and salary earnings

Reported taxable

Self-employment earnings

Average per worker

Total in
covered
employment b
(millions of
dollars)

Amount d
(millions of
dollars)

Percentage
of total
wages

Total
wages b

Reported
taxable d

Total in
covered
employment c
(millions)

Average per selfemployed person
(dollars)

Reported taxable

Percentage
of
Amount d
(millions of
total selfTotal
dollars) employment earnings c

Reported
taxable d

1951.........
1952.........
1953.........
1954.........

54,630
56,060
57,220
55,940

4,190
4,240
4,340
4,350

132,500
143,500
156,000
155,100

111,250
118,880
125,840
123,410

84.0
82.8
80.7
79.6

2,425
2,560
2,726
2,773

2,036
2,121
2,199
2,206

16,400
16,400
17,000
16,800

9,520
9,760
10,030
10,110

58.0
59.5
59.0
60.2

3,914
3,868
3,917
3,862

2,272
2,302
2,311
2,324

1955.........
1956.........
1957.........
1958.........
1959.........

59,560
61,560
64,730
64,040
66,000

6,810
7,390
7,150
7,130
7,060

171,600
188,500
205,500
208,000
225,100

141,810
153,010
163,990
163,140
183,620

82.6
81.2
79.8
78.4
81.6

2,881
3,062
3,175
3,248
3,411

2,381
2,486
2,533
2,547
2,782

24,500
28,300
28,400
28,500
29,900

15,730
17,710
17,390
17,580
18,690

64.2
62.6
61.2
61.7
62.5

3,598
3,829
3,972
3,997
4,235

2,310
2,396
2,432
2,466
2,647

1960.........
1961.........
1962.........
1963.........
1964.........

66,980
67,360
68,890
70,310
72,230

6,870
6,790
6,720
6,590
6,480

236,000
240,700
257,700
270,600
290,900

188,580
190,850
200,130
206,840
217,430

79.9
79.3
77.7
76.4
74.7

3,523
3,573
3,741
3,849
4,027

2,815
2,833
2,905
2,942
3,010

29,200
30,000
31,300
31,700
33,600

18,420
18,790
18,920
18,710
18,960

63.1
62.6
60.4
59.0
56.4

4,250
4,418
4,658
4,810
5,185

2,681
2,767
2,815
2,839
2,926

1965.........
1966.........
1967.........
1968.........
1969.........

75,430
79,460
82,020
84,470
87,200

6,550
6,630
6,470
6,570
6,350

311,400
346,700
377,500
413,600
455,700

230,830
287,860
305,670
348,500
375,010

74.1
83.0
81.0
84.3
82.3

4,128
4,363
4,603
4,896
5,226

3,060
3,623
3,727
4,126
4,301

40,300
44,000
44,800
46,400
47,100

19,900
24,680
24,290
27,340
27,540

49.4
56.1
54.2
58.9
58.5

6,153
6,637
6,924
7,062
7,417

3,038
3,722
3,754
4,161
4,337

1970.........
1971.........
1972.........
1973.........
1974.........

88,180
88,460
91,220
94,610
96,190

6,270
6,290
6,600
7,100
7,040

483,600
509,000
563,300
624,400
681,600

388,680
399,550
452,050
523,450
594,400

80.4
78.5
80.3
83.8
87.2

5,484
5,754
6,175
6,600
7,086

4,408
4,517
4,956
5,533
6,179

48,000
50,700
54,600
62,300
65,200

26,920
27,410
32,060
38,400
42,360

56.1
54.1
58.7
61.6
65.0

7,656
8,060
8,273
8,775
9,261

4,293
4,358
4,858
5,408
6,017

1975.........
1976.........
1977.........
1978.........
1979.........

94,900
97,230
100,450
104,810
106,900

7,000
7,400
7,480
8,040
8,200

717,200
797,200
879,500
998,900
1,122,000

621,100
689,200
763,600
856,100
997,500

86.6
86.4
86.8
85.7
88.9

7,557
8,199
8,935
9,531
10,496

6,545
7,088
7,602
8,168
9,331

70,400
76,800
80,600
93,700
100,200

43,560
48,500
52,950
59,500
69,500

61.9
63.2
65.7
63.5
69.4

10,057
10,378
10,775
11,654
12,220

6,223
6,554
7,079
7,400
8,476

1980.........
1981.........
1982.........
1983.........
1984.........

107,200
107,300
105,800
105,900
109,900

8,200
8,250
8,550
9,200
9,900

1,231,000
1,352,000
1,418,000
1,502,000
1,671,500

1,109,000
1,220,000
1,290,000
1,369,000
1,515,000

90.1
90.2
91.0
91.1
90.6

11,483
12,600
13,403
14,183
15,209

10,345
11,370
12,193
12,927
13,785

97,800
98,900
98,600
113,200
129,300

71,700
74,100
75,300
85,100
93,800

73.3
74.9
76.4
75.2
72.5

11,927
11,988
11,532
12,304
13,061

8,744
8,982
8,807
9,250
9,475

1985.........
1986.........
1987.........
1988.........
1989.........

113,100
115,900
118,200
122,100
123,900

10,600
11,200
12,000
12,400
12,900

1,794,500
1,921,000
2,057,100
2,224,700
2,367,800

1,621,000
1,730,800
1,835,100
1,952,000
2,096,000

90.3
90.1
89.2
87.7
88.5

15,866
16,575
17,404
18,220
19,111

14,332
14,934
15,525
15,987
16,917

142,300
160,800
179,900
208,100
210,900

101,600
113,600
124,900
136,400
143,500

71.4
70.6
69.4
65.5
68.0

13,425
14,357
14,992
16,782
16,349

9,585
10,143
10,408
11,000
11,124

1990.........
1991.........
1992.........
1993.........
1994.........

126,100
125,200
126,000
128,100
130,100

12,500
12,800
13,100
13,200
13,300

2,510,000
2,565,000
2,711,000
2,808,900
2,964,100

2,222,000
2,283,000
2,386,000
2,483,400
2,624,500

88.5
89.0
88.0
88.4
88.5

19,905
20,487
21,516
21,927
22,783

17,621
18,235
18,937
19,386
20,173

193,800
195,500
206,800
214,000
232,900

136,000
139,500
146,600
152,700
160,700

70.2
71.4
71.0
71.4
69.0

15,504
15,273
15,786
16,212
17,511

10,880
10,898
11,214
11,568
12,083

1995.........
1996.........
1997 e.......
1998 e ......
1999 e ......

132,800
135,100
137,700
140,400
142,700

13,500
13,900
14,100
14,300
14,600

3,159,100
3,331,900
3,588,000
3,876,400
4,143,900

2,754,300
2,901,700
3,104,500
3,330,100
3,542,800

87.2
87.1
86.5
85.9
85.5

23,788
24,662
26,057
27,610
29,039

20,740
21,478
22,545
23,719
24,827

242,700
255,700
272,200
290,800
307,200

164,800
171,800
180,800
191,400
201,800

67.9
67.2
66.4
65.8
65.7

17,978
18,396
19,305
20,336
21,041

12,207
12,360
12,823
13,385
13,822

2000 f .......
2001 g.......

144,900
144,800

14,700
14,700

4,474,200
4,722,700

3,780,400
3,978,700

84.5
84.2

30,878
32,615

26,090
27,477

320,300
333,400

210,700
219,600

65.8
65.9

21,789
22,680

14,333
14,939

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.

Represents total number in specified type of employment. Persons with both types of covered employment during the year are included in each type.
Total wages, including estimated amounts above the taxable limit.
Reported self-employment net earnings.
See Table 2.A3 for annual maximum taxable earnings.
Preliminary data.
Preliminary estimates.
Preliminary estimates.

SOURCES: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample; Bureau of Labor Statistics; and Bureau of Economic Analysis.
NOTE: See Table 4.B1 for wage and salary data before 1951.
CONTACT: Greg Diez (410) 965-0153 or William Kearns (410) 965-6750.

154

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

4.B OASDI: Covered Workers
Table 4.B3—Number of workers and median annual earnings, by type of worker and sex, selected years 1937–1999
All workers
Total

Men

Women

Total

1937............................................
1940............................................
1945............................................
1950............................................
1955............................................
1960............................................
1965............................................
1970............................................
1975............................................

32,900
35,390
46,390
48,280
65,200
72,530
80,680
93,090
100,200

23,810
25,570
28,820
32,620
43,140
47,900
51,990
57,330
59,520

9,090
9,820
17,570
15,660
22,060
24,630
28,690
35,760
40,680

32,900
35,390
46,390
48,280
59,560
66,980
75,430
88,180
94,900

1980............................................
1981............................................
1982............................................
1983............................................
1984............................................

