9.

G TANF/AFDC and Emergency Assistance
Table 9.G1—Average monthly number of families and recipients, total amount of cash assistance, and
average monthly payment, selected years 1936–2001
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families/
Aid to Families with Dependent Children a

Emergency Assistance b

Amount of assistance c (dollars)

Average monthly number (thousands)
Recipients

Family

Recipient

Average
monthly
number of
families
(thousands)

Monthly average per—

Total
assistance
payments
during year
(thousands
of dollars)

Average
monthly
payment
per family
(dollars)

Families

Total

Children

Total
(thousands)

1936......................
1940......................
1945......................
1950......................
1955......................
1960......................
1961......................
1962......................
1963......................
1964......................

147
349
259
644
612
787
869
931
947
992

534
1,182
907
2,205
2,214
3,005
3,354
3,676
3,876
4,118

361
840
656
1,637
1,673
2,314
2,587
2,818
2,909
3,091

49,678
133,770
149,667
551,653
617,841
1,000,784
1,156,769
1,298,774
1,365,851
1,510,352

28.15
31.98
48.18
71.33
84.17
105.75
110.97
116.30
120.19
126.88

7.75
9.43
13.75
17.64
23.26
27.75
28.74
29.44
29.36
30.57

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

1965......................
1966......................
1967......................
1968......................
1969......................
1970......................
1971......................
1972......................
1973......................
1974......................

1,039
1,088
1,217
1,410
1,698
2,208
2,762
3,049
3,148
3,230

4,329
4,513
5,014
5,705
6,706
8,466
10,241
10,947
10,949
10,864

3,256
3,411
3,771
4,275
4,985
6,214
7,434
7,905
7,902
7,822

1,660,186
1,863,925
2,266,400
2,849,298
3,563,427
4,852,964
6,203,528
6,909,260
7,212,035
7,916,563

133.20
142.83
155.19
168.41
174.89
183.13
187.16
188.87
190.91
204.27

31.96
34.42
37.67
41.62
44.28
47.77
50.48
52.60
54.89
60.72

...
...
...
...
7.5
7.5
11.1
19.9
18.8
31.3

...
...
...
...
6,699
11,396
19,843
44,180
39,265
64,031

...
...
...
...
117.23
126.14
148.54
184.91
174.05
170.38

1975......................
1976......................
1977......................
1978......................
1979......................

3,498
3,579
3,588
3,522
3,509

11,346
11,304
11,050
10,570
10,312

8,095
8,001
7,773
7,402
7,179

9,210,995
10,140,543
10,603,820
10,730,415
11,068,864

219.44
236.10
246.27
253.89
262.86

67.65
74.75
79.97
84.60
89.45

38.3
27.5
32.8
34.5
35.7

77,516
55,673
66,132
80,919
84,043

168.85
168.43
168.05
195.24
195.92

1980......................
1981......................
1982......................
1983......................
1984......................

3,712
3,835
3,542
3,686
3,714

10,774
10,079
10,258
10,761
10,831

7,419
7,527
6,903
7,098
7,144

12,475,245
12,981,115
12,877,906
13,837,228
14,503,710

280.03
282.04
303.02
312.82
325.44

96.49
97.64
103.60
107.16
111.60

48.6
49.1
27.5
30.0
32.1

113,238
123,467
102,344
125,246
141,137

d
d
d

1985......................
1986......................
1987......................
1988......................
1989......................

3,701
3,763
3,776
3,749
3,799

10,855
11,038
11,027
10,915
10,993

7,198
7,334
7,366
7,329
7,420

15,195,835
16,033,074
16,372,535
16,826,794
17,465,943

342.15
355.04
361.37
374.07
383.14

116.65
121.05
123.73
128.47
132.40

32.6
34.8
42.4
48.8
48.7

157,304
178,824
213,903
278,906
296,841

d
d
d
d
d

1990......................
1991......................
1992......................
1993......................
1994......................
1995......................
1996......................
1997......................
1998 e ...................
1999......................

4,057
4,467
4,829
5,012
5,035
4,791
4,434
3,740
3,050
2,553

11,695
12,930
13,773
14,205
14,164
13,418
12,321
10,376
8,347
6,822

7,917
8,715
9,303
9,574
9,570
9,135
8,469
7,042
6,034
5,120

19,066,541
20,930,600
21,655,881
22,688,016
22,827,399
21,608,686
20,614,437
22,031,399
12,925,846
10,929,489

391.67
390.44
373.71
377.24
377.78
375.31
386.68
490.01
353.13
356.70

135.86
134.89
131.03
133.10
134.30
134.21
139.44
176.95
129.04
133.52

56.0
59.7
52.7
56.8
60.5
84.1
69.8
81.8
...
...