113,000
113,000
111,800
112,100
116,300

64,288
63,984
63,089
62,881
64,700

48,712
49,016
48,711
49,219
51,600

1985............................................
1986............................................
1987............................................
1988............................................
1989............................................

119,800
122,900
125,600
129,600
131,700

66,113
67,412
68,591
70,596
71,517

1990............................................
1991............................................
1992............................................
1993............................................
1994............................................

133,600
133,000
134,000
136,100
138,200

1995............................................
1996............................................
1997 b..........................................
1998 b .........................................
1999 b .........................................

141,000
143,400
146,100
148,900
151,400

Year

All self-employed workers a

All wage and salary workers
Men

Women

Total

Men

Women

23,810
25,570
28,820
32,620
38,240
43,100
47,500
53,180
55,140

9,090
9,820
17,570
15,660
21,320
23,880
27,930
35,000
39,760

...
...
...
...
6,810
6,870
6,550
6,270
7,000

...
...
...
...
5,980
5,990
5,640
5,370
5,790

...
...
...
...
830
880
910
900
1,210

107,200
107,300
105,800
105,900
109,900

59,751
59,562
58,557
58,248
60,009

47,449
47,738
47,243
47,652
49,891

8,200
8,250
8,550
9,200
9,900

6,407
6,361
6,443
6,823
7,196

1,793
1,889
2,107
2,377
2,704

53,687
55,488
57,009
59,004
60,183

113,100
115,900
118,200
122,100
123,900

61,285
62,398
63,306
65,270
66,105

51,815
53,502
54,894
56,830
57,795

10,600
11,200
12,000
12,400
12,900

7,623
7,932
8,450
8,630
8,842

2,977
3,268
3,550
3,770
4,058

72,291
71,787
72,016
73,154
73,989

61,309
61,213
61,984
62,946
64,211

126,100
125,200
126,000
128,100
130,100

67,064
66,406
66,543
67,673
68,481

59,036
58,794
59,457
60,427
61,619

12,500
12,800
13,100
13,200
13,300

8,526
8,669
8,797
8,840
8,840

3,974
4,131
4,303
4,360
4,460

75,444
76,241
77,463
78,690
79,879

65,556
67,158
68,636
70,210
71,521

132,800
135,100
137,700
140,400
142,700

69,900
70,670
71,864
73,097
74,237

62,900
64,429
65,837
67,303
68,463

13,500
13,900
14,100
14,300
14,600

8,908
9,074
9,130
9,143
9,244

4,592
4,826
4,970
5,156
5,356

Number (thousands)

Median earnings c (dollars)
1937............................................
1940............................................
1945............................................
1950............................................
1955............................................
1960............................................
1965............................................
1970............................................
1975............................................

761
746
1,159
1,926
2,438
2,894
3,414
4,375
5,803

945
935
1,654
2,532
3,315
3,879
4,685
6,180
8,250

484
472
770
1,124
1,351
1,679
1,984
2,735
3,730

761
746
1,159
1,926
2,383
2,833
3,319
4,317
5,790

945
935
1,654
2,532
3,348
3,875
4,630
6,173
8,315

484
472
770
1,124
1,338
1,676
1,979
2,770
3,794

...
...
...
...
2,397
2,903
3,858
5,104
6,700

...
...
...
...
2,550
3,129
4,242
5,683
7,846

...
...
...
...
1,552
1,695
1,898
2,360
3,113

1980............................................
1981............................................
1982............................................
1983............................................
1984............................................

8,549
9,361
9,924
10,322
10,757

11,963
12,941
13,318
13,687
14,360

6,012
6,690
7,232
7,618
7,878

8,612
9,476
10,109
10,527
11,094

12,166
13,255
13,726
14,130
15,062

6,106
6,807
7,390
7,809
8,088

8,699
8,655
8,175
8,669
9,302

10,572
10,512
10,139
10,686
11,684

4,133
4,330
4,333
4,722
5,113

1985............................................
1986............................................
1987............................................
1988............................................
1989............................................

11,265
11,831
12,327
12,825
13,314

14,959
15,579
16,073
16,613
17,014

8,293
8,796
9,261
9,753
10,265

11,638
12,064
12,576
13,086
13,762

15,706
16,025
16,559
17,055
17,800

8,525
9,019
9,500
9,992
10,577

9,877
10,424
10,886
11,478
11,602

12,301
12,908
13,401
14,090
14,538

5,529
6,152
6,573
7,036
7,010

1990............................................
1991............................................
1992............................................
1993............................................
1994............................................

13,898
14,278
14,739
15,000
15,560

17,582
17,765
18,208
18,430
19,249

10,837
11,369
11,842
12,093
12,422

14,432
14,859
15,386
15,665
16,010

18,483
18,730
19,292
19,516
19,969

11,199
11,767
12,268
12,546
12,807

11,220
11,125
11,392
11,595
12,051

14,097
13,703
13,966
14,128
14,737

6,898
7,186
7,452
7,720
8,002

1995............................................
1996............................................
1997 b .........................................
1998 b .........................................
1999 b .........................................

16,108
16,712
17,555
18,516
19,195

19,907
20,779
21,810
23,045
23,849

12,897
13,335
14,038
14,834
15,419

16,618
17,256
18,120
19,096
19,784

20,672
21,591
22,688
23,920
24,719

13,296
13,763
14,476
15,283
15,876

12,198
12,481
12,911
13,494
13,881

14,931
15,300
15,914
16,652
17,237

8,301
8,628
8,939
9,360
9,696

a. Not covered before 1951.
b. Preliminary data.
c. For all workers, medians relate to combined earnings from wage and salary employment and self-employment. For all wage and salary workers, medians relate to
wages and salaries only.
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Greg Diez (410) 965-0153 or William Kearns (410) 965-6750.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

155

4.B OASDI: Covered Workers
Table 4.B4—Percentage of all workers and self-employed workers with total annual earnings below annual
maximum taxable, by sex, selected years 1937–1999
Annual
maximum
taxable
earnings
(dollars)

Total

Men

Women

Total

Men

Women

1937........................................................
1940........................................................
1945........................................................

3,000
3,000
3,000

96.9
96.6
86.3

95.8
95.4
78.6

99.7
99.7
98.9

...
...
...

...
...
...

...
...
...

1950........................................................
1951........................................................
1952........................................................
1953........................................................
1954........................................................

3,000
3,600
3,600
3,600
3,600

71.1
75.5
72.1
68.8
68.4

59.9
64.6
60.0
55.5
55.4

94.6
96.7
95.4
93.8
93.0

...
65.4
64.1
62.9
62.6

...
62.6
61.2
59.5
58.8

...
83.3
83.5
83.1
82.8

1955........................................................
1956........................................................
1957........................................................
1958........................................................
1959........................................................

4,200
4,200
4,200
4,200
4,800

74.4
71.6
70.1
69.4
73.3

63.4
59.7
58.7
58.4
62.7

95.9
94.5
93.1
91.8
94.3

74.0
71.2
69.6
68.8
72.0

72.3
69.1
67.2
66.3
69.6

86.3
86.0
85.5
85.7
88.0

1960........................................................
1961........................................................
1962........................................................
1963........................................................
1964........................................................

4,800
4,800
4,800
4,800
4,800

72.0
70.8
68.8
67.5
65.5

60.9
59.6
57.1
55.5
53.1

93.5
92.4
91.1
90.0
88.5

71.6
70.3
67.9
66.3
63.8

69.2
67.8
65.3
63.4
60.5

87.7
86.9
85.3
85.3
84.4

1965........................................................
1966........................................................
1967........................................................
1968........................................................
1969........................................................

4,800
6,600
6,600
7,800
7,800

63.9
75.8
73.6
78.6
75.5

51.0
64.4
61.5
68.0
62.8

87.3
95.6
94.2
96.3
96.0

59.5
68.3
66.7
70.3
68.3

55.8
65.0
63.2
67.2
65.0

82.5
88.4
87.5
89.7
89.1

1970........................................................
1971........................................................
1972........................................................
1973........................................................
1974........................................................

7,800
7,800
9,000
10,800
13,200

74.0
71.7
75.0
79.7
84.9

61.8
59.1
62.9
68.9
76.2

93.5
91.7
93.9
96.2
97.8

67.8
66.7
68.8
71.1
75.7

64.3
63.3
65.0
67.4
72.1

88.3
86.2
89.7
91.0
94.0

1975........................................................
1976........................................................
1977........................................................
1978........................................................
1979........................................................

14,100
15,300
16,500
17,700
22,900

84.9
85.1
85.2
84.6
90.0

76.4
76.3
76.3
75.4
83.6

97.5
97.5
97.5
97.1
98.6

77.8
78.6
79.3
79.3
84.3

74.4
75.1
75.8
75.6
81.3

93.9
94.3
94.1
94.0
95.9

1980........................................................
1981........................................................
1982........................................................
1983........................................................
1984........................................................

25,900
29,700
32,400
35,700
37,800

91.2
92.4
92.9
93.7
93.6

85.5
87.4
88.3
89.6
89.4

98.8
99.0
98.9
99.0
98.9

86.9
89.4
91.0
92.0
91.8

84.2
87.1
88.8
90.0
89.7

96.6
97.2
97.7
97.7
97.6

1985........................................................
1986........................................................
1987........................................................
1988........................................................
1989........................................................

39,600
42,000
43,800
45,000
48,000

93.5
93.8
93.9
93.5
93.8

89.3
89.7
89.9
89.4
90.1

98.8
98.7
98.6
98.3
98.3

92.0
92.3
92.5
91.7
92.4

89.8
90.2
90.4
89.4
90.1

97.5
97.5
97.5
97.1
97.3

1990........................................................
1991........................................................
1992........................................................
1993........................................................
1994........................................................

51,300
53,400
55,500
57,600
60,600

94.3
94.4
94.3
94.4
94.6

90.9
91.1
91.0
91.3
91.4

98.4
98.3
98.1
98.1
98.1

93.3
93.6
93.6
93.7
93.9

91.3
91.6
91.7
91.9
92.0

97.7
97.7
97.6
97.4
97.5

1995........................................................
1996........................................................
1997 b .....................................................
1998 b .....................................................
1999 b .....................................................

61,200
62,700
65,400
68,400
72,600

94.2
93.9
93.8
93.7
94.0

91.0
90.6
90.5
90.3
90.8

97.9
97.7
97.6
97.5
97.6

93.9
93.9
93.8
93.8
94.1

92.0
92.0
91.9
92.0
92.3

97.5
97.4
97.3
97.2
97.3

Year

All workers a (percent)

All self-employed workers (percent)

a. For 1937–1950, relates to wage and salary workers. Beginning in 1951, includes self-employed workers.
b. Preliminary data.
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Greg Diez (410) 965-0153 or William Kearns (410) 965-6750.

156

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

4.B OASDI: Covered Workers
Table 4.B5—Number of all workers, by age and sex, selected years 1937–1999 (in thousands)
Total,
all ages

Under
20

20–24

25–29

30–34

35–39

40–44

32,900
35,390
46,390
48,280
65,200

3,277
2,963
6,313
4,469
5,410

6,302
6,481
5,908
7,057
7,065

5,480
5,794
5,571
6,732
7,499

4,413
4,904
5,495
5,991
7,801

3,688
3,930
5,288
5,609
7,458

3,055
3,342
4,623
5,016
7,222

1960.................... 72,530
1965.................... 80,680
1970.................... 93,090
1975.................... 100,200
1980.................... 113,000

6,328
8,556
10,790
11,939
12,372

8,749
11,066
14,945
16,419
18,403

7,461
8,261
10,587
13,852
16,464

7,812
7,488
8,492
10,304
14,184

8,301
8,120
8,028
8,644
10,982

1985.................... 119,800
1990.................... 133,600
1995.................... 141,000

10,685
10,907
10,832

17,727
16,760
15,465

18,012
18,701
17,078

16,193
18,696
18,692

1996....................
1997 b .................
1998 b .................
1999 b .................

11,156
11,399
11,920
12,125

15,251
15,478
15,731
16,073

17,184
17,147
17,018
16,664

18,389
18,025
17,702
17,438

Year

45–49

70–71

72 or
older

97
451
975
979
2,091

...
106
214
210
537

...
152
333
306
734

2,102
2,272
2,692
2,543
2,632

1,989
2,027
2,362
2,139
2,292

419
424
475
444
491

912
943
1,003
951
1,046

2,410
2,454
2,440

2,726
2,854
2,777

2,206
2,687
2,836

489
605
699

1,097
1,362
1,704

7,942
8,447
8,936
9,377

2,520
2,568
2,688
2,757

2,804
2,907
3,002
3,134

2,863
2,914
2,975
3,066

698
731
754
804

1,772
1,870
1,946
2,130

50–54

55–59

60–61

62–64

2,580
2,706
4,061
4,076
6,507

1,918
2,147
3,275
3,375
5,299

1,308
1,488
2,577
2,597
4,261

384
437
831
811
1,423

398
494
926
1,052
1,893

7,938
8,550
8,539
7,997
9,003

7,432
7,936
8,647
8,157
7,961

6,448
7,163
7,700
7,896
7,768

4,996
5,931
6,594
6,626
7,076

1,643
1,943
2,236
2,289
2,326

14,276
17,008
18,760

10,961
14,984
16,918

8,713
11,119
14,622

7,435
8,533
10,510

6,870
6,928
7,667

19,026
19,267
19,373
19,307

17,481
17,956
18,401
18,743

15,108
15,369
15,779
16,342

11,205
12,020
12,676
13,437

65–69

Total
1937....................
1940....................
1945....................
1950....................
1955....................

143,400
146,100
148,900
151,400

a

Men
a

1937....................
1940....................
1945....................
1950....................
1955....................

23,810
25,570
28,820
32,620
43,140

2,020
1,821
3,343
2,530
3,026

4,021
4,072
2,296
4,215
3,980

3,797
4,028
3,054
4,497
5,019

3,237
3,545
3,502
4,135
5,345

3,775
2,922
3,486
3,889
5,035

2,387
2,550
3,150
3,419
4,846

2,091
2,151
2,840
2,827
4,327

1,606
1,770
2,409
2,417
3,595

1,110
1,265
1,984
1,951
2,995

330
373
664
635
1,012

351
434
765
843
1,387

85
403
838
815
1,566

...
96
189
181
414

...
140
300
266
593

1960....................
1965....................
1970....................
1975....................
1980....................

47,900
51,990
57,330
59,520
64,288

3,748
5,206
6,308
6,635
6,620

5,455
6,731
8,639
9,122
9,971

5,148
5,574
6,760
8,245
9,278

5,464
5,153
5,564
6,440
8,206

5,591
5,416
5,126
5,311
6,372

5,188
5,464
5,287
4,831
5,178

4,818
5,002
5,242
4,891
4,590

4,183
4,536
4,671
4,729
4,516

3,336
3,803
4,084
4,023
4,152

1,125
1,274
1,392
1,418
1,391

1,480
1,519
1,730
1,595
1,597

1,392
1,359
1,522
1,352
1,411

293
280
321
285
309

697
673
684
643
697

1985....................
1990....................
1995....................

66,114
72,292
75,443

5,547
5,690
5,590

9,432
8,835
8,069

9,870
10,131
9,097

9,066
10,251
10,146

7,920
9,216
10,106

6,050
7,977
8,966

4,838
5,976
7,663

4,186
4,651
5,620

3,932
3,857
4,193

1,408
1,381
1,374

1,593
1,619
1,547

1,297
1,526
1,614

289
358
405

686
823
1,053

1996....................
1997 b .................
1998 b .................
1999 b .................

76,241
77,463
78,690
79,999

5,672
5,820
6,071
6,147

7,876
7,938
8,035
8,201

9,074
9,011
8,895
8,702

9,935
9,693
9,472
9,316

10,198
10,274
10,343
10,325

9,240
9,494
9,683
9,876

7,873
7,995
8,202
8,505

5,963
6,373
6,675
7,066

4,307
4,575
4,827
5,060

1,416
1,421
1,474
1,521

1,569
1,644
1,695
1,763

1,629
1,650
1,690
1,752

403
433
444
473

1,086
1,142
1,183
1,291

a

12
48
137
164
525

...
10
25
29
123

...
12
33
40
141

Women
1937....................
1940....................
1945....................
1950....................
1955....................

9,090
9,820
17,570
15,660
22,060

1,257
1,142
2,970
1,939
2,384

2,281
2,409
3,612
2,842
3,085

1,683
1,766
2,517
2,235
2,480

1,176
1,359
1,993
1,856
2,456

913
1,008
1,802
1,720
2,423

668
792
1,473
1,597
2,376

489
555
1,221
1,249
2,180

312
377
866
958
1,704

198
218
593
646
1,266

54
64
167
176
411

47
60
161
209
506

1960....................
1965....................
1970....................
1975....................
1980....................

24,630
28,690
35,760
40,680
48,712

2,580
3,350
4,482
5,304
5,752

3,294
4,335
6,306
7,297
8,432

2,313
2,687
3,827
5,607
7,186

2,348
2,335
2,928
3,864
5,978

2,710
2,704
2,902
3,333
4,610

2,750
3,086
3,252
3,166
3,825

2,614
2,934
3,405
3,266
3,371

2,265
2,627
3,029
3,167
3,252

1,660
2,128
2,510
2,603
2,924

518
669
844
871
935

622
753
962
948
1,035

597
668
840
787
881

126
144
154
159
182

233
270
319
308
349

1985....................
1990....................
1995....................