348,986
302,894
272,853
387,113
802,258
3,447,361
2,708,401
403,138
...
...

d
d
d
d

476.50
422.07
431.41
568.17
d 1,105.95
d 3,415.93
d 3,235.10
d 410.74
...
...

2000......................
2001......................

2,216
2,104

5,778
5,363

4,268
3,987

10,489,603
10,124,437

394.55
401.09

151.28
157.32

...
...

...
...

...
...

Year

194.29
209.51
278.54
283.15
276.97
312.98
362.45
358.29
420.89
461.45

a. Thirty-four states had converted to TANF as of January 1, 1997; eight phased in over the next 5 months; the remaining 12 waited until July 1, 1997.
b. Reporting initiated July 1969. Number of states with program: 1969–1970, 23; 1971, 24; 1972, 27; 1973–1975, 29; 1976–1978, 26; 1979, 24; 1980–1984, 27;
1985–1986, 28; 1987, 29; 1988, 30; 1989, 31; 1990, 33; 1991, 34; 1992, 34; 1993, 35; 1994, 49; 1995, 50; 1996, 51; and 1997, 34. Program ended June 30, 1997.
c. TANF expenditures include cash payments and services.
d. Excludes family count and expenditures for states providing only partial data.
e. 1998 was the first full year under the TANF data reporting system for all states.
SOURCE: Department of Health and Human Services.
NOTES: Includes nonmedical vendor payments. Includes Alaska and Hawaii, beginning in 1943; Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, beginning in October 1950; and
Guam, beginning in July 1959.
. . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Evelyn Mills (202) 401-4055.

328

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

9.G TANF/AFDC & Emergency Assistance
Table 9.G2—Average monthly number of families and recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and
total amount of assistance, by state or other area, 2000
Amount of assistance b (dollars)

Average monthly number

State or area

TANF
effective
date a

Recipients

All areas........................

Monthly average per—

Families

Total

Children

Total
(thousands)

Family

Recipient

2,215,524

5,778,337

4,267,504

10,489,603

394.55

151.28

Alabama...................................
Alaska ......................................
Arizona.....................................
Arkansas ..................................
California..................................
Colorado ..................................
Connecticut ..............................
Delaware..................................
District of Columbia..................
Florida ......................................

11/15/96
7/1/97
10/1/96
7/1/97
11/26/96
7/1/97
10/1/96
3/10/97
3/1/97
10/1/96

18,874
6,935
33,034
11,971
488,667
10,838
27,261
5,856
17,011
64,812

45,059
20,887
84,458
28,704
1,262,274
27,880
63,959
12,181
45,320
142,030

36,200
14,088
64,568
21,542
972,116
21,143
45,369
8,689
33,332
114,347

29,627
56,148
105,293
41,202
3,771,362
44,147
145,856
17,480
69,611
185,229

130.81
674.69
265.62
286.83
643.14
339.43
445.87
248.76
341.00
238.16

54.79
224.01
103.89
119.62
248.98
131.95
190.04
119.59
128.00
108.68

Georgia ....................................
Hawaii ......................................
Idaho........................................
Illinois .......................................
Indiana .....................................

1/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97
10/1/96

51,839
14,086
1,297
77,740
36,576

125,476
45,851
2,333
234,071
101,380

98,559
33,546
1,913
179,025
73,292

141,888
87,930
4,418
191,068
106,929

228.09
520.21
283.82
204.82
243.62

94.23
159.81
157.77
68.02
87.89

Iowa .........................................
Kansas .....................................
Kentucky ..................................
Louisiana..................................
Maine .......................................

1/1/97
10/1/96
10/18/96
1/1/97
11/1/96

19,799
12,592
37,795
26,776
10,519

52,758
31,652
86,559
71,269
27,506

35,808
22,813
62,979
56,090
18,752

76,493
43,346
101,522
61,357
48,571

321.95
286.87
223.84
190.96
384.78

120.82
114.12
97.74
71.74
147.16

Maryland ..................................
Massachusetts .........................
Michigan...................................
Minnesota ................................
Mississippi................................

12/9/96
9/30/96
9/30/96
7/1/97
10/1/96

29,055
43,133
71,529
38,691
15,049

71,283
99,666
198,012
114,232
34,013

52,592
71,166
147,027
80,058
26,846

108,376
334,415
303,599
191,570
26,294

310.84
646.09
353.70
412.61
145.60

126.70
279.61
127.77
139.75
64.42

Missouri....................................
Montana ...................................
Nebraska..................................
Nevada.....................................
New Hampshire .......................
New Jersey ..............................
New Mexico .............................
New York..................................
North Carolina..........................
North Dakota............................