53,686
61,309
65,557

5,138
5,217
5,241

8,295
7,925
7,396

8,142
8,570
7,981

7,127
8,445
8,546

6,356
7,792
8,654

4,911
7,007
7,951

3,875
5,143
6,959

3,249
3,882
4,891

2,938
3,071
3,474

1,002
1,073
1,066

1,233
1,235
1,230

909
1,161
1,222

200
247
295

411
540
651

1996....................
1997 b .................
1998 b .................
1999 b .................

67,158
68,636
70,210
71,397

5,483
5,579
5,849
5,978

7,375
7,540
7,696
7,871

8,110
8,136
8,123
7,962

8,454
8,332
8,230
8,122

8,829
8,994
9,029
8,982

8,241
8,463
8,718
8,867

7,236
7,374
7,577
7,837

5,242
5,647
6,000
6,371

3,634
3,872
4,109
4,317

1,104
1,147
1,214
1,236

1,235
1,263
1,307
1,371

1,234
1,264
1,285
1,314

295
299
309
332

685
727
763
838

a. Represents workers attaining age 65 during the year. Workers aged 65 or older were not covered under the program in that year.
b. Preliminary data.
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTES: Age refers to age attained during year.
. . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Greg Diez (410) 965-0153 or William Kearns (410) 965-6750.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

157

4.B OASDI: Covered Workers
Table 4.B6—Median earnings of all workers, by age and sex, selected years 1937–1999 (in dollars)
Total,
all ages

Under
20

20–24

25–29

30–34

35–39

40–44

1937....................
1940....................
1945....................
1950....................
1955....................

761
746
1,159
1,926
2,438

170
140
288
385
443

570
498
669
1,376
1,601

829
764
818
1,971
2,689

998
934
1,383
2,312
3,173

1,061
1,041
1,617
2,456
3,233

1,126
1,064
1,842
2,473
3,196

1960....................
1965....................
1970....................
1975....................
1980....................

2,894
3,414
4,375
5,803
8,549

561
613
810
1,070
1,646

1,917
2,326
2,988
4,187
6,205

3,138
3,919
5,334
6,795
9,593

3,738
4,540
6,156
8,249
11,510

3,903
4,747
6,339
8,629
12,540

1985....................
1990....................
1995....................

11,265
13,898
16,108

1,647
1,937
2,076

7,136
8,054
8,392

12,453
14,687
16,134

14,886
17,482
19,654

1996....................
1997 b .................
1998 b .................
1999 b .................

16,712
17,555
18,516
19,195

2,140
2,307
2,513
2,582

8,562
9,055
9,740
9,995

16,664
17,588
18,665
19,465

20,327
21,257
22,465
23,397

Year

45–49

70–71

72 or
older

a

512
874
1,482
1,973
1,736

...
924
1,341
1,916
1,279

...
788
1,307
1,589
1,149

3,052
3,767
5,047
6,620
9,651

1,590
1,791
2,099
2,524
4,451

1,140
1,171
1,578
2,105
3,306

1,252
1,326
1,683
2,137
3,140

14,724
17,163
19,136

11,907
13,021
12,961

5,974
6,812
7,551

4,330
5,375
5,816

3,729
4,536
4,681

22,083
23,406
24,731
25,561

19,718
20,493
21,365
22,094

13,408
14,318
15,291
15,864

7,692
8,050
8,438
8,915

6,217
6,387
6,755
6,795

4,861
5,038
5,320
5,463

50–54

55–59

60–61

62–64

1,121
1,110
2,026
2,517
3,068

1,177
1,071
1,874
2,442
2,966

1,020
1,018
1,821
2,394
2,728

1,010
978
1,782
2,492
2,525

927
963
1,739
2,252
2,427

3,891
4,756
6,357
8,725
12,690

3,785
4,665
6,292
8,810
12,784

3,643
4,526
6,105
8,748
12,794

3,452
4,304
5,831
8,299
12,309

3,166
4,087
5,473
7,779
11,606

16,458
19,296
21,629

16,984
20,664
23,468

16,849
20,958
24,690

16,528
20,157
24,090

15,831
18,584
21,320

22,311
23,272
24,352
25,126

24,116
24,979
25,989
26,742

25,317
26,264
27,409
28,289

25,176
26,415
27,620
28,641

65–69

Total

Men
1937....................
1940....................
1945....................
1950....................
1955....................

945
935
1,654
2,532
3,315

174
147
271
402
468

647
550
422
1,566
1,871

1,117
928
813
2,465
3,450

1,202
1,143
1,983
2,918
4,079

1,286
1,289
2,245
3,102
4,201

1,338
1,306
2,405
3,131
4,159

1,308
1,320
2,364
3,156
4,005

1,232
1,238
2,319
3,018
3,818

1,137
1,153
2,170
2,959
3,512

1,131
1,088
2,106
2,812
3,201

1,008
1,058
2,000
2,618
3,044

a

563
950
1,666
2,317
2,164

...
917
1,462
2,049
1,498

...
899
1,390
1,707
1,292

1960....................
1965....................
1970....................
1975....................
1980....................

3,879
4,685
6,180
8,250
11,963

615
710
930
1,246
1,857

2,116
2,609
3,281
4,870
7,007

3,942
4,957
6,827
8,464
11,880

4,831
6,055
8,131
11,170
15,491

5,175
6,481
8,528
12,131
17,982

5,167
6,519
8,686
12,533
18,720

4,954
6,369
8,735
12,605
18,896

4,702
5,921
8,370
12,270
18,391

4,416
5,581
7,675
11,290
17,585

3,982
4,993
7,051
10,398
15,939

3,812
4,784
6,456
8,700
13,201

2,112
2,628
2,927
2,895
4,902

1,207
1,246
1,662
2,276
3,658

1,340
1,443
1,863
2,371
3,529

1985....................
1990....................
1995....................

14,959
17,582
19,907

1,771
2,058
2,164

8,185
8,945
9,618

14,465
16,412
17,810

18,642
21,211
23,200

22,021
24,424
26,912

24,433
27,608
29,732

24,385
29,074
32,334

23,841
28,027
32,505

22,117
25,509
28,260

19,953
23,243
24,673

16,532
17,408
17,090

6,760
7,714
8,133

4,977
6,153
6,430

4,351
5,129
4,977

1996....................
1997 b .................
1998 b .................
1999 b .................

20,779
21,810
23,045
23,849

2,234
2,375
2,599
2,692

9,900
10,339
11,114
11,424

18,538
19,738
21,050
22,075

24,024
25,228
26,658
27,705

27,769
28,867
30,172
31,080

30,658
31,789
33,030
33,899

32,850
33,740
34,864
35,704

33,648
34,908
36,155
36,960

29,426
31,047
32,667
33,434

25,177
26,234
27,596
28,321

17,632
18,216
19,812
20,097

8,441
8,821
9,307
9,834

6,715
7,108
7,438
7,304

5,295
5,302
5,653
5,825

1937....................
1940....................
1945....................
1950....................
1955....................

484
472
770
1,124
1,351

163
127
307
362
408

477
432
811
1,153
1,312

602
530
821
1,158
1,406

621
590
871
1,196
1,430

609
599
971
1,297
1,586

604
596
1,026
1,421
1,706

589
590
1,018
1,456
1,775

576
580
987
1,410
1,768

563
562
955
1,416
1,622

585
499
946
1,370
1,542

582
577
899
1,349
1,445

a

366
607
832
1,176
1,057

...
999
766
1,399
949

...
424
928
1,232
802

1960....................
1965....................
1970....................
1975....................
1980....................

1,679
1,984
2,735
3,730
6,012

484
539
675
905
1,451

1,558
1,852
2,538
3,287
5,083

1,969
2,067
3,151
4,800
7,496

1,718
2,069
2,953
4,454
7,649

1,899
2,243
3,210
4,512
7,495

2,075
2,478
3,498
4,870
7,761

2,205
2,660
3,721
5,168
7,893

2,290
2,715
3,790
5,340
8,079

2,221
2,764
3,747
5,300
7,966

2,040
2,678
3,729
5,020
7,756

1,783
2,372
3,236
4,055
6,044

1,142
1,208
1,674
2,189
3,589

1,007
1,054
1,344
1,895
2,853

1,036
1,093
1,375
1,715
2,569

1985....................
1990....................
1995....................