12/1/96
12/16/96
12/1/96
12/3/96
10/1/96
2/1/97
7/1/97
12/2/96
1/1/97
7/1/97

46,613
4,550
9,428
6,452
5,741
49,658
22,985
249,788
45,056
2,888

124,561
12,907
23,688
16,438
13,739
125,082
68,986
694,950
97,746
7,477

89,231
8,589
17,286
12,347
9,450
93,465
48,152
473,867
75,094
5,435

141,683
20,474
37,858
22,428
31,291
235,423
92,423
1,445,449
116,798
12,872

253.30
375.00
334.64
289.68
454.22
395.07
335.09
482.23
216.03
371.43

94.79
132.19
133.18
113.71
189.80
156.85
111.64
173.33
99.58
143.46

Ohio .........................................
Oklahoma.................................
Oregon .....................................
Pennsylvania............................
Rhode Island............................
South Carolina .........................
South Dakota ...........................
Tennessee................................
Texas........................................
Utah .........................................

10/1/96
10/1/96
10/1/96
3/3/97
5/1/97
10/12/96
12/1/96
10/1/96
11/5/96
10/1/96

95,105
14,195
16,731
87,678
16,058
17,526
2,778
56,594
129,453
8,127

235,416
35,488
37,966
240,903
44,255
41,559
6,656
146,801
346,753
21,203

173,593
27,579
28,090
177,632
30,501
31,744
5,414
107,100
255,492
15,355

372,351
38,861
99,896
341,065
83,953
31,632
9,330
118,043
296,851
35,309

326.26
228.14
497.57
324.16
435.68
150.40
279.85
173.82
191.09
362.07

131.81
91.25
219.27
117.98
158.08
63.43
116.82
67.01
71.34
138.77

Vermont....................................
Virginia .....................................
Washington ..............................
West Virginia............................
Wisconsin.................................
Wyoming ..................................

9/20/96
2/1/97
1/10/97
1/11/97
9/30/96
1/1/97

5,876
30,731
55,646
12,621
16,939
578

15,650
69,315
148,444
33,466
38,352
1,118

9,992
50,942
101,973
22,939
32,670
911

34,860
89,970
297,504
44,985
86,536
1,341

494.37
243.97
445.53
297.01
425.72
193.37

185.62
108.17
167.01
112.02
188.03
99.98

Outlying areas
Guam ...................................
Puerto Rico ..........................
Virgin Islands........................

7/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97

2,807
30,311
878

9,900
87,688
3,021

7,503
61,136
2,162

17,116
36,970
2,597

508.10
101.64
246.58

144.08
35.13
71.65

a. Transition from Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) to TANF reporting systems occurred July 1, 1997, or 6 months after TANF effective date, whichever was
later.
b. TANF expenditures include cash payments and services.
SOURCE: Department of Health and Human Services.
CONTACT: Evelyn Mills (202) 401-4055.

Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002

329

9.G AFDC/TANF and Emergency Assistance
Table 9.G2—Average monthly number of families and recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and
total amount of assistance, by state or other area, 2001
Average monthly number

State or area

TANF
effective
date a

Amount of assistance

Recipients

All areas........................

b

(dollars)

Monthly average per—

Families

Total

Children

Total
(thousands)

Family

Recipient

2,103,542

5,362,817

3,987,194

10,124,437

401.09

157.32

Alabama...................................
Alaska ......................................
Arizona.....................................
Arkansas ..................................
California..................................
Colorado ..................................
Connecticut ..............................
Delaware..................................
District of Columbia..................
Florida ......................................

11/15/96
7/1/97
10/1/96
7/1/97
11/26/96
7/1/97
10/1/96
3/10/97
3/1/97
10/1/96

18,317
5,893
34,760
11,894
464,917
10,864
25,711
5,377
16,171
58,217

43,492
17,192
89,017
27,787
1,176,872
27,786
59,024
12,183
42,883
122,554

34,773
11,652
66,908
20,761
918,069
21,006
41,895
9,323
31,478
99,738

30,724
49,481
113,343
38,463
3,670,436
45,350
139,655
15,885
66,283
172,273

139.78
699.72
271.73
269.48
657.90
347.86
452.64
246.18
341.57
246.60

58.87
239.84
106.11
115.35
259.90
136.01
197.17
108.66
128.80
117.14

Georgia ....................................
Hawaii ......................................
Idaho........................................
Illinois .......................................
Indiana .....................................