8,293
10,837
12,897

1,524
1,816
1,991

6,063
7,104
7,232

10,251
12,677
14,249

10,986
13,642
15,853

11,169
14,339
16,547

11,163
15,031
18,068

11,072
14,920
18,732

10,898
14,373
17,937

10,714
13,088
16,030

10,133
12,194
14,147

7,728
9,133
9,882

4,959
5,888
6,910

3,671
4,387
5,120

3,067
3,830
4,376

1996....................
1997 b .................
1998 b .................
1999 b .................

13,335
14,038
14,834
15,419

2,051
2,240
2,432
2,491

7,383
7,855
8,501
8,793

14,637
15,232
16,123
16,853

16,387
17,153
18,144
18,881

17,009
17,796
18,628
19,249

18,532
19,276
20,049
20,652

19,496
20,321
21,497
22,242

18,834
19,991
21,087
22,107

16,728
17,748
18,678
19,589

14,670
15,754
16,627
17,139

10,358
11,022
11,713
12,323

6,971
7,326
7,619
8,013

5,605
5,638
5,973
6,288

4,372
4,701
4,898
5,110

Women

a. Earnings of workers attaining age 65 during the year. Workers aged 65 or older not covered under program in that year.
b. Preliminary data.
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTES: The amount of median earnings includes estimates above the taxable maximum.
Age refers to age attained during year.
. . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Greg Diez (410) 965-0153 or William Kearns (410) 965-6750.

158

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

4.B OASDI: Covered Workers
Table 4.B7—Number of wage and salary workers, by amount of taxable earnings and sex, 1992–1999
Workers with earnings below the taxable maximum by dollar amount of earnings (numbers in thousands)

Year

All
workers

1–
999

1,000–
4,999

5,000–
9,999

10,000–
14,999

15,000–
19,999

20,000–
24,999

25,000–
29,999

30,000–
39,999

40,000–
49,999

50,000–
59,999

Workers
with
60,000– maximum
72,599 earnings

Total
1992....................
1993....................
1994....................
1995....................
1996....................

126,000
128,100
130,100
132,800
135,100

9,357
9,655
9,591
9,213
9,161

19,519
19,395
19,403
19,355
19,195

17,496
17,521
17,273
17,213
16,977

15,765
15,808
15,709
15,766
15,579

14,047
14,092
14,194
14,376
14,253

11,641
11,807
11,930
12,230
12,448

9,058
9,327
9,552
9,867
10,164

12,554
12,786
13,230
13,853
14,435

7,084
7,371
7,709
8,171
8,706

2,422
3,325
4,310
4,662
5,052

...
...
277
498
1,053

7,057
7,013
6,921
7,597
8,077

1997 a .................
1998 a .................
1999 a .................

137,700
140,400
142,700

8,767
8,459
8,470

18,832
18,456
18,427

16,837
16,424
16,278

15,425
15,199
14,766

14,203
14,102
13,976

12,593
12,749
12,717

10,456
10,814
10,997

15,232
16,096
16,694

9,327
10,063
10,523

5,521
6,013
6,449

2,105
3,271
4,826

8,403
8,754
8,575

Men
1992....................
1993....................
1994....................
1995....................
1996....................

66,543
67,673
68,481
69,901
70,670

4,171
4,429
4,350
4,256
4,177

8,743
8,665
8,548
8,510
8,333

7,726
7,740
7,546
7,457
7,261

7,186
7,223
7,118
7,051
6,854

6,587
6,652
6,718
6,814
6,637

6,006
6,048
6,068
6,238
6,279

5,122
5,222
5,292
5,415
5,512

8,069
8,074
8,211
8,448
8,667

5,109
5,224
5,372
5,587
5,838

1,868
2,527
3,243
3,444
3,672

...
...
222
388
800

5,955
5,869
5,794
6,292
6,641

1997 a .................
1998 a .................
1999 a .................

71,864
73,097
74,237

4,052
3,911
3,945

8,172
7,994
8,014

7,145
6,933
6,927

6,706
6,514
6,272

6,465
6,318
6,205

6,260
6,219
6,089

5,586
5,706
5,730

8,948
9,293
9,493

6,159
6,521
6,677

3,931
4,202
4,439

1,580
2,407
3,528

6,859
7,078
6,919

Women
1992....................
1993....................
1994....................
1995....................
1996....................

59,457
60,427
61,619
62,900
64,429

5,186
5,226
5,241
4,957
4,985

10,776
10,730
10,856
10,845
10,862

9,770
9,781
9,726
9,756
9,716

8,579
8,586
8,592
8,714
8,725

7,460
7,440
7,476
7,563
7,616

5,635
5,759
5,862
5,992
6,168

3,936
4,105
4,260
4,452
4,651

4,485
4,712
5,020
5,405
5,768

1,975
2,147
2,337
2,584
2,868

554
798
1,067
1,217
1,380

...
...
55
110
253

1,103
1,144
1,127
1,305
1,437

1997 a .................
1998 a .................
1999 a .................

65,837
67,303
68,463

4,715
4,548
4,526

10,660
10,462
10,413

9,692
9,492
9,352

8,719
8,685
8,494

7,737
7,783
7,772

6,333
6,530
6,628

4,870
5,107
5,267

6,284
6,803
7,201

3,168
3,542
3,846

1,590
1,811
2,010

525
864
1,298

1,544
1,675
1,656

a. Preliminary data.
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Greg Diez (410) 965-0153 or William Kearns (410) 965-6750.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

159

4.B OASDI: Covered Workers
Table 4.B8—Number of self-employed workers, by age and sex, selected years 1951–1999 (in thousands)
Year

Total,
all ages

Under
20

20–24

25–29

30–34

35–39

40–44

45–49

50–54

55–59

60–61

62–64

65–69

70–71

72 or
older

Total
1951....................
1955....................
1960....................
1965....................
1970....................
1975....................
1980....................
1985....................

4,190
6,810
6,870
6,550
6,270
7,000
8,200
10,600

6
18
19
31
33
67
78
112

71
114
133
143
159
302
380
527

246
362
305
292
348
581
824
1,099

414
600
560
452
476
679
1,052
1,488

543
757
743
664
581
700
983
1,522

592
865
848
814
729
731
869
1,261

565
874
929
870
808
813
812
1,030

503
790
918
913
837
869
851
930

462
737
846
885
839
823
852
929

164
290
316
328
327
317
307
368

215
441
452
411
407
382
381
434

237
497
414
388
388
393
419
455

55
143
101
92
94
95
112
124

117
322
286
267
244
248
280
321

1990....................
1991....................
1992....................
1993....................
1994....................

12,500
12,800
13,100
13,200
13,300

152
136
137
131
140

529
521
509
488
473

1,123
1,105
1,093
1,029
989

1,663
1,697
1,678
1,650
1,624

1,854
1,897
1,951
1,956
1,936

1,736
1,818
1,864
1,892
1,945

1,377
1,474
1,589
1,647
1,726

1,113
1,170
1,243
1,325
1,357

980
998
1,018
1,047
1,070

381
388
382
375
375

487
486
484
481
482

567
561
576
589
580

150
158
166
164
164

389
391
410
426
437

1995....................
1996....................
1997 a .................
1998 a .................
1999 a .................

13,500
13,900
14,100
14,300
14,600

143
147
152
162
173

482
490
500
506
522

1,005
1,036
1,033
1,036
1,017

1,612
1,614
1,556
1,523
1,494

1,960
2,013
1,986
1,961
1,948

1,964
2,035
2,063
2,098
2,082

1,808
1,873
1,885
1,899
1,982

1,393
1,471
1,565
1,632
1,711

1,097
1,144
1,210
1,275
1,355

385
404
404
420
436

467
475
490
503
535

574
575
597
600
625

166
164
170
181
182

445
458
488
503
539

Men
1951....................
1955....................
1960....................
1965....................
1970....................
1975....................
1980....................
1985....................

3,620
5,980
5,990
5,640
5,370
5,790
6,407
7,623

5
16
16
26
28
57
60
79

61
104
119
127
136
251
305
378

219
335
284
263
306
479
639
782

370
555
515
410
422
564
793
1,060

478
687
678
598
522
584
752
1,058

519
773
757
714
642
619
672
873

479
773
812
759
699
680
641
730

430
679
793
772
712
715
681
674

393
631
709
742
695
672
668
686

139
247
260
272
268
255
244
278

179
373
386
339
324
309
301
328

204
420
348
326
320
326
333
351

47
122
83
75
77
78
92
97

97
265
230
217
201
201
226
249

1990....................
1991....................
1992....................
1993....................
1994....................

8,525
8,668
8,798
8,840
8,839

103
92
89
89
89

346
341
330
310
309

746
726
714
674
638

1,112
1,109
1,090
1,075
1,053

1,241
1,268
1,289
1,290
1,269

1,148
1,204
1,228
1,241
1,268

914
976
1,041
1,078
1,127

762
793
830
885
890

693
699
706
713
723

270
273
271
261
263

355
350
344
341
333

424
418
427
436
423

116
119
126
125
122

295
299
312
322
331

1995....................
1996....................
1997 a .................
1998 a .................
1999 a .................

8,908
9,074
9,130
9,143
9,244

97
94
98
97
108

305
306
312
310
309

648
658
639
632
607

1,030
1,021
981
944
914

1,271
1,281
1,249
1,213
1,189

1,281
1,322
1,320
1,327
1,304

1,170
1,200
1,205
1,197
1,247

906
954
1,004
1,042
1,077

735
754
793
827
861

269
276
276
279
289

325
328
338
345
365

413
415
424
422
436

124
119
123
132
133

335
346
369
376
403

Women
1951....................
1955....................
1960....................
1965....................
1970....................
1975....................
1980....................
1985....................

570
830
880
910
900
1,210
1,793
2,977

1
2
3
5
5
10
18
33

10
10
14
16
23
51
75
149

27
27
21
29
42
102
185
317

44
45
45
42
54
115
259
428

65
70
65
66
59
116
231
464

73
92
91
100
87
112
197
388

86
101
117
111
109
133
171
300

73
111
125
141
125
154
170
256

69
106
137
143
144
151
184
243

25
43
56
56
59
62
63
90

36
68
66
72
65
73
80
106

33
77
67
62
68
67
86
104

8
21
18
17
17
17
20
27

20
57
55
50
43
47
54
72

1990....................
1991....................
1992....................
1993....................
1994....................

3,975
4,131
4,302
4,360
4,460

49
44
48
41
51

183
180
179
178
164

377
378
380
355
352

551
588
588
575
572

613
629
662
666
667

588
614
636
651
677

463
499
548
569
599

350
376
413
440
468

287
299
312
334
346

111
115
110
114
112

132
136
140
140
148

142
143
148
153
157

34
39
39
39
42

94
92
98
104
105

1995....................
1996....................
1997 a .................
1998 a .................
1999 a .................

4,592
4,826
4,970
5,156
5,356

46
54
54
65
65

177
183
188
196
213

357
377
395
404
409

582
594
575
579
579

689
733
737
748
759

683
713
743
771
778

638
673
680
702
735

487
517
561
590
634

362
390
417
449
494

116
128
128
141
146

142
147
152
158
171

161
160
173
178
189

42
45
47
49
49

109
112
120
127
136

a. Preliminary data.
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTE: Age refers to age attained during year.
CONTACT: Greg Diez (410) 965-0153 or William Kearns (410) 965-6750.

160

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

4.B OASDI: Covered Workers
Table 4.B9—Number of self-employed workers, by amount of taxable earnings and sex, 1992–1999
Workers with earnings below the taxable maximum by dollar amount of earnings (numbers in thousands)

Year

All
workers

1–
999

1,000–
4,999

5,000–
9,999

10,000–
14,999

15,000–
19,999

20,000–
24,999

25,000–
29,999

30,000–
39,999

40,000–
49,999

50,000–
59,999

Workers
with
60,000– maximum
72,599 earnings

Total
1992....................
1993....................
1994....................
1995....................
1996....................

13,100
13,200
13,300
13,500
13,900

593
587
551
535
521

2,927
2,866
2,825
2,781
2,791

2,519
2,562
2,510
2,593
2,667

1,599
1,627
1,670
1,690
1,754

1,156
1,149
1,162
1,192
1,210

882
881
872
892
918

694
689
714
712
732

971
990
1,019
1,044
1,092

612
633
645
678
713

308
388
426
444
471

...
...
92
116
176

839
828
814
822
853

1997 a .................
1998 a .................
1999 a .................

14,100
14,300
14,600

524
514
508

2,736
2,663
2,638

2,685
2,675
2,705

1,748
1,765
1,796

1,232
1,240
1,258

932
953
964

745
766
773

1,106
1,160
1,194

741
782
813

493
509
539

281
391
557

877
880
857

Men
1992....................
1993....................
1994....................
1995....................
1996....................

8,798
8,840
8,839
8,908
9,074

288
291
268
256
247

1,603
1,559
1,511
1,492
1,468

1,606
1,632
1,552
1,581
1,598

1,109
1,118
1,138
1,138
1,166

827
809
820
826
831

633
640
626
638
649

512
501
527
514
527

746
760
772
782
807

485
500
503
521
545

253
316
340
356
367

...
...
77
96
141

734
715
705
708
729

1997 a .................
1998 a .................
1999 a .................

9,130
9,143
9,244

255
248
243

1,440
1,383
1,362

1,557
1,520
1,505

1,144
1,123
1,117

845
823
826

650
650
652

526
537
532

801
831
849

562
588
595

384
392
411

226
314
436

741
736
714

Women
1992....................
1993....................
1994....................
1995....................
1996....................

4,302
4,360
4,460
4,592
4,826

305
296
282
280
274

1,323
1,308
1,314
1,289
1,323

913
930
957
1,012
1,069

490
509
531
552
588

329
340
342
366
379

249
241
247
254
269

182
188
188
198
206

225
230
246
261
285

127
133
142
157
168

55
73
85
88
104

...
...
15
20
35

105
113
109
114
125

1997 a .................
1998 a .................
1999 a .................

4,970
5,156
5,356

269
267
265

1,296
1,280
1,276

1,128
1,155
1,200

604
643
678

387
418
431

282
303
312

220
228
241

305
328
345

179
194
218

109
117
128

55
78
121

135
145
142

a. Preliminary data.
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTE: Taxable earnings consist of self-employment income and taxable wages. See Table 2.A3.
. . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Greg Diez (410) 965-0153 or William Kearns (410) 965-6750.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

161

4.B OASDI: Covered Workers
Table 4.B10—Number of workers, taxable earnings, and contributions, by type of employment and state or other
area, 1999
Number of workers
reported with taxable earnings b
(thousands)

State or

area a

Reported taxable earnings c
(millions of dollars)

Total,
all
workers

Wage and
salary
workers

Selfemployed
persons

Total

OASDI contributions d
(millions of dollars)

Wages

Selfemployment
income

Total

Wage and
salary
employment

Selfemployment

All areas.......................

151,400

142,700

14,600

3,744,600

3,542,800

201,800

464,330

439,307

25,023

Alabama................................
Alaska ...................................
Arizona..................................
Arkansas ...............................
California...............................

2,308
346
2,529
1,406
16,137

2,183
324
2,402
1,316
14,876

207
43
217
147
1,923

50,337
8,272
60,430
27,365
428,870

47,822
7,679
57,406
25,688
396,751

2,515
593
3,024
1,677
32,119

6,242
1,026
7,493
3,393
53,180

5,930
952
7,118
3,185
49,197

312
74
375
208
3,983

Colorado ...............................
Connecticut ...........................
Delaware...............................
District of Columbia...............
Florida ...................................

2,362
1,926
482
363
8,206

2,209
1,807
465
346
7,727

267
194
31
28
817

59,793
57,102
12,725
10,155
183,291

55,941
53,680
12,333
9,619
174,044

3,852
3,423
392
536
9,247

7,414
7,081
1,578
1,259
22,728

6,937
6,656
1,529
1,193
21,582

478
424
49
66
1,147

Georgia .................................
Hawaii ...................................
Idaho.....................................
Illinois ....................................
Indiana ..................................
Iowa ......................................
Kansas ..................................
Kentucky ...............................
Louisiana...............................
Maine ....................................

4,356
627
702
6,672
3,456
1,713
1,537
2,093
2,086
692

4,125
589
661
6,328
3,309
1,599
1,448
1,967
1,960
636

395
59
74
594
290
204
163
226
203
90

106,011
15,509
14,635
174,929
83,978
37,977
36,384
44,598
43,165
14,679

100,864
14,719
13,827
166,714
80,251
35,413
34,221
42,216
40,628
13,523

5,147
790
808
8,215
3,727
2,564
2,163
2,382
2,537
1,156

13,145
1,923
1,815
21,691
10,413
4,709
4,512
5,530
5,352
1,820

12,507
1,825
1,715
20,673
9,951
4,391
4,243
5,235
5,038
1,677

638
98
100
1,019
462
318
268
295
315
143

Maryland ...............................
Massachusetts ......................
Michigan................................
Minnesota .............................
Mississippi.............................
Missouri.................................
Montana ................................
Nebraska...............................
Nevada..................................
New Hampshire ....................