1/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97
10/1/96

51,094
12,500
1,303
58,151
43,308

121,335
40,234
2,268
169,214
121,481

93,881
29,638
1,886
133,196
87,042

135,501
77,956
4,461
107,140
144,013

221.00
519.69
285.32
153.54
277.11

93.06
161.47
163.94
52.76
98.79

Iowa .........................................
Kansas .....................................
Kentucky ..................................
Louisiana..................................
Maine .......................................

1/1/97
10/1/96
10/18/96
1/1/97
11/1/96

20,356
13,266
35,754
24,728
9,548

54,525
33,630
80,674
63,997
25,768

36,741
23,975
59,405
50,805
17,730

79,021
46,918
100,286
68,990
44,327

323.49
294.73
233.74
232.50
386.87

120.77
116.26
103.59
89.84
143.35

Maryland ..................................
Massachusetts .........................
Michigan...................................
Minnesota ................................
Mississippi................................

12/9/96
9/30/96
9/30/96
7/1/97
10/1/96

27,695
43,399
72,393
37,806
16,098

67,627
100,661
197,722
108,102
36,810

49,718
71,736
146,406
75,894
28,369

112,675
294,433
299,852
179,186
29,624

339.04
565.36
345.17
394.97
153.35

138.84
243.75
126.38
138.13
67.07

Missouri....................................
Montana ...................................
Nebraska..................................
Nevada.....................................
New Hampshire .......................
New Jersey ..............................
New Mexico .............................
New York..................................
North Carolina..........................
North Dakota............................

12/1/96
12/16/96
12/1/96
12/3/96
10/1/96
2/1/97
7/1/97
12/2/96
1/1/97
7/1/97

45,483
5,174
9,679
8,051
5,730
44,307
18,161
217,756
43,186
3,070

120,980
14,666
24,181
21,063
13,676
110,494
51,116
580,203
92,558
7,975

86,487
9,681
17,791
15,714
9,411
82,753
36,879
402,384
71,403
5,713

137,208
26,484
39,625
31,647
33,220
209,528
69,457
1,304,387
112,604
15,023

251.39
426.56
341.14
327.58
483.11
394.09
318.72
499.18
217.29
407.75

94.51
150.48
136.56
125.21
202.43
158.02
113.24
187.35
101.38
156.98

Ohio .........................................
Oklahoma.................................
Oregon .....................................
Pennsylvania............................
Rhode Island............................
South Carolina .........................
South Dakota ...........................
Tennessee................................
Texas........................................
Utah .........................................

10/1/96
10/1/96
10/1/96
3/3/97
5/1/97
10/12/96
12/1/96
10/1/96
11/5/96
10/1/96

83,918
13,974
16,649
81,997
15,002
18,988
2,736
60,430
130,137
7,505

194,617
34,425
37,554
213,559
40,906
46,058
6,391
157,771
343,505
19,234

145,080
26,432
27,943
157,368
28,371
34,258
5,216
114,117
256,094
13,994

324,848
35,496
105,605
425,017
78,106
32,668
9,803
123,616
284,433
35,502

322.58
211.68
528.59
431.94
433.87
143.37
298.60
170.47
182.14
394.22

139.10
85.93
234.34
165.85
159.12
59.11
127.82
65.29
69.00
153.82

Vermont....................................
Virginia .....................................
Washington ..............................
West Virginia............................
Wisconsin.................................
Wyoming ..................................

9/20/96
2/1/97
1/10/97
1/11/97
9/30/96
1/1/97

5,407
29,279
54,430
15,338
17,915
507

14,314
65,045
141,209
40,644
41,109
945

9,171
47,815
97,638
27,517
34,373
785

32,680
89,009
289,480
66,830
93,094
1,162

503.67
253.34
443.20
363.10
433.05
191.12

190.26
114.03
170.83
137.02
188.72
102.52

Outlying areas
Guam ...................................
Puerto Rico ..........................
Virgin Islands........................

7/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97

2,887
25,635
692

10,035
73,287
2,465

7,166
51,785
1,836

17,477
32,041
2,108

504.40
104.16
253.76

145.13
36.43
71.25

a. Transition from Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) to TANF reporting systems occurred July 1, 1997, or 6 months after TANF effective date, whichever was
later.
b. TANF expenditures include cash payments and services.
SOURCE: Department of Health and Human Services.
CONTACT: Evelyn Mills (202) 401-4055.

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Social Security Bulletin • Annual Statistical Supplement • 2002