2,936
3,401
5,691
2,999
1,445
3,072
498
1,018
1,030
758

2,799
3,176
5,456
2,839
1,367
2,901
456
951
987
711

248
364
429
301
132
296
73
117
71
80

83,614
95,416
152,395
78,222
28,645
69,059
9,367
22,232
24,120
19,982

80,011
89,659
146,881
74,046
26,964
65,576
8,473
20,859
23,064
18,825

3,603
5,757
5,514
4,176
1,681
3,483
894
1,373
1,056
1,157

10,368
11,832
18,897
9,700
3,552
8,563
1,162
2,757
2,991
2,478

9,921
11,118
18,213
9,182
3,344
8,131
1,051
2,587
2,860
2,334

447
714
684
518
208
432
111
170
131
143

New Jersey ...........................
New Mexico ..........................
New York...............................
North Carolina.......................
North Dakota.........................
Ohio ......................................
Oklahoma..............................
Oregon ..................................
Pennsylvania.........................
Rhode Island.........................

4,692
887
9,812
4,460
374
6,035
1,807
1,895
6,663
585

4,463
835
9,234
4,213
344
5,699
1,685
1,778
6,324
556

383
90
955
427
53
546
200
192
560
54

143,598
18,169
270,894
104,470
7,493
141,645
37,506
45,756
167,999
14,584

137,192
17,163
257,649
99,011
6,854
134,513
35,421
43,023
159,590
13,866

6,406
1,006
13,245
5,459
639
7,132
2,085
2,733
8,409
718

17,806
2,253
33,591
12,954
929
17,564
4,651
5,674
20,832
1,808

17,012
2,128
31,948
12,277
850
16,680
4,392
5,335
19,789
1,719

794
125
1,642
677
79
884
259
339
1,043
89

South Carolina ......................
South Dakota ........................
Tennessee.............................
Texas.....................................
Utah ......................................
Vermont.................................
Virginia ..................................
Washington ...........................
West Virginia.........................
Wisconsin..............................
Wyoming ..............................
Outlying area
Puerto Rico........................

2,170
453
3,165
10,205
1,177
362
3,951
3,269
860
3,204
286

2,062
416
2,977
9,542
1,128
338
3,766
3,097
816
3,059
268

177
63
321
1,086
94
45
328
294
76
264
33

48,111
8,783
71,373
241,875
25,715
7,980
104,771
86,475
17,938
78,980
6,061

45,945
7,961
66,948
227,401
24,587
7,464
100,417
81,872
17,018
75,524
5,671

2,166
823
4,425
14,474
1,128
516
4,354
4,603
920
3,456
390

5,966
1,089
8,850
29,992
3,189
990
12,992
10,723
2,224
9,793
752

5,697
987
8,302
28,198
3,049
926
12,452
10,152
2,110
9,365
703

269
102
549
1,795
140
64
540
571
114
429
48

1,163

1,104

66

17,093

16,045

1,048

2,120

1,990

130

Other and unknown e ...........

1,079

1,073

9

24,071

23,964

106

2,985

2,972

13

a. State designation based primarily on employee end-of-year residence, obtained from employer wage reports filed via magnetic media. State designation based on
location of employer for reports filed via paper.
b. Workers with earnings in both wage and salary employment and self-employment are counted in each type of employment. National and state totals and subtotals are
unduplicated counts of workers in each type of employment.
c. Annual maximum taxable earnings for Social Security (OASDI) from a single employer or from self-employment were $72,600 in 1999.
d. For 1999 earnings, paid at the rate of 6.2 percent of taxable wages by both employees and employers, 6.2 percent of taxable tips by employees, and 12.4 percent of
self-employment income by self-employed workers. Data are unadjusted for multi-employer tax refunds.
e. Persons employed in American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and Virgin Islands; U.S. citizens employed abroad by U.S. employers; persons employed on
U.S. oceanborne vessels; and workers with unknown residence.
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Continuous Work History Sample, 1 percent sample.
NOTE: Data are based on preliminary estimates.
CONTACT: Greg Diez (410) 965-0153 or William Kearns (410) 965-6750.

162

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

4.B OASDI: Covered Workers
Table 4.B11—Number of workers, taxable earnings, and contributions, by type of employment, selected years
1937–2001
Number of workers
reported with taxable earnings a
(thousands)

Reported taxable earnings b
(millions of dollars)

Total,
all workers

Wage and
salary
workers

Selfemployed
persons

Total

1937..........................................
1940..........................................
1945..........................................

32,900
35,390
46,390

32,900
35,390
46,390

...
...
...

1950..........................................
1951..........................................
1952..........................................
1953..........................................
1954..........................................

48,280
58,120
59,580
60,840
59,610

48,280
54,630
56,060
57,220
55,940

1955..........................................
1956..........................................
1957..........................................
1958..........................................
1959..........................................

65,200
67,610
70,590
69,770
71,700

1960..........................................
1961..........................................
1962..........................................
1963..........................................
1964..........................................

OASDI contributions c, d
(millions of dollars)

Wages

Selfemployment
income

Total

Wage and
salary
employment

Selfemployment

29,620
32,970
62,950

29,620
32,970
62,950

...
...
...

592
659
1,259

592
659
1,259

...
...
...

...
4,190
4,240
4,340
4,350

87,500
120,770
128,640
135,870
133,520

87,500
111,250
118,880
125,840
123,410

...
9,520
9,760
10,030
10,110

2,625
3,552
3,786
4,001
5,240

2,625
3,338
3,566
3,775
4,936

...
214
220
226
303

59,560
61,560
64,730
64,040
66,000

6,810
7,390
7,150
7,130
7,060

157,540
170,720
181,380
180,720
202,310

141,810
153,010
163,990
163,140
183,620

15,730
17,710
17,390
17,580
18,690

6,144
6,652
7,966
7,935
9,882

5,672
6,120
7,380
7,341
9,181

472
531
587
593
701

72,530
72,820
74,280
75,540
77,430

66,980
67,360
68,890
70,310
72,230

6,870
6,790
6,720
6,590
6,480

207,000
209,640
219,050
225,550
236,390

188,580
190,850
200,130
206,840
217,430

18,420
18,790
18,920
18,710
18,960

12,144
12,297
13,397
16,006
16,788

11,315
11,451
12,508
14,996
15,764

829
846
889
1,010
1,024

1965..........................................
1966..........................................
1967..........................................
1968..........................................
1969..........................................

80,680
84,600
87,040
89,380
92,060

75,430
79,460
82,020
84,470
87,200

6,550
6,630
6,470
6,570
6,350

250,730
312,540
329,960
375,800
402,510

230,830
287,860
305,670
348,500
375,010

19,900
24,680
24,290
27,300
27,500

17,810
23,597
25,275
28,069
33,233

16,735
22,165
23,842
26,486
31,501

1,075
1,431
1,433
1,583
1,733

1970..........................................
1971..........................................
1972..........................................
1973..........................................
1974..........................................

93,090
93,340
96,240
99,830
101,330

88,180
88,460
91,220
94,610
96,190

6,270
6,290
6,600
7,100
7,040

415,580
426,950
484,150
561,850
636,800

388,680
399,550
452,050
523,450
594,400

26,900
27,400
32,100
38,400
42,400

34,344
38,649
43,804
53,463
61,814

32,649
36,759
41,589
50,775
58,846

1,695
1,891
2,215
2,688
2,968

1975..........................................
1976..........................................
1977..........................................
1978..........................................
1979..........................................

100,200
102,600
105,800
110,600
112,700

94,900
97,230
100,450
104,810
106,900

7,000
7,400
7,480
8,040
8,200

664,700
737,700
816,600
915,600
1,067,000

621,100
689,200
763,600
856,100
997,500

43,600
48,500
53,000
59,500
69,500

64,541
71,626
79,306
90,691
106,246

61,489
68,231
75,596
86,466
101,346

3,052
3,395
3,710
4,225
4,900

1980..........................................
1981..........................................
1982..........................................
1983..........................................
1984..........................................

113,000
113,000
111,800
112,100
116,300

107,200
107,300
105,800
105,900
109,900

8,200
8,250
8,550
9,200
9,900

1,180,700
1,294,100
1,365,300
1,454,100
1,608,800

1,109,000
1,220,000
1,290,000
1,369,000
1,515,000

71,700
74,100
75,300
85,100
93,800

117,729
136,468
145,382
154,703
183,403

112,674
130,540
139,320
147,852
172,710

5,055
5,928
6,062
6,851
10,693

1985..........................................
1986..........................................
1987..........................................
1988..........................................
1989..........................................

119,800
122,900
125,600
129,600
131,700

113,400
115,900
118,200
122,100
123,900

10,600
11,200
12,000
12,400
12,900

1,722,600
1,844,400
1,960,000
2,088,400
2,239,500

1,621,000
1,730,800
1,835,100
1,952,000
2,096,000

101,600
113,600
124,900
136,400
143,500

196,376
210,262
223,440
253,114
271,427

184,794
197,311
209,201
236,582
254,035

11,582
12,950
14,239
16,532
17,392

1990..........................................
1991..........................................
1992..........................................
1993 .........................................
1994..........................................

133,600
133,000
134,000
136,100
138,200

126,100
125,200
126,000
128,100
130,100

12,500
12,800
13,100
13,200
13,300

2,358,000
2,422,500
2,532,900
2,636,100
2,785,200

2,222,000
2,283,000
2,386,000
2,483,400
2,624,500

136,000
139,500
146,900
152,700
160,700

292,392
300,390
314,080
326,876
345,365

275,528
283,092
295,864
307,942
325,438

16,864
17,298
18,216
18,935
19,927

1995..........................................
1996..........................................
1997 e........................................
1998 e .......................................
1999 e .......................................

141,000
143,400
146,100
148,900
151,400

132,800
135,100
137,700
140,400
142,700

13,500
13,900
14,100
14,300
14,600

2,919,100
3,073,500
3,285,300
3,521,500
3,744,600

2,754,300
2,901,700
3,104,500
3,330,100
3,542,800

164,800
171,800
180,800
191,400
201,800

361,968
381,114
407,377
436,666
464,330

341,533
359,811
384,958
412,932
439,307

20,435
21,303
22,419
23,734
25,023

2000 f ........................................
2001 g........................................

153,700
153,500

144,900
144,800

14,700
14,700

3,991,100
4,198,300

3,780,400
3,978,700

210,700
219,600

494,896
520,589

468,770
493,359

26,127
27,230

Year

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

Workers with earnings in both wage and salary employment and self-employment are counted in each type of employment.
See Table 2.A3 for annual maximum taxable earnings.
See Table 2.A3 for contribution rates.
Unadjusted for multi-employer tax refunds. Unadjusted for tax credits. See Table 2.A5 for information on tax credits.
Preliminary data.
Taxable earnings are preliminary estimates based on Social Security data; employment data are preliminary estimates based on data from Bureau of Labor Statistics
and the National Income and Product Accounts.
g. Preliminary estimates based on data from Bureau of Labor Statistics and the National Income and Product Accounts.
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Master Earnings File, 1 percent sample.
NOTE: . . . = note applicable.
CONTACT: Greg Diez (410) 965-0153 or William Kearns (410) 965-6750.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

163

4.B HI: Covered Workers
Table 4.B12—Number of workers, taxable earnings, and contributions, by type of employment and state or other
area, 1999
Number of workers
reported with taxable earnings b
(thousands)

State or

area a

Medicare
(Hospital Insurance) contributions d
(millions of dollars)

Reported taxable earnings c
(millions of dollars)

Total,
all workers

Wage and
salary
workers

Selfemployed
persons

Total

Wages

Selfemployment
income

Total

Wage and
salary
employment

Selfemployment

All areas.....................

154,700

146,100

15,300

4,612,100

4,304,900

307,200

133,751

124,842

8,909

Alabama................................
Alaska ...................................
Arizona..................................
Arkansas ...............................
California...............................
Colorado ...............................
Connecticut ...........................
Delaware...............................
District of Columbia...............
Florida ...................................

2,330
366
2,547
1,417
16,847
2,489
1,958
486
377
8,283

2,204
345
2,420
1,327
15,614
2,342
1,840
469
360
7,804

214
44
228
151
2,024
278
210
32
30
847

56,221
10,281
70,112
29,996
570,835
79,661
83,398
14,529
14,681
217,199

53,020
9,492
66,105
28,022
520,859
74,054
76,560
13,919
13,060
205,257

3,201
788
4,007
1,974
49,976
5,607
6,838
610
1,622
11,942

1,630
298
2,033
870
16,554
2,310
2,419
421
426
6,299

1,538
275
1,917
813
15,105
2,148
2,220
404
379
5,952

93
23
116
57
1,449
163
198
18
47
346

Georgia .................................
Hawaii ...................................
Idaho.....................................
Illinois ....................................
Indiana ..................................
Iowa ......................................
Kansas ..................................
Kentucky ...............................
Louisiana...............................
Maine ....................................

4,451
650
708
6,834
3,481
1,724
1,548
2,135
2,232
718

4,223
613
666
6,496
3,333
1,610
1,458
2,009
2,110
664

412
61
75
629
302
210
168
233
210
92

128,931
17,711
15,875
221,784
93,636
41,870
42,268
50,482
53,270
16,803

120,691
16,792
14,974
208,100
88,388
38,791
39,293
47,423
49,440
15,469

8,240
919
901
13,684
5,248
3,080
2,975
3,059
3,829
1,334

3,739
514
460
6,432
2,715
1,214
1,226
1,464
1,545
487

3,500
487
434
6,035
2,563
1,125
1,140
1,375
1,434
449

239
27
26
397
152
89
86
89
111
39

Maryland ...............................
Massachusetts ......................
Michigan................................
Minnesota .............................
Mississippi.............................
Missouri.................................
Montana ................................
Nebraska...............................
Nevada..................................
New Hampshire ....................

3,008
3,581
5,728
3,020
1,455
3,135
503
1,025
1,067
766

2,872
3,368
5,492
2,858
1,377
2,965
461
959
1,027
720

264
391
459
316
135
308
74
122
75
84

102,459
133,288
176,392
90,566
30,664
80,986
10,243
24,687
29,199
23,902

96,703
121,503
168,901
85,337
28,580
75,962
9,052
22,933
27,399
22,305

5,757
11,785
7,490
5,229
2,084
5,024
1,191
1,754
1,800
1,597

2,971
3,865
5,115
2,626
889
2,349
297
716
847
693

2,804
3,524
4,898
2,475
829
2,203
262
665
795
647

167
342
217
152
60
146
35
51
52
46

New Jersey ...........................
New Mexico ..........................
New York...............................
North Carolina.......................
North Dakota.........................
Ohio ......................................
Oklahoma..............................
Oregon ..................................
Pennsylvania.........................
Rhode Island.........................

4,727
900
9,873
4,486
377
6,408
1,827
1,910
6,720
593

4,498
848
9,293
4,239
347
6,094
1,706
1,792
6,380
564

419
92
1,020
441
54
571
205
198
591
57

190,010
19,874
364,247
118,653
8,075
175,604
41,293
51,982
198,650
16,605

179,014
18,684
333,085
111,698
7,355
165,196
38,961
48,580
186,895
15,712

10,996
1,190
31,163
6,955
720
10,408
2,332
3,402
11,755
894

5,510
576
10,563
3,441
234
5,093
1,197
1,507
5,761
482

5,191
542
9,659
3,239
213
4,791
1,130
1,409
5,420
456

319
35
904
202
21
302
68
99
341
26

South Carolina ......................
South Dakota ........................
Tennessee.............................
Texas.....................................
Utah ......................................
Vermont.................................
Virginia ..................................
Washington ...........................
West Virginia.........................
Wisconsin..............................
Wyoming ..............................
Outlying area
Puerto Rico........................

2,183
458
3,190
10,642
1,189
364
4,002
3,306
870
3,221
288

2,075
421
3,001
9,998
1,140
340
3,816
3,134
826
3,075
271

182
64
334
1,133
98
46
346
307
78
275
34

53,060
9,490
83,087
307,870
29,863
9,001
132,745
109,706
19,745
88,241
7,145

50,225
8,549
76,711
286,887
28,212
8,372
126,224
103,688
18,326
83,694
6,587

2,835
941
6,376
20,983
1,651
630
6,521
6,018
1,419
4,547
557

1,539
275
2,410
8,928
866
261
3,850
3,181
573
2,559
207

1,457
248
2,225
8,320
818
243
3,660
3,007
531
2,427
191

82
27
185
609
48
18
189
175
41
132
16

1,197

1,138

66

18,916

17,694

1,222

549

513

35

Other and unknown e ...........

1,104

1,098

9

26,308

26,171

136

763

759

4

a. State designation based primarily on employee end-of-year residence, obtained from employer wage reports filed via magnetic media. State designation based on
location of employer for reports filed via paper.
b. Workers with earnings in both wage and salary employment and self-employment are counted in each type of employment. National and state totals and subtotals are
unduplicated counts of workers in each type of employment.
c. No annual maximum taxable earnings amount for Medicare.
d. For 1999 earnings, paid at the rate of 1.45 percent of taxable wages by both employees and employers, 1.45 percent of taxable tips by employees, and 2.9 percent of
self-employment income by self-employed workers.
e. Persons employed in American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and Virgin Islands; U.S. citizens employed abroad by U.S. employers; persons employed on
U.S. oceanborne vessels; and workers with unknown residence.
SOURCE: Social Security Administration, Continuous Work History Sample, 1 percent sample.
NOTE: Data are based on preliminary estimates.
CONTACT: Greg Diez (410) 965-0153 or William Kearns (410) 965-6750.

164

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002